Phaorahs, Emperors & Capitalists
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS GRAND ACQUISITOR:
Storyline: The fabled financier recognizes power as the only lasting capital that counts here, and goes about courting it in his preferred role of man behind by the throne, rather than on it, in order to appease his ongoing appetite for public trust, despite having little or no real connection to his projected audience.
Bernard Baruch (1870-1965) - American financier. Outer: Father was a Jewish immigrant who had fled from East Prussia and had struggled to become a physician, then served the South in the Civil War. His son had great admiration for him. Mother was from an established Jewish Southern family. The family moved to NYC when he was 11. At 14, he entered CCNY, although he was an indifferent student, preferring sports and socializing to academics, and became an office boy in a brokerage firm in 1891. After studying law and finance, he made himself into a securities expert. 6’+, perpetually smiling and a careless dresser. In 1897, he married Annie Griffin, an Episcopalian, and his son and two daughters were raised as such. Became a partner in his firm of A.A. Housman, and made a killing in sugar speculating. A millionaire by the time he was 30, he left to start his own industrial development firm, and over the next decade and a half, he invested in raw material production ventures around the world, accumulating a substantial fortune in the process, although his true capital was always power, and his bank account was probably vastly exaggerated in comparison to it. Active in the Democratic party, he was a close friend and adviser to Pres. Woodrow Wilson (Michael Eric Dyson), who appointed him to various councils, and started him on his secondary career as adviser to presidents. As chairman of the War Industries Board during WW I, he planned the country’s industrial mobilization, and then after the war accompanied Wilson to the Versailles Conference as his economic adviser, where he worked on the economic reparations against Germany for the war. Friend of Clare Booth Luce, helping her in her initial career. During the 1920s, he turned his considerable expertise to improving agricultural efficiency, serving Warren Harding (Warren Beatty) in that capacity. Managed to maintain his wealth through the Stock Market crash of 1929, and became an economic adviser to Herbert Hoover, and then Franklin Delano Roosevelt, although turned down the post of Secretary of the Treasury. Seeing WW II coming as early as 1934, he was instrumental in the country’s mobilization plans when war did arrive in 1941. Became noted for his park bench accessibility, while advising the president’s director of mobilization. Appointed U.S. representative to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission by Harry Truman in 1946, he offered a plan for international control of atomic energy. Continued in an unofficial role as adviser to Dwight D. Eisenhower, and wrote 2 autobiographies at the end of his career, after being unhappy with a biography written of him. Archetype of the elder statesman, whose park bench presence bespoke the wisdom of successful experience. Inner: Extremely patriotic, felt he could have been president, had he not been born a Jew. Conservative, not particularly reflective or intellectual, identified far more with being an American than with his religious heritage. Strong egotist, and extremely self-obsessed, while shying away from actual power, preferring to be one step removed, so as not to bear any brunt of failure. Eminence gris lifetime of looking for love in high places, and basking far more in his legend than the actualities that helped create it. Jacques Necker (1732-1804) - Swiss/French statesman and financier. Outer: Father was a German lawyer who became a Swiss citizen. Younger of 2 sons. At 16, he became a clerk at the bank of a friend of his father’s, and 2 years later, he was switched to its headquarters in Paris. Made a junior partner, and amassed a fortune through the speculation of public funds and the grain trade. In 1764, he married Suzanne Curchod (Mabel Dodge Luhan), who proved to be a talented salon hostess, daughter from union, upon whom he doted to the point of jealousy of his wife, was the noted writer Germaine de Stael (Claire Booth Luce). Embarked on a public career as Geneva’s minister in Paris, while writing on financial topics. Despite being Swiss and a Protestant, he served as director general of French finances under King Louis XVI (Lex Barker) on several occasions just prior to the French Revolution. A cautious reformer, he was less adept with public finances than he was with his own. Forced to resign his first ministry after opposition from the queen, he retired to his estate in 1781 to write. Called back to form a second ministry in 1788, with France on the verge of bankruptcy, he concentrated more on politics than finance, and remained quite out of touch with the gathering storm of social upheaval. His course of action was also drastically modified by the reactionary element at the court, and he once again retired just prior to the storming of the Bastille in 1789. Called back a 3rd time several months later, he was completely unable to deal with the situation and retired a final time with a disparaged reputation, and was forced to flee France, living out the Revolution and its aftermath in Switzerland. His body was preserved in wine in the family mausoleum afterwards, in unconscious reflection of his probable Egyptian past. Inner: Great desire to be admired for his work. Strong sense of vanity, unable to reconcile his actions with the larger social forces of his time. Out-of-his-depth lifetime of vainly searching for the trust of a public he understood not at all, during a time of profound upheaval he understood even less, looking at it, as he did, from the top on down. Nicholas Fouquet (1615-1680) - French statesman and financier. Outer: Father was a wealthy shipowner and royal adminstrator. Gained entry into power through his own wealth, purchasing the post of procurer general in 1650. In 1651, he wed Marie de Castille, whose own fortune greatly enhanced his. Made superintendant of finances 2 years later, through the offices of Cardinal Jules Mazarin (Francois Mitterand), whom he had earlier supported during the Fronde rebellion of princes. Lent considerable sums of money to the royal treasury, and eventually became, in essence, banker to the king of France, which, in turn, made him quite wealthy. Loved grand architecture, and had the finest artisans build his estate, Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte. Celebrated its completion with a sumptuous feast, in which every guest was given a horse, which made his extravagance suspect to the king. After Mazarin’s death, the cardinal’s closest confidant, Jean-Baptiste Colbert (Michael Milken), wished to succeed him as financial minister, and went about destroying his reputation as a means of doing so. By revealing irregular transactions as the means by which he attained his wealth, he was arrested and brought to trial, which lasted 3 years, before his being found guilty of embezzlement, although he defended himself well during the ordeal and gained public support. Condemend to banishment in 1664, but the king then commuted his sentence to life imprisonment in a fortress, where he served the last decade and a half of his life, and then died just before the issuance of a royal clemency. Inner: Manipulative and acquisitive. Payback lifetime of being outmaneuvered by a master manipulator, and despite an eloquent defense of his questionable actions, given much time at career’s end to rethink the price of dishonest acquisitiveness, having once again fallen victim to its revelation. Jacques Coeur (1395-1456) - French merchant and royal councilor. Outer: Father was a furrier. Had an emerging merchant-class upbringing. Married Mace de Lodepart in 1418, at least 3 children from the union. Became an adept at finances through direct commercial experience, and won the confidence of Charles VII (Leon Blum). Became a steward and banker to the court and eventually a member of the king’s council. Placed in charge of collecting taxes, he was ennobled in 1441, building a palatial estate, while making fortuitous marriages for his children. Made a fortune in commercial trading through his position at court and enjoyed great status and power, with access to all sorts of commercial material goods, as well as royal clientele. Owned at least 7 ships, and was able to set up individual companies for all his dealings. Became a model for self-made, self-confident ostentation, with an extremely luxurious lifestyle. Despite his titles, wealth and position, his empire, itself, was tenuous, because of the complex, and often incompetent networks, with which he dealt, as well as his fragile flow of capital, and the envy he inspired. The jealousy of his rivals caused his detainment for dishonest speculation, as well as the false accusation of poisoning the king’s mistress, Agnes Sorel (Rebecca West). Arrested in 1451, he was confined to prison and levied with an enormous fine. Escaped, with the help of friends, and died shortly after in exile. After his death, the succeeding king returned some of his property to his sons and revived some of his former enterprises. Inner: Ambitious, audacious, tenacious. Precursor of the powerful merchant middle class to come. Prototype lifetime of the medieval merchant as power-monger and power-loser, thanks to the innate jealousies and competitiveness of his fellow grand acquisitors. Jean II (1319-1364) - King of France. Known as “the Good.” Outer: Father was Philippe VI (Henry Luce), mother, Blanche (Helen Gurley Brown) was the daughter of the duke of Burgundy. 2nd, but eldest surviving son. Brought up in the ostentation of his father’s court, and given a spectacular wedding, when he was married at 13 to Bonne, the daughter of the King of Bohemia, 11 children, including his successor Charles V (Raymond Arons), as well as Louis I, duke of Anjou-Maine (Charles de Gaulle), Philippe II, duke of Burgundy (Darryl F. Zanuck) and Jean duc de Berry (Richard Zanuck). Succeeded to the throne in his early 30s, but proved to be an inept ruler, more concerned with the trappings of rule than its actualities, with the same flair for ostentatious display as his father, as well as the propensity to surround himself with favorites. Quarrelsome and given to poor judgement, although also chivalrous and courageous, which earned him the nickname ‘the Good.’ After his first wife’s death, he married again in his early 30s, to Joanna I, the daughter of a French count, 3 children. Fostered enmity with the King of Navarre, then made an alliance with him, which caused Edward III (Duke of Wellington) of England to renew hostilities with France in the ongoing Hundred Years’ War. Fought in person and was captured during the battle of Poiters in 1356, and carried off in triumph to London, while his son Charles escaped, to become Lieutenant-General of the kingdom. Held in the Tower of London, although given every possible comfort. Signed a shameful treaty in 1360, giving up all the territory England had captured in France as well as a huge ransom, leaving 2 of his sons as hostage against reneging on payment. Returned to Paris after the first installment of the ransom, and lavishly celebrated his freedom, despite the impoverished state of his country. In 1363, his son Louis escaped, and he returned to England as a matter of honor and died there, a victim of the English winter, after being received with great honor. Inner: Great love of splendor, with a dual character, equally capable of chivalry, vindictiveness, rage and cruelty. Impetuous and impolitic. Lightbulb lifetime of realizing that pursuit of wealth was a far more amenable pathway to power than rule, while once again being imprisoned by his own ongoing half-realized character. Nicephorus I (?-811) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: Of Arab descent, a descendant of an earlier king. Married to an unnamed woman, with a son, Stauracius (Cheryl Crane), and daughter, Procopia (Lana Turner) from the union. Appointed finance minister by the empress Irene (Vilma Banky), at a time when the empire was disintegrating, with its army, in particular, in dire straits. Dethroned and exiled Irene with the help of his fellow patricians, and was chosen emperor in 802. Crowned his son Stauracius co-emperor the following annum. Had to deal with a revolt from some of his top commanders because of the deteriorated state of the military, but was able to put it down, along with another patrician-led conspiracy. Reorganized the empire, creating new structures, including resettling Greeks from Anatolia in the Balkans. Countermanded Irene’s tax exemptions, while increasing other levies, while drafting destitute small landholders to swell the ranks of his armies. Treated monasteries and clergy with contempt, extracting whatever he wished from them, leading to a highly unfavorable view of him by their chroniclers. Put the economy on a far sounder footing at the cost of his own popularity. His slighting of fellow emperor Charlemagne (Napoleon Bonaparte) led to a four year was over Venice and extensive losses to the Franks. Withheld a tribute to the caliph, which led to war with the Muslims, where he took the field himself, only to be soundly defeated in 805. Wounded the following year in battle when a small Arab force did great damage to the empire’s army, which was nearly ten times as large. Forced to pay tribute afterwards, although the caliph died, and in the struggle for succession, their contretemps with Byzantium was forgotten. To the north, the khan of Bulgaria, Krum, was attacking his frontiers, and he invaded the country in 811, defeating the latter twice and sacking his capital, sparing no one in his army’s savage need for reprisals, in which he may have suffered some sort of breakdown. On his retreat, however, his army was ambushed and annihilated, while he was killed in battle, after which his body was retrieved and brought back to the Bulgar camp, at which point he was beheaded and his pate was impaled on a stake, where it was an object of public mockery. Krum then had his skull mounted in silver and turned into a drinking cup, which he used the rest of his life. Briefly succeeded by his son Stauracius. Inner: Possessed great vigor and determination, although was far more adept at finances than martial arts. Bent sword lifetime of being out of his depths on the field as a leader of a martial empire that put far more of its coin in military triumphs than financial acumen. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c90BZ-12BZ)- Roman soldier. Outer: Son of a Roman senator of the same name. Ruled part of Spain, and participated in the Civil Wars on the side of Julius Caesar (Charles de Gaulle), and was made governor of Spain and Southern France before becoming consul twice. After the assassination of Caesar in 44B.Z., he assumed his role as pontifex maximus or chief priest, holding that post until his death. Married Junia, the sister of Marcus Junius Brutus (Henri Petain). The 2nd most powerful of Caesar’s supporters after Marc Antony (Marquis de Lafayette). Joined with Antony in the defeat of republican forces, and became part of the 2nd triumvirate, along with Octavian (FDR), to rule Rome for 5 years. Made consul again, but was declared a public enemy and stripped of his power in Spain and Gaul, retaining only his Roman African domains. In 36 B.Z. he defeated Pompey (Henry Luce) in his struggle for power against the triumvirate, of which he was now only a nominal member, and decided to challenge Octavian for supremacy. His army deserted to Octavian’s side and he was stripped of all authority save for his title of pontifex maximus. Allowed to retire from public life afterwards for 2 decades of reflection. Inner: Upright and honest, but forced to deal with those far more devious, talented and power-hungry than himself. Learning lifetime of doing battle with and against the pre-eminent personalities of his time, tempering his warrior sensibilities ultimately with defeat and a long retirement to analyze and assess his strengths and failings.
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS INFORMATION-MASTER:
Storyline: The plutocratic press lord is a man on a materialistic mission, spreading the gospel of the good life in his publications, while pumping for all things American in his self-appointed gadfly role as cheerleader emeritus for the lives and times of plenty for those willing to work for their goals.
Henry R. Luce (1898-1967) - American media mogul. Outer: Born in China to missionary parents, who imbued him with a lifelong missionary zeal, albeit for the Calvinist pragmatics of the American way, rather than their Calvinist religious principles. One of 4 children. Absorbed his father’s deep-seated nationalism, and received his early education in China in a British school, although had little contact with the Chinese. Had a childhood stammer, which ultimately made him speak in machine-gun like bursts. Returned to the U.S. through the auspices of a family benefactor who sent him to Hotchkiss, where he met Briton Hadden, and both worked on the campus newspaper. Along with Haddon, he finished his education at Yale, where he was editor of the Yale Daily News, although lost the chairmanship of it by one vote to Hadden, in what would be an intensely competitive relationship twixt the two. Served briefly in the military, where he was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant, then returned to Yale to graduate. Tall, with steel blue eyes and beatle-browed. Studied for a year at Oxford through the help of a family friend, then became a reporter in Chicago and Baltimore. Married Lila Hotz, a Chicago heiress in 1923, 2 sons from the union. The same year, along with Haddon, he founded the weekly newsmagazine Time, which was the latter’s idea. Served as business manager, while Haddon was editor, although he desperately wanted the latter post. Began editing as Haddon’s health began to fail in 1928, and turned the magazine into a bullhorn for his own views, as well as himself, proving more incisive, albeit less entertaining than his word-besotted predecessor. After Hadden’s premature death in 1929, he wrote him out of the magazine’s his/story and proceeded to add to his media empire with Fortune in 1930 and then Life, in 1936, which became a new standard for photojournalism, employing all the top professionals in its long pre-TV run as a weekly picturebook of the world. Added Sports Illustrated to his empire in 1954. His wife reluctantly divorced him and he married writer Clare Boothe in 1935 to become one of the power couples of their time, although the duo maintained a volatile relationship. Expanded into radio, movies and television, as well as Time-Life Books. Considered running for the senate in 1950, but was dissuaded. Remained editor-in-chief of all his publications until 1964, while proving a distinctive editor, creating a unique adjectivial style for his magazines, as well as passing his own considerable judgment through his publications, particularly his materialistic view of ‘the good life,’ his glorification of successful business people, and his own conservative agenda. Traveled the world continuously, seeing events in terms of personalities, and determined to meet everyone worth meeting in his contemporary world, remaining active to the end. A chain smoker, he developed lung cancer, and died of a coronary occlusion, with his last words, “Oh, Jesus,” to his nurse. Inner: Impatient, high-energy, heavy-duty Calvinist devotion to work and productivity. Aggressive, great believer in free enterprise, viewed life as the duality between success and failure. Saw the American people as divinely ordained as a world role model. Fascinated by politics and power, thought about public office although never ran. Materialistic missionary lifetime of discovering the extended power of the pen through ownership. Benjamin Constant (Henri Benjamin Constant De Rebeque) (1767-1830) - Swiss/French novelist and statesman. Outer: Descendant from a French Protestant family that had settled in Switzerland. Mother died 2 weeks after he was born, father was a colonel, and later a general in the army of the Netherlands. Passed off onto relatives in Brussels, then given to a governess, who later married his father, and spent the last part of his childhood with a series of disagreeable tutors. A precocious youth who mastered Greek by 12, he had already written a verse tragedy. Taken to England at 13 to study at Oxford, but was refused admission because of his age. Entered the Univ. of Erlingen in Germany the following year, and later went to Edinburgh Univ., where he was a diligent scholar, but also an obsessive gambler, accumulating considerable debts. Tall, unhandsome, red-haired, with small, myopic eyes. Determined to be a writer, he began at 18 to compose a his/story of pagan mythology, which became a his/story of religion, a project he worked on for most of his life. Tried some translations, although failed to complete them. Fascinated by beautiful intelligent women, he fashioned his 2 best remembered works, Adolphe and Cecile around the 2 most important loves of his life: Isabelle de Charriere, a Dutch writer nearly 3 decades his senior, and Germaine de Stael (Clare Booth Luce), with whom he was involved for 15 years, and by whom he had a daughter. Married Wilhelmina von Cramm in his early 20s and later divorced. Began his political career in 1788 with an appointment to the court of the Duke of Brunswick, where he remained 5 years, but wound up separating from his wife, and settling in Switzerland, where he met Mme. de Stael. Returned to Paris with her after the Terror of the French Revolution, but she was expelled from France, and they went into exile, before returning to France a year later. Published several pamphlets espousing the liberal cause, and in 1799, after losing an election, he was appointed to Napoleon Bonaparte’s Tribunate, but was dismissed 2 years later for offending the future emperor. Traveled with Mme. de Stael, where they continued their volatile relationship, until he married a 2nd time in 1808 to a thrice-divorced German woman, Charlotte von Hardenberg. Retained de Stael as his mistress, and the 2 did not part company until 1811, when she finally married again. Lived in Germany for 3 years, quietly writing, then vacillated around Napoleon’s fall, only to find himself in disgrace. Eventually re-established himself in French politics, and in 1830 was elected president of the Council of State. Conscientious, albeit a poor speaker, he finally died of paralysis, after failing to win a coveted admission to the French Academy. Inner: Charming, witty, verbal, with an engaging personality. Ambitious, liberal, but basically unintegrated in his sensibilities, probably because of his lifelong search for an erotic mother figure. Mercurial lifetime of dealing with the duality of the head and the heart, reason and passion, with his longtime partner as both his mentor and tormentor, in an effort to wed his politics and esthetics. Philippe Destouches (1680-1754) - French dramatist. Outer: Had a classical education in Tours and Paris, and then worked as an actor in his youth, before entering the diplomatic service. Served in Switzerland, and then in 1717, became the Regent’s diplomatic agent in London, holding the post for 6 years. Contracted a secret marriage which was divulged by a gabby sister-in-law, an incident he would later use in one of his plays. Developed an affinity for English Restoration drama, and became acquainted with a number of writers, inspiring him to return to the stage in his early 40s, for his most effective mode of expression. Admitted to the Academie on his return to Paris and found his first success with “The Married Philosopher,” although his moralizing over/rode his dramatic abilities. Member of the salon of Claudine de Tencin (Clare Boothe Luce), while sharing the same last name of the chevalier who was the father of her only child. Continued his career as a minor figure of the French stage, concentrating on comedy, although without any truly memorable ability at the genre. Inner: Strong moralist with equally strong religious convictions, more into the message than the art of his writings. Sought to make his works edifying and uplifting. Steppingstone lifetime of making the full transition from ruler to message-bearer, giving him the foundation to further explore both mediums and messages in his later lives in this series. Renee I d’Anjou (1409-1480) - French nobleman. Outer: 2nd son of the duke of Anjou, mother was a Spanish princess. Younger brother of Louis III of Anjou (Marquis de Lafayette), as well as Marie d’Anjou, who married the future Charles VII (Leon Blum) of France. His father died when he was 8, and his older brother succeeded to his sire’s titles, although 2 years later his maternal uncle, the duke of Bar, named him as his successor. The following year, he married Isabelle, the elder daughter of the duke of Lorraine, 10 children from the union, including the future queen of England, Margaret of Anjou (Vita Sackville-West). Also had several illegitimate offspring, including at least a son and two daughters. In 1430, he was sole ruler of Bar, and the year afterwards, he was able to claim Lorraine through his wife on the death of his father-in-law. Despite being supported by the king, his claim to the latter was contested by a fellow noble who defeated him in battle and took him prisoner in 1431, handing him over to Philippe the Good (FDR) of Burgundy. Released the following year after giving up his 2 sons as hostages, and agreeing to marry his eldest daughter to his captor’s son. Summoned back into captivity after the HRE recognized him as duke of Lorraine, and when he had inherited his older brother’s titles and estates, which gave Philippe much pause about him. Finally released in 1437 after agreeing to a huge ransom, as well as territorial concessions. Married his son to Philippe’s niece as a further act of conciliation, then, in 1438, he set sail for Naples, to which his family had long laid claim. Earlier, he had been made heir to Joanna II of Naples (Clare Booth Luce), who had died in 1435. His wife had since been defending his claim against the rival king of Aragon. Unable to hold onto it, he returned to Provence to deal with his Maine holdings, which were occupied by the English. Took part in the negotiations to recover them for his younger brother, which led to the marriage of his younger daughter to Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch) of England, although Maine eventually had to be won back martially. Lorraine was finally pacified with the help of the French king, Charles VII (Leon Blum), and the children of the houses of Anjou and Burgundy were finally wed in 1445. Accompanied the king on his victorious campaigns against the English in Normandy in the late 1440s, and on his wife’s death in 1453, her duchy passed to his son. Married a second time in 1454 to Jeanne de Laval, a count’s daughter, and took a far less active role in pubic affairs, as his house declined. The remainder of his life was spent as a patron of the arts, fostering both art and literature. An expert jouster, he was also the author of a treatise on tournament ceremonials. Connoisseur of painting, architecture and the fine arts, and a painter, architect and skilled minaiturist himself. A musical enthusiast, he composed and performed, collected manuscripts and was a patron of letters, as well as a poet, although he excelled in none of his endeavors. In 1466, he accepted the title of king of Aragon and count of Barcelona from a rebel force, although never claimed either title. Had strained relations with Louis XI (Adolph Hitler), who forced him to give Anjou to the crown. Inner: Cultured and acquisitive, with far more of an emphasis on the former as he matured. Foundation lifetime of uniting his skills at accumulation with that of exposition, giving him a basis for his future lives in this series as a combination of the two. Philippe VI (1293-1350) - French king. Outer: Of the House of Valois. Eldest son of the Count of Valois, who, in turn, was the 4th son of Philippe III (Eliot Spitzer). Married the daughter of the duke of Burgandy at 20, Blanche (Helen Gurley Brown), 8 children, including his successor Jean II (Bernard Baruch). Succeeded his father in his early 30s, and became king, after serving as regent for 2 months for the unborn child of his predecessor, Charles IV (Spiro Agnew), who turned out to be a daughter. Cousin to the last 3 Capetian kings, which gave him the authority to succeed to the throne. Challenged by English claims to French rule, which precipitated the Hundred Years’ War between the 2 countries. Began the 270 year collateral Valois line on the throne when he was crowned in 1328. Loved luxury and display, and spent huge amounts on his coronation, as well as for the marriage of his heir. Without the means to truly govern his country, he was forced to make considerable concessions, thus inadvertantly empowering the various estates of France. Fought in person at the his/storic Battle of Crecy, where France was badly defeated, and had 2 horses shot out from under him. Barely escaped and shouted at the Chatelain of Broyes, “I am the unfortunate king of France,” while importuning him to open his gates. Forced to share royal power through various ongoing crises beyond his control. After the death of his first wife from the Black Plague, he arranged for his son to marry Blanche (Helen Gurley Brown), the daughter of the royal house of Navarre, but once he saw her, he immediately fell in love with her, and married her instead in his mid-50s, despite being nearly 4 decades older, one daughter from union. Wore himself out trying to satisfy his young wife, and within a year, sickened and died. The country was divided by both war and plague by the end of his reign, although he was able to add to its territorities. Inner: Self-aggrandizing, probably enjoyed the pomp and ceremony of office more than the exigencies of rule. Last gasp lifetime of inheriting a shakey throne, as well as the vicissitudes of war and disease, probably putting an end to his ambitions for direct royal rule, and the beginning of his eventual attempt at ascendency through the far-reaching power of the written word. Pompey (Gnaaeus Pompeius) (106-48BZ) - Roman statesman and general. Outer: Son of a ruthless and wealthy military dynast, Strabo, who was a consul, albeit unpopular with the Roman citizens. Mother was the niece of a well-known poet. Resembled Alexander the Great. At 17, he joined his father on the battlefield, and remained with him until his death 2 years later. Prosecuted for misapproriating plunder, but was acquitted, thanks to his marriage to the judge’s daughter, Antistia. Raised his own army in 84BZ from his sire’s old legions, participated in the overthrow of the Marian government with Lucius Sulla (FDR), then married his stepdaughter, Aemilia Scaura, who was pregnant by her husband, as a means of uniting the two houses, only to later divorce. His third marriage to Mucia Tertia, produced two sons and a daughter, before ending in divorce when he charged her with adultery. After victories in Sicily and Africa, he was proclaimed Imperator by his troops, and gained the reputation of a military adept, while showing himself a talented albeit harsh administrator. Helped put down the Spartacus (Magic Johnson), grabbing the glory, despite coming in at the end of it, and was made consul for the first time in 71BZ., along with his enemy, Marcus Crassus (John D. Rockefeller). By now a great populist hero, thanks to a gift for self-promotion. In his late 30s, he defeated a pirate threat on the Republic, while staying in the Middle East for 6 years, establishing puppet regimes throughout the area, and making himself the richest man in the Roman pantheon of power. Made consul, he then became part of a ruling triumvirate in 59BZ with Julius Caesar (Charles de Gaulle) and Crassus, marrying the former’s daughter, Julia, who subsequently died in childbirth. After the death of Crassus in 53BZ, he challenged Caesar for rule. Married the daughter of one of Sulla’s supporters, but despite a 17 year union, there was much ill-feeling between them, plus many infidelities. Finally divorced her for the same reason. In 51, he married Cornelia Metella, the daughter of Metellus Scipio, for his fifth and final union. Commanded forces in the Civil War, was defeated, fled to Egypt and was murdered on orders of the government. After his death, his head was given to the horrorstruck Caesar, who buried it with honors. Inner: Enjoyed comporting himself as a potentate, and proved to be an excellent administrator and handler of information, albeit a mediocre politician. Loved lavish spectacle and blood sport, although lived plainly, his father’s son in that respect. Pomped and pumped-up lifetime of making the most from abilities that fell far short of greatness, save in his capacity to amass information, wealth and power, ongoing themes of his. Akheperkare Thutmose I (?-c1492BZ) - Egyptian pharaoh. Outer: Of the XVIIIth dynasty. Mother was a nonroyal, and father is unknown, although he was raised in the court of his predecessor, Amenhotep I (Bernard Kouchner), and ultimately married one of the latter’s daughters, Ahmose, who may also have been his sister. Narrow-faced, bald, with an arched nose, and poor teeth. A daughter from the union, Hatshepsut (Clare Booth Luce), married his son by a concubine, Thutmose II (Napoleon Bonaparte), who succeeded him. Served as a co-regent, as well as an important military commander under his predecessor, and ascended the throne of Egypt around the year 1504BZ, although dates vary from different sources, as the third king of the XVIIIth dynasty. Extended his predecessor’s frontier in search of gold deposits in Nubia in the beginning of his reign, and proved an aggressive pharaoh, from the records left of his campaigns, ridding the empire of the last remnants of the foreign invaders who had usurped the throne in the previous centuries, while subjugated the valley of the Nile up to its Third Cataract. Defeated a rival Nubian chieftain in hand-to-hand combat, and battled the Syrians all the way to the Euphrates rivver, which opened Egypt to further trading partners. Also extended his domain to the east, reaching the Euphrates with his armies. Renovated the main temple at Thebes, through his architect Ineni, and also set the precedent of instructing his crown princes in martial warfare at Memphis, although his first two heirs predeceased him during his 9 year reign. Inaugurated the cutting of his tomb in the Valley of the Tombs of the Kings, early in his reign and proved to be a worthy holder of the Egyptian throne, augmenting the country’s wealth and spheres of influence. Inner: Dynamic and energetic martial adept and precedent setter. Epic-making lifetime of experiencing himself as a manifestation of the heavens on Earth, before gradually entering more mundane realms as a master manipulator of information able to give shape to his times through the sheer effort of his considerable will.
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS LEGENDARY FEMININE ICON:
Storyline: The quill-wielding queen finds her true metier on the printed page, after earlier showing she could hold her own in the patriarchal world of pure power politics, as a romantic emblem of will, determination and ambition.
Clare Booth Luce (Ann Clare Boothe) (1903-1987) - American writer. Outer: Born illegitimately to an ambitious mother. who had once been a chorus girl. Father was an itinerant salesman and a pit orchestra violinist. One older brother. Her parents married than divorced when she was 8, and she later claimed her mother worked part-time as a call girl to raise her 2 children, while inculcating in her daughter the desire to marry into wealth. Did so herself, in 1919, wedding a prominent physician. Grew up in NYC, Memphis and Chicago, and also spent a year in France. Educated privately, then graduated from The Castle in Tarrytown, NY, before studying drama. Able, through the dint of her personality, to make her way in the social world of her time and at 21, married George Brokaw, a rich NY playboy son of a clothing manufacturer, who was also an abusive alcoholic. Divorced 6 years later on grounds of mental cruelty, she, nevertheless, wangled a comfortable financial settlement of over $400,000 out of the union for both her and her daughter. Continually able to use powerful men to abet her own needs, including financier Bernard Baruch. Began her career as a journalist the same year, 1930, working for women’s magazines in the Conde Nast stable, before becoming managing editor at Vanity Fair. Had a penthouse apartment which drew on the magazine’s profilees for her successful parties, while she injected more of a political overview to its pages. Quit her post in 1934 to begin writing plays, and following one flop enjoyed success for the bitchy “The Women” two years later, earning $2 million for the effort. Married media mogul Henry Luce the previous year, after doing a flip interview, and though the couple would have a less than harmonious union, they remained one of the power duos of their times. Had two more hit plays, then served as a war correspondent for her husband’s Life magazine during WW II, after contributing mightily to its invention, but not being allowed to edit it, and was twice elected as a Republican congresswoman from Connecticut in the early 1940s. Converted to Roman Catholicism after the war, spurred by her daughter’s accidental automobile death in 1944, and later experimented with psychedelic drugs. Remained highly visible as one of America’s most admired women, serving in 2 ambassador posts to Brazil and Italy, the first women so designated to a major country, after campaigning vigorously for Dwight Eisenhower. Forced to resign her first post because of ill health, and her 2nd because of vigorous Senatorial opposition, and her ill-timed comments afterwards. As a fervent ani-Communist, she was a supporter of red-baiter Joseph McCarthy (Ann Coulter), as well as Nationalist China, and was also a Goldwaterite, making a seconding speech for him at the 1964 convention, while proving herself more conservative than her husband. Following the latter’s death in 1967, she moved to Honolulu, where she lived until 1983, when she took an apartment at the Watergate complex in Washington. Returned to the theater with a feminist play in 1971, then served on the Presidential Foreign Intelligence Advisory Boards under both Nixon and Reagan. Died of brain cancer in her Watergate apartment. Inner: Strong-willed, sharp-tongued, charming, outspoken, and a mid-20th century role model for assertive, conservative women. Calculating, manipulating, with a merciless wit and complete tunnel-vision surrounding her own needs. Power-seeking lifetime of transcending early personal difficulties to recreate herself as a Republican queen through adept skills at communication and strongly-held traditional views. Germaine de Staël (Anne Louise Germaine Necker) (1766-1817) - Swiss/French writer and critic. Outer: Father was banker Jacques Necker (Bernard Baruch). Mother, Suzanne (Mabel Dodge Luhan) was the daughter of a Swiss Protestant minister. Grew up in a brilliant salon society, and showed her reflective brilliance early on, including a nervous breakdown at 12. Madly in love with her sire, and continually pampered by him, she was deeply resented by her mother. Given an excellent education, she began writing at 15. At 20, she contracted a loveless marriage to Baron Erik Staël-Holstein, the Swedish ambassador to France, three sons from the union. Big-boned and Junoesque, and not particularly attractive, although she had a distinctive sense of style, most notably her trademark silk and be-feathered turbans. Published her first book before the outbreak of the French Revolution, showing herself in accord with the liberal thinkers of the day. Stayed in Paris during the Revolution because of her diplomatic immunity, even when her father was forced to flee, and financed the escape of numerous refugees from the Terror, before finally escaping herself to Switzerland, and then England. Always surrounded by a retinue of admirers for her intellect, she met Benjamin Constant (Henry Luce) in 1794, and they lived together in volatile discord for a dozen years, one daughter from the union. After her husband died in 1802, she refused her lover’s proposal of marriage, unwilling to give up her title and independence. Returned to Paris at the establishment of the Republic, and initially saw Napoleon Bonaparte as France’s deliverer, although he disliked and resented her, and ultimately banished her from Paris, after she wrote a romance praising Britain and Protestantism. Traveled to Germany with her Constant companion, and then went to Italy for a year, writing her best known novel, Corinne, in which she created an international symbol of the romantic feminine. Her critical work on literature, however, is what she is best remembered for, dividing literary works into Northern (German, Scandinavian and English), or romantic, original and free, and Southern (French and Italian), classical, formal and conventional. Napoleon was outraged at the work and banished her to Coppet, where she fell in love with John Rocca, a handsome young Hussar officer 20 years her junior and married him in 1811, while turning her chateau into an asylum for her fellow displaced intelligentsia. Lived in exile there, while also traveling to Poland and Russia, until the fall of Napoleon, then returned to France, although her health began to fail, and she died soon afterwards. Her body was preserved in wine in the family mausoleum afterwards, in unconscious reflection of her Egyptian past. Probably the most remarkable woman of her time. Inner: Spectacular and dramatic, despite her plain features, protruding teeth and stout body. Always the center of attention. Given to flamboyant dress to augment her Junoesque physicality. Passionate, egotistical, controlling and vain, but also warm and affectionate with a magnetic personality. Spotlit lifetime of being center-stage wherever she was, an actress with an acute critical sensibility, who transcended her physical ungainliness to become the star of of the highly dramatic proceedings of her life. Claudine de Tencin (Claudine-Alexandrine Guerin) (1685-1749) - French novelist and salonist. Outer: Father was the president of the parlement of Grenoble. Her brother became a cardinal, through her later influence at court. Briefly a nun in her youth, taking the veil to please her parents, but abandoned her calling, after petitioning the pope for permission, and went to court after the death of Louis XIV (Charles de Gaulle) in 1715, to seek her fortune, and joined her sister in Paris. Became the serial mistress of several powerful men, including the prime minister and the regent. Mother, by a French chevalier, of the encyclopediast Jean d’Alembert (Edmund Wilson), whom she abandoned on a church step. Falsely charged with murder, after one of her powerful lovers committed suicide at her house. Imprisoned in the Bastille in 1726, and was released only after the intervention of her brother, who gained a declaration of her innocence by the Grand Council. Continually intigued to help her brother’s career afterwards. Toned down from the experience, she became a hostess and writer, with a salon noted for its freedom of speech and frequented by many of the intellectuals of the day, including playwright Philippe Destouches (Henry Luce). It was also the first Parisian salon which admitted distinguished foreigners. Helped edit some of the works of Charles Montesquieu (Raymond Aron), and was a writer herself, penning 3 well-received romances, using her nephews’ names, and several other works. Although she had a host of admirers, she also had an equal amount of enemies, thanks to her ruthless pursuit of her own interests, and a lifelong love of intrigue. Inner: Intelligent and cultured, although with severe character defects. Rapacious, self-involved and greedy. Colorful, forceful, strong-willed. Self-serving lifetime of bridging over to the cultural arena, while employing the same skills for intrigue and manipulation she had earlier evinced so memorably in the political arena. Joanna II (1371-1435) - Queen of Naples. Outer: Daughter of Charles III, king of Naples, mother was a Neapolitan princess and both parents were cousins. Younger brother became ruler of Naples in 1386. Married William, Duke of Austria, an Austrian nobleman who died in 1406. Pursued a promiscuous lifestlye for the next 8 years, until her brother died, at which point she assumed the throne of Naples, appointing her lover as grand chamberlain. The following year, 1415, she married James II, a French comte, who executed her chamberlain, took power for himself and called for the death of a Neapolitan baron who was leading the opposition to the increasing French influence in Naples. The barons, however, who had arranged the marriage, forced her husband to leave Naples after staging a rebellion. Appointed her next lover grand seneschal and he made peace with Muzio Sforza, who had been a power in the previous administration. Despite being made grand constable, Sforza supported the French claims, through Louis III, the duke of Anjou (Marquis de Lafayette), to the Neapolitan throne. Called on the king of Aragon, Alfonso V, for aid, and adopted him as her heir, although he began interfering in state affairs as soon as he arrived in 1421. Invited Sforza back, and soon found herself under seige in her castle by Alfonso. Her grand seneschal began plotting on his own and he was summarily assassinated by scheming nobles in 1432. Disinherited Louis and readopted Alfonso, then readopted Louis again. When Louis died in 1434, she recognized his son Rene (Henry Luce) as her heir, although he was ultimately driven from Naples by Alfonso after her death. Inner: Product of an incestuous union. Continually inspired intrigue all around her, while proving fickle to the various men who fought for power in her name. Intriguing lifetime of enjoying her royal prerogative to lead a lusty life, then using her own wiles in trying to hold onto a slippery throne, before managing to pass it down to a longtime ally/mate. Cleopatra VII (Cleopatra VII Thea Philoptor) (69BZ-30BZ) - Queen of Egypt. Known as ‘Thea Philoptor - the Goddess Loving Her Father). Outer: 2nd daughter of Ptolemy XII, the Macedonian king of Egypt. Mother may have been her father’s sister. Her family was thoroughly Greek, although she was the only one of her house who learned Egyptian and later declared herself the daughter of the Sun God, Ra, in order to enhance her status. Had a childhood marked by political intrigue, including the execution of her older sister by her father. Inherited the throne at the age of 17 along with her brother, Ptolemy XIII, as his sister-bride when her father died in 51BZ. Became the last ruler of the Macedonian dynasty on the Egyptian throne, ending a period of almost 3 centuries. Soon became embroiled in Civil War with her brother, and, realizing she needed imperial Rome’s support, set out to win over the Roman dictator, Julius Caesar (Charles de Gaulle), as part of her scheme to recover as much as possible of the Ptolemaic dominions. In 48B, she was smuggled into his camp in a carpet and unrolled before him. Although no great beauty, thanks to a large nose, narrow lips and sharp chin, she had both a charisma and intelligence that made her extremely magnetic. Using his legions to restore her to her throne along with a younger brother, Ptolemy XIV, while her Ptolemy XIII drowned in the Nile, she and Caesar cojoined and had a son, Caesarion (Sonny Bono), although the paternity of the child would always be in question. Popular with her own countrypeople, because of her nationalism, and, unlike her predecessors who spoke Greek and adopted Greek ways, she learned Egyptian, and was seen as a truly patriotic leader. Used to perfume her sails to let everyone know she was coming. Went to Rome, following the Civil War there, and was treated like royalty, living in one of Caesar’s villas. Not particularly liked by the Romans, but she behaved herself. After his assassination in 44BZ, she returned to Egypt, and had Ptolemy XIV killed so as to prevent any challenges to her son’s rule, while also getting rid of her rebellious sister, Arsinoe, as well. Next sought the help of Marc Antony (Marquis de Lafayette), meeting him before his planned invasion of Persia, on a celebrated barge laden with gifts. Seduced him, and he, in turn, abandoned his larger ambitions and returned with her to Alexandria, where they celebrated their mutual carnality in indolent, debauched luxury, while she bore 3 children with him. Antony was forced to go to Rome for 3 years beginning in 40BZ, in order to repudiate his marriage with the sister of his rival, Octavian (FDR), earning the everlasting enmity of the latter. In his absence, she tried to seduce Herod (Adolph Hitler) of Judaea, but only managed to alienate him and lose his powerful support. Intrigued against him, and when Antony returned, the duo were married, and she financed Antony’s disastrous Parthian campaign, after which, they lavishly celebrated a triumph proclaiming themselves the rightful rulers of both Egypt and Rome. Antony, in his will had gone so far as to plan on an imperial dynasty based in Alexandria rather than Rome. Built up Egypt’s economy by trading with eastern powers, and the duo spent a year together in Greece, before finding themselves at war with Rome. During the battle of Actium in 31 BZ, she fled back to Egypt and sent a message to Antony that she was dead, at which point he fell on his sword, then had himself carried to her retreat, and died, asking her to make peace with Octavian. Tried to win over Octavian, but failed, and, knowing she would be paraded through Rome as a victim of his triumph, committed suicide, along with two servants, with the bite of an asp, a symbol of divine royalty, which was smuggled to her in a bowl of fruit. She and Antony were both buried together, per their mutual wish. Figure of both myth and legend, inspiring dramas and stories galore celebrating her tragic love and life. Inner: Saw herself as divine, along with her family, who were all declared gods and goddesses, and identified strongy with both Isis and Aphrodite. Extremely image conscious, creating a mythology around herself that would extend over two millennia. Loved pageants and shows of splendor. Strongly ambitious, overextending herself in her desire for reviving the past glory of her house. Said to have an extremely musical voice, uberseductive, far more sexual than beautiful. Archetypal lifetime of the power of the feminine in a robustly male world, replete with dramatically controlling her own exit out of it. Hatshepsut (?-c1458BZ) - Egyptian queen. Outer: Father was pharaoh Thutmose I (Henry Luce), mother was Queen Ahmose. Married his successor, Thutmose II (Napoleon Bonaparte), who was her half-brother, and enjoyed a major political role after his subsequent early death in 1479 BZ, following only 3 or 4 years of rule. One daughter from union, Neferure, her only known child. Served as regent for his 6 year old son, Thutmose III (Yukio Mishima), their dynasty’s greatest ruler. Assumed the title of pharaoh in the 2nd year of his reign, becoming the first woman ruler for nearly 2000 years, while taking on the name Maatkare, which roughly translates as Truth is the Soul of the Sun God Re. Married her daughter to Thutmose to cement her position, although the former died young, which may have been her own downfall as well. Pictured as a man in reliefs of the time, with a false beard, although given the correct gender in the written texts. Accompanied her troops in their Nubian campaigns early in her reign, then oversaw the cultural life of her country, as well as its economic well-being, sponsoring voyages and receiving large tributes from surrounding states. Undertook extensive building, while creating a network of grand processoinal roads. Capped her contributiion to the architectural life of her times by constructing a masterpiece mortuary temple for herself in the Valley of the Kings, as her father had done. After her death, which may or may have not been state-induced, Thutmose removed her followers from office, and after his death, her memory was systematically obliterated by a world not ready to acknowledge the political potential of womanhood for several more millennia. Inner: Ambitious, organized and power-hungry, with the ability to make manifest her wishes. Idolized her father, reburying him in a tomb she had built for herself. Her own mummy has never been found. Sun goddess lifetime of realizing absolute power in female form in a highly patriarchal world, before being erased from masculine his/story, but not herstory, as an uncomfortable anomaly.
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS CELEBRATED HOSTESS:
Storyline: The regal salonist gathers the lights of her time around her and tries to absorb their luminescence in an ongoing desire to discover herself through famous and powerful people, and achieve both fame and power through it.
Mabel Dodge Luhan (1879-1962) - American writer and hostess. Outer: From an upper-class family and inherited wealth. Father had been trained in the law and was moody and highly neurotic from being purposeless and doing nothing, leading him ultimately to literally perish from boredom. Mother was a restless beauty who socialized to the point of self-irritation. Considered herself a psychic orphan from them, with a strong craving for the sensory and emotional stimulation that her parents denied her. Educated in private schools, she married Carl Evans in 1900, claiming her husband abducted her. One son from the union, whom she lost interest in from the moment of birth. Her husband, to whom she was unfaithful, died 2 years later from a hunting accident, and her father made his exit soon after. Suffered a nervous breakdown and went to Europe to recover. Married Edwin Dodge, a Boston architect, the following year, living with him in a villa near Florence for a near decade, which they reconstructed. Turned her home into a remarkable salon, which was frequented by the international arts crowd. Returned to the U.S. in 1912, then separated from her spouse, whom she felt was holding her back, and settled in Greenwich Village in NYC, where her home became a principal meeting place for liberal intellectuals and radicals eager to explore the heady issues of their emancipated pre-WW I world. Had an affair with radical reporter John Reed in 1913. The same year she was a major force behind the organization of the Armory Show of postimpressionist artists, and also co-wrote a nationally syndicated column, “Mabel Dodge Writes,” in which she helped popularize Freudian psychology. After divorcing in 1916, she married Maurice Sterne, an artist, and looking for change, with a capital ‘C’, she moved to Taos, New Mexico in 1918, which she considered the beginning of the second half of her life. Quickly became a noted hostess once again to the artistic colony there, after promoting New Mexico as a Garden of Eden through her articles and essays, attracting a host of searchers from a host of disciplines to the high desert. Became a close friend of writer D.H. Lawrence (Leonard Cohen) and his wife, Frieda (Rebecca de Mornay) who visited her frequently. Separated and divorced once again in 1922, she married her 4th and final husband, a Pueblo Amerindian, Tony Luhan in 1923, after apotheosizing the Pueblos as a fully integrated and timeless society. Wished to emulate her projected view of Pueblo perfection, and spent the remainder of her life dedicated to New Mexico and Amerindian affairs, while gradually receding from the public eye. Wrote about her relationship with the Lawrences in Lorenzo in Taos, then penned 4 volumes of autobiographies. Died of a heart attack. Inner: Highly social with excellent communication skills, while constantly searching for some deep sense of meaning in her life through the lively people with whom she interacted. Saw each of her environments as a “cosmos,” of re-self-definition, finally finding, more or less what she was looking for, in her last abode. Self-discovery lifetime of gradually gaining control of her life and reinventing herself on her own, after being given no emotional basis in which to do so, to ultimately assume a queenly cultural role as one of the premier hostesses of her times. Suzanne Necker (Suzanne Curchod) (1739-1794) - Swiss writer, reformer and hostess. Outer: Father was a Swiss Protestant minister, raised as a strict Calvinist. Engaged to the English his/storian Edward Gibbon (Kenneth Tynan), although his father broke off the match. Remained friendly with him, however, for the rest of her life. At 30, she married Swiss banker Jacques Necker (Bernard Baruch), one daughter from union, the writer Germain de Stael (Clare Booth Luce). Jealous of her husband’s doting attentions on their daughter, although encouraged his greater ambitions as financial adviser to Louis XVI (Lex Barker) of France. Maintained a brilliant salon in Paris, attracting many of the leading French lights of the day, and where her precocious daughter also shone brightly. Visited Paris hospitals and studied medicine and architecture to improve the conditions she found, becoming an activist reformer. In 1776, she converted a convent into a hospital, which later took her name and became a center of pediatric medicine and research. Followed her husband in his up-and-down career in France and retreats to Switzerland, barely escaping the wrath of the French public at the onset of the French Revolution. Wrote several strongly opinionated books derived from her experiences as a reformer. Along with her husband and daughter, her body was preserved in wine in family mausoleum afterwards, in probable unconscious reflection of their crpto-Egyptian past. Inner: Energetic, reform-minded humanitarian. Activist lifetime of continuing her role as hostess extraordinaire, while giving her activities a stronger social basis through her pragmatic upbringing, while learning to put her thoughts to paper, probably after many lives of hanging with literary homeboys and absorbing some of their gifts. Bonne of Luxembourg (1315-1349) - Bohemian queen of France. Outer: Father was the blind king of Bohemia, mother was of royal blood. At 17, she married Jean II (Bernard Baruch) of France, 4 sons and 7 daughters from union, including her husband’s successor, Charles V (Raymond Aron). Enjoyed her husband’s luxurious court, although he spent most of his time with his favorites, while she pumped out a host of children, and, probably worn out by her efforts, did an early fade. Inner: Royal lifetime of remaining pregnant and well-shod, while gaining considerable experience as the nominal feminine center of a lively court, a role she would continue to court, without the obligation of producing royal heirs.
PATHWAY OF THE ENTREPRENEUR AS GUSHING GURU:
Storyline: The archetypal adviser belies her bootstrap roots to reinvent herself as the doyenne of cosmopolitan living for ambitious young women eager to reinvent themselves as as creatures of glamour, sophistication and control, through unabashed sexual and self-exploitation.
Helen Gurley Brown (1922-2012) - American writer, publisher and editor. Outer: Parents were schoolteachers and her father also served as chairman of the state Game and Fish Commission. Younger of 2 daughters, she grew up poor in the Ozarks, making fear of poverty a great motivating factor for her. At the age of 10, her father died in a freak elevator accident after the family had moved to Little Rock, and the impoverished trio of mother and two daughters left for Los Angeles five years later, where her older sister contracted polio, permanently paralyzing her from the waist down and turning her into an alcoholic. Valedictorian of her high school, while fretting over her chances for happiness since she was plain, and acne-scarred, and a self-proclaimed mouseburger. Briefly attended Texas State College for Women, before running out of money and finishing her education at Woodbury Business College in Los Angles. Forced to go to work at 18 to support her mother and sister, and briefly served as an escort, before realizing what was truly expected of her as such. 5’4 1/2”, 100 lbs. Went to work as a secretary for the Music Corporation of America and the William Morris Agency among 15 other firms, where she sometimes traded favors for gifts, before becoming a copywriter for Foote, Cone & Belding in 1948. Her skills at producing sharp and snappy advertising copy did not go unnoticed, and within a decade, she had won two awards, before becoming an account executive and copywriter for Kenyon & Eckhardt. In 1959, she married movie producer and former managing editor of “Cosmopolitan” magazine David Brown, no children from the union. After writing a sensationalistic bestseller, “Sex and the Single Girl,” in 1962, which extolled the single life and trumpeted the importance of eros as part of a young women’s experiential arsenal, she quit her day job, and began writing an advice column called “Woman Alone,” while moving with her husband to NYC. Did a follow-up book, then in 1965, was named editor of Cosmopolitan magazine, and quickly turned it into a glossy reflection of her own giddy sensibilities, basing it on an idea she had earlier had with her husband for a magazine that reflected her book. Brown wrote the cover blurbs, which featured saucily posed young maidens, and with overheated advice, she created the Cosmo Girl, an archetype of the modern young career woman in control of her life on all levels. In 1972, she introduced a nude male centerfold, and the magazine became astoundingly popular with her intended audience for most of the rest of the century, while also serving as the prototype for numerous slick women’s periodicals with their titillating covers and you can have it all lubricious content. Continued in the same vein over the next several decades, while pouring forth a host of advice books to her readership, as well as a coupe of autobiographies. Established an eponymous professorship at Northwestern Univ., and was inducted into the Publisher’s Hall of Fame in 1988. Declared a living landmark by NYC’s Landmarks Conservancy in 1995. Eventually retired two years later and suffered the death of her husband in 2010. Gave $30 million to both Columbia and Stanford Univ. in her last year, and died in a hospital after a brief illness. Inner: Demure, workaholic, with an obsession about health and weight. Retained her wraithlike look throughout her life, while deliberately dressing young into her 80s, as if unaffected by time and aging, which she put off through numerous cosmetic overhauls. Dualistic in her overview of women as illusionary seductresses and relatively liberated figures, in her own retrograde purview bred in an era of far more traditional values. Self-inventing lifetime of making herself the glossy voice of brazen young urban women looking to expand their fantastical view of themselves. Harriet Hubbard Ayer (1849-1903) - American entrepreneur. Outer: Father was a real estate dealer who died when his daughter was 3, although the family was left in comfortable circumstances, living on a legacy of his land purchases. Unhealthy as a child, she had private tutors. Raised as an Episcopalian, although she went to a Catholic high school. Initially shy, she came from a family of great beauties, and felt inferior. Married at 16 to Herbert Ayer, the son of a prominent iron magnate. 3 children from the union, one dying at one in the Chicago fire of 1871, which also claimed their home. Went to France during its rebuilding, and became sophisticated there, with a desire upon her return to lead a far more cultured life. Entertained lavishly, causing an ultimate separation twixt her and her spouse in 1882, when his business failed. Moved to NYC with her two surviving daughters, and became a salesclerk for Sypher and Co. Traveled to Europe to shop for the rich, and divorced in 1886, after getting financial backing to manufacture her own skin cream, which she named after a noted beauty of the Napoleonic era, Mme. Recamier, little realizing it was a past incarnation of hers. Thru testimonials, her own ad writing and promotion, she created a successful product. When her financial backer tried to usurp the business, she sued, was falsely slandered and put in an insane asylum for over a year as an alcoholic and unstable morphine addict, while his son married her daughter, Margaret, in a double betrayal. Lost her looks and her business, but not her mind during her 14 month stay, and upon her release through her lawyer and friends, she lectured on the experience, as “14 Months in a Madhouse.” Afterward, she penned a commonsensical beauty column for the New York World, and through it, was able to change women’s thinking on health and exercise, although she felt beauty and physical appeal were the mainstays of femininity. Enjoyed a huge following and in 1899, published “Harriet Hubbard Ayer’s Book: A Complete and Authentic Treatise on the Laws of Health and Beauty. Ultimately reconciled with her daughter, and died of pneumonia. Afterwards, her daughter Margaret took over her column. Inner: Resilient and independent, with a highly traditional view of her own gender, but a genuine desire to support its limited sense of self. Padded cell lifetime of losing a father and discovering the dark side of the male-dominated business world, before returning with great determination, to serve as a teacher of her own vision of the feminine and its rightful desire for power in the madhouse of patriarchy. Jeanne Recamier (Jeanne Francoise Julie Adelaide Recamier) (1777-1849) - French salonist. Outer: Father was a notary who became a collector of customs in Paris. Left in the care of a maternal aunt when her parents moved to the City of Light, before coming to live in a convent with another aunt, an nun. Reluctantly left it to rejoin her parents in 1791. Married at 15 to a wealthy and kindly banker who was more than 3 decades her senior. Rumors abounded that her husband was actually her father, who wed her to make her his official heir. Brown-haired and eyed with a perfect complexion, and a well-proportioned body, she was a noted beauty, with a genuine love for literature, she maintained a high profile salon in Paris, which was frequented by both the culturati and political elite, particularly those who were disaffected with the Bonaparte regime after the turn of the 19th century. Refused to act as lady-in-waiting to the Empress consort Josephine (Estee Lauder), as a show of independence, and was close friends with the writers Germaine de Stael (Clare Booth Luce) and Benjamin Constant (Henry Luce), whom she would influence heavily during the transition days between the fall of the Emperor and the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy. Forced into exile by Napoleon, she ultimately wound up in Naples, where she intrigued with the Emperor’s brother-in-law Joachim Murat (Oswald Mosley) and sister Caroline (Unity Mitford) around a possible Bourbon restoration. Saw her husband suffer heavy financial losses in 1805, and though he was willing to divorce her so that she could marry Prussian royalty, nothing came of it. Eventually lost most of her fortune, but not her social position, and after Napoleon’s fall, she returned to Paris, and took an apartment in a 17th century Parisian convent, where she continued to act as a salonist. Managed to maintain her social standing into old age, near blindness and considerably reduced circumstances. Had a host of well-known admirers throughout her life, although preferred platonic relationships to anything serious. Her correspondence and papers were published posthumously, a decade after she died of cholera. A famous portrait by Jacques-Louis David (Abel Gance) of her reclining on a sofa, helped to immortalize her name in conjunction with the sofa as a recamier. Inner: Extremely well-socialized, with a love of both power and influence, both political and cultural, and the ability to remain a literal constant on the social scene of her times. Hostess with the mostest lifetime of evincing her powers of endurance through both the thin and thick of personal and political fortune, as an emblem of beauty, intelligence and grace. Blanche of Evreux (1331-1398) - French queen. Outer: Granddaughter of Louis X (Gerald Ford). Daughter of the king and queen of Navarre, Philippe III and Jeanne II (Rita Mae Brown). Philippe VI (Henry Luce) of France arranged to have her married to his son, but when she arrived at court, he immediately fell in love with her, and decided she should be his final wife, despite a near four decade difference in their ages. The 2 were married in 1349, and had one daughter. The king wore himself out on his new wife, and within a year was dead, and she wound up outliving him by nearly a half century. Afterwards her heart was separated from her body to be buried elsewhere, as signal of a need to reintegrate the two further down the line. Inner: May-December lifetime of being spirited away from a conventional royal union, to a grossly imbalanced one, and then living another near fifty years to contemplate her stolen heart.
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS SINE QUA NON FINANCIER:
Storyline: The archetypal acquisitor finally gets his comeuppance after many a go-round of being synonymous with stupifying wealth, without an underlying sense of give-and-take humanity to balance it off.
Ivan Boesky (1937) - American financier. Outer: From a modest Jewish background. Drifted through several colleges in Michigan, ultimately graduating from the Detroit College of Law, then later used his membership in the Harvard Club as a ruse in impressing business colleagues of a far more substantial upbinging. Married Seema Silberstein, the daughter of a wealthy Detroit real estate developer, in 1962, and used her fortune to build his own, 4 children from the union. Became a law clerk to a judge of the U.S. District Court in 1964, then a tax accountant, before moving to NYC to become a securities analyst in 1966. Rose to general partner in a securities firm in 1972, and 3 years later a managing partner in his own company. As an arbitrager, he proved himself a master of information, becoming phenomenally wealthy, with his abilities at number-crunching. Preached greed as a redeeming sin. Convicted of taking supreme advantage of access to information in 1986, and agreed to inform on his fellow data-manipulators, resulting in the convictions of several fellow Wall Street multimillionaires. Allowed to keep his secret foreign bank and brokerage accounts and paid $100 million to settle federal civil charges, then served 2 years in prison, where he began studying Jewish theology and sprouted a rabbinical beard. His wife divorced him after his release, when she discovered he had been cheating on her. Strong resemblance to John D. Rockefeller. Spent the rest of his professional life largely out of the public eye, while trying to rationalize and redeem his own sense of morality alongside his need for egregious wealth. Inner: Serious, extremely focused, and ultimately willing to atone for his sins. Payback lifetime of recompense for earlier lives of taking unfair advantage of his skills with numbers and unfair business practices in order to give himself a more rounded view of life-at-large. John D. Rockefeller (1839-1937) - American financier. Outer: Mother was from a prosperous Scottish farming family, and was devout and severe, imbuing her three sons with a stern, no-nonsense industriousness, through her spare-the-rod and spoil-the-child sensibility. His rarely-home father was William Avery “Big Bill” Rockefeller (Bernie Madoff), a mountebank and philanderer who wound up selling snake-oil elixirs while claiming to be a doctor. He eventually started a 2nd family as Doctor Levingstone, and ultimately disappeared while passing onto his son a preternatural love of money. Oldest of the three boys. As a child, he would buy candy by the pound and then sell it to his siblings by the piece at a profit, while his childhood was defined by his lonely waits for his progenitor’s infrequent returns. Later loaned out money as a 13 year old for compound interest, while keeping careful track of every penny he earned and gave away. Hated waste, and was imbued with the ethic of hard work, and charitable donations to both the Church and the poor, as well as a methodical passion for order, thanks to his mother’s preachings. Dropped out of high school a few months shy of commencement at his sire’s insistence, and attended a professional school, studying book/keeping, banking and commercial law. Used the Baptist Church as his chief social outlet, becoming a church trustee at 17, and for 30 years a Sunday school superintendent. At 16, he got his first job as a book/keeper in a Cleveland commission house, and would celebrate the date, September 26th, he began working, as ‘job day’ for the rest of his life. After 4 years at his initial position, he formed a similar firm with a partner in 1858 that did a produce commission business, and added more partners who ran an oil refinery. A fiend for work, he loved office smells, while constantly borrowing to expand his enterprises. Married in 1864 to Laura “Cettie” Spelman, the daughter of a businessman, five children, including four daughters, with one dying as an infant, and a son, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., who would become a noted philanthropist. Bought out his original partner, retired from the commission house and concentrated on the oil refinery business, recognizing its potential for unlimited profits. Brought his brother William into the firm, then added Henry Flagler (Donald Trump), and together they organized Standard Oil. Three years later, in 1869, their enterprise was worth a million dollars. Showed himself to be a highly aggressive competitor, with a mania for control, wealth and power. Through cost cutting, price fixing, railroad rebates, allied ownership of facilities via a combination of 40 firms, and buying out competitors, as well as building his own pipelines and manufacturing his own barrels, his group controlled some 90% of the petroleum industry by 1881, making him one of the half-dozen richest men in the country. Created the Standard Oil Trust, and moved to NYC with it, making No. 26 Broadway, an 11 story building, the most famous business address in the world. The Trust, however, soon came to be perceived as a greedy colossus, and it was eventually deemed an illegal monopoly in 1892, causing him to lose all his bodily hair over anxiety at governmental interference. Separated himself from it in 1897, and began to concentrate on disposing of his great wealth. Standard Oil would continue as a holding company, until it was finally dismembered in 1911, at which point his fortune was over 3/4 of a billion dollars. Devoted most of the last half of his long life to philanthropy as well as other business interests, after the government curtailed his monopolies. Gave away some $550 million dollars during his lifetime, after endowing 4 philanthropic organizations. Had no real interests outside business save for religion, and a late life passion for golf. Ultimately took on a mummified look, while proclaiming his only son as his greatest fortune. Wore wigs for years, with different ones for different activities. Had his valet fill his pockets with newly minted nickels and dimes, rarely exceeding $5 worth, as motivational incentives for people he ran into during his final decades. After 1920, he rarely left his Pocantico Hills estate, save to go for drives, attend church, or play golf. Lived into his nineties, and drank mother’s milk towards the end of his life to prolong it. His name would go on to be an archetype for great wealth, while he remained throughout his long life, a competent and colorless book/keeper, with an overwhelming gift for enhancing his own credit columns. Inner: Meditative, methodical, reserved, modest, even-tempered, precise and prompt. His frugality was as legendary as his wealth, and he was always unfailingly polite. Followed good health habits, including early to bed and early to rise and moderation in all things. Depended on good advice, as an active problem solver, and a stickler for detail. Had no interest in books or anything that did not pertain to his accruing of capital. Devout Baptist and Sunday school teacher, who somehow combined business rapacity with a sense of Godly devotion. Preposterously prosperous lifetime of wealth accrued and wealth donated, while obsessively maintaining absolute control over both, in a curiously disembodied go-round dedicated solely to acquisition and then disposal, with virtually no overt emotional expression in between, save for stark terror over government interference in his affairs. John Jacob Astor (Johann Jacob Astor) (1763-1848) - German/American financier. Outer: Mother was very industrious, but father was an improvident butcher, a jovial alcoholic who often left the family in need. 3rd son. After his mother died, he took off on foot at 17, vowing to be honest, industrious and not gamble. Worked on a timber raft, and saved enough to go to England, to join an older brother, who had started a business making musical instruments. 5’9”, square-built. Learned English, worked and saved and emigrated to the land of his dreams, America, where he met a fur trader, John Nicholas Emerick (Donald Trump), aboard ship in 1783, who convinced him the fur business was extremely remunerative. Served a two year apprenticeship with another trader, then formed a near 30 year partnership with Emerick. In 1785, he married Sarah Todd, who had a good head for business, 7 children from the union. Began his own fur-gathering expeditions in his early 20s, and in 1790, opened up a wholesale and retail fur outlet in Manhattan. A shrewd negotiator with Amerindians, 4 years later, he extended his operations into the Great Lakes region, and by 1800 was the leading American fur dealer, with a fortune estimated at a quarter of a million dollars. Opened the China market the same year, and was rumored to be engaged in the opium trade, but failed in his attempt at building his empire out to the northwestern trading posts. Formed the American Fur Co. in 1808, and pushed his operation into the Louisiana Territory. Invested much of his profits in NYC real estate, which became the basis for his fortune, and gave him the reputation as ‘the landlord of Manhattan.’ Profited from the War of 1812, and in 1816, while continually expanding his empire, brought his son William (David Rockefeller) into partnership with him. After accumulating some $20 million by 1834, he abruptly liquidated his commercial interests, selling his fur trading company and invested in the more conservative realms of banking, real estate, railroad bonds and the like. Founded libraries and donated to colleges throughout his life, giving away some $2 million of his fortune, before dying the wealthiest man in the country, with the plaint, that had he known what he did at the end in the beginning, he would have bought all of Manhattan. Inner: Urbane, never lost his German accent. Greedy, acquisitive, selfish, grasping and ruthless, once more building on the power of numbers through a desired commodity. Had a variety of talents, rather than a single speciality, ennabling him to build his fotune through his jack-of-all-trade mastery and then endlessly accrue to it through his specialized view of the value of real estate. Mega-merchant lifetime of realizing his dream of empire through his aggressive adverturousness, keen eye for business opportunity and total commitment to accruing as much material wealth as he possibly could. John XXII (Jacques Dueze) (1244?-1334) - French pope. Outer: Born to a wealthy southwestern French bourgeois family. Small, thin and pale. Studied canon and civil law in Montpellier and Orleans, became bishop of Frejus in 1300, and in 1309 chancellor to Charles II of Naples, before becoming bishop of Avignon in 1310. 2 years later he was made a cardinal. In 1316, in his early 70s, he was elected the 2nd of the schismatic Avignon Popes, and proceeded to establish a permanent papal court there. Feeble and in ill-health, with a wisp-like figure, he, nevertheless, was extremely energetic. Autocratic and money-obsessed, as well as very frugal, he righted the sinking fortunes of the Church, filled its empty treasury, revised its ability to tax, strengthened canon law, centralized church administration and upheld papal authority over imperial elections, but endeared himself to no one. Despite his simple existence, he accumulated a large fortune, thanks to his innate business acumen. Founded a papal library, as well as a university at Cahors. Actively promoted missions in Asia, and established bishoprics in Muslim lands, while preaching that even the saints would have to wait until Judgment Day before they could gaze upon a full vision of God, a personal stance that won him no support from the theologians of his time. Lived into his 90s, and partially recanted on his deathbed his earlier expressed heretic view that the blessed in the afterlife would have to wait in the Last Judment line with everyone else to truly see the divine. Inner: Obstinate, competitive, a rigid disciplinarian totally lacking in charm or charity. Studious in private, but his no-nonsense sensibilites were profoundly alienating, even though he discovered the correct solutions to his problems at hand. Bottom line lifetime of being given autocratic power within an established institution, and effecting change his way, without regard for the ultimate consequences. Flavius Anastasius I (c430-518) - Byzantine emperor. Outer: From an illyrian noble family who espoused the Arian heresy that Jesus was not the equal of the Holy Father. Sported one black and one blue eye, garnering him the nickname of “two-pupiled.” Had a handsome countenance, nevertheless, as well as a reputation for probity and integrity. Preached in churches in Constantinople, even though he was an unlicensed layman, and also held regular theological seminars. At one point he was on a short list for the bishopric of Antioch. Became a palace official and bodyguard to the Byzantine eastern emperor Zeno (John Fitzgerald), and on his death, he was elevated to the throne in 491 via his widow, Ariadne, who married him to insure the former’s brother, Longinus, did not succeed him. Lowered taxes to win popular support, while showing himself an adept with finances, although he was extremely puritanical in his own displays of power. Banned blood games, as well as libidinous public displays, dulling life in Constantinople considerably. Campaigned against unnecessary public spending, while early in his reign he had to deal with civil war, before he banned all Isaurians from the capital. Later built a defensive wall around Constantinople against raiders. Two factions in the city, the Blues and the Greens, the colors of the competing chariot racing clubs, also caused considerable unrest, as did a three year war with the Persians and other imperial contretemps during his long 27 year reign. Although a monophysite, who believed in the singular incarnate nature of the Christ, which combined the divine and the human within him, he was tolerant of other beliefs, until 512, when rebellious sentiment by the larger Byzantine populace forced him into having his beliefs override all others in the empire. Never particularly well-loved because of his cerebral nature, he was able to leave his holdings in considerably stronger shape financially and militarily than how he had inherited them. Tried to select his successor among his three nephews by placing a message under a couch, and seeing which one unconsciously chose that couch in his presence. Two of the nephews, however, were a secret item, and sat on the same couch, leaving the cushion of the third couch untouched. Decided afterwards that the fates would dictate the selection, and the first person to enter his room the following morning would be the chosen one. The fated choice was his chief of guards, Justin (Nikita Khruschev), someone he never would have considered otherwise. Left the treasury richer by some 320,000 pounds of gold on his passing. Inner: Intelligent, superstitious and cultivated, albeit pathologically parsimonious. Extremely pious, and highly competent, steadily dealing with all the problems thrust at him. Tightfisted lifetime of bringing his peculiar penny-pinching ways to an empire much in need of them as a prelude ruler to a family who would bring the Roman world to one of its apogees. Marcus Licinius Crassus (c115-53BZ)- Roman statesman and financier. Outer: Born into a powerful noble family. Stern and lean, enjoying excellent health throughout his life. Acquired great wealth through real estate, silver mining and slaves, often burning properties of others if they refused to sell to him. Raised an army and participated in the early Civil Wars, as a supporter of Sulla (FDR). Fled the city when his rival Marius (Adolf Hitler) captured Rome, then returned to help Sulla seize power. Had a lifelong rivalry with Pompey (Henry Luce), using the latter’s successes as spur to his own, which were mostly political and financial, since he had little real experience in the field. Held the praetorship in 73, and put down the slave uprising of Spartacus (Magic Johnson), although Pompey took credit for it. Pressured the Senate to elect both him and Pompey for the consulship in 70. Used his wealth to extend credit to senators in debt, including the young Julius Caesar (Charles de Gaulle), and served as censor in 65. Became part of the first Triumvirate that ruled Rome in 60 BZ, with Pompey and Caesar, employing his position to pass laws that helped business interests in Asia. Tried to neutralize Pompey’s power, although the duo later reconciled and were made consuls again. Appointed a governor of Syria in 54, and was killed while trying to surrender, during an abortive search for further wealth and military glory that resulted in a disastrous invasion of the rival Parthian empire. His head was used in a Greek play afterwards. Inner: Manipulative, highly ambitious and greedy for both wealth and power, with his name reflecting earlier glory in those realms. Muscle-flexing lifetime of less than royal birth in order to see if he could use his financial acumen to accrue political power to himself, only to be undone by his own overarching ambitions, and failure to match his ongoing financial genius with a comparable sense of martial artistry. Croesus (595BZ-c547BZ) - Ancient King of Lydia in Asia Minor. Outer: Father was the king of Lydia. Served as a viceroy and commander-in-chief of the army before his sire’s death. Struggled against his half-brother to succeed his father around the year 560 B.Z. Able to complete the conquest of mainland Ionia through military force, although the lack of a navy forced him to make alliances with the outlying islanders. Known for his extraordinary wealth, which he superstitiously enhanced through rich gifts to the oracle of Delphi. Formed a coalition against the encroachment by the Persian, Cyrus the Great (Mohandas Gandhi). Told by an oracle a great empire would fall if he fought the Persians, and he immediately went on the offensive, only to be undone by Cyrus. The prophesized empire turned out to be his own. Threw himself upon his own funeral pyre and was consumed, although conflicting tales have him saved by both fate and/or the gods and continuing his career with Cyrus’s successor. Last of his line, the Mermnad dynasty. Inner: Known for his piety, as well as his extraordinary wealth. Legendary lifetime of becoming a subsequent myth and symbol of great riches, although the actuality was, that he was literally consumed by his own overweaning ambitions.
PATHWAY OF THE EXPLORER AS PATRICIAN ECO-ADVENTURER:
Storyline: The ruling class scion serially comes into elite families to test his own sense of mortality and beau geste, while continually trying to prove his self-worth as the bearer of eminent asset-shrouded names.
David Mayer de Rothschild (1978) - English ruling class scion and adventurer. Outer: Father was financier Evelyn de Rothschild, of the multigenerational English banking clan, who was named after one of his earlier incarnations. Mother was the former’s second wife. Youngest of three with an older sister and brother. Enjoyed an extremely privileged upbringing, and received a B.Sc in Political Science and Information Systems. Later studied at the College of Naturopathic Medicine in London, where he got an advanced diploma in Natural Medicine in 2002. In between he became an entrepreneur and also bought an organic farm in New Zealand. Found his true calling went he went along on a polar expedition and decided he would dedicate his life to becoming an eco-explorer. In 2006, he crossed the Arctic from Russia to Canada, to become one of less than 50 people to traverse both poles, and the youngest Briton ever to achieve that feat, after joining a select group of only 14 to have traipsed across the entire continent of Antarctica. In 2007, he led a team into the Ecuadorian rain forest to document the damage done there by international oil companies. In an effort to raise eco-awareness, in 2010, he led a crew of 5 across the Pacific on a catamaran constructed in part by plastic bottles and dubbed Plastiki, completing the journey in less than 5 months. Has won numerous awards for his efforts and is also the author of “The Live Earth Global Warming Survival Handbook.” Inner: Activist lifetime of using his wealth and name to raise eco-awareness, while feeding into his longtime sense of adventure and desire to make a difference from a social position of extreme privilege. Michael Rockefeller (1938-1961) - American ruling class scion and adventurer. Outer: Father was Nelson Rockefeller, a future Republican governor and vice-president, as well as the third generation heir to the legendary family oil fortune. Mother was also of patrician stock. One of a pair of twins, along with a sister, and the last of five children of his parents, whose marriage would end in divorce. Had a remarkably privileged upbringing, replete with hordes of servants, exclusive private schools and travel galore to family mansions spread around the globe, although he felt a great need to dip into ordinary life as proof of who he really was. Worked in a supermarket and as a ranch hand, in that regard. Thin, reedy and bespectacled. Graduated Harvard cum laude in 1960 with a degree in English, while named to the board of directors of his father’s Museum of Primitive Art. Served in the army as a reservist for six months afterwards, then joined an expedition of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology to study the Dani tribe of New Guinea, pursuing an interest his sire had in the art of aboriginal tribes of the area. Recorded the sound for an ethnographic documentary called “Dead Birds,” while also making his first foray into Asmat territory in a desire to collect their woodcarvings. Returned with Dutch anthropologist Rene Wassing, and engaged in trade for headhunting trophies, much to the displeasure of the colonial authorities. Wound up capsized three miles from shore in a small equipment-heavy self-constructed catamaran, along with a pair of native guides, who successfully swam for shore. After clinging all night to the boat, he decided to try for it as well, with two gas cans as floats. “I think I can make it,” was his finally declaration, before disappearing into sheer speculation. Either consumed by sharks, crocodiles or cannibals in what would prove to be a total mystery, following an extensive search for him funded by his family. Declared legally dead in 1964, while serving as the subject for numerous books and articles. Inner: Strong need to prove himself beyond his family connections. Adventurous, sensitive and curious, with a great desire to explore the disappearing frontiers of the world. Transmutation lifetime of serving as stew for creatures far less privileged than himself, in an unconscious need for self-sacrifice to prove his larger worth. Evelyn Achille de Rothschild (1886-1917) - English banker and soldier. Outer: Father was Leopold de Rothschild, a member of the third generation of the prominent Rothschild banking clan. Mother was the daughter of a Trieste merchant. Second of three sons. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, then entered the family banking clan, before he and his younger brother Anthony enlisted in the Royal Buckinghamshire Yeomanry during WW I, and was wounded in action in 1915 on the Western Front. Sent home to recuperate, he returned to action several months later, before being sent to Palestine to fight in that theater. Wounded during a cavalry charge and died four days later. Inner: For king and country lifetime of sacrificing his easy access to wealth for higher ideals, in his ongoing pursuit of self-worth in high profile financial clans as a means of truly defining himself.
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS PATRONIZING POLITICIAN:
Storyline: The archetypal patron lavishly supports the cultural life of his times, but cannot quite muster the compensatory political support of the electorate in his great desire to add the presidency to his collection of valuables.
Nelson Rockefeller (1908-1979)- American politician. Outer: Born into the 3rd generation of the rich and powerful Rockefeller clan. Grew up on a 3500 acre estate north of NYC Father was John D. Rockefeller, Jr., a puritanical and highly critical figure in his son’s life, causing the latter to continually cajole and flatter to get his way. Mother was a socialite and daughter of senator Nelson Aldrich (Joseph Kennedy, Jr.) Second of 5 brothers, along with an older sister. Given a Baptist upbringing based on principles of thrift, toil and charity. 5’10: Went to Dartmouth, where he majored in economics, and graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1930, writing his senior thesis defending his grandfather’s avaricious rise. Worked for family concerns, including the family real estate operations in NYC, although he grew bored with trade, and angled his way into several governmental posts, beginning as a coordinator of the Office of Inter-American Affairs, during FDR’s 3rd term. After returning to private life in 1945, and organizing two Latin American foreign aid agencies, he was Dwight Eisenhower’s undersecretary of the Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare, and later a special assistant to the president, among other posts. Ran for the governorship of NY in 1958, as a Liberal Republican, and won the first of his 4 terms as such. A prominent builder and free spender in Albany while governor, while expanding the state education system, and working for urban renewal and civil rights legislation. Able to establish rapport with NY’s polyglot constituency, although his beliefs and actions were probably motivated more by political realities than deep-felt sentiments. Also dispatched state troopers to bloodily put down the Attica prison riots, while he imposed the harshest drug laws in the country. “Hiya fella,” was his standard greeting from an inability to remember names. Embraced the superficialities of politics, wading into crowds, wearing silly hats, and eating ethnic foods. Married Mary Todhunter Clark in his mid-20s, 3 sons and two daughters, with one son, Michael (David Mayer de Rothschild) disappearing in the New Guinea jungle in 1961. Divorced after 32 years in 1962, he married former staff member Margaretta ‘Happy” Murphy in his mid-50s, a month after her divorce, and had 2 more sons. Failed to buy the presidential nomination in 3 attempts in 1960, 1964, and 1968, while being savagely booed at the 1964 convention, when his brand of liberalism was rejected by the Goldwater conservatives. Became a far more fiscally conservative governor, then met with hostile crowds on a fact-finding mission in Latin America in 1969, forcing him to cancel parts of the trip. Resigned as governor at the end of 1973 to head a commission whose main purpose was to vault him and his ideas into the presidency, only to be selected Vice-President by Gerald Ford, after the latter had succeeded the fallen Richard Nixon, which placed him in political limbo. Code-named Sandstorm by the Secret Service. Retired his dreams in 1976, after being bumped from the Republican ticket. A noted art collector, after he retired from politics, he published art books and reproductions. Died of a heart attack in the company of a young female assistant, Megan Marsahk, in a demise that was probably sexually related. Cremated afterwards, with his remains buried in the family cemetery. In addition to his art volumes he penned several books on his political views, including, The Future of Federalism published in 1962. Inner: Intelligent, talented, highly self-motivated, with the unconscious arrogance of great wealth. Suffered from dyslexia, which made art so important to him. Silver spoon lifetime of chasing after the ever-elusive presidency of the U.S. from a position of inherited power, with a determination to be the central, dominating figure of his generation of his highly influential clan. Salmon P. Chase (1808-1873) - American political leader and jurist. Outer: 8th of 11 children of a farmer who was involved in politics. His father died when he was 9, and he was brought up by well-known uncle, Philander Chase, a pioneer leader in the Episcopal Church. Imbued with a deep religious sense from him. 6’, broad-shouldered, well-built, handsome and courtly. Graduated Dartmouth and then taught in Washington, D.C., before studying law and being admitted to the bar in 1829. Married Katherine Garmiss in 1834, but his wife died the following year. Married a second time in 1839 to Eliza Smith, and was a widowed again in 1845. Married a third time in 1846 to Sarah Ludow, and once more became a widower in 1852. Had 6 daughters all told, with 4 dying young. His duaghter Kate, from his second union, became a notable socialite, as well as his official hostess and unofficial campaign manager. Took refuge in religion for all his losses, bearing them stoically. As a liberal lawyer, he defended runaway slaves, and helped form the Liberal Party, before becoming active in the Free Soil Party. Elected to the Senate as a Free Soil Democrat, where he continued to be an active voice opposing slavery. and helped to organize the anti-slavery forces. In 1855, he was elected Governor of Ohio, and became a leading figure of the new Republican Party, entering the Senate again in 1860 as a Republican. Obsessed with the presidency, but it continually lay outside his reach. Resigned from the Senate to become Abraham Lincoln’s Secretary of Treasury, where he was instrumental in setting up a national bank system, while spending most of his term dealing with war finances, achieving a mixed record in his efforts. Felt the Emancipation Proclamation was too weak, and wound up clashing repeatedly with the more moderate voices of government, particularly Lincoln, whom he distrusted. Repeatedly offered to resign, and was finally taken up on it, leaving him free to pursue the presidency in 1864, but, instead, he was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, where he adopted a relatively moderate stance, supporting the Radical Republicans. Presided over Andrew Johnson’s (George Wallace) impeachment, as well Jefferson Davis’s (Lyndon Johnson) trial in Richmond, though it ended when the former pardoned him. Despite never being an active candidate for the presidency, he continued to seek support for that office, almost getting the Republican nomination in 1868. Held his justice post until his death from a paralytic stroke. Inner: Blindly ambitious, puritanical, self-righteous, opinionated, sanctimonious and smug. Also hard-working, efficient, and methodical, but with little charisma and no sense of humor. Goose chase lifetime, of running after the ever-elusive presidency of U.S., from a spiritual/political base rather than a financial one. Charles Rockingham (Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham) (1730-1782) - British statesman. Outer: 5th and only surviving son of the 1st marquess. Ran off from home to join the 1745 rebellion, serving as a volunteer against the Scottish insurgents. Never went to university, toured Italy instead. Thanks to his inherited wealth, he enjoyed racing and gambling, and pursued a fashionable interest in art. Succeeded his father at the age of 20. Served for 11 years as gentleman of the bedchamber for George II (Chris Patten) and George III (Jeffrey Archer). A 2nd rate politician, and a poor speaker, albeit a Whig through and through. Married Mary Bright, but had no issue, although she served as his amanuensis and adviser. Held several governmental offices and formed a coalition ministry prior to the Revolutionary War period in 1765, which quickly fell through internal dissension, despite some legislative achievements, including a repeal of the Stamp Act and opposing grants to the king’s brothers, which mortified George III. Opposed the colonial policy of the British government, although his lack of oratorical skills made Edmund Burke (William Buckley) his spokesman. Leader of the opposition party in the House of Lords for 13 years, beginning in 1768. Favored granting independence to the American colonies and the partial enfranchisement of Roman Catholics. Formed a 2nd ministry after the colonies declared independence in 1782, but died before a peace settlement could be reached. Inner: Irritable, dilettantish, with liberal sympathies tempered by deep pockets. Failed lifetime of incompetence masked by great wealth, in his ongoing evolutionary bid to unite politics with money with genuine power. Thomas Howard, 21st earl of Arundel (1585-1646) - English art collector. Outer: His grandfather, was executed for treason. Only son of the 20th earl, who was also found guilty of treason and died in the Tower of London. The family’s titles were restored to him in his late teens, although his finances remained precarious. Educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, toured the continent and married into wealth, to Lady Alatheia Talbot, the god/daughter of Elizabeth I (Mae West), replenishing his coffers and the some. 3 sons and a daughter from the union. Converted to Protestantism in 1615, while his many trips abroad whetted his innate sense of acquisition, for which he would be best remembered. Held numerous court posts, although was also briefly imprisoned several times. Privy councilor and earl marshal of England, he also served as a general against the Scots in 1639, in the opening forays of the English Civil War. Presided at the treason trial of the Earl of Strafford (Maxwell Beaverbrook), in which the latter was found guilty. Estranged from the court afterwards, effectively ending his political career. In 1641, he escorted Marie de’ Medicis (Doris Kopf-Schroeder) to Holland, and save for one brief trip to England, lived most of the rest of his life in Padua, contributing large sums to the royal cause. Incurred severe material losses during the English Civil War, although was wealthy enough to absorb them. A noted art and book collector, who commissioned many family portraits by noted Dutch artists, in his employ, he also excavated Roman marble statuary to make up his considerable collection. Died just before returning home to England. Inner: Austere, but affectionate husband and parent. Disliked at court, unostentatious. Thwarted lifetime of political frustrations, compensated for by compulsion to acquire and collect. Didius Julianus (Marcus Didius Severus Julianus) (133-193) - Roman emperor. Outer: From a very prominent family, father came from Milan, while his mother’s clan were Roman provincials originally from North Africa. Brought up in the household of the mother of Marcus Aurelius (Martin Heidigger). Married Manlia Scantilla, one daughter from the union. Had a long public career as a military commander, and was governor of at least 4 provinces and proconsul, while being marked by an insatiable thirst for money. Co-consul with future emperor Pertinax (Henry Kissinger) in 175, whom he would later replace on the throne of Rome. Acquitted of conspiracy against emperor Commodus (David Lloyd George). Wound up winning the throne by outbidding a rival for it in a payoff to the soldiers, which made him extremely unpopular with the populace. His reign consisted of dinner parties to the powerful, and promises of payment to everyone, while his rival, Septimus Severus (Lucien Bonaparte) steadily marched on Rome. Murdered in the palace by a common soldier in the employ of a highly hostile senate. His reign lasted 66 days, with his last words, spoken while weeping, “But what evil have I done? Whom did I kill?” Inner: Highly avaricious spendthrift. Fat pockets lifetime of trying to buy his way into high power, a consistent theme of his down through time, as he continues to explore the same obsession over and over.
PATHWAY OF THE STATESMAN AS POWER BEHIND THE THRONE:
Storyline: The not-ready-for-prime-time minister discovers he rules far better from slightly off centerstage than when he wears an ill-fitting crown, and tailors his millennial curriculum vitae accordingly.
Henry Kissinger (Heinz Alfred Kissinger) (1923) - German/American statesman. Outer: German-born to an Orthodox Jewish family, whose paternal side had lived in Bavaria for generations as weavers and traders, while his mother’s clan was relatively wealthy and prominent. Studied the Bible and Talmud as a youth, while continually being exposed to Judeophobia. Shy, introverted and bookish as a child. Fled the Nazis on the insistence of his mother and came to America when he was 15, settling in NYC. At least a dozen of his close relatives perished in the gas chambers. Father, who was trained as a teacher, worked in the accounts office of a shaving brush company. The older of two brothers, with his younger sibling, Walter, a successful businessman. Quickly learned English in high school, then attended CCNY, where he studied to be an accountant, although did not graduate. Instead, he was drafted into the army as soon as he became a naturalized American citizen in 1943. 5’9”, fleshy, with thick brown curly hair and blue eyes, as well as bespectacled with a deep monotonic voice. Served as a rifleman in France, then with an intelligence division, enjoying a youthful command in Germany, and winning a Bronze Star, before being discharged in 1947. In 1949, he married Ann Fleisher, a fellow German Jewish immigrant, daughter and son from the union, which ended in divorce in 1964. Decided to become an academic and matriculated at Harvard, graduating summa cum laude in 1950. Subsequently wrote his Phd. dissertation on Klemens von Metternich, an earlier life of his, which would have a profound affect on his anti-revolutionary world view. In 1954, a small group of global elite in industry and politics met in the Hotel de Bilderberg in Oosterbeek, Netherlands to initiate an annual affair of power-mongers discussing global policy. Remained a key player among them with some feeling that their true crypto-agenda was the creation of a 4th Reich interested in no less than global dominance. At the same time, his arrogance, self-proclaimed brilliance and unbridled ambition gave him a highly visible academic career, as he ultimately rose to professor of government at Harvard’s Center for International Affairs in 1962, while courting the famous and powerful. Achieved instant celebrity from his first book, published in 1957, Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy, advocating limited nuclear war, and the traditional uses of diplomacy in a nuclear age. His close association with and support for Nelson Rockefeller helped advance his career, although he remained a registered Democrat. Served as a part-time foreign policy consultant for the John F. Kennedy White House, and worked as a State Department diplomat during the Lyndon Johnson administration, beginning his involvement with the quagmire in Vietnam. Manipulated himself into being chosen by Richard Nixon to be his national security adviser in 1969, advocating a phased withdrawal from Vietnam, while secretly escalating the air war in Cambodia, after having earlier characterized Nixon as shallow and evil. Showed himself quite willing to sacrifice thousands of American lives for the illusion of victory, with one eye at all times on neutralizing both the anti-war left and conservative right from displacing the Nixon administration. Helped set up détente with both the Soviet Union and China in 1972, laying the groundwork for Nixon’s two his/storic visits to both countries, and, despite his bloodied hands, ironically won the Nobel Peace Prize for his failed efforts at reaching a diplomatic settlement with North Vietnam in 1973. Appointed Secretary of State by Nixon in late 1973, he worked on peace accords in the Middle East, often bypassing the increasingly distracted president in his initiatives. Shared an affinity for paranoia, pathology and secrecy with Nixon, as well as alternating competitive claims for their diplomacy coups. Continually manipulated the press with leaks, while tapping the phones of his subordinates. In 1974, he married Nancy Maginnes, a tall WASP, eleven years his junior, after testing the aphrodisiac of power on a host of celebrity beauties, no children from the union. Served as alternate mad bomber and peace negotiator, with a complete disdain for human rights and democratic institutions. Code-named Woodcutter by the Secret Service. When Nixon resigned, he soldiered on with his replacement, Gerald Ford, although his foreign policy became a key issue in the 1976 presidential campaign, drawing criticism from both sides, and helping to defeat Ford’s bid for a full term. His policies adversely affected a host of nations, from Asia to South America, with American imperial interests trumping all other considerations. Continued his public role after he left office by creating a consulting firm, Kissinger Associates, which offered businessmen his take on current affairs for hefty fees. Underwent open heart surgery in 1982, while the remainder of his career was dedicated to making his personal fortune, allowing him to play the public role of elder statesman, and pontificate on his realpolitik views. Served as an unofficial adviser to the Reagan White House, adding to his considerable body count with the latter’s Central American wars. Has also written numerous books, including a well-received 3 volume memoir on how he saved the world from itself, White House Years, Years of Upheaval and 17 years later, the concluding volume, Years of Renewal. Appointed to head a presidential commission on 9/11 a year after the WTC tragedy, only to ignominiously resign soon afterwards when his foreign client lists from his consulting firms threatened to be revealed, in one final public coda of his continual dual dealings. Nevertheless, he went on to serve as a shadow adviser to George W. Bush and Dick Cheney, once again advocating mega-death as the price of American victory in their Iraq occupation, before declaring the conflict unwinnable in late 2006. Wished for a world free of nuclear weapons afterwards, and was still publishing op ed pieces into his 90s. Inner: Highly analytic, sycophantic, arrogant, without any guiding moral sense to his precepts. Preference for order and injustice to justice and disorder. Self-proclaimed political realist, with power - who has it and who doesn’t - as his central definition of the political life of the planet. Little interest in economic forces, save for those that lined his pockets, and absolutely no concern for human suffering, particularly among the powerless. Great fear of disorder, great distrust of popular sentiments, great need to be respected and loved, helping to create a world of endless war. Devious, cynical, secretive and paranoid, as well as witty and seductive. The object of both vilification and adoration, and totally a creature of self-invention, feeling true planetary actors create their own reality. Slayboy of the Western World lifetime of extending his reach across the world-stage, with little regard for any other principle than might makes right. Klemens von Metternich (Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Furst von Metternich) (1773-1859) - Austrian statesman. Outer: Had an aristocratic background, from an old Rhenish noble family. Father was an Austrian envoy and minister. Mother, a countess, adored him, warm, close Catholic family. Educated at the Univ. of Strasbourg, where he studied diplomacy and maintained lifelong intellectual interests. The French Revolution caused him to transfer to the Univ. of Mainz, and then proceed to Brussels, where his father was chief minister. After a diplomatic mission to England, he wound up in Vienna, and continued his studies there. In 1795, he married Maria Eleonore Kaunitz, the granddaughter of Wenzel von Kaunitz (Menachem Begin), who brought him into powerful court circles. Five daughters and four sons from the union, with two of the latter extremely short-lived. Had a reputation for infidelity, actualizing his later dictum that power was an aphrodisiac. Had the ability to predict the course of international events through his telling eye for political patterns, although occasionally overestimated circumstances, particularly through his profound dislike of popular movements. Began his diplomatic career in earnest, and pursued a middle course between France and Russia while helping to form the victorious alliance that led to the fall of Napoleon, a figure he had analyzed at close hand. In 1813, he was given the hereditary title of prince by the Austrian emperor, and was a pivotal figure at the subsequent Congress of Vienna in 1815, which politically redefined Europe for the next generation through his skilled diplomacy, and system of checks and balances of European powers. For the next decade, he dominated European affairs, although the latter part of his career saw him far less effective in actualizing his will. Famous for suppressing any movement threatening the order of those already in power. Censorship, suppression and espionage lay at core of his system. Two annums after his first wife’s death in 1825, he married Antoinette Leykam, a baroness, who died 2 years later of complications following giving birth to their son Richard, who became a well-known diplomat. His last marriage was to Melanie Zichy-Ferraris, a countess, in 1831, whom he also outlived. Daughter and 2 sons from the union, as well as another son and daughter who died in infancy. Appointed Austrian state chancellor in 1821, although his powers were thwarted by the minister of state, and as his influence dwindled, he became prey to increased vanity and verbosity, uttering theories galore that bordered on the absurd. Finally reduced to the control of the external affairs of state, with little say in the actual Austrian government. Forced to flee to England at the outbreak of the Revolutions of 1848 as a hated symbol of official repression, returning 3 years later to live out rest of his life in eclipse, with his death reportedly hastened by news of a major Austrian battle defeat. Left 8 volumes of memoirs, which were edited and published by his son, Richard. Inner: Arrogant, vain and pompous, archetypal symbol of the oppressiveness of entrenched rule. Well-mannered, witty conversationalist. Looking backwards lifetime of tasting extraordinary power, and then being forced to deal with the inevitable after/effects of his reactionary vision. Armand de Richielieu (Armand-Jean du Plessis, cardinal et duc de Richielieu) (1585-1642) - French cardinal and statesman. Outer: From a middle-class family that had married well, and had risen to prominence. Father was grand-provost to Henri III (Gianni Versace). One of 5 children. His sire died when he was 5, leaving ruined estates in his wake. Conscious of the threat of poverty for the rest of his life, with a great desire to restore the honor of his house, and vicariously that of the French nation. Thin, pale, and sickly as child, he pursued an ecclesiastic career in order to actualize a bishopric that had been given the family by the king. Went to Rome and charmed the pope, through his learning and skill with language, to invest him despite his being underage. Ordained at 22, and made Bishop of Lucon, becoming the first in France to implement the decrees of the Council of Trent. Also the first theologian to write in French, and use the vernacular for theological exposition. Hard-working and conscientious, he viewed order as a manifestation of morality. Through his support of royal authority at the States General in 1614, he was appointed chaplain to the new queen. Banished a year later, when the regency of the queen mother, Marie de’ Medicis (Sara Roosevelt) was overthrown. Went into exile with her, then both were restored to favor. Recalled in 1619 by her son, Louis XIII (Cecil B. DeMille), who made him cardinal and with the reinstatement of the queen mother, he began his royal rise, becoming first minister, where he quickly gained a reputation for ruthless decisiveness, which made him a continual object of conspiracies to remove him from power. Effected an intricate security organization to ferret out conspirators, which also made him the most feared and hated man in France. Eventually he had a falling out with his initial patroness, forcing the king to decide between the 2, which he did in the cardinal’s favor, impelling Marie and the latter’s brother to flee. In spite of an excellent sense of his/story and an all-abiding respect for power, he depleted the treasury with his wars and his misreading of traditional alliances, despite successful overseas commercial adventures. Opportunistically committed Catholic France to the Protestant cause, subordinating his Church to his grander political designs. Patron of the arts and founder of the French Academy, as well as overseer of industry and the navy. Became immensely wealthy, although he was a poor manager of the state’s finances. The latter part of his career saw him involved in religious conflicts, through his view of heresy as political dissension. His health waned, although he was still making decisions and decrees on his death-bed. Inner: Heavy control freak, thought of himself as the state. Conscientious, hard-working, obsessed with a sense of order, but always tried working through the system rather than opposing it. Playwright and musician of some talent. Je-suis-l’etat lifetime of actualizing his inner sense of power, although his effectiveness was curtailed by his limited world vision, seen solely through the eyes of French interest. Thomas Wolsey (c1475-1530) English prelate and statesman. Outer: Father was a butcher. Educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he became a fellow. Ordained in 1498, and held several posts, including chaplain to the archbishop of Canterbury. Eventually became chaplain to Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch) in 1507, who made him dean and prebendary of Lincoln. Took over affairs of state from young Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook), who considered him a close and trusted friend. Organized Henry’s successful campaign against the French, and took on the cares of state. In a brief period, he was appointed bishop, archbishop and then cardinal in 1515. Made lord chancellor of England the same year and became extremely wealthy, with secular and ecclesiastical power second only to the king. Isolated England with his see-saw diplomacy, and proved extremely unpopular for raising taxes to finance the resultant wars, but showed an acute legal mind with court reforms and innovations, including the Star Chamber, which imposed the king’s will on lawless nobles. Fell from power through his inability to get papal sanction for Henry’s annulment from his first wife. Indicted and stripped of most of his offices, he died on his way to face the king on charges of treason. Inner: Highly intelligent with a strong sense of his own innate powers. Inadvertantly fed into the English Reformation through his own unpopularity. Greedy and worldly, fathered 2 illegitimate children. Self-inventing lifetime of rising from humble circumstances on the sheer dint of his talents, while allowing his unbridled ambition complete reign, before being reigned in himself through miscalculations galore, giving him the experience of failure upon which to build his later successes. Robert of Jumieges (Robert Champart) (?-c 1055) - Norman prelate. Outer: Early life in Normandy unknown. Educated at St. Ouen in Rouen. Became a Benedictine monk and then abbot of Jumieges in 1037. Accompanied Edward the Confessor (J. William Fulbright) to England in 1042 after he became king. Consecrated bishop of London the following year, he became Edward’s chief adviser and head of the Norman opposition to England’s most powerful earl, Godwine (Chris Patten). Appointed archbishop of Canterbury in 1051, he succeeded in exploiting Edward’s hostility towards Godwine and having him outlawed and driven into exile in 1051. Instrumental in bringing William the Conqueror (Mohandas Gandhi) to England that same year, helping ultimately to bring about the Norman conquest of Britain. Fled when Godwin invaded England the following year, and was outlawed and deposed. Went to Rome to procure the support of the pope, who reinstated him. Unable, however, to regain control over his see and retreated to Jumieges where he died. His loss of station caused the papacy to support the later Norman invasion of England in 1066. Inner: Manipulative and exploitative, but without the support to carry through his will, because of the unpopularity of the party he represented. Comeuppance lifetime of having his political will frustrated in an alien land, creating a situation which ultimately undid Anglo-Saxon rule there, in an ongoing lesson of the uses and abuses of power, which never totally seems to sink in. Publius Pertinax (126-193) - Roman emperor. Outer: Son of a freed slave, who became a prosperous timberman and named his son in honor of his own perseverance. Given a proper classical education, he went on to become a teacher himself. Stout, with a protruding stomach. Because of the low pay associated with his profession, he decided to become a military commander at the age of 35, and distinguished himself in Syria, Britain and the Danube frontier, on the way to becoming, a senator, consul in 175 and governor of Germany, Dacia and finally Syria in 180. Married Flavia Titiana, the daughter of a Roman prefect, son and daughter from union. Fell from favor through conspiratorial connections, retired, then was called back to suppress an army mutiny in Britain and, to eventually become, among other posts, city prefect of Rome, then consul, at which time his predecessor, Commodus (David Lloyd George) was murdered. Promised the guardsmen a large bonus and they acclaimed him emperor. Soon lost the support of the praetorian class, however, as well as his unpaid soldiers and they murdered him, before carrying his head through the city, after a brief 87 day rule. Inner: Charming, but mean-spirited, cheap, mediocre orator. Sense of orderliness, pragmatic and shrewd. Uneasy-lies-the-crown lifetime of success in all but highest rule, perhaps inspiring him to further incarnations of power behind the throne rather than uncomfortably sitting upon it. Quintus Catulus (c120BZ-c60BZ) - Roman politician. Outer: Father was a Roman general, with extremely conservative political views, who was forced to commit suicide, when Gaius Marius (Adolph Hitler) captured Rome in 87BZ. Inherited his sire’s political views, and subsequently sided with the enemy of his sire’s enemy, Lucius Sulla (FDR), who was dictator of Rome from 82 to 80. Made consul 2 years later, and defeated an army led by his colleague in the consulship, Aemilius Lepidus (Bernard Baruch), who wished to undo Sulla’s laws and stage a coup d’etat. Became a pillar of respectability, as the leader of the Optimates, which were the most conservative faction of the Senate, he unsuccessfully sought to prevent Pompey (Henry Luce) from building a private army, then as censor in 65, fought against the attempt by Marcus Crassus (Ivan Boesky) to enfranchise the Transalpine Gauls. Continually opposed Julius Caesar (Charles de Gaulle), and was bitterly disappointed when the latter was elected pontifex maximus over his far stronger claim to the office in 63. Schemed to implicate Caesar in Lucius Catiline’s (Oswald Mosley) rabble-rousing conspiracy to seize power the same year, but was accused, in return, by Caesar of embezzling public funds, a charge that was later dismissed, although it effectively ended his reactionary run in the Senate, and he died soon afterwards. Inner: Scored a failed trifecta in failing to foil the desires of the future first triumvirate, in a career built largely on misreading the political winds of his times. Reactionary lifetime of making all the wrong moves, in his ongoing lessons in operating behind the scenes, before returning a millennium later to far better effect as an uncrowned political mover and shaker.
PATHWAY OF THE PLUTOCRAT AS LONGTIME PATERFAMILIAS:
Storyline: The dynasty-builder continually builds on milieus in his successful seeding of multi-generatonial families of wealth and power, before finally going off on his own to sate a longheld need for personal glory, only to find his current family resistant to his efforts.
Sumner Redstone (Sumner Murray Rothstein) (1923) - American financier. Outer: Of Jewish descent. The family struggled through the Depression, with his father selling lineoleum out of the back of his truck, before becoming a liquor wholesaler, then a nightclub owner in Boston, which he parlayed into a theater chain of 1500 showcases, while changing the family name from Rothstein to Redstone, so as not to be confused with notorious gambler Arnold Rothstein (Steve Wynn). His mother put a great premium on education, and he was raised to be the best at what he did. Older of 2 brothers. Graduated near the top of his class from the prestigious Boston Latin School, then whizzed through Harvard in 3 years, before serving in the Army during WW II, decoding Japanese messages. Married Phyllis Raphael in 1944, son and daughter from union. After the war, he ultimately received a law degree from Harvard law school, before going to work for the Justice Dept. and then entering private practice. Abandoned the law after several years and a $100,000 a year salary in 1954, in order to work for his father’s theater chain, now renamed National Amusements, for $5000 a year. Realized that content was far more important than distribution, and began investing in large motion picture corporations, slowly acquiring both money and power. Bought out his brother, after being sued by him in 1972, for $5 million, in what would initiate a long litigious interrelationship with various members of the family. His wife would sue him several times for divorce for his philandering ways, although each time he was in the midst of a big deal, and he would be forced to reconcile with her. In 1979, he suffered burns all over his body from a hotel fire, as he clung to a ledge outside its 3rd story, resulting in a clawed right hand and badly singed legs. At the time he was having an affair with one of his wife’s friends. Bought Viacom International, and made it a major player in the entertainment industry, gradually buying up a host of content companies ranging from filmdom to cable to syndication TV. In 1987 he maneuvered himself into voting control in a difficult takeover, and the company became a complete reflection of his highly acquisitive, and competitive Midas-touched nature. In 1994, he added Paramount to his collection, for $10 billion, and at century’s turn, merged with CBS, in a $40 billion deal, to give him the biggest entertainment portfolio in the business, with Viacom’s presence ubiquitous in all its major branches. Divorced after 55 years of marriage in 2000, and three years later, he married a former teacher, Paula Fortunato, some 4 decades his junior. Wrote his autobiography, “A Passion to Win,” in 2001, and in 2005, he added Dreamworks SKG to his stable, while splitting off CBS and Viacom into two separate companies, and realizing most of his profits from MTV, as part of the latter. Although he had scheduled himself to retire in 2006, he allowed his obsession with prolonging his life and rejuvenating himself, to dictate his continuance. Later that year, he terminated the company’s highly lucrative contract with eccentric actor Tom Cruise, following his wife’s complaint about his over-the-edge behavior, although later had second thoughts about it. Also fired his recently appointed CEO, Tom Freston, who had worked for him for 20 years and some had speculated would be his heir, in a deliberate show that he was still very much in the game, despite his advanced years. Made it to #63, on the 2006 richest people in the world list, with assets of some $7.7 billion, as testament to his longtime adeptness around acquiring and building upon wealth. At the same time, his litigious family continued with their suits, with his son, his brother, and nephew filing against him, although the bitterest blow came when his daughter Shari, his heir apparent, who had always taken his side in family disputes, fell into his disfavor by challenging his strategy in inflating a second tier video game company stock, completing his isolation from his blood crew. His marriage also unraveled in 2008 into divorce, as well, giving strong indication his endgame would not go the way he wished it, in a coda underlying his heartless competitiveness and disconnection from the intimate world around him. A late surge of satyriasis would also see him favoring unqualified young women with options and stock packages, to further sully his extended endlife. A lawsuit was filed against him in 2015 by his ex-wife claiming he had sunk into empty shell vacancy and spontaneous sobbing, while being completely unaware of his surroundings. A court ruling, however, showed a rapprochement between himself and his daughter, and a finding in their favor. Has a net worth of $4.8 billion. Inner: Cranky, largely charmless and totally self-involved. Workaholic, often putting in 18 hour days. Very body and age conscious, maintaining a strict diet and a healthy regimen, although occasionally subject to the frailties of his mortality. Extremely competitive, and always in control, despite continual reminders from intimates of his own failings. Play to win lifetime of making himself his own multi-generational recipient of his shrewd business acumen, after serving many a go-round of doing it all for his own dynasty to follow, only to suffer at the end for his hubris. Meyer Guggenheim (1828-1905) - Swiss/American industrialist. Outer: Of German/Jewish ancestry. From a desperately poor family. Grew up in the ghetto of Lengnau, Switzerland. In 1847, he emigrated to U.S. from Switzerland with his family in order to escape the country’s religious restraints and met his future wife on the long voyage over. Married Barbara Myers soon afterwards, and the duo had 10 surviving children all told, with 5 of his 7 sons highly active in his various family businesses, and one dying on the Titanic. Began his career selling shoelaces on the streets of Philadelphia, then manufactured stove-polish and lye. Parlayed his successes into a store selling household commodities, some of which he imported from Switzerland. Provided food and clothing to the Union Army during the Civil War, and in 1879, he accquired interests in two copper mines, which made him his initial fortune. Expanded from there, following a similar pattern to his previous go-round by laying the foundation for the Guggenheim family dynasty. Established a trust, combining their refining operations, and by the time of his death, the firm had a leading role in the American mining industry. Retired to Florida in 1895, and lost his wife five years later. Buried in a large mausoleum in Brooklyn, NY.Inner: Once again, patriarchal dynast who laid a foundation for his family’s ongoing fortune, viewing his lifework in multi-generational terms. Maintained nominal ties with his orthodox faith, but had few real religious convictions. Deliberately trained his sons to serve as his management team, keeping it, as always, all in the family. Uberpeddler lifetime of creating both a business empire and a skilled family apparatus to run it in order to further his own dreams of making his name resonate with the great multi-generational households of his and future times. Meyer Amschel Rothschild (Mayer Amschel Bauer) (1744-1812) - German banker. Outer: Son of a wandering money-changer and goldsmith, who decided to settle in the cramped Jewish ghetto, where his first son was born. Oldest of three brothers. The family name was derived from a red (rot) shield, he displayed on his house, which became Rothschild. Intended for the rabbinate, but the early serial deaths of his parents from smallpox when he was 12, forced him to become an apprentice in a Jewish banking house in Hannover. Became a money-changer, having learned the trade from his father, and he quickly rose in the firm, winning a junior partnership. Returned to Frankfort and its cramped, walled ghetto and purchased the business his father had established. Officially changed his name to Rothschild. In the 1760s, he used an earlier connection to establish a business relationship with Friedrich II (J. Paul Getty), the landgrave of Hesse-Kassel through old coins at discount prices, and set the family pattern of dealing with royal houses, so that he was soon doing business with other princes. Applied for their patronage through unctuous letters, then advertised his linkage to princely houses, once he had ensnared them. In 1770, he married Guttle Schnapper (Diane von Furstenberg), a feisty 17 year old whom he adored, and who was daughter of a court factor. Together they had five surviving daughters and five sons out of a total of 19 progeny, including Amschel (Klaus Biesenbach), Salomon (Charles Busch), Nathan (Barry Diller), Carl (Silvio Berlusconi) and Jacob or Jack (Simon Cowell), who would continue the dynasty he had established, branching the family out to other European capitals, while he and his oldest son, Amschel, supervised their concern from Frankfurt. Bankrolled warring princes, as well as the French in their Revolutionary Wars, and supposedly drew up plans for the super-secret Illuminati, a world-controlling organization, which exists in the fantasies of some, and is debunked as sheer paranoia by others. Made numerous underhanded transactions, sometimes financing opposing sides, thanks to the scope of his involvements with the destiny of nations, and when he died, he left the largest fortune ever accumulated in Europe up until that time, some $200 milllion. Stipulated in his will that the family only intermarry with first and second cousins to preserve their vast fortune, and to keep all key positions within their tight circle. Inner: Highly intelligent, viewed his lifework in multi-generational terms. Had a genius for accumulation and exploitation. Pot of gold lifetime of moving into the realm of sheer finance, after many a go-round of being deficient in the political and martial realms, and finding his true metier, which he would continue to explore, while also trying to open up a cramped, devious and untrusting character, which was the product of his less-than-stellar record up to this point in realms where he was far less gifted. Francisco Sforza (1401-1466) - Italian noble and condottiere. Outer: His father, Muzio (Yukio Mishima), was a condottiere, who drowned when his son was 23, while his mother had been the former’s mistress. One of 2 brothers. Strong and tall. Educated at the court of the d’Este in Ferrara until he was 12, then served as a condottiere in the army of Filippo Maria Visconti (Howard Hughes), the Duke of Milan. Since Filippo rarely showed his face in public because of his extreme ugliness and gross obesity, he depended heavily on his condottiere, who won much prestige fighting for the Visconti and Milan, but on occasion also fought against them. Willing to serve the masters who paid the best. At 40, he married one of Filippo’s illegitimate daughters, Bianca Maria (Richard Nixon), who was 16 at the time, getting the city of Cremona and frontier town of Potrmoli as part of her dowry. His wife was a virago but was immensely popular with his soldiers, and gave him considerable moral support, once leading his troops in battle. Happy union, and their 8 children, including Galeazzo Maria (Spiro Agnew), and Ludovico Sforza (Michael Milken), laid the foundation for the Sforza dynasty. Also fathered 22 illegitimate children, and made no distinction between the official status of his offspring, many of whom threaded their way into noble Italian houses. In 1447, after the death of Filippo, with whom he had strained relations, Milan was declared the ‘Ambrosian Republic.’ 3 years later, following a riot, he was declared Duke of Milan and formally invested. Spent most of his life at war, but was also a patron of the arts and literature. Less beloved by his citizens than his wife, spending most of his time elsewhere, hunting, hawking and collecting books and manuscripts. Slept little, ate simply, maintained his erect carriage into old age, despite suffering from gout and droopsy, and was generally regarded as the best soldier of his age. Following his death, his wife was probably posioned by his eldest son, Galeazzo, who in turn, would eventually be assassinated, before Milan found stability under his greatest progeny, Ludovico. Inner: Strong-willed, blunt, excellent strategist, honest and tough, albeit not malicious. Foundation lifetime of turning his soldierly skills into the base for a ducal dynasty, while exhibiting many of the traits, both martial and cultural that he would carry through his next series of lives in this series. Konrad III (1093-1152) - Swabian Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: 2nd son of a Swabian duke, and grandson of HRE Heinrich IV (William S. Paley). Made duke of Franconia by his uncle, Heinrich V (Arnold Schwarzenegger) in 1115, and around the same time, married Gertrud von Komburg. No children from the union, which ended with her death about 15 years later. Although he was made regent of Germany the following year, he was bypassed for the throne in favor of Lothair III (William R. Hearst) in 1125, and revolted along with his elder sibling. Caught a few alternate crowns, then finally submitted to Lothair in 1135, was pardoned and given back his estates. 2 years later on Lothair’s death, he was finally made the official successor, and became HRE in 1138. In 1136, he wed Gerude von Sulzbach, one son from the union. Through his wife’s nephew, Frederich Barbarossa (Miichael Milken), they founded the Hohenstaufen line, which held the throne for the next 2 centuries. The coronation was contested by Lothair’s heir, Heinrich the Proud (Menachem Begin), and war ensued, which ended with Heinrich’s death the following year, although his house continued to be a disruptive factor for the rest of the century. Unable to alleviate the disorder within his empire, save for restoring his brother-in-law as prince of Bohemia in 1142. Went on the 2nd Crusade in 1146, but was forced to return to Germany when his enemies allied against him. Never received the imperial crown in Rome because of it, although styled himself “King of the Romans,” until his death. Inner: Willful, but willing to bend to get his way. Chaos-battling lifetime of doing continual battle for royal position, and, despite numerous setbacks, having his will ultimately prevail. Isaac I Comnenus (1005-1061) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: Of Armenian descent, from a landholding family. Father was an officer in the court of Basil II (Kim Il Sung). One of 2 brothers. On his deathbed, his sire consigned his and his sibling’s education and upbringing to the emperor, and he was given high posts afterwards, showing himself loyal to the crown, and a protector of his peoples, while winning the confidence of the army through his prudent command of the Anatolian field forces during successive reigns. Married Catherine of Bulgaria, and a son who died young, and a daughter from the union. In his early 50s, he entered a plot to overthrow the brief and inept emperor Michael VI (Kim Jong-nam), and in June of 1057, he was elevated to the Byzantine purple by his troops in Asia Minor. After marching on the capital and defeating the emperor’s forces, the latter was forced to abdicate, after he turned down an offer to be adopted as his son. Crowned in his stead the following day, after a riot in the capital. Immediately enforced a stringent economic policy, which brought him into conflict with Constantinople’s patriarch, particularly after confiscating some church property, and disallowing the latter to exercise power in the civil realm. Arrested and exiled him the following year, while charging him with heresy and treason, although he died before coming to trial. Economized on pensions for idle courtiers, while showing himself very much in control throughout his brief reign, indicating he would have been one of the towering figures of Byzantium, had his life not been cut short. Led a military campaign against the Hungarians, as well as the Pechenegs, who were ravaging his northern frontier, before becoming seriously ill while hunting, after just missing being hit by lightning, which he viewed as a sign of divine displeasure. Thinking he was dying, he abdicated, much to his wife’s displeasure, at the end of 1059, and appointed a successor, an aristocratic intellectual, Constantine X (Paulo Coelho) and quite his opposite. Recovered, but did not attempt to retake the throne, and instead, he became a monk at Stoudios, where he combined menial offices with literary studies. His wife and daughter also entered the religious life, and he died two years after relinquishing power. Inner: Gifted martial artist, who would probably have brought the Byzantine army back to its previous high standing under Basil II, had he lived. Conscientious, honest and extremely competent. Near lightning stroke lifetime of being allowed to show his skills at rule, but not long enough to effect the empire from its inevitable state of decline. Anastasius I (?-401) - Italian pope. Outer: Before he entered the clergy, he had married, and was allegedly the progenitor of his ultimate successor on the Chair of St. Peter, Innocent I (Michael Milken), although the connection between the two is probably apocryphal, and the product of a desire to give geneological enhancement to both. Good friend of the early Church fathers, who all held him in the highest respect, as a champion of orthodoxy, willing to fight any and all heresies. Elevated to the papacy in 399, during a tme when Rome was under constant threat of barbarian invasions. Took particular exception to the writings of Origen (Jean-Paul Satre) and his belief in the pre-existence of the soul, and spent the coin of his papacy condemning them. Like his fellow early pontiffs, canonized after his death. Inner: Ascetic and traditional, embracing the tenets of his calling and fiercely defending them against all perceived apostasies. Zealous lifetime of pursuing his spiritual calling with the same enthusiasm he would later bring to his material dealings, in his ongoing intimate association with both power and prestige as a highly noticeable emblem of his various times. Job (c1900BZ) - Wealthy landowner of Uz.- Outer: Probably lived prior to the time of Abraham, in the southern Arabian land of Uz and had 7 sons and three daughter. Quite wealthy with a huge flock of animals and a large household to maintain, while wondering about the sanity of his sons. Became the focus of a contest between the Hebraic divinity YHWH and His antithesis Satan. The latter challenged the Former to a contest, saying that if his material wealth were taken from him, he would curse his deity to His holy face. The singular proviso to the dare was that the subject of their contest not be killed. His animals were subsequently slaughtered and he lost all but one of his children to a fire. His reaction was to rend his garments, shave his head and reiterate his love for his deity. Satan then tortured his flesh, and although his wife told him to curse his deity and die, he refused to do so. When his three closest friends came to mourn his loses with him, he cursed his own life and existence, and ultimately their ignorance, while lamenting injustice in the world. A young man then explained to him that YHWH communicates with humanity via visions and pain, which ultimately reveal the Deity’s capacity for love and forgiveness. YHWH then appeared in a whirlwind with a host of rhetorical questions, which caused him to acknowledge his own limited capacities and his Deity’s limitless power. He was ultimately rewarded for his steadfast faith with twice the wealth he had, a new family, an extended lifespan, and presumably he lived happily ever after. Inner: Strongly materialistic as well as upright and pious, fearing his sense of the divine and eschewing evil. Exemplar lifetime of serving as a test between the forces of light and darkness, and righteousness and weakness.
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS ACQUISITIVE INFORMATION-MASTER:
Storyline: The icy acquisitor is forced to pay the piper for his overboard obsessiveness surrounding capital, in order to try to reclaim his humanity, which was overwhelmed by his genius for sheer accumulation.
Michael Milken (1946) - American financier. Outer: Father was an accountant. Began his fascination with the power of numbers by helping his sire do tax returns. Went to UC, Berkeley, where he was Phi Beta Kappa, and after graduation, he married a high school classmate, and moved to the NYC area, 3 children from union. Had modest beginnings, but his obsessive work ethic, including pre-dawn bus rides with a miner’s cap on to read daily stock quotes, turned him into an information-master who revolutionized Wall Street with his use of high risk, high yield junk bonds to raise capital to finance his investments. Began work well before dawn and oversaw a frenzied operation at Drexel Burnham Lambert, creating a highly stressful atmosphere that reflected his own extremely driven persona. Amassed a huge fortune through a keen sense of exploitation and total lack of value for anything that wasn’t couched in gold. In 1989, he was indicted on 98 counts of racketeering and securities fraud. Avoided a trial by pleading guilty to 6 felonies, and wound up paying a $200 million fine, plus $400 million to the government and another $500 million to settle civil lawsuits. Barred from the securities industry for life and sentenced to 10 years in prison but served only 2, after agreeing to testify in other security trials. After his release from prison, he was diagnosed with prostate cancer, although it went into remission. Attempted to publicly reconstruct himself through positive public relations and a move to California from his East Coast base, throwing himself into his sentence of 5400 hours of community service and charity work with the same driven zeal as he employed in enhancing his own coffers. Doffed his toupee in a bald attempt at coming clean from the past. Taught at UCLA, amidst much controversy over his need to monetarily control information dispensed, while continuing as a controversial consultant for business interests, earning a further probe into his activities by the SEC, after raking in a $50 million consulting fee from Ted Turner. Unable to let up in his drive, which turned in latter life to the art of rehabilitation and resurrection through the rechanneling of his almost superhuman energy and drive. Inner: Cold, intense, competitive, sharp-minded analyst driven by an insatiable appetite for acquisition, working in the purely mathematical realm of money to assuage his compulsive greed. Extremely concerned with his place in his/story, wanted to be viewed like J.P. Morgan, a business pioneer. Comeuppance lifetime of forcibly being taught the value of his own humanity as well as reassess his real values, through the humiliation of finally being nailed for his excess need to control and acquire. J.P. Morgan (John Pierpont Morgan) (1837-1913) - American capitalist. Outer: Son of Junius Spencer Morgan, who groomed him from boyhood to take over his London banking business, drilling into him the ideal of ‘character.’ Mother was the daughter of a Unitarian minister. His face was dominated by a huge empurpled bulbous nose, which he had inherited from his maternal grandfather, over which his baleful eyes blazed, making for an unsettling countenance and presence. Physically robust and dynamic, although he always worried about his health, after a sickly childhood, making him into a hypochondriac, with the fear he would fail to live up to his father’s expectations of him. Loved the routines of business, even as a boy, and early on developed the skill of reading ledgers at a glance. After high school, he studied abroad in Switzerland and Germany, then entered a NY banking house as an accountant before becoming NY agent for his father’s London firm. Weathered the Panic of 1857, which warned him off rash speculations, then bought his way out of participating in the Civil War. Iin 1861, he married Amelia Sturges, the sickly daughter of the president of the Illinois Central Railroad. Too weak to stand at their wedding, she died within four months from tuberculosis, which was a bitter blow to him. Married again in 1865 to Frances Louisa Tracy, the daughter of a prosperous NY lawyer, but the 2nd union was disconnected, and he turned to other women the rest of his life, 3 daughters and a son from his 2nd marriage, including his heir J.P. Morgan, Jr. Proved to be an affectionate father, if not a loyal mate. Among his many mistresses, reputedly was actress Maxine Elliot (Sally Field), for whom he financed a NY theater. A strong supporter of the Episcopal Church, he was also a founder of of the NY Society for the Suppression of Vice, in spite of his own marital unorthodoxy. Despite never being alone, he was a markedly lonely person, isolated through the sheer power of his being. Became partner in the banking house of Drexel, Morgan & Co., which was a major source of government financing, and would eventually become J.P. Morgan & Company. Built a colossal fortune on London and Paris financial networks as well as competitive acquisitions, beginning with the railroads, which he transformed into a nationwide empire of some 5,000 miles of track. Financed the giant industrial concerns of America, and formed the first billion dollar corporation, U.S. Steel. Towards the end of his life he concentrated on insurance companies and banks. Into as much control as he could possibly muster in the wake of turn-of-the-century antitrust legislation. An ardent sportsman, and a voracious art collector, which would be his grand pursuit after his father’s death in 1890, trying to amass a collection that would allow America to rival Europe as a house of thoroughbred antiquities. Also a philanthropist. Totally immune to public criticism, despite his incredible sense of exploitation, as an integrator of financial information. Died of natural causes on a trip to Rome, and nearly 4000 condolences came pouring in, from the pope, kings and emperors on down, while both the French and Italian armies marched in his honor, in an unconscious nod to his earlier activities there. Never the richest man in the world, with an estate of only $68.3 million, but definitely the most powerful of his time. Inner: Cold, intense, competitive, sharp-minded analyst driven by an insatiable appetite for acquisition. Host of contradictions, sociable and shy, conservative, yet democratic, deliberate and impulsive, a combination of the 2 opposite families who had conceived him. Shrewd, domineering and yet flexible, secretive, exuberant and depressive, extravagant and frugal, worldly, religious and deeply sentimental. Inarticulate, imperious, aloof and non-introspective, never explained himself, feeling justified in everything he did, which was to give order to chaos. Fully clothed emperor lifetime of creating a personal empire through the manipulation of financial information, in order to balance his many inner contradictions through an external manifestation of grandiosity. Friedrich II (1712-1786) - Prussian king. Known as “the Great.” Outer: Third but eldest surviving son Friedrich William I (Kurt von Schleicher), who despised him. His mother was the sister of the Hanoverian king of England, George II (Chris Patten). Had seven sisters to go along with his six brothers, although many did not survive infancy. Evinced an early taste in art and literature, a talent for the flute, and little interest in government or military affairs. Received an education entirely in French, and had an unbounded admiration for that country’s writers. Because of the constant humiliation at the hands of his father, including constant beatings, he tried to escape to England but was caught, imprisoned under a suspended sentence of death, and forced to witness the beheading of a close confidant and accomplice in the plan. Submitted to his father afterwards, although his hard-hearted upbringing would scar his character forever afterwards. Small, sharp-featured and snuff-stained in later life. In 1733, he married Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, a German noblewoman of his father’s choice, separated shortly afterwards and never showed any interest in women the rest of his life. Corresponded with the intellectual lights of his day, and wrote political philosophy until his father’s death, when he acceeded to the throne at the age of 28, immediately showing decisive leadership, as a fearless, faithless and merciless martial master. A brilliant military campaigner with little regard for his own allies, and with a host of talented generals at his behest, he forged Prussia into the foremost military power in Europe over the next quarter of a century, by making all the decisions himself, without counsel from subordinates. One bleak period of defeat saw him close to suicide, but it was the singular negative in an otherwise extraordinary life of conquest. A lifelong foe of the HRE, whom he continually bested. Pursued his father’s domestic policies at home, with particular emphasis placed on maintenance of his armies, while showing his sire’s propensity for physically lashing out at those around him, showing no inhibition at cudgeling or beating subjects who displeased him. Proved himself to be an enlightened despot, who effected reform and practiced religious toleration, being an atheist in his own beliefs. A prolific and accomplished writer in French, he surrounded himself with French intellectuals, ignoring Germanic literateurs, while indulging in his tastes for music, reading, writing and literary interchange. Vain and malignant, he also had a sharp eye for the faults of others, and loved nothing better than to verbally best and humiliate others. Succeeded in beginning the process of breaking up the Holy Roman Empire, and laying the cornerstone state that would become modern Germany. Died from a chill received during a troop review in pouring rain. Had no children, and his crown passed to his nephew. Inner: His cruel childhood made for a cold, unloving character. Parsimonious and imperious, he enjoyed order, harbored a ferocious temper, and liked the business of business and martial affairs, as well as inflicting pain and humiliation on others. A master of maneuvers and battle tactics, he consistently defeated much larger armies. Probably a repressed homophile. Corrosive and icy wit. Snuff-stained lifetime of uniting cultured intelligence and military genius in order to effect profound change on the make-up of central Europe, while living in total emotional isolation, thanks to his upbringing. Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683) - French financial minister. Outer: Oldest son of a merchant family, trained in finance and studied at a Jesuit college. Began his career as a banker, and through his father’s influence, was able to gain various administrative posts. Attached himself to Cardinal Jules Mazarin (Francois Mitterand), taking care of his affairs when the latter was in exile in the late 1640s and early 1650s. In 1648, he married Marie Charron, who brought a large dowry to the union. 3 of his sons went on to their own careers of accomplishment, while 3 of his daughters married dukes. When Mazarin returned, he made him his personal assistant, and aided him in becoming wealthy and influential, as well as recommending him on his deathbed to the king as a master of finance. Undermined Nicholas Fouquet (Bernard Baruch), and helped send him to prison, after coveting his position, and through his manipulations, he became comptroller general of finance for Louis XIV (Charles de Gaulle) for a quarter of a century. Unpopular but very effective in enforcing his will. Worked to make the French financially self-sufficient by reorganizing industry, commerce and finance, as well as methods of taxation to make them more equitable and uniform. A pious Catholic, although he distrusted the clergy. Regulated industry, and invited skilled foreign workers to France, but exerted so much control, he was deeply resented by traders and contractors, although he expanded trade, raised output, set up new industries and developed links throughout France via roads and waterways. Saw everything that had to do with output as part of his responsibility, including the navy, which he was not adverse to peopling with criminals, slaves, Protestants and other riff-raff. Founded naval schools, had his ships decorated by artists, while keeping French sailors under the banner of their native land on pain of death for serving foreign powers. Also encouraged emigration to Canada to colonize New France, and promoted legislation to cover virtually every aspect of French commercial life. Patronized the arts and sciences as well as education, while overseeing the cultural and material life of France, always with the idea of its material enhancement. The king’s extravagance, however, undermined his efforts, which were considerable, and he wound up quite frustrated at the end of his life, for the lack of his overall control to completely implement his vision. Inner: Known as ‘the Cold’ for his icy personality. Efficient, control freak, with his hand in every French pie he could reach. Capstone lifetime of dedicating his considerable material skills for the enhancement of a state, while overseeing its cultural and economic expansion, only to be frustrated by being an officer of the state, rather than its singular personification, leading him to become head of state at least one more time to truly implement his extraordinary gifts for organization. Ludovico Sforza (1451-1508) - Italian Renaissance prince. Outer: 2nd son of the Duke of Milan, Francesco Sforza, and younger brother of Galeazzo Maria (Spiro Agnew). His mother, Bianca Maria Visconti (Richard Nixon), was from the powerful Visconti family. Known as ‘il Moro,’ the Moor, because of his dark coloring. Brought up in his father’s cultured court, and served his elder brother after his father’s death in 1466. When his brother was murdered a decade later, he tried to usurp power from his young nephew and wound up exiled for his efforts. Through manipulation and execution, he became regent for his nephew, and by alliances and balancing off the power of rival states, he was able to maintain Milan’s supremacy. In 1491, in a double ceremony orchestrated by Leonardo Da Vinci (Gordon Parks), he married Beatrice d’Este (Vanessa Bell), an accomplished Renaissance princess in her own right from an equally powerful family, 2 sons from the union, who later succeeded him, including Francesco Sforza (J. Paul Getty). Also had several mistresses of long-standing, although he deeply loved his mate, and the 2 had a productive, mutually supportive, albeit brief relationship. An enthusiastic patron of the arts, literature and trade, more for the status they gave him, than any great esthetic sense of appreciation, he made his court the most spectacular in all of Europe, attracting artistic genius, such as Leonardo Da Vinci (Gordon Parks), only to misuse his talents, while gracing Milan with extensive public works, experimentation in food production and a celebratory atmosphere, that was marred by heavy taxation and the usurpation of land to further his aims. His nephew and his wife retreated to Pavia, where they schemed to regain their rightful claim to the duchy, forcing him into making new and dangerous alliances. Devious and cautious, he much preferred intrigue to war. Ultimately threw all of Italy into martial confusion, when the king of France, Charles VIII (Hermann Goering) marched on Naples. He was expelled, after Italian forces united against him, and later reconciled with his former ally. In 1497, he suffered the bitter blow of his wife’s death in childbirth, when she issued a stillborn son. Things unraveled further when Charles’ successor, Louis XII (Ferdinand Foch), claimed Milan, and with Italian support as well as that of the overtaxed Milanese population, he conquered it. Sought refuge with the HRE Maximilian (Charles de Gaulle) and tried to recapture his duchy with Swiss and German mercenaries, only to be captured in 1500 when a Swiss contingent of his fighting force refused to do battle. Imprisoned for 4 years in Berry, then given more freedom to hunt, but remained in exile the rest of his life, much to the relief of Italy-at-large. His later reputation was besmirched when he was accused of inviting Charles into Italy. Inner: Inner: Vain, physically powerful, great love for fashion, luxury and women. Intelligent, cultivated, but also despotic and immoral. Full bore lifetime of being a true Renaissance Prince, evincing his ongoing cultural concerns, while, for once, having a supportive mate that was his equal, only to ultimately become prisoner of his own extended ambitions. Friedrich I Barbarossa (1125-1190) - Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Son of the duke of Swabia, mother was the daughter of a rival house. Had one younger sister. United the opposing houses of Hohenstaufen and Guelph within himself. Redbearded, hence his nickname, Barbarossa. In his teens, he married Adelheid of Vohburg, although the two were considered closely enough related for him to annul the marriage by papal degree after five years, when she failed to produce any children. After vigorously pursuing the crown, he was elected German king at the age of 29, and crowned emperor 3 years later, inheriting a domain largely in disarray, with over 1500 small states, and a prince at the head of each one. Embarked on a lifelong struggle against the papacy to make secular power dominate papal authority, as well as render German influence supreme in western Europe. Kept his own realm under uneasy control by reform, conciliation and constantly seeking to balance the power of his princes, through avenues of mutual interest. Founded new towns, increased trade and Christianized east Germany but his policies created an empire of continued rivalry for power and territorial control, so that his country would not be able to unite for nearly 7 hundred years after his death. Launched five campaigns into Italy, beginning in 1154 in order to extend his influence there, receiving the title of king of Italy the following year, before marching on Rome. Helped the pope by suppressing a republican uprising led by Arnold of Brescia (Karl Marx), leading to the latter’s capture and execution. Crowned afterwards as Holy Roman Empire, only to have the Romans revolt, so that his coronation day was spent killing a thousand of them, and injuring thousands more. Left Italy to find his domain in continuing disrepair, although he was able to restore a sense of order to it once again. After failing to get a bride from the Byzantine empire, in 1156, he wed Beatrix, the daughter of French nobility, which gave him control of Burgundy. 8 sons and four daughters from the union, including his successor, Heinrich VI (J. Paul Getty). Excommunicated by the pope in 1160 for trying to reassert his imperial authority in Italy, while recognizing a rival antipope as the legitimate heir to the Chair of Peter. Campaigned continuously there, storming and burning Milan in 1162, before returning to Germany to deal with various upheavals back home. Failed on his next invasion of Italy to realize his goal of conquering Sicily, because of the forces massed against him, but left with sacred relics, purported to be from the Three Magi, which he gave to the Archbishop of Cologne, insuring that city’s status as a pilgrimage site for future Christendom. Launched his fourth Italian campaign in 1166, wherein his wife was crowned empress by another antipope, although his army was decimated by a malarial plague and he was forced to withdraw, spending the next six years in Germany, firming up his international relationships. Failed in his final Italian campaign in 1174, suffering grievous wounds, forcing him to negotiate for peace with the legitimate pope, Alexander III, recognizing him and reconciling with him, although by this juncture, his efforts had exhausted him. Married his son and successor, Heinrich VI, to a Sicilian princess to cement relationships there, and then took the cross and drowned on his way to the Holy Land during the Third Crusade. A second son, Philipp (J. William Fulbright) would also become HRE. Inner: Germanic fantasy persisted long after his death, that he was asleep and would resurrect to reclaim his throne and the true glory of the German Empire. Chivalrous and imbued with knightly ideals, as well as the glory of his empire. Symbolic drowning death on Crusade, indicated his ambitions were ultimately overwhelmed by his emotions. Highly political and power-hungry, an exemplar of authority refusing to bow to any earthly source. Lordly lifetime of setting unconscious precedents of division, so that his being, which symbolically united 2 great houses by blood, ultimately achieved the exact opposite effect in his need to control the destiny of his tumultuous time, in his ongoing rapacious assault on his/story. Alexius I Comnenus (1056-1118) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: From a family that was part of the military aristocracy. His uncle, Isaac I Comnenus (Sumner Redstone), became emperor, after his father had turned down the offer. Third of five sons, with his two older siblings both pursuing military, then administrative, careers. Short and stocky, with broad shoulders, a barrel chest, deep-set eyes and a thick, full beard. Made less of an impression standing than he did later sitting on a throne, when the full force of his being could be projected. Saw his first action at 14 under an older brother, and fought with distinction against the Seljuk Turks, while also doing battle with the rebels during the reigns of his two predecessors. Married Irene Doukaina, the granddaughter of the Bulgarian tsar in 1078, when she was 11, later using her family for support when he made a move for the throne, following the abdication of his predecessor, the inept Nicophoros III. His mother, Anna, would prove a nuisance, living in the palace for two decades and meddling with his affairs, while he also may have had a mistress, Maria of Alania, during that period. Nine children from the union, five daughter and four sons, including Anna Comnena (Camille Paglia), who would be the family herstorian, and John II (J. Paul Getty), who would succeed him. Immediately had to deal with threats from the Normans and Seljuks, using diplomacy to sure for peace with the latter, while doing battle with Robert Guiscard (Robert F. Kennedy), who defeated him both on land and sea. Vanquished Bohemond (Michael Kennedy), before the war with the Sicilian Normans ended with the death of Guiscard in 1085. Had mixed results against the Bogomils, before taking personal command and turning back their invasion in 1091, destroying their allies, the Pechenegs. Continued combining armed force and diplomacy to keep the Seljuks divided in Asia Minor. When he asked for mercenary help after the middle of the decade, he suddenly had to deal with the crusaders, from the First Crusade, who muddled his plans for reconquest. Allowed some 100,00 of them to cross his lands, and aided them in their desire to retake the Holy Land, although his relations with their leaders became more and more strained with each new locust-like wave of them, and the destruction they often left in their wake. Captured lost territories in Asia Minor, although when the crusaders took Antioch, a final rupture occurred between him and them. His refusal to help Bohemond, who was now among their number, saw the former raise an army, only to once more fall to him, resulting in his becoming a vassal to the emperor in the ensuing peace treaty. The Seljuks made another attempt at recovering lost territory in Anatolia, only to lose a great battle in 1016, and once more sue for peace. In constant pain and suffering at the end, and barely able to breathe or swallow, as his stomach and feet swelled. Resisted his wife and daughter’s preference for the latter’s husband, due to an exaggerated hatred by them of his choice, and handed over his empire to the most pious of his progeny, John, in considerably stronger and more stable shape than it had been for over half a century. Inner: Extremely pious, as was his wife, and innately modest. Idolized by his soldiers, while his civilian population had mixed feelings about him. Never courted popularity. Nepotistic, and easily led by the women in his life. Extremely able, conscientious and resourceful in his dealings, combining both diplomacy and military acumen to achieve his goals. Able to hold his empire’s decay in relative check, as one of the last of its truly talented leaders. Political savior lifetime of guiding his empire over a thirty-seven year reign to a stability it hadn’t known in generations, through martial artistry, diplomacy and solid statesmanship in preparation for a millennial-long run as one of the more notable characters of western civilization in a whole variety of guises, from cunning general to megacapitalist. Innocent I (?-417) - Italian pope. Outer: Some confusion exists over his father, with some sources saying he was a native of Albano, and others claiming he was the son of his predecessor Anastasius I (Sumner Redstone), before the latter’s embarkation on a Church career. Grew up as part of the Roman clergy, and on the death of Anastasius was unanimously chosen Bishop of Rome in 401, by not only his fellow clerics, but the citizens of the Eternal City, as well. A stickler for orthodoxy, as well as a well-disciplined clergy, he assumed the Chair of St. Peter when Italy was under attack by the German barbarians, with little ability to defend itself. In 408, Rome was besieged by the Gothic leader Alaric (Napoleon Bonaparte) and two years later, the city was sacked, while he was forced to flee to Ravenna, after failing, along with the western emperor, to meet the former’s demands. Always acted as if the Bishop of Rome were the prime voice of authority in the schismatic eastern and western churches, and strictly enforced orthodoxy over any and all heresies. Able to maintain his supremacy over far-flung bishops and archbishops, while continually underlining Rome as the disciplinary example for all other sees to follow. Wrote a host of letters to various bishops in order to suppress heresies, while insisting on the dismissal of priests who had begotten children. Championed John Chrysostom (Karl Marx), the patriarch of Constantinople, when his moral outrage ran afoul of the eastern empress, and refused to recognize his replacement, much to the former’s appreciation. Rejected the teachings of the heretic Pelagius, who denied original sin, in favor of pre-Christian views of the naturalness of physicality and death. The latter ultimately sent him a confession of faith, although he died before the Holy See received it. His vigorous pontificate caused St. Augustine (Thomas Merton) to make the comment, “Roma locuta, causa finitas” or “Rome has spoken, the matter is ended.” Considered the first of the great popes. Canonized after his death, with July 28th as his feast day. Inner: Extremely energetic and zealous in the exercise of his duties, in his desire to make the Holy See of Rome the ultimate authority over all things pertaining to the orthodox Christian faith. So I have spoken lifetime of bringing his facility for autocratic rule to an institution greatly in need, at the time, of strong leaders, and, in so doing, making his presence fully felt during the early centuries of Roman Christian rule.
PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS ACQUISITIVE ADEPT:
Storyline: The scheming skinflint has an instinct for capitalizing on whatever is needed for the moment, save for his own emotional interior, which remains strictly off-limits to all, including, most especially, himself.
Jean Paul Getty (1892-1976) - American financier. Outer: Only surviving child of a dour skinflint who had been raised in poverty, became an insurance lawyer and then made his fortune in the oil business, beginning in 1903. Mother was deaf, to complete the disconnection he felt with both parents, who were devout Christian Scientists. The family settled in Los Angeles, where he was raised. Throughout his life, he washed his own underpants every night, as symbol of his need for absolute control over his own survival and protection. His sire distrusted him, passing on a distinct distrust of the world, while changing his will to leave the company in his wife’s control. After a dilettante youth, and graduating from the Univ. of Oxford, he entered the oil business under the auspices of his father in 1914 by trading leases and building an enormous conglomerate for himself, through luck and devotion to the minutiae of information around his operation, always buying low and selling high. Dyed his hair orange and green to avoid the draft, and made his first million by his mid-20s, before moving his base of operations to California, while playing the role of playboy for 2 years. In 1923, he eloped with Jeanette Tremont, one son from union which quickly ended in 1925. The following year he married Allene Ashby, a teenager, who soon left him, and the year after, he married another teenager, Fini Hemle, which produced his 2nd son. At 40, he married Ann Rork, a Hollywood starlet, 2 sons fromthe union, but his wife attempted suicide within the first year, and the marriage also ended in divorce. At 46, he wed Louise Lynch, a 23 year old nightclub singer, and the union produced his 5th son. Of his progeny, the youngest died at 12, the eldest committed suicide, and one became a recluse. Always had a harem, in lieu of any sense of intimacy with anyone. Gave no attention to his marriages, but had warm feelings towards Adolph Hitler, seeing a kindred soul in him, and was a Nazi sympathizer during WW II. Entered the billionaire category in the 1950s, after gaining a 60 year oil concession from Saudi Arabia in 1949. Ran his empire from small hotel rooms all over Europe, keeping everything in his head. Lived most of his later life abroad, eventually settling on a huge estate in Surrey, England, at the age of 67. Made people pay for their own phonecalls at his huge London mansion, and collected aristocratic women from all over the world, delighting in having them fight over him. His desire for relative anonymity changed in 1957, when “Fortune” magaine tagged him as the richest man in the world. An unimaginative art collector, and too cheap to acquire a great collection, he established an art museum in Malibu as a monument to himself, although he never saw it. The museum later relocated to Bel Air, and would remain so heavily endowed, that it had to spend $2 million a week in order to avoid paying taxes. Successfully avoided paying taxes, himself, for years, since he felt the government just wasted money. Refused to pay for his kidnapped grandson’s ransom, until a severed ear was sent back. Never invited his parents to his weddings, never attended his children’s, and had absolutely no sense of family. Compulsive sexual predator. Ended his life with a bevy of women in his London mansion, while engaging in his favorite pastime of constantly rewriting his will, doing it some 21 times during his last years. Died of heart failure sitting in his favorite armchair, just as his son had done several years earlier. Inner: Cold, cruel, joyless, suspicious, unimaginative and miserly. Glum-faced bon vivant with no sense of social responsibility, and little sense of his own humanity. Saw excitement and emotion as a weakness. Skinflint lifetime of knowing the price of everything and the value of nothing, the product and psychic victim of an extremely unhappy parental relationship. Had to spin back in time to find his true self in ages past where uninhibited ambition coupled with martial skills would give him far more satisfactory avenues of expression than sheer acquisitiveness. Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794-1877) - American entrepreneur and railroad magnate. Known as the ‘Commodore.’ Outer: Of Dutch descent. 4th child of an impoverished farmer and boatman. Dropped out of school at 11 and worked odd jobs on the waterfront. Borrowed $100 from his mother in 1810, despite a lifelong contempt for women, and bought a small flat-bottomed sailing boat, entering the ferry trade in New York harbor. Gained a government contract to supply the island forts during the War of 1812, and then afterwards, expanded his ferry service and extended his coastal trade as far south as South Carolina. Married Sophia Johnson, his cousin, in 1813, 13 surviving children from the union, including his primary heir, William, whom he constantly belittled, as he did his other children. The possessor of a commanding presense and great physical strength, as well as a cold, calculating mien, he was also a compulsive philanderer. In 1818, he became captain of a steamship, the ‘Mouse,’ then engaged in litigation to break the monopoly of a rival steamship company in NY water. Steadily accrued to his wealth, and in 1829, he was able to estabish his own steamship company. Highly competitive, he engaged in both speed contests and price wars, while building up his fleet over the next 2 decades. Took full advantage of the 1849 gold rush by establishing service twixt NY and San Francisco and gaining a monopoly to the portage across Lake Nicarauga. Able to avoid disasters through fate rather than practice, in his continually undermanning and underrepairing his vessels. Sold his ships for the princely sum of $1,350,000 in 1852. The following year, he took the first vacation of his life, a highly publicized voyage to Europe on his half-million dollar steam yacht, the ‘North Star,’ although while he was gone, his partners ousted him from his monopolistic transport company. Extracted revenge by using his wealth, and ability to operate his ships below cost to drive them into bankruptcy. Regained control of the Nicarauga system in 1857, while manipulating political events there, then took payments to abandon it, forseeing its demise anyway via a rail system that eventually replaced it. Entered transatlantic steamship competition in 1854, although could not see a profit in it, and turned, instead, to railroads by buying a controlling interest in two NY rail lines, and eventually consolidated his holdings into one system which extended from NYC to Buffalo. Failed to wrest control of the Erie Railroad, but was able, by 1873 to extend his empire to Chicago by the acquisition of several more lines, making his the largest railroad empire in the world. His first wife died in 1868, and he remarried the masculine-named Frank Armstrong Crawford the following year. Built Grand Central Terminal in NYC, as a means of offering employment to thousands, who were thrown out of work by the Panic of 1873. Although he had accumulated a fortune of over $100 million dollars, he did not begin giving it away until the near-end of his life, and even then, very little to charitable works. Endowed what would later be Vanderbilt Univ., and left the bulk of his fortune to his son, William and his 4 grandsons, while leaving his surviving wife and 8 daughters a relative pittance, in keeping with his misogynistic views. Spent most of his last seven months in bed, fighting against the inevitability of death from a host of ailments, and passed away as his family sang, “Come Ye Sinners, Poor and Needy.” At the time, he was the richest man who had ever died in America, holding 1/9th of all currency in circulation. Inner: Supremely self-confident, dictatorial and ruthless. Also shrewd, taciturn, cautious and forceful. Never a pioneer in what he did, he observed existing systems and had the ability to literally capitalize on them. Full speed ahead lifetime of finding his modern world niche in creating network systems, while remaining solidly stuck in his controlling masculine overview, which he would once again explore in his next go-round as well. Friedrich II von Hessen-Kessel (1720-1785) - German landgrave. Outer: Father was landgrave, or count, of Hesse-Kassel, a German state within the jurisdiction of the Holy Roman Empire. Mother was a German duchess, and the last surviving member of her house. By the time he was five, she was a permanent victim of mental illness, and his sire made his mistress a countess. Second, but oldest surviving son, with a younger sister, who died in her 20s. His progenitor was a seventh son, and younger brother of the king of Sweden, and did not become official landgrave until 1751. Educated privately, including seven years with a Swiss theologian and philosopher. In 1740, he married Mary, the second youngest daughter of the future George II (Chris Patten) of England. Four sons from the unhappy union, with the unhappy youngest three achieving adulthood. Accompanied 6000 Hessian troops to Scotland in 1745, to put down a Jacobite uprising, to help the English crown and four years later personally converted from Calvinism to Catholicism, although his domain remained Calvinist. In the interim, he and his wife chose to live separately, although never divorced, as Mary moved to Denmark to nurse her dying sister, while taking their surviving sons with her. Two, including his heir, married their cousins, Danish princesses,with only one ultimately returning to Germany to inherit his landgraviate, while maintaining the religion of his birth, Calvinism. Served in the Prussian military, and in 1760, succeeded his sire as Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. Helped Mayer Rothschild (Sumner Redstone) in his early dealings, by serving as the first of his princely patrons. Ruled as an enlightened despot, and did much to develop both the economic and cultural elements of his state, spending his considerable moneys wisely, as a ruling representative of the Enlightenment, combining Christian values with a strong militarist overview in his international diplomacy. On the death of his wife in 1772, he married Philippine, the daughter of the margrave of Brandenburg, who was a quarter century his junior. No children from the union. Made it a standard practice to rent out his troops, including some 20,000 to England during the American Revolution for over £3 million, so that Hessian became a catchall term for all Germans engaged in that conflict. One of the richest men in Europe by the time of his death, due to his shrewd dealings, most especially his renting out of his armies. Succeeded by his second son, William. Inner: Skilled businessman and administrator, far less adroit family man, with his progeny largely growing up outside his sphere of influence, thanks to an unbalanced mother, and a succeeding distrust of the opposite gender. Enlightened despot lifetime of one final run at autocratic rule, before joining his fellow crypto-family members in the private sector of the material sphere, as a fellow grand acquisitor, rewriting the rules that run the economic world. Francesco II Sforza (1495-1535) - Italian duke of Milan. Outer: Younger of two sons of Ludovico Sforza (Michael Milken), and Beatrice d’Este (Vanessa Bell). Brought up along with his brother, at the Austrian Imperial court in Innsbruck. His brother, Massimilian ruled for 3 years, before being ousted by the French, in 1515. Took possession of his duchy 7 years later following the defeat of the French by the HRE Charles V (Napoleon Bonaparte), who along with the Medici Pope Leo X (Brett Ratner) reinstated him, using his name as a means of ruling the duchy indirectly. Heartily welcomed back after the hated French left, although his subjects soon came to see that indirect Spanish rule was little different from direct French hegemony. Three years later he was accused of plotting against Charles, and was besieged in his castle for eight months, while the city was ransacked for food and money by Spanish troops. Took on the persona of defeated Milan, prematurely greying, while being unable to walk without a stick. Joined a league against the emperor, but was forced into surrendering to the latter’s imperial troops when they beseiged Milan. After the treaty of Cambrai in 1529, he was restored, but in 1533, he was forced to move out of his own castle so that the emperor could reside there. The following year, he married Christina of Denmark, the 11 year old niece of Charles, a Danish princess, in what seemed to be a close union, which produced no children. When he died, he ended the Sforza ducal line in Milan. Inner: Austere and serious. Repeat lifetime of ending his house’s ruling run, although not the house itself, while coming to personify his own weak link in a powerhouse chain, which he would try to redress the next time around in this series. Heinrich VI (1165-1197) - Holy Roman Emperor. Outer: Of the House of Hohenstaufen. Son of Friedrich I (Michael Milken). Brother of future HRE Philipp (J. William Fulbright). Crowned as German king at the age of 4. Through his sire’s auspices, he married Constance, a Sicilian princess 11 years his senior, and his son succeeded him as German king. Assumed the government of the empire when his father went on crusade, and put down a revolt, while terrifying the German princes, and the papacy with his bragging over his House’s desire for world supremacy. On his father’s death, he went to Italy and was crowned emperor in 1190. Sicily revolted against him under Tancred (Jawaharlal Nehru), as did Heinrich the Lion (Ariel Sharon), forcing him back to Germany to defend his crown. Received the captured Richard I (Richard Burton) from an Austrian duke, and got a huge ransom for him as well as support from Heinrich. Returned to Sicily, and, with the death of Tancred and the latter’s son in 1194, he was crowned king of that unruly kingdom. Unable to make the HRE hereditary, because of the resistance of the German nobility. Returned to Sicily and savagely put down a rebellion against him, while preparing to go on crusade, but died immediately afterwards of malaria. Left a three year old as his heir, and his inherited states in absolute turmoil. Inner: Cruel, pompous, calculating and wilfull with none of his progenitor’s magnifcence. Had little refined civility, although some strophes are credited to him, despite the doubtful possibility he was capable of a poetic temperament. Sceptre-in-hand lifetime of exercising power and control from the vantage of being emperor, while evincing the same mixed results as in all his hereditary lives of rule. John II Comnenus (1087-1143) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: Third child and oldest son of the nine children of emperor Alexius I (Michael Milken) and Irene. His oldest sister, Anna (Camille Paglia), had been heiress-presumptive to the throne, and developed a life-long hatred of him as soon as he was born, which her mother came to share, although neither prejudiced his sire against him, because of his overt qualities. Quite ugly, with hair, skin and eyes so dark, he was called “the Moor.” Nevertheless, he was given the nickname of “the beautiful,” which referred to his soul, rather than his physicality, since he was unusually pious and devout, as reflection of both his parents. In 1104, he wed Irene, a princess of Hungary, and she converted to his eastern Orthodox faith, showing herself to be equally devout as he. Together they had eight children, four sons and four daughers, with the eldest crowned as co-emperor, although predeceasing his sire, so that his ultimate successor was his youngest son, Manuel I (Antonio Banderas). Succeeded to the purple at his sire’s behest in 1118, after earlier being made co-ruler 26 years before, despite his mother and sister’s resistance. Unable to join his sire’s funeral procession, although quickly secured his succession, and after the two women continued conspiring against him, he sent them into exile to a monastery, which the former had founded. While she stayed active as a charitable figure, his sister Anna, after her widowhood in 1137, composed a chronicle and paean to her father, the “Alexiad,” giving his successors extremely short shrift. Spent a quarter century on the throne, showing a mild, albeit quite puritanical character. Despised levity and crude humor, and expected the members of his court to compose themselves with the utmost dignity, and restrict their converse only to the most serious of matters. Frowned on all manifestations of luxury, lecturing his nobles on the vanity of their possessions, while frugality was the watchword for his imperial domain. Unlike his nepostistic father, he appointed men outside his family to key administrative posts. Had a Turk, John Axuch, who had been a gift to his father, as his chief commander, in an unusual move. Failed to curtail Venetian vengeance against the empire, because of the cost of constructing more ships, forcing him to reconfirm an earlier treaty with them, which he previously had refused to do. Proved far more successful in his martial dealings with the Seljuk Turks and northern frontier tribes and peoples, while his marriage involved him in the dynastic struggles around succession in Hungary, causing them to invade his domain, although he was able to defeat them after two years of war, and impose peace on them. Spent the latter part of his reign doing battle against the Turks in Asia Minor, recovering regions that were lost in the disastrous Battle of Manziket in 1071, which almost undid his empire. Triumphed in the Crusader States, as well, leading the armies of Antioch and Edessa into Syria, although jealousies abounded among his allied princes, blunting his effectiveness. Lost his wife in 1134, and wished to do a pilgrimage to Jersualem, accompanied by his army, although the Latin King Fulk (Archibald Wavell), feared an invasion, and begged him to take a much smaller cohort with him, of only 10,000, which made him decide not to go. During a brief hunting expedition, he was accidentally wounded by an arrow in the hand, which he ignored, until it became infected, and he suddenly realized he was dying of septicimia. Received holy communion on Easter Sunday, while in camp, then announced his choice of his youngest son as his successor, because of his courage and gentleness, and ability to listen to advice. Had a monk listen to his last confession and give him last rites, before he expired, after a quarter century on the throne. Inner: Relentless, resourceful, highly upright, uptight and moral. Accomplished statesman, who took moderation as his watchword. Charitable and prudent, refusing to condemn anyone to death or have them mutilated. Always thought in terms of the preservation and stabiity of the empire. Stoical lifetime of bringing his extrme self-control to bear on an empire that responded extremely well to his ministrations, allowing him the achieve his uppermost goal of erasing the defeat and disgrace of Manzikert, and, in its stead, passing on a polity that had regained its respect for itself. Boniface I (?-422) - Italian pope. Outer: Original name unknown, as was his background. May have been a Roman and the son of a presbyter. Entered the Roman clergy, and served as a papal legate to Constantinople as well as counselor to Innocent I (Michael Milken). When Pope Zosimus died in 418, he was chosen against his will by a majority to succeed him, while a minority selected Archdeacon Eulalius pope in a schismatic double election, where many Roman church deacons opted for the latter. A fight broke out between the two factions, when both were consecrated the same day, with the latter considered an anti-pope, and clearly a minority candidate. Each subsequently acted as if he were the singular occupant of the Chair of St. Peter, which caused considerable tumult and confusion in the Eternal City. Rome’s prefect, who was sympathetic to Eulalius, caused the rightful pope to be expelled via an imperial decree. Several months latter, the Council of Spoleto was convoked in order to settle the dispute, and he won the support of the emperor Honorius (Bret Eason Ellis), allowing him to be enthroned afterward, but not before his rival, along with partisans, seized the Lateran Basilica, only to be dispossessed of it, which cemented the emperor’s decision. On reentering Rome, he was given popular acclaim, while Eulalius was made bishop of a much lesser see. Like his predecessors, he condemned the quasi-pagan teachings of Pelagius and encouraged St. Augustine (Thomas Merton) to condemn him. Ill health plagued his pontificate, which caused another usurping try by Eulalius, which inspired a law that demanded new elections whenever papal selections were contested. Showed himself to be an active pontiff, curbing the powers of some western bishops that his predecessor had excessively endowed. Extended his authority over north Africa, while continually championing the Roman See over all others, despite plaints galore from some provincial bishops. Also refused to allow slaves to become clerics. Ultimately buried in a chapel he had built and canonized like his fellow early pontiffs, with October 25th his feast day. Inner: Noted for his charity and good character, and quite aged by the time he assumed the papacy. Mitered lifetime of following his longtime cohorts onto the seat of St. Peter, and, like them, acquitting himself well through good authoritative instincts, and a natural feel for the powers of a powerful office.
PATHWAY OF THE FINANCIER AS SCOUNDREL EXTRAORDINAIRE:
Storyline: The capitalist conman continues his extraordinary run as a mountebank of the first order, creating illusions galore around his activities over the length of numerous lifetimes, without any moral compunction about fleecing as many people as he possibly can.
Bernie Madoff (Bernard Lawrence Madoff) (1938) - American con man and swindler. Outer: Of Polish Jewish descent on his paternal side, and Romanian and Austrian Jewish descent on his maternal. Father was the son of immigrants and worked as a plumber. Grew up initially in strained financial circumstances, with both his parents ultimately becoming brokers, calling their company Gibraltar Securities, although the SEC forced them to end the business for irregularities, thanks to an underhandedness on the part of his sire. A good athlete and competitive swimmer, ultimately using money he made as a lifeguard to start his career in finance. Went to the Univ of Alabama for a year then transferred to Hofstra, earning a degree in political science in 1960. The year before he married Ruth Alpern, the daughter of a CPA. two sons from the union. Briefly went to Brooklyn Law School, :then borrowed $50,000 from his in-laws, and along with his wife founded an investment firm called Bernard L. Madoff Investment Securities. The business attracted investors . through word-of-mouth, including numerous celebrities. Gave seemingly high returns on his clients’’ investments, which attracted more and more of them. He was also among the first to use computer technology for trading. As such he ultimately served as NASDAQ chairman for three one year terms, in 1990, 1991 and 1993.. In 2008, he told his sons, who were part of his firm, that a branch of his firm was an elaborate Ponzi scheme, using money from new investors to give the illusion that his old investors were making tons of money off his trades. Arrested immediately afterwards and charged with securities fraud. Admitted his guilt to investigators that he had lost $50 billion of his investors’ money, and the following year he pleaded guilty to 11 felony coins, as well as a host of frauds and perjury. Sentenced to 150 years in prison, the maximum he could have received, and was sent to Butner Federal Correction Complex in North Carolina. Efforts were made to reimburse some of his clients through the sale of his assets. His son Mark committed suicide in 2010, at which point his wife stopped visiting him, and his son Andrew died of cancer in 2014. That year he suffered a heart attack and revealed he also had stage 4 kidney dis-ease. His extraordinary story was made a two-part TV series, with Richard Dreyfuss playing him and the following annum, The Wizard of Lies told his tale on the large screen. Before his incarceration he had an estimated net worth of $17 billion Inner: Obsessive, narcissistic and a control freak, with a strong self-destructive nature, knowing full well that at some point he would be caught. Extreme antisocial lifetime of pushing the limits of high finance to insure he would ultimately be forced to pay for his amorality, which has extended over numerous go-rounds. William Rockefeller (William Avery Rockefeller, Sr.) (1810-1906) - American all-around mountebank. Outer: Of German descent on his paternal side and British on his maternal. Father was a shiftless lay-about fond of drink, Third of 10 children, and eldest born son. Known as “Bill”, he grew to large imposing size, and continued in his father’s ne’er-do-well footsteps. Used to introduce himself to villages via his marksmanship in shooting contests, which deeply impressed the locals. Also liked to affix a sign to his shirtfront that said “This man is deaf and dumb,” and then would hold written conversations, caging free lodging and meals. Convinced Eliza Davison, a deeply religious woman, and daughter of a well-off farmer, John Davison, to marry him in 1837. Five surviving children from the union, two daughters and three sons, including John D. Rockefeller (Ivan Boesky), ultimately the richest man in America, who elevated the name Rockefeller to legendary capitalist status. Also fathered two daughters with a domestic named Nancy Brown, working in his house at the same time. Prepared his sons for the commercial world by cheating them every chance he could, while often disappeared months at a time as an itinerant seller of fake patent medicines, skipping town as quickly as possible after foisting his faux product on the local suckers. Indicted for rape in 1849 at gunpoint in Auburn, NY, which ended his connection to his wife’s family, leaving her to raise their children alone in a scattershot existence in Ohio, where she imbued her son J.D. with a deep sense of piety and religiosity, which he would carry the rest of his life as a frugal Baptist. Used the name Dr. William Levingston to disguise his true identity and as such married Margaret Allen in Ontario while still wed to h is first wife, no children from the union. Continued his wicked ways and managed to live an extraordinary long life, Ultimately wound up in Illinoias where he died and was buried. Inner: Totally amoral, with a compulsion to continually fool people in a host of different ways. Probably fooled himself as well as to who he really was. Huckster lifetime of constantly trying to stay one step ahead of his various victims in a go-round dedicated to creating as many illusions about himself as he possibly could. William Chaloner (1650-1699) - British counterfeiter and con man. Outer: From an impoverished background. Father was a weaver. Because he was an uncontrollable child, his parents quickly apprenticed him to a mail-maker in Birmingham, which at the time was notorious for harboring counterfeiters. Summarily ended his apprenticeship and walked to London, but could not get accepted into a guild. Manufactured and hawked tin watches then became a quack doctor selling nostrum, while continually playing off of the gullibility and greed of people. Married Katherine Atkinson in 1684, and had several children with her. Forced to flee this one conventional period of his life, when he was suspected of robbery. Began claiming he recovered stolen property, after stealing it himself, then took advantage of the fact that British currency was in disarray at the time. By 1696 forged coins consisted of 10% of the money in use. Quickly gained a reputation for the quality of his work in the counterfeiting community, thanks to the tutelage of an expert and began doing foreign currency as well. Totally abandoned his family and began having affairs with female coiners, Proved to be an excellent teacher as well, thanks to his well-honed techniques. After 1694, he targeted the Royal Mint, with equal adept facility. His nefarious ways finally caught up to him and by 1696 he was in Newgate prison on suspicion of felony. Ultimately undone b no less a personage than Sir Isaac Newton (J. Robert Oppenheimer) who recognized him from one of his coinage operations. Brought to trial, he was summarily convicted, and spent his last two weeks in Tyburn Prison, protesting his innocence via letters and shutting the blame for his crimes on others. None engendered a reply, and he was summarily hanged Inner: Skilled counterfeiter, as well as teacher of his artistry, with little desire to live within the confines of the law. Con man extraordinaire lifetime of entering the annals of his time as a premier forger, hustler, and genuine sociopath, with no moral compunctions whatsoever.