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SHOW BIZ ROYALS - MEDIAL MOGULS, & ENGLISH AND SCOTTISH MONARCHS & MISTRESSES

PATHWAY OF THE MOGUL AS INFORMATION-MASTER:
Storyline: The greedy media baron raises his own revenues by lowering standards, and feeding the public’s appetites for common denominator data, while deliberately voiding himself of personality in order to sidestep his own potential tabloid interior, and focus on the naked trappings of acquisition and power.

Rupert Murdoch (Keith Rupert Murdoch) (1931) - Australian/American media mogul. Outer: His Scottish grandfather, who was a Presbyterian minister, had earlier migrated to Australia, bringing with him a loathing for the British establishment, which he passed on to his grandson. His father was a celebrated WW I correspondent, who was knighted and ultimately became chief executive of Australia’s largest newspaper. Mother was later made a dame of the British Empire for her welfare work. 3 sisters. Educated in Australia, then went to Worcester College, Oxford, where he was an indifferent student, with leftist leanings, which he soon abandoned. His father died when he was 21, he got his M.A. and worked briefly for his sire’s old friend Maxwell Beaverbrook (James Packer), on one of his papers as a junior sub-editor, and used that acquisitive press lord as his role model. In 1954 he returned to Australia, where the family had only one weak newspaper, the Adelaide News, left after his sire’s death taxes. Employed Fleet Street techniques of lurid, blaring headlines, which proved successful and began adding to his stable by buying more Australian newspapers. In 1956, he married Patricia Booker, an airline hostess and sometime model. The duo subsequently separated in 1960 and divorced in 1966, one daughter from the union. The following year he married Anna Torv, a reporter and devout Roman Catholic in 1967, one daughter and two sons from the union, all of whom became involved at some point in his media empire. Married a reporter and devout Roman Catholic in 1967, 3 children from union, all of whom became involved at some point in his media empire. His wife later became a novelist. Had little interest in his homelife, and instead was totally consumed by his work. By the late 1960s, he had built up a chain of newspapers and bought two British gutter tabloids as well as the august London Times. In the 1970s, he expanded into the American market, moving to New York in 1974, and eventually becoming an American citizen. Bought 20th Century Fox films, then acquired TV stations in 7 major markets, before launching the Fox network, and building it as a viable competitor against America’s three major networks. By the 1990s, his News Corp was a media empire of TV networks, book publishers, newspapers from Boston to Hong Kong and magazines, although his compulsive acquisitiveness saw him wind up some $7.6 billion in debt, before some imaginative restructuring got him out of it. Continued expanding his News Corp empire into Asian markets, pathologically gobbling everything in his path as well as creating a sports network. Bought the Los Angeles Dodgers through his Fox TV corporation, and tried to buy the rowdiest of British soccer clubs, Manchester United, in order to have the synergistic combination of both broadcasting and teams. Sued for divorce by his wife of 30 years, creating a financial entanglement for his resurrected $5+ billion empire, and married Wendi Deng, a Chinese employee and daughter of a machine factory manager nearly four decades his junior, at millennium’s near-end for yet another trophy in a life dedicated to grand acquisition, 2 daughters from the union. In 2004, he relocated his News Corp to the U.S., but had his goal of passing his mantle to his progeny temporarily thwarted by former friend and ally John Malone, in a battle of the titans, where the latter has been forced to remind the former, that uneasy lies any crown, even in the world of cutthroat business. Reminded again the following year when his heir apparent, his eldest son Lachlan, bolted from the company, citing far too much paternal interference in his life. Nevertheless, he was still able to recognize youthful trends, buying the extremely popular MySpace.com on the Internet in 2006, as a means for further expanding his global reach into the minds and pocketbooks of the world’s vast audience. In 2007, he bought a controlling share of Dow Jones & Co. at an exaggerated price, to add The Wall Street Journal to his stable, after initially being turned down, and immediately put his imprint on it, in his desire to make it competitive with the New York Times. Slightly more liberal through the influence of his wife, he became a Barack Obama supporter in 2008. In early 2011, he unveiled The Daily, designed, with Apple, for their IPad, as a national news outlet, for about 99¢ a week. At the same time, he was still trying to lasso his children Elizabeth and Lachlan back into his media realm, so as to divide it among them and his other son and daughter, despite the former’s completely opposite political views. His youngest two will inherit a financial interest in News Corp, but will have no voting control. Wishes to have Elizabeth oversee its entertainment assets, James continue as head of its European and Asian assets, and Lachlan brought back to over its newspaper assets. Sold MySpace at a huge loss for $30 million, after buying it for half a billion, and virtually destroying it, in a failed attempt to use it as a news content site to add to his media empire. Forced to shut down his tabloid “News of the World,” after a 168 year run because of an impending phone hacking scandal, as 21st century technology continues to play havoc with his decidedly 20th century grasp of media and its possibilities. His meltdown would continue with shareholders suing him, as well as possible criminal charges brought against his son, as his bid for control of satelllite giant BSkyB was put on hold, while several of his key lieutenants resigned. Governmental pressure over his organization’s intrusive practices of hacking into newsworthy victim’s phones and mails, brought direct mea culpas from him, while placing him, for the first time, under possible investigation for his egregious practices. Subsequently suffered the indignity of a pie in the face at British Parliamentary hearings. Decided afterwards to split his News Corp into two separate traded companies, with one a newspaper and book publisher and the other dedicated solely to entertainment, with the Murdoch family retaining control of both. Resigned as a director of a number of News Corp. subsidiary boards in Britain and the United States, in an effort to distance himself from his British newspaper interests and the ongoing scandal surrounding them. At the same time, he announced his 14 year marriage was irretrievably broken and filed for divorce as part of his need for resturcturing every element of his life. Failed in 2014 with an $80 billion dollar bid for Time-Warner, but put a change in the ownership of that mega-corporation into play. Announced the following year he would be stepping down as chairman of 21st Century Fox, and his son James would replace him, while he will stay on as executive chairman. In 2016 he announced his engagement to 59 year old Jerry Hall, the former wife of singer Mike Jagger, in what was labeled a Beauty and the Beast coupling. The duo married soon after at Princess Diana’s family townhouse. Forced to assume control of Fox News later in the year after Roger Ailes resigned because of sexual harassment lawsuits brought by his female underlings. Inner: Restless, avaricious, and very much a believer in himself against the world, with the world at distinct disadvantage. Sees craving respectability as the beginning of the end of a journalist. Intensely competitive, self-admittedly dull, humourless and asocial, with a singular focus on business. Covetous lifetime of building on his previous existence from a more stable and self-assured interior in an ongoing need for both conquest and control, after earlier giving play to his hidden tabloid inner workings. Alfred Northcliffe, 1st Viscount Northcliffe (Alfred Charles Harmsworth, Viscount Northcliffe) (1865-1922) - British media mogul. Outer: British media mogul. Outer: Devoted to his mother, Irish-born Geraldine Maffett Harmsworth, and had daily contact with her throughout his life, seeing her as his ideal woman. Father was a barrister, who brought his family to London when his eldest son was 2, in order to improve their Anglo-Irish lot. Eldest of fourteen children. At 13, he founded a school newspaper. Largely self-educated after his father’s health broke when he was 15, he took on the responsibility, along with his highly capable mother, of raising supporting their huge brood, becoming, in essence, her husband. Had an illegitimate son who was raised by his mother, and whom he apprenticed as a carpenter. Became a freelance journalist in 1880, then an editor, before traveling on the continent as secretary to an English lord in 1887. In 1888, with his mother’s strong disapproval, he married Mary Milner, the daughter of a merchant, no children to his regret, and no real domestic life, albeit a series of beautiful homes as he grew richer and more powerful. Formed his own publishing business in 1894 catering to the new reading public, by lowering the standards of journalism, while continually adding to his stable of newspapers, including the Daily Mail, which pioneered low-cost production, serial novels, a smaller tabloid size and huge headlines. With his brother, Harold Harmsworth, the future Lord Rothermere’s financial skills, and his own ability to gauge public tastes, he built a media empire of inexpensive popular periodicals, following the same formula of gossip, features, pictures and limited news. Admonished editors, “never lose your sense of the superficial.” Became the most successful newspaper publisher in Britain’s his/story, pandering to the lowest common denominator public tastes. Restless, constantly working, totally absorbed in the high pressure of disseminating palatable information. As he and his wife grew apart, he took on an Irish mistress, Kathleen Wrohan, with whom he had two sons and a daughter, providing generously for each. Benevolent with his employees as well, encouraging them to name their sons after him, in a desire for an extended family he never had with his wife. Took on other mistresses, as well, including his secretary. Made a baronet in 1903 and was elevated to the peerage in 1905, the youngest ever peer of the realm, as he added the Times and the Sunday Observer to his empire. Failed with the first daily for women, the Daily Mirror, although it would find its audience later on, when he made it a picture newspaper for both genders. Became director of foreign propaganda for Britain towards the end of WW I, enthusiastically embracing the allies, while continually asserting his complete independence from all political parties, despite unabashedly campaigning for specific causes via his newspapers. Following the war, he was increasingly concerned over the Zionist movement, and published the spurious “Protocol of Zion,” as a means of trying to blunt it. Visited Palestine and further denigrated the Jewish presence there in articles. During this period, he suffered increasing ill health around the areas of the throat, communication, and eyes, vision. With his desire for political office thwarted, he eventually became megalomaniacal, with an exaggerated sense of his own influence and obsession with keeping his name before the public, while his last months had an aura of mystery around them, after his being remanded to the custody of a doctor aboard a train heading back to London. Died at home of infective endocarditis after a breakdown in his early 50s, and guaranteed in his will that all of his 6000 employees would get the equivalent of 3 months salary as a bonus. His last wish was to be buried by his mother, who outlived him by three years and whose picture he clasped to his breast in his coffin. Changed the course of British journalism, through his desire to accommodate rather than educate or elevate. Inner: Totally identified with work, incapable of relaxing. Information-master, but with an off-balanced sense of himself in relation to consuming and regurgitating it. His early usurpation of his father’s role gave him an ongoing inflated view of himself. Once said, “News is what someone, somewhere is trying to suppress; the rest is just advertising.” Flushing out lifetime of allowing his usually hidden megalomania free reign, with ultimately disastrous results, causing him to be far more a combination of his and his brother’s skills the next time around, with his own individual sense of grandeur decidedly repressed. James Dalhousie, 1st Marquess of Dalhousie (James Broun-Ramsay) (1812-1860) - British governor-general of India. Outer: Born into an aristocratic but money-strapped family. Father had been a governor in Canada as well as a commander in the East Indies, while his mother was an heiress. Youngest of 3 sons, and the only one to survive childhood. Accompanied his parents to Canada when he was 4, then was educated at Christ Church, Oxford. Small and subject to infirmity, struggled against himself all his life. Lost in 1835 as a conservative candidate from Edinburgh, and the following year he married Susan Hay, the daughter of a marquess, 2 daughters. The same year he entered Parliament, and at his father’s death, he moved up to the House of Lords. Active in the affairs of the Church of Scotland and eventually appointed youngest-ever governor-general of India, assuming the post at the age of 35. An extremely hard worker, which ultimately fed into his relatively early death, as did the demise of his wife in 1853, which left him heartbroken. Radically remapped the face of the subcontinent with reforms, conquests, annexations and aggressive diplomacy, becoming an extremely controversial figure at home and in India for his policies of expanding British presence there. A brilliant administrator, railway planner and builder, and believer in Western institutions, he revitalized the country along western lines. The bloody Indian Mutiny occurred after his retirement in 1857 and was blamed on him. Died of exhaustion from overwork in reshaping India to his personal vision, and his title became extinct. Inner: Tenacious master of details, put his entire focus into his work to the point of exclusion of all other concerns. Overworked lifetime of mastering an alien territory, while feeling alien in his own body, necessitating a deeper sense of personal connection, if only to his mother, the next go-round, in order to help free him of his ongoing fears of his own humanity. Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford (1661-1724) - British statesman. Outer: From a good family, eldest son of a prominent Presbyterian and Parliamentarian, by his 2nd wife, with one younger brother and two sisters. Both his father and grandfather had fought for Parliament in the English Civil Wars. Educated at a private school, then entered the Inner Temple in 1682, but was never called to the bar. Elected to Parliament at age of 21. Guided the initial career of Henry Bolingbroke (James Packer), although he later turned against him. Married in 1685 to Elizabeth Foley, the daughter of one of his sire’s allies. 2 sons and 2 daughters from the union, with one of each dying in infancy, while his wife passed on in 1691. Wed Sarah Middleton three years later, no progeny from the 2nd union. A Whig and dissenter by birth but he gradually became a conservative Tory and church party member. Became speaker of the House of Commons from 1702 to 1705, then formed a ruling legislative triumvirate with John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough (John F. Kennedy) and Sidney Godolphin (Robert McNamara), although the duo later forced his resignation, and he, in turn, conspired with Bolingbroke for Marlborough’s final ouster in 1710. Used personal connections for his advancement, holding several posts and becoming the dominant figure and favorite of Queen Anne (Princess Anne), despite never taking a firm or broad view of anything. Small, slovenly speaker, largely uninspiring. Ultimately became Lord Treasurer. Survived an attempt on his life by a French spy. Undermined by intrigues of Bolingbroke, he lost power, and when George I (Prince Charles) ascended the throne in 1714, he found himself a totally extraneous political figure. Began drinking heavily, and declined both mentally and physically. to be ultimately imprisoned in the Tower, impeached and then acquitted when the articles of impeachment were never pressed. Played no further public role afterwards, and died at his London home. A bibliophile and collector, his estate wound up as the Harleian Library of the British Museum. Inner: Cold and formal, with a narrow intellect although he possessed a cultivated mind and was extremely intrigue-prone. Courageous, and a moderate at heart. Loved literature, albeit an indifferent writer of verse himself. Never played to his strength. Steppingstone lifetime of realizing the importance of information, as well as the danger of partnerships with those whose ambitions match your own, although unable to rise above his own personality defects in the realm of legislative law, necessitating a switch back to executiveship in his next go-rounds in this series. Henry VII (1457-1509) - King of England. Outer: Mother, Margaret Beaufort (Queen Mother Mary), was the great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt (Lyndon Johnson), and barely a teenager at the time of his birth. Father was the earl of Richmond, and had died of the plague, while he was still in the womb. Through the mortal hand of fate, he became the sole male heir to the House of Lancaster. Brought up by his uncle, the Earl of Pembroke, he was taken out of the country to Brittany, to live in safe exile. His mother’s prudent manipulations, and marriages, kept him out of the reach of the rival House of York, who occupied the throne, until he came of age and could defend his own interests. Landed in England and defeated usurper Richard III (Evelyn Waugh) at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, and claimed the throne, with Parliament’s assent. May have had a hand in the deaths of Edward V (Prince Edward) and his brother, to insure his succession. Married Elizabeth (Michelle Pfeiffer), the daughter of Edward IV (Ethan Hawke) early the next year to strengthen the ties between the Houses of Lancaster and York and also end the War of the Roses, 7 children with only 3 surviving including his successor Henry VIII (James Packer) and Margaret Tudor (Doris Lessing), Queen of Scotland. Despite being a political union, he and his wife became close afterwards. Began the Tudor line on the English throne, although he had to withstand 2 Yorkist rebellions, as well as a pair of pretenders, Lambert Simnel (Lee Harvey Oswald) and Perkin Warbeck (Spiro Agnew) who inspired 3 failed invasions. Strengthened his kingdom from both within and without through the diplomatic marriages of his daughters, while his keen interest in trade made his realm prosperous. England’s exploration of the New World also began under him. A sound administrator, he ably enhanced his crown, although his cautious character was not well-loved. A traditionalist in most of his dealings, building on the foundations of an autocratic, efficient, conservative government that reflected his acquisitiveness. Became an old man before his time and a recluse after his wife’s death in 1503, making for a gloom-filled court at the end of his life. Inner: Intelligent and astute, although wary and secretive because of his uncertain youth. Thrifty, with good mercantile instincts, as well as repressed, patient and always vigilant for threats to his power. Continuation lifetime of exploring the dual themes of power and wealth, in the restrained personality that allows him to operate to best effect, at the cost of the ongoing evolution of his own more deeply emotional humanity. Henry Beaufort (c1374-1447) - English cardinal and statesman. Outer: Grandson of Edward III (Duke of Wellington). 2nd illegitimate son of John of Gaunt (Lyndon Johnson), although his parents made their union legal some 16 years later. His mother had been married to another while acting as the mistress of his sire, and had 4 children all told with him, who were legitimatized by Richard II (Richard Nixon), although barred from royal succession. Attended Oxford, but he spent the greater part of his youth at Aachen, where he studied civil and canon law. In 1398, he was made Bishop of Lincoln. Had considerable influence over the Prince of Wales, later Henry V (Winston Churchill), as Bishop of Winchester. Became chancellor of Oxford during his cousin, Richard II’s reign. Had a daughter by the daughter of the Earl of Arundel. Always a steady supporter of the House of Lancaster, once it rose into royal power, he came into conflict with the Archbishop of Canterbury, and wound up dismissed from his see in 1411, although was made Chancellor a second time, when Henry V assumed the throne in 1413. Offered a cardinal’s hat by Martin V (Martin Luther King) for his services in effecting a compromise between rival factions at a major church council, although was forced by the king not to accept it. After Henry’s premature death, and the succession of the infant Henry VI (Harold Nicolson), he returned to the council again, in an ongoing pattern of losing and then continuing his power with each turn of the crown. Made Chancellor a third time in 1424, but fell to the machinations of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, (James Packer), as the latter came to represent the aggressive policies of Parliament in pursuing the country’s archenemy France, while his stance for peace reflected the king’s council. Accepted a cardinal’s hat afterwards, when the pope wanted his support for a crusade against the Hussites. His cardinalship, however, weakened his position at home, and he was forced to maneuver around his enemies once again, as he and Gloucester continually contended for power during the young king’s minority. in 1432, he finally won Henry’s support in maintaining his see and red hat. Continued to do battle with Gloucester over dealings with France, although held the trust of the king’s council, and was able to effect the wedding of Henry with Margaret of Anjou (Vita Sackville-West), a union that would have disastrous consequences for the royal house. Thanks to his avariciousness, he became extremely wealthy, and was ultimately able to finance the state. Finally retired from politics, and had his funeral service held in his chambers while he was dying, taking his leave after confirming his will, less than two months after his enemy Gloucester expired after being arrested for treason. Returned in his own bloodline generations later as Henry VIII. A dominant figure in British politics for over 40 years, thanks to his excellent instinct for manipulation and maneuvering around the English royal court. Inner: Ambitious, haughty, impetuous. Arrogant, self-serving and rapacious, with a keen political and financial acumen. Me-first lifetime of experiencing the dual power of church’n’state, while giving genetic foundation to his future self. Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus (c174-238) - Roman emperor. Outer: Supposedly of lowly birth, his father may have been a blacksmith or coach-maker. Also may have been of upper-class origins. Governor of either Upper or Lower Germany, as well as a governor of Asia. Thin-featured, long-nosed and bearded. Twice consul in 217 and 234 and was prefect of Rome in the 230s, where he had a reputation for both firmness and strictness, as well as severity with criminals, which made him unpopular. Elected emperor in 238 along with Balbinus (James Packer) by the Senate after the fall of the Gordians in Africa and during the march through Italy by the usurper Maximinus I Thrax (Arnold Schwarzenegger). Nominated the grandson of the popular Gordians, Gordianus III (Steven Spielberg), which placated the Romans. Given the task of subduing Maximinus, although the latter was subsequently assassinated by his own soldiers, and he received an ovation from the senate and the people at the news. Relations between the two emperors remained unfriendly and competitive, and consequently they only ruled for 99 days before being captured by their own disaffected praetorian guard during an argument with one another, and both were summarily dispatched, with their bodies ignominiously left lying in the street. Inner: Stern, morose, gloomy. Held strongly to his own opinions, sparing in everything he did. Unsharing lifetime of acting effectively on his own, only to be undone by competitive squabbling with his longtime ally/son/mentor after being elevated together to a position which each would have much preferred having alone.

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PATHWAY OF THE MOGUL AS INFORMATION-MASTER:
Storyline: The ongoing beady-eyed media baron continues to explore the lucrative milieu of data, influence and plenitude, after many a go-round of impolitic politicking and serving as an archetype for the bloated ego of unrestrained power and possession.
James Packer (1967) - Australian media and resort baron. Outer: Father was media mogul Kerry Packer, who had inherited his communications empire from his own sire in 1974, and ultimately became one of Australia’s richest men. The younger of two, with an older sister. Despite his progenitor’s long-term marriage, Kelly Packer was a compulsive philanderer and gambler, as well as a heavy smoker, passing on the first and last traits to his son. After a secondary school education, his father wanted to toughen him up and sent him to his cattle station, where he worked as a jackeroo, or management trainee in a very physical environment. 6’5 1/2” as well as overweight with a huge stomach for the latter part of his life. Never much of a student, so university was out of the question for him, as it was his last life in this series. Instead, he learned directly through practical application, managing some of his father’s extensive holdings. As such, he developed the ability to discern what would be of ultimate value and what would fall by the wayside in the new electronic age. Always surrounded himself with beautiful women, and in 1999, he wed bikini model Jodhi Meares, only to separate from and divorce her three years later. Realized the value of the internet and following the dot.com crash of 2000, he invested heavily in net-based companies, while seeing newspapers that relied on classified ads, were highly vulnerable to the new media. Sought out SEEK, a job sharing site and his favorite company in 2003 and sold it for a monster profit several years later. Saw media would be increasingly unprofitable, and began investing in resorts and high-end casinos, which would become the heart of his ever-burgeoning empire. On his sire’s death in 2005, he inherited his holdings and continued using his own sense of what reflected the needs of the moment, as he began switching his focus from media to casinos and resorts in Australia, Macau, Great Britain and Las Vegas, understanding the need for the high-end populace to escape from the mundanity of modernity. In 2007, he married model and singer Erica Baxter, after dating her several years. Two daughters and a son from the union, which ended in separation in 2013. The year previous he formed Rat-Pac Entertainment with producer/director Brett Ratner, and had a hit their first time out with Gravity. After sporting a huge stomach, he had lap band surgery, and was able to lose quite a bit of weight, which he has kept off with daily exercises and eating much smaller portions. In 2014, he had a net worth of $£7 billion making him the third richest Australian after earlier having been number one. The following annum, he became a high profile item with singer Mariah Carey, only to eventually split with her in the fall of 2016, amidst much rancor around an unsigned prenup, with her demanding $50 million, despite not marrying, and insisting on keeping his $10million engagement ring. Inner: Highly materialistic, with a huge mansion and an affection for superyachts, flying machines and luxury cars, as well as given to casual colloquialisms, with mate and bloke liberally interspersed throughout his speech. Briefly flirted with Scientology before abandoning it, finding his sense of self in ownership rather than religious belief. Highly charitable through his family foundation, supporting various projects in Australia. Born to win lifetime of continuing his fascination with wealth and power, as an exemplar of living well as the best revenge. Maxwell Beaverbrook (William Maxwell Aitken, lst Baron of Beaverbrook) (1879-1964) - Canadian/British press lord. Outer: Canadian-born, father was a poor Presbyterian minister, mother was the daughter of a storekeeper and farmer. 3rd of 10 children. Had a great love and respect for his parents, as well his father’s Bible teachings. Began selling newspapers at the age of 6. Failed his entrance exam to Dalhousie Univ., and realized his true education would be in the business world. Small and monkey-like, with a large head, and sturdy body, while his eyes were far apart. Entered a law firm at 16, then sold sewing machines and bonds, before becoming a promoter after getting the backing of an elderly leading financier in Halifax. Became a financier and stockbroker, and began engineering mergers of banks, utilities, steel and cement companies, making a small fortune in the process. In 1906, he married Gladys Drury, the daughter of a major general, 2 sons and a daughter from the union. The following year he liquidated his holdings and moved to London. Sold politico Andrew Bonar Law (Tony Blair) some life insurance and became his private secretary. Entered Parliament in 1910, where he was seen as a Canadian adventurer, and wound up serving better behind the scenes, acting as minister of information during WW I. Won a peerage in 1917, and the same year, he bought his first newspaper, initially to support Bonar Law. Skewing his paper to give a cockneyed view of low-brow journalism, it was a moneymaker by its 3rd year. When Bonar Law died in 1923, he became a voice of imperialism and free trade in his expanding newspaper empire. Had a pathological need for control, and shamelessly slanted his papers towards his candidates and beliefs. Along with Lord Rothermere, the brother of press magnate Alfred Northcliffe (Rupert Murdoch), he became Beavermere in their united clamor for Britain’s sense of isolationism and world destiny. His first wife died in 1927, and he had a 20 year relationship afterwards, with Mrs. Jean Norton, a society beauty, while escorting many of the beauties of his day. Randy and promiscuous into old age. Despite being an isolationist at the onset of WW II, he became very active during its duration as minister of aircraft production, and was looked on as a public hero, despite his inability to be a team player. Although he made many enemies in the Air Ministry, he helped with the Battle of Britain, through his relentless marshaling of means of production. Served as Lord Privy Seal the latter 2 years of the war, then took a disastrous leading role in Winston Churchill’s 1945 campaign for continuing his leadership of peacetime Britain. Became a political his/storian in his waning years, proving himself an adept at finance, politics and journalism. Married Marcia Christoforides, the widow of a good friend, the year before he died of bladder cancer. Inner: Charming, with boundless curiosity, and an extreme restlessness, with a radical temperament albeit a conservative constitution. Constantly on the phone, great need to be continually stimulated. Harbored a compulsive seductiveness with women. Alienated from and drawn to the English upperclass. Major leaguer eager beaver lifetime of discovering the press as the perfect outlet for his needs to be both controlling and highly communicative, as, an avenue he would continue to explore in the ongoing Age of Industry & Information. Henry Palmerston (Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston) (1784-1865) - British Prime Minister. Outer: From a landowning Irish family, who were Tory aristocrats. Father was 2nd Viscount and an MP for 40 years as well as a Charles James Fox (David Lloyd George) loyalist. Mother was the daughter of a wealthy merchant and his 2nd and much younger wife. His sire would prove extremely beneficial to his son with his connections, while his mother was largely a background figure. Had warm, affectionate relations with both, as well as with his siblings. Eldest surviving son of 5, with one brother becoming a British minister at Naples. Spent much of his childhood abroad, gaining fluency in several languages, then was educated at Harrow, where his strong character stood out. Assumed his title of Lord Palmerston at the death of his father when he was 17. Strikingly handsome and extremely well-socialized. Educated at Edinburgh Univ., which he would later consider pivotal in shaping him, then at St. John’s College, Cambridge, where he forged the key friendships of his political life, as an active clubman, while also doing some amateur soldiering. As an Irish peer, he entered the British House of Commons in 1807, and made his maiden speech the following year. A liberal constitutionalist, he was a Tory turned Whig, with a conservative aristocratic overview. Became secretary-at-war in 1809, and retained that position through successive administrations until 1828, when he resigned the post. Lightly wounded by a would-be assassin in 1818, he wound up paying for the former’s legal defense. Much in demand socially, he recorded his sexual predatory practices in a pocket diary, while charming both men and women alike with his conviviality. Took his mistresses from all levels of society, and fathered a goodly number of children, several of whom he helped educate, while earning the nickname of ‘Lord Cupid’ for his concupiscent activities. Lived well, with four estates in both England and Ireland, and a fluctuating income. Became foreign secretary in 1830, and held that office, save for a 4 month break for 11 years, showing great prescience and firmness in his foreign dealings, raising English prestige abroad. At the same time, he broke from the Tories to the Whigs, over his support of Catholic emancipation and parliamentary reform. An effective speaker, and controversial throughout his many governmental posts, with a definitive world view with England at its center. Married his longtime mistress, Lady Mary Crowley, the sister of William Lamb (Harold Nicholson), late in life in 1839, no offspring, although he was credited with the paternity of three of her five surviving children. Despite a mutual sense of devotion, he remained sexually active outside his marriage, and was cited as a co-respondent in a divorce case when he was 79. Saw politics as sport, was a racing enthusiast and also hunted into old age. As a reckless diplomat, he always served British interests. Far more interested in external then internal affairs, misreading some situations completely, and quite on the mark with others, while holding the post of foreign secretary three times. Loved by the public, although disturbing to his cohorts. Became Prime Minister at the age of 71, making him the oldest ever to achieve that office for the first time. Successfully brought an end to the Crimean War, and oversaw the transfer of administrative power from the East India Company to the crown in India, before losing his position. Formed the Liberal Party in 1859, then returned to office, and held it until his death. Other than gout, he had a robust constitution his entire life. Died of pneumonia, after catching a chill while driving. His last words, reputedly were, “Die, my dear Doctor, that’s the last thing I shall do.” Given a state funeral, and on his death his Irish peerage went extinct. Inner: Impulsive, seductive, often offended colleagues, as well as whole countries. Hard-driving, hard-working, hard-playing. Tactful, firm, good-humoured, buoyant, vivacious and optimistic. Hands upon the wheel of state lifetime of highly active play on the playingfields of politics. Henry Bolingbroke (Henry St. John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke) (1678-1751) - British statesman. Outer: From a family of great antiquity and considerable estates. Only son of a Whig rake, mother was the daughter of Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick. His education is clouded after Eton, may have attended Christ Church, Oxford, although no record of him exists there. Possessed an engaging wit, an impressive memory, and a profligate’s love of pleasure. Traveled and in his early 20s, married Frances Winchcombe, the daughter of a rich country gentleman, whose ancestor had been a clothier to Henry VIII, an earlier incarnation of his, before entering Parliament at the age of 23, taking the same seat his father once held. Treated his first wife with harsh infidelities as a notorious wastrel and hard drinker, with a legendary capacity for wine, and the duo parted company by mutual assent to live permanently apart. Within 12 months of entering Commons, he was leader of the ‘high-flying’ Tories, in a meteoric rise, thanks to being an effective speaker, since he had no real fixed political views. His early career was helped through his friendship with the more moderate, and far less talented, Robert Harley (Rupert Murdoch). Secretary of War, then State. Rose to become a leading figure in government in the early 1700s. Joined with Harley in destroying John Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough’s (JFK) power in 1710, although he had earlier hero-worshipped him for his military victories. Made viscount in 1712, and at the same time, lord lieutenant of the county of Leicester. Broke with Harley, after realizing his limitations, and the two would suffer an irreconcilable breech afterwards, then was dismissed by George I (Prince Charles), on the latter’s assumption of the throne in 1714, following Whig control of Parliament. Fearing impeachment, he fled to France. His wife died in 1718, lleaving him nothing in her will, and he married his former mistress, Marie Claire Deschamps de Marcilly, the French widow of a marquis, in what proved to be a close relationship. Wrote numerous works, and mingled with the French intelligentsia, while always keeping one eye pointed homeward in hopes of a pardon and restitution. Involved in a Jacobite uprising, but abjured them after their failure, and returned following the king’s pardon in 1723, to become a power again as the voice of opposition and the center of a distinguished political/literary circle, as an his/storian and fascinating conversationalist. Ultimately retired in 1736 to his estates in France, to write on politics and philosophy, although showed himself to be a shallow thinker at best. His last years were clouded by a sense of loss of power. Deeply distressed at his 2nd wife’s death, he died soon after of cancer of the cheek, from which he had long suffered, after asking not to be attended by clergy on his deathbed. Inner: Imperious, unstable profligate, skilled with language, but an indifferent manager of others. Complete opportunist, but also a perceptive realist. Go-for-broke lifetime of focusing on the mastery of communication and information, while playing off of his own sense of inner royalty, with a similar use of women towards his own ends, despite an affectionate final relationship. Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford (1593-1641) - British statesman. Outer: Son of a Yorkshire landowner. Educated at St. John’s College, Cambridge, and then entered Middle Temple. In 1611, he was knighted and he married into an ancient family for political reasons. Traveled and began his political career in 1614 as a member of Parliament. Tall, but stooped, with a lively demeanor. Opposed the crown’s war with Spain and showed hostility towards Puritanism, as well as the king’s favorite, the Duke of Buckingham (Warren Beatty). Unseated, then re-elected, at which point, he began taking part in debate, siding with the Parliamentarians against the king. In 1611, he married Margaret Clifford, the daughter of an earl. His wife died without issue in 1622, and three years later, he wed Arabella Holles, another earl’s daughter, one son from the union. His 2nd wife also died young in 1631, before he secretly wed a third time the following year to Elizabeth Rhodes. With the accession of Charles I (George VI) in 1624, he was made sheriff of Yorkshire, which precluded him from Parliament. Briefly imprisoned in 1627, he actively questioned royal policy, then was branded a turncoat for supporting the king, at which point he was raised to the peerage as a baron. Lost his leadership in the Parliament, for his pro-royal stance, and when Buckingham was assassinated, he became a viscount. Held several royal posts, including the governorship of northern England, where he proved an efficient administrator, while continuing to support the crown in its growing battles with Parliament. During the 11 years the latter was out of session, by order of Charles, he was one of two, along with William Laud (William F. Buckley, Jr.), key advisers to the crown. As Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1632, he was extremely active, using ruthless despotic means to gain his heavy-handed aims, while showing a strong prejudice against his charge. After being recalled, he became the king’s chief adviser in 1639, despite offending the queen. Created Earl of Strafford, as well as lord-lieutenant of Ireland the following year. Took command of the crown’s forces in Yorkshire and urged the king to send Parliamentary leaders to the Tower. In 1641, he was impeached over his military actions, although it failed. Nevertheless, he had become a symbol of absolute royal authority, and Parliament felt he had to serve as an example of the crown’s excesses. His execution was signed most reluctantly by the king, who feared mob violence if he didn’t, despite the former’s loyalty to him. Executed in front of a huge crowd of 200,000, as a last act of public theater. When Charles met a similar fate at decade’s end, he stated he was getting recompense from on high for allowing his minister to become victim of the mob’s cry for vengeance. Inner: Ambitious, ruthless, with a great hunger for power, and even greater facility for making powerful enemies. Principled royalist and harsh ruler, as a throwback to when he enjoyed absolute status in the not too distant past. Divided lifetime of harboring a conflicted political overview, part autocratic and part benevolent, with a sacrifice of self at life’s end to try to integrate his more ennobling characteristics into his need for control and dominance. Henry VIII (1491-1547) - King of England. Outer: From the From the House of Tudor. 2nd son of Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch) and Elizabeth (Michelle Pfeiffer). One of seven children, with only he and two sisters surviving. Had a fair complexion and was handsome when young, although he became gross and rapacious when old. Renaissance Prince, with a flair for language, an abiding interest in theology, a love of music, and a keen scholarly intelligence. With his older brother’s death when he was 11, he also had the surety he would assume the throne. Married his brother’s widow, Katherine of Aragon (Mary Renault) shortly afterwards, although she failed to produce a male heir. Their singular surviving issue was the future Mary I (Rose Kennedy). 6’ and powerfully built, he was a gifted and indefatigable athlete, and harbored adolescent dreams of conquest, although he had no real martial abilities. Ascended to the throne at the age of 17, with great expectations. Understood the showmanship of the crown, and displayed himself to people everywhere. Wrote an attack on Martin Luther (Martin Luther King), and was given the title ‘Defender of the Faith’ by Rome. The first part of his reign was dominated by Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (Henry Kissinger), the last British ecclesiastic who operated in the medieval tradition and who ultimately bore the brunt for the king’s own failings, both at home and abroad, as his popularity and policies both began to seriously wane by 1527. Initially shy with women, and somewhat prudish, he began to see his marriage to his brother’s widow as a sin because of its relatively barren nature. Appealed to Rome for an annulment, and when that did not come, he ousted Wolsey, and spearheaded the English Reformation, the major achievement of his reign, which made the Church of England autonomous under him. Divorced Katherine and married his strong-willed mistress Anne Boleyn (Katherine Hepburn) in 1533, but she only produced the irredoubtable future Elizabeth I (Mae West), and within 3 years, he had her head parted from her body on trumped up treason charges. Suffered a serious accident riding in the lists the month Katherine died, but wore yellow to celebrate her demise. During the decades of the 1530s and 1540s, the executioner’s axe was bloody and busy with presumed high-powered enemies of the state, as well as heretics, as the king became more and more tyrannical. In 1536, he married the compliant Jane Seymour (Jane Seymour), who produced the short-lived Edward VI (Cecil Beaton), but she died in childbirth 2 years later. Contracted his 4th marriage sight unseen to the foreign-born Anne of Cleves (Princess Anne), but was repulsed at first view, and quickly divorced her, although allowed her to live. By 1540, his mental state had deteriorated into paranoia, and he grew bloated and depressed, with an ulcerated leg, so that he needed a pulley to hoist him upstairs. That year, he married 20 year old Catherine Howard (Sarah Ferguson), whose ongoing promiscuity also saw her head removed 2 years later. His final union the following year was with the twice-widowed, but thoroughly domestic Catherine Parr (Meryl Streep), who outlived him. Although he was attracted to several of his wives by their high spirit, he became afraid of their elan once he married them. Died with a minister by his side, but no members of his family. Inner: Authoritarian, tyrannical, extremely manipulative and arbitrary. Hardworking, although lacked concentration or sense of detail, as a big picture thinker who hated paperwork. Ruthlessly self-righteous, cold-hearted and a supreme egotist, saw his own needs as the needs of state. Off-with-their-heads sensibility, which left his kingdom in far worse financial shape than the one he inherited, despite some administrative and reformative accomplishments. Monomanical lifetime of acting out his longheld sense of inner kingship only to grow gross and impossible with it. Humphrey, Duke of Glouster (1390-1447) - English noble. Outer: Fourth and youngest son of Henry Bolingbroke, who later became Henry IV (Leslie Hore-Belisha). Mother was co-heiress Mary de Bohun (Maureen Dowd), who died in childbirth when he was 3. Younger brother of the future Henry V (Winston Churchill). Stayed in England during his father’s exile during the reign of Richard II (Richard Nixon). The day before his sire’s coronation in 1399, as a usurper of the throne for the House of Lancaster, he was made a knight. Received a good education at Balliol College, Oxford, and early on became a collector of books and a patron of learned men, while later serving as a benefactor to his alma mater. Made Duke of Gloucester in 1414, after his brother Henry had ascended to the throne. Took part in Henry’s French wars, and was wounded at the Battle of Agincourt. At the latter’s premature death in 1422, he was made regent and protector for his young nephew, Henry VI (Harold Nicolson), per his sire’s deathbed wish, although Parliament refused to allow it, and instead made his older brother John of Lancaster (George C. Marshall), Protector, with a council serving as regency. Lancaster was the singular male figure who inspired his affection, and he alone, was able to restrain him from his outsized recklessness, despite an early competitiveness twixt the two. At about the same time, he married Jacoba van Beieren (Mary Renault), the daughter of the Count of Hainaut and Holland, one stillborn child from the union. His late brother Henry had earlier forbidden the union when first she fled to England several years earlier, at his invitation. Assumed her titles, and in 1424, took up her cause with an army, and fought against her cousin, Philippe III of Burgundy (FDR) for her territory. Managed to completely alienate Philippe against England, while his attempts at a foreign principality for himself proved utterly fruitless. Deserted his wife and her cause, and came back to Britain in 1425, crippled by debt. At the same time, he quarreled with Henry Cardinal Beaufort (Rupert Murdoch), the real power behind his nephew’s throne, and there was a subsequent riot between their supporters. Their contentiousness, marked by occasional reconciliations, would continue for the rest of both their lives, particularly after the death of Bedford in 1435, his singular restraint. While he represented the war party, which was popular in Parliament, his adversary stood for peace, which had its adherents in the king’s council. HIs marriage, which had been over for several years, was annulled in 1428, and he built a palace for himself soon afterwards, to house his growing library and celebrate himself. His second marriage was to his mistress, Eleanor Cobham (Katherine Hepburn). Son who died young and daughter from the union. When the protectorate came to a conclusion at Henry VI’s majority in 1442, his power came to an end as well. Ruined his health with debauchery, so that by the end of his life he was worn out and prematurely old. His wife was arrested on charges of witchcraft, after she had allied herself with several necromancers to make magic around the king’s death, so that her husband could assume the throne. Soon after her conviction, and the execution of her codefendants, he was arrested on charges of treason. Died in his bed of a paralytic stroke a few days later, less than two months before Beaufort expired. His servants, including an illegitimate son among them, were also accused of his spouse’s conspiracy, although nothing came of it. Inner: Great restless energy. Hot-tempered and impulsive. Eloquent and affable. Unprincipled, greedy and selfish. Prelude lifetime of preparing himself for a memorable run in another half/century on the same throne, with the same two early spouses, and his gifts and faults and foibles completely undiminished by this warm-up experience. Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus (c178-238) - Roman emperor. Outer: Of noble birth, he joined the Salian priesthood, whose members had to be patricians. Held various governorships, and was consul in 203 and again a decade later. Elected joint emperor with Pupienus (Rupert Murdoch) in 238 in the confusion following the fall of the Gordians in Africa while Maximinus I Thrax (Arnold Schwarzenegger) was marching against Italy. With the latter’s defeat and death, the two seemed assured of their position, but they quarreled constantly, and he felt a competitive jealousy with his colleague, sensing he was trying to supersede him. Because of the unpopularity of Pupenius, the duo elected the teenage Gordianus III (Steven Spielberg) Caesar, a move which was well-received by the populace. While Pupienus was away coping with Maximinus, he had to deal with a disruptive praetorian guard, who feared that Pupienus’s German bodyguard would defeat them, and create a singular Augustus. When Pupienus returned, the two engaged in a bitter quarrel, which was interrupted by the guard, who quickly murdered them after only 99 days of wearing the purple, then dumped their bodies in the street, as signal of the all-around distaste that their mutual competitiveness had engendered. Inner: Sagacious, sensual statesman. Frank, open, with an aristocratic taste for pleasures of the flesh and the table. Self-serving lifetime of fashioning his own singular career only to be linked up with his longtime ally/competitor, and self-destructing in the wake of their inability to share power.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS FIERY SELF-SEEKER:
Storyline: The indomitable individualist etches a memorable persona on the public tastes of her times, in her great need to be admired publicly at the price of being rejected privately, as the lonely cost for overweening ambition.

Bette Davis (Ruth Elizabeth Davis) (1908-1989) - American actress. Outer: Of British descent, with a smattering of Scottish and Welsh. Mother was a portrait photographer, unpleasant father was a patent attorney, who abandoned the family to live with a mistress. The duo divorced when she was 7, much to her delight. The older of two sisters. Her life was shaped by her mother, who encouraged her performing ambitions and enrolled her in dancing school. the pair would have an intense, symbiotic relationship for the rest of the latter’s life. Began acting in high school, although after school productions and stock, she was rejected by actress Eva LeGallienne as too frivolous, but got a scholarship to John Murray Anderson’s dramatic school. Fired from her very first professional job in stock. 5’3”. At 20, she began appearing off-Broadway and the following year on Broadway, although she failed her first screen test 2 years later, before finally being retested and signed. Extremely persistent, she kept clawing her way into a career. After several unmemorable films for Universal, beginning with Bad Sister in 1931, she began getting better vehicles on loan to Warner Bros., and made her first highly memorable impression in her mid-20s, as the waitress in Of Human Bondage, a role for which she had to fight. At 24, she married Harmon Nelson, a band leader whose middle name was Oscar, and because of her upbringing, was a virgin at the time. Contended for years that the statuette was named after him, and following an affair with industrialist Howard Hughes, she divorced after 6 years. Continued being handed mediocre scripts, winning an Oscar for Dangerous in 1935, a saccharine tale of a resurrected actress. Vied with longtime rival Joan Crawford over actor Franchot Tone, who co-starred with her in the previous movie, but he married the latter, much to her undying bitterness. After more disappointing vehicles, she rebelled and refused to do ordinary films anymore. Immediately suspended without pay, she accepted an English offer to work overseas, but was issued an injunction for violating the tenure of her contract. Countersued them but lost. The publicity, however, made it worth their while to pay her legal expenses, and treat her like the electrifying actress she was. Her fiery personality and unique intonations came to life over the next decade, as she became a heroine to female audiences, who loved her filmic independence and self-absorbed passion. Won her 2nd Academy Reward in 1938 for Jezebel. Although less a favorite with male audiences of the time, she was acknowledged as a superior cinematic actress. Fell in love with director William Wyler, who would remain the love of her life, although he eventually found her too emotional and returned to his wife. Aborted a child they had together. In 1940, she eloped with Arthur Harmsworth, a former airline pilot and businessman, whom she had known since high school, but he died in the aftermath of a fall down their stairs, 2 years later. Married a 3rd time, to William Sherry, in 1945, one daughter from the union, before divorcing in 1950. Within the decade, she, too, seemed to play herself out, although she rebounded as a jealous older actress in All About Eve in her early 40s. Married her co-star Gary Merrill, both had drinking problems, and they divorced 10 years later. Wrote her autobiography, The Lonely Life. By the end of the decade, she was in eclipse once again, although she returned in her 50s, to make a horror film, Whatever Happened to Baby Jane? with Joan Crawford, in which she accidentally inflicted a three stitch gash in her head as a token of her unending competitive contumely towards her, and then received her 10th Oscar nomination for another in that genre. In 1977, she was given the American Film Institute’s Lifetime Achievement Award. Worked sparingly in the 1970s and 1980s, undergoing a mastectomy in 1983, and then suffering several strokes while hospitalized, only to recover to work again. Waspish and extremely unpleasant, as well as impossible to work with towards the end, allowing all her bile to come through at whoever was a convenient target. A book by her daughter, and former constant companion, Barbara Davis Sherry, My Mother’s Keeper, portrayed her as an abusive, domineering alcoholic, which she refuted in This’n’That, while never speaking to her again. Withered and wrinkled by life’s end, thanks to her unhealthy habits. Died from breast cancer on the way back from a lifetime achievement award in France. Wanted her epitaph to read, ‘She did it the hard way.’ Left half her estate to her secretary, who would prove to be the only person she didn’t ill-treat at the end. Inner: Fiery, flamboyant, driven, independently co-dependent, strong-willed and self-damaging. Harbored a host of unresolved contradictions, and ultimately just dried up as a human being. Passionate and highly emotional. Doing it the hard way lifetime of struggling between the priorities of career and the heart, allowing the former to predominate to see how it would affect the latter. Charlotte Cushman (1816-1876) - American actress. Outer: Father was a Pilgrim descendant, who became a successful merchant in the West Indies trade. Mother was his 2nd wife. Eldest of 5, one sister also became an actress. Both her father’s business and health failed, and she was forced to support herself at his premature death. Her mother opened a boardinghouse, and her schooling ended at 13, when she became a domestic. Began to study opera, making her debut at 19 as a contralto in The Marriage of Figaro, but her voice soon began to falter for singing in the wrong register. Switched to a straight dramatic career, beginning in New Orleans. Had piercing eyes, thick hair, an imperious face and a high forehead, as well as great physical vitality. Although plain-featured, she was a commanding presence. Joined the Park Company in NYC in her early 20s, and went on to become stage manager of a Philadelphia theater for 2 years, while securing a solid reputation for her abilities in contemporary drama, as well as Shakespeare. At her best in powerful emotional roles, with little use for subtlety or comedy. Went to London in her late 20s with no money, and soon was the social center of a cultured expatriate group, while adding to her professional luster on the British stage. Returned to the U.S. in her early 30s for a triumphal tour, acting Hamlet and Romeo to her sister’s Juliet, as well as traditional female leads. Retired with a considerable fortune at the apex of her career, in her mid-30s, and spent most of the next 2 decades in England and Rome. Her constant companion after her early 40s was a sculptress. Kept her orientation hidden, despite a strong preference for the company of women, as well as powerful men. Adopted her eccentric nephew and induced one of her lovers to marry him. Suffering from breast cancer for a long time, she returned to Boston with her companion to do readings and occasional parts, ultimately sitting at a desk because of her unbearable pain, before succumbing to that disease. Best known for a trinity of roles, Lady MacBeth, a gypsy fortune-teller named Meg Merrilees and Queen Katherine. Inner: Anxiety and deprivation in childhood made her very serious throughout her life. Obsessed with social proprieties, but also liked to defy convention. Had a fondness for high society. Secret male yearnings, tomboy at heart, with a large weapons collection. Powerful actress, although subject to spells of deep depression. Unitarian with a strong spiritual sense and helpful to young talent. Queen of the stage lifetime, once again, of recreating herself from a disadvantaged position, to become a reigning monarch on the transatlantic boards, while fighting her own dark memories of childhood’s abrupt end, through a continually failing body. Marie-Francoise Dumesnil (Marie-Francois Marchand) (1713-1803) - French actress. Outer: Father was a poor nobleman. Left home early, due to her sire’s temperamental nature and apprenticed for the stage with different companies of comedians in the provinces. Eventually joined the Comedie-Francaise in her mid-20s, and became one of the principal interpreters of the plays of Voltaire (Michel Foucault), bringing a passionate sensibility to the stage. Eschewed realism for theatricality, wearing contemporary costumes laden with jewelry in a well-received career. Retired from the stage in her early 60s. Had a famous debate with longtime rival Claire Clairon (Eva LeGallienne) about the difference between art and realism in theater when she was in her mid-70s, and later wrote her memoirs in order to refute aspersions cast upon her in Clairon’s Memoires. The carryover of their rivalry would be reflected in her early career rejection by LeGallienne in her later go-round. Inner: Highly individualistic, original and self-possessed. Scorned tradition, preferring to interpret both contemporary and classic playwrights in a contemporary manner. Light up the boards lifetime of independently transliterating her fiery, passionate persona to the fantasy realm of the theater as a unique artiste unto herself, with a focus on career rather than a personal life. Barbara Palmer, 1st duchess of Cleveland (Barbara Villiers) (1641-1709) - British courtesan. Outer: Grandfather was half-brother to the Duke of Buckingham (Warren Beatty). Mother was the co-heiress of a wealthy merchant, father was a handsome cavalier viscount. Dark-haired and blue-eyed., she was an only child. Her sire died in the English Civil Wars when she was 2, leaving the family in precarious straits, although her mother would marry twice more. Possessed an exceptional beauty, as well as a sexual magnetism, allowing her a lively lovelife, before she married Roger Palmer, a royalist Catholic law student at 18, against the wishes of his father. The duo separated but never divorced following the birth of a son in 1662. Two years prior, she joined the future Charles II (Peter O’Toole) at the end of his exile in Holland, then returned with him when he came back to England. Exactly 9 months after the Restoration, she gave birth to a daughter, whom the king acknowledged as his own, giving rise to the belief that he may have spent the first night of his restored monarchy with her. Her husband was given an earl’s cornet in recompense the following year. Made lady-in-waiting to the new queen, Catherine of Braganza (Mary Gordon), although treated her publicly with disdain. The queen bled from the nose and fainted on first meeting her, but eventually openly acknowledged her as a rival for the king’s affections. Converted to Catholicism in 1663 for uncertain reasons, while maintaining a strong influence at court, far more so than the queen, although her extravagance would periodically be off-putting to the king, particularly her penchant for taking bribes from foreign ministers. Her home became a rallying point for the opponents to the king’s chief minister, the Earl of Clarendon (Aaron Sorkin), who eventually fell, to her great glee. Had 5 children all told with the randy monarch, three sons and two daughters, including George Fitzroy (Gerge Clooney) with a sixth, Barbara Fitzroy (Grace Kelly) of uncertain paternity, but she became so promiscuous, as to even take on her footman in her bath, that she was eventually replaced full-time by Louise de Keroualle (Joan Crawford). Given titles instead of influence, she ultimately became the duchess of Cleveland, and secured the right of succession of her 1st and 3rd sons, although the king did not recognize her 2nd one. Helped her second cousin, John Churchill (John F. Kennedy) in his early career, and had a daughter with him. Also involved with the playwright William Wycherly (Joe Orton), as well as a host of other lovers. Settled in Paris in 1677, where her Catholicism but her in good stead, but returned to England just before the death of Charles. After her original husband died in 1705, she married Beau Feilding, a notorious and bigamous rake, but their violent union was declared void 2 years later, and she died 2 years afterwards of dropsy, spending her last years on her estate. Inner: Acquisitive, promiscuous, aggressive, extravagant, tempestuous, arrogant and willful. Gave continual expression to both tears and tantrums. Lively, controlling and demanding, with a gift for self-promotion. Quite beautiful, her image adorned British pennies for centuries. Free spirited lifetime of using her sexuality, looks and will to best advantage at the highest levels of British society in preparation for turning her natural penchant for dramatics into art in later lives in this series. Jane Shore (Elizabeth Lambert) (?-1537) - English royal mistress. Outer: Father was a prosperous London mercer, mother was the daughter of a London grocer. Married a goldsmith whose business took them to court, and she eventually became Edward IV’s (Errol Flynn) favorite mistress by the mid-1470s, much to the displeasure of his wife, Elizabeth of Woodville (Joan Crawford). Had her marriage annulled in 1476, on the grounds of her husband’s impotence, in order to take on her regal role. Could read and write and had a lively, witty disposition, making her appealing on a number of levels. Exercised her power in having the Pope commission a group of English bishops to hear her plea for the annulment of her marriage on the grounds of her husband’s impotence. After the king’s death in 1483, she was accused by his successor, Richard III (Evelyn Waugh) of witchcraft and hauled into court as a common harlot, before being sentenced to Ludgate Prison. Numerous stories abound about her, which may or may not have happened, including being made to do public penance by walking through the streets of London barefoot, in a sheet, carrying a lighted taper. Probably married the king’s solicitor, Thomas Lynom, who went on to serve the Tudor kings, and may have had several sons with him. Reported to have died skeletal and emaciated, having long outlived her tormentor, although this, too, may be apocryphal. Served as a literary inspiration down through the centuries, in both play, poem and novel form. Inner: Ready wit, seductive, warm-hearted. Bette Davis movie lifetime of tasting power at the highest levels, and then suffering degradation for it, only to ultimately weather it all, doing it the hard way, while feeding into the fantasies of both contemporaries and succeeding literary generations alike. Licinia Eudoxia (422-?) - Augusta of Rome. Outer: Only daughter of the emperor Theodosius II (Harold Nicholson) and Eudocia (Virginia Woolf). In 433, she married Valentinian III (Ethan Hawke), which united the two halves of the House of Theodosius and shared a long rule with him. 2 daughters from union. After her husband’s assassination in 455, she was forced to marry his successor, Petronius Maximus (Bob Hope), much to her distaste, since she held him responsible for Valentinian’s death, because her husband had seduced Petronius’s wife. Appealed to Gaisiric, a Vandal king, to avenge her, which he did, taking her off with him afterwards, to live in Carthage for seven years, along with her two daughters. After a large ransom was paid, she finally returned to Constantinople to live out the rest of her life, while one of her daughters married one of Gaisiric’s sons. Inner: Beautiful and vengeful. Support lifetime of perks of rule without the power behind them, necessitating her own display of queenly will once that rule had ended, before disappearing into the mists of his’n’herstory.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS PERENNIAL POWER-MONGER:
Storyline: The calculated careerist pursues her own competitive agenda at all personal costs to mixed results, while retaining her queenly essence no matter how humble or high she chooses to make her melodramatic entrances and exits.

Joan Crawford (Lucille Le Sueur) (1908-1977) - American actress and businesswoman. Outer: Of British descent, with a small amount of French, Welsh and Dutch. Mother was a waitress and seamstress, father was a ne’er-do-well Canadian drifter, who deserted the family before his daughter was born. The youngest of three with an older sister and brother Hal, who became an actor. Her mother remarried to better advantage, and she adored her stepdad, who operated a local opera house and encouraged her ambitions, although he was accused of embezzlement and was forced to hightail it out of town. Her mother operated a rundown boardinghouse, and married a 3rd time, once again without bothering to get a divorce. Her 3rd dad didn’t like her, and she was shunted to convent schools, while also being beaten as a child, making for a perennial sense of being an outsider. Won a scholarship to Stephen College, but left at 16 to pursue acting. Short and broad-shouldered, although listed at an exaggerated 5’5”, with flaming red hair and blue eyes. Her company, however, failed, and she returned to Kansas City, doing menial work, before winning a Charleston contest, which started her on a career as a dancer. Took her stepfather’s surname and became Billie Cassin, doing night/club work in Detroit and Chicago, before joining a Broadway chorus line. As a chorine, she supported her mother and brother, whom she hated. Won an MGM contract after being spotted on the chorus line. Supposedly starred in a porno film beforehand, The Casting Couch, which MGM spent a half milliion dollars on, in buying up every available copy following her rise to stardom. Her own casting couch exploits were prodigious, with everyone at MGM, save for Lassie, prey to her predatory ways. Had a brief marriage to James Welton, a saxophone player, in 1923. Named Joan Crawford by a nationwide publicity contest, she began as a screen flapper, with Lady of the Night in 1925. Used her considerable sexuality to further her career, as well as a number of liaisons with high profile female stars, including Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Barbara Stanwyck and later Marilyn Monroe. Graduated to ambitious working-girl parts in the early 1930s, before becoming the essence of Hollywood melodramatic glamour in the late 1930s. Married actor Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. in 1929, although never felt accepted by his extended crowd, underlining her ongoing sense of not being good enough. Continually worked on improving herself, while neglecting her inconstant husband, who looked elsewhere for companionship, causing them to divorce in 1933. After her contract was terminated by MGM, she became a three-handkerchief superstar, winning an Academy Reward in 1945 for Mildred Pierce, which got her a seven year contract worth $200,000 a film. Married actor Franchot Tone in her early 30s after competing with Bette Davis for him, only to discover that beneath his sophisticated veneer, he was a violent alcoholic given to beating her up. The duo later divorced, then she married bit part player Philip Terry in 1942. Their divorce settlement in 1946 almost ruined her financially. All three of her actor marriages lasted 4 years, with her career always taking precedent over them. Her singular love affair with any emotional substance was with actor Clark Gable (George Clooney), which lasted through eight films together and nearly 30 years until his death in 1960, and was less of a carnal connection than one of deep, abiding friendship. Unable to bear children, she adopted 5 in the 1940s, with one son reclaimed by his birth mother. Renamed another after him, and the last pair were a highly loyal set of twin sisters. All five would be given names beginning with the letter ‘C’. In the 1950s, she did more mature takes on her melodramatic specialties, and during the 1960s, she made yet another comeback as the queen of horror films, alongside longtime rival Bette Davis in 1962’s Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?, shepherding the whole project from its inception.. Drinking heavily by now, she became highly fearful of being eclipsed by younger actresses, while feeling intolerably lonely, in her self-imposed role as a glamour queen. Married Alfred Steele, the board chairman of Pepsi Cola, in her early 50s, and became active with the company as a board member and its first female director upon her husband’s death, once again, 4 years later, which left her burdened with his debts. Forever drawn to Hollywood, she rarely turned down a role when the opportunity afforded it. Although neither conventionally beautiful, nor a particularly compelling actress, she brought her serious personality and drive to the screen, and the public loved her many incarnations as a star. Her eldest daughter Christina became an actress, and during a leave from a soap opera role in 1968 when the former had to have surgery, she took over the role, which caused an irreparable breach in their relationship, resulting in an extremely unflattering portrayal of her, "Mommy Dearest," in which she was portrayed as an obsessive and cruelly disciplinary character, in what would be the first of a spate of confessional books by abused children of celebrities. In 1973, she was dropped from the board of Pepsi, forcing her to reduce her standard of living, as a final fillip of failure to her life. Died of pancreatic cancer and acute coronary occlusion in her NY apartment. Her alleged last words to her praying housekeeper, were, “Don’t you dare ask God to help me.” Wrote 2 volumes of memoirs, but what would remain in the public’s mind would be her daughter’s tome, which was refuted by many of her intimates. Cut her two eldest children out of her will, while both expressed hatred for her. Her twins, however, remained loyal to her memory, and her charity and generosity was noted by many. Inner: Ambitious, manipulative and driven. Cold, strong-willed and harsh, with an all-abiding emphasis on appearances. Obsessive/compulsive with a mania for cleanliness and order. Unable to even walk out to the mailbox, without being stylishly dressed and made up to the hilt. Surface-worshipping lifetime of recreating herself into a film icon, while constantly playing with images and the facade of success, only to be revealed later as an unintegrated figure, who put acceptance and adulation far ahead of personal concerns. Emma Waller (1820-1899) - British/American actress. Outer: Had a brief stage career in the English provinces, then married Daniel Waller, an American actor at 29. Came to NYC with him, where he had grown up as the son of a merchant, one son from union. Although he acted on the stage in NY, she did not. Returned to England, and finally made her legitimate debut in her mid-30s. Returned to the U.S. at 37 and made her initial appearance in Philadelphia as Ophelia to her husband’s Hamlet. Developed quickly into an intensely passionate actress. Played in NYC and then starred throughout the country, with her husband as a primary player. Did male Shakespearean roles as well as the repertory of her time. Retired at 58, then did readings and taught elocution before ill health forced her to retire. Was living with her son when she died. Inner: Stately, expressive and codependent, with Bette Davis eyes. Cross-over lifetime of taking to the stage after first taking a long time to observe both the theater and life around her, while needing a life partner to give shape to her career. Mary Wells (c1759-1829) - British actress. Outer: Father was a carver and gilder who went insane when she was a small child, and was carted off to an asylum, where he died. Mother ran a tavern to support the family, which hosted actors and stage managers, and she became the protégé of one of them, Richard Yates, whose Birmingham Theater allowed her to serve her apprenticeship playing young male roles in several Shakespearean dramas. Quite beautiful, she played Juliet to an actor names Wells in Gloucester, and married him, although he deserted her soon afterwards. Moved to London, and in 1781, began playing in contemporary comedy, eventually becoming identified with the role of Cowslip in John O’Keeffe’s comic opera “Agreeable Surprise.” Played both Drury Lane and the Haymarket under a variety of first names, before assessing her first tragedy, “Jane Shore” (Bette Davis) in 1783. Continued doing contemporary comedy, to good reviews, before reviving “Jane Shore” at Covent Garden, which became one of her favorite roles. Spent the rest of the decade in a variety of plays, while earning the plaudits of the royal family for her performances. Became involved with a captain in the Guards, while also finding herself in arrears over a brother-in-law’s affairs, which landed her in debtor’s prison. While there she met Joseph Sumbel, a Sephardic Jew and secretary to the ambassador from Morocco, who was serving time for contempt of court. His dualistic character may have reminded her of her father, in his alternate rejections and passionate couplings with her. The duo were wed in prison, although a year later, he tried to have the union annulled, despite her converting and taking the name Leah. Eventually she converted a second time, although it is unclear as to what. Following her financial problems, she descended into drink as well as periodic bouts of madness, while her stage career tapered off, and she ultimately wound up doing imitations of well-known figures in private homes. In 1811, she published her rambling memoirs, which limned her travels in search of her children, who had disassociated themselves from her. Spent her last years living with her aged mother, living on a small annuity. Inner: Respectable player, with comedy as her primary venue, although prone to the irregularities of her upbringing, which would overwhelm her in later life. No second act lifetime of making the transition to the English stage, while playing with her own vulnerabilities to the point of becoming overwhelmed by them, in her ongoing drama queen need to have absolute control over all aspects of her often shaky existences. Louise de Keroualle (Louise-Renee de Keroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth) (1649-1734) - British courtesan. Outer: Father was a Breton nobleman, mother was the daughter of a marquess. Second of 3 children. Educated at a nearby convent, and at 17, she entered the household of the sister of Charles II (Peter O’Toole), and accompanied her to England 2 years later. Her patroness suddenly died within a few weeks, but Charles made her a lady in waiting to his queen, and a year later, she lost her virginity to the king after a mock marriage, and bore a son, Charles Lennox (Warren Beatty), whom the king acknowledged as his own. Made Duchess of Portsmouth at her son’s birth, and given a suite of 24 rooms at Whitehall Palace, while the French court viewed her as a supporter of their own interests in England, bestowing upon her the title of Duchesse d’Aubigny. Received a bevy of British titles as well as £10,000 a year. Although no beauty, she had an innocent eroticism about her, and knew how to set a fine table, listen to her royal lover, and give him a sense of domestic stability, so that she remained with him the rest of his life, despite his stable of other mistresses. As the most powerful of his long line of paramours, she developed a number of noble English benefactors, using her influence on the king on their behalf. Proved extremely rapacious, however, in her own desire for wealth and power, despite her Roman Catholic faith, which put her in jeopardy with the Protestant fears of the time. After the king’s death in 1685, she retired to France, save for one visit to England, and lived out the rest of her long life there. In her later years, she lost her income, although she was protected by Louis XIV (Charles de Gaulle) from her creditors. Spent the last part of her life on her estate, managing it with great care while she struggled with money. Penitent and humbled by life’s vicissitudes at life’s end. Inner: Extremely power-oriented, often would throw public tantrums, although knew exactly how to manipulate her intimates to her best advantage. Regal lifetime of being quasi-queen of England, once again, in all but name, while continuing to evolve her skills at creating the most fortuitous circumstances possible for her and her grasping interests. Elizabeth Woodville (1437-1492) - English queen. Outer: Father became an earl, while her whole family combined ambition with a dutiful sense of chivalry. Her sire was considered handsomest man in England, and her mother was also a remarkable beauty. Eldest of 13. Extremely comely, she married a Lancastrian knight, who was killed in battle and left her a widow with 2 sons. Became maid-of-honor to Margaret of Anjou (Vita Sackville-West). Accosted at knifepoint by King Edward IV (Errol Flynn), but said she would rather die than dishonor herself. He agreed to marry her out of both love and lust, the last English monarch to put his own appetites over political concerns. She, however, was not of royal rank, and was of the opposing house to the king’s Yorkists, making for an unpopular queen. She also bestowed royal favors on relatives, which did not endear her to the populace either. Bore 5 sons and a daughter, including the heir apparent Edward V (Prince Edward) while suffering her husband’s continuous adulterous ways, including an affair with Jane Shore (Bette Davis). On the death of the king, she and her court were easily undermined by gossip, and she was forced to take sanctuary, although she relinquished some of her children, allowing his successor, and their guardian, the eventual Richard III (Evelyn Waugh), to kill her 2 oldest sons. After Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch) married one of her daughters, Elizabeth Stuart (Michelle Pfeiffer), she returned to court, but soon found herself in disgrace, probably for treasonable activities, and was forced to withdraw to a convent, where she spent her last 5 years. Inner: Strong-willed, but playing for royal stakes in the highest corridors of power, with considerable wills going against her, which ultimately defeated her overweening ambitions. Over-extended lifetime of finding herself somewhat out of her depth in the power realm, while trying, as usual, to manipulate things to her advantage, causing her much woe and suffering, as well as the motivation for at least one more try with the royal household of England. Justa Grata Honoria (c416-c455) - Roman augusta. Outer: Daughter of military commander and future Roman emperor Constantius III (Gabriele D’Annunzio) and Aelia Placidia (Zelda Fitzgerald), and older sister of future emperor Valentinian III (Ethan Hawke). Made an augusta, while her brother demanded she remain a virgin for appearance sake, but in 449 she was caught with the overseer of her estate, and the trumped-up charge of plotting an overthrow with him was thrown at her. After her lover was executed, she was sent into exile to Constantinople, whereupon she appealed to the notorious Attila the Hun for help, and he mistook the plea for a marriage proposal. The eastern emperor, Theodosius II (Harold Nicolson) immediately sent her packing, having had quite enough of Attila, and only her mother, Aelia Placidia’s pleas spared her life, from the vengeful wrath of her brother. Forced to marry a compliant senator, while being placed under extremely close watch. Attila, in turn, demanded half the western Roman empire as the dowry for marrying her, which was naturally refused, and he went on to ravage both Gaul and Italy in recompense. Subsequently disappeared from the record books, but was probably dispatched for the troubles she caused. Inner: Extremely strong-willed, inadvertantly precipitating much violent mischief in the name of sheer self-interest. High profile lifetime of chafing under the control of others, and reacting accordingly with little thought to the ultimate consequences.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS INDEPENDENT ICON:
Storyline: The leggy legend learns to love herself after loving others, and continues to serve as a beacon for her various times of how an empowered woman can live on her own.

Lauren Bacall (Betty Joan Perske) (1924-2014) - American actress and writer. Outer: Had an anxious German-Romanian mother, who brought her up alone and passed that trait down to her daughter, despite her confident exterior. Father was a salesman from Alsace. Her parents divorced when she was 6, and her resourceful mother became an executive secretary for a NY corporate head, and adopted the name Bacall, as the Romanian version of her name of Weinstein. Added the extra ‘l’ later. The duo became emotionally inseparable, while two wealthy uncles supported her at private school. Studied dance for 13 years, and trained at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, then did minor roles on Broadway and some modeling. 5’8 1’2”, slim and a classic beauty with a sonorous voice. Given the name Lauren, although preferred being called Betty. After appearing on the cover of Harper’s Bazaar, she won a Hollywood contract, and at 19, scored her greatest triumph, playing opposite her future husband, Humphrey Bogart (Matthew Broderick) in To Have and Have Not, thanks to director Howard Hawks’ recognizing her potential. Dubbed ‘The Look,’ by her studio, she married Bogart at 20, when he was 45, and had 2 sons together. Miscast in her 2nd film, while her 3rd was re-shot to enhance her, and gave her the foundation she needed, although Hawks later sold her contract to Warner Bros., who didn’t have a clue as how to use her, and suspended her a dozen times for refusing roles. Made 4 films with Bogart during the 1940s, and had long considered her 12 years with him as the high-point of her life. Nursed him through his terminal cancer, was devastated by the loss, and began floundering afterwards. Took up with Frank Sinatra, and then married actor Jason Robards, a Bogie look-alike, although his drinking terminated the marriage unofficially 8 years later and officially 4 years after that, one son, Sam Robards, became an actor. Was single ever after. Her later screen career was less successful, largely because of mediocre roles offered her. Returned to Broadway in her mid-40s and scored a triumph in Applause, the musical remake of All About Eve, winning a Tony Award in 1970 for her effort. Scored another triumph a decade later in another motion picture remake, Woman of the Year. Appeared sporadically in films, but remained a public figure through lecturing, traveling and writing, although all were done alone. Wrote her 1980 National Book Award autobiography, Lauren Bacall by Myself, an unconscious summing up of her pathway down through the entertainment world as a singular independent figure. Her later memoir was titled, Now, then she amended her initial effort with By Myself and Then Some in 2005. Continued to work steadily, as she entered her 8th decade, and in 2009, was given an honorary Oscar for her long career. Died of a stroke at her home. Inner: Brash, sassy, very much her own woman, despite being insecure at heart. Honest, candid, self-reliant. Felt Bogart was her teacher, although she spent the greater part of her life alone, stating, “what really matters is I matter to myself.” Also seen as haughty and difficult by some. Socially solitudinous lifetime of learning how to cope with aloneness after having had intimate love, and living long enough afterwards to both have and have not a whole other life without it. Lillian Russell (Helen Louise Leonard) (1861-1922) - American actress/singer. Outer: Mother was a strong-minded feminist and suffragette. Father was a small-town newspaper publisher who owned a job-printing firm. 5th child, close bond with the former. Educated at a convent school, took voice lessons and sang in an Episcopal church choir. Her mother left her father when she was 17, and took her, along with her several sisters, to NYC, where they were immersed in the social, political and cultural life of the city. Full-figured, 160 lbs., she was a fresh beauty, with a natural grace. Wanted an opera career, and was secretly married at 18 to Harry Braham, an orchestra leader, but the death of their infant daughter soon ended their union. Made her debut at 18 in the chorus of a Gilbert & Sullivan production. Received her stage name the following year from entertainer/manager Tony Pastor (Frank Sinatra), who took over her career, so that she made frequent appearances in his Broadway variety theater as both singer and actress, and toured with his company. Achieved stardom soon afterwards, and became an icon of her age, known for both her fleshy beauty, which conformed to the aesthetics of the age, and her flamboyant life off-stage. After having a daughter with him, she married Edward Solomon, a composer, in 1884, and appeared in several of his shows, before it was discovered he was a bigamist. Separated and divorced him, while living bounteously in a lavish Manhattan residence, and touring and starring in musical fare. Became the consort of well-known gourmand ‘Diamond’ Jim Brady (Richard Simmons), who proposed to her by dumping $1 million in cash on her lap, although she preferred friendship. Had a similar hearty appetite to his. Wrote a column on feminine wile, and also gave lectures to vaudeville audiences on love, beauty and good health. In 1890, her voice was the first transmitted over long distance telephone line. From her late 30s to her early 40s, she appeared on stage in London and NY, with the theater company of Weber & Fields. By her 40s, her voice began to deteriorate, so she switched to comedy. In 1894, she wed John Chatterton, an actor, in what would prove to be a brief union. At 50, she married Alexander Moore, the owner of a Pittsburgh paper, who was also a Republican activist. Actively promoted women’s suffrage. Grew stouter as she grew older and died of cardiac exhaustion and nephritis after becoming a totem of her time. Inner: Self-confident, strong-willed. Conspicuous consumer, but also generous. Very loyal to the women in her life. Exercised and followed diet regimens, conscious of her body til later in life. Exuberant lifetime of feeling her power as a woman, and giving free expression to it, while wrestling with matrimony as a needed balance to her independence. Kitty Clive (Catherine Raftor) (1711-1785) - British actress/singer. Outer: Father was an Irish lawyer of considerable fortune, who lost it when he aligned himself with the fallen James II (Martin Sheen), when the latter campaigned in Ireland. After an exile, he was pardoned and returned to London, married and recouped some of his riches, while producing a large family of untold number. One brother also pursued a stage career. The family fortune dwindled once again, and she went on stage as a teen partially to support it. Began her career at 17 playing small parts on Drury Lane, before showing her skills as a singer, and then as a dramatic actress at 19, specializing in the farces of the time. Remained loyal to Drury Lane in a subsequent theatrical rebellion, and married a barrister, George Clive, who was second cousin to adventurer Robert Clive (Ayman al-Zawahiri) in her early 20s. The couple, however, separated soon afterwards and divorced by mutual consent, and she remained single for the rest of her life. Worked with actor/manager David Garrick (Richard Burton), the leading theatrical figure in London of the time, in his Drury Lane theater. Constantly fought with him, and resented his not letting her do tragedy, even though her strength lay in farce. The duo continued a working relationship for over 2 decades, despite his fear of her considerable temperament. Played the original Polly Peachum in John Gay’s (Donovan) Beggar’s Opera, after much controversy had arisen around her initial casting. Subsequently apologized to her audience for the contentiousness around her selection, and made the role her own, eventually bequeathing it to a younger actress when she had reached her mid-30s. Had a career of 4 decades on the stage as a leading comedienne and singer, and was an integral part of London’s cultural life, numbering many of its leading figures as her admirers. Got caught up in at the theatrical disputes of her time, and on numerous occasions had to take to pen and pamphlet to defend herself, but always remained an audience, as well as a royal, favorite. Continued looking for new roles for herself, as well as supplements to her income, including penning farces, although they was not well received. After her retirement in her late 50s, she was given an estate by author Horace Walpole (Tom Wolfe), where she held a fashionable salon, while her acting brother and a sister lived with her. Suffered from jaundice, and after catching a chill at a funeral, died of its aftereffects. Inner: Passionate, outspoken, socially adept. Managed her money wisely, and always defended herself effectively. Independent lifetime of exploring her own power as a woman in an age dominated by men, and easily holding her own with them by playing to her strengths. Anne of Denmark (1574-1619) - Queen of England. Outer: Daughter of the king of Denmark, mother was the daughter of the duke of Mecklenberg. Received a Lutheran upbringing. Negotiations began for her marriage in 1585, but could not be sanctioned until the execution of her Catholic mother-in-law, Mary, Queen of Scots (Marguerite Duras). Married by proxy and then in person to James VI of Scotland (Kenneth Tynan) at 15. The pair has an affectionate relationship, despite her husband’s sexual preference for men and his feeling she was intellectually inferior, 7 children including Henry (Robert Shaw), who died young, and her husband’s successor Charles I (George VI). Denied access to her eldest by her husband’s decree for the first ten years of her life, but showed her strong will in regaining her connection to him, when James was declared king of England in 1603. Had separate quarters during the last 16 years of her life, and no intimacy once her husband claimed the English throne in 1603, when his sexual attentions turned towards his male favorites. Very extravagant, adding to husband’s financial difficulties. Most of her energy was devoted to lavish court entertainments, and she personally appeared in several masques. A patroness of the arts, who was not particularly well-liked by the common people, but enjoyed by the court. Indulged in her tastes for building, with little regard to finances, despite numerous parliamentary grants. Because of her draw towards Roman Catholicism, Jesuits and seminary priests were banned from the kingdom in 1604. Greatly shocked by her oldest son’s, Henry Frederick (Robert Shaw), death, which ultimately led to her own, 7 years later. Deeply in debt at the end, although abjured her interest in Catholicism and died professing Protestantism. Inner: Frivolous, highly social, with an abiding interest in the arts and little real sense of money. Surface-skimming lifetime of actualizing her social ambitions, while compromising herself in her personal relationships, preferring the power and prestige of her position to the real intimacy of a married life, a theme she would continue to play with from various perspectives in most of her subsequent incarnations in this series.

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PATHWAY OF THE PLAYWRIGHT/ACTOR AS HERO UNTO HIMSELF:
Storyline: The extravagant penman/performer never quite gets the world to share his own excessive opinion of his skills, despite an above-average facility for self-expression, and a jaws-dropping sense of self-worth to match .

Robert Shaw (1927-1978) - British playwright, actor and novelist. Outer: Father was a physician who had been a well-known rugby player and amateur boxer. Mother was a nurse, eldest of 4. Raised originally on the Orkney Islands, north of Scotland. His parents separated over his sire’s drinking problems, and the family settled in Cornwall. His father bought a house that once belonged to actor Henry Irving (Lawrence Olivier), duo reconciled, had another child, then he committed suicide when son was 12. Good athlete, highly competitive. 5’11”, handsome, well-built, with a strong masculine presence. Taught while waiting to attend Cambridge and developed an interest in writing. Decided to become an actor, but could not win a scholarship to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London. Enrolled anyhow, paying his own tuition, then made his stage debut in his early 20s with the Shakespeare Memorial Theater. All of his early work was in Shakespeare, until he made his West End debut at 23. Began his film career 2 years later with a bit part in The Lavender Hill Mob, mostly playing unpleasant villains in both British and American productions. Married Jennifer Bourke, an actress in his mid-20s, 4 daughters from the union, later divorced. In his mid-30s, he married actress Mary Ure, 3 children from union, but she died a dozen years later from an accidental overdose of alcohol and barbiturates. Married a 3rd time in his late 40s, to Virginia Jansen, and had one more daughter. Wrote several novels in his 40s, including The Man in the Glass Booth, which he later adapted into a successful play in both London and on Broadway and then turned it into a film. Despite playing lead roles throughout the 1960s, he did not achieve full stardom until the age of 50, when a series of roles in several blockbusters, including The Sting and Jaws catapulted him into international stardom. Lived in high style on a huge estate in Ireland, and died prematurely of a heart attack. Inner: Totally enamored of himself and his multi-talents, but annoyed he was only remembered for his blockbuster performances, and not his more subtle art. Too blustery to be a hero, despite the looks and build for the role. Large-headed lifetime of trying to act out his heroic sense of self and learn how to harness his anger, while surrounding himself with suicides that probably inspired his own relatively early end. Dion Boucicault (Dionysius Lardner Boursiquot) (1820?-1890) - Irish playwright/actor. Outer: Mother was Irish and a sister of poet George Darley (Norman Douglas). Married a merchant of French ancestry, but divorced him before her son was born. His real father was a border at her house named Dionysius Lardner, whom he came to resemble. Lardner wrote popular science articles and supervised and paid for his son’s education in England. Attended London Univ., but a passion for acting superceded his studies. At 17, he trod the boards in the provinces under the name of Lee Moreton. Also began hack writing to support himself in high style. Wrote his first play a few years later, although it was rejected. His 2nd attempt, “London Assurance,” however, enjoyed a huge success and introduced the idea of social drama as an appropriate vehicle for modern theater. Married Anne Guiot, a French woman in his mid-20s, who fell over a precipice and died while they were touring the Alps. During his 20s, he wrote several more well-received plays. Married Agnes Robertson, an actress and singer, who was ward of actor Charles Kean (Charles Laughton) in his early 30s, and came to NYC where he was already held in acclaim. Led a movement that legally copywrighted the efforts of playwrights in his mid-30s, while continuing to enjoy success, causing a sensation with an anti-slavery play, “The Octoroon,” just prior to the Civil War. Along with his wife, he joined Laura Keene’s (Mary Pickford) theater and wrote a series of popular Irish plays. Then returned to London to sit out the Civil War, and penned, at request, “Rip Van Winkle,” for Joseph Jefferson III (Jimmy Stewart), a perfect blending of the time of actor and material. Came back to the U.S. permanently in his early 50s, save for a trip to Australia, where he bigamously married a 3rd time to Louise Thorndike, in his mid-60s, while renouncing his 2nd union without officially ending it, and remained there the rest of his life. His last 15 years saw his powers wane and his fortunes fall. Eventually outlived his output and wound up a poorly paid teacher of acting in NYC. Inner: More the stage manager and technician than the artist. High liver, careless spender, shelling out money as fast as he made it. Good wit, excelled in high-spirited parts. Breathed new life into the stage representation of the Irish, raising it from caricature to character. Also prefigured modern drama with some 150 works. Lavish lifetime of never quite achieving his aim of becoming an artist of the stage, and settling instead for a well-rewarded career, which he outlasted through his extravagant ways. Henry Frederick (1593-1612) - British prince. Outer: Oldest son of the future James I (Kenneth Tynan) and Anne of Denmark (Lauren Bacall). Brother of the unfortunate future Charles I (George VI). Initially put under the guardianship of the Scottish Earl of Mar, to separate him from his mother, and insure his Protestant upbringing, and though she fought against her husband’s decree, she eventually came to accept it. Remained with Mar until 1603, while showing himself to be an adept athlete, with a good sense of horsemanship and a facility for military matters. When his father ascended the throne in 1603, he became Duke of Cornwall, while coming with his mother, who suffered a miscarriage in her manipulations around regaining him, to England. Symbolically matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford, for several days in 1605, while continually displaying a preference for sports over academics, with a particular love of horses. Protestant per his upbringing, and largely abstemious in his habits. As heir apparent to the throne, he thrilled the war party, who viewed his father’s pacifism with contempt. Tall, black-haired, strong and well-proportioned, with a youthful gravitas. Had a huge and expensive retinue, while keeping abreast of all continental activity, and looking for a potential Protestant bride for himself. Made Prince of Wales in 1610, which initiated a whole year of court festivities, while he became a major patron of the arts, collecting books, bronzes and paintings. Despite all his potential and promise, after playing tennis in chilly weather with insufficient clothing, he died of typhoid fever, sparing him the subsequent English Civil War, which his younger brother would have to suffer. Lay in state for a month, and was deeply mourned, before being buried in Westminster Abbey. Rumors persisted afterwards that he had been poisoned because of his popularity. Inner: Charismatic and far superior to his sibling. Headstrong, witty and popular with an erect carriage and a sense of royalty about him. Sip of tea lifetime of being denied the throne, much to his karmic relief, which probably ended his desire for rule, and ultimately placed him on the same pathway as his father, in the far less politically demanding realm of theatrical entertainment. Edward de Baliol (c1282-1364) - King of Scotland. Outer: Eldest son of John de Baliol (George VI). Mother was the daughter of Earl of Surrey. Inherited his father’s claim to title and lands in France in 1296. Remained in England for almost 20 years after his sire’s death, then went to France, from where he launched an invasion of Scotland several years later, with the backing of the English nobles who had had their lands seized by the rival house of Bruce. After a victorious battle, he was crowned as king of Scotland in 1332, and pledged suzerainty of the English king over Scottish lands. Eventually defeated in battle and forced to resign his titles. Returned to England and became a pensioner of Edward III (Duke of Wellington), surrendering the kingdom of Scotland to him. Never married or produced any issue. Inner: Thwarted lifetime of enjoying brief success over battling for title, only to fall to superior forces, in his ongoing frustrations about truly achieving his goals.

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PATHWAY OF THE MARTIAL ARTIST AS SUAVE ACTION ACTOR:
Storyline: The handsome hero follows the sa,e arc of his fellow James Bond, Sean Connery, in his many military permutations before transmuting his innate charm into a successful lightweight film and TV career.

Sir Roger Moore (1927-2017) - British actor. Outer: Mother was born in India, father was a policeman. An only child, he was evacuated from London during the WW II blitz. Showed himself to be a good student, while evincing superior athletic skills, particularly as a swimmer. Initially wanted to be an artist. Attended the Univ. of Durham, but never graduated. Instead, he worked as a tracer and filler-in at an animated cartoon production company. 6’1” and strikingly handsome, with light brown hair and eyes. Fired from the job, he parlayed his looks into becoming a film extra, and made his debut playing a Roman soldier in Caesar and Cleopatra in 1945. A director paid his tuition fees for the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts, while he continued supporting himself as an extra. Conscripted for national service, he was commissioned into the Royal Army Service Corps as a second lieutenant in the entertainment branch. While posted in post-war Germany, he experienced a bad motor accident that split open his jaw and head which required an extensive hospital stay. On returning to Britain in 1946, he married Doorn Van Steyn, an ice skater six years older than he and his Royal Academy classmate, who proved to be extremely volatile, repeatedly punching and scratching him. The duo divorced in 1953. In the interim, he did a number of small roles in theater while also working as a model. In 1953, he wed Dorothy Squires, a Welsh singer 13 years his senior, and moved with her to America, where he worked in both TV and film in NY and Hollywood as an MGM contract player, making his debut as a featured player in 1954 in The Last Time I Saw Paris. Continued his film career in both America and England, while often being separated from his spouse. Had his international breakthrough with the British TV series, “The Saint,” in 1962, playing Simon Templar, a suave spy conjured up by Leslie Charteris in a series of novels. During this time, his marriage floundered and he took up with Luisa Mattioli, an Italian actress, who initially spoke no English. Divorced in 1968 after his wife refused to end their marriage for many years, and the following annum he married Mattioli. Daughter Deborah became an actress, while his two sons, Geoffrey and Christian also entered show business, with only the last coming when they were officially married. The match finally ended in divorce in 2000, along with a period of estrangement from his children, although he managed to reconcile with them. Previously, in 1969, he also ended his run with “The Saint.” After many a mediocre film, he was offered the role of James Bond in Live and Let Die in 1973, taking over the franchise from Sean Connery for seven films, ultimately proving an extremely popular choice, giving an urbane light-hearted feel to the role. Published his diaries in 1973 after initially taking over the role. Proved to be the oldest actor to take on 007 and was in his late 50s during the filming of his 7th and last Bond, after feeling uncomfortable doing love scenes with women young enough to be his daughter. Like many show biz luminaries with high incomes, he became a tax exile in 1978, ultimately residing in Monaco, Switzerland and the south of France. Did more film work during this stretch and in 1980 won a Golden Globe as a World Film Favorite. Following the Bond series, he experienced a number of flops while also suffering from prostrate cancer. Had to have a pacemaker installed in 2003 after collapsing during a theater performance. Made a Commander of the British Empire in 1999, and knighted four years later. A UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, he has also been noted for his charity work The same year he was knighted, he wed Christina Tholstrup, a Danish-Swedish socialite close to his age, and former friend of his third wife. Continued working into his 80s, mostly doing animated voices and the occasional TV movie. In ill health his last years, suffering from prostate cancer. Lost his 47 year old daughter Christina to cancer in 2016. Died in Switzerland the following year after a brief battle with cancer. Inner: Politically conservative and a traditionalist at heart with a good sense of humor. Always immaculately tailored. Quite fearful, and a self-confessed coward, suffering from hypochondria, heights and loud noises. Totally embraced the absurdity of 007, unlike his predecessor. His younger life saw volatile relationships with women, seemingly searching out mother figures for his earlier wives, with a curious need to be disciplined by them, thanks in part to his inconstancy.Light-hearted lifetime of being viewed far more as a personality than an actor, in his transition from martial artistry to entertainment artistry, as a well-liked leading man of both the large and small screen. Sir Hector MacDonald (1853-1903) - Scottish general. Outer: Father was a crofter and mason. Youngest of 5 sons. Spoke Gaelic outside of school, which he dropped out of at 12 to work as a hotel stable boy, before becoming a draper’s apprentice. Joined the Inverness rifle volunteers, which were attached to the Cameron Highlanders. In 1870, he lied about his age, and despite parental disapproval, he enlisted in the Gordon Highlanders. 5’9”, stocky, sturdy and broad-shouldered with a square face, penetrating dark eyes and dark hair. Served in India and within four years became a colour sergeant. Saw action in the 2nd Anglo-Afghan War, distinguishing himself in battle, which won him the nickname of “Fighting Mac,” and earned a commission as 2nd lieutenant, in an exceptional move in the Victorian era, where enlisted men rarely rose to the officer ranks. Became a full lieutenant the following annum, and was taken prisoner during the Anglo-Transvaal War in South Africa, but so impressed his captor general that his sword was returned to him on release. Served in Edinburgh and in 1884, he secretly married Christina McDonald Duncan, the 16 year old daughter of a schoolmaster. The union, which produced an unhappy son, was kept secret, while the two lived apart. Although he supported the two, he only saw his wife on four occasions during the nineteen years they were married. Sent to Egypt, although his lack of income forced him to serve with the Egyptian army, training them in the mode of the highlanders. Rose in rank, while remaining in Egypt, earning the plaudits of journalists, while continually proving himself with his Egyptian charge against the Mahdist uprising, reaching his zenith at the Battle of Omdurman in 1898, through his clever strategic maneuvering. Returned to Britain a popular hero and was lionized by the public, while also being made aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria (Mary Renault). Rose to general in India and then was sent to South Africa during the Boer War, always acquitting himself handsomely in battle. Rumored in 1901 to have had a homophile relationship with a Boer prisoner, and was sent home afterwards by the British commander Horatio Kitchener (Charles Bronson). The move was questioned, and he was knighted in response. Returned to southern India, then Ceylon. where he had difficulty with the country’s militia. May have engaged in homophile activity with local schoolboys while there. Sent back to England by the governor of Ceylon in order to avoid public scandal, after it was further rumored that he had seduced the governor’s son. After viewing a printed report on grave charges against him, he shot and killed himself in his hotel room, to save one and all from the public humiliation he would receive. His body was returned to Scotland where his widow insisted he be buried quickly and privately. Massive public grief in Scotland ensued, and he remains a highly controversial figure because of his sexual peccadilloes. Inner: Brave soldier and competent commander with an obsession for both drill and discipline. Betrayed by his homophile inclinations, which he was seemingly unable to mute per the Victorian era sexual sensibilities of his time. Tall in the saddle, short in bed lifetime of ultimately self-destructing despite a brilliant and largely unprecedented military career, thanks to a taste for forbidden fruit of his era. Jacques MacDonald, 1st Duc de Tarento (Etienne-Jacques=Etienne-Joseph-Alexandre Macdonal) (1764-1840) - French marshal and governor. Outer: Father was a staunch Jacobite living in exile after the failed 1745 uprising that tried to regain the British throne for the Stuart line of Scotland. In 1785, he joined the French army fighting against the Prussians in the Netherlands. Sided with the Revolutionary Army following the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, thanks to the influence of his first wife, Marie-Costance Soral de Montloisier who came from an ardent revolutionary family. Two daughters from the union, which ended with his spouse’s death in 1797. Distinguished himself in battle against the Austrians in 1792, and was made a colonel the following year, before ultimately rising to the rank of general. In 1797, he was appointed Governor of Rome, and proved successful against both Austria and Russia in northern Italy, adding Naples to the French colonial embrace. In 1800, he was appointed commander of the French Army in Switzerland. Married Felicite Francoise de Montholon, the widow of a French general in 1802. One daughter from the union, which ended two years later with his wife’s death. Had a falling out with the Emperor Napoleon (Gregor Strasser) in 1805, because of the latter’s mistaken belief he supported a rival of his. The two reconciled and in 1809, he was made military adviser to Prince Eugene de Beauharnais (Bernard Kouchner), who was viceroy of Italy at the time. Led part of the Napoleonic army in its victory over the Austrians near Vienna the same year, and was made a Marshal of France and given the title of 1st Duc de Taranto. Served in Spain afterward, then in 1812, commanded part of the army in the disastrous invasion of and then retreat from Russia. Remained loyal to the emperor during his subsequent defeat and abdication, before becoming a strong supporter of the restored Bourbon dynasty. The Bourbons later made him Chancellor of the Legion d’honneur and Major General of the Royal Bodyguard. In 1821, he wed Ernestine-Therese de Bourgoing, who was a quarter century his junior, and their son succeeded to his title. Retired to his country estate in 1830, where he died a decade later. Inner: Talented martial artist and administrator, who was a conservative royalist at heart, despite having earlier fought for the revolutionary forces, per his first wife’s wishes. Dutiful lifetime of easily switching allegiances during a time of continual upheaval, showing a loyalty above all else to power, while remaining largely unsullied in public opinion. Ewen Cameron (1629-1719) - Scottish highland chieftain. Outer: The family traced their descent as chiefs from the time of Robert I (Robert Kennedy) of the House of Bruce in the 14th century. Eldest son with a brother and sister. Lost his sire as an infant, and spent his first seven years with his foster father, before being taken in by an uncle. At 12, he became a hostage of the the Maquis of Argyll for his family’s bad behavior. In 1647 he succeeded his grandfather as the 17th chief of Clan Cameron. Known for both his size and strength. Married Mary Macdonald, the daughter of a Scottish laird in 1649. No children fro the union, which ended with his wife’s unrecorded death. Joined up with the Royalist uprising during the English Civil War, only to experience defeat, despite some minor victories, and wound up harassing Parliamentary forces under general George Monck (George C. Marshall), following the deposition of the king and the installation of the Cromwellian Commonwealth. Managed to avoid further conflict in the aftermath and on the death of Oliver Cromwell (Robert Kennedy) in 1658, he submitted to Monck, and was received graciously for his chivalrous conduct. When the House of Stuart was restored to the throne in 1660 via Charles II (Peter O’Toole), he was allowed to return to his estates, and in 1662, he wed Isabel Maclean of Duart in 1662, daughter of a baronet. Three sons and four daughters from the union, including John Cameron, who succeeded him as 18th Clan Chieftain. Ended a multi-century feud with Clan Mackintosh in 1665, although animosity twixt various competitive clans continued to simmer. In 1681, he was knighted, and, following the death of his second wife, four years later he wed for the third and last time to Jean Barclay, daughter of a military officer. Seven daughters and a son from the prolific union, making for a dozen children all told. In 1688, when the Catholic Stuart king James II (Martin Sheen) was deposed in the bloodless Glorious Revolution, he fought in the Jacobite uprising under John Graham, Viscount Dundee (Sean Connery) at the legendary Battle of Killecrankie. Eventually felt he was too old to continue the fight, and passed Clan responsibilities down to his son. Died of unspecified causes. Inner: Warrior through and through with an extremely strong identification with clan and country. Sword-in-hand lifetime of fighting for the Royalist cause and acquitting himself handsomely on the battlefield, while evincing a strong warrior chivalric sense, earning the plaudits of both friend and foe alike. Domnall MacAlpin (812-862) - Pict ruler. Outer: Also known as Donald I. Little known of his father, Alpin, a Dalriada warrior, who was killed in 834 in a victorious fight against the Picts in Galloway. Mother was a Pictish princess. Younger brother of Scottish king, Kenneth I McAlpin (Sean Connery). Proved to be a martial adept, while the details of his life are extremely sketchy. May have had offspring, although he was succeeded by his nephew, rather than a son. Followed his sibling onto the throne in 858, and ruled for four years until his own death, which may have been by assassination. Inner: Warrior adept lifetime of working in concert with his ancient sibling as prelude to his long run in Scottish tartan on the battlefields of Europe.


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PATHWAY OF THE MARTIAL ARTIST AS INTERNATIONAL SEX SYMBOL:
Storyline: The wily warrior projects his manly essence into a series of bigger-than-life careers, showing an equal bravado in the real and make-believe worlds of action and reaction and winning wide acclaim for his transcendental masculinity.

Sean Connery (Thomas Connery) (1930) - Scottish actor. Outer: Father was a truck-driver, and Roman Catholic of Irish descent, mother was a char-lady and Protestant. Had a humble upbringing in a 2 room flat with no running water in an industrial district. Evinced good athletic skills, and had ‘Scotland Forever’ and ‘Mom and Dad’ tattooed on his arms. Younger brother became an actor, before retiring to become a plasterer. Began working at 7, delivering milk before school. Left school at 13 and joined the British navy at 17, serving for 3 years, before being discharged for ulcers. Did physical labor on his release, including bricklayer, plasterer and coffin polisher. 6’2”, with a pronounced virility. Built his body in his spare-time, and in 1950, was the Scottish representative in the Mr. Universe contest, coming in third in the tall division, while acting as a model for swimming trunks. Began his professional acting career in the chorus of the London production of “South Pacific,” in 1951, then worked in repertory for several years. Appeared on the silver screen in 1954 in small roles, while also building a reputation through British TV. His career took off when he was selected to play James Bond in 1962, in a series of films based on the popular Ian Fleming spy novels. Became an international star and fan favorite, through his virile charm and masculine screen presence, although he refused to be straitjacketed in the role, and quickly showed his versatility in a variety of parts, both with and without hair. Enjoyed superstar status over several decades, married actress Diane Cilento in 1962, son from union, Jason Connery, became an actor. Divorced in 1973, amidst accusations of abuse, which he vehemently denied, and in 1975, he married a French-Morrocan painter with 3 children, Micheline Roquebrune. Close domestic connection twixt the duo. Won an Academy Reward in 1987 for Best Supporting Actor for The Untouchables. Named Sexiest Man Alive by People magazine while in his 60s, and stirred controversy through an interview remark that women needed to be slapped around. Formed his own film company, Fountainbridge Films, named after the slum district where he was born, and continues his manly public presence into his seventh decade. Has also bankrolled the Scottish National Party for years, as a nationalist, despite living in the Bahamas. Awarded the AFI Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006, and later that year, announced his retirement from films, with the intention of writing a his/story book. Inner: Extremely male sensibility, balanced off by both wit and considerable charm. Parsimonious personally, thanks to his impoverished upbringing, although charitable on a larger scale. Outspoken, rebellious and charismatic. Also soft-spoken, modest, polite and low-key, writing poetry in his spare time, which he allows few to see. Despite his suave screen image, somewhat klutzy in real life. Bonded lifetime of delving into his own emotional reservoir to be a fantasy hero for many, transposing his many hidden lives on the battlefield to the projection of a heroic image on the screen. Garnet Wolesley, First Viscount Wolesley (1833-1913) - Irish/British general. Outer: Father was a retired army officer who became a shopkeeper, and died when his son was 7. Mother was forced to bring up her brood of 7 in straitened circumstances. Educated at a Dublin day school, and in recognition of his sire’s service, he was given an ensign’s commission without purchase in an infantry regiment, but soon transferred to less costly duty in India. Served in the 2nd Burmese War and was wounded in the thigh with a stone bullet. Invalided home, but was promoted and returned to active duty in the Crimea, where he lost an eye, then China, where he was shipwrecked, then India, winning distinction in the Sepoy Rebellion, as he rose relatively quickly through the ranks, leading several successful expeditions in Canada. By 1870, he was a minor hero in England, but was placed on half pay for his publication of a book critical of the army and its administration, “Soldier’s Pocket-Book,” which nevertheless was a model for field regulations for many years. Promoted to assistant adjutant general to aid a fellow general’s reform plan. Made his real reputation in Africa, after arriving in West Africa with 35 hand-picked officers in 1873. Through meticulous planning,he marched with 2500 men to put down an Ashanti uprising, and was subsequently lionized for his efforts, and became known to the British public as “Our Only General.” Promoted to major general, he served as both governor and commanding general in Natal, then was first high commissioner for Cyprus. Acted as the model for Gilbert (Harold Pinter) & Sullivan’s (Elton John) “I Am the Very Model of a Modern Major-General” in their “Pirates of Penzance.” After several more bully shows in Africa, he was made a full general, as well as a baron. Arrived too late to relieve Charles Gordon (Shah Massoud) in Khartoum, then was made a viscount on his return to England, as well as commander in Ireland for 4 years, before being promoted to field marshal in 1894. As commander-in-chief, he directed the army’s mobilization for the Boer War, although was plagued by failing memory, probably because of Alzheimer’s Disease. Died peacefully after his retirement to France. Inner: Vain, arrogant, but also intelligent, analytic and highly capable. Meticulous, excellent tactician, good reformer and administrator. One-eyed lifetime of bringing all his martial skills to bear through the tunnel vision of battle, in preparation for leaving that arena to explore himself more directly through the direct spotlight of fame and fantasy. Michel Ney (1769-1815) - French general. Outer: Son of a master barrel cooper and blacksmith. Apprenticed as a barrel cooper, he ran away in 1788 to join a hussar regiment, showing himself to be a brilliant horseman and an excellent fencer. Displayed great courage under fire, while also evincing a curious antipathy to promotion. Commissioned in 1792, he fought in the wars surrounding the French Revolution, suffering a shoulder wound at Mainz, while evincing extreme bravery and serving as an inspiration for his men, always plunging headfirst into battle to lead them. Despite his reluctance, he was made a general of brigade in 1796, and division general in 1799, which he also tried to decline. Continued to incur wounds and distinguish himself, and at the prompting of both Napoleon and Josephine (Estee Lauder), married one of the future empress’s maids of honor in 1802. Soon afterwards, he took the post of military commander and diplomat in Switzerland to quell threats of rebellion, then returned to France in preparation for an invasion of England. Made a marshal of France in 1804, one of 18 generals initially given that honor. Personally led the charge across a bridge in the subsequent Austrian campaign, and proved so ferociously heroic that one that of his aides described him as ‘the God of War incarnate.’ Created Duke of Elchingen in 1808, and was sent to Spain, but was relieved of his command in 1811 for being insubordinate to his commanding general. Returned to France and participated in the invasion of Russia, suffering a neck wound in one battle, but still continuing to fight with brilliant determination. Earned his nickname, ‘the Bravest of the Brave,’ as rearguard commander in the retreat from Moscow, starting with 10,000 men and winding up with only 200. Suffered several defeats against the Prussians, despite his own vicious fighting, while incurring a further shoulder wound. In the 1814 campaign for France. Fought at every major action, then demanded and forced Napoleon’s abdication. Afterwards, he switched his allegiance to the royal House of Bourbon, and was given several honors, including being made a peer of France. Ordered to stop Napoleon in 1815 when he returned for his 100 days, but instead, joined in his triumphant return to Paris, then rejoined him at the Battle of Waterloo as a battle commander. Lost 5 horses under him, mistaking a cavalry panic for a retreat. On foot, his face blackened by powder, his epaulettes shot off, he led one last attack, then yelled, “Come and see how a Marshal of France can die.” Unable, however, to expire on the battlefield, he returned to France to retire, but was arrested by the Bourbons, tried, found guilty and was executed by a firing squad, after having been awarded the right to give the order to fire, embracing death with dignity and elan. Inner: A soldier’s soldier. Possessor of incredible courage, a much-loved leader and a continuing inspiration to his men. Impulsive and independent, as well as the possessor of a touchy temperament. Had little interest in politics or anything outside the battlefield. Swordsman supreme lifetime of celebrating the pure passion of martial artistry, and quite willing to embrace the soldier’s ultimate enemy, death, at every turn of his charmed life. John Graham of Claverhouse, 1st Viscount of Dundee (c1649-1689) - Scottish soldier. Known as ‘Bonnie Dundee.’ Outer: Born into the nobility, younger brother David was a warrior as well. Studied at St. Andrews, and then became a soldier of fortune in France and the Netherlands, serving the future William III (Lyndon Johnson) in the latter arena, and was said to have saved his life in 1674. Recommended to the duke of York, the future James II (Martin Sheen), he was a captain under James Montrose (Vo Nguyen Giap), and fought in Scotland against the Covenanters, or Presbyterian insurgents opposed to the Anglican Charles II (Peter O’Toole), before being made sheriff of two districts in 1679. Married into the nobility, to Jean Cochrane, but his only son died in infancy in 1689. Spent the next two years in England, under the auspices of York, then had a mixed record afterwards, proving implacable to the leaders of his foes, but not cruel to the people. In 1683, he was given an estate at Dudhope, and was made privy councillor of Scotland. When James II assumed the throne in 1685, he took little part in governmental or military affairs. After a quarrel, he was partially superseded and excluded from the Privy Council. In 1686 he was appointed major-general, and became provost of Dundee in 1688, the same year he was created Viscount Dundee, and made second-in-command of the Scottish army. After the Glorious Revolution that year, when James fled England, he was allowed by William III to return to Scotland with 50 troopers, only to come up against the Covenanters, and was outlawed on his refusal to return to Edinburgh. Instead, he collected 3000 men in the Jacobite cause of restoring the throne to James, but after a successful ambush, he was shot through the left eye and fell mortally wounded from his horse. His demise would be somewhat murky, with some insisting it was his servant who did him in, and a month later the Scottish Stuart party’s resistance was crushed at the Battle of Dunkeld. Became the subject of numerous ballads and legends. He was also allegedly the Grandmaster of the revived Scottish Templar Order, since he was wearing Templar dress at his death. Inner: Brave and stalwart. Bonnie lifetime of serving as heroic fodder for future legends, while proving himself, as always, most comfortable on the field of battle. Kenneth I McAlpin (810-858) - Scottish king. Outer: Little known of his father, Alpin, a Dalriada warrior, who was killed in 834 in a victorious fight against the Picts in Galloway. Mother was a Pictish princess. Older brother of Domwall McAlpin (Roger Moore). In 843, he was accepted as the king of the Picts, uniting 1/2 of the 4 major Scottish power blocs, thanks to their tradition of matrilineal inheritance. Around 850, he was proclaimed king at Scone, a sacred Pictish place, although he was never crowned, but probably just enkinged, as a unifying figure over a Celtic kingdom. Brought the legendary ‘Stone of Destiny’ there, and it would become a coronation place for the next near 4 centuries, until the English king removed it to Westminster Abbey in 1296. Myth would have it that wherever the stone was, so would the rightful king of Scotland be. Had 2 sons who would become kings, as well as 3 daughters. The united kingdom of the Picts and Scots would subsequently be known as Scotia, or Alba, and eventually Scotland, while the Picts would be absorbed by their stronger brethren, and Gaelic would become the language of the country. Arranged good marriages for his daughters to strengthen his position, and proved a good defender of his realm against Viking incursions, moving the administrative centers of the realm to the well-fortified areas of Scone and Forteviot. Set up Dunkeld as the spiritual center of the Scottish Columban Church, and though records of his rule are scant, he seemed to have been a wise and clever king. Made several incursions southward to try to expand his kingdom, but was always forced to retreat to protect his north from Danish and Viking invasions. Eventually got worn down by his efforts and died of cancer, and was succeeded by his brother Donald. Inner: Strong warrior, good administrator. Sword-in-hand lifetime of establishing rule over a wild land, and creating the base for an eventual highly martial country, thanks to an innate sense of vision and a will to match it.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS SELF-SEEKER THROUGH OTHERS:
Storyline: The self-seeking stunner serves as the love and lust object of a variety of louts and genuine talent down through the centuries, as she continually looks for men whose interior processes match her outer looks, while gradually opening up her own creativity via actressing in order to try to see the person that lies beneath her own breathtaking beauty.

Jacqueline Bisset (Winifrede Jacqueline Fraser-Bisset) (1946) - British/American actress. Outer: Of Scottish, British and French descent. Mother was a barrister, who had practiced law before marriage, father was a Scottish general practitioner. Very close to the former, who was diagnosed with disseminating sclerosis, and after her parents divorced, when she was a teenager, she continued to live with her. Educated at a French lycee in London. Originally wanted to be a ballet dancer. 5’7” and willowy. Despite her obvious external beauty, she never felt pretty enough, and also suffered from low self esteem, with a fear of revealing her intelligence and frightening men off. Worked as a model, then her striking beauty led to bit parts in British films, as a sexy starlet, beginning with The Knack in 1965. Moved to the United States, and developed into an accomplished actress, and a successful movie star, allowing her innate intelligence to shine through in a diverse set of roles that even saw her playing the Virgin Mary in a TV miniseries. Never married, but her intimate life was punctuated by a series of longterm relationships with younger males, who failed to give her the emotional satisfaction she craved, including actor Michael Sarrazin and dancer Alexander Godunov. Her later work has mostly been of the TV variety. Inner: Intelligent, independent and articulate. Opposed to marriage on principle, although domestic and romantic. Self-seeking lifetime of success in career but struggles in relationships, while slowly learning not to look for herself in the reflection of others entranced by her beauty. Lillie Langtry (Emilie Charlotte Le Breton) (1852-1929) - British/American actress. Outer: Her last name was an anagram for Bronte, and her first 2 names were versions of the 2 most famous sisters of that name, in an unconscious desire to open herself up to her own creativity. Only daughter of the Dean of Jersey, from whom she won her nickname, the Jersey Lily, because of her startling beauty. 6th of 7 children. Father was an impulsive adulterer, who had to warn his daughter off her first boyfriend, for fear it was an incestuous union, thanks to his indiscriminately spreading his seed. Found him ‘a damned nuisance,’ and eagerly left home at 20, after having been educated there. At 22, she married Edward Langtry, a bland but wealthy Irishman, who was the son of a shipowner, for his money, but soon grew bored with him. The duo came to London in 1877, where she was an instant social success, thanks to her beauty and good social presence. Sat for several artists and was the lust object of various European royals, with noblemen duking it out over her attentions, while she became a celebrity in her own right. The same year, she became the first official mistress of the future king of England, Edward VII (Prince William). Given a villa by him, but he eventually moved on to other women, and when her husband went bankrupt, the Prince of Wales encouraged her to try the theater. In 1881, she had an illegitimate daughter with Louis Montbatten, who would have married her had she not still been betrothed. The birth, however, effectively ended her marriage. Caused a sensation by becoming the first British society woman to go on the stage, making her debut at the end of 1881 in “She Stoops to Conquer,” which she never had to do. Attracted audiences initially because of her notorious status as mistress of the Prince of Wales, but she eventually became a competent actress, touring both England and the United States, usually playing upper-class women. A successful businesswoman, as well, she organized her own theatrical company. Continued her adulterous ways with her rich, and often swinish, swain. in 1897, she became an American citizen, and divorced her husband, who died soon afterwards, broken both financially and emotionally, while she had a Texas town named after her by one of her admirers. Unhappily remarried Hugo Gerald de Bathe, an English baronet much her junior, in her mid-40s. Maintained a racing stable, and managed a theater, while enjoying an extravagant existence, ultimately buying an estate in Monaco. Spent the latter part of her life living alone, estranged from her daughter, and wrote her autobiography at life’s end. Inner: Highly social, magnetic and extremely ambitious for herself, although unable to find emotional fulfillment in any of her numerous relationships. Kissed by fortune lifetime of actualizing her fantasies, thanks to a combination of beauty, brains and social drive, only to wind up alone at the end, for a reassessment of herself and her future pursuits. Louisa, Countess of Albany (Louisa Maximiliana Carolina Emanuel) (1753-1824) - German countess. Outer: Oldest child of a German prince who died in the Austrian service. Her mother was connected by blood to many of the noble houses of Europe. Despite her high pedigree, the family was relatively impecunious, and on her sire’s death, she became a pensioner of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa (Queen Victoria). Made a canoness of Mons in 1770, at the age of 17, but quit three years later, and secretly wed the Jacobite pretender to the British throne, Charles Edward Stuart (Ethan Hawke), who gave her the title of Countess of Albany. He proved to be a drunken profligate, and after 8 years, she left him, and became involved in Florence with the Italian poet, Vittorio Alfieri (Matteo Garrone). Afterwards, she moved to Rome, where she got permission from the pope to live apart from her husband, and Alfieri discreetly followed her. The two alternately separated and changed residences, so as not to sully her married name. Both moved to Paris in 1787, and the following year her husband died, leaving the lovers free to live together openly. The two left Paris in 1792, with the French Revolution bubbling all around them, and went to Tuscany, where he spent the remainder of his life. Following her paramour’s death in 1803, she arranged for a complete edition of his works, some 22 volumes, to be published in Pisa. Came to England, and was received by the court, and eventually wound up living with a French artist, before being buried with her one true love. Inner: Witty, extremely attractive and sensitive. Peripatetic lifetime of finally finding a true romantic soul-mate, although forced by circumstances to curtail her full enjoyment of their entwining. Aelfgifu (fl. 10th cent) - English queen. Outer: Daughter of the stepmother of King Edwy (Ethan Hawke). Became the king’s mistress, and precipitated his unsteady reign, when he left the table at his coronation banquet to carnalize her, which outraged his clerical reformer, Dunstan (Thomas Jefferson), who severely rebuked him for his bad manners. The two were married about 2 years later, but because of the close degree of kinship, the king was forced to banish both her and her mother, and they disappear into the mists of his’n’herstory, and both ultimately became victims of subsequent monastic legend, where cruelties were visited on them. Inner: Footnote lifetime of a brief taste of status before being relegated to the mists of unrecorded memory by the moralizing powers that were.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS SINGER-TURNED-THESPIAN:
Storyline: The hard-working headliner eschews childhood for an opportunity to hone her expanding sense of craft, after earlier moving from an elite art-form to a more populist one, in her ongoing search for fulfilling self-expression.

Michelle Pfeiffer (1957) - American actress. Outer: Father was an air-conditioning contractor. Parents moved from North Dakota to Southern California before she was born. 2nd of 4 children, sister Dedee also became an actress. Started working at 14 and never stopped. Initially wanted to be a court stenographer. Worked as a supermarket cashier, then won the title of Miss Orange County in 1978. 5’7 1/2”, slender. Because of her blonde, bee-stung good looks, she was initially cast as a Southern California cliche in bad TV dramas. Began her film career in 1980 with The Hollywood Knights. Married actor Peter Horton in 1981, and divorced him 9 years later, while feeling she had never really had a chance to be a child because of her early entrance into the workaday world. Had her first breakthrough in her mid-20s, in Grease II, but her first real hit didn’t come until 5 years later with The Witches of Eastwick, in which she held her own with an all-star cast. Did her own singing in The Baker Boys, and has continually proved herself an actress of depth and merit, playing against type in a number of memorable roles, including a Kennedy-obsessed Dallas housewife in Love Field and a mafiosa widow in Married to the Mob. Involved with a number of actors, then in 1993 she adopted a daughter, before marrying David E. Kelley, a TV producer and writer, 8 months later, son from union. Her ongoing popularity has placed her in the higher stratosphere of bankable actresses, with a multi-million dollar price tag for her movies, and the freedom of choice in her roles. Inner: Highly self-critical, hard-working and driven, with the desire to continually expand as an actress. Amateur artist, among her other skills. Nonstop working lifetime of moving up to a higher plane and switching her milieu to pure acting, while trying to give herself a more balanced private and public life in the process. Grace Moore (Mary Willie Grace Moore) (1901-1947) - American singer. Outer: Father was the manager of a commissary for a lumber company. Eldest of 5. Her family moved and her sire went on to become owner of a department store. Raised a Baptist, originally wanted to be a missionary, but her singing talents prevailed. 5’4 1/2”. Studied music, but lost her voice and underwent a period of silence for 3 months before regaining it. Sang in a Greenwich Village cafe, and was urged by showman George M. Cohan (Michael Flatley) to go into musical comedy. Made her debut as a lyric soprano at 19 in a musical revue, and then continued in revues and musical comedies until her mid-20s, save for one hotel recital. Left NYC to study singing in Antibes, France, and made her opera debut with the American-German Opera Company in Paris and Nice. Made her Metropolitan Opera starring debut in her late 20s in La Boheme. Married Valentin Parera, a Spanish actor in her mid-30s, in a childless union. Criticized for curtseying to the Dutchess of Windsor, when she wasn’t royalty, in the only controversial gesture of her life. Criticized for curtseying to the Dutchess of Windsor, when she wasn’t royalty, in the only controversial gesture of her life. Made a chevalier of the French Legion of Honor and was preparing to convert to Catholicism, her husband’s religion, when she was killed in a plane crash over Copenhagen, while giving a concert tour. Wrote her autobiography, You’re Only Human Once. Inner: Vivacious, ebullient, hard-working and humble. Plane crash symbolized her desire to take her talents to another level on her next go-round. Mostly harmonious lifetime of bringing her high artistic persona down a notch where it could be appreciated by and help enhance popular tastes, before literally moving on to another plane in her ongoing search for satisfying creative expression. Adelaide Neilson (Elizabeth Ann Brown) (c1846-1880) - British actress. Outer: Mother was a strolling player. An illegitimate child, although her mother later married a mechanic, she worked as a mill hand, a nursemaid and then a barmaid, before going to London at 15, hoping to parley her beauty into a stage career. Made her debut as Juliet in 1865, and, after initially struggling, built a reputation as a tragedienne nonpareil. Identified in particular with the melodramatic character of Julia in “The Hunchback,” which she did at the beginning of her career. Married Philip Henry Lee, a clergyman’s son, in 1864 and later divorced in 1877. Proved extremely popular in America, touring some 4 times during the 1870s. Engaged to a handsome rake and actor, Edward Compton, but collapsed while riding and suddenly died in Paris, in what was later diagnosed as a ruptured ligament near her left fallopian tube. Inner: Intelligent, quite beautiful and a great audience favorite. Probably opted for her difficult beginnings in order to give herself the depth of life experience after earlier having been a pampered player. Up from the underclass lifetime of gaining experience through servile work, before suddenly appearing full bloom on stage in her teens, only to blaze out, after a foreshortened career noted for its incandescence. Elizabeth (1465-1503) - Queen of England. Outer: Eldest of 5 daughters of Edward IV (Errol Flynn) and Elizabeth Woodville (Joan Crawford). Her brother became the unfortunate Edward V (Prince Edward). Dominated by strong women her entire life, and dutifully did their bidding, although she had strained relations with her own mother. A considerable beauty, she was tall and fair, with long golden tresses. After being promised in marriage three times, she eventually was married at 20 to Henry VII (Rupert Murdoch), linking the houses of Tudor and York, several months after his coronation. 7 children, with only three surviving including Henry VIII (James Packer), Margaret Tudor (Doris Lessing) and Mary Tudor (Julie Christie), with the latter two serving as queens of Scotland and France respectively. Although her royal spouse was cold to both her and her children in a totally political marriage, the two learned to love one another. Ultimately died in her own childbed, 9 days after giving birth to a daughter. Playing cards were invented during her reign, using her likeness for the queens. Inner: Gentle, loyal, devout. Domestic lifetime of support, where her will and needs were totally subservient to the political realities of her time.

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