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EUROROYALS - THE ISRAELI CONNECTION

PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS LION-HEARTED PATRIARCH:
Storyline: The dynastic adept circles around to reconnect with an ancient kingship in order to give foundation to a resurrected state, after many a go-round of playing with his longtime family members in the halls of power of central Europe.

David Ben-Gurion (David Gruen) (1886-1973) - Israeli prime minister. Outer: From the Polish provinces of tsarist Russia. Son of a well-known Zionist, one of 8 children, of whom only 2 survived. Father was an unlicensed legal counselor who was tall and lordly and affected airs about himself. His mother died when he was 11, and later he could not remember her face, which tormented him. Educated at a modernized Hebrew school established by his father, then received secular training from tutors. In love his entire life with Rachel Nelkin, whom he had known from childhood, but she was not suited for the life of a pioneer. Originally a Marxist, but always viewed the Bible as his ultimate secular guide to life. After becoming a teacher at a Warsaw Jewish school, he emigrated from Poland to Palestine at the age of 20, and became a settler in Eretz Israel, joining the party’s central committee and formulating its first political platform. Only 5’ tall, despite being a giant in Israel’s pantheon. Also lived in Salonika, Egypt and Istanbul, and was fluent in many of the languages of the Middle East. Worked as a farmer and adopted an ancient Hebrew name, while suffering the physical hardships of his country’s re-awakening to its Jewish roots. Helped form what would later become collective farms known as Kibbutzim, and also established the self-defense group, the Watchmen to protect them. Saw that the Jewish homeland would have to be collectivist, rather than capitalist, and that Hebrew should be the binding language. Exiled for Zionist activity during WW I, he lived in NYC where he met his Russian-born wife, Pauline Munweis, the daughter of a grocery store owner and his complete opposite. The pair had 3 children. Organized the He-Halutz bureau which steered potential settlers towards Palestine. Enlisted in the British army’s Jewish legion after the Balfour Declaration in 1917, and sailed back to the Middle East to become the nominal leader of the creation of an independent Jewish state. During the 1920s, he created the institutional character of the future state, although was hostile to the religious wing of the Zionists, seeing Israel in secular, pragmatic terms. Far more interested in those who were willing to work the land and set up the socialist industrial foundation that would be the practical backbone of the state, than those who saw Israel purely as a spiritual homeland. Headed the Israeli Workers Party in 1930, and 5 years later was elected chairman of the Zionist Executive Committee. Called for the Jewish community to fight against the British when they restricted immigration during WW II, and decided to establish a Jewish commonwealth in Palestine when the war was over. Initially saw the Holocaust as a beneficial disaster, without realizing its full extent, although he did not place a rescue effort over his own Zionist aims. After Israel achieved independence in 1948, a month later he ordered the newly created Israel Defense Forces (IDF) to fire on an Israeli ship named Altalena because the underground organization Irgun were unwilling to give up their arms. They did so, despite the shock of the incident and the state has had a monopoly on its armed forces ever since. Became its first prime minister the following year, as well as defense minister, restructuring its various underground groups into a national army. Saw the newfound homeland as a direct continuation from Roman times, and welcomed world-wide immigration, as well as the assimilation of many disparate groups into the eclectic Israeli mold. Firmly defended its boundaries, but found little international support other than France for his leonine nature. Led an informal government on a first-name basis with itself, but was fiercely protective of Israel’s right to exist, maintaining a strong defense in the face of its hostile neighbors, including a takeover of the Sinai Peninsula in 1956, to insure passage through the Suez Canal. Continued as prime minister, save for a 2 year interlude until 1963, during which time he initiated secret negotiations with Arab leaders for eventual peace in the Middle East. Wanted scientist Albert Einstein to succeed him, because of his desire that Arab and Jew coexist peacefully, although the former politely demurred. Abruptly resigned because of internal party bickering, and 2 years later founded a small opposition party. His wife died in 1968 and he retired from political life two years later to write his memoirs, as well as an his/storical survey, “Jews in their Land,” which was published posthumously. Died from the effects of a stroke. Inner: Charismatic father of his country, maintaining principles and policies he had avowed as a young man. Never wavered from his faith in achieving his ultimate goal. Host of conflicting characteristics, shy and aggressive, alert and absent-minded, humble and boastful, and forgiving and vengeful. Strong inferiority complex, and yet a natural leader. First attempt at rising from obscure origins to his usual leadership role, which, in the past, always came from aristocratic birth. Father-of-his-country lifetime of creating his/story out of his own tunnel vision, with an eye firmly focused on the light at the end of it. Moses Hess (Moishe Hess) (1812-1875) - German journalist and social philosopher. Outer: Born into an Orthodox Jewish family. Father was a businessman. Given a traditional religious education by his grandfather, while also teaching himself French and German so as to have a complementary secular understanding of the world. Moved to Cologne to rejoin his sire when he was 14, then studied philosophy at the Univ. of Bonn, without taking a degree. Initially felt that all Jews should assimilate, while identifying far more strongly with country than religion, perhaps as a rebellion against his upbringing. As a utopian socialist, he helped found the first socialist daily newspaper in Cologne, “Rheinische Zeitung,” then moved to Paris at the end of 1842, to become one of its correspondents. Earlier the same year, he met Karl Marx (Victor Serge), and the two proved mutually beneficial in their various theoretical interchanges, although he was latter attacked by Marx, despite his admiration for the dour economic philosophers towering intellect. Opened the latter’s larger world view, while, in turn, Marx gave him the impetus to perceive things in a more deterministic manner, even though he never became a Marxist, seeing race and nationality as far more of a determinant than the struggle between the economic classes as the engine driving social his/story. Introduced Friedrich Engels (Willie Brandt) to communist theory, and when Marx and Engels penned their classic “Communist Manifesto,” he was a contributor to it, including the observation, “Religion is the opiate of the masses.” Active in Belgium from 1845, he returned to Paris in time for the Paris Commune and the upheavals of 1848, before being forced to hotfoot it to Switzerland, and then Belgium again. Following his father’s death in 1851, he came into a modest inheritance, which allowed him time to think and write, as well as wed his longtime companion, Sybille Pesch, a Catholic seamstress from a working-class family. The union was a statement on his part against the bourgeois and religious prejudices of his upbringing, since, at the time, he felt religion was dehumanizing, and socialism was the true ethical impetus for moral values. After two years in Germany, from 1861 to 1863, he saw his way back to his Jewish roots, thanks to the rise of anti-Semitism there, which made him realize the country would never tolerate its longtime wanderers, thereby adding Zionism to his lifetime fascination with ‘isms.’ His booklet, “Rome and Jerusalem: The Last National Question,” in 1862, addressed this issue, while proposing a socialist Jewish state as his ideal of a reborn Israel, and asking Jews to retain their identities in exile, rather than assimilate, in a complete reversal of his earlier stance. After 1863, he made Paris his longtime on-and-off base, while contributing to a number of Jewish publications and serving as the Paris correspondent for several socialist periodicals. As a Prussian subject, he was expelled from France at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, and once more returned to Belgium, although at conflict’s end, he came back to Paris to continue his writings. Before his death he requested he be buried in a Jewish cemetery in Cologne, and in 1961, his remains were removed and reburied in Israel, along with some fellow Zionist-Socialists of his era. Although his writings were largely ignored during his lifetime, since he was more the idea man than the stylist, five years after his death, his works began to fuel the Zionist movement, which picked up considerable pace in the final two decades of century nineteen. Inner: Ultimately came to see that family, people, and nation were the overriding elements of identity, which led him to become a Zionist after earlier rejecting his religious root. More the modernist than the Biblical traditionalist, giving voice to many of the elements that he would put into place in his next incarnation in this series. Believed free labor should supplant the exploitative capitalist system, and as such, inspired the subsequent kibbutz movement. Also came to see that Jewish love of family was a unifying ideal, and that Jewish his/story was an extremely important factor in the development of European his/storical awareness. Prepatory lifetime of emotionally and intellectually working out an economic and social framework for the Zionist Jewish state, before putting theory into practice as a primary founding father of a reborn ancient polity into modern times. Hans von Arnim (1582-1641) - Saxon military commander and statesman. Outer: Youngest son of an old noble Saxon family. Father was the governor of a royal province. Had a strict Lutheran upbringing and studied theology, before inheriting his heavily indebted familial estates in 1611, which he would subsequently have difficulty maintaining financially. Entered into the Swedish service in his early 30s and fought in Russia and Livonia, but left after a quarrel with the Swedish king, Gustavus Adolphus (Yukio Mishima). Fought the Turks in Poland in 1621, then joined Albrecht von Wallenstein’s (Arnold Schwarzenegger) imperial army in Germany and distinguished himself in the early going of the Thirty Years’ War. Promoted to field marshal in 1628, and returned to Poland to fight against Gustavus the following year, defeating him with help. Resigned his commission in protest against the sack of Magdeburg and the Edict of Restitution, which ran counter to his Lutheran beliefs, and entered the service of the Elector of Saxony, where he worked for the creation of a 3rd party to balance imperial power and French and Swedish influence. Made field marshal and commander-in-chief of the Saxon army in 1631 but, after capturing Prague, was driven out by Wallenstein. Despite being on opposite sides, he maintained his friendship with him, and negotiated with the northern German states for him, after a dissatisfaction with Swedish policy, although the latter’s assassination abruptly ended their association. Quit the Saxon service in disgust over the Saxon-Imperial Peace of Prague in 1635, and became a private citizen again, turning down a commission in the French army. Arrested by order of Axel Oxenstierna (Golda Meir) and taken to Stockholm, although he managed to escape and was reinstated as a Saxon and imperial lieutenant general but died suddenly in the midst of military preparations against France and Sweden. Inner: Skilled diplomat and negotiator, and capable general, but was mistreated by his various employers. Acted on conscious, rather than gain in his various changes of side. Devout, moderate in his habits, prayed before each battle with his soldiers. Principled lifetime of remaining true to his beliefs, while adding to his martial and diplomatic resumés in a go-round of being an underling and subject to the whims of his employers, rather than his usual position as top of the command chain. Casimir III (1310-1370) - King of Poland. Known as ‘the Great.’ Outer: 2nd son of Wladyslaw I, who had reunited Poland, after nearly 2 centuries of being a series of small principalities. His mother was a Polish noblewoman. One of 5 children, with his sister Elizabeth, who married the king of Hungary, as an able ally. Following his older brother’s death in 1312, he became heir apparent. In 1325, he married Aldona, the pagan daughter of the duke of Lithuania, who converted to Catholicism before their wedding. His wife brought over 20,000 Polish prisoners of war as a wedding present to signal a reconciliation with the heathens of Lithuania. The unhappy union ended with his wife death in 1339, leaving no male heirs, although the duo had 2 daughters. Succeeded to the crown on his sire’s death in 1333 and continued his father’s work, adding 2 large regions and making a Poland a player in the European economic schema. Organized the government and gave a sense of popular unity to his rule. Remarried a German princess, Adelheid of Hesse, but she proved barren and was sent packing in 1356. Married his mistress Christina, the widow of a merchant, only to divorce once again amidst complaints of bigamy by his second spouse, and in 1365, he contracted a 4th union to Hedwig of Zagan, a Silesian princess, which produced 3 daughters but no male heir, creating a major problem of succession for him. Finally designated a nephew and a grandson as possibilities, although he had to gain the consent of the nobility, which strengthened their position. Married off his daughters and granddaughters to strengthen various foreign ties. Had many mistresses, and was notably amenable to the Jewish population of Poland. Preferred diplomacy to war, making treaties and alliances with neighbors rather than battling them. Nearly doubled his territory, while enjoying an enhanced sense of prestige throughout central Europe. Tried to unite the country economically, while improving judicial standards, as well as the status of the country’s Jews, whom he recognized as extremely beneficial economically. Codified the unwritten laws, endowed new towns and founded Poland’s first university in Krakow. Fostered building, as well as education and peace. Died in a hunting accident, and was succeeded by his Angevin nephew, Louis I. Inner: Prudent, self-contained and obstinate. The only monarch in Polish his/story known as "the Great.” Seen as a ‘peasant king,’ concerned with the welfare of his people and in making Poland a great European state. Nation-building lifetime of wise and just rule, greatly enhancing his domain through the dint of a somewhat cramped personality, that, nevertheless, allowed his will to reign. Konrad II (c990-1039) - German Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Descendant of the Saxon house of Otto the Great (Mohandas Gandhi). Father was a German count who had been passed over in his inheritances. Left without resources, he was brought up by the Bishop of Worms and had a minimal formal education as a layman and a knight, but, because of his circumstances, was forced to fend for himself early. In 1016, he married Gisela of Swabia, a widowed duchess, who was descended from Charlemagne (Napoleon Bonaparte), their son, the eventual Heinrich III (Yitzhak Rabin) would be his successor. Distantly related to his wife, a fact which the jealous German emperor, Heinrich II (Mohamed Ali Jinnah) employed to force him into exile, although the 2 were later reconciled. When Heinrich died in 1024, he was elected king to replace him after prolonged debates among the German princes. Had good fortune in his early going, as a rebellion against him collapsed, and he was able to go to Milan in 1026, where he was crowned king of Italy by the archbishop there, then overcame some minor opposition and reached Rome the following year, and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the pope. Had his young son, to whom he was extremely close, crowned king of Germany in 1028, thereby cementing his own Salian dynasty on the German throne. Forced to fight Poland in the east, while gaining the Burgundian kingdom in the west when he was declared its ruler’s heir. Showed himself an able statesman and administrator, while making his kingship a viable entity. His son showed some independence from his father, which on occasion, strained their relations, but he was always able to make his own considerable will prevail. Forced to fight in Italy in 1036 against the archbishop who had initially crowned him, but prevailed through diplomacy, martial skills, and once again, good fortune. Proceeded to southern Italy where he installed friendly princes, then returned to Germany, losing his stepson and daughter-in-law to an epidemic on the way. Held several important courts, then died of an illness, passing on an intact crown to his dynastic heir. Inner: Prudent, genial and wise, with a great sense of chivalry and social justice. Lucky in battle and in diplomacy, with the fates continually smiling upon him. Blessed by good fortune lifetime of recreating himself from unfavorable beginnings, to create a dynasty that would last a century over unsure times, while favorably imprinting himself on Central European his/story. John VIII (?-882) - Italian Pope. Outer: Roman by birth. Spent 20 years as an Archdeacon of the Roman church, gaining considerable administrative experience, before being elected in 872 as Pope. Supported the Christianization of the Slavs, as well as the use of their language in the litanies. Allied with the Frankish emperor, Louis II (Cecil B. DeMille), to repel the ongoing invasions of the Saracens, then when he died, and they were once again at the gates of the city, led a marine squadron against them, taking 18 ships, and serving as the one and only victorious papal admiral. Failed, however, to gain a permanent alliance against them, and was forced to buy them off. Crowned Charles the Bald (Lex Barker) as the Frankish emperor in 875, and supported him against the Saracens, although the German faction preferred their candidate and plotted a revolt, which he put down. Held in custody for a month when he refused to crown the German candidate emperor, then escaped to France for a year. When the Frankish candidates proved unable to help him, he finally crowned a German emperor, but realized the west was incapable of helping defend Rome and looked to the east. Recognized the previously condemned patriarch of Constantinople, and with Greek help was able to finally defeat the Saracens. Able to breach the differences between the eastern and western Churches, with each satisfied with its sphere of influence and able to accept the other’s orthodoxies. Continually threatened by internal political intrigues as well, which ultimately undid him, when a jealous relative tried to poison him, and after that failed, smashed his head with a hammer. Inner: Bold, tenacious, energetic and a resourceful statesman, far more of a political than spiritual leader because of the necessities of the times. Never lost sight, however, of the Church’s mission or his own pastoral duties. Martial juggler’s lifetime of maintaining a precarious balancing act in his role as leader, dealing with eastern, western and internal difficulties with aplomb, before being unceremoniously dispatched for his efforts, perhaps as a lingering sense of victimization to adumbrate his own considerable personal power with a spiritual sense of fallibility. Herod Agrippa I (c10BZ-44AZ) - King of the Jews. Outer: Grandson of Judaean king, Herod (Adolph Hitler), who executed his father. Sent to Rome for his education and safety. Grew up at the court of Tiberius (Lucien Bonaparte), and was educated with future emperor Claudius (Joseph Goebbels) and Nero Drusus (Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr.), and became closely associated with the circle of the latter’s wife, Antonia (Rose Kennedy). Left Rome for Beersheba, then returned to Rome in 36A.Z. After a period of prodigality, debt and quarrels with the relatives of Roman officials in the East, he was imprisoned for an offhand remark about the emperor and accused of treason. Freed soon after the death of Tiberius, he was given his uncle’s realm in Judaea by the former’s heir, Caligula (Napoleon Bonaparte) in 37A.Z. Married the daughter of his grandfather’s brother and daughter, and had three daughters, all of whom he married to Jewish nobles, and a son Herod Agrippa II (Leon Uris). To add to the incestuous nature of his family, the latter would have a lifelong sexual relationship with Bernice, one of his three daughters. Expanded territories, and offset a potential calamity by talking Caligula out of instituting graven emperor worship. His reign was viewed as the last golden age of the Hebrews of antiquity. As a devout Jew, he cared for his charge and was well-loved by them. Implemented Jewish policy and persecuted the Christians, ordering the death of James, one of the Christian apostles and imprisoning St. Peter, while forcing the apostles to scatter throughout the provinces of the Roman Empire. Died suddenly during a celebration of the Roman emperor, and may have been poisoned, because of his popularity. The throne was left vacant afterwards, and Judaea became a Roman province, administered by a governor, before his son was eventually made king of a small sliver of it. Inner: Clever diplomat and skillful ruler, although a trifle too independent for Rome’s tastes. Stabilizing lifetime of acting as a bridge twixt Rome and Judaea, so that the latter could hold onto its autonomy, while establishing themes of serving as bridge of many worlds in succeeding lives, both playing with and against his strong inner sense of mission. Othniel (?-1302 BZ) - Israeli judge. Known as “God’s Lion.” Outer: From the tribe of Judah. Father was Kenaz, the younger brother of Caleb (Yitzhak Rabin), who had successfully scouted Canaan for Moses prior to the crossing over from Egypt. Half-brother of the latter. After the cross-over into Canaan, the Israelites fell under the yoke of the king of Aram-Naharaim in Mesopotamia. At this juncture, there was much intermarriage between the Israelites and other tribes, leading to a sense of impurity and idle idol worship. Accepted his divinely inspired role of being the savior of Israel, and led his nation against the oppressive king and proved victorious against him. Became the first of the 14 Israeli judges, a designation of leadership based on both warrior skills and the ability to rule over a people steeped in a sense of divine judgment. As a vaunted hero, he was able to make the necessary reforms to put the Israelites back on their divinely assigned path, instituting a reign of forty years. Late in life, he married Acsah, Caleb’s daughter. Two sons from the union. During his rule, Israel had four decades of peace and stability, only to once again fall to their old unsanctified ways. His tomb is located in a traditional burial cave. Inner: Natural leader, with the figurative heart of a lion. Strong-willed lifetime of inaugurating a multi-century period of rulership by warrior judges.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS IRON-WILLED CHANCELLOR:
Storyline: The polarized bearer of grudges prides himself in his resolve, but can only see the world in black-and-white terms, making him into a formidable icon of intransigence, no matter what cause he serves.

Menachem Begin (1916-1992) Israeli statesman. Outer: Father was a timber merchant and the secretary of the Jewish Communal Organization, making a return to Israel, the central family fantasy. Mother’s side of the family harbored numerous rabbis. Youngest of 3. Joined the Polish Betar (Zionist) movement as a student, becoming a party functionary while receiving a law degree from the Univ. of Warsaw, and viewing its uncompromising and right-wing leader, as his political light. Most of his family was murdered in the Holocaust, and his sense of bitterness over it never left him, making him almost superhuman in his will. Slight but firmly built. Married Aliza Arnold in Poland, extremely close relationship, one son, Benny, who later became an Israeli politician and 2 daughters. Fled to Lithuania after the German invasion of Poland in 1939, then was deported to Siberia the following year, while his wife went on to Palestine, feeling she couldn’t help him. One of the few ever to survive interrogation by the NKVD, the Soviet secret police. His interrogator said afterwards, “I never want to see you again.” Felt he had a belief to sustain him, while his interrogator did not. Sent to a slave labor camp for eight years, but was released in 1941. Joined the Polish army in exile, walked through Central Asia, and made his way to Jerusalem as a Polish private in 1942, remaining ever afterwards a stranger in a strange land. Learned English from listening to the BBC, and worked as an interpreter in the British army before taking over the militant Irgun, becoming Palestine’s most wanted terrorist against the British occupation, with a $50,000 bounty on his head, although he claimed he was against outright murder for political means. Had several secret identities - Israel Halperin, a law student, Israel Sassover, a Hasidic scholar and Dr. Yonah Koenigshoeffer, an upright citizen. Blew up the King David Hotel in 1946, after ignoring an order not to, killing over 90 people, as well as committing other atrocities. Despised by David Ben-Gurion, as well as the country’s elite. Entered politics on Israeli independence in 1948, and acted as a minister without portfolio. Ultimately formed the Likud Party, and became prime minister in 1977, although he suffered a heart attack the same year, as well as diabetes, but then rose from the near-dead to again lead his country. Pursued a conservative, hardline course against the Arabs, although shared the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1978 for signing an accord with the Egyptian president, Anwar Sadat. Wished for both peace and the territorial integrity of Israel, yet another political contradiction. Right-wing in foreign policy, yet he sponsored welfare and programs for the poor, while at the same time overseeing a bitterly divisive war against Palestine guerillas in Lebanon towards the end of his rule, which occasioned a massacre of hundreds in a refugee camp that shocked the world, and permanently besmirched his name. Remained obdurately against the creation of a Palestinian state, while living quite modestly despite his taste for pomp and ceremony. Devastated by the death of his wife in late 1982, he withdrew totally from public life, and resigned his post a year later. Became a recluse, living with his daughter and eventually died of heart failure a decade later, after earlier suffering a trio of heart attacks. Inner: Served as a living embodiment of the bitterness of the Holocaust. Also embodied the dualities of terrorist and parliamentarian. Cut a slightly comic figure with his ill-fitting clothes and heavy accent. Remote and always formal, wearing suits and ties when his confreres usually sported open-necked shirts. Also soft-spoken and mild-mannered, and a highly effective speaker and writer. Remained his entire life a dedicated Zionist who believed wholly in Israel’s biblical deed to the Promised Land. Wanted as his legacy to be remembered as the man who set Israel’s borders for all eternity. Tight-jawed lifetime of giving play to warring sentiments within, an iron-willed chancellor with a fanatic love of country, but an inability to extend that love outside his immediate circle. Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) - German chancellor. Outer: Son of a cold, ambitious mother and an ineffectual Junker squire, although his family’s means were relatively modest. Close relationship with his mother, who was from an educated bourgeois family that had produced academicians and civil servants. Exhibited quick intelligence but was a mediocre student, preferring drinking and socializing to studying. Large-sized and physically very powerful. Studied law at the Univ. of Gottingen, and briefly at the Univ. of Berlin, then entered the Prussian civil service, where his unconventionality upset his superiors and he ultimately resigned from boredom in 1839 on his mother’s death. Spent the next 8 years as a country squire, helping his father in his financial difficulties, and during this period happily married Johanna von Puttkamer, the daughter of a conservative aristocratic family, finding his sense of spirituality in the union, and his wife the only person upon whom he could lavish the warmth that lay hidden behind his frigid reserve for the rest of the world. One daughter and two sons from the union. A Christian conservative, decrying Jewish emancipation and other liberal sentiments, he attended the Prussian United Diet in 1847, and was totally reactionary in his response to the revolutions of 1848, being a royalist at heart. Elected to the Prussian Chamber of Deputies in 1849, he showed himself a loyalist to the monarchy, rather than a German nationalist. Sent to the federal diet in Frankfurt, where he spent 8 years, and came to realize Germany would have to unite, with Prussia at its head, in order to be a first rate European power and competitive with the Austrian empire. Served in 2 ambassadorships to Russia and Paris, gaining valuable experience in foreign service while showing himself to be a superb diplomat, with the ability to read and assess situations. Became Prime Minister at the age of 47 and dedicated the rest of his public life to the unification of the German state and its continuance, although he initially did not feel it would happen in his lifetime. Survived two assassination attempts, one in 1866 where he was shot several times by an anarchist to no ill effect, and the second in 1874, where he suffered a slight wound to his right hand by a Catholic cooper angered by his secular Kulturkampf policies. Virtually deified by the majority of Germans of his time after successive Prussian military victories over Austria and France insured the unification of Germany and its creation as an empire in 1871, at the cost of some 80,000 German lives. Initiated reforms, developed a common currency, as well as a single code of criminal and civil law, and devised a universal system of social welfare, although he saw himself as responsible to the emperor rather than parliament. Won effusive praise for his actions, was lionized by his countrymen, and had all sorts of towns, mountains and even flowers named after him. Presided over the Congress of Berlin in 1878 as mediator between the great powers of Europe, signaling Germany, at last, as one of them. His arch-conservatism came more to the fore in his domestic intransigence against anything that smelled of liberalism and he was forced to resign in 1890 at the end his of career when times had passed him by, despite having been the singular most powerful man in Europe for the 3 decades previous. Spent an embittered retirement working on his memoirs and issuing harsh critiques. Despite wealth, accomplishment and prestige, he felt that he had ultimately failed. Died of natural causes four years after his beloved wife passed away. Inner: Completely authoritarian opportunist, intolerant of opposition and totally ruthless in his objectives. Always seen in public in military uniform, despite no martial experience. Filled with periodic fits of hatred, literally making him vomit his own bile. Loved mastiffs, his favorite breed of dog, seeing himself in them. Willing to compromise conservative beliefs for the good of the state. Fluent in several languages, and enjoyed funny stories and wordplay, as well as good food and drink. Uberself-involved lifetime of making his iron will manifest, as he came to embody the Prussian spirit behind the elements that would ultimately unite into the German empire, which would then move beyond his limited imagination to become the monster that would devour his family in his next go-round in this series. Wenzel von Kaunitz (Wenzel Anton Kaunitz) (1711-1794) - Austrian state chancellor. Outer: From a noble Austrian family. As a younger son, he was set for a church career, but studied law instead. Entered the Austrian foreign service, and learned diplomacy from serving at the Sardinian court of the opportunistic Charles Emmanuel III, where he came to the attention of the Empress Maria Theresa (Queen Victoria), who sent him to the northern provinces of the Netherlands, which he governed, although he was unable to defend them from French designs. Married in 1736 to Maria Ernestine von Starhemberg. Four sons from the union, which lasted until 1754, when his wife died. Returned to the Hapsburg court to become a foreign minister. An avowed enemy of Prussia, he was ultimately able to negotiate a major change in the European systems of alliances, bringing France and Russia into the Austrian circuit. Made ambassador to Paris, then was appointed head of the Austrian State Chancery in 1756, and the following year, scored his alliance coup. Defeated by Friedrich II (J.P. Morgan) of Prussia in subsequent wars, despite his alliance, and negotiated the peace of Paris with him in 1763. The following year, he was made a prince. His power increased with the death of HRE Franz I (Joseph Albers) in 1765, and he became the trusted domestic, as well as foreign, adviser of the latter’s widow, Empress Maria Theresa, having earlier centralized Hapsburg authority. His power waned on the ascension of her son, Joseph II (Michael Moore), and the French Revolution destroyed the alliances he had formed, while he showed virtually no understanind of its full dynamic. Eventually, he was forced to resign after over 50 years of service, once more, a relic of the past. Died at his home, the Garten Palast. Inner: Had a preternatural fear of death, as well as fresh air, breathing through a handkerchief when he was out-of-doors. Vain, eccentric, but an astute statesman, imbued with own strong sense of personal power. In this and his succeeding 2 lives, he would become the avowed enemy of the state he had previously served, indicating a need to thoroughly understand his imagined enemies. Diplomatic master lifetime of successfully manipulating the European political landscape through the sheer dint of his will and vision, only to outlive the fruits of his international labors. Axel Oxenstierna (1583-1654) - Swedish chancellor. Outer: From a noble family that was deeply intertwined with Swedish his/story. Educated at several German universities, before entering government service, rising quickly through the council of state. In 1608, he married Anna Akesdotter Baat, the daughter of a noble. Thirteen children from the union with 5 surviving childhood. His daughter Kristina (Margalit Sharon), who was one of a pair of twins, ultimately wed Gen. Gustav Horn (Ariel Sharon). Became chancellor of Sweden in 1612 at the relatively young age of 28, after the accession of Gustavus II Adolphus (Yukio Mishima). Had the king draw up a charter against the abuses of the monarchy that had prevailed under his predecessor, Carl IX (Suge Knight). The pair had a strong working relationship, so that he was able to champion the rights of the aristocracy without trampling the royal authority of the equally just and wise king. Drafted the law that stabilized the constitution, and reorganized the government. Served as a diplomat in numerous important international negotiations and acted as governor-general of Prussia, while the king fought in the early stages of the Thirty Years’ War. Against doing battle with Germany and disapproved of several of the king’s moves, but executed the tasks asked of him, both diplomatically and militarily. When Gustavus was killed in battle in 1632, he followed through with his directives, only to find himself overwhelmed by financial and military difficulties, and for a while was a virtual prisoner of his unpaid soldiers. One of 5 regents who governed Sweden during the regency of Gustavus’s successor, Christiana (Laurie Anderson) although he did not participate in the government until his return to Sweden in 1636. For the next 8 years, he was the real ruler of the country, doing battle with hostile elements at court, while remaining a staunch defender of noble privileges. Created a count in 1645. Never had the same relationship with the queen as he did with the king, who saw him as a voice of the nobility rather than royalty. Extended the war in order to get the best terms for Sweden, and the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, which put an end to the Protestant/Catholic European split, justifying his patience. Able to accrue much property and wealth, while enhancing various Swedish institutions, from the economic to the educational to the martial to the judicial. The last years of his chancellorship were smoother, although he lost his wife five years before his demise, at which point, he had the satisfaction of a job well-done as he saw it. Inner: Wise, courageous, industrious and imperturbable, with a wry wit. Patriotic, pragmatic and extremely loyal to his own class, with a strong sense of order, allowing him to create uniform govenmental systems. Able to reject earlier ideas when they no longer were applicable, giving him an unusual flexibility. Upper tier lifetime of serving the nobility as a longtime officer of the state, trying to effect a balance between the aristocracy and royalty of Sweden to make it an effective pre-modern state. Casimir IV (1427-1492) - King of Poland. Outer: nd son of Wladyslaw II (Yitzhak Rabin), who was 75 at the time of his birth, and his 4th wife, Sofia. His older brother, Wladyslaw III (Yonatan Netanyahu), succeeded to the throne in 1434. Given no real education for rule, despite his position. At 13, he was sent to act as governor of Vilna for his brother, but was proclaimed grand duke in a coup by the nobles who hoped to use him for their own ends. His brother was subsequently killed in battle in 1444, and he was the only logical choice for king. After a three year interregnum, he was crowned in 1447, and showed an aptitude for power, choosing to live in Lithuania, which had nearly severed its ties with Poland, and to select his own counselors. Saw himself as the head of a dynasty, rather than the mere king of Poland, with Lithuania as his vast preserve. In 1454, he married Elisabeth of Austria, a member of the Hapsburg dynasty, and the daughter of HRE Albrecht II (Avigdor Lieberman). 13 children from the union, including his successor, Sigismund I (Golda Meir). Made advantageous marriages for all his children, so that 4 became kings, while 5 of his daughters wed German princes. Often absented himself from court for long stretches, and had little real interest in foreign affairs, although via circumstances, he enhanced Poland through an advantageous treaty with the Teutonic knights, whom he ultimately subjugated in 1466, in what would be the greatest triumph of his reign. Not overly concerned with domestic affairs, either, save in protecting the prerogatives of the crown. Governed mostly through his own counselors, and oversaw a unified state that probably benefitted from his strong focus on himself and his family’s interests, rather than overextending his reach into alien territories. Despite his efforts, both the Poles and Lithuanians thought he favored the others. Died suddenly while hunting in Lithuania. Inner: Mistrusting, sober, cautious, dignified, and narrow-minded, with his singular ambition that of being a dynasty builder. Patient and tenacious with a predilection for power. Also preferred physical activity to pursuits of the mind, thanks to his lack of education, although was no martial adept. Fertilizing lifetime of dynasty building and spreading his seed around the various courts of Europe, while enjoying power through the self-defined role of hyperpaterfamilias, rather than nation-builder and conqueror, to help hone his world vision. Heinrich X, duke of Bavaria (c1108-1139) - German noble. Known as “Heinrich the Proud.” Outer: Son of the duke of Bavaria, member of the Welf dynasty. Inherited enormous wealth and territory on his father’s death in 1126. The following year, he married Gertrude, the daughter of HRE Lothair III (William R. Hearst), making him the most powerful German noble of his time. Father of Duke Heinrich III (Ariel Sharon), who was known as “the Lion.” Successfully commanded the German armies in his struggles between the House of Hohenstaufen and the elected German kings for the crown of the Holy Roman Empire, supporting the latter. Accompanied Lothair to Italy as commander of part of the German army, then was defeated in an election to replace Lothair by the Hohenstaufens, and the new emperor, Konrad III (Sumner Redstone), deprived him of his duchies and put him under ban of the empire. In the ensuing civil war between the Welfs and the Hohenstaufens, he re-conquered part of his territory, but suddenly died before he could claim it all back. Inner: Prideful leader who inspired loyalty from both subjects and armies. Iron-willed lifetime of doing battle for his inherited territories and displaying his signature indomitable sense of purpose, while supporting his hidden family members against a rival, competitive house. Sergius I (c650-701) - Sicilian pope. Outer: From a Syrian family that settled in Palermo. Educated In Sicily before coming to Rome in his early 20s. Ordained as cardinal-priest of Santa Susanna in 683 by a fellow Sicilian, Leo II (Gian Malipiero), and held that post as he steadily rose through the church hierarchy. showing himself to be a skillful political infighter, besting two antipope candidates, as factions supporting each did battle with one another in the streets of Rome. Chosen by an admixture of judges, soldiers, clergy and citizens to be pope in 687, taking on the name of Sergius I. Because of his large support, he was able to force one of his rivals out, although the other, Paschal, tried to elicit the military help of the exarch of Ravenna with a promise of gold, only to see the latter loot St. Peter’s Basilica and depart. In recompense, he had Paschal confined to a monastery as a practitioner of the black arts. Consecrated at year’s end, as pontiff of the extended Byzantine papacy, while its western version saw the deaths of several pontiffs, culminating in someone who took on the name of Sergius, as well, setting up the precedent of popes adopting new names upon their election to the Chair of St. Peter. Enjoyed great popular acclaim, while making the establishment of the English church one of the bedrocks of his pontificate, with ordinations of bishops and the archbishop of Canterbury. When the Byzantine emperor Justinian II (Adolf Hitler) proclaimed the primacy of the Patriarch of Constantinople, he refused to acknowledge the Quinisext Decrees he issued supporting that assertion, nor did he approve of the 85 Apostolic canons it approved, because of the difference in doctrines and practices between the two churches. Following the detention of a bishop and papal legate, Justinian ordered his arrest and kidnapping, although the imperial armies in Rome rallied to his defense, as he diplomatically defused the situation. Shortly afterwards, Justinian was deposed, and the conflict was largely forgotten, with the Roman see maintaining its primacy over the Christian world of the time. Added the “Agnus Dei” to the mass, since the depiction of Jesus as a lamb had been prohibited by the Byzantine council. Repaired and adorned many basilicas and also instituted processions to various churches. Canonized after his death, with September 8th his feast day. Inner: Strong-willed, politically aware, and able to foster popular support for himself, while augmenting both the ritual and rite of the early medieval church. Steady hand on the sceptre lifetime of standing up to a tyrant and enhancing the early Roman papacy through his ongoing instinct for extending and augmenting the power of whatever polity, be it religious or political that he finds himself the head of. Herod Antipas (c21BZ-39AZ) - Galilean tetrach. Outer: 2nd son of Herod the Great (Adolph Hitler), mother was a Samaritan. Married Phasaelis, the daughter of the Nabataean king. Inherited part of his father’s kingdom in his late teens through Roman decree, and worked on restoring his family name by rebuilding, after the monomaniacal exit of his sire. Divorced his wife and married Herodias (Diana Mitford), his half-brother’s divorced wife, which alienated his Jewish subjects, since the act ran counter to Mosaic Law. His wife had him imprison John the Baptist (Martin Heidigger) for preaching against their union. When his daughter Salome danced before him, he was so pleased he told her she could have anything she wanted. At the instigation of his wife, she asked for the head of John the Baptist on a platter, an act he was extremely loath to condemn, despite his grievous reaction to it. Created a new administration center in Tiberias, which he had named after the Roman emperor, and encouraged his wealthier Jewish subjects, who supported him. When Jesus of Nazareth was first arrested, he was sent to him, and the tetrarch was eager to see the miracle-worker, but when he performed no magic, he sent him back to Pontius Pilate (Rudolph Hess), refusing to pass judgment on him. Remained close with the imperial family, serving as a mediator for them. Attacked the Nabataean king around the year 37 for his earlier repudiation of his daughter. Eventually banished to Gaul by the emperor Caligula (Napoleon Bonaparte), after Herodias tried to manipulate events against her brother Herod Agrippa I (David Ben-Gurion), only to have her scheme backfire, and have their lands added to her sibling’s tetrachy. Died in exile. Inner: Crafty, well-meaning traditionalist, albeit caught up in the machinations of others, while being present at the creation of Christianity and an unwilling perpetrator of its martyrology. Blemished lifetime of failing to see what was really happening, because of his concerns of rule, leading to a subsequent need for atonement and spiritual service.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS IRON-WILLED WARRIOR:
Storyline: The bearish bulldozer brings his martial skills and political intransigence to bear on a host of conflicting cultures, paralleling his longtime twin, in his need to experience their shared polarized view of the world.

Ariel Sharon (Ariel Ben-Dvora Scheinerman) (1928-2014) - Israeli general and politician. Known as “the Bulldozer.” Outer: Parents were ardent Zionists from Russia who had emigrated to Palestine after WW I, and became farmers and cooperative members of one of the first settlements. His father was prickly and suspicious of everyone, including fellow settlers, while his formidable mother slept with an ax under her bed and taught her son to never trust Arabs. The family frequently had to defend their land, which instilled a belligerent territorial prerogative in their son. 5’7” and solidly built, eventually ballooning to over 300 pounds. After high school, he enrolled in officer’s training and became an instructor of the Haganah police units that were part of the defense force which protected Jewish settlements before the creation of the state of Israel. Participated in the 1948 war of independence, where he was badly wounded in the stomach, symbol of power being tested. Idolized by his troops, always leading them into battle at their head, often in an armored car stocked with caviar and vodka. Continually clashed with his superiors, with his battle plans always centering around his own central authority, a habit pattern which would last his entire life. Became a military intelligence officer in 1949 and worked in both intelligence and reconnaissance afterwards. A military adept, he was continually praised for his martial skills but criticized for his total lack of humanity towards his perceived arabic enemy. Married twice, his first mate, Margalit, was killed in a car accident in 1962, while his 2nd wife, Lily, a painter, was her sister, 2 sons from the first union, 2 sons from the second. In 1967, one of his sons was killed while playing with an antique shotgun and died in his arms. Received a law degree, was made a major general and contributed greatly to Israeli successes in the 1967 and 1973 wars with their Arab neighbors. His ruthlessness foreshortened his military career, despite his obvious talents and his great love of martial artistry, and he resigned when he failed to be made chief of staff and entered politics, helping form the conservative Likud Party. Served in the Knesset, the Israeli parliament, and became part of Menachem Begin’s cabinet as minister of agriculture in charge of settlements. Strong proponent for building in occupied Arab territories. Made minister of defense, planned an invasion of Lebanon in 1982, and was censured for subsequent refugee camp massacres, where 800 people were slaughtered by Christian militias. Resigned, but remained a highly public figure, pushing his uncompromising stance in maintaining Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank, even after governmental agreements to surrender them. Remained an opposition figure in succeeding Labor administrations, never deviating from his hardline view. Wrote his autobiography, “Warrior,” in 1989. Made foreign minister in Binjamin Netanyahu’s Likud government, and remained a harsh voice of Israeli discontent, even after the latter’s pre-millennial loss of office, at which point he assumed control of the party. An ill-advised visit to the Temple Mount in 2000, precipitated the worst violence in years between Israelis and Palestinians, with the second intifada although he refused to shoulder blame for his action, and the following year he became Israeli prime minister, during which time the violence between Palestinians and Israelis escalated to new depths, thanks to his aggressive policies. His 2nd wife died of cancer just before he was elected. Despite mega-violence, and a campaign-financing scandal, he handily won re-election in 2003, when he called for an early vote. Created a coalition government from largely secular elements, and remained a worldwide bugaboo figure for Israeli intransigence, despite publicly stating the same year that the Israeli occupation was unsustainable, much to the shock of his party. In 2005, he oversaw the evacuation of all Israeli settlements in the Gaza Strip, after earlier having championed them, and for the first time in Israel’s his/story, he established a recognized permanent western border to the country, finally seeing that a two-state solution with the Palestinians was the only viable option for Israel. At year’s end, he left Likud to found a new centrist party, Kadima or Forward, in anticipation of the spring elections of 2006, before suffering a mild stroke at year’s end, and then a major one soon afterwards, which put him in a coma. When Israel struck back at Hizbollah in Lebanon the following summer with a full-scale invasion, his health deteriorated, in subconscious reaction to a stance he probably would not have taken, because of his previous failures in that country, and his feeling that the Palestinian situation was of far more importance than avenging the kidnapping of several Israeli soldiers, which he had previously dealt with by trading prisoners for them, rather than overreacting to Hizbollah aggression. Down to 110 lbs. by 2010, at which time, he was brought home to his sheep ranch to continue his round-the-clock care. After seven totally comatose years, he suddenly began showing signs of brain life in 2013, responding to stimuli of a personal nature. Finally died in a medical facility the following year. Two years prior to his death, a revered 103 year old rabbi announced the messiah would appear following his demise. Inner: Hardliner, impulsive, arrogant, authoritarian, aggressive, dogmatic and violently partisan, although ultimately a pragmatist. Strong Jewish nationalist, albeit not a practicing religionist, believing the existence of Israel is central to Jewish survival on the planet. Great need to show Israelis are fighters, while fretting over the softness of the generations that succeeded him. Ironic angelic first name belied his militarist personality. Huge stomach, symbolic of distorted use of power. Abrasive lifetime of linking with longtime hidden family members to represent the conservative, uncompromising half of the duality of modern Israel, before finally seeing some light at life’s near end, only to slip off into extended unconsciousness. Albrecht von Roon (Albrecht Theodore Emil, Graf von Roon) (1803-1879) - Prussian general. Outer: Son of a Prussian army officer, but orphaned in childhood and raised by his maternal grandparents. Large, stout and aggressive. Entered the military cadet school in Berlin and was commissioned an officer in 1821. Served at the Berlin War Academy, and after further assignment at the headquarters of the army corps, he published a 3 volume work in 1832 critiquing the inefficiency of the Prussian army. Aided future emperor Wilhelm I (Helmut Kohl) in suppressing an insurrection at Baden and rose rapidly afterwards, becoming a general in 1850 and then war minister in 1859. Reorganized the Prussian army by extending the term of mandatory service as well as adding to its manpower through a ready reserve. Although his innovations were roundly despised, and he was the most hated man in Prussia the decade prior to the unification of the German states, they proved highly effective in the Franco-Prussian War, giving Germany the most efficient war machine on the continent. Along with Otto von Bismarck (Menachem Begin), who was a valuable political ally, and Helmuth von Moltke (Yitzhak Rabin), he helped bring about the formation of the German Empire, from a military standpoint. Raised to the title of count in 1871, and field marshal 2 years later, he resigned office because of ill health shortly afterwards and went into retirement, satisfied at a job well done. Inner: Administrator rather than an active warrior, with good analytic abilities and sense of order. His loyalty and sense of duty inspired the nickname, “the king’s sergeant,” while his opponents called him “Ruffian Roon.” Iron-willed lifetime of designing military experience, rather than submerging himself in it, while working closely with longtime family members, in order to add to his martial expertise. Leopold von Daun (Leopold Joseph, Graf von Daun) (1705-1766) - Austrian field marshal. Outer: From the Austrian nobility. Both his grandfather and father had been distinguished generals. Originally intended for the church, but the family’s martial background proved irresistible. Began his military career in his early teens, fighting in Sicily in his sire’s regiment, and gradually rose in command in various theaters, culminating the first part of his career in the War of the Austrian Succession, at which point he had already been elevated to the level of general. Given the task of reorganizing the Austrian army, from the training level on up. Founded a cadet school, the Theresian Military Academy, and was an advocate of classic maneuvers, creating a much more efficient fighting force through his attention to all the details of his empire’s military machine. Although an overcautious general, he was able to defeat Friedrich II (J.P. Morgan) of Prussia in the early stages of the Seven Years’ War. The empress Maria Theresa (Queen Victoria) greatly valued his services. Made a knight of the Golden Fleece, and in 1754, was raised to the rank of field marshal. Made supreme commander, he had several more victories before finally being defeated and severely wounded by Friedrich’s forces, causing his retirement from the battlefield. Became president of the Imperial War Council, where he championed further reform, from the top to the bottom, with a particular emphasis on the communication links from central command. Inner: Martial adept, with a particular skill for organization and teaching. Criticized for being overly cautious but did far better against the military genius of the age, Friedrich II than any other Austrian general. Learning lifetime of combining active duty with design, while enhancing his martial analytic skills, an ongoing preoccupation of his. Gustav Horn, Count of Pori (1592-1657) - Swedish/Finnish general. Outer: From a Finnish noble family. Father was a field marshal, who was imprisoned at the time of his birth, following a loss to the Russians. Youngest of four sons, along with three sisters. Received a solid education, including studying military sciences under Maurice of Orange (Napoleon Bonaparte) in the Netherlands. Pursued a military career, fighting the Russians, and was seriously wounded in 1621, although recovered, and continued to show his valor in the field. Made a member of the Swedish Royal Council in 1625, and a field marshal three years later, at the relatively young age of 35. At the same time, he married Kristina Oxenstierna (Margalit Sharon), one of a pair of twin daughters of Sweden’s chancellor, Axel Oxenstierna (Menachem Begin). One daughter from the union. Made second in command to king Gustavus II Adolphus (Yukio Mishima), at the outset of the Thirty Years’ War, when Protestant and Catholic Europe had at one another. Proved successful against Johann von Tilly (Yitzhak Rabin), and stormed through Germany, including the stronghold of the Teutonic Order. Following the death of Gustavus II in 1632, he, along with general John Baner, was given overall command of Swedish troops in Germany, while his father-in-law led the civil government. Observed strict discipline with his men so that they did not plunder and pillage. Failed to mesh with Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar (Dan Halutz), and following the assassination of controversial imperial general Albrecht von Wallenenstein (Arnold Schwarzenegger) in 1634, he met with his first defeats, before being taken prisoner and held in a castle until 1642, at which point, he was exchanged for a trio of imperial generals. Following his wife’s death, he married Sigrid Bielke in 1643, two daughters from the union. Made vice president of the War Department of the government, and returned to the field in 1644, fighting against the Danes, conquering most of Sweden’s southernmost province. Made count of Pori in 1651, and finished his career as Governor-General of Livonia, as well as Lord High Constable of Sweden and president of its War Department. His final opponent was Poland, against whom he served as director of Sweden’s defensive forces, during the second Northern War, only to die in the middle of it. Inner: Skilled commander and administrator, with excellent battlefield instincts. His imprisonment was a reflection of his father’s status at his birth, and a need, on some level, for forced self-evaluation. Blow your own horn lifetime of proving up to the challenges thrown at him as one of the outstanding commanders of a continent-wide war that saw the best of the time going up against one another. Jan I Olbrecht Jagiellon (1459-1501) - Polish king. Outer: Third son of Casimir IV (Menachem Begin), and fourth of eight children, with three sisters. Mother was the daughter of the king of Hungary. Showed his mettle in battle against the Tatars in 1487, and three years later, he was proposed for the Hungarian throne, although his older brother, Wladislaus assumed it in his stead. After being made Duke of Glogow in 1492, he succeeded his father as king of Poland, thanks to the help of a brother who was archbishop of Krakow. Inherited a throne that was weakened by the secession of Lithuania, which empowered local nobles contra the crown, since the state was continually vulnerable to the territorial greed of the great powers that surrounded it, including the Hapsburgs in Germany, the Ottomans in Turkey, and the Ruriks in Moscow. Wished to be seen as Christendom’s champion against the Muslim Turks, and was able to use his brother’s position as king of Hungary and Bohemia, to enhance his own status as gallant knight of the cross. While the HRE and the duke of Moscow viewed him as an enemy, he formed an alliance with Moldavia, and in 1496, led an army of 80,000 on crusade, although failed to gain the support of his brother Wladislas, as well as his younger sibling Alexander (Benny Begin), who was then the Grand Duke of Lithuania. Instead, he wound up invaded by the ruler of Moldavia, when the latter was deliberately misinformed around his designs on the throne of his country for his younger sibling, Sigismund (Golda Meir). In the resultant confusion, he was defeated and forced to retreat, although not before confiscating hundreds of estates. Poland was then open to more Tatar raids, with his neighbors taking full advantage of his reduced position. Forced the new Grand Master of the Teutonic knights to pay him homage, and then died suddenly in the royal chamber of Torun’s town hall, although his diplomatic efforts at reaching some sort of truce with the Teutonic order came to fruition two years later, in an unstable truce. Had his heart buried in Torun’s cathedral. Never married and left no heirs. Inner: Despite his failures, enjoyed the support of the populace, and was an aggressive warrior, through and through. Royal lifetime of continuing with his longtime family in a reduced realm that even his skilled martial artistry could not save from the powerhouses that surrounded it, as well as a rebellious nobility that gave short shrift to its ruler. Heinrich III, duke of Saxony and Bavaria (1129-1195) - German noble. Known as “Henry the Lion.” Outer: Of the Welf dynasty. Only son of Heinrich X (Menachem Begin), duke of Bavaria, who had struggled with the ruling House of Hohenstauffen and was forced to fight to regain some of his lands. Mother was the daughter of HRE Lothair III (William R. Hearst). Became duke at the age of 13, and spent his early years trying to recover the territories his father had lost. Made peace with his Hohenstauffen cousin, HRE Friedrich I Barbarossa (Michael Milken) when he was elected king of the Germans in 1152, and strongly supported him for the next 2 decades, and, in turn, had his claims to Bavaria recognized. Accompanied Friedrich on his first Italian campaign, then suppressed a Roman uprising for him. Took part in several more expeditions for him, providing valuable martial assistance. Expanded his duchy of Saxony, laid the foundation for the city of Munich and gradually extended his base, Christianizing and commercializing it, while continually adding to his domains by any and every means possible, including appropriating lands from extinct dynasties, causing several German princes to unite against his unabashed ambitions, although Friedrich intervened on his behalf. In 1168, at the height of his power, he married the daughter of Henry II (Kathleen Kennedy) of England, father of HRE Otto IV (Chris Patten). Served as an ambassador for Friedrich and took a holy pilgrimage to Jerusalem, where he was received with great honor. Fell out with Friedrich over asking too high a price as support for his campaigns against the papal armies, and found himself deprived of his duchies and his imperial fiefs, and his domain broken up and redistributed. The territorial alteration caused the subsequent story of Germany to be one of small principalities rather than a potential united state. Defeated in battle, he spent 3 years in exile in England at the court of his father-in-law. Returned in 1185, but refused to participate in the 3rd Crusade and was banished again. After the emperor’s death, he finally reached accord with Friedrich’s son, Heinrich VI (J. Paul Getty), but continued intriguing against the House of Hohenstaufen until his death. Inner: Lion-hearted warrior, continually fighting to assert his own considerable will, and in the process, dictated the future his/story of Germany through his greed and intransigence, as well as unconsciously altering the future story of Europe. Arrogant, self-aggrandizing, unmindful of anyone’s will but his own. Mein-way-or-der-highway lifetime of doing endless battle of wills, as a personification of the disunity and overweening reach of Germany, which would not be able to come together for another 700 years, thanks in some small part to himself. Constantine (664-715) - Syrian pope. Outer: Early life largely obscured, although he may have been the brother of Pope Sissinius (Golda Meir), whom he succeeded. Raised in Syria, he was fluent in Greek, and quite conversant with the religious ways of the Eastern church. Visited Constantinople twice, once as a Roman legate, when he was part of a delegation chosen to represent the western church’s view on the Monothelist dispute, over the human and divine nature of Jesus. Begat a friendship with the future Justinian II (Adolf Hitler) during both occasions. Joined the Roman clergy, rising to the cardinalate. Followed Sissinius’s brief pontificate onto the throne of St. Peter in 708, as the sole candidate who had the favor of both the Byzantine authorities and the Roman clergy. Took on an extremely powerful warrior name, one of the very few popes to give himself an Eastern appellation. At this time, Justinian took vengeance on Ravenna for his earlier overthrow prior to his reclaiming his throne, in an attempt to break the will of the new pope. Called before the emperor in Constantinople immediately afterwards in order to settle the decrees set forth by the Quinsext Council, which enumerated various practices deemed inappropriate to the western church because of their pagan origins, but he proved to be of equal resolute will. The decrees had been largely ignored by his predecessors, although he readily agreed to come to Constantinople along with a contingent of thirteen, feeling himself quite at home there, while also desiring to keep both the eastern and western church from splitting apart over doctrinal differences. Made a spectacular triumphant entrance into the city on horseback, with a diadem atop his head, which was usually only reserved by the Byzantine sovereign. The two finally met in Nicomedia, with some reports saying the emperor prostrated himself before the pontiff, although the duo probably greeted one another formally with both on their feet. Administrated communion to Justinian afterwards as a sign of his readmission to the church, and the latter, in turn, issued the empire’s confirmation of privileges accorded the western church. The actual negotiations were conducted by the future Gregory II (Vladimir Nabokov), in what would prove to be a compromise, with neither side relinquishing anything of import to the other. Proved intransigent on the issue of retaining Roman power, while the negotiations were geared far more towards a sense of east-west unity than actually resolving differences between the two churches. Returned to Rome, and a month after he left Constantinople, Justinian was overthrown and killed. His successor, Philippicus (Hermann Goering) was an adherent of the Monophysite heresy, and demanded the pope bow to his view. Thoroughly rejected the latter, refusing to mention him in mass or receive commemorative coins and a portrait with the short-lived emperor’s image. Able to control any Italian attempts at acknowledging the Byzantine empire’s will, and in 713, the new emperor Anastasius II (Alfred Krupp) returned support for him, because he was afraid of losing his throne via pontifical condemnation. Wound up imposing his will over Byzantium, and died shortly thereafter. Inner: Strong-willed and a continual upholder of Roman supremacy, even in the face of the monstrous will of Byzantium. Unyielding lifetime of using his innate sense of power and dominance to give the papacy a further boost of primacy during a time when Rome was extremely vulnerable to the martial wills of far stronger armies. Herod Archelaus (22BZ-18AZ) - Judaean ethnarch. Outer: Son of Herod I (Adolf Hitler), mother was a Samaritan. Brother of Herod Antipas (Menachem Begin) and half/brother of Philip (Yitzhak Rabin). On his father’s death in 4BZ, he was given the largest part of his kingdom, and went to Rome to defend his claim against his two brothers, winning the approval of the emperor Augustus (FDR), although he was not allowed to use the title of king, but rather ethnarch, so as to emphasize his dependence on Rome. Because he was not really one of them, he was not viewed kindly by his subjects, who repeatedly complained about his harsh and tyrannical rule. Brought to Rome in 6AZ, where he was unsuccessfully defended by the future emperor Tiberius (Lucien Bonaparte), he was stripped of his title and exiled to Gaul, where he died a dozen years later. Inner: Hard-hearted lifetime of evincing his powerful will and his inability to brook opposition, two traits he would continually be forced to deal with, in his ongoing bellicose dance down through time. Jephthah (fl. 12th cent BZ) - Israeli judge. Outer: From the tribe of Manasseh. His name meant ‘open’ or ‘opener.’ Mother was a prostitute, father held the same name as the area in which he lived. Because of his illegitimacy, his half-brothers drove him from their home, since they did not wish to share their inheritance with him. Settled in the land of Tob, where he and his followers lived the life of freebooters, and he earned the reputation of being a mighty warrior. When the Ammonites threatened the Gileadites, the elders of Gilead implored him to lead their forces in battle against them. Despite his initial reluctance, he agreed and he was made permanent leader of his people and commander over them. Tried diplomacy first, which failed, then prior to doing battle with the Ammonites, he promised his sense of the divine that whoever came out of the door of his home to first greet him after his victory, he would give that being as sacrificial burnt offering, thinking it would be an animal. Proved victorious in battle, devastating a host of towns, as his enemy easily fell to him. When he returned home, his daughter, who was his only child, came dancing out to greet him. On seeing her, he rent his clothes and cried, while she said she would abide by her sacrifice if she were given two months to roam the hills and weep with her friends, since she would now never marry. At the end of that period, he unhappily sacrificed her. Served as judge for six years, leading the Gileadites into battle against the tribe of Ephraim, killing over 40,000 of them, before passing from the Biblical narrative. Inner: Natural leader and excellent military strategist. Supposedly had supernatural strength. Also rash and headstrong, creating problems for himself that could have easily been avoided. Seen by some as a victim of his own hubris. Hero/victim lifetime of failing to see past his own lack of vision, and suffering mightily for it, despite his formidable presence on the battlefield and innate abilities as a leader.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS AS ONGOING PRINCE OF POWERFUL FAMILIES:
Storyline: The crypto-kaiser returns as the son of a strongman, only to continue to display his political rigidity after many an inept go-round in the royal sphere, while evincing an incipient talent in the unrelated realm of science as a possibility for more satisfying futures for himself.

vBenny Begin (Dr. Ze’ev Binyamin Begin) (1943) - Israeli geologist, bureaucrat and politician. Outer: Father was Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin. Both his parents were Polish and extremely close with one another. Oldest of three, with two younger sisters, all born after their progenitors migrated to Israel. Received a B.Sc. and a M.Sc. in geology from the Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, and, after getting his graduate degree, went to work for the Geological Survey of Israel from 1965 to 1988 as head of the division for Environmental Geology and Hydrology, and then chief of Mapping, Marine Geology and its Computer Center, before completing his Ph.d. at Colorado State University in 1978. Served in the Israeli army from 1960 to 1963 in the armored corps and then volunteered again from 1975 to 1976. Married with six children, with a fighter pilot son dying young. Began his elective political career as a member of his father’s party, Likud, winning a seat in the Knesset in 1988, where he proved to be well-liked, unassuming and largely ineffectual. At the same time he became head of the Research Institute of the College of Judea and Samaria. Five years later, he made a bid for party leadership, only to lose to Binjamin Netanyahu, thanks to an abject lack of charisma. Served the latter as his science minister for a year, before resigning in 1997 over the Hebron Protocol, and its promise of Israeli troop withdrawal from the contested West Bank city, while becoming a fierce critic of the Netanyahu government. Despite being seen as batty and reactionary for his stances, he tried to lead Likud hardline right-wingers into the nationalist Herut Party founded by his father, only to see little popular support for it. At century’s near-turn, he resigned his Knesset seat and withdrew from politics, returning to his bureaucratic career, feeling isolated and embittered. Appointed director of the Geological Survey of Israel in the new century, but towards decade’s end, he returned to the Likud Party, and won a seat in the Knesset in 2009, before being appointed Minister without Portfolio in the second Netanyahu administration. Inner: Modest and unpretentious with a reputation as Mr. Clean. Strongly Zionist and nationalist, as a conservative right-winger with little sympathy for his country’s Arab population. Uncompromising and inflexible while harboring a view that Israeli public life lacks seriousness. Deeply opposed to a Palestinian state, seeing greater Israel as a Jewish mandate from God. Nonroyal lifetime of continuing his fascination with power via familial connections, while expanding a longheld interest in science as a back-up focus, in his ongoing uncoordinated and largely ineffectual dance on the public stages of his times. vWilhelm II (1859-1941) - German Emperor. Outer: Eldest son of Emperor Friedrich III (Oscar Lafontaine) and Victoria (Princess Margaret), the daughter of Queen Victoria (Mary Renault). First and favorite grandchild of the latter. Born with a withered left arm which never grew to normal size, symbol of his own retarded sense of emotionality and spirituality. His mother dominated him, and tried to instill within him liberal values that were at odds with his Prussian make-up, causing a confusion of internal character that was part English gentleman and part Prussian warlord. Neither were ever integrated within him, making him indecisive, moody and irresolute. In love with a cousin, who rejected him. In 1881, he married Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein, the plain, dull daughter of a duke who brought out the reactionary in him, 7 children from the union, while she proved a close and constant companion to him. Ascended to the throne at age of 29, on his father’s tragic death from cancer of the throat, showing little sympathy towards his sire’s suffering, viewing it as a channel for himself to reign. Immediately forced the aged chancellor, Otto von Bismarck (Menachem Begin) to resign, and concentrated on foreign rather than domestic policy, in keeping with his own emphasis on the external, despite having little gift or insight in that arena. Insulted England with a tactless interview in 1908, thanks to his disdain for the English king and receded somewhat from public affairs as a result. Pursued a policy of massive naval construction, in an effort to compete with Britain’s greatest strength. Frightened at the prospect of a world war, but did nothing to stop the country’s mobilization efforts, and, in essence, handed Germany over to its generals. The conduct of WW I was taken totally out of his hands by them, as was Germany’s initial involvement in it. Refused to abdicate at war’s end, before finally seeking asylum in the Netherlands, where he spent the rest of his life. A year after the suicide of one of their sons, his first wife died in 1921, which devastated him, and he married Hermine Reuss, the widow of a German prince, no children from the union, before disappearing his final 2 decades from the world’s consciousness. Pursued an interest in archaeology, while killing animals and birds by the score in his passion for hunting, which largely deforested his Netherlander estate. Hoped that the rise of the Nazis would reinstitute an interest in restoring the monarchy, although distrusted Hitler, who, in turn, thought little of him. Eventually died of a pulmonary embolism, and his mausoleum became a shrine for German monarchists, and extreme right-wingers. Inner: Moody dualistic character, much psychoanalyzed by his/storians. Quick-witted, and a reflector of German will rather than a leader and molder of it. Restless, irresolute, thoroughly unintegrated. Saber-rattler and vacillator, who never took charge of his nation, but rather let events dictate the flow of his reign. End-of-the-line lifetime of being in position to radically alter world his/story but without the abilities or self-confidence to do so. vFriedrich Wilhelm III (1770-1840) - King of Prussia. Outer: Son of the king of Prussia, who neglected him, resulting in feelings of his inadequacy. In 1793, he married Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria, a beautiful and strong-minded aristocrat whose loss from early death in 1810 left him unable to cope with his office. Had 10 children by her, including his successor Friedrich Wilhelm IV (Erich Pommer). Ascended the throne at age 27, and proved himself to be well-intentioned but vacillating and weak-willed. Eventually committed himself to the allied cause against Napoleon, and, after Prussia’s defeat against his forces, he was forced to seek refuge with the emperor of Russia, Alexander I (Mikhail Gorbachev), who exerted a hypnotic influence over him, while he lost considerable territory in the peace treaty over his country’s failed martial adventures. Compelled to join the Napoleonic invasion of Russia, he was saved by his general, Johann Yorck von Wartenberg’s decision to withdraw and joined the allied cause against Napoleon, and in the subsequent victory over the French forces, regained his lost territories. Despite his hostility to reforms, he had extremely effective ministers and generals reorganize his state politically and militarily. Played the constitutional monarch, but was resistant and distrusting of all forms of liberalism. In 1824 he married again, with no issue, and continued to remain hostile to all threats against his power, preferring to surround himself with mediocrities, as Prussian fortunes once again declined under his uninspiring rule. Inner: Harbored a huge inferiority complex, which was heightened by the imperatives of ruling a key martial arena. Contradictory lifetime of being a weak ruler over a strong state with the constant fear that his power would be taken away from him, necessitating a return where that fear would be actualized. Friedrich IV (1574-1610) - German elector of the Palatinate. Outer: Only surviving son of the Palatinate elector Louis VI, who died in 1583. His uncle, John Casimir, a confirmed Calvinist, became his guardian, and on the latter’s death in 1592, he succeeded him and continued his policies of opposing the Catholic Church and the Hapsburg dynasty and aiding foreign Protestants, although because of his alcoholism and infirmity, let others run governmental affairs. Enjoyed the trappings of office rather than its substance and power, as his policies drifted towards the divisive ideology of Europe at the time, between Catholics and Protestants. In 1593, he married Louise Juliana, the half-sister of Maurice of Nassau (Napoleon), the leader of the Dutch Republic, establishing common purpose with the Netherlands. 8 children from the union, with his eldest son, of Maurice of Nassau (Napoleon), the leader of the Dutch Republic, establishing common purpose with the Netherlands. His son from the union, Friedrich V (Oscar Lafontaine) became his successor. Also stayed in close contact with the future king of France, Henri of Navarre (FDR), although was unable to make the other diplomatic alliances necessary to combat the forces of Catholicism, which wanted to wipe out the Protestant heresy from the continent. With its failures abroad, the Palatinate worked towards uniting the German Protestant princes, eventually forming the Union of Evangelical Estates in 1608 under his nominal leadership. Changed his will several times, before ultimately naming his son as his successor. Inner: Extremely given to pomp and luxury, while showing little real sense of leadership over a pivotal buffer state in the ongoing battles of religion of the time. Vacillating, escapist and physically and emotionally impaired. Weak-seed lifetime of bringing his character failings to yet another pivotal throne, and laying the groundwork for its failure. Alexander I Jagiellon (1461-1506) - Polish king. Outer: Of the House of Jagiellon. Fourth son of Polish king Casimir IV Jagiellon (Menachem Begin), and fifth of eight children. Mother was the daughter of the king of Hungary. In 1495, he wed Helena, the daughter of Ivan III (Kim Il Sung), the Grand Duke of Moscow. No children from the union, after she suffered two miscarriages, and was unable to procreate. Succeeded his sire as Grand Duke of Lithuania on the former’s death in 1492. Younger brother of Jan Olbrecht I (Ariel Sharon), who preceded him on the throne, and older brother of Sigismund I (Golda Meir) who succeeded him. On his inheriting Poland’s threadbare throne in 1501, he immediately came into conflict with his magnates, who recognized him as far weaker than his sire and siblings. Subsequently deprived of control of the mint, which had been a primary source of income for the crown, while his power and prerogatives were greatly curtailed. Unable to stand up to the Teutonic Knights, or his father-in-law, who also took full advantage of his weakness, and had the Tatars ravage Lithuania, which allowed Moscow to expand its territorial hold considerably. Also saw neighboring Moldavia exploit his inability to defend himself, despite the papacy’s support to help resist the Teutonic Knights. Also felt an alien in Poland, clearly favoring his fellow Lithuanians. Enjoyed one final victory over the Tatars as he lay on his deathbed. Following his demise, Polish became the official language of his Jagiellon house, which lasted until almost the end of the century. His wife outlived him by seven years, and may have been ultimately poisoned, while he also may have fathered a son, creating a crypto-branch of his dynasty. Inner: Largely inept and out of his depth in a deeply besieged kingdom, where he was treated as a lesser servant of its nobility, despite his regal status. Ragged royal robes lifetime of once again showing his inability to lead, despite the endless opportunities via accident of birth given him over the millennium. vWenceslas I (1361-1419) - Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Son of HRE Karl IV (Angela Merkel). Older brother of Sigismund I (Oscar Lafontaine). Acceded to the Bohemian throne at the age of 2, and crowned HRE at age of 24, succeeding his father 2 years later. Peace-loving and incompetent, with a far greater passion for hunting than statecraft. In 1370, he married Johanna of Bavaria, no issue from the union. So fond of his hunting hounds that he took them to bed with him, and his first wife was supposedly bitten to death by them in 1386. Extremely perverse, he often would get drunk and roam the streets at night and break into houses and rape the wives of his terrified citizenry. Once roasted his own cook on a spit, when he disapproved of the meal given him. In addition, he steadily gambled away the family inheritance. As a reflection of his disintegrated character, his territories swiftly plunged into chaotic warfare between its princes, while he whiled away his time in Prague, refusing to appoint a governor in his place. As he steadily lost his base, his rebellious nobility eventually deposed him in his continued absence, although he maintained his nominal title the rest of his life. Fared little better in Bohemia, falling victim to the intrigues of his cousin Jobst, who led a revolt that imprisoned him. Stripped of his power after his release, he was dethroned and imprisoned by his brother, Sigismund. Found solace in drinking and total passivity, despite his ultimate restoration to title if not power. Heirless, despite a 2nd marriage in 1389 to Sofia of Bavaria, cousin of his first spouse, his throne passed to his brother on his death, after a fit of apoplexy, while hunting in the woods. Inner: Debased, perverse and not particularly intelligent, with an extremely cruel, perfidious constitution. Totally unable to control the tempestuous temper of his times. Inept lifetime, as always, of being overwhelmed by office, and sinking into the oblivion of his lack of character for rule, in his ongoing role of infusing the German states with the unbalanced leadership it periodically needs to deflate its territorial appetites. Alexius III Angelus (c1153-c1211) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: From a provincial family whose fortunes rose precipitously when the daughter of the emperor Alexius I (Michael Milken) married his grandfather. Second son of a military commander. Married Euphrosyne Boukaina, the daughter of a high-ranking official, and far superior to her avaricious husband, whom she dominated. Three daughters from the union. After his younger brother Isaac II Angelus (Oscar LaFontaine) was acclaimed emperor in 1185, he began coveting the throne, despite no overt gift for rule. Released by Isaac from captivity in Antioch, and loaded with honors, but it made no difference to his overweening imperial ambition. Saw his opportunity ten years into his sibling’s reign, and took advantage with the help of his wife and her supporters, to overthrow his sibling, and have him blinded and tossed into prison. Forced to deplete his treasury in order to buy acceptance from various powerful groups, while giving his officers such free license, that his armies were similarly weakened. His eight year run would be a low point in the empire, as its disintegration became more and more apparent to its enemies, through financial and martial ruin. His empress Euphrosyne, who ruled in his stead, while he pursued his idle vices, was unable to check his excesses, to the point where her favorite was assassinated on his orders before being able to actualize any meaningful reform. Stripped of her royal robes afterwards, and sent to a convent, although she was reinstated six months later at the behest of her pleading relatives. Throughout its domains, the empire was overrun, with Seljuk Turks rampaging from the east, and Bulgarians invading from the north, while he trifled with his palaces and gardens, showing far more interest in personal imperial display than rule. In 1202, his nephew, Alexius IV (Eric IV), escaped from the city and begged the western princes of the Fourth Crusade to overthrow him, with the promise he would heal the schism between the eastern and western churches, so that they would be fighting for a united Christendom. In 1203, they arrived in Constantinople, and were able to scale its walled defenses and take the city. Hid in his palace throughout the siege, then escaped by boat with one of his daughters, with all the treasures he could gather, leaving his wife and other daughters behind as he fled to Thrace. His brother Isaac, now a shadow of himself, was recrowned, along with his son. Failed in a weak effort to retake the throne with the future usurper Alexius V (Helmut Kohl), whose daughter he had given in marriage. Later had him treacherously blinded and sent back to Constantinople, after he had fled the city to meet up with him, then wandered about Greece, before finally surrendering with his wife, to Boniface of Monferrat, the incipient ruler of the kingdom of Thessalonica. Moved on to Asia Minor, where he demanded the crown of his son-in-law Theodore I Lascaris (Lawrence Durrell), before marching against him, when he refused to recognize his authority. Defeated and taken prisoner, he was sent to a monastery at Nicaea, where he died on some unrecorded date. Inner: Weak, cowardly and debauched, with a great love for the trappings and finery of power, but virtually no instinct for rule whatsoever. Revolting lifetime of showing himself to be one of the very worst of the princes of Byzantium, with no redeeming qualities whatsoever in his avaricious need to be nominal head of a state he had no interest in actually ruling. Benedict IX (Theophylactus of Tusculum) (c1012-c1056) - Italian pope. Outer: Son of an Italian count of Tusculum and nephew of two popes, Benedict VIII (Helmut Kohl) and John XIX (Oscar LaFontaine), his two predecessors, making him the third of the Tusculan pontiffs. Quite young when his father purchased the papal chair for him, with some sources claiming hs was in his early 20s, and others only eleven or twelve. Had absolutely no qualifications for the office, since he was dissolute with nothing to recommend him, other than powerful family ties. The first of the occupants of the Chair of St. Peter to be recognizably attracted to his own gender, he used the Lateran palace for orgies, while also being accused of murder and a host of other mortal sins by various inimical sources. Granted a number of privileges to churches and monasteries, as his singular contribution to the papacy. In 1036, he was forced out of Rome, before returning with the aid of HRE Konrad II (David Ben-Gurion). Eight years later, he was once again compelled to leave the Eternal City through force, and another pope, Sylvester III, was elevated in his stead. The following annum, however, he returned with sufficient force to expel his successor, who, nevertheless, retained his title, despite no longer having an official office. Having effected his restoration, he immediately resigned the papacy in order to marry, while selling the pontificate to his godfather, a priest, who took on the name of Gregory VI. Quickly regretted the impulsive act, and forcefully reclaimed his throne, so that there were now three who called themselves pope, with Gregory recognized as the true holder of the title. The HRE Heinrich III (Yitzhak Rabin) took it upon himself to declare both Benedict and Sylvester deposed at a council, while asking Gregory to resign, which he did. In their stead, the German Bishop Sudiger was crowned as Clement II. Refused to accept the judgment of the HRE, and when Clement died the following year, he seized the Lateran Palace a month later, only to be driven out the next summer. Yet another German bishop was elected as Damasus II, and was given universal recognition. Refused to appear on charges of simony in 1049, and was promptly excommunicated, which ended his claims on the papacy. Faded into obscurity, with his last years ill-recorded, although he may have sought penitence for his sins at the end. The only three-term pope, he did absolutely nothing of significance while holding the papacy, save to disgrace it and set a record for the most pontificates with the least accomplished in all of them. Inner: Corrupt, degenerate and completely unprepared for the enormous responsibility bestowed upon him through familial ambition. Immature lifetime of having enormous power thrust upon him without the experience or awareness to do anything with it, except dissipate himself, as a prelude to a millennial-long run of incompetence with succeedingly greater and greater consequences for the world-at-large.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS OVERGROUND/UNDERGROUND MAN:
Storyline: The subterranean master of strategy and subterfuge complements his cohorts by providing covert and overt leadership to their longtime domination of central Europe, while evincing ongoing difficulties with the female elements in his life, as a totem of his own lack of saidsame in his make-up.

kYitzhak Shamir (Yitzhak Jazernicki) (1915-2012) - Israeli prime minister. Outer: Father owned a small leather factory. Youngest of 3, with 2 older sisters. Short, stocky, taciturn and secretive, the ideal underground man. Educated at Hebrew schools, then went to the Univ. of Warsaw to study law, where he joined the Betar Zionist group. Emigrated to Palestine in 1935, where he was a construction worker and book/keeper, and became involved in the Irgun underground movement, carrying out terrorist acts. Dressed like a Hasidic Jew when venturing forth in the daylight, while operating under the name ‘Michael’ in honor of Irish revolutionary Michael Collins. Lost his entire family in the Shoa, which would color his uncompromising political views. Later viewed that period as the best years of his life. Left Irgun in 1940 to join the even more radical terrorist Stern gang, taking over its leadership when its head was killed, while showing himself to be a meticulous planner in all its violent operations. In 1944, he married Shulamit Levy, a Bulgarian woman who served as his underground courier, one son, a prominent businessman, and one daughter from the union. Involved in several assassinations, as well as the 1946 bombing of the King David Hotel. Interred twice by the British, and deported to a detention camp in Eritrea. Escaped with 4 others by tunneling out and went to France where he was given asylum, while also resurrecting the Stern group, now known as LEHI. Had his cofounding cohort in the organization shot for excessive revolutionary zeal, then named a daughter after him. Returned to Israel on the granting of Israeli independence in 1948, and served as a Mossad secret service agent in Europe for 17 years, supposedly specializing in letter bombs. Joined Menachem Begin’s political organization, Herut, which became the Likud Party and was closely associated with him the rest of his career. Made foreign minister when Begin became prime minister in 1977, and succeeded him in 1983 when he retired. Lost his next election, then shared in a rotating coalition government, before holding posts twice more until finally being elected out of office in 1992, while heading the government longer than anyone save its first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion. Remained recalcitrant the entire time in his backing of Israeli settlements, and absolute refusal to negotiate with the Palestinians, preferring instead to use force of arms when they rose up in protest. Nevertheless, he was accused of being too moderate by his right-wing coalition partners and took a seat in the Knesset as an opposition member, while never wavering in his view that all the land between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean were a Jewish birthright. Penned his autobiography, “Summing Up” in 1994.. Succeeded by Binjamin Netanyahu as party head and retired in 1996. Suffered from Alzheimer’s the last six years or so of his life, and died at a care facility, after losing his wife the year before. Inner: Stubborn, laconic and unyielding, often simply outlasting those with opposing views. Never really emerged from the underground, nor was he willing to compromise his Biblical overview of Israel. Shamir means ‘thistle’ or ‘sharp-point’ in Hebrew, so that his hard-shelled view was well in keeping with his chosen name. Never a hater of Arabs, more of a pragmatist, with an unbending view of Middle eastern dynamics, that never changed. Admired Russian revolutionary V. Lenin for hs belief that the ends always justified the means. Hard-liner lifetime of uncompromisingly adhering to beliefs, while moving full circle from law student to terrorist to legal head of country, and never wavering in his sense of urgent mission as a champion of his tunnel vision of the Jewish state. kAlfred von Schlieffen (1833-1913) - German general and military planner. Outer: From an old noble military family. Father was a Prussian general. Initially trained for a legal career, but opted for the military instead, volunteering for a guard regiment in 1853 before transferring to the regular service and receiving a commission the following year. Tall, thin, effete and waspish. Attended the Battle Academy for 3 years and was placed on the General Staff after graduating in 1865. Saw action in several subsequent campaigns and was given command of a guards’ regiment. After his wife’s death in 1872, he became extremely cold and distant, bottling himself up and expressing himself largely through sarcasm. Made head of the military-his/story section of the general staff in 1884, rising eventually to its chief. Promoted to general and succeeded Alfred von Waldersee (Kurt Waldheim) as chief of the general staff, serving in that post for 15 years until his retirement. Author of the Schlieffen plan, calling for war on 2 fronts, east against Russia and west against France, with the preponderance of forces in the west, since Russia would take time, rather than concentrated fighting, to defeat. Also saw France would be have to be enveloped and attacked from the rear flank, rather than confronted. After his retirement, he continued to modify his plan, which was adopted in altered fashion by the German command at the outset of WW I, and then thoroughly botched. Exited conventiently a year and a half before hostilities began. Inner: Cold and distant. Good scientific strategist, although had no sense of the political factors or the logisitical capabilities of industrial warfare, dooming his plan before it was even implemented. Always thought in terms of attack, and constantly looked for flaws in his designs, so as to make them stronger. Deeply stung by the loss of female support in his life, tunnel-vision character who unknowingly ended the imperial ambitions of the brief dynasty he served. Loss-tinged lifetime lifetime of military designing, through total immersion in his milieu from childhood on, without having the larger vision and character to truly envision a successful outcome for his plans, and, probably on some level, not wanting them to truly materialize. kBogislav Friedrich Tauentzien (Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel Tauentzien, Graf von Wittenberg) (1760-1824) - Prussian general. Outer: One of 6 children of a Prussian general, and close relation to another field marshal. Entered the Prussian army at 15, and quickly rose in rank. Handsome and highly intelligent. By the time he was in his early 30s, he was made a Graf, or count. Married Elisabeth von Arnstedt, one son and one daughter from the advantageous union, to the sister of the brother-in-law of Christian von Haugwitz, a German statesman. Became a royal aide-de-camp in 1793, and as such, continually served Prussia as a diplomat, placing himself directly at the king’s call, in addition to his battlefield duties, which saw him rise to generalmajor shortly after the turn of the century. In the 1790s, he served as diplomatic representative in the Low Countries and was an envoy to Russia. Fought in the Napoleonic wars, and after being defeated by Bernadotte (Randy Quaid) in 1805, successfully organized a retreat to fight again another day. Led the vanguard of the Hohenlohe Corps at Jena, in a resounding defeat of the Prussian army during 1806-1807, although, unlike 141 of his fellow generals, he was not dismissed. Imprisoned for several months in a castle, before being released in exchange for a French general. Participated in reorganizing the Prussian army, while continuing to rise in rank. Made a military governor in 1813, and with his revamped army, scored successive victories that year, culminating in the triumphant Battle of Leipzig. Although he was not the commanding general who captured Wittenberg in early 1814, he was given credit for it, as the latter’s superior, and was awarded the honorary title, von Wittenberg. Also given a family coat of arms, and had a street in the city named after him, although its name was later changed. Continued to be victorious in battle through the fall of Napoleon and his Hundred Days coda, and wound up his career as Commander of Berlin, with a street in that city also named after him. The death of his son in 1854, would end the title in his branch of the family. Inner: Good tactician and strategist, and clever careerist, using his connections to easily advance to a central position in the Prussian army. Will to succeed lifetime of putting all his battlefield, diplomatic and command tactics to good use in an up-and-down era of Prussian defeat and supremacy, as one of that polity’s few generals to enjoy continuous power, position and prestige from the late eighteenth to the early nineteenth centuries. Jan Tarnowski (1488-1561) - Polish general and politician. Outer: Father was a castle official in Krakow. Mother was his second wife, and granddaughter of a famous knight. The first marriages of each of his parents brought him five brothers and five sisters respectively. Originally destined for the priesthood, he received a solid education until his sire’s death when he was twelve, which sent him to Jan Olbrecht’s (Ariel Sharon) court for a year. Returned home and married Barbara Teczynska, who was the niece of his mother’s first husband. Two children from the union. Entered the military, and quickly rose to commander, showing a natural instinct for battle, after distinguishing himself in a series of battles. Spent 2 years traveling through western Europe and the Middle East, before being given command of a Portuguese army that defeated the Moors in 1520. Returned to Poland the following year, during which time he lost his wife, and became one of the principle advisers to Sigismund I (Golda Meir) before leading Polish forces against the Teutonic Knights, a paramilitary organization that had ruled East Prussia. Appointed hetman or commander-in-chief of the army in 1527, and resumed his victorious ways against his initial trio of foes over the next 8 years, with his greatest victory coming in 1531, over a combined force of Moldavians, Turks and Tatars. As reward, he was appointed governor of Krakow province, where he encouraged new settlements in southeast Poland. The year previous he married Zofia Szydlowiecks, the daughter of a Polish chancellor. son and daughter from the prosperous union, with his wife elevated to sainthood a century after her death. Added to the authority of his commanders, and also proved an innovative tactician, increasing both mobility and security of his camps, while introducing horse artillery, field hospitals and headquarters services to medieval warfare. Became a member of the Polish senate and supported the king in a revolt by the gentry. Also sided with his son and successor, Sigismund II, 11 years later when the gentry tried to annul his marriage to a member of a powerful Lithuanian family. Despite being Catholic, he supported the largely Calvinist gentry against the restoration of independent Roman Catholic ecclesiastical courts. Wrote several books on warfare, and died full of honors, as one of the outstanding Polish military figures of his century. Outlived his second wife by a decade. Inner: Military adept, with a distinctly aristocratic overview that opposed any and all manifestations of democratic will. Innovative force in the field, and excellent strategist and tactician. Heavy hitting hetman lifetime of serving his longtime family in both a martial and administrative capacity as a premier field commander and a champion of aristocratic orthodoxy. Benedict III (?-858) - Italian pope. Outer: A Roman by birth, he was educated in the Lateran school and gained a reputation for both piety and learning. Chosen to succeed Leo IV (Yitzhak Rabin), but was not confirmed by the Frankish emperor Louis II (Michael Bay) who set up Anastasius (Leon Uris) as antipope in his stead. Yanked from his throne and imprisoned, but the clergy and the Roman populace refused to support the action, and he was finally consecrated in 855. Showing Christian forgiveness, he consigned his rival to a monastery, reprimanded the Frankish bishops for their inaction, and blamed them for the problems in their empire. Completed the work of his predecessor in repairing the churches that were damaged when the Saracens pillaged Rome in 846. Continually tried to scheme and design around balancing the hostile powers in the east and west throughout his active church life, so as to make the Roman see safe from both. His reign, however, was too short to imprint himself deeply on the papacy, and he wound up merely setting the ecclesiastical table for his powerful successor, Nicholas I (Yonatan Netanyahu). Inner: Crafty survivor with a strong sense of mission and an underground eye for power. Testing lifetime of having power bestowed and power taken away, and working out those dualities in his favor, while proving a solid bridge between his fellow family members and the 9th century Church.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS MARTYR AND DEFENSIVE GURU:
Storyline: The quiet martial adept takes on the responsibilities of an entire region in his ongoing role as defender extraordinaire, only to sacrifice himself in the greater name of peace, after many a go-round of proving his expertise in its polarity of war.

mYitzhak Rabin (1922-1995) - Israeli general and politician. Outer: Both parents were Russian immigrants. Mother was from a well-to-do family, and after emigrating, became a Zionist pioneer, a leader in the labor movement and a member of the high command of the Haganah, a covert self-defense organization. Father was from a poor family, emigrated, then lived in the U.S. for 15 years before coming to Palestine to fight for the British-sponsored Jewish Legion. His sire eventually became a trade union organizer in the labor movement. One younger sister. Parents were nonreligious socialists, mother was a dominating character, austere and extremist, while father was an intellectual. Grew up in a spartan, intensely Zionist home where it was a disgrace to speak about money, and where public service was viewed as a duty. His parents were often gone from home for long stretches, making him into a withdrawn, bashful child. Deeply affected by his mother’s death in 1937, and mourned her greatly. Graduated from an agricultural school, and wanted to study hydraulic engineering in the U.S. but, instead, joined the Palmach, the commando unit of the Jewish Defense Forces in 1941. Fought against the Vichy French in Syria and Lebanon, then at war’s end, led a daring raid that liberated 200 illegal Jewish immigrants, an exploit that would be limned in Leon Uris’s Exodus. Married in 1948 to German-born Leah Schlossberg, a former teacher, son and daughter from union. During the Israeli war of independence in 1948, he directed the defense of Jerusalem and also fought against the Egyptians in the Negev Desert. Graduated in 1953 from the British staff college, then rose in the army until he became chief of staff in 1964. Designed the swift mobilization strategies, as well as the destruction of enemy aircraft on the ground that proved so decisive in the 1967 Six Day War. Retired from the army the following year, and became Israel’s ambassador to the U.S., although was vocally critical of the Nixon administration’s peace initiatives with the Arab states, which compromised the country’s strategic interests. At the same time, he advocated withdrawing from the territories won in the Six Day War as a step towards peace, which drew considerable fire from Israel’s more conservative elements. At the end of his office, he entered politics in 1973, and was elected to the Knesset as a member of the Labor Party. Joined Golda Meir’s cabinet as her minister of Labor the following year, and when she resigned a month later, he became Israel’s first native-born prime minister. Made some strides towards peace in 1975, reaching agreement with Egyptian president Anwar el-Sadat on land use and passage for peace. Forced to step down in 1977 because of technical irregularities in his finances, and relinquished his position as Labor Party head. Became defense minister in 1984, and dealt strongly with the Palestinian uprising in 1987, although lost faith in sheer military force as an answer, and began to see that territorial concessions were in order. His opposing view to the stalemated Likud Party, re-elected him as Prime Minister in 1992. Able to reach a peace accord with the Palestinian Liberation Organization the following year, for which he shared the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize. His subsequent trade-offs for peace made him a hated figure of the right. Shot 3 times as he was leaving after making a speech to 100,000 people at Tel Aviv’s City Hall. The Jewish gunman, who was immediately apprehended, stated he was acting on orders of God. His deeply embittered wife blamed Binjamin Netanyahu’s rhetoric for contributing to the violent atmosphere. Inner: Short, taciturn, self-effacing, serious and sober. Deeply suspicious, with a belief in the overwhelming power of military force for most of his life. Volatile temper and wry sense of humor. Nation-defending lifetime of literally being born into the movement for a free and self-contained Israel, then showing his strategic adeptness in matters militaire before ultimately serving as a martyr for peace and Israel’s hoped-for integration into the larger world. mHelmuth von Moltke (1800-1891) - German general. Outer: Son of an unstable and impoverished nobleman. Received a military education at the Royal Cadet Corps in Copenhagen, and joined the Danish, then Prussian army. Ill health and poverty curtailed his initial duty and he took to writing to supplement his meager salary, limning a novel and a study of the Polish insurrection of 1830. A talented linguist, but very taciturn, he was said to be “silent in 7 languages.” Joined the Prussian general staff in 1833, and was sent to Turkey to help the Sultan modernize his army, while also entering the Turkish service, contrary to his instructions, where he fought skillfully against Egypt. Returned to Germany and in 1842, married Marie Burt, the English step-daughter of his sister, and though it was childless, it was a happy union. Continued his literary output, served an ailing Prussian prince, then rejoined the General Staff, and after traveling, was made chief of the Prussian General Staff at age of 58, working in close concert with Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (Menachem Begin) and War Minister Albrecht von Roon (Ariel Sharon). Realized the importance of railroads and telegraphs in the coming industrialized warfare, as well as other innovations, and successfully redesigned the Prussian military for the exigencies of modern battle, as well as reorganized the General Staff. His successes won the absolute trust of the Prussian king, and he was given free reign in the subsequent war with Austria in 1866, and, despite interference by Bismarck, and other flaws, scored a resounding success, while also realizing the inherent weaknesses of his systems. Corrected them, and defeated the French decisively in the Franco-Prussian war, and was made field marshal in 1871. Continued plotting the course of the Prussian military, then gradually phased himself out, delegating his duties to Count Alfred von Waldersee (Binjamin Netanyahu), before finally resigning his post at the advanced age of 88 because of an inherent dislike of the new emperor, Wilhelm II. Died while on a visit to Berlin. Inner: Intelligent, severe, taciturn, allowing his ideas to speak for him. Perceptive strategist, understood the importance of links and communication years before his contemporaries. Gave his subordinates considerable leeway. Light-tongued lifetime of having his usual physicality curtailed so as to bring out the soldier within rather than the traditional warrior without. mFerdinand, Duke of Brunswick (1721-1792) - Prussian field marshal. Outer: Fourth son of the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuettel and younger brother of Ludwig Ernst (Ehud Olmert). Their family was related to various crowns of Europe, and held a powerful position in the Prussian state. Joined the Prussian Army in 1740 as commander of the newly raised Brunswick Regiment, and immediately showed himself as a warrior of the first order, showing great courage in battle during the War of the Austrian Succession. Became an intimate of the Prussian martial master Friedrich II (Michael Milken), who served as his teacher, and quickly rose under him in both rank and responsibility, leading to several successful commands during the Seven Years War, where he continued to distinguish himself in battle. Commissioned into Hanover service under George II (Chris Patton) and as commander of the Hanover army, he quickly reorganized the demoralized allied Anglo-German forces against the French, successfully driving them back, and allowing Friedrich to concentrate in the east, for which he was promoted to field marshal in 1759. Continued to prove successful against the French, even when opposing overwhelming numbers, and by 1762, had forced them back across the Rhine and out of Hanover. Won the plaudits of numerous European sovereigns, which probably led to Friedrich’s jealousy of him, and he was forced to retire in 1766, although the two maintained cordial connections with one another. Spent the rest of his life in his castle quietly ruling his duchy. Served as a benefactor of the arts, as well as a generous support of the poor. Inner: Intelligent, steady and an extremely capable commander, whose troops responded to him with great confidence. Able to mold a multinational force into a smooth fighting machine, proving himself over and over on all levels of battle. Used his earnings and rewards to aid those who had suffered during the Seven Years War, showing himself to be highly charitable, with a genuine sense of compassion for the poor. Generous general lifetime of showing himself to be a battlefield adept of the highest order, only to ultimately earn the jealousy of his mentor and master, which probably led to pursuing other elements of warfare than direct combat in this next go-round in this series. mJohann von Tilly (Johann Tserclaes, Graf von Tilly) (1559-1632) - Flemish general. Outer: From a noble family, born in his family’s castle. Received a strict Jesuit education, then joined the duke of Parma, Alessandro Farnese’s (Lucien Bonaparte) service as a cadet, and took part in his long seige and capture of Antwerp in 1585. Served as governor of 2 provinces, then left the Spanish service to go to Hungary and fight the Turks for the army of the HRE Rudolph II (Rudolph Hess). Became a field marshal in 1605, then left the Austrian Service for Maximilian, duke of Bavaria (Alfred von Tirpitz), reorganizing his army, beginning in 1610, so that it would become the spearhead of the Catholic League. Made commander in chief of the League’s field force in 1618 at the outset of the 30 Years’ War between the Central European Catholics and Protestants. Put down the Bohemian revolt, and scored a number of subsequent successes, with one notable defeat, in northwestern Germany, and was made a count in 1622. Won a great victory over the king of Denmark, then besieged and stormed Magdeburg, although his reputation was sullied when his troops brutally sacked and burned the city, depriving him of a base, and a food and shelter source. Hampered by the political differences between the Catholic League rulers, he invaded Saxony and was defeated by the Swedish army of Gustavus Adolphus (Yukio Mishima). Retreated back into Bavaria, but was badly wounded while attempting a river crossing against Gustavus and died of his wounds two weeks later. Inner: Brave, resolute, a skilled tactician and strategist. Deeply pious Roman Catholic, he was known as “the Monk in Armor.” Sword-in-hand lifetime of proving his all-around skills on the battlefield, only to be ultimately defeated by a martial genius, as well as the disarray of the political command above him. mWladislaw II (Jogaila) (c1352-1434) - Polish king. Outer: Early life totally obscured. A descendant of the grand dukes of Lithuania, his father held that position, while his mother was the latter’s second wife and daughter of the grand prince of Tver. Athletic, with small black eyes and big ears. Succeeded to a very shaky polity in 1377, which was composed of Rus and Lithuanian lands, and two different systems of governance. Initially co-ruled it with an uncle. Like his sire, he based himself in the southern and eastern territories of Lithuania, while his uncle held the opposite arenas. Did battle with his brothers over territory, but was far more aggressively challenged by the Teutonic Knights, who were determined to convert his pagan state to Christianity. In 1380, he finally concluded a secret treaty with them in return for Christianizing Lithuania, although a rival seized Vilnius and declared himself grand duke, only to be later murdered. Continued his negotiations with the Teutonic Order, who proved quite slippery, before deciding he would be best served by converting. In 1386, he was baptised a Catholic, and adopted the name Wladislaw. At the same time he married the 11 year old queen of Poland, Jadwiga, to begin a near fifty year reign that would create the Jagiellon dynasty, and yoke Poland and Lithuania until 1572, when the nobles of Poland proclaimed it a republic and began electing their monarchs. Had himself legally adopted by his wife’s mother, the queen of Hungary, to insure his position in case his wife died. His court and knights subsequently converted, although a lot of the peasantry remained pagans. Allowed his wife to take an active role in the government, while favoring his Catholic nobles over his Orthodox ones. Also allowed his Jewish subjects privileges from the past. Continued to be harassed by the Teutonic Orders, and through the 1390s, was challenged anew by his cousin Vytautas, who had earlier tested him. Gave him the rule of Lithuania as its grand duke, under the hegemony of the Polish throne, which he accepted, although he continued to press for the separation of the two polities. In 1399, his wife gave birth to a daughter but both soon died, creating a problem in the succession. In 1404, he married Anna of Celje, a granddaughter of firmer Polish King Casimir III (David Ben Gurion), which gave him legitimacy once again. Had more problems with the Teutonic Order, and a defeat by them in 1404 caused more territorial conflicts throughout the decade. Teaming up with his cousin Vytautus, he scored his greatest military victory in 1410, when he defeated the Teutonic Knights at the Battle of Grunwald, thereby making the Polish/Lithuanian alliance a major player in northern Europe, while finally breaking the power of his longtime enemy. Failed to totally exploit his victory, much to the discontent of his Polish nobility, and was forced to deal with their greatly weakened force throughout the rest of his reign. In 1416, his second wife died, leaving one daughter from the union. His third wife, Elisabeth of Pilica, who was in her 40s at the time, succumbed in 1420, without issue, but in 1422, his fourth spouse, Sophia of Halshany, a Lithuanian princess, produced two sons, Wladislaw III (Yonatan Netanyahu), his successor in Poland, and Casimir IV (Menachem Begin), his successor in Lithuania. Continued to do sporadic battle throughout the rest of his reign, and when Vytautus died in 1430, the Knights saw another opportunity, so that he was given little rest from their constant incursions all during his long reign. Finally died after catching cold, and was succeeded by his son Wladislaw III. Inner: Cultivated and modest with excellent health habits. Drank only pure water, and, what was highly unusual for the time, washed and shaved ever day. Enjoyed music and was an enthusiastic hunter. Never became fluent in Polish, and was always at odds with the country’s nobility. Foundation-building lifetime of creating a successful polity through the sheer dint of his abilities at problem-solving as well as his ability to bounce back from defeats from the never-ending forces continually conspiring against his success. Heinrich III (1017-1056) - Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Son of Konrad II (David Ben-Gurion), mother was a pious German princess, who took charge of her son’s education. Given a love for literature by his tutors as well as a thorough grounding in state affairs, making him one of the best prepared of the princes ever to don the mantle of Holy Roman Emperor. In 1036, he married Gunhilda, the daughter of Canute (Whittaker Chambers), the Danish King of England, Denmark and Sweden, although his wife died 2 years later, and his father the year following, making him king of Germany. One daughter from the union, who became an abbess. Resembled his sire, and, though he inherited his mother’s pious nature, he quarreled with her often during her last years, showing an unwillingness to allow her will precedence over his. Strongly favored the clerical reform party, and was a powerful advocate of the Cluniac movement that sought to purify the Western church, while trying to end the wars among the Christian princes. In 1043, he married Agnes, the daughter of the duke of Aquitaine, in order to insure imperial sovereignty in the West, four aughters and two sons from the union, including Heinrich IV (Yonatan Netanyahu), who succeeded him. His wife was intensely dedicated to the Church reform movement as well, giving him much needed support. Because of his strong Cluniac sympathies, he was seen as a monk in royal robes. Ruled with a strong sense of justice and high principles, wishing to govern a territory that radiated with the twin ‘p’s, peace and prosperity. Did penance while also hanging heretics and persecuting all those who ran counter to his high moral program. Became extremely ill in 1045, and with his disability, his fortunes swiftly changed, and his domain began to slip from his grasp. Went to Rome in 1046 to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor, although several bishops were contesting for the papacy. Called a synod, which elected a German bishop at his bidding to be pope and he and his wife were crowned. Rome became an imperial city and the decisive vote in future conclaves now lay in the hands of the emperor, allowing him to be the last in his line to dominate the papacy. Chose 3 succeeding popes, although found that he had no support among the clergy, and was subsequently blocked from carrying out ecclesiastical reforms in Germany or any neighboring territories. In addition, he had to deal with conspiracies and revolts, despite his own relatively moderate rule. Set up his capital at Goslar in Saxony, with the idea of wedding that province with Franconia, using a new breed of serf-knight at his behest, who were given top-knotch training, but did not have the status of freedmen so as to make them totally dependent on the crown. Had endless difficulties with his magnates, and saw his power lessen, as he answered his problems in succeedingly haphazard manner. The last decade of his reign saw all his gains swept away, with considerable resistance to his stalwart character, as he became more and more inaccessible and the personification of his own disintegrating state. Whhen he died in bed at his hunting lodge, his heart was sent to Goslar, while his body was interred next othis father’s. After his death, the Holy Roman Empire was no longer the central player in subsequent European his/story. Inner: Extremely principled, highly able with an elevated moral code and a sense of order and justice. Took great delight in moving relics to new shrines. Also loved to forgive his enemies in speeches. Became the victim of an inherently weak empire, which reflected his own internalization processes, rendering him ineffective and arbitrary, a martyr to his own power. Self-defeating lifetime of acting as steward for a state that reached its peak under him and then gradually declined, as he came to personify both its strength and weakness in a dual rise’n’fall that he chose to act out for his own ongoing evolution as both victim and master of his dual destinies. mLeo IV (?-855) - Italian Pope. Outer: Probably of Lombard extraction. Became a Benedictine monk, and eventually served in the Curia, before being made a cardinal priest. Succeeded to the papacy in 847, and immediately set about rebuilding and organizing the defense of Rome, after it had been sacked the year previously by the Saracens. His program took 5 years, during which time he redecorated the pillaged churches and rebuilt and repopulated Rome’s 2 major harbors. Made an alliance with several Grecian cities in Italy and led his soldiers into battle, warding off a 2nd Saracen invasion by sea. A reformer, he stopped abuses by high-placed ecclesiastics and firmly dealt with power-mongers in the church hierarchy so as to insure their obedience to Rome. Crowned Louis II (Cecil B. DeMille) as Frankish king, although the latter tried to manipulate his subordinates to undermine his authority. Able, however, to deal strongly with each challenge he faced and left the papacy, as well as Rome, considerably stronger for his 8 year run. Inner: Highly independent, militarily astute, as well as strongly authoritarian. Integrated lifetime of playing the role of soldier and spiritual leader to noticeably vigorous effect. Philip (20BZ-34AZ) - Judaean tetrarch. Outer: Son of Herod I (Adolf Hitler), mother was Cleopatra of Jerusalem. Half-brother of Herod Archelaus (Ariel Sharon) and Herod Antipas (Menachem Begin). Educated in Rome with the former. On his father’s death in 4BZ, he was given the smallest inheritance, the northeastern corner of his sire’s Judaean region. His realm was largely Grecian, and he ruled it as a Hellenizer, proving far less extravagant than his siblings. Extremely conscientious, he spent his time in his own territory, while dealing with the needs of his subjects, rather than shoring up his power with frequent trips to Rome. Founded several cities, and was considered a friend of Rome. Late in his reign, he married Salome (Anne Sexton), the adopted daughter of Herod Antipas, the union was childless. Inner: Peace-loving and a good administrator. Conscientious lifetime of showing his mettle as a leader as member of a family not known for its sensitivity to anything other than power and control. Caleb (Joshua ben Nun) (1356-1245) - Canaanite/Israeli warrior. Name means “Dog”, which may have been his clan’s totem. Outer: Father was Jephunnah. Older half-brother of Othniel (David Ben-Gurion) From the tribe of Judah. Appointed by Moses as one of a dozen scouts sent to Canaan to see if it were the Land Promised his people. Visited the graves of the patriarchs in Hebron, and took back some of the fruits to convince his fellow Israelites the land was fertile. Ten of the others felt Canaan would be impossible to conquer, and he saw it would be futile to dissuade them. Only he and Joshua (Gilead Atzmon) brought back a positive report to Moses, and they were the only two adult males allowed to cross over from Egypt and into the Promised Land, after the Israelites were punished with forty years in the desert for their various apostasies. Aided Joshua in his successful forays, and, following the conquest of Canaan, he was given Hebron and the area around it, and showed no resentment that Joshua was chosen as Israelite leader. Married the prophetess Miriam, sister of Moses, and their daughter, Achsah wed Othniel, the first of the judges to rule Israel. His second wife Ephrath, made him the progenitor of the Davidic line, which, in some sources, would reach all the way down to the prophet Jesus. Lived to great age and was vigorous his entire life. Some confusion exists as to his various relationships, since names are often interchangeable in the biblical chronicles Inner: Deeply religious, earning the name “Ashhur’ because his face had turned black from much fasting. Thoroughly imbued with a sense of divine mission, and righteous to the core. Hyper-pious lifetime of serving as a conduit to the Land Promised to the Israelites by their thundering deity, while also serving as ancestral progenitor of the dynasty of the House of David.

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PATHWAY OF THE WARRIOR AS ANCIENT BIBLIOPHILE & MODERN MARTYR:
Storyline: The conscientious martial artist continually meets dramatic ends, in his ineluctable draw towards death’s fond embrace of his need to validate his principled stances.

fYonatan Netanyahu (1946-1976) - Israeli commando. Outer: Of Polish, Russian, and Lithuanian descent, with an all-star ancestral background of rabbis and Zionists. Father was a professor of Jewish his/story, an editor of the Encyclopedia Hebraica, a secretary to militant journalist and Irgun founder Ze’ev Jabotinsky, and a fervent right-wing Revisionist Zionist. Oldest of three brothers, including future Prime Minister Binjamin, and writer and radiologist Iddo. Born while his parents were in NYC, prior to Israel receiving official statehood sanction. After spending his early years in Jerusalem, he returned with his family to Pennsylvania, in order to finish high school there. Joined the Israeli Defense Forces in 1964, where he displayed a grim sense of purpose, deliberately enduring both physical and emotional pressures far beyond his fellow soldiers, then went to Harvard Univ. for a year before returning to military duty. Wounded in the hand while helping a fellow soldier on the Golan Heights in the 1967 Six Day War, and then continued his education at Hebrew Univ. in Jerusalem, before joining Sayeret Matkal, an elite antiterrorist force. Participated in several successful retaliatory operations and served with distinction in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, showing himself to be extraordinarily brave in battle, and winning the Medal of Distinguished Services, Israel’s highest military honor. Secretly joined Mossad, the Israeli intelligence agency, although his membership in that clandestine organization was not revealed until after his death. Rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel and planned and led the raid that rescued 105 Jewish hostages from a hijacked Air France plane held by German and Arab terrorists at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. During the firefight, he was shot in the back by a Ugandan sniper in the air traffic control tower, the singular Israeli commando to perish in the otherwise successful operation. Deeply mourned afterwards as a national hero. Inner: Intense, largely a loner, and continually challenging himself. Seemingly born old with a gravitas about him well beyond his age. Man on a mission lifetime of dying a hero’s death, in accordance with his precepts and need to give lasting purpose to his life. fHelmuth von Moltke (1907-1945) - German/Silesian jurist and martyr. Outer: Great grandnephew of German Gen. Helmuth von Moltke (Yitzhak Rabin), and younger cousin of co-named Gen. Helmuth von Moltke (Binjamin Netanyahu). Father was a teacher and practicing Christian Scientist, as well as a landowning aristocrat. Mother was of South African British descent, and a Christian Scientist as well. Oldest son of six siblings, he grew up in Berlin. Studied law at several German universities, while also becoming involved in a camp to bring together student professionals and young jobless farmers & industrial workers, in order to learn from one another, which he organized near Breslau. Ended his schooling to take over the management of his failing family estate in 1929, while utilizing unused parts of it for farming startups, much to his neighboring landowners’ displeasure. After successfully reviving the estate, he was able to continue his education. In 1931, he married Freya Deichmann, a fellow law student and the daughter of a Cologne banker, two sons from the union. Began working as a law trainee in Berlin, while his wife went for her legal doctorate. Got his license in 1934, and also visited his grandparents in South Africa. In 1935, he waived a court career because he would have had to join the Nazi Party, and instead opened an office, where he specialized in international law. In 1938, he was made a partner in a major Berlin law firm, while continuing to do considerable legal work in London, after completing training in English law at Oxford. By the following year, he was actively resisting the Nazi state, finding its treatment of Jews repugnant, and feeling a great need to act, instead of just negatively react. Drafted and appointed to the War Board after the start of WW II in 1939, as an international information gatherer, he was horrified at the human right’s abuses he observed, and vigorously supported the flight of the country’s persecuted, while advocating against the execution of hostages and mistreatment of prisoners of war by urging the country to abide by both the Geneva and Hague Conventions. Used his international connections and trips outside the country to cement ties with the larger resistance to the Nazis, while opposing both the war and the entire Nazi Party program. Formed a resistance group with his distant relative lawyer Peter Graf Yorck von Wartenberg, which would later be known as the Kreisau Circle. By 1943, the group saw the inevitability of the fall of Adolf Hitler, and began actively making plans for a new government afterwards, while hoping for a coup d’etat by the military. Used his family estate to further the group’s aims, and put to paper his desire for post-Third Reich Germany as a Christian government, with the Church and labor an integral part of it. Learned of a plot to assassinate Hitler, although rejected it thinking it would only make him a martyr. Arrested by the SS at the beginning of 1944, and was imprisoned in a concentration camp at Ravensbruck for disloyalty although was allowed visits by his wife, as well as civilian clothing. Following the failed assassination attempt made on the Führer’s life in 1944, which cost Yorck his life, he was seen as complicitous by the state. Tried along with other members of his circle, and found guilty of treason, for daring to suggest a Germany based on democratic Christian principles. Along with the others, he was subsequently hanged in prison. His correspondence with his wife would be published in the 1990s, along with her memoirs, and he would come to be seen as a heroic figure in his resistance to the 12 year blight of Nazidom, while she would live to 98 as an exile in Vermont. Inner: Highly principled, with extremely strong Christian ethics. Felt proud he was going to be executed for his ideals, not his actions. Principled lifetime of resisting an increasingly monstrous polity through rational, rather than violent means, while willingly playing the role of political martyr to effect his ends. fFriedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Brunswick (1771-1815) - Prussian general. Outer: Father was Karl II Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick and Wolfenbuttel (Binjamin Netanyahu), mother was Princess Augusta of the royal house of Great Britain. Youngest of six children, with two sisters, and two feebleminded brothers among his siblings. Through both his parents, he was related to several of the ruling houses of Europe. Grew up on his sire’s ducal estate, with its great library, and his father’s overwhelming reputation as a just man of both war and enlightened political practices. Ever mindful of his family’s great name, he joined the Prussian army in 1789 as a captain, and fought in the Austrian war against revolutionary France, where his father was one of the commanders. Acquitted himself competently, ultimately rising to the rank of major general. In 1802, he married Princess Marie Elisabeth of Baden, daughter of the prince of Baden. Two sons from the union, before his wife died giving birth to a stillborn daughter in 1808. In 1805, he inherited a small duchy in the Prussian realm when an uncle died childless. An older brother also passed away without issue shortly before his sire’s death in the field in 1806, causing Napoleon to seize his recently inherited duchy and make it part of the kingdom of Westphalia. Lived with his in-laws in the grand duchy of Baden for several years, and became one of the emperor’s bitterest opponents in Germany. Took part in Austria’s second stab at defeating the French, at the head of a corps of partisans, called the Black Brunswickers, because their uniforms reflected their mourning for their lost duchy. Became known as the Black Duke, as well. Recaptured Brunswick, but was soon driven out and fled to England following the battle of Wagram. Raised fresh troops after returning to Brunswick in 1813, in the waning days of the Napoleonic Wars. Once again recaptured the family duchy, only to be killed in battle at Quatre Bras, but was viewed as a military hero afterwards. Inner: Fierce, resolute warrior, with a fanatic hatred of Napoleon. Martial adept lifetime of displaying his penchant for loss despite great ability by serially losing the family duchy, as well as his wife, before sacrificing himself in battle, in this current series of actively pursued heroic martyrdom. fJohann Friedrich I, Elector of Saxony (1503-1554) - German elector. Known as Johann the Magnanimous. Outer: Of the House of Wettin. Father was elector of Saxony, mother died two weeks after his birth. Nephew of Friedrich III (Willie Brandt), who was known as the Wise, and would influence his education. Had two surviving half-sisters and two half-brothers, from his sire’s second marriage. Educated by George Spalatin, a close friend of Protestant reformer Martin Luther (Martin Luther King), making him an admirer, adherent, supporter and correspondent of that revolutionary figure, soon after his emergence as champion of the Reformation when he was 14. Had one of the largest libraries in Germany, including an extensive collection of works in the sciences, and was extremely well-read. Began his diplomatic career early at the behest of his father, and was soon involved in the early dynamics of the religious upheaval of Germany that cleft Christianity in twain. In 1526, he married Sybille of Cleves, the sister of Anne of Cleves (Princess Anne), 3 surviving sons from the union, including his successor, Johann Friedrich II (Binjamin Netanyahu). In 1529, during the Diet of Speyer, he temporarily assumed elector duty, and his rebellious activism quickly drew the enmity of the HRE, Charles V (Napoleon Bonaparte). Signed the Augsburg Confession in 1530, officially declaring himself a Lutheran, along with a number of other protestant princes. On the death of his sire in 1532, he became elector, initially ruling with his half-brother, Johann Ernst, before becoming sole elector in 1542. Despite good counsel, he proved to be impulsive and obdurate during extremely tenuous times, leaving his electorate vulnerable, particularly with his anti-Catholic and pro-Lutheran stances. Despite pacifistic tendencies, he supported the Schmalkaldic League, a defensive alliance of Lutheran princes wishing to replace the Holy Roman Empire as their political and religious center, although he personally preferred peace between the two warring factions. Continually proved recalcitrant in the face of Catholic opposition, exacerbating the tensions in Germany through his stubbornness and absolute certainty in the righteousness of the Protestant cause. Wound up alienating virtually everyone with his actions, appointments and expulsions to protect the evangelical cities within his realm. Enjoyed a period of freedom to act as he wished in the 1530s when the emperor needed the support of the German princes in his battles with France, before resuming hostilities with the larger empire. Led a contingent in the Schmalkald War in 1546, only to see his territory invaded by his cousin Maurice of Saxony. On rushing home to defend it, he suddenly found himself doing direct battle with the emperor, and received a disfiguring scar on his left cheek for his efforts, while being taken prisoner and sent into exile in Worms. Originally sentenced to death for his religious and political apostasies, he wound up negotiating a surrender of his electorate to Maurice of Saxony, in exchange for the lives of his wife and sons, and to prevent its seat of Wittenberg from being destroyed. His sentence was changed to life imprisonment, and he showed himself to be truly magnanimous in his defeat, from whence he derived his nickname. Calm and unwavering, he refused to abjure his Protestant faith, or to compromise his beliefs by trading them for his freedom. Maurice subsequently attacked the emperor’s forces, which gave him his freedom in 1552, and he enjoyed a triumphal march homeward to the Thuringian lands his sons held, while continuing to maintain his faith the last two years of his life. Moved the seat of his electorate to Weimar, and continued his reforms. Following Maurice’s death in 1553, his cousin Augustus, from a different branch of his Wettin family, was made elector, while he retained the title of “born elector,” and received some lands and money. Founded the University of Jena, and also served as a benefactor to the Univ. of Leipzig, before dying less than two weeks after his wife passed on. Inner: Cerebral, good-hearted, idealistic, pacifistic and impulsive, with excellent intentions, although he lacked the diplomatic vision to truly make his ideals manifest without bringing considerable opprobrium upon himself. Probably learned caution through his actions this go-round, in his ongoing self-appointed role as moral guardian of his times. Activist lifetime of being there at the birth of Protestant Europe, and playing it for all the drama it was worth, before learning from his excesses and returning in far more cautious manner to make his ongoing presence on the continent that much more indelible and effective. Wladislaw III Warnencyzk (1424-1444) - King of Poland. Outer: Of the Jagiellon dynasty. Oldest son of aging Polish king, Wladyslaw II (Yitzhak Rabin) and his 4th wife. His sire had to wait until his 70s before producing a successor, while his much younger mother was extremely ambitious for him. May have poisoned her stepdaughter, by her husband’s second wife, in order to secure the throne for him. Older brother of Casimir IV (Menachem Begin). Succeeded his father at the age of 10, although most of the major decisions of his decade reign were made by his father’s close adviser, the bishop of Krakow, a Polish noble. His coronation was interrupted by a nobleman, giving indication he would have a rocky rule. In 1438, the parliament pronounced him having reached his majority. Given the kingship of Hungary under the name of Ulaszlo I in 1440 through the manipulations of his adviser, who played off anti-Hapsburg sentiment in helping him to succeed Albrecht II (Avigdor Lieberman). 3 years of fighting ensued before the pope intervened, so that the young king could go on crusade against the Ottoman Turks. Along with a Hungarian general, he led a force of 40,000 men into the Balkans in 1444, and effected a peace treaty with the Turkish sultan, while showing far more interest in doing battle on foreign lands, than protecting his own against internal machinations. 2 days after the treaty was signed, however, he broke it on grounds of holy warfare and continued his invasion of the Balkans. His incursion ended disastrously when his combined forces were defeated at the Battle of Varna, and he died in battle. Never married and left no issue, with some sources speculating on his true sexual orientation. Succeeded by his younger brother, Casimir, after a 3 year interregnum, while the Hungarian throne was mounted by the son of the rival family for it. Inner: Headstrong and impetuous. Foreshortened lifetime of giving teenage vent to his inherent martial artistry, only to be undone by his own aggressive impetuosity. Heinrich IV (1050-1106) - Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Father was HRE Heinrich III (Yitzhak Rabin), mother was the daughter of a French duke. Had three older sisters and one younger one, as well as a younger brother who died at 3. Crowned king of Germany by the German princes when he was 4, under the promise he would be just, and the following year, he was betrothed to Bertha, the daughter of the Margrave of Turin. When his father died in 1056, he succeeded him, inheriting an empire in relative disarray. His pious and unworldly mother became his regent, proving unequal to the task, giving away duchies which should have been his foundation, while the alliance his progenitor had made with the Roman popes, quickly withered with their subsequent independence from his court. His mother also allied herself with Italian opponents of church reform, so that the combination of newly rapacious nobles and hostile elements abroad made him the victim of a kidnapping in 1062. Although he tried to escape by jumping off the ship taking him to Cologne, he was recaptured, his mother resigned and the archbishop of Cologne wrapped his hands around the reigns of state. Tall, kingly and handsome. Declared of age in 1065, he banned the archbishop from court, but he was ill-prepared for rule. Thanks to selfish tutors, dissolute chums and the trauma of his abduction, he was overly power hungry, reckless and indiscreet, although he was ultimately able to curb these tendencies to become one of Germany’s wisest and ablest rulers. Steadily stripped his nobility of their privileges, and also made his peasants completely dependent upon the crown. After marrying Bertha of Savoy, in 1066, he announced his intention 3 years later of divorcing her, although he was dissuaded by protests from church officials. 5 children from the union, including his successor, his youngest son, Heinrich V (Arnold Schwarzenegger). Forced to deal with a Saxon rebellion because of his high-handed methods, he had to escape to Worms, before granting immunity to the rebels, only to have the tomb of his oldest son desecrated, which conversely gave him the support of his empire to vanquish them. Felt enough strength to challenge the pope, Gregory VII (Michael Eric Dyson) over lay investiture, and subsequently deposed him, only to be forced to do penance for his act, which forfeited the right his father had won, and forever after altered the relations between Church and emperor. His princes then dethroned him and elected Rudolph of Swabia in his stead, and after 3 years of struggles twixt the 2, Gregory excommunicated and dethroned him again, while recognizing his rival. He, in turn, deposed the pope, and when his rival died, marched on Rome in 1081, and finally conquered the city in 1084, where he enthroned his own pope, who crowned him as emperor. Returned to Germany and had his oldest surviving son Conrad crowned as king in 1087, while the Saxons made peace with him. His wife died the same year and he remarried in 1089 to a Russian princess, Eupraxia of Kiev. After the death of Gregory, his enemies once more allied against him, and he was forced to invade Italy again in 1090. After an initial victory, he was defeated in 1092, causing uprisings in Lombardy, and the rebellion of his son, Conrad, who was crowned king of Italy by the Lombards. Cut off and isolated in Italy, his wife left him amidst serious charges of orgiastic imprisonment and bodily desecration, and he was not able to return to Germany until 1097. Regained his authority, however, and the princes elected his 2nd son, Heinrich, king in replacement of his disloyal older boy. Announced he would go on crusade to win the support of the new pope and to have his excommunication removed, while forbidding his nobles from feuding for 4 years. Unrest, however, prevailed, and Heinrich V revolted against his father in order to secure the throne for himself. Escaped to Cologne, but his son imprisoned him and forced him to abdicate. Fled to Liege and put up one last battle, defeating his son’s army, but died in the process. Inner: Pious, intelligent, crafty and tyrannical when the situation called for it. Patron of the arts and sciences, with a strong sense of law and justice, but ultimately undone by his own extended sense of power. Rebellious sons represented an unintegrated part of his character unable to make his will supreme. Slippery-sloped lifetime of rocky beginnings and a rocky ending, with a weakening of his throne’s hold on the fate of Europe in between, as a living personification of an institution that had already passed its glory days.Nicholas I (c819-867) - Italian Pope. Known as Nicholas the Great. Outer: Son of a leading city official of Rome. Served in the Roman Curia for 15 years before his election to the papacy in 858. Claimed pope’s right to legislate for all of Christendom, and helped establish his office’s supremacy over all Western sees, giving a theocratic cast to the papacy that he felt had been endowed on the original pontiff, St. Peter. Unknowingly created the permanent schism between eastern and western churches through overriding his legates and excommunicating an eastern patriarch who inaugurated the split as a countermeasure. Deposed his archbishop legates when they ruled in favor of a Carolingian king who was seeking divorce. Saw the king as his ecclesiastical subject instead, and disavowed the whole divorce proceedings. Also overrode the deposition of a bishop by an archbishop, in order to curtail the latter’s power within the hierarchy of the Church. By making Rome the ultimate authority in all Church-related affairs, he gave the papacy its theocratic legislative, as well as executive and judicial, predominance and paved the way for the reformists popes that would follow him in the 11th century. Inner: Forceful, highly intelligent with a lofty sense of spiritual mission. Saw that humanity was a combination of human freedom and divine fate, and that the father figure of the pope was an absolute necessity in the design of earthlife. Immensely respected, with the ability to awe princes and prelates alike. Highlight film lifetime of greatly enhancing the power of the papacy and centralizing its command over all things spiritual in a go-round that saw him bring all of his talents to full fruition.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS ALTERNATELY ARROGANT & ABASED:
Storyline: The subordinate sibling continually fails to meet the standards set by his far more sublime family members, despite finding himself again-and-again in extremely pivotal roles in the various countries, centuries and polities he inhabits.

fBinjamin Netanyahu (1949) - Israeli prime minister. Outer: Of Polish, Russian, and Lithuanian descent, with several celebrated rabbis and Zionists in his family tree. Father was a fervent right-wing Revisionist Zionist, as well as a professor of Jewish his/story, an editor of the Encyclopedia Hebraica, and a senior aide to militant writer and Irgun founder Ze’ev Jabotinsky. Younger brother of Yonatan Netanyahu, and 2nd of 3 sons, with his youngest sibling, Iddo, a playwright, author and radiologist. Nicknamed ‘Bibi,’ and the first Israeli Prime Minister to be born after his country gained official statehood. When he was 14, his sire accepted a teaching position at Dropsie Univ. in Pennsylvania and the family moved to the suburbs of Philadelphia, where he received an American overview to his upbringing .6’, with brown eyes and short grey hair Returned to Israel during the 6 Days War in 1967 although he did not fight. Entered the army 2 months later, and became part of the elite antiterrorist force, the Sayaret Maktel. Underwent extremely rugged training and served on several missions, including blowing up 13 planes in a raid on Beirut International Airport in Lebanon in 1968, and rescuing hostages from a hijacked plane, where he was shot in the arm in 1972. Rose to the rank of captain. Both his brothers also joined the unit, and all 3 served together. Came back to the U.S. and got a BA from MIT in architecture, than an MBA in business administration, returning to Israel for the Yom Kippur War in the interim. Worked as a management consultant in Boston until his brother was killed in the 1976 Entebbe raid at the Uganda airport. Had great difficulty in accepting his death, and was unable to swallow for weeks, before finding himself compared unfavorably to his more intelligent and sophisticated sibling. Returned to Israel and founded the Jonathan Institute, a think tank on terrorism, in memory of his brother, and organized 2 international conferences on terrorism, which was his springboard to prominence. Became a marketing manager for a furniture company before unexpectedly being chosen as the deputy chief of the Israeli Embassy in Washington by Moshe Arens, despite no diplomatic experience. Arens would become his mentor, helping him to get the Israeli ambassadorship to the U.N., and giving him TV exposure when he defended his country’s actions against the Palestinian uprising known as the intifada. Married and divorced twice during this period, with a daughter from the first union to Micki Weizman, and no issue from his second to Fleur Cates. Married a third time to Sara Ben-Artzi, a psychologist, in 1991, 2 sons from the union. His wife was obsessed with germs and cleanliness, making him wash his hands before he touched their children, and ultimately having her neurotic obsessions exposed when 2 nannies were later fired for their unhygienic intransigence. Announced on television in 1993 that only he could lead his conservative party, Likud, to victory against the Labor Party, which gained him the party leadership. Following the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin in 1995, the latter’s wife accused him of helping create the climate that led to the tragedy, forcing him to soften his public stance and appear more accommodating to the peace process with the Palestinians than he actually was. In 1996, he ran a very American-style campaign on TV, parading his family, admitting an affair, and moving to the political center, presenting himself as a relatively moderate slickster, and was elected with 56 % of the vote, thanks in part to several terrorist attacks during the effort. Once in office, however, he proved himself intransigent, arrogant and unaccommodating. Made several trips to the U.S., but did not get along with Pres. Bill Clinton, and although he met with Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat, he showed little inclination towards negotiating around the peace process, while Jewish settlements continued to proliferate in Palestinian territory and tensions between the 2 sides escalated. Lost his support both inside and outside the country, and was defeated in a landslide in 1999 to a slickly run American-style campaign by Ehud Barak, as his trademark self-confidence crumbled and his popularity completely vanished. Lost his party leadership to Ariel Sharon, and, afterwards, both he and his wife were accused of accepting bribes and stealing valuable state gifts, as a fitting coda to his brief stewardship of state, although those charges were later dropped, and he was able to regain some sense of power with the escalating violence in the wake of the failed peace accords. Returned to power in late 2002 as foreign minister in Sharon’s cabinet, although he was dropped from his post and became finance minister, where he showed a preference for privatization and aiding the wealthy in order to stimulate the stagnant economy, which proved effective. Resigned in 2005, in protest over the government’s Gaza pullout, in yet another challenge to Sharon, and then after the latter’s defection to a centrist party, took over Likud and ran a losing campaign to Sharon’s successor, Ehud Olmert. After the 2009 elections, he was chosen by Pres. Shimon Peres to form a new coalition government, even though Likud came in behind the newly created Kadima Party. Won the rightist endorsement of Avigdor Lieberman, which sealed the deal, despite enormous concessions demanded by the latter, who became his foreign minister. Called for the demilitarized creation of a Palestinian state afterwards, while refusing to halt settlements, pleasing virtually no one in the process, while looking to conservative Jewish support in the U.S. to maintain his true agenda of recalcitrant resistance to a two-state solution to the Israeli/Palestinian divide. Insulted VP Joe Biden when he visited in early 2010, by announcing an expansion of settlements, in a deliberate ploy to further derail any chance of a peace process, and establish Israel’s growing independence from U.S. Oversaw a commando raid on a Gaza flotilla of peace activists on the open seas, killing 9 in yet another p.r. debacle for Israel, underlining his tone deaf leadership and increased isolation of his unapologetic nation. Later that year, he was forced to rely on foreign help to put out a huge fire, exposing Israel’s priority focus on its offensive military capabilities and occupation strength, to the detriment of everything else, including the country’s infrastructure, and the welfare of its citizens. Continually banging the war drums against Iran, in his ongoing crypto-desire to make up for his WW I failures, by inaugurating WW III and proving heroic in its projected unfolding. Towards that end, he announced in May of 2012 that the September 4th elections were cancelled, and that Kadima’s oppositon leader Shaul Mofaz was joining his coalition, to make it the most powerful government since 1984, with 94 of the 120 seats in the Knesset, setting up a very real possibility of an Iran war, despite the continued highly public resistance to it of numerous high-ranking political, military and intelligence figures. The coalition, however, quickly collapsed over differences in draft laws. Later resisted the temptation for all-out war with the Gazans over their rocketry attacks in protest over Israel’s ongoing blockade of the Gaza territory and eventually brokered a negotiated cease-fire. Won a third term in January of 2013, although a surprise showing by a centrist party, Yesh Atld, blocked a majority for him in the Knesset, and forced him to add to his dysfunctional coalition, while also putting a damper on his warmongering against Iran. In 2014, he inaugurated Operation Protective Edge with deadly retaliatory strikes against Hamas in response to their continued rocket attacks on Israel, escalating the tensions between Gaza and Israel to the point of all-out war twixt the two, with his country suffering much international opprobrium for the wanton disregard of Palestinian life there. Despite intermittent cease fires, the butchery would continue, while Jewish settlements would also expand on the West Bank, isolating Israel ever more from the international community. Increasingly unpopular because of his economic policies, he wound up firing two of his more rebellious ministers, at the end of 2014, while being forced into calling for early elections in March of 2015. Despised by many members of the various right-wing parties, he remains the personification of Israel’s extremely tenuous position in the larger world. Almost 90% of his re-election funding wound up coming from abroad, with three American families contributing to the bulk of it. Not wanted at France’s unity parade following the gunning down of cartoonists by jihadists, although pushed his way to the front anyway. At the same time, he asked for Jews to leave Europe and emigrate to Israel. Subsequently confronted the White House by appearing before Congress to badmouth any diplomatic nuclear deal with Iran, which alienated the American Jewish community, because of Obama’s refusal to meet him, as well as many in Israel’s left and center. The move played well to Israel’s anti-Iranian hardliners as well as to American congressional hawks, and wound up as an election clincher for his hard right coalition just prior to the March Israeli vote when he veered even further right playing off of anti-Palestinian fears and ignoring the pallid economy. while declaring Israel a permanent apartheid state. Through his manipulations, he picked up votes destined for minority parties, so that he cost allies seats, and defied the polls in winning a majority for Likud In the Knesset, in an unprecedented fourth term, making him Israel’s longest-serving prime minister. Formed a coalition government of nationalistic and religious parties just before the deadline, which gave him a one vote majority in the Knesset, as his foreign minister Lieberman withdrew and turned against him, cementing Israel’s further negative standing on the international scene with little hope for internal peace. Deeply affronted by the subsequent 7 nation 2015 coalition deal with iran that lifted sanctions in exchange for dismantling their nuclear weapons capability, while continuing to use his hardline stance as a means to maintain his own shaky political power in Israel, with posturing and empty threats galore. Solidified his position considerably by appointing Lieberman his new defense minister in May of 2016, when his previous one resigned, while also sending a signal to the country’s officer corps, which has been ill-at-ease with his high-handed use and misuse of power. Called King Bibi by some for his imperial inclinations and scandals. A large golden statue of him was briefly erected in Tel Aviv’s most famous square at the end of 2016, in an act of guerrilla art to underline the negative sentiments he evokes in some. Outraged over the UN Security Council unanimous vote condemning Israel for expanding its settlements in occupied territories at the end of 2016. Launched a scathing attack afterwards on the Obama administration for America’s refusing to veto the resolution, and pushed ahead for more settlements. In 2017, he has been faced with two separate police investigations around accepting gifts worth tens of thousands from businessmen. During this time, he also abandoned a plan to allow men and women to pray together at the Western Wall, thanks to Ultra-Orthodox members of his cabinet, despite an earlier agreement to do so, thereby driving a huge wedge between liberal Judaism and his administration.Has a net worth of over $10 million. Inner: Arrogant, self-confident and autocratic, with the inability to transcend his inner liabilities. Slick politician, good speaker, and a hard worker who does his homework. Fears Iran less for its nuclear capabilities than for its potential to develop into a Middle East powerhouse. Unintegrated lifetime of having to live up to the image of a sibling martyr-hero, without the personality resources to deal with a fractured nation and a fractured persona that has twice come to represent it. fHelmuth von Moltke (Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke the Younger) (1848-1916) - German general. Outer: From an aristocratic family, named after his illustrious uncle, Helmuth von Moltke (Yitzhak Rabin). Pursued the same martial career, entering the army in his early 20s, although he saw no initial action. Tall and heavy-set. Married Eliza von Moltke, at least two sons and a daughter from the union. In 1882, he became adjutant to his aged uncle. Served with several guard units, commanded a division and, largely through his name, was made deputy chief of the General Staff in 1904, and then was elevated to chief of the general staff in 1906, a position he was totally unqualified for, and which he reluctantly accepted, succeeding Alfred von Schlieffen (Yitzhak Shamir). Inherited von Schlieffen’s plan, which called for war on 2 fronts, heavy in the west and light in the east, although he had to readjust to numerous new contingencies after it was formulated, including less funds than were thought available, which hampered his buying new weapons. Also was hobbled by the emperor, Wilhelm II’s (Benny Begin) disconnected military adventurism. Because of his lack of direct combat experience and his own non-martial personality, he wound up weakening the plan given him. At the outset of WW I, which he hoped would not come to pass, he modified the plans, but couldn’t control actual deployment of troops and the initial offensive turned into a fiasco, thanks to his haphazard leadership, for which he was roundly blamed. Fell into a trance state under the strain of his responsibility and realized the connection between the general staff and the popes of the 9th century, who also wished to control central Europe as the balancing agent between west and east, although he misread his own role, seeing himself as a far more powerful pope, Nicholas I (Yonatan Netanyahu) than his actual incarnation, Hadrian II, by confusing himself with his longtime deep family cohort. Later wrote of his unusual experience, although it never received readership. Understood he had taken on the responsibility for unleashing a wave that would plunge humanity ever further from its innate sense of spirit and ever deeper into the material world, just as he had done a millennium earlier. His wife, also a medium, claimed she maintained contact with him after his death. Exhausted and deeply depressed by his efforts, he abdicated his responsibility and was replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn (Leon Uris), but his failure profoundly affected him, and he died a broken man 2 years later. Inner: Intelligent, gloomy, deeply reflective, more a scholar than a soldier. Placed in a position beyond his skills, and well aware of his failings. Had an abiding interest in the Holy Grail, as well as a strong sense of his/story. Over-his-head lifetime of being trapped in a role that adhered to his overview of fate being the definer of human freedom, while, on some level, he deliberately took the role to insure that Germany would never conquer the 20th century. fKarl II Wilhelm Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick and Wolfenbuttel (1735-1806) - Prussian duke and field marshal. Outer: Oldest of 9 surviving children of a Prussian prince, and nephew of Duke Ludwig Ernst of Brunswick-Luneburg (Ehud Olmert), as well as Ferdinand of Brunswick (Yitzhak Rabin). His mother was the daughter of the Prussian king, and his family was related to several European ruling houses, including Russia, Denmark and the HRE, while their estate library was an extremely impressive one, thanks to his sire’s diligence. Received a wide-ranging and thorough education, while traveling in his youth in the Netherlands, France and throughout Germany. At 22, he served under the English duke of Cumberland in northern Germany, showing great courage in battle by leading a charge of an infantry brigade. Afterwards, his uncle, who superseded Cumberland, convinced him to continue as a general officer, and he did so, to great effect. Known as the hereditary prince, he was soon recognized as a martial adept in the realm of irregular warfare. In 1764, he married Augusta, the daughter of Frederick, Prince of Wales (Prince William), and sister of the future George III (Jeffrey Archer). Two daughters and four sons from the union, including his successor, the fourth son, Friedrich Wilhelm (Yonatan Netanyahu), after the eldest died childless and the next two proved feebleminded. Showed himself to be an able subordinate, and at the conclusion of the Seven Years’ War in 1763, he visited England with his bride, and then France, while he was accorded great honor by both his allies and former enemies. Befriended numerous leading intellectualati of the day, and spent a considerable amount of time in Rome, studying ancient antiquities, before finally returning home to manage the family estates, which had fallen into arrears through his father’s mishandling of them. Rescued his larger duchy from bankruptcy, as well, with the help of a minister, and proved an extraordinarily popular figure within Brunswick. Succeeded his sire in 1780, as an enlightened despot of his times. His failures were always reflective of a certain caution, particularly in areas where reform was questionable, allowing him to escape the traps that his fellow liberal princes often fell into. Kept his duchy from foreign entanglements, and continued to serve the Prussian monarch well, both as a diplomat and a regiment colonel, which he took great pains to direct on model lines. Always cautious in all he did, he was extremely pro-German. Made a field marshall in 1787, and during the French Revolution, was appointed commander of the combined Austrian and German forces charged with invading France and crushing the spirit of the violent revolt, despite being in sympathy with French reform, and giving asylum in his duchy to the future Louis XVIII (Luc Besson). Continued to show his caution and prudence, and despite some successes in the field, marred by an occasional failure, he became the victim of disagreements at headquarters, including interference from the king, which impeded his military directives. Ended his command and returned to his duchy in 1793, although continued to serve the Prussian state in a diplomatic vein, carrying out a successful mission to Russia in 1803. At the personal request of the queen, he took command over the Prussian army during the Napoleonic wars, only to once again fall victim to royal intriguing. Suffered a mortal wound at the battle of Auerstadt, and spent the next near month in the midst of the routed Prussian army, before finally succumbing. His duchy was then seized by Napoleon and added to the kingdom of Westphalia. Inner: Economical, prudent and kindly, with limited martial abilities. Greatly admired his uncle Friedrich II. Copycat lifetime of trying to serve as the very model of an 18th century enlightened political leader and general, despite his limited skills in the field. fJohann Friedrich II, Duke of Saxony (1529-1566) - German duke. Outer: Of the House of Wettin. Father was Johann Friedrich I, Elector of Saxony (Yonatan Netanyahu), and a pivotal figure in the German Reformation. Mother was the daughter of a duke, and the sister of the future, albeit brief, English queen, Anne of Cleves (Princess Anne). Oldest of four sons. Grew up in an environment of intrigue and intense political manipulation during the unsettling period of maneuverings between various German princes and the Catholic forces of the Holy Roman Emperor. Following his sire’s capture by the latter during the Schmalkald War in 1547, he and his brother became regents over the lands still retained by his family, after the awarding of the their electorate to their cousin, Maurice of Saxony. Their sire was eventually released in 1552, only to die two years later, less than two weeks after their mother. Became Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Eisenach and divided the family inheritance with his brother, and his minor sibling, Johann Friedrich III. When the latter died childless in 1565, he became ruler of Gotha and made it his place of residence. Fought the radical Anabaptists, like his father had done, and continually worked towards reinstating himself as Elector of Saxony and regaining the lands lost during his sire’s punishing imprisonment. Briefly recovered the title of Elector, but quickly won the enmity of the HRE Maximilian II (Daryl F. Zanuck) for his intriguing against the crown. In 1555, he married Agnes of Hesse, only to see her die less than six months later after a miscarriage. Three years later, he wed Elisabeth of the Palatinate, daughter of Friedrich III, Elector Palatine (Helmut Kohl). Four sons from the union, with the first two dying young. In 1558, he officially founded the Univ. of Jena, which his father had worked towards, and showed himself to be far less tolerant of protestant deviation than his sire, having his theologians work out a confessional statement known as the Weimar Refutation, which condemned all sects not strictly Lutheran. When his dubious general Wilhelm von Grumbach seized and plundered Wurzburg in 1563 to try and help him get his lands back, he was placed under an imperial ban, but refused to withdraw his forces. Grumbach continued to intrigue, eliciting the anger of the Saxony elector and his cousin, Augustus, with a potential assassination, while disrupting various German alliances. Augustus subsequently marched against his seat of Gotha, causing the capture, dismemberment and execution of Grumbach. Found himself without any subsequent support when even his own brother turned against him. Following a siege of his castle in 1566, he was defeated and spent the last 29 years of his life as an imperial prisoner in a castle in upper Austria. His possessions were confiscated, and his brother usurped his titles and rule, leaving him nearly three decades of imprisonment to contemplate his failings. Inner: Alternately apt and inept. Largely inflexible, as well, and far too single-minded for his own good, in his pursuit of regaining his family’s lands and titles at all and any cost. Failed lifetime of trying to live up to the reputation of an unusually dynamic father, only to wind up prisoner of his own inabilities, while setting a pattern that would be repeated over and over of being far less than his illustrious family members, who always seem to incarnate in pivotal places in pivotal times. Hadrian II (792-872) - Outer: From an aristocratic family. Related to 2 earlier ineffectual popes, Stephen IV and Sergius II. Married with a daughter, before he took holy orders relatively late in life. Elected when quite old to the papacy in 867, following a highly effective predecessor, Nicholas I (Yonatan Netanyahu). Before he was consecrated, however, the duke of Spoleto raided and looted Rome, then the daughter from his earlier union, who had been betrothed to a Roman noble, took off with a silver-tongued conniver. Ordered imperial officers to pursue them, but the conniver stabbed both his daughter and wife to death, which inaugurated his papacy. A far weaker and more vacillating character than Nicholas, he could not maintain the same standard, and was soon embroiled in succession and ecclesiastical issues in France, which he handled poorly. Had better instincts in the east, where he approved the Slavic language in the liturgy and appointed the powerful archbishop of Sirmium, Methodius, to the approval of the Moravians. Tried to reunite the eastern and western churches, accepting the patriarch of Constantinople as 2nd to the pope in the Church’s hierarchy, although lost Bulgaria to the eastern church. Ultimately governed moderately and prudently as an interim figure twixt 2 far more powerful pontiffs. Inner: Compromiser, more interested in peace than confrontation. Destruction of family was probably symbolic of his own unintegrated material/spiritual dualities. Latterly realized but loss-filled lifetime of gaining power at an extremely advanced age and symbolically handling his eastern (or spiritual) problems far better than his western (or material) difficulties.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS NURTURING MATRIARCH/PATRIARCH:
Storyline: The grandly competent grandmother brings her nation-building skills to the fore in both male and female form, showing an ambi-gender dexterity rare in world annals, in her ongoing role as builder on the foundations of her predecessors.

Golda Meir (Goldie Mabovitch) (1898-1978) - Russian/Israeli politician. Outer: From the poor Jewish quarter of Kiev in the Ukraine. Father was a skilled carpenter and cabinet-maker, while mother operated a small grocery store. One of 8 children, 5 brothers died in childhood. Migrated with her family in 1906 to join her father in Milwaukee, where he was a railroad worker, but was barely able to support his crew. 5’5”. After her parents objected to her becoming a schoolteacher, she went to live with a married sister in Denver, then attended the Milwaukee Teacher’s Seminary, but became an active Zionist, with a democratic socialist overview, and joined Paole Zion as a fulltime staff member. Married Morris Myerson, a sign painter in 1917 under the condition that she and he would migrate to Israel and work for 2 years on a kibbutz, 2 children from the union. On arriving in Israel, she immediately became politically active, then moved to Tel Aviv, where she worked as a clerk and took in washing to supplement her and her husband’s meager income. Became involved in the labor movement, and served as Secretary of the Women’s Labour Council in 1928. As a high official in Histradut, the labor federation, she began attending international conferences. Elected as a delegate to the World Zionist Congress, she went on missions to the U.S. and Britain during the 1930s. During WW II, she was a forceful spokesperson for the Zionist cause while dealing with the British authorities. Divorced her husband in 1945 and in 1946, when many of her associates were arrested, she worked for the release of her comrades and became head of the Political Department of the Jewish Agency. Her spouse would later die of a heart attack in 1951. In May of 1948, she was one of the signers of Israel’s Declaration of Independence, before becoming the newly formed country’s first minister to Soviet Russia later that year. In 1949, she was elected to the Knesset or Parliament as a Mapai or Labor representative, and served there for the next quarter of a century. Also became minister of Labor and Social Insurance under David Ben-Gurion, carrying out major programs of housing and road construction while vigorously supporting unrestricted Jewish immigration to Israel. At the same time, she refused to even acknowledge the existence of the Palestinians, or any claim they had on the country. In 1956, she was made Minister of Foreign Affairs, a post she held for a decade, during which time she was the singular woman in the Israeli government. Pursued diplomatic ties to uncommitted countries to anchor Israel’s place in the world, particularly to newfound African nations. The same year, she was widowed and changed her name to its Hebrew form. Chaired Israel’s delegation to the U.N. from 1953 to 1966, and was Secretary-General of the Labor Party, helping to merge it with 2 dissident parties. Retired in 1968, but was asked to be an interim Prime Minister on the death of Levi Eshkol in 1969. She then won office on her own later that year. Showed herself to be tough-minded and warm-hearted, traveling widely in search of peace accords, although she oversaw the 4th Arab-Israeli war in 1973, which caught Israel relatively unprepared. Forced to form a new coalition government the following year, she resigned shortly afterwards. Not until her death, was it revealed that she had leukemia the last dozen years of her life. Wrote her autobiography, My Life. Inner: Pragmatic, vigorous, down-to-Earth, a lifelong chain-smoker. Excellent listener, with a keen sense of observation. Gender-testing lifetime of switching sexes in order to more fully complement the masculine cast of the early Israeli government, while, like her colleagues, eschewing her earlier nobility to reinvent herself as a reinventer of an ancient nation. Karl, Reichsfreiherr vom und zum Stein (1757-1831) - Prussian statesman. Outer: From a Protestant family of the imperial nobility. Father was chamberlain to the Catholic elector and archbishop of Reims despite his religion. 9th child, whose mother was a widow and second wife of his sire. Imbued with a sense of piety and devotion to duty, as well as the Protestant work ethic, by an irritable father, whose temperament he inherited, despite bypassing him in all other gifts. Also deeply attached to the traditional Hapsburg autocracy with a fervent sense of German patriotism. His parents wanted him to be a judge at one of the imperial courts. Studied law at the Univ. of Gottingen, as well as economics, his/story and statistics. In 1793, he married Countess Wilhelmine Magdalene von Wallmoden, the daughter of a Hanoverian general, 2 daughters from the union. Although he initially felt his wife didn’t appreciate his overview, she proved an extremely supportive and competent mate in the long run, particularly during long periods of separation when she had to run their family estates. Met a mentor that inspired him to look for the middle path between revolution and absolutism and tradition and progress, which would become his hallmark. Studied legal proceedings at various imperial institutions, then decided the civil administration of Prussia would serve his purposes best. Initially worked in the department of mines and factories, learning the practical details of local government. Successfully labored as an administrator in various capacities, improving roads, rivers, tax collection and production. In 1804, he was called to Berlin to become minister of economic affairs, although he was dismissed 3 years later because of disagreements with the king. Used his down time on his estates to compose the Nassau Memorandum, which stated that the citizenry had to be involved in the government in order to have an integrated realm. Invited to replace Karl von Hardenburg (Shimon Peres) as chief minister in 1807, when Napoleon insisted he be dumped. Because the Prussian state was in total disarray, it enabled him to put his reforms into effective play. Liberated the peasants from their land servitude, an important step towards civil liberties, allowing land to be sold freely, as well as landsmen to follow their own vocation. Introduced self-government for urban communes which freed urban life around Germany. Modernized the Prussian government, getting rid of the incompetent shadow advisers and establishing departmental ministries in their stead. Later reforms were taken up by Hardenburg when he came back into power, although he operated from a different consciousness. Dismissed from office in 1808 when a letter he wrote proposing the likelihood of war against France was intercepted, and he was forced to go into exile as a declared public enemy of Napoleon. Summoned to the court of the Russian emperor Alexander I (Mikhail Gorbachev) as a political adviser, he proved up to the task as well. Worked for a political union of the German states during the subsequent 1815 Congress of Vienna, then retired to his country estate, where he founded a society for the study of the Germanic past, which went on to become an important publication source for source materials on German medieval his/story. Oversaw the Monumenta Germaniae Historica as his final encomium to the state he served so well. Inner: Uncompromising and extremely self-confident, with a cerebral, lucid vision of exactly what had to be done in order to give his beloved country the foundation to enter into the modern world. Bridge lifetime of liberal instincts coupled with ancient traditions, in preparation for doing a total changeover in both sexes and state to give it the same labor intensive citizen/oriented foundation for its ongoing survival as well.Sigismund I (1467-1548) - King of Poland. Known as ‘The Old.’ Outer: 5th son of Casimir IV (Menachem Begin). Mother was a Hapsburg princess. Made ruler of Glogow, Silesia in his early 20s and margrave of Lusatia and governor of all of Silesia in 1504. Able to transform both into model states through his judicial and administrative reforms. Succeeded his brother Alexander (Benny Begin) as grand prince of Lithuania and king of Poland in 1506. Despite his wise rule and continuing successful reforms, he often clashed with the Polish Diet over royal authority. At the Diet’s insistence, he married Barbara Zapolya, the daughter of the reigning prince of Hungary, in 1512, although she died 3 years later, without producing a male heir. Two daughters from the union. In 1518, he married Bona Sforza, the niece of HRE Maximilian I (Charles de Gaulle), one son from the union, his successor Sigismund II (Shimon Peres), as well as 4 daughters, with a second son dying at birth after his wife fell off a horse. One daughter married the king of Sweden, from whom the Vasa line descended. Also had several children with a mistress, Katarzyna Telniczanka. Brought Italian artists to Krakow, initiating the Polish version of the Renaissance. Despite his Catholicism, he was religiously tolerant to both the Greek Orthodox Christians and the Jews, many of whom had been driven eastward after being expelled from western Europe. Initially opposed to Lutheranism, but saw it was a phenomenon that was an inevitability and accommodated himself to its spread throughout his domain. Through his commander, Jan Tarnowski (Yitzhak Shamir), he subdued the Teutonic Knights who had ruled East Prussia, and in 1525, their grand master became a Lutheran and did public homage to him in return for being granted the secular title of duke. The newly created duke then dissolved his order and East Prussia came under Polish sovereignty. Added the province of Warsaw to his domains in 1529 after the death of its last ruler, and secured his eastern borders through the further military exploits of Tarnowski. Inner: Wise and just ruler, pious and a lover of the fine arts, particularly architecture and sculpture. Well-crowned lifetime of serving as a benevolent ruler, expanding his kingdom, allowing diversity within its borders and leaving his country far the better for his having sat upon its throne. Sissinius (c650-708) - Syrian pope. Outer: Born in Syria, he may have been the older brother of future pope Constantine I (Ariel Sharon). Like so many pontiffs of his era, his life was largely unrecorded. Pursued a clerical career in Rome and was elected to the papacy in 707, although the exarch of Ravenna refused to approve his selection until early the next year. Probably selected because he was in extreme ill health at the time, and represented no threat to any of the vested interests, both in Constantinople and in Rome, to the various pockets of political power in each. Had one of the shortest pontificates on record, twenty days, during which time he only made ordinations, while overseeing the ongoing project of reinforcing of the walls of Rome, since the Eternal City was vulnerable to a host of forces at the time. So crippled by gout at the end, that he could no longer feed himself, so that his exit after less than three weeks on the Chair of St. Peter came as no surprise to anyone. Canonized after his death. Inner: Noted for hs good character. Brief run lifetime of occupying the same chair as his extended family, with the spiritual, but not the physical ability to do it proper justice.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS LONG-LIVED FACTOTUM:
Storyline: The geriatric guide manages to remain in the forefront of his adopted country’s national life for an incredible six decades plus, while refusing to be a relic of at the past, but rather a bellwether of the ever-changing present.

Shimon Peres (Szymon Perski) (1923-2016) - Israeli statesman. Outer: From a family of rabbis, with his rabbinic grandfather a major influence on him, teaching him the Talmud, while making him strictly observant in contrast to his parents, who were not. Father was a lumber merchant and entrepreneur, mother was a librarian. One younger brother, as well as being a first cousin of actress Lauren Bacall. Grew up in a trilingual home where Hebrew, Russian and Yiddish were spoken, rather than his native Polish, which he learned at school. His father immigrated to Palestine in 1932 and settled in Tel Aviv, and he, his brother and mother followed him two years later. Those of his family who did not emigrate all died in WW II’s Shoa. Became a kibbutzim, doing physical work, while also becoming part of the Labor Zionist youth movement. His adopted name, Peres, would roughly translate as ‘leader’ in ancient Hebrew. In 1945, he married Sonya Gelman, two sons and a daughter from the union, with his wife preferring to remain in the background during his long public life. Joined the Haganah, a paramilitary defense force, in 1947, and was made responsible for both arms purchases and personnel. Five years later he was appointed Deputy Director of the Ministry of Defense by David Ben-Gurion, and the following year, at 29, he was made the youngest ever Director General of Defense. Able to employ his language skills in obtaining high grade arms, including jet fighters, from the French, insuring Israel’s supremacy in the air and field over its Arab neighbors during the pivotal decades following its founding in 1948. Elected to the Knesset, Israel’s Parliament, in 1959, as a member of the left-wing Mapai party, and continued as Deputy Defense Minister until 1965. Held cabinet posts for various Labor governments, and then became Defense Minister in Yitzhak Rabin’s government, after losing to the latter in their mutual desire to replace Golda Meir, following her resignation in 1974. Repeatedly bested by Rabin, until he finally succeeded him as party leader following his being forced to step down because of a currency scandal involving his wife. Became the unofficial prime minister, only to suffer defeat at the hands of right-wing Likud under the leadership of Menachem Begin in 1977. Became the leader of the opposition to the coalition forces behind Likud, as Israel continued its right-wing conservative course, although in 1984, his left-wing Alignment won enough seats to form a rotation government with Likud, in which he became Prime Minister, while Likud’s head, Yitzhak Shamir became foreign minister, before trading places two years later. Left the government in 1990 after some shenanigans, and continued to lead the opposition in the Knesset, before losing to Yitzhak Rabin again in 1992 when the Alignment became a single Israeli Labor Party. Served as Rabin’s foreign minister and following the latter’s assassination in 1995, he became Prime Minister again, only to lose the following year to Binjamin Netanyahu in the first direct elections for Prime Minister, when the latter ran an American-style campaign. Replaced as Labor Party leader, when he was superseded by Ehud Barak, playing almost no role in his government. Ran for Israeli President in 2000, only to lose to the Likud candidate. Despite his near eighty years, he was able to lead Labor into a coalition government with Ariel Sharon in 2001 and became Foreign Minister again, before leaving office in 2003, having proved quite ineffectual in furthering any peace process with the Palestinians. Undaunted, he became interim leader again, and in 2004, lead his party into another coalition government with Sharon, while winning the Nobel Peace Prize. Won the chairmanship of Labor in 2005, only to lose it later in the year, and then, after a lifetime on the left, announced he was leaving the party to join Sharon’s new centrist Kadima Party. Failed to succeed Sharon following his stroke, bur remained with Kadima, holding several posts in the Olmert government. In 2007, as a final capstone to his long career, he was elected President of Israel, a largely ceremonial post that lasted until 2014, and some say in the selection of prime ministerial candidates. Made an honorary English knight in 2008, and while in office was the oldest head of state in the world. Lost his wife in 2011, after over six decades of marriage, while remaining the grand old man of Israeli politics, having served his nation steadfastly from statehood on. Suffered a massive stroke and died from its complications two weeks later in a hospital. His funeral drew Israel’s biggest roster of global leaders since the 1995 service for Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin. The author of 11 books, all centered around Israel and the Jewish experience. Inner: Pragmatic and highly reflective of Israel’s ever-changing left-wing. Originally hawkish in his overview, but gradually morphed into a more conciliatory stance with the Arabs, along with a willingness to compromise. Strong supporter of the Oslo Accords between Israel and the Palestinians, insisting that Israel faced “eternal war” if there was no Palestinian state. Cynic and romantic, with an extremely complex character, that could never quite win over the hearts and minds of his fellow Israelis. Long-lived lifetime of thorough identification with his adopted land, with a great need to remain relevant to its continued existence even into deep old age. Karl August, Furst von Hardenberg (1755-1822) - Prussian statesman. Outer: From an aristocratic family. Father was a general with estates in southern Germany. Oldest of 7. Tutored at home, then attended the universities of Gottingen and Leipzig, taking a wide range of courses with a focus on law. In 1770 he entered the Hanoverian Ministry of Justice then spent a year traveling in Germany before going to England to the court of the Hanoverian king, George III (Jeffrey Archer), who appointed him as a counselor. Married Julianne von Reventllow, a teenage German countess, in 1774, 2 children from the union, although his wife had an affair with the Prince of Wales (Warren Beatty), which forced him to enter the service of the Duke of Brunswick. The duo were divorced in 1788. Immediately married a woman who had divorced her husband because of him, once again throwing a crimp into his career. Became a Prussian provincial minister in 1790, and finally got his career on track, making a model province out of 2 previous margravates through the judicious selection of talented subordinates. Moved to Berlin in 1798, and was entrusted with the Prussian court’s most important administrative and diplomatic tasks, although his 2nd marriage fell apart when he took a mistress into his house. Divorced his 2nd wife and married his mistress in 1807, although shortly before his death, he also separated from her. Reordered the administration of the state, but after the Prussian military collapse against France, he was forced to withdraw from political life at the behest of Napoleon. Returned again in 1810, with the government in crisis and unable to pay Napoleon indemnities. The latter agreed to his reinstatement and he became prime minister with full powers. Implemented the reforms begun by fellow minister Karl Stein (Golda Meir), and, while holding to the principle of an absolute monarchy, showed sympathy for the democratic reforms of the French state, under the banner of “democratic principles in a monarchical regime.” Simplified the taxes, promoted free trade and supported legislation that gave the executive branch far more efficiency in carrying out its laws. Tried to involve the upper middle class more in the government, although was opposed by the entrenched aristocracy, so that his reforms and reorganizations were put on hold until well after his death, when crises once more dictated profound change. Able to steer Prussia through the upheavals and changing alliances of Napoleon’s last stand, and was effective, if conservative, in his foreign policy. Made a prince in 1814, and continued in his capacities as captain of the Prussian ship of state until his death. Saw less and less support for his ideas as he grew older. Deemed too conservative by liberal reformers and the opposite by their opposites, although his reputation was resuscitated by century’s end. Died after suffering a stroke. Inner: Liberal reformer, although hidebound traditionalist in his monarchical overview, in an attempt to integrate the 2 in a state not noted for its sympathies towards its secondary citizens. Bridge existence between liberating instincts and respect for autocratic tradition. Mixed bag lifetime of failing to integrate his female side, through his rocky relations with his wives and lovers, while adding considerably to his experience in the diplomatic and administrative realms. Sigismund II (1520-1572) - King of Poland. Outer: Only son of Sigismund I (Golda Meir). Mother, Bona, was a member of the Sforza family of Milan, and his sire’s second wife. A constant schemer around power, she ensured her son’s recognition by the nobles and magnates of the realm. Elected and crowned co-ruler with his father in 1530, and was given the duchy of Lithuania to rule in 1544. The year before he wed Elisabeth of Austria, HRE Ferdinand I’s (Arthur Seyss Inquart) eldest daughter, although she died without issue two years later. Secretly wed Barbara Radziwill, a member of the magnate Radziwill family in 1547. Succeeded his father the following year, and when he announced his marriage, the Polish Diet tried to annul it, fearing the power of the House of Radziwill. Able to overcome their opposition, but his wife died without issue in 1551, allegedly poisoned by his mother, in fear of the growing power of her extended family. Made a 3rd marriage to Catherine, his first wife’s sister, in 1553, but, she, too proved barren, thus ending his family’s Jagiellon line on the throne. When a branch of the Teutonic knights became too weak to fend off Russia’s intrusion on Livonian affairs, he intervened, and during the subsequent Livonian War with Ivan IV (Joseph Stalin), which lasted for a quarter of a century, over a decade beyond his own lifetime, he constitutionally united all the lands attached to the Polish crown, expanding and legally unifying his kingdom. Ultimately succeeded by a nondynastic elected king, after Poland was declared a republic by its nobles on his death. Inner: Able and determined, although the female elements in his life, particularly his poisonous mother and barren wives indicate a somewhat unintegrated character around his feminine side, which would continue into his next go-round. End-of-the-line lifetime of completing his family’s dynastic hold on the throne of Poland, but not before legally drawing its disparate territorial elements together in a united state, that would cease to exist as such a little over a century later

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PATHWAY OF MARTIAL ARTIST AS OLD-SCHOOL MILITARIST:
Storyline: The no-nonsense general joins his fellow former Prussians in the Israeli military, and, as always, rises to the top amidst mixed assessments of his career, through his ongoing imperturbability, fair share of heroics and questionable decision-making.

fDan Shomron (Don Zodoritch) (1937-2008) - Israeli general. Outer: The child of kibbutzniks in British mandated Palestine, he was raised on a kibbutz in the Jordan Valley. Joined the military as a paratrooper in 1955, and fought in the Sinai Campaign in 1956. Left the army for three years, before rejoining it in 1962. Commanded a Renaissance unit on the Egyptian front during the Six Day War, and after losing contact with other forces, became the first Israeli paratrooper to reach the Suez Canal. Married with three children. During the 1973 Yom Kippur War, he led a tank brigade, and the following year became a brigadier general, and was given command of the army’s infantry and paratroop branch. Best remembered for planning and leading the successful raid on the Entebbe airport in Uganda in 1976, where 105 Jewish hostages were freed from four Palestinian and German terrorist hijackers. Completed the mission in an hour, losing Lt. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu, and one hostage, while killing all the hijackers. Became head of the army’s southern command for four years beginning in 1978, and oversaw Israeli troop withdrawal from the Sinai following the country’s peace treaty with Egypt, so as to encircle his own career with that desert. Established the ground forces command to unite the various elements of the army in 1983, and served as its first commander. Four years later, he was made the 13th Chief of Staff of the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces), where he enthusiastically promoted high tech technology, and saw himself leading Israel into the cutting edge future of warfare. Found himself instead, facing the first Palestinian intifada or uprising, and was criticized by the left for being far too brutal in suppressing it, with measures like destroying homes and arresting children. The right called him cowardly for not going far enough, while he used the tactics the French employed during their occupation of Algeria in putting down the FLN. Ultimately came to the conclusion that force alone is not enough to stop a guerrilla movement. Wanted to retaliate against Iraq when they were sending scud missiles into Israeli during the first Gulf War, but was held back from doing so by promises that the U.S. would destroy all the launchers, which they did not. Retired the same year in 1991, while calling America’s victory against Iraq “a joke.” Became chairman of Israel Military Industries, a state-owned arms manufacturer afterwards. Returned to public life in 2006, to chair an internal military inquiry following Israel’s brief failed war with Lebanon that year. Suffered a stroke and died three weeks later. Inner: Always held his emotions in check, while presenting himself as a bluff throwback to longheld European traditions. Uncomfortable with adulation, feeling himself duty-bound in all he did. Ramrod straight lifetime of bringing his old school martial sensibilities to the modern age of warfare, and, as always, showing himself to competent, rather than brilliant, in all he assayed. fPaul von Hindenberg und Beneckendorff (Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Hindenburg) (1847-1934) - German general and president. Outer: Descended from Martin Luther (Martin Luther King). Son of an aristocratic Prussian officer and a middle-class mother, who was daughter of a doctor, and proved an embarrassment to her son’s aristocratic pretenses. The oldest of 4, with two younger brothers and a sister. After military cadet schools, he first saw action in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, where he was slightly wounded. Fought in the Franco-Prussian War, and in 1877, became a member of the general staff. Married a fellow aristocrat, Gertrud Von Sperling, in 1879, two daughters and a son from the union. Had a strong attachment to the latter, who also pursued a military career. Given roles around the German royal house, served as an instructor, and head of the War Dept’s Infantry Bureau, while pursuing a largely undistinguished military career. Retired in 1911, after having risen to the rank of lieutenant general eight years prior. Recalled to duty at the outbreak of WW I, he was made commander in east Prussia, and took credit for his chief of staff’s, Erich Ludendorff (Dan Halutz), spectacular successes in the early war against the Russians. In late 1914, he was made a field marshal and given command over the Eastern Front. Benefited greatly from his talented subordinates, who made him a national hero, despite his limited tactical abilities, while a cult formed around him, since his Teutonic image exemplified everything that the nation wished to believe about itself. Served as an ideal for the Junker class, from which he had come, in what would prove their swan song in Prussian culture. Remained a literal cult totem throughout the war, and in 1916, succeeded Erich von Falkenhayn (Leon Uris) as Chief of the General Staff, with Ludendorff as his deputy, albeit the real commander of German forces. Together with Ludendorff, he became virtual dictator over Germany, involving himself in civilian as well as military decisions. After rising to the rank of Field Marshal, he became known as Marshal Was-sagst-du from his habit of always deferring questions to Ludendorff with that phrase, which means, “What do you say?” Although Ludendorff was forced to resign in face of Germany’s defeat, he maintained his position afterwards, causing the former to despise him. Much to his distaste, he was forced to persuade the German kaiser, Wilhelm II (Benny Begin) to abdicate for the country’s greater good, then later denied he had done so. Retired in 1919 and was never indicted as a war criminal, blaming the defeat on disloyal elements and unpatriotic politicians, when called before a commission, and allowing his elevated status to help him remain a hero in the public’s eye. Became a widower and published his ghostwritten memoirs, “My Life,” which glossed over his career. In 1925, he was persuaded to run for the presidency of Germany, despite a strong initial reluctance, and won, becoming largely a figurehead. Acted like a constitutional monarch, and fulfilled the decorous element of his duties, while remaining above the sludge of postwar politics, since it was an arena he did not understand. His son, Oskar, served as his aide-de-camp, while a chancellor was appointed to run the actual government. Met Adolf Hitler in 1931, and both were profoundly unimpressed with one another. Forced to run again as the only opponent capable of defeating the resurgent Nazi Party, he reluctantly did so, and was reelected in a run-off in 1933, despite near senility and declining health. After vowing he never would, he unwillingly appointed Adolph Hitler as his chancellor in 1933, before warming up to him, then played a key role in giving the Nazis power. Suspended civil liberties following the Reichstag fire, which the Nazis had set and blamed on the communists. Allowed himself to be publicly used by Hitler, who fawned over him in front of the masses, while privately viewing him as a complete and utter reactionary. Remained in office until his death of heart failure. Shortly before he died, Hitler visited him, and he mistook him for Kaiser Wilhelm, calling him, “Your majesty.” The famous destruction of the dirigible in 1937 that was named after him, was an excellent symbol of country’s gassy overextended view of him. Inner: Iron-willed, cautious, level-headed, revered and remote, with an imperturbability that served him well. Staunch monarchist and disbeliever in democratic principles. Claimed the only books he ever read were the Bible and the army manual. Blimpy lifetime of heroic stature despite limited abilities, acting out the Germanic romantic reverence for rock-solid militaristic figures, while hogging credit for the actions of others and blaming everyone but himself for his own failings. fFriedrich Graf Kleist von Nollendorf (Friedrich Emil Ferdinand Heinrich Graf Kleist von Nollendorf) (1762-1832) - Prussian general. Outer: From a distinguished old Pomeranian Prussian Junker family that would later include poet Heinrich von Kleist (Jakob Dylan). Became a page at the court of Prince Henry when he was 12, then joined the Prussian army in 1778. Served in the War of the Bavarian Succession and was made a member of the general staff in 1790, prior to the French Revolutionary Wars. Rose to the rank of major by century’s near-end, when he was put in command of a battalion of grenadiers. Fought in the Napoleonic Wars, before going on extended leave in 1807. The following year he was placed in command of an infantry brigade, before being made commandant of his native Berlin. Fought against Russia as commander of a Prussian auxiliary force and following his decisive role in the Battle of Leipzig, he was made a graf, or count in 1814. The same year he marched into France for the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars, where his corps became a part of Gerhard Blucher’s (Dan Halutz) army. Participated in the penultimate defeat of Napoleon, and was promoted to general of infantry at its conclusion. During the latter’s last Hundred Day hurrah, he was given command away from the central action, and two years before he died, he was made a field marshal, before retiring to his estates. Inner: Competent without standing out in an era of high profile Prussian martial talent. Make no waves lifetime of doing his duty alongside his usual cohorts and managing to maintain his family name without blemishing it. Hans von Erlach (Johann Ludwig von Erlach) (1593-1650) - Swiss general and statesman. Outer: Raised a Lutheran. Began his career as a page for Christian of Anhalt (Leon Uris), then served in the Palatine armies of Frederick V (Oscar LaFontaine) for 5 years, before joining the Swedish army in 1623 for another 4 years during the Thirty Years’ War. Married a teenaged cousin, Margarete von Erlach, in 1627, one daughter from the union. The same year, he became military director of Berne, where he reorganized the Berne militia according to Dutch lines, with smaller companies and greater fire power. Held that position for a decade, before joining Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar (Dan Halutz), and leading the Bernardines from 1639 until his death, while maintaining his loyalty to the French, who paid the bills, despite his religious differences and the revocation of the dynastic rights given to Bernhard. Inner: Competent without standing out in an era of outstanding martial adepts. Hands-on lifetime of both designing tactics and proving his loyalty to a cause, while working with his long-term battlefield partner, in his usual secondary status to him. fErik Johansson Vasa (c1470-1520) - Swedish noble. Outer: One of four children of a highly influential noble family, who possessed considerable wealth. Probably descended from an earlier Swedish king. In his mid-20s, he married Cecilia Mansdotter, and had eight children, including Gustavus (Donald Trump), who would establish the House of Vasa on the Swedish throne three years after his death. Acted as a Swedish senator, while serving the powerful Sture family, to whom he was related, assisting them in fighting against the Danes, only to be executed in what would become known as the Stockholm Bloodbath, following the conquest of the capital by his enemies. Inner: Strongly nationalilstic and highly irritable and hot-tempered. Lifeline lifetime of being best remembered for who he sired rather than any singular action of his own. fLudwig II, Duke of Bavaria (1229-1294) - Bavarian noble. Outer: Father was a Bavarian duke, and mother was the daughter of a count palatine, and granddaughter of Henry the Lion (Ariel Sharon). Brother-in-law of HRE Conrad IV (Antonio Banderas), whom he supported against a usurper. In 1253, he succeeded his sire as Duke of Bavaria. Two years later he received the Palatinate and Upper Bavaria, while his brother was bequeathed Lower Bavaria when Wittelsbach land was divided between them. The division enraged the bishops of Bavaria, but he and his sibling were able to fend them off when they attacked in 1257, in a rare show of family solidarity between the two usually feuding brothers. Had his first wife, Marie of Brabant, executed in 1256, when he mistakenly accused her of adultery, over a misreading of some missives she had sent. Founded an abbey afterwards as an act of expiation, while the act would enter German lore as a hyperviolent testament to him. In 1260, he married Anna of Glogau, daughter and son from the union, with the latter dying just before him. As a Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire, he played a central role for four decades in who would succeed as emperor, although his support of his Hohenstaufen nephew Conradin caused him to be banned by the pope in 1266. Following Conradin’s execution after a failed Italian invasion, he inherited some of his lands. In 1273, he wed Matilda of Hapsburg, daughter of Rupert of Hapsburg (Alfried von Krupp) whom he would later support as the first of his House, to become HRE, in what would prove a longtime union of the crown and that convoluted family. Two sons and two daughters from the union, including the future HRE Ludwig IV (Dan Halutz). Fought alongside Rudolph against his previous contestant for it, Ottokar II. Following Rudolph’s death in 1291, and the subsequent demise of his successor, he failed to stop the selection of Adolf of Nassau (Adolf Hitler) as the next HRE. The latter would become the father-in-law of his eldest surviving son, Rudolph, a few months after his death. Inner: Competitive, jealous and combative. Epicenter lifetime of playing kingmaker around the emperor’s crown of the HRE, while giving voice to his own hidden insecurities as well as birth to his longtime son/cohort/competitor.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS QUARRELSOME MARTIAL ARTIST:
Storyline: The iron-mailed militarist evinces a total sense of soldiery on the outside, but suffers the paranoia of life as a never-ending battle on the inside, so that despite his many gifts, he winds up in complete and unhappy isolation isolation for his beliefs.
gDan Halutz (1948) - Israeli air force general. Outer: Of Iranian and Iraqi descent. Parents were Mizrahi, or Middle Eastern, Jews. Born several months after the official birth of the national of Israel, he enlisted in the Israeli Air Force in 1966. After graduating from combat flight school, he joined an F-4 Phantom squadron, where he flew 40 sorties during the 1969 War of Attrition. Left the Israeli Defense Force afterwards to get his degree in economics from Tel Aviv Univ. Married Irit Halutz with 2 sons and a daughter from the union. Returned to active combat duty in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, and downed 3 enemy planes in dogfights, while flying a host of missions. Left active duty in 1978 to work as a reserve pilot, before returning in 1982 to fly the new F-16 jet fighters. Continued his military service throughout the decade, and in 1991 was made commander of the Hatzor airbase. Two years later he became Brigadier General and in 1995, was made head of air force headquarters. In 1998, he was promoted to Brigadier General, and the allowing year he was appointed head of the Operations Wing of the IDF General Force. The turn of the century saw him become Israeli Air Force commander, and he was leading figure against the first Palestinian Intifada uprising. Coordinated ground and air forces, and greatly enhanced Israel’s capabilities from the air, while considerably tightening operational procedures in an attempt to lessen accidents and failures. Proved extremely competent in every assignment given him, while overseeing targeted killings of Palestinian leaders, which also massacred many civilians, and ultimately fed into more suicide bombings and terrorist attacks. Won the opprobrium of the world for his actions, and was threatened to be brought before the International Court of Justice at the Hague as a war criminal. Took aggressive responsibility for his decisions, while expressing regret for the innocent civilians who were killed. Backed in his stances by the Israeli right, particularly after the left tried to prevent his further advancement in the military. Made Deputy Chief of Staff in 2004, over the objections of many, and the following year, he was appointed the 18th chief of staff of the Israeli Defense Force, the first Air Force general to win that post. In 2006, he ordered 10 buildings destroyed in Lebanon, during the failed war with Hizbollah, once again eliciting ire over his attacking civilian positions, while calling the latter movement a cancer. At the same time, he unloaded his investment portfolio of some $28,000 within three hours of the capture of two Israeli soldiers, in anticipation of the immediate Lebanon/Israeli conflict which followed. Although the action was legal, it was questionable, and calls came in once again for his resignation. Ultimately forced to resign in 2007, after a critical report from former chief of Staff Gen. Dan Shomron, and angrily retire to lick his wounds. Inner: Innovative, charismatic, . Retains a fondness for ‘Lu’ in virtually all his names in this series. Highflying, but laid low, lifetime of showing his usual competence in all things military, while once again being forced into isolation at career’s end, to reassess himself from his usual closed off, put-upon perspective. gErich Ludendorff (1865-1937) - Prussian general. Outer: Son of a cavalry captain and impoverished landowner, while his mother was a member of an aristocratic military family. Educated for military career, he entered the Cadet Corps in 1877, and then the German army. He soon showed outstanding abilities, including a capacity for hard work and he was eventually promoted to the general staff in 1895. Largely friendless because of his forbidding personality, he deliberately cultivated an aura of distance around himself. A compulsive seducer, he married Margarete Schmidt, a strikingly beautiful woman who left her husband for him, and would later write a book about their union following their divorce. In 1908, he was put in charge of one of the general staffs responsible for mobilizing for a war effort. Came into contact with extreme nationalistic circles, and wound up exceeding his authority in campaigning for a stronger army, thereby irritating his superiors and was transferred to infantry commander in 1913. The following year he became chief of staff to Paul von Hindenberg (Dan Shomron), playing his nervousness off of the iron nerves of latter. Spectacular success against the Russians in August of that year, made Hindenberg’s reputation, and the two fought them for the next two years, while his plans outside that theater, either failed or were not approved. In the middle of WW I both generals were given control of the army, as well as semi-dictatorship over civilian affairs, dismissing the chancellor, while looking for a true strong man to head the government. After a failed offensive in early 1918, and the defeat of his axis allies, he demanded an armistice at war’s end, and needed a psychiatrist to calm him down afterwards. Reversed his position when he realized the severity of armistice, then resigned and fled to Sweden. Claimed he was stabbed in the back and German defeat was due to the home-front not the soldiers in the field, a rationale that Hitler later espoused. Returned and became involved in ultra-nationalist activity, joining Adolf Hitler’s beer-hall putsch in 1923, although he was subsequently acquitted at a later trial. Became a Nazi and ran for president against Hindenberg in 1925, whom he now despised, but received few votes. Divorced in 1926, he married Mathilde von Kemnitz, a neurologist and popular philosopher. Became an avowed Aryan racist, with his second wife continually stroking his huge ego and feeding his paranoia, as the duo wrote pamphlets accusing the Pope, Jesuits, Jews and Freemasons in a common plot against Aryans. Refused being made a field marshall and eventually broke with Hitler and denounced him, and died in isolation, a curious relic of the past. Against his wishes, however, he was given a state funeral which the Führer attended, but did not speak at. Inner: Excellent strategist, but with an off-balanced, paranoid personality, believing war to be the basic political reality of humankind and peace an aberration. Intelligent and diligent, but his nervous interior belied his hard exterior. Achtung lifetime of adhering to his own authority and alienating many in the process, while giving play to a neurotic persona that ultimately left him isolated and completely alone. fGebhard Blucher (Gebhard Lebrecht von Blucher, Prince of Wahlstatt) (1742-1819) - Prussian field marshal.Known as “Old Forward.” Outer: From a family of longtime landowners, and son of a cavalry officer. Initially enlisted in the Swedish cavalry at the age of 14, despite his family’s objections and served in three campaigns against the Prussians until he was captured in 1760, which caused him to change sides. incurred the displeasure of Friedrich II (Michael Milke), when he resigned abruptly after being passed over for promotion, to run a farm. Married twice, with two sons and a daughter from his first union. In 1773, he married Karoline Amalie von Mehling. Seven children from the unon, but onlly two sons and a daughter survived infancy. Returned to the military at Friedrich’s death in 1786, and distinguished himself against the French during their revolutionary period, while rising in rank, becoming a major general in 1794. Following the death of his wife wife in 1791, he remarried four years later to Amalie von Colomb, the sister of a fellow general. No offspring from the second union. After the century’s turn, he did battle with Napoleon, as one of the leaders of the Prussian war party. Fought bravely at the Battle of Jena in 1806, where Napoleon defeated Prussian forces. Formed a close association with Gerhard von Scharnhorst (Yukio Mishima), when both were taken prisoners and then exchanged for a French general. Scharnhorst became his chief staff officer and helped plan future strategy against the French. Made military governor of Pomerania in 1807, only to be deprived of his post for expressing his political opinions far too openly, which made him persona non grata at the Prussian court. Returned to active service in his early 70s, on the next round against the French and was made field marshal for his decisive victories, although he was ill and subject to hallucinations at the time. Entitled as a Furst or Prince, he retired to his estates a second time, but returned to the field for the final go-round against Napoleon in 1815, and though initially defeated, he was able to provide help for the little emperor’s final worsting, with the help of his chief of staff, August Gneisenau (Avigdor Lieberman), despite being unhorsed and wounded in a penultiate battle. Retired afterwards and was made Prince of Wahlstadt for his efforts. Inner: Ill-educated, but commonsensical with a courageous, fiery nature. Showed great determination on the battlefield, and knew how to combine his skills with other men of superior martial talent to get results. Teamwork lifetime of keeping his petulance mostly in check and both learning from and employing the skills of those superior to himself to largely successful effect. Bernhard, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (1604-1639) Outer: 11th son of the reigning duke of Saxe-Weimar. Raised a Lutheran and received only a tiny inheritance because of his position in the family, and thereafter was always interested in land and titles. Became a soldier in his late teens and served in the armies of the Rhenish Palatinate, Baden and Denmark for the first 11 years of his career, then joined the Swedish army under Gustavus Adolphus (Yukio Mishima) in 1631. Became colonel of the king’s guards and within a year had been promoted to general, after leading raids into central Germany. On Gustavus’s death at the Battle of Lutzen in 1632, he took command and defeated the imperial forces of the HRE. With Swedish general Gustavus Horn (Ariel Sharon), he invaded southern Germany and was awarded the duchy of Franconia by the Swedish chancellor, Axel Oxenstierna (Menachem Begin) for helping bring down the imperial general, Albrecht von Wallenstein (Arnold Schwarzenegger). Quarrelled with Horn and Oxenstierna ,who advocated defense rather than offense, and lost his newly awarded territories when he and Horn went down to defeat. Fled across the Rhine with the remnants of his army and the next spring pledged himself to the French crown in exchange for titles and territory, then captured 2 enemy commanders, crushed an army or 2 and captured several key strongholds, effectively breaking Austrian and Spanish positions around France. Demanded Alsace as a principality as reward for his services, but suddenly fell ill and died of either smallpox or typhoid, and since he had no heir, his army and territories reverted to the French crown. Inner: Quarrelsome, ruthless, self-seeking and totally unprincipled, a warrior’s warrior out for all the glory and gain he could get. Persevered in adversity and won the respect and the loyalty of his men for his hard-charging leadership. Sword-in-hand lifetime of showing his martial artistry on the battlefield, with only one major defeat to his record, although he also evinced the same polarized flaws of character that have hampered his over-all sense of leadership and have ultimately limited his potential effectiveness. gLudwig IV (1283?-1347) - Holy Roman Emperor. Known as ‘Ludwig the Bavarian.’ Outer: Younger son of the count Palatine and duke in Upper Bavaria Ludwig II (Dan Shomron), mother was the daughter of HRE Rudolph I (Alfried Krupp). Father died when he was 11 and he was made ward of his 20 year old sibling and his mother, who both supported rival German kings. Opted for his mother’s brother, Albrecht I (Ernst Roehm) who was trying to depose Adolf (Adolf Hitler) of Nassau. Sent to his uncle’s court in Vienna, where he was raised with his Hapsburg cousins. Married Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau in his mid-20s, 6 children from the union. When Albrecht killed Adolf in battle, it allowed him to assume governmental responsibilities, and after compromising with his brother and defeating the Hapsburgs in battle in 1313, he became a candidate of the Luxembourgs for the German throne, which he received in 1314, although the Hapsburgs refused to recognize him. Bested his brother in battle, and took control of Upper Bavaria and the Palatinate, then was victorious over his rival for the throne. Crowned German king on the same day the anti-king, Friedrich III of Austria was also crowned. Continued consolidating his territorial holds through military victories, taking Friedrich prisoner in 1323, along with his brothers, while investing his oldest son, still a minor, with the Margravate of Brandenburg. Made a 2nd marriage 2 years later, to Margaret, countess of Hainaut and Holland, 10 children from the union, which added to his territories, and then was involved with considerable political infighting over the next several years, involving the pope and rival houses and alliances, resulting in his excommunication in 1324, which was never lifted, and rendering him as Ludwig the Bavarian to his enemies, rather than King Ludwig. Responded with his own proclamations, accusing the pope of heresy, and wound up as co-ruler with Friedrich, after he realized he was being used by the papacy for its own purposes. Went to Italy, was given the crown of Lombardy, and then the imperial crown in Rome in 1328 by representatives of the Roman populace. Deposed the pope by formal decree and appointed an anti-pope, who soon reconciled with the rightful pontiff. When Friedrich died in 1330, he was forced into more political manipulations around his enemies, making a secret alliance with the Hapsburgs, then faked an abdication, while making an alliance with England, but his conflicts with the pope continued throughout the decade, before finally getting the clergy of the empire to acknowledge him as ruler in 1339, after 6 German electors had declared the year previously that they didn’t need papal confirmation for their right to confer royal titles. Voided the marriage of a Luxembourg duchess in order to marry her to his son, which thoroughly alienated that house, and then awarded his wife Holland, Friesland and Zeeland, which further enraged the lay princes of his realm. Continually added to the possessions of his family throughout his reign, and was deposed in 1346 by the new pope, who conferred the title on Karl of Luxembourg (Chaim Weizmann). In preparing for an inevitable war, he died of a heart attack while bear hunting. Inner: Courageous, tenacious, highly political. Also mercurial, jovial, charming and imperious, running a full gamut of emotion. Felt guided by imperial rights, and was the equal of all his powerful adversaries, who never gave him a moment of security upon the throne. Greatly concerned with improving the status of his family, but also equally intransigent on separating church and state. Grab-as-much-as-you-can lifetime of being forced to fight for his right to rule from the get-go, and despite considerable opposition from all sides to his considerable will, able to make himself prevail, although never quite able to unify and raise his family to the status of the rival houses of Luxembourg and Habsburg. Constantine III (612-641) - Byzantine Basileus. Outer: Oldest son of Byzantine emperor Heraclius (Yukio Mishima) and his first wife, who had initiated their dynasty. Given the splendiferous name of Heraclius the New Constantine at birth, despite showing none of the brilliance of his two namesakes. Crowned co-emperor by his father at the age of 3, and shortly afterwards was betrothed to a second cousin, Georgia. The pair, who escaped the stigma of close degrees of kinship because of the royal status of the family, wed in either 629 or early the following year. Two sons and a daughter from the union, including his successor, Constans II (Ernst Zundel). Always in frail health, he succeeded to the throne in 641, on the death of his sire, co-ruling with Heraclonas (Joseph Goebbels), the eldest son of his father’s second marriage to Martina (Magda Goebbels), who wished and conspired that her progeny rule alone. Tried to bribe the army to legitimatize his own sons, while being well aware that Martina was constantly plotting against him, causing him to cross the Bosporus to an alternate palace to keep his distance from her, while continuing to try to make sure his heirs and not hers succeeded to the throne, even from his deathbed. After less than four months, he succumbed to tuberculosis, while rumor persisted that he had been poisoned, leading to his adversary’s eventual mutilation and banishment, along with his teenage co-ruler. Through the expressed will of the populace, his son succeeded him, while his rivals quickly followed him off the mortal coil. Inner: Last will and testament lifetime of trying to provide for a dynastic succession, due to a frail body and a conspiratorial stepmother dedicated to placing her own blood kin on the same throne at whatever cost.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS UNABASHED RIGHTIST:
Storyline: The aggressive controversialist continually gets mired in his own tunnel vision, so that he fails to see the larger political picture, despite his determination to bring his nation-of-the-moment into the future via his distorted view of the past.
gAvigdor Lieberman (Evet Lieberman) (1958) - Russian/Israeli politician. Outer: Father was a Red Army veteran who was taken prisoner by the Germans in WW II, then spent 7 years in a gulag labor camp in Siberia, where both his parents met. Studied at a local agricultural institute, while also working as a nightclub bouncer and a broadcaster in Moldova, before emigrating to Israel in 1978, along with his parents. Married Ella Tzipkin in 1979, one daughter and two sons from the union. Ultimately moved to an illegal West Bank settlement in 1988 to underline his anti-Palestinian sentiments. Served in the Israel Defense Forces as a corporal, and then received a BA in International Relations and Political Science from Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem. Became politically active as a student, as a member of the far-right Kach Party, which was ultimately banned, before joining Likud, and running Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office from 1996 to 1997. After becoming frustrated with coalition politics, he formed the archconservative party Yisrael Beiteinu (Israel Our Homeland) in 1999, while editing a daily newspaper. Elected to the Knesset the same year, gearing his political career to the prejudices and practices of his fellow Russian immigrants. Although a confirmed Zionist, he remained far more secular in his practices and beliefs, which were geared towards his similarly constituted constituency. Pro-secular marriage ceremony and pro-pork, making him extremely suspect to Israel’s conservative religious parties, whom he holds in contempt, as an avowed anti-religionist. Convicted in 2001 for assaulting a 12 year old who had hit his son two years later, and fined for the act, while remaining unrepentant. Began getting Likud cabinet posts, including minister of transportation in 2003, although was fired a year later by Ariel Sharon, after opposing his Gaza disengagement plans. Rebranded Likud for his Russian/Israeli followers as an overtly anti-Arab racist group, while taking extremely aggressive stances, calling for bombing Tehran and the Aswan Dam, among other hyper-rightist positions, and employing time-honored demonization tactics to maintain his popularity as a recalcitrant rightist. Solely interested in making Israel a homogenous Jewish state, while actively working towards disenfranchising Arab voters. His various postures would make him anathema to the Israeli left, although extremely popular with those who wish the Palestinians to simply disappear. In 2006, he joined the cabinet of Ehud Olmert as deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Strategic Affairs, although resigned his positions in 2008, when his party dropped out of the coalition. Despite being under investigation on corruption charges from his time in the Knesset for receiving under-the-table payments from various businesses for favorable rulings, he was made minister of foreign affairs in the coalition Netanyahu government in 2009, as the country lurched ever rightward, much to the dismay of many. Author of “My Truth,” in which he stated in no uncertain terms that the Israeli Arab minority is the country’s greatest threat. Forced to resign in late 2012 over allegations of breech of trust while vowing to clear his name and return as soon as possible to politics. Acquitted the following year and resumed his post. In 2015, however, he resigned in a surprise move just before Netanyahu could form a new coalition government, and announced he and his party would be in opposition to it, since it would be far more opportunistic than nationalistic. In a subsequent savage interview, he charged that the ineffectual and paranoid prime minister lacks the will to stop Iran, indulges Hamas, appeases extremists, and is obsessed with his own survival. Nevertheless, he accepted the position of Defense Minister in his cabinet in May of 2016, thereby solidifying the latter’s rightist political base Inner: Authoritarian, expansionist and doggedly anti-Arab. Accepts the idea of a two state solution to Israel/Palestinian problems, contrary to his fellow ultra-nationalists. Speaks several languages, and despite his thuggish reputation, a clever strategist and manipulator, who has a sure instinct for power. Take no prisoners lifetime of purposefully adopting polarizing stances in order to insure his ongoing power, while as always, looking backward as a pseudo-populist in order to move forward. xAlfred von Tirpitz (1849-1930) - German admiral and politician. Outer: Father was a Prussian civil servant. Enlisted in the German navy in 1865 as a midshipman, attended the Kiel Naval School and was commissioned 4 years later. Tall, heavily built, with a curious high-pitched squeaky voice that did not fit his ‘sea wolf’ image. In 1884, he married Maria Aguste Lipke, a woman of Jewish descent. His three daughters and his son were all educated in England, although later when the two countries were at war, he forbade them from using the language, and burned his scientific library of English books. Within 2 decades, he had made himself the German Navy’s chief torpedo expert, while rising steadily in rank, becoming a rear admiral in 1895. Starting in 1892, he served a 4 year stint as chief of staff for the navy high command, before briefly commanding the Far Eastern cruiser services. In 1897, he was appointed state secretary for the Navy Office, and was determined to redirect its coastal capabilities to make the country a high seas power, since it only ranked 5th in the world in that capacity. Given a patent of nobility in 1899, while rising to vice-admiral. Sponsored a naval law that expanded the fleet considerably, to make it at least the size of the French navy, with the intention of challenging the British for supremacy of the waves. Obtained the kaiser’s backing, and subsequent laws further expanded the navy, as he engaged in an arms race with the British, keeping pace with their innovations. By the start of WW I, he had given his country a fleet that was second only to Britain’s in its number of dreadnoughts, battlecruisers, cruisers and submarines, although he had been a late convert to their potential. Unable to secure command of the fleet he had created, because the German generals were totally land-oriented, despite his overview that a navy was key to the country’s future existence, and he found himself odd man out at conflict’s beginning. Also saw Germany was still no match for the Allies on the high seas, and the political turmoil he created around his ideas caused him to resign mid-war as he became identified with the right-wing nationalist movements that rose in the wake of WW I, as a founder of the Fatherland Party. After the war, he served in the Reichstag for 4 years as a member of the conservative German National People’s Party, and persuaded a very reluctant Paul von Hindenburg (Dan Shomron) to accept the presidency of the Weimar Republic in 1925. Retired in 1928, after finding little audience for his ideas. Inner: Ruthless, saturnine, obsessive and resourceful, a dedicated patriot and extremely hardworking. Talented administrator and brilliant organizer, although unbending in his overview, despite seeing both the big picture and the finely tuned details. Full speed ahead lifetime of serving as the father of Germany’s high seas fleet, although his intransigence was largely responsible for the ultimate collapse of his life’s work, negating his obvious skills as a designer and implementer of martial strategy. fHans Karl von Diebitsch (Hans Karl Friedrich Anton von Diebitsch und Narden) (1785-1831) - Prussian general and Russian Field Marshal. Outer: From an old Silesian noble family. Father was aide-de-camp to Friedrich II (Michael Milken), before becoming a major-general in the Russian imperial forces, and an ordnance factory inspector. Mother was his third wife. After attending the Berlin cadet school, he followed his sire into the service of the tsar in 1801. Fought in the Napoleonic Wars on the side of the Russians against France and was wounded at Austerlitz. Made a captain in 1807, and then spent five years studying military science, before taking to the field again against Napoleon’s invasion of Russia. Enjoyed success in that disastrous ploy, and was elevated to major-general, before fighting against and then with General Ludwig Yorck (Arnold Schwarzenneger), with whom he made a sub rosa treaty declaring Prussia neutral, while distinguishing himself in the final stages of the Napoleonic Wars. Following their conclusion, he attended the Congress of Vienna in 1815, and was made adjutant-general to the Russian tsar, Alexander I (Mikhail Gorbachev), before later serving his successor and brother Nicholas I (Master P). Ultimately made a graf, or count by the latter. In 1815, he wed 15 year old Baroness Jenny Tornau. By 1820, he was chief of the general staff, exerting great influence at the tsarist court. Took part in suppressing the Decembrist uprising in 1825, an unsuccessful revolt of elements of the army against Nicholas’s assumption of the throne, and then saw his greatest military triumphs during the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829. His brilliant tactics earned him the grade of Field Marshal, and also the title of Zabalkanski, for his crossing of the Balkans. Commanded the army that suppressed the bloody Polish uprising, although after successive victories, died of cholera, a year after his wife’s passing. Inner: Brave in battle, and a good tactician and strategist, with an instinct for power. Different drumbeat lifetime of marching to the martial music of an alien force, and showing himself to be an adept of the first order, no matter whose uniform he wore, in preparation for further runs as a right-wing patriot of unswerving loyalty to his own vision of nationalistic supremacy. fMaximilian I, Duke and Elector of Bavaria (1573-1671) - German ruler. Outer: Father was a German duke, mother was from Lorraine. Educated at the Jesuit college of Inglostadt, he succeeded to the ducal throne on his father’s abdication in 1597. A dozen years later, he formed the Catholic League in response to Protestant unity, and later secured the archiepiscopal electorate of Cologne and other sees for his brother on the death of his uncle Ernst in 1612. By that time, he was able to halve the debt incurred by his sire, and soon built up a surplus, so that he would not have to be dependent on anyone to build up his army. Employed the Catholic League to secure territory for family members, and founded a new League in 1617 to contain Hapsburg influence, before forcing the HRE to withdraw from the old League, in return for his help in against the Bohemian rebels in the Palatinate. Nominal commander of the League army against the latter, winning the Upper and Rhenish Palatinates for his services. Allied closely with the HRE, and engineered the dismissal of Albrecht von Wallenstein (Arnold Schwarzenegger) in 1630. Commanded the Bavarian army after the death of Johann Tilly (Yitzhak Rabin), but was unable to stop the Swedish army from ravaging that state. Rejoined Wallenstein, then helped engineer his assassination in 1634. The Peace of Prague the following year gave him nearly all his goals, and he receded from the martial arena. Sided with France after 2 later invasions of Bavaria, and ultimately was one of the winners of the Thirty Years’ War, retaining nearly all his gains. Inner: Extremely egotistical, highly intelligent and a battlefield adept, although his policies helped prolong the devastating Thirty Years’ War. Felt that land and money were the only thing people respected. Clenched fist lifetime of putting his own ambitions far above the European continent’s needs and walking away a winner, although at extraordinary cost of human life. Albrecht II (1397-1439) - Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Member of the Hapsburg dynasty, he was created archduke of Austria, as Albrecht V, in 1404. Tall, powerfully built, with a bull neck and a thick black mustache. In the field since the age of 17, he was a thorough soldier, leading his troops against the Turks and later in 1420 and 1421 against the rebellious Czechs to the north, while providing armed support for the imperial crown. In 1422, he married Elizabeth of Bohemia, the only daughter of the HRE Sigismund I (Oskar LaFontaine), and was treated like a son and heir by him. 4 children from the union. Given the title and authority that had been denied his family for the past 130 years, since the murder of his namesake, Albrecht I (Ernst Roehm). On the death of his father-in-law, he was crowned king of Hungry in 1438 and several months later, was elected king of Germany, and despite opposition, king of Bohemia. Immediately took a commanding stance in the disputes that were paralyzing the Church, and began to reform the legal code of the Empire. Called a diet at Nuremberg to end all feuds based on rights of private warfare and appointed arbiters to settle disputes. Divided Germany into administrative circles, and created a base for stabilizing the rule of law in the Empire. Early in 1439, he was forced to gather an army, with some difficulty, to repulse a Turkish invasion of Hungary. Both armies, however, became plagued with dysentery and the Turks retreated. A victim of the same disease, he rode part of the way back on horseback, and then had to be carried by litter to Vienna, where his wife was expecting their 3rd child. Died, however, still in Hungary and was succeeded by his cousin, Friedrich III (Houston Chamberlain). Inner: Energetic, earthy, forceful, vigorous and totally in command. Strong-armed lifetime of showing the will and the way to be an excellent emperor, only to have his rule summarily and ignominiously terminated by dis-ease. Romanus IV Diogenes (c1030-1072) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: From an old and distinguished military family with vast holdings in Cappadocia. Mother was the niece of the emperor Romanus III (Woody Allen). Showed himself to be a talented military adept, rising in the ranks of the army on the Danube frontier through a combination of courage and martial skill. Married Anna, the daughter of a Bulgarian noble. One son from the union, whom he outlived. Made governor of Sardica, winning several key victories over tribal invaders, which caused him to begin thinking in imperial terms. His overweening ambition to realize the throne and save it from the destructive course he perceived, saw him convicted of trying to usurp it from the rightful heirs, the sons of Constantine X (Paulo Coelho) in 1067. Sentenced to death, and then exile, before both were commuted, he was called before the regent Eudokia, who pardoned him and made him her husband and guardian over her two scions, much to his surprise. Chose him, because she knew he was strong enough to protect her regency, while also feeling a magnetic pull towards his middle-aged, but still robust figure. The army offered no protest, since he was one of their own. Having earlier lost his first wife, Anna of Bulgaria, Constantine X had made him forswear never to remarry. Eudokia was able to convince the patriarch he was needed as her husband in order to strengthen the state and his vow was rescinded, with the approval of the Senate, allowing the two to wed in 1068 and accept the crown. Two sons from the union. His elevation was opposed by the powerful Ducas clan, particular the Caesar, John Ducas, who angrily led a palace faction against him, including the all-important Varangian Guard, forcing him to center his activities in the field, rather than in the capital. Did battle against the Seljuk Turks, although he had inherited an army that had suffered from years of neglect, and was largely disorganized. Did not have the patience or resolve to upgrade the army’s equipment, although was initially successful in doing battle with the Saracens and Turks. Forced to deal with a rebellion by one of his Norman mercenaries in 1069, who plundered the countryside, even after their leader was captured and exiled. Had to fight to hold onto his earlier gains around Caesarea, then, after one of his commanders could not hold the Mesopotamian frontier, he was forced back home without the full triumph he needed. Lost the Byzantines’ last outpost, Bari, in Italy to the Norman Guiscards, while trying to enact some unpopular reforms at home. Tried to reduce unnecessary public spending on ceremonies and enhancing the look of the capital, while reducing the salaries of the court nobility and profits of the city’s tradesmen. His disciplinary moves over his mercenaries also incurred their displeasure, while he failed to give the lower classes their accustomed bread and circuses, while totally ignoring the needs of the empire’s peasantry. Temporarily unable to lead in the field, he was forced to rely on his generals, which led to one of the greatest defeats in Byzantine his/story, the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. Refused a peace treaty earlier, and then was betrayed by the commander of his reserves, a son of his enemy, John Ducas, and wound up captured after his horse was shot out from under him, and he received a hand wound so he could no longer wield a sword. Underwent the humiliation of his rival general placing his foot on his neck, but then was treated well during eight days of captivity, before being released for a large ransom. Declared deposed on his return to Constantinople, while his wife was sent to a monastery. Suffered a further defeat against his imperial enemies, and, after agreeing to resign his crown, and enter a monastery, he was cruelly blinded and sent into exile, where his wounds became infected and he soon died from them. Asked to be expiated from his sins, and was given a handsome funeral for his wife. Inner: Valiant fighter, generous but impetuous, while doing the best he could with an inferior fighting force. Arrogant, with an exaggerated sense of his self-importance, although highly capable in many of his undertakings. Overextended lifetime of feeling his martial artistry was sufficient to hold power, without taking into account his abrasive personality and the scheming enemies it would elicit in fashioning his ultimate undoing. xArnulf (c845-899) - East Frankish king. Outer: Great-great-grandson of the Emperor Charlemagne (Napoleon Bonaparte). Illegitimate son of the king of Bavaria. Married a Bavarian noblewoman, 2 children from the union, including his successor, Louis IV (Pierre Laval). Also fathered at least one illegitimate son, Zwentibold, who became king of Lotharingia. When his uncle, Charles the Fat , the Frankish emperor, was deposed in 887, the Germans elected him king, while the West Franks declared Eudes (Sean Young) their monarch. Quickly acquired a set of powerful vassals, and then did continuous battle with Danish invaders to the west, and Moravians to the east in order to consolidate his hold on his kingdom. Showed himself to be an adept warrior, leading attacks in person. Finally secured his borders against the former in 891, greatly enhancing his prestige both domestically and amongst his neighbors. The Moravians also crumpled soon afterwards, with the death of their leader, although his hiring of Hungarian mercenaries to help him, would prove a bane on German territories for decades to come. His successes gained the pope’s endorsement, who wanted him to come to Italy and intervene with political turmoil there, with the promise he would crown him emperor, but he was forced to do more battle in his own kingdom, and so, the pope crowned a native Italian king in his stead. Appointed the archbishop of Mainz, Hatto (Francois Mitterand) his closest adviser, and in 1894, brought him to Italy, on the behest of the new pope, where he campaigned against his rival and his son, although the results were inconclusive. Forced to withdraw, because of defections from his own troops, and in his retreat, he was attacked by one of his vassals. In a subsequent civil war, he gave Zwentibold, the crown of Lotharingia, and supported the deposed king of France, against the claims of his son, Charles the Simple (Lex Barker). When the Italian king died the following year, he invaded Italy at the pope’s behest, and took the Imperial throne himself, although by then was in ill health, reflecting a curious tendency of many a foreign conqueror to succumb to disease within the Italian borders. Crowned emperor in 896, and then marched south, but was forced to return to Germany because of sickness. His final years saw much of his work undone through invasions and upheavals, as he came to reflect his own diseased realm. Died of paralysis, and his various crowns passed down to his 6 year old son, and Louis the Blind. Inner: Extremely ambitious, and a martial adept. Sword-in-hand lifetime of making his martial will manifest, only to ultimately fall victim to his own body, and in his last years, see his gains gradually taken away from him.

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PATHWAY OF THE MARTIAL ARTIST AS ONGOING ANNALIST:
Storyline: The cannonading chronicler trades in his sword for a pen to join his fellow former German high commandos as an alien observer, in order to give life to their 20th century Middle Eastern re-creation, and expand his own abilities at making the printed page dance with his sense of his/storical and the dramatic.

mLeon Uris (1924-2003) - American writer. Outer: Parents were Russian-Polish Jewish immigrants, father lived in Palestine for a year before coming to America. The name Uris means ‘Man of Jerusalem.’ His progenitor was a paperhanger who later became a storekeeper, and had strong views on unions and social rights, which his son embodied in his writings on social justice. Born the day writer Joseph Conrad (Jerzy Kosinski) died. Had a difficult relationship with his leftist father, who was unsupportive of him. Grew up in poor Jewish neighborhoods in Baltimore and Norfolk, while his parents divorced. Had an early love of literature, and began writing at the age of 7. 5’9”. Failed English 3 times in high school and quit to become a marine during WW II, serving as a radio operator in the Pacific theater, before contracting malaria, and spending the rest of the war in San Francisco.Married Betty Beck, a reservist marine sergeant in 1945, a daughter and two sons from the union. Became a newspaper driver, while having difficulty in getting started as a writer, before having his first magazine piece accepted in 1950. Began writing wide-ranging narratives based on recent his/story and scored his first success with Battle Cry in 1953. While researching his next work, The Angry Hills, he became fascinated with Israel, undergoing physical training for a daunting 12,000 mile overview of the country, interviewing people, taking photos and traversing up and down its coasts many times as well as following Israeli troops as a war correspondent. Transliterated his experience into several works, including the best-selling Exodus in 1958 which re-created the creation of modern-day Israel, although it was seen as a heavily Zionist text. Later said he wrote the book to come to terms with his Jewishness. Continued exploring Israel from a number of vantage points, including The Haj, which limned the country from a Palestinian viewpoint. Divorced in 1968, he immediately married Margery Edwards, a part-time model who committed suicide 5 months later. Had difficulties working on the movie versions of his books, since he was far more of a loner than a collaborator, save with his 3rd wife, Jill Peabody, a photographer, whom he married in 1970, and who inspired him to write a novel on Ireland. One daughter and one son from the union, although the duo later divorced in 1989. Despite mixed critical reaction, he fashioned a well-received career for himself, through his unique ability to personalize sweeping national dramas. Moved to the East coast and died virtually alone at home of congestive heart failure. Sold over 150 million books in 29 countries, most of which were pulpy page-turners with wooden dialogue and characters, but had solid narratives behind them. Had “American Marine/Jewish Writer” etched on his gravestone at Quantico National cemetery in Virginia. Inner: Cerebral and meditative, spent most of his time researching and writing, as a means of self-awareness. Obsessed with stamina and self-confidence as prerequisites for writing, in his need to remain a martial artist, while focusing on the latter element, rather than the former. Affable in public, but difficult, demanding and egotistical in private. Transition lifetime of exploring his longheld talent for exposition into a full-time career, while chronicling his former cohorts as well as the state they created in his desire to be a part of their triumphs and tragedies, even in an indirect way. mErich von Falkenhayn (Erich Georg Anton Sabastien von Falkenhayn) (1861-1922) - German general and military writer. Outer: From an old military family. Joined the German army in 1880, before spending a decade at the Berlin War Academy, after which time, he was appointed to the General Staff. Married with several sons and a daughter who went on to wed Gen. Henning von Tresckow, one of the conspirators in the failed Adolf Hitler assassination plot in 1944, and a subsequent suicide because of it. Served in China during the Boxer Rebellion at century’s turn, where he acted as a military instructor to the Chinese army, in his capacity as a member of the German General staff, and saw action around Peking. Continued to serve on the German General staff, while steadily rising in rank. In 1913, he was appointed Prussian Minister of War, and as such, was part of the coterie who wanted Germany to launch WW I via invading neighbors, in an aggressive imperial reach to underscore its dominant position in the larger world. Following the poor initial showing of Gen. Helmuth von Moltke (Benjamin Netanyahu), with whom he often clashed, he replaced him a month and a half into the war as Chief of Staff. Showed a caution that made him well-suited for trench warfare, while thinking largely in terms of defense, rather than offense, which was ill-suited to the endless expanse of the Eastern Front. Rejected a plan to try to capture the Russian Army, since he felt the real war was being fought on the Western Front, and would be won through attrition, as well as knocking France out of the fray, in order to give Britain little real toehold on the continent. Oversaw the second Battle of Ypres in 1915, in which poison gas was introduced, then enjoyed considerable prestige through the success of his plan to crush Serbia, which helped him persuade the Kaiser, Wilhelm II (Benny Begin) to focus of the Western Front. Saw the old French city of Verdun as key, and in early 1916, implemented his strategy by trying to tie up the French army there. The battle caused heavy casualties on both sides, but was seen as a Germany failure, while his hair literally turned white during it, and he was replaced with Gen. Paul von Hindenburg (Dan Shomron). Sent to command the 9th army at the Transylvanian Front, where he defeated the Romanian army in his greatest strategic and tactical triumph against superior forces. Following his victory he was sent to Palestine to command the Ottoman forces, only to be defeated at Gaza by British troops, and see Jerusalem fall in late 1917, less than a month after he arrived, as the West retook it after over 600 years of Muslim rule. Nevertheless, he showed sympathy to its Jewish population, in an unusual display for a Prussian of his time, and probably prevented their wholesale slaughter. Saw the end of the war as commander of the Tenth Army in Lithuania, and retired early the following annum. Returned to his estates in Germany, where he spent his last several years penning his autobiography, as well as works on war and strategy. Inner: Loyal, honest, cautious, hardworking and thoughtful, and a Prussian militarist through and through, who thought little of democratic institutions. Excellent staff officer, but far less gifted for command in the field. Despite his mixed record, showed flashes of genuine strategic talent, while continually battling interference from competing elements within the General Staff, so as to limit his larger effectiveness. Mixed bag martial arts lifetime of both victory and defeat, before hanging up his sword and stepping to the sidelines to become a full-time chronicler, in order to develop his craft in a heretofore secondary realm for himself. mHermann von Boyen (Leopold Hermann Ludwig von Boyen) (1771-1848) - Prussian Field Marshal and reformer. Outer: Orphaned at an early age. Joined the army at 13, and was commissioned as a second lieutenant four years later. Read widely, and came to see the army as the “school of the nation.” Married, with a son of the same name becoming General Adjutant to the king. Fought as an adjutant during the Polish campaign, beginning in 1794, and emerged a captain from it. In the Napoleonic Wars, he served on the general staff of the Duke of Brunswick (Yonatan Netanyahu) and was badly wounded in 1806 at the Battle of Auerstadt. Became a major the following year, and a member of the staff of Gen. Gerhard von Scharnhorst (Yukio Mishima), where he produced his most lasting work in reorganizing the Prussian army, following their disastrous defeat by the French forces, and the humiliating Treaty of Tilset, which caused a wholesale rethinking of their structure and the dismissal of most of their generals. In 1810, he was appointed Director of the Military Cabinet, and continued his reorganizing duties. Resigned his commission as a colonel two years later, as protest against an alliance between Prussia and France, and visited both Vienna and St. Petersburg, before being recalled, with his commission reinstated, following the dissolution of the alliance. Accompanied the Russian army back to Germany, and ultimately was put in charge of the defense of Berlin. Named Chief of the General Staff of the 3rd Army Corps by the king, and fought against the French in the concluding stages of the Napoleonic Wars. Wound up a major-general by 1814, and then War Minister from 1814 to 1819, completing the reforms he had earlier initiated. Among them was the introduction of a general conscription, and the development of a national guard, which would figure strongly in Prussian military superiority for the rest of the century. In 1818, he was elevated to lieutenant general, although once again he resigned the following year, in protest over reactionary criticism of his work. Spent the next two decades in retirement, in which he both read and wrote, before being called to active duty once again as General of the Infantry. Took over the War Ministry for a second time, although proved ineffective and resigned in 1847. Promoted to Field Marshal and died soon after. Inner: Principled and prickly, with a good eye for structure, and a desire to democratize not only the army, but the state as well. Liberal reformer lifetime of showing far greater skill off the battlefield than on it, in his ongoing development of his analytic and communication skills, as a crypto-librarian in military dress. Anastasius (c810-c878) - Roman cardinal, counselor and scholar. Known as Anastasius the Librarian. Outer: Related to an Italian bishop, he gained the reputation of being a Greek scholar and became cardinal-priest of the church of St. Marcellus. Deposed and excommunicated for his political activity, he retreated to Ravenna because he did not get along with the reigning pope, Leo IV (Yitzhak Rabin), and was held in reserve by pro-Frankish forces who wanted him to succeed to the papacy. On the death of Leo, he was elected anti-pope, at the same time Benedict III (Yitzhak Shamir) ascended to the papacy, and, after a reconciliation twixt the 2, became papal librarian. Involved in the dispute over the Holy Spirit’s role in the Christian trinity, which would ultimately create the unbreachable schism between eastern and western churches. Maintained his post as both librarian and counselor under the succeeding pontiffs Hadrian II (Benjamin Netanyahu) and John VIII (David Ben-Gurion). Acting as a representative of the Frankish emperor, Louis II (Michael Bay), he undertook a diplomatic mission to the Byzantine emperor in an unsuccessful attempt to wed their 2 houses. Remained in Constantinople to assist in the 8th general council, which brought a resolution to doctrinaire questions, and gave divinity to the Holy Spirit. His Latin translations of the council’s work proved extremely valuable to the his/story of Western theology. Wrote numerous chronicles, and served as an estimable source for the written documentation of his times. Inner: Clever, political and ambitious. Pietistic penman lifetime of proving himself an excellent chronicler of his religious times, as well as an adept survivor of the intricacies of papal politics, in his ongoing self-appointed role as daykeeper and restructurer of his crypto-family’s activities in their ongoing reshaping of his/story. Jonah (9th-8thcent.BZ) - Hebrew prophet. Outer: From a town north of Nazareth. Became a priest, and anointed the Judean king, Jereboam II, who ruled over a land that had prospered under him. Enjoyed his beneficence afterwards, in what looked like a life of comfort and honor for him. His idyl was disrupted when he was commanded by his deity to go to the Assyrian city of Nineveh and warn them of their imminent destruction if they did not mend their ways. Felt Nineveh was a threat to Judah and that he had been given a fool’s errand, and so, he decided to escape the reach of his God, whom he felt had limited earthly authority. Boarded a ship sailing for the far off city of Tarshish, in the hopes he would not have to do as he was bid, only to be caught in a raging storm which threatened to capsize his vessel. The sailors aboard drew lots to see whose fault this catastrophe was, and it fell on him. When he was questioned, he confessed to being a Jew and that this upheaval had been caused by his refusal to do his God’s bidding. Reluctantly, the sailors tossed him into the sea, per his request, and the storm immediately abated. At the same time, he was swallowed by a whale and stayed in its womb-like maw for three days praying for deliverance. The whale spewed him out on dray land in an act of rebirth, and he was once again ordered to Nineveh. This time, he went there and told the inhabitants that the city would perish in forty days if they did not change their ways. They did so, right up through their king, repenting and fasting and wearing sackcloth, so that the city was spared. Unhappy with what had transpired because of his continued belief that he had saved an enemy of Israel, he built a hut outside the city, determined to live as a recluse in atonement for his actions. His deity created a gourd to give him shade from the heat, and he was overjoyed at the gesture, only to see the latter send down a worm that stung the plant and made it wither and die. Wished now only to perish himself, he was rebuked for having empathy for a plant not of his seeding, but did not share the same feelings for his fellow planetary dwellers, be they enemy or friend, who would have surely perished had they not mended their ways. His ultimate fate remains unrecorded. Inner: The prophet’s three day sojourn inside a primal womb and then his resurrection would symbolize humanity’s ability to be constantly born anew through the ever-present waters of birth. The whale serves as the greater soul, with the time spent inside it the period between lives of living solely on the interior and making amends for past actions. This individual’s reluctance to follow deific orders would make for a checkered series of existences after this one, where his true gift was for chronicling, despite his continued martial pursuits. You can run but you can’t hide lifetime of feeling trumped by the on-high, by a graphic reminder of his larger lack of empathy and understanding of the human condition, two elements with which he would continue to struggle in his overly cerebral approach to life in all his go-rounds to come.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS MESSIANIC WITNESS:
Storyline: The promethean uberpromoter runs the full course of the Jewish experience from prophet to messiah to Zionist to Holocaust victim, giving himself a complete range of public experience within the confines of one extended culture.

Elie Wiesel (1928-2016) - Transylvanian/American writer. Outer: Born into a religious Jewish family in a Romanian mountain village. Studied mystical texts as a bookish youth, awaiting the coming of the Messiah, while thoroughly dedicating his life to his sense of God. Mother was told by a rabbi that he would be a gadol b’Israel, a great man in Israel. Had a secluded upbringing, and was unaware of the impending Nazi threat, but during WW II, Germans surrounded the village. Sent with his family to concentration camps at Auschwitz and Buchenwald as a teenager, where his mother, father and youngest sister died. Survived with 2 other sisters, and dedicated himself to be a testifier for those who had perished. Considered himself a dead person when he was freed by American soldiers at war’s end. After his liberation, he lived for 6 years at Versailles in a French orphanage for Jewish children. Renewed his religious studies there, identifying strongly with Holocaust victimage. At 21, he went to Paris and eventually got a job there as a correspondent for an Israeli newspaper, finally finding his voice after a decade of feeling his experiences were beyond words. Traveled and began to write books, most notably Night, an account of his time in the camps, which made him famous in the 1950s. Sent by his paper to New York in the 1960s, where he reported from the United Nations, and became intimately connected with the religious and political life of establishment Jewry, as well as a hobnobber with many of the powerful political figures of the last third of the century. Became a U.S. citizen, married fellow survivor Marion Rose in 1969, had a son, and dedicated himself to keeping the memory of the Holocaust alive, with the Hebrew word, Zachor or Remember! as his life’s motto. Received the Nobel Peace Prize for Literature in 1986, to become one of only 5 people to win that award, along with a Presidential Medal of Freedom and a Congressional Medal of Honor. Became a humanities professor at Boston Univ., while continuing his prolific output as the personification of remembrance of the evil men do. Wrote a 2 part autobiography, All Rivers Run to the Sea and And the Sea is Never Full, taking his titles from a verse in Ecclesiastes. The author of some 40 plus books, he wrote in French, with his wife doing the English translations. Also an advocate for a number of other non-Jewish causes, identifying with mistreated and threatened people around the world. After the turn of the millennium, he used his considerable clout to elicit a huge grant to begin a nonprofit publishing venture to issue Holocaust memoirs, despite a lack of enthusiasm from the publishing world for them.Died at home, and received tributes from a score of world leaders. . Inner: Pious, moral, with a strong sense of his own universality and holy innocence, but a curious lack of capacity for self-reflection, preferring instead the stance of the rhetorical questioner rather than the analytic answerer. Singularly responsible for emblazoning the Holocaust on the world’s consciousness, viewing it as the equivalent of the covenant at Sinai in God’s relationship with the Jews. Great guilt about not saving his father, whom he had carried with him his entire life. A denier, however, of the rights of Gypsies and gays to be included in his remembered Holocaust. Also anti-Palestinian, refusing to see their landlessness as reflection of his own people’s long travails. Won the enmity of many for his inconsistent public stances. Dogged lifetime of bearing direct witness to the Shoa in his ongoing close identification with the Jewish experience, adding the unhappy chapter of the European 20th century to his ongoing resumé. Theodore Herzl (1860-1904) - Hungarian journalist. Outer: Son of a well-to-do Jewish businessman who was not overly religious. Received a rudimentary Jewish education, while showing a strong interest in literature and writing. His parents moved to Vienna, and he attended the university there, graduating with a Doctor of Laws, while assimilating himself into Viennese culture. Wrote several plays in college, and abandoned the legal profession for a journalistic career. Impressive-looking figure with a black Assyrian beard, penetrating eyes and elegant manners. Worked for the Nieue Freie Presse, a Viennese daily that had an international reputation, and was sent to Paris as a correspondent and later became its editor of belles lettres. In his late 20s, he married Julie Naschauer, the daughter of a wealthy merchant, 3 problematic children from union, thanks in large part to his complete focus outside the home. Became well-known and began to focus on the problem of the fate of the Jewish people. The anti-Semitic Dreyfus affair in France crystallized his long-standing emotional connection to Judaism, and it became the dominant drive in his life. Recorded his mission in his diaries, as he became more obsessed with the subject. Formulated the tenets of modern Zionism, or the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in Israel, and began his tireless odyssey of writing, importuning the wealthy and messianically laying the foundations for the Zionist movement. Became the movement’s recognized leader and negotiated with governments and rulers of Europe to secure their support for his vision, which he laid out in his The Jewish State, an Attempt at a Modern Solution of the Jewish Question. Suffered a longtime heart ailment. Visited Palestine in 1902 and wrote a utopic novel in celebration of his love for the Promised Land. Because of his nonstop devotion to his cause, he thoroughly burned himself out, and died exhausted at the age of 44, leaving his family destitute, because he had spent the bulk of his money on his campaign for a Jewish homeland. His wife died 3 years after him. Stated in his will, he wished to be buried in Israel, whenever it came to be and received his wish in 1949 in a national cemetery that would bear his name, and wanted his children to join him, which presented a larger problem. All 3 battled mental illness, while his son, Hans, converted to several different religions, before committing suicide in 1930 on learning of the death of his favorite sister. The third sister died in a Nazi concentration camp in 1943, and her remains were never found, while her only son killed himself, ending the family bloodline. The two remaining remains were finally interred in Israel in 2006, bringing the unhappy Herzl family saga to its conclusion. Inner: Passionate, obsessive, messianic. Zionista lifetime of continuing his ongoing identification with Judaism and sacrificing himself to the cause of the re-creation of a Jewish state. Daniele Manin (1804-1857) - talian statesman and writer. Outer: From a Veronese Jewish family named Medina, that had converted to Christianity in the previous century. Father took the name of the family that had sponsored his baptism, and was related to the last doge of Venice. Mother was from Padua. Never particularly robust, he was plagued by chronic fatigue and ailments his whole life. Proved to be an adept scholar, studying for the bar in Padua, before practicing law in his native city of Venice, where his learning and profound sense of the law shone through. Proficient in a number of languages, he also wrote several books on Jewish and Christian themes. Married Teresa Perissonetti, daughter, who suffered from epilepsy and son from the union. Deeply intellectual, he was swept up in the Italian nationalist movement, first favoring autonomy under the Austrian occupiers, then liberation from them, and finally unification of the entire country. In 1840, he championed a far more direct linkage of the railway line between Milan and Venice than business and Austrian forces did, seeing its political implications, which brought him to public attention. Became more and more of an agitator, and in early 1848, he was arrested on charges of treason, after presenting a petition to the Austro-Hungarian emperor via an impotent assembly, of Italian national needs. The act turned him into a hero, and he was swiftly released during the turmoil of the 1848 nationalistic revolutionary movement that swept across Europe. Led a march into the dockyard arsenal of Venice, which reflected the city’s glorious past, while shouting, “Long live St. Mark!” Revolutionaries soon seized control of the city, and he took dictatorial charge, instituting a civic guard and a provisional government. After the Austrians evacuated the city, he became president of the Venetian Republic, although he ceded his powers to Piedmontese commissioners. Made numerous miscalculations, based largely on an emotional, rather than a rational reading of his situation, which would ultimately doom both him and it. Following a Piedmontese defeat, the Venetians tried to lynch the commissioners, although he intervened, and after an assembly was called, he was made head of a ruling triumvirate. The Austrians, however, were able to re-establish themselves on the Venetian mainland by year’s end, although were met with fierce resistance from the Venetians, who showed they were willing to make great sacrifice for their city. After being chosen President of the Republic in early 1849, he conducted an adept defense of the city, and was granted unlimited powers by the citizens, who were willing to sacrifice everything for their independence from the oppressive imperial power. Despite his organizational abilities, the martial might of the Austrian empire proved too overwhelming, and the city was forced to capitulate by August of that year. Negotiated an honorable settlement, although he did not ask for amnesty for himself, or the other leaders of the revolt. Went into exile to France, and his wife died of cholera within hours of their departure. By the time he had reached Paris, he was broken in health and virtually penniless. Became the leader of the Italian exiles, and an outspoken champion of unification. Supported himself by teaching, although he changed his views radically from his earlier republicanism, to a belief that only under a king could Italy reunite, and began to promote the Piedmontese monarchy of Victor Emanuel as the solution to the country’s problems. His daughter’s poor health blighted his last impoverished years, and after she died in 1854, he followed several years later. Eventually buried in his native city in 1868, with great pomp and ceremony, two years after the Austrians finally left his beloved Venice for good. Viewed as one of the important figures of the Italian Risorgimento, despite his ultimate failures. Inner: Honest, and although highly cerebral, ultimately an emotional channel for liberation and independence. Weak-bodied, which would reflect his eventual inability to make the body politic of his city work according to his wishes. Mixed bag lifetime of alternate successes and failures in tilting against the mighty windmills of an oppressive empire, before ultimately sinking into exile, destitution and defeat for his efforts. Moses Luzzato (1707-1747) - Hebrew mystic, poet and messiah. Outer: From an old and distinguished Jewish family. Father was a wealthy merchant. Received an excellent education in both Judaic and secular studies. An avid reader, he soon revealed a fascination with Hebrew poetry and mysticism, particularly the study of the Cabala, a magical system of names and numbers leading to the divine truths of the universe. At 15, he established a study group at his house dedicated to probing the Cabala, while also writing poetry. Had the capacity to present complex matters in a simple, direct fashion, as well as express himself in a number of languages both ancient and modern, although his primary tongue of expression was Hebrew. Published his first work 2 years later, a study in poetic fragments of Hebrew style, and with it and a subsequent allegorical drama, also written as a teen, he introduced neoclassical Biblical simplicity into Hebrew literature, with a particular emphasis on the eternal dualities of good and evil. Also wrote a psalter on the Psalms of David, which received a cool reception from the rabbinic community. Came to see himself as a receiver of divine revelations through his reception of mystical visions, and began to envision his role as a messiah. Had a taste for the writings of Nathan of Gaza, an earlier life of his, and attempted to incorporate the same facility for explaining the unexplainable in his own oeuvre. Wrote a number of unpublished Cabalistic works, and organized a group of young men to support his messianic stance, which horrified the rabbis of both Germany and Venice. The latter had his house searched, and found evidence of magic and convinced him to renounce the Cabala. Married the daughter of the rabbi of Mantua, but resumed his studies, causing the Venetian rabbis to proclaim a ban on his writings, fearing strong repercussions surrounding his claims. Felt he and his wife were the reincarnation of the Biblical Moses and Zipporah, since they both carried the same names, although the European Judaic community was unresponsive to his claims, even though the eastern Jewish community was not. Left Italy in 1737 and settled in Amsterdam, where he worked as a lens grinder and teacher, and continued his non-Cabalistic writings, the most popular of which, Path of the Righteous, was a guide to ethical behavior. After a decade, feeling his influence was waning, he left Holland for the Holy Land, but he and his family died shortly after arriving during an outbreak of the plague. Seen as the father of modern Hebrew literature. Inner: Extremely Biblical in his sense of purpose, felt that a righteous person needed to fulfill the commandments, resist temptation and love God. Messianic lifetime of acting out a long-held wish that he was the chosen one to lead his people to heaven on Earth. Nathan of Gaza (Abraham Nathan ben Elisha Hayyim Ashkenazi) (c1643-1680) - Israeli scholar and proclaimer of the messiah. Outer: Father was a respected rabbinical scholar and cabalist from either Poland or Germany. Showed himself to be a brilliant, resourceful scholar, and married the daughter of a wealthy Gaza merchant, settling there, 2 sons from union. Took up the study of the Cabala in 1664, as dictated by the mystic Isaac ben Luria, and quickly mastered its techniques of ecstasy-inducement. By 1665, he was having long, pronounced visions of the divine world, and began modifying that holy writ in terms of his own view of the long-awaited Messiah. Had the ability to explain the unexplainable through a plausible, albeit specious logic, giving supreme conviction to all his pronouncements. While he lived in Jerusalem, he had earlier run across a manic-depressive eccentric and blasphemer named Sabbatai Zvi, whom he had initially dismissed. When Zvi reappeared, however, at his house in Gaza, to exorcise his demons, he saw him as the Awaited One and gave him his full public benediction. Acting as the holy lamp for his claimant, the duo traversed Gaza, while he sent letters to communities around the world that the blessed event had happened, causing an uproar, as many Jews everywhere prepared for their deliverance, selling their property and preparing to go to the Holy Land. The fervor, coming as it did in the unholy year of 1666, the Mark of the Beast, caused hysteria, riots and demonstrations, as well as an outpouring of acts of prepatory penance. Zvi, however, was summarily imprisoned by the Turks and converted to Islam, and the whole movement immediately collapsed in disbelief. The undaunted holy lamp rationalized this latest turn of events, and visited Zvi several times, trying to rearrange facts to suit his fancies. Even after Zvi died in 1676, he continued bending his pronouncements to fit the realities of his mispronouncement, even giving subsequent rationalization to his theories so that they would be covered following his own death, which happened 4 years later. Through his extraordinary public relations, the movement lasted another century to finally wither on the brilliant vine of the 18th century Enlightenment. Wrote many letters which were theological tracts, and his grave was long revered as the resting place of a saint. Inner: Brilliant, inventive and highly imaginative. Mischief-making lifetime surrounding the longheld belief of deliverance for the Jewish peoples, with a predictable result, despite his own unending capacity for rationalization and inventiveness. Judah Ha-levi (c1075-1141) - Hebrew poet and philosopher. Outer: Only son, born to a family of culture and wealth. Father gave him a basic education in the Bible and the Talmud. Later studied Greek philosophy and medicine, as well as Arabic poetry. At 14, he was sent to Lucena to study at a rabbinate there, then went to Seville and Cordova, before moving to Granada, where his poetry was well-received and given the blessing of the leading poet of the day. Returned to Toledo, practiced medicine, taught the Bible, married and had a daughter. Thanks to a close family, and loving home, he was able to live in prosperous circumstances, as well as attract a number of disciples. Famous for his poetry, he was able to give sufficient time to it to lead a dual life as healer and lionized man of letters, with a strong spiritual feeling in all his work. Extremely sensitive to the Muslim-Christian divide of Spain and the plight of Israel in it. Sang of redemption in the future for the people of Israel. Best remembered for his religious philosophical work defending Judaism, written initially in Arabic. After his wife died near the end of his own life, he felt a dissatisfaction with his circumstances, and embarked on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, despite pleas of friends. Had to tear himself away from his admirers, and set out for Egypt, but, after journeying by land, legend has it, as he finally beheld Jerusalem, he was galloped at by an Arab horseman and killed. Strongly influenced by Arabian literature, he was seen as one of the greatest poets in the Hebrew tradition. Inner: Profound spiritual feeling, total identification with his religion. Strong nationalist, with a great facility with the written word. Grew steadily more anti-intellectual and nationalistic in his works, while always maintaining a love for the religious and moral aspects of Judaism, rather than its secular traditions. Proto-Zionist lifetime of an ironic death in an otherwise privileged life, where his sensitivity was encouraged and supported throughout, making him once again a Judaic voice for the ages. Ezekiel (622-c570BZ) - Judean prophet. Outer: May have been a descendant of the warrior Joshua (Gilad Atzmon). From a priestly line. Married and went into exile during the Babylonian Captivity in his mid-20s, along with some 3000 others of his privileged class, during which time he remained quite optimistic about his fellow Hebrews returning to the Land Promised them. Saw that the dire prophecies of the earlier prophets had now come to pass, so he built on them, declaring himself part of that far-seeing tradition around the age of 30, which allowed him to focus on the future untrammeled by the profound loss of the present and immediate past. Felt he had been ordained by the divine into his role through a vision by a river, when the heavens opened to him and he received a glimpse of the deity. Lost his wife less than a decade into the exile, while his home remained a center for his fellow displaced Hebrews to come seek advice and spiritual succor. Saw the sacking of the Temple back in Jerusalem in 586B.Z. in his visions, as well as its being eventually rebuilt, while continually receiving what he perceived as messages from his sense of the divine in strong metaphorical images. After 586BZ his status among his fellow exiles changed from a stern rebuker to a father figure filled with hope. Oversaw the construction of synagogues and places of study in Babylon, in order to keep the faith of his fathers alive, and continued playing the role of benign patriarchal to his people until his early 50s, at which point it is assumed he died, still in exile. Able to flesh out what his fellow prophets saw, as well as give more details to the mythos behind Biblical history. Saw four four-faced, four-winged beasts, who were all men, sitting around his sense of the divine. They would presage the four storytellers of the New Testament, who would give foundation to the coming and going of the Christ. Their wings would be symbol of their ability to transcend mere time, to become storytellers for the ages, while their multiplicity of faces showed they were intertwined, building on a similar foundation. In a second vision, he saw a field of dry bones which were re-fleshed and brought back to life after being given breath by the four winds, which symbolize the communicatory skills of the four storytellers to come. His final vision was four gates around the projected reconstruction of the new sacred city of the Land long Promised, as a final symbol of the power of the number four in giving foundation to things if it is allowed to manifest the full spiritual cycle of birth, life, death and resurrection. Inner: Great teacher and beloved father figure. Able to see beyond the sense of doom and despair around him, thanks to an open heart and a great belief in the destiny of his peoples. Understood a need for punishment and retribution because Judah had strayed so far from its initial high purpose, with its idle idol worship. Visionary lifetime of adding positively to the prophetic mix of his times, in order to give foundation to the hope of his peoples of one day returning to the Land long Promised them.

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PATHWAY OF THE POLITICIAN AS CRYPTO-MARTYR:
Storyline: The slippery operator has a facility for coming to power during extremely shaky times and adding immeasurably to their instability through his often questionable activities and strategies.

Ehud Olmert (1945) - Israeli prime minister. Outer: Parents were Russian and Ukrainian Zionist refugees who fled to Harbin, China, where his father grew up, and then British-mandated Palestine. His sire was a pioneer of Israel’s land settlement movement, who eventually became an Israeli Knesset member for the right-wing Herut Party. Both parents joined the paramilitary Irgun organization, which was responsible for terrorist acts against the British prior to Israel’s achieving statehood in 1948. Both subsequently were also discriminated against for their underground activities, and remained rebellious figures, although as their son moved into his 20s, their notoriety affected his career less and less. Graduated the Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, where he studied philosophy & psychology, and became a lawyer, in a successful partnership in Jerusalem. Served as an officer in a combat infantry brigade, where he was wounded, and then hospitalized, before completing his military obligations as a magazine journalist, through which he met Ariel Sharon, who would become his political mentor. Married Aliza, the German-born daughter of Shoa survivors and Communists, who became a writer and plastics artist, as well as a social activist, while proving herself to be far more leftist in her politics than her husband, whom she claimed she didn’t vote for until 2006. Two daughters and two sons, as well as an adopted daughter from the union, including Dana, a human rights activist and lesbian. All four children would follow their mother, rather than their father in their leftist political beliefs. Decided on a political career, and was elected to the Israel Knesset as a member of the conservative Likud Party in 1973, before winning 7 more consecutive terms. An outspoken Revisionist, he pursued a Biblical line of Israel reclaiming all its ancient territories, as God-given. Served during the 1980s on various governmental committees, then became a minister without portfolio in 1988, before being appointed Israeli Health Minister in 1990, a post he held for two years. From 1993 to 2003, he served two terms as the mayor of Jerusalem, the first Likudnik to do so. As such, he pursued a goal of a united city as the eternal capital of the Jewish people. Focused on transportation and education issues as such, before being reelected to the Knesset in 2003. Held more posts, then joined Ariel Sharon’s breakaway center-right Kadima Party, and became a member of his cabinet in 2005 as Finance Minister, showing himself to be a valuable ally to the latter. Began softening some of his earlier hardline stands, as Sharon also did, and at the beginning of 2006, after the latter suffered a stroke and slipped into a coma, he became interim prime minister of Israel. By May of 2006, with Sharon permanently incapacitated, he formed a new government and became official prime minister, the twelfth to hold that office. Subsequently attacked Lebanon with rockets, after two Israeli soldiers had been kidnapped, contra what Sharon had done in similar situations. The attack backfired by strengthening Hizbollah’s position in the country, and he suddenly found himself extremely unpopular in his homeland, with two anti-Israel guerrilla organizations, Hamas in Gaza and Hizbollah in Lebanon, strengthening their positions immeasurably during his run of office. The year 2007 would see much rhetoric fly between Iran and Israel as tensions ratcheted over a possible attack by the latter on the former’s potential nuclear facilities, while some possibilities of peace between Israel and the Palestinians emerged, through his change of positions. Developed prostate cancer during the year, although not of a life-threatening variety. Corruption charges would be an ongoing theme throughout his career, thanks to his affinity for ‘the good life,’ although they would always be settled out of court. Found himself under siege once again in 2008 with accusations of his taking $150,000 from an American businessman, in what would eventually bring him down, thanks to orchestrated attacks from the right. At the same time, an Israeli military officer supposedly committed suicide while standing in formation awaiting the departure of the French president at the airport, although the incident was probably an assassination attempt on the prime minister, which was thwarted by a sharpshooter. Subsequently announced his resignation, following fall primaries, and did so in September of 2008, although remained in his post until the February 2009 election. For his valedictory, he instituted an invasion against Hamas in Gaza, launching a massive retaliatory assault after they had begun firing rockets deep into Israel, in a conflict pre-ordained and pre-programmed to make each side involved in it a loser. Finally indicted at the end of the year, in the first criminal case ever brought against an Israeli prime minister, in or out of office. Later cleared of all but one charge, but wound up being sentenced, nevertheless, to 6 years in 2014, although stayed out of jail pending appeals. The following annum he was also convicted of accepting bribes in another case, and once again appealed the decision. Ultimately Israel’s top court slashed his sentence to 18 months, to begin on 2/15/2016. Inner: Slick and smooth, a seeming born operator, with a facility for manipulation and sidestepping the consequences of his actions, until they became a national concern. Excellent political skills, but little moral intelligence behind them. Oily lifetime of manipulating himself into the highest corridors of national power through his considerable social abilities, while showing little moral compunction about filling his own private pockets in the process, and even less tactical acumen on the ongoing insecurity of his constantly threatened state. Engelbert Dollfuss (1892-1934) - Austrian chancellor. Outer: Mother was a highly religious Catholic peasant, and he began his life working in the fields like her, while never knowing his father. Evinced an obvious intelligence, which freed from the class into which he was born, and allowed him to be educated at a Roman Catholic seminary, with the initial thought of becoming a priest, before opting for furthering his studies in law at the University of Vienna and then economics at the Univ. of Berlin. Only 4’11”, he was initially rejected for military service, before fighting in the Austrian empire’s army during WW I. Despite his short stature, he proved a valiant soldier, and was decorated for his bravery, while also being made a prisoner of war by the Italians during the last year of that continental fray. Following the war, and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, he worked for the Austrian agricultural ministry as secretary of the Farmers’ Association. Married Alwine Glienke in 1921, several children, including 2 daughters from the union. His height would make him the target of much satire, as well as win him the uncomplimentary nickname of “Millimetternich.” Showed himself to be a confirmed nationalist in his greatly reduced state, which had lost much of its industrial base, via its being on the losing end of WW I, and victim of the vindictive Versailles Treaty, which divided its territories. Became director of the Lower Austrian Chamber of Agriculture in 1927, as a conservative Christian Socialist, and three years later, he was appointed president of the Federal Railway System, before being named minister of agriculture and forests. In 1932, he headed a coalition government as Austrian Chancellor, with a margin of only one vote in Parliament. Proved an unpopular leader in trying to find the proper measures to lead his nation out of a continent-wide economic depression. Took advantage of some voting irregularities in 1933 to make himself dictator through emergency measures and police force, feeling pressure from both the left and the right because of Austria’s reduced status. Banned the Austrian Nazi Party, as a counterfoil to Adolf Hitler’s parallel dictatorship in Germany, seeing both him and the resurgent Russian Bolsheviks as tremendous threats to his state. Banned all other political parties, in a fascist dictatorship modeled after Italy’s rule under Benito Mussolini. Won support from the latter against the possibility of Hitler’s encroachment on him, without realizing that the Italian dictator was also in secret concordance with the Nazis, although on the surface worked with him in creating Austria as a buffer zone against Hitler. Later that year, he created the Fatherland Front, from a variety of conservative nationalist groups. Nazi agents would subsequently foment a brief civil war in February of 1934. Six days after nationwide rioting, he ordered the massacre of Social-Demoratic workers militias, who controlled the capital of Vienna, and machine gunned hundreds of men, women and children who had been hiding in housing complexes, that had been a model for working-class homes. Destroyed the Socialists, and replaced the government with a “Christian” dictatorship. The following month he inaugurated a new constitution, which ended all semblance of democracy in Austria. During the summer of that year, a contingent of 8 outlawed Austrian Nazi S.S. members seized the chancellory and murdered him. His death sparked Nazis uprisings in Austria, which were subsequently put down, while his assassins were summarily executed. Inner: Simple, humble, religious and intelligent, with a politician’s natural sense of sociality, although a deep-seated anger over his own minimized stature. Thought in social Catholic terms, but was very much into power and control, and more than willing to sacrifice his sense of religious communality for the expediency of absolute domination. Pint-sized lifetime of coming to power during dark times, and trying to outmaneuver the far greater tides of his/story through autocracy and control, only to ultimately fall victim to forces far larger and far more controlling than himself. Duke Ludwig Ernest of Brunswick-Luneburg (Ludwig Ernst von Braunschweig-Luneburg-Bevern) (1718-1788) - Prussian field marshal. Outer: Third son of the duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, a family that was related to various ruling house of Europe. Older brother of Ferdinand (Yitzhak Rabin). Became an uncle through marriage of the Russian czar, Ivan VI (Yuri Andropov), a brother-in-law of the king of Denmark, and cousin of the Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa (Mary Renault). At 21, he entered the Holy Roman imperial military as a colonel and infantry regiment commander. Heavyset, with a tendency to grow even more corpulent as he aged. Served in the Ottoman Wars and by 1740, he was a major-general. The following year, he was elected successor to the duke of Kurland. Went to Russia and flirted with the idea of marrying into the Russian Romanov dynasty, although a palace coup and the downfall of the Germanic influence at the court ended that idea, and he wound up losing his dukedom, as well. Returned to Austria, and was elevated to field marshal in the 2nd Silesian War, where he wound up fighting against his brothers and other relatives, who did battle on the side of the Prussians. Seriously wounded in the engagement, he recovered, and took part in the War of the Austrian Succession. In 1749, he entered the Dutch army as a field marshal per the request of the Dutch stadtholder, while retaining his position in the Austrian and imperial armies, despite the opposition of the latter’s wife. Well paid for his efforts, he eventually became governor of a garrison city in 1751. Following the death of the stadtholder later that year, he was made commander-in-chief of the Netherlands. Reorganized the upper officer’s corps, and then was asked by both England and Prussia to command the allied armies in the Seven Years’ War, a fray that matched the continent’s imperial armies against one another. Because of his familial connections to the various sides, and the Dutch Republic’s stated neutrality, he demurred from the challenged. Served as the guardian for the next stadtholder, William V, during his minority, until he came of age in 1766, acting as both a surrogate father and head of state in his stead. Strongly opposed by the republic’s nobility as a foreign interloper with far too much power, he tried to reform an inefficient governmental system, while also dominating his weak young titular lord. After William came of age, he was kept on as his privy councilor, as well as retaining his title of field marshal. Married his niece Wilhelmina, a Prussian princess, to the young stadtholder and became the extreme object of jealousy by the Dutch nobility, who tried to keep his powers in check. His niece, in the meantime, also deliberately undermined him in her desire for joint rule. Survived an assassination attempt in 1771, when a bullet passed right through him, although rumor had it an earlier shot had caught him in the groin. His authority continued to deteriorate, and in 1781, a group known as the Patriots condemned him for William V’s weaknesses, and for undermining the republic’s navy, the loss of some of its southern border towns, and yet another naval war with England. The following year he voluntarily left his offices in the Hague, and within two annums was accused of treasonous leanings because of his familial ties to the HRE. Went into enforced exile, where he co-penned his autobiography, as well as a second volume that defended his various actions. Both were written in German, and then translated into Dutch. Died in exile, a reviled figure in his adopted homeland. Inner: Autocratic, with little use for democratic systems, and a great love of personal command and control. Uneasy lifetime of ill-loved leadership as a foreigner in a land long suspicious of him, in his ongoing flirtations with power, where either he or others is constantly undermining his effectiveness. Felipe III (1578-1621) - Spanish and Portuguese king. Outer: Of the House of Hapsburg, and the product of much royal inbreeding. Father was Felipe II (Adolph Hitler) who thought little of him. Mother was Anna, his sire’s niece and the daughter of HRE Emperor Maximilian II (Darryl F. Zanuck), and a Spanish princess, Maria. Younger half-brother of Don Carlos (Heinrich Himmler), a potential parricide who died insane. Only one of 5 children to survive childhood. Given an upbringing to deliberately blandify him, while still making him relatively independent, he proved to be a mediocre student of average intelligence, although generally aware of the potentials of court intrigue. Inherited the throne in 1598 on his father’s death, and the following year he married Margaret, the sister of the future HRE Ferdinand II (Albert von Kesselring). His uberpious wife would exert considerable influence over him, and the close, affectionate union would produce his successor, Felipe IV (Walt Disney), as well as Anne of Austria (Gloria Swanson), a future queen of France, among their 4 sons and a daughter. Also reigned over Portugal at the same time under the name of Felipe II. Began the tradition of relying on favorites or validos, to run the government, in his case the corrupt Duke of Lerma, whom he met as a teen, and who immediately began ingratiating himself with him. His wife would vie with the latter for influence over him until her death in 1611, and would provide supportive ballast for his pro-Hapsburg policies. Had a host of Catholic advisers who eventually had the largely incompetent Lerma overthrown, but not until 1618. Spain would reach its height of international influence under his father, and its long decline would begin with him, and his economic policies. Began his active life in government at 15, and as soon as he came to power, reversed his sire’s stances of absolute control and bestowing authority on the lesser nobility rather than the potential rivalry of the greater nobility. Withdrew from actively governing in favor of Lerma, whose relatives, friends and servants would take full advantage of his position and prove very unpopular very quickly to the country-at-large. In 1609, he expelled the Moriscos, the descendants of the earlier Moors, to great internal acclaim, although to the financial detriment to various Spanish subkingdoms, because of the loss of cheap labor they provided. Inherited huge debts from his progenitor, which led to his bankruptcy in 1607. His precarious finances earlier forced truces with England and later the Netherlands, as Spain’s position as a dominant empire began its long precipitous decline with him. Plagues also decimated the population, so that both policy and calamitous event would conspire to reduce Spain’s role on the world’s stage. Without a strong central leadership, his territorial governors, generals and consuls became far more independent, and ultimately in 1618, Lerma fell, the victim of debts, as well as enemies and intrigues far too great for the king to protect him. Had Lerma’s secretary Rodrigo Calderon tortured and executed, in response to the belief he had killed his wife through witchcraft 7 years before. At the time, his government had no real income, since most of it was assigned to creditors. Brought Spain into the 30 Years War in 1618, after a period of military retrenchment, because of his interest in enthroning his cousin, Ferdinand II. May have been killed by the heat of a pan of hot coals because no one was around to remove them, although the story could be an exaggeration on the stultifying etiquette of the court. Succeeded by his son, Felipe IV. Inner: Congenial, melancholy, well-liked, pious and without any overt vices. Enjoyed hunting, while failing to impress any contemporary his/storians as anything more than a mediocrity, although later some positives would be seen in his reign. Over his head lifetime of succeeding an absolute tyrant, and feeling compelled to be the complete opposite of his despotic sire, much to his/story’s negative assessment of him. Rehoboam (c966BZ-c908BZ) - Israeli king. Outer: Son of King Solomon (Mark Zuckerberg). Mother was an Ammonite. Succeeded his father in his early 40s, although the northen elements of the kingdom refused a united coronation in Jerusalem, and demanded he go north to be crowned. Refused to compromise or take the council of his father’s advisers, and instead, he looked to his own generation for advice, who urged him to take a harsh stance against the ten northern tribes. He, however, did not have the military or financial skills of his sire, so that the north seceded under Jeroboam (Whittaker Chambers) and formed their own Kingdom of Israel, while his own consolidated tribe of Judah remained loyal to him, as the Kingdom of Judah, with its capital at Jerusalem. The division would create two kingdoms, with the northern one ultimately disappearing. Proved a disappointing ruler, unable to defend his house against Egyptian incursions, while many of his peoples slipped back into pagan ways, feeling they no longer had a strong house watching over them. Reigned for 17 years, and was succeeded by his son Abijam. Inner: Failed lifetime of inheriting the mantle of a great man and showing little of his wisdom and less of his aptitude for rule, sewing the seeds for division and eventual downfall, through his need to continually express his sheer will.

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PATHWAY OF THE MARTIAL ARTIST AS WORK-IN-PROGRESS POLITICIAN:
Storyline: The no-nonsense crypto-commander switches genders and fields, as she/he moves deeper into the pure political realm, after earlier having been out-maneuvered, thanks to a far too soldierly orientation in a discipline requiring strategies and tactics of a totally different nature.

Tzipi Livni (Tzipora Malka Livni) (1958) - Israeli politician. Outer: Both her Polish-born parents, Eitan Livni and Sarah Rosenberg were members of the Irgun, a paramilitary group active in the pre-statehood days of Israel dedicated to ending the British Palestine Mandate. Her father was chief of operations, and eventually received a 15 year sentence for his activities, although escaped after two years. Her mother was a foot soldier who robbed one train and blew up another while having had songs written about her, and also serving jail time. On the founding of Israel in 1948, the two became the first couple to marry in the new state, and later her sire would become a Likud Party member of the Knesset. An only child, she grew up in what would be known as a fighting family, sharing in its dreams of a biblical Greater Land of Israel, the map of which, would eventually appear on her progenitor’s headstone. Grew up in a highly politically charged household. Tall and auburn-haired. Went to school for a year, then served as a lieutenant in the Israeli Defense Force. Afterwards she joined Mossad, the Israeli intelligence agency, for four years, working as a European agent out of a Paris base, a stint she refuses to talk about. Resigned and got her law degree from Bar Ilan Univ., and for ten years worked as a corporate and commercial attorney. During that time, she married Naftali Spitzer, an accountant turned advertising executive, two sons from the union. Elected to the Knesset in 1999 on the Likud ticket, and subsequently served in Ariel Sharon’s cabinet in a variety of ministerial capacities. Changed her hardline viewpoint after the first Palestinian intifada in 2001, seeing a democratic Israel and a two-state sharing of the land as the only real viable solution to the impasse twixt Palestine and Israel. Supported and subsequently helped oversee Sharon’s disengagement from Gaza, and when he left Likud to form the center-right Kadima Party, she went with him, becoming his Foreign Minister. When Sharon suffered a stroke and went into a coma at the beginning of 2006, she became acting and then permanent Prime Minister Ehud Olmert’s Deputy Prime Minister and his logical successor, while retain her Foreign Minister post. Disagreed strongly with the latter’s subsequent disastrous bombardment of Lebanon, and repeatedly called for his resignation, which happened in the fall of 2008. Subsequently narrowly defeated her main rival, Shaul Mofaz for the leadership of the party, before attempting to form her own coalition government, and bring her unique sensibilities to the volatile Middle East arena. Stated she was willing to give up land for a two-state solution. In the 2009 elections, even though Kadima won one more seat than Likud, her rival, Benjamin Netanyahu was selected to form a coalition. Refused to serve in his rightist government, preferring to keep her party in responsible opposition to him, contra the private sentiments of many Kadimaists. Labeled a war criminal by the British government in 2009 for her role in the Israeli war cabinet that sanctioned the killing of more than a 1000 Palestinians in a Gaza assault, although was later give diplomatic immunity. Formed a new centrist party, Hatuah, or ‘the movement’ in 2012 to little effect. Made Justice Minister the following year, only to be fired by Netanyahu for her ongoing opposition to him and his policies. Decided to merge in late 2014 with fellow left-winger and Labor Party head, Yitzhak Herzog, and create a new party dubbed “The Zionist Camp,” which seemed to be heading for victory in the 2015 elections, with herself stepping aside to allow her partner the premiership, only to have Netanyahu manipulate his way to victory through fear-mongering and adroit gamesmanship. Inner: All-business, hard-charging, and highly ambitious, but flexible enough to accommodate herself to her own changing ideals. A hawk at heart, with little love for Israel’s aggressive neighbors, Iran and Syria, and a determination to be a vehicle for profound change in the Middle East. Leadership lifetime of altering gender, perceptions and fields of endeavor, in order to continue her growth as a political notable, amidst her longtime transplanted mittel European cohorts. Leo Caprivi (Graf Georg Leo von Caprivi de Caprara de Montecuccoli) (1831-1899) - German general and statesman. Outer: Of Italian and Slovenian descent. Father held a high judicial post, and also became a life member of the Prussian House of Lords. Educated in Berlin, and like other members of his extended family, he pursued a military career, beginning in 1849. Never married, devoting his entire life to his career. Saw action with the 1st Prussian Army, and by 1870, he had become chief of staff to the 10th army corps, distinguishing himself in battle during the Franco-Prussian War. Showed himself to be an adept strategist, and after Germany’s victory he held several important martial offices, before being appointed chief of the admiralty in 1883, a position fraught with much political maneuvering in the Reichstag. Able to deal with the responsibilities of his office through his superior administrative abilities, and his capacity to remain apolitical in a largely political position. Resigned after five years, when the command was made separate from its parliamentary representation. Mentioned as a successor to the Iron Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (Menachem Begin), despite being a relatively unknown figure to the public. Also harbored negative feelings about following such a legendary leader, even though the latter had long since lost his effectiveness by this time. In 1890, following Bismarck’s dismissal, he was appointed by the emperor, Wilhelm II, chancellor, Prussian ministry president and foreign minister, much to the surprise of many, and to his own regret, since he would have much preferred to continue in the military. Initially showed himself worthy of the choice in the four years he held the position, proving to be a good communicator and a skilled diplomat, coming to terms with Britain over their respective colonial spheres of influence in Africa, which Bismarck could not, thanks to a more conciliatory approach on his part. Nevertheless, he offended the more conservative territorialists among his countrymen through his willingness to compromise. Made commercial treaties with several central European states, and was given the title of graf, or count, by the emperor for having done so. Whatever he subsequently did earned the enmity of one group or another, including an effective reorganization of the army, that foreshortened terms of service contra the will of some of his old-line officers. After being defeated on an education bill in 1892, his position was severely compromised, and he was forced to resign the presidency of the Prussian ministry. Eventually dismissed by the emperor in 1894. Despite being an extremely effective administrator, he failed to secure his position through political maneuvering and infighting, showing himself to be far more the soldier than the parliamentarian in his exercise of his duties, and always loyal to his emperor, whom he saw as his superior officer. Never felt the need to justify himself, and unlike many, did not write his memoirs after he left office. Spent his last five years in complete retirement. Inner: Good military tactician and strategist, less effective at saidsame in the political sphere. Always saw his mission as doing his duty, which served him well in the military, but not in political life at all. Loyal lifetime of exercising his authority to the best of his abilities, before being thrown into the relatively unfamiliar arena of pure politics, and finding his good intentions and able administrative abilities no match for his far more manipulative opposition. Jozsef Alvinczi von Borborek (1735-1810) - Magyar/Austrian field marshal. Outer: Of Magyar descent. Wound up an orphan as the last of his family, and spent his childhood in an Austrian count’s household, before joining his regiment at the age of 14 as an ensign. Rose to captain by the time he was 18, and showed himself to be a martial adept during the Seven Years’ War, fighting for the Austrians, in what would be a continental battle between empires stretching to the New World. Helped implement military reforms, and quickly rose in rank through his courage and leadership skills, becoming a colonel by the time he was 19, as he continued to evince his aptitude for battle in succeeding frays involving Austria. Rose to major general after the War of the Bavarian Succession, following the capture of his Prussian counterpart. Commanded a division under Ernst von Laudon (Yitzhak Rabin), during the Turkish Wars, then briefly served as a military tutor to the future HRE Franz II (Rudolph Giuliani). Injured himself falling off his horse in 1790, and temporarily retired in order to heal, before returning to the battlefield during the French Revolutionary Wars in 1792. Fought in the low countries over the next two years, winning both honors and battles, while continuing to rise in rank. Although wounded in combat, he recovered to fight again, losing two horses under him in 1793. Commanded on the Upper Rhine in 1795, before serving on the Hapsburg court’s war council. Then did battle with Napoleon Bonaparte in northern Italy, finally meeting his match in the earlier phases of the latter’s extraordinary military career. Despite his defeats, he was made military governor of Hungary. At life’s nearend, he was promoted to field marshal, and died two years later. Inner: Courageous in battle, with good leadership and tactical skills, although not quite in the top rank of the commanders of his day. Well-rewarded lifetime of continually showing his warrior mettle, and an ability to rebound from severe wounds, even in deep middle age, proving himself to be an excellent exemplar of the European martial adepts of the second rank of his age.

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PATHWAY OF THE WARRIOR AS TRUMPETER FOR THE AGES:
Storyline: The heavily conflicted horn player questions his identity and his longtime connection to Israel as an exiled activist who often sticks his foot in his mouth, whenever it isn’t engaged in blowing brilliant music.

Gilad Atzmon (1963) - Israeli/English musician, writer and activist. Outer: From a secular Jewish family. Showing musical aptitude early on, he trained at the Rubin Academy of Music in Jerusalem, while becoming more and more dissatisfied with the unjust political situation in Israel vis-à-vis the Palestinians. At the same time, he began strongly questioning his own Jewish identity, feeling like a man totally apart from his religion and culture. An interest in British jazz led him to become a musical producer, while he also showed an adeptness as an instrumentalist, particularly with the various forms of the saxophone. Fascinated by be-bop of the 1940s, especially the alternate dissonance and melodic sound of fellow saxophonist Charlie Parker (L’il Wayne), he would continue in that improvisational mode in his playing. In 1994, he emigrated from Israel to London, disavowing his early connection to his native land and swearing never to return there. Earned a Masters degree in Philosophy from the Univ. of Essex, and eventually became a British citizen in 2002. Settled in London, while renouncing his Israeli citizenship. Built up a reputation as a highly skilled saxophonist, playing the plainsong vocabulary of various cultures, with a strong interest in Arabic music, which cannot be notated and is therefore dependent on purely internal memory. Collaborates and performs with musicians from around the globe, and has his own group, the Orient House Ensemble, which was named after a domicile that housed the Palestinian Liberation Front, before it was seized by Israeli defense forces. Viewed with great admiration by many of his fellow instrumentalists for his adroit imaginative play, while also producing the works of others. In addition, he is part of the Global Music Foundation, a nonprofit organization which runs workshops and events around the world. An activist in the political arena, with strong socialist leanings, he has had a long struggle with identity, describing himself at various times as a “self-hating Jew” and an “ex-Jew.” Militantly anti-Zionist, he is strongly pro-Palestinian in his writings. Married Tali, a singer and stage actress, who works with him upon occasion. Continually spewing contumely on Israel’s cruelty towards its sore-oppressed Palestinians. A novelist as well as a political journalist, his “A Guide to the Perplexed” in 2001, posited a future Israel as a Palestinian state. Other works followed, culminating in “The Wandering Who? A Study of Jewish identity Politics” published in 2011, which brought strong charges of anti-Semitism against him, even from anti-Zionists. Also managed to alienate those whose causes he espouses through his profound negativity surrounding Judaism. Denies all charges of prejudice against him, seeing them as a time-honored silencing device. Also an active contributor to the website truthseeker.com, which posits Zionist conspiracies around everything, and showcases him as a prime offender of his former faith. Inner: Extremely conflicted around his own identity, with the facility for constantly rationalizing all his stances. Sees himself as an ethical rather political thinker, with a bebop sensibility, which allows his various improvisational dissonant political riffs to take him wherever they go. Always searching for beauty of various sorts, most especially that which underlines his idea and ideal of truth. Blowing up a storm lifetime of achieving masterful status on his various horns, while continually getting into trouble whenever he opens his mouth for anything other than a saxophone mouthpiece. Ze’ev Jabotinsky (Vladimir Jabotinsky) (1880-1940) - Russian/Israeli activist and journalist. Outer: From a middle-class assimilated Jewish family. Father was a wheat trader. Lost an older brother during childhood, while a sister founded a private female gymnasium in Odessa. Educated in Russian schools, but was not particularly interested in academics, despite a facility for languages and written self-expression. Left Russia at 18 to study law in Italy and Switzerland, while also serving as foreign correspondent for several Russian newspapers, which brought him fame. Signed his articles with his literary pseudonym, “Altalena,” the Italian word for swing. Graduated from a Roman law school, although never practiced there. Returned to his native Odessa in 1901, and continued his journalistic career as an editor, although the Tsarist government’s active pogrom against Jews turned him into a Zionist. Took on the Hebrew name Ze’ev, which meant wolf, while showing himself to be a powerful speaker. Never identified with his religious heritage, although the oppression against his fellow Jews stirred his warrior soul. Took a leadership role in training self-defense units, while fighting for minority rights in Russia, and traveling the breadth of the country in urging Jews to stand up for themselves. Became a confirmed Zionist, and spread the Hebrew language and culture to a wide variety of communities in Russia. Married Hanna Markovna Halpern in 1907, one son from the union. Worked as a war correspondent for a liberal Moscow paper during WW I, and in Alexandria, Egypt, he helped establish the Jewish Legion, a voluntary organization that fought with the British to free Palestine from Turkish rule. Following the establishment of the Palestine Mandate by the British, he stood at the head of the Haganah, a series of defense organizations, in Jerusalem against Arab riots, and was given a 15 year sentence of hard labor for doing so, although a strong public outcry got him released from prison. Became a member of the Zionist Executive Committee, but left it after a series of disagreements on the slow direction of the movement, and in 1925, he adopted a revisionist stance calling for the immediate creation of a Jewish state. Helped create the Betar, a youth movement dedicated to educating the young with a sense of militaristic and nationalistic spirit. Lived in Palestine and continued his journalistic work, before leaving the country on a lecture tour in 1929. The British denied him re-entry on his return, causing him to resign from the Zionist Movement, and instead he promoted independent political activity dedicated to free immigration along with his ongoing goal of establishing a Jewish state. An underground terrorist wing, Irgun, sprang from his organization in 1937 and he became its commander. Continued with his writing all during this period, producing poetry, novels, and short stories in addition to his political writings. Active in Britain and the United State after the outbreak of WW II, he was hoping to create a Jewish army that would fight alongside the allies against the Nazis. During a visit to a Betar camp in NY, he suffered a massive heart attack and died from it. Expressed in his will that he should not be interred in Palestine until the government of the new Jewish state came into being. His will was fulfilled in 1964, and he was reinterred, along with his wife in Jerusalem. Inner: Charismatic and teacherly. Warrior through and through, with a desire to inspire an equal sense of militant self-protection in his followers. Extremely focused, with less of an identity as a Jew, than as a homelander where his people would no longer be subject to the whims of alien governments. Militant lifetime of bringing his considerable talents around writing and martial artistry as one of the prime spurs in the pre-creation of the Jewish state, via an indomitable will and an equally profound desire to right his/storical wrongs. Friedrich ‘Fritz’ Anneke (Carl Friedrich Theodor Annecke) (1818-1872) - German/American soldier, journalist and socialist revolutionary. Outer: Family had a longtime connection with the country’s coal mining industry. Father was a mining inspector, as was his younger brother, Emil, who eventually emigrated to America for a political career there. Oldest of three brothers. Graduated from a military academy and became an artillery officer, but was given a dishonorable discharge because of his revolutionary activities. In 1847, he married Mathilde Franziska von Tabuillot, who had had her first marriage annulled. One son from the union, which was largely political. With his wife, he began publishing a daily newspaper geared towards the working class, only to see it banned. Cofounded the Cologne Worker’s Association, and became its first secretary. Also joined the League of Communists, and helped organize popular demonstrations, during which time he met Karl Marx (Victor Serge) and Moses Hess (David Ben Gurion), who later became a pivotal figure in formulating the postulates of Zionism. Jailed for treason, after a sensational trial. On his release, he led a failed assault on an armory, then fled into the revolutionary Palatinate, where he commanded an artillery of that state, with his wife serving as his orderly because of her excellent horsemanship. Afterwards, he was forced to flee to France, where he holed up in the house of Moses Hess, while he was sentenced to death in absentia. Emigrated with his wife to the U.S., although returned to Germany, while she remained there. Worked as a correspondent for German language media in Europe, while trying to join the revolutionary movement of Giuseppe Garibaldi (Antonio Banderas), after reporting on it. Returned to the U.S. and, as a vocal opponent of slavery, he assumed command of a Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment in 1862 as a colonel, only to be blackmailed the following year by a spy and dishonorably discharged. Following the dissolution of his regiment in 1863, he tried to be readmitted to the army, but failed to do so. His marriage felt apart, due to his wife’s forced exile in Switzerland during the war. The duo separated on her return and she went on to become an important figure in both the suffragette and abolitionist movements. The rest of his life was totally anticlimactic, as he became more conservative to the point of supporting German chancellor Otto von Bismarck (Menachem Begin). Moved to Chicago, where he worked as an editor, and died after falling into a construction pit, thanks to his near-sightedness, a symbolic statement on his own ongoing proclivity for not seeing the consequences of his actions, and a concomitant draw towards pitfalls not of his making. Inner: Staunchly socialistic, with great empathy for the dispossessed, but also an equal facility for fouling up his own efforts, with his will often thwarted. Combination warrior/reporter with a genuine desire for justice wherever he alit. Idealistic lifetime of acting at a remove from his longtime Jewish root, while showing the same strong desire to affect change through his martial and communicatory skills. Baron Friedrich Wilhelm August Heinrich Ferdinand Steuben (Friedrich Wilhelm Ludolf Gerhard Augustin von Steuben (1730-1794) - Prussian/American general. Outer: Grandfather, a minister, invented a noble lineage for the family, inserting a von into his name, which helped his grandson’s career enormously. Born in a fortress town where his father was a lieutenant in the Royal Prussian engineers. Spent most his youth in Russia, before returning to Prussia with his sire. Schooled by Jesuits, and by 17 was a Prussian officer. Served in an infantry unit and became a staff officer in the Seven Years War. Made a member of the General Staff, and continued to periodically serve in Russia. Proved a commendable officer, which got him assigned to Frederick the Great’s (Michael Milken) headquarters, and that, in turn, brought him a wealth of knowledge about tactics and strategies. Wounded twice and taken prisoner and, at the end of the conflict In 1763, he was discharged from the army, because of personal enmity by a superior. Served as Grand Marshall to a Prussian prince for the next thirteen years, while being elevated to baron. Traveled to France with the prince, then returned to Prussia hoping to take advantage of contacts he had earlier made. Wound up deeply in debt during this period with his fortunes in flux. Charges of homosexuality were now also hanging over him, which made him realize he would never achieve his higher ambitions in Europe. Turned towards colonial America as a possibility and was introduced via letter to George Washington (George C. Marshall) with inflated credentials in 1777, as a lieutenant general in the Prussian service. The beleaguered colonials snapped him up and he sailed the same year for America, offering initially to serve in the Revolution without pay. Spoke no English but had enough of a grasp of French to be understood by some of his fellow officers. Drafted a training program for the Continental Army, beginning with a model company of a group of 100, and they in turn took what he taught them into each brigade. Employed progressive training so as to insure an army that ultimately knew what it was doing, with drills on regulating loading and firing so as to maximize the effect of each volley. Also established levels of camp sanitation, and within a year his reforms had produced a far more disciplined military. while his “Blue Book” of regulations was put into circulation by 1779. Accompanied the troops in their southern campaigns, and in the final victory at Yorktown in 1781, he was commander of one of three divisions. After the war, he assisted Washington in demobilizing the troops and helped draft a defense plan for the new nation, before being discharged in 1784 with honor. Settled initially in NYC, where he was a prominent social figure as well as an elder with the German Reformed Church, although his business skills did not match his martial artistry and he wound up in debt, having felt that he would be given financial compensation for his service, after becoming an American citizen. Finally granted a pension in 1790, and was helped out by friends to gain a 16,000 acre estate in upstate New York. When he died he left his holdings to two former aides, with whom he probably had an extended sexual relationship. Inner: Possessed an eclectic personality which fed into his Prussian mystique as a master martial artist. Pompous, cold and theatrical, but with a genuine love for the military life. Never denied the allegations of homosexuality which dogged his entire career, and, at times, later on, seemed to flaunt it. Stranger in a strange land lifetime of serving as one of the fathers of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War, playing a key role into whipping it into fine fighting mettle while dealing with his own alien sensibilities on numerous levels as teacher, disciplinarian and ongoing battler with himself. Joshua (Joshua ben Nun) (1356-1245) - Ancient Egyptian/Canaanite warrior. Outer: Originally called Hosea. From the tribe of Ephraim. After the freed Israelites ended their Egyptian bondage and crossed the Red Sea, they were immediately set upon, but he successfully repelled the attackers, which elevated him to the position of protégé of his people’s leader, the prophet Moses. Appointed as one of dozen scouts sent to Canaan to see if it were the Land Promised his people. Ten of the others felt it would be impossible to conquer, which caused their divinity to sentence the twelve tribes to forty years wandering in the desert, to learn the patience and pursuit needed to truly claim Israel as their own. Only he and Caleb (Yitzhak Rabin) were deemed worthy of the Promised Land. Chosen by Moses as his successor just before the former’s death, and showed himself to be a highly capable martial artist, as well as sufficiently imbued with a deep sense of religiosity. Proved his mettle in battle over and over, beginning with the felling of the well-fortified walls of Jericho with ram horn trumpet blasts and a symbolic marching around the city for a week, and then seven more times, before its defenses crumbled. Participated in the brutal killing of all its inhabitants save one, Rabah, a prostitute who had harbored the scouts in her home in the earlier reconnaissance of the land. Legend had it, he eventually married her, although no actual record exists of the union. Continued with his conquest of Canaan, offering peace to those who submitted to the Israelites and slaughter to those who did not. For some reason, he didn’t appoint a successor as his death approached, which would throw the Israelis into turmoil after his demise, completely disrupting their rhythm in the land promised them. There had been plaints all along the way when things didn’t go exactly right by a people now spoiled by the belief that their divine Father would allow no wrong come to them. On their leader’s death, some adopted pagan ways, distending their conquest until a series of judges rose much later on to try to lead them back to the righteousness their deity demanded. Inner: Martial adept with no real sense of continuity, causing chaos in the wake of his death, rather than the stability desperately needed. His duality would be very much in evidence in all his succeeding lives in this series, as a leader blowing hot and cold about himself and the responsibilities thrust upon him Sword-in-hand lifetime of serving as the main conduit for the Israelites into the Land Promised, before ultimately failing to secure it for the generations to come.

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PATHWAY OF THE WARRIOR AS JUSTICE-SEEKER MARTYRED MANY TIMES OVER:
Storyline: The ancient Judaic judge goes full circle in modern times, from radical revolutionary to sacrificial lamb in his continual need to see fair play put in practice for all, even at the expense of himself.
Steven Soltoff (1983-c2014) - American/Israeli journalist. Outer: Grandson of Holocaust survivors. Mother was a teacher in her Temple’s pre-school. Had a middle-class upbringing in Miami, along with a younger sister and went to a private boarding school out-of-state, where he co-edited the student newspaper. Identified strongly with the religion of his birth, and worked for his mother’s Temple pre-school, while showing himself to be a fun-loving sports enthusiast. Attended the Univ. of Central Florida for two years without graduating, with a major in journalism. Dropped out to pursue a freelance career in the Middle East, and went to Israel, where he studied international relations at the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya from 2005 to 2008, and gained dual citizenship. Learned Arabic, and traveled around the region, while working as a freelance journalist for Time magazine, and the Christian Science Monitor, among other publications, as as appearing on CCN and Fox News. Reported from a host of Middle Eastern hotspots, all the while making various enemy lists for some of the footage he took. Concerned about the danger he had placed himself in, while his close-knit family constantly fretted over his being there. Despite his Israeli citizenship, he was highly critical of how the country dealt with its minorities. Abducted in August of 2013 near Aleppo by the militant Sunni group ISIS after crossing the Syrian border from Turkey. Both his family and the government kept his kidnapping secret, while, he, himself, never revealed his israeli citizenship, and instead subtly maintained his religious practices, secretly praying in the direction of Jerusalem and claiming to be a secular Muslim with a Chechen name. When fellow journalist James Foley was beheaded, he was shown in an orange jumpsuit, causing his mother to plead for his life on TV. Nevertheless, he was grotesquely beheaded shortly afterwards, meeting his death calmly, in a released video that was authenticated by the White House. Rumors would subsequently abound that he was used by the U.S. government to stir up an American return to the area, as he became an unwitting pawn in an international game, over which he had absolutely no control. Inner: Strongly humanitarian, with a great desire to give voice to those who had none. Had been planning to return to the U.S. and continue his studies in order to get a master’s degree. Kindly, good-humored and sincere, with an unusual calmness about him. Somewhat overweight, thanks to a predilection for junk food, while enjoying normal pursuits, including a love of sports. Well-loved by everyone who knew him, as a caring, considerate person. Literal mind-body separations are always part of a larger reintegration process. Recompense lifetime of once again paying the piper for past activities, as a means of clearing his slate to be a force for genuine good in the world, without any negativity hanging over him, once he finally feels his past has been wiped clean. Fred Hampton (1948-1969) - American political activist. Outer: Of African-American descent. Both parents had moved north from Louisiana and worked for a starch company. Grew up in a Chicago suburb, and was both a star athlete and gifted in the classroom in high school, graduating with honors. Enrolled in nearby Triton Junior College, majoring in pre-law, while becoming active in the NAACP, taking a leadership role in the Youth Council of its suburban Chicago branch. Immediately evinced his administrative skills, organizing food pantries, and educational and recreational programs for impoverished children. Able to draw 500 members from his relatively small community, through the dint of his persuasiveness, while wishing to use nonviolent and organizational means to achieve his social justice ends. Became attracted to the more militant Black Panther Party for Self-defense, and joined it, moving to downtown Chicago. In late 1968, he launched its Illinois chapter as its deputy chairman, and began operating under the proviso that racial and ethnic conflicts between gangs only kept their members in poverty. Able to broker peace between rival youths, while his alliance came to include black, Puerto Rican and poor white youth which he dubbed a “rainbow coalition”. Put together a free medical clinic and other programs for the disadvantaged, as he grew ever more militant in the wake of institutional harassment. In 1969, he was prosecuted for stealing $71 worth of Good Humor bars two years earlier, for the purpose of giving them away to neighborhood children. Convicted of robbery, he was sentenced to two to five years, although was released on an appeal bond. Completely distrusted the American legal system afterwards, with the feeling it desperately needed to be overhauled. Began arming himself, and in a newspaper interview he said flat-out that he was at war with the pigs, although still looked at violence solely in terms of self-defense against the continued brutality visited on the black community by law enforcement. Rose to the Party’s national Central Committee, and was made Chief of Staff and major spokesman afterwards. His various stances made him a dangerous subversive in the eyes of the FBI and law enforcement, who saw him and his fellow Panthers committed to the all-out violent overthrow of white-dominated America. They, in turn, launched an all-out assault on the Chicago Panthers, which led to shoot-outs and killings on both sides, and the arrest of over 100 party members in raids on their headquarters. An informant gave law enforcement a floor plan of the building nearby where he rented an apartment, and it was subsequently raided during the pre-dawn by an assault team. The police began shooting toward the bedroom where he and his pregnant fiancé, Deborah Johnson were sleeping, but somehow she escaped the fusillade which killed him and fellow Panther Mark Clark, who had been on guard duty. May have been given a sedative by the informant beforehand, so that he never woke up during the assault. Two more gunshots were fired when the police entered his bedroom, making sure he was dead. His posthumous son, named after him, became an activist, as well. His funeral was attended by 5000 people, and he was eulogized by a host of black leaders, while the officers involved in the raid were cleared of any wrongdoing by a grand jury. A suit filed by his family, as well as Mark Clark’s, took a decade to be finally decided, and the two families received an undisclosed sum. Buried in a cemetery in his parent’s hometown. Inner: Wanted, above all, to create a better environment for the development of young African-Americans. Spoke with a quiet and restrained calm, impressing one and all with whom he came in direct contact as a highly effective communicator and a natural, charismatic leader. “You can kill a revolutionary, but you cannot kill a revolution” lifetime of working for the upliftment and self-determination of the poor and disadvantaged, only to fall victim to the fear and loathing of institutional authority, in his ongoing personal martyrdom to the inequities of social justice. Avraham Stern (1907-1942) - Polish/Israeli radical revolutionary, poet, and self-styled liberator. Outer: From a learned Zionist family. During WW I, his mother fled Poland with his brother, to join his sister in Russia, where he was an overworked pre-teen in Siberia, before moving in with an uncle in St. Petersburg. Walked home to Poland at 13, then five years later sailed for British-held Palestine and the incipient Israeli state. Studied Greek and Latin at Hebrew Univ., while dreaming of becoming an actor. Won a scholarship to the Univ. of Florence in Italy, before returning in 1929 to Israel to join the Haganah to fight for Jewish independence in Palestine. Found the latter too moderate, and joined the newly created, and far more militant, Irgun or ‘Organization,’ using the code name “Yair” after the first century Masada commander Elazar Ben-Yair. Focused his attention on getting guns and ammunition for Irgun, while also co-authoring the first manual in Hebrew on the use of the revolver. Penned poetry in his spare time, including the poem “Anonymous Soldiers,” which became an anthem of the underground. Began smuggling illegal Jewish immigrants into Israel, while running bases in Poland to train Jews to become freedom fighters. In 1939, he turned away from dealing with Arab violence and began instead to focus on the British, whom he felt was the real enemy via its political control of the Jewish homeland. Arrested the same night WW II began and was imprisoned by the British for a year, from 1939 to 1940. On his release he founded a radical splinter group which became known as Lehi - Fighters for the Freedom of Israel. The group began blowing up British government offices and attacking its military and police forces. Robbed banks to finance his activities, while issuing broadsides and radio broadcasts, as well as writing songs.. Also tried to contact the Nazis in 1940 and 1941, because of their mutual enemy, the British, offering them the opportunity to transfer all European Jews to Israel. Viewed as a traitor by both the British and some of his fellow Jews, although was more than willing to accept the denunciation if it brought more of his landsmen to the Land long Promised them. Turned down by the Nazis, who were at the time, working on their own Final Solution to their perceived Jewish problem. His group managed to alienate many with its activities, and a reward was put up for his capture. Used south Tel Aviv as his base, walking the streets at night with a collapsible cot, while sleeping in stairwells. Discovered by British detectives in a rooftop apartment, when they pulled him out of a closet. Subsequently surrounded, and then their commander promptly shot him three times while he sat handcuffed on a sofa, claiming he was trying to escape. Fathered one posthumous son with one of his followers, who was born five months after his execution, and became a respected broadcast journalist. Had about 200 active followers, including future prime minister, Yitzhak Shamir, who supplanted him and continued to use what was called ‘the Stern Gang’ by the British into an effective fighting force, while his death place was made into a museum of the Lehi movement. Well-remembered long after he was gone as a martyr for statehood, despite profoundly alienating the greater majority of his countrymen while he lived. Inner: Melancholy romantic at heart, but totally uninhibited about the use of violence. Preternaturally calm, with a supreme inner sense of strength. Wrote often about death and the glory of valor. Wished to build a Third Temple and create a Jewish society, seeing his idea of revolution continue long after statehood was achieved. Well-versed in the classics and Torah, a man of the pen, who might have led a completely different life, in different circumstances. Man on a mission lifetime of using every means possible to free his adopted homeland, before ultimately embracing martyrdom as a final testimony to his passionate love of his legendary country, which was still aborning at the time of his death. Andrey Zhelyabov (1851-1881) - Russian revolutionary. Outer: Parents were serfs, who were freed just after his birth. Entered law school at Novorossiysk Univ. in Odessa, but was expelled in 1871 for taking part in student unrest, and was sent away from Odessa. Settled in a small town in the Kiev province, and became a full-time revolutionary, before returning to Odessa, where he was a member of the revolutionary Felix Volkhovsky group, serving as a propagandist. Arrested in late 1874 for his activities, he was released on bail, and continued his activism. In 1879, he took part in a congress of political terrorists, and helped organize around the extremist group, the People’s Will, working for the organization’s newspaper, and writing several of its manifestoes. In 1881, he was arrested, although at the time the police did not realize he was part of a plot to assassinate the czar, Alexander II (Steven Spielberg). His girlfriend took his place, and after the successful assassination, he insisted he be tried with his comrades, and was hanged. Inner: Indomitable sense of mission, revolutionary through and through. Bomb-in-hand lifetime of exercising his personal will and propaganda skills, against the ruling powers of the time, a pathway he would continue to pursue. Gideon (c12th cent. B.Z.) - Hebrew warrior and judge. Outer: Name meant “cutter” or “cutter of trees.” During his life, the Israelites were ravaged by their neighbors for a period of seven years, for their unfaithfulness to their sense of the divine. From a weak undistinguished family of the Abiezerite tribe, he considered himself its least member, as a further display of his modesty. While threshing grain in a winepress, he was visited by an angel, but wished proof that it was truly the voice of his God speaking to him. Gave the divine messenger three tests, which He passed, inspiring him to destroy his town’s altar to foreign deities and to gather a huge army of some 32,000. Asked to reduce them to 10,000 per deific wish, and again to 300, against an enemy of overwhelming numbers, since his people needed clear proof of godly intervention in his upcoming fight. Gave each of his warriors a trumpet and a torch concealed inside a pottery jar, and their subsequent chant, “A sword for the Lord and for Gideon,” along with the blowing of the trumpets and the light in their hands, caused the enemy to panic and flee. Along with reinforcements, he pursued and easily upended them, killing their kings. Subsequently refused the offer of a crown, saying the victory was not his but their deity’s. Later asked that all contribute gold from the plunder of the battle, and created an ephod, or breastplate from it, which became an object of idol worship, much to his dismay. Became the fifth in the series of judges, and during his remaining four decades, Israel enjoyed peace under his stewardship. Took many wives and fathered 70 sons, only to have one of them, Abimelech, the progeny of a foreign concubine, succeed him and murder all his half-brothers, before dying himself on the battlefield, as the Israelites once more reverted to idol worship. Became a heralded figure in Christian mythology as well, as a man of great faith, earning the status of saint in the Catholic Church. Inner: Natural leader and questioning figure, who may or may not have existed as such and might be a composite character. Nevertheless, he represents the power of belief in the service of great will, a stance he would come to symbolize, and then act out in succeeding go-rounds in this series. Adamant devotee’s lifetime of doubt, faith and ultimate trust in the higher powers as an uncommon judge capable of rallying his nation to miraculous heights, from the depths of extremely modest beginnings
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