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ANGLO-AMERICANS - ASSORTED LESSER PRESIDENTS & PURITANS

 

PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS PURITANICAL SCOLD:
Storyline: The virtuous moralist feels compelled to preach his Calvinist views to a Hobbesian world that has gone to the devil, preferring the style of stances to the substance of truly changing things.

bWilliam J. Bennett (1938) - American politician. Outer: From a middle-class Roman Catholic family. Younger brother of high profile defense attorney Bob Bennett. Father was a banker, raised by his mother after the couple divorced. Moved to Washington, D.C. as a teenager, and received a strict Jesuit education. A hero-worshiper as a youth, he employed old mythological figures as his icons, which fed into his lifetime obsession of teaching the young, guiding moral principles. 6’2”, 220 lbs. Worked his way through college and graduate school. Studied philosophy and played football at Williams College, where he was an honors student, then received his Ph.D. from the Univ. of Texas, writing his dissertation on the theory of social contracts. Became a teacher at Harvard, then Boston Univ. where he was appointed assistant to the president and an associate professor of philosophy. In 1976, he became executive director of the National Humanities Center in North Carolina, and revised the liberal course of his predecessor, while continuing to teach philosophy. Married Mary Glover in 1982, two sons from the union. Although a registered Democrat, he became disaffected and switched to the Republicans, becoming a national figure for them. In 1985, he was appointed Secretary of Education in the 2nd Ronald Reagan administration, but was roundly disliked by educators. Elevated next to Drug Czar during the George H.W. Bush administration, in charge of the government’s war against drugs, where he proved a great believer in law enforcement, rather than rehabilitation. After 18 months, he announced the success of his get-tough policies, despite the obvious failure of his program, and the ongoing drug problem in the United States, evincing an egregious obtuseness to the real world around him, preferring his own projected black’n’white view of it. Wrote The Book of Virtues, extolling strong moral stances and has remained a voice of conservative moral authority on the American scene, through further writings and TV appearances. Extremely critical of what he sees as a collapse of America’s inner strength, while making sure his is a voice that is continued to be heard. Despite his posturing, he admitted in 2003 he was a gambling addict, although he refused to acknowledge that he had lost millions to casinos, while rationalizing he had never put his family’s security in jeopardy through his uncontrolled behavior. On his radio show, “Morning in America,” he made the intemperate observation that crime would go down if every black baby in the country were aborted, although immediately refuted the remark, in his ongoing foot-in-mouth role as self-appointed scold for America’s lax morality. Inner: Stubborn, obsessed, morally righteous. Strong need to put his own sense of individuality in a heroic mold. Tut-tut-tut lifetime of acting as a moral voice in amoral times without the power of elected office behind him, so as to test his own galvanizing Calvinizing strength. bCalvin Coolidge (John Calvin Coolidge) (1872-1933) - American President. Known as “Silent Cal.’ Outer: From frugal farming Puritan stock. Father of the same name was a farmer, storekeeper, and justice of the peace, who later swore his son in as president when his predecessor passed away. His mother died of TB when he was 12, and was probably the singular greatest love of his life. A sister also died young. Grew up as a painfully shy boy in an isolated hamlet, although contrary to his public image, was somewhat of a chatterbox as a child, and would be locked up in the attic by his grandmother until he quieted down. 5’10”, with a pale complexion. Grew up to be taciturn, tight-lipped, industrious and parsimonious with a high-pitched twang, and a never-changing expression. Spent a silent four years at Amherst College, graduating with the highest honors, and after two years with a law firm, passed his bar and began practicing law in Northampton. Had no interest in women, although in 1905 he married Grace Goodhue (Dana Loesch), his complete opposite in temperament, who was a teacher of the deaf. Proved to be a total autocrat in their largely austere union, while his Methodist wife bowed to his wishes, 2 sons from the union, with one dying in the White House of blood poisoning from a blister he received playing lawn tennis. His mother-in-law had no use for him until he was successful. Held 19 elective offices before winning the White House, rising on the hierarchical political ladder, one rung at time, beginning as a member of the Northampton City Council in 1898, while never earning more than a few thousand dollars a year from his law practice. Served as a member of the Mass. State Senate, where he gained notice for his role in settling a textile strike, which won him the Senate’s presidency. Thanks to a reputation for efficiency, he was elected lieutenant governor in 1915, and then governor, in 1918. Came to national attention in the latter post for scolding the striking Boston police on jeopardizing public safety, while also reorganizing the state government, and championing women’s suffrage, which earned him a second term. Ran for the presidency in 1920, and was selected as vice-president to Warren G. Harding (Warren Beatty) in 1920 in a surprise move that wound up a landslide victory for the duo. Completely invisible in his office, he became chief executive in 1923, on Harding’s sudden death. As President, he operated under the dictum, the “business of America is business.” Despite faring poorly with his/storians, he managed to balance the budget, keep inflation in check, and preside over a continually rising GNP. Recognized that a lack of activism on his part was the best tonic for an unbridled economy, and retired after one full term, winning re-election in 1924 over John W. Davis (Patrick Fitzgerald) by a huge majority, doubling his electoral votes. An active Ku Klux Klan member who allowed cross lightings on the Capital steps and also reviewed the giant Klan parades of 1925 and 1926 that were held in Washington D.C. Held regular press conferences, and was able to effectively deal with the fall-out of the various scandals of his predecessor’s administration. Saw himself above all as a steward, and acted accordingly. Extremely insular in his policies, he supported high tariffs and naysayed the League of Nations, while advocating world peace as national policy, despite pushing for a strong national defense system. Famously refused to seek another term in 1928, despite being an overwhelming favorite for re-election. Returned to his old two-family house, only to be gawked at by tourists while indulging in his favorite pastime of porch-sitting, which forced him to buy his first home ever on an 8 acre estate. Spent his time writing terse articles, and engaging in various business, civil and political pursuits. Died of a sudden coronary thrombosis in his dressing room in his home. His body was discovered by his wife, who did not wish to have him lie in state in Washington. Buried in his birthplace city’s cemetery. When told he was dead, wit Dorothy Parker (Janeane Garafolo) remarked, “How can they tell?” His will was 28 words long, while his Presidential Library and Museum is in Northampton, Mass. Inner: Had a profound belief in extreme economy of both word and deed. His only recreations were walking and fishing. Reportedly slept 11 hours a night, and took naps as well. Extremely stingy on all levels, economically and emotionally, although was a caring family man. Good listener, and always a reactor, rather than an actor. His singular expression of good cheer was in his liking for bright colors. Totally content with ordinary life, and a good representative of common America. Enjoyed an occasional glass of wine, but kept the White House dry. Tight-assed lifetime of taking the country on an economic joyride, and, then, quite in total character, allowing the next in line, Herbert Hoover (Marco Rubio), to pay the piper for the irrational enthusiasm his grim-lipped policies engendered. bJohn Dickinson (1732-1808) - American politician. Outer: His family owned a large tobacco plantation, that his father had steadily expanded over several counties. His mother was the former’s 2nd wife, and the daughter of a wealthy Quaker merchant. 2nd son. Grew up in privilege, and was tutored at home, before studying law, then spent 3 years of further study at the Middle Temple in London, before returning home in 1757 to practice law in Philadelphia for 3 years. Entered politics in Pennsylvania, and wound up as a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress of 1765 in NYC. Helped formulate a Declaration of Rights and Grievances and became a leader of a political faction opposing British taxation policies. Gained fame as the author of “Letters from Farmer in Pennsylvania, to the Inhabitants of the British Colonies,” which helped turn popular opinion against the Townshend Acts in 1767, which increased duties to pay the salaries of royal officials in the colonies. In 1770, he married
Mary Norris, the daughter of another wealthy Quaker, who was also a politician, two daughters from the union. Never joined a church himself, thanks to a general skepticism around religion. Had several homes, thanks to the wealth he inherited, and in 1774, he was a delegate from Pennsylvania to the first and second Continental Congress. As an admirer of the British Constitutional system, he never advocated revolution, hoping instead for reconciliation, although he became known as “the penman of the Revolution,” for his written stances. Helped prepare the first draft of the Articles of Confederation, but voted against the Declaration of Independence, still hoping to reconcile with the British. Despite being accused of being a Loyalist, he served as a Brigadier General in the patriot militia, only to see himself removed as a delegate for his refusal to sign the Declaration of Independence. Resigned his commission and went home to Delaware, only to hear that his Philadelphia mansion had been converted to a hospital. Refused on principle to budge, and remained in a two year funk, declining appointment again as brigadier general. Learned one of his properties had been burned down by the British, and, as the largest slaveholder in Delaware, responded by freeing his slaves in 1777, in a nod to the Quaker influence of his wife. In 1779, he was appointed a delegate from Delaware to the Continental Congress, and two years later he was elected President of Delaware, serving for a year in that position, before being elected State President of Pennsylvania, a post he held for 3 years. Donated 500 acres of land to Dickinson College in Pennsylvania, which was named in his honor. In 1787, he became a delegate from Delaware to the Federal Constitutional Convention, and as such, signed the U.S. Constitution and worked for its ratification. Came back to the Delaware State Senate in 1792, but was forced to resign the following year because of ill health. Held no public office his last 17 years, and spent the rest of his life working for the abolition movement. In 1801 published two volumes of his writing on politics. Inner: Largely tactless and totally uncompromising. Grave and emaciated, and almost always dressed in black with a pontifical manner that turned off all who did not adhere to his beliefs. Felt political principles and actions not rooted in his/story were inherently destructive. Also felt British political principles that were won over the centuries were valid, but had little use for basic rights of humankind. Pilgrim’s progress lifetime of strong involvement in the creation of the United States, albeit from a position of untenable principles and an unwavering sense of Puritanism. bJohn Winthrop (1588-1649) - American politician. Outer: John Winthrop (1588-1649) - American politician. Outer: From a landowning English family. 3rd son of his father’s 2nd marriage. Charming and cheerful as a youth, but after a severe illness in adolescence, he embraced the tenets of Puritanism. Studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, although left without degree when he was 18 to marry Mary Forth, an heiress 5 years his senior, 6 children from the union, including son John Winthrop the younger (Marco Rubio). Came into money and an estate through his wife’s father, although it took great effort from his own sire to secure the latter. Successfully practiced law, but failed to gain a seat in Parliament, and ultimately wound up as an administrator of the estates of minors, in an office noted for its rampant corruption. Ultimately gained his position with the Massachussets Bay Company because it was viewed as a worthless post. His wife died in 1615, and he remarried the same year, but his 2nd spouse, Tomasine Clopton, and their infant expired a year later. Married again at 30 to Margaret Tyndall, who was a like-minded, close companion, 8 children from the 3rd union. As a member of the Massachussets Bay Company, he led the group that arranged for the removal of the company’s government to New England and was selected as governor of the proposed colony. Arrived in America in 1630 and founded what would become Boston. The 2nd most influential citizen next to John Cotton (Al Sharpton), he served as governor 12 times over the next 19 years. An opponent of democracy, he helped to shape the theocratic policy of the colony, although was more lenient than many of his fellow theocrats, despite having Anne Hutchinson (Coretta Scott King) banished because of a perceived threat to his autonomy. Had an enormous effect on the subsequent his/story of Massachussets, helping it immeasureably in weathering its early problems, particularly parliamentary intereference from England. The journal he kept has become an invaluable source for the period and was later published as “The History of New England from 1630 to 1649.” Always referred to himself in it in the third person, as “the governor,” or “one of the church.” His oldest son became governor as well. After the death of his 3rd wife, he married Maragaret Coytmore, a widow and captain’s daughter, and they had one son who died early. Prematurely aged by hard work, anxiety and sorrow, he died 2 years later. Inner: Rigid, uncompromising, extremely puritanical, with absolutely no faith in democracy, although able to use tact and moderation in his dealings with the outer world. Also refined and sensitive, and affectionate with his family, in cntrast with his dealings with the larger colony. Conservative, aristocratic, modest and self-sacrificing, as well filled with integrity, despite a rigid exterior. Grim-lipped lifetime of actualizing political, as well as theocratic fantasies, as a recordkeeper/administrator in a Brave New World. bAntoine Granvelle (Antoine Perenot de Granvelle) (1517-1586) - Spanish cardinal and statesman. Outer: Father was a lawyer, and later became chancellor of the empire under Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V (Napoleon), as well as one of his most trusted advisers in Germany. Educated in France and Italy, he was ordained a priest in 1540, and soon after was consecrated a bishop, despite being in his early 20s, thanks in large part to his father’s elevated position. Within the next 2 decades, he rose in the Church hierarchy, ultimately becoming a cardinal, while showing a good instinct for diplomacy, although was less adept as a governor. Succeeded his father as secretary of state in 1550, and served both Charles V, as his sire had done, and then, after the latter abdicated in 1555, his son Felipe II (Adolf Hitler) of Spain, negotiating the first marriage of the latter with Mary I (Rose Kennedy) of England. Appointed council of state to Margaret of Parma (Coco Chanel), the Spanish regent of the Netherlands in 1559, but his implementation of Felipe’s policies proved extremely unpopular. Retained Spanish troops and increased religious persecution in his role as governor, and he was forced to retire in 1564, after several powerful figures, including Lamoraal, graaf van Egmond (Marco Rubio) petitioned for his removal. The king later realized that if he had supported him, the subsequent Dutch revolution would not have happened. Held other diplomatic positions, including viceroy of Naples, during a particularly difficult five year period, showing he was able to dispatch his duties with some success. In 1575, he was called to Madrid to be president of of the council for Italian affairs. Ultimately lost influence at court, and his last position was as archbishop of Besancon in 1584, but by then, he was suffering from a lingering disease, and was not able to assume the post. Inner: Highly competent, although hampered by a recalcitrant king, and his own heavy-handed methods. Limiting lifetime of serving higher authorities, with his higher ambitions, thwarted, necessitating a switchover to the puritanical wing of the Protestant realm in order to more fully realize his administrative ideals. Georges d’Amboise (1460-1510) - French cardinal and statesman. Outer: Father was chamberlain to two kings as well as ambassador to Rome. Made a bishop at the age of 14, although he did not assume office for another decade. In 1493, he became archbishop of Rouen. Later imprisoned as a follower of the future Louis XII (Bernard Kouchner), but when his patron was returned to favor, he received two archbishoprics and was made lieutenant general of Normandy. When Louis ascended the throne in 1498, he was made cardinal and first minister of the crown. Reduced both taxes and spending, while introducing strongly needed changes in the crown’s judicial and financial systems. Did much to organize Louis’s expedition against Milan, and was later frustrated in his desire to become pope, coming in third in the voting, on his first try. When the new pope, Pius III, died after a pontificate of only four weeks, he schemed again only to fail anew, then went so far as to try effect a schism between Rome and France, but the French army was unable to support his plan. As compensation, he was made a legate for life to France instead. Remained active in the French government his entire career, successfully negotiating diplomatic treaties. Died while returning from an Italian expedition with the king. Inner: Competent and colorless, despite an overweening ambition that marred an otherwise solid governmental career, which probably fed into his succeeding secular, rather than religious lives, despite his strong spiritual orientation. Glass ceiling lifetime of having his highest ambitions frustrated, leading to one more controversial cardinalate before hieing to the New World, to begin anew as a theocratic Puritan politician. Louis VII (1120-1180) - King of France. Known as ‘Louis the Younger.’ Outer: From the Capetian line. Father was Louis VI (Arthur Seyss-Inquart), mother was the daughter of an Italian count. 2nd and eldest surviving son out of seven brothers and one sister, with his sire’s favorite Philippe de France (Oswald Mosley) dying as a teen in a riding mishap. Originally intended for a church career, which fit his natural retiring disposition, until his older sibling’s death, at which point his younger brother Henri (Marco Rubio) subsumed the life he would have had. Anointed at the age of 11 as his sire’s successor and ascended to the throne at the age of 17. Fell madly in love with Eleanor of Aquitaine (Doris Kopf-Schroeder), and married her a few days before his rule began. The latter, however, found him inadequate, complaining she wed a king, and got a monk, instead. initially quite aggressive, earning an interdict from the pope on his lands, while warring with the count of Champagne, until a thousand people who sought refuge in a church were burned alive through his inadvertent actions, which overwhelmed him with guilt, and made him go on crusade as atonement. In 1147, he set out with his wife, along with younger brother Robert (Rick Santorum), as part of the Second Crusade. The disjointed sojourn proved to be an all-around disaster, with the king fighting for his very life at one juncture, and ultimately having to abandon it altogether, after a failed siege of Damascus. The misadventure drained much of the spirit from him, as he descended into excessive piety on his return, perhaps as a means of further atonement. His marriage, in the meantime, was annulled in 1152, after suspicions of his wife’s unfaithfulness, 2 daughters from the unhappy union. Eleanor then went on to marry the future Henry II (Kathleen Kennedy) of England, returning Aquitaine to English control, which aided him, since it was no longer a drain on his economy, although he would spend over 2 decades of his reign intriguing and warring against Henry. Continued his father’s program of building on an administrative government employing men of humble origin, and consolidating his rule over royal domains, rather than adding to his territory. Had good relations with the popes, but struggled with his own nobles. His 2nd marriage was in his mid-30s, to Constance, the daughter of the Spanish king of Castile and Leon, 2 daughters from the union. After his wife’s death, he married Adele de Champagne (Dana Loesch), the daughter of a French count when he was 40, one son, his successor, Philippe II Augustus (Franklin D. Roosevelt), and 2 more daughters from the union. Completed his father’s task of subduing his barons and increased the crown’s holdings, but his reign was largely inconsistent, due to his lack of martial expertise, and his excessively monkish nature. Able, however, to pass down a solvent kingdom to his son, with an enhanced overall commercial and cerebral spirit. Died of a series of strokes. Inner: Extremely pious and devout, acting like a priest in royal robes. Sensitive, intelligent and able to acquit himself fairly well on the throne, despite a naive view of the depredations and deceits of the larger nonspiritual world. Majestic monk lifetime of running afoul of the secular world’s duplicities and harsh realties, as a relatively uncomplex individual thinking that simple love, both sacred and profane, was more than enough to give him the fulfillment he craved. cPaschal II (Rainerio) (?-1118) - Italian pope. Outer: From a modest family background. Entered a Cluny monastery as a boy, and rose through its hierarchy to become its abbot. His monastery, near Florence, was one of the new ascetic reform communities, which imbued him with a similar sense of mission. Around 1078, he was made a cardinal-priest of St. Clemente Church, after entering the papal service as an ardent disciple of reformist Pope Gregory VII (Michael Eric Dyson). Trusted with an important mission to Spain by Urban II (Barack Obama), before succeeding him in 1099. Initially protested against his selection, claiming his monastic training was insufficient for the post, although he was invested anyway, proving himself a very firm pontiff with a strong agenda. Inherited the investiture controversy of his predecessor, wherein the Church demanded exclusive power over all higher appointments, and was immediately faced with a hostile German emperor, Heinrich IV (Yonatan Netanyahu), and his anti-pope. With the help of Norman money, he ejected two anti-popes, before being forced to confront the emperor over his power of lay investiture. Supported the latter’s son, Heinrich V (Arnold Schwarzenegger) in his successful rebellion against his sire, only to find that he, too, was as intransigent on the issue as his father had been. When Heinrich marched on Rome in 1111, he affected a radical compromise, proposing that the German churches give up all property and rights that came to them from the empire, in return for the emperor to renounce the right of investiture, and instead allow free elections. When the concordat was announced at the latter’s coronation in Rome, a huge protest erupted and the proceedings had to be halted. Heinrich then arrested him, and took him prisoner on his exit from Rome, holding him for two harsh months, before forcing him to grant investiture rights, as well as to never excommunicate him, to which he acceded. Crowned Heinrich emperor, and then fell prey to a thunderous cacophony of criticism. Considered abdicating for compromising everything his reform party had struggled for, then, after one of his underlings excommunicated the emperor, he revoked the privilege. Both the English and French kings subsequently renounced their rights of investiture, in return for other rights, although he had little to do with those decisions. Strongly supported the Crusades, as Jerusalem fell to the Crusaders shortly after his enthronement, although his buttressing of Bohemond’s (Michael Kennedy) adventurism in the Grecian east, thoroughly alienated the eastern Church. Failed in further diplomatic attempts to broach the discord, when he insisted on the primacy of the Roman see. Forced to leave the city, when rioting broke out in 1116, then excommunicated the archbishop who had crowned Heinrich V at Easter without his permission. Died soon after returning to Rome, to end a nineteen year run of office that had seen the throne of Peter lose considerable power and influence under his aegis. Inner: Zealous, stubborn and puritanical, as well as inflexible. Very active in his promulgating of his views, bringing the papacy into direct contact with a host of people. Held the radical view that the Church should embrace apostolic poverty in accordance with the teachings of Jesus, which ran totally counter to the rich ecclesiastics within its embrace, although won him the admiration of those who reflected the spirit of the nonmaterial Church. Principled lifetime of acting as a radical reformer, only to meet strong resistance from both the spiritual and secular world to his stances, in his ongoing self-appointed role as moral and puritanical watchman over the inconstant inhabitants of the earthly realm.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS CRUSADING MORALIST:
Storyline: The puritanical traditionalist continues to try to rid the world of its demonic darkness and supplant it with a wholesome light lit from the everlasting lantern of faith in the absolutes of biblical law.

Rick Santorum (Richard John Santorum) (1958) - American politician. Outer: Paternal grandfather was a member of the Italian Communist Party, as were several members of his generation. Father was a psychologist, mother, who was half-Italian and half-Irish, was a nurse. Middle of 3 children, with an older sister and younger brother. Both parents worked for the Veterans Administration, and he grew up in the suburbs of Pittsburgh in a conservative Catholic household, before graduating from high school in Illinois. 6’. Received a B.A. in political science from Penn State Univ., then an MBA from the Univ. of Pittsburgh in 1981. While in school he did volunteer campaign work, before becoming an administrative assistant to a Republican state senator while putting himself through the Dickinson School of Law. Gained his degree in 1986, and began practicing law in Pittsburgh with a large firm, where he met his future wife, Karen Garver, whom he married in 1990. Two daughters and five sons from the union, as well as a premature son who died hours after birth. The same year he won a longshot victory in the House of Representatives, in his first try for office, accusing his opponent of not spending enough time in his home district. Joined the “Gang of Seven,” who attacked corruption in the Democratically-controlled House, which propelled him onto the Senate in 1994, once again beating an incumbent. Reelected six years later, he became chairman of the Senate Republican Conference, the third-ranking party leadership position, thanks to his confrontational style of partisan, ultraconservative politics. Outspoken in his vehement opposition to abortion, same-sex marriage, evolution, and Islam, among other Tory bete noirs, with a particular obsession about gays. Likened homosexuality to bestiality and pedophilia in 2003, which literally made his name synonymous with anal sexual ooze on the Google search engine due to a mischievous reaction to his rant spearheaded by columnist Dan Savage. Also showed a compassionate side around the world’s dispossessed and impoverished, while proving an implacable supporter of Israel, with a great desire to do battle with anti-Semitism, to the point of thought policing. Amidst other extreme stances, he announced a desire to eradicate Islam entirely, via any means possible, as a staunch defender of righteously right-wing Christian sentiment, which views terrorism as America’s number one threat. Following a controversy over his legal address, in ironic reflection of his first race, where it was now he who was accused of abandoning his constituency, he lost his reelection for a third term in 2006, by a wide margin of 17% points, and retired to private practice, making a considerable amount of money as a consultant and corporate director, while keeping his profile aloft through contributions to the Fox News cable network, and a column in the Philadelphia Inquirer. Eschewed a presidential run in 2008, before announcing his candidacy in 2011. Although he remained in the second tier all through the debates leading up to the primaries, his focus on the Iowa caucuses enabled him to come in second to Mitt Romney by a handful of votes, as an evangelical favorite, before a recount declared him the winner, only to slip back into the pack following the New Hampshire primaries, with a resurgence by Newt Gingrich as the party’s true conservative standard-bearer. Nevertheless, came up with a trifecta of wins in early February to put him right back in the race. Managed, afterwards, to forestall the Romney inevitability by keeping the nomination competitive through March, as the ongoing conservative alternative to the former’s far more middle-of-the-road stances. Wound up suspending his campaign in April because of the rehospitalization of his daughter, while also on the brink of losing the Pennsylvania primary, which would have put an end to his campaign anyway. Gave Romney a tepid endorsment afterwards, while urging him to keep gay marriage as a central wedge issue. The author of the 2005 tome, “It Takes A Family,” in which he propounded his traditionalist views, “Blue Collar Conservatives,” published in 2014, as well as 2015’s “Bella’s Gift,” the story of his youngest daughter’s struggle with a rare genetic disorder. Despite a low standing in the opinion polls, he announced his entry into the crowded field of Republican candidates for the presidency once again in his home town in the spring of 2015. His candidacy, however, never caught traction, and he remained in the lower tier of hopefuls throughout the pre-primary period. His candidacy, however, never caught traction, and he remained in the lower tier of hopefuls throughout the pre-primary period, before ending his run following Iowa and throwing his support to Marco Rubio. Inner: Confrontational with an unshakable surety to his convictions, including women staying at home and out of the workplace, as well as using their sexuality only for procreative purposes. Qite medieval in all his views as a proponent of biblical era morality and God’s written word as the ultimate in social and spiritual law. True believer lifetime of continuing his self-styled stance as America’s Grand Inquisitor, trying to save the nation from the devil’s spawn of secular science, man-on-man concupiscence and mush-mouthed liberalism. Will Hays (William Harrison Hays) (1879-1954) - American politician and cultural morality czar. Outer: Parents were strict Presbyterians who imbued their son with deeply-held small town values. Father operated a law firm, after moving the family from Ohio to Indiana. Mother was his second wife. Had two older half-sisters and a much younger brother. Graduated from Wabash College in 1900, and was admitted to the bar, before joining his sire’s firm. In 1902, he married Helen Louise Thomas. One son of the same name from the union, who became a songwriter. After getting his master’s degree from his alma mater, he practiced law in Indiana, while becoming active in politics as a conservative Republican. A teetotaler, who gave voice to the parochial views of the midwest, he was a popular speaker, while serving as chairman of the Republican Committee of his hometown Sullivan County, as well as other local Republican organizations. Became a state district chairman in 1910, and was also elected city attorney the same year. Gradually expanded his reach in Republican politics to statewide positions, and then national consideration when he was named chairman of the Republican National Committee. Made a dark horse run for the presidency in 1920, and ultimately supported fellow Republican Warren G. Harding (Warren Beatty) in his successful run for the office. As a reward he was made postmaster general in his cabinet. During this time, Hollywood had been offending straight-laced America with a series of unseemly scandals, and the studio heads were looking for someone to act as overseer of the moral behavior of their domain, in fear of losing their audience because of the excesses of their stars. When banks began holding back on the industry’s credit lines, panic set in among the executives, and in 1922, they appointed him as the head of the newly formed Motion Picture Producers and Directors Assoc., at a phenomenal salary of $100,000 a year. The MPPDA soon became known as the Hays Office, and deliberately stationed itself in NYC, to place it a geographic remove from the contaminated industry. Served initially as a mollifying liaison between Hollywood and the public, offering himself as the apotheosis of small town values, and as such, was able to gain the trust of banks, who once more extended their credit lines. Met with all of the groups who had earlier criticized Tinsel Town excesses, so as to mute outside censorship, with the promise his office would serve in that capacity. An emotional speaker, with an excellent memory for details, he proved a boon to the film industry in his ability to assuage the insulted conventional sensibilities of the outraged public. Moral clauses became common in the contracts of performers, while tales of their excesses were deliberately muted. After separating from and divorcing his first wife, in 1930 he married a second time to Jessie Herron Stutsman. The author of the Production Code, he oversaw a complete overhaul of what could and could not be presented on the screen, including negative portrayals of the U.S. government, lustful behavior, and any outcome of the battle between good and evil as anything other than a resounding victory for the former. Worked in concert with the Catholic Legion of Decency, as films began pushing against the Production Code in order to entice a declining audience during the Depression. Established a “Purity Seal” to insure the offerings were wholesome and untainted by libidinous references, while also creating an advertising code, which similarly demanded all publicity be above-the-waist in its claims for the entertainments it publicized. Held in great esteem by bluenosed America, he had his contract renewed in 1941, before finally retiring at the end of WW II, to take up an advisory role with his office, after the Supreme Court ruled filmdom was protected by the First Amendment. Fervently anti-communist, he spent the postwar period fighting the dreaded Red Menace, by helping in the ultimate creation of the Hollywood blacklist. Retired and returned to his hometown to die, with the times having passed him by. Eventually the Hays Code would be scrapped in 1967 in favor of a ratings system. Inner: Felt film had a limitless power in effecting the moral life of the nation. Active in a number of fraternal organizations, with excellent public relations skills, and the ability to project his beliefs through personal and public interchanges. Strong moralist and traditionalist, but also a great believer in progress. Came across to some as a jug-eared naif and prude, although was a champion of modern communication technology in his curious straddling of the past, present and future. Censorial lifetime of being given enormous power over America’s entertainment industry, and exercising it forcefully as he saw fit, as a self-styled voice of small town America doing battle with the depredations of art and commerce, and the wicked, wicked ways of the rich and famous who emerged from the union of the two. George Read (1733-1788) - American politician and jurist. Outer: Grandfather was a wealthy Irishman. Father emigrated to America, and became a prosperous plantation owner, while his mother was the daughter of a Welsh planter. When he was young, the family moved to Newcastle, Delaware. As the eldest son, he was sent to a seminary school in Pennsylvania, before being tutored by an eminent scholar, in preparation for a legal career. Began reading law at 17 with a Philadelphia lawyer, showing himself to be a young man of sober habits, earning the trust of his employer. Tall, slim, dignified and courteous. After admittance to the Pennsylvania bar at 19, he opened his own practice in Philadelphia, before returning to New Castle the following annum to do the same. Subsequently relinquished his rights to his father’s estate in favor of his younger brothers, feeling he had been given the proper training to earn his own fortune. In 1763, he married a widow, Gertrude Ross Till, whose father was an Episcopal clergyman and whose brother George, would also be a future signer of the Declaration of Independence. Three sons and a daughter from the union. Served as the Crown Attorney General from 1763 to 1764, and became actively involved in colonial politics, protesting the Stamp Act, which led to his election to the colonial legislature in 1765, where he served more than a decade. Voted against independence in 1776, and became the only signer of the Declaration of Independence to do so, as a Tory-sympathizer who still felt the colonies could reconcile with the mother country. Despite his apostasy, he became speaker of the Delaware Legislative Council, a position comparable to lieutenant governor, and when Delaware’s president was captured by the British, he inherited the seat, holding it until 1778, as Delaware’s third official governor. The following year he was forced to retire for health reasons, before returning to the Legislative Council in 1782, and serving for the next six years. During this time he was a member of the Constitutional Convention, where he was an anti-Federalist champion of states rights. From 1789 to 1793, he was one of Delaware’s first two U.S. senators, before resigning to accept the position of Chief Justice of Delaware in 1793. Held that office until his death in 1798. Inner: Highly moral, deeply conservative, and a figure of strong principle. Although a less-than-enthralling orator, with a relatively weak voice, he proved the dominating figure in Delaware politics during the revolutionary period. There at the beginning lifetime of establishing his conservative bona fides in the ongoing body politic of future American life. John Winthrop (1637-1707) - American politician and militia leader. Outer: Third generation of the noted New England Winthrop family. Father was physician and colonial governor John Winthrop the Younger (Marco Rubio). Mother was his second wife. Oldest of seven children, with one brother and five younger sisters. Given the patronymic of Fitz-John to distinguish him from his sire, who was frequently away from home during his son’s childhood, as the family moved several times within the colony, before finally settling when he was eight in the New London area, on one of several large farms owned by his father. His early education was sporadic, with a focus on the land rather than books, which was his preference, as well. Didn’t begin formal schooling until he was 16, proving himself to be quite average in the classroom. Failed to get into Harvard, having applied there to please his father, and, instead, through family connections, joined the English army in 1658 as an officer, where he fought for the royalist cause, ultimately attaining the rank of captain, in restoring Charles II (Peter O’Toole) back to the throne in 1660. Despite his athletic nature, he was subject to a mysterious malady his entire life, which his father helped treat. Returned to the colonies with his progenitor in 1663, after the latter had received a charter for the Connecticut colony, and served as a magistrate in 1664, as well as a boundary commissioner. Elected as a representative to the General Court of the colony in 1671, although much preferred military action to legal wrangling. Made head of the New London County militia and Sergeant-Major of Long Island, where he helped expel the Dutch from that arena. Contra to traditional tenets, he entered into a common-law marriage with Elizabeth Tongue in 1677, who was the daughter of wealthy innkeepers, and some 15 years his junior. One daughter from the union. In 1687, he was appointed major general in charge of the combined militias of Connecticut and Massachusetts. Led an unsuccessful campaign into Canada three years later. Engaged in numerous business enterprises, where his competitive nature made him enemies. Spent three years in England appealing the validity of Connecticut’s 1662 charter, successfully defending the colony’s ability to defend itself. Ended his career when he was elected governor of Connecticut in 1698, holding that position until his death, despite wanting to leave office in 1702, which the colony’s voters refused to allow him to do. Buried alongside his same-named father and grandfather. Inner: Outdoorsy, commonsensical and action-oriented, with a buoyant personality, tempered by a tendency towards grudges, and judgments on those who opposed him. Call to arms lifetime of giving play to his lingering martial side in an environment steeped in conventional piety, with his longtime family before branching out on his own as a white knight determined to elevate the moral nature of the New World. m Filips van Montmorency, graaf van Hoorne (1524?-1568) - Dutch stadholder and admiral. Outer: Of aristocratic birth. Began his career as a gentleman-in-waiting at the court of HRE Charles V (Napoleon Bonaparte). Led imperial troops in battle and then became the commander of the bodyguard of the Spanish king, Felipe II (Adolph Hitler). Appointed stadholder of Gelderland and the Netherlands in his early 30s, and was invested as knight of the Golden Fleece the following year, before serving as admiral of the Spanish fleet. As a member of the regent’s council of state, he joined with Willem the Silent (George C. Marshall) and Lamoraal, graaf van Egmond, (Marco Rubio) in opposing the religious policies of the council’s head, helping to effect his retirement. When Felipe continued his persecution of Protestants, he was part of the formation of the League of Nobles who wished to put an end to the Spanish Inquisition, which excited anti-Catholic uprisings. Refused to support armed resistance to Felipe and retired to his home to go into seclusion. When the Duke of Alba (Reinhard Heydrich) feigned reconciliation, he returned to Brussels, where he was imprisoned along with Egmond, and both were convicted of treason and heresy and summarily executed by beheading. Inner: Victimized lifetime of acting on principle as a religious soldier of arms, before being totally undone by the devious forces of the time. Robert I, Count of Dreux (c1123-1188) - French prince. Known as Robert le Grand. Outer: Of the Capetian line. Father was Louis VI (Arthur Seyss-Inquart), mother was the daughter of an Italian count, and niece of Pope Calixtus II. Fifth of seven sons, and one daughter, with his second oldest brother becoming Louis VII (William Bennett) and third oldest, Henri (Marco Rubio), archbishop of Reims. Given the County of Dreux by his father in 1137, holding it until two years before his death, at which point he passed it on to his eldest son. In 1139, he married Agnes de Garlande, one son from the union. Following the death of his wife in 1143, he wed an Englishwoman, Hawise of Salisbury in 1145. Two daughters from the union. Stood up for his brother Henri against their father in a conflict with the bourgeoisie of Beauvais in their desire to create a commune, and along with Louis, participated in the Second Crusade, including the disastrous Siege of Damascus in 1148. On his return, he fomented a conspiracy against his father in hopes of subsuming his power in his absence, although it failed. Twice a widower, he made a third marriage to Agnes de Baudemont in 1152, the same year his second wife died, receiving a considerable dowry in the process, including another county and seven territorial seigneuries. Six sons and four daughters from the prolific union. May also have had at least one illegitimate son who became a Sicilian chancellor. Fought in the English civil war around claims for the crown and participated in the siege of Sees in Normandy in 1154. Active his whole life in various military ventures, before finally retiring to allow his sons their martial due. Inner: Stouthearted warrior, always looking to enhance both his prestige and power. Lesser son lifetime of royal birth amidst longtime family, impelling him to prove his martial worth over and over, to the point of being unafraid to challenge his kingly brother, for his own desire for supremacy of will in his family.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICO AS AS NEWLY MINTED NEOCON REDEEMER:
Storyline: The former whitebread whippingboy goes ethnic and directly political in a great desire to regain an office that forced him to eat economic crow for the sins of his predecessors, so as to rehabilitate his larger reputation in the presidential pantheon
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Marco Rubio (Marco Antonio Rubio) (1971) - American politician. Outer: Parents were Cuban immigrants, who fled the Fulgencio Batista regime in 1956, well before Fidel Castro came to power in 1959. Father was a bartender and mother worked as a maid and cashier. Grew up mostly in Miami, with a stint in Las Vegas, where the family flirted with Mormonism, before returning home, and back to his original Catholic faith. Third of four children, with one older brother and sister and one younger sister. Went to Tarkio College in Missouri on a football scholarship, then Santa Fe Community College, before getting a BA in Political Science from the Univ. of Florida in 1993. 5’10”, with dark brown hair and light brown eyes. Got his law degree three years later from the Univ. of Miami, while interning for a U.S. Republican representative. Pursued a political career from the very beginning, taking advantage of his telegenic looks and strongly held conservative credentials, with his first post City Commissioner for West Miami. In 1998, he married Jeanette Dousebes, a former Miami Dolphins cheerleader, two daughters and two sons from the close union. Elected to the Florida House of Reps in 2000 as a Republican, and won each of his subsequent reelection bids, while rising to Speaker of the Florida House for the 2007-2009 term. Earlier in 2000, he began attending Christ Fellowship in Miami, a fundamentalist Baptist mega-church, and ultimately covered his bases by retaining his childhood Catholicism, while also espousing southern Baptist credos, particularly their anti-gay agenda. A traditional conservative continually calling for less taxes and less government, he proved an extremely popular Florida figure, despite an occasional controversy surrounding him such as having a home he co-owned with a fellow rep going into foreclosure because of deferred mortgage payments, and his fudging on his parents leaving Cuba during the Castro, rather than the Batista years, but wound up forgiven on both accounts. In 2010, he mounted a successful campaign for the U.S. Senate, beating the incumbent governor, and, in the process, becoming a national figure, and a new youthful face for the neoconservative wing of his party, while demurring about speculation he run for either president or vice-president. More shadow than substance in his early career in the limelight, but, nevertheless, seen by many as the second coming of Ronald Reagan in far more exotic form. In his speechifying, he has presented himself as an aggressive militarist, more than willing to commit troops around the world to insure the illusion of American muscle and might. Saw his DREAM Act of giving legal residency to undocumented children of those illegally here through no fault of their own, compromised by Obama’s similar stance, while being removed from consideration as v-p material on the Romney ticket, to his longer term benefit. Proved an engaging figure at the RNC, with his introduction to Romney, putting him in excellent position as an early party favorite for 2016, despite accidentally endorsing more government. In the process, he deliberately dumbed down his crypto-scientific background in order to appeal to the creationists and Biblical literalist at the core of his future presidential backing. Maintained his high status by giving the Republican response to Obama’s State of the union address, trying to present his party as concerned with middle-class values and entitlements as the Democrats, despite being noticeably dry and all asweat in his presentation. Forced to take stances that appeal to his projected constituency, thoroughly compromising his first rate mind for the sake of electoral acceptance by the troglodytes who compose his base. In the same mode, he backtracked on immigration reform for fear of offending the same hidebound group with whom he desperately wishes to curry favor. When Obama announced a thawing in relations with Cubs, he immediately vowed to do everything possible to upend it, per the wishes of his constituents. The author of “100 Innovative Ideas for Florida’s Future,” culled from what he called “idea raisers around the state.” Came out with a second book, “American Dreams,” laying out proposals for equality under free enterprise. In the opening rounds of the Republican race, he topped the polls as the one with the best chance of defeating Hillary Clinton in a head-to-head race, even though the early leaders were all non-politicians, per a profound disenchantment by those polled with professional pols. Continued his strong debate performances, however, and remained a solid third with Republican primary voters, evincing the same neo-con militaristic sensibilities of the Bush-Cheney administration, thanks to similar foreign policy advisers. Came in a strong third in the opening Iowa caucuses, burnishing his position as the party’s desired establishment candidate with the best chance of defeating the Democrats. His proclivity for continually repeating himself in subsequent debates, however, earned him the derogatory sobriquet of Robo-Rubio, and a slippage in the polls following New Hampshire. Showed himself to be far feistier in the pre-Super Tuesday debates, although only took one state, Minnesota, and ultimately wound up suspending his campaign, after a dismal loss in his home state of Florida, while announcing he would join the stop Trump movement.Decided to run for his old Senate seat afterwards, and handily won it, following a backhanded and highly critical endorsement of his rival, who eventually prevailed in the presidential race. Inner: Well-coached and groomed as the GOP’s hope for the future, with a confidence and surety to his crown prince status, along with the talking point conservative credentials to give him ready access to an office he desperately wishes to use to rehabilitate his larger reputation. Unable, however, to realize his potential, putting him ultimately in political limbo. Quasi-golden boy lifetime of immersing himself immediately in politics as a handsome exemplar of conservative traditionalism in order to insure a direct line to the White House and a chance to make amends for his hidden past there. bHerbert Hoover (Herbert Clark Hoover) (1874-1964) - American president. Outer: Of German/Swiss descent on his paternal side and English/Irish on his maternal. Father was a blacksmith who died of typhoid fever when he was 5. His mother, who was a Quaker minister and grew up in piety and poverty, died 4 years later. Orphaned at 9, he was sent to live with various relatives, who raised him in the Quaker family tradition. Such was his excessively devout upbringing, that it wasn’t until he was 10, that he realized he could do things for the sheer joy of them without offending God. Wound up in Oregon, taking the place of a deceased son with an uncle, and worked during the day, while attending night school. 5’11”, broad-shouldered. Worked as a laborer to help finance his schooling, and earned an engineering degree at Stanford Univ., entering its very first class. In 1899, he married Lou Henry (Sarah Palin), a fellow Stanford student and originally a Quaker as well, 2 sons from the union. Became a mining engineer for a London-based firm, and worked as a mine manager and engineer in Australia and later in China, eventually becoming partner in the firm, whose offices circled the globe. Despite being strongly religious, he evinced little of his initial Quaker faith in his personal practices, with an overt aggressiveness to his career, a habitual cigarette habit, and a fondness for alcoholic beverages as a relaxant. Led an adventurous life, crisscrossing the world for 15 years. In 1907, he resigned his engineering position and became involved in Burmese tin and Russian petroleum, making him a multimillionaire. Took on governmental posts during WW I, organized European relief and food efforts, and following the war, he took charge of the economic relief of the ravaged continent. A liberal turned Republican conservative, he had an understanding of large economic patterns from a workability standpoint. Appointed to be Pres. Warren Harding’s (Warren Beatty) Secretary of Commerce, where he allowed business free reign, while trying to give a semblance of order to the technological aspects of the economy, seeing their coordination in engineering terms, by encouraging cooperative efforts that received their energy from the bottom up and their efficiency from the top down. On the same train as Harding just before he died in 1923. Oversaw the relief effort after the great Mississippi flood of 1927, which made him heroic in the nation’s eyes. In 1928, in his first try at an elective office, he won a landslide electoral victory over Al Smith (Antonio Villaraigosa), and was elected president of the United States, alongside Charles Curtis (Joe Lieberman), his v-p. Became the first multimillionaire to win the oval office, as well as the first born west of the Mississippi, and subsequently the first president to have a phone on his desk. Had lavish entertainments, and ran an expensive, showy White House, which was totally out of touch with the nation-at-large. Pursued an initial progressive agenda, only to suffer the stock market crash in October of 1929. The blame for the Great Depression that followed was laid squarely on him, although it was a world-wide phenomenon. Thought the downturn was only temporary, as did most of the country, and felt good old American individualism and volunteerism would right the country’s economic woes, rather than governmental interference with relief agencies. His trickle-down economics, however, proved insufficient, and the U.S. only went into a deeper decline the longer he was in office. Became a hero turned scapegoat, with his continual promises that prosperity was just around the corner. Dealt with foreign crises via negotiation rather than force, per his earlier Quaker training, and distrusted all bureaucracies, while absolutely refusing to give direct relief to the unemployed, whose number soared to 11 million by the time he left office. Unable to compromise on his views, or truly learn from his experiences, he also suffered an inability to delegate work, which made him a poor problem-solving chief executive. Called in federal troops when 10,000 army veterans marched on Washington to demand their WW I bonuses, viewing it as another instance of governmental relief, and was resoundingly defeated for re-election in 1932 by Franklin D. Roosevelt, who received almost 7 times the electoral votes he did. Some of his ideas, such as long-term public works, and aid to agriculture, were successfully used by Roosevelt in his New Deal, which partially appropriated some of the programs he had tried to start. Subsequently offered suggestions to succeeding administrations which were largely ignored, and maintained his view that opposing ideologies could be dealt with by example rather than force. Appalled at the dropped of the atomic bomb, as well as America’s foreign policy during the Cold War. Spent the rest of his career in writing, philanthropy, humanitarian work and governmental posts, while trying to rehabilitate his reputation. Died of an internal hemorrhage, which ironically reflected the country’s economic condition under his leadership. Wrote 3 volumes of memoirs. His Presidential Library and Museum is located in West Branch, Iowa and was officially opened in August of 1963. It would be expanded several times and serve as his and his wife's final resting place. Inner: Scientific mind, scholarly, stickler for detail, compulsive hard worker, and a staunch Anglophile. Strong-minded, but brusque, which made for difficulties in political communication. Rigid to the point of callousness, and completely unable to admit mistakes or failures. Deeply disappointed at the selfishness of American business and agriculture during the Depression, while he was totally unsuited to put the machinery of the American economy back together again once it had fallen apart. Symbol of the haplessness of unimaginative leadership in times calling for the opposite. Heavy lesson lifetime of bearing the burden of his country’s economic downfall, through his own ruling class deficiencies, despite a personal proficiency with wealth and the ability to galvanize large-scale operations. bGeorge Meade (1815-1872) - American general. Outer: Born in Spain to an American naval agent. Grew up in luxury, then experienced poverty when his family moved back to the U.S. His father died when he was young. Graduated West Point in 1835, and was commissioned in the artillery, before immediately going to Florida to take part in the Seminole Wars. Married Margaretta Sergeant in 1840, 6 surviving children from the union, 3 sons and 3 daughters. Resigned from the army the following year to do engineering work for a southern railroad company, and also surveyed the boundaries of Texas and Maine. Re-entered the military in 1842 as an engineer and surveyor, constructing lighthouses in the Philadelphia area. Served in the Mexican War and was breveted first lieutenant for gallantry at Monterrey, before resuming his surveying duties around the country. Steadily rose in rank, and was made a Union brigadier general of volunteers at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. Seriously wounded in 1862, he recovered, and had numerous battle commands, suffering one disastrous defeat at Chancellorsville in 1863, although he was given command of the Army of the Potomac shortly afterwards, which he reluctantly accepted. Fought Robert E. Lee (George C. Marshall) at Gettysburg, showing great tactical skill, although failed to press his advantage afterwards. Nevertheless, he proved an adept commander throughout the war, finally rising to the rank of major general, and given a vote of thanks by the Congress in 1864. Proved extremely useful to U.S. Grant (Omar Bradley), in the final stages of the war. Afterwards, he continued as a commanding officer in various posts. Given an LLD by Harvard, while his scientific accomplishments were recognized by various societies and institutes. Died of pneumonia. Fort Meade was named after him. Inner: Scientific mind, sound and steadfast, although also had a fierce temper. Unpopular with associates, he had difficulty in relating to them because of his straight-forwardness. Able and determined as a subordinate, with a cautious military mind, and little real brilliance, only sound competence. Martial lifetime of showing his expertise in engineering battlefield solutions, allowing him to go for higher and more complex commands the next time around, without the humanistic base to truly implement them. bHenry Knox (1750-1806) - American general and cabinet officer. Outer: Father was an Irish immigrant shipmaster, who had failed as a Boston wharf owner, and left for the West Indies when his son was 9, leaving the latter in charge of his mother and younger brother. Left school and went to work for a bookselling and binding company, and became sole support of his family at 12 when his sire died. Ultimately able to parlay his early business acumen into a successful bookshop in his early 20s, and through observation of the young gentlemen who frequented it, he was able to ape their manners enough to be mistaken for one of them. Tall, gray-eyed and heavyset, and an enthusiastic student of military his/story. Took up the patriot cause after directly witnessing the Boston Massacre, while his bookstore served as a popular meeting-place for youthful Boston. Through it, he became involved with Lucy Flucker (Sarah Palin), an heiress and the daughter of the royal secretary of Boston province, whose parents vehemently disapproved of the match for both political and economic reasons. She managed to prevail over them, however, and the duo were married in 1774, in what would prove to be an extremely close union. He would go on to expand to nearly 300 pounds, while she ultimately ballooned to 250, but always saw in his great girth, a comparable lessening of her own. The couple eventually had 13 children, with 9 dying young, and one stillborn. Turned down an offer to become a British army officer by his in-laws, and in 1775, he volunteered for the patriot cause, and was immediately put to work designing and building defensive forts at Roxbury, Mass. A student of tactics, he became a trusted adviser to George Washington (George C. Marshall) and an active commander throughout the Revolutionary War. Oversaw Washington’s famous retreat across the Delaware, calling out orders in his loud voice, and later lost 2 fingers on his left hand in battle. Rose to brigadier general in 1777, and, although unfamiliar with artillery at war’s beginning, he was able to develop it into an effective combat arm, throughout the latter stages of the war. Founder of a military academy in 1779 that was a model for West Point, over which he eventually became commandant. Made a major general in 1781, the youngest in the continental army, and was the first to shake Washington’s hand at his famous farewell to his troops. Became senior officer of the army, then retired to re-enter business in Boston. Both he and his wife lived as large as they looked, with servants and a busy social agenda. His financial acumen, however, did not match his military abilities, so that they were often in debt. Became the first Secretary of War in the first cabinet, and helped redesign the Navy, although his conservative positions and disputes with Alexander Hamilton (JFK) made him resign, despite being a fellow Federalist. After a peripatetic existence of renting numerous places in numerous cities over the years, he built a great mansion in Maine, with 24 fireplaces, for his wife, who called it Montpelier, and they moved in, lock, stock and servants in 1795. Lost three children there, including two on the same day from diphtheria, while his wife also delivered one last stillborn child. Incurred many lawsuits because of heavy borrowing over hazardous business ventures, although the couple remained reasonably content over his last decade. Died from swallowing a chicken bone and choking to death on it, while his wife lived on for another 18 years. Fort Knox was named after him, as well as numerous towns and counties, although the former, the official repository for the nation’s wealth, would be an ironic stroke, since he continually outspent his resources. Inner: Florid, with a martial bearing. Pompous, but generous, kind and hospitable, with an enormous amount of patience for his often difficult and demanding wife. Intelligent and resourceful commander and administrator, who was respected by his men and associates. Living-in-the-material-world lifetime of personifying what would be the economic bane of his future go-round, financially living in the future, without learning from it, leaving him prey to its theme on a much larger scale later on. bJohn Winthrop, the Younger (1606-1676) - American politician, scientist, farmer and physician. Outer: Son of political leader John Winthrop (William Bennett), although he did not share his father’s religious zeal, preferring science to Puritanical polemics. Eldest of 5, with only three surviving into adulthood. His mother died before he was 10. At 16, he entered Trinity College in Dublin, living under the supervision of an uncle, while studying chemistry, medicine and modern languages. Homely, with deep-set eyes, and an engaging personality. Studied law in London and was admitted as a barrister at Inner Temple in 1624. Adventured in France as secretary to a ship’s captain, then traveled to Italy and the Levant, before returning to London in 1629. Married his cousin Martha Fones in 1631, in an unhappy union because of the depressive nature of his spouse, before following his father and emigrating to Massachusetts Bay the same year, only to see his wife and infant daughter both die in the New World. Returned to England 3 years later and was commissioned governor of a new colony in the Connecticut Valley, where, by agreement, he was recognized as titular governor by one and all. Joined the Boston Church, and spent his first fourteen years in the New World restlessly roaming New England, while also visiting England twice. In 1635, he married eighteen year old Elizabeth Reade, the sister of a business acquaintance. The duo had seven known children, including his eldest son and namesake, Fitz-John Winthrop (Rick Santorum), along with another son and five daughters. Frequently gone from home during the early years of his marriage, he lived for a while in Massachusetts, where he tried to interest the colonists in developing mineral resources. Launched a New England ironworks in 1641, which he ran, while also studying medicine in Europe. In 1646, he founded the colony of New London, where he had three large farms, with all his land tax free. Maintained a stone quarry, manufactured glass and did his best to avoid politics, despite being annually elected a Massachusetts magistrate. For the last 17 years of his life, he was annually elected governor of Connecticut, after attaining a charter for the colony in 1662, which allowed it autonomy. Able to govern independently of England, while also serving as a physician to the people of Connecticut. Gathered a considerable library because of an extensive interest in science, particularly chemistry, and helped promote scientific studies in U.S. Elected a member of the English Royal Academy, the first American resident to have been so honored. Died from the effects of a cold, after going to Boston to attend a commissioners’ meeting. Inner: Tolerant, cosmopolitan, worldly and kindly. Possessed impeccable integrity, despite being occasionally manipulative. Transition lifetime of moving from the Old to the New World, there to give full play to his intellectual, practical and political instincts, as an active all-around emblem of his times. bLamoraal, graaf van Egmond (1522-1568) - Dutch stadholder. Outer: From a powerful family, he succeeded his father to the countship of Egmond in 1541, and 3 years later married the daughter of a count palatine. Became a trusted adviser to the HRE Charles V (Napoleon Bonaparte), and represented his son, Felipe II (Adolf Hitler) of Spain in his marriage negotiations with Mary I (Rose Kennedy) of England. Enjoyed a distinguished military career, and in 1559, was named stadholder, or chief provincial executive, over Flanders and Artois, and became a member of the advisory council of the regent, Margaret of Austria (Coco Chanel). Resented Felipe’s policies in the Netherlands, particularly his elevation of Cardinal Antoine de Granvelle (William Bennett) to virtual head of government. Withdrew from the council of state in 1565, along with Willem the Silent (George C. Marshall), and Filips, graaf van Hoorne (Rick Santorum), when Felipe proved his further intransigence, although he remained loyal to him, before withdrawing to Flanders, where he severely repressed Calvinist uprisings. Refused to help Willem, when the Duke of Alba (Reinhard Heydrich) was appointed captain-general, and did not heed the former’s warning about Alba’s harsh reputation. Seized, along with Hoorne and others, and was beheaded for high treason. Inner: Competent warrior and administrator, despite his harshness against perceived religious enemies, although not in the same league as the powerhouses he served, or ran up against. Headless horseman lifetime of proving his abilities, only to become victim of far greater wills than his own. Henri de France (c1121-1175) - French archbishop of Reims . Outer: Father was Louis VI (Arthur Seyss-Inquart), mother was the daughter of an Italian count, and niece of Pope Calixtus II. 3rd son out of seven brothers and one sister, and younger brother of future French king, Louis VII (William Bennett). As a lesser son, he was destined for a church career, and was ordained in his mid-teens. Easily rose through the hierarchies available to him, becoming abbot of several monasteries, with a cardinalate within his ultimate reach because of his royal blood. Garnered both wealth and position, only to fall under the spell of the charismatic Bernard of Clairvaux, the most influential churchman of the time, so that in 1146, he entered Clairvaux Abbey as a simple monk, giving up a rich material life for one of the pure spirit. In 1149, he became bishop of Beauvais, although came into conflict with the townsmen, whom his brother the king supported, in a dispute that was finally settled by the pope. Became Archbishop of Reims in 1162, convening an important church council there two years later, but once again came into conflict with the good burghers of the city, who revolted against his rule in their desire to form a commune. This time his kingly brother supported him, and for the rest of his reign, he concentrated on beautifying his holdings, while also enhancing the city’s economic and urban development. Did much to secure the recognition in France of Pope Alexander III against the antipope, as well. Inner: Good economic instincts, with a lesser grasp of popular politics. Trading places lifetime of opting out of an easy existence of wealth, power and prestige for the greater light of spiritual sheen, as a lesser functionary of a kingdom in which he held royal entitlement.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS TRADITIONALIST INDIVIDUALIST:
Storyline: The feisty fundamentalist holds many firsts in both her resumé and crypto-resumé, including former First Lady, as she returns once again to the public arena in far more plebeian form as a highly noticeable player eager to continue to compete on a national level.

Sarah Palin (Sarah Heath) (1964) - American politician. Outer: Descended from several English Mayflower families, with subsequent strong roots in New England, and distantly related to Presidents Barack Obama and George W. Bush through them. Three months after she was born, her parents moved to Alaska, where she was raised. Grew up in Wasilla, an old fur trader’s outpost. Father was a popular high school teacher and cross-country running coach, while her mother was a school secretary. Neither parent was particularly political, although her mother passed down her strong Christian faith to her daughter. Baptized a Roman Catholic, she became an Assembly of God Pentecostal at 12, which would profoundly affect her worldview. Third of four children, and stubborn and hardworking from an early age. An extremely active athlete, she was known as “Sarah Barracuda,” for her aggressiveness. Co-captain and point guard for her underdog girls’ basketball team, which won the 1982 state basketball championship. 5’5” and shapely, with light brown hair and eyes. Won a local beauty contest in 1984, along with the sobriquet ‘Miss Congeniality,’ and came in 2nd for Miss Alaska. In 1988, she eloped with Todd Palin, a three-time Iron Dog snow-machine champion. Three daughters and two sons from the union, with the last born with Down Syndrome in 2008. The eldest two, son Track and daughter Bristol, would ultimately prove to be hard partyers, and an embarrassment to her strait-laced political image. Refused to abort the youngest, even though she knew his condition. Conservative traditionalist and lifetime member of the National Rifle Association. Briefly went to 5 colleges before studying journalism and political science at the Univ. of Idaho. Worked afterwards as a TV sports reporter in the late 1980s, while co-owning a commercial fishing operation, and then a sport vehicle rental business. Served on the Wasilla City Council for 4 years, before being elected Republican mayor of the town in 1996. Held the post for the next 6 years, attracting pork by the barrel full to her tiny hamlet. Oversaw a business boom, through judicious sales tax increases, while ruffling more than a few frozen feathers with her aggressive style of governance. Subject, however, to cronyism, revenge vendettas, and a visceral sense of self-protection. Lost in a race for lieutenant governor in 2002. Held other posts, then was elected governor of Alaska in 2006, after beating the incumbent in the primary, as a voice of change, to become both the youngest person and first woman to serve as such. Used the Biblical character of Queen Esther (Rebecca West) as her role model, and subsequently proved extremely popular with her socially conservative constituents, despite conflict of interest charges and investigations launched against her by her political opponents. Showed herself to be a disbeliever in human-made global warming, as well as an enthusiast for drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, a sacrosanct arena to environmentalists. Despite a lack of national or international experience, she was chosen as John McCain’s vice-presidential running-mate in 2008, and gave a red meat address to the Republican National Convention, while positioning herself to be the right wing’s unapologetic champion in year’s to come. Code-named Denali by the Secret Service. Soon after being chosen, it was revealed that her unmarried 17 year old daughter was pregnant, although promised to marry her impregnator, Levi Johnston, while questions galore would be raised about her actions in executive office. Her propensity for prevarication, however, would soon tarnish her spectacular start and make people look at her anew, with several prominent conservatives calling for her removal from the ticket as totally unprepared for her office. Played the role of her party’s lipsticked pitbull, \while doing little to endear herself to anyone outside her loyal and loving support, who treated her as a superstar throughout the presidential campaign while remaining a largely negative voice throughout the latter weeks of the campaign, much to her ticket’s detriment. Saw her daughter and Johnston go their separate ways without officially uniting, as the latter became her public enemy number one. Said thanks but no thanks to state bailout money, and saw her earlier popularity wane via state challenges on a variety of issues, although proved much more media savvy in her subsequent public appearances. Surprised everyone by suddenly announcing she was stepping down from the governorship with a year and a half remaining in her term. Her sense of public grievance, moreover, would continue to blunt her appeal, as she slowly morphed into the precise whiney negative caricature, she once dismissed in other lime-lit political women. Her 2009 co-authored autobiography, “Going Rogue: An American Life,” allowed her to redress old wounds, and go on another mass media charm offensive, while attracting adoring crowds on her subsequent high profile tour. Subsequently spent some $60k to keep her tome on the best-seller lists, while making sure her name above title would remain very much politically front-and-center. Aggressively served afterwards as the keynote speaker for the Tea Party’s first national convention for a reputed $100,000, while raking in the millions, as a self-appointed voice of those who see America’s future in its past. Twittered and tweeted all through 2010, while making speeches at $75k a pop and showing her Mama Grizzly reality TV self to be a force with her successful endorsements of selected candidates, despite the overall suspicions of her by the lamestream electorate. Added to her all-out media assault afterwards with an 8-part infomercial on herself and family, “Sarah Palin’s Alaska,” which would not be renewed, then published “America By Heart,” an alternate universe view of feminist herstory and its complete compatibility with her own biblically sanctioned subordinate wife beliefs. A countervailing bio by Joe McGinniss would follow presenting her as a promiscuous coke-head, to give further division to how people choose to see her, according to their own precepts and projections. Snubbed afterwards by the 2012 Republican National Convention, for which she made public plaint. Quit and then rejoined Fox News as a commentator while her poll numbers showed a majority of Americans would prefer if she kept her thoughts to herself. Launched her own online internet channel for $9/95 a mo. in 2014, with comments by her, interspersed with subscribers posting videos and asking questions, only to drop it the following annum for lack of response, while Fox News also dumped her, as testimony to her growing irrelevance. A huge fan of early front-runner Donald Trump, she showered him with encomia, while expressing a desire to be his energy secretary and immediately doing away with the office, because of the abundance of below ground fuels in the U.S. there for the tracking instead of depending on foreign imports, while insisting all immigrants to the country should speak American, just like she do. Began actively campaigning for Trump at the beginning of 2016, just as her oldest son Track was arrested for alcohol-fueled battery against his girlfriend as well as a weapons charge, blaming the incident on Obama’s treatment of veterans, rather than her son’s continued instability. Inner: Feisty, highly competitive, positive and optimistic. Natural performer who loves the spotlight. Highly traditional, a textbook conservative, with a sense of Godly mission about herself. Puts great stock in both loyalty and secrecy, and takes the political personal. Woman on a mission lifetime of realizing her earlier ambitions to be a national player on her own, as a new face reflecting old ways. Lou Hoover (Lou Henry) (1874-1944) - American first lady. Outer: Father was a bank manager who wanted a boy, but willingly imbued his first daughter with his own great love of the outdoors, in what would be an extremely close relationship twixt the two. Mother was a teacher turned homemaker. One younger sister. Extremely athletic as a girl, she played baseball and basketball, as well as rode, skated and shot archery. When her mother developed breathing problems, the family moved to California in 1885, where her progenitor helped open a new bank. 5’8”, and large-framed with brown hair, blue gray eyes, and a gap between her two front teeth. Graduated from San Jose Normal School with a teaching degree in 1894, and then became the first American women to get a B.A. in geology from Stanford Univ. Met her future husband, Herbert Hoover (Marco Rubio) there, and, after converting to his Quaker religion, she married him in 1899, two sons from the union. After a one day honeymoon, they shipped out to China, where he had an engineering position. Adept at linguistics, she ultimately learned to speak five languages, including Chinese. In 1902, the family moved to London, where her sons were born. Over the next 13 years, she and HH traveled the world, living in a dozen foreign countries while using London as their base. Proved to be an adept homemaker, providing a perfect counterbalance to her partner’s proclivity for making money. During this period, she helped her husband translate a classic medieval mining text from old Latin to English. Sailed to America in 1914 in order to place her sons in school away from the Great War, then returned to England to help her husband in his war relief work. Very active in the latter sphere all through the fray, before returning to America in 1918, and overseeing construction of a home in Palo Alto, Ca, which she helped design. A physical fitness buff, she became a strong supporter of the Girl Scouts, ultimately serving as their National President. In 1922, she also became the only woman officer of the National Amateur Athletic Federation. After her husband’s run as Commerce Secretary during the Republican administrations of Warren Harding (Warren Beatty) and Calvin Coolidge (William Bennett), she became First Lady in 1929, following Hoover’s successful presidential run. Shared in her husband’s unpopularity because of the ensuing Depression later that year, while showing herself to be a unique individualist, unconcerned with what others thought of her. Rarely wore jewelry or high heels, and used the White House to celebrate interesting people, rather than prosaic politicians, including Congressional wives. Caused an uproar for receiving the African-American wife of a Congressman to the White House. Entertained grandly, which did not sit well with a nation suffering from economic want, but also used her own money for White House restoration projects. Did radio broadcasts, although did not grant interviews with the press, because of her perceived belief in their lack of respect for the truth. Quite bitter about her husband’s subsequent defeat after one term in 1932. Retired to Palo Alto, and became involved in many charities, while also remaining politically active with the League of Women Voters. Died of a heart attack in her sleep after attending a concert with friends. Buried alongside her husband at the Hoover Presidential Library in Iowa. Inner: Commonsensical, very physical and extremely private, despite her choice of a highly public mate. Always felt women could do anything men could do. Strong traditionalist, who was seen as cold and forbidding by those in her employ, although she was always solicitous of their well-being. Warm, witty and friendly to her intimates. Support lifetime of giving play to her love of physical activity, and her innate aristocratic sensibilities, while suffering the judgment of his/story but not herstory for her efforts, leading to a far more modest, populist return her next time around in this series. Lucy Knox (Lucy Flucker) (1756-1824) - American political helpmate. Outer: Grandfather had founded Charlestown in Mass. Father was a royal secretary of the Boston province and a Loyalist. Mother was his second wife, and an heiress of a Boston fortune, as well as large estates in the province of Maine. Raised in privilege and opulence, along with her older sister and brother. Both her parents vehemently opposed her romance with Henry Knox (Marco Rubio), a bookseller of humble birth, but her imperious will ultimately prevailed, and the couple were married in 1774, in what would prove to be an extremely close and mutually supportive union. Following the start of the American Revolutionary War, both her parents returned to England. Thirteen children would issue from her marriage, although only three would reach maturity. Tried to stay close to her husband while he was campaigning in the war, including bringing him his sword, which she had quilted into her coat, after both serially escaped from Boston in the early stages of the Revolution. Suffered through its privations with much complaining, and was close to Martha Washington (Perle Mesta), serving as a useful youthful counterbalance to her. By war’s end, she inherited her family estates, being the only non-Tory of the three children. While Knox would eventually tip the scales at 300 lbs., she wasn’t far behind him at a whopping 250, although always saw herself as less weighty, by comparing her bulk to his. Lived extravagantly, with flamboyant fashions by the yard to cover her sybaritic figure, and a French hairdresser in tow to design outrageous dos, a la the decadent, and soon to be overthrown, French court. Far more social than political, she complemented her husband’s aristocratic proclivities in his various posts, as the family moved from NYC to Philadelphia, the new capital. Her extravagance kept Knox in debt, but he willingly did whatever she wished in order to keep her happy. After her partner’s service, the two retired to one of her Maine estates, where her husband had built a great mansion for her called Montpelier. In 1795, the family moved in, with servants galore, and this would be her home for the rest of her life. The house was a resplendent combination of French chateau and Virginia mansion, that stood three stories high and held 24 fireplaces. Lost two children there on the same day to diphtheria, while her final offspring was stillborn. Acted the queen at Montpelier, hostessing a horde of notables, and one memorable extravaganza for a local Amerindian tribe that lasted several weeks. Refused, however, to mix with the locals, winning her the enmity of the community. Only her eldest and youngest daughters and one unstable son. made it through childhood, so that she was continually forced to deal with familial deaths, including her beloved husband’s in 1806, when he choked on a chicken bone. Outlived him by nearly two decades, living in increasing isolation, while continually serving as a source of local gossip for her eccentric ways. Finally died after a fever and delirium, with her two daughters in attendance. Inner: Feisty, extravagant and tempestuous, but also fun-loving. Aristocratic to the core, with little feel for commonality. Left all decisions to her husband, playing the role of traditional and often temperamental wife. Literally larger-than-life lifetime of being indulged by her parents and her husband, so that she never fully grew up, but rather played at being a queen in a democratic egalitarian society to mixed reviews from her equals and highly negative ones from her lessers, in her own ongoing slow adjustment to ever-changing social structures and times.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICAL HELPMATE TURNED TEA PARTY PUNDIT:
Storyline: The feisty America firster brings a deeply-held traditional sensibility and a sly wit to bear on 21st century American politics, after earlier subsuming herself as first lady to an autocratic mate, who valued her opinions not at all, making her only to happy to give loud voice to them on her far more independent return.

Dana Loesch (Dana Eaton) (1978) - American media personality. Outer: From a blue collar background of Southern Baptists and Democrats. Her parents divorced when she was 5, and her mother, to whom she would remain very close, worked two jobs to support the two of them. Had extreme stage fright as a youngster, but worked her way through it, while initially going through therapy to deal with her early volatile household as an only child. Initially hated all men, because of antipathy towards her father, and vowed she would never marry. Diminutive and dark-eyed. Became politically active in high school, thanks to a gift for debate, then went on to St. Louis Community College, before transferring to Webster Univ., then dropping out on meeting her future husband, Chris Loesch, a graphic designer and punk rocker, who eventually became co-owner of a music-production company, Shock City Studios. Married in 1980, after a three month courtship, and had their ring fingers tattooed with their opposing initials. Two sons from the union, which featured fierce political debates between his traditionalist Republican views and her Democratic leanings, while both boys would be homeschooled by her. 9/11 turned her views around, and in 2004, she created Mamalogues, a blog about motherhood, which got picked up by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch two years later, thanks to both her passion and storytelling skills. Moved on to radio in 2007 with the Dana Show, where her musings became far more political, as a conservative heartlander with a strong belief in small government. Able to loosen up considerably, allowing her wit and sass to shine through, to allow her to become a strong figure in her local market, and eventually a national voice, as a hearty Tea Partier, and editor-in-chief of Big Journalism, a conservative blog. Hired by CNN to give voice to the Tea Party point of view as one of their pundits prior to the 2012 presidential election. Debuted her daily TV show, “Dana” on Glenn Beck’s Blaze TV in 2014, and later that year, published “Hands Off My Gun: Defeating the Plot to Disarm America.” Inner: Highly opinionated, feisty and domestic, with very strong views on how things should be. Coming out lifetime of becoming a public figure in the precise arena where she had previous been suppressed by an autocratic husband unable to tolerate any views but his own. Grace Coolidge (Grace Goodhue) (1879-1957) - American first lady. Outer: Of English descent. Only child of a mechanical engineer and steamboat inspector, while her mother was a homemaker. Raised in a Methodist, as well as Democratic, household, spending a year with another family at the age of 5, when her father suffered an accident, from which he recovered. Became interested in the deaf through the work of a daughter of her second household. Graduated from the Univ. of Vermont, where she helped found the Pi Beta Phi sorority, before becoming a teacher at the Clarke School for the Deaf in Mass, following her childhood friend there, as a lip-reading instructor. 5’5”, with black hair and large gray-green eyes. Caught sight through a window of Calvin Coolidge (William Bennett) shaving in his long underwear and a hat, and couldn’t help laughing. After meeting under more traditional circumstances, as members of the same boat club and Congregational Church, she wed the misogynistic future president in 1905, at her parent’s home, despite her mother’s strong objections. Two sons from the union, with one dying in the White House of blood poisoning from a foot blister he received playing lawn tennis. Her vivacious charm would complement her husband’s taciturn, completely undemonstrative nature, and she willingly bowed to his authority in all things, including the family’s political orientation, since he was a hidebound Republican. Proved the perfect political wife, through his steady rise, willingly devoting herself to his career, which eventually took him to governor of Massachusetts, and then vice-president under Warren G. Harding (Warren Beatty). Made the transition to become an extremely popular Washington hostess, and, on the sudden death of Harding in 1923, assumed the role of First Lady with an easy grace. Although her father died just before her ultimate ascendancy, her mother lived long enough to see her ensconced in the herstory of the nation. Her husband never, ever discussed state matters with her, and even went so far as not telling her he did not wish to seek reelection in 1928, announcing it to the press first. Always popular with the public, she retired with Coolidge to the “Beeches,” a large home he bought, where he died in 1933. Discovered her husband’s body on the floor, and subsequently refused to have him lie in state in Washington. Continued her work with the deaf afterwards, and during WW II, she was active in the Red Cross, civil defense and scrap drives. Published poems and articles for “American” magazine, and eventually became president of the board of the Clark School for the Deaf. Outlived her spouse by nearly a quarter of a century, before dying of heart failure. Buried by her husband. Inner: Charming, vivacious, good-humored, with a great sense of fun. Avid baseball fan, highly social, with a genuine love of people and animals. Always physically fit, as well as stylish, with an affinity for bright colors, particularly red. Highly domestic, never pushed her views on anyone, and never learned to drive because her husband refused to let her. Helpmate lifetime of totally subsuming herself to her husband’s will and demands, as a passive cheerful compliment to his control and taciturnity, before busting loose in her next go-round, as a highly opinionated voice to be listened to. Adele de Champagne (c1140-1206)- Queen of France. Also known as Alix. Outer: Great-granddaughter of William the Conqueror (Mohandas Gandhi). Father was the count of Champagne, and mother was the daughter of a duke. Became the third wife of Louis VII (William Bennett) of France weeks after his second spouse died in childbirth. One son and one daughter from the union, including her husband’s successor, Philippe II Augustus (FDR). Two of her brothers also wed the two daughters of her husband by his first wife Eleanor of Aquitaine (Doris Kopf-Schroeder), to make their family ring even tighter, while a third brother became archbishop of Reims. Following her husband’s death in 1180, and her son mounting the throne, her power began to wane, particularly since the family of his first wife, Isabella of Hainault (Carolyn Bessette), encroached on her own kin’s sphere of influence. Served as her son’s regent when Philippe was on crusade in 1190. On his return in 1192, she put her energy into founding abbeys. Inner: Devout, yet very much aware of her own power, trying to use it both wisely and well, with a strongly protective sense of immediate family. Queenly lifetime of partnership with longtime mate in her ongoing education around navigating the halls of royal and electoral power.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS ETHNIC PRECEDENT-SETTER:
Storyline: The disloyal liberal works his way into political limbo through his various stances and odd displays of fidelity, while also switching from his earlier man’s man heartland conservatism to a more pliable and androgynous reformist stance.

Joe Lieberman (1942) - American politician. Outer: Of German-Jewish descent. Father was a liquor store owner and realtor. Grew up in a middle-class home, along with two sisters. Went to Yale Univ. where he was chairman of the editorial board of the Yale Daily News his senior year, and got a B.A. in politics and economics. As such, he was the first member of his family to graduate college. Slender and of medium height. Served as an intern in Washington for two summers at the office of Sen. Abraham Ribicoff, where he met his future wife, Elizabeth Haas. The duo were married in 1965, son and daughter from the union. Exempted from the Vietnam War because of various deferments, he would, nevertheless, adopt extremely hawkish stances in his future political life. Received a law degree from Yale Law School, then went to work for a local New Haven firm. In 1970, he began his political career as a Democrat by being elected to the Connecticut State Senate. His fellow law school alum, Bill Clinton, aided in his campaign, and he would later return the favor by being the first non-Southern senator to endorse his successful presidential bid in 1992, although he would also be a prominent critic of the latter’s lax morality in the Monica Lewinsky affair in 1998, when the president was accused of sexual impropriety with an intern. Nevertheless, he did not press for his impeachment, and voted against it. Served in the state senate for a decade, with the last 6 years as its majority leader. Lost his seat in 1980, and the following year, he divorced his wife, in part over religious differences. Although both were Jewish, his brand of Orthodoxy conflicted with her far more moderate Reform sensibilities. In 1983, he married a second time, to Hadassah Freilich Tucker, a fellow divorcee with one son, who was the daughter of a rabbi and Shoah survivor, and had been born in a Czech refugee camp before emigrating to America. She would go on to a prominent career of her own as a counselor for several pharmaceutical companies and hospitals, which would later bring conflict of interest charges over her husband’s Senate stances on her companies. One daughter from the second union to bring their combined brood up to four. From 1982 to 1988 he served as Conn. Attorney General, where he showed himself to be pro-consumer and pro-environment. In 1988, he narrowly beat multi-term Republican maverick Lowell Weicker for the Senate in an upset, and subsequently won two more terms, the second by a landslide. Showed himself to be liberal on domestic and social issues and conservative on foreign policy, with a voting record largely in alignment with the Democratic Party. In 2000, he simultaneously easily won a third term, while losing as the vice-presidential candidate on the Democratic ticket, along with Al Gore, despite winning the popular vote. In the process, he became the first of his religion to be a major party national candidate. The following year, he became chairman of the Homeland Security Committee, among his other assignments. In 2004, he failed in exciting the electorate in his own run for the presidency, and in 2006, he was defeated in the Connecticut Democratic primary, because of his unabashed support of the Iraq War, but won as an Independent Democrat. Continued to court controversy with his support of the Rev. John Hagee, a fellow enthusiast for Israel, but only for the purposes of his own projected Armageddon, when all Jews will either be converted or destroyed. Compared the contentious cleric to Moses, and spoke at one of his conventions, much to the displeasure of a good deal of the Jewish community. Remained in the Democratic caucus, but angered his party-mates by his subsequent vigorous support in 2008 of Republican candidate John McCain. Gave an ill-received speech at the Republican nominating convention, and was on the latter’s short list for vice-presidential candidates, although party poobahs nixed him. With McCain’s loss, he suddenly found himself in Democratic limbo, with the possibility of having his chairmanship stripped, despite his overt liberal voting record. Subsequently forgiven his apostasy through a need of a full Democratic caucus, and allowed to keep his Homeland Security chairmanship, despite some disgruntled grumblings from fellow Democrats. Remained an independent thorn, however, to Democratic legislative ambitions, and an ongoing voice of dissent as reminder of his feelings of abandonment by his longtime party. Fought against Obama’s health reform as a bought and paid for shill for the big insurance companies, then proposed SHIELD, Securing Human Intelligence and Enforcing Law Dissemination Act, in response to the leaking of damaging diplomatic documents by Wikileaks in 2010, while successfully leaning on Amazon.com not to publish them, in his ongoing self-appointed role as champion of secretive status quo government. Nevertheless, successfully championed the repeal of the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” directive on homophiles in the military at the end of the year, regaining a modicum of respect for himself as a self-styled independent. Announced he would not seek a fifth term, thanks to his unpopularity with his home state Democrats, and retired in 2012, after a near quarter century of senatorial service. Joined a private equity firm afterwards as the chairman of its Executive Board. Inner: Arrogant but affable, and largely well-liked both professionally and socially. Adopted Jewish Orthodoxy in his mid-20s, although does not adhere strictly to all its tenets. Moralistic, principled and deliberately iconoclastic. Liberal/conservative lifetime of maintaining a certain sense of independence to see how far his faith in both himself and his minority sense of the divine can take him in American public life. Charles Curtis (1860-1936) - American politician and vice-president. Outer: Great-great grandson of a Kansa-Kaw chief on his maternal side. Mother was part Kaw Amerindian, as well as several other tribes, while his father was Anglo-American. The former died when he was 3, while the latter largely abandoned the family, and spent a jail term for hanging 3 prisoners in his custody while serving the Union cause, leaving him and his sister to be raised by his maternal grandparents on the Kaw reservation. His father would marry twice more, and he would be particularly close to his half-sister, Dolly (Hadassah Lieberman). Spoke French and Kaw before he was able to converse in English. His paternal grandparents, fearing his uncivilized ways, eventually claimed him, to raise him in Topeka, so that he had a dual childhood, among both Amerindians and Anglos, with the latter’s Methodism and Republicanism eventually coming to define him. Pursued his skill with horses to become a winning jockey on the local circuit, earning the sobriquet of “the Indian Boy,” which made him a favorite of the regional underworld. Retained a strong bond to reservation life, and after his paternal grandfather’s death, returned to his old ways, although his maternal grandmother ultimately prevailed on him to get an education, which he did. After high school, he studied law and clerked in a Kansas law firm, as well as drove a hackney. Studied law books under street lamps when he had no passengers, and in 1881, he was admitted to the Kansas bar. 5’10”, and ultimately heavyset, with olive skin, a handlebar mustache, a gentle voice and infectious smile. Inherited land in North Topeka, and sold lots and built houses, which enabled him to open his own law firm, where he practiced criminal law. In 1884, he married Anna Baird (Michele Bachmann), and the couple had two daughters and a son, and also took in his half-sister Dolly when her mother died. In 1884, he launched his conservative Republican political career as Shawnee County attorney, proving to be a law’n’order man, closing all saloons to conform with the state’s prohibition laws, despite the fact both his father and grandfather had been barkeepers. Lost by one vote in an attempt to fill a vacancy in the House of Representatives in 1891, but won the seat the next year in an upset victory, and became a favorite of the House’s Republican leader, Thomas Reed (Tip O’Neil). Learned the names of many of his constituents, and gave voters the impression they were intimates of his, through his assiduous attention to details. Served on the Committee on Indian Affairs, but took a paternalistic attitude towards his people, overturning treaty rights, while taking advantage of his own indigenous status to gain control of Kaw land in Oklahoma. Known as “Our Charley” in Kansas, he was elected to six congresses, before being chosen to fill a Senatorial vacancy in 1907. Unsuccessful in a bid for reelection in 1912, he regained his seat in 1915, and then was reelected in 1920 and 1926. Served as Republican whip from 1915 to 1924, and Majority Leader from 1925 to 1929, while never-deviating from all the stock conservative positions of the time. An effective legislator, he rarely gave speeches, or penned his own bills, but knew the inner workings of every senator and how they would vote on every piece of legislation. Played a pivotal role in the selection of Warren Harding (Warren Beatty) as president in 1920, and became part of his inner circle. Following the death of his wife in 1924, his sister Dolly Curtis Gann served as both his secretary and hostess. Despite his advanced age, he harbored presidential ambitions in the 1928 race, although Marco Rubio was selected on the first ballot, and instead, he was chosen to be the latter’s running-mate. The duo easily swept into office that year, against the Catholic Al Smith (Antonio Villaraigosa) and he earned the distinction of being the last 20th century president or vice-president to sport facial hair, as well as the first and only with indigenous blood in him. Never particularly close to Hoover, he played virtually no role in his disastrous administration. Exhibited a heretofore hidden pomposity in his last office, while giving the impression, it was he, and not his runningmate that should have been occupying the White House. Their tandem suffered the first stages of the Great Depression with the Stock Market crash of 1929, and were overwhelmingly ousted from office in 1933 by the Democrats and Franklin Delano Roosevelt (Gerhardt Schroeder). Remained in Washington, where he practiced law for the few years left him, and then died of a heart attack at his sister Dolly’s house. Inner: Seen as a man’s man. Had a fondness for both poker and horse races, otherwise was a straitlaced conservative Republican, whose main claim to fame was his unusual background. Highly social, with the facility for getting things done, without drawing much attention to himself. Excellent grasp of details, with the ability to befriend both those who agreed with him politically and those who did not. Between-two-worlds lifetime of ultimately opting for the white man’s world, in high profile manner, only to be denied the ultimate office in the land, which he would once again pursue as an ethnic minority, but from the opposing party, with a deep-seated conservative streak that would belie his overt liberalism.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS INNATE IDEOLOGUE:
Storyline: The conservative controversialist trades in her supporting cast role for a star turn as a social activist, bringing her provocative perspective to bear on a world she sees has lost its moorings from her own strong sense of Christian accountability.

Michele Bachmann (Michele Marie Amble) (1956) - American politician. Outer: Of Norwegian descent. From a Lutheran family, with three brothers. Father was a former Air Force sergeant, who worked as an engineer in a bomb factory in Iowa, and was a Democrat and student of the Civil War, as well as an authoritarian. Following her parents’ divorce in 1970, her father largely disappeared from her life, marrying someone a dozen years his junior and moving to California. Raised by her mother, who worked at a bank, before remarrying a widower with five children of his own, to rescue the family from poverty. While in high school, where she was cheerleader and in student government, she got swept up in evangelical Christianity to become a born-again at 16. Spent time at a kibbutz in Israel with a youth group, following graduation, then went to Winona State Univ., where she met her future husband through the intervarsity Christian Fellowship. Raised a working-class Democrat, she campaigned for Jimmy Carter in 1976. Got a law degree from Oral Roberts Univ. afterwards, where she did research for John Eidsmoe, a controversialist who wrote “Christianity and the Constitution,’ which argued the U.S. was founded as a Christian theocracy, a belief she would continue to hold. Finished her formal education with a degree in tax law from the College of William & Mary’s Marshall-Wythe School of Law. In 1978, she married Marcus Bachmann, a Christian counselor and had two sons and three daughters with him, as well as providing foster care for another 23 children, all girls, for varying periods, with a maximum of three in her house at any one time. After laboring as a tax litigation attorney, she became politically involved by working on a variety of educational issues in the 1990s, because of her kids, and in 1993, opened a charter school, which proved a lightning rod for protests around tax dollars going for its fundamentalist Christian curriculum that included creationism. Resigned after public criticism, although continued to remain a public figure in Minnesota, and proved to be reflective of her district’s highly conservative overviews. Won her first election in 2000, and went on to serve in the Minnesota State Senate from 2001 to 2007. During her run, she continually proposed bans against same-sex marriage, which were defeated, while running into roadblocks for her various agendas, although her popularity with her constituents remained undiminished. In 2006, she became the third woman and first Republican of her gender to win a Congressional seat, after declaring that God had been her copilot for it, following fasting for three days prior to her announcement. Received considerable amount of support from various Republican powerhouses as well, and won handily, garnering 50% of the vote against two opponents. Telegenic and a favorite of evangelicals, although she was forced to refute her church’s doctrine that the papacy is the AntiChrist. As a much higher profile Congresswoman, she warmed to her status as a controversialist, and in steady order, denounced global warming, naysayed John McCain’s 2008 candidacy, and called Barack Obama anti-American, while also intimating some members of Congress harbored negative views towards the country, without being specific, which almost derailed her own reelection effort, although she re-won her seat later that year. Despite misstating facts as a seeming citizen of an alternate reality, she would continue to speak for the segment of the political spectrum that labels itself Christian, conservative and/or libertarian. As such, she urged people to be purposefully vague on the 2010 census, while opposing Federal bailout programs, and championing the U.S. dollar and increased domestic oil and gas exploration. Her facility for exaggerated rhetoric would make her a continued bete noir in the left’s bestiary, while endearing her to her own nichewingers. In 2009, she was forced to deal with a little family rebellion, when one of her sons joined AmeriCorps as a volunteer, after she had badmouthed the organization on libertarian terms. A Tea Party favorite and chair of its House Caucus, she also remains a delight to the left with her curious facility for mishearing and misinterpreting almost everything thrown in her direction, much as if politics were one long Saturday Night Live skit for her. Won her third term in 2010 with 53 percent of the vote, despite sponsoring virtually no legislation, and in 2011, got an A-ok from God and announced her candidacy for the presidency after the first full Republican debate, showing a feisty sensibility sure to make her a factor in the primaries with her adoring base. Her husband’s perceived effeminancy would put his ‘pray away the gay’ clinics in a questionable light, despite her unbending stance against any sexuality not deemed the norm. Saw her favorability status diminish considerably with Rick Perry’s entrance into the race in late summer, as she drifted to a distant third, behind him and Mitt Romney, unable to muster any momentum from her earlier Tea Party totemhood. Ultimately found herself the victim of her constituency’s distrust of female leaders, and after bottoming out in the Iowa caucuses in early 2012, announced she was suspending her presidential run. Wound up $1 million in debt for her effort, mostly to her campaign manager. Subsequently censured by members of her own party for unwarranted McCarthyesque attacks on Muslims in government, in her ongoing need to continually rock the boat of state. Barely survived re-election afterwards for her fourth term, then announced afterwards she was retiring from Congress, amidst further investigations into ethics violations in her presidential campaign. Eagerly awaiting imminent End Times, replete with the Middle eastern apocalypse and the Rapture, when she and her fellow rapturistas will inherit the Earth. Inner: Confrontational and a great lover of the spotlight. Despite a facility for misstatement, a firm believer in traditional Christian values, and unafraid to take on anyone who falls outside her strong views of moral right and wrong. Suffers from periodic migraines, although claims they can be controlled through medication. Lightning rod lifetime of stepping stage center, after many a go-round in the wings, to serve as an aggressive antidote to the liberally-inspired mess she views her country has sunk into. Anna Curtis (Anna Elizabeth Baird) (1860-1924) - American political helpmate. Outer: One of two children, and raised a Baptist. When she was nine, her parents moved to Topeka, Kansas, where she met realtor and lawyer Charles Curtis (Joe Lieberman). The duo were married on Thanksgiving Day in 1884, and had two daughters and a son. The same year, he began his political career, and she proved a loyal helpmate, coming with him to Washington in 1891, when he won a seat in the House of Representatives. Prior to that she had been a prominent member of several Topeka women’s civic, as well as literary clubs. Served as a support in his subsequent senatorial career, although was in increasingly ill health her later years, and died four years before he became vice-president. Inner: Probably a close karmic mate of Sarah Palin, paralleling her moving up from a support role to a centerstage political role at the time, while both their previous life husbands were concurrent president and vice-president. Support lifetime of getting a taste of Washington as prelude for her returning in highly controversial form to have her own run in the American political spotlight, as a champion of long held traditionalist views.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS POLITICAL MASOCHIST:
Storyline: The inveterate vote-searcher invariably chooses the path that will wind up punishing him the most in his ongoing self-lacerating search for public love.

George Wallace (1929-1998) - American politician. Outer: Of Scotch and English ancestry. From a precarious middleclass background. Father was a failed cotton farmer who served briefly as a county board of revenue chairman before he died in 1937. Encouraged his son to be aggressive and enter politics. His stoical mother taught piano at a country schoolhouse, after eariler being abandoned by her own mother and raised in an orphanage. Eldest of 3 sons and a daughter. His sire was unstable, hot-headed, and in poor health which he exacerbated by drinking heavily and flying into rages. Both parents did not believe in sparing the rod, although his mother actively tried to teach him upliftment and refinement. A good student, he was a small-sized quarterback and also senior class president in high school. 5’6”, 155 lbs, and pugnacious, he became the state Golden Glove bantamweight champion in 1936 and 1937, as well as captain of his college boxing team. Instinctively gravitated towards politics, talking his way at 15 into being a page in the Alabama senate, while harboring the desire to one day be governor. Became an activist while attending the Univ. of Alabama, as the champion of the relatively poor students, while working odd jobs to help his family. Elected student class president his freshman year, although that would be his last scholastic electoral triumph, since his pugnacious underdog style played poorly afterwards. Bore a strong resemblance to former president, Andrew Johnson, his last go-round in this series. On graduatation, he enlisted in the Army Air Corps, ultimately becoming a flight engineer and flying 10 bomber missions over Japan near the end of WW II, although he refused an assignment because of shot nerves and departed the Army less than a hero. In 1943, he married a dime-store clerk, Lurleen Burns, three daughters and a son from union, although he was far more interested in his own career than domesticity, and evinced little interest in his offspring. Went to work as an aide in the Alabama attorney general’s office after the war, and attached himself to the flamboyant governor, Big Jim Folsom, who also championed the little man against special interests. Served briefly in the state assembly, winning his first seat in 1947, where he was looked on as a ‘dangerous liberal,’ for his moderate populism, then became a state circuit judge for five years. Lost his first race for Alabama governor to a segregationist in 1958, and took a far more direct white supremacist position in 1962 to win that office on an avowed segregationist stance. The following year, he blocked the integration of the Univ. of Alabama, in a photo-op display of intransigence, but capitulated with a show of presidential force. Had his wife succeed him in 1966, when state law prevented him from doing so, although she died of cancer during the term. Ran for president on a third-party ticket in 1968, playing with racial fears, and won 13 % of the popular vote. Gradually broadened his message as his constituency expanded, becoming more populist in his attempt to segregate the elitists from ordinary Americans, while at the same time demanding more money for education and social services for the poor. In 1971, just before his 2nd inaugural as governor, he married Cornelia Snively, the divorced niece of his former mentor, who was some 19 years his junior, and the duo later stormily divorced in 1978. Paid off by the Nixon administration to run in the Democratic primaries rather than as an independent to mute his effect on the 1972 race, and an assassination attempt by stalker Arthur Bremer, trying to make a statement about his own manhood via four close range bullets in the stomach, abdomen and chest, subsequently left him an invalid and paralyzed below the waist, which gave him a different perspective on suffering. Began to reconcile with African-Americans in the early 1970s, and moderated his segrationist views by decade’s end. Returned to the Alabama governor’s office and began appointing people of colors other than white to government jobs. After 2 more terms, he worked as an administrator for the Univ. of Alabama for 4 years. Appeared at Martin Luther King’s former church in 1979 unannounced and asked its forgiveness for his former stands. Married a 3rd time in 1981, to Lisa Taylor, a 32 year old country western singer three decades his junior, and the following year, he began an unprecedented 4th term as governor, decrying segregation. Declined a 5th term, and in 1987, divorced his last wife. Worked as a consultant for Troy State Univ., while his health deteriorated, leaving him bedridden. A TV film bio of his life won an Emmy award on the day of his death in a hospital from respiratory and cardiac arrest. Inner: Inordinately opportunistic, a political animal in extremis. Caustic voice of resentment, viewing women with contempt, and totally into the expression of power as the big voice of the little man. Also had the capacity for change in his beliefs, although remained incapable of intimacy, thanks to his overweening desire to be wed to the American public. Indirect healing lifetime of taking on the suffering he had inadvertantly espoused to better understand the recklessness of explotational rhethoric. Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) - American President. Outer: Of Scotch-Irish and English ancestry. Both his parents were illiterate. Father was a city constable, sexton and janitor who worked for an inn and died after trying to rescue two wealthy employers from drowning when his son was 3. Younger of two brothers. Mother had been a chambermaid, and supported the family by sewing, weaving and washing, while remarrying a shiftless tailor. Had an impoverished upbringing, and resented his low station, while also holding a lifelong anti-aristocrat prejudice. Never spent a day in school, but taught himself to read while apprenticed to a tailor, and his wife subsequently taught him to write. Ran away from his master and spent two years with a price on his head, before returning to his mother. 5’10”, stocky, black-haired, powerfully built with heavy brows. Moved to Tennessee, and married Eliza McCardle (Lurleen Wallace), a shoemaker’s daughter, at 18, 3 sons and two daughters from the union. Two of his sons were alcoholics and all three died in their 20s or 30s, with one a possible suicide. Outlived all but two of his children. Continued as a tailor, making his own clothes his entire life while showing himself to be an astute businessman, before entering the arena of politics as a Democratic alderman in 1829. Elected mayor of Greenville, Tennessee the following year, then entered the Tennessee legislature for 2 nonconsecutive terms. After a decade in the House of Representatives, he became Governor of Tennessee, then was elected a Senator in 1857. During his political career, he fought for the interests of the small farmer, and the powerless, promoting social equality and public education as a Jacksonian populist. Almost lynched in Lynchburg, where he was dragged, beaten and noosed for his northern sympathies as the singular southern senator out of 22 for keeping the union. Failed in his desire for his party’s presidential nomination in 1860, and, after the start of the Civil War, he became military governor of Tennessee. In 1864, he was selected as Pres. Abraham Lincoln’s running mate to give the ticket a broad base, and succeeded him in office upon his assassination the week the Civil War ended in 1865. Ill or drunk or both on his inauguration, he gave a slurred speech. Inherited an extremely difficult office, and was able to appease neither North or South through his policies against freedmen and southern white unionists, as well as his strong opposition to black civil rights and Reconstruction. Vetoed the 1866 Civil Rights Bill on constitutional grounds, but Congress overrode his veto, and passed the Reconstruction Act, which divided the South into 5 military districts. Held racist sentiments, as well as a limited view of his/storical processes, which prevented his effectively dealing with the traumas of the war’s aftermath. Instead of looking at the consequences of the conflict, he looked back to the pre-war period for his model of a re-United States, appealing only to the most conservative elements of the nation. When Johnson removed Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton (Edward Stettinius) contra Congress’s recently passed Tenure of Office Act, he was brought up for impeachment charges, and missed being dismissed from office by one vote in the Senate. Totally absorbed the ill will of the post-Civil War nation, and served as the country’s primary masochist. Blackmailed by a woman who claimed he fathered her son, and accused by his political enemies as being a co-conspirator in Lincoln’s assassination. After his one term, his desire for a 2nd full run at the presidency was thwarted when he was denied renomination. Returned to Tennessee and unsuccessfully ran for office in order to vindicate himself, before finally becoming a senator again in 1875, only to die of a stroke shortly afterwards, while visiting a daughter. Buried in the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery in Greenville, Tenn. Inner: Extremely short-tempered, with a deep-seated resentment over his lowly birth. Great desire to be seen as a man of the people, right down to his deliberate incarnation in the most humbling of circumstances, after many lives among the political aristocracy of England. Although Baptist born, professed no real faith, and was probably the least religious of all the presidents. Active Freemason. Punching bag lifetime of continuing his ongoing role as a man totally out-of-touch with his times, despite a deep-seated desire to be seen and admired as a populist champion of the poor of his own race. George Sackville-Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville (George Sackville) (1716-1785) - English soldier and statesman. Outer: Father was the 1st Duke of Dorset. Mother was the daughter of a lieutenant-general. 3rd and youngest son. Tall, robust and active. Educated at Westminster School and received a B.A. and M.A. from Trinity College, Dublin. Commissioned a captain in 1737, he fought well in the War of the Austrian Succession, leading his troops deep into French territory, where he was captured and his wounds were treated in the tent of the French king. During his father’s 2nd tenure as lord lieutenant of Ireland, he served as Secretary for War. Later served in Scotland and Ireland, rising to the rank of major general in 1755 as a cavalry officer. Married in 1754 to Diana Germain, a co-heiress, and took on her name. two sons and three daughters from the union, while his wife died 24 years later. Fought in Germany, and after repeatedly disregarding the orders of his commander because he considered them too vague, he was court martialed at his own request and dismissed for insubordination, although was later restored to favor because of popular support against the vindictiveness of his dismissal. In 1770, he inherited a large estate, and added the name of his benefactress to his own. Member of Parliament, and colonial secretary in the cabinet of Lord Frederick North (Piers Morgan), he bore much of the blame for the English reversals in its American colonies during the time of the American Revolution through his poor coordinating efforts and his quarrels with numerous British generals. Showing himself to be the singular cabinet minister to favor continued fighting after the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781, he was summarily dismissed from his post. Made a baron and then a viscount in 1782, the same year he retired from politics. Spent his last years on his estate, eventually growing enfeebled. Inner: Sharp-tempered, intolerant, haughty and exacting. Comeuppance lifetime, once again, as a man curiously out of touch with the true dynamics of his times, and a lightning rod for its discontents, a continual theme of his.

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PATHWAY OF THE DOMESTIC ARTIST AS WOUNDED SPOUSE:
Storyline: The helpful and helpless helpmate teams up with a dualistic partner, who embodies both power and pity, and serves as a further reflection of his strengths and weaknesses, while learning about her own in the process.

Lurleen Wallace (Lurleen Burns) (1926-1968) - American political helpmate. Outer: Father was a lumber grader who became a shipyard worker. Raised a Methodist, she was very close to her parents. 5’3”, 103 lbs. Finished high school at 15, and wanted to be a nurse, but was too young. Went to Tuscaloosa Business College for a year before going to work as a clerk in a Tuscaloosa dime store, where she met George Wallace, who was buying a chocolate bar. He soon became a steady customer, while working his way through the Univ. of Alabama law school. The duo married in 1943, when she was only 16, just prior to his induction into the armed forces. They lived for a time in a converted chicken coop, before settling in Clayton, Alabama. 4 children from union. Passed the next 20 years raising her children, while her husband spent most of his time attending to his rising political career. Served as a Sunday school teacher. Shy and retiring, she had difficulty campaigning for her mate, preferring to remain in the background. As a teetotaler, she barred alcohol from the governor’s mansion, after he won office there. When Alabama law dictated her husband could only serve 2 consecutive terms, she ran in his stead in 1966 under the clear proviso that he would continue in his executive capacity through her. Only a few weeks beforehand, she had an appendectomy and hysterectomy, removing a tumor from her uterus. Became the 3rd woman to be elected as a U.S. governor. GW was given a $1 a year position as her official assistant. Operated on for removal of a cancerous tumor the following year and shortly afterwards, died of cancer. Tumors are often indication of deep-seated anger, in this case in the mother arena. Inner: Quiet, traditional, reserved and gentle. Harbored a hidden rage, either around roles or the specifics of largely having to go it alone in her domestic situation, thanks to her husband’s true marriage to his career. Reluctantly shoved-to-the-forefront lifetime of being thrust center stage after dutifully serving as support to her ongoing mate’s ongoing obsession with politics and power, while holding a deep debilitating anger that would overwhelm the experience. Eliza Johnson (Eliza McCardle) (1810-1876) - American political helpmate. Outer: Mother made quilts and sandals to support the family. Father was a Scottish-born shoemaker, who died when his daughter was young. Grew up in poverty, and eventually became a teacher. Married Andrew Johnson (George Wallace) at 17, 5 children from union. He was attracted to her, because she was one of the few who did not laugh at his ragged appearance. Taught her barely literate husband how to read and write, and managed the family finances. Encouraged her husband’s political career, seeing him as an exceptional person, and helped him prepare his speeches. During the Civil War, her husband’s anti-secessionist stance made their home a target. It was seized by rebels who used it as a barracks and she was turned out into the street with her children. Eventually she was reunited with her mate, after wandering and helping the union effort. Developed consumption after inhaling turpentine fumes, and wound up living 20 years as an invalid. Seldom left the house and had few personal friends. Shocked at her husband’s sudden ascendancy to the presidency in 1865, feeling he, too, would be murdered. Had a spotless reputation, but attended only 1 party in her 4 years in the White House, with her 2 daughters serving as hostess in her stead. Might also have feared drawing undue attention to herself, a la her predecessor Mary Todd Lincoln (Rosie O’Donnell). Withstood Johnson’s impeachment trial with optimism and forebearance, and felt a sense of exoneration when he was elected to the Senate 7 years afterwards. Frail and feeble at life’s end, she died of tuberculosis, after being too weak to attend her husband’s funeral six months earlier. Inner: Harmonious, dutiful, great mollifier for her husband’s behavior. Support lifetime of playing a secondary, soothing role for her mate’s ambitions, while incorporating his larger political wounds onto her own body.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS GREGARIOUS FASHION PLATE:
Storyline: The well-dressed widower ultimate opts for domesticity over power, after several go-rounds of having his early-exiting counterpart give him profound grief over her unwillingness to see him through his public careers.

Hugh Carey (1919-2011) - American politician. Outer: Both parents were children of Irish immigrants. Father started a successful business delivering fuel oil and kerosene. Mother had been secretary to journalist Nellie Bly (Katie Couric). Fourth of five sons, with a sixth dying young. Raised in a comfortable middle-class milieu. Went to Catholic schools, then joined the army as an enlistee in 1939 as part of a cavalry unit. Ultimately rose to lieutenant colonel, winning several combat decorations, including the Bronze star, while fighting in western Europe, and helping liberate Cologne, as well as a concentration camp. After the war, he went to St. John’s Univ. all the way through law school, graduating in 1951, and passing the NY state bar the same year. Joined the family firm, as a sales manager and vice president. Married Helen Owen Twohy, the widow of a Navy flier killed in the war in 1947, and the duo had 13 children, five daughters and eight sons. Two sons died in an auto accident in 1969. Became active in Democratic politics in the early 1960s, identifying with the stances and panache of John F. Kennedy. Elected to the House of Representatives as a Kennedy liberal, beating a four term incumbent and served 7 terms there until 1974. As the 51st to hold the office, he was elected governor of New York, the following year by a landslide after 20 years of Republican rule, with his first year proving his most difficult. His wife had died right before he became governor, throwing a huge shadow over what would be two consecutive terms, before he was succeeded by his lieutenant-governor, Mario Cuomo. A natty dresser, with good social graces, he became a popular Albany figure, proving himself a likeable, although uninspiring, chief executive, who some thought would make good bland presidential material. Able to bring labor and business into better accord, saving NYC from a financial crisis in 1975 by winning federal loan guarantees of 2.3 billion and cutting excess spending, as well as curtialing entitlements, while taking liberal stances on all the divisive issues of the day. Also was active in trying to end the violence in North Ireland, along with several other high profile Irish/American politicans. Despite being on some wish lists for a presidential run, he ultimately decided to pursue personal happiness instead, with a controversial, strong-willed 2nd mate, Evangeline Gouletas, a thrice-divorced Greek-American real estate millionaire, which caused difficulties with the Catholic Church, and summarily ended his political career. Had grown bored at the end, without any emergencies to temper his office. Retired from public life at the end of his 2nd term, to explore himself as a private citizen, and see what personal intimacy, rather than public approbation, did for him. In what he considered his greatest failure, he divorced his wife in 1989. Remained active as a partner in a Park Ave. law firm, as well as a Washington lobbyist. After heart surgery the previous year, he died in his summer home, surrounded by family. Inner: Gregarious, witty, charming liberal bon vivant and a fashion plate. Also a loner, who had difficulty maintaining relationships with subordinates and legislators. Far more of a big picture person, than one who involved himself in petty details. Repeat lifetime of losing his ongoing fleeting mate in mid-political stream, before proving himself an adept crisis-solver, and then ultimately opting for a private, rather than a highly public life, as a means of self-healing. Chester A. Arthur (1830-1886) - American president. Outer: Possibly Canadian-born, and of Irish and English descent. Father was a teacher and Baptist preacher from Ulster. Middle child of 9. Had a frugal, economically insecure upbringing. Graduated Union College, where he was Phi Beta Kappa. 6’2”. Taught school, and studied law privately before being admitted to the NY bar in 1854. Garnered political posts as part of the NY political machine. Anti-slavery, he joined the newly formed Republican Party at its inception. Married Ellen Herndon (Helen Carey) in 1859, 3 children, with the first dying at the age of 3. At the start of the Civil War, he was appointed engineer-in-chief on the NY governor’s military staff, and proved extremely resourceful, as well as discreet, allowing him to rise to quartermaster general. Did not re-enlist because of his wife’s pro-southern views. Through he was able to move in high social circles, which saw him abandon the idealism of his youth and embrace the corrupt company of the movers and shakers of NY. As part of Roscoe Conkling’s (Michael Dukakis) political machine, he was given the lucrative post of collector of the port of NY in 1871, which, at the time, was the country’s richest source of political patronage. Held that position for 7 years, and became known as the “Gentleman Boss,” proving, once again, to be an able administrator, until he was swept out in a reformist purge. A natty dresser and an oenophile, he enjoyed 2-3 hour dinners. Became a widower in 1880, and enshrined the room of his dead wife with fresh flowers every day, ordering it never be touched. Elected vice-president the same year, as a balance to the national Republican ticket, and assumed the presidency the following year on the assassination of James Garfield (Coretta Scott King). Oversaw a melancholy White House, with his sister serving as hostess over his lavish entertainments. Interested in clearing his name, he showed he was no longer connected to Roscoe Conkling, and gave voice to reform, although never actually implemented it. Lost the support of the party machine through his lack of support for it, and was not given a shot at a 2nd term. A competent, albeit uninspired politician and administrator, he rose to some of the needs of office, but it affected his health, and his wife’s early death had already taken much of the heart out of his career. Also learned he had a kidney disease shortly after becoming president, and knew he did not have long to live. On leaving office, he resumed his law practice, but died of Bright’s disease and a massive cerebral hemorrhage a year and a half later. Had all his personal papers and records destroyed shortly before his death. Inner: Bon vivant, honest, efficient, an excellent team player with adroit social skills. Living with loss lifetime of rising through a corrupt system, while maintaining his own relative integrity within it, and suffering the ongoing demise of his life’s mate, as reminder of his own vulnerabilities, and his ongoing need for more heart in his careers. William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire (c1720-1764) - British prime minister. Outer: Eldest son of the 3rd Duke of Devonshire, giving him an aristocratic upbringing. Educated at home, and entered politics at the age of 21 with an election to the House of Commons. In 1749, he contracted a brief happy marriage with Lady Charlotte Boyle (Helen Carey), with 3 sons and a daughter from the union. His wife died after the birth of their last child in 1754, causing him to spend most of career as a widower. Elected as an MP from Derbyshire in 1741 and 1747, but in 1751, he shifted from Commons to Lords. Became lord lieutenant and then governor-general of Ireland for two years beginning in 1755. Succeeded his father the same year, and the following annum, he was made nominal prime minister, as the First Lord of the Treasury at the start of the 7 Years War, although the real power lay with William Pitt (J. William Fulbright), who had refused to serve in earlier ministries, and who was anathema to the great Whig families. Didn’t really want the job, made no mark in it and resigned the following year, when Pitt reconciled with his political enemies. Ended his career as lord chamberlain of the household. His health declined soon after, and he died of dropsy. Inner: Modest and virtuous. Loss-defined lifetime, once again, of being deprived early on of the love of his life, making for a disheartened later career, in his ongoing struggle with love, power and death, an unholy trinity he continues to try to work his way through.

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PATHWAY OF THE DOMESTIC ARTIST AS EARLY EXITER:
Storyline: The reluctant political wife does repeated fades as her ongoing husband’s careers begin to shift into high gear, as reminder to him of the importance of heart in his perennial need for public approbation.

Helen Owen Carey (Helen Owen) (1925-1974) - American political helpmate. Outer: Had a traditional Roman Catholic upbringing. Married a navy flier, who was killed in WW II, one daughter from the union. In 1947, she married businessman Hugh Carey, 13 children from the second marriage, including five daughters and eight sons. Led a life centered around family and home, giving domestic base to her husband’s political ambitions. Two sons died in an automobile accident in 1969. Showed an activist interest in supporting local Catholic orphanages, and was a board member of the Brooklyn Bureau of Community Services. Died just before his career switched into high profile mode, as governor of New York, and made her presence known in his subsequent executive mansion by her noticeable absence. Later had a school named after her. Inner: Traditional, domestic, preferred running a busy household to her husband’s political career. Ongoing lifetime of stepping out-of-time as soon as her mate starts hitting his public stride, as a reminder to him and her about their true priorities. Ellen Lewis Arthur (Ellen Herndon) (1837-1880) - American political helpmate. Known as “Nell.” Outer: Only child of William Lewis Herndon, a Naval officer and a famous explorer of the Amazon. Raised in an aristocratic Virginia milieu, where she was active in philanthropy and also gave singing benefit concerts as a soprano. Gained some renown for her beautiful voice. Dark-eyed, attractive and frail-looking. At 20, her father went down with his ship dressed in full uniform, ordering his mates away when it appeared they would drown in any rescue attempt of him. She and her mother were given a townhouse in New York in recognition of his act. Met her future husband soon after moving in. A total opposite in background to her spouse, Chester A. Arthur, whom she married in 1859. The duo made a lively pair, being close in temperament, in a happy marriage which lasted two decades. 3 children from union, the first died after 3 years. Turned back to music and charity work to dispel her grief. Sang for many causes, and, after appearing as a guest soloist at a benefit concert on a cold night, she caught pneumonia and died 3 days later, the year before CAA won national office. Deeply mourned by her husband, who placed a fresh bouquet of flowers in front of portrait each morning, and never remarried. Inner: Warm-hearted, generous. Lightfoot lifetime of continuing her pattern of early exits just before her husband’s career moves into full swing, possibly as a way of opening up his heart through the continuing wounds she leaves in it, while scarring her own with the ongoing sorrow of her brief interludes on Earth. Charlotte Boyle, Duchess of Devonshire (1731-1754) - British political helpmate. Outer: Youngest daughter of aristocratic artist Dorothy Boyle (Yoko Ono). Father was Richard Boyle, the 4th Earl of Cork and 3rd Earl of Burlington, a famous architect and art collector. One of four children, with only one sister surviving into adulthood, and she would die in 1741, after an unhappy year of marriage. Grew up in a refined aesthetic atmosphere and became the wife of William Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire (Hugh Carey) in 1749, bringing numerous properties to the union. 3 sons and a daughter from the union, but she died from smallpox after the last birth, to begin or continue in her cycle of early exits from potential power couple situations. Inner: Foreshortened lifetime of happy union, only to deliberately destroy it in her ongoing teachings of love and loss to her continually bereft mate.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS CAUTION PERSONIFIED:
Storyline: The repressed reformer forces himself into the public sphere in order to open up his swallowed interior, only to be roundly rejected for a lack of fire in his belly and even less stomach for outward display.

mWalter Mondale (1928) - American politician. Nicknamed “Fritz.” Outer: Descended from a Viking warlord. Father was a farming Methodist minister of Norwegian stock with a strong interest in politics, who lost everything in the farm-price collapse of 1920. His sire had earlier been a stutterer, then suffered from lockjaw, but overcame both through sheer dint of will. Mother was a music teacher. 2nd son of his sire’s 2nd family. Grew up in small towns in Minnesota, constantly trying to prove himself to his father, who was a no-nonsense disciplinarian. A good athlete and mediocre student, he sold vegetables door-to-door as a teen. 6’. Began working for Hubert Humphrey at Macalester College, and the latter became his liberal political mentor. After 2 years in the army, he became a lawyer. In his late 20s, he married Joan Adams, a pastor’s daughter, two sons and daughter from the union, including Eleanor, a radio show host and the family livewire. Converted to Presbyterianism, although not a churchgoer. Appointed to complete a term of attorney general of Minnesota at 32, then won office on his own. At 36, he was appointed to Hubert Humphrey’s senate seat, and also later won it on his own twice more. His real self stayed hidden, despite his public life, making for remarkably few enemies in the political sphere, while polishing his liberal credentials. Good orator, but totally lacking in charisma. Vice-president in 1976 under Jimmy Carter, in which he was more involved in the daily workings of the executive branch than any previous veep. Code-named Cavalier and Dragon by the Secret Service. Accused of not having enough ‘fire in the belly,’ for the presidency by his mentor. Retired from public life after a resounding presidential defeat by Ronald Reagan in 1984, to lick his rejection wounds in private, and reopen his law practice. Later became American ambassador to Japan in the 1990s, while quickly stepping to the background in public memory. On the death of Sen. Paul Wellstone in 2002, he stepped in at the last minute to run in his stead, only to receive one last slap in the face by the American electorate, as an unpleasant final coda to his political career. Lost his daughter Eleanor to brain cancer in 2011, within a day of Ted Kennedy’s daughter, Kara, who had been born five weeks before her. Inner: Cautious, extremely unrevealing, brought up never to talk about himself. Articulate, well-read, intelligent, modest, with a subtle wit. Extremely private, preferring his own company, although compelled to seek higher and higher office, via a lifelong compulsion to prove himself. Reined-in lifetime of an extremely contained background before embarking on a public life that would ultimately end in his national defeat by a master of superficiality, despite his own depth of intelligence and belief in the betterment of commonality. mBenjamin Harrison (1833-1901) - American president. Outer: Grandson of William Henry Harrison (Dwight Eisenhower). Father was a farmer and congressman. His mother died giving birth to their 10th child, and his sire remarried. 5th of 13 all told, while his ancestry, which included a signer of the Declaration of Independence, gave him a sense of his/story and his unique place in it. Grew up working on the farm. 5’6”, squat, stocky frame. Graduated from Miami College in Ohio and was admitted to the bar in 1853, the same year he married Caroline Scott (Joan Mondale), one son and one daughter as well as a stillborn daughter from the union. Became a court crier before his legal practice flowered. Moved to Indianapolis, where he opened a law office and dipped into politics, joining the newly-formed Republican Party. Became city attorney, and then was elected reporter for the Indiana supreme court, where he edited 10 volumes of reports between 1857 and 1862. Never varied his daily routines, in his overweening need for rote and order, despite harboring a superior legal mind. A devout Presbyterian, he taught Sunday School, but also was not adverse to drinking and smoking. A good speaker, albeit less fluent socially, he made a modest living off his abilities and invested well, so that he was able to honestly enter into the political arena. Raised and commanded a voluntary regiment from Indiana, and was breveted brigadier general by the near end of the Civil War, after exhibiting his mettle in Georgia in the capture of Atlanta. Showed himself to be a fiery leader, but only in structured situations, and was known as ‘Little Ben’ to his well-disciplined regiment. Lost the nomination for governor in 1872, then refused to be a candidate 4 years later, until the Republican nominee was forced to withdraw with two months to go. Stepped in as a last minute replacement, and was defeated by 5000 votes, then turned down a cabinet post to become senator from Indiana in 1881, and used that position to become a national figure. Thanks to the backing of James G. Blaine (Adlai E. Stevenson), the party’s previous candidate, he won the nomination for the presidency on the 4th ballot in 1888, and, although he lost the popular vote to the incumbent Grover Cleveland (Jerry Brown/Joseph Biden), by some 90,000 votes, he won the electoral nod by 233 to 168. Despite some accomplishments, including the admission of 6 states to the Union, and the passage of the Sherman Anti-trust Act, he was judged more on what he did not do than what he did as president, including his failure to build a canal across Nicaragua and to make the navy into a world-class operation. Afraid of getting shocked from electric lights in the newly lit White House, as a reflection of his tenuous sense of the modern world. Proved to be an unimaginative and uninspiring leader, despite his grasp of issues, and a genuine desire to increase and enhance America’s influence. Lost his bid for a 2nd term to the man he had defeated, the dualistic Cleveland. After his wife’s death towards the end of the campaign, he lost all interest in regaining the White House. Returned to Indianapolis to practice law, and in 1896 he married his young widowed niece, much to the shock of his children. One child from the union. Wrote extensively, charged large fees for his services and served as Venezuela’s chief counsel in a boundary dispute, before dying of pneumonia. Inner: Cold and humorless, save with family and old friends. Sober, studious, disciplined, excellent intellect, good character, but unable to make a larger connection with the voting populace. A great believer in America’s Manifest Destiny, forceful and able, a professional in the White House, albeit lacking in charisma. Repressed lifetime of incarnating into a family with a strong sense of recent his/story to it, and rising to his country’s highest office, only to be ultimately rejected from it because his outer persona did not match his inner gifts. mBenjamin Lincoln (1733-1810) - American army officer and public official. Outer: From a simple, yeoman family. Father of the same name, was a maltster and farmer, as well as a local politician. Worked on the family farm, and had a common school education, but expressed himself well. Later in life, he felt his lack of formal schooling and got a Master’s degree from Harvard. Married Mary Cushing in 1756, 11 children from the union. Worked as a farmer, then became town constable in his early 20s, before joining the local militia. Elected a justice of the peace in 1762. A decade later, he was made a lieutenant colonel in the Suffolk militia, and after war broke out, and his articularity elevated him to brigadier general by 1776. Steadily rose in rank and responsibility, until the was commander of all the troops in the Boston area. After being wounded in 1777 at the Battle of Saratoga, where a musket ball wound up shortening one leg, he returned to duty a year later, as a Southern Dept. Commander. In one of the Continental Army’s worst defeats, at Charleston, he was taken prisoner and exchanged, although no charges were brought against him in a subsequent inquiry. Played an important role in the war’s final phase, and accepted the ceremonial sword of surrender at Yorktown in 1781, symbolically ending the American Revolution, after the humiliated general, Charles Cornwallis (Archibald Wavell) sent his second-in-command to the ceremony, and Gen. George Washington (George C. Marshall) did the same with him. After the war, he helped put down Shays’ (John McCain) rebellion, then ran unsuccessfully for lt. governor of Massachusetts. Worked for the ratification of the Constitution, before serving as collector for the port of Boston for the last 20 years of his working life. Kept a journal of his activities, which was later published. Retired from public life in 1809 and died a year later. Inner: Sobersided, with good leadership skills, although without any particular charisma. Blazing saddles lifetime of showing his mettle under fire, although unable to fire up the imagination of a democratic voting republic, a theme he would continue to explore in the next two centuries, with similar results.

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PATHWAY OF THE DOMESTIC ARTIST AS APPRENTICE ESTHETE:
Storyline: The balancing helpmate pursues her own esthetic agenda within the context of her mate’s larger political careers, in order to find a sense of satisfactory self-expression alongside it and thereby claim her own power in the process.

mJoan Mondale (Joan Adams) (1930) - American political helpmate. Outer: Father was a Presbyterian pastor. As head of the Presbyterian pastors of the country colleges, he was gone from home half the year. Eldest of 3 daughters. Her sire’s absences taught her to be self-reliant. Held a lifelong interest in art as a means of self-appreciation, as well as self-expression. 5’6”, 110 lbs. Popular and active in high school, she graduated from MacAlester College, where she was a his/story major. Lived in Cambridge, Mass. for a year and worked as an assistant slide librarian at the Museum of Fine Arts. Returned to Minnesota and toiled as an assistant in education at the Minn. Institute of Art. In 1955, in a ceremony performed by her father, she married rising politician, Walter Mondale, 2 sons and a daughter from the union, including Eleanor who later claimed a sexual liaison with Pres. Bill Clinton, before carving out her own career as a radio personality. Proved to be a supportive political wife for her husband’s public career, while pursuing her own cultural interests. After her spouse became vice-president in 1976, she served as a cultural liaison with the Carter Administration, and was affectionately known as “Joan of Art,” for her enthusiastic support of the arts. Code-named Cameo by the Secret Service. Wrote “Politics in Art,” for young adults in 1972, and also made the official v-p residence a showcase for American art, opening it for tours, and showcasing various name artists. A potter and putterer, she continued her own pursuits after her husband’s electoral defeat for the presidency in 1984. Studied Japanese art while her husband was ambassador to that country in the mid-1990s. Lost her daughter Eleanor to brain cancer in 2011, within a day of Ted Kennedy’s daughter, Kara, who had been born five weeks before her. Inner: More open and social than her mate, balancing off his tight interior. Unpretentious, self-possessed. Support lifetime of continuing with her longtime political anchor, in order to give her the ballast to expand her own sense of public power and private aesthetic. mCaroline Harrison (Caroline Lavinia Scott) (1832-1893) - American political helpmate. Outer: Of Scottish descent. Father was a Presbyterian minister and principal in an all-girls’ school, that he founded, feeling women should receive an equal education to men. Had two sisters and two brothers. Attended the school where her sire taught, and where she would meet her future husband. Graduated with a musical degree, while studying all of the arts, and became a teacher of music, home economics and painting, as well as a nurse. 5’1”, with a tendency to put on weight as she grew older. Married Benjamin Harrison (Walter Mondale) in her early 20s. One son and one daughter, as well as a stillborn daughter from the union, in which her husband was docile and devoted to her. The two had opposite personalities, she was warm and gay and loved the arts, but was impractical. The couple struggled initially with finances, and she had a great desire for a secure home. Separated during the Civil War, she raised her children alone. Taught needlework and china painting to her fellow First Presbyterian parishioners, as well as Sunday school. Disliked politics, and preferred society, although she was able to turn her husband’s presidency into a personal decorating challenge. Had a will and spirit of her own, and took on the overhaul of the executive mansion as her own particular task. Renovated and modernized the White House, supervising and budgeting the entire project and even cleaning on her own. Like her husband, she was afraid to turn off the electric lights, which had been recently installed, for fear of getting shocked. Loved orchids and filled the White House conservatory with them. Avoided Washington insiders, preferring to expand her sense of domestic creativity to the nation’s number one home. First to decorate it with a Christmas tree. Died of typhoid fever towards the end of her husband’s campaign for reelection, which took the heart out of his bid for a second term, and he subsequently lost. Inner: Warm, gracious, friendly, creative and fun-loving. Queenly and serene, although suffered from upper respiratory problems her entire life. Had a tendency towards depression when ill, and was extremely sensitive. Crypto-royal lifetime of playing her lively personality off of her ongoing repressed mate while taking her own sense of the domestic arts to the national level.

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PATHWAY OF THE MARTIAL ARTIST AS SOLDIER’S SOLDIER:
Storyline: The modest militarist thrives in the chaos of battlefield situations, but has to relearn his way through the more static byways of business and politics, forcing him to equalize his facility for action, with relative inaction, while continuing his identification with commonality as a means of finding further inner balance.

mOmar Bradley (1893-1981) - American general. Outer: From a modest background, father was a schoolteacher, mother was a seamstress, who named him Omar to distinguish him from all the other Bradleys in Missouri. A pupil of his progenitor until he was 12, and the latter died the following year. Tall and lanky, good athlete, and a sport’s fan his entire life. The family moved when he was 15, where he met his future wife. Graduated 44th out of 164 from the fabled class of 1915 of West Point, where he played varsity sports and was commissioned as a 2nd lieutenant in the infantry. In 1916, he married Mary Elizabeth Quayle, one daughter from union. Served at a number of posts, although was frustrated at not getting combat duty in France during WW I, before becoming an instructor, eventually at West Point. Served in Hawai’i, continued his military education, as well as his teacher role, then became a tactical officer at West Point. Served on the General Staff for 3 years prior to America’s involvement in WW II, and was promoted to brigadier general, and then commandant of the Infantry School, thanks to the help of George C. Marshall, who continually aided his advance. Became a division commander, before replacing George S. Patton as commander of II Corps, which he led in the last stages of the Tunisian campaign. Transferred to England to help plan the invasion of France, and then commanded the First Army, which was the right wing of the Allied landing in Normandy. Suffered overwhelming casualties there, although managed to avoid blame for his tactical errors. Directed the southern wing of the Allied advance across northern France, the largest assemblage of men ever under the command of an American general, and once more misread the enemy, so that he was bypassed for a key role in the Battle of the Bulge, much to his disappointment, which affected his subsequent support judgment. At war’s near-end, he was made a full general, and afterwards headed the Veteran’s Administration, before becoming Army Chief of Staff, and then the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Promoted to general of the army in 1950 he published his memoirs, A Soldier’s Story, before retiring and going into business. After his first wife died in 1965, he married a second time the following year. Died of heart failure after a long illness. Inner: Extremely modest and unassuming, with much to be modest and unassuming about. Calm under stress, cared about his men, and was well-loved by them, earning the sobriquet “G.I. General.” Mixed tactician, good planner and administrator, with the facility for earning the respect of his higher-ups, thanks to his loyalty. Enjoyed doing math problems for relaxation. Generally avoided risks, and blamed others when he failed to produce. Focused lifetime of recompense for his earlier failed forays into politics and business by sticking to what he did best, as a wartime leader of men, while continuing his exploration of commonality, after many lifetimes of aristocratic birth. mUlysses S. Grant (Hiram Ulysses Grant) (1822-1885) - American president. Outer: Of Puritan descent. Father was a tanner and a braggart, and totally unsupportive of his son, although crowed endlessly about him when he was famous. His mother was silent, fatalistic and religious to the point of mysticism, allowing her child to crawl under horses’ hooves as a baby, trusting in the will of God. Ultimately had as little to do with his parents as possible, although his other siblings were not as affected by them. No one ever saw him naked since he was a small boy. An expert horseman from childhood onwards, he had a remarkable rapport with them. 5’8”, with slouched posture. Transposed his name when he came to West Point, because he didn’t want to be known by the initials H.U.G., and through a clerical error before his admission, got saddled with the middle name of Simpson, to become Ulysses Simpson Grant. In 1843, he graduated West Point, 21st in a class of 39, while standing out for his horsemanship. Served under Winfield Scott (Douglas MacArthur) and Zachary Taylor (Gerald Ford) in the Mexican War, rising to the rank of captain, while showing himself extremely courageous in battle. Greatly admired Taylor, and fashioned his own later generalship after him. Married in his mid-20s, to the daughter of a wealthy St. Louis slave-owning family, after a secret and long engagement because of her father’s initial disapproval of him. His wife, Julia Dent (Fannie Lou Hamer), was plain but assertive, and shared his love of horses. Three surviving sons and a daughter from the union, with the eldest becoming a general, in a warm, close family, to whom he was totally devoted. Later served in California and Oregon but resigned his commission because of loneliness and a drinking problem, with an inability to hold his liquor, becoming slurred in speech after a single shot. Failed in a variety of jobs, ultimately pawning his gold watch to buy his family Christmas presents, but was commissioned a colonel at the outbreak of the Civil War, and was finally able to control his imbibing. His addictive personality, however, continued to manifest through the 20 cigars a day he consumed. Began the war in the western theater, and rose to major general by 1862, while ordering all Jews in his miitary district out of their homes, for fear they were contributing to the profitable contraband cotton trade. Later felt enormously guilty over the act, and, as president, appointed more Jews to public office than any other president. In the wake of the Battle of Shiloh in the spring of 1862, he was relieved of al important duties because of the many casualties he suffered. Reinstated by Pres. Lincoln, who saw him as a fighter with an iron will. His talent on the battlefield, coupled with his willingness to obey orders around emancipation and employ black troops impressed his superiors, and his stunning victory at Vicksburg in the summer of 1863, proved one of the most important Union victories during the entire war. By 1864, he was elevated to lieutenant general and made commander of all Union forces. Wore down his opponent through attrition, while coordinating the separate armies of several generals under him that totaled more than a million men. Finally captured the last remnants of the army of his opposing number, Robert E. Lee (George C. Marshall), his longtime crypto-martial ally, and effect an end to the war in 1865, accepting Lee’s sword in surrender at the Appomattox Court House. Served as Secretary of War under Andrew Johnson (George Wallace), then succeeded him as president in 1868, as a Republican, defeating Horatio Seymour (Averill Harriman). Surrounded himself with cronies and grifters, and had the most corrupt administration in U.S. his/story, despite his own impeccable honesty. Wanted to reunite the country through Reconstruction, although on Northern, not Southern terms, and fought hard for the 15th Amendment, enfranchising former male slaves. Reacted swiftly to the violence against his policies, and also proved a champion of the rights of indigenes, displaying a genuine humanity lacking in government at the time. Many of his civil rights achievements, however, would be undone by the justices he appointed to the Supreme Court, thanks to his being an extremely poor judge of character outside the martial realm, feeling that anyone who befriended him, had to be doing so from genuine motives. Despite the scandals surrounding his associates, he handily won reelection over Horace Greeley (Walter Lippmann), giving some sense of stability to a nation still recuperating from disintegration. His second administration would be laced with scandals, because of rampant corruption in both the Treasury Department and the Indian Service, and he would wind up totally vilified by Southern his/storians, leaving him on the lowest rungs of the presidential lists, despite a genuine desire to uplift a deeply wounded country. Did a world tour of two and a half years after his sojourn in the White House, then lost all his savings, because of a crooked investor, for whom one of his sons worked. In constant pain and dying of throat cancer, which was treatable only by cocaine, he managed to finish his autobiography, Personal Memoirs, which gave his wife the wherewithal to get out of debt, while showing himself to be a surprisingly good writer, thanks, probably in part, to his continued altered state while penning his final testament. Virtually starved himself to death because of his inability to take in solid food, and died four days after finishing his manuscript in a small cottage in upstate NY. His remains would wind up in Grant’s Tomb in NYC, one of the largest mausoleums in the world, in a display of ostentation totally unreflective of his own modest habits. Inner: Good strategist, and good communicator, with the ability to learn from his mistakes. Simple, kindly and generous. Able to function in fluid situations of action, but had great difficulty during periods of stasis. Detested the sight of blood, meat had to be cooked black for him. Suffered from an inability to read the character of friends and associates, and was far more adept at seeing larger patterns than their minute details. Big picture lifetime of having greatness thrust on him through his military skills, and then having it taken away through his inability to function as well in less fluid situations. mNathaniel Greene (1742-1786) - American general. Outer: Father owned a sawmill and an iron foundry. Mother was the latter’s 2nd wife. The only formal schooling he had was briefly with an itinerant tutor, to whom he showed an affinity for mathematics. Served for a short time in the Rhode Island General Assembly. Although raised a Quaker, he was expelled from the Society of Friends for his martial interests. Asthmatic, with one eye clouded from a smallpox inoculation. Took over his father’s foundry in 1770. Married in 1774, when he was 32, to Catherine Littlefield, a 19 year old local beauty, 5 children from union. The same year, he enlisted as a private in a Rhode Island militia company, and in the spring of 1775, he was suddenly elevated from private to brigadier general in command of Rhode Island’s forces, thanks to his political connections. Quickly won the confidence of George Washington (George C. Marshall) through his abilities at assessing changing situations, and became his most dependable adviser. In 1778, he took on the duties of the Continental Army’s quartermaster general, proving himself effective in light of congressional and state resistance to the army’s supply needs, before relinquishing the post 2 years later. On Washington’s absence, he was given command of the entire army in 1780, and sat on the board that condemned John Andre (Kim Philby) as a spy. Commanded the demoralized Continental forces in the South and raised it to a trim fighting level, liberating South Carolina and Georgia with an undermanned crew, before outwitting the British commander, Charles Cornwallis (Archibald Wavell), and completing the American victory after a year-long siege in Charlestown. Awarded a Congressional Medal for his heroic efforts, which meant a great deal to him. Following the war, he suffered financial difficulties through the mismanagement of funds by subordinate officers and contractors, who failed to reimburse him in his personal expenditures in supporting his army. Nevertheless, he was bequeathed a rice plantation, Mulberry Grove, by the state of Georgia, in appreciation for his war effort. Retired there with his wife, but barely 8 months later, he either died from an infection or sunstroke. Inner: Vigorous, energetic, albeit plagued by a stiff knee, which made him sensitive and quick to resent insults. Widely regarded as the most effective American general of the Revolution after George Washington. Excellent strategist, and a good organizer, who was able to learn from his tactical errors. Modest, resourceful, and a good reader of battlefield conditions. Transition lifetime of switching over to the commoner’s realm while remaining highly successful on the field of battle, but far less so with the intricacies of finance, a pattern he would repeat. Sir mThomas Fairfax, 3rd Baron Fairfax of Cameron (1612-1671) - English general. Outer: Father was an English general and the 2nd baron. Attended St. John’s College, Cambridge, before entering the army and fighting with the Dutch against Spain in the Netherlands. Married Anne Vere, the daughter of his former commander, in 1637. To his great displeasure, his only daughter Mary would eventually wed George Villiers (Aldous Huxley). Raised a force of dragoons, battling in both Bishops’ Wars, 1638-1640, while being knighted in between them. Became a hero for presenting a petition to the king protesting the levying of royal troops, and almost losing his life in the process. Commanded the cavalry in his father’s army on the side of the Parliamentarians in the opening stages of the English Civil War, and mixed success with failure, while suffering serious wounds. Made commander-in-chief of the New Model Army and was the principal organizer and trainer of the force, aided by Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy). With Cromwell’s help, he won a great victory over the king’s army in 1645, and enjoyed further success on the battlefield. Reluctantly sided with the army in its quarrel with Parliament, but opposed seizing Charles I (George VI) in the army’s name. Despite his hopes for a limited monarchy, he suppressed the Royalist revolt and wound up shooting 2 of his commanders in the bitter seige of Colchester. Opposed a subsequent purge of Parliament, although he was appointed a judge in the trial of the king. Only attended the first session and did not sign the king’s death warrant in 1649. Remained commander in chief of the army, but resigned before the war with Scotland because of his Scottish peerage. Opposed to the establishment of a Republic under Cromwell, and retired to his estate, returning to public life to support General George Monck (George C. Marshall) restore Parliamentary rule. As a Member of Parliament, he led a deputation to Charles II (Peter O’Toole) to invite him back to England. Strongly opposed digging up Cromwell’s remains and retired from public affairs. Inner: Gifted tactician and strategist, talented and respected general, although opposed the outcome of his fighting, with an inability to support the Commonwealth and absolutely no taste for politics. Exact and methodical, with a chivalrous sense of honor, and a genuine modesty. Enjoyed literature, and translated some of the psalms. Also wrote soldierly poetry and two volumes of recollections of his battles. Duty-filled lifetime of focusing on what he did best in the martial arena, while loathing the larger picture of what he was fighting for, necessitating a later try at integrating the realm of politics with martial arts, to disastrous results.

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PATHWAY OF THE HELPMATE AS LOYAL SUPPORT TURNED INDEPENDENT ACTIVIST:
Storyline: The rookie reformer moves from Civil War America to civil rights America, plunging into the latter with all her being, after earlier taking a background domestic role son his’n’herstory’s larger, but no less volatile, stage.

mFannie Lou Hamer (Fannie Lou Townshend) (1917-1977) - American political activist. Outer: Grandparents were slaves. 20th and youngest child of a sharecropping family. Imbued with a deep faith in God by her family and black pride by her mother. Beginning at the age of 6, she was involved in the Mississippi plantation delta system for most of her first four decades. Loved school, although it was only open 4 months a year during the winter to accomodate the picking season. Her parents eventually saved up enough money to buy a farm, several cows and three mules, but a jealous white neighbor poisoned their well. After her father died in 1929, she had to drop out of school to help support the family. Labored on a cotton plantation and in 1944, she married Perry Hamer, who drove a tractor there. Later served as a timekeeper for the family who owned the plantation, when they discovered she could read and write. Two adopted daughters from the union, after she was sterilized by a white doctor as part of a Mississippi plan to reduce the number of poor blacks in the state. Strongly religious, she came to believe in a Biblical sense of destiny to righting the racial wrongs of America, and began attending area conferences to that effect in her early 40s. Became politically active in the early 1960s , and, despite threats galore, she attempted to register to vote in 1962, buoying her fellow registrants with spirituals, only to be fired from her job, kicked off her sharecropper farm, and have white snipers fire into her vacated bedroom. Remained steadfast in her determination, and her courage brought her to the attention of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, who recruited her to travel around the South as a spokesperson for the organization. In 1963, she and her fellow organizers were arrested on false charges, and she was almost beaten to death with a blackjack in Mississippi, although the harrassment only hardened her will. Never fully recovered, but went back to her activism as soon as she could. Helped organize the Mississippi Freedom Summer, which attracted young white liberals from the North, for whom she served as a multi-racial mother figure. A trio of well-publicized deaths would follow in the wake of it, which would begin to graphically inform the rest of the nation on the violent nature of southern resistance to voter’s rights. Championed education and economic assistance for impoverished people of color, including the Freedom Farms Corporation, a land coop, that would eventually permit poor farmers to purchase a stake in the land they were working. Because the Democratic Party of Mississippi excluded black delegates, she founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, which challenged the make-up of the all-white state delegation to the 1964 Democratic Convention. Her hymn-singing and powerful speechifying made her a national figure, and provoked the jealousy of Pres. Lyndon Johnson, who, nevertheless, would prove a valuable ally in passing cilvil rights legislation during the course of his full-term presidency. Her obdurate stances and willingness to confront major Democrats, made her a little too threatening to the party’s power establishment, but her fervor and sense of religious righteousness thoroughly infused the larger civil rights movement, and made her a heroine to many in both the black and white communities looking for racial justice. Continued working throughout the rest of her life for civil rights, while also becoming an outspoken critic of the Vietnam War. Took up education and the Head Start program as a means of elevating poor people, until ill health finally curtailed her activities. In 1976, she had surgery for breast cancer, and rarely left home afterwards. Died of the disease, and on her tombstone was her sum-up sentiment, “I am sick and tired of being sick and tired.” Inner: Plain-spoken, deeply religious, and completely committed to the betterment of poor and underprivileged black America. Groundbreaking lifetime of putting her considerable energy into lifting the bottom of society ever upward, after earlier having seen life from the top, and realizing the iniquitous ineqities that still lay at the root of divided America. mJulia Grant (Julia Boggs Dent) (1826-1902) - American political helpmate. Outer: Father was a successful plantation owner, who carried the honorary sobriquet of colonel, and owned slaves. Her maternal grandfather was a Methodist minister, the religion in which she was raised. 5th of 8 children, with four brothers and three sisters, and the clear favorite of her progenitor. Short and stocky, with a determined look and slightly crossed eyes. Had an idyllic childhood, and loved both literature and horses. After going to a local school, she spent 7 years at a boarding school. Felt she would marry a soldier, seeing it as a romantic calling. One brother was classmates with U.S. Grant (Omar Bradley) at West Point, and the two soon got secretly engaged after meeting, since her sire had visions of her marrying someone quite wealthy. The latter finally gave his reluctant approval, provided he survive the Mexican War, and when he did three years later, the duo married, although Grant’s family did not attend, because they did not approve of slaveholding. Spent the first four years of their union on army bases, where she had to learn how to cook and be domestic, having earlier had everything done for her. Two sons and two daughters followed over the next 8 years. A devoted mother, she had to weather a two year separation from her husband, when he was posted out west, and then suffered all his subsequent business and farming failures on coming home in 1854 after being forced to resign for insubordination. By 1860, he was unhappily working for his father, when the Civil War transformed their lives. Her spouse’s star steadily rose throughout the fray, while she tended wounded soldiers, and sewed uniforms, while joining him whenever she could, and taking enormous pride in his achievements. When Grant was elected as the country’s 18th president in 1869, she was able to transform the White House into a far more elegant manse. Had it thoroughly cleaned, and ordered new furniture and china for it. Banned smoking save for her husband’s ubiquitous cigars, and oversaw magnificent dinners with liveried servants. Opened the White House for everyone on Tuesday, including African-American visitors, although her staff surreptitiously refused to carry out that order, without her knowledge. Loved her role as first lady, and was deeply disappointed when her husband refused to seek a third term, weeping openly when they left the White House. Although she held strong opinions on political matters, her spouse never consulted her on anything outside family affairs. Traveled the world for two and a half years with him, then settled in NYC, only to see the family fortune ruined by a Wall Street swindler whom her son worked for. By then Grant was suffering from incurable throat cancer. Racing against the little time he had left, he penned his memoirs just before he died, and they served as the financial ballast she needed, although she was so overcome by his death, she couldn’t attend his funeral. Moved back to Washington on the strength of the memoirs, and as a widow, became more politically involved in the life of the city, supporting women’s suffrage. Became the first first lady to pen her own memoirs, although they were not published until 1975. Died peacefully, and was buried in a huge NYC mausoleum, the eponymous Grant’s tomb, next to her beloved spouse. Inner: Cheerful, religious, unpretentious and commonsensical. Support lifetime of getting a first-hand view of American politics from the top, so that she could become a far more assertive activist from the bottom her next time up in this series.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS MERITOCRATIC BUREAUCRAT:
Storyline: The adroit advocate manages to exploit his ongoing prosecutorial talents to maximum advantage in his pursuit of recognition and high office in a democratic meritocracy, seemingly geared to allow those just like himself great reward for high profile deed.
Patrick Fitzgerald (1960) - American lawyer. Outer: Both parents were Irish Catholic immigrants. Father of the same name, came to the U.S. at 31 and was a doorman in Manhattan, who never took a vacation, and always showed up at work early. Mother came to America when she was young. Both parents imbued him with a strong work ethic, as well as a no-nonsense directness. One of 4 children, with a brother and 2 sisters. Grew up in working-class circumstances in Brooklyn, while harboring a strong affinity for his genetic roots in Ireland. Worked as a janitor as a teenager, and as a doorman during the summers and went to Catholic schools, including the prestigious Regis High in Manhattan. Matriculated at Amherst afterwards, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa with a B.A. in economics and mathematics, before receiving his law degree at Harvard Law. Practiced civil law, then became an assistant US Attorney in NYC in 1988, where he was involved in several high-profile drug-trafficking cases, including the prosecution of the media’s favorite mafia don, John Gotti in 1993. The next year, he was the prosecutor in the case against several terrorists, including blind Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman, in the previous annum’s World Trade Center bombing. Developed an encyclopedic knowledge of al-Qaeda, and continued his investigating and prosecuting of terrorist related activity both in and outside the U.S. before being appointed in 2001 as the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois. Successfully prosecuted the Illinois governor for corrupt practices, as well as other high level officials, both Republican and Democrat, but his moment in the national sun did not come until 2003 when he was made Special Counsel in the high profile Valerie Plame investigation, in which the vice-president’s chief of staff, Lewis Libby, was indicted for perjury and obstruction of justice, in the coverup surrounding the undercover revelation of Plame’s CIA work. The trial received maximum publicity, and he came across as serious and thorough, in the resultant guilty verdict, which elicited a fine, a prison term and a probationary period for the accused. The fine was paid by supporters, and Libby was subsequently pardoned by the president, negating the whole proceedings, save for bringing the Special Counsel to the nation’s attention. A lifelong bachelor, he announced his engagement in 2007 to Jennifer Letzkus, an investment banker turned Head Start teacher, who had been wed once before. Popped into the spotlight once again at the end of 2008 with an investigation into the blatant corruption of Illinois governor Rod Blagojevich. Inner: Throrough, sincere, modest, athletic, and a hard worker. Shy and wedded to his work, with few intimate friends. Repeat lifetime of once more finding his lawyerly niche, in his ongoing public rehabilitation from his much earlier disastrous presidency, as a public servant eager to deserve respect for his abilities once again. lJohn W. Davis (1873-1955) - American politician and lawyer. Outer: Father was an attorney and Presbyterian elder, who eventually became West Virginia rep to the U.S. House of Representatives. Originally educated at home, where he was taught to read by his mother, via her love for poetry and literature. Eventually went to a previous all-female seminary that was turned into a private boarding and day school, where he proved a top student. Began college at 16, and graduated at 19 from Washington & Lee’s Literary Department with a Latin major. 6'. Became a school teacher for an extended family in order to earn the funds for law school, where he met his future wife, then apprenticed at his father’s law practice. Afterwards, he got his law degree from Washington & Lee Univ., where he was elected Law Class Orator. After being admitted to the Virginia bar in 1895, he joined his sire as Davis & Davis, losing his first three cases. Asked by his alma mater to return, he became an assistant law professor there, although retired after a year to return to private law practice. In 1899, he married Julia McDonald, the niece of his former employer, who was a farmer’s daughter, but she died in childbirth 14 months later, although their daughter survived. Like his father, who was a conservative southern Democratic who opposed abolition, he was anti-woman’s suffrage, and a firm states-rights advocate. Entered politics in 1899 with the West Virginia House of Representatives, and in 1911, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Served as U.S. solicitor general for 5 years, and was one of Woodrow Wilson’s advisers at the Paris Peace Conference following WW I. Also served for 3 years after the war, as ambassador to Great Britain, before accepting a lucrative partnership in a N.Y. law firm. Also the founding president of the Council on Foreign Relations in 1921. Despite his personal segregationist views, he was able to separate his beliefs from his advocacy roles, in particular in his successful shooting down of Oklahoma’s “grandfather law,” which disenfranchised most black voters. In 1924, he became a compromise Democratic candidate for president after 102 ballots, but his tie-ins with large corporations caused his overwhelming defeat to Calvin Coolidge (William Bennett), despite carrying the South, even though he had previously denounced the Ku Klux Klan, which was a force at the time. Returned to his law practice, while opposing Harry S. Truman’s civil rights’ programs. Appeared 141 times before the U.S. Supreme Court, both as a Solicitor and a private lawyer. Lost many of his cases, despite winning a ruling against Truman at the end of his career, for exceeding presidential authority, while also fighting New Deal legislation in the interests of corporate America. His final case was a losing battle against the “separate but equal” doctrine of segregationist education. Died of pneumonia. Inner: Witty, urbane, gracious, elegant, well-mannered and dignified. Conservative voice of institutionalized power. Racist and states-righter, and a traditionalist with a reputation for personal integrity, while being a reflection of his time, without the ability to transcend its fears and prejudices. Well-liked and respected, an emblem of meritocratic rule. Solid resume lifetime of playing a secondary role in power politics, in his ongoing evolution as a high profile, and ambitious, albeit completely conventional, public figure. lJames Buchanan (1791-1868) - American president. Known as ‘Old Buck.’ Outer: Father was an Irish-born storekeeper, one of 11 children, 8 of whom reached maturity, and were mostly female. Imbued with both a sense of self-restraint and self-respect as a child, through his father’s demands for perfection. His mother, who was a lively intellectual, and his sisters all adored him. An innate sense of rebelliousness initially countered his father’s demands. 6’, heavyset. Expelled for disorderly conduct from Dickinson College, although he was later reinstated and graduated. Admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1812, and became a conscientious, albeit conventional, attorney. Elected a state representative 3 years later, and a U.S. congressman for 11 years beginning in 1821. That same year his father died, and he became responsible for his mother and younger siblings, and ultimately 10 orphaned nephews and nieces, 3 of whom came to live with him. Despite a sense of competency, he was never able to capture the public imagination, while rarely exhibiting any kind of passionate enthusiasm, preferring a steadfast, calm outer demeanor. Avoided extremist positions, and always searched for compromises, while showing an expertise in judicial and foreign affairs. Served as minister to Russia, before being elected U.S. senator in 1834. Resigned his seat in 1845 to become Secretary of State under James K. Polk (Robert Dole), and finally minister to Great Britain for 3 years. Near-sighted and far-sighted. On his 3rd try for the nomination, he was elected president in 1856 over John Fremont (William O. Douglas) and Millard Fillmore (Spiro Agnew), as a nod to his own conservative desire to maintain the Union. Became the only bachelor ever to be in the White House, with his niece serving as hostess. Despite his unmarried status, he had always enjoyed the friendships of women, and fancied himself a bon vivant, although his fiancee had earlier committed suicide in 1819 over his coldness. Had a cocked neck, possibly from a suicide attempt as well, while his true sexual preference has always been a matter of conjecture. Proved unequal to the job, waffling on the country’s ongoing North-South schism, and helping to feed directly into the Civil War, a reflection of his own unresolved dualities. Felt the presidency should be a one term affair, and more than underscored that sentiment through his performance in office, as one of the worst to hold that title. After Abraham Lincoln succeeded him, he denied the South’s right to secede, and called for a constitutional convention to redefine slavery in the territories. Supported Lincoln’s war efforts and retired to write his memoirs, although they never appeared. Died of rheumatic gout at his country estate, Wheatland. Inner: Cold character, largely transparent in his personal interactions. Unpretentious, with a genuine egalitarian sense. Far preferred country living and country folk to urban people. Freemason. Despised slavery, although he was unwilling to commit himself to a position to end it. Excellent storyteller, with a wide circle of acquaintances, although few intimates, thanks to a hidden petty, secretive vindictive character. Unconvincing lifetime of bringing his cleft character to the White House during increasingly disunited times, only to prove himself incapable of integrating a sore-divided nation. lJohn Hanson (1721-1783) - American politician. Outer: Grandfather of the same name emigrated from England. Father was a member of the General Assembly of Maryland, as well as a sheriff, commissary, farmer and clerk. Largely self-educated through reading in both English and Latin. Became a planter, like his ancestors. Married in 1744 to Jane Contee and had 9 children, including a son who became chancellor of Maryland. His wife would survive him by nearly thirty years. Served in the Maryland provincial legislature, beginning in 1757 and was active in the Revolutionary cause, although never as a striking symbol of change, but rather one more added voice to it, which, nevertheless, proved effective in bringing Maryland into the revolutionary fold. Advocated independence before it was a dominant sentiment, although produced no legislation or ideas that furthered the movement. Elected as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1780, and became the first President under the newly ratified Articles of Confederation. Is sometimes called the first President of United States because of his position, but he was merely a presiding officer with no constitutional basis for power, and wasn’t even the first to hold that role over Congress. He was, however, the first to serve a full year term, and as such, he was able to inaugurate the United States Mint, as well as pass legislation for the first central bank, and make Thanksgiving a national holiday, among other accomplishments of office. Died at his nephew’s plantation. Inner: Figurehead lifetime of being born into a political household and creating a career out of his political times that was more profile than substance, in his ongoing desire to create himself as an outstanding figure of his times, despite a limited imagination and abilities.

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