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WRITERS - JOURNALISTS, BLOVIATORS & REFORMERS - 1

 

PATHWAY OF THE REFORMER AS FREEBOOTING FREETHINKER:
Storyline: The macha muser doesn’t mind getting down and dirty in the intellectual and sociopolitical trenches of her times, through her surety of opinion and bellicose willingness to take on anyone standing in her ideological way.

kCamille Paglia (1947) - American critic and writer. Outer: From an Italian Catholic background. Mother was an immigrant, father was native-born and a professor of romance languages, who encouraged his daughter to defy convention. Her mother was energetic & practical while her sire was serious& studious, so that she pursued a middle road twixt the duo. Grew up with a mythological sense of womanhood, thanks to 2 immigrant grandmothers who lived nearby and showed her the timeless aura of the kitchen, as well as communication without language. Preferred swords and knights in armor to dolls, and from an early age saw the erotic in the iconic. A 2nd sister was born when she was 14. Obsessed with actress Elizabeth Taylor as a teen as an archetype of beauty and the feminine, although affected Napoleonic attire herself. 5’3”, wiry and frenetic. Graduated from the State Univ. of NY as valedictorian of her class, showing herself to be a ferocious student, and received her Ph.D. from Yale, before embarking on an academic career at Bennington College in 1972, where she garnered a reputation for fist-fights, going after oppressive males. After 8 years there, she became a visiting lecturer, and ultimately wound up at the Univ. of the Arts in Philadelphia in 1984, a college for dancers, actors and visual artists, becoming a professor of the humanities there in 1991. Found feminism far too dogmatic for her tastes, ultimately labeling herself an anti-feminist feminist, looking to stir up women into their own aggressive sense of power and control. After 9 years of rejections and re-workings, she published Sexual Personae: Art and Decadence from Nefertiti to Emily Dickinson in 1990, championing the Western canon of art and literature while seeing a Nietzschean duality between the Apollonian pursuit of high aesthetics and the cult of individual personality, as a response to the Dionysian urge of the primitive and the chaotic, with men going to the former to transcend their more base urges, and women stuck in their roles in the latter. Viewing nature as bestial and perverse, she sees a strange and terrible duality in the sexes, born of their diverse natures, and shows little sympathy for women who do not see the beast in men. Continually ruffling feathers with her gift for hyperbole, digression and pronouncement, providing her own entertaining viewpoints on how women have to empower themselves and be aware of the dangers of the Dionysian. Has made herself into a high profile public personality with her further broadsides, enjoying the controversies she creates, with a much divided audience both sneeringly dismissing her and avidly awaiting her further epigrams in the eternal battle of the books and the sexes. As such, she feels transgender identity issues are a sign of the collapse of civilization. Inner: Self-centered libertarian and purposeful provocateur, with an eye on her own immortality as a seminal thinker. Veritable fount of of both classic and pop culture reference points, which liberally dot her various screeds. Self-described “drag queen feminist” and “bisexual lesbian, monastic, celibate, pervert, deviant voyeur.” Macha lifetime of rocking the academic boat with her readings and misreadings on eros and civilization. kEmmeline Pankhurst (Emmeline Goulden) (1858-1928) - English reformer. Outer: Parents were both radical reformers. Father was a cashier who became the owner of a prosperous calico printing and bleach works, while also campaigning against slavery and the oppressive Corn Laws. Mother was an early feminist, who began taking her daughter to suffrage meetings as a teen. As the eldest of 10, she learned responsibility early on by taking care of her younger siblings. Grew up in a freethinking reformist household but was educated at a boarding school in Manchester, where girls were taught to be homemakers, and soon saw the huge gender disparity in her schooling. Attended an academic girls’ school in Paris afterwards, and then roamed the city, which further imbued her with revolutionary fantasies. Began working for the woman suffrage movement on her return home. Married Richard Pankhurst (William Kunstler), a progressive barrister nearly a quarter century her senior in 1879. Had three daughters and a son in the first six years of marriage, including Christabel (Rachel Maddow), who followed in her large footsteps, before becoming a Christian polemicist, and Sylvia (Melissa Harris-Perry) and Adela (Michelle Malkin), who became pacifists. One more son was added to the brood after her first one died of diphtheria, but he became paralyzed from polio and died at 21. Highly active in the suffrage movement, while moving from the Liberal Party to the Fabian Society to the Independent Labor Party. Unsuccessfully campaigned for her husband for a pair of parliamentary runs in the 1880s on extreme anti-establishment stances, while also supporting the family by running a fancy goods shop, since he was too radical to pursue a successful career at the bar. Continued her activism, as a dedicated socialist. After her beloved husband’s death in 1898, which devastated her, she found herself impoverished, and opened another shop, only to be forced to close it, before becoming registrar of births and deaths in a working-class district of her home city of Manchester. In 1903, she left the ILP and formed the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) with Christabel, with “Deeds, not words,” as their motto, as their tactics became more aggressive, garnering much publicity. Went to live with Sylvia in London and organized, recruited and led marches in favor of the vote for women, while focusing her entire existence on her self-appointed mission. Arrested in 1908, while upping her tactics to window-smashing and other attention-grabbing actions. Made fund-raising tours in the U.S. in 1909 and 1911, and the following year she was convicted of conspiracy. In 1910, she lost her second son, which thoroughly upended her, as she turned her grief and rage into even more aggressive activism, as well as powertripping within her own organization. After her release from prison, she and Christabel assumed full control of the WSPU. Arrested for incitement to violence in 1913, she was imprisoned and went on a hunger strike, winning her release when her physical condition became critical. Arrested a dozen more times as one of the most public faces of the suffrage movement in England, while exhorting her minions, even while laid out on a stretcher. Joined her exiled daughter in France, then was detained on Ellis Island on a subsequent visit to the U.S., which caused a public uproar. With the outbreak of WW I, she worked on recruitment along with Christabel, taking no part in the final negotiations for suffrage before 1918, as a rift between her and her two youngest daughters widened because of their pacifist activities. During the war, she adopted 4 orphan girls, as a means of creating a substitute family for herself. Saw Christabel lose in a run for Parliament after limited suffrage passed, then toured Canada as a speaker on child welfare, as her health began to noticeably fail, following all her hunger strikes. Had two of her orphan daughters adopted by people who could take better care of them, while Christabel adopted her favorite, leaving her with only one to raise. Lived on the Rivera for health reasons, before returning to London at the end of 1925, and in 1926 joined the Conservative Party for a losing Parliamentary run. During the campaign, she became permanently estranged from her daughter Sylvia, after she gave birth to an out-of-wedlock son and refused out of principle to marry the father. Died in a nursing home from septicemia brought on by influenza, a few weeks after her lifetime dream of universal suffrage was passed. Had her biography, “My Own Story,” ghostwritten in 1914. Inner: Aggressive, dedicated, militant, charismatic and fearless. Powerful speaker, who used neither notes nor gestures in limning her clear heartfelt arguments. Very much into the feminine, loved beautiful things and always wore feminine clothing, paying particular attention to her appearance. In your face lifetime of confrontational activism and realization of her life’s dream at the end, although not without having her daughters act out the same sense of rebelliousness against her that she so aptly personified. Emma Martin (Emma Bullock) (1812-1851) - English socialist and writer. Outer: Father was a cooper who died shortly after her birth. 4th child. Mother remarried, little known of her childhood. Rejected the conventional beliefs of her mother and stepfather, and joined the Particular Baptist sect at 17, and was part of a Bible Society for the next 4 years. Set up her own Ladies Seminary at 18 and 3 years later married a Baptist brick and tile maker, 3 daughters from union. Ran her school with her sister, and became an editor of the Bristol Literary Magazine, giving her first public lecture in 1838 on education. Left her husband the following year, after he dissipated her inheritance. Continued giving her lectures, and became involved with the socially progressive Owenite movement, championing free thought, socialism and feminism. Moved to London, with her daughters joining her, and became one of the leading speakers in the Owenite Halls of Science and Social Institutions. An outspoken feminist, she criticized marriage as a market-driven institution, and demanded equal political and educational rights for women. A confrontational speaker, she attacked religion, became embroiled in numerous controversies, and attracted large crowds to her lecture tours in the Midlands, the North and Scotland. Exhausted from her combative forays into the heartlands, she returned to London and qualified as a midwife at the Royal Adelaide Hospital, while focusing on writing rather than speaking, and also campaigning against male domination of female health. Did translations, including the salty tales of Boccaccio (James Joyce), and wrote a novel. From 1845, she lived with an engineer, 10 years her senior, who took her surname and with whom she had a daughter. Died of tuberculosis. Inner: Feisty, combative, and ultimately worn down by her labors. Good lecturer, combined witty repartee with tub-thumping polemics. Foreshortened lifetime of making her sentiments well-known during a time when women were collectively first starting to express their power, before retreating from the battlefronts to heal because of wounds incurred from her full-bore assault on conventional attitudes of the time. kAnna Comnena (1083-1153) - Byzantine princess and chronicler. Outer: Father was Alexius I Comnenus (Michael Milken). Mother was Irene, from an equally powerful family. As the first-born to the purple, she assumed she would wed and inherit the throne, along with her intended. When a brother, the future John II (J. Paul Getty), eventually followed her four years later, she despised him with all the passion of her being. Ultimately the eldest of seven, with three sisters and three brothers. Extremely close with her parents, particularly her mother. Received an excellent education, with a full scope of subjects, although some of her reading had to be done on the sly, since it covered Greece’s classical pantheistic past, rather than its Orthodox Christian present. Betrothed as an infant to the son of her father’s predecessor, emperor Michael VII (Cormac McCarthy), with whom she assumed she would inherit the throne. He died, however, shortly after her brother John was born, doubling her antipathy towards him. In 1097, she wed the Caesar Nicepherous Bryennius the Younger (William Kunstler), in a union that was political, rather than a love-match, since he was a member of a powerful political family. Two sons and two daughters from the union. Her mother continually tried to persuade her husband that her son-in-law was far more fit to be his heir than his son, John, although he refused to comply with her wishes. In 1112, she took the reins of government, when he became virtually immobile with rheumatism, although John managed to be his father’s heir when he finally died in 1118, with full support of the patriarchate. Immediately started plotting against him, hoping he’d be overthrown by the military, although her husband refused to comply with her scheming, as did here mother. Her spouse’s lack of support elicited much venom from her, likening him to a woman, as she deeply felt the power denied her gender in a patriarchy. Following her husband’s death in 1137, she was sent to a convent that her mother had founded, and spent the rest of her life there. Used her removal from active life, to create a salon of sorts, convening gatherings of like-minded intellectuals, while delving more deeply into her love of philosophy. Completed her husband’s chronicle of the reign of her father, as well, while augmenting it, so that it ultimately became the “Alexiad,” a unique rendering of her progenitor’s reign, which gave short shrift to those who succeeded him. Inner: Passionate, cerebral, highly emotional, and both the recipient and the purveyor of extremely ardent feelings. Had an excellent eye for the details of rule, as well as battles, filtered through her decidedly prejudiced eyes, with much of the material dredged up from childhood memories. Able to limn telling portraits of the empire’s elites, although her use of language failed to convey her own articularity, since it was mimetic of the male chroniclers who preceded her. Being there lifetime of frustration over not being allowed to rule, despite winding up leaving a much more long-lasting legacy through her analytic and detailed daykeeping abilities, as one of western civilization first herstorians.

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PATHWAY OF THE PREACHER AS HOLY SECULAR COMEDIAN:
Storyline: The elephantine egotist plays fast and loose with the facts in his love of a good story, while giving his ditto-headed following his fantasies of the way things ought to be, from his own alternate realities.

hRush Limbaugh III (1951) - America media personality. Outer: From a long line of orators, with a grandfather who practiced law into his 100s, while several ancestors fought for the Confederacy in the Civil War. Mother was a longtime Republican committee woman, father was a WW II pilot who became a distinguished lawyer and Republican Party activist. The latter was stern, vocal, and conservative, while the former was good-humored and wisecracking. Other members of his family were also politically prominent, and he readily accepted their conservative ideology, as well as their cutting sense of humor. Younger brother David became an author and a political commentator, as well. Had an upper middle class upbringing, although was largely a loner, content to sit in his dark bedroom with his tape recorder and radio. Totally uninterested in academics, he made his high school football team as a place-kicker, and obtained a radio broadcaster’s license at 16. Dropped out of Southeast Missouri State Univ., after his father insisted he go to college, and, using the name Rusty, held a series of radio DJ jobs without clicking, under the name Jeff Christie. Wangled a draft deferment during the Vietnam war for an anal cyst via a friendly doctor, and became a sales executive for a baseball team, before finally finding his true political voice and becoming a popular radio talk-show personality in Sacramento in the early 1980s. For a longtime, he hovered blimp-like in the 300 pound range, until health concerns caused him to lose excess weight. Moved to NYC in 1988 and began a nationally syndicated radio show, quickly building up a rabid following with his loose sense of the truth and his easy targeting of the liberal establishment. Wrote a bestseller, “The Way Things Ought to Be,” and then began his television career in 1990, establishing his own nightly talk show in 1993, although it failed to generate a viewership to match his listenership, and complaints about poor time slots caused him to cut back on it. Married and divorced 3 times, beginning with Roxy McNeely, an office worker in 1977. After divorcing her in 1980, he wed Michelle Wennerholm, a stadium usher, in 1983. The duo separated 5 years later, then divorced. His third union was to Marta Fitzgerald, a former aerobics instructor, in 1994, which ended in an amicable parting a decade later. Continued to entertain an enormous audience via radio as a self-appointed voice of the dittohead masses who were looking for someone to humorously articulate their anger. Despite the commonality of his message, he bought a $5 million apartment in NYC, and signed a long-term $285 million contract, before moving to a $25 million dollar, 24,000 sq. foot mansion in Palm Beach, Florida in 1997, on an estate which holds five homes, and whose interiors were designed by himself, including a two-story library. Although an entertainer at heart, he slipped more and more into the realm of the political, only to suffer a sudden loss of hearing in 2001, emblematic of an unlistening missionary. Later had a successful cochlear transplant, which gained some of it back, while also learning to lip read. Expanded in 2003 to become an NFL commentator on ESPN, only to quickly lose the job with an insensitive racial observation, then was outed by his housekeeper as an Oxycontin addict, consuming elephantine doses of them and other painkillers for a back ailment, in a fall from grace in which his realities finally superseded his fantasies of the way things should be. Spent 5 weeks in rehab, and reemerged spouting self-help patter, despite an earlier stance of seeing all addictions as criminal and punishable. Ultimately received a legal slap on the wrist for his transgression, with a fine and the promise of continued treatment, while remaining an influential and entertaining mass of contradictions for an untold amount of Americans more than willing to forgive him trespasses, including a subsequent embarrassing airport stop with Viagra in his baggage. Despite further gaffes, he was able to reclaim his true conservative status following the downfall of the Republicans in the mid-term 2006 elections, allowing him the freedom to disavow some of their errant ways, and return to his own ideological preachments, in his ongoing 5 day a week daily valentines to himself. Went aghast over John McCain’s lockup of the Republican nomination as a betrayal of the GOP’s conservative credo, predicting a dire future for the party as a result of it, while continuing to fulminate against any and all apostasies committed by all his self-perceived enemies of the truth, including fellow members of the “drive-by” media. Launched Operation Chaos in 2008 to counteract the Democratic resurgence, urging voters to crossover in the primaries and vote for Hillary Clinton as the weaker of two candidates, then wished often and aloud for riots in Denver to further blunt the opposition Party’s appeal. Later that year signed a $400 million+ contract, including a $100 million signing bonus, with his syndication company to remain on the air for 8 more years, while vowing to continue broadcasting until every person in America agrees with him. Expressed a desire that Obama fail at the onset of his administration, while underlining his status as the acknowledged non-elected voice of American conservatism, much to the discomfort of the moderate wing of the Republican Party, who were too terrified of his reach to challenge him. Subsequently turned down by the NFL as a potential part-owner of the St. Louis Rams because of incendiary racial comments he had earlier made. Began 2010 with a heart scare, then continued with heartless comments, before getting married for a fourth time to Kathryn Rogers, an event coordinator over two and a half decades his junior. Bailed on NYC afterwards for tax reasons, selling his gilded condo for a handsome profit, while leaving its gaudy furnishings behind. Despite staying number one in radio listernership, subsequently lost a considerable portion of his audience, due to changing tastes in talk radio, with middle-of-the-road opinionators eating into the country’s previous appetite for sheer vituperation and little else. In 2012, he managed to enflame passions by calling a Georgetown law student who wasn’t allowed to testify at a Congressional contraception hearing, a slut and prostitute for daring to demand birth control costs, costing him sponsorships and much opprobrium for his ongoing obtuse gynephobia, before issuing a rare apology to the maligned student, without backing off from his contention surrounding personal sexual actions and government being forced to support them. Wound up losing a host of sponsors, while gaining an even larger audience, eager to hear him voice their rage at a world changing far too quickly for their tastes. Nevertheless, has made continual plaint that he and his listeners have lost the country, thanks in part to the “chickification” of the news. Inner: Evangelical sense of mission, with a true passion for what he does. Self-confessed fastidious obsessive/compulsive, with a “talent on loan from God.” Strong work ethic, and a good mimic, with a deeply conservative nature, and a genuine likability, which keeps his listeners listening, whether they agree with him or not. Vehemently anti-environment and anti-global warming, while viewing himself primarily as a businessman, with audience size always one of his main concerns. Rarely apologizes for his gaffes, and always attacks his attackers, forever remaining on the offensive, no matter who he offends. Far more insecure than his public persona conveys, with a great need to be accepted. Largely a self-involved loner, content to lie on the couch and watch football, when not magnifying himself behind a microphone, and gushing over his self-perceived brilliance. Big appetite lifetime of preaching the secular gospel of conservatism and establishing himself as a unique national personality, while unconsciously tapping into his preacherly past, in his ongoing role as one of America’s favorite unfrocked ministers. hElbert Hubbard (1856-1915) - American writer and businessman. Outer: Father was a physician. Raised with strong Christian values, which he held to, his entire life. Sold soap door-to-door, then went to Chicago at 16, and became a freelance journalist there for 4 years. In his mid-20s, he took a job with a manufacturing company in Buffalo and stayed 15 years working in advertising and sales, showing a penchant for snappy slogans. Married Bertha Crawford in 1881, and had a daughter by both his wife and mistress. Retired from business at 39 with a modest amount of money, and decided to attend Harvard, but soon tired of being a student and went to Europe. Fell under the influence of designer William Morris (Philip Johnson). Returned, entered the office of a Boston publisher, wrote 3 novels, then founded the Roycroft Shop, modeled after Morris’s press, and began publishing The Philistine. After 45 issues, he wrote the entire journal himself and enjoyed huge success with it, with an audience of some 225,000 at his death. Also did a 2nd, less personal magazine, The Fra. Penned the inspirational story, “Message to Garcia,” based on an incident from the Spanish-American War in Cuba, about clinging to one’s objectives. It’s ultimate printing went into the millions. Spent half of the time, the last 15 years of his life on the road, giving lectures about the way things should be. Mentor of Herbert W. Armstrong, one of the first of the radio evangelicals to build a huge business empire around aggressive spiritual salesmanship. In 1903, he married a writer, Alice Moore, right after his divorce from his first wife. Ultimately bombed into oblivion aboard the Lusitania during WW I, in an unconscious desire to totally reconstruct himself as a politically secular, rather than spiritual Christian, conservative. Inner: Supersalesman, with extreme self-confidence. Evangelical urge to preach to the masses from a secular, rather than a spiritual pulpit, while delivering the same message. Motto was “Get radioactive.” Hyperhuckster lifetime of turning his evangelical expertise into uniting the business world with a strong ethical sense, and, in a sense, considerably expanding his congregation, so that he could become an even more influential secular preacher the next time around. hMason Weems (1759-1825) - American writer and clergyman. Outer: Youngest of 19 children. Studied medicine in Scotland, practiced for a few years, then took up theology, and was one of 2 ordained Americans in the Church of England after the American Revolution. Married Frances Ewell in his mid-30s, and ultimately had 12 children. Preached in Maryland, and became known for the passion and fire of his sermons, which appealed to emotion rather than reason. His large family caused him to take up a more remunerative profession, and he became a book agent for Matthew Carey (Bill O’Reilly), a Philadelphia publisher, with whom he constantly quarreled during their entire three decade business relationship. Proved a remarkably successful salesman, both printing and selling religious works, particularly the Bible. Wrote many self-improvement books, and spent a great deal of his life on the road in total dedication to spreading the word of God through his own self-appointed channel. As a temperance advocate, with a pamphlet called “The Drunkard’s Glass,” he wound go into taverns, imitate the falling-down state of the imbibers there, and then proffer his printed solution to their inebriated failings. Also a talented fiddler, he played for the dancing enjoyment of young people, much to the intemperate tongue-clucking of some of the pious communities he invaded. Had a racy style of selling, and was considered quite outrageous by many. Best known for his apocryphal life of George Washington (George Marshall), with its famous story of America’s first president chopping down a cherry tree at age 6 and then owning up to the deed. Also penned several other biographies of Revolutionary American heroes. Had a great desire to die while on the road selling the Bible, and did so. Inner: Excitable, passionate, great religious fervor with an equal skill at imaginative and stimulating sales. Highly mobile lifetime of hitching his communicative talents to the word of God and riding it for all it was worth, on a journey he has yet to complete. Roger of Wendover (?-1236) - English Benedictine monk and chronicler. Outer: Early life unrecorded. Became a Benedictine monk, and was made a prior of the cell of Belvoir, but was deposed from his position for wasting its endowment. On his retirement, he wrote a noted chronicle, which compiled various tales beginning with the Earth’s Creation up through the year before his death, with a focus on Britain from the mid-fifth century onwards. His Flore Historiarum, or Flowers of History, is a compilation of the work of other writers, as well as his own contemporary narrative of the events of the last two decades of his life. Far more the storyteller than the serious his/storian, he is credited with retelling the apocryphal tale of Lady Godiva and her nude romp through Coventry, although in all likelihood, the event never occurred. Inner: Compilation lifetime of integrating his fanciful storytelling skills, his unique character, his proclivity for controversy, his deep and ongoing sense of spirituality, and his own abiding sense of being humanity’s gift from God.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS MARTYR TO HIS STORIES:
Storyline: The well-loved war-lover continually searches for the bigger stories going on around him in his self-sacrificing desire to humanize global conflicts and bring his own special off-beat sensibilities to making the world a more understandable place.

hDaniel Pearl (1963-2002) - American journalist. Outer: Parents were Israeli immigrants who eventually settled on the West Coast. Attended high school in southern California, before going on to Stanford, where he majored in communications and also edited the quarterly Stanford Commentary as well as programmed music for the campus radio station. Upon graduating, he worked for several small daily newspapers in Mass., before joining the Wall Street Journal in 1990. Began with the paper’s Atlanta bureau and quickly established himself with his off-beat quirky stories, known as “A-heads,” which would appear on the middle of the front page. Moved to the Journal’s Washington bureau in 1993, and then was posted to London in 1996, where he began writing about the Middle East. Met his future wife, Mariane Van Neyenhoff, a French freelance journalist of Dutch and Cuban extraction, at a party and the duo were married in 1999, the same year he joined the Journal’s Paris bureau. Continued to write about the Mideast from Paris before being posted to Bombay, India as the Journal’s South Asia bureau chief in late 2000. Learned to speak a little Urdu and Arabic, and wrote about medical care for poor people in countries with AIDS epidemics, as well as multinational drug companies and the tensions twixt India and Pakistan. Drafted the paper’s safety guidelines for overseas reporters, and always took care and caution in investigating his own volatile stories. Despite announcing that Afghanistan was far too dangerous a place to go, he went to Karachi in Pakistan to investigate a link between an Islamic militant leader and the so-called ‘shoe bomber,’ who had been caught mid-flight trying to blow up a transatlantic flight in mid-air. Kidnapped in a restaurant after having been lured there by Islamic jihad terrorists, and despite numerous international appeals, had his throat slit and head severed shortly after videos were released of him in captivity. His wife was 7 month’s pregnant with their first child when he was executed, and had offered to exchange her life for his. In 2002, four men were convicted, including mastermind Omar Sheikh, although later investigation would show that 27 were involved, with more than half free in Pakistan, as the governments of both the U.S. and the latter, deliberately allowed the case to go dormant for political considerations, despite the founding of the Pearl Project, and their desire to keep it open. Inner: Lively personality, offbeat sense of humor, well-liked by everyone, with an excellent facility for humanizing complex situations. Specifically searched out murky stories in order to clarify them. Self-sacrificing lifetime of once again offering himself up to his violent times in the pursuit of tell-tale truths. hErnie Pyle (Ernest Taylor Pyle) (1900-1945) - American war correspondent. Outer: Parents were farmers. Studied journalism at Indiana University, then left school in his senior year to become a correspondent at a small-town newspaper. 5’8” and never more than 110 lbs. Shy from childhood on, but always extremely well-liked. Married Geraldine Siebolds, a civil service worker, in 1925, and the duo pursued a bohemian lifestyle. Took a 9000 miles trip around America, ending in NYC, where he worked at the copy desk of 2 newspapers, before becoming aviation editor for the Scripps-Howard chain. Based himself in Washington, where he became managing editor of the Washington Daily News in 1932, then worked as a roving assignment reporter for the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain, doing 6 syndicated columns a week. Appeared in more than 200 newspapers prior to WW II, focusing on human interest stories, written with a lighthearted self-deprecating tone. His wife became subject to fits of depression, with alcohol, amphetamine and sedative use, while his own health suffered from heavy smoking and an anemic condition. Went to England in 1940, but returned the following year after a suicide attempt by his spouse. Sought treatment for impotence, then divorced his wife in 1942, and placed her in a sanitarium. Remarried her by proxy in 1943, while becoming one of America’s best-loved reporters during WW II for personalizing the action, as he followed the American troops through North Africa, Sicily, Italy and France. Greatly admired the grunts at the front, employing a low-key prose to limn their G.I. Joe fortitude and their direct experience. Landed at Normandy on D-Day, as his wife attempted suicide once again. Won a Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for international reporting, as well as numerous other awards. While covering the war in the Pacific, he was killed by Japanese machine-gun fire, with a single shot to the left temple just 2 weeks before the end of the war in Europe. His death was headline news around the country, and 7 months later, his wife died of uremic poisoning. Inner: Highly likable, good-humored, given to melancholy, strong identification with ordinariness. His spouse probably acted out his unintegrated interior and draw towards self-destruction. Front-line lifetime of serving as a voice for the unheralded, while dealing with his own demons via his desire for close proximity with the madness of wars, both internally and externally fought. hLouis Blanc (1811-1882) - French journalist and political philosopher. Outer: Of Italian heritage on his maternal side. Father was a bureaucrat, serving as the inspector-general of finance in Madrid at the time of his birth. Unable to secure familial financial support for his studies, he lived in poverty in Paris, while pursuing law, and writing for various journals. Saw that his writing served him best, and soon pursued it full-time. Founded his own “Revue de progres,” where he outlined his view of political his/story. Laid society’s ills to its competitive nature, which rewards the strongest and most aggressive, and shoves the weakest aside. As an antidote, he called for a social restructuring that worked towards a common good, rather than a me-first mentality, and coined the utilitarian phrase, “from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.” Propounded a cooperative society, and in 1841 published a his/story of the 1830s, attacking the Louis-Philippe (Boris Yeltsin) monarchy that had ushered in the decade. Followed that up with a his/story of the French Revolution, and in 1848, during the continent-wide revolutionary upheavals, found himself a member of the provisional government. Failed to have his recommendation for a ministry of labor enacted, but his theoretical expertise in the field led to an appointment as head of the government labor commission. Unlike his fellow revolutionaries, he saw government as a needed means of support, rather than the problem, particularly if workers were to be given the funded start they needed to implement their collective workshops. A rival, however, was given the official position to implement his ideas and deliberately failed to do so, so that the government could ultimately suppress the whole movement, and then have him questioned by the public-at-large for raising false hopes. Almost killed by the national guard in the angry aftermath of the failed revolution, and, with considerable difficulty, he escaped to Belgium under false papers. Wound up in London, while a special tribunal condemned him to deportation in absentia. Vigorously protested his treatment via articles sent to a Parisian review, which would later form the basis for another book. Able to complete his 13 volume his/story of the French Revolution while in London, thanks to the wealth of material at the British Museum, and, along with other French exiles, he was active in an offshoot masonic organization. Married Chrstina Groh in 1865. As a longtime anti-imperialist who opposed the reinstitution of the Napoleonic empire, he had to wait until the fall of Napoleon III (Darryl F. Zanuck) in 1871, before he could finally return to France after over two decades of exile. Despite his advanced age, he served as a private in the national guard on his return in the aftermath of the bloody end of the Second Empire, and in 1871, he was elected to the National Assembly. Despite his leftist sentiments, he did not support the latest manifestation of the Paris Commune, which would end as violently as its predecessor, and instead, served as a voice of republican moderation. His wife died in 1876, and later in the decade, he called for the abolition of both the presidency and Senate, which was ignored, but his proposal for amnesty for the Communards was carried. Descended at the end of his life into ill health, and after his death was given a state funeral. Later proved to be an abiding influence on the development of socialism in Germany. Inner: Highly cerebral, and perfervid in his views, which strongly colored them, robbing them of their objectivity, and making his his/stories into polemics, rather than recordings. Idealistic lifetime of relooking at his previous go-round from the distance of his/story, while finding his true power and metier in the pen, which he would continue to pursue as a confirmed egalitarian in his next go-round in this series. hLouis Philippe II, duc d’Orleans (1747-1793) - French nobleman and revolutionary. Known as “Philippe Égalité.” Outer: Descendant of the Bourbon kings of France, as a cadet branch of the ruling family. Great-grandson of Philippe II, duc d’Orleans (Boris Yeltsin). Son of a nobleman and solder of the ducal Orleans family, while his mother, Louise Henriette de Bourbon-Conti (Diana Mitford) was illegitimately descended from Louis XIV (Charles de Gaulle) and Francoise de Montespan (Catherine Deneuve) and a notorious debauchee herself. Serially inherited several ducdoms, and in 1769, he married the daughter and heiress of one of France’s richest nobles, as well as a great-granddaughter of Philippe II, duc d’Orleans. 5 children from the union, including Louis-Philippe (Boris Yeltsin), who would eventually succeed to the throne of France the next century. Disconnected form his wife, he took on his children’s governess, Stephanie de Genlis (Jessica Mitford), as his mistress, to the scandal of everyone at court. A libertine cut very much in the mold of his great-grandfather, he squandered much of the wealth he had inherited and married into, while being viewed askance by both the king and queen, Louis XVI (Lex Barker) and Marie Antoinette (Lana Turner), with the latter harboring a particular hatred for him, which was reciprocated. Did nothing to augment his reputation while serving in battle in 1778, and lost his military position on charges of cowardice and incompetence, which was spurred by the queen’s desire to see him degraded. Given an honorary post afterwards, and became a confirmed anglophile, visiting Britain often, and becoming a close confidante of the future George IV (Warren Beatty), a confirmed hedonist like himself. Succeeded his sire as duke d’Orleans in 1785. Lined the gardens of his Palais Royal with shops, in order to try to recoup his fortune, and they subsequently became gathering places for the disaffected citizenry of Paris. Also used his large fortune to help the poor, which made him an extremely popular figure with the underclasses. Identified with their demands and became a leader of the noble element in the precursor days of the French Revolution, while virtually inventing the idea of the political campaign, through pamphlets, propaganda, and strong financial backing, in order to make them read and heard. Became a deputy to the States-General, and served as one of the liberal nobles who joined the lesser class’s third estate, while he was suspected of having fantasies of replacing the king and becoming a constitutional monarch. This stance gradually eroded his position with royalists and republicans alike. Blamed for virtually every early uprising, he went to England for 9 months in the early stages of the Revolution, then returned and dropped his title to become Citizen Égalité. Largely apolitical afterwards, to the point of even trying to reconcile with the court, but was rejected by them. Helped save some noble fugitives, at great risk to himself, and in 1792, he was made the last deputy for Paris to the National Convention. Sided with the Montagnards, and voted for the king’s execution, although played no further part in the Revolution. After his eldest son and heir deserted to the Austrians, he was arrested, then tried and executed the same day, meeting his death with great courage. Ultimately lent his house name, Orleanist, to the constitutional monarchy movement of the 19th century. Inner: Despite his libidinous ways, quiet and thoughtful, and a genuine believer in democratic republicanism. Libertine and libertarian lifetime of trying to change things from the top, only to fall victim to his longtime predilection for martyred endings.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS PEN-WIELDING POWER-MONGER:
Storyline: The compelling commentator continually carves out a unique niche for himself as a molder of public opinion via his mastery of lucid language, and fearless advocacy of his increasingly progressive point of view, no matter the consequence.
Max Blumenthal (1977) - American journalist and blogger. Outer: Of 1/2 Jewish descent. Father was Sidney Blumenthal, a journalist who became an aide to Pres. Bill Clinton. Mother was not Jewish, and like her husband, ultimately worked in the Clinton administration. The older of two brothers, with his sibling Paul also a journalist. Raised in an environment where politics were a daily staple of discussion, dictating his own lifelong interest in the workings of various power structures. Graduated from the Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1999 with a B.A. in history. Began writing afterwards for various prestigious print journals, as well as political internet sites, including The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, The Guardian and The Nation, along with “the Huffington Post”, “Salon.com,” and “Al Jazeera English”, among the many recipients of his exposés and analysis, focusing on hard news stories with a bite to them as an unabashed advocate journalist. Won the Online News Association’s Independent Feature Award in 2002 for an article on the murder of hundreds of women in Ciudad Juarez because of corporate malfeasance. Along with other award-winning investigative journalists, he became a Puffin Foundation writing Fellow of the The Nation institute. Began working afterwards for Media Matters for America, a progressive watchdog group dedicated to righting the disinformation of conservative controlled media. Also made a number of videos which were posted on YouTube that infuriated its subject matter, including Christian fundamentalists, chicken hawk supporters of wars who never served in the U.S. military and Israeli youth denigrating Barack Obama’s race, which elicited death threats against him. His first book, “Republican Gomorrah: Inside the Movement That Shattered the Party”, focused on dysfunction of the far right, and its devastating effect on ordinary Republican politics, thanks to a crisis mentality bred by the fear of freedom and choice. Published in 2009, it became a best-seller and won the plaudits of the liberal establishment, making him a fair-haired boy of the media’s left, for its insightful skewering of the extremism of politics based on timorous authoritarian leanings. Began contributing to “Al Akhbar,” a Lebanese journal in 2011, only to quit the following year when he felt it was far too pro-Assad, the Syrian dictator. His second book, the product of four years of research, including a year spent in both Israel and Palestine, “Goliath: Life and Loathing in Greater Israel,” made him anathema to many of his earlier supporters, with charges of being a Jewish anti-Semite leveled at him, for daring to bad-mouth Israel. Especially criticized for using the term Judeo-Nazi in his likening of Israeli oppression of its Arab population to Hitler’s Final Solution, beginning with the indoctrination of Israeli youth to a culture of militarism. Supported by his father in his claims, while inspiring a lot of angry name-calling from pro-Israeli writers and bloggers, in his ongoing self-appointed role as revealer of hard political truths, as he sees them. Inner: Fearless advocacy journalist, with the desire to expose corrupt and unfair practices in both the U.S. and the world. Focuses on individual personalities in his books in order to bring across his points. Potent penman lifetime of going for the jugular of global political phenomena, as a sensationalist eager to right self-perceived world wrongs, after many a go-round of assuming far more moderate stances. Walter Lippmann (1889-1974) - American journalist. Outer: From a German-Jewish background, grandparents had emigrated to America. Father was a prosperous clothing manufacturer and real estate broker. An only child, he was adored by his grandmother, and indulged by his father, whom he considered weak, while his mother ignored him, causing him to roundly dislike her. Enjoyed a privileged, albeit sometime lonely upbringing, vacationing in Europe, and was educated at private schools, proving himself to be a superior student throughout his academic career. Also fluent in German and French, and wrote for his school newspaper. While at Harvard, where he was Phi Beta Kappa, he worked as a reporter for the Boston Common and served as a teaching assistant to philosopher George Santayana. Small and slender with a round face. Active politically at school, he was president of the Harvard Socialist Club. After graduating in 3 years, he pursued a journalistic career, doing articles on municipal and corporate corruption for Everybody’s Magazine, under the aegis of Lincoln Steffens (Michael Moore), although broke with him because of the latter’s emotional and religious approach to social problems, when he preferred statistics and cogent analysis. Became executive secretary to the socialist mayor of Schenectady, New York, but resigned after 4 months to write his first book. The following year, he published his next work and became an associate editor of the newly established New Republic in 1914. 3 years later he was appointed assistant to the secretary of war, specializing in labor matters. Married Faye Albertson in his mid-20s, divorced 20 years later, and wed Helen Byrne Armstrong the following year, no children from either union. Made Washington his home base for most of the rest of his life. During WW I, he briefly served at the Western front with military intelligence, then became secretary and White house liaison of the Inquiry Commission which President Woodrow Wilson used for information and recommendations for American peace aims. Helped prepare the official text of 13 of the 14 points that Wilson used during the Versailles peace negotiations following WW I. Became disillusioned with the peace process, however, and rejoined the New Republic, from which he resigned to devote himself to books and articles. Then joined the editorial page staff of the New York World for 9 years, and after its demise, moved to the Herald Tribune in 1931 to become a columnist, calling his column “Today and Tomorrow,” while unconsciously tapping into his yesteryear connection with the paper. Never a particular supporter of the New Deal or Franklin D. Roosevelt, despite his Democratic affiliations, and his liberal leanings. Worked for several conservative NY publications and also voted Republican in 1948 and 1952, although returned to the Democratic fold for the rest of his career. During the mid-60s, he was a biweekly columnist for Newsweek magazine. A member of the National Institute of Arts & Letters, he was a Pulitzer Prize winner in 1962 in a journalistic career that spanned more than 6 decades. Staunchly opposed the Vietnam war during the 1960s. The most powerful political journalist of his time, with access to all the seats of power. Save for Roosevelt, most of the presidents of the first half of the century eagerly sought his counsel. Held in high esteem as a political philosopher through his half-dozen books on the subject. Wrote 21 tomes in all, while moving from early hopeful radicalism to despairing conservatism, ultimately becoming a supporter of Richard Nixon, despite distrusting him. Inner: Bland, imperturbable, with a vast fund of knowledge. Viewed by many as the most important political commentator of the 20th century. Courteous, friendly, humanist, and basically an aristocratic conservative. Able to give order to the chaos of information. Permanent press pass lifetime of being at the center of power via his consummate communication skills, while playing with perceptions, realities and beliefs and how they shape public policy. Horace Greeley (1811-1872) - American journalist. Outer: An omnivorous reader as a child, his mother gave him oral his/stories, ballads and a sense of British tradition, while his father made a scant living farming and doing day labor. His schooling ended at 14, and he was apprenticed to the editor of the Northern Spectator in Vermont for 4 years before moving to NYC in 1831, arriving with $10 in his pocket. Co-founded and edited the New Yorker, a weekly, nonpolitical journal for 7 years. Squeaky-Voiced, with an odd appearance - pink faced with throat whiskers, a caricaturist’s delight. At the same time, he contributed articles to the Daily Whig and began a political association with Whig leaders Thurlow Weed (Walter Cronkite) and William Seward (Howard Cosell), although later came to resent their failure to support his political ambitions. In his mid-20s, he married Mary Chency, a former schoolteacher, 7 children from the union, although only 2 lived to maturity. The losses made his wife neurasthenic, and homelife comfortless. Founded the NY Tribune at the age of 30, which he edited until his death. Used the Tribune for championing a variety of educational and social reforms. Under him, the paper set high intellectual and news-gathering standards and greatly expanded its circulation, making him an extremely important sociopolitical figure in both the urban and rural North, where his opinions were held in high regard. Bought a farm north of NY where he could put into practice his agricultural theories. Made a number of unsuccessful tries for political office, on both the state and national levels, and also alienated both Weed and Seward through his political maneuvering. During the Civil War, he took a dual anti-slavery, anti-war stance, engaging in futile peace negotiations with Confederate representatives in Canada. Favored a conciliatory policy with the South afterwards, and garnered much criticism for signing former Confederacy president Jefferson Davis’s (Lyndon Johnson) bail bond. In 1872, he accepted the presidential nomination of the Liberal Republican and Democratic parties on a platform calling for universal amnesty and civil service reform, but was turned into a figure of ridicule and contempt by the campaign. Decisively defeated by Ulysses S. Grant (Omar Bradley). At life’s end, his wife died, and he lost his editorship of the Tribune when it passed into different hands. His body and mind broken, he told friends he was a fraud, feeling he had ultimately betrayed himself. His last words were, “Now, mind. When I was born I died, and when I died I was born.” Inner: Eccentric manner, cared little for money, but a great deal about power, particularly the potency of his own opinions. Saw self-invention as his life’s theme. Power-mongering lifetime of being at the center of the political issues of his time, through his ongoing mastery of mass communications, before disappearing into himself when his pen was no longer a provocative sword. Joseph Addison (1672-1719) - English writer and statesman. Outer: Father was a well-known divine, who wrote theological and devotional works. Mother, whose brother was a bishop, and died when her son was 14. Oldest child to surviver infancy, with a younger sister and two brothers, who both served in India under the auspices of the East India Company. Met Richard Steele (Stephen Fry), at Charterhouse School, and the duo became lifelong companions. Went to Queen’s College, Oxford and received an MA from Magadalen. Became a fellow of the college for 13 years and distinguished himself as a classical scholar. Granted a pension in his late 20s to qualify him for diplomatic service by foreign travel, and wrote on his travels to Italy. A member of the influential Kit-Cat Club, and close friends with numerous well-known writers. Under-secretary of state, then secretary to the lord-lieutenant of Ireland, and was also a member of Parliament as a Whig from 1708 until his death. Contributed to Steele’s Tatler, then co-edited The Spectator with him. His enduring fame came from his political essays, which raised that form to a new level. His orderly, simple, precise writing style importuned moderation, reason and harmony. Wrote several plays as well as numerous political commentary. Regained his old secretaryship, and in 1716 married Charlotee Rich, an imperious dowager countess in her mid-30s, whose son had been his protégé. The union was unhappy according to some reports which characterized his wife’s attitude towards him as disdainful and satisfactory according to others. It produced one daughter who lived to advanced age but was mentally deficient. Became secretary of State for a year before resigning. Retired in failing health, had a falling out with Steele, and died soon afterwards, from a heart and lung affliction, in the home his wife had bought for him. Lay in state afterwards and was buried at Westminster Abbey. Inner: Moderate rationalist, with an instinct for power, and excellent powers of communication. Reticent, shy, not given to displays of emotion. Cold and arrogant, with a far greater reputation during his times than subsequent centuries would give him, although his writing itself would remain noted for its spare, direct style. Bridge lifetime of bringing his communication and political skills to the English language and system, and leaving a written legacy unsurpassed in its clarity and style. Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) - Italian statesman, diplomat and his/storian. Outer: From an aristocratic Florentine family. Studied civil law, then married well in his mid-20s. Opened a law practice, wrote his family memoirs, and served as an ambassador to the Spanish court. Worked closely with the de’ Medici family, as his family had before him. After several more posts, in his mid-30s, he was appointed governor and then commissioner-general of the papal army under the auspices of papacy, which he served for nearly 2 decades. Had excellent administrative skills, although he was ruthless in carrying out his own will. Wrote extensively on political matters, as well as 2 his/stories of Florence. Although condemned as a rebel, the influence of the papacy saved his position. Close friend of Niccolo Machiavelli (George Bernard Shaw), with whom he shared many skills and traits. More posts followed, as well as an impressive his/story of Italy, his crowning achievement, although his greater ambitions were curtailed. His last years were spent alone and forgotten. Inner: Both a maker and recorder of his/story, with a central involvement in the events of his time. Highly ambitious and active, with equal talents at rule and exposition. Dual lifetime of enjoying the power of the pen and the power of sheer power.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS HONORABLE NEWSMAN:
Storyline: The influential insider wrestles with his principled conscience as a primary purveyor of all the news that’s fit to print because of his unusual access to power and his equal need to serve both country and truth, in recording the state of the state.

James Reston (1909-1995) - Scottish-American journalist. Outer: Father was a Scottish machinist, raised in poverty. Parents were strict Presbyterians, and son originally wanted to be a minister. Family moved to Ohio when he was 11. Worked as a caddy to supplement the family income and won the Ohio Public Links championship twice, as well as the state high school championship. Grew up with middle American sensibilities, and had dreams of becoming a professional golfer. Known as “Scotty.” Worked for a year at Delco’s where his father was employed. Entered the journalism program at the Univ. of Illinois, where he was an undistinguished student and member of the golf team, then became a sportswriter with a Springfield, Ohio paper. Worked for the publicity department for Ohio State, followed by a stint as a publicist for baseball’s Cincinnati Reds, where he fancied himself a talent scout. Married Sarah Fulton, the daughter of a lawyer who later became chief justice on the Illinois Supreme Court, in his mid-20s, 3 sons. Joined the Associated Press feature service, and was sent to London in 1937. Hired by the NY Times for its London bureau 2 years later. Came back to NYC in 1943, and became the Washington correspondent for the NY Times during a 50 year career with that paper. For 20 years, he was most influential print journalist in America, thanks to the trust he engendered with Washington insiders, and the access he achieved because of it. Became executive editor of the Times in 1968 and moved back to NYC, but got bored with managerial duties and gave the job away. Bought a weekly newspaper, Vineyard Gazette, in 1968, and ran it with his wife. Vice-president, consultant to and director of NY Times & Company. Extremely well-connected, often the voice of officialdom. Helped originate an analytic approach to news, rather than mere reportage of facts, and became a father figure to a generation of newspaper clerks, although felt in later life that his reputation had been tarnished by being too much of an insider, as his judgement clouded and he fell victim to manipulation. Died of cancer. Inner: Shrewd, charming, sweet-tempered, modest, dignified, patriotic, honorable, honest. Jeffersonian Democrat and family man with traditional values. Often forced to wrestle with his conscience about withholding information. Insider lifetime of bringing his sense of honor and integrity to 20th century journalism, despite later questions as to his overly intimate connection with power. James Gordon Bennett (1795-1872) - Scottish/American journalist. Outer: Father was a Roman Catholic farmer. Entered a Catholic seminary at 15 to train for the priesthood but left after 4 years, then spent the next 5 years reading and traveling, while supported by his family. Tall, broad-shouldered and florid. Emigrated to Nova Scotia on an impulse, then came to America in his mid-20s and won a reputation as a Washington journalist for various New York papers. At the age of 40, he launched the New York Herald, operating initially out of a Wall Street cellar, and on an investment of $500. The 4-column paper proved a success, and he became a highly influential editor and publisher. His innovations made the Herald unique, including critiquing both political parties in his editorials, rather than favoring one, as most papers did. Also reported on Wall Street finance, established European correspondents, used the telegraph for news stories, and illustrated the news as well. In his mid-40s, he married Henrietta Crean, a recent Irish immigrant, 3 children from the union including James Gordon Bennett, Jr. (Ted Turner). Although initially dependent on sensationalism, the Herald soon became a reputable paper, thanks to the Civil War and his scores of correspondents and big budget for them. Lived in increasing luxury towards life’s end. Suffered a convulsive seizure with epileptic symptoms and died from it. Inner: Modest in private, albeit full of himself in public. Emigre lifetime of creating a standard for American journalism, while allowing his own sense of personal power far freer reign than in earlier and later lives in this series. John Peter Zenger (1697-1746) - German/American journalist. Outer: Parents names unknown. Emigrated to the U.S. in his early teens, and was trained as a printer. Married Mary White in his early 20s, one son from the union, but his wife died soon afterwards. Remarried in his mid-20s, to Anna Maulin, a German native, 5 surviving children from the 2nd union. Began publication of the weekly NY Journal in 1733, in competition with William Bradford and critical of the colonial governor, attacking his administration. Although most of the articles were written by his prominent backers, he took legal responsibility for them and was arrested on libel charges and imprisoned. In the trial that followed, he was defended by Alexander Hamilton (John F. Kennedy), and was acquitted, striking a blow for truth in journalism that would set an American precedent. Later became public printer for the colonies of NY and New Jersey. Died in poverty but his paper was continued by his widow. Inner: Honest, principled. Precedent-setting lifetime of dealing with freedom of the press as a major issue, holding firm to his beliefs, and ultimately triumphing on principle if not principal.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS UNCOMMON COMMONER:
Storyline: The unrepentant reformer brings her no-nonsense elan to specific issues of her day, showing the same strong-willed persona, whether dressed in robes of state or ordinary cloth, in her ongoing fight for a level playing field for one and all.

mMolly Yard (Mary Alexander Yard) (1912-2005) - American reformer. Outer: Deliberately evasive about the year of her birth. Born to Methodist missionary parents in Chengdu, China. 3rd of 4 daughters. Her parents were consoled by their neighbors at the birth of a daughter, making her a feminist from the get-go. Used to hear the sounds of women in pain from bound feet, and was made aware of the inequities of her gender’s role in society from an early age, through her environment’s devalued sense of her sex. Her father was extremely outspoken, and was ultimately forced out of his position, for trying to reconcile Christian values with political realities, a continual theme in his life. The family returned to the U.S. when she was 13, which proved to be another rude awakening. Her sire became director of religion at Northwest Univ., and was once more let go for his activism, so that her mother supported the family with a mail order business with imports from China. Short, stocky and athletic. Graduated from Swarthmore College where she was a political science major and also a campus activist in the American Student Union, rising to chairperson. Married a Swarthmore classmate and labor arbitrator, Sylvester Garrett, in 1938, keeping her own name, 3 children from union. Actively involved in Democratic Party politics in the 1940s, while laboring as a social worker, and developed a strong personal connection to Eleanor Roosevelt. Moved to California and was counteractive in the Nixon senatorial race in 1950, then moved to western Pennsylvania, where she ultimately settled on a 60 acre farm outside of Pittsburgh, and dedicated herself to the civil rights movement, organizing a massive march on the Pittsburgh post office in 1964 to send thousands of letters to Congress in support of the Civil Rights Act. Encountered sexism among her fellow progressives and realized her ultimate calling was in equal rights for women, throwing herself into that fight with the same vigor and dynamism that she evinced in her earlier forays into the 20th century’s isms. Became involved with the National Organization of Women, and was elected president of NOW at 75, proving to be a dynamic, as well as a controversial leader in the fight for the Equal Rights Amendment. Suffered a stroke in 1991 and stepped down. The following year her only daughter died, and four years later her husband passed away. After residing in the Washington area, she returned to Pittsburgh, where she died in a nursing home. Inner: Feisty, energetic, spirited, passionate do-gooder, with the reputation of an extremely forceful negotiator, and “rafter-rattling oratory.” Extremely socially motivated, with a great desire to make the world a better place for her having been in it. Save-the-world lifetime of carrying her amazon sensibilities into the various movements available to her, to become a fighter for equality, while unconsciously touching base with both the power and powerlessness that has fed into her unusual social consciousness. mCarry Nation (1846-1911) - American reformer. Outer: Father was a planter, then an itinerant livestock trader who lost most of his money in the civil war, while her mother suffered from increasing delusions, thinking she was Queen Victoria. Grew up with 8 siblings among slaves, who were occasionally dressed up as palace guards to humor her mother, whose rooms were furnished with the trappings of royalty, while audiences were held with local farmers, who were knighted. Also had an aunt who thought she was a weather vane. Lived with the family slaves until she was 7, and had little formal education afterwards, although she was imbued with a strong instinct to help the powerless. Although sickly as a child, spending a year in bed, she grew to six feet and 175 pounds, an extremely strong Amazon presence. Sometimes rendered speechless as a schoolchild, which made her extremely verbal as an adult, as well as giving her the need to be always prepared for all contingencies. Her family moved quite a bit, while she had visions, and was deeply impressed by evangelical Christianity. At 19, she married Charles Gloyd, a physician who was a secret alcoholic, and a boarder in the family home. He was also a disappointment in bed, and would disappear for days on binges. Left him when their daughter was 6 weeks old and returned to her parents. Her daughter turned out to be mentally and physically disabled. Her husband died within a year, and she became a school-teacher, living with her mother-in-law, until 1877, when she remarried David Nation. Her 2nd husband was an itinerant minister, journalist and lawyer who was a failure at all he tried and also addicted to demon alcohol. Moved to Texas, where she fed drifters and took in boarders, before opening a hotel, as her anger over wastrel ways, injustice and the oppression of women made her increasingly vengeful and wrathful. Moved to Medicine Lodge, Kansas in the 1890s, where she helped the disadvantaged, particularly women and children, and launched a campaign against the town’s bars, which existed because of unenforced laws, since Kansas was a ‘dry’ state. Formed a local branch of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union. Felt it was God’s calling that she destroys saloons, which gained her her notoriety, by attacking them with her hatchet. Her campaign spread across the state, as she was spurred on by her own visions, which pushed her to deliver her message across the country. Financed her mission by selling souvenir hatchets and giving lectures. Often was attacked herself and beaten badly, as well as arrested over 30 times. Also a forceful advocate of women’s suffrage, although her hatchet-wielding persona was the one most strongly welded into the public mind. Visited England in 1908, and her husband eventually divorced her for desertion. At the end of her life, she became lost in her own delusions, and eventually retired to a farm in the Ozark Mountains in Arkansas. Wrote her autobiography The Use and Need of the Life of Carry A. Nation. Inner: Self-delusional, but also extremely strongly self-motivated, with a selfless desire to help others. Known as “Mother Nation,” for her generosity. Had an extremely large heart for the downtrodden and oppressed. Her name was a literal indication of her desire to carry a nation into equality. Liberal-minded as far as sex education went, and a powerful advocate for women. Alternately looked on as a buffoon and effective consciousness raiser on the evils of intemperance. Uninhibited lifetime of humble origins and an unconscious mad spoof of her previous royalty, allowing her to become a warrior in the service of righting inequities and doing ferocious battle with her perceived enemies as the personification of amazon defiance. mMolly Pitcher (Mary Ludwig Hays McCauly) (1754-1832) - American battle heroine. Outer: Father was a German peasant emigre who became a dairy farmer. Grew up under the auspices of hard labor. Short, thickset, strong and sturdy. Went to work as a servant to a doctor’s family and married John Hays in 1769. Her husband became a gunner in a Pennsylvania artillery regiment during the American Revolution. Accompanied him into battle and carried a pitcher back and forth from a well to tend to the wounded soldiers during the Battle of Monmouth, earning her the sobriquet of ‘Molly Pitcher.’ When her husband collapsed from heat exhaustion, she womanned his position for the rest of the battle, and became a figure of legend for having done so. After her husband was discharged at war’s end, the duo moved to Carlisle, Pa., where he became a barber. Following his death in 1789, she married George McCauley in 1793, although her 2nd union was unhappy. Worked as a scrubwoman and nurse, as well as in childcare. Given a pension beginning in 1822 of $40 an annum in recognition of her heroine-ism, and several monuments were erected to her. Inner: Rough and brusque, but kindly and industrious. Hard scrabble lifetime of support, as well as switching to the realms of commonality and healing, rather than rule, while still showing her amazon capabilities when the situation called for them.

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PATHWAY OF THE ADVOCATE AS RADICAL CONTROVERSIALIST:
Storyline: The grandiose grandstander loves being centerstage with his activist agenda for social change, as he has in the past, while focusing on his material existence, as he hadn’t, in order to live a more complete existence centered round his ongoing fascination with himself and his facility for bringing polemical issues to the fore.

jWilliam Kunstler (1919-1975) - American lawyer and social activist. Outer: Of Jewish descent. Father was a workaholic physician, who put his vocation over his homelife, causing much resentment by his older son. Grandfather was also a physician, who listed NYC mayor Fiorello LaGuardia (Bill ) and the NY baseball Giants as his clientele. One younger brother who became his initial law partner, and one sister. Despite his middle-class upbringing, quite rebellious as a youth, hanging with a gang, and purposefully courting trouble. Reverted to his conventional roots, showed himself to be a good student and went to Yale College, where he majored in French and showed a proclivity for poetry, while swimming for the varsity team, before going on to get his law degree at Columbia Univ. Law School. 6’, 175 lbs. In 1943, he married a fifth cousin who was a German refugee, Lotte Rosenberger, two daughters from the union. Served in the Pacific Theater during WW II, winning a Bronze Star, and ultimately achieving the rank of major. On his return, he worked briefly as an executive trainee at Macy’s Dept. store, then opened a law practice with his brother, specializing in marriage, estate and business law. Became an associate professor of law at NY Law School in 1950, followed by Pace University from 1951 to 1963. During the 1950s and 1960s, he worked for the civil rights movement, getting a number of cases out of southern courts and into federal venues, before putting the full focus of his legal attention on social issues. Became a director of the American Civil Liberties Union from 1964 to 1972, after which he joined the ACLU National Council. Served as a lecturer at the New School for Social Research from 1966 to 1971. Highly active in a variety of lawyer’s groups, he reveled in the attention he drew, taking on an all-star clientele of public disrupters, revolutionaries, activists and malcontents, including H. Rap Brown, Lenny Bruce, Stokely Carmichael, Jack Ruby, American Indian Movement Leaders, Martin Luther King and Malcolm X, with his highest profile case, the 1969 Chicago Conspiracy Trial, defending the Chicago Seven, who had fed into the city’s chaos surrounding the 1968 Democratic Convention there. His showboating antics turned the trial into a circus, compounded by his preference for confrontation with the judge to solid legal work, and he ultimately received a four sentence for contempt, which was overturned. For all his public posturing, he lived extremely well, and could well afford much of his pro bono work. After divorcing, he married attorney Margaret Ratner in 1975. Continued pursuing highly controversial clients, while also taking on future radio personality Ron Kuby as a junior partner, beginning in 1983. The duo focused on both civil rights and criminal cases, including Islamic radicals involved in the first World Trade Center bombing and dozens of soldiers who claimed conscientious objector status during America’s First Gulf War in 1991. As a coda to his courtroom antics, he starred as himself in a 1994 “Law & Order” episode, after earlier doing the same in films by Spike Lee and Oliver Stone. Died of a heart attack, on Labor Day, in one final symbolic salute to his life’s work. Penned his autobiography, “My Life as a Radical Lawyer,” in 1994, along with a host of other tomes, in what would be his favorite avocation, putting pen to paper. Inner: Pragmatic, utopian and pessimistic. Flamboyant with a huge ego, but a genuine desire to right societal wrongs, and provide legal counsel for the most reviled and/or misunderstood elements of American society. Felt violent revolution was an inevitability, despite personally being a pacifist. Very physical, feeling a need to kiss and hug everyone. Hot issue hotdogger lifetime of playing to the press and luxuriating in the attention given him, while pursuing a genuinely felt progressive agenda as a legal voice for the sore oppressed. jRichard Pankhurst (1834-1898) - English barrister and activist. Outer: Spent the greater part of his life in the industrial city of Manchester, where he received his basic education. Got his BA from the Univ. of London, and in 1859, received an LLB with honors from the same institution, before graduating with a doctorate in law with a gold medal in 1863. After being called to the bar at Lincoln’s Inn in 1867, he became involved with Liberal Party politics, although his sentiments were far to the left of theirs, and he soon separated himself from them. Championed a number of unpopular anti-imperialist causes, including Irish home rule and India independence, as well as antiestablishment positions against the Church of England and the House of Lords, while advocating universal free education and universal women’s suffrage. Drafted England’s first women’s suffrage bill, and in the course of his activism, met and married Emmeline Goulden (Camille Paglia), who was nearly a quarter century his junior. Their close union produced a trio of highly active activist daughters, Christabel (Rachel Maddow), Sylvia (Melissa Harris-Perry) and Adela (Michelle Malkin), as well as two sons. The first predeceased him and died in childhood, and the second developed polio, and passed on in his early 20s. Along with his wife, he established the Independent Labour Party, although his activities took so much of his time, that he was unable to support his family. Instead, that task was left to Emmeline, who opened a fancy goods shop. Made two unsuccessful runs for Parliament in the early 1880s, although his stances, which earned him the nickname of “the Red Doctor,” were far too radical for his projected constituency. Unrepentant and active until the end, he died suddenly from stomach ulcers, leaving his family in dire financial straits. Inner: Staunchly utopian, with a radical agenda that never faded with age. Largely impractical, putting all his coin in his activism, and virtually none in supporting himself and his family, despite a genuine and mutual loving relationship with it. In-your-face lifetime of being in the forefront of progressive politics and on the back burner of his mundane day-to-day existence, which he would remedy in his more complete next go-round in this series. Nicephorus Bryennius the Younger (1062-1137) - Byzantine general, statesman and historian. Outer: Son or grandson of a rebel governor, who had revolted against the inept rule of Michael VII (Cormac McCarthy) and had been blinded for his efforts, when his efforts were put down by the future emperor Alexius I Comnenus (Michael Milken). Gained a reputation for his erudition, and verbal skills, which brought him to the attention of the latter, who betrothed him to his eldest daughter, Anna (Camille Paglia), when she was an infant. The union would be a political, rather than a love match, and would produce two sons and two daughters. Given the title of Caesar, as well as the distinct possibility he could succeed to the throne, even after the emperor produced male heirs. Defended the walls of Constantinople against the attacks of the First Crusade, when the city was made off-limits to their rampaging hordes, and then served the empire in its subsequent peace negotiations with them. Despite his wife’s desire that the two of them should rule, which was supported by her mother, Irene, he refused to take part in their conspiracies, leading his spouse to accuse him of having no cojones, although his stance was based on principle rather than lack of courage. Instead, he maintained solid relations with the new emperor, John II (J. Paul Getty), accompanying him on campaign to Syria, although fell ill during it, and was forced to return to Constantinople, where he died later that year. As a chronicler, he kept record of the reign of Alexius, per the wishes of his mother-in-law, which his wife would expand following his death into the “Alexiad,” an invaluable record of Byzantium of the late 11th century. Inner: Highly cerebral, and a fluid, concise writer, using models from the past, so that he was unoriginal, albeit a faithful daykeeper, according to his own precepts and prejudices. Erudite, well-spoken and principled, with his marriage and his hyperambitious wife his singular source of conflict. Stalwart soldier lifetime of both being an active recorder and participant in the political, martial and personal doings of Byzantium at its highest levels, in his own ongoing education into the byzantine workings of the larger world.

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PATHWAY OF THE REFORMER AS SEMINAL FEMINIST:
Storyline: The Pandora boxer gives philosophic foundation to the ongoing woman’s movement, but cannot get past her own combative warrior sensibilities and winds up boxed out, despite her considerable multi-life contributions to her cause.

Betty Friedan (Betty Goldstein) (1921-2006) - American writer and reformer. Outer: Father was a Russian Jewish immigrant who parlayed a fly-by-night collar button business into a prosperous jewelry store. Mother was of Hungarian descent and gave up a journalistic career for marriage, causing her to became cold, critical and imperious in order to mask her bitterness at having to abandon the work she loved. The former adored her and encouraged the development of her political consciousness, although had later difficulty in dealing with her as a woman, while her fashion-conscious mother found her brassy ways an embarrassment. Oldest of 3, with a sister and a brother. In her mid-20s, she married Carl Friedan, a theatrical producer, raised 2 sons and a daughter, and wrote for various women’s magazines, although her union was fraught with fights and abuse. Took a survey of 200 of her fellow classmates at Smith in 1957, 15 years after graduation, and discovered a universal dissatisfaction among them. 3 years later she published an article about “the problem that has no name,” in Good Housekeeping which led her to write her seminal work, The Feminine Mystique, after reaction to the article showed that the malaise she had discovered among her classmates was spread out among middle-class female society-at-large. Although shunned as an apostate by her neighbors, she became an instant celebrity after the publication of her book. Fame ended her marriage and she became a spokeswoman for the confining role of women in society due to a host of forces, including advertising, women’s magazines and the media, that relegated them to subordinate roles as caretakers and appendages while stifling their larger inherent creativity. Although her audience was college-educated suburban housewives, it provided a base for a much larger segment of the female population to claim their power in society. Continued writing articles and lecturing, and in 1966 she founded the National Organization of Women (NOW) serving as its first president. Her high-handed ways, including discriminating against lesbians and treating those who worked closest with her as maids, made her departure from its top rung inevitable 4 years later. Officially divorced, she helped organize a Women’s Strike for Equality in August of 1970 which came to be celebrated each year. In 1981, she angered her cohorts by decrying the overworked superwomen that the movement had created. Later in her career, she took on the problem of aging and women’s economic issues, while experimenting with alternate lifestyles, such as communal living. Ultimately became a visiting professor at Cornell. Later revelations showed she was a committed radical activist from her youth, before retreating to the suburbs in the face of McCarthyism, rather than the ‘sleeping beauty’ image she projected about suddenly waking up to her own sense of mystique. Despite her considerable accomplishments, she was later written off as focusing far too much on middle-class white women, at the expense of minorities and same-sexers. Published a memoir, Life So Far, in 2000, inadvertently underlining her many dualities. Spent her latter years with her children, and died at home on her 85th birthday of congestive heart failure, a month after her ex-husband. Inner: Highly intelligent and articulate with a great zeal for reforming society’s imbalances, but also with a queenly sense of her own power. Brainy, abrasive, thin-skinned and subject to screaming fits of temperament. Mystique and mistake-laden lifetime of pinpointing the isolation of women in their homes as second-class citizens and opening a Pandora’s Box that went well past her initial modest goals to open up the possibilities of a fully integrated society. Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) - American reformer. Outer: 3rd of 5 daughters of a lawyer, who was a state assemblyman and congressman, as well as a socially conservative Scotch Presbyterian. As a girl, she had her obvious talents dismissed because there was no place in society for an assertive, intelligent woman. Terrified by a revivalist as a schoolgirl, she had antipathy towards organized religion forever afterwards. Her father was deeply dissatisfied with having only one son, and took numerous surrogate sons into his office. Attended Troy Female Seminary, and briefly studied law with her progenitor, but soon became interested in reform, particularly with regards to property and custody rights of women. Had an intense relationship with her brother-in-law, then, in her mid-20s, married Henry Brewster Stanton, a prominent abolitionist, over the objections of her sire, 7 children from union, including activist Harriet Stanton Blatch. Her husband turned out to be far more of an idealist than breadwinner, and was often away from home, leaving her to raise her children alone, and depend upon her wealthy family for finances. Attended the London world anti-slavery convention of 1840, but was denied recognition because of her gender. Worked for both abolition and temperance in succeeding years. After moving to Seneca Falls, NY, she helped convene an herstoric women’s rights convention in 1848, with Lucretia Mott (Alice Paul) which launched the women’s rights movement in the United States. 3 years later, she met Susan B. Anthony (Susan Brownmiller), and the two worked in close tandem as the most effective feminists of their day, as she played the bomb tossing philosopher to Anthony’s pragmatic strategist. Together they convened several societies and conventions, including the New York State Suffrage Society, of which she was the first president. Although a pacifist, she supported the Union in the Civil War, feeling militarism was necessary to end slavery. In 1862, she left Seneca Falls for NYC. Felt her life began after her domestic duties were over, taking a radical stand on marriage and its entrapment of women, which alienated liberal elements that wanted the movement limited to education, work and suffrage. After the war, she became deeply involved in the suffrage movement, founding The Revolution, a weekly periodically devoted to women’s suffrage, although she took the temporary stance that giving African-American males the vote endangered white woman. The following year she was chosen first president of the National Woman Suffrage Association, and spent the next several years lobbying for a constitutional amendment. Also lectured extensively on family life and child rearing, although Anthony felt her added issues were distractions from her main goal of getting the vote. In 1888, she organized the International Council of Women in Washington. Lessened her workload in 1880, making her last countrywide lecture tour, and during the decade, lived with her various children, including several who were in Europe at the time, before returning home to take care of her dying husband, who died in 1887, before returning to England. When the National and American Woman Suffrage associations merged in 1890, she was elected first president. Also a very prolific writer, she produced the first 3 volumes of the History of Woman Suffrage along with Susan B., as well as the Woman’s Bible, a feminist version of the patriarchal good book, that underscored Christianity’s subordination of women, and was the product of some 30 female collaborators, all upper middle-class Protestants, scouring the text for slights against the second sex. Penned her autobiography at life’s near-end. Ultimately bedridden because of her 240 lb. bulk, and a few months before her death at home from heart failure began plans for an expurgated Bible, although did not live long enough to realize its creation. Inner: Radical reformer, able speaker, ironic, forceful and occasionally elegant writer. Condemned prudery and religiosity and everything else that tied women to their traditional suppressed roles. Found the political rhetoric of the suffrage movement largely insufferable. Stanton and deliver lifetime as a dynamic organizer, agitator and spokeswoman for female emancipation, grounding all the themes she would continue to explore in the next century as well, while working from a far more aggressive, and far less compromising perspective. William Godwin (1756-1836) - English writer. Outer: Father was a dissenting Presbyterian minister. 7th of 13 children. Reared as an extreme Puritan, and was extremely narrow and bigoted while growing up. Contracted smallpox and refused to be vaccinated, growing up weak, introverted and highly precocious. Small, with a thin face, large nose and blue eyes.Taken to London by his mother after his father died. A Calvinist materialist, he spent his school-time talking on metaphysical subjects rather than studying. Became a minister in his youth, although was plagued by religious doubts, and proved unpopular wherever he went, changing charges often. Fell out completely with his last congregation and in 1783, he returned to London to pursue a literary career, while progressing through deism, agnosticism, and atheism all way to a vague theism. Made a precarious living, dropped his reverend title and broke with his family. Tried to start a small school, although it failed, and began contributing to political journals. Associated with a number of radical societies, but took care never to join any of them. His first noted work, Poetical Justice, published in the wake of the French Revolution, brought him a measure of fame, as he decried property rites, marriage rites and blood ties. A popular novel followed, which further explored his ideas and ideals. Despite feeling that marriage was an unfair monopoly, after over 3 and 1/2 decades as a bachelor, in 1797, he married Mary Wollstonecraft (Margaret Sanger) when she was pregnant, fearing another child would doom her. The relationship was built on mutual esteem and love. After adopting her daughter Fanny (Yoko Ono), she later died after giving birth to Mary Shelley (Lynda Barry). Looked around desperately afterwards for a mother for his children. After many rejections, several years later, he repeated the pattern with a pregnant paramour with 2 children, although his 2nd wife was a shrew. Subsequently, he was forced to struggle to raise his 2 children and her 3. Thought humans were guided by reason and could ultimately live in harmony without the laws of institutions, although modified his views more and more as he grew older. Wrote several novels, as well as a warts’n’all biography of his wife, which fed into the suicide of his stepdaughter, Fanny. Constantly borrowing from friends and accepting charity from a wealthy family. Opened a child’s bookstore under a false name, and wrote many of the books with his wife anonymously. His debts, however, continued piling up, until the advantageous arrival of poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (Tim Buckley), at their door, who came because of Poetical Justice, and conveniently had an inheritance at his disposal. The latter soon left, however, with his daughter Mary, much to his horror and chagrin, and, despite his liberal views, he adamantly opposed their subsequent marriage, then later reconciled with them, all the while both reviling and requesting large sums of money from his son-in-law. His stepson died at 29, after a brief literary career. Engaged in numerous literary quarrels, and went bankrupt in 1816. Two years after his stepdaughter killed herself, he suffered a paralytic stroke. Continued writing, and was eventually made a yeoman usher of the exchequer, a sinecure he held until his death. Best remembered as a guru of the romantic poets, and by the time of his passing, was a mostly forgotten figure, having spent a long anti-climax since his hey day in the 1790s. Inner: Pompous, hollow, professional optimist, self-centered and overbearing, although his views softened later in life. Also genuinely kind and a hard worker. Without emotion or genuine idealism. Much preferred talk and discussion to action, while championing individual rights against coercive institutions. Stilted lifetime of having to work through the misinformation of his childhood, to recreate himself as a more tolerant and open adult, before switching genders to better integrate him/herself around personal self-realization.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS PUN-PRONE PUNDIT:
Storyline: The alliteration-loving logophile brings his special brand of wit to his mutual love of philology and power and finds an effective middle-ground twixt the two.

William Safire (William Safir) (1929-2009) - American journalist and philologist. Outer: Of jewish descent. Father owned a thread-making factory. Youngest of 3 sons. The family moved to Bristol, Virginia when he was 6 months. Grew up in a Democratic household, and was imbued early with a fascination for language. The factory closed in 1933, and the following year his sire died of lung cancer. The family lived off his progenitor’s small annuity, while it moved back and forth between the two coasts. Won a Regent’s scholarship to Syracuse Univ., but dropped out after his sophomore year to work as a legman for NY Republican powerhouse and columnist Tex McCrary, who converted him to his brand of conservative politics. Involved in the Eisenhower presidential campaign in 1952, which introduced TV as a political tool, and saw his own future as a broadsworded wordsmith. Served in the army for two years between 1952 and 1954, during which time he was a reporter for the Armed Forces Network. Formed his own company in 1961, Safire Public Relations, and soon was involved with the heavyweights of the Republican party, eventually tying himself to the rollercoaster career of Richard Nixon. Sold his business when Nixon became president in 1968, and served as a special assistant and speechwriter, coining alliterative phrases for the tandem of Nixon and Agnew, after earlier helping to stage the kitchen debate between the then vice-president and Soviet premier Nikita Khruschev in 1959. At 33, he married Helene Julius, a British model and pianist who became a jewelry designer, son and daughter from the union. Returned to private life just before the Watergate downfall of his mentor, after discovering that Nixon had him wiretapped, and became an op-ed editor for the NY Times in 1973, doing a twice weekly political column from its Washington bureau, and a Sunday column on word usage and derivations. Despite being viewed as a conservative paraiah by liberals, via his contumely at fellow practitioners of his trade as “nattering nabobs of negativism,” and “hopeless, hysterical hypochondriacs of history,” he maintained his sharp-tongued voice over the next 3 decades, occasionally making news himself, when President Bill Clinton, for whom he voted in 1992, threatened to punch him out for unkind comments about his wife. Wrote more than a dozen books on politics and language, several anthologies, and 4 novels, including the best-seller, “Full Disclosure,” an assassination attempt fantasy in which the president is blinded. Won a Pulitzer prize in 1978, for lancing the White House budget director, Bert Lance, over financial improprieties, although later became friends with him. Also served on the board that awarded the prizes from 1995 to 2004. Announced his retirement from the daily trenches in 2005, although continued his amusing Sunday musings on word and phrase roots in the popular American lexicon. Also stepped up to chief executive of the Dana Foundation, a philanthropic organization dedicated to brain research and immunology, after serving for 4 years as its chairman. Died at a hospice of pancreatic cancer. Inner: Self-described libertarian conservative. Charming, witty, literate, with strong convictions, and a leviathan love for the sheer beauty of the English language. Great loyalty to old friends, despite their failings. Lexiconservative lifetime of playing with the language of power and the power of language, for the edification of one and all. Thomas Cobb (1823-1862) - American writer and lawyer. Outer: Family was wealthy and socially and politically prominent, with a long tradition of public service. Father was a cotton planter. Younger brother of politician Howell Cobb (Barry Goldwater). Grew up in a cultured milieu and followed his sibling to the Univ. of Georgia. Became a lawyer, winning an influential reputation as an advocate and constitutional counselor. Edited 20 volumes as a Supreme Court reporter for 9 years. Codified the laws of Georgia, while acting as regular contributor to newspapers in Georgia and the North. Married Marion Lumpkin, the daughter of the Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court, 3 daughters from the union reached maturity. Wrote 2 books on slavery. After the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860, he advocated secession from the union in an address to the General Assembly of Georgia and proved an eloquent and powerful force in that direction. Although the legislature demurred, he began a crusade for secession. Elected to a special session and was made chairman of a committee to revise the constitution of Georgia. Both he and his brother were subsequently elected to represent Georgia in the convention of seceding states. Received a commission as colonel in the Confederate army during the Civil War, and ultimately was promoted to brigadier general but was killed at Fredericksburg. Inner: Activist, highly persuasive and articulate. Pen and sword lifetime of focusing on a specific cause from a position of inherited power, while continuing his pathway as an information compiler and library-loving libertarian. John Horne Tooke (John Horne) (1736-1812) - English politician and philologist. Outer: From a respectable middle-class family. Father was a prosperous poulterer, 3rd of 7 children, and the youngest son. Mother was extremely benevolent, while his sire was both principled and independent. Evinced remarkable maturity as a youth, with little interest in sports or games. Educated at Eton, where he was elected king’s scholar, while pursuing his own self-education through his own selected reading. Lost the sight in his right eye, after a fight with a fellow student. Athletic, with a high forehead and brown hair. Had tutors to prepare him for St. John’s College, Cambridge where he was admitted as a sizar. His sire, who was a devout member of the Church of England, insisted he enter the ministry, and he was ordained a deacon in 1759, despite an avowed interest in law and politics. After being given a curate in Kent, he came down with an attack of ague, which gave him excuse to resign, but in 1760, he was ordained a priest and his father purchased a living for him in New Brentford. Showed himself to be anti-Catholic and anti-dissenter, and conducted himself well, despite a half-hearted response to his calling. Studied medicine, but was also not adverse to card-playing and backgammon which drew criticism and questions around the depth of his spirituality by his parishioners. In 1763, he became a traveling companion to the son of en eccentric MP, and spent a year in France, learning the language. Despite being promised the post of king’s chaplain, he became a strong supporter of radical John Wilkes (Bono Vox), which allowed his own inner provocateur to flourish via pamphlets, although he eventually lost respect for him. Continued as a traveling companion, while abandoning his clerical dress, and went on to both France and Italy, while meeting some of the heavy hitters of the day in the literary and philosophic realm, including Voltaire (Michel Foucault) and Adam Smith (John Maynard Keynes). When the government refused the elected Wilkes a seat following the 1768 election, he became far more of an activist and judicial gadfly, articulating his grievances in a number of speeches, articles, debates, pamphlets and suits, although the duo eventually parted ways during the next decade, and he founded the Constitutional Society for Parliamentary reform to support the American colonists, who were preparing for revolution. A popular, if controversial figure, he enjoyed female companionship, but was extremely skittish about marriage, remaining a lifelong bachelor, despite 3 illegitimate daughters. Harbored a bowel problem his entire life, which also may have curtailed intimacies. In 1773, he resigned his clerical post, and went back to the study of law, as well as his hobby of philology. Imprisoned for a year for libelously raising funds to help American victims during the early skirmishes of the Revolutionary War, despite seeing Americans as “an inferior caste.” Contracted gaol fever, and began drinking claret as a cure, and as a result suffered from gout for the rest of his life. Did philological work during his loose imprisonment, and laid the groundwork for his major work in that field, Epea Pteroenta, which quickly became outdated the following century. Released after serving 8 months of his sentence, and then was repeatedly rejected over the next two decades for admission to the bar, which perturbed him no end. Continued to remain active in political and intellectual circles. Adopted the last name of a rich patron, after being designated heir to his estate in his late 40s. Pretended to be a spy, was tried for treason in his mid-50s, with future Prime Minister Spencer Percival (Barry Goldwater) as his prosecutor. Spent some months in the Tower of London, but defended himself and was acquitted. Elected to Parliament in his mid-60s, but the government passed an act specifically directed at him that disqualified the clergy from sitting in the House of Commons. Wound up spending some 519 days in prison, which greatly reduced both his finances and health. Passed his later years in literary pursuits in a failing body, and burnt all his personal paper shortly before his death. In great pain at the ned, from kidney stones and gangrene in his legs, he refused any consoling visits by the clergy. Despite wishing to be entombed in his garden, his family gave him a traditional Christian burial in a local churchyard. Inner: Shrewd, witty, worldly, independent and vain. Relatively unimaginative materialist, with great powers of perception. Blow your own horne lifetime of combining his two great passions, politics and philology, while gaining a great deal more satisfaction and accomplishment out of the latter.

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PATHWAY OF THE ARTIST AS RECLAIMED WORK OF PSYCHIC ART:
Storyline: The self sculptor works on reshaping her unbalanced interior through public polemics and private reintegration, to ultimately find her true way on the middle road between them.

fKate Millet (Katherine Murray Millett) (1934-2017) - American sculptor and writer. Outer: Mother was a farmer’s daughter. Father was an engineer and contractor from a wealthy Irish-Catholic family, who deserted the family when his daughter was 14. Contributed to the family income, and, after attending local parochial schools, only to see her faith in Catholicism steadily dwindle, she went to her mother’s alma mater, Univ. of Minn, where she made Phi Beta Kappa. A wealthy aunt helped her, and she went on to St. Hilda’s College, Oxford, graduating with first class honors. Taught English at the Univ. of North Carolina, then abruptly quit, went to NYC, and lived in a loft, where she painted and sculpted. Worked in a bank and taught kindergarten, before studying sculpture for 2 years in Tokyo. Taught English at Waseda Univ., then married Fumio Yoshimura, a Japanese sculptor to keep him in the U.S. Taught English at Barnard for 6 years and became involved in the women’s movement. Published Sexual Politics, her doctoral dissertation, claiming women’s place in society was a social and political construction, rather than a biological one. Part of the 2nd wave of the feminist movement. Made into a celebrity, and came out as a lesbian, which jarred the movement with her outlaw sensibilities. Suffered a nervous breakdown in the early 1970s, because of the pressure put on her as a public figure. A manic/depressive, she took lithium to balance her condition. Made several suicide attempts, before gaining control over her body and its moods in the late 1980s. Wrote several autobiographies, including her lesbian adventures, and a true crime tale called The Basement, about a teenage girl held in captivity by her mother and siblings and sexually abused by them, eventually causing her death. Identified with the victim, while exploring the eroticism of torture through her. Hooked up with photographer Sophie Keir, and the two would go to Paris annually to celebrate their birthdays. Married her in 2017, and on a Parisian trip with her, died suddenly of cardiac arrest. The winner of numerous awards and honors, including 2013 inaction into the National Women’s Hall of Fame. Had a net worth of $850,000. Inner: Honest, introspective, highly perceptive, with a self-destructive streak, as reflection of society-at-large’s view of women. fAnne Whitney (1821-1915) - American sculptor. Outer: Father was a justice of the peace. Grew up in a wealthy, liberal, well-read Unitarian milieu, in a family who supported their daughter’s intellect and artistry. Educated by tutors save for one year in a private school. Small and highly dynamic. Discovered sculpture when a water pot overturned in a greenhouse and she started modeling in sand. Ran a small school in Salem, Mass., where she began writing poetry, publishing her first volume in 1859, then started making portrait busts of members of her family. Spent a year in NYC and Philadelphia, modeling, drawing and studying. Planned to go to Italy, but the Civil War intervened, and she worked at her family home in a studio given to her by a successful younger brother, a shipping broker. Evinced a persistent concern with social justice through her symbolic statuary. Went to Rome in 1867 and lived and worked there for 4 years. An unidealized sculpture of an old peasant woman offended the authorities, and she had to sneak it out of the country. Traveled, with a focus on her work, rather than socializing. Commissioned to do a statue of radical patriot Sam Adams (Marcus Garvey). Made a 3rd trip to Europe, studying the new school of French sculpture. In 1875, she won a national competition to do a sculpture of a prominent abolitionist only to be denied her victory when it was discovered she was a woman, since her gender, it was believed, could not properly execute men’s legs. Thoroughly disgusted, she never entered another competition afterwards. Bought a house in Boston in 1876, where she lived and worked through the next 2 decades, executing portrait busts of a number of social activists. Had a longtime lesbian relationship with a younger female artist, who largely devoted her life to her. Died of cancer. Inner: Strong dislike of publicity, unsentimental, satiric wit. Privileged lifetime of being given tremendous support, in order to allow her artistry and herself full expression, before returning to remold herself from a far less secure foundation, both on the inner and outer planes. Marguerite of Burgundy (1290-1315) - Queen of France. Outer: Daughter of the Duke of Burgundy, mother was the daughter of Louis IX (Michael Eric Dyson). Had a royal upbringing and in 1305, she married the future Louis X (Gerald Ford), but scandalized the court with her extra-marital affairs. When the paternity of her daughter, Jeanne II of Navarre (Rita Mae Brown) was questioned, the marriage was annulled and she was imprisoned for 10 years, and ultimately either starved to death or strangled on the orders of her husband, in order to let him wed again. Inner: Wanton, lusty, and because of her lifelong royal status, felt she was above the rules. Reckless lifetime of defying authority and being made to literally disappear for it, sending her, like her daughter, on a future pathway of empowerment for her own gender.

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PATHWAY OF THE REFORMER AS GUIDING LIGHT:
Storyline: The entrancing enabler employs the same ne’er-do-well paternal energy to propel her own drive towards independence as a highly public beacon for the innate power of women as ms.tresses of their own fate.

Gloria Steinem (1936) - American journalist and reformer. Outer: Her mother had given up a career in journalism to get married, while her father was a feckless antique dealer and summer resort operator who was chronically broke. Traveled around the country with him, until her parents divorced when she was 11, giving her a lonely, relatively impoverished childhood. Her mother, crippled by anxiety and depression, plunged into mental illness, and she became the caretaker for the financially strapped household in a rat-infested basement apartment in Toledo. Attended school on a regular basis only after her parents separated. Her caretaker role made her lose all desire to have children. Went to Smith College, graduating Phi Beta Kappa, and won a fellowship to study in India. Returned to NYC, pursued a journalistic career, making a name by posing as a Playboy bunny for an expose for Show magazine. Her handsome presence created a highly public career, as she came to be identified with the women’s liberation movement, as one of its most glamorous spokeswomen, although she was not drawn in until her mid-30s after attending an abortion speak-out. Had numerous liaisons with powerful, well-known men, including publisher Mort Zuckerman, director Mike Nichols and Olympian Rafer Johnson, although without any inclination to marry or be a mother. Helped found Ms. magazine in 1971, and was a guiding force behind it, as well as being extremely politically active as spokeswomen and organizer for women’s rights. Spent over 2 decades constantly traveling as a speaker, with very few moments to herself. An eventual burnout in her 50s, led to reassessment, introspection, and some oddly conceived, albeit best-selling volumes, revealing a far more contradictory character. Actively returned to Ms. in the late 1990s, after spearheading a group of investors called Liberty Media for Women, who repurchased the periodical nearly 3 decades after she first started it. As an active elucidator of the 20th century American female experience from an attractive, educated celebrity perspective, she eventually found peace with herself, retiring gracefully from her own sexual and social needs to become in her 60s, a student of life once again, rather than a compulsive teacher, nurturer and enabler. In 2000, she married David Bale, a charming 59 year old South African-born hustler and environmentalist, and father of actor Christian Bale, in a Cherokee ceremony in Oklahoma, after a lifetime of decrying the institution of matrimony as a relationship-destroyer. It was his third union, although he died 3 years later. Foreswore relationships afterwards, and in 2006, launched GreenStone Media as a means of developing and distributing radio programming for women. Inner: Kind, generous, with a compulsion to rescue people. Initial fear of public speaking, which she quickly overcame. Constantly on the move, with her life threaded through the woman’s movement as one of its most visible icons. On stage lifetime of exploring the power of her individuality through service to others, before reassessing her compulsions to better understand and ultimately privately integrate herself. Victoria C. Woodhull (Victoria Claflin) (1838-1927) - American reformer. Outer: Mother was illegitimate, illiterate, and a spiritual fanatic, who took her children to religious revivals and camp meetings. 7th of 10 children of an eccentric con man father who was forced to leave their hometown under suspicion of arson. Sister of Tennessee Claflin (Jill Johnston). Had visions from the age of 3 and claimed Greek philosopher Demosthenes (Winston Churchill) as a spirit guide, and that she would one day rise from poverty to lead a nation. Her family traveled as a medicine and fortune-telling show, and she gave spiritualism exhibitions with her sister. Eloped at 15 with Channing Woodhull, an alcoholic doctor, and had a retarded son, but almost bled to death with his botched delivery. Later, she had a long-lived daughter. Worked with her sister as clairvoyants, after separating from her family. Both were extremely attractive, but she also had the ability of conveying an intelligence that was quite above her own. Divorced her philandering husband after 5 years, but kept his name and married James Blood, a Civil War colonel, in 1866, who served her as an adequate ghostwriter. Their childless union eventually ended in divorce a decade later. Her initial mate became a drug addict and derelict, and she took him back into her household, since he was incapable of taking care of himself, which caused much tongue-wagging, which, in turn, helped radicalize her as a totem of the injustices forced upon women of her time. In 1868, the 2 sisters went to NYC, and both got Cornelius Vanderbilt’s (J. Paul Getty) attention through their fortune telling readings of the stock market. Opened a stock brokerage office, Woodhull, Claflin & Co., with her sibling, making money through Vanderbilt’s advice. Became interested in a socialist cult and with her sister, and launched a periodical, Woodhull & Claflin’s Weekly, which advocated free love and equal rights and rites for women, as well as promoted her as a candidate for the presidency. Her husband, as well as a linguist who joined the entourage along the way, wrote most of the material, but the 2 sisters approved of the content. Appeared before the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives to plead for woman’s suffrage. Began giving lectures and proved a compelling speaker, preaching a doctrine of Free Love, while demanding a singular sexual standard, as well as the emancipation and equality of women. The Equal Rights party nominated her for president in 1872, but she wasn’t allowed to vote. Called by the press, ‘Mrs. Satan,’ for teaching women to question and believe in their own power. Also ruffled the feathers of miscegenation through her friendship with black activist Frederick Douglass (Jesse Jackson). After being hounded by the sisters of clergyman Henry Ward Beecher (Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.), she published an accusation of adultery against him in 1872, which led to his court trial. Arrested for passing obscene material through the mail, she spent a brief period in jail, before being ultimately acquitted. After divorcing in 1876, she and Tennessee sailed for Europe in 1877 when Vanderbilt died and his children contested his will. The duo probably received a payment from the family for not appearing in court, which gave them the wherewithal for Europe. Married John Biddulph Martin, a wealthy English banker in 1883, who had heard her lecture, although it took 6 years to make the union official because of family objections. Both sisters did charitable work and were eventually accepted into English society. Continued with her lecturing and writing, and was assisted by her daughter, in the publication of a magazine, the “Humanitarian,” that focused on eugenics. Both sisters made several trips to America, and caused a sensation each time. Her third husband died in 1901, and she inherited a substantial estate, allowing her to live out the rest of her life in the the English countryside, while penning a number of books. Became one of the earliest motorcar owners in Britain, while championing Anglo-American links. Following her death, her ashes were scattered over the mid-Atlantic, as symbol of her connect between her native and adopted countries. Inner: Highly effective communicator, whether bilking the gullible public on the tent show circuit or delivering heartfelt messages on the freedom of rights that women deserved. Practicing homeopath, and a believer in the modernist trinity of diet, exercise and comfort in dress as the best antidote for ill health. Free spirited lifetime of giving full expression to her rebellious nature, with an extraordinary degree of support from family and friends. Charlotte Smith (1749-1806) - English writer. Outer: Mother died when she was 3, father decided before she was 16 that she must be married. Her husband was the son of an East India Company director, but was difficult and unstable as well as a spendthrift. Spent part of a year in debtor’s prison with her mate, where she wrote her first published work. The couple finally separated after the birth of 12 children. Gave him financial assistance, but refused to live with him again. Because of monetary need, she averaged 4 books a year, using her novels to release a lot of the painful experiences of her private life. Her heroines usually trusted in their own intelligence in order to be unthreatened by their exclusion from society. Her politics reflected an early liberal enthusiasm for the French Revolution and later conservative revulsion for its excesses. Suffered failing health towards end of life. Inner: Cheerful, with a strong character, able to absorb physical, financial and emotional difficulties. Husband’s energy was remarkably similar to her succeeding 2 fathers. Probably used him to propel her own sense of self through his unreliability. Independence-seeking lifetime of transcending personal difficulties by developing her powers of exposition and sheer survival under highly oppressive circumstances.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS ILL-TEMPERED INDIVIDUALIST:
Storyline: The devil’s adversarial advocate takes fiendish delight in utilizing his caustic wit in the service of his acute social perceptions, while acting out his ongoing need for absolute uniqueness in both his lives and his works.

Hunter Thompson (Hunter Stockton Thompson) (1937-2005) - American journalist. Outer: Father was an insurance agent, mother was the latter’s second wife and a librarian, after her husband died in 1952. Raised in a lower middle-class milieu, he had an early sense of his destiny as a writer, and began his own newspaper at 10, charging 4 cents a copy. Used to type out books of authors he admired, particularly Ernest Hemingway, in order to get a sense of their rhythms and style. Also began a lifelong habit of writing outrageous letters to the famous and friends alike, keeping some 20,000 carbon copies of them all. Arrested for mugging after a bender and given the choice of reform school or the military. Joined the Air Force, and did sports reporting for the base paper in Florida, and was honorably discharged after 2 years for nonconformity. 6’3”, lean and sturdy. Had a few brief journalistic jobs, including trainee for Time magazine, then traveled cross-country, hanging out in California, before 2 years of travel in South America. Sent dispatches on native life there, and had his first success as a journalist. Wrote for the National Observer on his return, but quit when they refused to let him cover the Free Speech Movement in Berkeley. Married Sandra Conklin in his mid-20s, who had 5 miscarriages before producing one son, later divorced in 1980 with his wife characterizing the union as, “He was the king, I was the slave.” Largely a vampire in his personal relationships, with everything revolving around his needs. Settled in San Francisco, worked on fiction and did articles, expanding one on the Hell’s Angels motorcycle club into a book in 1966, which resulted in his being beaten up and hospitalized as response to his unflattering portrait of them. Radicalized by the Chicago Democratic convention in 1968. Moved to Aspen, Colorado and became an adversarial reporter, while enjoying his own brand of Rocky Mountain high. The inventor of gonzo journalism, although he did not coin the term, which was perceptive writing combined with massive ingestions of drugs and alcohol to loosen his acerbic tongue, and the use of himself as his story’s central narrative point, beginning with Fear and Loathing In Las Vegas in 1971, a failed attempt at covering a motorcycle race and drug-enforcement convention. Began scrivening for Rolling Stone magazine, and achieved huge popularity with his outrageous takes on politics and culture, while running up huge expense accounts. Ran for sheriff of Aspen, Colorado on the Freak Power ticket in 1970, and came close to winning. Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, written after the 1972 Democratic convention, gained him enormous respect in the liberal political community, and was later made into a film. His excessive behavior, and a great need to be outrageous, however, made his later work uneven to the point of nonexistence, and by the mid-1970s, he had largely spun himself out. Suffered writer’s block, and his output markedly decreased, although he managed to produce 18 books all told. An insulting public speaker, and libertarian to the core, with a fascination with firearms. Served as an inspiration for the character Raoul Duke, in the “Doonesbury” cartoonstrip. Also the subject of two movies, Where the Buffalo Roam, as well as Fear and Loathing. Proved to be a modern medical miracle according to his doctors for surviving his extremely self-destructive lifestyle of substance abuse. Married Anita Bejmuk, his assistant, in 2003, and ended his career doing sports reporting for ESPN online. Beset by physical problems, including pain from back surgery and an artificial hip, he ended his wheelchair-bound life with a gun-blast to the head. Six months to the day later, his ashes were ceremoniously blasted off into space from a cannon, in a fitting coda to his explosive life. Inner: Eccentric, macho, conservative, with a love of guns and free expression. His public persona was largely manufactured to draw attention to his work. Non-romantic idealist, and self-described, “the soul of a teenage girl in the body of an elderly dope fiend.” Adversarial lifetime of challenging the foibles of his age from an uninhibited and alienated perspective, while trying not to be consumed by his fear and loathing of the commonplace. Ambrose Bierce (1842-c1914) - American writer. Outer: Parents were poor, obscure and eccentric, as well as devotees of fire-and-brimstone fundamentalism. 10th of 13 children, with all of them having names beginning with ‘A’. His only education was from his father’s small library, which had been accumulated from the former’s many unsuccessful forays into business, from farming to shop keeping. Never close to his family, he left home at 15, and worked as a printer’s devil for an abolitionist newspaper, before enrolling at the Kentucky Military Institute for a year. Wandered afterwards, then joined the 9th Indiana Infantry, and served with distinction during the Civil War. Twice risked his life in rescuing fallen companions, but in 1865, he was forced to resign when a bullet wound to the head continued to cause him dizziness and blackouts. After the war, he became the custodian of captured property in Alabama. Resigned to inspect northern posts, before joining a brother in San Francisco. As a journalist, he established his caustic, bitter wit, before becoming editor of the News-Letter. In his late 20s, he married Mollie Day, the daughter of a wealthy miner, three children from the union. Went to Europe, and settled in England, where he wrote for Fun for the next 4 years, as well as contributed to other English magazines. Asthma caused him to seek out cures in spas, and his long absences from his family eventually doomed his marriage. Published a collection of his mordant sketches, as well as several novels in England, and became known as “Bitter Bierce.” Returned to San Francisco in 1876, and wrote for several journals, including the Argonaut, where his famous column, “Prattle” began. Went out to South Dakota to work with a gold mining company in 1880, which would subsequently give him much material on naked greed. In 1886, he became a columnist for William Randolph Hearst’s S.F. Examiner for nearly a decade, enjoying complete editorial freedom. In the process, he became virtual literary dictator of the West Coast, although he hated journalism, despite the power it gave him. Wrote about the Civil War, but the realism of the writing without the attendant humor couldn’t find an audience. Separated from his wife in 1888, and the following year his oldest son died. Ultimately moved to the country’s capital at century’s nearend, and became Washington correspondent for the New York American. A second son, who had become a journalist, died in 1901, and his ex-wife followed him four years later. Greatly grieved over the deaths of his two children. Best known for The Devil’s Dictionary, a scathingly caustic re-examination of contemporary language. After 1906, he realized his creative well had run dry, and he became very disillusioned and depressed. Eventually went to Mexico to die during the time of the revolution there, vanishing without a trace. Inner: Bitter mordant wit, with a crisp sense of language and great power of subjective analysis. Devil’s disciple lifetime of turning his bile into high literary art, before tapping himself dry, willing himself to die, and disappearing into his own ongoing legend. Thomas Dekker (c1572-1632) - English playwright. Outer: Of unknown origins, probably of Dutch descent, from his name. Began his career as a journalist and lyric poet in his early 20s, and proved himself to be a rapid, careless writer, with a gift for humorous invention. Often forced to hurry his works under the pressure of creditors. A playwright by default, beginning in the late 1590s, he collaborated on around 40 plays, but was far better suited for the press than the stage as a chronicler of London life on all levels. The Whore of Babylon and If This Be Not A Good Play, the Devil is in It, give indication of his subject matter. Married twice, probably the father of 2. Worked on more than 50 plays, often in collaboration with others. Lived in poverty, was imprisoned twice for debt and bailed out by producer Philip Henslowe. In 1612, he was sentenced for debt and spent almost 7 years in the King’s Bench Prison. Finished his career as a pamphlet-writer, while re-editing some of his earlier work. Originally thought of as prosaic, later seen as a complex writer with his allegorical, satirical comedies and social commentaries. Inner: Impractical, good-natured and lovable, a natural bohemian. Cheerful, good-natured temperament. Shrewd observer, sloppy but highly prolific. Irresponsible and irrepressible lifetime of giving vent to his nonconformist tendencies, without evincing the bile that would be highly evident in his later lives of the pen in this series.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS COMBATIVE CONSERVATIVE:
Storyline: The retro reformer continually takes stands predicated on both time’s past, and times that never were, looking for public love with positions that underline divisiveness and discontent, and always wondering why present time ultimately manages to pass him by.

xPatrick Buchanan (Patrick Joseph Buchanan) (1938) - American journalist, broadcaster and politician. Outer: Of Scottish, British and Irish on his paternal said and German on his maternal side. Father was a CPA, mother was a nurse. One of 9 children in a family with a distinctly conservative outlook, viewing communism as an ideological adversary of Catholicism. His progenitor maintained a strict household, liberally using a leather belt on his 7 sons. Also had them swinging at a punching bag 1600 times a week. Was a scourge of his neighborhood along with his brothers while growing up, continually getting into fights. Valedictorian of his high school class, he attended Georgetown Univ., where a fracas with police over a traffic accident left him with a broken hand and suspension from school for a year. Graduated and went to the Columbia School of Journalism, before becoming an editorial writer for the St. Louis Globe Democrat for 3 years. Exempted from the draft because of arthritis in the knee. Became a presidential campaign aide to Richard Nixon, and continued with him to the White House, where he served as a speechwriter and spearheaded that administration’s thrusts and salvos at the liberal media elite. In his early 30s, he married Shelley Scarney, a very traditional wife who had been a receptionist at the White House, no children from the union. Left the Nixon administration in the wake of the Watergate scandals, in which he was not implicated, and returned to television and journalism, where he continued to forge a name for himself as an aggressive conservative. Went back to the White House as Ronald Reagan’s communication director in 1985, giving up a $400,000 a year career to do so. Left after 2 years, and became one of the television hosts of Firing Line, in which left and right took verbal potshots at one another over who was right, and who was left behind. Dissatisfied with George H. W. Bush’s presidency, he contested him in the primaries in 1992, doing well initially, before fading, and then gave a speech at the Republican convention enlisting the party in a cultural war. Switched his rhetoric to a class war, which made the party uncomfortable and then made a second run in 1996 as a pro-life isolationist, inveighing his cadre of ‘peasants with pitchforks’ to support his political tunnel vision as the voice of the proletariat, despite his upscale lifestyle. His initial popularity, however, quickly waned when he was labeled as an extremist. Began campaigning again for the 2000 presidential bid, switching from the Republican to the Reform Party, causing further division in that organization, while maintaining his divisive populist message, playing on the disaffection of American have-nots with the well-educated overclass, despite being a member of it. At the same time, he published a revisionist tome on WW II, stating Adolph Hitler posed no direct threat to the U.S., while continuing to take great delight in his self-appointed role as ongoing disturber of the peace, which would come to include the ‘invasion’ of America by non-English speaking Latinos. Became more and more critical of the George W. Bush administration, as his Iraq invasion limped on, while remaining ubiquitously in public view in both print and on TV, with an increasingly gloomier view of neoconservative policies, and a greater and greater draw towards white nationalism, viewing the change in racial make-up of America as one of the great tragedies of his/story. Towards decade’s end, he became an odd couple with liberal commentator Rachel Maddow on equally indulgent MSNBC, as a singular voice of recalcitrant convention in an otherwise bulwark of strongly slanted progressivist sentiment. His written screeds have become more and more openly bigoted from 2002 onward, as he bemoans the loss of power of white Christendom, and America’s transition, in his view, into a Third World enclave, with a concomitant loss of moral, cultural and social resolve through the lessening of overweening power by the direct descendants of those who originally created the United States. Suspended and then fired from MSNBC in 2012 for the sentiments, while proclaiming himself the victim of a leftist witch-hunt. Has a et worth of around $7 million. Inner: Pugnacious, highly militant, intelligent and articulate, with a deep bias against all who do not mirror his northern European root. An enthusiast of unabashed prejudice, he sees it as an enduring virtue. On the firing line lifetime of taking conservative political ideals for a power run and establishing himself as a national, if not always rational, voice for nationalism, isolationism, racism and social retrenching. xJohn Louis O’Sullivan (1813-1895) - American journalist and diplomat. Outer: Father was a merchant and sea captain, who later served as a minor consul. Educated at a military school in France, then Westminster school in England, before graduating from Columbia College and Law School. Practiced law for 3 years, then helped found a political literary magazine called the United States Magazine and Democratic Review, to which numerous leading writers contributed. Wrote an article in 1845 urging the aggressive expansion of the United States throughout all of North America, using the phrase, “manifest destiny,” for the first time. Also co-edited a Democratic newspaper, the New York Morning News. Saw himself as the voice of the small businessman and yeoman farmer. In his mid-30s, he married a doctor’s daughter. Enjoyed a high reputation as a journalist, although was completely warped on his view of Jacksonian America as the way of the entire world. Also was extremely racist, viewing all who were not white as totally inferior, while deeming slavery as a positive virtue. Had a strong interest in the acquisition of Cuba by the U.S. Supported filibustering activities in Cuba and was tried and acquitted for the violation of the neutrality laws. Appointed charge d’affaires by President Franklin Pierce (Eugene McCarthy) and was later made minister to Portugal. During the Civil War, he lived in England, where he worked for the Southern cause in hopes that the English would recognize the Confederacy, because of his out-and-out approval of slavery. Returned the U.S. in 1879, and lived in total obscurity for the last decade and a half of his life, save for an invitation to speak at the dedication of the Statue of Liberty in 1886. Inner: Infectiously charming, highly energetic, with great concern, even tenderness, for his own kind. Psychologically unstable, highly racist, a total misreader of the currents of his/story. Tunnel vision lifetime of expanding his personality, albeit not his views, before being swallowed alive by them. xJoseph Galloway (1731-1803) - American politician. Outer: From a prominent family of traders who possessed large estates in Maryland and Pennsylvania. Father died during his childhood. Studied law in Philadelphia, and became one of that city’s leading members of the bar. In 1753, he married the daughter of one of the richest and most influential men in the province. Served in the Pennsylvania assembly for almost 20 years, beginning in 1756, except for one break, to 1776, while backing a royal, rather than a proprietary government. Felt Parliament had the right to rule the colonies, although disapproved of several of its tax acts, and in turn, was strongly against the colonist’s violent reaction to the assessments. Worked as a conciliatory agent for better Anglo/American relations between England and the colonies. Attended the first Continental Congress, and supported a Crown-appointed president general, although was voted down by the more radical members, and refused to attend the 2nd Congress. An unabashed loyalist during the American Revolution, he was compelled to flee to British-occupied territories, where he became civil administrator of Philadelphia when the crown’s forces occupied the city. Went to England after the city was recaptured in 1778, and became a major spokesman for the Loyalists. Sought permission to return to America in 1793, but was turned down, and spent the rest of his life in England, serving the interest of expatriate loyalists and writing pamphlets from his own warped perspective, unable to countenance events that did not fit into his narrow view, despite a desire to return to the rejected land of his birth. Inner: Imperialist and extremely tradition-bound, in spite of his own high political ambitions. Unable to reconcile his anti-independence stance with the flow of events around him. Recalcitrant in his principles and beliefs. Wide range of interests, passionately attached to his ideal of America. Vain and disparaging of all opposition to his views. Tunnel vision lifetime of intransigence in his beliefs, and an inability to change them with changing times.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS IMPIOUS PORNOGRAPHER:
Storyline: The hubristic hustler sees himself as a crusader with the penis mightier than both the pen and sword, and though he suffers grotesquely for his stance, he is able to remain unrepentant, if not quite unbroken, as an emblem of free salacious speech.

Larry Flynt (Larry Claxton Flynt, Jr.) (1943) - American journalist and pornographer. Outer: Son of an alcoholic sharecropper and pipe-fitter. Grew up poor in eastern Kentucky, and learned how to hustle just to survive. His parents divorced when he was 12. One younger brother, and a younger sister who died of leukemia at the age of 5. When he was 10, his parents separated, and he went to live with his mother and brother in Indiana. Later admitted to having congress with a chicken during this period. Faked his birth certificate at 14 and entered the army, traveling the world for the next 5 years. Divorced twice by the time he was 21. By his mid-20s, he had opened his first Hustler Club, a workingman’s bar with go-go dancers, and within 4 years, had 8 clubs going in Ohio. Decided to print a newsletter featuring the dancers, and by his early 30s, he had launched Hustler magazine, a skinzine dedicated to breaking sexual barriers. It became the first national magazine to show female genitalia, as well as feature pubic hair on its cover. Never pretended to be anything he was not, going for a specific market that also reflected his own down home unsophisticated tastes, while pursuing a hedonistic, libidinous lifestyle. Grew both wealthy and more and more controversial for his sexual stands, and became a frequent figure in the courtroom, seeing himself as a champion of the 1st amendment’s right of freedom of expression. Made a highly public religious conversion in his mid-30s after having a vision of Jesus on his Lear jet. Vowed celibacy after a lifetime of excess and fell under the tutelage of President Jimmy Carter’s evangelical sister, Ruth Stapleton, while turning over the management of his magazine, as well as the rest of his publishing empire. Later discounted the yearlong experience as a result of manic depression. After walking out of a courtroom where he faced obscenity charges, he was shot by a racist who objected to an interracial couple in one of his issues, leaving him paralyzed from the waist down and confined to a gold wheelchair. Later appeared in court wrapped in an American flag as a diaper. His penultimate wife, whom he married in 1976, was Althea Leasure, a former go-go dancer who managed his empire, and drowned in the bathtub from a drug overdose in 1987. Served 5 months for contempt of court in his early 40s. Following his near-assassination, he suffered impotency and a steady 14 year slide into manic-depressive delusions, painkillers and paranoia, surrounded by bodyguards. Overdosed a half dozen times and was pronounced DOA twice. In intense pain the entire time, he was finally relieved after a third operation in his late 40s, taking back control of his publishing empire. Got a penile implant to cure his impotence, and wrote his autobiography, An Unseemly Man: My Life as Pornographer, Pundit and Social Outcast. 5 children from his various unions, including one daughter who has accused him of molesting her. Subject of a popular motion picture, The People vs. Larry Flynt, where he was portrayed by Woody Harrelson. Began testing anti-obscenity laws again in 1997, and finally was indicted in 1998 for selling obscene material to a minor. Married his former nurse the same year, after a 7 year courtship. During the House impeachment hearings of President Bill Clinton, he offered up to $1 million to anyone who had adulterous relations with members of Congress, and subsequently brought down the Speaker of the House-to-be through the information he garnered. Continues in that vein, with the avowed goal of outing political hypocrites. In 2003, he ran unsuccessfully for governor in the California recall election, while claiming to be a Democrat/Libertarian. Also a successful casino and club owner, expanding his ‘Hustler’ brand into alternate venues of entertainment, as well as a host of other extremely graphic publications, a video company, and a chain of sex-toy stores. In 2009, he jumped on the bailout bandwagon, asking for a Washington handout for the porn industry, in a tongue-in-cheek, as well as other orifices, ploy for publicity. Has a net worth of $400 million. Inner: Blunt, self-involved, self-righteous, with a desire to be an admired, crusading figure. Passion for antiques, along with a singular sense of being a sexual crusader, challenging America’s first amendment free speech rights. Self-styled pervert and crusader. Hustling lifetime of pushing the behavioral envelope as far as he can, while dealing with his own tendency towards excess through a dysfunctional body, and a pspectacularly psalacious psyche. Frank Harris (James Thomas Harris) (1856-1931) - Irish/American writer, editor and adventurer. Outer: Parents were Welsh, and his early years were spent in Ireland. 3rd son and fourth of five children. His father was a cantankerous alcoholic seaman, while his mother was the daughter of a Baptist minister, who died when her son was 3. Raised by an older brother, in a markedly unhappy childhood. Resented his puritanical sire, as well as his teachers, who did not believe in sparing the rod. Small and wiry, as well as physically vigorous, with a rich bass voice and piercing eyes. Ran away to the U.S. at the age of 14, worked as a cowboy, bootblack and laborer, then joined his older brother at the Univ. of Kansas and became a U.S. citizen. Passed his bar exam, while changing his name to Frank, as a means of obliterating his childhood. Returned to England, and worked as a French tutor at a Sussex college, while showing himself to be a systematic amorist, with a compulsion to seduce. In 1878, he married Florence Adams, the sickly daughter of a maltster, who died of TB 10 months later. Settled in London on her £1000 bequest to him, worked as a correspondent in the Russo-Turkish war, attended 2 German universities, then returned to London, where in 1883, he became an editor of the Evening News. Sensationalized the news, showing himself to be strongly anti-aristocratic, and pro-impoverished, while inserting himself in a number of society scandals, which ultimately cost him his job in 1886, although he was soon back as an editor of the Fortnightly Review. In 1887, he married Emily Clayton, a wealthy widow of a manufacturer, who was well-connected in conservative political circles, in the hope of becoming prime minister. A firebrand socialist, evincing a ferocious brilliance as a talker and orator, he was far too unstable to realize his aims, and his campaign and marriage subsequently and simultaneously failed. In 1894, he eloped, brought out his first book and bought The Saturday Review, which he made into a brilliant literary and political magazine for 4 years. Sold the magazine and failed at running luxury hotels on the French Riviera. Became a petty opportunist afterwards, and continued writing in a variety of venues. a series of disastrous journalistic ventures followed, and after a jail term for contempt of court and his reputation permanently sullied, he left England for the U.S. During WW I, he employed Pearson’s, a magazine he had bought, in order to express his vehement anti-British sentiments. Best known for his scandalous autobiography, Frank Harris, His Life and Loves, written in 4 volumes, which were banned in both Britain and the United States for many years. Displayed a fascination with eroticism in much of his work. Also wrote biographies of people he knew, showing a gift of maliciousness and invention in his assessments. Married for the last time in 1927, to a longtime mistress. Also had at least one illegitimate daughter. The latter part of his life was spent in great straits, before dying of heart failure on the French Riviera. Inner: Harbored delusions of greatness, with a preposterous sense of his own amatory gifts. Outrageous lifetime of acting out his own sense of greatness and destiny before succumbing to the lesser reality that underpinned it. John Cleland (1709-1789) - English writer. Outer: Probably the son of a Scottish tax commissioner whose roisterous ways made him the subject of a novel by Joseph Addison (Walter Lippmann). Studied at Westminster School, then became a consul at Smyrna, before working for the East India Company in Bombay. Quarreled with his employer, lost his job, wandered around Europe and disappeared for a long stretch, then returned to London in 1741, where he wound up in debtor’s prison in 1748, after a fallout with his controlling mother, following his father’s death. While incarcerated, he was approached by a printer who offered to bail him out if he wrote a licentious novel. The subsequent work was a sensation, chronicling the erotic adventures of a 15 year old orphan, Fanny Hill: Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure, one of the first pornographic works in English. It was immediately suppressed, guaranteeing it a long life over the centuries. Despite earning the publisher a handsome fortune, he was paid little for his effort. After a 2nd erotic novel, Memoirs of a Coxcomb, he confined himself to politics and drama. Worked as a journalist, and composed several dramatic pieces for the theater. Left England to spend the last part of his life in France, where he wrote on philology. Disappointed and lonely at life’s finale, ending his days in shabby, genteel chaos, and dying of intermittent fever. Inner: Adventurous eroticist, probably bisexual. Natural wit, patriotic, paid little attention to the publications of his work. Unfulfilled lifetime of trying to combine his dual literary interests in intellectuality and carnality, and leaving a long-standing legacy of the latter for his efforts.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS STAR QUALITY CORRESPONDENT:
Storyline: The glamorous globe-trotter combines an innate elegance with a sense of adventure to continually fashion highly noticeable careers for herself as a crypto-aristo reporter as capable of making news as covering it.

Diane Sawyer (Lila Diana Sawyer) (1945) - American journalist. Outer: Father was a judge, who became a Republican politician, before dying prematurely in a car crash in 1969. Mother was an elementary school teacher, who made sure her daughter would be well-rounded, with piano lessons, along with voice, ballet and tap dancing, in addition to fencing and classical guitar, in an upbringing redolent of her hidden aristocratic past. Had one older sister, who provided her with an elegant example of how to be that she felt she could never quite live up to. Athletic and popular, with a born to succeed patina about her, while holding the same conservative Republican overview as her sire. 5’9”, blue-eyed, blonde-haired with classic features. In 1963, she won the “America’s Junior Miss” scholarship pagaent and toured the country to promote the Coca-Cola Pavilion at the mid-1960s NY World’s Fair. After graduating from Wellesley College with a B.A. in English, she did a semester at the Univ. of Louisville law school at night, before deciding to become a journalist. Began her broadcast career in 1967 as a TV weather girl, as well as a reporter for a local station in Louisville, Kentucky. Beginning in 1970, she served as a Richard Nixon press aide, before following him after his fall from office in 1974, in order to help him pen his memoirs, through a sense of both duty and honor, as well as admiration for the president he might have been had he not upended himself. Also coached him on his TV interviews with David Frost in 1977. At one point, she was suspected of being the Deep Throat leak that helped bring down his presidency, although it was later revealed to be Mark Felt. In 1978, she joined CBS News as a political correspondent, and became a co-anchor of the CBS Morning News in 1981, thanks to her sonorous voice and telegenic small screen presence. Always managed to keep her sense of partisan politics to herself, while her contacts in the Republican hierarchy would prove invaluable from an interview standpoint. From 1984 to 1989, she became the first female correspondent on the popular newsmagazine show, “60 Minutes,” before moving over to ABC, to do more newsmagazine anchoring duties. In 1988, she married writer/director Mike Nichols, despite their political differences. No children from the high-profile and close union. Returned to morning news in 1999, as a co-anchor of “Good Morning America,” bringing its ratings back up to a decent level, despite its perennial second-place status to the “Today” show. Became the anchor of “ABC World News” in the evening in late 2009, a position she would continue to hold, while steadily narrowing the ratings gap between it and its chief competitor, “NBC Evening News,” although never quite closing it. The recipient of numerous awards, she has had a host of memorable interviews with figures from the world of both politics and pop culture, indelibly imprinting herself on the public consciousness, as a celebrator of celebrity and the very personification of corporate media elegance and intelligence. After nearly five years, she stepped down in 2014, to concentrate on interviews and news specials, leaving the prime network anchoring positions once more an all white male male enclave. At year’s end she lost her beloved husband to a sudden heart attack. Inner: Odd combination of the ethereal and down-to earth. Far more of a listener than an actor, with a natural reserve that is hidden by an on-camera ebullience. Always extremely well-prepared, and able to get her way, without ruffling feathers, through an innate politesse and a well-concealed iron will. Well-anchored lifetime of rising to the top of her profession as a classy combination of diligence, elegance and ambition. Flora Shaw Lugard (1852-1929) English journalist. Outer: Of Anglo-Irish Protestant descent on her paternal side and French Catholic on her maternal side. Grandfather was an MP and a hidebound Tory, father was a captain who eventually became a major general. Inspired, like her siblings, by the former’s exhortations towards a life of duty and meaning. Her mother bore fourteen children, which wore her out, and her daughter nursed her until her death, before being allowed to leave home. Largely self-educated, she used the local library to sate her insatiable desire to know as much as she could about the world. Slim, with dark auburn hair, and crystal blue eyes. Able to attract unusual mentors, including critic John Ruskin (Kenneth Tynan), who encouraged her writing, which included children’s books and a novel that made her financially independent by her thirties. Became a journalist afterwards and proved quite aggressive in her pursuit of both interviews and stories, ultimately harboring a fascination with Africa, which would serve as her reportorial domain for the remainder of what would prove to be a memorable career. Starting in 1886 with the Pall Mall Gazette, she began writing under the name of F. Shaw so as to hide her gender, before establishing such a solid reputation that it no longer mattered. In 1893, she was made Colonial Editor for The Times, contra to practice that kept women stuck on the society pages, and worked as a special correspondent in Southern Africa, while becoming the highest paid woman journalist of her time. Also traveled to Australia and New Zealand, as well as Canada, covering the Klondike gold rush. A staunch imperialist, she was curiously insensitive to any sense of nationalism in the colonies and protectorates she wrote about, seeing the British ruling classes as the benign lords of the lesser native worlds that they oversaw. Wrote, for the most part, for those in power, echoing their views of a Pax Britannica controlling their various colonial domains and bringing their institutions to bear in uplifting them both economically and politically. Continually traveling, she served as an eye and tongue for the empire, imagining a world largely subject to the British empire. Always maintained close contacts with power, and in 1902, she married Frederick Lugard, a colonial administrator whom she had initially turned down when he first proposed. The duo maintained separate bedrooms in what may have been an unconsummated union built on mutual respect and a shared love of Africa. Coined the name of Nigeria for the British territories administrated by the Royal Niger Company, when her spouse was its Governor-General during the WW I period, while subsuming her own journalistic career to help enhance their mutual administrative duties, including a stint in Hong Kong, where the duo helped establish the Univ. of Hong Kong. Maintained the facade of Great Britain’s need for imperial dominance, in her nonfiction writings, which included several books, most notably “A Tropical Dependency,” mixing his/story with a sense of English superiority, while limning pre-colonial times in north Africa. Active during WW I, and then, following her husband’s retirement in 1918, she retired to their English estate, while she continued to write the occasional article. Died after a long illness, and her husband, who outlived her by sixteen years, kept her room exactly as she left it. Inner: Adventurous and aggressive, with an admiration of powerful men, without feeling the need to subjugate herself to them. Had a true partnership with her husband built on respect and emotional consanguinity, and may have lived out her life as a virgin. I dream of Africa lifetime of taking full advantage of the contacts and opportunities given her to be a Victorian voice of Pax Brittanica, while sharpening and enhancing her own reportorial and writing skills, and, at the same time, sacrificing intimacy for a pragmatic partnership of mutual admiration and accomplishment. Lady Mary Montagu (Lady Mary Pierrepont) (1689-1762) - English writer. Outer: Eldest daughter of the 5th earl and later 1st Duke of Kingston, mother was a cousin of the novelist Henry Fielding (Tom Stoppard), and daughter of an earl, who died early on. Educated by a governess, she also used her father’s libraries to teach herself to read and write Latin fluently by the age of 13. Contracted smallpox, which left her face pitted and scarred. Without her sire’s permission, she secretly corresponded with Edward Wortley Montagu, an MP, in her early 20s, and eloped and married him in 1712, despite having had another union arranged by her sire. Father and daughter reconciled at the birth of her son, 2 years later, while she spent her early marriage in seclusion in the country. The pair also had a daughter, who married future prime minister, John Bute (Eugene McCarthy). When they finally did come to London, her sharp wit and beauty made her a prominent figure at court. Collaborated with Alexander Pope (Evelyn Waugh) and John Gay (Donovan), writing 6 satirical ‘Ecologues,’ for private circulation. Pope would later virulently turn against her in print, after she had laughed off a declaration of love by him. In 1716, her husband was appointed ambassador to Turkey, where she kept a comprehensive journal, which was later published after her death as the “Embassy Letters,” and upon which her reputation lies. Returned to England, where she involved herself in the literary and political controversies of the day, and enjoyed a reputation as a clear-sighted journalist, penning a political weekly, ‘The Nonsense of Common-Sense,’ in 1737-1738. Served as a caricature for several authors, in their works, while involving herself in numerous scandals. A member of the notorious Hellfire Club, she was also mistress of its head, Philip Wharton. Also proved instrumental in introducing inoculation against smallpox in England, after having witnessed the practice in Turkey, although she incurred much prejudice for having done so. Disappointed in the constraints of marriage, as well as the role of an intelligent woman in English society, she abandoned her husband, friends and family in 1739, for an interlude with a 24 year old bisexual Italian writer, although was quickly disappointed in him when he chose career over romance. Settled in the papal state of Avignon, France in 1742, then returned to Italy in 1746, in the company of a young Italian count, with whom she lived for the next decade in Brescia, while limning her life to her daughter in her letters, which her family later wished to suppress. Moved to Venice, and lived by herself before finally returning to England in 1762, the year after her husband’s death, and died 6 months later of breast cancer, which she had long hidden, while planning to return to Italy. Inner: High-spirited and independent. Very much the aristocrat, despised middle-class vulgarity and sentimentality in literature. Self-searching lifetime of asserting her independent mind and heart, and though oft disappointed and literally scarred by some of her experience, left a rich testament to her lively and questioning interior.

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PATHWAY OF THE COMMENTATOR AS PINHEAD PROVOCATEUR:
Storyline: The petulant pundit serially holds onto the same anti-populist views over two life-spans, while retaining a love for exerting enormous influence, and disdaining one and all who disagree with him.

jBill O’Reilly (William James O’Reilly, Jr.) (1949) - American commentator. Outer: From a conservative Irish Catholic family. Father was an accountant for an oil company, with a hair-trigger temper, while his mother was a physical therapist. When he was two, the family moved to cookie-cutter Levittown on Long Island. Rambunctious as a youth, he always knew he would be an opinion-maker. Went to a strict private Catholic boys high school, and then Marist College, a coed Catholic college, where he was quarterback on the school’s football club, and also a columnist for its newspaper, while majoring in his/story. Lambasted a teacher for reverse racism in awarding grades, and discovered his power as a foe of political correctness. 6’4” with blue eyes and dark brown hair. Spent his junior year abroad, at Queen Mary College at the Univ. of London, while living in an Opus Dei house. A good athlete, he played semipro baseball, although failed in a tryout with the NY Mets. Moved to Miami and taught high school English and his/story, per his sire’s wishes, before opting to follow his own course after a year and continue his education. Went on to get his master’s from Boston Univ. in Broadcast Journalism, while also working as a reporter and columnist for several newspapers and alternative weeklies, and continually courting controversy with his opinions. Began his TV career in Miami, and then moved on to similar positions in Scranton, Dallas, and Denver, where he won an Emmy for a skyjacking story, as well as Portland, Oregon, and Hartford, where he was a news anchor, and Boston, always evincing a need to be absolutely in control, before getting his own program in 1980 in NYC, winning a local Emmy for his efforts. Afterwards, he was promoted to CBS network news as a war correspondent. Left in a tiff, and in 1986, joined ABC as a correspondent for its nightly network news show. In 1989, he joined the staff of a CBS tabloid/gossip show, Inside Edition ultimately rising to its anchor. Despite several scoops of real news, he was ignominiously replaced, in 1995, and with his career at a standstill, he returned to school, completing his education at Harvard’s JFK School of Government, where he got another master’s in Public Administration. The same year, he married Maureen McPhilmy, a public relations executive, daughter and son from the union. Finally got his big break, when he was hired by the Fox News Channel in the mid-1990s to anchor the O’Reilly Report, which became the O’Reilly Factor, and suddenly he found himself a factor in American opinion, with a significant audience, for both his nightly TV show, and a corollary radio program carried on more than 400 stations. Able to parlay his ability at articulating the anger of his voiceless audience, in fine molehill-turned-into-mountains fashion, which allowed him to reinvent himself as a moneymaking empire. In addition to his ubiquitous electronic media presence, he also pens a weekly syndicated newspaper column, and has authored numerous nonfiction bestsellers, presenting himself as a champion of real American values, with his favorite bete noirs, fuzzy-headed liberals of all stripes, and their permissive passivity as the greatest internal threat to American autonomy. Despite his overview of his own moral authority, has often found himself with his foot in his own mouth, particularly after a female employee accused him of sexual harassment in 2004, in a mutually slanderous contretemps, which was eventually settled out of court for a reputedly hefty $10 million. Although a supporter of the U.S. war effort in Iraq, he eventually stopped reporting on its endless violence, while voicing the opinion that nobody wanted to hear about it anymore. Often a target of liberal watchdog groups, he, nevertheless, enjoyed a largely uninterrupted run as the highest rated show of its kind among the cable news shows for well over a decade, before the rival Keith Olbermann Show on MSNBC began eating into his lead in 2007, while mercilessly mocking him in the process. Went after his parent company, GE, in response, until a truce of sorts was called in 2009. Unsparing and extremely competitive with his projected liberal adversaries in his often exaggerated overview, and like his fellow pundits, forgiven his numerous trespasses by those who agree with him, and the object of much contumely by those who don’t. Announced his syndicated radio show, “The Radio Factor,” would end in 2009 after nearly 7 years, because of his workload. Divorced in 2011, then tried to manipulate an annulment of his marriage on the grounds of adultery between his wife and a Nassau County detective, whom she later married. Challenged in 2015 on the veracity of his claims of being under fire in war zones, specifically the Falkland islands in 1982 during the conflict there between the UK and Argentina. Responded angrily and violently, threatening the reporter who broke the story, despite charges by former colleagues that no journalist reached the Falkland island war zones, and he was sent home as a disturbance. Other claims of his pants on fire would follow, while his bosses at Fox News stood behind him, knowing full well his audience was not interested in veracity, but only having their righteously rightist views angrily affirmed by him. Saw his ratings soar afterwards, as testament to his audience’s need for his peculiar brand of polemic. About $13 million has been paid out by Fox News to 5 women over the years to address complaints about his behavior. while he continually denies the claims have any merit, despite his insulting and bad mouthing women of color on air. A host of sponsors bailed on his show over the revelation. At the same time, he published the best-selling, “Old School: Life in the Sane Lane” a compendium of his political philosophy, while his core audience was barely fazed by his scandals, seeing in him a reflective voice of their own ill-tempered views. Nevertheless, his boss, James Murdoch, announced he would like him off Fox News for good. Subsequently fired and given a $25 million pay-out. Afterwards, he joined Glenn Back’s radio show as a weekly guest, then launched a podcast, “No Spin News” in the late summer of 2017. Has a net worth of over $80 million. Inner: Despite a high salary, lives modestly, and remains close to his childhood friends. Considers himself an independent traditionalist rather than a conservative, although anything and anyone that contradicts him is fodder for his nightly frothing. Deeply stung at any hint of criticism of him. Lunching on liberals lifetime of transplanting his need for absolute control into the far less secure realm of pure opinion, to see if the pure power of his trenchant beliefs can serve as steady a vessel for him as his earlier far more substantive run as a highly controversial publisher did. jHarrison Gray Otis (1837-1917) - American publisher and journalist. Outer: Youngest child of a family which had long identified with patriotic causes. Mother was his father’s second wife, while the latter housed runaway slaves from the underground railroad. Had little formal education and became an apprentice printer as a teenager, then moved to Kentucky, where he was elected as a delegate to the 1860 Republican National Convention, which selected Abraham Lincoln as its successful presidential nominee. Married in 1859 to Eliza Wetherby, and his wife took an active role in his journalistic career. One son and 4 daughters from the union. Fought in 15 engagements on the Union side during the Civil War in the eastern theater, was wounded twice and also was decorated for bravery, before emerging as a breveted lieutenant colonel, a rank he eagerly appended to his name. After the war, he returned to Ohio and for 18 months, was the publisher of a small local newspaper. Moved to Washington afterwards, and worked as a compositor for the Government Printing Office, joining a union in the process, before spending 5 years as chief of a division of the Patent Office. In 1876, he drifted out to California, and was appointed a government agent on the Seal Islands in the Bering Sea, where his chief duty was the prevention of poaching of walrus and seals, while ironically, he came to look like one of the former. Large and blubbery, with a permanent scowl, and a voice that rarely lowered itself beyond the level of a yell, no matter the social circumstance. Returned after 3 years from his dead-end work there, largely a failure up to that point of his life save for his war heroics, before getting a job as an editor of a local newspaper in Santa Barbara, California. Despised the wealthy and privileged people who lived there, despite a similar desire to be both rich and influential, and in 1881, he moved with his family south to the small town of Los Angeles. Took a job as editor of one of its newly-found newspapers, the Times and Mirror, then convinced its publisher to let him buy in with his life savings, before forcing the latter out within 5 years, only to see him start a rival rag and engage in a circulation war with him. Hooked up with the highly ambitious Harry Chandler (Sean Hannity), who became his circulation manager, as well as his son-in-law, and the Los Angeles Times soon came to be the most significant paper in the fast-growing city, while he took on the presidency of its parent organization, the Times-Mirror Company. Went on to use his newspaper as a hammer against all enemies, who would prove to be considerable, while pitting his blustering bile against labor unions, the Democratic Party, reformers and any and all competitors, all the while promoting the city, so that during his sojourn there, it expanded from a mere 12,000 souls to over a half million, thanks in no small part to his aggressive boosterism. Upped his martial title to Brigadier General, after pushing for war with Spain, then volunteering to send men to the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. Commanded a brigade there, although saw no action, and on his return, was viewed by labor as its most prominent enemy. Built a fortress-like headquarters, and bought into a consortium land grab of the San Fernando Valley, through insider information, that an aqueduct was to be built through it, funneling water from the Owens Valley up north to the city. Like the others, he made a fortune off the previous arid land, while using his newspaper to fool citizens through a drought scare, into supporting a $23 million bond that would fund the aqueduct, even though little of the water would reach the actual city. In 1910, a pair of brothers bombed the Times Building, killing 20, an event he further exploited in his ongoing right-wing tirades against any and all union activity. Bought 650,000 acres of land in Mexico through its dictator, Porfirio Diaz (Vincente Fox). When the latter was overthrown in the 1911 Revolution, he couldn’t get his cattle out in time, and so began a campaign to annex Northern Mexico to the U.S. Failing in that objective, he tried forming a North Mexican Republic, which also never captured the public imagination, despite his continual hammering away at the newly formed revolutionary government south of the border. Retained control of the Times throughout his life, working in close concert with his son-in-law Chandler, who became one of the wealthiest men in the West, and shared his conservative anti-unionist views. Built a grand home, known as ‘the Bivouac,’ which would ultimately become a museum of war relics, after he donated it to the country of Los Angeles. Died at the home of Chandler. Inner: Highly ambitious, extremely intolerant of anyone who disagreed with or ran up against him, and rigidly right-wing, distrusting any and all manifestations of popular power. Dominating personality, and a stickler for detail. Bore grudges for decades, and was not shy about expressing his opinions full blast on both the printed page and in person. I Am the Walrus lifetime of finding the perfect time, place and periodical to promote both himself and his views full blast, and succeeding in all three, with tusks fully bared full time. jMatthew Carey (1760-1839) - Irish/American polemicist and publisher. Outer: From a middle-class Irish Catholic family. Father had been a sailor, who became a contractor for the Royal Army and Navy. Lame from infancy after being dropped by a nurse, he was initially shy and backward as a schoolboy, finding his solace and strength in books, despite his progenitor’s disapproval of reading. Had a good facility for languages, with the ability to write fluently in Latin. Apprenticed himself to a bookseller, and while still in his mid-teens, he became a printer as well as a pamphleteer, making his first foray into the latter with a screed against dueling, which annoyed his master, followed by one protesting English anti-Catholic discrimination in Ireland. The latter raised the ire of the authorities, and he quickly hied to Paris in 1779 to avoid prosecution. While there, he met Benjamin Franklin (R. Buckminster Fuller), and worked for him for a year, before returning to Ireland, where he edited a pair of polemical political journals. Forced to flee once more, dressed as a woman, he permanently emigrated to the United States in 1784, arriving with 12 guineas in his pocket. Loaned money by the Marquis de Lafayette (Jean de Lattre), he became a publisher and bookseller once again, while launching several failed magazines. Challenged by a fellow conservative editor to a duel in 1786, he was seriously wounded in the thigh. Continued with his political polemics, while also becoming an original member of the American Sunday-School Society. Published the first significant literary magazine in the United States, with “The American Museum,” which eventually fell victim to high postal rates. In 1790, he inaugurated his highly successful publishing house, with the Douay Bible, and later added the King James version. Married Bridget Flahavan, the daughter of a respectable but poor Philadelphian in 1791, and the couple had 9 children, with 3 dying young. Extremely prolific as a writer, penning everything from polemics to satiric poetry, he also had a longtime contentious relationship with Mason Weems (Rush Limbaugh), who worked as a book agent for him. Encouraged nationalism through popular literature, and won the praise of the political establishment, who commended him on his effort. Dedicated his life to a profession of patriotism and ultimately got the printing rights to Weems’s fanciful cherry-chopping life of George Washington (George Marshall). By 1817, M. Carey and Son had become the largest publishing and distributing house in the country. Concentrated mostly on American works, reiterating the theme of patriotism. Retired in 1825, leaving his business to his son, who along with the latter’s brother-in-law, continued to make his publishing house a leading concern in the country. Died from injuries suffered from a carriage accident, and had the largest funeral in Philadelphia up to that point in its his/story. Inner: Strong patriot and pious Catholic, with a genuine interest in the betterment of his surrounding world, and a particular desire for universal education. Contentious and far more of a utilitarian writer than a stylist. Inky fingers lifetime of uniting his ongoing business acumen with his love of being an opinion-maker whose opinion counts, thanks to his natural instinct for power accrued and utilized to further his aims.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS DISTURBER OF THE PEACE:
Storyline: The inconstant iconoclast aggressively pushes his conservative values in highly mercurial fashion in an ongoing assault on his perceived enemies, disregarding both life and limb in his self-appointed role as guardian of the public weal.
Dinesh D’Souza (Dinesh Joseph D’Souza) (1961) - Indian/American journalist and documentary film/maker. Outer: Descended from Portuguese/Goan Catholics from Southwestern India. Father was an executive for an American company, mother was a home/maker. Raised in a Catholic household and educated by Spanish Jesuits. Attended Sydenham College in Mumbai, then came to the U.S. as an exchange student in 1978. Completed high school in Arizona, before receiving his B.A. in English from Dartmouth College in 1983. Graduated Phi Beta Kappa, while also stirring the pot as editor of a monthly, where he criticized the school’s affirmative action policies, and attacked both homophile rights and the school’s homophile population, earning himself the nickname “Distort D’Newsa.” Moved to Washington afterwards, where he served ss managing editor of the “Policy Review,” a right-wing journal, from 1985 to 1987, while also editing several other conservative periodicals. Among his articles, he stated that Catholic bishops were manipulated into anti-military build-up stances by liberal America, when they had little idea about the true dynamics of global politics, a theme he would continue to pursue in his critiques of other religious figures. During this period, he published several works, all in the same right-wing mold. In 1988, he become an adviser in the Ronald Reagan White House. Met his future wife, an intern there, Dixie Brubaker, and the two were married in 1992, one daughter from the union. During this time he was advised to write for the critics rather than a specific audience, since book reviews would determine the success or failure of his output. Served as a fellow for a couple of conservative institutes and became a naturalized citizen in 1990. Hit it big the following year with “Illiberal Education: The Politics of Race and Sex on Campus,” in which he stated political correctness was eroding traditions of scholarship and individual achievement while denuding the collective mind of America for the sake of liberal form instead of truthful substance. Followed it up in 1995 with “The End of Racism: Principles for a Multiracial Society,” in which he stated black people benefited enormously from slavery, raising their standard of living, while seeing racism in America as a compilation of separate incidents rather than an institutional phenomenon. Continued his prolific output in the same mold, including accusing liberals of inciting the 9/11 attacks. His pronouncements made him a public presence on TV’s Fox News, as well as a go-to quotable source for any and all anti-libtard positions. His political documentary, 2016: Obama’s America, in which he presented the president as an anti-colonialist bent on stripping the U.S. of its world power position, proved to be the second highest grosser for a political documentary, despite being a product of pure speculation and projection. Claimed to have paid the hospital bill for Obama’s half-brother’s son afterwards, as further proof of the latter’s disconnection from the realities around him. A follow-up documentary, America: Imagine the World Without Her, featured him in part debating Noam Chomsky, a progressive liberal, on the subject of American exceptionalism, while rationalizing away any and all criticisms of the U.S. over its various racial, territorial and geopolitical policies. Once again it fared well at the box office, successfully finding an undiscriminating audience, eager to forgive the country its many trespasses. Forced to step down as president of the fundamentalist Christian school, Kings College in NYC in 2012, after two years there, following divorcing his spouse, and the revelation he had a much younger mistress/fiancée, Denise Joseph II, while his ex-wife accused him of physically abusing her. Pled guilty in 2014 to campaign finance violation for giving Wendy Long, an underfunded challenger to Blue Dog Democratic NY Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, over $20K via members of his family, as well as filing a false statement to the FEC. Received five years probation and was given a $30K fine, along with community service, in lieu of a threatened jail term. Felt he had been prosecuted for his political views, rather than his actions, and continues as a contentious voice geared towards riling all ridiculous, to him, liberal sensibilities. In 2016, he wed fellow right-winger Debbie Fancher, with Pastor Rafael Cruz, Sr. officiating.That summer, he released Hillary’s America: The Secret History of the Democratic Party, which examined her presidential candidacy in his usual varnished manner. Inner: Extremely cerebral, with a mocking, prideful nature, characterizing those who disagree with him as buffoons. Fierce defender of America’s geopolitical stances, from an unabashed right-wing perspective, of my country right or right. Shape-shifting lifetime of exploring the otherness of American existence as a dark-hued immigrant, while maintaining his same mocking sense of superiority over all who disagree with him, as hopelessly ignorant fools. Henry Louis Mencken (1880-1956) - American journalist. Outer: Of German descent. Father owned a cigar factory. Enjoyed a comfortable bourgeois upbringing, and spent 67 of his 75 years in his childhood home, in a sense never leaving it on several levels, since most of his views were forged early in life and never changed. Adored by his mother, and spoiled as a child. Educated at private schools, then Baltimore Polytechnic, although his formal education ended at 15. His social views were largely formed in his youth, seeing his native city and Germany as social ideals. Worked in his father’s factory until his progenitor died, then became a police reporter for the Baltimore Morning Herald, rose to city editor, and then managing editor of the Evening Sun, before joining the staff of the Baltimore Sun, the paper with which he would be associated for the rest of his career in various capacities. Married a sickly writer, Sara Hardt, who died 5 years later, and was largely a faithless husband, despite a deep love for his wife. Became literary critic for the Smart Set magazine, and then served as coeditor of that magazine from his mid-30s to his early 40s, along with drama critic George Jean Nathan. In 1924, the duo left to found the American Mercury with financial backing from publisher Alfred A. Knopf. An annum later, he became sole editor for the next 8 years. During the 1920s, he was also contributing editor to the Nation. Published the "American Language" in 1919, studying the national vernacular, which gained worldwide recognition as an impressive work of amateur philological scholarship. For many years, he issued annual collections of his best articles and polemical essays, while championing the naturalistic writers of his time. Later turned to autobiography, producing 3 volumes of reminiscenes. During the first half of the 1920s, he was the most powerful literary and social critic in America. Published more than 30 books, and contributed to scores of others, while writing, at his peak, an average of 10,000 words a week for publication. Attacked popular authors and tastes, coining the phrases, “No one ever went broke underestimating the American taste,” and “booboisie.” Highly controversial and highly opiinionated, although his influence declined in the 1930s, when he attacked the New Deal. After a lifetime of misogyny, he surprised his friends in 1930, when he married a sickly writer, Sara Haardt, who died of tuberculosis 5 years later. Largely a faithless husband, despite a genuine love for his wife. Following her death, he lived with his bachelor brother. The latter part of his life was spent in virtual fretful retirement, as the world passed him by, and, in an irony even he would find abrasive, he was adopted by reactionary forces, despite his lifelong commitment to freedom of expression and thought. Suffered a massive stroke in 1948 and could no longer read or write for the last 8 years of his life, considering himself prematurely dead at that point, before expiring eight years later of its effects in his childhood home. Inner: Abrasive, beguiling, witty, well-read, and auto-didactic with an unusual attunement to language. Also selfish, small-minded, a Germanic nationalist with little patience for sentimentality or humanitarian sensibilities. Close to both his parents, and felt their passing deeply. Saw his mission as a vituperative critic. Publicly confrontational and unafraid, but privately, particularly towards life’s end, anxious about everything. Scabrous scold lifetime of being a deliberate and provocative disturber of the peace, until finally becoming undone by growing old rather than growing up. William Cobbett (1763-1835) - English journalist, farmer and reformer. Outer: Third of four children of a farm laborer and publican. Self-educated at home with his sire as his primary teacher, he worked the soil before running away at 14. Tried joining the Royal Navy but wound up in the army instead in a marching regiment. Read voraciously and became clerk to hs regiment, before resigning in 1791 to expose abuses of the officer corps, but when he couldn’t prove his accusations, he was forced to flee to France to escape a suit, and then decided to emigrate to Philadelphia. In his late 20s, he married Anne Reid, an English servant to whom he had given money. Three daughters and four sons from the union. 6’1”, very sturdy rustic with the heart of a peasant. Became a bookseller and pamphlet publisher, praising the monarchy and aristocratic government in his Porcupine’s Gazette, but his anti-French stance won the enmity of the Jeffersonians. Prosecuted for libel by Benjamin Rush (Benjamin Spock), and went back to London at the turn of century. An active Tory patriot and journalist, but after the French threat had passed, he became a radical, with a strong interest in the working-class. Fined and imprisoned for 2 years for his attacks on flogging. Farmed for 13 years in Hampshire, but severe debt and anti-radical legislation caused him to flee to America for 2 years, before returning to England. Failed in his first attempt to gain a seat in Parliament, and finally succeeded near the end of his life on the passage of the Reform Act, representing the interests of southern agricultural workers. Wrote on grammar, economics, and the rural worker, editing his own journal Cobbett’s Weekly Political Register for the last 3 decades of his life, which had an enormous effect on reform, and was a great working-class favorite. Died of a throat inflammation, following strained relations with his wife and the rest of his family. Inner: Born teacher and reformer. Vain, self-confident, industrious, hardheaded and opinionated. Loved to fight for a good fight’s sake, with his interests largely confined to English agricultural life. Prickly porcupine lifetime of strong principled stances, radically upholding conservative views, and conservatively holding radical views, while expanding his own abilities as a disturber of the peace William Prynne (1600-1669) - English pamphleteer. Outer: Father was a farmer. Educated at Oriel College, Oxford, where he studied law, theology and ecclesiastical antiquities, and became a barrister. An aggressive Puritan, with a desire to reform the manners of his age. Published a diatribe against the stage, and was fined and sentenced to the Tower of London in 1634 for aspersions cast upon the royal family. Both his ears were partially cut off in the pillory. Continued writing while in prison, and was sentenced to life there. After he had his ears sewed back on, he was brought up in front of the same court in 1637, for a pamphlet he had published during his incarceration. Had the rest of his ears lopped off, was given a further fine, and branded on the cheeks with an SL for seditious libeler. After 6 years, the sentences were declared illegal and he was freed. Pursued Archbishop of Canterbury William Laud (William F. Buckley) with a vengeance for imprisoning him, and the cleric was finally executed. Attacked other Protestant denominations, while strongly defending the parliamentary cause during the English Civil War. Wrote nearly 200 books and pamphlets, as a continual voice of conservative moral order. Elected to Parliament, but opposed the execution of Charles I (George V), and was purged. Began a paper war against the government, and was imprisoned for 3 years without trial for refusing to pay taxes. Released, and forced his way into the House of Commons, which could only get rid of him by adjourning. Readmitted, he asserted the rights of Charles II (Peter O’Toole) at the beginning of the Restoration, and was thanked by him, and became a member of Parliament once again. Continued his puritanical and royalist diatribes, and ended his contentious career as keeper of the records of the Tower of London. Inner: Puritanical, aggressively conservative, with absolutely no inhibitions about speaking his mind. Narrow, bigoted, fierce, self-righteous and fanatical. Contentious lifetime of suffering disfigurement for his beliefs, but adhering to them anyway, allowing himself to be defaced as an emblem of his willingness to face any consequences for his actions.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS ACTIVIST CONTROVERSIALIST:
Storyline: The acute Cassandra uses her well-honed perceptivity to continually serve as a shock doctrine icon of warning over the excesses of the business, social and political worlds in which she finds herself to varying degrees of personal growth and regression.

jNaomi Klein (1970) - Canadian journalist. Outer: Of Jewish descent. From an activist family for several generations. Her grandfather was a Marxist and animator at Disney Studios who led the first strike there, and was promptly fired and blacklisted. His brother moved permanently to the Soviet Union following the Bolshevik revolution. Her parents were American lefties and activists who moved to Canada in the late 1960s, so that her father could avoid the draft. Her mother Bonnie Sherr Klein became a documentary filmmaker, and an anti-pornography crusader, while her sire was a pediatrician in a public hospital. One older brother, who became an economist. Despite growing up in a lively politically aware house, she was embarrassed by her Birkenstock-clad mother and her anti-pornography stances, and in reaction, became bulimic as a teenager, while also dipping into dope and drink as a means of rebellion, escape and distancing herself emotionally from her family. At 17, her mother had a life-threatening stroke, which proved a tonic to her, and she took a year off from school in order to take care of her, and heal the wounds of her childhood. Went to the Univ. of Toronto, afterwards, where she studied English and philosophy and was editor-in-chief of the student newspaper. The wanton murder of 14 female students by a madman at the Univ. of Montreal in 1989, politicized her, since the nature of the crime was pure hatred of women. Became an anti-discrimination activist and stopped school to work as a journalist intern, before serving as an editor of a leftist Toronto publication for nearly two years. On her return to school, she noticed an added intrusiveness of advertising in everyone’s lives, which led her to research her first book over the next 4 years, traveling around the world to do so. The product of her reassessment of her product-oriented culture, published in 2000, was No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies, which would become the bible of the anti-globalization movement, with its premise that as marketing budgets grow, companies seek cheaper employees elsewhere to compensate, thereby cheapening the whole process of brand awareness. The book became an international bestseller and was translated into 28 languages, while launching her as a major social critic. Got a teaching position at the London School of Economics at century’s turn, and then became a columnist for various progressive publications, including The Nation and The Guardian. Married journalist Avi Lewis, a fellow Canadian from a longtime progressive family and together they made The Take, about a group of Argentine factory workers who take over closed plants and reopen them as worker’s collectives. One daughter from the union. In 2007, she published her third book, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, which would send her to the forefront once again of the analysands of the world’s various business psychoses, with her premise that catastrophe is so good for big business that it is actively pursued. An extremely popular speaker, she remains a voice to be listened to, as an enormously influential scribe with an eagle eye for large social and economic patterns, and the ability to clearly limn them on paper, for one and all to digest. Her fourth book, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. The Climate clearly laid the blame for the environment on her favorite bugaboo, capitalism, rather than carbon emissions, with our world now at a tipping point, thanks to our egregious misuse of both wealth and power.Inner: Her mother would initially serve as an emblem of her previous go-round in this series, as an obsessive crusader, allowing her to distance herself from that self-destructive stance, and then re-embrace it from a more accepting and loving place. Big picture lifetime of seeing the patterns of contemporary social and economic culture, and dealing with them in perceptive and polished manner, without the self-defeating over-the-top crusader zeal she had earlier exhibited. jDorothy Thompson (1893-1961) - American journalist. Outer: Father was an impoverished Methodist minister, who spent his career being shunted around the suburbs of Buffalo. Adored both her parents, and was devastated by the loss of her mother, who died from a botched abortion when she was 7. After her sire remarried, she despised her stepmother. Shone in school, while finding books a perfect escape from her tense home life, while her family dealt with their poverty with a proud humility. Went to the Lewis Institute in Chicago, then, as a scholarship student, got her B.A. in English from Syracuse Univ. in 1914, while becoming very active in the woman’s suffrage movement. Afterwards she worked in the Buffalo area for the movement, and from 1917 to 1920, she labored with the Social Unit, an urban philanthropic project in both Cincinnati and NY. Afterwards, she traveled in search of material for articles and wrote freelance foreign correspondence in Europe, before settling in Vienna as a correspondent for a Philadelphia paper, giving her access to numerous European leaders for interview purposes. While there, in 1922, she married a Hungarian journalist, Josef Bard. The duo were divorced 5 years later, thanks to his infidelities and her skepticism about the combustibility of sex and love. Subsequently, she became the first woman to head a major foreign news bureau, when she was posted to Berlin. In 1928, she married writer Sinclair Lewis (David Foster Wallace), in what would prove to be a contentious, competitive relationship, where he took more and more to the bottle to escape her, while she accused him of being a vampire, after initially seeing him as lonely, unhappy and helpless. One son from the union, whom she largely ignored in favor of her career, and he, in turn, became an alcoholic, philanderer and sometime actor. Separated from the women’s movement, finding it irrelevant in her married life, and returned to America with her increasingly alcoholic spouse. Bought a 300 acre farm in Vermont, with a pair of century-old farmhouses, and their subsequent relationship would be rife with separations, reconciliations and recriminations. Continued as a freelance journalist and lecturer, while traveling frequently in Europe. Interviewed Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler just before his party ascended to power and immediately saw through him, before being deported from Germany for her criticisms of the Nazi party, which would become an obsession of hers. After a couple of desultory affairs, she fell deeply in love with a writer, Christa Winsloe, and the two women had an idyll, living together in Italy for a while. Had a three times a week column in the NY Herald Tribune from 1936 to 1941, called “On the Record,” which made her famous. Also had a monthly column for the Ladies Home Journal and broadcast weekly network-radio commentaries, to be a ubiquitous voice of the 1930s. Wound up employing 3 secretaries to answer her huge volume of mail and had an all-male brain trust, while constantly entertaining, so as to feel at the center of things. Used her platform to attack Nazi policies, and became, in the process, the most powerful woman in America. Ultimately was dropped by the Republican Tribune, when she used her column to support a third term for Pres. Franklin Roosevelt, although she continued it elsewhere. Divorced Lewis in 1942, after leaving him for good in 1937, and married Maxim Kopf, a Czech refugee and painter, who divorced his wife in order to wed her, in what would prove a happy final union. Following WW II, she became involved in Middle Eastern issues, but her popularity declined because of her neutral stand around the founding of Israel, as well as her wish to understand Germany, when everyone else just wanted to condemn the country. Soon found herself the butt of her peer’s jokes for her increasing shrillness, as a Cassandra who could no longer even see herself. In later years, she sponsored many philanthropies, but by the mid-1950s, her power and influence had completely ebbed. After her third husband died in 1958, she went into a prolonged period of grief, and ultimately died alone in bed in a Lisbon hotel room of a heart attack, while reaching for the phone. Inner: Nonreligiously evangelical, continually championing causes from women’s rights to anti-totalitarianism. High energy with excellent foresight, although her crusader sensibilities ultimately blunted her effectiveness by making her more and more shrill. Extremely outspoken and aggressive, as well as domineering, obsessive and magnetically mesmerizing. Woman on a mission lifetime of using the media to extend her sense of personal power, and experiencing, through it, both the intoxicating rise and devastating fall of being a public personality serially listened intently to and then deliberately ignored. Anna Doyle Wheeler (1785-c1850) - Irish journalist. Outer: Father was a Church of Ireland cleric, who died when she was young. Youngest of 3 children. Raised afterwards by an an uncle who was a general, and later governor of Guernsey in the Channel Islands. Had no formal education, but learned French, geography and reading and writing on her own, while growing up in a politically aware household. Married at the age of 15 to Francis Massey Wheeler, a young heir and alcoholic, who both abused and neglected her. Two daughters from the union, including novelist Rosina, who unhappily married writer Edward Bulwer-Lytton (David Foster Wallace). Escaped from her own oppressive marriage through books, with a particular love for the French philosophers and the works of Mary Wollstonecroft (Margaret Sanger). Eventually separated from her husband when she was 27, and returned to her uncle’s house. While there, she met assorted dignitaries and heads of state, which widened her view of the world considerably. When her spouse died in 1820, she was left completely impoverished, save for a minimal allowance from her family, as well as the support of friends. Did translations of French philosophers into English, while living on the move, in London, Dublin, Caen and Paris. As such, she became a feminist evangelical of sorts, spreading the gospel of the burgeoning movement. Used London as her base, where she met and became involved with a progressive group of social utilitarians and birth control proponents, including William Thompson, to whom she was particularly close. In 1823, she moved to France, and became a translator of utopian Charles Fourier. When philosopher James Mill (Christopher Hitchens) dismissed women’s political rights in 1819, her reaction inspired the tract written by Thompson, by which she would be best known, “Appeal of One Half of the Human Race, Women, Against the Pretensions of the Other Half, Men, to Retain them in Political, and Hence in Civil and Domestic, Slavery.” Lost her oldest daughter in 1825, which threw her into her work even more vehemently. A staunch activist for women’s political rights, she became a feminist public speaker, calling for a national system of equal education for both genders. Moved back to France in the early 1830s, and joined a collective of women who were connected to the Tribune des femmes, which would become her writing outlet. Devastated by the death of William Thompson, she was eventually forced to withdraw from public life in 1840 because of ill health, although maintained her contacts until life’s end via correspondence. Her date of death remains unrecorded as one final testament to the invisibility of women at the time, despite their early clarion calls to be otherwise. Inner: Cerebral and well-spoken, with a great desire to change the world, and strong motivation through her own experiences to do so. Activist lifetime of getting a taste of her coming power, as a victim of the second class status of the second sex of her time.

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