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CAMELOT & THE J.P. KENNEDY SR. & JR. AND ROSE KENNEDY & MARTIAL SUPPORT TEAM CONNECTION

PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS DYNASTIC PATRIARCH:
Storyline: The power-mongering paterfamilias continually spreads his seed and does self-serving battle to immortalize his own ongoing appetite for power and glory, only to get his continual comeuppances when his desires supersede his actualities.

Duke Gorlois of Cornwall - Husband of Ygraine. Slain in battle while Merlin shapeshifted Uther Pendragon into his form so that his rival could satisfy his lust for his wife Ygraine. King Arthur is begotten from this deception. Archetype of the fooled and foiled patriarch. Joseph Kennedy, Sr. (Joseph Patrick Kennedy, Sr.) (1888-1969) - American financier and patriarch. Outer: Progenitor of the Kennedy family. Grandson of Irish immigrants, and son of a Boston politician, who was also a saloonkeeper. Two surviving younger sisters. His mother and sisters doted on him, while the former spurred his overweening ambitions. Began working as a delivery boy at 12. Became president of his class at the posh Boston Latin school, as well as an excellent athlete. Graduated from Harvard, although not a particularly good student. Became a state bank examiner afterwards, and through what he learned, he rose to bank president at the age of 25, the youngest in the country. In 1914, he married Rose Fitzgerald, despite the opposition of her father, John Fitzgerald, and had 9 children with her. Ran a highly competitive household, preparing his male children for an active public life, like the aristocracy of old, but also made his progeny feel important and loved when he was around. Forced a lobotomy on his eldest daughter Rosemary, and relegated her to nonexistence, when she failed to meet his family standards. Avoided WW I service, and as a banker and bootlegger, he became a millionaire by age 30. Often absent from home chasing both women and business opportunities. Anticipated the 1929 stock market crash, and was involved in the film business during the 1920s and 1930s, as owner of a distribution company and chairman of a film corporation. Spent 5 years in Hollywood, where he was actively involved in the career of his paramour Gloria Swanson as an executive producer of some of her films, although he eventually dropped her, when she became too expensive a plaything. Produced some 76 films, and came to understand the importance of publicity in later promoting the career of his son JFK, paying $75,000 to get him on the cover of “Time” magazine. Also had a deep interest in Democratic Party politics, with an eye towards the presidency first for himself and then for his eldest son, Joseph, Jr. Filmed his children’s lives from the start as future press fodder, and made his daughters watch Katherine Hepburn movies, so as to emulate her. His marital infidelities and patriarchal arrogance affected his sons deeply, giving them a role model based on high-handedness and deception. while he micromanaged all his children’s lives. Served as chairman of the Securities & Exchange commission under FDR, who later made him ambassador to London, despite his desire for a domestic political appointment. An isolationist during WW II, before focusing all his energies on the careers of his sons. Devastated when his eldest, Joseph Jr. was killed in 1944, and had JFK take his place, working behind the scenes to insure his gaining the presidency in 1960, including putting down a big bet in Las Vegas on his son, to insure that the gambling odds would favor JFK. Extracted money from the Chicago mob to maneuver Illinois into the Kennedy camp, while understanding the paramount importance of television in modern politics. Suffered a paralyzing stroke at the end of 1961, and lived to see both John and Robert assassinated. Wound up imprisoned in an unworkable body, as a lesson in the repercussions of excess control, forcing him into an unwanted state of reflection at his life’s unhappy uncontrolled end. Died of a fever and complications from his stroke, a broken man, with a fortune estimated at $400 million. Inner: Arrogant, unscrupulous, thin-skinned opportunist, blinded by his own considerable ambitions. Completely self-serving, with no thought as to the effects of his behavior on others. Lived by the adage, “It’s not what you are that’s important, but what people think you are that’s important,” which he passed onto his sons. Controlling and highly predatory, even with young friends of his daughters. Comeuppance lifetime of actualizing his dynastic dreams, only to see them violently crumble, and perhaps give him some perspective on his overbearing ways. Robert Morris (1734-1806) - American merchant. Outer: Had a scant education in England, then, when he was 13, he joined his father, who was tobacco exporter in America, and became a successful mercantilist, as a partner in a Philadelphia shipping house. In 1769, he married Mary White, the sister of a well-known Episcopalian bishop, 5 sons and 2 daughters from the union. Slow to support the American Revolution, because of his own economic self-interest, but eventually realized the financial potential of it and became a member of the Continental Congress, profiting greatly from his political activities as a purchaser of war supplies while becoming a national figure in the process. Defeated for re-election because of his profiteering, despite being known as the financier of the American Revolution. Thought in national, rather than provincial economic terms, and became the most successful American merchant of his time. Appointed superintendent of finance in 1781 by the Continental Congress, and drafted the fiscal policy for the burgeoning United States, introducing a sweeping program of financial reform. Established the first national bank, a new form of currency, and reordered the national debt. Used public money for his own gain, but also had the ability to see economics in large, sweeping terms. Supported the new Constitution, but declined an appointment as Secretary of Treasury, and instead, served as a U.S. Senator as a Federalist from 1789-1795, and was a leading supporter of Alexander Hamilton’s (John F. Kennedy) programs. Overextending himself on land speculation, he wound up in debtor’s prison. Never able to recoup his losses after his release, he died broken in body and spirit. Inner: Bold, aggressive, enterprising and commonsensical. Excellent managerial, political and financial talents. One of the country’s first modern businessmen. Profiteering lifetime of playing with both politics and finance, only to fall ultimate victim to his own greed, necessitating a period of reflection and failure to reassess himself, before repeating the whole process all over again, with little really learned on the personal level. John Law (1671-1729) - Scottish financier. Outer: Eldest son of a prosperous money-lender and goldsmith. Enjoyed a pampered upbringing, and came into his inheritance at 12. Studied commerce and economy in Edinburgh, then migrated to London where he showed an addiction to the gaming tables, and had to be rescued by his mother, before squandering his legacy prior to reaching 21. Continued his addiction, but was more scientific about it, employing the laws of probability and his gifts for mathematics. Tall, handsome and an inveterate philanderer, he killed a celebrated bon vivant, Edward Wilson (John F. Kennedy, Jr.) who had a secret source of wealth, in a duel in 1694, symbolically doing in the shadow side of himself. Sentenced to death and imprisoned, he escaped and fled to Amsterdam, where he learned banking, and then Italy, taking advantage of the idle rich in both places over the gaming tables. Drifted to Paris, and then eloped to Venice with Katherine Knollys, the wife of another man, son and daughter from the illegitimate union. Issued anonymous pamphlets dealing with Scottish finance, and returned a decade later to Scotland where his banking reforms were rejected. Eventually his ideas found acceptance in France, through the offices of the regent, Phillippe II, duke of Orleans (Boris Yeltsin) and he established the Banque Generale, the first French bank, in 1716, while also becoming a naturalized citizen of that country. Entered the Roman Catholic Church and formed the Western Company, based on speculative schemes on land in Louisiana. Made comptroller general of French finances in 1720, only to see his land company precipitate a huge crash because of the credit extended later that same year. Flooded the economy with worthless paper money, as a Paris mob hollered for his head, but he escaped it. Fled to Venice in disgrace, leaving both his well-loved wife and fortune behind and ended his career as a gambler, dying of pneumonia in poverty and receiving Catholic last rites, to begin a later cycle of high-flying financial success and failure and little learned, so far, from his pattern of rise’n’fall extremes. Inner: Charming, well-mannered, risk-taker supreme. Intelligent, extremely self-assured and fashionable. Beyond the Law lifetime of learning the intricacies of finance on all levels, in a gambler’s existence of continually taking outrageous chances, only to be undone by his ongoing machinations. Archibald Campbell, 8th earl of Campbell (1607?-1661) - Scottish politician and soldier. Outer: Father was the 7th earl, who had converted to Catholicism. Small, wiry, red-haired, and squint-eyed, which gave him his nickname, ‘the glaed-eyed marquis.’ Married Lady Maragaret Douglas, the daughter of the earl of Morton, 2 sons including the 9th earl (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.). Pursued a political career as a staunch Presbyterian, beginning as a privy councillor in 1626, but was unpopular, and fell out of royal favor a little over a decade later by calling for the abolition of the episcopacy and supporting the Covenanters. Inherited the family earldom and the leadership of the powerful Campbell clan from his father in 1638. Commanded the armies of the Covenanters against the Scottish and English Royalists, and was made a marquess in 1641. Did continual battle with James Graham, 5th Earl of Montrose (Vo Nguyen Giap), ultimately defeating him with greater numbers. After the Scottish Royalists were roundly routed in 1648, he negotiated terms with the English Parliament, and helped form a new government in Edinburgh. Supported Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy), but after the execution of Charles I (George VI), he reluctantly crowned the latter’s son, Charles II (Peter O’Toole), in hopes he would be a Presbyterian king. Submitted to the Commonwealth after Charles’s disastrous invasion of England in 1651. Engaged in numerous intrigues, and served in the Commonwealth Parliament. After coming to London to greet the Restored king, he was tried for treason and found guilty for his support of the Commonwealth. Faced his beheading courageously, and his head was placed on the same pike as Montrose’s, then later buried with his body. Inner: Crafty, self-serving and highly manipulative with little real military talent. Unprincipled lifetime of exercising military and political power over religious canon in an attempt to experience principle, instead of principal, as a motivating force, only to be outdone by his own manipulations. James II (1430-1460) - King of Scotland. Known as “James of the fiery face.” Outer: The only surviving son of James I (Richard Burton) and Queen Joan (Elizabeth Taylor). His father was assassinated when he was 6, while a large red birthmark covered half his face, of which he was very self-conscious. Had a chaotic childhood, was crowned at 7, then smuggled out of Edinburgh castle in a trunk by his mother at 9, before being kidnapped a few months later, not to gain his freedom until 13, with blood spilled all around him. Assumed the throne at the age of 19, but most of his father’s gains against the country’s power-hungry nobles had been lost in the interim, and he had to totally re-establish his family’s primacy on the country’s throne. The same year, he married the pious and extremely able Mary of Gueldres (Rose Kennedy), 6 children, including his successor James III (Eugene McCarthy). Executed his kidnappers, pacified the Highlands, and strengthened his crown by the marriages of 2 sisters with powerful families. Personally murdered his rival, William Douglas (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.), at dinner in 1452, then decimated the latter’s family in battle and laid waste to their lands. A strong ruler and an aggressive general, he brought order to his kingdom by initiating 3 civil wars and traveling extensively throughout it, as well as reforming the courts and appointing a supreme central judiciary court in Edinburgh. Had the good fortune that England was involved in its own civil War of the Rose during his reign, although foolishly tried to interject himself in it. Accidentally killed by a cannon in salute to his queen, shattering his leg. Inner: Ruthless, murderous and devious, although had little choice to be otherwise if he wished to rule over an equally violent land. Blood-spattered lifetime of expressing pure power, with virtually no inhibition, leaving him literally with only one leg to stand on in the end. Thomas Mowbray, 1st duke of Norfolk (c1366-1399) - English nobleman. Outer: Father was a baron who was killed by the Turks on his way to the Holy Land when his son was 2. Mother was an heiress who was a descendant of Edward I (JFK). 2nd son. Made earl of Nottingham when he was 17, succeeded his brother as baron at 19, and was invested for life with the title of earl marshal. Married in 1365 to Elizabeth le Strange, a heiress and the sister of Richard Arundel (Alexander Haig), but she died almost immediately, and he remarried Elizabeth FitzAlan, to become the second of her eventual four husbands. 2 sons and 2 daughters from 2nd union. Served against the Scots, and in 1388 joined the lords appellant against Richard II (Richard Nixon), assisting in the prosecution of his allies in the Merciless Parliament, and for 2 years forcing the king to submit to their authority. Later reconciled with Richard when the latter regained his power, and despite his disloyalty, he was given military and diplomatic missions and made warden of the Scottish marches in 1389, then exchanged the position for the captaincy of Calais 2 years later. Accompanied Richard to Ireland and negotiated his proposed marriage with Isabella of France in 1396. Founded a Carthusian priory, then helped arrest 3 rebel lords, Arundel, Warwick (Eugene McCarthy) and Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.). Responsible for the smothering death of Gloucester, according to a servant. Received Arundel’s estates and was made duke of Norfolk in 1397. Feared that he would be arrested because of his earlier disloyalty, he confided these fears to the future Henry IV (Leslie Hore-Belisha), who immediately denounced him to Richard. The duo were summoned to an ordeal of battle to prove the charges, but just before they rode at one another in the lists, the king intervened, and he was banished from England for life and had his estates forfeited. Was making preparations to visit the Holy Land, when he died in Venice shortly before Richard was forced to abdicate in favor of Henry IV. Inner: Devious, ambitious and ultimately victim of his continual manipulations around his tenuous position. Underhanded lifetime of exercising power without the throne behind him, only to lose everything in the end through his ongoing machinations, a continual theme of his. William II Rufus (c1056-1100) - Norman King of England. Outer: 3rd son of the 9 children of William the Conqueror (Mohandas Gandhi) and Matilda of Flanders (Margaret Sanger). Younger brother of Robert Curthose (Rudolph Hess) and older sibling of Henry I (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.). Probably studied at the house of the scholar and monk Lanfranc (Saul Williams), with a clerical career initially in mind for him, for which he would have been ill-suited. Following his older brother Richard’s death, however, he became his father’s choice to inherit the English throne, particularly since the king’s eldest, Robert, had extremely tenuous relations with his progenitor. Deeply attached to the Conqueror, as his favorite son, and was at his bedside when he died, while Robert was not. Ascended the throne at the age of 31, in a quasi-coup abetted by Lanfranc, who crowned him, then had to deal with the jealousy of Robert, as well as the competitiveness of his younger brother Henry. Eventually made peace with the latter against the former. Forced to deal with a rebellion within a year of his ascendancy, and did so via promises and payoffs, gaining the backing of the English church and his kingdom’s baronage, while also shrewdly dealing with some of its participants through selective magnanimity. In 1090, he invaded Normandy and crushed his brother’s forces, securing his position in both the former state and England. The following year, he repulsed an invasion of Malcolm III Caenmore (JFK) of Scotland and received his homage, then two years later, following the latter’s death, he recognized the succession of heirs, as they did him. Red-bearded and red-faced, hence the name Rufus, with long blonde-hair, while also short, thickset and muscular, with a protruding stomach, and a flamboyant sense of dress. A strong-armed but highly unpopular monarch, because of his cruelty and rapaciousness, he also thought little of the English, while his hostility towards the Church insured he would be ill-remembered by the contemporary chroniclers of his time. Through manipulations, he managed to pocket the revenues of the archbishopric of Canterbury until the end of his reign, further alienating his clergy. Made Westminster the administrative center of the kingdom, while combining war, diplomacy and bribery to effect his ends, as he continually looked to expand his realm in all directions by campaigning throughout his kingship. Nowhere near the soldier his father was, he, nevertheless, enjoyed good luck in the field. A homophile, with little sense of propriety, he never married and left no progeny. Accidentally slain by an arrow to his lungs on a hunting trip in his mid-40s. Possibly assassinated by his brother Henry who was nearby when it happened, although official records dictate otherwise, after having had a dream the previous evening that he was going to heaven. The clergy refused to give him religious rites, and he subsequently received a highly negative assessment from the monastic writers of the time, emphasizing his brutality, while minimizing his kingly mien. Inner: Dissolute, ferocious, tyrannical, cruel and avaricious, but also steady, generous, extravagant and commonsensical. Ebullient, self-confident and intelligent, with a taste for private japery, and a proclivity for public incoherence, particularly when enraged. Had few social graces, and little use for conventional piety. Given a powerful father model, but utilized it in his own self-serving terms. Uninhibitedly violent lifetime of despotic patriarchal excess without the dynastic ambitions characterized by his other lives of rule, in order to allow him to focus on his own temporal strengths and failings without thought or restraint by how his/story would assess them. Duncan I (1001-1040) - King of Scotland. Outer: Grandfather had been King of the Scots, son of his eldest daughter. Father was a lay abbot of Dunkeld, mother was the eldest daughter of a Scots king, who had produced no male heirs. One of 2 sons, and favored by his maternal grandfather, whom he succeeded in 1034. Earlier he may have been King of Strathclyde, and may have married a relative of the earl of Northumbria, although both facts have subsquently been in dispute. 3 sons from the union, including Donald (Jack Kerouac) and Malcolm III (JFK). Founder of the House of Dunkeld, bringing with him a larger territorial inheritance than any of his predecessors. After several unsuccessful forays into northern England, he was killed in battle by his cousin, Macbeth (Richard Burton). His subsquent elevation and the derogation of Macbeth by playwright William Shakespeare (William Butler Yeats), had little bearing on the reality of the situation, since he was neither wise nor well-respected, nor the military match for his rival. Inner: Highly aggressive, albeit limited in his skills of the sword. Introductory lifetime to the intricacies of martial rule of the Scottish throne, showing himself to be initially militarily insufficient to hold it. Drusus Caesar (13BZ-23AZ) - Roman consul. Outer: The only son of the Roman Emperor Tiberius (Lucien bonaparte) by his first wife. Despite strong character defects, he showed himself to ably perform his duties, and after his father was adopted by the emperor Augustus (FDR) in 4AZ, he saw his career accelerate. Married noblewoman Livia Julia, the daughter of Nero Drusus (Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr.) and Antonia (Rose Kennedy). In 14 AZ, he suppressed a dangerous mutiny in Pannonia, following the death of the emperor Augustus and the following year he was made consul. Appointed governor of Illyricum in 17, a post he held for 3 years, in which he brought about the fall of a dangerous German king. After the death of his uncle, Germanicus (John F. Kennedy), in 19AZ, he became heir apparent to the imperial succession. Made consul again in 21, he received tribune’s powers and was virtual co-ruler of Rome, but 2 years later, he was poisoned by his wife and by Tiberius’s adviser, Sejanus (Richard Nixon). Inner: Violent and dissolute, but highly capable. out-manipuated lifetime of falling victim to the machinations of others, through his inability to see his own overweening and deadly ambitions reflected in those closest to him, an ongoing theme of his entire ongoing family.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS SIBLING RIVAL:
Storyline: The favored son deliberately breaks his father’s heart as recompense for actions past, after many a go-round as a bright but secondary light in the star-studded constellation of the ongoing Kennedy clan.

Pendragon - Brother of King Arthur, who died in battle before the formation of the Round Table. Archetype of the failed promise of a promising son. Joseph Kennedy Jr. (1915-1944) - American political offspring. Outer: Eldest son of Joseph and Rose Kennedy. On top of the pecking order hierarchy of the 9 Kennedy children. Sharp-tongued, and sturdily built. Had a strong competitive rivalry with his brother John, and dominated him totally as a child, forcing the future president to rely on speed and cunning to compensate for his brother’s superior physicality. Often got into fights defending the family name, although he felt his father’s frequent absence from the home strongly, while he also had a sense of responsibility as a role model for the rest of the family. Godfather to his 2 youngest siblings, and a carbon copy of his sire, as well as his favorite child, by far. Disciplined his other siblings, but also loved them dearly, coining the term, ‘Kennedy clan,’ as emblem of their potential collective power. As adept at making enemies as he was friends, he had his father’s interest in attractive women, while evincing a sadistic streak with people whom he knew were his inferiors. Wanted to be the country’s first Irish Catholic president, and shared the same conservative overview as his father. Continually tested his own physical sense of heroism. A Harvard grad, he also studied in London under socialist Harold Laski, while enjoying the sense of power that his upbringing gave him. Served as a witness to the final days of the Spanish Civil War, taking unusual risks. Attended Harvard Law School, where he was an outspoken isolationist, only to enlist as a naval air cadet, partially to clear the Kennedy name, after his father’s highly public isolationist views. A martinet officer, he was eager for action, and eventually died in a plane crash on a meaningless mission dubbed Project Anvil over France near the end of WW II, in an attempt to compete with his younger brother’s war heroics. His father was devastated by the loss, although the rest of the family had a greater difficulty in admitting and displaying their grief. Inner: Powerful death urge, daredevil. Arrogant bully, with a strong temper, an exact replica of his father, while his sense of family was central to his life. Clone lifetime of sacrificing his own life to truly try to reach his father’s heart through loss, in their long ongoing competitive, love/hate connection down through time. Nelson Aldrich (1841-1915) - American politician. Outer: Parents were farmers, and the farm belonged to his mother’s family. Mother was iron-willed, while his father was luxury-loving, and he was an admixture of the two. The farm suffered economic strains, although he studied at the East Greenwich Academy for a year before going to work for a wholesale grocer in Providence, R.I. 6’+, 200 lbs, and handsome, with piercing eyes. Served in a volunteer unit in the Civil War, but left after an attack of typhoid and returned to Providence, becoming a junior partner in the grocery. In 1866, he married Abigail Chapman, an heiress, although he refused to accept her money as part of their family income. Later became a bank president, president of the board of trade, and CEO of an electric company, making a handsome fortune in a variety of commodities, including sugar, rubber, traction, gas and electricity. Entered politics in 1869 as a Republican, and was involved in state politics for the next decade, before being elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1879 and 2 years later to the Senate. Established himself as a leading authority on finances, as well as the leading conservative voice of big business. Lived well, with expensive tastes and a 100 acre estate in Rhode Island. Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee and one of the Senate’s big 4, along with William Allison (Ted Kennedy), as a tariff protectionist and protector of financial freedoms with minimum governmental regulation. Worked on a central banking plan, even after his retirement. Critical of Teddy Roosevelt’s (Kathleen Kennedy) interventionist politics, while William Howard Taft (Bill Clinton) relied heavily on him for advice, although his actions helped ultimately to bring his administration down. Retired from the Senate in 1911. Inner: Highly competitive, driven multi-millionaire, whose central interest was money, both accruing it, and creating laws around keeping it. Blessed with indomitable energy, he also had great personal charm, even with political enemies. Seemingly self-assured, although driven by a sense of inadequacy, thanks to his upbringing. Cool and forbidding in public, courteous and charming in private. Understood the art of politics, excellent legislative technician. A living embodiment of capitalism, continually profiting from his own political involvement in the ongoing monetary issues of his day. Deep pockets lifetime of recreating himself from humble origins to be one of the premier legislative power-brokers of his time, while adopting the credo that living well was the best revenge for slights of birth. Gouvernor Morris (1752-1816) - American politician. Outer: Father was Lewis Morris, the 2nd lord of the manor of a powerful multigenerational colonial family, with some genuine loons in their tree, as well. Mother was his 2nd wife, a politician’s daughter and a French Huguenot by descent. Inherited the family tradition of public service and political autonomy. Graduated King’s College at 16, studied law and was admitted to the bar in his late teens. Tall, handsome and broad-shouldered with an aristocratic bearing and a rich voice. An excellent debater, although he never allowed his public life dominance over his private interest in the pursuit of pleasure. Distrusted revolutionary sentiments, and potential democratic institutions, although he was pro-American independence. Served in the NY provincial congress in his mid-20s, pushing religious toleration, then served in the first Continental Congress, although he was defeated for reelection. Lost a leg in an accident while fleeing an irate husband, whose wife he had seduced, when he fell from a phaeton and broke his left ankle. The leg was amputated below the knee, although that did not stop him from continually trying to sate his lubricious side, and the oaken replacement became one of his trademarks. Moved to Philadelphia, where he had a law practice. After writing a series of essays on finance, he was appointed assistant to the superintendent of finance, Robert Morris (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.). The duo were not related. Spent 1781 to 1785 in that position, where his suggestion of decimal coinage was adopted with some modifications. During the Constitutional Convention in 1787, he proposed a life tenure for the president and a strong central government. Wrote much of the final wording of the Constitution. Went to Europe as a business agent for Robert Morris and stayed mostly in France, although openly disapproved of the French Revolution, and tried to aid Louis XVI (Lex Barker) in his attempt at escaping the country, while also providing refuge for royalists at his residence, then had a torrid affair with the mistress of a French minister, which delayed his departure. The French revolutionary government demanded his recall 2 years later, and he traveled extensively around Europe over the next 4 year period. Spent a brief term in the U.S. Congress starting at the turn of the 19th century, then retired from elected life in his early 50s. An arch-Federalist, he was totally out of touch with Jeffersonian America during the next decade. Through Nancy Randolph, he married into the Randolph clan of Virginia in his mid-50s, despite unproved charges his wife had committed adultery with her brother-in-law, one son from the union. Ended his public career as chairman of the commission in charge of the construction of the Erie Canal, where he worked with DeWitt Clinton (Kathleen Kennedy). Died of a chronic obstructive uropathy, and said on his deathbed, “Sixty-four years ago, it pleased the Almighty to call me into existence - here, on this spot, in this very room; and now shall I complain that he is pleased to call me hence?” Inner: Extremely conservative, crypto-monarchist in republicans clothing. Charming, good-humored, but cynical. Vain, extremely frank, libertine and audacious, with a strong sense of irony. Cared little of what others thought of him. Transition lifetime of learning how to deal with republican sentiments, in order for him to broach the touchstone of the brave new world of American elective politics and rule by merit rather than fortunes of birth, while maintaining his connections with his longtime family members, and genuinely enjoying himself, a rarity in his public lives. Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll (1629-1685) - Scottish Protestant leader. Outer: Eldest son of Archibald Campbell, 8th Earl of Campbell (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.). Carefully educated to follow his father as head of their powerful clan. Traveled in France and Italy, then served as a captain in the Royalist guard during the 2nd phase of English Civil War, taking a position totally opposite his sire’s. Married in 1650 to Mary Stuart, the daughter of the earl of Murray, 2 children including the 1st Duke of Argyll (Kathleen Kennedy). Made captain of the exiled but future king Charles II’s (Peter O’Toole) foot-guards, and was known as ‘King Campbell.’ An energetic Royalist, much to his father’s ongoing displeasure, but was persuaded by Charles to make peace with Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy), after remaining in arms against the Commonwealth forces, and actively engaging in an uprising against them. After the Restoration, he worked to have his title restored, following his father’s execution for treason in 1661, although had to maneuver around the earl of Middleton, under whom he had earlier served, and who now coveted his inheritance. Wound up being condemned to death in a trumped-up trial, via the intriguing of the latter, although the sentence was not carried out by order of the king himself. Remained imprisoned in Edinburgh castle, before his enemy out-manipulated himself, and he was released in 1663, and soon afterwards had his title restored and was made 9th earl of Argyll. Made a member of the Privy Council the following annum, and his family resumed its dominating role in the western Scottish highlands. Far less politically gifted than his sire, he was forced to assume debts from his sire’s former holdings, and in his aggressive dealings, he wound up making a host of enemies. Following his wife’s death, he was married in 1670 to Anna Mackenzie, an unusually strong woman in her own right. Held various Scottish posts, but once again fell victim to the machinations of his enemies and was imprisoned and charged with treason in 1681. Escaped disguised as a page holding his daughter’s train and fled to London, then Holland. A death sentence in absentia was imposed on him, and once again his titles and estates were forfeited. Conspired along with some Whig leaders to put a Protestant rival of James II (Martin Sheen) on the English throne, although it soon came to naught. Following the death of Charles and the enthronement of James, he was captured during a failed invasion of Scotland and was beheaded without a trial. Courageous in death, and like father, like son, he had his head displayed before it was buried with his body. Inner: Unabashed Royalist contra his father’s position, who followed his own political inclinations, no matter the consequence. Derring-do lifetime of martial excess without the oftime shadow of a brother or father hanging over him, as in his other familial connections with his longtime clan, while transposing his rivalry to a sitting king, and suffering similar consequences. Thomas Howard, 3rd duke of Norfolk (1473-1554) - English nobleman and admiral. Outer: Eldest son of Thomas Howard, 2nd duke of Norfolk (Prescott Bush). Mother was his sire’s first wife. Had six younger brothers and two sisters, who produced two subsequent wives of Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook) between them. Married in 1495 to Anne of York, the daughter of Edward IV (Errol Flynn), and knighted in 1498. Dispatched by Henry VIII along with a younger sibling to capture a Scottish naval commander, which they effected. After his wife died in 1512, he married again, the following year, Elizabeth Stafford, the daughter of Edward Stafford, duke of Buckingham (Whittaker Chambers). 4 children from his first union, all of whom died young. 2 sons and 1 daughter from the 2nd union. Became a lord high admiral and along with his warrior father, helped rout the Scots at Flodden Field, leading one of the vanguards. Became lord deputy of Ireland in 1520, but left to command a fleet against the French. Made lord-treasurer in 1522, and was warden-general of the marshes, where he devastated the Scottish border. Succeeded his father in 1524 to the family title, and headed the faction opposed to his father’s old enemy, Thomas Wolsey (Henry Kissinger). Had a longtime liaison with one of his wife’s washers, which caused a serious rift in the family. Considered an heir apparent to the throne if the king had no male issue, as the monarch’s right-hand man. Became president of the royal council on Wolsey’s fall in 1529, and supported the marriage of his niece Anne Boleyn (Katherine Hepburn) in 1533, but his position was weakened after her fall, to which he acquiesced. As lord high steward, he was forced to preside at her trial and execution. Suppressed a rebellion of Roman Catholics in northern England. As a conservative in religious matters, he became a leading opponent of reformers Thomas Cromwell (Chris Patten) and Thomas Cranmer (J. Enoch Powell), and on the former’s execution, was viewed as the second most powerful man in England, although when his niece Catherine Howard (Sarah Ferguson), who had been married to Henry VIII, was executed in 1542, his position once again was considerably weakened. Served as a lieutenant-general of the army in France in 1544. Accused in 1546, of being accessory to the trumped-up treasonable activities of his son, Henry Howard, earl of Surrey (Allen Ginsburg), who was executed. Saved from the scaffold when Henry VIII died, although he remained in prison during the short reign of his successor Edward VI (Martin Sheen). When Mary I (Rose Kennedy) ascended the throne he was released and restored to his dukedom, although he died the following year after showing great rashness in failing to suppress an uprising protesting the intended marriage between the queen and Felipe II of Spain (Adolf Hitler). Through his poor leadership, his forces fled, leaving their guns behind, inciting the rebellion onward. Died peacefully in bed. Inner: Hot-tempered, self-seeking and brutal. Achieved his various aims more through his position than his abilities. Trampoline lifetime of falling in and out of power at the highest levels, and ultimately able to keep his head through some good timing and a profound instinct for survival. William Douglas, 8th earl of Douglas (c1425-1452) - Scottish nobleman. Outer: Eldest son of the 7th earl of Douglas, James the Gross (Teddy Kennedy). Member of the Black Douglas clan, whose family had lost lands through an accusation of treason. Brother of James Douglas, 9th earl (William Kennedy Smith). Rebuilt the family power through a marriage to his cousin, Margaret Doublas, the Fair Maid of Galloway, and stood in high favor with the king, James II (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.), negotiating his marriage to Mary of Gueldres (Rose Kennedy). James, however, raided his lands while he was on pilgrimage to Rome, and he, in turn murdered a partisan of the king. On his return, he was invited to dinner under safe passage, where James stabbed him in the throat, and his courtiers split his head open with an axe. Died without issue, and his title passed to his sibling. Inner: Revenge-laden lifetime of falling victim to the murderous ambitions of his longtime father/ally/enemy, as a mirror of his own selfsame failings. Sir Thomas of Woodstock, earl of Buckingham and duke of Gloucester (1355-1397) - English nobleman. Outer: 7th and youngest son of Edward III (Duke of Wellington) and Philippa of Hainault (Jane Seymour), with 6 sisters. Affianced to Eleanor de Bohun, a rich heiress, in 1374 by his father and knighted 3 years later. Son and 4 daughters from the union. Suffered a failure in his first major sea conflict, but later proved himself a valiant warrior. Had uncordial relations with his powerful brother, John of Gaunt (Lyndon Johnson), who mortified him, despite ultimately supporting him when he was accused of treason. Created Duke of Gloucester in 1385, he became the leader of the faction that was opposed to his kingly nephew, Richard II (Richard Nixon). The group, known as the lord appellants, took control of the government in 1387 for 2 years. Killed one of the king’s favorites, Robert de Vere (Spiro Agnew) in battle, and then was largely responsible for the conduct of the Merciless Parliament, and had a number of Richard’s associates executed. After the king worked out a compromise with the group in 1389, he obtained money and lands for himself and was made lieutenant of Ireland in 1392. In 1397, he and 2 other appellants were arrested. Placed in the charge of Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.), he was smothered with a feather bed, possibly on the orders of Richard. Inner: Proud, fierce and intolerant. Manipulative lifetime, once again, of falling victim to the political depredations of his longtime father/ally/enemy, as a mirror of the selfsame failings. Henry I (1069-1135) - King of England. Outer: Youngest of 9 children of William the Conqueror (Mohandas Gandhi), and Matilda (Margaret Sanger). Younger brother of Robert Curthose (Rudolph Hess) and William II Rufus (Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.), who was his father’s favorite. Given a good education and became known as Beauclerc some several centuries after his death, because of an exaggerated sense of his literacy. Well-educated for his time, nevertheless, establishing a precedent for royal heirs. Of medium height, with black, receding hair, and a broad chest. Present at his father’s death in 1087, but was imprisoned by his elder brother Robert, from 1089 to 1090, then came out on the short end when his older siblings ganged up on him, but wound up in 1092, with southern Normandy as his base, while both Robert and William Rufus continued to vie with one another for power. Eventually reteamed with William Rufus, against Robert and Robert de Belleme (Ernst Roehm), and from 1094, re-established good relations with the former, while extended his authority to most of western Normandy. Hunting in the forest the same day his brother William, now the king, died, and may have been complicitous in his death. Succeeded him to the throne in 1100, after securing control of the royal treasure. Issued a charter at his hasty coronation, which became the basis for the later Magna Carta, and quickly cemented his rule. After doing battle with his elder brother Robert during the next several years, he finally wound up imprisoning him for the last 28 years of his life, having no other recourse, because of his continual machinations and depradations. Enjoyed the company of learned people, and ruled by craft rather than by force. In 1100, he married the Scottish princess Edith, who took on the Norman name of Matilda (Eleanor Roosevelt). As the daughter of the last descendant of House of Wessex, their union introduced intermarriages between Normans and Englishwomen, and in essence, he became a refounder of the English nation. 2 children from the union, including a daughter Matilda (Rose Kennedy), but after his son died from drowning in 1120, he never smiled again. His wife was an extremely useful mate, proving an excellent regent during his frequent sojourns to Normandy, while making the court a center for both musicians and writers. Also had 25 offspring by 8 different mistresses, enabling him to use his many daughters as pawns for political alliances. Chose his councilors and officials from the lower ranks and ennobled them, counterbalancing the power of the barons, while instituting governmental patronage, which would prove to be his most important contribution to the English monarchy. Did more martial mischief in Normandy, and continually battled the French, but once he had thoroughly secured his crown, his moves were largely defensive in protecting what he had, rather than expanding upon it. Following his wife’s death in 1118, and the much mourned loss of his son, he immediately married a 2nd time to Adeliza (Rosemary Kennedy) in 1121, although no children sprang forth from the union, much to his frustration. Reorganized the English judicial system, built roads and strengthened the crown, despite many challenges to his authority, particularly from France, and his ongoing obsession with Normandy. Had good relations with the church, so that its monk his/storians wound up viewing him favorably in their written records of the time. When he saw his second wife would produce no offspring, he negotiated a propitious marriage for his widowed daughter Matilda in order to secure the all-important succession. His last years saw a relatively peaceful kingdom, and he died after feasting on lampreys, contra his physician’s order. Succeeded by Stephen of Blois (George VI), although eventually his own bloodline assumed the crown in 1154, in the person of his grandson, Henry II (Kathleen Kennedy). Inner: Highly social, witty and relatively casual, with temperate habits, and a good instinct for power. Cheerful until the death of his son, but had difficulty in expressing emotion, while being a stern judge of others. Energetic, studious, decisive, evincing the cruelty and harshness of his time. Well crowned lifetime of dealing with familial duplicities and heart loss, and building on his administrative experience, while employing guile and wile in getting things done. Julius Nepos (?-480) - Roman emperor. Outer: Son of a Master of Soldiers under the emperor Avitus (Kathleen Kennedy). Mother was the sister of Marcellinus of Dalmatia (John Fitzgerald). Succeeded his uncle as Master of Soldiers in Dalmatia in 468, and married a niece of the empress Aelia Verina (Alice Roosevelt). Appointed emperor in the west by his father-in-law, the emperor Leo I (Robert McNamara) in 474, replacing Glycerius (Rose Kennedy), who was made bishop of Salonae. Acknowledged by the Roman senate, as well as the Italian people. Tried to reassert Roman authority in Gaul, but was unable to do so, and wound up ceding a large amount of territory to the Visigoths. Replaced his Master of Soldiers with Orestes, who wanted to elevate his own son, Romulus Augustulus (Max Kennedy), to the purple, and he was forced to flee back to Dalmatia before being deposed in 475. Although the east continued to recognize him, they offered him no real support. He, however, remained nominal ruler from 477 to 480 while still in exile, when he was murdered by 2 of his retainers on the orders of Glycerius, thereby completely ending the throne of Rome in the west. Inner: Warlike and aggressive, although willing to negotiate when force would not prevail. Mixed bag lifetime of dealing with the hyper-aggressive members of his extended family, only to be ultimately undone by his past and future mother, thereby unofficially ending the western Roman Empire through the vengeful machinations of a family still searching for its collective heart in the halls of political power. Nero Drusus (Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus) (38BZ-9BZ) - Roman commander. Outer: Known as ‘the elder Drusus’ to differentiate him from his son-in-law, the younger Drusus (Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr.). His mother was Livia Drusilla (Doris Kopf-Schroeder) who divorced his father when she was pregnant with him and married Augustus Caesar (FDR), who was also suspected of being his real progenitor. Younger brother of Tiberius (Lucien Bonaparte), and with him, fought against 2 Alpine tribes in 15BZ. The previous year, he married Antonia (Rose Kennedy). Among their many children was Germanicus (JFK), Livilla, the wife of the younger Drusus and the emperor Claudius (Joseph Goebbels). Disagreed with his father on his role as emperor, preferring that Rome remain a republic, although his motivations were probably far more personal than idealistic. Made governor of the 3 Gauls in 13BZ, where he carried out an important census. Made a magistrate in 11BZ and a consul in 9 BZ. From 12-9BZ, he led a series of expeditions in Germany, proving himself a martial adept and gaining military victories all the way to the Elbe. A sense of divine foreboding, however, drove him back, and he died a month after falling off his horse. Greatly mourned by the public, as one more future crypto-Kennedy, out of 3 in all, who would be denied the throne of Rome as Augustus’ successor through the intervention of fate. Inner: Militarily talented and highly ambitious. Oops lifetime of being undone by accident, and like his future Kennedy family, relegated to a secondary place in the early Roman empire when his abilities and drive may have changed its course.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS VIRTUOUS MATRIARCH:
Storyline: The devout doyenne maintains her upright sense of God and family, while continually looking the other way at the weaknesses of the powerful males of her clan, preferring her own religious fantasy world to the harsh realities thrust upon her.

Morgawse - Half-sister of King Arthur. Mother of Sirs Gawain, Gareth and Gaheris. Also mother of Mordred by Arthur, although he was unaware of incestuous relationship at time. Slain by Gaheris for her adultery. Archetype of the reincarnatory mother who alternately marries her sons in different incarnations. Rose Kennedy (Rose Fitzgerald) (1890-1995) - American political matriarch. Outer: Oldest of 6 children of John ‘Honeyfitz’ Fitzgerald, who eventually became mayor of Boston, when she was 15. Mother was a withdrawn, pious woman, who ignored ignore her husband’s infidelities, a pattern she would repeat. Grew up in a highly political household, while her father doted on her. Educated in a convent schools where she learned how to be a lady, and campaigned with her father, serving as his official hostess in lieu of her mother, who loathed politics. Petite and trim with dark brown hair and blue eyes. Proved to be an effective speaker, writing and editing her own speeches, while appearing quite comfortable in her public roles. Also did settlement house work, and was given a grand tour of Europe at 18, finishing her education in a convent school in Holland. Met Joseph Kennedy as a highschooler, and despite her own family’s misgivings, married him in 1914 and had 9 children with him, 4 sons and 5 daughters, including future president, John F Kennedy. Obsessed with propriety and social acceptability, as well as appearances,she kept her weight at 110 lbs while continually wishing for the admiration of her social betters. Dominated her daughters and tried to ignore her husband’s continual affairs, after having briefly left him in her early 30s, before her father sent her back home. Turned to the Church for solace, while referring to her growing brood as “my enterprise.” playing a supervisory role with them, rather than a nurturing one. Went along with her spouse’s wishes to have her daughter Rosemary lobotomized, although unlike him, continued her association with her when she was put away. Particularly disapproving of her most rebellious daughter, Kathleen, who ultimately died in a plane crash in 1948, after earlier threatening to disown her over an impending marriage to a philanderer. Often took trips abroad away from her children for long stretches. Following her son John’s election to the presidency in 1960, she was code-named Coppertone by the Secret Service. Lived to see the tragedy of 2 children die in plane crashes, and 2 more assassinated. Playing golf when her son, JFK was shot in 1963. Treated unkindly in books about the family. Seen as a distant, chilly mother, obsessed with religion, hygiene and designer clothes. When her husband had his stroke, she refused to call doctors, instead had lunch and a leisurely swim, while reputedly bemoaning, “Oh, my poor boys, my poor boys,” as if their abilities were totally contingent on their sire’s direction. By the time she arranged to get him to the hospital, he was beyond help. Had an exceedingly long life to ponder her roles, her views and her family. A series of strokes rendered her virtually silent at the end. Died of complications from pneumonia at 104. Inner: Deeply religious, highly controlling, with a strong sense of tradition, and far more of an interest in how she was seen by others, than how she actually was. Probably viewed men as weak creatures of the flesh, and lived to see that failure acted out through 4 generations, including her philandering father. Surface skimming lifetime of religious steeliness against the tragedies of glory and power, with lessons of reflection which may or may not have been learned, given to her during her long dotage. Elizabeth Hamilton (Elizabeth Schuyler) (1757-1854) - American political helpmate. Outer: From a distinguished family. Father was soldier/politician Philip Schuyler (Robert McNamara). Grew up in wealth and privilege, 2nd of 14 children. Four of her sisters eloped rather than marry husbands their overbearing father approved of, while she remained docilely eager to gain his parental benediction in her matrimonial choice. In her early 20s, she married Alexander Hamilton (JFK), who sought position and wealth through her, and came to depend her rocklike fortitude, proving to be a loving father, albeit an inconstant husband. Stood by her man when he was later accused of adultery. Had 8 children, one son Philip (John F. Kennedy, Jr.) was killed in a duel, daughter Angelica (Rosemary Kennedy) went insane after her husband’s death at the hands of Aaron Burr (Jacqueline Kennedy) in a duel in the same spot 3 years later in 1804. Wore black for the rest of her life, and was left in great debt after the tragedy, which her friends finally paid off. Spent much of her life preserving her husband’s reputation. Took care of her daughter, and served as president of the NY Orphan Asylum Society, an organization with which she was connected for 4 decades. Lived to the age of 97 and retained her alertness throughout her long life. Moved to Washington to live with her widowed daughter for her last 5 years. Inner: Energetic, tenacious, virtuous, selfless. Pained lifetime of dealing with loss and tragedy through religiosity, and developing her steely sense of reserve, in preparation for a repeat go-round of the same themes and people to see if she had learned anything from her trials. Margaret Godolphin (Margaret Blagge) (1652-1678) - English political helpmate. Outer: Youngest daughter of a Royalist colonel and governor, who died when she was 8. Her father had been a groom of the bedchamber for Charles I (George VI), and had commanded a garrison for the king during the English Civil War, then followed the royal family into exile. Traveled to Paris with the duchess of Richmond in 1658, where she was entrusted to the countess of Guilford, who could not make her go to Mass, despite a deep religious sensibility. Returned to her mother after the Restoration in 1660. Around 1666, she became maid of honor to the duchess of York, and after her death in 1671, had the same role with the queen, Catherine of Braganza (Mary Gordon), while attracting the amatory interests of numerous courtiers, to which she refused to respond. Felt herself to be the adopted daughter of diarist John Evelyn, some three decades her senior, seeing him as her missing father figure, and he would become her religious mentor, writing prayers and devotions for her use, while she underwent a period of deep piety under his ministrations. He would later write a biography of her, subtly evincing more than pietistic and paternal feelings towards her, thanks to her striking beauty and purity. Didn’t particularly care for court life, and in 1673, she announced she would remove herself from worldly affairs and dedicate herself to the religious life. Called back the following year to play in a court production of Calisto, where she performed as Diana, the goddess of chastity, much to her regret and resistance, although she dutifully did as she had been royally bid. Despite avowing celibacy, she privately married Sidney Godolphin (Robert McNamara) in 1675, after a chaste nine year courtship, although they did not announce the union until the following year. Took a fever and died soon after childbirth, having earlier had a premonition that she would do so. Son from union, Francis, became a political figure. Inner: Deeply religious, virtuous, charitable, saintly. Cup of tea lifetime of having her mate more interested in business affairs than herself, probably hastening her exit, and feeding into her ongoing distrust of men. Elizabeth Cromwell (Elizabeth Steward) (1565-1654) -English political matriarch. Outer: From a respectable Protestant family. Father was an English gentleman farmer. Her first husband and daughter both died shortly into the marriage in 1589. Left well off, she remarried Robert Cromwell, an obscure, gentle Parliamentarian and son of a knight, who was from the lower Puritan gentry. 10 children from union, 7 survived, including Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy). Doting mother to him throughout her long life. Her husband died when she was in her mid-50s, but she was supported by her son afterwards, and continued living with members of her family. Lived until almost 90, with mind, if not body, clear til the end. Inner: Virtuous, upright, spirited, with a strong sense of right and wrong. Long-lived lifetime of serving as a political matriarch, with, for once, an easily dominated and loyal mate, allowing her a greater flexibility of character and less of an ostrich-with-its-head-in-the-sand approach to the vagaries of the male animal. Mary Tudor (1516-1558) - Queen of England and Ireland. Known as “Bloody Mary.” Outer: 3rd but only surviving child of Henry VIII (James Packer) and his first wife, Katherine of Aragon (Mary Renault). Received a lot of early attention, since she was the only survivor of her mother’s many pregnancies, including an excellent education, but was largely a pawn in royal politics, as a possible marriage link to the French royal house. Never saw her mother after her father divorced her in 1532, but was devoted to her memory. The following year, she was declared illegitimate, but refused to give up her title of princess. Sent to live with her half-sister Elizabeth (Mae West), but was ill-treated, denounced by her father and had her life threatened. Remained loyal, however, to her Roman Catholic upbringing, deliberately practicing her faith in the face of treason. Reconciled with her father, after the deaths of his next 2 wives, and in 1544, was declared capable of inheriting the crown. Fled the country, then returned to be crowned in great splendor in 1553, the first woman to rule England alone. After several earlier failed betrothals, against the wishes of state, in 1554 she married an even more fanatic Catholic than herself, Felipe II (Adolf Hitler), King of Spain, and persecuted and executed Protestant heretics, winning her nickname. Adored Felipe, who, in turn, was repelled by her and rejected her, spending only a quarter of their married life in England. Thought she was pregnant, then at life’s end secured the succession of her half-sister. Nearly 300 men and women went to the stake during her reign. Grew old before her time, became lean and haggard and died of influenza. Buried in her father’s chapel in Westminster Abbey. Inner: Conscientious and hard-working ruler, albeit uncharismatic. Proved, however, that a woman could rule Great Britain in her own right. Her Catholicism was central to her life on all levels. Rosary-imbedded lifetime of following her own will despite its alienating consequences, a lesson she would need to continue to experience. Mary of Gueldres (?-1463) - Queen of Scotland. Outer: Daughter of the duke of Gueldres, brought up in the cultivated court of Philippe the Good (FDR) of Burgundy. In 1449, she was married to James II (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.) of Scotland. Did her duty by providing 6 children, including her husband’s successor James III (Eugene McCarthy). After her dour husband’s death in 1460, she was allowed to blossom and served as regent during the minority of their son, welcoming the freedom of her mate’s demise to assert her own will. Avenged his death, was very active diplomatically, then found a dashing lover at life’s near-end, sacrificing authority for romance. Inner: Devout, capable and attractive. Pattern-breaking lifetime of performing according to tradition and then after her release from her longtime mate, finally realizing her heart over her ambition, only to go back to her stuck ways in her next series of go-rounds. Matilda (1102-1167) - Queen of England and Empress of Germany. Outer: Only daughter and only surviving legitimate child of Henry I (Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr.). One younger brother. Mother was the daughter of Malcolm III of Scotland (John F. Kennedy). Received her early education from her latter’s circle, which was both religious and cultured. Became queen consort to HRE Heinrich V (Arnold Schwarzenegger) in 1114 at the age of 11 in a childless union, which may have produced one short-lived infant. Spent her next 16 years in Germany and Northern Italy, proving to be a supportive and active queen in a realm torn by civil war. Acted as regent during her husband’s absences, and accompanied him on one of his Italian expeditions, while calling herself Empress of the Romans, a title which was never contested, and which she never relinquished. Remained in Italy when her spouse returned to Germany, presiding over her own court before rejoining him 2 years later. Garnered invaluable European diplomatic experience through her duties, seeing that friends can quickly become enemies, while enemies can just as easily turn into allies. After her spouse’s death in 1125, she returned to Normandy at her progenitor’s behest. Surrendered her German lands, but retained her magnificent jewels and married Count Geoffrey Plantagenet, because of her family’s dynastic need for heirs. Her husband was only 13 at the time, while she was a decade older. Despite a lack of personal connection between them, the unhappy union produced three sons in 4 years, and she became the mother of the Plantagenet line of English kings, beginning with Henry II (Kathleen Kennedy). Following the death of her brother in 1120, her father wished to make her queen, but a coup made her brother-in-law Stephen I (George VI) monarch in her stead at her sire’s death in 1135. Stephen proved a weak ruler and the country soon devolved into civil war. Appealed to the papal court in 1139, but it refused to rule in the dispute. When Stephen was later captured in 1141, she became uncrowned queen, as ‘Lady of England and Normandy,” although her reign only lasted 8 months, when her forces were defeated and her demands were unmet by the citizenry of London, who rejected her for her arrogance and her refusal to meet their demands. Returned to Normandy later in the decade, and spent the remainder of her life in a royal residence connected to a priory, looking over her continental Norman interests for her son, who assumed the throne in 1154, thanks to her shrewd political maneuverings. Sometimes acted on his behalf in his absences, and he always treated her with the greatest respect, although did not always take her counsel. Maintained the title of empress for the rest of her life, rather than her lesser claims. Suffered a serious illness in 1160, but recovered for another 7 years. Her epitaph read, “here lies Henry’s daughter, wife and Empress; great by birth, greater by marriage, but greatest by motherhood.” Gave her vast wealth to various religious houses. Inner: Proud, pious, grandiose, jealous and arrogant. Led a largely charmed life, playing with power at the highest levels. Thwarted lifetime of briefly tasting direct power, and then contenting herself when her dynastic ambitions were realized. Glycerius (?-c480s) - Roman emperor and bishop. Outer: Early life obscured. After being appointed as commander of the elite officer cadet corps, he was tapped as Western emperor in 473 by the Burgundian Master of Soldiers in Italy, when no other suitable nominee could be found. Never recognized, however, in Constantinople, where Leo I (Robert McNamara) ruled. Spent most of his time in Northern Italy and barely had time to divert an Ostrogothic invasion through diplomatic skill rather than force, when he was deposed by Julius Nepos (Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr.) after an eight month rule, at the insistence of Leo. Surrendered to him without a struggle, and instead, was consecrated bishop of Salonae in Dalmatia. Ultimately became archbishop of Mediolanum. After Nepos was deposed and exiled to the same area, he had him murdered in revenge in 480. The rest of his career is clouded in obscurity. Inner: Largely hidden character, probably enjoyed his bishoprics far more than his political appointments. Gender-bending lifetime of switching over to her male side and showing much more of an aggressive sense of vengeance, while still ultimately seeking out a religious, rather than military, career in the political world of her ongoing family. Antonia (36BZ-37AZ) - Roman matriarch. Outer: Father was Marc Anthony (Marquis de Lafayette) and her mother was the sister of Augustus Caesar (FDR). In 16B.Z., she married Nero Drusus (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.), and among their many children, was Germanicus (JFK), Livilla, the wife of the younger Drusus (Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.) and the emperor Claudius (Joseph Goebbels). Despised the latter, thinking him retarded and a monster, when, in actuality, he suffered from cerebral palsy. After her husband’s death in 9 B.Z., she refused to marry again, and became a model of the good Roman matriarch, remaining influential throughout the entire reign of Tiberius (Lucien Bonaparte). Helped in thwarting the ambitions of Sejanus (Richard Nixon) through her freedman Pallas (John Fitzgerald). Brought up her grandchildren in her household, which was often frequented by the Judaean king, Herod Agrippa (David Ben Gurion). Inherited much goodwill from the East from her father, and continued to try to bring honor to her family name. May, however, have been forced to commit suicide by the emperor Caligula (Napoleon Bonaparte), and was not given posthumous honors until the reign of her son, Claudius. Inner: Religious, proper and tuned into her own considerable powers, despite her limited role as a matriarch in a highly patriarchal society. Corseted lifetime of taking her sense of power and propriety to their limits, as she, like other members of her family, used the early empire to lay down the template she wished to play off of, over the next 2 millennia.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS SELF-ASSASSINATOR:
Storyline: The daredevil assassin is forced to swallow his own ongoing obsession with immortality, taking himself out in the full bloom of youth in recompense for playing with his/story from a destructive rather than his innately creative perspective.

Sir Kay - Foster brother and seneschal to King Arthur. Scapegoat, troublemaker, and treacherously shrewd, as well as clownish. Archetype of the shifty, scheming politician. Michael Kennedy (1958-1998) - American political offspring. Outer: Father was Senator Robert F. Kennedy, who was assassinated when he was 10, mother was Ethel Skakel Kennedy. 6th of 11 children. The kids were allowed to run wild after the death of their father. Like his older brothers, he was a daredevil adventurer, always wanting to play faster and higher than anyone else. In 1981, he married Victoria Gifford, the daughter of former football star and telecaster Frank Gifford, 3 children from union. Founded a university in Angola, gave money to female-owned businesses in Ecuador and ran Citizens Energy Corp., a company that supplied heat to homeless shelters in Boston. Successfully ran his uncle Ted Kennedy’s re-election campaign in 1994. Sought treatment for alcoholism the following year, and sex addiction the year afterwards. Was preparing to help his older brother Joseph II run for governor of Mass., and possibly pursue political office himself, when a scandal broke that he had been having an affair with his children’s underage babysitter, beginning when she was 14, although charges were never filed. His 16 year marriage fell apart under the accusations, and his brother was forced to withdraw from the governor’s race. Killed by slamming headfirst into a tree while playing ski-football with other members of his family, despite being warned by the ski patrol of the danger of the undertaking. Died of massive head and neck trauma. Inner: Smart, big-hearted, generous, hard-working, risk-taking. Creative philanthropist and adept political counselor. His highly public death was a re-enactment of the head wound he had inflicted upon Abraham Lincoln in his Booth life, as well as, perhaps, final recompense for that assassination, which he had paid for, in part, in his Wallace Reid death. This accomplished individual seems to have finally worked out the karma of that earlier deed, and may now be free to be the well-loved public figure he has always wanted to be. Payback lifetime, once again, of making amends for past misdeeds in order to help free himself. Wallace Reid (William Wallace Reid) (1891-1923) - American actor, director and screenwriter. Outer: Both parents were performers, father was actor Hal Reid. On stage from the age of 4 in his parents’ act, although he was allowed to finish at a Pennsylvania prep school, where he showed additional talent as a painter, musician and athlete. Went to Princeton Univ., where he managed the football team and also ran the the school newspaper. Returned to the stage in his late teens, then made his 1910 film debut in The Phoenix, for which his father served as screenwriter. Moved to Hollywood and Vitagraph Pictures, assaying character roles, acting as a cameraman, and even playing mood music on the sets for the stars, while his real preference was for writing and directing. 6’1”, 170 lbs., blue-eyed, cheerful and charming. Quickly became a leading man himself, appearing in several films both directed by his father and himself. Married one of his costars, Dorothy Davenport, in his early 20s, son and daughter from the union. Developed into one of the most popular stars of the silent era, the king of the Paramount lot as the embodiment of virile young American manhood. At the height of his career, in 1919, he suffered head injuries in a train crash on the way to a location, and was given frequent dosages of morphine to ease the pain. Became addicted to that narcotic, as well as indulging in heavy drinking and carousing with a self-destructive crew, and was soon carted off to a sanitarium at the behest of his wife and put in a padded cell, where his de-tox process unhinged him, and he begged to be put out of his misery. Became obsessed with a plot against him. Died in his wife’s arms of his addiction soon after, and a rumor began in the movie colony that he had been purposefully put to sleep. His wife, who never remarried, went onto a career of her own, changing her name to Dorothy Reid, while touring as an avenger of her husband’s death, before becoming a producer, director and screenwriter. Inner: Gifted and charming, with a natural presence before the cameras. All-American in everything but his unintegrated interior, which ultimately came forth to claim him. Payback lifetime of redressing karmic debt for his previous actions, by being taken out at the height of his powers. The train accident was symbolic of Lincoln’s famous funeral train, while the blow to the head reflected where he had earlier shot the martyred president. John Wilkes Booth (1838-1865) - American actor and assassin. Outer: Father was famed alcoholic actor Junius Brutus Booth (Johnny Depp). 9th of 10 children. Brothers Edwin (Ben Chaplin) and Junius Brutus, Jr. (Lew Ayres) both became actors. A gypsy read his palm when he was young, and saw that he would lead an accursed life. Showed early potential for the stage, but also a marked competitive instability that could not abide his brother Edwin’s early successes, despite having helped train him. 5’7”, pale and handsome, with thick wavy hair and glowing hazel eyes. Made his own unsuccessful debut in Baltimore, then played minor roles for 3 years in Philadelphia, before joining a Shakespearean stock company, where he achieved a measure of stardom in the South by his early 20s, and toured regularly there throughout the Civil War. Promised his mother he would not fight, then felt he might be viewed as a coward for his avoidance of combat. His innate sense of theatricality also probably prompted him towards rash action at its near-end. Employed an athletic acting style, with outsized gestures, which women in particular found most enticing. An impassioned supporter of the Southern cause in that fray, he often spoke out as a pro-slaver, with an all-abiding hatred for Pres. Abraham Lincoln (Carl Sandburg). Served the Confederate secret service during the War, and was also a volunteer in the Richmond regiment that hanged abolitionist John Brown. Recruited several coconspirators, including Confederate spy John H. Surratt (James Earl Ray) and began plotting the abduction of the President, while keeping his crew in separate groups to minimize their discovery. After several failures, he plotted Lincoln’s assassination, along with the undoing of Secretary of State William Seward (Howard Cosell), which ultimately failed. Went to the Ford Theater in the waning days of the Civil War in 1865, and during a performance of “Our American Cousin,” stepped up behind the president and shot him in the head, before leaping to the stage, and announcing “Sic semper tyrannis,’” (thus always to tyrants), while breaking his leg in the process, an ironic acting out of an old stage wish for ‘good luck.’ Rode off furiously with David Herold (Howard Rollins), while Lincoln lay down on the same hotel bed where he had stayed days before. Heading south, he had splints placed on his injury, and then was discovered 12 days later in a barn by federal troops. The barn was set on fire, and he was shot through the slats by a soldier, falling to the ground, paralyzed from the neck down, before issuing his agonized penultimate last words, “Tell my mother I died for my country,” as Lincoln’s funeral train passed by 7 million weeping Americans who thought otherwise. Inner: Obsessive, filled with his own sense of destiny and self-glory. Emotionally unstable, great thirst for fame and immortality. His/story-grabbing lifetime of acting out from the darkest side of his nature, allowing the destroyer full reign over the creator, in order to allow him to embrace immortality, no matter the consequences. James Wilkinson (1757-1825) - American general and conspirator. Outer: Second son of a merchant-planter. Initially taught by a private tutor, he went on to study medicine at the Univ. of Pennsylvania, before enlisting in the Continental army at the outbreak of the American Revolution. Married Anne Biddle of the prominent Biddle family in 1778, four children from the union which ended in her death in 1807. Rarely home, he largely ignored his brood, although the marriage enhanced his career. Commissioned in 1776, he took part in a number of battles, and rose to the rank of general, despite dubious, self-serving activities. Appointed secretary of the Board of War and through that position, he was involved in the Conway Cabal to unseat George Washington (George C. Marshall). When the plot failed he was forced to resign his commission, after fighting a bloodless duel with his former commanding officer. Became clothier general in 1779, but was made to resign the position 2 years later, following discrepancies in his accounts. Moved to Pennsylvania, where he was appointed brigadier general of militia and in 1783, he was elected to the legislature. The following year, he moved on to Kentucky, where he worked to displace the leaders of the region through pen and tongue, and ultimately wound up operating a small store, while founding the town of Frankfurt. In 1787, he swore allegiance to the Spanish government to get a monopoly on trade to New Orleans, although after more manipulations, his efforts went for naught. Became involved in the frontier wars against the Amerindians, rising to brigadier general, while working to discredit his commanding officer, ‘Mad’ Anthony Wayne (George Patton). On the latter’s death in 1796, he became senior officer in the U.S. army for 16 years. Continued on the frontier negotiating treaties with the Amerindians, while speculating in land and army contracts, and maintaining his good graces with the Spanish government. Made military, then territorial governor of the Louisiana Territory in 1805, using his office to dispatch exploratory parties out west. Acted as a coconspirator with Aaron Burr (Jacqueline Kennedy) in a scheme to create a separate country in the SW United States, then turned on him, serving as the principal prosecution witness against him in his subsequent trial for treason, and barely escaped indictment himself. Married a second time in 1810 to Celestine Trudeau, two children from the union, which also rarely saw him home. Continually censured and court-martialed but exonerated for his rebellious activities after further military activities, he was eventually discharged from the army in 1815. The following year, he wrote a curious 3 volume memoir, Memoirs of My Own Times. Lived near New Orleans until 1821, and eventually wound up in Mexico, where he received a Texas land grant. Became known as “the general who never won a battle and never lost a court-martial.” Died in Mexico City from the combined effects of opium and the hot climate, while awaiting approval for his grant. Inner: Out-and-out rascal with a remarkable capacity for self-dramatization and an equal facility for re-altering realities to clear his constantly besmirched name. Addicted to alcohol, as well as intrigue. Corrupt to the core, as well as greedy and remarkably dishonest. Careless soldier, but had the ability to play off of the ambitions of others. Churl gone wild lifetime of letting his ambitions run amok while continually standing trial for his own violent appetite for power, with no sense of remorse or ability to reign in his outre behavior, in order to begin his process of healing the wounded warrior that is himself. John Lambert (1619-1684) - Scottish general. Outer: From a well-to-do gentry family. Probably went to Cambridge, then studied law at the Inns of Court. In 1639, he married Frances Lister, the daughter of a knight, 10 children from the union, while his father-in-law helped him greatly in his early career through key familial connections. Joined the Parliamentary army at the outbreak of the English Civil War as a captain, and distinguished himself in its early skirmishes, ultimately taking command of Parliament’s New Model Army in 1645. Wounded and defeated shortly afterwards, although he continued showing his exemplary soldierly skills, rising steadily in rank, while proving popular with his men. Helped Henry Ireton (Teddy Kennedy) draw up a draft constitution aimed at reconciling the army, Parliament and the king. Commanded the troops of northern England during the 2nd phase of the Civil War in 1648, and along with Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy), routed the Scottish Royalists and captured their last stronghold in England, while being promoted to major-general in 1650. Second in command under Cromwell, and was present at the final victorious battle of the war. Played a key role in the subsequent Commonwealth, drawing up the Instruments of Government that allowed Cromwell to officially assume his role as Lord Protector in 1653, while regarded by many as his logical successor, despite growing disagreements between the two. Proved to be Cromwell’s able assistant, until he opposed the resolution to make the former the king in 1657. When he refused to swear allegiance to him as Protector, he was deprived of his office, but given a pension. Retired to his home to both garden and give expression to artistic pursuits. Finally reconciled with Cromwell 6 months before the latter’s death. Returned to politics as an MP, supporting Cromwell’s son and failed successor, Richard (Max Kennedy). Reappointed to his old army commands, he easily defeated the Royalist rebels in 1659, then marched into London with his army to dissolve Parliament. After most of his troops deserted, he was defeated by George Monck (George C. Marshall), who reinstated the Parliament, and had him arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Escaped and tried to instigate one last republican uprising, but was captured, and sentenced to death in 1662, following the Restoration of the crown two years previously. Pleaded for mercy and his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. Spent the rest of his life incarcerated, and after his wife’s death in 1676, he lost his memory, and wound up insanely imprisoned in his own mind. Inner: Honest, generous and kind, with excellent organizational skills. Courageous soldier, good speaker, but rash, shortsighted and unstable. Principled lifetime of mixing politics with martial arts and ultimately losing his liberty and his mind over the repercussions of his acts, sending him over-the-edge in his ensuing lives in this series, to explore the madness of unharnessed and disconnected power. Alexander III (1241-1286) - Scottish King. Outer: Only son of Alexander II (Vo Nguyen Giap) and Mary de Coucy, the former’s second wife. Crowned with great pageantry at the age of 8, when he succeeded his sire. Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy) of England provided peaceful relations between the 2 countries in exchange for exerting strong influence over its court, after the English monarch married off his 11 year old daughter, Margaret of England, to the 10 year old Scottish king, one daughter and two sons from the union. Tensions, however, would soon abound during his minority, as he was forced to act through regents, while dealing with rival factions eager to control the kingdom. By 19, he had clearly established himself in control, and for the next 15 years, he proved an effective administrator and general, as a romantic figure who ruled over a relative Golden Age of Scotland with a merry Camelot-like court, at least according to the propagandists of the time. Consolidated the western boundaries of the kingdom, after doing battle with Norway over them, while overseeing enough political and economic stability to the lay the groundwork for Robert the Bruce’s (Robert Kennedy) successful drive for independence from England the following century. His wife playfully pushed a squire into a river and the latter drowned, setting off a line of family tragedy for both herself and her 3 children within the next decade, as all died prematurely. Regained the Hebrides Isles from Norway when an eclipse and a storm rose in the aid of the Scots, and the Norwegians thought they had been cursed by Scottish wiccas. Assisted Henry in his battles with his barons in 1264, and paid homage to his successor, Edward I (JFK) in 1278. In 1285, he married Yolande de Dreux, the daughter of a count, when his last heir died. At their wedding, he saw a presage of his own death when a ghost appeared. Died from a horseback fall over a cliff on a rainy night on his way to see his new young wife, ending the Caenmore line of Scottish kings. Succeeded by his own surviving grandchild, Margaret (Rosemary Kennedy) who died shortly thereafter. Inner: Knightly warrior, dashing hero, whose kingdom reflected his robust rule. Betrayed by his family’s tragic deaths, which opened his heart to the wounds of mortality. Stalwart monarch lifetime of ending a dynasty in romantic manner, and giving full play to his own sense of himself. Bohemond I (1050?-1111) - Norman prince of Antioch. Outer: Eldest son of Robert Guiscard (Robert Kennedy), and his first wife, Alberada. His original name was Marc, but he was nicknamed after a legendary giant, and physically became one, with a perfectly proportioned body and short-cropped yellow hair, showing himself to be both charming and frightening at the same time. Followed his father’s warrior pathway, but knew he would inherit none of his lands, because of his sire’s second family and far more powerful second spouse. Older half-brother of Roger Borsa (Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.) through the latter. Fought at the head of his sire’s army in the Byzantine Empire, in a lifelong battle with its emperor, Alexius I Comnenus (Michael Milken), in his consuming desire to conquer the empire. On his father’s death in 1085, he inherited his Adriatic possessions, although they were soon taken by the Byzantines. Rebelled against his brother Roger, and after further skirmishes twixt the two he was awarded Taranto and other possessions by Pope Urban II (Barack Obama). Joined the First Crusade in 1096 as a means of attaining as much territory and glory as he could, and was one of its leaders, penetrating Asia Minor. Took Antioch through cunning, although later was ambushed and captured when much of his force returned home. Released, he returned to Antioch, then went on a tour of France, receiving a hero’s welcome, and marrying Constance, the daughter of Philippe I (Baldur von Schirach) of France, 2 sons. Launched his own crusade against Alexius, which did not go well because of his overconfidence, and he was humiliated by his old enemy through an offer of vassalage. Unable to raise a further army against him, and died a defeated warrior, two weeks after Roger Borsa. Inner: Martial adept and gifted diplomat, although fiercely ambitious with a ferocious temper, as well as a Norman sense of cruelty. Dangerous and unscrupulous, with a well-honed wit and a keen intelligence, a dualistic character who never quite integrated his alternate sides. Sword-in-hand lifetime of being given an excellent military education from a violent traditional base, allowing him to give voice to his darker warrior side, only to be ultimately frustrated in his ambitions, when his enemies, among which were himself, proved to be too intractable, even for his mixed gifts. Edred (?-955) - English king. Outer: 4th and youngest son of Edward the Elder (JFK), and his third wife, Eadgifu, who would be important member of her progeny’s court. Half-brother of Athelstan (Duke of Wellington) and Edmund I (Richard Wellesley), who preceded him on the throne. Crowned in 946 following his half-sibling’s murder, and then burnt Ripon to punish the rebellion of Wulfstan, archbishop of York, before catching and imprisoning him when he led a 2nd insurrection in 952. Used the same advisers as his predecessors, so as to maintain previous policies. After proving himself even fiercer and more vengeful in battle than their own Eric Bloodaxe, he was accepted by the Northumbrians as their overlord initially, but then they proclaimed the son of the Norwegian monarch as their king. Ravaged Northumbria in 948 and then fought with his rival monarch until that king’s expulsion and death in 954, at which time they reverted to him, allowing him to add York to the expanded realm of the English. On the advice of Dunstan (Saul Williams), the abbot of Glastonbury, to whom he was close, he conferred a limited autonomy on the Danes, while aiding the former in his monastic revival. Never married because of his physical debilities. Probably lame or disabled from his battles. Also suffered from some sort of lingering illness that made it impossible for him to swallow foods without endlessly sucking the juice out of them, and then spitting the rest onto his plate, much to the disgust of his gustatory companions. Probably in his early 30s when he died. Succeeded by his nephew Edwy (Ethan Hawke). Inner: Vengeful and willful, but with some sense of the exigencies of rule. Also had a strong spiritual sense, thanks to his being in continual pain. Who’s-the-boss lifetime of acting out on a purely martial level, and making his wishes manifest through the sheer dint of his sword-in-hand will, while dealing with a body made more than vulnerable by its deficiences. Olybrius (?-472) - Roman emperor. Outer: Descendant of one of the ministers of Valentinian I (Richard Burton), and a member of a powerful Italian senatorial family. Married Placidia, the daughter of Valentinian III (Ethan Hawke), after the Vandal king, Gaiseric, carried her, her mother (Bette Davis) and sister away from Rome in 455. One daughter from union. Fled to Constantinople at the same time, and held the consulship there in 464, while his wife’s sister wed Gaiseric’s son, at which point his spouse was returned to him. Despite the backing of Gaiseric, he had to wait 5 years for the throne of Rome, while the former, angered that his will had not been realized, continued to plunder the empire. Dispatched to Rome by the eastern emperor, Leo I (Robert McNamara) to smooth things over between the German general Ricimer (Robert Kennedy) and the emperor, Anthemius (Eugene McCarthy), and wound up wearing the purple himself. Leo had probably sent a letter requesting he be put to death, since he did not want a Vandal-backed co-emperor, but Ricimer intercepted it, and gave him a triumphant welcome outside Rome while proclaiming him emperor in the spring of 472. 3 months later, Anthemius lost both the city and his life, and he was able to reign unchallenged. Less than 2 months after that, Ricimer died and his nephew became Master of Soldiers, and a half year later, the emperor dropped from dropsy, to become the shortest reigned of the so-called “shadow” emperors. Both his wife and daughter remained in Constantinople and long outlived him. Inner: Competent, albeit never really given a chance to really strut his martial stuff. Probably held strong, conventional Christian beliefs. His/storical asterisk lifetime of a strong interconnection to power through family ties, but spent too little time on a dying throne to make any mark of his own.

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PATHWAY OF THE MARTIAL ARTIST AS ONE-MAN WRECKING CREW:
Storyline: The volcanic general effectively pursues his ongoing practice of total destruction warfare, ironically going up against his longtime family members from the seeming perspective of being a world apart from them, while, in actuality, being a military intimate, giving him his subconscious edge in their ultimate defeat.

Sir Tor - The first made of the knights of the Round Table, and one of its bravest and boldest. Archetype of the martial master. Vo Nguyen Giap (Anh Van) (Tran Van Lam) (1909-2013) - Vietnamese general and statesman. Outer: Father was a low-ranking mandarin scholar and rice farmer, as well as a fierce nationalist, like his own sire before him. Mother was illiterate. Youngest of four surviving children with two sisters, after his first trio of siblings died in infancy. Had a comfortable upbringing, because of the family’s small land holding, and was encouraged in his studies of the Confucian classics. His progenitor was involved in uprisings against the country’’s colonial masters, and was ultimately jailed and executed for his activities. Both his sisters were also activists, with one dying from privation shortly after her prison release. Like them, he became politically involved in his mid-teens, and was jailed for several years by the French, where he educated himself through reading. Ultimately went to Hanoi Univ. where he studied law, before becoming a journalist, then a high school his/story teacher, showing a fascination with Napoleon. Slight, stocky and rumpled, 5’3”. Married in his early 20s to Nguyen Thi Quang Thi, the daughter of one of his professors, with whom he joined the Communist Party. One daughter from the union, who became a doctor. His spouse was arrested was arrested as a subversive and later died in a French jail. Changed his name - ‘Vo’ means force, and was also known as Brother Vanh. A founding member of the Democratic Front, he began publishing anti-imperialist newspapers. Wrote a book which the French felt was subversive and it was seized. Began his military career in the jungles with 33 partisan guerrillas armed with knives and flintlock rifles. Went to China when the Communists were outlawed in 1939, and allied himself with Ho Chi Minh. Received military training from the Chinese Communists, then supplemented it with extensive reading on Eastern and Western military works, garnering an encyclopedic knowledge of the martial art of warfare. Spent WW II in the mountains of Vietnam, training guerrillas, selling information to China, and eliminating potential enemies, a practice he was never shy about. Made commander-in-chief of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam by Ho, and, after a public affair with a famous dancer, it was deemed provident that he abide by the Party’s strict moral codes. In 1946, through the auspices of Ho, he married a 2nd time, to Ba Hanh, the daughter of the minister of education. Two sons and two daughters from the union. Successfully repelled the French from Vietnam in 1954, and remained Defense Minister for many years. Created the Ho Chi Minh trail to move supplies and men into South Vietnam. Always willing to sacrifice his troops to buy information about the enemy, he, nevertheless, devised the strategy that allowed a peasant force to undo the efforts of one of the most powerful fighting machines in his/story, the U.S. of A. After their expulsion in 1975, he was made deputy Prime Minister of the reunited Vietnam, but within 6 years, he was removed from all positions of power. Made head of Vietnam’s family planning commission in 1984, and retired in 1991. Continued to write in retirement, expounding on his many theories of war and politics. Eventually met his counterpart, Robert McNamara, during a decades-later gathering in Vietnam of the surviving principals of the war. In later life, he supported closer relations with the U.S. while warning of Chinese influence. One of the last surviving revolutionary heroes of Vietnamese independence, passing the century mark, while spending his last four years in a military hospital, where he died of old age. Buried with full military and state honors. Inner: Calm exterior, seething interior, known as ‘the snowcapped volcano.’ Forceful, arrogant, ambitious and keenly analytical. Ascetic, passionate and sentimental, with a volcanic temper. Superb strategist, allowing subordinates to work out tactics. Understood the power of propaganda, and had a fierce belief in the loyalty of Vietnamese peasants. Created the model for national resistance against any potential foreign power. Seething lifetime of waging his ongoing love of mass destruction in an Eastern theater against his longtime family members, while expanding his sense of martial strategy to successfully pit symbolic pitchforks against superb swords and come out victorious. William Sherman (1820-1891) - American Civil War general. Outer: Father was an Ohio Supreme Court judge. Older brother of John Sherman (Robert McNamara). His sire died of typhus when he was 9, 6th of 11 children. Brought up by a wealthy neighbor, Thomas Ewing, a Whig politician, senator and cabinet member, whose neurotically pious Catholic daughter Ellen Ewing he later married in 1850. 4 daughters and 4 sons from the union, with one of the latter dying in infancy. Despite his deep devotion to family, his opposition to his son’s becoming a Catholic priest almost destroyed the marriage. Red-haired, with a strong view of white supremacy. Graduated West Point in 1853, and was commissioned in the artillery. Despite deep devotion to family, his opposition to his son’s becoming a Catholic priest almost destroyed the marriage. Red-haired, with a strong view of white supremacy. Graduated West Point in 1853, and commissioned in the artillery. Served in Florida in the Seminole War and in California during the Mexican War, holding posts after the latter gained statehood. Resigned to try his hand at business, but failed twice as a banker, and once as a businessman, before becoming, in order, a lawyer, the superintendent of a military academy and president of a street railroad company, while continually feeling guilty he had not lived up to the expectations of his father-in-law. Rejoined the army at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 and by the following year was made brigadier general of volunteers for the Union. His first year’s failures caused a breakdown, but when his health returned, so did his vision of total war, aimed at destroying the enemy’s supplies as a way of destroying the enemy’s morale and production. A highly capable master of violence, he was successful throughout most of the rest of the war, eventually occupying and burning Atlanta. Best known for his devastating “march to the sea,” where he destroyed the rich agricultural resource of the Confederacy in Georgia. Despite his harsh stance, he advocated a generous peace when the fighting had concluded. Ultimately became commanding general of the army, a post which was not revived until George C. Marshall in the 1940s. Fought Amerindians in the building of the transcontinental railroad, wrote his memoirs, gave his famous, ‘War is hell,’ speech in 1880, and retired 4 years later. Enjoyed both theater and amateur painting his last years, and was a popular after-dinner speaker. Turned down the Republican nomination for President in 1884, with the dictum, “If nominated I will not accept. If elected I will not serve.” HIs wife died in 1888, and he followed her 3 years later. Inner: Moody, restless, complex. Intelligent, aggressive, uncompromising in his belief in law and order. Disdained democracy, and saw African-Americans as less than human. Tuned into technology, foresaw the day when automatic weapons would foreshorten wars. Total warfare lifetime, once again, of doing external devastation as a way of dealing with his own inner demons, while helping to invent modern military conflict. James Clinton (1733-1812) - American general. Outer: Father had been an English émigré living in Ireland, before coming to America in 1729, to become a surveyor, farmer and land speculator. Mother was Scotch-Irish, and the two had taken over a group of potential colonists with them when they emigrated. 6th child and younger brother of George Clinton (Ted Kennedy). Received his early education from tutors, and joined the local militia as a youth. At 20, he was made an ensign in a company commanded by his father. Rose in rank through the French & Indian Wars, at which point he ended his service as commander of 4 companies of frontier guards, and became a farmer. Married Mary DeWitt, the daughter of an old Dutch family in 1764, 7 children from the union, including DeWitt Clinton (Kathleen Kennedy). Returned to service and at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, he and was commissioned a colonel. At the same time, he was also a delegate to the NY Provincial Congress. Fought in Canada, and in 1776, Congress elected him a brigadier general in the Continental Army. Erected fortifications to defend the Highlands along the Hudson River, and in 1777, while serving under his brother George, unsuccessfully defended Fort Clinton against British general Henry Clinton, no relation, in the battle of the Clintons, and was the last to escape in the debacle, sustaining a severe bayonet wound in the thigh, before dropping down a 100 foot precipice by clinging to vines and bushes. While recovering, he served at West Point. In 1779, he fought on the frontier, which had become vulnerable to Iroquois tribes. Burst a dam he had built, to allow his men to float down the Susquehanna to meet up with his co-commander, Gen. John Sullivan (‘Wild’ Bill Donovan), and then burned 40 villages and destroyed 160,000 bushels of corn, ending the so-called Red Menace to the N.Y. frontier for a while, in a display of his usual all-out warfare. Spent the rest of the war trying to secure the frontier, before joining up with other brigades for the final siege of Yorktown, which ended the conflict. Breveted a major general in 1983, and served on the Penn-NY boundary commission, while engaging in both farming and real estate dealings. Made one of the regents for Columbia College, then voted against ratifying the Constitution, because it did not include the Bill of Rights. Served as a state senator from 1789 to 1792, ending his public life, save for final stint in 1801 as a delegate to the NY constitutional convention. In 1797, he married Mary Little Gray after his wife had died 2 years previous, 6 more children from the second union. Went into a long retirement afterward. Inner: Largely hidden character, soldier through and through. The very model of a major general lifetime of expanding his guerrilla techniques into doing battle in the New World, while continuing his longtime family association, and other than his deeds, keeping the rest of himself largely under cover. James Graham, 5th Earl and 1st Marquess of Montrose (1612-1650) - Scottish general. Outer: Father was a Scottish earl, mother was the daughter of same. Became the 5th earl when he was 14, on his father’s death. Educated at St. Andrews Univ. and married Magdalene Carnegie, the daughter of a Scottish lord at 17. Traveled in Europe after the birth of his son, returned home and sided with the Presbyterian covenanters against the Anglican English king, Charles I (George VI). Quickly showed his tactical brilliance in the struggles that followed, despite being a Royalist. Opposed the anti-Royalist policies of Archibald Campbell, 8th Earl of Argyll (Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr.) in the Scottish Parliament, and won distinction as a cavalry commander, before being briefly imprisoned by Argyll in 1641. Made a Marquess by the king, and appointed lieutenant general for Scotland, during the first English Civil War, but was defeated by Argyll’s superior forces. Employed guerrilla tactics the rest of the war to far greater success and ultimately destroyed Argyll’s army 3 years later, as well as much of the Campbell land. Successfully fought his way across Scotland in the Royalist cause, and called for a new convening of Parliament, but when he moved south, many of his Highlanders deserted him, and he was overwhelmed by superior forces. Headed for the Highlands and led a guerrilla force of several hundred, but finally surrendered his command. Sailed for Norway, then Paris, but failed to get support, until the future Charles II (Peter O’Toole), restored his position. Gathered a fighting force, and returned to Scotland, but was unable to rouse the clans to his aims. Took to the hills after defeat, but was betrayed, and hanged in the marketplace of Edinburgh, then drawn and quartered, despite his protests of loyalty to Scotland. Inner: Extremely talented tactician, able to wage war with few men and less money. Almost single-handedly brought Scotland around to the Royalist cause. Had courage, dignity, grace and loyalty to his martial codes. Braveheart lifetime of enhancing his martial skills, while remaining true to his principles, and once again, having his body torn apart after his final defeat. William Wallace (c1270-1305) - Scottish general and national hero. Outer: Father was a small landowner who was vassal of the 5th steward of Scotland. Grew up in his uncle’s house. 2nd of 3 sons. At 22, he was outlawed when he killed an Englishman in a violent argument. Headed for the highlands, then gathered a fighting force around him. When Edward I (JFK), established an English feudal overlordship over Scotland, he became a leader of opposition to English rule. Burned the town of Lanark, and killed the English sheriff there in 1297 to mark the Scottish rebellion. Attracted an army through the action, which he disciplined to rout a superior English force, effectively driving them from Scotland. Laid waste to some of Northern England, devastating the countryside, then acted as guardian of the realm for the imprisoned king John Baliol (George VI), serving well in that capacity, effecting some sense of unity in the country. When Edward invaded again, he laid waste to the countryside to deny his army supplies, but was defeated. Resigned his office as guardian, but continued harassing the English forces. Went to Norway, then France to try to secure aid. Tried to get help from the pope on a Roman visit, but was turned down. Fought again in Scotland, but was captured through treachery, tried for treason and dragged for 4 miles, castrated, hanged, cut down while still alive, disemboweled, decapitated, quartered and displayed. Left no children, no portrait, no personal description. Immortalized in the 20th century by Mel Gibson in the film Braveheart. Inner: Able, determined, resourceful and bold. The treasonous charges were without foundation, since he was never a subject of the English king. HIs subsequent thirst for inflicting massive destruction may have come in part from this unsavory ending, or it have been symptomatic of it. Braveheart lifetime of evincing adept tactical skills, with the same inner draw towards personal devastation as his outer martial proclivity. Alexander II (1198-1249) - King of Scotland. Known as ‘the Peaceful.’ Outer: Son of William the Lion (Ronald Reagan), mother was the daughter of a viscount. Red-haired and energetic. Ascended to the throne at the age of 16. In 1221, he married the sister of the future Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy) of England, who died 17 years later, while the union proved barren. Father of his successor Alexander III (Michael Kennedy) by his 2nd wife. Put down several rebellions to insure his crown, bringing the severed heads of the leaders to court as object lesson. A collector and codifier of laws, he displayed the conventional piety expected of a Christian king. Aided a rebellion against King John (Henry Fonda) of England, but worked more in concert with his successor brother-in-law, Henry III. Subjugated Argyll, as well as other territories heretofore outside royal jurisdiction. A highly effective military figure, despite being known as ‘the peaceful,’ giving order and a semblance of unity to Scotland, as well as de-marking the final definition to its southern border. Died of a fever during a military expedition. Inner: Upright, pious, liberal-minded, pragmatic realist. Grew more imperious as he grew older. Royal lifetime of actualizing his lessons of rule and organization, while evincing considerable skills in both arenas. Sir William de Hautville (?-1046) - Norman conqueror. Known as William Iron Arm. Outer: Father was a minor Norman lord, Tancred de Hauteville. Eldest of 12 sons, his half-brothers included Robert Guiscard (Robert Kennedy) and Roger I of Sicily (Kathleen Kennedy). Along with his 2 brothers, Drogo and Humphrey, he went to southern Italy and Sicily, serving first as mercenaries, before seizing lands for themselves in the patchwork war-torn landscape. Earned the nickname ‘Iron Arm,’ when he personally killed the amir of Syracuse, during a combined Norman-Byzantine siege of that city. Recruited more knights, and continued warring and plundering. Served as a captain of the Norman army that joined the Lombards in invading Sicily, and was made count of Apulia in 1042. That same year, he married Guida, the daughter of the Duke of Sorrento, and niece of a Lombard prince, to confirm his title, while being given the lordship of Ascoli, in recognition for his service. 2 years later, he invaded Calabria, although suffered defeat while erecting an impressive castle, and after his death, his brothers were serially invested with his title, which was never recognized by the Holy Roman Emperor. Inner: Iron-armed lifetime of sword-swinging against alien foes, in a brutal environment where the only law was that of muscular self-will. Flavius Aspar (c400-471) - German Master of Soldiers. Outer: Of Alan birth, and an Arian, or heretic, as were most German soldiers. Father was a Master of Soldiers, whom he fought under. Came to prominence as the champion of Aelia Placidia (Tama Janowitz), the emperor’s half-sister, when he vanquished a usurper, and was awarded the western consulate in 434 after serving her in Africa. Held his position through a strong Germanic presence in Constantinople. Through his influence, first Marcian (Chris Patten), then Leo I (Robert McNamara) were raised to the purple, while he could not be because of his religious stance. For the first 6 or 7 years of the latter’s rule, he was able to make his will manifest. Married an Ostrogoth, and raised his oldest son Ardabur to the rank of Caesar, and had him marry Leo’s remaining unmarried daughter, instigating a great public outcry against the raising of a heretic. Also had another son by the sister of the Ostrogothic chief. Outmaneuvered by a rival Master of Soldiers, Zeno (John Fitzgerald), he was forced to flee into a church, where, despite a promise of safe conduct by the emperor, he was assassinated by palace eunuchs, along with his son. Inner: Thoroughly martial, without the requisite sense of politics to counterbalance his political will. Out-of-his-depth lifetime of ultimately being outmaneuvered by more political opponents, showing him in the era to come to stick to the military and leave the politicking to his longtime confreres.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS QUIXOTIC PENMAN:
Storyline: The political poetaster shows little inclination for rule despite a longtime association with a fierce and powerful clan, while his secondary skills with pen and paper are even less memorable, as he tries to integrate the two in the shadow of his far more ferocious cousins-in-arms.

Taliesin - Bardic poet who chronicled early Christian times. Archetype of the chronicler who sits both inside and outside his/story. Eugene McCarthy (1916-2005) - American politician and writer. Outer: Of Irish Catholic descent. Father was an Irish immigrant and a cattle dealer. 3rd of 4 children. Had a happy childhood, and developed a deeply ingrained sense of faith in Catholicism, as his moral root. Finished high school at 16, and received his B.A. from St. John’s Univ. in Minnesota cum laude, and then his M.A. from the Univ. of Minn. Taught social studies in high school for 4 years, beginning in 1936 and then was a professor of economics at his alma mater, St. John’s. Did civilian technical work for army intelligence during the latter part of WW II. 6’2”, 180 lbs. In 1945, he married a writer, Abigail Quigley, 4 children. Returned to teaching, becoming chairman of the sociology department at the College of St. Thomas in Minn., before entering politics in 1948 with a successful run as a Democrat for the House of Representatives. Compiled a liberal record during 10 years there, before becoming a Senator in 1958, where he was largely viewed in negative terms as being both aloof and lazy, while the institution largely bored him. Toiled in relative anonymity, until declaring in late 1967, that he would challenge Pres. Lyndon Johnson’s re-election bid. Code-named Instructor by the Secret Service. Galvanized the anti-Vietnam War movement with his low-key wit, despite having voted for the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964, which had widened the war. His relatively strong showing in the subsequent early primaries, convinced Johnson not to run again. Ultimately lost the nomination and dropped out of politics at the end of his senatorial term in 1970, voicing a preference for the company of poets, including Robert Lowell, to politicians, although a mediocre versifier himself. Separated from his wife after the campaign, but never divorced. Made a half-hearted bid for the presidency again in 1972, and then in 1976, ran a more aggressive campaign for the same office, although once again lost the nomination. Became a lecturer and writer, then surprised everyone with an endorsement of Ronald Reagan for president in 1980 and one last abortive try at his old Senate seat 2 years later, before dropping out of the public eye, to enjoy a long retirement. Lost a daughter in 1990, and his wife in 2001. Became more conservative as he grew older, finally dying in his sleep in an assisted living home, from complications from Parkinson’s Disease. Inner: Witty, scholarly and evasive. Had a competitive obsession with the Kennedys as a fellow Catholic politician, seeing himself as their moral superior. Quixotic lifetime of briefly galvanizing the nation, without the substance to maintain it, before retiring his lance and settling back into his more natural scholarly mode. Franklin Pierce (1804-1869) - American president. Outer: Of English ancestry. Mother was a fun-loving alcoholic, who enjoyed being the center of attention. Father was a Revolutionary War general and governor of New Hampshire, whose first wife left him a widower with a daughter. Had three older brothers and one older sister, as well as one younger brother and sister, and a half-sister, with only one brother living to see him president. Grew up in prosperous circumstances, and took after his light-hearted mother. Graduated from Bowdoin College at 20 with honors, despite much mischiefmaking. While there he became a lifelong friend of Nathaniel Hawthorne (Robert Lowell), who would later write his biography. 5’10”. Admitted to the bar 3 years later, proving to be an effective lawyer, with the capacity to cut through to the heart of every case in which he was involved. Elected to the New Hampshire state legislature in his mid-20s and was chosen speaker in 1831. 2 years later, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representative and in 1834, he married Jane Appleton (Joan Kennedy), the daughter of the dean of his alma mater. The pair had 3 sons who died in childhood, the last right before he was to assume presidency. Extremely social and a liberal imbiber, the complete opposite of his lugubrious Calvinist wife, who was totally unsupportive of his ambitions. Elected senator in 1836, as the youngest member of that body, although he allowed his wife to prevail on him to retire from politics at the end of his term. The death of their second son blanketed him in guilt, and he turned down an offer to become attorney general, citing his wife’s health. Subsequently rejected other high level poltical positions, then enlisted as a private in the Mexican War, ultimately becoming a colonel, then a brigadier general, serving under Winfield Scott (Douglas MacArthur). Returned from the war a hero, and then, despite his wife’s objections, in 1852, he accepted the nomination as Democratic candidate for the presidency, after 49 ballots. Although his wife vigorously prayed for his defeat, he decisively defeated Scott for the presidency, garnering 5 times as many electoral votes. On the train ride to his inauguration, his third and last son was partially decapitated, permanently rendering his wife an emotional cripple, and a recluse in her White House quarters. An aunt of hers would serve as de facto First Lady, while his run of office would be completely undistinguished, only furthering national rifts, despite his avowed aim to do quite the opposite. Became the only president not to use the word ‘swear’ in his oath of office, seeing it as a Biblical affront. Labeled “The Northern Man with Southern Principals,” because of the influence of pro-slavery Southerners on his administration, despite his own anti-servitude stance, causing him to support the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which left slavery open to popular vote in the new territories. Defeated at the Democratic National Convention by James Buchanan (John W. Davis), to become the first president ever denied a second term by his own party. Retired from active political life afterwards, and took a year and half tour of Europe with his wife. Enjoyed the company of writers and poets, far more than politicians. Bought a farm, which his wife didn’t like, and was finally relieved of her depressive company in 1863. Given to alcoholism and loneliness at life’s end, despite being the nominal head of the New Hampshire Temperance Society, and died of cirrhosis of the liver. Inner: Easy-going, and convivial, with a great desire to please. Lively, gregarious, with a mercurial temper, but gradually got drawn into his wife’s depressiveness. Saw himself as coarse, and his wife refined. Through a glass darkly lifetime of dealing with loss and trying to integrate his opposite nature through an unhappy marriage, only to wind up the ineffective steward of an equally conflicted country. John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-1792) - Scottish politician. Outer: Eldest son and 2nd of 8 children of the 2nd earl, he succeeded his father to his title at the age of 10. Mother was related to the powerful Campbell clan. Brought up by his Scottish maternal uncles, and educated at Eton and the Univ. of Leiden in the Netherlands. Tall, slim and handsome. In 1736, he married Mary Wortley Montagu, the plain and dutiful, but witty daughter of writer Mary Montagu (Maureen Dowd), and two years later, he was elected to Parliament as a peer of Scotland, although took no part in politics. 11 children from the union. Introduced to Frederick Louis (Prince William) in 1747, and upon his death in 1751, he became a close friend of the Prince of Wales, later George III (Jeffrey Archer), to whom he had been a tutor. Imbued him with a sense of absolute monarchy. Possibly the future king’s wife’s lover before he assumed the throne, which caused a great scandal at the palace. Had a passion for performing in amateur theatricals, and liked reading and men of letters. With the king’s ascension, he was made secretary of state in 1761, then first lord of the Treasury. Evinced a propensity towards intrigue and manipulation, particularly around his perceived political enemies. In 1762, he became the first Scottish-born, as well as the premier Tory to be elevated to Prime Minister, but was unable to create a stable administration. Despite ending the 7 Years War, he was roundly disliked for his Scottish background and political cowardice, and became increasingly unpopular, particularly after imposing an unpopular tax on cider, earning the negative sobriquet of “Jack Boot.” Had to travel incognito thereafter and resigned in 1763, although continued to influence the king for another 2 years, before being replaced and spending the last 30 years of his life unhappy and bored at his estate in Hampshire, where he served as a major literary and artistic patron, and also indulged in his fascination with botany, helping to create Kew Gardens. Shortly after falling 28 feet down some cliffs near his home, he expired. Inner: Voracious reader, witty and gregarious, with a strongly developed esthetic. Jack Boot lifetime of being forced to withdraw from active politics in order to move into a more introspective and emotional side of himself, which he greatly resisted, despite his inabilities at making his political will manifest. Edmund Waller (1606-1687) - English poet and politician. Outer: Eldest son of an aristocratic family. Mother was related by marriage to the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy), and through her, he was first cousin to John Hampden (Kathleen Kennedy). His father died when he was 10, leaving him great wealth and a manored estate. His forceful mother sent him on to Eton, and then King’s College, Cambridge, but he left without degree and entered Parliament at the tender age of 16. In his mid-20s, he married an orphaned heiress, and wound up in front of the Star Chamber for doing so. Although heavily fined for the misdeed, he was wealthy and could afford it. The couple had a son and a daughter, before his wife died in childbirth 3 years into the marriage. Suffered a spate of madness after a rejection from the daughter of the 2nd earl of Leicester, whom he apostrophized in his poetry as Sacharissa. Recovered and became noted for his carefully wrought speeches, which were good enough to see print. Involved in the intrigues of the English Civil Wars, switching sides to the Royalist cause, which caused him to be arrested, and sent to the Tower of London. Through bribery and compromising his colleagues, he avoided beheading, but was heavily fined and banished in 1643. Lived abroad in France, and married another heiress, Mary Bracey, while his poems were published in London in 1645, some of which were set to music. Returned home in 1651 at the behest of his cousin, when the House of Commons revoked his banishment. Lived quietly and wrote a panegyric to Cromwell, which got him the post of Commissioner for Trade. When the Protectorate fell following Cromwell’s death, and the king was restored in 1660, he welcomed him back with a poem, thereby covering himself poetically, although was criticized by Charles II (Peter O’Toole) for having written an inferior verse to which he replied, “Sir, we poets never succeed so well in writing truth as in fiction.” Returned to Parliament 1661, and became a member of the Royal Society. Wrote poetry his entire life, in clear tight verse, covering the spectrum from politics to the personal, while celebrating whoever was in office. Fractured his skull in his 60s, and became pious at life’s end. Following his 2nd wife’s death in 1677, he retired, and died a decade later, full of years. Considered the first Augustan poet, and a reviver of the heroic couplet form. Inner: Teetotaler, uninspiring politician as well as poet, albeit highly social and convivial. Held few convictions or passions. Go with the flow lifetime of trying to manipulate the events of his time to his advantage, with little scruple about his beliefs whenever his position was threatened, since he far preferred power to principle. James III (1452-1488) - King of Scotland. Outer: Son of James II (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.), and Mary of Gueldres (Rose Kennedy). Came to the throne at the age of 8, with the queen mother and the bishop of St. Andrews as his regents. Very good-looking, with long, black hair. When the 2 regents died in 1463 and 1465 respectively, a political coup followed and he was seized by the Boyd family and taken to Edinburgh, where the head of the family dominated the government for the next several years. In 1468, he married Margaret of Denmark, the daughter of the Scandinavian king, 3 children, including his successor James IV (Kathleen Kennedy). His wife was plain, virtuous and dull. Assumed power the following year, but proved to be an inept ruler, who preferred artists to soldiers, while deliberately excluding the baronage from his council, employing, instead, intellectuals and craftsmen. Insensitive to the suffering of his countrymen through famines and depressions, he hoarded valuables, and showed a singular appreciation for the finer things in life. Played a lenient, unmartial role, preferred diplomacy to warfare, and as an unabashed anglophile, loathed doing battle with the English. Unable to put down revolts, his reign descended into chaos, as he arrested his more ambitious and conventional brothers in 1679. Within 3 years, full scale war broke out with the English, followed 6 years later by open rebellion. Eventually thrown from his horse, he fled from his last battlefield. Carried into a cottage, he announced, “I am your unhappy king.” He called for a priest, and a passerby claimed to be one, then stabbed him in the heart and fled. His assassin’s identity was never discovered. Inner: Intelligent, extravagant, only sporadically interested in affairs of state. Sensitive lover of the arts and literature, with an inability to learn from his mistakes. Failed lifetime of total unsuitability for rule, despite being thrust foursquare on his/story’s stage, as a figure of ambivalence towards power, who seems compelled to seek it, leading to succeeding ambiguous, ambivalent lives in the public arena. Thomas II de Beauchamp, 4th earl of Warwick (1345?-1401) - English noble. Outer: Second but eldest surviving son of the 3rd earl, who was a warrior and one of the founders of the Order of the Garter. Mother was also the daughter of an earl. Made a knight in his mid-teens, saw military service in 1362 and succeeded his sire 6 years later. Accompanied John of Gaunt (Lyndon Johnson) in his French campaign in 1373, and 3 years later was made Governor of the Channel Islands. Married Margaret Ferrers, the daughter of a lord, two daughters and one son. Active politically, he served on a reform committee in Parliament, although preferred the quietude of his own estates. Appointed governor to the young king Richard II (Richard Nixon) in 1381, accompanying him on his Scottish campaign in 1385, then was made a member of the commission appointed to regulate both kingdom and royal household. Drawn out of seclusion by a group of nobles, including Thomas of Woodstock (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.) and Thomas Mowbray (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.), and Richard Arundel (Alexander Haig) who were known as the lords appellant, and who usurped the king’s authority in 1388. After the king reasserted himself the following year, he went into retirement. Invited with 2 others to a banquet at the court in 1397, he was the only one who showed up and was immediately arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London, in a section which later became known as the Beauchamp Tower. Made a full confession to Parliament, had his honors forfeited and was banished to the Isle of Man, where he was harshly treated by the governor there. Liberated and restored to his honors on the accession of Henry IV (Randolph Churchill) in 1399 and died soon afterwards. Succeeded by his son. Inner: Largely retiring and indolent, enjoyed quietude, drawn into intrigues, rather than actively pursuing them, and willing to deal with the repercussions of his acts. Quixotic lifetime of paying the piper for the ambitions of others, and emerging with his head intact for his honesty. Innocent II (Gregorio Papareschi) (?-1143) - Italian pope. Outer: From an ancient Roman family. Rose quickly in the church hierarchy, becoming a canon and then an abbot at a relatively young age. Made a cardinal-deacon, then accompanied Gelasius II when he was forced into exile in France. Performed several difficult diplomatic missions for the papacy, including helping to draw up the Concordat of Worms in 1122, earning the Church, as well as himself, the support of the Holy Roman Empire. Appointed papal legate to France the following year, during which time he made peace with the French king. In 1130, he was hastily elected pope by a group of noble cardinals, and took on the name of Innocent II. His selection, however, was denounced as non-canonical within hours, as an antipope, Anacletus I, was named in his stead by a majority of the College of Cardinals, with the latter’s supporters strong enough to take control of Rome. Forced to flee the Eternal City before winding up in France, where he gained the support of the highly influential Bernard of Clairvaux. Acknowledged afterwards by the HRE Lothair III (Kurt von Schleicher), along with the German bishops at a synod, while also having a favorable meeting with the English king, Henry I (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.). In 1132, Lothair traveled to Italy to depose his rival, while ordering the Scandinavian countries to remain under German jurisdiction. As soon as the HRE, whom he crowned, left, so did he, since Rome remained in the possession of his rival’s powerful supporters. A second expedition by the Germans four years later failed to fully expedite his papal status, and the matter was not fully settled until the death of Anacletus in 1138. Did not take full control of his office until the Second Lateran council in 1139, which changed the rules on papal elections. His most implacable foe, Roger II of Sicily (Mohandas Gandhi) was also excommunicated, bringing a measure of peace to the papal states. Showed himself to be nepotistically inclined, in the elevation of family members to the cardinalate, while his political efforts were largely neutralized through a certain tone deafness to the larger implications of his decisions, including placing France under an interdict following a contretemps with its king. Captured by Sicilians when his papal troops were ambushed in 1139, forcing him to acknowledge the kingship of Roger. When he later refused to recognize the treaty between Rome and Sicily, he was forced to do so by more aggressive actions by the Sicilians. Asked to mediate on doctrinal questions brought up by the revolutionary Arnold of Brescia (Karl Marx) and the teacher Pierre Abelard (Jean Paul Sartre), he also held several minor synods. While on his deathbed, the Commune of Rome began the process of reinstating the Roman Senate the following year as a further curb of papal power. Inner: Won fairly universal praise for his irreproachable character, although his will was often thwarted, despite his fairly noble intentions. Divided sceptre lifetime of dealing far more with political than spiritual matters, while being constantly forced to fight for recognition as symbol of his own ongoing dualities around rule. Procopius Anthemius (c420-472) - Roman emperor. Outer: Claimed descent from a former emperor, Procopius, who had briefly occupied the eastern throne. Father was a Master of Soldiers and a patrician. His wife, Marcia Euphemia, was the daughter of the eastern emperor, Leo I (Robert McNamara). Well-versed in Greek philosophy, he had a distinguished career, ultimately serving as regent during the minority of Theodosius II (Harold Nicholson). As a commander in Thrace in 453, like his father before him, he became a Master of Soldiers from 454-467, while serving as consul and patrician in 455. One of the empire’s best-known citizens, it was thought he might assume the purple in the east, but Leo superseded him. Able to accept this turnabout, he won 2 military victories on Leo’s behalf, who nominated him in 467 as Emperor of the West. Bestowed his own daughter on Ricimer (Robert Kennedy), the western Master of Soldiers, and set out from Constantinople with a considerable entourage and military force. Approved by the Senate and the barbarian federates as well as the Roman people. Sent a huge force against the Vandal king Gaiseric, which met with disaster, then had to deal with a rebel Visigothic king in Gaul who wanted to annex the whole territory. Given a panegyric by the poet Sidonius Apollinaris (Robert Lowell), he rewarded him with the city prefecture of Rome. Granted the Burgundians favors in Gaul in order to check the Visigoths, but lost his son in battle as well as his 3 principal generals. Not particularly popular for his Greek culture and way of life in segments of Italy, and also his leniency on paganism did not sit well with the Christian consciousness of the time. Ricimer began doubting his abilities, while he regretted marrying his daughter to him. Italy reflected their growing divisions, and Ricimer marched on Rome to remove him. A 3 month siege followed, along with a famine and an epidemic. Ricimer finally breached the city with help from within, and while his troops plundered, the emperor tried to escape dressed as a beggar, but he was discovered and beheaded. Inner: Cultured and distinguished, but unable to deal with the martial upheaval of the barbarians during his rule. Cultured lifetime of enjoying esteem for his noble traits only to literally become a beggar for his life when the low elements of his realm rose up to dominate, illumining his own circular story of his inability to integrate his high-minded esthetic with the lowly demands of power won and power kept.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS FINANCIAL ADEPT & DATA-MASTER:
Storyline: The deft number cruncher is numbed by his miscalculations about the humans behind his statistical views, and ultimately comes to see the human dimension behind cold, hard facts, after many a go-round of ice-veined but effective political vision.

King Lot - King of Orkney, and one of the kings subdued by Arthur. Father of Gawain, Agrivain, Gaheris and Gareth. Archetype of the secondary patriarch. Robert McNamara Robert Strange McNamara) (1916-2009) - American business executive, and cabinet official. Outer: Father was the son of Irish immigrants and a sales manager for a shoe company. Frail as a child, he learned to read quickly and grasp information, and had high grades throughout his school years. Graduated with honors in economics from UC Berkeley, where he also studied philosophy, then joined the Harvard faculty after receiving an MBA from its Business School. Married Margaret Craig in 1940, after having met her in college, one son and two daughters from the union. His most notable physical feature would his slicked-down hair, emblematic of a rigid sense of self control. Developed logistical systems for bombing raids and troop deployment for the Army Air Force during WW II, after being turned down by the draft for poor vision. His planned forays burned 100,000 Japanese civilians in Tokyo, although he much later admitted that had America lost the war, he would have probably been prosecuted as a war criminal. Both he and his wife came down with polio after the war, and in order to pay the hospital bills, he entered the Ford Motor Company with his problem-solving Air Force unit, which became known as “the Whiz Kids,” for the continual questions they asked. Rose swiftly in the company’s hierarchy, until 1960, when he was the first outsider to be made company president, thanks to his cost-accounting methods and development of new car lines. Also very much involved in the intellectual community life of Ann Arbor where he lived, unlike other corporation executives whose interests were solely as company men. One month later, he resigned to become John F. Kennedy’s Secretary of Defense. Restructured the military along more efficient corporate lines, and changed martial philosophy from massive retaliation to flexible response. Continued on in the same capacity with JFK’s successor Lyndon B. Johnson, inheriting the Vietnam conflict and the escalating American presence there, which he initially supported. By 1966, following his third visit to the beleaguered country, he realized the war was unwinnable short of total genocidal destruction, although he continued to publicly express optimism over the U.S. efforts. Both his wife and son developed ulcers while he was Secretary of Defense, while he stoically bore his responsibilities. His wife’s demise in 1981 was probably attributable to the stress of that time. In 1967, some antiwar activists tried to burn down his vacation home, and at the same time he began openly seeking a way towards peaceful negotiations, although he was forced out of office by Johnson and left the Pentagon to become president of the World Bank for 13 years, where he worked towards helping Third World nations. In 1972, an artist who saw him on a ferry tried to toss him in the Atlantic Ocean. Continued to remain active as a policy theorist through his writings and his activities in other organizations. In his late 70s, he wrote a controversial memoir, “In Retrospect,” acknowledging his mistaken views of Vietnam, although never apologized for his actions, while looking like a haunted man on the streets of Washington. In the 1990s, he finally met his counterpart, Vo Nguyen Giap, during a post mortem discussion of the war in Vietnam, thereby unconsciously linking up personally with his longtime brother/ally. Made his last public appearance in Errol Morris’s documentary “The Fog of War” in 2003. The following year, he wed Diana Byfield, an Italian-born widow. Died in his sleep at home after several years of ill health. Inner: Highly efficient and capable global thinker with a facility for planning and analyzing according to systems, but with far less capacity for seeing the human dimensions behind the fact sheets. In that regard, later came to see that knowing one’s enemy was paramount. Self-controlled and largely withdrawn. In retrospect lifetime of realtering his thinking from the cold logistics of systems to the warm needs of people, while having his sociopolitical perspective severely shaken in the process. John Sherman (1823-1900) - American cabinet official and senator. Outer: Son of a judge, and younger brother of Civil War general William Sherman (Vo Nguyen Giap). 7th of 11 children. His father died of typhus when he was 6. Left school at 14, and worked on canal and construction projects, during which time, he had a brief period of roistering, before settling down to his sober-sided self. Studied law under an uncle, who was a judge, as well as under his oldest brother, before becoming a lawyer in 1844. In 1848, he married Margaret Stewart, the daughter of a prominent lawyer, 1 adopted daughter. Elected as a Whig to the House of Representatives in 1855, he served 3 terms, before winning a seat in the Senate as a Republican in 1861, after taking an active part in the organization of the party in the state, and held that post for the next 16 years. Took a moderate stance on Reconstruction after the Civil War, and though sympathetic to Pres. Andrew Johnson (George Wallace), voted for his impeachment along his party line, although he opposed the more radical Republican leaders. Became chairman of the Senate finance committee in 1867, because of his expertise in that discipline, and played a leading role in the finances of the post-Civil War period, helping to establish a national banking system, as well as returning the U.S. to a gold standard. Appointed Secretary of the Treasury in 1877 under Rutherford B. Hayes (Jimmy Carter), carrying out his difficult duties efficiently, then was returned to the Senate in 1881, where he served continuously until 1897. Ran 3 times for the presidential nomination, but could not whip up sufficient support to attain it. In 1890, he sponsored the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, which sought to break up large business monopolies, and also sponsored the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, committing the government to a monthly buy of silver. During his last years in the Senate, he was chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs. Published his political memoirs in 1895, and 2 years later, he was appointed Secretary of State under William McKinley (Richard Nixon), but resigned the day Congress declared war on Spain, because of his opposition to the conflict. Suffered loss of memory at life’s unhappy end. Inner: Lively, carefree disposition in youth, more serious later on. Known as “the Ohio Icicle,” and publicly remained masked behind his beard. Held a great desire for the presidency, which was denied him. Moderate in his beliefs, with a great faith in economics as a social cure-all. Served as a stabilizing influence in a time of upheaval. Contained lifetime of continuing to develop his expertise at finance, but his greater ambitions were held in check by an undeveloped public personality. Philip Schuyler (1733-1804) - American military figure and public official. Outer: Family were multi-generational Americans. Father was a merchant, alderman and Amerindian commissioner. Eldest son of 4 children of a wealthy family. His sire died when he was 7, and he eventually inherited vast estates as well as a sizable income. Raised in the Dutch tradition by his mother and an aunt. Finished his education under a zealous eccentric pastor, learning French and proving himself to be a mathematics whiz, which helped him solve engineering problems later in life. Physically powerful, tall and erect with a commanding presence, but was afflicted with hereditary rheumatic gout his entire life. In 1755, he married Catherine van Rensselaer, the talented progeny of a highly influential family. 8 children who survived infancy, including Elizabeth Schuyler (Rose Kennedy), who went on to marry Alexander Hamilton (JFK). His 2nd daughter married Stephen Van Renssellaer (John Fitzgerald). Served in the provincial army during the French and Indian War, although was largely responsible for supplying provisions for the troops. Lived for 2 years in England trying to settle the claims of his commanding officer, then spent most of his time prior to the outbreak of the American Revolution improving his estates, engaging in domestic and foreign commerce, and building the first flax mill in the colonies. Elected to a term in the NY assembly in 1768, and was a delegate to the 2nd Continental Congress. Made a major general under George Washington (George C. Marshall) when the revolution broke out, and was put in command of the NY department. Planned the invasion of Canada, but illness curtailed his participation. The failure of the expedition set him at odds with the other generals, and after an effective delaying retreat in 1777, he was relieved of his command. Requested a court-martial to clear his name in the loss of Fort Ticonderoga, and was exonerated. Resigned his commission in 1779 to pursue his role in the Continental Congress. Elected a state senator in NY, he served 2 four year terms. Staunchly supported the new Constitution, helping to get NY to ratify it. One of NY’s first senators, serving as a Federalist from 1789 to 1791, as a strong supporter of the fiscal policies of his son-in-law Hamilton. Defeated for re-election in the U.S. Senate, he then returned to the state senate for 5 years, and helped found Union College in upstate NY. Entered the U.S. Senate in 1797, but was forced to resign because of ill health. The loss of his wife hastened his own death several months after Hamilton was killed in a duel. Inner: Fashionable, conventional and austere in his very Dutch demeanor. Competent, albeit unspectacular, lifetime of being an integral, albeit not central, figure in the founding of the U.S., while using his position of power and wealth to both further his own aims and learn the intricacies of creating financial systems for new world states. Sidney Godolphin, lst earl of Godolphin (1645-1712) - English statesman and financial expert. Outer: 3rd son of an ancient Cornish family. Both parents were quite devoted to one another, and their huge family, which ultimately numbered sixteen children. Short with brown eyes and a pockmarked face. Became a page of honor to Charles II (Peter O’Toole) in 1662, and, as one of his favorites, groom of the bedchamber and master of robes. Lost his father in 1667, and had a lifelong connection with the Duke of Marlborough (JFK). Entered the House of Commons as a Tory, and although he rarely spoke there, garnered the reputation of a financial expert. The king said of him, he was “never in the way and never out of it.” In 1675, after a nine year courtship, he married the very popular Margaret Bragge (Rose Kennedy). Became a widower in 1678, when his wife died in childbirth, and never married again, because of the trauma of the loss. Their son Francis, would go on to a political career of his own. The following year, he was made a member of the Privy Council. After being given a short/term commission in the army in 1684, he was also made a peer as Baron Godolphin of Rialton, and First Lord of the Treasury. At the accession of James II (Martin Sheen) in 1685, he was appointed chamberlain to the queen, Anne (Anne Heche) for whom he may have held more than platonic feelings, and two years later, commissioner of the treasury, although he was overshadowed by the king’s Catholic advisers. One of the last to abandon the king, who was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Served his successor, William III (Lyndon Johnson), afterwards, while also maintaining connections with the Jacobite cause of restoring James, in order to cover himself. Resigned his offices in 1690, then became lord treasurer and cabinet minister, supporting Marlborough’s military actions with his financial policies. In 1698, his son married the duke’s daughter, further entwining the families. When Queen Anne (Princess Anne) succeeded William in 1702, England plunged into war with France, and once again he and Marlborough served as the financial and martial arms of the military, as he instituted long-term borrowing to keep the government’s credit strong. Also negotiated the Treaty of Union with Scotland, making it part of the new United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707, the year after he was made an earl. Forced to make alliances with the Whigs to implement his policies, he and Marlborough ultimately ran into the machinations of Tory Robert Harley (Rupert Murdoch), and he was finally dismissed by the queen in 1710. Devoted to gambling, particularly horseracing, which probably put him in pecuniary straits at life’s near-end. Suffered rheumatism which ultimately incapacitated his hands and back. Also had kidney stones, which would be his ultimate cause of death, at the London home of Marlborough, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Inner: Highly capable financial expert, albeit cold, reserved and cautious, with a great capacity for work. Smooth and unaccommodating, very much a clockwork character, who despised social superficiality. Major player lifetime of tying his fortunes to a longtime ally, while developing his own skills at mastering financial information, and as often the case with him, being victim of an unpopular war. Alexander I (c1080-1124) - King of Scotland. Outer: 5th son of Malcolm III (JFK) and Margaret (Caroline Kennedy). Well-educated by his mother in the spiritual realm. Protected by the latter’s father, Edgar the Atheling, after leaving Scotland in his teens following his parents’ death in 1093. Inherited the throne from his brother, Edgar (Robert Louis Stevenson) in 1107. Married the illegitimate daughter of Henry I (Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr.) of England, Sibylla, but had a poor relationship with his flighty wife, no children by her, although at least one illegitimate son. Pious, but maintained a court of some splendor, while showing a strong interest in church affairs, showing a determination to keep his ecclesiastical houses free from English influence. Earned the nickname of the ‘Fierce,’ for defeating the houses of Moray and Mearns in 1115, and founded a church at Scone in memory of his victory. Proved to be an effective ruler and church reformer who enjoyed his power and maintained decent relations with the English crown, despite difficulties with his wife. Showed a strong favoritism towards the Augustinians, conferring extensive resources on them.The various problems of his reign were unresolved at his death. Succeeded by his younger brother David I (Dwight Eisenhower), whose ambitions he had repeatedly tried to quashInner: Harsh with his enemies, while kindly to clerics. Deeply spiritual as well as martial. Church’n’state lifetime of exercising powers of rule and learning how to make his will manifest, while continuing his strong interest in Christianity. Leo I (Flavius Valerius Leo) (401-474) - Eastern Roman Emperor. Known as ‘the Great.’ Outer: From obscure Thracian origins, he pursued a military career, becoming a subordinate of the German Master of Soldiers Aspar (Vo Nguyen Giap). Married an energetic and ambitious wife, Aelia Verina (Alice Roosevelt), son and several daughters from union. His brother-in-law Basiliscus (Robert Kennedy, Jr.), would be a future emperor as well. In 457, he was raised to the purple by Aspar, who expected him to be a figurehead, after the Senate could not reject his choice. Aspar remained in command for the first 6 or 7 years of his rule, although he took a passive/aggressive role surrounding some of the general’s suggestions. Countermanded Aspar’s soldiers by recruiting heavily from Asia Minor, while giving his daughter in marriage to an Isaurian chief to cement the latter’s loyalty. Oversaw a disastrous north African campaign that bankrupted the treasury for a generation. Aspar finally maneuvered himself into an untenable position, by raising his son to the rank of Caesar and marrying him to one of the emperor’s daughters. Seeing his opportunity for sole rule, he gave the go-ahead to have him assassinated, following a false promise of safe conduct in 470. By creating an Isaurian guard, he tried to stop the Germans from dominating the eastern empire, and, instead rely on his own troops. Called ‘the Great’, largely to differentiate himself from a grandson, Leo II (Lee Harvey Oswald) of the same name whom he had named Augustus. A survivor of much difficulty, he finally died of dysentery. Inner: Fervent Christian, commonsensical, goal-oriented, knew the uses of power, appreciated literature and science, although only informally educated himself. Cruel and avaricious, because the time demanded such characteristics. Competent lifetime of learning how to maintain a strong sense of will in the face of a powerful longtime cohort and in the main, succeeding. Narcissus (?-54AZ) - Roman imperial freedman. Outer: Of extremely humble origins. The most influential of the imperial freedmen in the house of Claudius (Joseph Goebbels), the son of Antonia (Rose Kennedy). Held the post of secretary for correspondence, which he used to become, in effect, minister of state. Employed on important missions, such as helping put down a mutiny of the British expedition of 43 AZ. Accrued enormous power and wealth through his influence over Claudius, although he did not use them wisely or well. Did not support his mentor’s marriage to Agrippina the Younger (Unity Mitford), and was supplanted by fellow freedman Marcus Pallas (John Fitzgerald). Because of his political stance against Agrippina, the mother of the succeeding emperor, Nero (Adolf Hitler), he was arrested and forced to commit suicide within hours of his mentor Claudius’s death. Inner: Greedy and power-hungry, but unable to see the true power relationships in the imperial household he served. Out-maneuvered lifetime of self-creating from humble beginnings only to became a victim of his own shortsightedness in dealing with the raw, naked power of those far darker than himself, a situation he would rectify in his ongoing education as the financial expert of the longtime crypto-House of Kennedy.

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PATHWAY OF THE WARRIOR AS POWER-HUNGRY POLITICO:
Storyline: The steely general proves himself a courageous soldier and a competent ruler, although only a secondary player in the ongoing dramas of his far more dramatic confreres, in his ongoing lessons in the shadow of their spotlights.

The Green Knight - Adversary of the knights of the Round Table. Beheaded per instruction by Gawain, and then 12 months later, in a promise to restore it, he does mischief to show Gawain his failings. Archetype of the heedless horseman. Alexander Haig (1924-2010) - American general and statesman. Outer: Raised Roman Catholic as the son of a Philadelphia lawyer who died of cancer when he was 10, and a homemaker. Middle of 3 with an older sister, and a younger brother, Frank, who became a physics professor. His father left the family $5,000 in insurance money, forcing him to work through high school, before attending Notre Dame. Realized his life’s dream afterwards through an uncle’s Senatorial connections, of going to West Point, from which he graduated in 1947, 214th in his class of 310. Received his MA from Georgetown Univ. In 1950, he married Patricia Fox, a pianist who was the daughter of an army general under whom he served in Japan, two sons and a daughter from the union, including writer Brian Haig. Served on the staff of various generals in Korea, then on the staff of the military and naval academies, building his career on staff work and powerful connections, rather than battlefield experience. Served in Vietnam, then went back to West Point. In 1969, he became a protégé of Henry Kissinger, rising with him in the Nixon administration as liaison between the State and Defense Departments, through his communication skills and his key role as the latter’s organization man. Code-named Clawhammer by the Secret Service. Participated in the decision to launch bombing attacks on Cambodia, while showing a consistent disdain for democratic institutions, and anyone who impinged on his perceived territoory. Promoted from colonel to general over 200 senior officers, without ever holding a battlefield command, and became Chief of Staff of the Nixon White House, subsequently surviving Watergate with his reputation intact, while serving as the de facto president during the latter’s distracted final months in office. Suggested Nixon be pardoned to his successor Gerald Ford, and then left the White House. Appointed Supreme Allied Commander of NATO under Ford, before retiring from the military in 1979. Served as president and CEO of United Tech Corp. for a year, then from 1981-1982, was Secretary of State under Ronald Reagan, issuing his famous, “I’m in control here, in the White House,” statement during Reagan’s brief incapacity after an assassination attempt. Alienated most of the people he worked with while creating tensions galore between the White House and State Department, as well as the U.S. and the world. Finally dismissed by the president after 17 months, much to the relief of everyone with whom he worked. Became a business consultant afterwards, writing of his experiences in Realism, Reagan and Foreign Policy, with noted bitterness. In 1988, he campaigned for the Republican Party nomination for president, but received very little support. On the board of numerous companies, he was also host of a TV program, “World Business Review,” which solicited funds from the corporations featured in it. In 1992, he published his memoirs, "Inner Circles: How America Changed The World," then ran “Worldwide Associates,” a firm that offered strategic advice on global commerce. Died in a hospital of a staph infection while surrounded by his family. Inner: Strong ego with a narcissistic, highly self-disciplined and steely character. Understood the power of language and loved to make up words. Extremely critical of virtually everyone with whom he served, in his constant second-guessing, while holding politics and politicians in contempt, despite his own continuous presidential ambitions. I’m in control lifetime of power realized through powerful connections, and the ability to actualize opportunities given him, without achieving his ultimate goal and alienating everyone else he worked with in his failure to do so. Philip Sheridan (1831-1888) - American general. Outer: Son of poor Irish immigrants, but somewhat vague on his beginnings, giving various cities for his birthplace, although he was probably born while they were en route from Ireland to Ohio. 3rd of 6 children. Grew up in Somerset, Ohio, and was only 5’5”, with long arms and short legs, earning him the nickname, “Little Phil.” Received a frontier, one-room school education, which was marked by frequent whippings, making for a short-fused soul. Did some bookkeeping for a dry-goods store, then decided to become a soldier, wangling an appointment to West Point, from a congressman who had frequented the store. Graduated 34th out of 49 in his class through sheer persistence, although was suspended for a year for fighting. Commissioned in the infantry, he spent his early career doing battle against indigenous America in western campaigns while also policing one of their reservations. Remained in the west early in the Civil War, before finally winning line duty in 1862, distinguishing himself in Mississippi. Continued to show his great flair for inspiring leadership throughout the fray, achieving mythopoetic status with Sheridan’s Ride in late 1864, galloping 20 miles at harefoot speed to rally his men to victory, a feat which was later celebrated in a well-known poem. One of the first to employ scorched earth tactics, when he deliberately destroyed the infrastructure of the Shenandoah Valley, in what would be depressingly dubbed “the Burning,” by its residents. Promoted to major general of regulars in 1865, while being given a vote of thanks by Congress. His greatest successes were at war’s end over an inferior foe. A far better fighter than strategist, he made excellent use of military intelligence. Forced the surrender of Robert E. Lee (George C. Marshall) in April of 1865. After the war, he was named military commander of Texas and Louisiana, but his harsh Reconstruction measures forced his removal by the president in 1867. Went back to his earlier role against indigenous America, summarizing his attitude with, “the only good Indians I ever saw were dead.” Served as an observer with the Prussian army in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870-71. In 1875, he married Irene Rucker, the daughter of a quartermaster general, who was half his age, 4 children from union. Took great pleasure in his family, and the union seemed to settle him down when he resumed command against indigenous America. Ultimately rose to Commanding General of Army at his retirement, replacing William Sherman (Vo Nuygen Giap). Had a series of heart attacks and died on his front porch, right after completing his memoirs, and rising to the rank of full general. Inner: War-lover, highly aggressive and inspirational to his men. A devout and charismatic Roman Catholic, with the desire to be the very best he could be in all endeavors. Pronouncedly reserved, although magnetic in battle, cool, exacting and self-possessed. Also violent, prejudiced and intolerant. Sword-in-hand lifetime of bringing all his martial skills to the fore, with little use for any other mode of social interaction, save for the intimacies of family life. Alexander MacDougall (1732-1786) - Scottish/American general and revolutionary war figure. Outer: Born on one of the Hebrides Islands off of Scotland. 2nd of 5 children. His family came over to America when he was 6 under a colonization scheme. When it failed to materialize, his father became a milkman and he grew up in NYC. Went to sea at an early age, commanding 2 privateers in his early 20s. Married, with 3 children from the union, only to be left a widower. Remarried Hannah Bostwick in 1767, and became a successful merchant prior to the American Revolutionary War period. Published a critical broadside against the New York assembly, and was jailed for libel in 1770. Became a hero when he refused to give bail, and had so many visitors in prison that he had to make appointments for them. After his release in 1771, he took a prominent role in the agitation preceding the Revolution and helped organize the provisional government for NYC in 1775, presiding over the first meeting in which Alexander Hamilton (JFK) made his public bow, before enlisting in the revolutionary cause, rising to the rank of major general. Commanded the Hudson Highlands and kept the river secure, and was also commander of West Point. In 1782, a quarrel with a general led to his arrest and court-martial for insubordination. Became a delegate to the Continental Congress after the war, sat in the state legislature and was also the organizer and first president of the Bank of N.Y. Increasingly more conservative as he grew older, he died holding his political and financial offices. Inner: Ardent patriot, effective commander. Methodical, with good presence of mind and unafraid of confrontation. In-your-face lifetime of developing his political, financial and martial skills, while proving successful in all three arenas, although a stand-out in none of them. Richard III Fitzalan, 4th earl of Arundel (1346-1397) - English conspirator. Outer: Son of the 3rd earl, a military figure and regent. Mother was his 2nd wife and daughter of the earl of Lancaster. One brother became Archbishop of Canterbury. Succeeded to his father’s title in 1376, and to his admiralty the following year. Married Elizabeth Bohun, the daughter of the earl of Northampton, 7 children from the union before his wife died in 1385. Afterwards he wed Philippa Mortimer, the daughter of the earl of March, no children from the second union. Made a member of the royal council during the minority of Richard II (Richard Nixon), and in 1381, he became one of the king’s governors. Joined the baronial party led by the king’s uncle, Thomas of Woodstock (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.) and the following year was a member of the commission appointed to regulate both the kingdom and royal household. Scored a naval victory as admiral of the north and south over the French, Spanish and Flemings in 1387. When the king tried to arrest him the same year, it precipitated a noble revolt, and he became one of the 5 lords appellant, including Woodstock, Thomas Mowbray (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.) and Thomas Beauchamp (Eugene McCarthy), who took it upon themselves in 1388 to usurp the power of the king and rule the country in his stead. Their run was brief, however, and the following year Richard reasserted himself, but did not forget this slight. Subsequently removed from the council and the Admiralty, although his offices were soon restored. After another quarrel with the king, as well as with John of Gaunt (Lyndon Johnson), he was briefly imprisoned in 1394, and then began actively conspiring again. In 1397, he was arrested, tried and beheaded. Slain by a single stroke of the headsman. His tomb became an object of pilgrimage for many years afterwards. Inner: Quarrelsome, manipulative, scheming and ultimately undone by lessons continually unlearned. Very religious, and a bountiful patron of the church. Heading-for-the-headsman lifetime of evincing his literal lack of integration between mind and body, despite his ongoing martial skills, in his ongoing secondary role to the superior political maneuvering of his longtime family. Malcolm IV (1141?-1165) - King of Scotland. Outer: Grandson of David I (Dwight Eisenhower) of Scotland, whom he succeeded. Took a vow of celibacy, and became known as “the Maiden,” although his mother’s displeasure at his stance probably made him break the promise, and he may have had a bastard son. Older brother of William the Lion (Ronald Reagan), who succeeded him. His father died when he was 10, and he succeeded his grandfather the following year. Sponsored Church reform and was an enthusiastic patron of that institution. Showed diplomatic skill in keeping an uneasy alliance with England, although he surrendered his grandfather’s English conquests while doing homage to Henry II (Kathleen Kennedy) as his overall feudal superior. Faced rebellions in the north and south, and with his vassals, was able to suppress them. Suffered from pains in his extremities and further rebellions, but died young and without issue, passing the throne onto his sibling. Inner: Grave and pious. Royal lifetime of only brief rule, in preparation for entering into the ordinary realms and the democratic age to come.

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