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ANGLO-AMERICAN PRESIDENTS - LYNDON JOHNSON, BROWN/BIDEN, OTHER PRESIDENTS & SUPPORT

PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS TOTAL POLITICAL ANIMAL:
Storyline: The uncivil warrior finds his realms continually divided as manifestation of his own unintegrated character, thanks to an overweening desire to write his name large at any cost into any epoch in which he finds himself.

Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973) - American president. Outer: Of British, Scots-Irish and German descent. Closely attached to his mother, the college-educated daughter of a Texas secretary of state with failed congressional ambitions. Stern and moralistic, she was constantly judging him, while imbuing him with her own idealism. Father was a farmer and state politician, a coarse, earthy, quixotic, contradictory character, who was highly competitive with his son, as well as an alcoholic, causing him to ultimately die in debt after failing at farming. Oldest of 5 children, with one brother and three sisters. A whirlwind of activity his entire life, existing on only 4 or 5 hours of sleep a night, overwhelming friend and foe alike. 6’3”, with light brown eyes and dark brown hair as well as massive bone structure. Graduated Southwest State Teacher’s College, where he was known as ‘Bullshit’ Johnson for his controlling, devious ways, then became a his/story and speech teacher in Houston, before serving as secretary to a Texas congressman. In 1934, he married Lady Bird Taylor, the daughter of a sharecropper’s son who became a wealthy businessman, after proposing on their first date, then inundating her with attention until she finally said ‘yes,’ 2 daughters from the union. Loving husband, but also a compulsive philanderer, with a longtime affair with Alice Glass, the mistress and later wife of an Austin publisher. Won his first election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1937, with money from his wife’s mother’s estate, then lost his first senatorial race in 1941, before serving as a naval commander in WW II, later inflating his war record, when he returned to the House. Protege of FDR and fellow Texan Sam Rayburn, as a liberal New Deal democrat, with the latter as his primary political mentor. Stole his senate seat by less than 100 votes in 1949, with stuffed ballots, winning the sarcastic sobriquet of ‘Landslide’ Lyndon, and ultimately became Majority Leader in 1955 and a highly effective legislator, pushing through the first significant civil-rights legislation in 1957 since Reconstruction, despite voting like a segregatonist. Used the telephone as his most formidable weapon, constantly on it, often as a means of sheer release. Champion of both big business and the dispossessed, as Senate majority leader, becoming the second most powerful person in Washington, thanks to his favor-trading, vote-counting and absolute control of his office. Influence peddler and underhanded dealer in his own business ventures, including his beloved LBJ ranch. Suffered his first heart attack while senator, and quit his cigarette habit of 3 packs a day. Elected vice-president under John F. Kennedy in 1960, an office he despised despite manipulating himself onto the ticket, since he knew JFK was a sick man and it was his best chance to achieve his lifelong goal of the presidency. Was in danger of being indicted for a variety of his activities as well as being kicked off the 1964 ticket, when he became president on Kennedy’s assassination in Dallas in 1963, after being 2 cars behind him when it happened, and breaking down and weeping on the plane ride back to Washington, fearing he would be targeted next, although it was probably an act to defray suspicion from his own complicity. No connection was ever proved, but it was believed by many that he was the true orchestrator of the assassination, since he knew he was going to be dropped from the ticket and was under investigation and possible indictment for his corrupt practices and equally corrupt underlings. Immediately made his Washington neighbor, FBI director J. Edgar Hoover, who was being forced into mandatory age retirement, head of the agency for life. Hoover, in turn, superseded the Dallas police and collected all evidence of the assassination and had it sent on to Washington, where it disappeared into the tragedy’s archives. Turned down twice by Justice Earl Warren to head the commission investigating the tragedy, he manipulated him into accepting through blackmail, thereby rendering the official verdict of a single shooter, by a man of unimpeachable integrity. Code-named Volunteer by the Secret Service. Won office in his own right a year later, overwhelming his opponent Barry Goldwater, by painting him as a potential nuclear hazard, but felt haunted throughout his term of office by Kennedy comparisons. Demanded absolute loyalty of his subordinates. Despite a strong sense of his own domestic agenda, he had little real vision in foreign affairs and self-destructed over his mishandling and escalation of the Vietnam War, becoming a hated figure, particularly to the young, through his determination to pursue it at all costs, which included his own paranoia and constant depression. Self-admitted non-military man, with no real feeling for world events, he nevertheless insisted on micromanaging the war. Won his real spurs with his domestic programs, including Medicare, Head Start and the Voting Rights Act, where his forceful personality was an asset, rather than a liability, even though he knew he would jeopardize his party’s standing in the South for generations. Created a domestic civil war environment at home twixt hawks and doves, while he never truly believed in the Vietnam conflict, but was unable to admit being wrong. Chose not to run again in 1968, after a strong initial showing in the primaries by rival Eugene McCarthy, and then definitely decided after his bete noir, Robert Kennedy, entered the race. Following the decision, his popularity shot up again, and he was all set to resume his legislative agenda, when Martin Luther King was assassinated, and black America erupted in rioting, ending any hope on his part to leave office with a positive bang. Refused to support Hubert Humphrey, his vice-president, in the latter’s subsequent losing campaign and retired to his ranch, where he grew his hair long and worked on his memoirs, in a pained and often unhappy state, dying 4 years later of a 2nd heart attack. A longtime mistress, Madeleine Duncan Brown, would later implicate him as a direct complicitor in the Kennedy assassination, claiming it was hatched by him and oil tycoon H.L. Hunt at the 1960 Democratic convention. His Presidential library and Museum is located at the Univ. of Texas in Austin, and was dedicated in 1971, while holding some 43 million pages of documents. Inner: Larger-than-life character, intensely political and dominating, while continually driving himself and everyone around him. Painfully insecure, borderline personality, devious, dishonest, moody, depressive and compulsive, as well as self-pitying, but also large-hearted, with a genuine compassion for the disadvantaged. The divisions of the country under him were direct reflection of his own unintegrated character. Far more effective legislator than executive, believed in the efficacy of a big, powerful government, but just didn’t quite know how to run it. Once stated that the two things that make politicians more stupid than anything else are sex and envy. Obsessed with his own mortality, and fearful, because of his heart, that America might have to suffer another dead president. Divided lifetime of trying to overwhelm everyone and everything by sheer dint of personality, only to be ultimately overwhelmed by his own lack of restraint. Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) - American president of the Confederacy. Outer: Father was a planter, who had commanded a troop of irregular horsemen during the Revolutionary War, a silent and undemonstrative man. Born in a log cabin, with four brothers and five sisters. His oldest brother Joseph became one of the wealthiest men in the South. Sensitive and imaginative as a child, he grew up insecure and starved for affection. Rode nearly 1000 miles at 7 to become a seminary pupil, later his interest turned to the military. 5’11”, and lean. Graduated West Point in 1828, and began his military career fighting indigenous America. In 1835, he married the passive, pliant daughter of Zachary Taylor (Gerald Ford), under whom he served, but she died shortly afterwards from malaria, which devastated him. Had repeated bouts of the same for the rest of his life, leaving his nerves frayed, also blind in one eye. Stayed in seclusion for 7 years afterwards, carving a plantation out of the wilderness. In 1845, he married Varina Howell (Ladybird Johnson), the 19 year old daughter of a wealthy plantation owner. 4 sons died young, one daughter died in her early 30sd, and only one daughter reached full maturity. Elected a representative in 1845, then resigned his seat and became a national hero for service in the Mexican War. By the 1850s, he was a wealthy man, owning more than 100 slaves, although he proved humane in keeping their families together. Pro-slavery throughout his career, believing in the inferiority of African-descended peoples. In 1853, he was appointed Secretary of War for Franklin Pierce (Eugene McCarthy). A strong advocate of the Southern cause, although he preached harmony to both sections of the country. Elected senator again and opposed the secession, but resigned his seat to become President of the Confederacy at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. His need for strong centralized rule ran counter to the States’ Rights policy of the Confederacy, and his control ethic made him a controversial leader. Depended heavily on Judah Benjamin (Roy Cohn) although barely mentioned him in his monumental two volume memoir well after war’s end, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. His singular most effective decision was giving Robert E. Lee (George C. Marshall) ultimate command, thanks to a solid relationship twixt the pair. The South surrendered at war’s end in 1865 without his approval. Confined for 2 years, then retired from public life. Saw himself as the living symbol of a lost cause, and sponged off the generosity of others as such, as his ego ballooned to compensate for his sense of profound loss. Lived with Virginia Clay, a wealthy widow while his wife was in England, although the two reconciled when she returned, despite his inconstancies. Became president of an insurance company, despite doing little in the job, and eventually died of a bronchial ailment. Buried in the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. Inner: Always looking for father figures in his generals and associates. Insecure, had difficulty in making decisions, although was extremely rigid once he made them. Austere in public, warm in private. Idealistic, industrious, obstinate, self-righteous. Tendency to misread character, idealizing or abhorring his underlings. Detail-freak, often obscuring his larger view. Fancied himself a great general. Divided lifetime, as usual, of personifying a war of division from a more emotional vantage-point, and presiding over a resultant impossible situation, a continual theme of his in one form or another, in his resistance to true personal integration. William III (Willem III) (1650-1712) - King of England. Outer: Posthumous son of the Dutch stadtholder and Prince of Orange, Willem II (Richard Nixon), born 8 days after his father succumbed to smallpox. Mother was the daughter of Charles I of England. Raised a Calvinist, by his grandmother Amalia (Catherine Deneuve), he had a severe overview of life, and saw himself as a Protestant champion. Had a chaotic childhood, which left him sullen. Slightly hunchbacked. Educated at Leiden and admitted to the Council of State at 17. Visited England 3 years later and received honorary degrees at several universities there. Proclaimed a Dutch statholder, and became involved in military campaigns in France, through his obsession with defeating Louis XIV (Charles de Gaulle), although lost several battles. In 1667, he married his cousin Mary (Lady Bird Johnson), the daughter of James II (Martin Sheen), no children. An astute politician, and a good soldier and administrator, although his European policies were not effective. Protected his father-in-law’s position on the English throne, although he became estranged by the latter’s Catholic zeal, and accepted an invitation to supersede him during the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Refused to countenance the throne via conquest, but rather through executive appointment, which Parliament decreed. Crowned in 1689 and ruled jointly with Mary II, refusing to be a consort. Forced to accede to Parliament, making the monarchy a constitutional affair, and ending the divine right of kings. Unpopular with the ruling classes, who resented the influence of his Dutch friends. Had several military campaigns with mixed results, while causing great indignation in Parliament for not having been consulted over his various treaties. Had to contend with uprisings in favor of his deposed predecessor, James II. Devastated by the death of his wife in 1694, he wore a lock of her hair under his clothes for the rest of his life. His popularity as a Protestant hero also diminished considerably afterwards. Later thrown from his horse, broke his collar-bone, and never fully recovered, dying shortly afterwards of an inflammation of the lungs. Had a private midnight funeral, as if he were an invisible man, eagerly being disposed of. Inner: Cold, reserved and calculating. Boorish and vulgar, pale, asthmatic and serious. Silent and distant. His singular release was hunting. Good planner, able strategist, but poor tactician. Saw the crown erode considerably in power during his 13 year stewardship, where he felt compelled to intervene in the affairs of state of other countries. Inadvertantly oversaw a significant shift from the monarchy to the Parliament in executive and legislative power. Repressed lifetime of a deeply wounding childhood, which affected his adult perspective, and made him an inadvertent champion of constitutional democracy through his own resistance to it, once more embodying the disintegration of a system he represented. John Eliot (1592-1632) - English Parliamentarian. Outer: Only child of a well-to-do landowning family. As a boy, he wounded a neighbor with a sword for calling his father extravagant. Studied at Exeter College, Oxford for 3 years, but left without a degree, then finished his education, studying law at one of the Inns of Court. Traveled on the continent for several months and then married Radegund Gedy in 1611, who died in 1628, 5 sons and 4 daughters from union. Began his political career in Parliament in 1614, and was knighted 4 years later. A friend of royal favorite George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham (Warren Beatty), who appointed him vice admiral of Devon, which gave him considerable power in the county’s commerce and defense. After arresting a well-known pirate, he was imprisoned for bribery in 1623, thanks to the pirate’s connections, although Buckingham helped fashion his release 6 months later. Re-entered Parliament the following year, and gained a reputation for oratory. Operated out of the view that his/story was an amalgam of conspiracies, and was unafraid of thrusting himself front and center in the conflicts of his time. Disappointed in Buckingham’s costly foreign policy, he helped manage the impeachment hearings against him in 1626. Charles I (George VI) had him briefly imprisoned and dissolved Parliament to save his favorite. Suspended from his vice admiralty, he was thrown into prison again the following year, along with 74 others for refusing to uphold a forced loan to the crown. On his release in 1628, he became an opposition leader in Parliament, drawing up resolutions condemning the king’s religious policies and his customs’ levies. When the king ordered Parliament adjourned, he had the speaker of the House of Commons held down in his chair until the resolutions were passed. Arrested along with 8 others by order of the king, and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Refused to admit his guiltt or submit to the crown. Kept up a correspondence with John Hampden (Kathleen Kennedy), and wrote several books on politics and ethics, as well as his memoirs. Contracted tuberculosis, wasted away and died of the disease while still in prison. Inner: Articulate, persuasive, fiery. Enthusiastic orator, albeit more emotional than logical. Despite his opposition to the crown, venerated the institution of royalty, seeing it as supreme in the body politic. Made up for his lack of statesmanship with his extreme energy. Held a deep-seated religiosity, and was impetuous. Principled lifetime of going up against the crown and martyring himself for his uncompromising stances, while giving expression to his acutely political nature in order to learn how to deal with a more representative form of government, from a nonroyal standpoint. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) - English nobleman. Outer: 3rd surviving son of Edward III (Louis Montbatten) and Philippa of Hainault (Jane Seymour). Younger brother of Edward the Black Prince (Robert Kennedy), whom he idolized and under whom he served, and Lionel of Antwerp (Ronald Reagan). Gained his name from the English pronunciation of his birthplace of Ghent. 5’8”, with reddish-brown hair and strong-bodied. In 1359, he married his cousin, Blanche of Lancaster (Lady Bird Johnson), who died in her early 20s. 8 children all told from the close union including Henry IV (David Cameron), with 4 dying young. Succeeded to his wife’s estates and was created a duke in 1359. Felt his young wife’s loss deeply, although was compensated by titles and much land. After the death of his father-in-law, he became the greatest landowner in the north of England, with some 30 castles and estates in both Britain and France. Although a mediocre warrior, he distinguished himself in battle in Spain and was married again to Constance, a Castilian princess in 1372, through whom he tried to claim the Spanish throne, as King of Castle and Leon, but failed in his subsequent military campaigns there. One daughter and son from the political union, with the latter dying as an infant. Served as a military commander in the Hundred Years’ War, although his later exploits in the field were unsuccessful and briefly ruled England during the wane of his father’s reign. A much hated figure, he formed a curious alliance with cleric John Wycliffe against acquisitive prelates, in order to halt their power and reach. An uncle of Richard II (Richard Nixon), he retired briefly from court when the latter ascended to the throne in 1377 as a 10 year old. Returned as his senior councilor for much of his reign, and once again incurred much enmity and wrath. His taxation policy led to a peasant’s revolt in 1381, which proved his nephew’s finest hour in standing up to it. Renegotiated a truce with France, invaded Scotland in 1384, and mediated between the king and his opponents. Also tried to get his son, Henry, recognized as heir to the English crown, and finally resigned his claims to the Spanish throne when his daughter married a prince of Castile, who went on to become its king. Married a 3rd time in 1396 to his longtime mistress, Catherine Swynford, and was father of Henry Cardinal Beaufort (Rupert Murdoch) through her, as well as two other sons and a daughter. The Tudor line also descended from him through them. Enhanced his reputation at life’s end, through his desire to ameliorate the tensions of Richard’s reign, and died of natural causes. His estates were then forfeited to the crown, only to have the latter deposed by his son, who assumed rule as Henry IV. His tomb was destroyed during the Commonwealth, in lingering bad feelings towards him. Inner: Tall, spare, reserved but hot-tempered, with his personal ambitions, for once, relatively curtailed, placing him in the position of consigliere rather than don, to allow him the perspective of viewing unbalanced power rather than being the perpetrator of it. Proud, passionate and courageous, patron of the arts. Discomfiting lifetime, once again, of extreme political unpopularity, although his position helped him effect a moderating influence on his unbalanced nephew. Hubert De Burgh, earl of Kent (c1165-1243) - English statesman. Outer: Of Norman-Irish birth, from a famiily of minor landholders. 2nd of four brothers. Served Richard I (Richard Burton), then became chamberlain for his successor, John I (Henry Fonda) in 1201. Accrued land and power while serving as sheriff, and may have been the jailer of a potential rival, Arthur I (Patrick B. Kennedy), whom the king had killed. Summoned to France, he was made a constable in Normandy, only to be captured on French soil and held prisoner for two years. Lost lands and power in England during this period, although the king payed his ransom in 1207, and he immediately began reclaiming territory. In 1209, he married Beatrice de Warenne, a widow and barony heir. One son from the union, before his wife died prematurely in 1214. Served as a seneschal in France during this period, after having thoroughly re-established himself as a baron of strong standing. Appointed justiciar and did battle with the rebellious barons for John, then was made a conservator of the Magna Carta, becoming more of an administrative figure, after earlier being largely a military one. Following the death of the king, in 1216, he married the former’s divorced first wife, Isabella of Gloucester, who died soon after the ceremony. Appointed justiciar for life under John’s successor Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy), for whom he was tutor and adviser. Married a third time to Margaret, the sister of the Scottish king, Alexander II (Vo Nguyen Giap), one daughter from the union, who predeceased him. Became a dominant figure in the young king’s government until he came of age, and then was violently attacked by Henry because of a lack of money in the treasury in 1229. Wound up deprived of power by a combination of church, the nobles and Londoners. Appointed justiciar of Ireland, then once again was deprived of his office. Briefly imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1232, and then Devizes Castle in 1233 for treason for the failures of others, falling victim to a rival, Peter de Roches (Hubert Humphrey) for the king’s ear. Escaped and had his outlawry reversed and his earldom restored in 1234. Acquitted after a renewal of the old charges in 1239, reconciled with the king, and served him faithfully the rest of his career. Inner: Manipulative and power hungry, with good military skills and an instinct for both intrigue and resurrecting himself. Yo-yo lifetime of falling in and out of power with remnants of his longtime powertripping crew, before finally finding some sense of balance beneath his tottering and towering ambitions.

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PATHWAY OF RULER AS POLITICAL HELPMATE:
Storyline: The astute support does her own noticeable dance around her longtime partner in power, slowly accruing the experience and abilities to make her a well-respected figure in her own right.

Lady Bird Johnson (Claudia Alta Taylor) (1912-2007) - American First Lady and businesswoman. Outer: Known as ‘Lady Bird,’ from infancy on. Daughter of a large landowner, who was the principal merchant of the east Texas town in which she was born, boasting in a sign over his store, “Dealer in Everything,” while bequeathing his business sense to his only daughter. Mother was well-read and believed in women’s suffrage. Youngest of 3, with two older brothers. Grew up in a predominantly black town, and had mostly African-American playmates, while living in a mansion built on slave labor. Raised by an aunt and family servants, after her mother died when she was 5. Shy and lonely, she drew a lot of strength from the natural world around her. Graduated from high school at 15, and at 20, was in the top 10 of her class at the Univ. of Texas, from which she received a journalism degree a year later. 5’6” with dark brown hair. LBJ proposed to her after their first date, then high-pressured her until she accepted him months later in 1934, despite her having dualistic feelings about him. Had never cooked or swept a floor before the marriage, but quickly became a top-flight hostess. Also suffered 4 miscarriages during her first decade of marriage, before she had 2 daughters. Proved to be extremely helpful to her husband’s career, despite his compulsive infidelities, which she continually overlooked. Also allowed her spouse to thoroughly dominate her early in their marriage, receiving his blatantly barked orders uncomplainingly, wearing what he told her to, and being ready at a moment’s notice to entertain for him. Lent him $10,000 from her mother’s estate in his first congressional race in 1937, then oversaw his office when he went into the Navy at the start of WW II, overcoming her own shyness to serve his constituents as he would have. Using $41,000 of her inheritance, she bought a small Austin radio station in 1943, and turned it into a profit-maker within two years, thanks to her tight-fisted management style. Added a TV station in 1952, and soon had her own little multimillion dollar broadcast empire, becoming wealthy on her own by the time she entered the White House in 1963, so that she and her husband were, at the time, the 2nd richest occupants of the Executive Mansion, trailing only their predecessors, the Kennedys. His 1955 heart attack brought them closer together, and he gradually began treating her more respectfully in public. Code-named Victoria by the Secret Service, when her husband ascended to the presidency in 1963. An active First Lady, although a traditionalist who deferred to her husband, while concentrating on beautifying America as well as other causes. An excellent hostess, as well, she worked well in tandem with her spouse, complementing his drive and ambition with her own levelheadedness, so that she was deeply involved in both his decision to run for a full term in 1964, and not to run for a second one in 1968. Much admired, while her mate was not. Never particularly cared for the LBJ Ranch, which her husband had bought from an aunt in 1952, although after she put her own energy into it, she became as attached as he was to it. Continued her public activism after her husband’s career was over, and remained a respected figure, as a product of her era where wives, no matter how talented on their own, were subordinate to their husband’s ambitions. Published her diary in 1970, and accepted a seat on the Univ. of Texas board of regents. After his death in 1973, the ranch was turned over to the National Park Service, although she was permitted residence for life on it. Traveled widely, accepted a host of rewards, and in 1982, along with actress Helen Hayes, created the National Wildflower Center in Texas, which was renamed after her. Suffered a stroke in 2002, which left her unable to speak, and after several years of ill health, died at home of natural causes, surrounded by family and friends. Inner: Modest, warm, intelligent and highly competent, with excellent business, social and political instincts. Rationalized her husband’s unfaithfulness with the dictum that he loved people. Dutiful lifetime of support as well as accomplishment in her own right, albeit from the traditional standpoint of playing a secondary domestic role within a powerful household. Varina Davis (1826-1906) - American political helpmate. Outer: Daughter of a wealthy plantation owning family. Had a strained relationship with her father, and did not conform to his expectations. In 1845, at the age of 19, when he was 36, she became the 2nd wife of Jefferson Davis (Lyndon Johnson). All four of her sons died young, one daughter lived into her 30s, and only one other daughter survived into mature adlulthood. Her husband did not see marriage as a partnership, but rather a duty-bound relationship on the part of his wife, who was expected to kowtow to his wishes, which she resented. Served as a prominent Washington hostess during her spouse’s legislative career, while enduring the tensions inherent in living with a powerful dominating figure. Chafed at stereotypical Southern womanhod, and would use her powers of mimickry to mock her position, to the shock of her more strait-laced peers. Supported slavery, but was not in favor of secession, and never thought the South would prevail in the Civil War. Hated leaving Washington, where she had many friends, and despised Richmond, resigning herself to dwelling there during the War, as if it were a prison sentence. Deeply wounded and melancholic by the post-war treatment of her spouse, after the Confederacy lost the Civil War, although she was surprised to find herself an icon afterwards. Became estranged from Davis while he lived with a wealthy widow, although the 2 eventually reconciled, after she returned from living in England. Devastated by his death, she moved to NYC, which she loved, doing journalistic pieces for various journals. Remained dismissive of African-Americans to the end, although genuinely wanted a reconciliation of White America. Died of pneumonia. Inner: Intelligent, dynamic, and blunt with an acid wit. Warmhearted, generous, although had a lifelong antipathy towards being dominated by powerful men, as well as ongoing difficulties with father figures. Reluctantly co-dependent lifetime of support and making emotional adjustments to her husband’s difficult persona, as well as his failings and his ultimate rejection and then acceptance of her, while also being forced to be a symbolic emblem of a cause she didn’t believe in at all. Mary II (1662-1694) - Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland. Outer: Daughter of James II (Martin Sheen) and his first wife, Anne Hyde (Anne Heche), and older sister of the future Queen Anne (Princess Anne). Educated by Church of England figures in order to dispel any taint of Catholicism on her, from her parents. Skilled in drawing, dancing and languages as a teen. In 1667, she married her cousin, William of Orange (Lyndon Johnson), a Dutch statholder, and served as an important support for him, although wept for 2 days straight before the wedding, and during the ceremony as well. No children from the union. Showed herself to be a fervent anti-Catholic, thanks to her Protestant upbringing. Her husband’s infidelities bothered her greatly, as did her estrangement from her father, whom William replaced. Joined him on the English throne, where the 2 ruled in tandem, as William and Mary, after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Governed in his absence but always with his advice, and helped gain support for him from most of the various British political factions.. Helped establish the College of William and Mary in Virginia in 1693, per her interest in education. Far more popular than her spouse, and greatly mourned at her death from smallpox. Buried in Westminster Abbey. William’s effectiveness diminished considerably at her passing, and he kept a lock of her hair on him for the rest of his life. Inner: Moral and highly competent. Guilt-ridden over her own barrenness, as well as her estranged relationship with her father. Unhappy lifetime of doing her duty and adjusting to affairs beyond her control, as a political pawn in an age where male will went uncontested in the battle of the sexes. Blanche (1347-1369) - English political wife. Outer: Daughter of one of the richest men in England, the Duke of Lancaster, with vast estates. In 1359, at the age of 12, she married her cousin, John of Gaunt (Lyndon Johnson). 8 children from the union, including Henry IV (David Cameron), with 4 dying young. Died of the plague when her son was 3, and was deeply mourned by her husband. Inner: Stately, kind and gentle. Wrenching lifetime of opening her longtime mate’s heart to her through early loss in their ongoing dance down through time.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS GREAT COMPROMISER:
Storyline: The voluble middle-roader always takes the road directly between divergent courses, but often winds up compromised because of it, thwarting his greater ambitions, and keeping him a secondary player among the high stakes cohorts with whom he usually enwraps himself .

Hubert Humphrey (Hubert Horatio Humphrey) (1911-1978) - American politician. Outer: Of British descent on his paternal side and Norwegian on his maternal. Father, after whom he was named, was a small-town pharmacist and local politician who imbued his only son with liberal ideals concerning social reform and small-scale capitalism. Mother was a Norwegian immigrant. Adored his sire, worked in the family drugstore, and married Muriel Buck, a high-school classmate in 1936, one daughter and three sons from the union, with the oldest ‘Ski’ becoming a politician. 5’11”, 175 lbs. Saved up, along with his wife, in order to go to the Univ. of Minn., but had to leave to help with the store, getting a degree in pharmacy and becoming a registered pharmacist. Finally, in 1937, he graduated from the Univ. of Minn, Phi Beta Kappa, with a major in political science, and with the intention of becoming a teacher, although a doctoral committee member urged him to enter politics, instead. Rejected by the draft in WW II for health and family hardship reasons, he held several state training posts, taught at Macalester College, and became the youthful mayor of Minneapolis in 1945, after earlier being defeated, while helping to merge the Minn. Democratic and Farmer-Labor Parties. Helped found the liberal pressure group Americans for Democratic Action in 1947, and the following year, he became a national symbol of liberalism with his civil rights plank in the Democratic convention. Elected the same year to the U.S. Senate, where he became a gabby and effective voice of the dispossessed, allowing him to be elected twice more to that body. Had hoped to be Harry Truman’s running-mate, and introduced an anti-communist bill, for which he was later ashamed. Good debater, and parliamentary expert. Unabashed liberal, with a strong civil rights record. Thwarted in his own presidential bid in 1960, through an inability to put together the financing and organization he needed, he became the vice-president of Lyndon Johnson in 1964, where he practiced the motormouth politics of accommodation, while refanning his desire for the presidency. Forced into a compromising position over the Vietnam War, he became servile to Johnson’s wishes and needs, proving a huge disappointment to his longtime liberal friends, and was defeated in his one subsequent presidential run in 1968 because of it, much to his subsequent regret around not being able to stand his own ground. Johnson mistrusted him so much, he had his phones tapped during the campaign, feeling Richard Nixon would better serve his Vietnam policy. Returned to the Senate and wasted away from cancer. Died 2 days before the Super Bowl in Minneapolis, and was rewarded for his long talkative career with a national televised minute of silence. Inner: Friendly, highly garrulous, compulsive talker. Motormouth lifetime of teaching on one level or another, while ultimately finding himself compromised through his greater ambitions, rather than his usual state of effecting a compromising view of others. Henry Clay (1777-1852) - American statesman. Known as “the Great Compromiser.” Outer: Son of a Baptist minister who died when he was young. 6'1" and homely, but endearingly so. Enjoyed drinking and gambling, in a rebellion against his initial upbringing. Studied law and was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1797. Married Lucretia Hart, the daughter of a wealthy businessman in 1799, 11 children, all 6 daughters and a son predeceased him, and one son became insane after an accident. His wife bought him into privileged society, while proving to be an excellent manager of their subsequent plantation, during her spouse’s frequent absences, due to his compulsive running after office the length of his life. Owned 50 slaves, although he took a pro-emancipation stance. After success as a lawyer, orator and teacher, he began his political career as a Jeffersonian Republican in 1797, in the Kentucky state legislature. Incrementally acquired Ashland, his 600 acre estate, beginning in 1805, which would prove a lifelong balm for him. Introduced Hereford cattle into the state through it, and also bred racehorses. Elected senator before he was 30, before becoming a U.S. Representative in 1811, quickly rising to Speaker of the House, and ultimately serving over a decade all told in that role, only to resign in order to recoup a debt through lawyering. A failed presidential candidate in 1824, he threw his support to John Quincy Adams (Rob Lowe), who made him his secretary of state, to the charges of collusion by their enemies. After finishing his term, he became a hemp farmer on his estate, a practice he would continue even after returning to Washington. Returned to the Senate in 1831 and spent most of the rest of his life intimately entwined with that institution. A dominant figure in pre-Civil War politics, although early charges of collusion impeded his later presidential aims. His abilities at compromise made him a highly effective legislator, but his greater ambitions were continually frustrated by the selection of others to offices he coveted in 5 separate tries. Eventually, the voting public probably just grew too used to him. Had many political enemies, and fought one inconclusive duel. Equally loved by his allies, but often tried to please too many people at once, although was effective at fashioning compromises. At 70, he was baptised in the Episcopal Church, after the death in battle of his most idealistic son. Died of tuberculosis while in office. Did not directly free his slaves in his will, although maintained that their families should stay intact, and stipulated their children should be liberated in their mid and late 20s. Inner: Highly verbal, personally magnetic, gregarious and deeply emotional. Notable public speaker, with his best-remembered line, “I’d rather be right than president,” although his true sentiments were probably quite the opposite, judging by the amount of times he chased after that office. Compromised compromiser lifetime of public service and great power, as well as suffering the disappointment of continual electoral rejection of his ultimate goal of the White House, as well as ongoing the serial losses of so many of his children. William Cecil, 1st Baron of Burghley (1520-1598) - English statesman. Outer: From the landed gentry, only son of a wealthy squire and royal groom of the wardrobe, while his mother died when he was 6. Served as a page at court, and was educated at his father’s alma mater, St. John’s College, Cambridge, ultimately receiving his MA there 23 years later. Studied Greek, then married Mary Cheke, the sister of a well-known Greek scholar, although she soon died in 1543. Father of Robert Cecil (Cecil Rhodes). Entered Parliament in 1541 and frequented influential circles, while holding a number of posts. Briefly imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1549 after the fall of his patron Edward Somerset (Duke of Wellington), but was released, and became Secretary of State under the Duke of Northumberland’s (Henry Fonda) ascendancy. Avoided his machinations, as well as his fall, and withdrew from the Catholic court, when Mary I (Rose Kennedy) ascended the throne in 1553, although continued to serve the crown and maintain his parliamentary seat. Later served as Elizabeth I’s (Mae West) secretary and lord treasurer for 40 years, showing great loyalty to the crown and adeptness at outmaneuvering his enemies. Responsible for the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots (Marguerite Duras). Created baron of Burghley in 1571, and helped organize a secret police force to detect plots against the queen. Served as a liaison between the crown and Parliament, showing himself as a master of the intricacies of Elizabethan statecraft, usually acting in the national interest. Loyalty and discretion marked his usefulness to the crown, despite court enemies and controversy over his pro-Protestant policies. Inner: Scrupulous, practical, diligent. Affable, courteous, kind. Well-plotted lifetime of finally finding the right balance to continually retain high power in difficult circumstances. George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax (1633-1695) - English politician. Outer: Eldest son of a Royalist governor, mother was the daughter of a baron. In 1656, he married Dorothy Spencer, the daughter of the Earl of Sunderland, 4 children. Entered Parliament in 1660, became commissioner of trade in 1669, and served on the privy council of Charles II (Peter O’Toole) in 1672. Remarried the same year, one daughter from union. Also had a schoolmistress mistress, one son from union, a poet, who became great-grandfather to the English actor Edmund Kean (Peter O’Toole). Had an on-again, off-again career, signaled by changing monarchs under whom he served. Known as ‘The Trimmer,’ because of his facility for balancing views of opposing factions. Lord privy seal to James II (Martin Sheen), demoted, then dismissed again. Wrote his most famous pamphlet during this inactive period, “The Character of the Trimmer,” which extolled taking the middle course in politics. Officially offered the crown to William III (Lyndon Johnson) following the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Tried to effect compromise twixt William and his predecessor James II but couldn’t, and ultimately took William’s side. Presided over the council of lords, which provided for the safety of London during the transition, and was a leading figure in the mechanics of passing the crown to William. Lord privy seal from 1689 to 1690, then served as chief minister to William until his political opponents forced his resignation. Died serenely after a long illness. Inner: Astute critic, more an observer than an activist. Cornerstone lifetime of developing the political philosophy that would carry him through his succeeding incarnations in power, while maintaining close, albeit volatile, ties with his longtime political family. Peter des Roches (?-1238) - English bishop. Outer: Served under Richard I (Richard Burton) as a knight and a clerk, before becoming one of his chamberlains. When John I (Henry Fonda) succeeded the former, he continued in his employ as a clerk, and was consecrated as bishop of Winchester in 1205, proving himself loyal to the king in his conflicts with the pope and his barons. Forced to flee with the young Henry III (Jacqueline Kennedy), during a French invasion in 1216, he became his guardian. An enemy of justiciar Hubert de Burgh (Lyndon Johnson), and when the king renounced his guardianship, he went on crusade with the German emperor, serving as mediator between him and the pope. On his return, he obtained Hubert’s dismissal, but his favoritism in appointments eventually undermined his influence, and he had to look elsewhere to remain in power. Served the pope in the last part of his career, putting both his wealth and military experience at his disposal. Founded numerous churches, and eventually his health broke. His heart and body were buried separately. Inner: Able, loyal and amiable, ultimately finding the Roman church as his most consistent employer. Excellent manager, always open to magnificence in personal display, while serving as a hard taskmaster for those under him. Shifting lifetime of finding his true power in conciliating and mediating, which he would pursue in his ongoing career as England and America’s great compromiser.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS LIVING DUALITY:
Storyline: The entwined twins divide and parallel one another, as well as occasionally unite, in a Siamese synergy that allows them to multiply their experiences, and divide their eccentricities, wounds and flaws so as to deal with them more effectively.

Jerry Brown (Edmund G. Brown, Jr.) (1938) - American politician. Outer: Of Irish, German, Scottish and British descent. Son of Democratic governor Pat Brown of California. Younger sister, Kathleen, also pursued a political career. Riveting eyes, prominent eyebrows. Became a Jesuit seminarian, before abandoning the idea of the priesthood for politics. Started as a member of the Los Angeles Community College Board, then was elected California secretary of state in 1970, and 4 years later, was elected to the first of 2 terms as governor of California as a post-Vietnam era progressive pol, who preached the economy of limits and the politics of reform. Eschewed the usual perks of office for a dented sedan and a mattress on the floor. Better idea man than manager or administrator, eventually turning off his electorate with his eccentricities. Unmarried, although had a relationship with singer Linda Ronstadt during his term of office. Failed to gain the Democratic nomination in a presidential bid in 1976. Portrayed as flakey Governor Moonbeam, he lost the 1980 bid for the presidency as well, then a race for the California Senate seat in 1982, thanks to the accumulated negative assessment of his time in office. Disappeared to Mexico, grew a beard, studied Buddhism in Japan to become a Buddhist, did some writing and visited Mother Theresa in India. In 1990, he reappeared as the California state Democratic chairman, but once again had his management style criticized, before losing a 3rd bid for the presidential nomination in 1992, while limiting his pledges to $100. Began a radio career, experimenting with how to best harness public power behind him. His sister later lost a bid for the governorship of California in 1994. Although a self-proclaimed visionary obsessed with greenhouse gases and the global economy, he began thinking smaller again, and moved to Oakland the following year, building a 3-story tin-plated loft on the deteriorating waterfront. Founded ‘We The People,’ and made his home a cultural center for a potpourri of lectures, as well as the studio for his radio show. Ultimately became mayor in 1998, and ironically became champion of developers, commercial interests and a broader tax base for the city, reversing his previous stands as governor, and running counter to his earlier reforms, through his profiting from his own conflict-of-interest real estate holdings. Oakland, in turn, enjoyed an economic resurgence, although at its high, rather than low end, as his previous concerns melted in favor of more conservative measures, abandoning his longtime left lane driving for a more middle-of-the road approach, to the point where he was accused by some of turning Oakland into a police state. Married Anne Gust, a GAP executive, after a 14 year relationship in 2005. Despite a huge crime surge at the end of his term, ran for attorney general of California the following year, and won handily. Went on to use the office as a bully pulpit against global warming, via threats, lawsuits and negotiated deals to reduce carbon emissions. Stepped into the breach after the passage of Prop. 8 outlawing gay marriage, by declaring it unconstitutional, foollowing an earlier avowal to defend it against any and all legal challenges. In 2010, he regained the governorship, running against a former E-bay executive who spent $140 million of her money, to inherit a state in a state of near financial collapse, while becoming California’s oldest governor, after earlier being one of its youngest. His wife served as de facto campaign manager for him, and would continue as his top aide, albeit on an unpaid basis, allowing him to bypass having a chief of staff, since she performed a similar role when he was attorney general. Vetoed the first budget proposal sent to him by his Democratic Congress, asking for far more cuts to add to the billions already cut from health and education programs, while winning the plaudits of Wall Street and the financial elite in his austere dealing with the financial crisis he inherited. A second budget passed with even deeper cuts, particularly to higher education and law enforcement, as he temporarily raised the sales tax and taxes on high income earners in order to counter recession. Continually dealing with drought conditions, and revenue problems, Easily won an unprecedented 4th term in 2014, with all Democratic state office holders also winning to buck the national trend. Continually fighting against excess carbon emissions, while desiring to create a high-speed rail line between LA and SF. Sworn in for an unprecedented fourth term in 2015, with a sky-high approval rating, winning only the enmity of environmentalists in his desire that California ultimately provide for its own energy needs, even to the point of allowing hydraulic fracturing, despite his much earlier pro-environmental stances. Subsequently forced to mandate a 25% cut/back in everyone’s water usage in order to deal with the state’s record drought. Signed several controversial laws in 2015, including mandatory vaccinations for school children, giving illegal aliens the potential to vote, and forcing pro-life pregnancy centers to promote abortion, while vetoing legislation that would help dying patients live longer, and more comfortably. Also stated that if he were a decade younger, he would be running for president again. Proposed a controversial $15 billion massive water tunnel plan to pump water from the north to the south of the state, as part of his desire to fight California’s ongoing drought. In 2017, he signed a climate deal between China and California in response to Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Accord, while continuing his push to expand ties with the Middle Kingdom. Has a net worth of $4 million.Inner: Thoughtful, extremely serious demeanor, and largely humorless. Far more into his head than heart, and willing to whittle himself down in order to address the real problems of living in the Age of Industry and Information. Self-searching lifetime of continually reinventing himself, in order to be more integrated with the people he wishes to serve, and more of a seer of his own problems, while allowing his parallel spirit to investigate their collective emotions. Joseph Biden, Jr. (Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr.) (1943) - American politician. Outer: Of Irish descent on his maternal side and British, German and Irish on his paternal side. Father managed a Chevy dealership. One of 3 children, with his younger sister Valerie running all of his campaigns from 1970 onwards. Stuttered as a youngster, but overcame it through oratory. Grew up in a lower middle-class neighborhood and went to Catholic schools, then played football at the Univ. of Delaware, where he was a casual student, despite having a longtime ambition to be a U.S. senator. 6’, with blue eyes. Although bored with school, he got his law degree from Syracuse Univ., and married Neilia Hunter in 1966. Practiced criminal law in Wilmington, starting as a public defender, then became a partner in his own firm. In 1970, he started his career in politics as a Democrat on the New Castle County Council. His wife and daughter were killed in an auto crash in 1972, while 2 sons survived the accident. Almost gave up politics, but was convinced to continue, and his family helped him in his first campaign for the U.S. Senate in 1973. Squeaked through as the 2nd youngest senator ever, didn’t reach the required age until several weeks after the election. Kept his sons home in Wilmington, while his Senate career began shakily under the shadow of the tragedy and his questioning whether he should continue. Always placed a high priority on fatherhood and domesticity, commuting back home every day. Moderate liberal, who reached his full power in the Senate when he became a ranking member of the Judiciary Committee. In 1977, he married Jill Tracy, a student teacher and the divorced daughter of a Phila. banker, one daughter from union. Made a presidential bid in 1988, but dropped out after accusations of plagiarism, when he lifted a section of a speech from British Labor leader, Neil Kinnock, while also taking on some of Kinnock’s persona and story. Almost died of a brain tumor in the early 1990s, while his twin spirit, Jerry Brown was visiting Mother Theresa and her hospice in Calcutta. Grandstanded in the Balkans during the 1990s, bringing administrative attention to the troubled area, while affecting policy there as a member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, which he would chair after the turn of the century. Supported U.S. and Israeli militarism, as well as an invasion of Iraq during the Clinton administration, citing “weapons of mass destruction,” as a reason to overthrow its dictator Saddam Hussein. During the leadup to the Bush administration’s aggressive actions in Iraq, he pounded the war drums, then when the U.S. effort went south, he offered numerous suggestions which were ignored. Managed to keep his name in the headlines through his many public utterances, and soon after the Republican debacle at the 2006 midterms, stepped forward as a candidate for the 2008 presidency, while resuming his chairmanship of the Foreign Relations Committee, and offering a tripartite division of Iraq along ethnic lines as an ultimate solution to that conflicted conflict. On announcing his desire for the presidency in 2007, he immediately put his foot in his mouth, with a backhanded description of Barack Obama, in reflection of his ongoing need to say far more than needs to be said. Wound up mired in the lowest tier of candidates, despite having the most foreign policy experience. Ultimately forced to drop out after the Iowa caucus, much to his annoyance, but was later rewarded by being made Obama’s vice-presidential choice. Somewhat cowed by his rival Sarah Palin during the subsequent v-p debates, he swallowed much of his passion, in a monotoned recital, before briefly showing flashes of his real self. Nevertheless, his ticket would prevail in the subsequent election, ushering him into the office, as the first Catholic v-p, while he also retained his Senate seat. Afterwards, he had his longtime aide Edward Kaufman keep the seat warm for his son Beau, off on National Guard duty in Iraq, in 2010. Code-named Celtic by the Secret Service. Managed to keep his verbal gaffes to a minimum during his initial run of office, while being given responsibility for foreign policy, in deference to his expertise in that arena. A questioner and occasional dissenter, he travels widely as a global troubleshooter, with a particular focus on Iraq, despite being consistently wrong in earlier assessments of the region. Also serves as an important liaison to the Senate, playing the role of the administration’s hedgehog, who knows a lot of little things, to Obama’s fox, the big picture guy. Suffered strong insult on a visit to Israel in early 2010, when they announced an expansion of settlements to undermine the peace process he was trying to champion between them and the Palestines, and wound up venting his pique at the affront, as the U.S. and Israel continue to move further apart from one another due to the Obama administration’s interest in engaging Iran in debate, and Israel’s into blasting its blasting its nuclear capabilities into smithereens. In his usual foot-in-mouth manner, he unexpectedly gave a thumb’s up to gay marriage in a TV interview in the spring of 2012, despite his administration’s deliberate refusal to do the same, for fear of voter backlash, leaving Obama with little choice but to follow his lead, for which he apologized afterwards. His ongoing tone deaf antics eventually led to the call by some to dump him from the ticket to be replaced by Hillary Clinton, although his resiliency easily allowed him to remain his party’s egregious gaffer-in-chief. Fared welll in his vice-presidential debate with Paul Ryan, proving the dominant character, replete with smirks and facial tics galore indicating his lack of respect for the substance of his opponent’s stances, although partisanship would declare the affair a draw, with each side claiming victory for their man. Subsequently approved an effective behind the scenes player in the administration’s various dealings with the House and Senate over budgetary and spending cuts, postponing confrontations until later, while serving as point man in the heated national gun control debate. Also more than willing to be the administration’s bulldog around global threats as a counterpoint to the president’s caution and dualistic, detached sentiments about martial engagement. Forced to apologize for telling the truth about America’s allies, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States, who are either seemingly doing battle with ISIS, reluctant to fight them or directly supplying them with money and weapons, after outraged plaints were made over a speech he made. Later suffered the embarrassment of having his son Hunter cashiered from the Naval Reserve for testing positive for cocaine, then lost his other son Beau to brain cancer in mid-2015 .A well-liked figure despite his short-comings, he subsequently wound up struggling emotionally whether to run for president because of the potential drain on his family, in lieu of the far easier role of elder statesman of his party, before ultimately opting not to, then claiming he regretted the decision every day afterwards. Helped spearhead the National Cancer Mooonshot Initiative in 2016 to to make more therapies available to more patients while improving detection and preventative techniques at the dis-eases early stages. In a parting shot while still in office, told President-elect Donald Trump to grow up and be an adult. Given the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Obama, in a surprise gesture which brought him to tears, as the former called him the best vp America has ever had. Formed a PAC afterwards to explore the possibility of a 2020 presidential run. Has a net worth of around $1/2 million. Inner: Dual character, extremely ambitious, yet inherently self-destructive, with the capacity to attract tragedy to himself. Extremely domestic, as well as long-winded, with a great love of his own voice. Total political animal, viewing everything in terms of the body politic. Moderate pragmatist, vain, ardent, happy with himself, remarkably obtuse and unself-conscious. Parallel lifetime of investigating strong emotional scenarios for his ongoing evolution as a public duality, through themes of loss, debility, shame and that old religious standby, resurrection. Stephen Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) - American President. Outer: Of English descent on his paternal side and Anglo-Irish and German Quaker descent on his maternal side. Father was a poor Presbyterian parson, who was nevertheless pious and hardworking. Mother was the daughter of a Baltimore bookseller and had grown up accustomed to luxury, but after being chastised for ostentation, became even more devout than her husband, and made her son uptight. Middle of 9 children, with his younger sister Rose (Rita Mae Brown) an educator and homophile. Named after a fellow pastor of his father’s Stephen Grover, although dropped the Stephen well before he reached adulthood. Learned to pay scrupulous attention to detail as a child, as well as live by probity, efficiency, and self-reliance. Despite his inner virtues, he had a sensual appetite for beer and good food, and enjoyed the convivial company of saloon-goers during his early life. Following his sire’s death in 1853, he had to drop out of school to help support the family. Worked for a year as an assistant teacher at an institute for the blind, before trying to head out west, although he only made it to Buffalo, where he read law. Admitted to the N.Y. bar in 1859, he became active in Democratic politics, after serving as a law clerk. 5’11”, 260 lbs, bull-necked, and bull-headed, with a high-pitched voice. In 1863, he became asst. district attorney of Erie County, before becoming a sheriff, personally hanging 2 murderers, while hiring a substitute to serve for him in the Civil War. Elected reform mayor of Buffalo, N.Y. in 1881, then won as governor of that state from 1882 to 1884, during a time when reform-mindedness and honesty were looked on as political virtues. Gained a reputation for his stubborn probity. Ran for the presidency in 1884, winning largely through taking his own home state by a little over 1000 votes, while hardly campaigning. As a bachelor until he reached the White House, he admitted to fathering an illegitimate son with his longtime consort, an alcoholic widow, and it became a campaign theme of his opponent, along with the plaintive line, ‘Ma, ma, where’s my pa?’ Arranged to have the child taken from his mother by force and adopted by another family. When the former objected, he had her committed to an insane asylum. Married Frances Folsom (Jane Pauley), the daughter of his former law partner in 1886, 5 children from union. The first Democratic president since the Civil War, although he showed himself to be insensitive to veteran’s issues. Insisted on honesty and efficiency, personally reviewing all candidates for patronage positions, and also set a presidential record for the time with 414 vetoes. Although viewed in extremely positive terms by the population-at-large, he lost his bid for a 2nd term, when he won the popular vote against Benjamin Harrison (Walter Mondale), but failed to carry the electoral college. After sitting out Harrison’s term while he worked a prestigious NYC law firm, he handily defeated him in 1892, to become the only president to win nonconsecutive terms, as well as an indication of the two parallel characters he carried within him, with the Jerry Brown manifestation presiding over his first run-through, and the more vulnerable Joseph Biden segment stewarding the 2nd. Called out federal troops to break a railway strike, which gave him the reputation of being a union-buster, and though an anti-imperialist, had to deal with issues outside the U.S. his second go-through, including a strongly emotional tariff issue. Developed cancer of the upper jaw, and had it removed and replaced with rubber in secret during his 2nd term, which was also beset by the worst economic depression of the century, the panic of 1893. Unpopular at the end of his presidential run, he was repudiated at the Democratic convention of 1896, and lost control of the party to the silverites, thanks to his adamant support of the gold standard. Uncharismatic and not particularly articulate, he rarely gave interviews, which put him at a personal public remove. Despite his changing little in his 2 terms, the country had altered enormously, demanding far more justice for its common people, which he was unable to provide, making him a hero after the first one and a villain following the second. Retired to his Princeton estate, although he remained active, doing some lecturing, and writing articles, as well as serving as a Princeton trustee. Died of a heart attack, with his last words, “I have tried so hard to do right.” Buried in the Princeton cemetery. Inner: Dual personality, outwardly pious, inwardly indulgent. Largely self-made and self-reliant. Had difficulty in delegating work, thanks to being a stickler for detail. A Jacksonian at heart, who believed in limited government. Socially conservative, more interested in fiscal honesty than real social justice. Good-humored and tender family man. Siamese twin lifetime of bringing together his two parallel selves for a double shot at the presidency, and then dividing them in twain for his 2 separate stints, giving his cerebral and emotional sides equal opportunity to act out in a country divided by depression, and a burgeoning desire to be a player on the world stage. Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814) - American vice-president and statesman. Outer: Father was a British immigrant, who arrived in 1730 and became a highly successful mercantilist, trading fish to Spain and Portugal. Mother was the daughter of a merchant. 3rd of 12 children. Of middle height, with a large broad head, a high forehead and a long aristocratic nose. Nervous and birdlike, he stammered and eventually developed a facial tic, from all his fidgety movement. After graduating from Harvard in 1762, he entered his father’s mercantile business for a decade along with his brothers, during which time he returned to his alma mater for his master’s degree, before being elected to the Mass. General Court in 1772. Showed himself to be a firebrand, and became a protege of Samuel Adams (Marcus Garvey), in the pre-American Revolution period. Despite being hostile to Britain, he was initially equally anti-democracy, particularly after a mob rioted against an inoculation program he had inaugurated. Resigned in disgust, but returned to public life after Britain closed the port of Boston, throwing many out of work. In 1774, he was elected to the first Provisional Congress, serving on its executive committee of safety, and putting his merchant experience to good use in gathering military supplies. Re-elected in 1775, he was very active politically all during the Revolutionary and post-Revolutionary period, serving in both Continental Congresses, and signing both the Declaration of Independence and Articles of Confederation, as one of the most vigorous proponents of American autonomy. At the age of 41, he married Ann Thompson, a 20 year old New York belle, Ann Thompson, the daughter of a NY merchant, 3 sons and 4 daughters survived him. Elected to the Mass. House of Reps in 1786, and the following year he was an active delegate to the Constitutional Convention, although he refused to sign the completed Constitution, since it did not meet his republican standards. His objections, however, were met by the Bill of Rights. Amassed a comfortable fortune, and reversed his viewpoint several times about the powers of a highly centralized government during his long career. Elected to the first Congress in 1789, but left it 4 years later when he felt the Federalists were undermining the integrity of the new Republic. Sent to France in 1797 to negotiate a settlement of Franco/American problems, with 2 cohorts, and was the only one of the 3 who remained when France demanded a bribe, in hopes of still completing a treaty, but was recalled when the bribe was made public record. Failed 4 times before finally being elected the first Republican governor of Mass. in 1810. Gerrymandering, or rearranging districts in favor of the party in power, came from his name. Elected vice-president in 1812 under James Madison (Woodrow Wilson), and died in office of a hemorrhage of the lungs, after vigorously opposing Federalist foreign policy. Inner: Spare, dapper, with good manners. Industrious, conscientious, and scrupulously honest, but also suspicious and humorless. Bellicose and more argumentative as he grew older, with the ability to shift position through principle rather than personal gain. Saw America as a republican version of Sparta, and himself as an upholder of true democratic principles, becoming more of a Jeffersonian as America emerged as an independent nation. Gerrybuilt lifetime of being there at the founding of the American republic and personalizing the various argumentative dualities that gave initial shape to constitutional United States. Edmund Randolph (1753-1813) - American statesman. Outer: Father was a Loyalist lawyer. Nephew of Peyton Randolph (Robert Byrd). Educated at the College of William & Mary, then studied under his father, who left for England when the Revolution began. Tall, hefty and handsome. Continued his legal education under his uncle, then briefly served as aide-de-camp to George Washington (George C. Marshall) during the Revolutionary War. Married Elizabeth Nicholas, the daughter of a politician, 6 children from the union. Served as the youngest member of the Virginia Constitutional Convention in 1776, then held various political posts, including governor of Virginia. Favored large states rights during the Constitutional Convention in 1787. Strongly republican in his sentiments, he feared that the presidency was too monarchical, and withheld his ratification of the Constitution, although later advocated it as the only way the United States could come into being. First Attorney General of the Washington administration, he tried to maintain an impartial stance between the dual views of Alexander Hamilton (John F. Kennedy) and Thomas Jefferson, succeeding the latter as the 2nd Secretary of State in 1794. Inconstant in his various stands, which lowered his reputation. Also too independent in his views for many of his co-cabinet members. Forced to resign when falsely impugned by the French minister, who implicated him in bribery and treason charges, despite later retracting them. Retired to a lucrative law practice and spent many years clearing his name. Served as chief counsel for Aaron Burr (Jacqueline Kennedy) during his treason trial. Inner: Noted for his charm, dignity and industriousness. Excellent speaker, despite a tendency towards pomposity, good legal mind, scholarly. Besmirched lifetime of bouncing back and forth in his ongoing dualities, and finally having a relatively distinguished career extinguished through outright calumny, without the internal resource to truly defend himself. Joseph Dudley (1647-1720) - English Colonial Governor of Massachusetts. Outer: Father was colonial governor Thomas Dudley (Thomas Dewey), mother was his 2nd wife. 7th child, sire was 70 at the time of his birth. His father died when he was 5, and his mother remarried a minister. In 1668, he married Rebecca Tyng, the daughter of a member of the Mass. Council, 13 children from the union. Freeman, and member of the General Court. Took part in King Philip’s War, before being elected to the upper house of the legislature, every year save one. Served on important committees and was a skilled negotiator with the Amerindians. In 1682, he was sent to England as one of 2 agents to protest the possible loss of the Mass. charter. Returned in 1684 as the head of the temporary Mass. government until the arrival, 7 months later of his alternate self, Edmund Andros. Held many prominent posts, including chief justice of the superior court and became the most important member of his council. After the fall of the Andros regime in 1689, he was placed in jail for his own protection for 10 months, until the king ordered him released and sent back to England to face the colonist’s complaints. Although acquitted of 119 charges, he was unhappy and unpopular in England through his role as a justice, and returned to America in 1692 as chief of the N.Y. council. The following year, he returned to England as deputy to the governor of Isle of Wight. Corresponded with the political heavies of his day, was elected to Parliament, and finally given the coveted position of governor of Mass in 1702. Unpopular because of his uncompromising stances and threatened with personal violence for it. Had to defend himself again in England and was replaced in 1715. Given an ostentatious funeral, despite decidedly mixed feelings about him. Inner: Highly ambitious, self-seeking, cold, ungrateful, lover of power and influence. Independent rather than provincial. Personal integrity, willing to take licks for principles. Triple-take lifetime of anchoring a trinity of himself from the perspective of the executive and the judicial, being both a passer of judgments, and one heavily judged himself. Sir Edmond Andros (1637-1714) - English colonial governor. Outer: From a royalist family of modest wealth, and part of the feudal aristocracy of Guernsey, where they held many positions of authority. Essentially a soldier, he underwent extensive military training, and evolved as a typical aristocrat of his times, demanding obedience and loyalty from his subordinates. Entered the English army and fought against the Dutch in the West Indies. Married Marie Craven, who would die 17 years later. Commissioned a major, and in 1672, he became bailiff on the island of Guernsey, and then one of the first colonial career servants of the crown, helping to set the oppressive precedents that would ultimately lead to the American Revolution. Appointed lt. governor of New York in 1674 and served for 7 years, although was heavily criticized for his high-handed methods by the colonists who demanded his recall. Knighted in 1681, he was made Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to the king 2 years later. Named governor of Dominion of New England by James II (Martin Sheen), after Edward Randolph, his tragedy-plagued alternate personality. Influenced the configuration of 7 northern provinces, which had 2 more added to them 2 years later. Strictly enforced taxes, and favored the Anglican Church over the Puritan clergy, which infuriated his colonial constituents. Friction over his arbitrary rule caused his imprisonment after the fall of James, and William III’s (Lyndon Johnson) ascension to the throne. Sent to England for trial, but the charges were dropped. Served as Governor of Virginia for 6 years, and ended his political career as Governor of his native Guernsey, before retiring to London. Inner: Unimaginative, largely colorless, albeit a diligent administrator. Impatient and brusque. Completely insensitive to underlings and popular sentiment, with a rigid idea of rule and governance. Exposed flaws lifetime of an inability to understand an alien culture, despite his legal responsibility for it, while inadvertantly feeding into the transatlantic disconnection that would ultimately give him the playing-field to act out his ongoing pathway of integrating his dualities by continually reflecting the duality of his times. Edward Randolph (1632-1703) - English colonial agent. Outer: Father was a doctor. One of 15 children. Began as a law student at Gray’s Inn, and a pensioner at Queen’s College, Cambridge, but did not take a degree, nor was he ever called to the bar. In his mid-20s, he married Jane Gibbon, a relative of his/storian Edward Gibbon (Kenneth Tynan), 4 daughters from the union, which ended with his wife’s death in 1679. Bought timber for the commissioners of the Navy, although was in financial straits by 1666, and was forced to sell some of his estates, while fearing he would have to flee the country in order to escape his creditors. Became an agent for the Duke of Richmond in Scotland, once more speculating in timber unsuccessfully. Made a commissary of the Cinque Ports, then lost most of his property in a fire. Married again to Grace Grenville but his 2nd wife died in 1682, and after remarrying Sarah Platt, he became a widower a third time in 1684, with one daughter from the final union. Temperamentally unfit for positions of power, he became increasingly unbalanced in his judgments through his continuous adversities. Sent to the colonies as a royal agent and his unfavorable report colored England’s view of New England. Served as an unpopular and bitter collector of customs, he became secretary and register for New England, working under Edmund Andros and Joseph Dudley, his 2 other simultaneous identities. Imprisoned when the Andros regime collapsed. Ultimately became surveyor general for customs for North America. Inner: Strong temper, easily given to anger. Poor judge of situations, and magnet for disasters. Victim lifetime of suffering continually losses on all levels, personal, financial and career-wise, while serving as a living personification of the inefficiencies of imperial administration in the colonies. Sir Thomas Gates (?-1621) - English colonial governor. Outer: Knighted for military service in 1596, later served in the Netherlands for 4 years. Grantee of the original charter for Virginia, he sailed for the colonies as lieutenant-general of the Colonization Company in 1609. Shipwrecked in Bermuda, which inspired Shakespeare’s “The Tempest,” and found only 1/10 of the colonists had survived the winter when he arrived in Virginia. About to abandon the colony when Thomas De La Warr arrived. Returned to England, then came back to Virginia where he served as governor for 3 years and organized the colony. Believed to have died in the East Indies. Inner: Survivor lifetime of giving the 3 manifestations of himself an endurance anchor through which to view a brave new world. Sir Thomas West, 12th Baron De La Warr (1577-1618) - English colonial governor. Outer: Born into an aristocratic family of barons. Attended the Queen’s College, Oxford, but left without a degree, finally winning an MA there 13 years later. In the interim, he traveled in Italy and married Cecilia Shirley, the daughter of a noble, in 1586, 5 daughters and 2 sons from the union. The following year, he was elected to Parliament. Knighted in 1599 for his soldierly service in Ireland, he also fought in the Netherlands. Briefly and inaccurately imprisoned, he succeeded to his father’s barony in 1602. Appointed 1st Governor of Virginia. Thomas Gates served in his stead until he arrived in 1610 with fresh colonists, and persuaded the desperate settlers, who had barely survived, to stay. Left the colony in hands of the Thomases Gates and Dale, 2 other manifestations of himself. Returned to England and wrote Relation, a favorable account of the colony. Died on a return voyage to Virginia, after possibly eating poisoned food with his crew. Delaware named after him. Inner: Analytical, intellectual. Cerebral lifetime of a three-fold experience, in which 3 manifestations of himself converge on the same reality for different perspectives, with this one supplying the mental overview. Thomas Dale (?-1619) - English colonial governor. Outer: Enlisted as a youth as a soldier in the service of the Netherlands. Served in the low countries and was strongly attached to Prince Henry in Scotland. Cited for bravery. Arrived in the American colonies in 1609 to restore order to the early Virginia colony. Married in 1611 to the daughter of an English noble. Made marshal of Virginia, then governed in the stead of Thomas Gates. Despite being a severe administrator, he was able to solve some of the colonies myriad problems. Returned to England, was given command of a fleet bound for India, successfully fought the Dutch off Jakarta, but died soon after his arrival in India of a fever. Inner: Sailor lifetime of being part of a tripartite experience, paralleling and alternating with himself as a military man and administrator, to add the sea to his perspective, as the emotional element of this trinity of figures. Philippe IV (1268-1314) - French king. Outer: Of the Capetian line. Eldest surviving son of Philippe III (Eliot Spitzer). Mother, Isabella of Aragon, was Spanish and died on a return from the crusades when he was 3. Second of 5 sons, with the eldest probably poisoned, the third dying as an infant and the last stillborn. Saw little of his father while growing up, particularly after he remarried an intriguer in 1274, Maria of Brabant (Sally Quinn), who may have done in his oldest sibling. A half brother and two half-sisters resulted from his sire’s second marriage. An atmosphere of suspicion and mistrust would subsequently make him a conflicted character, capable of much good, and yet inherently self-destructive. Married Jeanne (Jane Pauley), the 12 year old queen of Navarre in 1284, with whom he had been raised, uniting that country with the French crown. Four sons and three daughters from the union, including his successors Louis X (Gerald Ford), Phlippe V (Dwight Eisenhower ) and Charles IV (Spiro Agnew). A handsome, albeit aloof figure, he succeeded to the throne at the age of 17. Always surrounded himself with men of law, whose advice he readily took, and who exerted enormous influence during his reign, often abusing their power just because they could, while using lies and slander to further their personal ambitions. Extremely reform-minded, which angered the nobles and ecclesiastics who preferred a laxer crown, as his ministers effectively silenced his critics with their hyperaggressive antics, while he never questioned their canards, accepting all their accusations against his foes as the truth. With their calumnious help, his bureaucratic policies strengthened the throne, increased the efficiency of government, expanded his domains and made him popular with most of his subjects. First monarch to include the estates-general in government. Known as the Fair, despite devaluing currency and levying heavy taxes to pay for his wars against England and Flanders, and cover the debts left him by his progenitor. Struggled with the pope, Boniface VIII (Pierre Laval), over ecclesiastical taxes as well as competing arenas of sovereignty, until his own selection moved the pontificate to Avignon in 1305, creating a schism in the Church that would ultimately see a succession of 2 rival popes. After his wife died in 1305, he considered abdicating and assuming the kingship of Jerusalem as head of a crusading order. Persecuted the Jews, expelling them from France in 1306, while seizing their property. Because of huge debts to them, he also went after the Knights Templar, arresting all within his domain on a Friday the 13th in 1307, while destroying their order in collusion with the pope, Clement V (Michel Houellebecq), and confiscating their vast wealth, in an attempt to unite all the crusading orders, to which they were opposed. Had their leader, Jacques de Molay, another version of himself, burned at the stake, but before his demise he predicted both he and the pope would die within year and they did, while he was also adversely affected by sexual scandals surrounding his daughters-in-law. Thwarted in his dream of gaining control of the Holy Roman Empire, as both his health and his plans for another crusade failed. Died of a stroke, and after his sons died heirless in succession, the House of Capet, and its 300 + year run on the French throne, ceased to be. Inner: Aloof, reserved, pious, highly idealistic, chivalrous crusader at heart. Authoritarian, but open to advice, seeing his bureaucratic lawyers largely as above the law. Scrupulous, suspicious and self-righteous. Extremely ambitious with grandiose designs, and not above crushing anything in his way. Wore a hairshirt under his clothes, and felt he was chosen as a defender of the Catholic faith. Less than fair-thee-well lifetime of moral conflicts over idealism, pragmatism and the realities of power, his ongoing themes of rule. Jacques de Molay (1243?-1314) - French Templar. Outer: Probably from a family of the minor nobility. Entered the order of the Knights Templar, a martial organization founded during the Crusades, in 1265, and fought in Syria, before retreating to Cyprus, when Acre fell, signaling an end to the crusader run in the Holy Land. Offered himself as Grandmaster of the Temple when his predecessor died in 1292, and since there were no other serious contenders, he was elected to the office, proving to be the 22nd and last to hold that title. Forged political alliances in an attempt to link up with the Christian military orders, the Cypriot aristocracy and the Mongols, against his primary enemy, the Mamelukes of Egypt, only to see reversals over the next decade, so that by 1304, he saw his dream of reconquering the Holy Land destroyed. The Templars had become enormously wealthy during the centuries of their warring existence, and served as one of the mainstay bankers of many European nations, but in the course of their extraordinary rise to power, they had aroused the jealousy of many, and had been accused of worshiping a demonic figure named Baphomet as well as sodomy, infanticide and worst of all, repudiating the Christ. Called to France by the Pope in 1306, in the latter’s hopes of inaugurating another crusade, the last Grandmaster proved a very conservative voice against it, and refused to join his order with the Hospitallers, setting his own course of self-destruction. In 1307, he and all the Templars in France were arrested by command of the king, Philippe IV, who was interested in seizing their wealth, as well as crushing their power. Under torture, he confessed to some of the charges, although vehemently denied sodomy. Later retracted his statements, saying they were given under extreme duress. Despite a personal plea to the pope, the latter, too, proved far more motivated by their vast resources than his spiritual sympathies, and decided to suppress the order, which was spread over several European countries. 54 of their number were burned in 1310, although none were made in martyrs, because of the warrior nature of the Templars. In 1314, a commission of 3 cardinals condemned him, along with other officials of the order to be imprisoned for life, but he and another retracted their confessions, and they were immediately condemned to death as relapsed heretics. Before he was burned on an island near the Cathedral de Notre Dame and the royal gardens, he told the king he would be following him in death’s dark embrace within the year, a predication that came true, as his royal line collapsed within less than 15 years. Slowly roasted to death, and then his ashes were tossed in the Seine so as to leave no potential relics of him. Inner: Martial, conservative, practical, and somewhat heretical. Martyred lifetime of being the head of an order that had grown far too powerful for its own good, and being forced to bear the torturous ending of its at once glorious and inglorious his/story. Louis II (c822-875) - Frankish emperor. Outer: Of the Carolingian dynasty. Father was Frankish emperor Lothair I. Eldest of 3 sons, and older brother of Lothair II, another version of himself. Took over the administration of Italy on his sire’s behalf in 844, and was crowned king of the Lombards that same year. 6 years later, he was crowned emperor. When his father divided his realm just prior to his death in 855, he received Italy, then augmented his territorial kingdom with the serial death of his brothers during the next near decade. Forced to do battle with Arab forces who made incursions on his southern Italian holdings, and was able to prevail with the help of the Byzantine fleet. In 871, however, he was made prisoner of the Duke of Beneveto, and was compelled to forswear making any further incursions into southern Italy. After he was set free, he obtained a dispensation from the pope to break his oath, and was soon back in forbidden territory, with blazing swords, although his armies had been weakened by the fighting, and he was no longer able to affect his aims. Withdrew back to his nominal sphere of northern Italy, and died soon afterwards. His only heir was a daughter, thereby ending the elder male line of the Carolingian dynasty. Inner: Partially successful swordsman lifetime, although as in most of his go-rounds, only partially affected his aims, and proved an end-seed to one line of a powerful house. Lothair II (c835-869) - Frankish king. Outer: Of the Carolingian dynasty. Outer: Father was Frankish emperor Lothair I. 2nd son, and younger brother of Louis II, another version of himself. His father divided his empire among his 3 sons just prior to his death in 855, and he received the area just west of the Rhine from the North Sea to the Alps, which became known as Lothairingia, or Lothair’s kingdom. The same year, he was forced, against his will, to marry the sister of a lay abbot, but she proved childless. Had several children with his mistress, and tried to make her his legitimate queen, by accusing his wife of incest with her brother, although her champion prevailed in an ordeal of boiling water, and he had no choice but to take her back. Nevertheless, through bribery and two weak archbishops, he got the marriage dissolved in 862, only to have the pope reverse the decision, and depose the archbishops, and in 865, he was forced to take his wife back. Following his brother Charles’s death the same year, he and Louis further divided the former’s realm, receiving the area around Lyon and Vienne. With the ascension of a new pope in 867, he once again forced his wife to ask him for a divorce. Received by the former in 869, who told him a council would ultimately make a decision, but he died on his way home, with the issue of his lack of issue permanently undecided. Inner: Matrimonial manipulations lifetime of being totally thwarted in his desire for a heir, leaving both himself and his brother as the end-of-the-line regents of an empire, the Carolingians, who would be supplanted in a century’s time, anyway.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS HIGH PROFILE REBEL:
Storyline: The idiosyncratic iconoclast finally gets to express herself in the personal power realm through modest unrestrictive birth, after many a go-round in highly visible high-placed families, who ironically curtailed her instinct for dominion and self-expression.

Rita Mae Brown (1944) - American author and educator. Outer: Illegitimate daughter of an 18 year old, who snuck out of the hospital after her birth and tendered her to an adoptive, albeit poor couple, who lovingly raised her in south central Pennsylvania. Already reading by the age of 3. At the age of 11, her family moved to Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Active in high school as both a playwright and member of the student council. Experimented sexually with both genders, although after some love letters to a girlfriend were found by the latter’s parents, her extracurricular activities were curtailed. Got a scholarship to the Univ. of Florida, only to see it revoked in 1964 because of her civil rights activism. Forced to drop out of school, she went to Broward Jr. College then hitched to NYC and wound up homeless, living in an abandoned car with an African-American seatmate and a cat dubbed Baby Jesus. Continued her activism, as well as her education, and while at NYU, she founded the Student Homophile League. In 1968, she graduated with a B.A. in Classical Literature and English, and also received a cinematography certificate from the NY School of Visual Arts. Joined the feminist group NOW in an administrative position, although found its social conservatism and inability to address lesbian issues galling, and opted for the more in-your-face Redstockings, which sponsored socially disruptive demonstrations and far more mischiefmaking than the staid NOW could ever hope to conceive. Participated in the Stonewall Riots at decade’s end, then moved to Washington D.C. and continued her activism as a founding member of the Furies Collective, a newspaper crew that propounded the dictum that hanging root heterosexuality was the root of all level, although later would amend her position to a belief that everyone is basically bisexual. Published two early books of poetry, then hit the bigtime with “Rubyfruit Jungle” in 1973, a semi-autobiographical tale of coming-of-age and same-gender explorations, which made her a major voice in the alternate sexuality movement, and allowed her to write full-time, while also proving lezlit was commercially viable. In 1976, she got her Ph.D. in English and political science from the Institute for Policy Studies. Moved to Charlottesville, Virginia, and became the writer-in-residence at the Women’s Writing Center of Cazenovi Collegi, as well as visiting instructor in creative writing at the Univ. of Virginia. Shared a house with actress Fannie Flagg for several years, before becoming involved with tennis star Martina Navratilova, although the very public status of both ended the affair after two years. Cofounded a theater group, the Feminist Repertory and Experimental Group, while also receiving major grants to continue both her studies and writing. Moved to Los Angeles to concentrate on film and TV, and had at least one series produced, although ultimately soured on Hollywood and returned to Virginia. An active athlete and polo player, she founded the Piedmont Women’s Polo Club and is also a Master of the Fox Hounds at a local hunt club. Quite prolific in her outpouring, with novels, mysteries, poetry and political tracts, in addition to her screenplays and Emmy nominated teleplays, she has been less visible in her middle years, settling into grande dame mode and allowing younger voices to speak up for their own generation, as she continues to ride to the hounds, in direct reflection of hidden aristo lives of the past. Inner: Outspoken, charismatic and uninhibited. Rubyfruit lifetime of finding herself unconstrained by either social position or convention, as in times past, and going for a full expression of her considerable power, after many a go-round of being literally forced to skirt her true self. Rose Cleveland (1846-1918) - American educator and writer. Outer: Of English descent on her paternal side and Anglo-Irish and German Quaker descent on her maternal side. Father was a poor Presbyterian parson, who was pious and hardworking. Her mother was the daughter of a Baltimore bookseller and had grown up accustomed to luxury, but was chastised for it, and became even more devout than her husband, making for a highly controlled home environment. One of the youngest of 9 children and younger sister of future president Grover Cleveland (Jerry Brown/joseph Biden). Grew up in genteel poverty, in a repressed environment, where her true self was never allowed to flower. Well-educated, and of a strong cerebral bent, she pursued a career in education, while also penning literary essays, which was interrupted when her brother gained the White House in 1884. As an unmarried sibling of a bachelor president she was forced to assume the role of first lady and hostess. Despised her duties, finding them excruciating, and often conjugated Greek verbs silently during receptions in order to get through them. Gladly relinquished her position when Cleveland wed Frances Folsom (Jane Pauley) in 1886. At the same time, she published a book of essays, and a novel, “The Long Run.” In her early 40s, she became principal of a women’s school in Indiana, the Collegiate Institute of Lafayette, and also continued as a writer and lecturer, while editing a Chicago-based literary journal, “Literary Life.” At 44, she became involved with a wealthy widow, Evangeline Simpson, who fired her erotic writerly imagination with explicit love letters, although her inamorata eventually married an Episcopal bishop. When he died in 1910, the duo became an item again, and wound up moving to Bagni di Lucca in Italy, where a third woman joined their household, an Anglo-Danish artist named Nelly Erichsen. Both she and the latter died the same week in the deadly worldwide Spanish influenza epidemic, while the three of them were running a refugee school during WW I. Both were buried in an English cemetery, and the third member of their trio joined them there a dozen years later. Inner: Strongly cerebral, with her true desires serially frustrated throughout much of her life, to the point that even when she did find her true love, she was forced to interrupt their affair by a conventional marriage before resuming it again, much later in life. Late flowering lifetime of finally being allowed to pursue her passions in middle-age, after being forced by convention to pursue far more conventional pathways. Jeanne II de Navarre (1312-1349) - French queen of Navarre. Outer: Of the House of Capet. Granddaughter of Philippe IV (Jerry Brown/Joseph Biden) and only daughter of his son Louis X (Gerald Ford) of France and his first wife, Marguerite of Burgundy (Kate Millet), although some doubt would linger about her true paternity. Her mother wound up in prison over it, there to die, without having any contact with her daughter. When she was 4, both her father and her half-brother died, and although she was the natural heiress of Navarre, she was excluded from the succession to the French throne by her uncle Philippe V (Dwight D. Eisenhower), because of her age and a strong and longheld prejudice that women should not rule alone, although the kingdom of Navarre had already broken that precedent. When Philippe’s successor Charles IV (Spiro Agnew) died in 1328, without a male heir, it marked the end of the House of Capet on the French throne, after nearly four centuries. Despite her legitimate status as a true heiress, the collateral House of Valois, which descended from Philippe III (Eliot Spitzer), mounted the throne in the person of Philippe VI (Henry Luce). Made a treaty with Philippe, which enabled her to rule Navarre, along with her king consort husband Philippe III of Navarre, who was also related to the Capetians. Had to renounce her claims to the French throne, while trading down her grandmother’s estates for two lesser counties. The duo had 8 children, including their heir, Charles II of Navarre, while their daughter Blanche (Helen Gurley Brown) became Philippe VI’s second wife, thus reintwining the family with the French throne. Her direct heirs would eventually claim the throne of France, through the House of Bourbon over two centuries later. Spent a good deal of her time going back and forth between her domains. Outlived her warrior husband, who was killed in battle, to eventually reign alone. Inner: Pawn lifetime in the power realm which would underline the powerlessness of women in a patriarchal system and place her on her ultimate pathway of reclaiming that power on an individual level in centuries hence.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS OPAQUE PUBLIC FIGURE:
Storyline: The well-guarded and well-regarded interviewer likes to get into depth with her subjects, but keeps herself deliberately hidden, for fear of what she may reveal about her own sense of internal disorder, bred from hidden and undealt with dread and anger.

Jane Pauley (Margaret Jane Pauley) (1950) - American journalist. Outer: Father was a dairy products distributor. Mother was a former office clerk who was diagnosed with ovarian cancer when her daughter was 13, and subsequently suffered a series of strokes before her premature death. Younger of two daughters, with her older sister becoming a nuclear engineer. Raised as Presbyterian in a secure and loving home, marred by her mother’s ill health. Suffered from hives as a child, as an internalized allergic reaction, causing her to be hospitalized three times at seven year stretches between the ages of 7 and 21. Shy as a child, she overcame it to become a topnotch debater on the debate team in high school, and won a scholarship to Indiana Univ., where she was an active sorority girl and an A-minus student. 5’4” and delicately-featured, with hazel eyes and blonde hair. Originally wanted to be a lawyer, but after working for NYC mayor John Lindsay’s aborted Republican presidential campaign in 1972, she took a job with the Indiana Democratic central committee. Afterwards, she was hired, to her surprise, by an Indiana TV station, WISH, just in time to cover the crushing defeat of her candidates. Moved to Chicago, where she became the city’s first female co-anchor at WMAQ, before joining the NBC network in NYC in 1976. For 13 years, she served as the co-host on the morning “Today Show,” first with Tom Brokaw as her co-anchor, and then Bryant Gumbel. Proved to be a hardworking, and well-liked TV personality, assiduously researching all her assignments, at the top-rated program, while serving as an emblem of the second generation of female TV morning personalities, following the lead of Barbara Walters. In 1980, she married cartoonist Garry Trudeau, two sons and a daughter from the union, including a pair of twins. Always felt stressed by the early morning hours, and the amount of time the daily schedule took from her life, and at the end of 1989, she tried to parlay her longtime position into the far less demanding, at least timewise, province of prime-time TV. Her announced resignation brought about accusations of ageism, when she was replaced by a much younger Deborah Norville, who ultimately did not pan out. Made the switch to prime time with a number of NBC shows, before trying her hand at an eponymous daytime talk show in 2004, during which she admitted to suffering from bipolar disorder for much of her life. The show only ran one season, and since then her presence on the small screen was noticeably lacking until she returned as a correspondent to CBS news in her 60s. Published her autobiography, “Skywriting: a Life Out of the Blue,” at the same time as her last show, although it, like her, was largely unrevealing. Inner: Cat lover, and interview-adverse, despite being a skilled interviewer herself. Skin eruptions often are indication of bubbling anger beneath the surface, perhaps over a sense of premature mother-loss. Largely hidden lifetime of being a high profile figure, as in many of the lives in this series, with little desire to publicly reveal her damaged inner workings, other than admit they exist. Frances Cleveland (Frances Cornelia Folsom) (1864-1947) - American first lady. Outer: Father was a lawyer, who became partners with future Pres. Grover Cleveland (Jerry Brown/Joseph Biden). One younger sister died in infancy. Known as “Frank” to her family. Following her sire’s relatively early death, Cleveland became her unofficial guardian, having known her, her entire life. As she reached her late teens and blossomed into an attractive young woman, he began exhibiting far more than a guardian interest in her. When she went to Wells College, he kept her room filled with fresh flowers every day, and by the time she was 19, he had been elected to the first of his two separated terms to the White House. Although he was nearly three decades her senior, a serious romance began to develop between them, and in 1886, he became the first and only president ever to wed in the White House, while she, at the tender age of 22, became the nation’s youngest first lady ever, a record that will probably stand for a considerable amount of time. Proved to be a popular White House hostess, taking over the duties from Cleveland’s sister, Rose (Rita Mae Brown) who was only too happy to relinquish them. Didn’t involve herself in any of the political dimensions of her husband’s office, save for his election campaigns, during which time, she was always at his side as a support. Although her spouse failed to win reelection against Benjamin Harrison (Walter Mondale), despite taking the popular vote and losing the Electoral College, she notably vowed she would be back in four years, and true to form, Cleveland won reelection in 1892, the only chief executive ever to have his two terms separated by an elected interloper. During the intervening years, the couple lived in NYC, where their first child, a baby named Ruth, who would later be immortalized in a candy bar called Baby Ruth, was born. Two more daughters would subsequently follow upon their return to the executive mansion. Easily able to maintain her popularity, through her accessibility during her husband’s second term, which was marred by his having cancer of the upper jaw, and the country sliding into one of the worst economic panics in its his/story. Retained her own popularity, despite her husband’s complete lack of saidsame to the point where he lost the leadership of the Democratic party. After his presidency, the couple retired to his Princeton, New Jersey, estate, and she added two more sons to their brood. At her spouse’s bedside when he died in 1908, and five years later, she married Thomas Jex Preston, a professor of archaeology. Remained a social figure in the academic Princeton community for the rest of her long life, while actively involving herself in a variety of charitable organizations. Racked up numerous firsts as first lady, including the first to earn a college degree and the first to remarry following her husband’s demise. Also helped free American women from the bustle by not wearing one. Inner: Well-educated and a voracious reader, she was fluent in both French and German, and was conversant with written Latin. Had a love for photography, and was also musically inclined. First lady lifetime of a number of firsts, while serving largely as a support rather than a co-partner in politics, in a go-round where she would prematurely lose father figures, rather than a more internally devastating mother figure as in her next time up in this series. Jeanne I of Navarre (1271-1305) - French queen. Outer: Father was the king of Navarre. When she was 3, her sire died and she became countess of Champagne and Queen regnant of Navarre. Her mother served as her regent, although the two women became susceptible to the greedy ambitions of others, causing them to move to the court of Philippe III (Eliot Spitzer), the king of France, where she would spend her youth. At the age of 13, she was married to his son and heir, the future Philippe IV (Jerry Brown/Joseph Biden), and a year later the two ascended the throne. Together they would have seven children, with three of their surviving sons, Louis X (Gerald Ford), Philippe V (Dwight Eisenhower) and Charles IV (Spiro Agnew), all becoming kings of France, only to subsequently end the several century run of the Capetians on the French throne. During her brief life, she founded the College of Navarre in Paris, and also led an army against a rebellious count. Supposedly died in childbirth, although her ending was somewhat clouded in the minds of contemporaries by conspiracy theory. Her husband briefly thought of abdicating afterwards, but changed his mind. Inner: Probably a little too assertive for the staid tastes of her contemporaries, leading to the ambiguous view of her demise. Regnant lifetime of association with a longtime mate, while exhibiting her pattern of early parental loss, only to do the same for her own progeny.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS PLAIN-SPEAKER:
Storyline: The feisty champion of commonality shoots from the hip in his decision-making and proves himself a principled taker of stands, while looking at life as an ongoing duel between his hard-held positions and those who dare oppose them.

aHarry S. Truman (1884-1972) - American president. Outer: Of German, British, Scots-Irish and Scottish descent. Son of a prosperous Missouri farmer, who was an unsuccessful businessman, closely attached to his feisty mother, Martha. Eldest of 3, and raised a Baptist. Idealized his aggressive father, and was imbued with the Democratic Party from an early age. Had a bookish boyhood, and was virtually blind without his glasses, which gave him a sense of inferiority. 5’9”, 170 lbs., and blue-eyed. Remained a farmboy until he was 33, managing the family homestead. At one point, he considered a music career. ad a lengthy correspondence with his future wife, Elizabeth Wallace, whose mother initially disapproved of him. The duo had a 9 year courtship, before finally marrying in his mid-30s, one daughter, Margaret, from the union. Served as an artillery captain in WW I, then failed as a haberdasher in partnership with an army buddy, going bankrupt. Spent ten years paying off his debts, during which time, he attended night classes at the Kansas City School of Law, before being elected judge, as part of the Pendergast political machine. Spent two years as a dues-paying member of the KKK, between 1920 and 1922, but eventually parted ways with them, over their umbrage over his appointment of Roman Catholics to political posts. Also one of 14 presidents to be a Freemason. Became a presiding judge in 1926, holding that position for 8 years, before being elected U.S. Senator for a decade beginning in 1934. His wife served as both his secretary and sounding-board. Came to national attention as chairman of a Senate ‘watchdog’ committee investigating the national defense program. Selected as FDR’s 4th vice-president in 1944, he succeeded to the presidency the following year on Roosevelt’s death, proving himself to be a plain-speaking, instant decision-maker. Code-named General by the Secret Service. Authorized the dropping of the atom bomb on Japan, which finally ended WW II. Later thought long and hard over the decision, although never revealed any 2nd thoughts on the matter. Had a difficult beginning, thanks to replacing FDR’s people with his own cronies, and subsequent shortages, particularly meat, and labor unrest, which saw him take the blame for all the country’s ills in its initial slow recovery from the war. Overwhelmingly unpopular, he watched Congress go heavily Republican in 1946 as a repudiation of him, but its blatant incompetence restored confidence in him by the next election. Oversaw the beginning of the Cold War between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., while proving to be a strong and decisive leader, although far more comfortable in the domestic arena than the foreign one. A key supporter of the Zionist movement, he helped establish a Jewish state in Palestine in 1948, giving it American benediction. Personalized most issues, chose his advisers well, and was far more thoughtful than his ‘Give ‘em Hell, Harry,’ image. Implemented the Truman Doctrine, giving aid to post-WW II nations to keep them from falling to communism and socialism, while putting his faith in international law and organization. Took a liberal view of acting on the world stage with a combination of humility and force, in order to both contain the Soviet Union and present America as a far more benign choice twixt the two. Also implemented health care and civil rights to show that the U.S. walked its own talk. Scored an upset victory over Thomas E. Dewey in his 1st solo presidential run in 1948, then caught flak from the right for allowing the Communists to commandeer China, when he realized the impossibility of the U.S. defeating them. Recognized the state of Israel, for political and moral reasons, while harboring the view that Jews were a very selfish people. Ordered U.S. troops into South Korea in 1950, to stem a North Korean invasion, without congressional approval, then went into the North to liberate it, only to have China join the Korean War. Afterwards, he claimed that the warmaking powers that Congress had been originally invested with, was now obsolescent. When Gen. Douglas MacArthur demanded Manchuria be bombed, he fired him for insubordination, and the two sides ultimately fought to an unsatisfactory draw, after he once again refused to engage the U.S. in what he saw was an unwinnable conflict. Continued FDR’s New Deal programs under the title of the Fair Deal, and oversaw the integration of the military, although was less effective in the economic realm until the advent of the Korean War, showing himself to be an incorruptible, strong believer in self, in all that he did. Knew and loved his/story, and was an inveterate letter and memo writer, as well as a strong family man. Helped inaugurate the military-industrial complex, through his aggressive interventionism, and the creation of a loose empire of oversea alliances and bases, which would make America the world’s policeman for the rest of the century and beyond. Although he fell to a 22% approval rate his final year, his reputation rose considerably after his terms in office, during which time he was viewed unfavorably by the public-at-large. Refused the Congressional Medal of Honor, characteristically claiming he had done nothing to deserve it, and also steadfastly declined to cash on his terms of office, despite his precarious finances when his career was over. Only the sale of his family farm for a shopping center saved him from an impecunious end, before Congress passed a bill guaranteeing a presidential pension, at his request. Wrote 2 volumes of memoirs, Years of Decision and Years of Trial and Hope, and an account of his retirement, “Mr. Citizen,” while also traveling and overseeing his presidential library in the last 2 decades of his life. Ultimately was brought to a hospital suffering from lung congestion from pneumonia, and died of multiple organ failure. His Presidential Library and Museum would be located in Independence, Mo., where he, his wife and daughter are buried. Inner: Great desire to be seen as emblematic of the common man. Liberal, anti-communist, but far more of a machine politician than a true independent, with little real charisma other than an innate feisty character. Respected the constitutional authority of Congress, although felt the buck stopped at him on all final decisions. Up-to-the-challenge lifetime of tasting failure to temper his later successes, after being thrust to the forefront of his/story in a very difficult time, and showing he had the ability to take responsibility over the complex role that fate had handed him. aThomas Hart Benton (1782-1858) - American politician. Outer: From a prominent Virginia family. Became head of the family at 8, on the death of his father. 5 of his 7 siblings died of TB, and he was in the incipient stages of it himself, but was cured by the rigors of military life during the war of 1812. Had a loose early education, then studied at the Univ. of North Carolina, but was expelled for stealing from his room/mates. Large, bull-necked, with a massive head. Moved with his family to a Tennessee farm, and passed the bar in that state in 1806. 3 years later, he was elected to the Tenn. senate. Served in the War of 1812 as Andrew Jackson’s (Joschka Fischer) aide-de-camp, before settling in St. Louis, Mo. in 1815, where he practiced law. Fought 2 duels in 1817, killing a young district attorney. Had a long correspondence with his wife, Elizabeth MacDowell (Bess Truman) before finally marrying her in 1821, 6 children from union including Jesse Fremont (Margaret Truman), who became a writer and married explorer and presidential candidate John Fremont (William O. Douglas). Became editor of the Missouri Enquirer, while practicing law. Entered the Senate in 1820 when Missouri became a state, and served for the next 3 decades, proving himself a principled figure, who was unafraid to take definitive stances. Proved himself a particularly powerful senator in the administrations of Jackson and Martin Van Buren (Franklin D. Roosevelt). Modified his views on slavery over the years, to that of gradual emancipation, after being a slaveholder himself. Known as “Old Bullion,” for his stand on hard money. Favored Western settlement, and championed western land for the poor. A staunch unionist and Democratic Party power until pro-slavery elements took over. Refused to support his son-in-law’s ambitions for the presidency in 1856. Defeated for a 6th term over the issue, although he was elected to the House of Representatives 2 years later, and then was once again defeated because of his stands. Retired from politics and became a prolific writer, reflecting on his career in “Thirty Years’ View.” Died from cancer. Inner: Strong and forceful presence, overblown orator. Hot-headed, dynamic, with a remarkable memory. Egalitarian, unionist and agrarian. Principled lifetime of bringing all his passions into politics, in an existence focused on articulating his beliefs both orally and by pen as a champion of popular democracy and as an incipient information-master himself. aButton Gwinnett (c1735-1777) - American political figure. Outer: Father was a clergyman. Attended the King’s School, Gloucester, before become a merchant in Bristol. Tall, with a noble and commanding appearance. In 1757, he married Ann Bourne, and 5 years later, the couple emigrated to America. Became an exporter before establishing himself as a Georgia planter. Successful as such, he decided to embark on a political career, which he began as a justice of the peace. In 1769, he was elected a member of the Georgia Colonial Assembly, although his political interest soon flagged. When his parish, St. John’s, threatened to secede from Georgia because of the colony’s lack of enthusiasm for the revolutionary ardor expressed elsewhere, he became involved in politics again, as a strong advocate of individual rights, and he subsequently angered the state’s conservatives for his association with New England ‘radicals.’ Made a commander of Georgia’s continental militia, but declined the position in order to attend the Continental Congress. Hand-printed the Declaration of Independence, and also signed it. His signature, because of his relative obscurity, would subsequently become heavily sought by collectors. Became a candidate for brigadier general in the Continental Army but lost out to his longtime rival, Lachlan McIntosh, which greatly angered him. Served in the Georgia legislature and as Georgia governor but was defeated in a re-election bid, because of a failed invasion of Florida that he had organized. Openly criticized by McIntosh for the botched job, but after an inquiry into the bungled military expedition, he was exonerated. Challenged McIntosh to a duel, and both were wounded in it, although the former survived, while he died three days later from gangrene, after the bone of one of his legs was shattered. Died insolvent. Inner: Easily irritable, and imprudent, although polite and gracefully mannered. Ambivalent politician, with a curious lack of commitment to his various enterprises, be they commercial, martial or political, despite a passionate temperament, and an initial enthusiasm for all he did. Give ’em hell lifetime of allowing his temper to get the best of him, and winding up without a leg to stand on. aGilbert Burnet (1643-1715) - Scottish bishop and writer. Outer: Father was a well-to-do Edinburgh lawyer who was exiled thrice for refusing the Covenant. Mother was a strict Presbyterian. Educated at Marischal College in Aberdeen, then studied law, and afterwards, divinity and his/story. Became a probationer of the Scottish Church at 18, and then fashioned himself as an extemporaneous preacher, while being critical of contemporary bishops’ policies. Studied Hebrew in Amsterdam, traveled, and became minister of Saulton, a parish he had previously turned down. Became enmeshed in the political maneuverings of the church, and was offered the bishopric of Edinburgh in 1671. The same year he married Margaret Kennedy (Martha Young Truman), the feisty outspoken daughter of an earl. Became the king’s chaplain, and incurred the hatred of his earlier mentor, John Maitland, duke of Lauderdale. Admonished the king, Charles II (Peter O’Toole) on his profligacy, lost his chaplaincy, and became a London preacher, chaplain and lecturer, although ultimately was ejected from his latter 2 positions, less than a decade later for his anti-Catholic writing and preaching. Published the first of his 3 volume his/story of the English Reformation in 1679. After his first wife died around 1685, he married again, only to become a widower a decade later. Very much involved in royal politics, he went to the Hague, where he befriended William of Orange (Lyndon Johnson), accompanying him back to England, when he became king, and becoming a trusted adviser. Married a 3rd time in 1699 to the authoress Elizabeth Burnet (Margaret Truman). Made Bishop of Salisbury earlier and continued his outspoken role to the end of his long career. Wrote many his/stories and theological discourses, as well as his own biased contemporary works. Inner: Outspoken, assertive, strong communicator. Unafraid to scold royalty. Like-father-like-son lifetime of being given a strong dissenting role model in his sire, then being allowed to pursue a full education, before becoming fully involved in the political and theological dramas of his times, while maintaining intimate relations with part of the ongoing trinity of women in his ongoing lives.

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PATHWAY OF THE WRITER AS HIGH PROFILE DAUGHTER AND MATE:
Storyline: The self-expressive political progeny employs her father’s fame for a public platform for herself, although finds her foray into the arts restricted by his considerations, and ultimately discovers her unique niche as a spinner of Washington-based mysteries.

zMargaret Truman (Mary Margaret Truman) (1924) - American writer. Outer: Only child of Pres. Harry Truman and Bess Truman. Warm, close-knit family, with her father spoiling her, and her mother acting as the disciplinarian of the family. Her progenitor was elected senator when she was 10, and she spent half the year in Washington and half in Independence, Mo. Evinced musical talents as a child, took piano lessons and sang in a church choir. Originally wanted to be a concert pianist, but she ultimately felt it would take away from her father’s career. A good student, she was educated at George Washington Univ., where she majored in his/story and international relations. 5’5”. Discovered that everything she said and did, while her father was in the White House, was magnified by the press, and came to see his presidency as a jail term for her, forcing her to deliberately mute herself. In 1947, she began singing publicly, doing a 30 city tour, as well as appearing on the radio. Her career was curtailed after eight years, because of her high profile father, rather than criticism for her own talents or lack of saidsame, and she abandoned public singing in the early 1950s, although not before her feisty sire excoriated her critics. Co-hosted a 7 year radio show, “Authors in the News,” and acted in summer stock, as well as on the radio. In 1955, she cohosted another radio show, “Weekday.” The following year, she married a foreign correspondent and future managing editor of the N.Y. Times, Clifton Daniel, 4 sons from the union, which curtailed her thesping. In 1956, she published her first book, Souvenir: Margaret Truman’s Own Story. Added several more tomes to her resume, including a bestselling biography of her father, before finding her own niche as a mystery writer, doing 20 murder mysteries centered around Washington and her unique knowledge of the nation’s capitol. Also had a TV show briefly in the mid-60s, in a life largely dedicated to explore as many avenues of expression as she could. Suffered the death of her husband in 2000, as well as the loss of her second son in an automobile accident. Moved to Chicago at life’s nearend, where her eldest son lived, and died in an assisted living facility after a brief illness. Inner: Sunny disposition, warm and unaffected. Not particularly domestic. Self-exploring lifetime of being given much celebrity while growing up, while continuing to work on her own powers of self-expression and exposition as the progeny of a famous father. zJessie Benton Fremont (1824-1902) - American writer. Outer: Daughter of Thomas Hart Benton (Harry Truman) and Elizabeth MacDowell Benton (Bess Truman). Her childhood was a social whirl between her grand/father’s Virginia estate and Washington, D.C. At 16, she ran away with explorer John Fremont (William O. Douglas), and married him, 2 daughters and son from union. Her elopement caused a temporary estrangement from her father, who originally did not approve of his son-in-law, although quickly came to respect his considerable abilities. Helped her husband write his first exploratory report. Journeyed to San Francisco via the Isthmus of Panama in order to be with him, experiencing bandits, tropical fever and vampire bats in 1849. Returned to Washington with him, where he became the first California senator. Took to the stump to lecture on his and her anti-slavery views. Made several European trips, and also discovered writer Bret Harte (Herb Caen). Proved to be a good support and editor for her husband’s reports and exploits. When their fortune was lost in the 1870s, she turned to writing about her own experiences to support them, contributing to periodicals. Also worked on her husband’s memoirs. Basically a nostalgic and self-indulgent writer. Inner: Energetic, adventurous and highly self-expressive. Adventure-Filled lifetime of hooking up with a dynamic mate in order to bring out her own ongoing powers of exposition as well as independence from her equally high-spirited father. Elizabeth Burnet (Elizabeth Blake) (1661-1709) - English writer and political helpmate. Outer: Eldest daughter of a well-to-do family. Mother was the daughter of an English physician. Incessantly read scriptures throughout her life in preparation for her own experiments in self-expression. In 1678, she married Robert Berkekey, a wealthy man and in 1684, resided at the Hague for 5 years. The couple had a close relationship with the future William III (Lyndon Johnson). Lived a lavish life in the country, and devoted a lot of her considerable wealth to charity. After her husband’s death from pleuristic fever in 1693, she continued his philanthropic work, overseeing the building of a hospital and a school. During her 6 years of widowhood, she also wrote, and is best remembered for the religious work, A Method of Devotion. Became the 3rd wife of churchman Gilbert Burnet (Harry Truman) in 1699. Died of pleuristic fever. Inner: Conventionally religious, with a strong sense of Christian charity. Charitable lifetime of experimenting with self-expression, while trying to use her considerable wealth from both her upbringing and her first marriage wisely and well.

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PATHWAY OF THE DOMESTIC ARTIST AS PURE HOMEBODY:
Storyline: The political helpmate shuns the spotlight and concentrates on providing a strong homespun environment for the more ambitious members of her ongoing family to strut their stuff on public stages.

pBess W. Truman (Elizabeth Virginia Wallace) (1885-1982) - American political wife. Outer: Of Irish and English ancestry. Oldest child and only daughter of a well-to-do family. Grew up in a many-gabled Victorian home, with three younger brothers. Father was a county official. A curly-haired tomboy as a child, she excelled in several sports, including tennis and shot-putting. Met her future husband at age 5 in Sunday school. They separated after high school, and her mother considered him unsuitable for her because of his social inferiority. Completed her education with finishing school in Kansas City for a year, after which, her sire committed suicide. Stayed home to help her widowed mother with her younger brothers. Medium height, with dark blonde hair and blue eyes. Reconnected with HST in 1906, and the duo had a 10 year correspondence, during which time they announced their engagement just before he went off to war. On his return, when she was 34, the pair finally married, and moved in with her mother in the house in which she had grown up, one daughter from the union, Margaret. Worked at and managed her husband’s haberdashery story, and after it went bankrupt 2 years later, she played a traditional domestic role, while her spouse spent the next decade paying off his debts, and getting into politics. Helped edit his speeches, and served as his confidante and ballast, always preferring the background, while he called her the “Boss.” Went with him to Washington, along with her mother, when he became a senator in 1934, but never considered it home. Put on salary as a secretary to him since his Senate salary was not enough for the family, and served as his sounding board. Active in both the Red Cross and the USO during WW II. Opposed to his being elevated to the vice-presidency in 1944. Once he was elected, and then succeeded to the presidency the following year, she was deeply bothered by their lack of privacy, and appeared publicly only when necessary. Disturbed by her husband’s dropping the atom bomb, but always managed to stay in the background, despite her tart tongue. The couple wound up living in Blair House, rather than the White House, because of its structural deficiencies at the time. The least active publicly of all the First Ladies of the 20th Century, giving no speeches and holding no press conferences, although proved a huge behind-the-scenes help to her spouse. Retired with him to Missouri in 1952, and continued as his support and sounding board for the rest of their long life together, ultimately outliving him by a decade. Underwent a mastectomy for breast cancer in 1959, and went on to become the longest-lived first lady up to her time, dying at 97 of heart failure. Inner: Domestic, felt far more at ease in her own surroundings. Very protective around her husband, including his use of indecorous language. Shy, gracious and warm with a close sense of family. Always feared her father’s suicide would become public knowledge, which contributed to her decidedly low public profile. Support lifetime of hooking her domestic talents to a limelighted character, and trying to maintain her own sense of decorum and privacy around it. Elizabeth Benton (Elizabeth MacDowell) (1796-1854) - American political helpmate. Outer: From a prominent Virginia family. Had a long correspondence with Thomas Hart Benton (Harry Truman) before the two got married in 1821. 6 children from union, including Jesse Benton Fremont (Margaret Truman), who married the well-known explorer John Fremont (William O. Douglas). Became an epileptic semi-invalid at life’s end, losing her power of speech. Inner: Support lifetime of domestic proximity to longtime mate, running counter in this go-round to her usual sounding-board role, to ultimately become the opposite, a reflection of the loss of the powers of communication.

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PATHWAY OF THE DOMESTIC ARTIST AS FEISTY CHARACTER:
Storyline: The political matriarch is unafraid to express her strong views, and imbues her longtime son and mate with the same fearless ethic.

pMartha Truman (Martha Young) (1852-1947) - American political matriarch. Outer: Father was a shrewd and successful farmer. Grew up on a good-sized plantation, where the family owned some slaves. Spared farm drudgery by servants, she had a good rapport with her mother. Peppery, trim and tiny-waisted, and known as ‘Mat.’ During the Civil War, Union soldiers did considerable damage to the farm, which politicized her. Lived in Kansas City during the conflict and attended a Baptist female college, although liked dancing and considered herself a ‘lightfoot’ Baptist. In 1881, she married a farmer and mule trader whom she had known since childhood, 3 children from union, the oldest being future president Harry S. Truman. Her first baby was still-born. Wanted all of her children to be pianists, and made them practice every day. Very ambitious for her strongly Democratic family. Her short mate was both warm-hearted and two-fisted as well as a practical joker, while she exemplified a similar feistiness. The family settled in Independence, Missouri in 1890, after she came into an inheritance. Her husband, however, eventually lost everything in speculations, and was reduced to being a night watchman. Moved back to the family farm, and her mate died in 1914 after trying to move a boulder. Her son Harry managed the farm, which she eventually foreclosed in 1940, and went to live with a daughter in town. Her uninhibited character was enjoyed by the press when her son became famous. Slipped and fell in her bathroom and fractured her hip shortly before her death in her mid-90s. Inner: Disliked Abraham Lincoln, refused to sleep in his bed. Favorite saying - ‘Just belong to the key of B-natural.’ Feisty, very pugnacious. Nonagenarian lifetime of having her ambitions acted out by her son, reshaping him in her image, and enjoying both the attention and the power she received through his accomplishments. Margaret Burnet (Margaret Kennedy) (1630-1685) - Scottish political helpmate. Outer: Eldest daughter of the 6th Earl of Cassilis. Showed an independent mind from early on, good scholar. Taunted a soldier from a window who fired on her, although she was not struck. Close relationship with John Lauderdale, who she thought would marry her after the death of his first wife. In 1671, she married Gilbert Burnet (Harry Truman), who was her junior, bringing a considerable fortune to the union, although her husband renounced his claim to it. Stood by through the early part of his contentious and controversial career, as a loyal helpmate and support, eventually leaving him a widower. Inner: Tenacious, inflexible Presbyterian. Unafraid of expressing herself. Stand-up-for-yourself lifetime of joining with her longtime husband/son in volatile religious times as an exemplar, along with him, of brave, free expression.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICAL HELPMATE AS RISING CO-EQUAL:
Storyline: The well-rehearsed regent gets ready for her close-up as a his’n’herstory maker by serving a long apprenticeship with an ol’ pol, then getting direct executive and campaign experience to temper her own future and future life shots at center stage.

Elizabeth Dole (Elizabeth Hanford) (1936) - Outer: Daughter of an importer of floral products. Idolized her older brother who was 9 years older. Gave herself the nickname of “Liddy,” as a child. Had a well-to-do upbringing, mother lived to be a centarian, dying at 102. Slim, blue-eyed, and fair-skinned. Wanted to be the first woman president of the U.S. Elected president of student body at Duke, where she was Phi Beta Kappa. Received an M.A. from Harvard, and later got a law degree from there, while also studying at Oxford. Became a lawyer, held various Washington posts in the Johnson and Nixon administrations, and had a private practice. Southern belle exterior, hardnosed interior. Married senator Robert Dole in 1975, no children from union. The couple were extremely synergistic, seamlessly intertwining the personal and the political, with the domestic taking second seat to careers. Worked in the Reagan White House as Secretary of Transportation, and then Labor. Resigned her posts to help her husband in his unsuccessful campaigns for national office, while curtailing his abrasive style. Often put in 12-14 hour days throughout their marriage, and spent 100 days on the road or more. Despite her own independent wealth, the duo lived simply, avoiding the Washington social scene in favor of their own ongoing company. Later head of the American Red Cross, only to resign again to help her husband’s ongoing obsession with the presidency, showing herself extremely telegenic and self-confident. After his loss in 1996 to Bill Clinton, she began exploring the possibility of going for it herself in her usual controlled manner, before making an abbreviated run in 2000 for the Republican nomination, without eliciting any noticeable or surprising support. In 2002, she won Jesse Helms’ vacated senate seat, and later became the head of the National Republican Senatorial Committee, where she ran into the first extended difficulties in her career, with her inability to raise funds or find strong contending candidates against the Democrats in the 2006 mid-term elections, bearing some of the blame for her party’s resounding defeat. Subsequently swept out of office in convincing fashion in 2008 in the Democratic electoral deluge and Republican purge at the end of the Bush-Cheney years. Inner: Chic, ambitious, highly intelligent, hard-driving, extremely self-disciplined, and relentlessly efficient. Total control freak, leaving absolutely nothing to chance, with excessive preparation in everything she does. Democrat turned independent turned conservative. Fervent sense of Christian compassion with an abiding need to perform public service. Steppingstone lifetime of pursuing her ongoing desire for shared political power in an era more open to ambitious women, although unwilling to overstep her traditional sense of boundaries. Sarah Polk (Sarah Childress) (1803-1891) - American political wife. Outer: Father was a prosperous farmer, merchant and land speculator. Had a wealthy frontier upbringing, in a house with 34 slaves, and a sizable library. Tutored after hours at a boy’s school, before finishing her education with the Moravians at Salem Female Academy, where she showed herself to be an avid reader. Politically astute, and under the tutelage of the equally shrewd Andrew Jackson (Joschka Fischer), who introduced her to her future husband. Puritanical in her habits, affecting a grim visage and an antipathy to any idle expression of pleasure. In 1819, her father died, although she remained in extremely comfortable circumstances. When James K. Polk (Robert Dole) first proposed to her, she said she would not marry him unless he ran for the legislature, which he successfully did in 1823. The following year they wed, no children from the union, thanks to her husband’s probable sterility after a bladder operation in his late teens. Became surrogate mother to her husband’s two younger brothers, who were almost more than she could handle. Served as a continual helpmate throughout her husband’s career, as both a gracious hostess, and an invaluable aide. Devoted all her energies to him, helping with paperwork and taking the place of several subordinates. Continued as a slave owner, seeing their chattel as money-earning property, and played a continuous caretaker role around her husband’s precarious health. When he was governor, she handled his huge correspondence, and supervised his schedule, and was secretly relieved when he lost two subsequent bids for the same office, since his private law practice was less stressful to his health. Supported her husband’s bid for the presidency in 1844, as a ‘dark horse’ candidate who promised to expand American boundaries, and never doubted he would win. Inaugurated in the pouring rain, although she wore no protection. Worked as co-partner with him when he was president, 12 to 14 hours a day. Became the first First Lady to be officially engaged as confidential secretary to the president. A devout Presbyterian, she banned dancing, card-playing and alcohol in the White House, and proved to be the most active First Lady up to her time, despite having little interest in hostess duties. Outlived her husband by 42 years. Managed her cotton-raising plantation, and never remarried, while turning their home into a shrine, and rarely leaving save to go to Church. Inner: Beautiful, elegant, cultured. Admired by many who despised her husband. Great dignity, dressed well, highly ambitious. Her personality reflected the religious revivalism of the times. Felt preordained by God for her role in life. Support lifetime of learning about the uses of power through a traditional spousal role and a highly moral overview, as well as the hand’s-on opportunity of being an indispensable helpmate.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS DOLOROUS PURITAN:
Storyline: The ‘ol’ pol pries open his crabbed shell with the shells of war, and then tries to heal his wounds by making his grab far exceed his reach, forcing himself to deal more deeply with the consequences of his failures rather than his successes.

Robert Dole (Robert Joseph Dole) (1923) - American politician. Outer: Of British, Irish and German descent. His formidable mother sold Singer sewing machines, and disciplined the family. Father ran an egg & cream distribution station and later a grain elevator. Both parents were hard-working, demanding and stingy with praise. 2nd of 4 children. Had a Dust Bowl Kansas upbringing, and wanted to be a doctor, attending the Univ. of Kansas, where he was a pre-med student. 6’2”, 175 lbs. with dark brown hair. Joined the Army’s enlisted reserve in 1942 and was called to active duty soon afterwards. While leading a charge in WW II, he got hit in the right shoulder by an exploding shell, and his body was riddled with metal, crushing a piece of his spine. Two medics were killed getting to him. The injury caused his right arm to wither and the loss of the use of his right hand, after a boyhood obsession with physical strength. Spent over 3 years in military hospitals, enduring multiple operations, and showed himself to be far different, and far more driven on his return. Married Phyllis Holden, a physiotherapist in 1948, one daughter from union, later divorced in 1972. His wife wrote for him until he learned to write left-handed. Received a law degree from Washburn Univ. in Topeka, Kansas in 1952, after having been elected to the Kansas state legislature in 1950, and began a long political career. Served 8 years as county attorney, then was elected to the House of Representatives in 1960, winning 3 more times, before becoming a U.S. senator in 1968. Ultimately became Senate majority leader in 1985 and again in 1995. Married Elizabeth Hanford in 1975, no children from union. The duo were an extremely hard-working, highly political couple, with a double focus on career. Lived simply, and largely shunned the Washington social scene, preferring the pragmatics of politics to the perks. Had unsuccessful runs for the vice-president and presidential nomination, forcing continual changes of image and strategy. Extremely bitter after his 1988 defeat for the nomination, withdrawing in great anger. Retired from the Senate for one last hurrah in 1996, where he finally realized his ambition to be his party’s presidential nominee in his early 70s, although he was more into the form than the substance, and lost the election decisively to Bill Clinton, after running a half-hearted campaign that was actually his farewell tour to the voting public. Code-named Ramrod during it by the Secret Service. Finally retired from public service, although he continued to maintain a noticeable profile by becoming an advocate for the erectile potency drug Viagra, as well as appearing in other ads and remaining involved in Washington machinations. Returned to the political arena as a support for his wife’s aborted stab at the 2000 Republican nomination for the presidency, and then her successful run for the Senate 2 years later, and remains an iconic figure of the 2nd tier of 20th century American politics. Joined former Pres. Bill Clinton in televised debate formats in 2003 on “60 Minutes,” as a coda to his public career. In 2005, he released, One Soldier’s Story, while nearly dying from a fall and internal bleeding. Appointed to co-head a commission in 2007 to investigate the military health care system, after shocking conditions were uncovered at Walter Reed hospital, by the Washington Post. Inner: Conservative workaholic, acerbic, aloof, abrasive and highly political. Shoulders are symbol of responsibility, in his case, traditional male virtues, which he would have to deal with, in part, through his left shoulder, making his feminine more linked with his masculine. Wounded lifetime of working in tandem with longtime mate to try to open himself up to his larger possibilities, after many a cramped go-round of totally hiding his heart. James Knox Polk (1795-1849) - American President. Outer:Of British, Scots-Irish, Scottish and Irish descent. Mother was a devout Presbyterian, who instilled within her son a rigid Calvinist work ethic, a strong sense of self-discipline, and the belief that humans were deeply imperfect creatures. In addition, she imbued him with her own strong interest in politics. Father was a farmer. Oldest of 10. When he was 11, the family moved from North Carolina to the Tennessee frontier, where his sire prospered. Frail-bodied, and unfit for farming, he had only a basic education at Presbyterian academies, but was able to pass the entrance exam at the newly formed Univ. of North Carolina, and entered its second class, graduating first, although he almost did himself in with his compulsive work habits. Slender, medium height, and unprepossessing, with steel-grey eyes, and a rigidity of mouth. Had major bladder surgery in 1812, which probably rendered him sterile. Studied law at the Nashville office of a prominent Democratic politician, and with his patron’s backing, he won election as clerk of the state senate. Passed the Tennessee bar in 1820, and was in the state legislature 3 years later, per the request of his future wife, who made his running a proviso for their marriage. In 1824, he married Sarah Childress (Elizabeth Dole), no children from union. His grim-visaged wife was anti-everything, probably including sex, in the pre-Viagra days of the 19th century, but she was an excellent hostess, and counterbalanced her spouse’s reserved manner with a far better developed sociality. Became a Democratic U.S. Congressman in 1825 for 14 years, the last 5 of which, he was Speaker of the House, while cleaving strongly to the Andrew Jackson (Joschka Fischer) populist wing of the party. A states’ righter, he also supported slavery, although recognized slaves as intelligent property, who nevertheless were part of a deeply ingrained institution he refused to overthrow. In 1839, he became governor of Tennessee, in order to combat Whig control of the state, before failing in two re-election bids. Went back into private law practice, then gained the Democratic nomination for president on the 9th ballot in 1844, and beat Henry Clay (Hubert Humphrey) by less than 40,000 votes, on teh platform of adding Oregon and Texas to the United States. With less than half the popular vote, he became the youngest president up to that time, as well as the first ‘dark horse’ candidate to attain the presidency. It rained heavily on his inaugural, a somber day fit for a somber reign. An obsessive worker, he put in 12 to14 hour days alongside his wife. Proved to be a capable executive, and a sound statesman, with a specific agenda, which he was able to meet. Enjoyed a Democratic majority in Congress for the first half of his office, and took full legislative advantage of it, while forming a cabinet that specifically addressed the geographical differences of the nation. Only spent 6 weeks away from the White House his whole term. The country fought a lopsided war against Mexico during his watch, which he deliberately precipitated, and gained much of its southwest, as well as California in its easy victory. Met all of his presidential objectives, and chose not to run again. Although his domestic agenda did not last, his expansion of the country’s territorial imperative all the way to the Pacific coast, would redefine the nation. Overwork in the White House weakened him greatly, and he died of diarrhea after contracting cholera, less than 6 months later. Baptized a week before his death, he was buried in his own garden. His wife spent the rest of her life memorializing him, with a marble tomb on their front lawn, although his remains were eventually moved to the state capital after her death. Inner: Puritanical, conservative workaholic, industrious, ambitious, highly political. First president to keep a detailed diary of his time in office. Long-winded with chronic diarrhea, so as to be constantly coming out of both ends of himself, in contrast to an otherwise tight personality. Active Freemason. Upright and uptight lifetime of reflecting the nation at a pivotal expansive point in its story in order to open himself up more through an uncontrolled need to continually relieve himself of his interior processes and not hold onto them, as was his instinct. John Randolph (c1727-1784) - American/English politician. Outer: Father was an aristocratic émigré English landowner, who was well connected in the Virginia colony. Third child and younger brother of Peyton Randolph (Robert Byrd). Went to the College of William & Mary, and like his sibling crossed the Atlantic to study law at the Middle Temple in London, before returning to practice his trade in the colonies in 1749. Became a member of the Williamsburg’s city council, then a burgess for his alma mater, while joining the colony’s aristocracy. In his mid-20s, he married Ariana Jenings, the daughter of the attorney general of Maryland, two daughters and a son from the union. Had a 99-acre estate, dominated by Tazewell Hall, which was a social center for not only the political, but also the literary elite of his community. A bibliophile and an amateur violinist and a music lover, as well as an avid gardener, he wrote one of the earliest American books on the latter subject in 1765. When Peyton was elected speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses, he succeeded him as the colony’s attorney general. Read all the arguments both for and against independence, and could not, in good conscious, support the revolutionary fervor at the time. Instead, he remained a recalcitrant loyalist, with strong Tory sympathies. When the Continental Congress convened at the outset of the Revolutionary War period, he wrote a letter to his cousin Thomas Jefferson (Saul Williams), with whom he had a close relationship, stating his intention to return to his true home in England. Left with his wife and two daughters, although his son, Edmund, stayed behind and ultimately served as an aide-de-camp to Gen. George Washington (George C. Marshall). Saw his property confiscated by the state government, and spent many fruitless years trying to retrieve it. Lived at the home of a Scottish lord, before moving to Brompton, and remained in England the rest of his life. Wrote to Jefferson that independence would never be granted, and then when it was, offered with other exiled Loyalists to defend England against a possible invasion by France, which never happened. Died in exile, although his body was later sent back to America, to be interred in the family vault. Inner: Conscientious and principled, despite an inability to see which way the political winds were truly blowing. Unyielding lifetime, as usual, of choosing principle over practicality, and suffering for his inflexibility in the process, only to do it again the next around in this series, with similar stuck results. John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln (c1464-1487) - English noble. Outer: Grandfather was William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk (Dwight D. Eisenhower). Eldest of 5 sons of the same-named 2nd Duke of Suffolk. Mother was the daughter of the Duke of York, and niece of Richard III (Evelyn Waugh). Older brother of Edmund de la Pole (Robert Byrd), and Richard de la Pole. During the last year of his great-uncle’s reign, he was designated as heir to the throne, although it was usurped by the rival Lancasters, following the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. Able to reconcile with Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch), by taking an oath of allegiance to him, although secretly wished to be the power behind the throne, having come so close to it. Supported the claims of Lambert Simnel (Lee Harvey Oswald) a boy pretender, and a preposterous impostor, who was 10 at the time, and had been manipulated by an Oxford cleric into avowing that he was a rightful relative of the royal House of York. Fled to Flanders when the king began stirring against the conspiracy, and landed in Ireland a few days before Simnel was crowned there as Edward VI. Claimed to have helped the impostor escape from the Tower, and with a mercenary band of 2000 Flemish as well as some poorly armed Irish soldiers, he landed at Lancaster, only to find little popular support. Although the mercenaries fought valorously, they were no match for the Royalist forces, who easily prevailed. Along with his other co-commander, he and 4000 of his men were killed. His younger brothers would continue to press his claims, and both would meet untimely ends for doing so. Inner: Scheming, manipulative and power-hungry. Greedy lifetime of overextending his reach, and being made to pay the piper early on for it. John Fastolf (1378-1459) - English soldier and governor. Outer: From an ancient Norfolk family, many of whom had been bailiffs. Mother was an heiress. Acted as a page to Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk (Joseph Kennedy, Sr.). Served in Ireland and married Millicent Scope, the widowed daughter of an Irish lord in 1408. His wife was a widow and heiress with a son, and turned her property over to his account. Served Henry V (Winston Churchill) in France, distinguishing himself at the his/storic Battle of Agincourt in 1415. Made governor of Conde-sur-Noireau 2 years later and was knighted. Able to make his fortune off the 2nd phase of the Hundred Years’ War. Became governor of the Bastille and then the king’s lieutenant and regent in Normandy, before being appointed governor of Anjou and Maine in 1426, at which point he was created a Knight of the Garter. Later that year he was superseded in his command by the more aggressive John Talbot (Robert Byrd). Returned to England, and then went back to the fighting in France. Took the Duke of Alencon prisoner at the Battle of Verneuil. Used barrels of herrings to shield his troops in 1429, and later was accused of cowardice at a subsequent battle that he commanded with Talbot for retreating, but was cleared of the charges, since it was Talbot’s rashness that caused the defeat. Became a privy councilor and ultimately retired from military service around 1440. Built a castle at his birthplace, and was also involved in many lawsuits through his grasping and greed. Friend of John Paston (Hillary Clinton), with whom he corresponded in the famous Paston Letters. Contributed towards building the philosophy schools at Cambridge. Had a childless marriage, and meant to leave his possessions to further pious works, but the devious Paston got most of them. Left a will, which was widely suspected as a forgery. The funds which he bequeathed for a college at Caister ultimately found their way to founding Magdalen College at Oxford. His zeal in increasing his wealth dominated his old age. Inner: Irascible, testy, highly acquisitive and ruthless in his business dealings. Retains the sound ‘ol’ in all of his names, in keeping with many warriors who identify with a certain set of letters. Acquisitive lifetime of proving his mettle on the battlefield, and cleverly amassing a fortune, only to have it fall to a younger man whose partner would go up against him again many centuries later as an ongoing shadow for his grasping ambition and ‘ol’ need for control.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS EXECUTIVE TURNED LEGISLATOR:
Storyline: The musical mandarin finally finds an effective niche for himself as a legislator, after suffering the slings and arrows of executive rule, for which he has far less talent, thanks to a certain rigidity of principle, and an inability to command the respect of his subordinates.

Robert Byrd (Cornelius Calvin Sale, Jr.) (1917-2010) - American politician. Outer: His mother died in the WW I Spanish influenza epidemic when he was one. His father then sent him to live with his mother’s sister per her wishes, and he was raised by an aunt and uncle who worked in the coal fields, and gave him their name. Didn’t discover his real name until he was 16. Valedictorian of his high school, then did odd jobs. In 1937, he married Erma James, a coal miner’s daughter, two daughters from the union. Opened his own grocery story in Sophia, West Virginia, and, as a born-again Baptist, taught adult Bible classes and proved to be a popular lecturer. Worked as a welder during WW II in shipyards in Florida and Maryland. In his spare time, he was a fiddle player, with a great fondness for music. Organized a Ku Klux Klan klavern in the early 1940s, and was chosen its leader, which made him entertain the possibility of politics. Later apologized for his KKK membership and ultimately made a complete about-face in his racial views, renouncing his earlier stance, and, after opposing Civil Rights legislation, became a passionate partisan of its passage following his rise to party leadership. Worked in a supermarket, then began his political career in 1946 in the West Virginia House of Delegates, followed by its Senate, before being elected to the House of Representatives for 3 terms, and the Senate in 1958 as a Democrat. After a decade of night study, he earned a law degree from American Univ. in Washington in 1963, the first sitting congressman ever to do so. Later won a BA in political science from Marshall Univ. in 1994. Served as the Senate majority leader for 6 years and minority leader for the same amount of time during the late 1970s to the late 1980s, showing a sure political sense of power, and a moderate conservatism, that would make him an untouchable public figure in his state. A New Deal Democrat at heart, he consistently used his considerable influence to fight poverty in West Virginia, bringing his state billions of dollars for building projects, while earning the pejorative, “king of pork.” Became chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee in 1989, the post he enjoyed the most because of the purse-string power it gave him. Held more leadership posts than any other senator in his/story, including President Pro Tem twice, and ultimately became the nation’s longest-serving senator in 2006. Cast over 16,000 roll call votes, more than anyone else as well, in a career that tried to stress both quantity and quality. Still very active at the turn of the century, he opposed the Bush administration’s war on Iraq, when most of his party went along with it, and remained a moral conscience for the nation. In 2004, he published “Losing America: Confronting a Reckless and Arrogant Presidency,” to underline the bile he felt for the disloyal opposition. Later appended a law to a larger bill, making the Constitution educational fare for schools throughout America. Also vigorously opposed the Bush administration’s rhetoric around a pending war with Iran, remaining his own man throughout his long public career. Lost his wife in 2006 after 68 years of marriage, and was prone to public emotional outbursts afterwards, particularly after losing his close colleague Teddy Kennedy. Suffered ill health his last several years, and, after being hospitalized for heat exhaustion and severe dehydration, succumbed in his 92nd year, after serving 51 years in the Senate. Penned his autobiography, “Robert C. Byrd: Child of the Appalachian Coalfields,” towards long life’s end. Inner: Workaholic, pragmatic, very private. Respected, although not liked by his fellow Senators, who saw him as a loner, with virtually no interests outside the Senate. Carried a copy of the Constitution in his breast pocket next to his heart, seeing that document as America’s soul. Had a strong command of Roman his/story and the role its Senate played, using it to defend the legislative branch of government, while curtailing the executive’s excess use of power. Defended West Virginia coal against all environmental concerns, while viewing his state as an extension of his family, with himself as its patriarch. Climb down lifetime of coming up from commonality to balance his previous aristocratic perspective, and proving to be a far more effective figure for it, thanks to a greater flexibility, and less of a need to play patriarch over large families, as he had in the past, substituting his state for his genetic bloodline. John Tyler (1790-1862) - Known as “Honest John.” American President. Outer: From an aristocratic Virginia family. Second son of a judge and a former governor of Virginia. Lost his mother when he was seven Graduated from the College of William & Mary, and, after reading law with his sire, was admitted to the bar in 1809. Became a Virginia state legislator 2 years later, and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1817 for 2 terms. Ill health, which would plague him his entire professional life, forced him to briefly retire in 1821, before returning to public life. Chosen governor of Virginia in 1825, and then was elected Senator in 1827. Built his career as an ardent states’ righter, while showing an overweening ambition for higher and higher office, although he resigned from the Senate on a matter of principle, rather than obeying the Virginia legislature’s edict to him to follow their views on a censure of one of Pres. Andrew Jackson’s (Joschka Fischer) actions. An accomplished violinist, he also loved poetry and wine, but was otherwise unremarkable in either his career or his private life. Had 5 daughters and 3 sons by his first marriage with Letitia Christian (Nancy Astor), who became an invalid through a series of strokes, although remained his closest confidante, all during his rise in a devoted, but largely undemonstrative union. After his wife died from a heart condition, while he was in the White House, he waited 2 years, then happily married Julia Gardiner (Georgette Mosbacher), by whom he had 5 sons and 2 daughters, setting the record for presidential fecundity, with 14 of the 15 surviving. After returning to the Virginia state legislature, he was elected William Henry Harrison’s (Dwight D. Eisenhower) vice-president on the Whig ticket in 1840, becoming half of the catchy campaign phrase, “Tippecanoe and Tyler, too,” in a folksy misleading attempt to portray both as men of the people. When Harrison died after a month in office, he became the first vice-president to succeed to office on the death of a president, giving him the sobriquet of ‘His Accidency.’ Learned of his ascent while shooting marbles with his children. After 2 vetoes of a bill for a U.S. bank, all save one member of his cabinet resigned. Also the target of the first impeachment attempt, and the last Virginian to hold the office of the presidency. Managed to alienate everyone with his high-handed methods, and his arrogant sense of conservatism. His last act as president was signing a resolution annexing Texas. After leaving office, he continued to fight for states right principles, and ended his active career standing up for secession of Virginia in the Civil War. Died of bilious fever during the early part of that fray. Despite his relatively youthful accomplishments - a college grad at 18, a state legislator before he was 30, governor and U.S. senator before he was 40, and the youngest president up until that time at 50 - he did little to enhance his reputation in any of those offices, save for showing a remarkable consistency in his principles and beliefs. Inner: Courtly, soft-spoken, affable and stubborn. Principled rather than opportunistic, which worked against his effectiveness. Unyielding lifetime, once again, of sticking up for his beliefs, without the flexibility or the ability to garner support to make them into realities. Peyton Randolph (1721-1775) - American politician. Outer: Father was an influential English émigré landowner, who had been knighted and was close friends with the English governor of the Virginia Colony. Younger brother John Randolph (Robert Dole) remained a recalcitrant loyalist during the Revolutionary era. Educated at the College of William and Mary, then studied law in England at Middle Temple, before returning to Virginia to become a member of the bar in 1744. 2 years later, he married Betty Harrison. In 1748, he became a long-time king’s attorney there, as well as a member of the House of Burgesses, and ultimately its speaker in 1766, serving in that house almost continuously until his death. As a member of the aristocracy, he perceived himself as a voice of both the crown and Virginian interests, and came to prominence by resisting a tax fee by the governor, much to the latter’s discontent. A conservative, he opposed the more radical elements of the burgeoning revolutionary movement, and exercised caution in his decision-making processes, although he remained a patriot and warmed to more radical elements as time progressed. Proved to be a ballast to Patrick Henry’s (Barack Obama) aggressive stances, and as such, was placed at the head of all the Virginia Burgess’s important committees. As a friend of George Washington (George C. Marshall), he worked for the cause of independence, ultimately becoming chairman of the Virginia Committee of Correspondence. Led the Virginia delegation to the first Continental Congress and was chosen president of both those convened bodies, although he had to resign from the 2nd one because of ill health and died of complications of a stroke shortly afterwards. Inner: Cautious, contained, deeply religious and at heart a patriot, but without the desire to see the entire process of the American Revolution through to its end. Cautious lifetime of being there at the initiating process of the creation of the future United States of America, but with enough inner conflict not to wish to see what would become of the revolutionary fellowship, of which he was an intimate part. Edmund de la Pole (Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk) (1471-1513) - English general. Outer: Grandfather was William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk (Dwight D. Eisenhower). Second of 5 sons of the 2nd Duke of Suffolk. Mother was the daughter of the 3rd Duke of York, and niece of Richard III (Evelyn Waugh), giving the family very strong royal connections with the Yorkist king. Made a knight of the Bath at the latter’s coronation. Younger brother of John de la Pole (Robert Dole), who at one point was the legitimate heir to his cousin’s throne. After Richard fell in battle, and the Lancastrians brought the crown to their House, via Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch), his older brother John supported the claims of Lambert Simnel (Lee Harvey Oswald), to the throne, and was subsequently killed in battle in a thwarted invasion of England from Ireland in 1487. Took up his cause, as a Yorkist claimant to the usurped throne, although Henry spared him, and allowed him to succeed to his sire’s title as Duke of Suffolk in 1491. His estates, however, suffered because of an attainder put on the family through his brother’s treasonous actions, and he had to pay the crown large sums to retrieve some of his forfeited land. Also was downgraded from duke to earl. Married Margaret Scrope, with one daughter who became a nun. Extremely restless, he left England in 1501, deeply dissatisfied with his secondary position, when he felt he was true royalty. Sought the aid of Maximilian I (Charles de Gaulle), the HRE, and continued his intriguing. Found himself outlawed, while another brother William, was imprisoned, and he wound up as a captive of Felipe I of Castile (Baldur von Schirach), who surrendered him to Henry in 1506, under the condition his life be spared. Remained a prisoner in the Tower of London, until his youngest brother, Richard, took up arms against the king, at which point he was executed by order of Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook). Inner: Headstrong, ambitious and highly aggressive. Restless lifetime of intriguing, only to wind up a prisoner of his own impractical ambitions, in his ongoing dealings with his rigid and ofttimes off-putting sense of honor and principle. John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (c1385-1453) - English nobleman and soldier. Outer: 2nd son of a baron, while his mother was an heiress. A younger brother became archbishop of Dublin. At 19, he served with his older brother during a Welsh rebellion, which lasted 9 years. During that time, he married Maud Nevill, an heiress, in 1408, 3 sons and a daughter from the union. In 1409, he was summoned to Parliament, by his wife’s right. In 1414, he was made lieutenant of Ireland, and held that post for 5 years, during which time he was criticised for his harsh rule and for excessive violence, although he had been specifically assigned the post because of his hard hand. Inherited the baronies of Talbot and Strange in 1421, following the death of his older brother’s daughter. Served in France for the first part of the 1420s, and then held the same post he earlier had in Ireland for a brief period. After his wife died, he married Margaret Beauchamp, daughter of the Earl of Warwick in 1425, and had 3 more sons and 2 daughters. Continued his military career in France, superseding John Fastolf (Robert Dole) in command in 1426. Co-commanded with Fastolf at the disastrous Battle of Patay, where the former was accused of cowardice, although it was largely his rashness which fed into the defeat. During the 100 Years War, he became a legendary figure in France, earning a reputation for both daring and aggression, before being captured and held prisoner for 4 years. Exchanged for a French leader, he immediately went back to battle, as a blitzkrieging captain. Won some 40 battles and skirmishes during the extended war, and became known as the “English Achilles” by French chroniclers. Appointed Constable of France by Henry VI (Harold Nicolson), but after he was taken hostage in 1449, he promised never to wear armour against the French king again, and held his pledge. Defeated and killed near Bordeaux, which ended English rule in Gascony, the province that had precipitated the war. Honored by the French afterwards as a great warrior, while his heart was buried separate from his body to underline its power. Inner: Rash, pugnacious and aggressive, martial through and through. Showed far more daring than his military abilities warranted. Put up your dukes lifetime of acting the legendary soldier, and dying with sword-in-hand, as reflection of his later inflexibility in doing principled battle without being willing or able to given an inch.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS HELPMATE TURNED ACTIVE TORY:
Storyline: The aristocratic arbitrarian rebounds from a life lived in the background, to a full-bore one in the public eye, giving voice to upper-class prejudices galore, while retaining her wit, her charitable sense of noblesse oblige and her deep Christian sensibilities.

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor (Nancy Witcher Langhorne) (1879-1964) - American/English politician. Outer: Father had been a slaveholder and Confederate officer, whose fortunes had dipped precipitously during the Civil War, reducing the family to poverty afterwards, although he was eventually able to recoup through the railroad industry, building a mansion he dubbed Mirador. Mother was saintly, while her spouse was irascible and bullying. One of five sisters, all of whom were noted beauties, and became known as the Gibson Girls, because one of their number married the artist Charles Dana Gibson. Also had three brothers, two of whom died young of TB, while three more siblings never made it past infancy. Resented the fact her father refused to send her to college. A romantic at heart, she married Robert Gould Shaw, an idle millionaire, in 1897, although he proved a drunken cad, and they were divorced in 1903. One son from the union, who later embarrassed her with his alcoholism and proclivity for those of his own sex, and ultimately committed suicide following her passing. Moved to London with a sister and her son in 1904, and the following year, met Waldorf Astor, 2nd Viscount Astor, another American transplant from the Astor clan, with whom she shared birthdays. They were married in 1906, and received as a wedding gift, Cliveden, a Buckinghamshire estate. Became one of England’s leading Edwardian hostesses, thanks to having 30 bedrooms at her avail, with a world’s who’s who at her behest. Added four more sons and a daughter to her brood, while teaching them to value people for their worth, not their fame. Her husband, who was modest, restrained and moralistic, proved her staunchest support and ally, and they both converted to Christian Science in 1914. Following the birth of her last child in 1918, she decided to enter politics, running for the seat her husband had vacated in the House of Commons to move on to the House of Lords, on the death of his father. Saw she had a gift for public speaking, thanks to an innate wit which transliterated into Astorisms. In 1919, she became the first woman ever elected to Parliament, as a Conservative, and she became “Our Nancy,” to a largely working-class constituency. Took curbing drinking and primary education as her two main platforms, while always steering a middle course, and trying not to show herself as too independent, in what was considered a “men’s club.” Established maternity clinics in Plymouth, and during WW I set up a Canadian hospital on the edge of her estate, despite her Christian Science beliefs, which held some 24,000 during the conflict. Visited Virginia as often as she could, and also involved herself in the needs of her constituents, although was never more than a minor factor in the larger political life of England. Strongly anti-fascist, as well as anti-socialist, anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic, she and her husband nevertheless supported the economic appeasement of Germany during the 1930s, which brought her the erroneous label of being pro-Nazi, and weakened her public standing considerably. Lost several people close to her in the buildup to WW II, while her marriage grew distant over petty arguments, and her husband’s continual declining health due to an ongoing heart condition. Made numerous unfortunate disparaging statements during the war, which did nothing for her reputation, although she stayed in Plymouth after the Germans bombed the city, helping to arrange housing and food for its citizens. Retired from Parliament in 1945 at her husband’s urging, which disappointed her deeply, although remained a public scold, and a fervent anti-communist, as well as a critic of America’s witch-hunt hysteria. Her wide-ranging prejudices did little to burnish her later reputation, as her wit diminished, and she withdrew totally from public life following her husband’s death in 1952. Outlived all her sisters, and spent her last years feeling quite lonely before passing on in one of her daugher’s homes. Published her autobiography, “My Two Countries,” in 1923. Inner: Lively, witty, devout, highly moralistic and equally opinionated. Socially fearless and no stranger from controversy, thanks to a brittle tongue, with a host of prejudices ranging from ethnic to racial to religious to economic. Completely unreflective, relying on shoot-from-the-hip instinct, rather than analysis for all her stands, while having a genuine gift for friendship, even with those with whom she ardently disagreed. Loose upper lip lifetime of giving highly public voice to herself as a biased precedent-breaker, whose best work was done behind the scenes, and who is largely remembered for her arch tongue and social indomitability. Leticia Tyler (Leticia Christian) (1790-1842) - American first lady. Outer: Of English and French descent. Father was a planter and a member of the Virginia House of Delegates. One of seven children with three surviving brothers and two sisters. Dark brown hair, with brown eyes, and raised an Episcopalian. Little known of her early life prior to her marriage, although it was probably typical of her class, with home schooling, and domestic activities centered around running a large plantation. Married John Tyler (Robert Byrd), a lawyer and member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1813, following a five year engagement. Shortly afterwards her parents died, leaving her with enough wherewithal to allow her husband to pursue a public service career. The union produced three sons and four daughters, while she remained at home, raising the couple’s children and moving into ever grander homes. Seemed to have accepted slavery as an integral part of plantation life, although refused to allow female slaves to do any kind of outdoor work. Financial concerns would be a source of stress, as she assumed the role of caretaker over their fortunes. Suffered a stroke in 1839, which left her partially paralyzed and mostly bedridden, forcing her husband to conduct his work from their Williamsburg home. Served as a valued consultant to him, throughout his political rise. Unable to attend her spouse’s swearing-in as president, when he succeeded William Henry Harrison (Dwight Eisenhower) on the latter’s sudden death in 1841, a month into his term. Her health improved somewhat, and she was able to take on responsibility as first lady from her bedroom, with a keen interest in her growing family and its next generation. Proved charitable to the poor of Washington, and followed political developments from her bedroom, via visitors and gossip, although she deliberately remained out of the public eye, making only one public appearance at the marriage of one of her daughters. May also have attended theater with her family. Suffered a second stroke, and died in her sleep, the first first lady to succumb in the White House. Her duties were subsumed by her daughter-in-law, Priscilla Tyler (Jane Wyatt) until her husband remarried the following year. Inner: Conservative, devout, charitable, discreet, selfless and largely undemonstrative. Helpmate lifetime of conforming to the southern belle ideal as wife and brood-bearer, while battling a body that ultimately could barely house her, before returning to a similar milieu in far more assertive fashion, to reveal both her deep-seated prejudices, and her lively combative mind.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS SOCIALLY ADEPT SOCIAL CONSCIOUS:
Storyline: The well-born helpmate combines a liberal sensibility with a warm intelligence to stand out in a variety of spheres, while becoming a 1950s emblem of genteel motherhood, as befits her own ongoing private role as the rock upon which a happy family can be built.

Jane Wyatt (Jane Waddington Wyatt) (1910-2006) - American actress. Outer: From a wealthy family on both sides, with both her parents converting to Roman Catholicism. Mother was drama critic for the “Catholic World,” and a descendant of the van Rensselaers, who were early Dutch colonists, and father was a Wall Street investment banker, from another old-line family, with several members politically active in the formation of the early U.S. Grew up among the elite of NYC high society. Educated at the fashionable Miss Chapin’s, and despite family disapproval, decided on becoming an actress, after dropping out of Barnard College at the end of her sophomore year. Joined the apprentice program at the Berkshire Playhouse in Mass, and had six months training before gaining her first Broadway role at the age of 20, as an understudy in “Trade Winds.” 5’6”, slim, dark-haired and dark-eyed, with a pleasing aesthetic about her. Quickly got delisted from the Social Register afterwards for her déclassé decision to pursue a looked down-upon profession. Made her film debut in 1934 in One More River. After meeting Edgar B. Ward at a Hyde Park party thrown by FDR’s sons, she married him in 1935, two sons, as well as a third who died in infancy, from the close union, that got her registry entry reinstated. Enjoyed her biggest success on the screen in 1937 in Lost Horizon, playing the film’s love interest, and went on to appear in some 30 films, usually as genteel characters, over the next decade, while juggling work and family. Heavily involved with the March of Dimes charity since 1943. Politically active, she was blacklisted during the anti-Communist hysteria of the 1940s and 1950s, and fought back, denouncing Sen. Joe McCarthy (Ann Coulter) and his demagogic tactics, which curtailed her film career, sending her back to the stage and then TV. Best remembered for her role as Margaret Anderson, the calm, wise mother on TV’s “Father Knows Best,” for which she won three straight Emmys from 1958 thru 1960, after appearing in over 200 episodes from 1954 to 1960. Defended its light gloss, although admitted that both she and costar Robert Young eventually grew tired of the characters. Did more filmwork afterwards, as well as guest appearances on various TV shows, including “St. Elsewhere,” in the 1980s, where she was a regular cast member. Her final feature was in 1986, before retiring from show business in the 1990s, after suffering a mild stroke, from which she recovered. Lost her husband the day before their 65th wedding anniversary, and ultimately died in her sleep of natural causes, six years later. Inner: Intelligent, warm and extremely giving. Devout Catholic, with a strong social conscience. Mother knows best lifetime of bringing her traditional sensibilities to the country-at-large, while standing up for herself, as a liberal postulant of conservative values. Priscilla Cooper Tyler (Elizabeth Priscilla Cooper) (1816-1889) - American actress and acting first lady. Outer: Father was transplanted Irish actor and producer Thomas Apthorpe Cooper (Philip Seymour Hoffman), and mother was a NY society belle, and his second wife. One of eight children, including five sisters. Took to the stage at 17, after enjoying a handsomely housed upbringing, only to see her family lose its moorings during the Panic of 1837, causing them to be reduced to near-starvation and a ramshackle cottage. Dark-haired, dark-eyed, and extremely attractive. While playing Desdemona to her father’s Othello in a Richmond, Virginia production of Shakespeare’s play of the same name, she met the eldest son of future vpresident John Tyler (Robert Byrd), Robert Tyler, who came backstage to meet her, after giving her a standing ovation. The two quickly fell in love and were wed in 1839, much to her financial benefit, because of his family’s extended holdings, in what would prove to be an extremely happy partnership. Despite her much lower social standing, she was embraced as a daughter by Leticia Tyler (Nancy Astor), her mother-in-law, and immediately made part of the family. Two long-lived daughters from the union. John Tyler became president in 1841, after William Henry Harrison (Dwight Eisenhower) died a month into his term shortly after his inauguration. Assisted her semi-invalid mother-in-law as hostess for the one term administration, and then became official hostess two years later on the former’s death. Proved to be sparkling company for the many notable visitors she entertained, while initiating summer Marine Band concerts on the White House South Lawn. Presumed the role of First Lady, when the president needed her to do so, before seceding the honor to Tyler’s second wife, Julia (Georgette Mosbacher) later in 1843. Relocated to Philadelphia with her husband, who was a lawyer, an active Democrat, and a notary of the Penna. Supreme Court. Both declared themselves loyal to the South when the Civil War broke out, and moved to Richmond, where her husband became a register of the Confederate Treasury. Following the war, he was made editor of a Montgomery, Alabama newspaper, and the city became their permanent home. Remained there following her husband’s death in 1877, outliving him by twelve years. Inner: Lively, extroverted, witty, intelligent and known for her sparkling conversation. Helpmate lifetime of having her early stage ambitions curtailed by financial considerations, thrusting her into the national spotlight as a White House hostess, before returning to the domestic duties she much preferred, in a whirlwind go-round allowing her to see and be part of the larger American politicalscape.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICAL HELPMATE AS A FORCE OF HER OWN:
Storyline: The enterprising entrepreneur learns how to become a powerhouse through assimilation and association with powerful men, deliberately seeking them out as partners in order to elevate herself into the same realm of accomplishment and wealth.

Georgette Mosbacher (Georgette Paulsen) (1947) - American entrepreneur. Outer: Oldest of 4. Family owned a bowling alley, father was killed by a drunk driver on the way from work. Her mother became a travel agent, while she babysat and took on added responsibilities, and later worked in sales as well as a switchboard operator, using her mother as a model for drive and hard work. Her sister Lyn Paulsin became a supermodel. Both ambitious and highly attractive, she worked her way through Indiana Univ., and began a career in advertising in Detroit. Joined a brother in Los Angeles and targeted Robert Muir, a successful real estate developer in his 40s for marriage, gaining an interview with him, and working her seductive magic, so that the two were wed in 1970. Felt stifled in the union and divorced him before moving to NYC in 1977. Worked at a film production unit of Faberge, and wound up snaring George Barrie, the 67 year old chairman, wedding him in 1980. Her husband, however, turned out to be an abusive alcoholic, and the duo were divorced 2 years later. Prenuptial agreements kept her from cashing in on her unions so she moved to Houston to take advantage of all the millionaires there. Her third mate would be the charm, Robert Mosbacher, owner of an energy company. Although he was initially resistant because of her two failed marriages, as well as his 4 children, her will prevailed and the two were wed in 1985. Achieved a lifelong dream by purchasing the French cosmetics firm La Prairie in 1988, and through her hands-on success with it, sold it and launched her own company, Exclusives, in 1991. Her husband was appointed Secretary of Commerce by Pres. George H. W. Bush, during this period, so that she commuted between NY and Washington, making her a celebrity of sorts in the latter city, although she maintained a relative low entertaining profile, while staying active in charity work. Published her first book, “Feminine Force,” an auto-biographical self-help guide in 1993, and became more involved in Republican party politics, looking to cap her career with an elective office, which never happened. Served as national co-chairman of John McCain’s aborted 2000 presidential run, and then became co-chair of the Republican National Committee's Finance Committee. After a lifetime of unquestioned loyalty, however, she expressed complete disillsionment with her party, over its curmudgeonly rightward tilt in the post-Bush era. Inner: Driven and highly ambitious. Self-willed lifetime of coming into reduced circumstances, and still following the same arc of marrying powerful men, learning from them, and making herself into both a business and political force. Julia Tyler (Julia Gardiner) (1820-1889) - American presidential helpmate. Outer: Father was a wealthy manager of estates, who owned Gardiner’s Island on Long Island, NY. Mother was a brewery and real estate heir. 3rd of 4 children. Privileged upbringing. 5’3”, full-bosomed, with black hair. Liked being centerstage, and was too aggressive for the tastes of her conservative, staid parents. Went to finishing school, then shocked her socially conscious family by appearing in an ad for a dry goods store as the ‘Rose of Long Island.’ Looking for a a good match for herself, she moved to Washington with a sister and had an impressive train of admirers there, including a Supreme Court justice who asked for her hand. Her future husband, Pres. John Tyler (Robert Byrd) proposed to her at a costume ball, where he was wearing a Greek hat, and she was dressed as a Greek maiden, although she initially refused him. Took an excursion with her family on a frigate, where Tyler was also aboard. An explosion killed her father and the secretary of state, but Tyler coolly handled the situation and proposed formally to her afterwards, and she accepted, after fainting in his arms at the death of her sire. The couple were married in 1844 in a small ceremony, since she was still in mourning. His eldest daughter, who was only 3 years younger than she, never forgave her father for marrying again, and hated her until the end of her life. Proved to be a successful hostess and was quite attached to her husband, 7 children from union. Put people off by her regal behavior in the White House, particularly since, at 24, she was the youngest first lady ever. Hired a press agent to improve her image, and created a court of young women for herself. After his presidency, she lived on his 1200 acre Virginia plantation, Sherwood Forest. Spent the Civil War in her mother’s mansion, after inheriting her money, and her home served as a haven for black troops. Her servants smashed things, and left, while she condemned all African-Americans for their behavior. Lived off a widow’s pension after the death of her husband in 1862, converted to Catholicism a decade later, and the following year returned to Sherwood Forest. Ultimately died in the same hotel as he did. Inner: Flirtatious and vivacious, with an instinct for power. To the manor born lifetime of enjoying power, privilege and prestige as a belle, before returning as far more of an activist to exploit those same three ‘p’s from a far more political position.

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