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CAMELOT CONNECTION - GENERALS, EMPERORS AND KINGS

PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS NOBLE & SOMETIMES IGNOBLE KNIGHT:
Sir Lancelot - King Arthur’s closest companion and bravest and most chivalrous knight. Kidnapped as an infant by the Lady of the Lake. Betrayed the king by his love affair with Guinevere. The Round Table was disrupted by the revelation and the war that killed Arthur occured. Became a hermit and died sanctified once more. Archetype of the great but sullied warrior. Storyline: The handsome hero remains tradition-bound in his beliefs, while retaining his modesty and charm in the face of adulation, in an attempt to rein in his kingly mien and make it more suitable for the modern world. Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Battenberg) (1900-1979) - English admiral. Outer: Great-grandson of Queen Victoria via his mother. Knocked her glasses off her nose at his christening. Also related to the royal family via his father, who was an Austrian-born prince and First Sea Lord, but was forced to resign at the outbreak of WW I, because of public anti-German sentiment, much to his son’s bitter chagrin. The family name was then anglicized to Mountbatten from Battenberg. Youngest of 4 children, with two sisters marrying into the royal houses of Greece and Sweden. Known as ‘Dickie’ to his intimates. 5'11". Educated at Osborne and Dartmouth Naval colleges, then saw naval action during WW I. Attended Christ College, Cambridge for a year, then accompanied his cousin, the future Edward VIII, on several far eastern tours. Led a glittering social life, and was an accomplished polo player. In 1922, he married Edwina Cynthia Annette, the grand-daughter of a wealthy German-Jewish banker. Proved to be a competitive husband, and both had other lovers as well. 2 daughters whom he adored, from the unharmonious, albeit formidable union. Over the next 15 years, he served on destroyers, while acting the playboy in the public eye. Made a commander in 1932, then weathered Edward VIII’s abdication 4 years later. Had difficulties in the opening round of WW II as a destroyer captain, nearly losing his life when his ship sank, earning him the criticism of lacking “sea sense.” Soon recouped his reputation, and wound up in command in Burma, discharging his duties well as he identified previous problems, and raised morale so that his forces were able to liberate the country, after earlier being stalemated there. Named Supreme Allied Commander of Southeast Asia, then was made the last viceroy of India in 1946. His wife was reputed to be lovers with Jawaharlal Nehru, while he greatly favored India in the partition that led to Indian independence, overseeing the turmoil where a half million died, while suffering conservative criticism for his impossible role as architect of postcolonial Britain. On partition, he became governor-general of India until 1948, before returning to sea duty as a rear admiral. Rose in rank, as well as posts, becoming Supreme Allied Commander of Nato forces in the Mediterranean, and finally was made first sea lord in 1954, avenging his father’s humiliation, and hanging a huge picture of him in his office. Ultimately rose to admiral of the fleet in 1956 and then chief of the defense staff, where his ideas repelled the other chiefs. Retired in 1965, although remained active via over 170 organizations to which he belonged, while winning many honors. Had his life filmed in a 13 part TV series in 1966 and 1967, which he vigorously promoted. Trusted adviser to the Royal Family, and matchmaker between Charles and Diana. Blown up at sea by the IRA, and had the largest state funeral since the Duke of Wellington, an earlier incarnation of his. Inner: Handsome, extremely self-confident, charming, impulsive and industrious. Also vain, but resilient in the face of danger. Good analyst, and always open to new ideas. Loved being in the spotlight, war-lover as well, although much blood was shed through his questionable decisions. Able to rebound from his defeats, with the abiity to handle really onerous assignments. Had a genius for publicity, and a talent for persuasion. Reordered lifetime of self-publicized heroics and glory, as a self-acclaimed knight of the 20th century, only to be ignominiously blown apart, perhaps as symbol of rearranging his grandiose sense of self to more modest proportions. Arthur Wellesley, 1st duke of Wellington (1769-1852) - English general and statesman. Known as “The Iron Duke.” Outer: 5th son of an English earl, younger brother of Richard Wellesley (Robert Kilroy-Silk). Spelt his name ‘Wesley’ til 1798. Educated at Eton, but was deemed too withdrawn, and was sent to a military academy in France by his widowed mother. Commissioned in the army at 18 and appointed aide-de-camp to an Irish viceroy. Trim, erect figure, 5’9”, with brilliant blue eyes, an eagle nose, and a no-nonsense style. Loved music and gambling at cards, but burned his violin as a commitment to politics, and held the family seat in Parliament from 1790-1797. Saw active service in Flanders, then after failing to gain civil employment, he was posted in India, where he aided his brother’s administration. Proved to be a highly successful general there, learning decision-making and attention to detail, as well as self-control. Returned to England in 1805 and was knighted. In 1806, he unhappily married Kitty Pakenham, who had rejected him a dozen years earlier, then alternately feared and worshiped him, 2 sons from the union. Entered Parliament again to defend his brother against political attacks, then spent 2 years in Ireland as chief secretary. Became involved in the Napoleonic wars and was court-martialed and acquitted for his initial efforts. Made a viscount for his military acumen in Portugal, and then aggrandized his reputation for his subsequent actions, culminating with his being made a duke in 1814. Best remembered for defeating Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815, and wept for the fallen afterwards. Made marshal of 6 European armies and knight of 24 orders, for his valorous feats. Subsequently elevated to commander-in-chief of occupied France and greatly honored. As a diplomat, he was too honest to be effective. Resigned his military command in 1827 in protest over Catholic Emancipation, but resumed it 5 months later. In 1828, he became a reluctant Tory prime minister, and enjoyed his own political victory over the acceptance of Catholic Emancipation, which he actually opposed, while fighting a duel with an ultra-Tory over the issue. Resisted reform, distrusted democratic institutions, and his unpopular policies subjected him to a mob assault on the anniversary of Waterloo and his fall from power in 1830. Briefly served as a foreign secretary, and held several other titular posts, while being made commander-in-chief of the Army for life. Died peacefully of a stroke, and was given a huge state funeral, with an estimated million people watching the somber procession. Inner: Honest, witty, mildly eccentric and prideful but with a relatively modest view of himself. Enjoyed a sense of family around military life, although loved his children and adored his grandchildren. Brilliant strategist, excellent tactician, fearless, calm and cool in battle. Dual lifetime of military adeptness and political ineptness, thanks to having a much-too-hidebound sense of tradition and a great resistance to republicanism. James Butler, 1st duke of Ormonde (1610-1688) - English statesman and soldier. Outer: From a prominent olde English family, that had been a force in southeast Ireland since the Middle Ages. His father, a viscount, drowned when he was 9, and he was raised in England as the king’s ward and brought up as a Protestant in the household of the Archbishop of Canterbury, until the age of 15, at which point he went to Ireland to live with his grandfather. Unlike the rest of his house, he was no longer a Catholic, which exempted him from the harrassment the other members of his family suffered, and caused much subsequent tension with his relatives. In 1629, he married his cousin, Elizabeth Preston, an heiress, combining the family’s estates. 7 children from the union, including 3 sons and a daughter who made it into adulthood. Succeeded to his grandfather’s titles as Earl of Ormonde, at the age of 22. Active in the Irish Parliament, and also a supporter of the Earl of Strafford’s policy of Catholic land confiscation, much to the outrage of his relatives. In 1640, he was appointed lieutenant general in the English Army, as well as commander-in-chief of the English forces in Ireland, just in time for an overt rebellion in 1641. Won some victories, but was unable to conclude peace, while his efforts were hampered by the Lords Justices and Ireland’s Protestant communities. Made lord lieutenant of Ireland in 1644, but was opposed both by the Catholic rebels and the Protestant Parliamentarians, although he was able to negotiate several truces with the rebels. Left Ireland after the situation deteriorated, and returned to England to rally the Royalists, before Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy) conquered the country for the Parliamentary force, while much of his own army mutinied and went over to the latter’s side. In 1650, he fled to the court-in-exile of Charles II (Peter O’Toole), where he remained a close adviser to the king-to-be for a decade, serving briefly as a Royalist spy in England in 1658, while all of his lands in Ireland were confiscated. Made commissioner for the treasury and navy on the Restoration in 1660, as well as receiving back his estates. In 1661, he was made lord lieutenant of Ireland. Restored the Protestant episcopate there, but was heavily criticised for his methods and his means. Dismissed through court intrigues, then was restored to royal favor. Survived an assassination attempt in 1670, before becoming lord lieutentant of Ireland again in 1675, only to be dismissed through further intrigues. Served as lord high steward at the coronation of James II (Martin Sheen), and finally withdrew from public life in 1685. His life’s end saw him broken by his wife’s and his 3 sons’ deaths, with only his youngest daughter outliving him. Inner: Braveheart in battle, but an unexceptional politician, who was easily outmaneuvered by his enemies, despite a genuine desire to improve the lot of hs charge. Gracious, principled, mildly religious, and highly regarded by those who knew him personally. Thwarted lifetime of trying to maintain power through continual upheavals and intrigues, while muting his larger ambitions via a more sensitive character in an attempt to better integrate his overweening drive. Edward Seymour, 1st duke of Somerset (1500-1552) - Protector of England. Outer: Eldest surviving son of 8 children of an English nobleman, brother of Thomas Sudeley (Robert Kilroy-Silk) and Jane Seymour (Jane Seymour). Probably educated at both Oxford and Cambridge, knighted in 1523. Married in his mid-20s to Catherine Filliol, a coheiress, 2 sons from union, one ultimately dying with him in the Tower. The marriage was eventually annulled in 1535, when it was discovered his wife was cohabiting with his father. Two years later, he wed Anne Stanhope, a descendant of Edward III (himself), and a woman of great pride who ultimately married one of his stewards. The union produced 4 sons and 6 daughters.Became an esquire in the royal household, and an esquire of body to Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook) in 1530, accompanying him when he met Francois I (David Lloyd George) in 1532. Made gentleman of the privy chamber in 1536, the same year his sister married the king, which helped inaugurate his own royal career. Given titles, and accompanied Anne of Cleves (Princess Anne) back to England for the king’s proposed marriage to her after the death of his sister. Made lord high admiral in 1542, then land commander and lieutenant general of the army, scoring impressive victories. Following the king’s death in 1547, he became high steward and protector of England under Henry’s young successor Edward VI (Cecil Beaton), and acted as king of England for 2 and 1/2 years. Wielded royal authority in radical religious reforms, then invaded Scotland after a failure to conciliate the 2 kingdoms. During his rise, he elicited the profound jealousy of his sibling, Thomas, who schemed for naught to replace him, and finally undid himself with his indiscreet machinations. The fall and execution of his brother in 1549, which he reluctantly approved, served as a blow to his own power. His religious reforms led to Catholic uprisings, while his attempt to aid the rural poor at the expense of the propertied classes fed into his downfall. Deprived of his protectorate through the intrigues of a rival, the duke of Northumberland (Henry Fonda) in 1550, he was imprisoned. Released and rearrested, he was convicted on trumped up charges of treason and beheaded. Inner: Ambitious, excellent military abilities, held lofty aims. Warm-hearted and affable, although power made him peevish and overbearing. Rapacious around the dissolution of monasteries. Uneasy-head-that-wears-the-crown lifetime of actualizing his own sense of compassionate kingship, only to fall to the manipulations of a far less high-minded rival. Richard Beauchamp, 5th Earl of Warwick (1382-1439) - English soldier, estate-holder and diplomat. Outer: Eldest son of the earl who challenged the rule of Richard II (Richard Nixon). Succeeded his father to the title at the age of 19, after being knighted two years earlier, while inheriting vast midland estates. Had a successful early military career, followed by a pilgrimage to Rome and the Holy Land between 1408-1410, after which he was made a member of the King’s Council. Served as lord high steward at the coronation of is lifelong friend, Henry V (Boris Johnson) in 1413, and was instrumental the following year in suppressing a Lollard uprising, while his power increased incrementally under the new king. Serially married 2 heiresses, Elizabeth Berkeley, with whom he had 3 daughters, and then after her death in 1422, a year later, he wed Isabel le Despenser, widow of a cousin, with whom he had his heir and a daughter, while greatly extending his own considerable estates, although not without difficulty in maintaining them. Employed in diplomatic negotiations with the French courts, he spent much time in France, where he held important commands under Henry, while participating in several English victories on French soil. Arranged the truce preparatory to the Treaty of Troyes, and was present at Henry’s death in 1422, later serving as executor of his will. Tutor to Henry VI (Harold Nicholson), as well as a member of the ruling royal council. Present at the trial and execution of Jeanne d’Arc (Petra Kelly). Ended his career as the English military governor in France, dying on French soil. Inner: Chivalrous, acted out the archetype of the knightly ideal. And to all a good knight lifetime of exemplary warrior and diplomatic skills, while evincing prudency and loyalty to the crown, as reflection of his own longtime crypto-kingship over Great Britain. Edward III (1312-1377) - King of England. Outer: Eldest son of Edward II (John F. Kennedy, Jr.) and Queen Isabella (Richard Nixon). 14 when crowned, after his inept father had been deposed and murdered, the first to rule by parliamentary title. At 16, he married Phillipa of Hainault (Jane Seymour) in a close relationship, 11 children, including his favorite and eldest, Edward the Black Prince (Robert Kennedy), as well as Lionel of Antwerp (Ronald Reagan) and John of Gaunt (Lyndon Johnson). Initially overshadowed by his mother and her lover Roger Mortimer (Howard Hughes), but he compelled her to retire and executed Mortimer, after personally capturing them in their bedroom at Nottingham Castle in 1330, at which point his reign began. Tall and handsome. Forced to make concessions early in his rule, before proving his military prowess. Renewed his family’s martial obsession with Scotland, and secured the recognition of Edward de Baliol (Robert Shaw) as its king, although he could not make it hold, despite restoring him twice. Like his grandfather and father before him, Scotland proved beyond his efforts, and he was forced to compromise himself into a policy of containment with it rather than subjugating the country to his considerable will, as he wished. An enlightened sense of commerce brought innovations to that realm, although his wars and expensive alliances caused unrest. Nevertheless, Parliament took further shape under him, thanks to is ability to levy much needed taxes, and the office of speaker was created. Proved to be a great military commander, the personification of chivalry and knightly ideal, since his true strength lay in his martiality. In 1337, he began the 100 Years War with France, laying claim to its throne. Laid siege to Cambrai in 1339 where the cannon was first said to be used. His military innovations and defensive tactics ended the age of knights, while his use of long bowmen at the Battle of Crecy in 1346 made them ineffective. Maintained a brilliant Camelot-like court at Windsor, holding glittering tournaments and creating the Order of the Garter, just when the Black Plague hit, wiping out half the country. Molded the baronetcy into a large family, shared similar tastes of song, women and wine, and was able to establish a harmonious relationship with his nobility. Superb host with a remarkable record of government, personifying the glories of England for his people. Pushed Scotland towards a French alliance, and finally gave up on his dream of the French crown in 1360, settling instead for added territory. Became less interested in rule afterwards, and relied instead on subordinates, who had their own agendas. After the death of his queen in 1369, he began a downward spiral, losing his military grasp, as well as the heart of his people. Near the end of his reign, he held one quarter of France, then suffered military failures, and lost control of his kingdom while sinking into a long dotage and dependence on his grasping mistress, Alice Perrers (Elizabeth Arden). Died alone of a stroke, stripped of his rings by his mistress. Succeeded by his grandson, Richard II (Richard Nixon). Inner: Consummate knight, liberal, even-tempered, but also extravagant and self-indulgent. Vigorous and daring commander, masterly tactician and war-lover, although not in the same strategic league. Unscrupulous, impulsive, temperamental, extravagant and selfish, but a good problem-solver, and largely conventional in his reflection of the attitudes of his time. Rise’n’fall lifetime of trying to reprise Camelot as an archetypal chivalrous knight, only to outlive his effectiveness and become a shadow of himself. Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Gloucester (1243-1295) -English nobleman and soldier. Known as the ‘Red.’ Outer: Son of Richard de Clare (Robert Kilroy-Silk), the 7th earl. At the age of 10, he married Alice de Lusignan, a niece of Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy), later divorced for political reasons, since her affections lay elsewhere. 2 daughters from the union. Succeeded his father at the age of 19, although refused the oath of allegiance to Prince Edward (JFK) in 1263. The same year, he joined the rebellious baronial party of Simon de Montfort (Robert Kennedy), and the king personally surrendered to him. Massacred the Jews of Canterbury in 1264. Defected to the royalist side after falling out with Montfort, and assisted the future Edward I, playing a pivotal role in the prince’s victory over the former. Refused to attend Parliament in 1267, and the same year, he secured possession of London. 2 months later, he reconciled with Henry, and obtained the restoration of lands to the disinherited barons. Married Joan of Acre, the daughter of Edward I in 1290. One son, his heir, and 3 daughters from the union. Imprisoned for making a private war the following year and ended his military career fighting for the king on the Welsh border, where he was driven out by a native uprising. Inner: Fickle, yet chivalrous, but motivated largely by self-interest. Inconsistent lifetime of doing endless battle for and against the royal house, and, like father, like son, playing with the knightly concepts of loyalty and allegiance and their polarities. Athelstan (c880-939) - King of West Saxony. Outer: Illegitimate eldest son of Edward the Elder (JFK), while his mother, Eckgwynn, was probably one of his mistresses of noble birth. Brought up by his aunt Aethelflaed (Eleanor Roosevelt), through the auspices of his grandfather, King Alfred (Thomas Jefferson), who had him trained for rule. Of middle height, slim and fair-haired. Chosen king by Mercia on his sire’s death, then succeeded a half-brother who died soon after to the full West Saxon throne. Crowned a year later in 925, then crushed a coalition of minor kings who were formed to resist his singular imperial policy. Acknowledged as overlord the following year, while his half-sisters serially married European powerhouses, threading his own line into them. Obtained the homage of Welsh princes, and invaded Scotland around 933. At the battle of Brunanburgh in 937, he established his unified rule by routing subject princes and Danish pirate kings who had united to overthrow him. Became the first monarch to rule England proper, unifying it politically, as disparate provincial politics gave way to unified royal councils, and a sense of being part of a far greater whole for his subjects. As a result of his conquests in the British Isles, he was given far more recognition than any of his predecessors. Made his coinage universal throughout his realm, with his rough likeness capped by a crown, so as to underline his kingly status. Never married and sired no children. Established a code of law, and traveled throughout his realm, while also employing foreign policy in his diplomatic arsenal, so as to begin to give international grounding to his house. Attracted men of learning, most especially ecclesiastics, to his court, which was constantly on the move. Died peacefully and was succeeded by his half-brother, Edmund I (Robert Kilroy-Silk). Buried away from his family at Malmesbury Abbey, in a final declaration of his remove from the past and his view of the future as an integration of the secular and the spiritual. Inner: Decisive, fearless and pious. Courageous and humble. Supported both religious houses and learning, with a genuine fervor for both. Foundation-building lifetime of creating a base for the future monarchy of England, while evincing a heroic sense of self in a culture that would continue to suit his growth as a well-loved and honored national fgure. Flavius Stilicho (c355-408) - Roman/Vandal general. Outer: Father was a Vandal who served the Roman emperor Valens (Henry Fonda) and mother was a Roman noblewoman. Entered the army as a youth and rose to the post of Master of the Horse. Married Serena, the niece of emperor Theodosius I (Kenneth Tynan) in his late 20s, then served in Thrace, Britain and Roman Germany with notable success over the next decade, ultimately becoming commander-in-chief. After the death of Theodosius in 395, he claimed that he was the designated guardian of his 2 sons, Arcadius (Roald Dahl) and Honorius (Bret Eason Ellis), which divided the 2 imperial courts, and, at one point made him an enemy of the eastern state. Instigated the murder of a rival and virtually ruled the western empire as regent for Honorius, to whom he married his daughter in order to further strengthen his ties with the throne. Met the Visigothic chieftain Alaric (Napoleon Bonaparte) on the battlefield several times, defeating him each time and negotiating afterwards for his withdrawal, as well as plotting with him for a takeover of eastern Illyricum in 407. Defeated, captured and executed another enemy of Rome, but was suspected by the Senate and the emperor Honorius of treason in his continual appeasement of Alaric, so as to have an ally with the Goths. After his troops mutinied against his officers, he was arrested and executed. Inner: Able, ambitious and a gifted general, but also a schemer, which ultimately undid him. Manipulative lifetime of proving his military mettle, as well as his superiority to a longtime enemy, only to be branded a traitor for his appetite for power, despite his obvious ability.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS PERENNIAL SIBLING RIVAL:
Storyline: The quintessential crypto-aristo is continually outshone by his more talented blood relative, despite having considerable skills at his own behest, before finally separating from him, to try to create a unique public persona on his own, from an increasingly offbeat, and decidedly non-establishment base.

Sir Bors - Knight of the Round Table. Uncle and successor of Lancelot. Archetype of the secondary circle of power. Robert Kilroy-Silk (1942) - English politician and television host. Outer: Father was a former car production line worker who became a navy hand and was killed in action the year after his son was born. Mother married a friend of his sire’s, and their two names were linked in his, unconsciously uniting his commonality (Kilroy), with his rich sense of entitlement (Silk). Grew up in a tough working-class neighborhood, outside of industrial Birmingham, and at 16, became a member of the Labour Party. Quite handsome and telegenic, with icy blue eyes. Studied politics at the London School of Economics, where he graduated with a BS in economics. Became a university lecturer in political philosophy for seven years, teaching an eclectic course, while absorbing the student unrest of the time. In 1963, he married Jan Beech, a shop steward’s daughter, son, adopted son and daughter from the union. Published a book on Karl Marx (Victor Serge), and in 1970, began his political career as a Labourite with a defeat. When his district was redrawn, he won in 1974, and served for 12 years, with the initial intent of becoming prime minister, a goal he saw that was not beyond him. After winning a nasty re-election bid in 1986, however, he resigned several months later to pursue a career on the telly, as a morning show host, on the eponymously named, “Kilroy.” It was patterned on the American talk-show model, replete with the lurid issues of the day, gaining him a huge devoted following from working-class women, but earning him the opprobrium of ‘unctuous,’ from the elitist press. Also pursued hard issues, using his commonsensical populist background to good advantage. Added a newspaper column to his resume, to become a wildly popular scold, playing off of deep-seated class resentments. Briefly undone in early 2004, when an earlier column he had written, slamming Islamic culture, made him a Muslim bete noir. Although suspended and then forced to resign, he immediately reentered politics as a member of the anti-European UK Independence Party and won a seat on the European Parliament, with the avowed intent of withdrawing Britain from both it and the European Union. Quickly rose to become the party’s face and voice and a true force as a hyper-nationalist, with the potential to enormously effect continental politics, thanks to his commonsensical savvy, his popularity and his telegenic gifts. Perceived as a threat by the party leadership, as well as the Union, he stands poised to make much mischief as the new century continues to unfold. Enjoys a very unworkingclass lifestyle, despite bragging of the commonality of his relatives, with a 17th century manor in England, and an estate in Marbella, Spain once owned by flamboyant rocker Ozzy Osbourne. In 2008, he won an odd election in reverse when he was the first one voted off the popular British survival show, “I’m A Celebrity.” Inner: Eccentric, opinionated, virtually made for the modern age of communication’, as an articulate populist, with class-based convictions. Kilroy-was-here lifetime of making his mark from extremely obscure roots in his ongoing transformation from pillar of the establishment to pillorying that very-same institution, despite holding onto old ideals amidst his new perspective. Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading (1860-1935) - English politician. Outer: Mother was domineering, father was a Jewish fruit merchant. Entered the family business at 15, but disliked it, and became a boxer as a high-spirited youth. Served as a ship’s boy, then worked as a jobber on the stock exchange for 4 years, beginning at age 20. Called to the bar in 1887, he became a highly successful advocate dealing with commercial and trade-union law, gaining a public reputation through several high-profile cases. The same year, he married Alice Cohen, a Jewish merchant’s daughter, who was a chronic invalid, who eventually died of cancer. One son from the union. In 1903, he was elected to Parliament as a Liberal and served for 9 years. Made solicitor general, then attorney general and given a cabinet seat in 1912, setting a precedent. Exonerated from charges of exploiting his position for the benefit of his brother, and made lord chief justice in 1913, serving in that position until 1921. Held various posts during WW I, while accruing titles, and then was appointed the youngest viceroy of India in 1921, serving for 5 years. Patient and liberal, initially, in his discharge of duties, although he suffered much criticism for his ultimate heavy-handed acts, including imprisoning populist and passive-fist leader Mohandas Gandhi, despite an overt desire for conciliation. Made a marquess in 1926, the highest ranking up to that time of someone of his religion. Following his wife’s death, he married her secretary, Stella Charnaud, who was nearly 3 1/2 decades his junior, in 1930. Ended his career as foreign service secretary in 1931, with his final posting as lord warden of Cinq Ports. Inner: Handsome, nonreligious, skilled negotiator, charming, courteous. Separation lifetime of operating outside the shadow of his longtime brother while gaining lessons on opening up his stifled character through an alternate British upbringing outside the WASP aristocracy. Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (1760-1842) - English statesman and colonial administrator. Outer: Eldest son of an Irish earl, brother of the Duke of Wellington. Studied at Christ Church, Oxford where he proved to be an excellent classical scholar. Inherited his father’s title at the age of 21. Following his sire’s death in 1781, he inherited his title of earl of Mornington, and took his seat in the Irish House of Lords, then served in both the Irish and English House of Commons, beginning in 1787, proving himself a traditionalist against reform. Lived with Hyacinthe-Gabrielle Roland, an actress and possibly a prostitute, for a decade before marrying her in 1794. Had 3 sons and two daughters with her prior to their official union. After he moved with her to London, she was a literal fish out of water, speaking little English and looked down upon by her husband’s peers. Appointed a member of the India Board, and then in 1797, he was made governor-general of India, expanding British authority there, although twice asked to be recalled in disgust over interference with his policies. Proved to be an excellent administrator, while amply aided by his brother’s military skills. Competitive and jealous of his sibling’s successes, he almost ruined himself financially in trying to assert his superiority. Recalled to England in 1805, he was exonerated from the charges brought against his regime. Much of his Indian policy was immediately reversed, but after considerable cost and loss, it was eventually resumed. Refused a cabinet post, and became ambassador to Spain, then was made foreign secretary in 1808, antagonizing his colleagues in the process. Made lord lieutenant of Ireland in 1821, but resigned over differences in policy in 1828 when his brother became Prime Minister. Suppressed secret societies, reorganized the police and alleviated a famine there. Had a brief 2nd term as lord lieutenant of Ireland in 1833. Threatened to shoot the Whig prime minister when he wasn’t reappointed. Following his wife’s death in 1816, he continued his compulsively seductive ways, and in 1825, he married a widow, Marianne Patterson. Held 2 more posts, then withdrew from public life in 1835. Failed in a further attempt to be made duke of Hindustan to match his brother’s title. Since he had no legitimate sons, his title of marquessate went extinct, although his earldom was passed onto family members. Inner: Meglomaniacal, unbalanced sibling rivalry. Good sense of humor, albeit not towards his career. Had an unhappy homelife to boot, giving him little to ameliorate his disappointments. Competitive lifetime of increased bitterness and jealousy towards his younger brother, necessitating a distinct move away from him the next several go-rounds, and a lowering of caste to cement it. James Butler, 2nd duke of Ormonde (1655-1745) - Irish general. Outer: Grandson of James Butler, 1st duke of Ormonde (Duke of Wellington). Eldest surviving son of a viscount who died when he was 9, passing on his title of Earl of Ossory to him. Became a royal ward, and was educated in France and later for a year at Christ Church, Oxford, mimicking certain elements of his grandfather’s life. Married an English aristocrat in 1682, but she died 2 years later. At the same time, he received his first command of a cavalry regiment in Ireland. Married another titled lady, Mary Somerset, in 1685, 10 children, but only 2 daughters survived him. Inherited his grandfather’s title in 1688 and continued to pursue a military career, fighting for William III (Lyndon Johnson), and later serving as lord high constable at his coronation. Elected Chancellor of Oxford the same year, holding that position until 1715. Fought in Holland and was taken prisoner, but was exchanged. Made lord lieutenant of Ireland in 1703 for 4 years, then succeeded the duke of Marlborough (JFK) as commander-in-chief of forces in the War of the Spanish Succession. Maintained ties with Jacobite claims to the throne and was dismissed when George I (Prince Charles) ascended in 1714, despite signing a proclamation helping to make him king. Impeached the next year for complicity in a Tory plot by Whigs, and fled to France, where he lived for a while with fellow conspirator, Viscount Bolingbroke (Maxwell Beaverbrook). After his titles and estates were confiscated, he made an abortive attempt at an invasion of England, then lived in Spain, where he took part in the planning of a possible conspiracy invasion to put James Edward Stuart (Rob Lowe) on the throne, although it came to naught. Finally settled in Avignon, where he died. Inner: Physically strong, comely, with great dignity. Open and magnanimous, which made him extremely popular. Recompense lifetime of having his military skills swallowed by poor instincts for intrigue, in a failed attempt to redress his previous existence’s errors. Thomas Seymour, Baron Seymour of Sudeley (c1508-1549) - English statesman and admiral. Outer: Fourth of six sons of an English courtier and nobleman, and younger brother of Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset (Duke of Wellington). One of 8 surviving children. Tall, handsome, well-built and seductive. Initially in service to a diplomat/courtier, he saw his star rise after his younger sister, Jane Seymour (Jane Seymour), married Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook) in 1536. Subsequently became a diplomat because of his court connections, as well as a gentleman of the privy chamber, although he began to resent his brother’s subsequent concurrent rise. Knighted shortly after his sister gave the king his much coveted male heir, and later was given land grants. His sister died prematurely in 1537, and after showing a strong interest in the woman who would become the king’s 6th and final wife, Catherine Parr (Meryl Streep), he was sent off on several foreign diplomatic missions by Henry to get rid of him, and was made marshal of the English army in the Netherlands in 1543. The following year, he was appointed master of ordnance for life, signaling his having regained royal favor, then served in France and became an admiral of the fleet. In 1547, following the king’s death, he secretly married his widow, Catherine, who was now one of the wealthiest women in England. One short-lived daughter from the union. Appointed lord high admiral at his brother’s ascension as Lord Protector and virtual ruler of the realm, he was made a baron, while his competitive jealousy around the latter became an all-consuming passion with him, coloring all his subsequent decisions, since he wished to replace him as such. Tried to supplant his sibling as the guardian of the young king, Edward VI (Cecil Beaton), whose friendship he carefully cultivated. Served as a lieutenant-general of the south during his brother’s invasion of Scotland. After his wife’s death in 1548, he sued for the hand of the future Queen Elizabeth I (Mae West), whom he was also guardian for, while his motives were severely questioned. At the same time he purchased the wardship of Jane Grey (Antonia Fraser) for £2000 in another investment around potential royal matrimony. Completely indiscreet in his maneuverings, he began to foment a possible coup against his brother. Subsequently arrested for breaking into the young king’s apartments in his desperate desire to have an audience with him. His brother acquiesced to his arrest and he was summarily beheaded for high treason. His barony ended because of his attainted death. Inner: Courtly, stately, with a fine speaking voice, and a fierce manner when roused, albeit curiously empty behind it all. Also boisterous and boorish at times, with an overweening sense of ambition that colored everything he did. Scheming, highly competitive, a user of women to further his own considerable desires. Manipulative lifetime of egregious ambition, as well as intense rivalry with his brother over royal power, necessitating a life away from him to regain his perspective. Richard Neville, 1st Earl of Warwick (1428-1471) - English nobleman. Known as “the Kingmaker.” Outer: Eldest son of an English earl of the same name, and a countess and heiress. Acquired vast estates and a title through marriage at the age 10 to Anne de Beauchamp, the daughter of Richard Beauchamp, the Earl of Warwick (Duke of Wellington), who held the richest and most powerful earldom of the time in England. Through the union, the wife of the Royal claimant, the Earl of York, was now his aunt. Two daughter from the union, including Anne Neville (Elizabeth Bowen), who ultimately albeit briefly, became queen of England, as wife of Richard III (Evelyn Waugh). At 21, he succeeded to the title and rights of estate in right of his wife, and he wound up controlling two great earldoms that ran throughout the English midlands and the Welsh marches. Allied with the Yorkists in their struggle for royal power during the War of the Roses, twixt the Houses of Lancaster and York, taking up arms in 1455 and distinguishing himself in battle, winning the inaugural battle in that civil war. Became a popular hero in England via his attack on a fleet of Spanish ships off Calais in 1458, after the beleaguered king had made him captain of that dominion. Defeated and captured Henry VI (Harold Nicholson) in 1460, but allowed him to keep his Lancastrian crown, preferring to serve a weak king. After his father was killed later that year, he was made Earl of Salisbury, Knight of the Garter and great chamberlain. Following a military defeat by the queen’s forces, he rejoined the Yorkists, and entered London unopposed, giving young Edward IV (Errol Flynn), the crown, and earning his sobriquet of “the Kingmaker,” even though it was the latter’s generalship which had been pivotal in securing himself the crown. As a skilled diplomat, he wielded great power behind the throne for the first 3 years of Edward’s reign, and was anxious he marry one of his own daughters or a French princess of his choosing to cement his position. Highly annoyed when the king wed Elizabeth Woodville (Joan Crawford) instead, and was further incensed at having to negotiate with foreign powers according to the dictates of the Woodvilles. In 1468, he married his eldest daughter to the king’s brother, the Duke of Clarence (Guy Burgess), and, letting the latter think he was going to be installed on the throne, instigated a revolt, then held Edward prisoner, but released him. As soon as the latter was freed, however, he drove the Kingmaker from his kingdom. Defeated in battle, he escaped, and reconciled with the rebellious wife of Henry VI, Margaret of Anjou (Vita Sackville-West), much to his distaste. In 1470, he executed Edward’s wife’s father and drove Edward into exile, put Henry back on the throne, and regained his previous power, thanks to his ability to reward his followers from his enormous bankroll, as well as from confiscated goods and lands of his enemies, although the revamped government proved profoundly unpopular in London. Lost Clarence’s support when he married his other daughter, Anne, to his younger brother, the future Richard III. Edward subsequently returned, and he got caught in a trap, and was killed in battle by a knife to the throat. Inner: Prudent, self-seeking, curiously colorless, but vigorous and endlessly scheming. His manner of death may have signaled an opening up of his communication skills. King-making lifetime of winning an uncrowned kingship over England, while evincing his usual desire for power, no matter the cost. Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke and 4th Earl of Lancaster (c1300-1361) - English soldier and diplomat. Outer: Father was the 3rd earl. Great grandson of Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy), and grandfather of the Lancaster line on the English throne. As a crusader in his youth, he distinguished himself at the capture of Dalkeith. Fought alongside Edward III (Duke of Wellington) in Flanders, and loaned him money. An excellent swordsman, he did well in the king’s jousting tournaments. Made a captain-general against Scotland in 1340, then went on several successful diplomatic missions for the crown, as well as continuing to prove himself in battle. One of the original Knights of the Garter. Succeeded to his father’s earldoms in 1345. Married Isabella de Beaumont, the daughter of an English lord, 2 daughters, the 2nd becoming the wife of John of Gaunt (Lyndon B. Johnson). In 1351, he was raised to the rank of duke and given sovereign power over his domains. Also made admiral of the fleet and later made Earl of Moray in Scotland. As the most trusted adviser of Edward III, he served him on the field and at the negotiating table. Fought as a lieutenant and captain in southern France during the opening rounds of the 100 Years’ War, won a notable victory over superior forces in 1345 and sacked Poitiers the following year. In 1349, he was appointed captain and vice-regent of Gascony and Poitou. As a diplomat, he successfully negotiated the Treaty of Bretigny, which concluded the first phase of the century long war. Finally died of the pestilence, but not before adding to his father’s foundation, the collegiate church of St. Mary-the-Greater. Inner: Brave, courteous, religious, charitable, just and temperate as well as a wise counsellor. Esteemed throughout Europe as a perfect knight. Actualized lifetime of continued success in virtually all he endeavored to do, before creating the foundation for a royal house as a testimony to his enduring name. Having reached his medieval apex, he then proceeded to break down his component parts in less successful go-rounds to prepare himself for the modern world. Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Herford (1222-1262) - English statesman. Outer: Son of the 5th earl, mother was the daughter of Wiiliam Marshal, earl of Pembroke (George C. Marhsall. Succeeded to his father’s earldom at the age of 8. In his teens, he secretly married the daughter of Hubert de Burgh (Lyndon Johnson), Megotta, who died soon afterwards. Went on a pilgrimage in 1249 and visited the pope the following year in Lyons. Served in a diplomatic capacity to Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy), as well as trying to help Richard of Cornwall (Richard Nixon) gain the crown to the Holy Roman Empire. In 1237, he wed Maud de Lacy, 7 children from the union, including Gilbert de Clare (Duke of Wellington). Became the most powerful noble of his time through land acquisitions, holding title to property in 20 English counties, as well as south Wales, where he was virtually an independent prince. Became a baronial rebel leader in their revolt against Henry, although quarreled with the leader, Simon de Montfort (Robert Kennedy). Reconciled with the king, only to return to revolt at career’s end. Probably poisoned four years after surviving another poisoning attempt in which his brother had died. Inner: Extravagant, avaricious, loved tournaments. Totally inconsistent, continually changing allegiances. Overstepping lifetime of expressing power through inordinate acquisitiveness, while challenging the crown in his own sense of princely kingship. Edmund I (921-946) - King of early Britain. Known as “Edmund the Deed-doer.” Outer: Elder son of Edward the Elder (JFK), and his third wife, Eadgifu, daughter of a Kentish ealdorman. Had one full brother and two full sisters, and was also half-brother of Athelstan (Duke of Wellington), the first of the West Saxon kings to rule all of England, at whose court he was raised. Succeeded his half-brother to the throne at the age of 18. Married Aelgifu, and was father of his ultimate successors, Edwy (Ethan Hawke) and Edgar (Gene Autry). Besieged the independent kings of the north, and after a truce was able to expel them. Successfully repelled Viking invaders, and set up a policy of peaceful relations with Scotland as well as a fortified frontier. A monastic revival occurred during his rule, with many noblewomen becoming either nuns or vowesses, while his codes and laws were created with an eye towards reforming the manners of both the clergy and the laity, emphasizing the four pillars of medieval society: kingship, lordship, family, and immediate environs. Maintained a lively court with scholars and churchmen from around the isles, while using the same advisers as Athelstan. After his wife’s death in 944, he married a 2nd time to Aethelflaed the widow of an ealdorman. Stabbed to death in his palace on the feast of St. Augustine by an exiled robber, whom he had banished 6 years previously. Succeeded by his brother, Edred (Michael Kennedy), since his sons were too young for the throne. Inner: Energetic, forceful and highly competent in all he did. Enforcer of order and moral reform. Continuation lifetime of building on his predecessor’s policies, before falling victim to an outer manifestation of his own sense of unlawful acquisitiveness, which he would continue to act out in lives to come.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS EMPIRE-BUILDER & SELFLESS HERO:
Storyline: The stoic statesman brings his dignified presence to bear on all his offices, both political and martial, allowing his steadfast competency to shape both nation and empire, while remaining at a remove from both himself and the mass that he serves with surety and skill.

Ywain - Knight of the Round Table. Highly capable in all he undertakes. One of the last to fall in the final epic battle of Camelot. Archetype of the stalwart soldier. George C. Marshall (George Catlett Marshall) (1880-1959) - American general and statesman. Outer: Of English descent. Related to Chief Justice John Marshall (Oliver Wendell Holmes). Son of a longtime Virginia settler. Father was a successful coke and coal merchant who experienced financial difficulties later on, putting his son’s education in jeopardy. Youngest of four, with one brother dying in infancy. Competitive with his his oldest sibling, which he used as a spur to better himself. Close with his mother, while he had strained relations with his sire, who would beat him, and also question his abilities, thanks to his early difficulties in school. His boyhood was spent near areas closely associated with George Washington’s early military exploits, and Robert E. Lee, an earlier life of his, was one of his heroes while growing up. Always wanted to be a soldier. Tall, lean, muscular and sandy-haired, with deepset blue eyes. Good athlete, an All-Southern tackle in college. A graduate of Virginia Military Institute, after an initial poor showing, he became an infantry officer. In 1902, he married Elizabeth Carter Coles, the daughter of a doctor, who had a heart condition, in a close childless union. Served in the Philippines, then continued his military education, becoming an instructor at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Served in the Philippines again between 1913 and 1916, then was a staff officer in France during WW I with an infantry division. Brilliantly oversaw the rapid movement of a half million troops to the Argonne front in 1918, and was named chief of operations for the 1st Army. Became an aide to the army chief of staff, John J. Pershing for 5 years after the war. His first wife died in 1927, much to his great grief, and he married Katherine Boyce Tupper Brown, the daughter of a clergyman in 1930, while adopting her 3 children. Rose steadily in rank and command, and was named a brigadier general in 1936. 2 years later, he became attached to the General Staff, rising to the rank of general and chief of staff in 1939. Able to stand up to Pres. Franklin Roosevelt (Gerhard Schroeder) to gain his view of an adequate force, so that America was well-prepared for WW II. Inherited a poorly equipped military of some 200,000 men and reorganized it into a fighting force of over 8,000,000 soldiers by 1942, in the largest expansion in U.S. martial his/story. Made a Mason at Sight by the order’s Grand Master on December 16, 1941, about a week after Pearl Harbor. Recognized the importance of air power, and took responsibility for organizing, training, supplying, and deploying U.S. troops all during the war, never rushing anyone into battle until they were fully prepared to fight. A principle adviser to Pres. Roosevelt, as well as the prime architect of America’s successful 2-front and 3 command strategy. Attended all the major Allied planning conferences all through the conflict. Became the army’s first 5-star general in 1944 and joked he was glad the military didn’t have a field marshal ranking, otherwise he would be Marshal Marshall. Chose Dwight Eisenhower to be supreme commander in Europe, and designed the Normandy D-Day invasion, while coordinating operations in both Europe and the Pacific. Selected as “Time” magazine’s ‘Man of the Year,’ in 1944 for his efforts, as a winning military architect, while losing a stepson during the fray. Wanted to retire after the war, but reluctantly accepted a call to duty to further serve his country as a statesman. Following the war, he was a major player in reorganizing the wartorn world, although he was unsuccessful in mediating between the communists and nationalists in China. Resigned his commission in 1947 and became the first military man to serve as Secretary of State. Under Pres. Harry Truman, he inaugurated the Marshall Plan to revive Europe, serving as its eponymous salesman to a somewhat reluctant America. Resigned in 1949, and was briefly Secretary of Defense until ill health forced his retirement. Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953, the first martial artist to do so. Suffered a stroke, then brain spasms, living on tubes for several months, while he lost his sight, speech and hearing, before dying in a hospital from the stroke. Buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Inner: Self-confident, self-disciplined, modest, aloof, controlled but with a fiery temper, which was seldom expressed. Close to the women in his life through his warm relationship with his mother. Honest, with a sense of integrity and propriety. Plain-spoken, he compelled respect and authority from all beneath him. Intelligent, thoughtful, gifted staff officer and administrator, and one of the premier soldier-statesmen of the 20th century. Ramrod straight lifetime of working on a world-building level, moving ever upward to higher and greater influence, while maintaining the same competent no-nonsense character as in all the lives in this series. George Washington (1732-1799) - American president and general. Outer: Laterally descended from the royal Scottish House of Dunkeld and the royal English House of Plantagenet, with a long aristocratic pedigree. Father was a wealthy Virginia planter, although he grew up in relatively modest circumstances. Mother was her husband’s 2nd wife, the daughter of a neighboring landowner. 3 surviving children from the 1st family, with two half-brothers and two half-sisters, while he was the eldest of 6 from the 2nd, with 3 brothers and two sisters. Had difficulties with his mother and her grasping greed, as well as her refusal to acknowledge her son’s considerable accomplishments. 6’3”, broad-shouldered, slender-hipped, and blue-eyed with a narrow forehead and size 13 feet. Sobersided and largely inarticulate, he was an English country gentleman at heart. His sire died when he was 11, and he wound up with a sketchy education, while constantly looking to self-improve, thanks to having to take on considerable responsibility at a very young age. Became a surveyor at 16, gaining a degree from William & Mary College. An active Freemason from the time he was 20, he put considerable energy into the order in his firm belief in higher powers. By 21, he was a plantation owner and slave holder, eventually inheriting his half-brother’s estate, Mt. Vernon, as well. His single trip outside the U.S. was to Barbados, where he caught smallpox. In 1752, he received his first military appointment, and 2 years later was commissioned a lieutenant-colonel. An acknowledged hero of the French & Indian Wars, he proved himself an inspiring commander and a brave soldier. Began losing his teeth in his late 20s, until only one remained by his late 50s. In love with his best friend’s wife, Sally Fairfax, but married a wealthy widow, Martha Custis (Perle Mesta), in 1759, no children, although he was a kind stepfather to her 2 progeny, in what would be a practical, rather than passionate union despite an initial physical attraction on the part of both. Elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1758, and held his seat until 1774, when he became a Virginia delegate to the First Continental Congress. In 1775, while attending the 2nd Congress, he was commissioned the first American general, and was given command of the woeful Continental Army, proving himself to be an excellent organizer, while doing the best with what he had. Able to hold his starving army through its darkest days during the winter of 1777-1778, by sheer dint of his steadfast personality. Thanks to French support afterwards, the combined forces recovered. Served the entire 7 years of the fray without salary, and basically fought a war of attrition, finally prevailing in 1781, after many hardships and early defeats. Gave a farewell speech, resigned his commission and retired for 2 years of relative tranquility at his estate, but was reluctantly brought back as a central figurehead in the formulation of the newly minted United States of America. Elected president of the Constitutional Congress in 1787 and oversaw its ratification. Elected first President in 1789 as the only person deemed right for the job, and served 2 terms, giving dignity, tone and credibility to the office, as well as his own regal sense of self. Tried to maintain a cordial and balanced government between all its officials, although his second term was fraught with the struggle between the centralist Federalists and the populist Democrats, creating a political divide that would be reflected in one form or another for the rest of American his/story. Extremely conscious of setting future precedents, he refused a third term, although the office was his for life. A reluctant politician, he was happy when his terms were over, returning to his plantation. Condemned slavery after the Revolution, having been impressed by the black soldiers under him, and felt emancipation would eventually have to come. Planned to free his, but died before he could. Passed away at home of pneumonia, surrounded by his retinue, after having been bled by his doctors to treat epiglottis. His last words were to his doctors, “I thank you for your attention, you had better not take any more trouble about me, but let me go off quietly.” Buried at his Mt. Vernon home, per his request. Subsequently revered as the father of his country, with its capitol named after him, as well as numerous cities, and one state. Inner: Stiff, formal, dignified, unapproachable and self-obsessed. Natural leader without being an autocrat, uncomplicated and extremely guarded, but intelligent and a strong disciplinarian. Stickler for detail, far wiser than dashing. Impervious to gunfire, inveterate theatergoer. Ruled through consulting and slow decision-making, while exhibiting on occasion a hot temper, as well as moodiness and irritability. Occasionally self-pitying with a touch of self-doubt, as well. Less a brilliant commander, than a clear-eyed one, with the ability to learn from his mistakes. Freemason, with a Masonic National Memorial in Alexandria, Va. Cared deeply about his image and how his/story would view him. Nation-building lifetime of holding together a ragtag army of rebels and then serving as an aristocratic bridge figure for the democratic kingship of the presidency of the United States, while maintaining his aloof self-sense of the heroic. Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) - American Confederate general. Outer: Father was a famous cavalry officer, Lighthorse Harry Lee (Robert Kennedy), who abandoned the family and was a profligate, as was his older brother. 4th of 5 children and 3rd son. Had to take care of his ill mother after his father’s early death, while the family lived on her own family legacy. His upbringing gave him a sense of restraint and control, while George Washington was an early hero of his. 2nd in his class at West Point, and commissioned in the Corps of Engineers afterwards, where his engineering work on the Mississippi would win him plaudits. 5’10” with dark brown hair and blue eyes. In 1831, he married Martha Custis (Perle Mesta), the great grand/daughter of Martha Washington, although her chronic illness almost curtailed his career, 7 children, including his eldest son, who was named George Washington Lee. 3 daughters never married. Flirted in his correspondence with attractive women throughout his life, enjoying vicariously his singular emotional release. Showed his superior abilities in all his engineering assignments, spending 3 years in St. Louis, superintending works around the Mississippi. Steadily rose in rank, and finally saw action in 1846 in the Mexican War under Gen. Winfield Scott (Douglas MacArthur), in which he distinguished himself, and was also severely wounded. Held various military posts, including superintendent at West Point, from 1852 to 1855, where he brought discipline back to the cadet corps. Part of the command that forced the surrender of insurgent John Brown at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in 1859, a prelude engagement to the divisive war to come. Owned a half/dozen slaves, but freed them before 1860. Although sympathetic to the union, and anti-slavery, he painfully resigned his full colonelcy after Virginia seceded in 1861, even though he was asked to command Federal forces, stating he could never raise his hand against his relatives and home. Given command of all Virginia forces, he was commissioned a major-general of the Confederacy, then military adviser to Jefferson Davis (Lyndon Johnson) in 1862, while tasting initial defeat in his first skirmish. An excellent strategist, analyst and tactician, who was always working with a chronic shortage of supplies and men, he showed a particular brilliance on defense. Though continually outmanned, he scored several notable victories in 1862, although the next summer, his force’s disastrous defeat at Gettysburg would prove the war’s turning-point. As the conflict continued, his shortages would become all the more pronounced, and he was eventually bested by the superior forces of his adversary, after being named general-in-chief of the Confederate army early in 1865. Surrendered at Appomattox a few months later to spare his troops further hardship. Released on parole after the war, he became president of Washington College, which, after his death, was renamed Washington & Lee. Died of arteriosclerosis and cerebral thrombosis, and his last words were, appropriately, “Strike the tent.” Despite leading a losing cause, he would become an iconic hero in the South. Buried in Lee Chapel on the campus of Washington & Lee Univ. in Lexington, Va. Inner: Handsome, heroic, with a surprising sense of insecurity despite his accomplishments. Respected by one and all for his valor, gallantry and quiet dignity. Imperturbable in battle, had a good aptitude for organization, and was a quick read in skirmish situations, grasping what had to be done. Perfectionist, obsessed with control, but internally troubled despite all his accomplishments. Believed in government by the elite, anti-populist. Humble and selfless. Character-testing lifetime of giving valor and forbearance to a doomed rebel cause, and learning through loss what to do under similar circumstances the next time around, when he spun back in time to take the same experience to a more satisfying conclusion. Willem I of Orange (Willem the Silent) (1553-1584) - Dutch general and statesman. Known as “the Silent.” Outer: Eldest of 5 sons and 7 daughters of a Lutheran German count, giving him vast territories on his sire’s death. Luxury-loving as a youth. Favorite page of HRE Charles V (Napoleon Bonaparte), who insisted on a Catholic education for him. In 1551, he married a land-wealthy heiress, 2 daughters and a son from union, before his wife died in 1558. Raised for a distinguished public career, he was made statholder of Holland in 1559. In 1561, he married Anna of Saxony, an ugly and ill-tempered woman, who also suffered from schizophrenia, in order to gain more influence in the German states. 5 children from the union, including sons Maurice (Napoleon Bonaparte) and Frederik Hendrik (Jean-Pierre Aumont), who would serially succeed him. Became a diplomat for Felipe II of Spain (Adolf Hitler), but turned against him after the brutal policies of the Spanish in the Netherlands. Despite a growing rift with Felipe, he remained uncommitted to rebellion until he was denounced as a traitor and a price was put on his head, forcing him to flee in 1567 to Germany. Raised an army and sent his brother Louis to invade the Netherlands, before leading an army himself into southeastern Flanders, only to suffer defeat. Withdrew but was asked to return as statholder. Never particularly devout as a Catholic, he changed to Calvinist for political reasons in 1573. Served as a rallying figure and re-established a tenuous unity in the provinces, but religious differences stymied his efforts, while he lost his two fighting brothers in the fray. Afterwards he established the Univ. of Leiden, the first northern provincial school of its kind. After fathering an illegitimate son, he married a third time to a former French nun in 1575, after having his second marriage legally terminated for reason of his wife’s insanity, 6 daughters from union. Had one final marriage in 1583 to a French Huguenot and daughter of Gaspard de Coligny, one warrior son, Frederick Henry, from the union. His power waned towards the end, and he was shot by a French Catholic fanatic, Balthasar Gerard, who was motivated by the price Felipe had put on his head. It was the first time a handgun was used in an assassination. Inner: Stoic, gradually accommodated himself to a harsh existence after a soft upbringing. Frugal, self-assured, resourceful, humane, genial. Steadfast, patient statesman, never said anything more than he had to, earning him his nickname. House divided lifetime of playing the role of rebel leader in a fight for independence, although he was removed from the fray before its conclusion, necessitating a continuation of that dynamic until he had brought it to satisfactory conclusion. George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle (1608-1670) - English general and statesman. Outer: 2nd son of an English knight. From a well-to-do family, although he had little education and subsequently expressed himself awkwardly. Called himself a Presbyterian, although he had no strong religious principles. In his teens, he volunteered to fight for the Dutch against the Spanish. Served in the Low Countries for several years, distinguishing himself at the Battle of Brede in 1637. Appointed a lieutenant colonel of infantry, he was given command of an infantry regiment in Ireland in 1642. Took the side of Charles I (George VI) in the English Civil War and was captured in 1644. Spent 2 years in the Tower of London, then was released after taking an oath for the Parliamentarians, and became an adjutant-general and governor of Ulster. Censured by Parliament for an armistice he made with a mixed coalition of royalists and rebels, he briefly retired. Impressed Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy), who took him to Scotland for the last stage of the Civil War, and left him behind as commander-in-chief. Pacified Scotland swiftly and effectively. Appointed a General at Sea in 1652, and played a leading role as commander in First Dutch War. After living with her for several years, in 1653 he married a widow, Anne Radford, (Perle Mesta), one surviving son from the union, which was questioned by virtually everyone who knew him, who couldn’t understand his attraction to a lowborn, with little to recommend her. Returned to Scotland to serve as governor and remained there during the rest of Cromwell’s Protectorate, then advised the latter’s son during his brief stewardship, before acquiescing to the overthrow of the Protectorate. Believed in civil authority over the military, and insured the Rump Parliament’s continuance with a march on London. Declared openly for the Restoration of the monarchy, and secured the return of Charles II (Peter O’Toole) in 1660. Heaped with honors, he was made duke of Albemarle and a Knight of the Garter and awarded a large pension. Responsible for London during the great fire and plague of 1665-1666. Ended his career in command of a fleet during the 2nd Dutch War, although his last engagement damaged his reputation, when his orders were neglected and several ships were sunk in the Thames. Retired soon afterwards and died of dropsy, like a Roman general in his tent. Had a state funeral of great pomp. Inner: Temperate, puritanical, indefatigable. Brave, resourceful, with no political ambition, bluff and brutal, a soldier through-and-through. Manly, majestic and strong-bodied. Slept little, but indefatigable. Skilled tactician on land and at sea. Good soldier lifetime of doing his duty and upholding his power of established order in time of turmoil and crisis. John of Lancaster, duke of Bedford (1389-1435) - English general and statesman. Outer: 3rd son of Henry Bolingbroke, later Henry IV (David Cameron), and Mary of Bohun (Maureen Dowd). Younger brother of Henry V (Winston Churchill) and older sibling of Humphrey of Gloucester (Maxwell Beaverbrook). When he was 10, his sire usurped the throne from Richard II (Richard Nixon), to begin the House of Lancaster’s near three/quarter century run as English monarchs. Made constable of England, governor of Berwick and warden of the east marches during his father’s reign, and fought with his elder brother and father in France during the Hundred Years’ War. His progenitor gave a death-bed request in 1413 for the brothers to cherish one another, and he proved the only person to be able to hold his scheming sibling, Humphrey in check. Served as lieutenant of England during Henry V’s first expedition, and presided over Parliament. Assumed command of the army in France on his brother’s illness, and on his death in 1422, he was designated French regent, while also serving the royal house in resolving its disputes, and acting as governor of Normandy for the next decade. Married the sister of Philippe III of Burgundy, Anne, in 1423, and together they maintained Paris as a capital of arts and entertainments. Commissioned illuminated manuscripts from Paris and England, which would prove extremely important artifacts from the age for later generations. A close union, they vied with Philip’s house for cultural supremacy, and took precedence wherever they went together. Defeated the French and Scots at Verneuil, and successfully conducted the war til 1429. Purchased Joan of Arc (Petra Kelly) from the Burgundians and caused her to be burnt as a witch in 1431. His wife died in childbirth the same year, which put a damper on the aristocratic gaiety in Paris. Had Henry VI (Harold Nicholson) crowned as king of France the same annum, as well. Struggled with Burgundy to remain an English ally in the war, but then offended the Burgundians by conducting a 2nd marriage in 1433. An able but harsh administrator, and the singular English military figure of the age, although he was ultimately undone by the insolvency of his own government. Died at home as Burgundy abandoned the English cause. Inner: Highly social martial adept, with a strong sense of his own royal nature. Regal lifetime of operating out of a supportive family and close first marriage, and giving play to his martial nature in a losing cause, while being given lessons of filial and brotherly love in the martial arena. William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1145-1219) - English statesman and general. Outer: 2nd son of a landless English baron by his 2nd wife, the sister of the Earl of Salisbury. Father was a war-lover, and highly manipulative politically. Given as hostage to King Stephen (George VI) as a child by his father, and saved at the last minute from execution. Despite having no horse and no armor, he was abe to gan the support of a wealthy Norman kin who allowed him to apprentice as a knight in Normandy. Proved an adept athlete in tournaments, continually unseating his opponents. Tall, well-made, and comely. Accompanied by his uncle to Potou where he was wounded, captured and ransomed. Became the guardian of crown prince Henry FitzHenry (John F. Kennedy, Jr.), and supported him in his revolt against his father, Henry II (Kathleen Kennedy). Went on crusade for the king, after FitzHenry’s death, and performed heroic feats there. Returned in 1187 to become a member of the king’s household, and remained faithful to him. Took his titles from his marriage to Isabel de Clare, the heiress of Pembroke in 1189, 5 daughters and 5 sons from union. One also became a royal hostage, and all his male heirs became earls of Pembroke and marshals of England. Spared Richard I’s (Richard Burton) life in battle, and was joint marshal at his coronation, accompanying him to Normandy and fighting for him. Made custodian of Rouen before the king’s death. Thwarted John’s (Henry Fonda) rebellion against his brother Richard, but supported him when he became king, and was made a trusted counselor, as well as being given responsibility for the defense of England in his absence. Later had his Irish land’s were ravaged on John’s direction, but he obtained full possession of them. Became John’s chief adviser in 1213, and was one of his envoys to the barons as well as one of the counselors of the Magna Carta. Served as regent for John’s son Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy), and was active til the end of his life in affairs of state. Took the habit of a Templar before his death. Left a stable kingdom through his military skills and firm political grasp of office. Inner: Commanding and highly competent. Dignified, loyal, had the bearing of a Roman emperor. Chivalrous as a youth, noble in maturity. Chivalrous lifetime of continuing in his education on the English system of governance and acquitting himself admirably in all that he did, as a knight of the highest order. Egbert (Eckbert) (839) - English king. Outer: Father was the under-king of Kent, while his family had formerly held the West Saxon kingship. Banished as a young man because his pretensions by birth endangered the throne of the West Saxon king, as well as his powerful ally, Offa, the monarch of Mercia. Spent either 3 or 13 years in exile, although dwelt in honor. After Offa’s death in 796, he succeeded to the West Saxon kingship in 802, and immediately withdrew it from the Mercian confederation, and through his martial skills was able to consolidate his independent rule. Changed the name of Britain to England. His life remained largely unrecorded, despite his 37 year reign. Used archbishops to strengthen his rule. In 825, he defeated the king of Mercia, and in so doing made Wessex the strongest of the English kingdoms, as well as the basis for the future nation of England, after several others acknowledged him as overlord. Next to 1066, this was probably the most important early date in English his/story. Conquered Mercia in 829, uniting England as an overlord for the first time, although lost it the following annum, but in 838, won a tremendous victory over the Danes and the Cornish Britons. Married Redburga, of whom little is known, 3 children from the union, including his successor, Ethelwulf. (Harold Nicolson). Left land only to male members of his family. Buried along with several generations of his descendants in Winchester. Inner: Skilled warrior and as later on, father of his country. Nation-building lifetime of using his considerable martial and statesman skills to draw together the lands of the Angles and Saxons into an incipient unified sense of country. Trajan (53-117) - Roman Emperor. Outer: Father was a Spanish-born general, governor and consul who had achieved renown as the first of his family to enter the imperial service. Served as a military tribune for a decade, partly under his sire in Syria. Given command of a legion in Spain, and after successfully fighting in Germany, he was awarded a consulship in his late 30s. Tall, well-built, and dignified, which was underlined by an early tendency towards grey hair. Married and devoted to his wife, Plotina (Pearl Mesta), who was related to him. The childless couple took his cousin Hadrian (Charles de Gaulle) into his house. Appointed governor of Upper Germany, and succeeded Nerva (Joseph Goebbals) as Emperor in 98, after being found acceptable by both the Senate and the armies of Rome. Remained in the field in Germany for nearly a year before coming to Rome to accept the Emperor’s purple robe. Had good relations with the Senate, as well as the populace, proving himself a fair and just leader. Encouraged extensive public works, and refused to prosecute the growing Christian sects, while sponsoring much new building in Rome. Not particularly innovative, he was nevertheless an effective force in getting things done, and his reign was later looked upon as a high water mark of the Empire. Equally effective as a commander, he was said to have wept at the Persian Gulf, when he knew he was too old to duplicate Alexander the Great’s feats in going all the way to India. Escaped near death in an earthquake in Asia Minor and fell ill, dying on his return to Rome, after having designated Hadrian, who had married his favorite niece, as his successor. Inner: Able, energetic and resourceful commander. Man of action, rather than thought. Just, kind ruler, who was able to maintain good relations with the political factions of Rome, while also aiding in the economic and agricultural development of Italy. Expanding lifetime of taking his soldierly skills to the next level, and proving an adept ruler, as well as a martial artist of high degree. Marcus Portius Cato (95-46BZ) - Roman general and senator. Outer: His ancestor, Cato the Elder (Martin Heidigger), had been a powerful orator and traditionalist, and gave him a projected model of probity and mastery of language. Orphaned soon after his birth, he was brought up, along with a brother, and sister, in the house of an uncle, who was a tribune. Extremely close to his brother Caepio, who became a tribune in the army and died young, which devastated him. Proved to be a slow student, although he remembered all he learned, and evinced a stubborn resolve in all things he did, from an early age onward. Slow to anger as well, but incandescent afterwards. Made a priest of Apollo, he devoted himself to moral and political doctrines, with an all-abiding interest in justice, as an exemplar of the Stoic philosophy, to which he closely adhered. Lived frugally, with his singular release, the imbibing of wine, which he partook of more generously as he grew older. Rejected by his affianced, who wed another, he married Atilia, one son and a daughter would become the wife of Marcus Junius Brutus (Henry Petain). After their divorce on grounds of adultery, he married Marcia, whom he eventually divorced in order in 56BZ so that she could wed the orator Hortensius, although she later returned to his house, following the latter’s death in 50BZ. Served in the ranks against the slave uprising of Spartacus (Magic Johnson) and then held various posts, proving an extremely popular figure with his men, for sharing in their hardships. At the death of his half-brother, he returned to Rome and became a leading figure in the senate, opposing the interests of Pompey (Henry Luce), Crassus (John D. Rockefeller) and Julius Caesar (Charles de Gaulle), which helped bring about their coalition as the First Triumvirate in 60BZ. A bitter enemy of the latter throughout his life. Through his uncompromising adherence to constitutional principles, however, he ultimately hastened his dictatorship. Proved strident but ineffectual in his opposition to Caesar’s legislation and in 58, was removed from Rome through legal maneuvers on behalf of the triumvirate, and made to administer the annexation of Cyprus. On his return in 56, he supported his brother-in-law’s campaign against Caesar, but was kept out of the praetorship until 54BZ by the triumvirs. After failing to win a consulship in 51, his influence lessened and he decided to retire from public life. When civil war broke out twixt the followers of Caesar and Pompey, he saw that the only chance in saving the republic was to support the latter and became the figurehead of continuing republican resistance. Charged with the defense of Sicily, he could not hold the island and joined Pompey. After the latter’s loss in Thessaly, he took a small remnant of his troops to Africa. Following Caesar’s victory over republican forces in Thapsus, he shut himself up in Utica, made sure his adherents had safely evacuated themselves and committed suicide. Inner: Extremely honest, stoical and principled in a highly corrupt age. Very austere and strict in all his habits. Take-a-stand lifetime of going against the political grain of a coming dictatorship and adhering to his beliefs even though they meant ultimate self-destruction. Lucius Cincinnatus (519?-430BZ) - Roman general. Outer: Figure of legend, although rooted in his/story. From a powerful family with influential friends. Married, had two sons, one of whom would go on trial for his bullying ways. The latter escaped into exile to save himself a death sentence, bankrupting his father in making good his bail. Became a consul afterwards, but refused to serve longer than a year. Famed for leaving his small farm to save his country, and then retiring there when his duty was completed, only to be called back again. At life’s end, a second son was brought to trial for military incompetence, but had his condemned sentence remanded on the basis of his aged father’s reputation. Inner: Modest and extremely principled. Plowshare to sword and back again lifetime of providing the mythos for active patriotism, with little thought to personal gain, one he would repeat in his Washington go-round.

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PATHWAY OF THE DOMESTIC ARTIST AS HOSTESS & HELPMATE:
Storyline: The first first lady steps out on her own after many a go-round behind and beside a commanding mate, to call herself madam, using her hidden expertise in the power arena to become a powerhouse herself in the fine art of political socializing and lobbying.

Laudine - Weeping widow who becomes the wife of Ywain, after he falls in love with her at first sight, and she is convinced he must protect her magic well, or symbolic depth of emotion. Archetype of the supportive wife of the steadfast soldier, who grows emotionally alongside him. Perle Mesta (Pearl Skirvin) (1889-1975) - American hostess. Outer: Father was a former salesman who became wealthy in oil and real estate. Oldest of 3 children, with a younger sister, Marguerite Skirvin, who became a silent screen actress, as well as a brother. Grew up in Oklahoma City and was privately educated. Initially wanted to be a singer. Married George Mesta, a wealthy Pittsburgh manufacturer in 1917, then moved to Washington DC with him, where they led an active social life. Changed the spelling of her first name to Perle in 1920. Traveled extensively in Europe, and after her husband’s death in 1925, found herself with a large pre-Rolodex of business and political connections. In 1929, she moved to Newport, Rhode Island, where she became a leading social figure. In the mid-1930s, she began getting more directly involved in politics, joining the National Woman’s party and serving as an effective lobbyist for the Equal Rights Amendment. A Republican until 1940, she returned to Washington and switched political affiliations to the Democrats, and became one of that city’s leading hostesses. Helped Harry S. Truman in his rise to national office, and served on the finance committee of his successful 1948 presidential campaign. Became the first U.S. minister to Luxembourg for her efforts the following year, and served there until the Republicans came back to power in 1953. Composer Irving Berlin based his 1950 hit show “Call Me Madam,” starring Ethel Merman on her experiences in the post. Inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1951. Continued as Washington’s hottest hostess through the 1950s, although her influence waned with the coming of the Kennedys in the 1960s. Wrote her autobiography, Perle: My Story, in 1960. Died of hemolytic anemia. Inner: Charming, gracious, socially adept, and completely comfortable in the highest realms of power. Call me madam lifetime of stepping out of the shadow of power to stand in her own entertaining limelight, while proving herself an adept figure at bringing people together and helping make things happen. Martha Washington (Martha Dandridge) (1731-1802) - American political helpmate. Outer: Eldest of 8 children of a plantation owner. Little is really known of her early years. Trained to be the wife of a Virginia squire, with all the requisite social graces, and ultimately inherited the family estate. At 17, she married a colonel and plantation owner who was two decades her senior, and owned an estate prophetically called, “the White House.” 4 children from the union. In 1757, her husband died of a heart attack, but left her in extremely good circumstances, with some 17,500 acres, and 5 plantations, which she divided with her two surviving progeny. Able to manage his affairs with the aid of lawyers, as one daughter died in her teens and a son succumbed as a young man. 5’, with large eyes and an aquiline nose. Slim when younger and eventually plump, although she made up for her unprepossessing physicality with an easy, dignified grace. In 1759, after a year courtship, she married George Washington (George C. Marshall), no children. Opened their home, Mt. Vernon, to nieces and nephews, to give themselves a greater feeling of family, and was noted as a cheerful hostess. The couple had a respectful rather than passionate relationship. In 1773, her epileptic daughter died following a seizure, leaving her with only one surviving child, who married the following year. Separated for long stretches from her husband during the Revolutionary War, while acting as one of the first of her station in Virginia to give up luxuries for war necessities. Finally joined her spouse at headquarters, where she helped nurse the wounded and organized activities for the officers’ wives. Lost her final child to camp fever in 1781, although took two of his children into her own home to raise. Adjusted to all the demands that being the helpmate of a central political figure entailed, and dutifully followed her husband to Philadelphia when he was anointed president in 1789. Entertained lavishly initially, although her later White House soirees had a reputation for dullness, while she likened herself to a state prisoner. Quite happy when his political career finally ended in 1797, and cheerfully returned to her duties as matron of Mt. Vernon. After her husband’s death, she closed off their bedroom, and destroyed all but three of his letters, and per his directive freed all his slaves within a year, although kept her own. Died 2 years later, and her slaves were released on her demise. Just beforehand, she burned all her husband’s letters to her. Inner: Goodhearted, though barely literate, with a taste for gothic romances. Modest, unassuming, good horsewoman. Felt she was a prisoner of the presidency. Domestic lifetime of quiet support, providing the dignified queenship that the first American presidency demanded, while suffering the inconsolable loss of outliving all her children. Mary Custis Lee (1808-1873) - American political helpmate. Outer: Father was a grandson of Martha Washington (herself) and adopted son of George Washington (George C. Marshall). Although slave owners, both her parents were abolitionists, and her mother actively educated their slaves for the time they could be freed. Two short-lived children preceded her, and one post ceded her, making her the only surviving child of her parents. Plain-looking, although pampered and well-loved by her father, who continually expanded their highly social home “Arlington,” located on 1100 acres. Given a solid education by her mother in languages and his/story. Knew her future husband, Robert E. Lee (George C. Marshall) since childhood. Frail, blonde and aristocratic, though sharp-featured. Her chronic state of illness almost stopped her husband’s career in the beginning, after they were wed in 1831. The pair had a happy marriage, although she was no housekeeper, and was perennially tardy to her spouse’s punctuality, necessitating numerous lectures on his part. 3 sons and four daughters, although she became an arthritic invalid due to her numerous childbirths. Had great anger against the Federal Government for her loss of Arlington and perceived treatment after the Civil War. Her final years were filled with loss, including the death of her husband in 1870. A total invalid and deeply depressed at the end, she was buried by her husband in Lee Chapel, while Arlington became a national cemetery. Inner: Avid reader, deeply religious, headstrong and spoiled. Highly opinionated and self-involved. Skewered lifetime of support, while imprisoned in a faulty body, which symbolically reflected the house divided of the U.S. as she served as an antithesis to her husband’s vigorous perfectionism, before both spun back in time for a more satisfying go-round for each. Anne, Duchess of Albemarle (Anne Ratsford) (1619-1670) - English political helpmate. Outer: Daughter of a farrier. Sold perfume and wash balls, and was known as “Dirty Bess,” when she was young. Probably supplemented her meager income as a prostitute. In 1632, she married Thomas Radford, a milliner, then separated from him, and later became his widow, although she never divorced him, and some question would arise later on if he actually were dead. Homely and dowdy, with little to recommend her personality as well. Became the seamstress for Gen. George Monck (George C. Marshall) while he was in the Tower, and probably was also his mistress. Lived with him for several years, before officially marrying him in 1653. 2 sons from the union, one dying in infancy. Became Duchess of Albemarle when her spouse was elevated following the Restoration, although no one who knew them could understand his attraction to her, since she evinced none of the traits - wit, class or beauty - that were held in esteem. Nevertheless, he remained quite loyal to her, during their two decades together, and she followed him in death a scant three weeks after he exited. Inner: Royalist, conservative, and avaricious, with a lower class mien, but probably some sexual expertise to compensate for her other less-than-desirable attributes. . Mate-oriented lifetime, once again, of experiencing power through a powerful spouse, while dealing with her own flaws of character in a time of civil war, in her ongoing desire to ultimately mirror her heroic counterpart by first dealing with her negative attributes. Plotina (Pompeia Plotina Claudia Phoebe Piso) (?-122AZ) - Roman augusta. Outer: From a southern Gaul family of political influence and good connections. Austere-looking. Married the Roman general Trajan (George C. Marshall), to whom she was related, before he became emperor in 98. The duo had a close relationship, although were childless, and she was a firm supporter of Hadrian (Charles de Gaulle), as his potential successor. Seen as virtuous by the Roman populace, as well as an advocate of the interests of ordinary citizens. Noted for her modesty, she stated she wished to be the same woman upon leaving as she was as entering the palace of the emperor, and refused to be made Augusta until 105, when she was elevated along with her husband’s sister. Proved to be a tolerant figure, assisting the poor and improving education. Outlived her husband by 5 years, and made sure her dying spouse adopted Hadrian as his successor before expiring. The latter subsequently paid her outstanding honors at her funeral. Inner: Self-effacing, and serious. Domestic lifetime of proving her prowess in the halls of power as a completely supportive mate, before playing with different aspects of her character over the next two millennia, while remaining yoked to the same extraordinarily competent figure.

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PATHWAY OF THE MARTIAL ARTIST AS THE LAST ACTION HERO:
Storyline: The well-muscled military adept switches to the celluloid battlefields of the silver screen to create a cult of personality around himself, before entering elective politics after many a go-round of proving himself as an exemplary soldier, so as to weave fantasy and reality together and open up his gifts of self-expression.

Sir Palomides - Saracen knight and unbaptised member of the Round Table. Archetype of the alien martial artist. Arnold Schwarzenegger (1947) - Austrian/American actor, politician, body builder and businessman. Outer: Mother was extremely strong-willed albeit subservient, father was an alcoholic police chief with Nazi affiliations and leanings. Devoted to the former, who initially wanted him to be a carpenter, but also imparted her frustrated drive on him. Raised as if he were part of his sire’s old military unit. His older brother Meinhard, a bully and drinker, became a boxing champ, then died in a car crash. Had an austere, impoverished upbringing, brightened by discovering some old bodybuilding equipment, which showed him the way out of his village. Finally rebelled against his father at 15, choosing bodybuilding over a potential career as a professional soccer player, despite his sire’s denigrating his choice. Later refused to attend his funeral. 6’2”, with blue eyes and light brown hair, and 230 lbs., at the height of his bodybuilding career. Disciplined and exacting, although not adverse to help from steroids later on. Scientifically learned everything he could about his muscular structure to become a world champion body builder through sheer determination, beginning at age 14. Disdained the rich cultural heritage of his native Austria, preferring adult movies instead. Always had his eye on America, and saw bodybuilding as a way to get there. After winning the Jr. Mr. Europe title, he came to the U.S. virtually penniless and speaking little English at 21, and as “The Austrian Oak,” went on to become Mr. World, Mr. Universe 5 times, and Mr. Olympia 7 times before retiring undefeated in his early 30s. Admitted to being totally self-centered during this entire period, while not adverse to drugs and promiscuity. Played Hercules in his film debut in his early 20s, although his heavy accent and woefully limited abilities kept him initially from establishing any kind of movie career. Played himself in Pumping Iron in his late 20s, and evinced far more charm than in his earlier efforts, while recommending bull’s balls as a diet supplementary, then making a small fortune off their increased consumption. Finally found his metier in fantasy action heroes, in his mid-30s, with Conan the Barbarian and its sequel, and went on to become one of the world’s most popular action heroes and international movie stars, typically flexing his massive muscles and firing automatic weapons, while demanding and getting first-rate production teams and directors for himself, thanks to his ability to learn and expand upon his limited creative talents. Shrewdly mixed his action dramas with comedy, failing only once at the box office in his latter career with The Last Action Hero in 1993, which made him opt to make less violent fare. An astute businessman, as well, he earned a degree from the Univ. of Wisconsin in business and international economics in between roles, and got rich from real estate and stocks. Although a conservative Republican, he married into the Kennedy clan in 1986, wedding TV personality Maria Shriver, after an 8 year relationship, 4 children from union. Campaigned energetically for George H.W. Bush, as a way to reintroduce himself politically to America. Became a naturalized citizen, and eventually evinced some public vulnerability with life-threatening heart surgery in 1997, and then an inability to defend himself and his family from some intrusive paparazzi, although later brought them to court. Championed a successful education proposition, and then made a successful show-biz run for governor of California in the 2003 recall election, despite accusations of sexual battery from numerous women. On being elected, he immediately turned the state’s political arena into a sound-stage for his own larger-than-life sense of himself. Despite much posturing, he initially proved to be a conventional politician, thanks to the hidebound traditions of state politics, but also showed flexibility over impolitic policies, and his own clout by bypassing the legislature through successful ballot-propositions. Delivered an address at the Republican National Convention in 2004, but suffered a precipitous decline in his popularity afterwards over budget issues and his clumsily taking on powerful unions, while he was forced to divest himself of his lucrative executive editorship for a muscle magazine empire because of a conflict of interest. Became far more conservative to shore up his base, as his popularity continued to wane, and in 2005, he saw his attempt at bypassing the legislature with a special election initiative fail, in his ongoing struggles with the conventions of democracy after many a life of autocratic rule. Immediately afterwards, he selected a liberal Democrat as his chief of staff, and began addressing the more practical concerns of governing, without his earlier showboating, to far better effect, easily winning a second full term. In fine show business tradition, broke his leg skiing at year’s end, then came out swinging like a centrist, asking for universal health care for the state, as well as a decidedly pro-green environmental agenda. Through his tax cuts and spending, however, he put California in debt to some $40 billion by the end of 2008, to add to the national financial crisis. One of the few Republican governors to subsequently endorse Pres. Barack Obama’s stimulus package, after a contentious legislative session geared towards dealing with the state’s huge shortfall, in which he committed the ultimate Republican no-no, raising taxes.Also took on the state’s traditional power structure, particularly its unions, changing Caliifornia’s entrenched way of doing political business, as a crypto-progressive far more interested in getting things done than in being well-liked for empty posturing. Following his one term, he announced he was returning to show business, while also separating from his wife, after twenty-five years, following his admittance to her he fathered a son with their former housekeeper, Mildred Baena, who was born five days after his youngest son, thirteen years previously. The announcement would also put his show business comeback on hold, as he held onto their house, forcing her to move out. Later the same year, he saw the Arnold Schwarzenegger Museum, replete with an eight foot statue of him in his Mr. Universe days, open in Thal, Austria, in the two century year old home of his birth, with no mention made during the ceremonies of his latest embarrassments. In 2012, he launched the USC Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global policy, looking to solve global problems, while also releasing his autobiography, “Total Recall - My Unbelievable True Life Story,” as a further paean to his grandiose sense of self. Returned to films soon afterward wth The Last Stand, to begin his own last stand as a geriatric action hero. At the same time became executive editor of a couple of muscle magazines. Proved to be the only interesting element in 2015’s Genysis, the fifth installment of the “Terminator” series, as it, too, begs for ultimate termination.Took over the “New Celebrity Apprentice” at the beginning of 2017, insisting its contestants call him governor. Showed himself to be as misogynistic as ever, in dealing with his mix of show business people and athletes, dividing the men and women into opposing teams, with a contemptuous view of the latter group. After relatively low ratings for his initial effort, received a critical tweet from Donald Trump, for whom he had not voted. Responded with a critique of his own asking him to work for all Americans as aggressively as he pursued ratings, in a clash of titanic egos. Ultimately quit the show after one disappointing season, claiming viewers had deliberately boycotted it because Trump’s name was still listed as executive producer. Has a net worth of $300 million. Inner: Narcissistic, highly disciplined and hyper-ambitious, although not above conveniently re-inventing himself. Incredible sense of self-confidence, although he allowed his wife to make decisions for them. Practical joker, enjoying pushing friends’ faces in food in public, while showing no inhibitions about groping and molesting women during his movie career. Excellent business sense, keen self-promoter, with an innate superior intelligence bred by experience rather than books. His language transition was symbolic of the larger transition he had to make twixt the theater of battle and the theater of self-expression. Ego-pumping lifetime of methodically turning himself into a heroic icon, for the purpose of celebrating a vast and unusual inner sense of power, while continuing the process of opening himself up to more of his humanity, despite his innate misogyny, through his willingness to deal with his failings, rather than just bask in his strengths. Eugen Sandow (Friedrich Wilhelm Mueller) (1867-1925) - German/British bodybumilder and businessman. Outer: Born illegitimately and adopted as an infant by a greengrocer family. Despite a fondness for athletics, somewhat delicate as a child. His sire took him to Rome when he was 15, to strengthen him, and he found great inspiration in the art galleries there, with the physical ideals he saw in painting and sculpture. Returned home and began studying both medicine and anatomy, and devised a method to exercise 400 muscles he had isolated, while becoming the very first body-builder, with classical Grecian proportions, which he had earlier carefully measured, as his model. Changed his name, since he had avoided the Prussian draft, and became an acrobat, although the circus he worked for went bankrupt in Brussels. Through dint of his determination, and with the help of Louis Attila, a professional strongman, he became a living embodiment of physical culture, with the self-avowed desire to teach it to the world. Although Prussian-born, he wound up living in England most of his life. At maturity he was 5’9”, 180 lbs. with a 49” chest, 18” biceps, 36” waist and 17 1/2” neck. Began his career as a sideshow strongman, then wanted to show off his spectacular physique as well as his considerable strength. Imported to America by producer Flo Ziegfeld (Bob Evans), who managed him for 3 years and produced an act called Sandow’s Trocadero Vaudeville for all the major theaters in the U.S. Toured Europe displaying feats of strength, and then had his career highlight, when he was exhibited at the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair inside a black velvet-lined booth with his body in white powder so as to give the impression of being a marble statue. Showed himself to be an intelligent figure of some charm, as well as a canny showman. Married Blanche Brooks, an Englishwoman, two daughters from the union, but was far closer to a fellow body-builder who was also a composer and concert pianist. Probably bisexual at heart, as well as a compulsive philanderer. Politically active, he advocated a government ministry of health, sanitary inspectors, free meals for the underprivileged and compulsory physical education in schools. Wrote five books on health and also proved to be an astute businessman, hawking exercise equipment, cigars, and a health magazine, as well as a chain of gyms. Organized the first bodybuilding competition in the UK in 1901, called the “Great Competition” and later worked with British army recruits. Supposedly died of a burst blood vessel in his brain after lifting an automobile following an accident, although his actual cause of death was probably syphilis. His wife, no fan of his constant inconstancy, insisted he be buried in an unmarked grave. A little over 75 years later, someone finally put up a marker on it. Inner: Political, exhibitionistic and narcissistic, with a genuine desire to get people into better physical shape. Bridge lifetime of switching over to sheer exhibitionism in order to display his unusual physical presence, and his desire to make his fellow citizens far more conscious of their bodies and the importance of fitness, while living extremely well in the process. Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg (Johann Jark von Gostkowski) (Johann David Ludwig Graf Yorck von Wartenburg) (1759-1830) - Prussian Field Marshal. Outer: Grandfather had been a pastor, as well as an estate holder. Father was a captain in the Prussian army, who had changed his name from Jark to Yorck to make it more English-sounding, while dropping the rest of his Polish surname. Mother was the daughter of a craftsman. Born illegitimately with his parents marrying when he was four. At 13, he entered the Prussian army, only to be dismissed from service in 1780 for insubordination, after serving a one year sentence for accusing his superior of enriching himself at the expense of recruits. In 1782, he entered the Dutch service as part of a Swiss regiment and did battle with the British East India Company in southern Africa, before returning to Prussia in 1785. On the death of the Prussian monarch, Friedrich II (Michael Milken), all was forgiven and he was reinstated in the Prussian army. In 1794, he fought in Poland, distinguishing himself in battle. By century’s near-turn, he was commander of a light infantry regiment, and had earned a stirring reputation for himself. Despite Prussia’s humiliating defeat at the hands of the Napoleonic army, in the Battle of Jena in 1806, he was successful as a rearguard commander, although he was severely wounded and taken prisoner. Following his release, he played a dominant role in the reorganization of the Prussian army, then continued to gain promotions, before being appointed second in command to the general leading the auxiliary corps that were forced to support Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812. As an ardent Prussian patriot, he chafed at having to give martial aid to his former enemy, although did his duty, and soon assumed command, showing his usual expertise in battle. Saw that the French effort was doomed, and along with Hans von Debitsch (Avigdor Lieberman), signed a treaty without consent of the Prussian king, declaring Prussia neutral, despite the danger of being executed for such a bold personal initiative. Although the independent move precipitated a revolt against French rule in Northern Germany, he was suspended from his command, before being absolved when Prussia rejoined the anti-French forces through the Treaty of Kalisz. Declared war on Napoleon, and entered Berlin as a hero in 1813, although remained stone-faced amidst all the adulation tossed at him. The Prussian king declared war on Napoleon, and once again, he was resoundingly successful in battle, adding von Wartenburg to his name, as an honorary because of the victory of his corps there. Finished his career with the storming of Paris, and the final defeat of Napoleon. Elevated to graf, or count in 1814. Retired from the army afterwards, feeling he had done all he wished to do, although the king had difficulty accepting his resignation, making him a General Field Marshal in 1821. Spent the last part of his life on his huge estate, which had been gifted to him by the king. Inner: Strict, highly disciplined, and virtually unapproachable. Extremely tenacious, while always showing great concern for his troops, so he was well-loved by his men. A natural general, he was not particularly good at accepting orders, or bowing to the wishes of others. Iron-willed lifetime of ending this series of martial go-rounds on a high note, as a captain extraordinaire, with a crypto-c.v. comparable to virtually anyone who ever engaged an enemy on a wide field of battle. Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736) - Austrian prince and general. Outer: From an old aristocratic family of Italian kings on his father’s side, while his mother was connected to French royalty. 5th son. When he was 10, his father died, and at 17, his mother was banished from France. Raised there mainly by his paternal grandmother. A shy, sickly, ugly child, he was groomed initially for the clergy, but grew into a strong young man. Refused entry into the French army by the king because of his mother, causing him to flee the country. Entered the service of HRE Leopold I (Leopold Stokowski) and his exploits eventually earned him an appointment as imperial commander. Made field marshal at 30, and given supreme command in Italy. His victory over the Turks in 1697, after reorganizing and revitalizing his army, solidified his reputation as the leading general of his time. Continued adding to his impressive martial resume with a mixture of victories and defeats and was made president of the war council in 1702, and reformed and reorganized his forces. Close friend of Duke of Marlborough (JFK), together they won a his/storic victory at Blenheim in 1704. Collaborated later on as well, in a unique symbiosis of foreign generals, as he fought the French all during that decade. Napoleon would later study his strategies. One of the pre-eminent generals of his age, he was greatly admired by his troops. Made governor of the Austrian Netherlands and later imperial vicar in Italy. Continued his military activities into old age, working in support of a string of Holy Roman Emperors, against the Turks and other enemies of the state. Never married, although he had a Hungarian countess as a mistress for many years. A supporter of the arts, he had a huge library, although his books seemed largely unread. Achieved great wealth, while holding a lifelong hatred for Louis XIV (Charles de Gaulle). Died in his sleep after playing cards with his inamorata. Legend would have it that a lion in his personal zoo also passed that night. His heart was buried separately from his body in the Savoy family tomb in Turin, indicating an unintegrated interior. Inner: A severe character, his singular release was as a practical joker, while his interests were limited to making money and war, despite his pretensions as a patron of the arts. A gifted commander, emphasizing speed and maneuverability, he was highly popular with his soldiers. An accomplished administrator and diplomat, as well, but one who shunned intimacy. Savoy-faire lifetime of giving pure expression to his isolated martial, masculine side, and being well-rewarded and well thought of for his efforts. Albrecht Wallenstein (Albrecht Eusebius von Wallenstein, Prince of Sagan) (1583-1634) - Bohemian general and statesman. Outer: Orphaned at the age of 13 and brought up by an uncle. Educated at a Jesuit college of nobles and briefly attended the Protestant Univ. of Altdorf, but was expelled for misbehavior. Attended lectures at Bologna and Padua, then toured southern and western Europe. Joined the army of HRE Rudolph II (Rudolph Hess), performed with distinction, and converted to Catholicism to ingratiate himself with the Hapsburgs. In 1609, he married an elderly widow and lived off her Moravian estates after she died 5 years later. At the outbreak of the Thirty Years’ War, he spurned the Bohemian rebels, who confiscated his estates, and fled to Vienna where he raised a cuirassier regiment to fight for the imperial crown. Again won distinction, and profited greatly through his appointment as governor of Bohemia, where he devalued the coinage and bought up 60 estates from executed and banished nobles. Created an Imperial count palatinate, then made a prince in 1623, and the same year, he married the wealthy daughter of the emperor’s principle adviser, further enhancing his fortune. Raised an army of 24,000 at the behest of HRE Ferdinand II (Zia-Ul-Haq), and was appointed capo of all imperial forces in the HRE and low countries, which he used to defeat the Protestant commander Ernst von Mansfeld (Ernst Roehm). Nearly forced to resign for allowing Mansfeld to escape, but he had his powers and his army increased instead. Further victories forced Denmark from the war, and as a reward he was made duke, then Prince of Sagan, and was given the duchy of Mecklenburg. By 1629, he had become virtually independent, with a vast army under him which he supported with plunder and the produce of his own vast estates, which allowed him to obey imperial orders only when he wanted to. His armies were drawn from the dregs, making them even more vicious than the professional soldiers they fought, depopulating whole areas and driving their victims to cannibalism. His ambition had also created many enemies among the German princes, and he was reluctantly dismissed from the emperor’s service in 1630 and retired to his duchy of Friedland. Recalled in 1632, after Swedish king Gustavus II Adolphus (Yukio Mishima) successfully invaded Germany. Returned with a greater appetite than ever, but after his defeat in an epic battle with Gustavus, where the latter was killed, he retreated to Bohemia, and then campaigned without his usual vigor, while negotiating to defect from the Imperial cause and force a peace treaty on Ferdinand, because of his bitterness over his earlier dismissal. Became more and more imperious, ordering the killing of all dogs and cats in any town he entered, because he could not bear any noise other than the screams of the battlefield. Also forbade boots and spurs in his presence. The emperor, in turn, engineered his secret removal from command in 1634, publishing a letter patent charging him with high treason. Inactive because of illness and his astrologer’s advice, as his own generals turned against him, as did his astrologer, who reported to the court on the progress of the conspiracy. After fleeing and intending to join the Swedes and the Saxons, he was roused from his sleep and murdered, along with his soldiers, by an English and Scottish contingent of officers, asking for quarter as he was run through with a sword. Inner: Tenacious, wily and resourceful, with excellent administrative ability. Huge appetite for power and intrigue, the dominating military figure of his time. Alternately generous and cruel. Giant footsteps lifetime of giving play to his enormous ambition, only to undo himself by his overarching reach. Heinrich V (1086-1125) - Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Son of Heinrich IV (Yonatan Netanyahu). Succeeded his older brother after he had rebelled against his father, and was crowned joint king in 1099, then sided with the Church in Heinrich IV’s ongoing struggles with the papacy. Took his father prisoner, and forced him to abdicate in 1105, but did not secure the throne until his sire’s death the following year. Practiced lay investiture of bishops, despite protests from Rome. Consolidated his holdings, then went to Rome in 1110 to receive the imperial crown, and worked out a compromise with the pope, Paschal II (William Bennett) that if he would give up lay investiture and confirm the pontiff’s right to the patrimony of the papal states, the bishops of the empire would give up the temporal powers and estates they had received from the former emperor. This suggestion was rejected by the clergy, and a violent protest arose. Left Rome with the pope and his cardinals as prisoners, and did not release them until he was granted that right. Returned to Germany and the pope repudiated his concessions, leaving the emperor with rebellions in Saxony from his princes and bishops over the next 7 years that he could not put down. In 1114, he married Matilda (Rose Kennedy) daughter of Henry I (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.) of England, although the union proved barren. Returned to Rome to claim his wife’s inheritance and tried to set up an antipope against his previous rival’s successor, when negotiations over investiture rights failed, causing him to be promptly excommunicated. Finally reached a compromise one pope later with the Concordat of Worms in 1122. Returned to Germany when his princes threatened to dethrone him. Made concessions and peace with his domestic enemies, and then became embroiled in the succession of the English throne, when his wife briefly claimed it. Died with various conflicts unresolved and was succeeded by his enemy, Lothair III (Kurt von Schleicher). Last emperor of his family line. Inner: Unable to make his larger will manifest, despite political and military skills. Thwarted lifetime of not quite matching his grasp with his powers of manifestation, thanks to playing with too many diverse parties. Maximinus I Thrax (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus) (c172-238) - Roman emperor. Outer: Probably of barbarian parentage, son of a peasant. A giant, supposedly over 8 feet tall, plus the possessor of superhuman strength, able to pull laden carts unaided. The size of his footwear was also legendary. Married Caecilia Paulina, of whom virtually nothing is known. One son from the union. Began his career around 190, enlisting in a Thracian auxiliary unit, and rose through the ranks via his soldierly skills. Most of his career was spent fighting in Germany, personally and heroically leading his men in battle, and inspiring them by his sheer size and martial prowess. After enlisting in the cavalry, he became a personal guard of the emperor, and later served as a tribune under Elagabulus (Heinrich Himmler), and as chief military commander under Severus Alexander (Sonny Bono). Proclaimed emperor by his own mutinous troops in 235, and created his son Maximinus, Caesar. Said to have murdered his wife. The first Roman emperor to rise from the soldierly ranks, he was subsequently embittered by the Senate’s rejection of him for not being one of their own. Never once visited Rome during his 3 year reign, where he was extremely unpopular because of the high cost of his military operations, and his confiscations and extortions of the propertied classes. Also took money from funds for the poor to finance his expeditions. Waged a successful German campaign for a year and a half, then an insurrection led by the Gordians in Africa forced him to march against Rome, but disappointments led to mutinous sentiments among his troops. Killed by his own soldiers along with his son while taking a mid-day siesta. Their heads were then sent to Rome under cavalry escort. Inner: Savage power, barbaric and cruel, although a highly competent commander. Ruthless to friend and foe alike, inspired great fear. Outsized lifetime of acting out the dark side of his tremendous strength, before allowing the brute within to express itself in varying fashion down through the succeeding centuries.

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