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EUROROYALS - OLD TESTAMENT TRICKSTERS

PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS ARCHETYPAL TRAITOR:
Storyline: The unsinkable scoundrel loves to play with the limits of loyalty in his continuous desire to etch his unusual name in unusual manner in the annals of his times.

Whittaker Chambers (Jay Vivian Chambers) (1901-1961) - American journalist and spy. Outer: Mother was a former actress, father was a commercial artist. The former was domineering and adored her son, while the latter was often absent and largely uninterested in him, preferring to pursue his own unhappy bisexuality in a largely compartmentalized existence. His parents ultimately separated, and his younger brother became an alcoholic suicide. Voted class prophet in high school, although he suffered numerous taunts and humiliations. Educated at Columbia Univ., where he campaigned for Calvin Coolidge (William Bennett), although eventually dropped out and went to Europe. Educated himself through his own selected curriculum, before returning home. Found himself sexually confused, although he may have fathered a child at the time, while searching for some sort of political foundation to resolve his sense of profound alienation, and found it in communism. Joined the Communist Party in his early 20s, despite his earlier conservatism, editing several of their periodicals, including The New Masses. Adopted his mother’s maiden name Whittaker when he began his writing career, showing some skill as a translator, including the Austrian folk tale, Bambi. Also wrote under numerous aliases, as befit someone always on the lookout for his real identity. In the early 1930s, he married Esther Shemitz, a Russian-born Communist artist, who served as a cover for his own attraction to men, as he loosely followed his father’s pattern, son and daughter from the union. Established a shabby rural retreat in Maryland, and then plunged into the world of covert activity in 1931, serving as a courier for the Russians, with false names and some 21 different addresses. After nearly 7 years of such shenanigans, he left the party during the purge trials of 1937, and then feared for his life through retaliation for his apostasy. Began suffering from angina, and went to work for Time magazine in 1939 and turned to Quakerism during WW II to try to resolve his need for an underlying faith to his life. Eventually became a controversial anti-communist foreign news editor at Time, rising rapidly through the periodical’s hierarchy. Gained notoriety in 1948 by accusing Alger Hiss, a State Department official, of being a member of a spy ring during a post-war HUAC hearing exploiting America’s patriotic hysteria of that period. Richard Nixon, a confidante, also rose to fame during the hearing, which featured a pumpkin patch on Chambers’s farm as a drop-off point for micro-film. Made wild accusations about communism rife in the executive branch of the government, so that controversy colored the rest of his j’accuse life. Wrote his autobiography, Witness, about his own redemption and conversion. An editor of the conservative National Review at life’s end, where he was viewed as one of the magazine’s founding fathers. After several heart attacks, he died of a fatal one at his 300 acre farm. Inner: Gloomy, intellectual, pessimistic, and a great believer in the sweeping tides of his/story. Eventually saw himself as a savior of democratic civilization. Duality of duplicity and patriotic self-sacrifice. Unmasked lifetime of desperately seeking suzerainty over himself, by embracing, and then rejecting, extreme affronts to the American sensibilities of his times. Clement Vallandingham (1820-1871) - American politician and rabblerouser. Outer: Flemish-Huguenot on his father’s side, Scotch-Irish on his mother’s. His sire was a Presbyterian minister, and he had a Calvinist upbringing. 5th of 7 children. Attended New Lisbon Acad., which was founded by his progenitor, then went to Jefferson College, but left without graduating after a heated argument with its president over constitutional law. Read law for 2 years, and was admitted to the Ohio bar, although soon found himself bored with his cases. In 1845, he was elected the youngest member of the Ohio legislature, calling himself a Jacksonian Democrat and a supporter of states’ rights. The following year, he was made Speaker of the House, and at the same time married the daughter of a wealthy Maryland slave-owner, 2 sons from the union. Part owner and editor of the Dayton Western Empire, although his law practice made him relinquish his newspaper duties in 1849. Became a brigadier general in the Ohio militia in 1857, after organizing several companies. Defeated twice for Congress, he successfully challenged the 1856 returns and was seated 2 years later. Adamantly opposed the Republican party’s anti-slavery view, and became a leader of the Copperheads, pro-southern mid-westerners. Bitterly and aggressively taking a stand against the Civil War, he commanded a secret reactionary organization called the Sons of Liberty. Idealized the South, and waged a vendetta against the Federal government. Hugely unpopular for his seditious speeches, he was defeated for re-election in 1862, and took a deliberate martyr tack for his party’s gubernatorial nomination, courting arrest. Tried for treason by a military commission in 1863, he was exiled to the South. Bored there, he won the nomination in absentia, then escaped to Canada, and campaigned from afar, only to lose the general election. Continued his virulent gadfly activities through Reconstruction, while hoping to be elected a senator. Served as a defense counsel in a trial, when he accidentally killed himself with a gun while demonstrating how the victim died, in an unconscious semi-suicide. Inner: Handsome, high-spirited, self-willed. Idealized the Southern character, home of his ancestors. Highly conservative, with a tremendous resistance to change, preferring his fantasies of the past to the projected realities of a nation making the necessary and bitter shifts to accommodate its growing industrialization. Gadfly lifetime of exploiting the major fears and passions of his era for his own gain, only to completely misread the tenor of the times and once again self-destruct over them. Benedict Arnold (1741-1801) - American general. Outer: His name would become synonymous with traitor in American folklore. From an eminent family, an ancestor had been the 2nd governor of Rhode Island. His father, however, had descended into alcoholism and business failure. Educated in the classics, he felt a need to restore the family’s name. Ran away from home to serve with the colonial militia in the French & Indian War, then deserted. Known for his unusual physical strength. Operated a pharmacy and book shop, prospered, and in 1767 married Margaret Mansfield, the daughter of a wealthy Loyalist, 7 sons and a daughter from the union. Found his social rise blocked by the local elite, and turned his ambitious anger into the colonial cause. Rejoined the militia, taking active part in the early skirmishes of the American Revolution, as head of a patriot militia. Built his military career on his continued overweening ambitions, culminating with a brilliant march on Quebec, earning him the sobriquet of “America’s Hannibal.” Promoted to brigadier general after being wounded in the left leg in a bold but failed assault, then showed charisma and ingenuity in constructing and manning a gunboat fleet that effectively defrayed the British advance. Overly sensitive to criticism, he was twice talked out of retiring by George Washington (George Marshall), while showing a peculiar proclivity for making enemies. Assumed heavy debts from his active social life in between engagements. Recuperated from a further wound to the same leg, and once again proved himself masterful on the battlefield at Saratoga, where he disregarded orders but won the skirmish. Disaffected with the American cause and his sense of grievance over the blockage of his own promotion, while feeling put upon by both Congress and Washington, he sold military information to the British. Appointed superintendent of West Point, he proposed to betray it for £20,000 but the plot was discovered through the capture of John Andre (Kim Philby), and he became a marauding commander for the British, burning New London in the process. Following his first wife’s death in 1775, he married Peggy Shippen four years later. Sailed to Britain, and was given a small pension by the British government, but was scorned in his adopted country after the war, and the rest of his life was spent in deep bitterness and ill health, with his wife his singular supportive ally. 5 of his 7 sons served with honor in the British army, perhaps as a need to exculpate the family name. Died of dropsy and lung disease. Inner: Self-righteous, opportunistic and hypersensitive. Born martial artist, although poor politician, allowing the latter to cancel the former. Impatient, alienated, harbored feelings of moral superiority to lesser lights. Extremely restless, saw life totally in terms of action, while inaction provoked grievances and poor decision-making. Archetypal lifetime of betrayal and severe condemnation, through an inability to assess situations outside of his limited, albeit, highly talented ken. James Hepburn, 4th earl of Bothwell (1535?-1578) - Scottish intriguer. Outer: Son of the 3rd earl, parents divorced so that the earl could pursue the hand of the dowager-queen of Scotland, Mary of Guise (rebecca West), mother of Mary Stuart (Marguerite Duras). Raised at the French court, and succeeded to his father’s titles in his early 20s. Red-haired, broad-shouldered and strong, with refined hands. Although a Protestant, he supported the French Catholic regent of the young queen of Scotland, in her conflict with the Protestant nobles. Intercepted money sent by the English and escaped with it, although his castle was seized by the Earl of Arran (Jeffrey Archer) in recompense. Visited Denmark, then became a gentleman of the royal chamber in Paris, where Mary was briefly queen, before her husband died. Returned to Scotland and reconciled with Arran. Became a member of Mary’s privy council in 1561, but was accused by the increasingly mad Arran of plotting to kidnap the queen and was imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle. Escaped, was detained in the Tower of London and then fled to France in 1564. The following year, he was called to Scotland to suppress the rebellion of Mary’s half-brother, James Stewart, the earl of Moray (Guy Burgess), and acquitted himself well, gaining considerable influence over the queen. Married Lady Jean Gordon, a noblewoman, in 1566 to secure his position, no issue, but remained a Protestant. By the end of 1566, he was the most powerful noble in Scotland, with the opportunity to marry the queen, once her unloved husband, Henry Darnley (Kim Philby), was disposed of, which he helped engineer. The following year, he was accused of complicity in the murder, but was acquitted in a rigged trial. Obtained an irregular divorce from his wife and, after raping her to seal their union, married Mary in Protestant rites after he was made duke of Orkney and Shetland. Considered a usurper, both Catholics and Protestants banded together against the new king, and when her troops refused to fight them, she surrendered on the condition he be allowed to escape. Fled and gathered a pirate fleet, which was pursued, and he wound up in Norway. Sent to Denmark, where he was kept in confinement by the Danish king. Wrote his memoirs in French while in Copenhagen and offered his ducal offices in exchange for his temporary release. The queen annulled their marriage in 1570, and in 1573, after Mary’s cause collapsed, he was put in solitary confinement in a Danish dungeon and tied to a stake, where he gradually grew insane and died 5 years later. Inner: Extremely opportunistic, conspiratorial, like father, like son, although able to handle his intrigues well, staying a step ahead of his enemies, before finally being undone by his excesses. Known for his physical strength. Violent and overbearing, despite being conversant with the social graces. Throw-away-the-key lifetime of deep self-imprisonment that brought him all the way over into the irrational in contemplating his convoluted character, and its need for constant intrigue. Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham (1478-1521) - English nobleman. Outer: Descendant of Edward III (Duke of Wellington), with a legitimate claim on the throne. Son of 2nd duke, Henry Stafford (Kim Philby), who was attainted. Succeeded to the titles of his father when he was 8, 2 years after his sire’s execution, and later was considered a possible successor to the crown during the reign of Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch). Married Eleanor Percy, the daughter of the earl of Northumberland in 1500, 1 son and 3 daughters. As lord high constable, he bore the crown at the coronation of Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook), and held several high posts under him, including privy councillor in 1509. Became a spokesman for the disempowered nobles, stirring up much mischief, while earning the suspicion of the king’s chief minister, Thomas Wolsley (Henry Kissinger). The king was jealous over his wealth, lands and royal descent, and took the opportunity to quiet his ambition. Arrested on false charges of coveting the throne and planning to murder England’s monarch, he was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1521. The king himself questioned witnesses during his subsequent trial, and he was promptly found guilty and executed. Inner: Vacillating, highly religious, and not without his own considerable sense of ambition. Just desserts lifetime of paying the piper for his many duplicities and covetousness, with an unmerited execution. Adam of Orlton (?-1344) - English bishop. Outer: Origins obscured. Became a doctor of Laws and auditor in the papal court. Made bishop of Hereford in 1317 by the pope against the king’s wishes, then successively was made bishop of Worcester and Winchester. Employed on several embassies for Edward II (John F. Kennedy, Jr.), and also took part in several uprisings against the king in 1321 and 1322, only to be charged with treason before Parliament and deprived of his lands and revenues. Became the first English bishop ever brought before a lay tribunal. Went under the protection of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Joined Queen Isabella’s (Richard Nixon) party in her invasion of England in 1326 and played a major part in the king’s resignation the following year. Made treasurer and restored to his possessions under the crown’s successor Edward III (Duke of Wellington), and during his reign was entrusted frequently with diplomatic missions. Made Bishop of Winchester, and was involved in a number of legal cases. Became blind before his death. Inner: Crafty intellect, bold, unscrupulous. Got-away-with-it lifetime of being charged with treasonous activities, only to exonerate himself and find himself restored to power, unlike further adventures in traitordom, where he allowed himself to be overwhelmed by events. Canute (c994-1035) - Danish king of England, Denmark and Norway. Outer: Father was Sweyn I Forkbeard, king of Denmark and a pagan, who conquered England in 1013. Mother was a Slavic princess from Poland. His early years or place of birth is unrecorded. Accompanied his father on the invasion, after having been baptized a Christian shortly beforehand and in an apocrphal story told several centuries later, as a show of his own power and humility, he ordered the tide to turn as a lesson to his courtiers that even he could not command the waves. Left in charge of the fleet, he met Aelfgifu, with whom he had 2 sons, Svein Knutsson, the future king of Denmark and Harold Harefoot (Kim Philby), the future king of England. Exceptionally tall and strong, fair complexioned and thick-haired, with a handsome face, save for a thin, hooked nose. After his father died in 1014, the previous king Athelred II (Bob Hope), who had had the sire of his spouse killed, was invited back to rule England. Deserted his allies and sailed to Denmark, savagely mutilating his hostages. The following year, he returned and began a long struggle with Athelred’s son, Edmund II Ironsides (Ehud Barack), for control of England. Elected king by some councillors, and after winning a victory in Essex, the rest of his domain was divided. Following the death of Edmund in 1016, he succeeded to the entire kingdom. Ruthlessly killed and outlawed his perceived enemies, while confiscating some English estates to fellow Danes, but then steadily decreased the Danish element in his entourage. Drew up laws based on previous legislation, and used his predecessor King Edgar (Gene Autry) as his model. Effectively brought both peace and prosperity to his adopted land over a near two decade rule. In 1020, he repudiated his wife and married the widow of his predecessor, Emma (Mae West) to prevent her brother from espousing the hereditary rights of her sons who had escaped to Normandy. One son, Hardecanute (Guy Burgess) and a daughter from the union, with the latter marrying the HRE Heinrich III (Yitzhak Rabin). English forces helped him gain the throne of Denmark on his brother’s death in 1019, and also helped him do the same in Norway in 1028, after which he had regents rule for him, although his Christianity offended some in Scandinavia. Made a pilgrimage to Rome, in a display of both reverence and humility, then went on a foray into Scotland. All three countries that he ruled benefited from him during his lifetime, although his heirs, including his son, Hardecanute (Guy Burgess), possessed none of his qualities, and could not hold his ruling house in any country. During the English Civil War more than half a millennium later, his bones were used as missiles to shatter stained glass windows by Oliver Cromwell’s (Robert F. Kennedy) soldiers. Inner: Courageous, cruel, ruthless, wily, and relatively enlightened for his times. Self-consciously Christian, having been baptised in Germany. Treacherous and murderous in a lot of his dealings, although he also reflected the brutalities of his era. Proved to be able to grow with his rule, highly capable, and already a legend in his own times. Actualized lifetime of expanding with his responsibilities, proving himself over and over as an adept warrior and a sagacious man of power, eschewing, at least, for one go-round, residue from the past. Julian (331-363) - Roman Emperor. Known as ‘the Apostate.’ Outer: Uncle was Constantine I (Arundhati Roy). Younger son of his half brother and his 2nd wife, Basilina, the daughter of a governor of Egypt, who died soon after his birth. Constantine’s 3 sons all struggled around the crown, and had most of their relatives purged in 337, at the death of their own sire. His father was among them, leaving him an orphan, while an elder brother was dispatched 4 years later. Baptised and raised a Christian, he was brought up in obscurity along with his elder half-brother, first by an old eunuch who gave him a passion for literature and the old gods, then by the bishop of Nicomedia and later on a remote estate. Through patronage, he was allowed a good education, turning him into a Neoplatonist and a worshiper of Sol Invictus, the sun cult, while he was also initiated into magical practices. Had a deep love for Hellenic culture, and a hatred for the hypocrisy of Christianity, seeing it as the belief system that did in his father, his brother and many of his relatives. Medium build, albeit stocky, strong and a good athlete. The murderer of his father, Constantius II (Orde Wingate), needed a caesar of his own house, after his previous choice had been executed, and after much hesitation, he selected his nephew in 355. Accepted the honor, although not without foreboding, and married the sister of his patron, Helen, who died 5 years later, probably without issue. Dispatched to Gaul, where he proved to be a military adept, although his successes aroused the jealousies of the emperor, who kept him under surveillance. When the emperor tried to thin out his best troops in 360, they declared him Augustus, and before a clash could ensue, the emperor died the following year, naming him as his successor, in order to avoid a succession crisis. On assuming the purple, he declared former stoic emperor Marcus Aurelius (Martin Heidigger) as his model, and simplified palace life as well as reducing expenses. Proclaimed religious freedom in theory, but in actuality revived paganism as the state religion, with himself as head of the pagan church, which quickly led to the persecution and suppression of Christianity. Sought to rebuild the Jewish temple in Jerusalem as further Christian insult, while churches were burned and bishops were banished. In a desire for military glory, he assembled the largest Roman army ever for a foray into Persia, against the counsel of his advisers, and suffered for his hubris when his army was continually harassed. Ultimately died of a spear wound to the liver, after a 20 month reign. His religious policy did not outlast him, and he remained the empire’s last articulate voice of paganism, as well as the end of the Constantian dynasty. Inner: Austere, chaste, Hellenic to the core, albeit quite priggish and impulsive. Extremely verbal, seldom silent, superstitious rather than spiritual, much given to divination. Loved praise and applause. Golden boy lifetime of being the focus for one last pagan gasp in the Christian era, before exiting young to begin his long pilgrimage as the West’s primary Judas figure, while trying to integrate his natural sense of alienation and excellent abilities at both exposition and martial adeptness with his flawed character. Flavius Josephus (37-100) - Israeli scholar and his/storian. Outer: From an aristocratic Jewish priestly family. Precocious as a youth, he was consulted on Jewish law by priests while still in his mid-teens. Spent 3 years in the wilderness with a hermit, then returned to Jerusalem to join the Pharisees, an orthodox sect that put religiosity over state. Married twice, with his first wife perishing in a seige of Jerusalem, along with his parents. His second spouse, an Alexandrian, produced three sons. Sent on an embassy to Rome in 64 to secure the release of some Jewish priests held prisoner there. Completed his mission, thanks to a friendship with the emperor, Nero’s wife, and while in Rome was deeply impressed with Roman might and culture. Returned to Jerusalem and was drawn into the rebellion there because of his status, despite his reluctance. Appointed military commander of Galilee, he began fortifying the towns against what he knew would be a slaughter. Predictably, the future emperor Vespasian (Alfried Krupp) decimated the area and he hid in a cave with 40 others, who drew lots to kill one another rather than commit suicide. Contrived to draw the last lot, then convinced the second-to-last to surrender. Brought in chains before Vespasian and told him he would soon be emperor, a prophecy that proved correct, and for which he was given his freedom 2 years later. Switched allegiance to Rome and adopted the name of Flavius, which was Vespasian’s family name. Accompanied him to Alexandria where he married a third time, then joined the Roman forces under Vespasian’s son, Titus (Rudolph Hess) at the seige of Jerusalem in 70, where he tried to act as a mediator between both sides, although he was despised by the Jews for his turncoat behavior, and accomplished little. Following the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple, he retired to Rome, where he spent the rest of his life writing under the patronage of the emperors. Granted citizenship and a pension, he also enjoyed the favor of the court. Divorced and married for a 4th time to an aristocratic woman, while giving his various children Roman names. Although viewed as a traitor by the Jews, he did not abandon his religion. Wrote his/stories of both the revolt and all the events that had led to it from the creation, explaining Judaism in rational rather than religio-emotional terms, while giving his/storical benediction to his people. Also wrote an apologia for his own behavior, rationalizing his role as a turncoat. Despite their flaws, his records have proved invaluable, linking Judaism and Roman culture through the eyes and ears of someone who tried to do the same with his life. Inner: Vain, self-seeking, sycophantic, opportunistic and a moral coward, although consistent in his Pharisee beliefs that worldly connections are secondary to spiritual ones. Thin ice lifetime of playing the role of the despised traitor, while exhibiting the nascent powers of exposition and rationalization that would make him such a unique and consistent figure in the annals of western perfidy. Cyrus the Younger (c429-401BZ) - Persian usurper. Outer: Second son of Darius II (Kim Philby) and Parysatis (Indira Gandhi), who hoped to secure the succession for him over his brother, the future Artaxerses II (David Sarnoff). Through his mother’s intervention he was made satrap or governor over three Asia Minor provinces in 408 or 407, and commander-in-chief of the Achaemenid forces there as well, an unusual appointment, since he was only in his mid-teens at the time, and it was quite rare that someone of his age be given a trio of satrapies. Followed his father’s policy of allying with the Spartan forces in their ongoing war with the Athenians, and when Artaxerxes II was made king in 404, following their father’s death, he was accused of plotting to kill him and usurp the throne, by another satrap, Tissaphernes (Moshe Dayan), although the defamation may have been a result of the latter having been replaced by the former over a rich province. Thanks to his mother’s dramatic pleading, however, he was pardoned and returned to his satrapy. Because of the canard, however, he gathered an army of some 20,000, mostly Greek mercenaries, as well as political aid from elsewhere, under pretense of attacking a mountain tribe, and then marched on his brother, who hastily gathered his own force, when informed of the perfidy by Tissaphernes. Despite threats of revolt, he was able to keep his force together, with promise of huge rewards. The two met north of Babylon, with his brother’s army three times the size of his. In mortal combat, he personally unseated the king with an accurate spear thrust, thinking he had killed him. Rode through the ranks of his enemy, believing he had been victorious and was now king, although he was struck by an arrow into his temple near his eye and unhorsed. Brought down by another dart to the knee, and struck his head against a stone and died. Only 6000 of his men ultimately returned home. Inner: Talented, energetic, and filled with a sense of himself, as emblematic of the same-named Cyrus II (Arundhati Roy). Viewed as a courageous, manly, bold and skilled military leader by Greek his/storians, and a traitor by the Persians. Eye on the prize lifetime of using treachery, martial skill and an indomitable will to try to gain control of his ruling family’s empire, only to fail, by running up against both his/story and wills greater than his own. Servius Tullus (c607-c535BZ) - Roman king. Outer: May have been the son of a household slave. His parents saw flames leaping from his head one night while he slept, and told the queen Tanaquil (Gypsy Rose Lee), who was susceptible to signs, and she immediately saw the youth as her husband’s ultimate successor. Married the daughter of the king and queen, 2 daughters from union. Became Rome’s 6th king, when Tanaquil held back the news that her husband was dead, and installed him as a regent, while the king was making his presumed recovery. Sat well enough on the throne, so that when it was revealed the king was truly dead, he was accepted as his successor, while in his late 20s. Married his two daughters to the surviving sons of the king and queen, and went on to give further order to the kingdom, dividing the people into tribes for tax purposes, and issuing the city’s first coinage, while instituting the census, which gave Rome a highly defined hierarchical society. After near 45 years of rule, his ambitious daughter Tullia (Marguerite Duras), wished to emulate the queen, and be a kingmaker. She and her brother-in-law, Lucius Tarquin (Kim Philby), shed their spouses and married one another. The latter called out the old king in the senate, labeling him a slave and a usurper, and he was subsequently assassinated in the streets. His daughter then inadvertantly rode over his corpse in her carriage, spattering it with his blood. Inner: Anointed lifetime of being raised from the humble to the grand, while playing his usual usurpation role, before being humiliated in the end, with a final reminder of his beginnings. Jeroboam (?-c910BZ) - King of Israel. Outer: From the tribe of Ephraim. Father, Nebat, had been a servant of King Solomon (Mark Zuckerberg). Became an official of the king, after the latter was impressed with his work ethic and put him in charge of one of his labor forces, building a fortress, as well as other public works. As he was engaged, he became aware of an undercurrent of discontent with the king’s extravagances. On meeting him, the Levite prophet Ahijah, who was deeply disturbed by the rampant idol worship then prevalent, tore a new cloak in 12 pieces and told him, “take ten pieces for yourself,” as symbol of divine will putting ten of the twelve tribes of Israel under him. Fled to Egypt when Solomon ordered him killed because of his seditious activity, and stayed there under the protection of the pharaoh until the latter’s death, when his son Rehoboam (Ehud Olmert) succeeded him. Rehoboam refused to accede to the demands he made as spokesman for a group, and he led a successful rebellion against him, sundering the tribes, so that the two southern remained as the kingdom of Judah, while he was proclaimed king over the ten northern tribes. Made Shechem the capital of his kingdom and fortified it, but, despite promising to follow the ways of YHWH, he constructed two golden calves for the people to worship, in order to insure they did not return to Judah, while also building pagan altars. The idolatry would be known as “the sins of Jeroboam,” and bring further prophecy from Abijah, that his house, too, would fall, and Israel would ultimately descend into captivity. Waged constant war with Judah, suffering a crippling defeat in the 18th year of his reign, despite having superior numbers. Lost several of his districts to Judah and was succeeded by one of his two known sons, Nadab, after ruling for 22 years. Two years into Nadab’s reign, he was assassinated by Baasha, one of his own captains, who killed his whole family, and became the third king of Israel. His dynasty was destroyed as well, after a reign of 23 years. Eventually the ten tribes would disappear into his/story, following Israel’s conquest by the Assyrian Empire in 722 BZ, and the kingdom would be no more, leading to much speculation as to where the so-called lost tribes were ultimately absorbed. Inner: Aggressive and controlling, with a great need to assert his will. Probably an abusive husband, with little real dynastic sense. Rebel with a cause lifetime of forever sundering the ancient kingdom of Israel, as part of his ongoing journey as a deep disturber of the peace, wherever he has subsequently emerged. Absalom (fl. 11th cent BZ) - Israeli king and usurper. Outer: Third and favorite son of King David (David Sarnoff). Noted for his unblemished beauty, as well as his long hair. When his sister Tamar (Marguerite Duras) was raped by his older half-brother, Amnon (Guy Burgess), he protected her. Outraged that his father refused to punish his sibling for the act, he waited two years, then invited his brothers to his farm for a sheep-sheering. Got Amnon drunk and had his servants murder him. Banished by his heavy-hearted father, he sought refuge with his grandfather, and worked his way into the good graces of one of his generals, before being restored by his sire, who kissed him as he knelt before him. Nevertheless, he orchestrated a revolt against his aged progenitor, raising an army and marching on Jerusalem, which forced the latter to flee. Later was defeated by the Israeli general Joab (Moshe Dayan), and when he tried to flee, he was caught by his long hair in the branches of an oak tree and slain by the genera, in a suspended crucifixion of sorts. His father greatly mourned his loss, despite all he had done. Inner: Vengeful and ambitious. Treacherous lifetime of pursuing power as an exercise in sheer self-will with no sense of anything other than his own overweening ambitious desire for entitlement. Ammenemes (Amenesses) (?-1198?BZ) - Egyptian pharaoh. Outer: Completely shadowy figure, included in some dynastic listings and not in others of the XIXth dynasty. Probably the son of one of Pharaoh Merenptah’s (David Sarnoff) secondary royal wives. Usurped the throne from the legitimate heir, Seti II (William Paley), and reigned for approximately 3 years, while concentrating on self-styled monuments, with little otherwise to show for his rule. Married, but again, his mate, as well as his mother, remain figures of question. To further compound his totally shadowy presence, some later Egyptologists place him after Seti, so that he is a true shadow, sitting on all sides of a throne, and yet never truly occupying it, since his entire stewardship state remains in question, as does the length of his reach, which may have been only over the southern part of the kingdom. May also have fathered an alternate branch which ended the dynasty. In addition to usurping the throne, he also usurped the monuments of others, showing himself, if nothing else, to be consistent in all he did. His one restoration, was around a shrine of the previous dynasty’s most eminent pharaoh, Thutmose III (Yukio Mishima). His final tomb was unfinished, indicating his run on the throne could have been prematurely finished for him as well. Inner: Question mark lifetime of exhibiting the pattern of usurpation and deceit that he would exhibit all during his remarkable run down through the succeeding eras as the very archetype of self-serving betrayal.

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PATHWAY OF THE WARRIOR AS DISINFORMATION-MASTER:
Storyline: The enigmatic intriguer never allows himself to come in from the cold, and remains a mystery even to himself in his compulsive need to create deception upon deception surrounding both his true nature, the causes he serves, and the just and unjust desserts he ultimately deserves.

Harold ‘Kim’ Philby (Harold Adrian Philby) (1912-1988) -
Harold ‘Kim’ Philby (Harold Adrian Philby) (1912-1988) - British spy. Outer: Only son and eldest of four chidren of legendary scoundrel/adventurer and intriguer, Harry St. John Bridger Philby, who nicknamed him after the Kipling boy-spy character, “Kim,” and passed on a mutual taste for treachery. Had a lonely childhood, and was educated at Westminster school and Trinity College, Cambridge. Of medium height. Became part of a small group at Cambridge of Communist sympathizers. Married Litzi Friedman in 1934, an Austrian fellow traveler who convinced him to become a Soviet agent. Pretended to sever his ties with the Bolsheviks as a far rightist to gain acceptance in establishment right-wing circles. Became a journalist, covering the Spanish Civil War as a proponent of the fascists, then in 1940, was drawn into the intelligence service by fellow Cambridgeite Guy Burgess to be a double agent. In 1942, after his divorce, he wed Aileen Furs. Several chidren from the union, which ended in divorce 17 years later. Became head of counterintelligence for MI-6, British intelligence, by the end of WW II, and was seen as a candidate to head Britain’s secret service. Secretly steered top Nazi rocket scientists to the Soviet Union, giving the latter a huge advantage in its subsequent early space program. Sent to Washington in 1949 as chief liaison officer between British and American intelligence services, and did monumental damage in revealing top level secrets. After the defection of Burgess in 1951, he was relieved of duties and subsequently dismissed from service. Married a third time to Eleanor Brewer. Went back to journalism, before defecting to the Soviet Union in 1963, where he expected to be made a general in the KGB, the soviet intelligence service, although he was told on arrival, he was a mere agent, and in essense, lived under house arrest his first 7 years there. Sank into alcoholic depression and attempted suicide, while trying to maintain a front of loyalty to the Soviet system. Eventually was made a coach for KGB officers. Completely disillusioned with the Soviet reality, after his romantic sense of Marxism, and had an open contempt for each succeeding regime. Remained a figure of mystery until the end, with his true allegiances unknown. May have been a triple agent, ultimately working for the British, although probably unlikely. His last marriage was to Rufina Pukhova, a Russian woman, who he felt was his soul mate. Wrote his version of events in “My Silent War,” which he had hoped would make him a Soviet hero, although it took 12 years for a mutilated version to be published in his adopted country. Died in exile. Inner: Brilliant, charming, intellectually arrogant. Major mischief-maker, with a talent for intimacy, and probably the ultimate spy of the 20th century and the most effective known double agent in his/story. Master of disinformation, a figure so secretive, his life still remains a mystery. Completely hidden lifetime of proving himself a master of misinformation, only to be misinformed himself as to the true nature of his idealized employer, and suffering mightily for it. William Walker (1824-1860) - American adventurer and ruler. Outer: Father was a native Scot who settled in Nashville. Eldest of 4. Received a good education, and graduated the Univ. of Nashville, then studied medicine at the Univ. of Penna, and got his MD in 1843. 5’5”, barely 100 lbs., with piercing gray eyes. Studied further in Paris for a year, then traveled in Europe. Didn’t really care for medicine, switched to law and was admitted to the bar in New Orleans, but had few clients. In 1848, he became a journalist, and ultimately the co-editor and co-proprietor of the New Orleans Daily Crescent. Following the gold rush, he came to California in 1850 and became involved in a scheme to colonize Lower California. Sailed from San Francisco with a force of 40 in 1853, and landed in La Paz, Mexico, promptly calling Lower California and the state of Sonora as an independent republic, with himself as president. Met with strong resistance from the Mexicans, as well as a lack of supplies, and was back in the U.S. the following year with 33 survivors, crossing the border on his 30th birthday. In 1855, he sailed for Nicaragua, with a similar scheme in a country which was a key transportation link twixt the Atlantic and the Pacific at the time. Conspired with 2 members of Cornelius Vanderbilt’s (J. Paul Getty) Accessory Transit Company to gain control of the company, which he did. Proved successful in battle against much larger forces, and wrested the capital, Granada, from a skeleton garrison, in a slick piece of generalship. Attended Mass at the city’s main cathedral the following day, winning over the clergy, and subsequently made himself chief of the country’s armed forces, successfully capturing the country in a little over four months, with a small force. Lost Vanderbilt’s support when he seized his Transit line steamers, while Nicaragua was attacked from the south by Costa Rica. As a filibuster or freebooter, he assumed formal control of the government and became president of Nicaragua in 1856. Re-legalized slavery, which had been abolished 30 years previously, and confiscated many native estates, but was able to hold the position for less than a year, because of the opposition from surrounding Central American states, both to the north and south. Surrendered to the U.S. Navy and came back to the U.S., where he received a hero’s welcome in New Orleans. Led another expedition later that year but was arrested and sent back to America as a paroled prisoner. Made a third attempt in 1860, but was captured by the British Navy, who handed him over to the Hondurans, who promptly executed him by firing squad. Inner: Homely, shy and extremely reticent, but charismatic, inspiring a devoted following. Fluid and lucid writer. Freebooting lifetime of playing with the fantasies of ruling a totally alien land by sheer charisma, only to be summarily reminded of his shortcomings as a leader. John Andre (1750-1780) - English spy. Outer: Father had been a Genoese merchant who settled in London. Educated in Geneva, where he was raised, initially by a tutor, before studying math and drawing at the Univ. of Genoa. Despised the family business, although worked in it for several years, before being shattered by the rejection of his fiancee, Honora Sneyd. Joined the army in reaction to his despondency, and came to America in 1774. Captured at St. John’s in 1775, he was released and served as an aide-de-camp to successive British generals, rising to the rank of adjutant-general. In 1779, he entered into secret negotiations with Benedict Arnold (Whittaker Chambers), who had been plotting to betray West Point to the British. On returning to NYC, he was captured by a trio of American militiamen, and did not use a pass that Arnold had furnished him with. On a subsequent search of his person, papers were found in one of his boots, implicating Arnold were found in his boots. Tried by a military commission, he was found guilty of spying, and condemned to death. When the British general Henry Clinton, under whom he had earlier served, refused to surrender Arnold in exchange for him, he was hanged, meeting his abrupt end calmly. Subsequently mourned on both sides of the Atlantic, as a noble character. Inner: Charming, and as always, duplicitous, with some literary talent. Double-dealing lifetime of perfidy with his longtime compatriot, only to wind up a martyr to his own unending need to play fast and loose with whatever reality is offered him. Robert Catesby (1573-1605) - British conspirator. Outer: Only surviving son of a rich squire who was one of the leaders of the Catholic cause in Britain. His mother’s family were also recusants, so that he was raised in a close-knit atmosphere of secrecy and intense devotion. When he was 8, he saw his sire arrested and then tried in Star Chamber, before spending most of the rest of his life in and out of prison for his beliefs. Harbored a deep resentment of authority ever afterwards. Ran wild as a youth, and became a dashing horseman, while garnering a reputation for being both generous and affable. Educated at Gloucester Hall, Oxford, but left before taking his degree so that he would not have to take the Oath of Supremacy. 6’, well-built, and both handsome and grave, with a great desire to convert everyone he could to his religion. Probably attended the seminary college of Douai in France afterwards, whose teaching gave him the moral rationalization to commit violence in the name of a just cause. In 1593, he married into a wealthy Protestant family via Catherine Leigh, and the following year, he came into a large estate on his own via the death of his grandmother, making him a man of considerable means. Had two sons from his union, with one dying in infancy, and the other baptised in the Anglican faith. Nevertheless, sheltered, at great risk, priests at his house, so that he remained a trusted member of the Catholic community. Briefly arrested for his Catholic sympathies and held in the Tower of London in 1596, before being released. In 1598, following the deaths of his father, wife and son, he became more aggressive in his desire to change things. Took a leading part in the Earl of Essex’s (Errol Flynn) failed uprising in 1601, and was heavily fined and forced to sell his estate afterwards. Imprisoned as a malcontent in 1603 for fomenting a Spanish invasion of England, then released. Conceived the idea of the Gunpowder Plot, to blow up Parliament with the king, James I (Kenneth Tynan) and his ministers in it, when he realized the new monarch would be even more prosecutorial than his predecessor, Elizabeth I (Mae West). Enlisted, among others, Thomas Percy (Donald McLean) and Guy Fawkes (Guy Burgess), who, when caught, gave his name under torture. Fled London with Percy, but was discovered and killed by government troops in a shoot out. Inner: Born intriguer, highly vengeful, although well-liked by everyone. Vengeance-is-mine lifetime of pursuing more subterranean means of self-expression, with a continuing interest in linking his own fate with the fate of nations. Henry Darnley, Duke of Albany (Henry Stuart) (1545-1567) - Scottish nobleman. Outer: Son of a Scottish earl who was a pretender to the Scottish throne. Mother also had claim to the English crown. A skillful athlete and lutenist, although morally and mentally weak. Sent by his mother to France to possibly wed Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (Marguerite Duras), then was confined in London along with his mother by Elizabeth I (Mae West). The following year, 1562, he was released and returned to favor, and allowed to go to Scotland at Mary’s request. Tall, golden-haired and handsome. In 1565, he was created duke of Albany and married Mary, Queen of Scots for political reasons despite strong reservations against the union by Elizabeth. Initially, there was little affection on either side in the union, and it was strongly opposed by Mary’s brother, James Stewart, the earl of Moray (Guy Burgess). His family, however, continually intrigued for the crown, and he promised to establish Protestantism in return for the throne and right of succession, although showed no interest in state. Unfaithful, and usually drunk, he pursued pleasure as his prime vocation, and suffered from syphilis. The couple finally came passionately together, when she nursed him through measles, and from that point onward, he began to actively try to control his wife. Jealously had the Queen’s favorite, David Rizzio, killed in front of her, hoping to shock her to death. Temporarily reconciled with her, then refused to attend the baptism of their son, the future James VI (Kenneth Tynan). Plotted against by Scottish nobles, he was strangled and blown up with gunpowder, after a final visit by his wife, who later married the instigator of his murder, James Bothwell (Whittaker Chambers). Inner: Handsome and courtly but unprincipled, arrogant, vicious, dissipated sot. Arrogant, petulant, unable to bear criticism. Purgative lifetime of playing out his dark lust for power, and evincing his shadow side, which would be played out evermore in his future designs. Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (c1454-1483) - English nobleman and rebel. Outer: Descended from Edward III (Duke of Wellington). Succeeded his grandfather to the title at the age of 6. Married Catherine Woodville, the sister-in-law of Edward IV (Errol Flynn) in 1466, father of 5, including Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham (Whittaker Chambers). Excluded from positions of importance because he represented a rival house, although he held manipulative designs on the throne. As high steward in 1478, he pronounced sentence on George, duke of Clarence (Guy Burgess) for his treasonable acts against the crown. Helped the future Richard III (Evelyn Waugh) in his rise. May have been responsible for the murder of the teenage Edward V (Prince Edward) when serving as the constable of the Tower of London. Given full honor and titles at the ascension of Richard in 1483, he acted as great chamberlain at his coronation, then quickly turned on him in rebellion 3 months later, although his army was defeated by floods. Went into hiding, was betrayed, tried as a traitor and beheaded. Inner: Manipulative and power-hungry. Disloyal lifetime of plotting and scheming for the throne to little avail, in his ongoing exercise of creating much mischief around his dubious ambitions around various thrones. Harold I (?-1040) - English king. Known as Harefoot. Outer: Illegitimate son of Canute I (Whittaker Chambers), who ruled England for nearly 2 decades, and Aelfgifu. After his father’s death in 1035, he served as regent in the stead of his legitimate brother Hardecanute (Guy Burgess), who was occupied with dealing with the Danish throne. Elected by the English council through Danish support to be king north of the Thames and over-king of all England. Said to have lured his half-brothers to England by forged letter and to have slain one of them, Alfred, the son of Athelred II (Bob Hope). Chosen king of all England in 1037, he banished his stepmother Emma (Bette Davis) from Wessex. Able to protect his realm from further invaders. After his death, his brother and successor had his body dug up and thrown into a fen. Inner: Treacherous, greedy and a brutish scoundrel, in keeping with the mores of his times. Willful lifetime of using his guile and brute desire to secure a throne that was only loosely his, in a time that demanded willfulness to prevail. Magnentius (Flavius Magnus Magnentius) (c303-353) - Roman Emperor. Outer: Of German stock, although he was born of a British father and Frankish mother. One younger brother, Magnus Decentius. Married Justina (Jane Fonda), the daughter of an aristocratic senatorial family. After his death, she would later wed Valentinian I (Richard Burton). Of commanding stature, and great physical strength. Rose to commander in the Roman army under that emperor’s sons, and proclaimed himself to the purple in 350, with the aid of his army, and a key minister. Recognized by the west, thanks to evincing a tolerance to both Christians and pagans, after having his rival family killed, but alienated the upper classes with taxes. Put the emperor Constans (Ayman al-Zawahiri) to death via assassins, and consolidated his hold on his holdings, so that Italy, Gaul, Africa and Spain were soon under his sway. Refused to accept anyone as co-emperor, and maneuvered against his primary rival, the last of the three sons of Constantine I (Arundhati Roy), Constantius II (Shah Massoud). Made his brother Caesar, and after being defeated in 351, retreated and regrouped. Full-scale civil war ensued, and in the bloodiest battle of the century, with over 50,000 killed, his legionnaires were defeated by a cavalry force, the first time that feat had ever occurred, despite his own heroics in battle. Further defeats and retreats followed, and after murdering or attempting to murder his mother and all the relatives who were with him, he fell on his sword and committed suicide. Inner: Pagan and proud. Animated speaker, treacherous, cold, without a spark of humanity or decency. Dark sword lifetime of expressing pure martial will, with an inevitable scenario of self-destruction at the end, as well as a civil war to reflect his frothing view of power when clad solely in the armor of rule. Alexander Jannaeus (?-76BZ) - Ruler of Judaea. Outer: From the Hasmonean dynasty that descended from the Maccabbees. Son of John Hyrcanus I (David Sarnoff). Brother of Aristobulus I (Guy Burgess). The family felt they were the inheritors of the Davidic tradition of Israeli rule in Palestine. Jailed by Aristobulus when he took over the throne in 104BZ, then succeeded to the rule of Judaea on the death of his sibling in 103 BZ, and took his father’s policy of expansion and enforced conversion to its limits. Invaded surrounding Hellenic territories, and removed all non-Jews either by conversion, massacre or expulsion, greatly expanding his kingdom, although, in the process, incorporating many into it who were pagan and savage at heart. Despite his excesses, the land began to thrive. Married Salome Alexander (Beryl Markham), who did not share his brutality or sense of aggression. Two sons from union, Astribolus and John Hyrcanus II (Paul Bowles). Called himself Jonathan the King on his coinage, and turned into both a despot and a monster, using Biblical imperative for justification for all his extremely aggressive acts, although he also came to despise some of the more exotic aspects of the Judaic Yahweh cult as well, while, he, in turn, was viewed as far too blood-stained to be a spiritual as well asa secular leader. As high priest, he refused to perform a libation ceremony and was pelted with lemons by some Pharisees, a religious separatist party, that placed Jewish ritual above Jewish nationalism. In retaliation, he slew 6000, precipitating a 6 year civil war beginning in 90 BZ that ultimately took some 50,000 lives. When he attempted to make peace with the Pharisees, he asked for their terms, and they responded that only his death would do. In his triumph after the civil war, he ordered 800 captive rebels crucified, and then had the throats of their wives and children cut before their suffering figures. Eventually died from hard drinking, and left his kingdom much divided. Succeeded by his wife. Inner: Angry, intemperate and autocratic. Take-no-prisoners lifetime of personifying the Biblical god of wrath, viewing all who questioned his power as subject to his high and mighty swift sword in a go-round that ultimately saw him self-destruct as recompense for his unrelieved unlovingness. Darius II Ochus (Ochus) (?-404BZ) - Persian emperor. Outer: Father was Persian emperor Antaxerxses I (Shah Massoud), mother was a Babylonian concubine. Made governor or satrap of one of the empire’s provinces. Married his half-sister Parasystis (Indira Gandhi), who was daughter of the king, and another concubine. When his sire died in 425, his half-brother Sogdianus (Guy Burgess) murdered the legitimate successor, Xerxes II (Mohamed Ali Jinnah) and replaced him. Both he and Sogdanius probably both declared kingship together, while he felt far more the rightful successor, since his rank was higher, and he was also married to the king’s half-daughter, as well as having the backing of several other powerful satraps. Refused to pay him homage, and, instead conspired with the commander of the cavalry, and seized the throne in 424, before having his predecessor executed. Adopted an illustrious ancestor’s name, Darius the Great (William Randolph Hearst), but he was also known in circles that resented him, as Nothus or ‘bastard.’ Largely dominated by his wife and half-sister, Parysatis, who was an intriguer on the same level as he was. With the added machinations of his eunuchs, his court became a hotbed of plots, backbiting and gossip, thanks to his having several hundred concubines. Two sons from union, including Artaxerses II (David Sarnoff). Extremely unpopular, he had to put down revolts, while harem cabals dominated his homelife. When Athens was hobbled in the Peloponnesian War in 413, he decided to recover some Greek coastal cities in Asia Minor, in exchange for helping Sparta field a navy against them. Had his satrap Tissaphernes (Moshe Dayan) negotiate with the Spartans, and when he failed to follow the king’s directives, he decided to throw his entire lot in with Sparta, and in 407, appointed his son, Cyrus the Younger (Whittaker Chambers) commander-in-chief of Asia Minor, despite his extreme youth. Gave money to bolster the Spartan fleet, so as to reclaim some Grecian cities that Athens was defending. Died shortly after the end of the Peloponnesian war. Inner: Hotheaded, cruel and violent. Disreputable intriguer, with military skills, and an eye for power, although his reign was largely unrecorded. Particularly enamored of the Grecian goddess Juno. Largely hidden lifetime of allowing his disintegrative character to be acted out by his house, as well as himself, while showing his superior gifts in his outer martial dealings, and his personal flaws through his intimates, and his unbridled passions. Tarquin the Proud (Lucius Tarquinius Superbas) (c580-c495) - Roman king. Outer: Grandfather was Tarquin the Elder (Moshe Dayan). Father was one of the latter’s sons. Married, then switched spouses to wed Tullia (Indira Gandhi), the daughter of the king, Servius Tullus (Whittaker Chambers). 3 sons and a daughter from union. Called out the old king in the senate, and had him assassinated, usurping the throne when he was in his mid-40s, to become the 7th and final king of Rome. Since he had no real claim to the throne, he immediately set up a rule of fear, dispatching his enemies at home, while building his armies, so that Rome became head of the Latin League. Built the great temple to Jupiter Capitolitnus, which would serve as the center for Roman religion for the next millennium, until Christianity replaced it. Irked everyone with his aggressive ways, and while he was off on campaign, a son, Sextus (Guy Burgess), raped a young beauty named Lucretia, who committed suicide afterwards. Mass disgust at the violation swiftly led to mass rebellion, which forced him into exile. After one final battle, he retired in 509BZ, ending 244 years of Roman kingship, and spent the rest of his life in embittered exile. Inner: Hyperaggressive, high energy and controlling. Usurping lifetime of ultimately being usurped himself, despite every effort not to be. Saul (fl. 11th cent BZ) - Israeli king. Outer: Father was a well-to-do member of the tribe of Benjamin. Tall and impressive, he was selected as the first king of the 12 tribes by the judge Samuel (Terence McKenna). Along with his son Jonathan (William Paley), he was able to defeat the Philistines, despite their superior weapons, thanks to his skilled generalship. Maintained a simple fortress as his capital, and served largely as a military commander, making no real change in the social structures of Israel from the one he inherited from the judges who had preceded him. The subject of mood swings, he was sent a young shepherd boy, David (Seth Parker) whose harp-playing soothed him. Stopped on three occasions of overstepping his kingly duties, and acting as a sacrificial priest, he won Samuel’s enmity, who then secretly anointed David as his successor. When David slew the giant, Goliath on the battlefield, showing all what a giant he truly was, the king tried to kill him with a javelin, and then reneged on one daughter as a bride, before giving him another, with a marriage settlement he hoped would lead to his death. Showed marked signs of instability, including indiscriminate slaughter, and upon open threat to his former protege’s life, David was forced to flee, although he later spared the king’s life when he had an opportunity to kill him, showing an extreme devotion to him, as well as his son Jonathan, despite all he had done. Quite unbalanced at the end, he consulted a cave-witch the night before his last battle, and the departed Samuel appeared as a shade and foretold his death and that of his sons on the field. The following day, he was defeated by the Philistines and fell on his sword and died. Inner: Excellent general, and an inspiration to his men, but totally unbalanced in his fear of losing his power. Walk on the wildside lifetime of allowing his self-destructive tendencies to far outweigh his gifts, a recurring theme of his as he makes his unbalanced way down through time, as one of the seminal figures of intrigue and betrayal of western civilization.

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PATHWAY OF THE WARRIOR AS ARCH-CONSPIRATOR:
Storyline: The dualistic disinformation-dispenser constantly searches for some sense of integration around causes and ideals, only to prove himself incapable of truly embracing either, causing him to continually self-destruct in his impossible search for true self.

Guy Burgess (1911-1963) - British spy. Outer: Elder son of a lieutenant in the Royal navy. Mother was from a genteel background. His father died when he was 13 and his mother remarried a retired lieutenant colonel. Educated at Eton, then at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, but poor eyesight ended his desire for a naval career. Won an open scholarship to read his/story at Trinity College, Cambridge. A brilliant, charming, charismatic homophile, he became a prime manipulator of a small group of privileged youth, including Kim Philby, destined to be an integral part of the British establishment. Also showed himself to be drunken, dirty and disheveled, an unintegrated character who was both attractive and repelling at once. Sponsored by Anthony Blunt into the secret society of the Apostles. Joined the Communist Party, helped organize strikes, including one among college servants, joined hunger marches, and visited Moscow in 1934. Wanted to be a his/story don, but someone published a paper on his topic, the bourgeois revolution of the 17th century, and he left Cambridge. Recruited by Soviet agents because of his anti-capitalist feelings, although he said he was disillusioned by Marxism and expressed right-wing sentiments. Became secretary to a conservative MP, made several visits to Germany, then went on to become a BBC producer. Joined the Secret Intelligent Service, working for MI-6 and the Foreign Office, getting Kim Philby his first job in intelligence. Returned to the BBC in 1941, and in 1947 he was made secretary to the minister of state in the Foreign Office. Despite his alcoholic proclivities, he received promotions and provided the Russians with useful information. Asked to resign from his position at the Washington embassy, and then after being warned of suspicions of his behavior, he subsequently defected in 1951 with Donald MacLean. Wasn’t under suspicion at the time, although MacLean was. His whereabouts were not revealed until 1956, when he emerged in the Soviet Union, declaring his longtime belief in Communism. Lonely and bored, he never learned Russian, and was eager for British gossip from those who visited Moscow, while desperately wanting to come in out of the cold and back to England. Died of a heart attack in exile in Moscow. Inner: Highly dualistic character, capable of both charisma and repulsion, while admittedly far less the ideologue than the mischiefmaker. Ferociously reckless and inherently self-destructive. Unresolved lifetime, once again, of manipulation, betrayal and martyrdom to an unpopular cause, in his ongoing desire to be remembered for his profound alienation from the norm. John Quitman (1798-1858) - American politician and army officer. Outer: Father was a prominent Lutheran minister. Educated privately and thoroughly, taught and studied at Hartwick Seminary, and then attended a Catholic academy. At 20, he was appointed an adjunct professor of English at a Penna. college. Married in 1824 to Eliza Turner, the niece of a respectable family, 4 children from the union, with 2 dying in childhood. Moved to Ohio and studied law, and after being admitted to the bar, headed south to Natchez, Mississippi to open his practice, and set himself up in a mansion. Ultimately owned 4 plantations, with several hundred slaves. Elected to the state legislature in 1827, he held various judicial positions over the next near decade, while acting as a champion of slavery and states’ rights. Took moral stances against gambling and dueling, and was a supporter of state’s-rights nullification. Became president of the state senate, and for a month was acting governor, although was defeated in 1836 for re-election to the state senate. Led a volunteer company to Texas but saw no action in the revolution there. Returned and was appointed brigadier general of militia. In 1846, he was given the same rank of U.S. volunteers, and joined Gen. Zachary Taylor in the Mexican War, where he distinguished himself, seeing considerable action. Appointed civil and military governor of Mexico City by Gen. Winfield Scott (Douglas MacArthur), he was promoted to major general of volunteers. In 1849, he was elected governor of Mississippi, where he strongly opposed the slave state Compromise of 1850, and threatened secession. Interested in the annexation of Cuba, so as to add more slave states, although he declined an offer to head a filibuster-revolutionary force. Indicted by a federal grand jury for violating federal neutrality laws, he was forced to resign as governor, although the case against him was eventually dropped. Dropped out of the governor’s race in 1851, and in 1852, ran for vice president on the Southern Rights ticket. He was elected twice more to Congress, and died at home of “National Hotel Disease,” an epidemic of the time. Inner: Make amends lifetime of trying to play it straight, only to be thwarted by his longtime inclination towards mischiefmaking, and having his larger ambitions squelched in the process. Israel Tonge (also Ezerel Tongue) (1621-1680) - English divine and conspirator. Outer: Father was a minister. A Puritan by nature, as well as upbringing. Left University College, Oxford, rather than bear arms in the royalist cause during the opening stages of the English Civil War. Taught school, then returned to the college and was made a fellow in 1648. Married the daughter of a rector and the following year, he succeeded him as rector of Pluckley in Kent. Taught grammar, earned his doctor of divinity in 1656 and became a fellow of Durham College, and then chaplain at Dunkirk, before becoming rector at various institutions, although his salary was usually meager. Well-read on anti-Jesuit conspiracies, he began producing more of the same on his own. In 1676, he met Titus Oates (Joseph McCarthy), and became part of his conspiracy to put forth a ‘Popish Plot,’ where Catholics were supposedly conspiring to take over the restored throne of England. Worked up an inventive narrative surrounding the plot, and caught the ear of both the king and one of his chief ministers. Helped inaugurate a judicial reign of terror where several people were executed, before finally withdrawing from the whole fiasco, but not before presenting evidence in the House of Commons. Took part in burning a huge effigy of the pope. In 1680, his eldest son was committed for casting aspersions against him in fabricating “the Popish Plot,” before withdrawing his charges. Narrowly escaped censure by the House of Commons. Managed to keep his own head, while causing the loss of others. Inner: Restless, cynical, shiftless plot-monger, but ingenious teacher. Excelled in languages and alchemy, on which he spent much time and money. Spared lifetime of being a central conspiratorial figure and managing to transcend all the damage he caused others, in a singular life in this series of not having to suffer for his own considerable mischief. Guy Fawkes (1570-1606) - British conspirator. Outer: Father was a Protestant proctor and later advocate of the ecclesiastical courts. Mother was descended from a line of eminent merchants and aldermen. One older sister died as an infant, and two younger sisters followed him. An only son, his sire died when he was 9. After 9 years of widowhood, his mother moved and remarried. Educated locally, he may have come under the influence of a suspected Catholic teacher, who caused him to secretly abjure the fate of his birth. May have married Maria Pulleyn in 1590, one son from the putative union. After coming of age in 1591, he began disposing his estates and in 1593, enlisted in the Spanish Army in the Netherlands where he won recognition for his boldness and daring, while styling himself, ‘Guido.’ Tall, powerfully built, with thick reddish-brown hair, and a flowing mustache and bushy beard. Through his soldierly duties in both Spain and France, he became an expert in explosives, although his military career left him largely impoverished since he never rose above the rank of ensign. After severing himself from his command in 1603, he went to Spain, searching for Spanish support for a Catholic invasion of Protestant England, although the plot came to nought. Returned to Great Britain and was enlisted by the envoys of Robert Catesby (Kim Philby) in a plot to blow up Parliament with the king, James I (Kenneth Tynan) and his ministers in it, as a mortal blow against English Protestantism. Although he was not the one who conceived the plot, his name would forever be linked with it, since it was his task to ultimately fire the gunpowder, thanks to his acknowledged expertise in that realm. In March of 1605, he helped hide 20 barrels of gunpowder in a cellar underneath the House of Lords, which the conspirators had rented. Went to Flanders afterwards, and then returned in August, to replace some spoiled powder barrels. Unaware that the cabal had been uncovered, thanks to the fear that some Catholics might perish in the plot, he undertook to watch the cellar, but was discovered, arrested and tortured into naming names, while exonerating the ‘holy fathers’ from all share in the conspiracy. Weak from torture and sickness, he was the last to be executed. Made no speech at the end, and instead, jumped from the scaffold when he was about to be hung, breaking his neck, to avoid being drawn and quartered. Guy Fawkes Day has been celebrated on November 5th ever since with bonfires, fireworks and effigy burnings as an unconscious pagan ritual commemorating the violent divisiveness of Christianity. Inner: Fiery and impetuous, with a strong martyr impulse. Pious, temperate, highly observant of religious ritual and cheerful. Legendary lifetime of taking on the archetypal persona of an uberconspirator, destined to be remembered forever in English his/story. James Stewart, 1st earl of Moray (c1531-1570) - Scottish intriguer. Outer: Illegitimate son of James V (Peter O’Toole) and Lady Margaret Douglas. Half-brother of Mary Stuart (Marguerite Duras), later Mary, Queen of Scots. Educated at St. Andrews, and accompanied Mary Stuart to France in 1548, visiting the country twice more over the next 4 years. Legitimated in 1552. Became influenced by the Calvinist reformer, John Knox (Abraham Lincoln), and fell ill at Mary’s marriage to the dauphin of France (Roald Dahl), who died in 1560. Two years later, he wed Agnes Keith, 3 daughters from the union, the last born posthumously. Initially supported Mary’s mother, Mary of Guise (Rebecca West), but soon led the Protestant lords in their conflict with her, because of her Catholicism. Fought against the French, expelling them from Scotland and disavowed his own designs on the crown. When Mary assumed control of the government in 1560, following her mother’s death, he supported her, despite the religious difference, while dissuading her from trying to make Scotland a Catholic state. Made privy councillor, and acted as home secretary, working with the crowns of both Scotland and England. Prevented James Hepburn, earl of Bothwell (Whittaker Chambers) from establishing himself in southern Scotland. In 1562, the queen made him Earl of Moray and Mar, but he fell out of favor when he supported Knox and opposed her political marriage in 1565 to Henry Darnley (Kim Philby). Attempted a capture of the pair before their marriage but failed. Publicly disavowed and insulted by Elizabeth I (Mae West). That fall, he tried to incite the citizens of Edinburgh against her authority, but she personally led the troops that forced both him and his supporters across the border. Outlawed, he fled to England, where he was granted asylum and privately received by the queen, before returning the following year. Tacitly sanctioned Bothwell’s assassination plan for Darnley, although probably was not aware of its details and left for France immediately afterwards. When his half-sister abdicated in 1567, he made a great show of being a reluctant regent for her year old son, James VI (Kenneth Tynan). As regent, he exhibited extreme cruelty, hanging mothers with babes in arms, and keeping the gibbets filled with bodies. Voted against Mary’s divorce from Bothwell, then covered himself. The following year, he routed her forces and she was forced to flee to England, where he proposed she be imprisoned. Vigorously pro-English and pro-Protestant, he was met with keen resistance by the Scottish nobles who upheld her, and in 1570 he was assassinated while riding. Inner: Manipulative, ambitious, extremely cruel, and power-hungry. Scheming lifetime of intriguing at the royal level, only to be ultimately undone by his endless cabals. George Plantagenet, duke of Clarence (1449-1478) - English noble and conspirator. Outer: 6th but 3rd surviving son of the Duke of York. Made Duke of Clarence in 1461, soon after his brother, Edward IV (Errol Flynn) wrested the throne from Henry VI (Harold Nicolson), during the War of the Roses. In 1462, he was appointed lord lieutenant of Ireland. Around 1468, he became involved in the machinations of Richard Neville, earl of Warwick (Robert Kilroy-Silk), and, in defiance of the king, married Warwick’s eldest daughter, Isabella Neville, two sons and two daughters from the union. The duo then invaded England in a Lancastrian insurrection, and made Edward their prisoner, only to be forced to release him because of public opinion. After winning an amnesty, they secretly supported an uprising in northern England, and on the king’s discovery of their complicity, both fled to France in 1470, only to return later in the year. When Edward went into exile, they put the weak Henry back on the throne, but after growing tired of Warwick’s machiavellian machinations, he reconciled with his sibling, and did battle for his restoration, fighting for the Yorkists against the Lancastrians. At the deciding Battle of Tewksbury, he aided his other brother, Richard (Evelyn Waugh), the future Richard III, in disposing of Prince Edward of Lancaster, so that Richard could marry his widow. After Warwick was also dispatched in that battle, he and Richard quarreled over the division of the latter’s vast inheritance, with the king ultimately interfering decisively on the side of Richard’s claims. Made earl of Warwick in 1472, and accompanied Edward on his futile campaign in France. Proved extremely unpopular because of his ongoing manipulations in the law courts, and after his wife died in 1476, he pursued the duchess of Burgundy, who was the most eligible heiress in the country. When his brother also objected to that match, as the queen had earlier done the previous decade, he began plotting against him again, while revenging himself on some of his wife’s adherents. Convinced he eyed the throne, the king had him tossed in the Tower and brought to trial, over which Henry Stafford (Kim Philby) presided. Found guilty of slandering, using necromancy and conspiring against the king, he was attainted and sentenced to death. Secretly executed, probably by being drowned in a butt of malmsey. 2 children survived, one of whom was ignominiously beheaded. Inner: Competitive, resentful, treacherous. The plot continually thickens lifetime of ignoble nobility, only to once more end ignominiously in a vat of his muddied motivations. Hardecanute (c1019-1042) - English king. Outer: Father was Canute (Whittaker Chambers), mother was Emma (Mae West), daughter of the duke of Normandy. Made king of Denmark by his father in 1028, and then when his sire died 9 years later, a party led by his mother and the earl of Essex wished to elect him king of England. The move was resisted by the earl of Mercia, as well as the northern Thanes who preferred his illegitimate half-brother, Harold (Kim Philby), as regent of England, while his mother and her retainers would stay at Winchester to guard his ultimate interests. Because he was forced to stay in Denmark, Harold was recognized as king of all England in 1037, and he immediately banished Emma. When Harold died in 1040, he claimed kingship there, although proved extremely unpopular. One of his first acts was to dig up his brother’s body and toss it into a fen. When 2 of his tax collectors were killed in Worcester, he had the city burned down by his army. When the earl of Northumbria was murdered under his safe conduct, his reputation for perfidy soared, and his sudden death 2 years later at a bridal feast was greeted with great relief as the kingship reverted to the English-born Edward the Confessor (J. William Fulbright). Inner: Treacherous, unprincipled and greedy. Royal pain lifetime of being given royal power and showing nothing but perfidy in his stop-at-nothing desire to manifest his considerable, albeit malevolent, will. Aristobulus I (?-103BZ) - King of Judaea. Outer: From the Hasmonean dynasty. Son of John Hyrcanus I (David Sarnoff), high priest and ruler of Judaea. His father realized the dangers of holding 2 offices, and had specified in his will that his wife would succeed him, while his son would hold the position of high priest. On his sire’s death in 104BZ, however, he seized the throne from his mother, killing her, as well as one of his brothers and jailing his other male siblings. An ardent Sadducee, who were Hellenized aristocrats, he followed his father’s policy of extending the family’s territory, while being the first to style himself king. Conquered the rest of Galilee, and forcibly made all who fell under his sword to convert to Judaism or perish. His brief reign only lasted a year, and he was succeeded by his jailed brother, Alexander Jannaeus (Kim Philby). Inner: Compleat monarchical/maniac, unwilling to abide by the will of anyone but himself, and willing to murder anyone who stood in the way. Removed from this plane by the forces of fate, but replaced by a sibling who matched him in every respect. Mad monarch lifetime of giving full play to his violent nature, sacrificing family, ideals and tradition to his self-ambition, an ongoing theme of his. Crispus (Flavius Iulius Crispus) (c305-326) - Roman caesar. Outer: Eldest son of Constantine I (Arundhati Roy) and his first wife or mistress, Minervina. Educated by the distinguished Christian scholar, Lactantius, in Gaul and was proclaimed Caesar in 317, along with his half-brother Constantine II (Mohamed Ali Jinnah). Enjoyed three consulships, and proved himself a competent military commander against the Franks, when he was nominally in charge of Gaul. Married Helena in 322, one son from the union. Distinguished himself as an admiral in the war against Licinius (Reinhard Heydrich) for the unification of the empire, and then accompanied his father and his stepmother, Fausta (Indira Gandhi) to Italy, but for reasons unknown, was executed for treason by being suffocated in a bath building, an end his mother also suffered. May have been the object of her attraction and rejected her, at which point, she fabricated the accusation, or she may have just wanted him out of the way to make room for her sons, or he may have initiated the illicit relationship. Inner: Talented martial adept, and heir to the throne, although ultimately victim of his father’s suspicions, which may or may not have been justified. Payback lifetime for his ongoing calumnies, and unbridled desire for power at any cost. Sogdianus (?-424BZ) Persian emperor. Outer: Father was the Persian emperor, Artaxerses I (Shah Massoud), mother was a Babylonian concubine. When his father died in 425BZ, his son Xerxes II (Mohamed Ali Jinnah) ascended the throne. Conspired with at least two others to unseat him, and either killed him, or had him killed when the king was drunk. Reigned for six months, while his half brother, Ochus (Kim Philby) seething with jealousy, conspired with the commander of the cavalry, and usurped the throne from under him. He was subsequently executed, as was one of his co-conspirators, while the other committed suicide. Inner: Avaricious lifetime of doing what had once been done to him, slaying a drunk and vulnerable man, before falling victim to treachery far great than his own, an ongoing theme of his. Sextus (fl. 6th cent. BZ) - Roman noble. Outer: Son of King Tarquin (Kim Philby) and Queen Tullia (Indira Gandhi). Became obsessed with a beautiful young woman, Lucrezia, who was married to one of his friends. Unable to seduce her, he threatened to kill her, and she submitted to him, although killed herself afterwards. This outrage caused the people of Rome to rise up in rebellion, and overthrow the king, ending nearly 2 and 1/2 centuries of kingship over the city. Inner: Willful lifetime of calamitous destruction for his ruling family through his ongoing need to take anything he desires, no matter the consequences or pain he causes. Amnon (fl. 10th cent. BZ) - Israeli prince. Outer: Oldest son of Israeli King David (David Sarnoff). Became obsessed with his sister Tamar (Marguerite Duras) and feigned illness, asking the king that she bring cakes to his room, in the hope of curing him. When she was sent in, he raped her, and then filled with loathing, threw her out her room. His father refused to punish him, and she fled to her half-brother, Absalom (Whittaker Chambers), who took her under his protection. The latter waited two years, then invited his brothers and half-brothers to his farm, under pretext of getting him drunk, before having his servants murder him in revenge. Inner: Incestuous lifetime of acting out of naked will, with no thought to consequences, only to receive fatal remonstrance for his atrocity, without truly learning from the deed, since he would continue to repeat elements of it down through time.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS HANDSOME HERO & AMOROUS ARCHAEOLOGIST:
Storyline: The cyclopean warrior loves to both make and discovery his/story, in his alternate go-rounds of rooting around in the past and doing battle in the present, while trying to bring his one-viewed of things into sharper focus.

Moshe Dayan (1915-1981) - Israeli general and statesman. Outer: Of Ukrainian descent. On his father’s side, the previous 2 generations had been Russian rabbinical judges (dayan). His sire had a horse and peddler business, and his mother was the daughter of well-to-do lumber merchants. Both came separately to Palestine as young idealists, met, wed, and became farmers. Born on Palestine’s first Jewish kibbutz, Deganya, and raised on its first successful cooperative farm. At one, he contracted trachoma, an eye disease. The oldest of three, with a younger brother and sister. Inherited a love of reading from his mother, as well as a deep sense of his/story. His father, Shmuel, a rugged and forceful person, was a Zionist activist and ultimately served in the first three Knessets, the Israeli Parliament. At 14, he was initiated into the illegal Haganah, a self-defense force, guarding and patrolling his settlement boundaries. Entered the military and learned guerrilla warfare from Orde Wingate (Shah Massoud) in nighttime skirmishes against the Arabs. Married Ruth Schwartz in 1935, a daughter and two sons from the union, including his clear favorite, Yael, a writer and politician, Udi, a sculptor and Assi, an actor and director. Eventually divorced in 1971, thanks to his compulsive philandering. Saw his Jewish homeland in martial terms, and was arrested and imprisoned for 2 years by the British at the outset of WW II. Lost his left eye fighting the Vichy French in Syria in 1941 and his eyepatch became a trademark symbol afterwards. Posted to the Haganah general staff just before the U.N. voted to partition Palestine in 1947, and worked in Arab intelligence, thanks to a longtime fluency in Arabic. Became a commander of the Jerusalem area in the Israeli war of independence in 1948, and afterwards he participated in peace negotiations with Jordan. Attended war college in Britain, and on his return in 1953, he was made the fourth chief of staff of the Israeli armed forces, and was responsible for the successful 1956 Sinai campaign. Resigned from the army in 1958 to embark on a political career. Elected twice to the Knesset as a member of the Labor Party, later was made longtime Minister of Defense, and directed operations for the 1967 and 1973 wars, bearing blame for unpreparedness for the latter. Had numerous affairs, as well as an all-abiding interest in archaeology. Married again in 1973, to Rachel, a divorcee he had known for 18 years, in a close, loving relationship. One of the architects of the Egyptian Peace Accord, but he broke with Menachem Begin over the latter’s hardline stance. Saw his popularity erode by life’s end, and wound up nearly blind, extremely bitter and largely isolated and ostracized, while suffering from colon cancer. Died suddenly of a heart attack four months after his party’s final rejection by voters, and received a state funeral. Controversy bubbled up after his death over his unauthorized digs and extensive collection of stolen antiquities. Left almost his entire fortune to his second wife, excluding his children and grandchildren. Inner: Archetypal hero, although his later reputation was besmirched by his philandering and greed. Harbored a deep fascination with the past, and saw himself as both a nonpareil martial artist and a willing national emblem. Vain, egotistic, rapacious, moody and mercurial, but also able and resourceful, leading from the front, and extremely courageous on the battlefield. Less successful as a politician, since his motives were often suspect. Seductive lifetime of close martial identification with his homeland as a one-eyed military visionary and hero, who made his own social rules. Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson (1758-1805) - English admiral. Outer: From a family of Norfolk clergymen. 3rd surviving son and one of 11 children of a poor village rector. Mother was the daughter of a prebendary, and the great-niece of Prime Minister Robert Walpole (Joschka Fischer). The latter died when her son was 9, and he went to sea at 12 through the behest of a relative. Sailed to the West Indies, saw action in the Indian Ocean, and participated in a scientific expedition to the Arctic, barely escaping from a polar bear during it. 5’6” and stringy. After recovering from malaria at home, he was made captain at the age of 20, then returned to the West Indies, where he weathered a Spanish seige, and almost died of tropical fever. Recuperated, had more commands and was thwarted several times in his desire for a marriage partner, before meeting Fanny Nesbit, a charming young widow with a son in the West Indies in 1785. Married her two years later, although he treated her poorly, and she was quite unhappy in England, while failing to produce a desperately-desired heir. Remained inactive for 5 years for incurring the disfavor of the admiralty, living in England on half-pay, before being given command to fight the revolutionary French in the Mediterranean. Lost his right eye in a successful engagement around Italy in 1794. Made a rear admiral and won a knighthood for his subsequent victory over the Spanish. Later lost his right arm in 1797 in an unsuccessful foray, before scoring a resounding victory over the French, stranding them in Egypt, while Britain gained control of the Mediterranean. Made a peer, and named Baron Nelson of the Nile for his exploits. Had a notorious affair with Lady Emma Hamilton (Gypsy Rose Lee), while both were married, during his next engagement in Naples, where her husband, William Hamilton (Prince Edward) was British ambassador. Separated from his wife afterwards, and the liaison with Hamilton, produced a daughter, as well as a 2nd daughter who did not survive infancy, as they both publicly flaunted their affair, scandalizing the country. Made a rear admiral in 1801, and also made a viscount. More successes ensued, in which he disregarded orders by placing a telescope to his blind eye, claiming to see no signals to stop fighting, and defeated the Danes. Interspersed his engagements with living in the countryside with the Hamiltons. Her husband expired in presence of the illicit pair, and they continued their union. Met his end in the famous Battle of Trafalgar, where he issued the dictum, “England expects that every man will do his duty.” Shot through the left shoulder, by a musket ball which passed through his lung and lodged in his spine, while strolling the deck and died aboard the ship, “Victory,” in great pain, although Britain went on to win the victory, saving it from invasion by the French and Spanish. Greatly mourned, he had a spectacular and highly emotional funeral, while the musket ball which killed him was set in gold and presented to the king. Inner: Courageous, decisive, gallant, quick-thinking, excellent tactician and strategist. Less adept at politics. Beloved, charismatic commander who inspired imaginative battle responses from his officers, thanks to his ability to share plans with them. Enjoyed the confidence of his sailors as well. Insured British supremacy of the sea for a century through his engagements. Gentle, modest, considerate and efficient. Also zealous, vulnerable, devoutly religious, uncompromising, nervous, vain and irritable. Never concealing his feelings, and had a great thirst for glory. Invented the modern system of mission command, always calm and assured in battle, although suffered from panic attacks, fever and night sweats afterwards. One of the great admirals of all time. Hall-of-fame lifetime of absolute grace from the sea as a heroic son of Neptune, to all but his beleaguered wife, while completely flouting convention in an equally zealous search for love. Kenelm Digby (1603-1665) - English courtier, privateer, diplomat and scientist. Outer: Older of two sons of a wealthy Catholic Gunpowder Plot conspirator who was hanged when he was 3. Brought up by his mother, who was a coheiress and staunch Catholic, and refused to remarry after her husband’s death. Following litigation, he had his family lands returned, and was educated largely by Jesuits. Left Gloucester Hall Oxford in 1619, without taking a degree and was sent abroad to discourage a love affair with a childhood sweetheart, Venetia Stanley, 3 years his senior, and a noted libertine. Tall, and handsome, with a winning voice and a gracious civility, he rejected an overt advance from the French queen, Marie de’ Medici (Sara Roosevelt), on his travels, then survived smallpox in Florence, where he stayed for two years. Knighted in 1623, and almost had his eye accidentally poked out by the sword. Made gentleman of the privy chamber to the future Charles I (George VI), whom he had served while abroad. Secretly married his beloved in 1625, 4 sons from the union, with one dying prematurely, before his wife’s untimely death in 1633. Embarked on a successful privateering adventure in 1629, but won government censure because of the claims of foreign merchants against him. After his wife’s mysterious death from a cerebral hemorrhage, he became the victim of innuendo surrounding it, and descended into melancholy despite having been an inconstant husband, while transmuting his profound grief into experiments in chemistry at Gresham College in London. Seen as a mountebank by some, but in actuality, a shrewd scientific observer. Professed Protestantism when he was made junior officer of the Navy in 1630 as was proscribed by law, but soon returned to Catholicism. Attached himself to the Catholic Queen Henrietta Maria (Queen mother Elizabeth), and was summoned before Parliament for his royalist sympathies. Left for France, where he killed a French lord in a duel in 1641 for insulting the king. At the same time, he interacted with a variety of scientists and philosophers as an equal, while continuing his experiments. Imprisoned on his return, although used the time for thinking and writing, synthesizing ancient and current philosophic thought. Upon his release, he returned to Paris in 1643, and the following year he published the results of his cogitations, “Two Treatises,” which cemented his contemporary reputation as a natural philosopher. Made chancellor to the queen in 1644, and performed several unsuccessful diplomatic missions on her behalf, while involving himself in a variety of schemes, and losing two of his sons in 1648. At the Restoration in 1660, he returned to England and was made the queen mother’s chancellor once again, although alienated her son, Charles II (Peter O’Toole) and suffered a final banishment, while devoting the rest of his life to philosophic and scientific pursuits, including a magical healing agent, as well as the discovery of the necessity for oxygen in plant life. Made a member of the Royal Society at its incorporation in 1660. Debt-ridden in his final years, while suffering from gout and stone, he finally died at home after a violent fever. His Private Memoirs was published posthumously. Inner: Born controversialist with a highly checkered career, developing interests, scientific, political and maritime, that he would continue pursuing. Noted bibliophile, and eccentric thinker, with a genuine intellectual fascination with the physical and chemical world. Eclectic lifetime of aggressively pursuing a variety of careers, with both eyes intact, despite almost losing one, to see as much as he possibly could in the world of his time. Francis Drake (c1540-1596) - English pirate and admiral. Outer: One of 5 sons of a tenant farmer on a lord’s estate. Father was a farmer, and a lay preacher. Driven from home by a Catholic uprising, so that poverty forced him to go to sea while still a boy, after living with a relative, whose sons also took to the oceans. Adopted the same moderate religious leanings as his relatives, as well as their flexible morals, getting his early sealegs aboard their slave ships, doing runs down the west coast of Africa. Short, increasingly stout and extremely strong, with an eventual reddish-blond beard. In 1569, he married Mary Newman, the sister of a shipmate. Made 2 voyages to the West Indies in the early 1570s, as part of a pirate fleet, and subsequently lost his two brothers to gunshot and disease, while making off with some handsome treasures. Able to buy property in Plymouth, replete with a servant, although his greed for plunder remained. Made 2 more long journeys, then got a privateer commission from the crown and plundered a Spanish town in Panama in 1579, while being wounded in the process. Crossed Panama and viewed the Pacific Ocean, before returning to England, rich and famous, and not adverse to flaunting his high station. 2 years later, he embarked on a voyage round the world at the behest of Queen Elizabeth I (Mae West). Sailed in “The Golden Hind,” overcame a mutinous plot, privateered the Spanish coast of South America, and became the first captain to bring his ship back to harbor after circumnavigating the globe. Completed the journey with a little over half the men he started out with, and was knighted aboard the ship by the queen herself in 1581. Came home with a fortune, and though tightfisted with his crew, showered the queen, as well as selected others, with largesse. Bought Buckland Abbey, a former Cistercian monastery which had been remodeled, as a grandiose testament to his own elevated status, Bought Buckland Abbey, a former Cistercian monastery which had been remodeled, as a grandiose testament to his own elevated status, and, around the same time, his wife died. Made mayor of Plymouth the following year, and also sat in Parliament, although his political record was largely nondescript. In 1585, he married a 2nd time to Elizabeth Sydenham, a much younger heiress, although remained childless. Wound up resented by aristocratic sailors and many fellow parliamentarians as a pushy upstart, albeit beloved by everyone else. Served as England’s greatest naval hero up til the time of his later incarnation as Horatio Nelson. Did further privateering damage to Spanish interests in the New World, and capped his career by his devastating victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588, breaking forevermore that country’s hold on the sea. Died of fever after a subsequent failed voyage against Spanish New World interests. Despite wishing to be buried on land, he was given to the sea in a lead coffin. Although his reputation was in eclipse at the time of his death, largely because of his piracy, he was eventually resurrected as an exemplar of the good Christian sailor who personified English Protestantism against their Catholic seagoing rivals from Spain, and his myth would ultimately overtake his realities. Inner: Brilliant seaman, astute businessman, and beloved hero, a total creation of his own considerable skills. Powerful ego, greedy, forever restless, and largely insensitive to the sufferings of others. Always brave and aggressive in battle, and ultimately very concerned over his ultimate legacy. Self-inventing lifetime of proving himself a martial master of the seas, with the same grandiose sense of self to allow him to become a national icon, despite individual resentments galore against him. Harold II Godwinson (c1020-1066) - English king. Outer: 2nd son of Godwin (Chris Patten), earl of the West Saxons and Gytha. The former was the most powerful man in England during the reign of Edward the Confessor (J. William Fulbright), although he had no royal blood in his veins. Made earl of East Anglia in 1045 by his sire, and in 1051, Edward banished father and sons for defying his authority, despite having married into the family, but a year later, Godwin invaded England and forced the king to restore his family. Succeeded to his father’s earldoms in 1053, upon the latter’s death and became the most powerful noble in the kingdom. By 1057, he had obtained earldoms for his other 3 brothers, while his family became enormously wealthy, and he accrued even more power through secular and ecclesiastical patronage. Refounded Waltham, a college of secular canons, and gave lavishly to its foundation, as a patron of deluxe manuscripts. Went on a pilgrimage to Rome in 1058 and also visited France, spending a good deal of his energy pursuing foreign alliances, when he wasn’t protecting his own domestic domains. Showed his martial talents in subjugating Wales in 1063, then ravaged the land and exacted tribute, but after his brother Tostig could not put down a revolt, he gave his earldom to another noble house, making a bitter enemy of his sibling. In 1064, he married Aldgyth, the widow of the king of Wales, one posthumous son. Earlier, he had 6 children via a mistress, Edith Swansneck (Gypsy Rose Lee), the most beautiful woman in England, and the love of his life. Became the designated heir to the throne on Edward’s deathbed, although he had actually promised the throne to William the Conqueror (Arundhati Roy), of Normandy, after acting as an emissary to his court. Earlier when he was shipwrecked on the coast of Normandy, he, too, had been forced to support William’s claim. Assumed power on Edward’s death at the beginning of the fateful year of 1066, and became the first English king to be crowned at Westminster Abbey. Immediately threatened by his brother, as well as the king of Norway. Mobilized his fleet and army against an expected raid by William that spring, but was compelled to battle with Tostig’s forces, and then was forced to dismiss his men in September because he did not have supplies for them. When William crossed the English Channel, he was virtually unopposed. Tostig and the Norwegian king, Harald III Hardrada (Joseph Stalin) joined forces, but both were killed by him at Stamford Bridge in late September. 3 days later William invaded, thank to favorable winds, and he was forced to march 250 miles, arriving depleted, weary and bloodied while his adversary’s forces were fresh and intact. The duo fought the Battle of Hastings in which he was killed by an arrow in the eye, along with his 2 other brothers, thus ending the Anglo/Saxon phase of English his/story and ushering in the post-1066-and-all-that era and the House of Normandy upon the English throne, after a brief 10 month reign on his part. Inner: Skilled general, and able tactician. Brave, resolute, stoic, watchful and cautious. Energetic and genuinely religious with a devotion to the cult of the cross, despite a reputation for impiety. Commanded great love and loyalty. Warm and human, as well as impulsive but governed his temper. Loss of an eye would become a martial symbol for him, perhaps closing down his larger vision as an archaeologist and amateur his/storian to focus on the narrower scope of the military moment. Eyes-wide-shut lifetime of serving as a conduit for the end of one era and the beginning of another in English his/story. Jovian (Flavius Jovianus) (331-364) - Roman emperor. Outer: Son of the commander of the elite officers’ cadet corps. Dignified, with a cheerful expression. Enormously tall, so much so, that when he was enthroned, no robe could initially be found for him. Married Charito, the daughter of a commander, two sons from the union. Served as a member of the same corps as a staff officer, and like his father, became its commander under Julian (Whittaker Chambers) during his Persian expedition. When Julian was killed, the generals divided over his successor, and he was chosen in 363 by one of their factions, after the praetorian prefect had declined the honor. The news of the appointment caused the Persian king to renew his attacks on the retreating Roman army and he was forced to sign a humiliating treaty to end the fighting. Brought his starved army back to safety, while a senior notary with his same name was put to death for disloyalty, as a symbol of his own shadow side. Repudiated his predecessor’s paganism once back in Roman territory, and returned the empire to its previous Christianity. Evinced toleration and moderation in his stance, assumed the consulship and took as his colleague his eldest son, still a child, who howled when placed in his chair of rule, which was taken as a highly unfavorable sign. Soon afterwards, while en route from Constantinople, he was accidentally poisoned by charcoal fumes while lying in bed. Inner: Moderately educated, kindly and cheerful. Also greedy and a sensualist, as well as lazy. Foreshortened lifetime of reversing the brief return to paganism of the empire, only to suffocate in unconscious self-sacrifice to more deeply explore his one-eyed shadow in the coming millennia. Simon Bar Kochba (?-135BZ) - Judaean messiah. Outer: Probably of Davidic descent, little known about his early life. Had great physical strength and a magnetic personality. Took it upon himself to lead the last Jewish revolt against Roman rule under remarkably similar circumstances to his previous turn as a member of a family of martial adepts rebelling against the forced Romanization and Hellenization of the Biblical culture of the ancient land of Israel. Hailed as the messiah, (Bar Kochba meaning ‘Son of the Star) by the greatest rabbi of the time, Akiva, and though he demurred somewhat from that designation, and other rabbis refused to see him as such, he struck his own coins with the title of ‘prince,’ and operated as a secular rather than a religious leader. Despite his role as a nationalist guerrilla, he was impious, although he inspired blind devotion through his fearlessness. Derided as ‘Bar Koziba,’ a pun on the Hebrew word for ‘liar.’ After 3 years, in which the Romans waged a war of attrition, systematically butchering the population, he was killed at his stronghold, Betar, and the remnants of the ancient state of Israel were no more, sending that nation into a double millennium role of wandering, from which it would not fully emerge again until the 20th century. Inner: Powerful ego, irreligious messianic view of himself. Autocratic, irascible, practical, unbending and ruthless. Messianic lifetime of repeating his previous role, but this time as a singular personification of Judaic revolt in order to celebrate his unique personality in a cause doomed even before it began. Judas Maccabeus (Judas Hasmon) (?-c160BZ) - Judean general. Known as ‘the Maccabee’ or ‘the Hammer.’ Outer: From an old priestly family. 3rd son of Mattathias Hasmon (T.E. Lawrence), brother of Eleazar (Alan Brooke), John (Harold Alexander), Jonathan (Archibald Wavell) and and Simon (Edmund Allenby). The Syrian Seleucid king, in whose realm Judea sat, had wanted to Hellenize his entire kingdom, and in 167BZ, published a decree which abolished Mosaic law, and downgraded the Temple of Jerusalem into an ecumenical place of worship, dividing the country into reformer and rigorists, with the Hasmon family firmly in the camp of the latter. After his father killed a Jewish reformer, and took to the mountains, his 5 sons launched a guerrilla campaign against the Seleucid garrisons of the king of Syria, as well as their Jewish supporters, so as to prevent the imposition of Greek Hellenism on Jewish culture and keep it biblically pure. A brilliant guerrilla commander, he took over the rebel leadership on his father’s death at the beginning of the fray, and was able to wield his band into an extremely effective fighting force, defeating 4 successive Seleucid armies, so that within 2 years, they had driven all the Greeks out of the area around Jerusalem. Became known as ‘maqqaba’ or “the Hammer,” because of his martial prowess, and his nom de guerre was adopted by his family. Purged the Temple of Jerusalem of its sacrileges, and in a miracle during its rededication in 165 BZ, kept the lights within lit for 8 days, from which the Jewish tradition of Chanukah emanates. After the death of the Seleucid king, his successor offered Israel the freedom of worship, but he continued fighting, wishing to make the country free both politically and religiously. Killed during the fight, but his younger brothers were able to prevail, and the family would then rule Judea as the Hasmoneans for the next 115 years. Inner: Brave, fanatical, strong-minded and violent, an uncompromising guerrilla genius. Uberguerrilla lifetime of putting his martial expertise in service of an ancient belief system, and creating the military arm of it that would succeed even after his death, while playing war games with members of his longtime family in the start of his run as charismatic martial hero of the ages. Tissaphernes (c445-395BZ) - Persian satrap and general. Outer: From an elite Persian noble family. Father had helped Darius II Ochus gain the throne, by being part of a successful conspiracy to kill a usurper. In his late 20s, he was made satrap or governor of two provinces after arresting his predecessor, who had incited a rebellion against the king. Arranged negotiations between Sparta and the king, since the former desperately needed a navy to defeat Athens in their ongoing war with them. Played both sides in his negotiations, hoping to keep the warring Greek states in check with one another, while regaining most of Ionia, but the move displeased both the king and queen, Parysatis (Indira Gandhi), and they replaced him as satrap of two of his primary provinces, with their second son, Cyrus the Younger (Whittaker Chambers), while he retained governorship over the third. After the death of Darius in 404, he informed his son Artaxerses II (David Sarnoff), that Cyrus coveted his throne, which may or may not have precipitated a revolt on the part of the latter, since he was already under suspicion. Cyrus, however, was pardoned, after his mother interceded with the new king. He then revolted in 401, only to be killed. Played an important role in the culminating battle, and then arrested and executed the mercenary general Clearchus. As a reward, he was allowed to marry one of the king’s daughters, and was given the rich satrap of Lydia again. Fought against the Spartans, who tried to retrieve the Asia Minor towns they had negotiated away, then made peace with them, only to have the king undermine him, through a huge naval build-up. Subsequently defeated by the Spartans, then lured to a town where he was killed. Probably the victim of Parysatis’s wrath, for having been the instrument for killing her favorite. Despite his being largely responsible for saving the throne, the king did nothing to save him. Inner: Loyal and highly competent diplomat and martial adept. Ran afoul, however, of the queen-mother’s revenge lust. Undone lifetime of dealing with longtime family members from the vulnerable position of being of service to them, rather than their equals, and winding up victim of their intrigues. Tarquin the Elder (Lucius Tarquinius Priscus) (c650-c579BZ) - Roman king. Outer: From a Corinthian family. Although an outsider, he married Tanaquil (Gypsy Rose Lee), who was from the Etruscan elite, and the couple was immediately ostracized. Two sons, a daughter and an adopted son from the union. His wife claimed an eagle grabbed his cap and then returned it, signaling that he was meant to be king, and the duo took off from Rome, where he changed his name to Lucius Tarquin. Became noted for both his shrewdness and generosity, which brought him to the attention of the king, Ancus Marcius (Shah Massoud), who ultimately made him guardian of his two sons. When the king died, however, he sent the two sons off hunting and usurped the throne himself, cleverly insinuating himself to such degree, that by the time they returned, he had established himself as Rome’s 5th king. Successfully fought the Latins and the Sabines, during his subsequent 38 year reign, while expanding the senate and the cavalry. Eventually fell victim to the sons of his predecessor, who hired assassins that axed him in the back of the head. His wife, however, claimed he had only been wounded, and put her favorite, Servius Tullus (Whittaker Chambers) on the throne, claiming he would be regent until her husband recovered. By the time the Romans found out that their leader was truly dead, they were already used to his replacement on the throne. Inner: Clever, charitable and highly competent. Self-creating lifetime of giving expression to both his gifts and his greed for power. Joab (fl. 10th cent BZ) - Israeli commander. Outer: Mother was the sister of King David (David Sarnoff) of Israel. Led the commando party which captured Jerusalem for the Israelites, and was rewarded by being made commander-in-chief of the army. Proved himself over and over on the battlefield, although eventually overrode the king’s demand his son’s life be spared, when he crushed Absalom’s (Whittaker Chambers) army, and then killed him, when his hair got caught in an oak tree. Murdered two of his rivals, and then supported an abortive bid for the throne by David’s son, Adonijah. Eventually executed by David’s successor, Solomon (William Randolph Hearst). Inner: Combination of adept martial skills, ruthless will and capacity for treachery as well. Mixed lifetime of overstepping the bounds of his position, only to be summarily undercut for doing so.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER/WRITER AS PURE EXHIBITIONIST:
Storyline: The mischievous show-off brings a lusty elan, no sense of inhibition and a hearty appetite for celebrating herself to all she does, while spending her independence of spirit in non-stop fashion.

Gypsy Rose Lee (Rose Louise Hovick) (1914-1970) - American dancer and writer. Outer: Mother was a highly ambitious stage mom, father was a mild-mannered reporter on a Los Angeles newspaper. Older of 2 sisters, younger sibling became dancer/actress June Havoc. Her parents divorced when she and her sister were young, and they went to live with their maternal grandfather, who discouraged their theatrical ambitions. Her mother, Rose, became the classic pushy stage mom, both brutal and ruthless in her ambitions for her daughters. On the stage at 4, she became a regular vaudeville performer by 6, along with her sister, as ‘Madame Rose’s Dancing Daughters,’ which provided their family with a meager survival income. Eventually, they had a more successful act with June, dressed up as a beautiful baby, as the star. Her mother also periodically hired instructors for the girls to keep them out of school, while dodging the police, and both continued on stage, although her sister ran away at 13 with a newsboy. Her mother then revamped the act into Rose Louise and her Hollywood Blondes, before thrusting her daughter stage-front at a burlesque house at the age of 15 to take over for the absent star. Proved a natural, more as a tease, than a stripper, and became Gypsy Rose Lee. At the age of 16, she received lessons from Tessie the Tassel Twirler, who gave her the immortal advice, “You’ve gotta leave them hungry for more. You don’t dump the whole roast on the platter.” Achieved instant success with her act, which modestly revealed her 5’8”, lithe body, while she wittily counter-pointed her suggestive dancing with literary references. At the height of her early career she was making $1250 a week, and was the country’s best known ecdysiast during the Depression. Arrested numerous times for public indecency by the NY police, although always treated the disruptions with wit and bravura. Briefly married in her early 20s to Robert Mizzy, a dental supplier in a water-taxi off the coast of California, later divorced. Retired in her early 20s, and turned to both films and writing as a better means of expressing her exuberant nature, although her cinematic career only produced a handful of eminently forgettable vehicles. Briefly part of a Brooklyn commune with many future prominent poets and musicians, which started her on her own writing career. Wrote two thrillers, including, “The G-String Murders,” and did guest columns in the newspaper. Fell in love with producer Mike Todd, who produced two of her Broadway shows, then married Alexander Kirkland, a prominent Broadway actor at 30, in order to make Todd jealous, divorced 2 years later. Played in several undistinguished films, had a liaison with director Otto Preminger which produced a lookalike son, who became a casting director, although the former did not acknowledge him until after her death. Her final union was to Julio de Diego, a painter and designer in her mid-30s, divorced 7 years later. Scared the House Committee on Un-American Activities, when she made too much fun of them publicly, the singular performer to intimidate their otherwise career-ending influence. Designed and decorated homes and had her own TV talk show, while penning her autobiography “Gypsy,” in 1957, which became a successful Broadway musical and film, despite its giving short shrift to her sister. Spent her last decade making TV appearances on a variety of shows. Died of lung cancer. Inner: Very verbal, highly quotable, witty, warm and irrepressible. Animal lover, with a host of pets. Amazon lifetime of playing against conventions, while combining moxie, brains and a gift to entertain, in fashioning a unique niche for herself as a mischievous public personality. Lola Montez (Maria Dolores Eliza Rosanna Gilbert) (1818-1861) Anglo/Irish dancer and adventuress. Outer: Only child of an illegitimate daughter of an MP and a British army officer stationed in Limerick. Her father died in India when she was 2, and her mother soon remarried a Scottish officer there. In 1826, she was sent to live with his relatives in Scotland, before being placed in a boarding-school in Bath at 12, where she remained 5 years, until her mother came to retrieve her. Grew into a striking beauty, with jet black hair, dark blue eyes and a lissome figure. It was arranged she marry an elderly judge in India, but she eloped instead with Thomas James, a 30 year old English lieutenant, whom her mother had met aboard ship. Returned to India with him, but by 1840, the marriage was unofficially over, and she came back to England alone, but not before engaging in an adulterous affair with a duke’s nephew. Divorced by her husband over the breech, she studied dance briefly in Spain, learned the rudiments of the language, then claiming noble birth, redubbed herself Lola Montez. Made a sparkling London debut in 1843 only to be denounced as a fraud, which sent her on to Dresden. While her dancing never elicited much reaction, her stage presence and pulchritude were more than enough to compensate for her limitations. Continued to tour eastern Europe, creating a legend for herself, thanks to her outre behavior, before becoming a demi-mondaine in Paris, since the French were not particularly enthusiastic about her terpsichorean talents. Eventually made her way to Munich, and in 1847, the 60 year old Ludwig I of Bavaria (Otto Preminger), who was fascinated by both all things Spanish and women of great beauty, fell under her spell, and made her Baronne de Rosenthal and Countess of Lansfield, as well as his mistress, although she remained coy with him, to further enhance her desirability. Recognizing the vast power bestowed upon her, she proved extremely influential and became a figure of great controversy because of the liberal reforms she championed, while exercising full control over the otherwise reactionary, albeit highly cultured monarch. Considered a dangerous radical by clerical forces, while feelings ran so high against her, that rioting broke out in Munich in 1848, and the king was forced to abdicate. Fled to Switzerland, then London, where she married George Heald, a 21 year old British army officer and heir to a barrister’s fortune. Forced to flee with him, when charges of bigamy arose against her, and after a stormy run through France, Italy and Spain, he abandoned her in 1850. Came to America and appeared in NY and Philadelphia in a drama crafted for her, “Lola Montez in Bavaria.” After her husband’s death, she married Patrick Hull, a wealthy California editor in 1853, before separating a few weeks later. Kept a pet bear chained to a tree, and walked around with a white parrot on her shoulder. Continuing her peripatetic ways, she went to Australia in 1855, playing in Sydney and Melbourne, and the following year she horsewhipped the editor of the Ballarat Times. Never particularly talented, she crafted her career largely on exhibitionism. Played and lectured in NYC on fashion and female esthetics and published The Art of Beauty, as well as her autobiography. Towards the end, she became fascinated with spiritualism. Dedicated the last 2 years of her life to helping fallen women, before suffering a crippling stroke in 1860. Nearly recovered from it, before being felled by pneumonia a few months before the Civil War. Inner: Aggressive, highly adventurous and totally uninhibited. Mischief-making lifetime of testing her power on the world’s stage in disciplines she knew little about, before ultimately sharpening her own skills of self-expression and empowering those less fortunate of her gender. Lady Emma Hamilton (Amy Lyon) (1761-1815) - English mistress and model. Outer: Raised by her formidable mother, after her father, an illiterate blacksmith, died almost immediately following her birth. Worked as a nursemaid to a local surgeon, before coming to London to pursue the same profession with the family of a well-known physician. Served as a housemaid for a theater impresario and immediately drew attention to herself through her striking and statuesque beauty, set off by a heart-shaped face and a lush figure. Her host lost two children in succession, which cost her her job and she became a prostitute, then served as the “Goddess of Health,” in an exhibition of a quack doctor, before living for four years under the protection of two aristocrats as Emily Hart. Had a daughter with one of them, before moving into the home of the second with her mother. Through him she met artist George Romney (John Boorman) who used her as a model for some 300 paintings, and also reshaped her rough ways into a more socially acceptable refinement. Became the most sought-after artist’s model of her day. Sent to Naples in 1786 to be the mistress of Sir William Hamilton (Prince Edward), a diplomat, art collector and amateur vulcanologist, and the uncle of one of her benefactors, as repayment for his nephew’s debts. Became an intimate of the Neapolitan queen as well as a belle of Neapolitan society, singing, dancing and serving as a courtesan. Lived in Hamilton’s apartments, while maintaining separate quarters for propriety sake, despite becoming his open mistress. Married her paramour in 1791, despite being persona non grata at the English court, which refused to grant her the title of ambassadress. Given a thumbs up by the soon-to-be deposed Marie Antoinette (Lana Turner), which made her acceptable to the Neapolitan court. Two years later, she first saw naval hero Horatio Nelson (Moshe Dayan), and in 1798 met him on his return from the Nile and the pair became lovers, although she also gave him much needed motherly succor. Given the Cross of Malta by the Russian tsar Pavel I (Shah Pahlevi) in 1799, and claimed to have rendered important political services while at Naples, which were confirmed by Nelson, but not the British ministry. The duo became an item, and she and her husband accompanied him to Palermo in 1800, and than back to England together, when her spouse was recalled for incompetency, as she began to grow obese. Bore a daughter the following year, with Nelson as the father, and the pair scandalously continued their public relationship. Another daughter did not survive infancy. After her husband’s death in 1803, she lived with Nelson in Surrey. Despite handsome legacies from both Hamilton and Nelson, following the latter’s death in 1805, she lived extravagantly, became even more obese, and amassed huge debts. Imprisoned in 1813-1814, she was assisted by an alderman in escaping from the king’s bench, and fled to Calais, where she died in impoverished obscurity, from a liver ailment brought on by an intemperate addiction to the bottle in her later years. Inner: Lusty, uninhibited and unconventional. Full-circle lifetime of rising from modest circumstances, having it and flaunting it, regardless of the consequences, and then losing it, to return to the anonymity from which she had arisen. Ninon de Lenclos Ninon de Lenclos (Anne de Lenclos) (1620-1705) - French courtesan. Outer: From a middle-class family. Adored her father, a libertine and lute player, who fled France for killing a man in a duel over his wife, when his daughter was 15. Mother was extremely pious and the complete opposite of her husband, although their daughter loved both, and wound up dealing with their duality by forswearing marriage and craving complete independence for herself. At 12, she told her progenitor she was a boy, and he raised and educated her as a son. Subsequently got her nickname as well as a lifelong interest in Epicurean philosophy from him. Both parents died before she was 20, but through wise investments of her small inheritance, she was financially secure for life. Opened a salon in Paris that attracted many of the primary cultural figures of her time, and had a score of well-known lovers, whom she chose with care, including three generations of one powerful family. Despite her extreme desirability, which included an offer of 50,000 crowns for one night by no less than the arch Cardinal Richelieu (Henry Kissinger), which she accepted by substituting another in her place while taking the money, she was far from beautiful. Atop her double chin was a long nose and set of heavy eyebrows, although she compensated for her ordinary features with an extremely attractive mind, and a good sense of personal hygiene, rarities in those days, amongst both men and women. Actively pursued those who turned her on, and only spent one three year stretch in a monogamous relationship. Divided her lovers into three classes, “the payers, the martyrs and the favorites.” Treated her clients as equals and expected the same in return, as one of the earlier advocates of female emancipation. Had a son whose father was decided by the throw of a dice between 2 lovers, a marechal and an abbe, with the former winning the honor of siring her single progeny, who was not aware she was his mother. When she was 65, her son ardently pursued her, and when she told him the truth, he killed himself, since he could not have her. After retiring from being a courtesan in her forties, she established a school in the arts of love for young aristocrats, with herself as its hands-on teacher on how to please women. Her irreverence and promiscuity deeply disturbed the queen mother, Anne of Austria (Gloria Swanson) who had her confined to a convent. While there, she penned a defense of herself in a publication called The Coquette Avenged. Afterwards, because of her powerful connections, she was released, and subsequently, the king, Louis XIV (Charles de Gaulle), began surreptitiously seeking her advice, while often eschewing the counsel of his official consultants. Retired from court, and held receptions, which were well-attended, and remained highly active sexually into her 60s. The father of writer Voltaire (Michel Fouquet) handled her business affairs during her last years, and in her will, she left money for books for his young son. Lived until almost 90, with all her senses intact. As a complimentary coda, the women of Versailles would visit her grave and importune her spirit for aphrodisiacal advice. Inner: Intelligent, seductive, witty and charming. Her operating principle was “love with passion, but only for a few minutes.” Emancipating lifetime of pursuing pleasure and intellectual stimulation from a centered philosophic base, based on the premise of: like father, like daughter. Valentina d’Orleans (c1371-1408) - Italian/French noble. Outer: From the powerful Visconti family of Milan, Italy. Very attached to her father, Gian Galeazzo Visconti, who wished her to become queen of France. Her mother was Isabelle of France, making her cousins to her intended. Spoke several languages fluently, was well-read and also played the harp. Married Louis I, duc d’Orleans (Cecil B. DeMille) by proxy in 1387, bringing with her an unprecedented dowry of a half million gold francs, as well as considerable northern Italian land, which her husband wished to convert into a kingdom of his own. 8 children from union, including the poet, Charles d’Orleans (Robert Lowell). Vied with the queen, Isabeau (Eve LeGallienne), in displays of opulence, but became the victim of rumors and slander by the latter that she had bewitched or poisoned the mad Charles VI (Antonin Artaud). Spent her last dozen years in exile in her country estate, on orders of the queen, who had designs on her husband, both romantically and from a power standpoint, and even her powerful father could not prevent her ultimate fall. Inner: Talented, highly intelligent, but no match for the machinations of the royal house of France. Victimized lifetime of being given the best of everything, only to ultimately fall afoul of a foul-minded queen, leading her to pursue a far more independent pathway in lives to come in this series. Tanaquil (fl. 7th cent BZ) - Roman queen. Outer: From an elite Etruscan family. Married to a rich man, one son from union, but unhappy with their social status because of his genealogy. Divorced and married beneath her station to the far more powerful Corinthian outsider Tarquin (Moshe Dayan), and found herself ostracized by her family. 2 sons and a daughter. Saw an eagle grab her husband’s cap and return it, and realized he was destined for kingship. The duo hied their way to Rome and her husband insinuated his way into the graces of the king, Ancus Marcius (Shah Massoud) becoming the guardian of his sons. When he died, the two usurped the throne and held it for over 35 years. Recognized his heir in Servius Tullus (Whittaker Chambers), and groomed him for the throne. When the king died, she held the news from the populace and inserted Servius as regent. As soon as he had established himself, she announced the king’s death and the transition was made effortlessly, as she continued as a power behind the throne for the rest of her days. Inner: Very into omens, superstitious and clever. Known for her shrewdness and gift of prophecy. Celebrated as a spinner of wool. Kingmaking lifetime of serving as the stringpuller behind two thrones, in her adroit understanding of the power of support.

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