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WRITERS - JOURNALISTS & REFORMERS - 2

PATHWAY OF THE REFORMER AS SEMINAL FEMINIST:
Storyline: The indomitable activist thoroughly identifies with the cause of female emancipation, and after rooting around in its tertiary stage, goes back to the beginning to become the driving force behind its inception, to try to free her gender before probably taking on the equally difficult task of ultimately freeing herself in lives future.

jSusan B. Anthony Susan Brownell Anthony) (1820-1906) - American reformer and organizer. Outer: All the women in her family were extremely strong-minded in a group atmosphere of independence and moral zeal. Father was a pioneer cotton manufacturer who lived to his 90s. Precocious, could read and write at 3. Raised a Quaker, and originally taught at home before being educated at a Quaker school in Philadelphia that her sire ran for his and his neighbors’ children. From the age of 17, she taught at several academies and headed the Female Department of the Canajohairie Academy for 3 years in her late 20s, before leaving teaching in her early 30s to work for the temperance movement in Rochester. Of medium height, with hazel eyes and dark hair which she always wore bound in a coil. For the rest of her life, she traveled extensively and shook up the bastions of male power, including marriage, which she felt was unfairly unequal. While a delegate to the 1852 Sons of Temperance meeting in Albany, she was sexually discriminated against and began her career as the 19th century America’s foremost feminist. Organized the Woman’s State Temperance Society of New York later that year, then served as an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society, and was also active in teachers’ organizations, urging equal pay for women teachers. Just prior to the Civil War, she worked for the passage of a New York law giving her gender equal property rights. During the Civil War, she organized the Women’s National Loyal League for the emancipation of slaves. After the war, she focused on the woman’s suffrage movement. Urged that a woman’s right to vote be part of the 14th Amendment, which gave all males universal suffrage, and also published a women’s rights periodical, The Revolution. Worked in close concert with associate Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Betty Friedan), whom she had met at age 30 organizing the National Woman Suffrage Association, while serving as chairwoman of its executive committee. The duo had a close physical relationship and a strong mutual love, although were not always in agreement, since she allowed for no distractions from other issues in her single-minded focus. Arrested for registering to vote in Rochester 3 years later. Fined $100 but refused to pay, and it was never collected. Active in London under the same auspices in the 1880s after her first trip to Europe. When the National and American Woman Suffrage associations merged in 1890, she became vice-president and then succeeded Stanton as president, serving for 8 years in that post. Created the International Woman Suffrage Alliance in Berlin after the turn of the century, and along with other feminists, edited the 4 volume herstory, The History of Woman Suffrage. Suffered her last half dozen years from valvular heart trouble. Her last message was, “Failure is impossible,” before dying of heart disease and pneumonia of both lungs. Inner: Straitlaced, prudish and pragmatic, but also witty and tolerant. Paid careful attention to her dress, and felt appearance was important. Indomitable spirit, great strength, unstoppable energy, with dignity and infinite patience. Uberfeminist lifetime of totally identifying with a cause, gaining great strength from it, and coming to embody the rise of women as a potent political and social force. jSusan Brownmiller (Susan Brown) (1935) - American writer and reformer. Outer: Mother was a secretary who gave her daughter, an only child, a strong sense of independence. Father was a clothing salesman. Well aware from an early age that she shared birthdays with Susan B. Anthony, a life she has yet to live out. Originally wanted to be a lawyer. Radicalized at Cornell Univ., she joined the incipient peace movement there, then left without a degree to pursue an acting career in New York, although she eventually found herself not suited for the theater. Changed her name to Brownmiller, loosely reflecting a character she admired, named Winemiller. Searched for radical causes to appease her strong sense of injustice in the 1950s and 1960s, went to Jefferson school, and studied with Marxist his/storian Herbert Aptheker. Served as a civil rights worker in Mississippi for 2 summers, then turned to writing as a means of expression and became a journalist. Worked as a reporter for a TV station in Philadelphia, then as a staff writer for ABC, but quit because she couldn’t get on camera. Became a staff writer for the Village Voice, as well as a freelance writer, covering activist causes. Helped found NY Radical Feminists in 1960, and with the sentiment, “Sisterhood is powerful,” found her niche in feminism, where she was finally able to channel her rage. Became nationally known through Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape, published when she was 40. An organizer of Women Against Pornography, she has continued to be politically active, and a voice for justice as she sees it. In addition to articles and books, she has also written one novel about child abuse. Teaches gender studies at Pace Univ. in NYC. Inner: Despite her aggressive stance, the femininity part of the feminist equation is extremely important to her. Activist lifetime of redefining herself through a thorough identification with the ongoing cause of women’s rights, while preparing herself for a seminal role in its incipient stages in 19th century America by participating in its later ramifications.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS CONSERVATIVE CONTROVERSIALIST:
Storyline: The neocon networker finds a far more effective and self-empowering powerbase in electronic journalism, than she did in the past, as a ping-ponging idealogue, who ultimately found her way to her current politically philosophy, after first embracing its complete opposite.

nMichelle Malkin (Michelle Maglalang) (1970) - American writer and political commentator. Outer: Parents were Filipino born and had immigrated to America shortly before their daughter’s birth. Father was a doctor, mother was a teacher. Petite and slim, and raised a Roman Catholic. Majored in English at Oberlin College, which she felt was a hotbed of leftist sentiments. 5'2". In 1993, she married Jesse Malkin, a former economist for the RAND Corporation, two daughters from the union, which would see her partner as househusband, while she became the family’s basic mealticket. Began her journalistic career at the Los Angeles Daily News, working as a columnist from 1992 to 1994. Continued in that capacty in Seattle for The Seattle Times, before beoming a nationally sundicated columnist at the end of the century. Television appearances on the Fox News channel, particularly as substitute host for Bill O’Reailly, subsequently made her an extremely well-known figure, with her strongly traditionalist overview, although she would eventually leave the show, feeling it had not truly supported her. Published her first best-seller, “Invasion: How America Still Welcomes Terrorists, Criminals and Other Foreign Menaces,” in 2002, and followed it up with similar xenophobic and anti-liberal tomes, all of which were eagerly snatched up by her considerable audience. Defended the forced internment of Japanese-Americans in WW II in another volume, “In Defense of Internment: The Case for Racial Profiling in World War II and the War on Terror,” which did little to endear her to that community. In 2004, she launched a highly popular political blog, to become one of the country’s major conservative voices, although her various stances would cause several newspapers to drop her column. Comments by her readers led to the racist and obscene and she soon cancelled that feature, before expanding to a larger server in 2007, over which she had more control. The previous year she founded Hot Air, an Internet broadcast network, which would provide a daily forum to institute her reformist zeal for what she deems wrong in American life. The recipient of much contumely as well as hate mail, she remains unafraid of confrontation and controversy, as a self-designated voice of dissent to what she sees as hypocritical liberal America. Has a net worth of $22 million. Inner: Seen as shrill and strident by some, and a champion of old-fashioned values by others, who cheer her confrontational style. Powertripping lifetime of finding her true voice at life’s beginning, rather than mid-course as in her earlier go-round in this series, and using it as a spur to put her stage center in the ongoing dividing discourses of her times. nAdela Pankhurst (1885-1961) - English/Australian activist. Outer: Mother was activist and suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst (Camille Paglia), father was Richard Pankhurst (William Kunstler), a progressive barrister a quarter century his wife’s senior, who died of a perforated ulcer when she was 13. Small and suffered paralytic weakness, which prevented her from walking until the age of 3. Ultimately was under 5’ tall. Had two older sisters, Christabel (Rachel Maddow) and Sylvia (Melissa Harris-Perry) as well as one older and one younger brother, the elder of whom died of diphtheria as a child, while the second became paralyzed with polio and passed on at 21. Grew up in a highly political household, and like her sisters was educated the Manchester High School for girls, and then the Disley Road school, where she studied to become a teacher. Never completed her training, but was deeply moved by the impoverished children she saw during it. After working as a primary school teacher, she became involved in the Women’s Social and Political Union, which was co-founded by her mother and Christabel, as well as others in 1903. Became a paid organizer for the organization, and became interested in improving conditions for working-class women through her work. A compelling speaker, who spoke rapidly with a light voice, she was imprisoned several times, until chronic bronchitis caused her to withdraw from the work. Trained in agriculture at Studley College, before going to Italy. The most radical and idealogically inconsistent of the entire Pankhurst brood, ultimately moving from extreme leftist to extreme rightist sentiments. Broke with Christabel and her mother over their support for Britain’s active involvement in WW I, and like her sister Sylvia, became an active pacifist, which caused a huge family rift. Emigrated to Australia at war’s outbreak with only £20, and used her organizationaland speaking skills for the continent’s peace movement, creating the Women’s Peace Army and writing “Put Up the Sword,” as her answer to conscription and militarization. Married Tom Walsh, an Irish trade union seaman and widower some 14 years her senior, in 1917, in what would be a close union, and in 1920, along with her husband, became a founding member of the Communist Party of Australia. One son and three daughters. Later disavowed her beliefs, and in 1928, after being expelled from the party, founded an anti-communist group, the Australian Women’s Guild of Empire, to help working-class women and children. Grew ever more dogmatic and chauvinistic as she lurched further and further to the right, to the point where she briefly flirted with fascism. By 1941, she had moved all the way over to the right, as a co-founder of the the nationalistic Australia First Movement. Continued her anti-war activism, and in 1942, she was arrested and interred for having advocated peace with Japan. Released six months later after beginning a hunger strike. Following the loss of her favorite daughter and her husband’s death in 1943, she ended her public life. Became a nurse, focusing on developmentally challenge children. Converted to Catholicism just before she died, and was buried with Catholic rites next to her husband in a Unitarian cemetery as the last surviving member of her generation of her family. Inner: Likable and a diligent organizer, no matter her belief. Excellent speaker with good administrative skills, and unafraid of stirring controversy. An optimist at heart, with an extremely generous, giving nature, who made friends easily. Seesawing lifetime of coming in via an ultra-liberal family, and exiting on the opposite political extreme, while always remaining commited to whatever ideology she embraced, no matter the consequences.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS PRECEDENT-SETTING PUNDIT:
Storyline: The kindhearted commentator allows her humanity to shine through in an electronic environment not known for its clarity or courtesy, in her ongoing self-appointed role in making the world a far more whole-souled place for all who live in it.

xRachel Maddow (Rachel Anne Maddow) (1973) - American TV and radio commentator. Outer: Paternal grandfather was of Ukrainian and Lithuanian descent, and on emigrating to the US was given the name Maddow. Father was half Dutch and raised a Christian. Mother was of Irish and British descent. and a Canadian-born school program administrator, father was a lawyer.One older brother. Grew up in a suburb in the east San Francisco Bay area. A good athlete in high school, where she lettered in three sports, she received several small-college athletic scholarships, although passed on them because of a shoulder injury incurred while playing volleyball, and a desire to engage herself in the larger world’s inequities, having come to terms early on with her sexual preference for her own gender. 5’11”, with dark brown hair and light brown eyes. Joined ACT UP and the AIDS Legal Referral Panel while attending Stanford Univ., and worked for radical prison reform, including hospice space for dying prisoners. Received a degree in public policy from Stanford, before winning a prestigious fellowship, then a Rhodes Scholarship in 1995, becoming the first openly homophile American to receive the award. Shaved her head in response, save for one lock which she died blue to show her compeers she had not gone establishment, then transmuted the honor into an eventual Doctor of Philosophy in political science from Lincoln College, Oxford University. initially felt out of place there, and after a few montrhs, moved to London, and became general manager of an AIDS project, before returning to the U.S., and finishing her dissertation there. Continued her prison AIDS work and took on a variety of jobs, including landscaper, where she met the love of her life, Susan Mikula, an artist/photographer in 1999, and the two have cohabited ever since, sharing space in a spacious 1865 Massachusetts farmhouse, and a cramped NYC apartment. Became a radio sidekick in Holyoke, Massachusetts after winning a contest for saidsame, then continued hosting for another station, before joining the newly created Air America in 2004. Eventually won her own eponymous late afternoon weekday two-hour slot on it in 2005, while broadcasting from NYC. Began appearing on a variety of cable news shows as a guest commentator, panelist and host, before joining the MSNBC nightly lineup in the fall of 2008, with the same-named show. Deliberately unstylish, with a matter-of-fact understated presence, unlike most of her video cohorts. A protégé of the lead-in program’s host Keith Olbermann, she quickly established herself in her time slot, doubling the audience of her predecessor, while letting it remain a work-in-progess. Once more breaking precedent as the first openly same-sex host of an opinion-news show, she has shown an ongoing drawing power through her ability to intelligently present her liberal bias, and take on opposing voices in debate, most notably conservative curmudgeon Patrick Buchanan. In 1992, she had been horrified by his “culture war” speech at the Republican National Convention, making their mini-debates a subtle healing process as well, for the still very much divided country over the same issues. In 2012, she published her first book, “Drift The Unmooring of American Military Power,” a well-reviewed look at how the country has come to accept perpetual war as its international policy of choice. Has a net worth of $20 million. Inner: Highly personable, articulate and kindly, with a self-deprecating modesty, and a generosity of soul that easily comes across on the air. Workaholic, finding meaning in her labors, while harboring a genuine desire to change the world. Presents herself as post-gay, in a world still grappling with its alternative sexual fears. Humane lifetime of rising to the media forefront as an alternative voice of tolerance, hope and charity, in her ongoing need and desire to alter the world for the better. xChristabel Pankhurst (Christabel Harriette Pankhurst) (1880-1958) - English/American reformer and evangelist. Outer: Mother was activist and suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst (Camille Paglia), father was Richard Pankhurst (William Kunstler), a progressive barrister a quarter century his wife’s senior, who died of a perforated ulcer when she was 17. Had two younger sisters, Sylvia (Melissa Harris-Perry) and Adela (Michelle Malkin), as well as two brothers, the elder of whom died of diphtheria as a child, while the second became paralyzed with polio and passed on at 21. Originally wanted to be a dancer. Adored by both her parents, she had a particularly strong bond with her mother that her sisters did not. Read at early age, and was initially educated at home. Originally wanted to be a dancer. Went to a local girl’s high school, and was imbued by her parents with a spirit of helping those less fortunate than she. In 1896, she moved to Geneva to learn French at the home of a family friend, before returning to England. In 1903, she co-founded the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), along with her mother and others. An outburst at a Liberal Party meeting two years later, led to her arrest for “assaulting” police officers. After refusing to pay the fines imposed on her, she was jailed, and the resultant publicity attracted many women to her movement, which became increasingly militant. Got a degree in law in 1906, although was not allowed to practice because of her gender. The WSPU would go on to become an in-your-face movement, targeting Liberal candidates, disrupting cabinet meetings, and marching under the banner of Suffragettes, with equality and the right for female enfranchisement uppermost on their agenda, although she believed that only women of money and property should gain the vote. Further rallies earned her the sobriquet of “Queen of the Mob.” Received her third short prison sentence in 1909, by which time she had become such a celebrity that she was included in Madame Tussaud’s famous waxworks museum. Continued her activism, as the WSPU became ever more militant under her influence, before she was finally forced to flee to Paris to avoid arrest. On her return in 1913, she was given a three year sentence, but a hunger strike shortened it to 30 days. Had a falling-out with her sister Sylvia over the latter’s pacifism, which was never healed, and at the outset of WW I, she and her mother called off their campaign in order to put their full focus on the war effort. Toured the U.S. and Canada and later the newly formed Soviet Union to encourage the military mobilization of men and industrial mobilization of women, while their newspaper, “The Suffragette” transformed itself into “Britannia,” a clarion call for Germany’s defeat. Through it, she became a self-appointed Fury in service to Britain’s martial needs. After women over 30 were given the right to vote in 1918, she stood for Parliament, but was narrowly defeated by a Labour candidate. Went on a lecture tour of the U.S. afterwards, and for the rest of her life, would move back and forth between the two countries. After turning her primary mode of expression to writing, she found herself more attracted to religious movements by the beginning of the 1920s, and began to preach as a Second Adventist, predicting the Second Coming of the Christ. Published a pair of religious works during the first half of the decade, and predicted Europe would be ruled by a dictator who would be the forerunner of the Antichrist. Continued her writing, and in 1928, suffered the death of her mother, just weeks after women gained the same voting rights as men in England. Spent most of the 1930s in England, with occasional tours of the U.S. and in 1936, was made a Dame Commander of the British Empire. Became the beneficiary of the wills of at least three of her admirers, while living comfortably off the income from her books and lectures. At decade’s end, she moved to Los Angeles, and largely retired from public life. During that time, she was involved in an auto accident, where her friend the driver was killed. Found dead of heart failure sitting bolt upright in her chair by her landlady after giving a speech on an essay she had written about her mother. Such was her reputation as a controversialist, even after nearly two decades outside the public eye, that her demise was rumored to have been a suicide. Inner: Militant, fervent, imperious and charismatic. A natural leader who eventually switched from secular to religious concerns, with an ongoing desire to save and uplift. Crusader lifetime of militantly confronting social inequities and spiritual iniquities before returning in less perfervid form, to bring her strong crypto-Christian, even to herself, sensibilities to an even larger audience in far less militant and threatening form, despite going against the traditional sexual grain.

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PATHWAY OF THE PROFESSORIAL JOURNALIST AS SOCIAL STIMULATOR:
Storyline: The instructive instructor reintegrates herself directly into her earlier fascination with African culture, to become an explicator and analysand for it in its American milieu, as a means of stimulating others to think and rethink themselves and their larger environs.

xMelissa Harris-Perry (Melissa Victoria Harris) (1973) - American political scientist, media personality and writer. Outer: Of African-American descent on her father’s side. Father was the dean of Afro-American affairs at the Univ. of Virginia. Mother, who was white, taught at a community college and worked for nonprofits that helped poor communities. Never thought of herself as biracial, totally identifying with her paternal genetic line. Both her parents were previously married, so that her half-siblings are divided along the racial ancestral roots of each. Experienced racism while growing up in Virginia, and vowed to dedicate herself to deal with its debilitating and toxic social effects. Received a B.A. in English from Wake Forest Univ., where she founded the Nia House, the school’s first African-American themed domicile, where she got her first experience as a teacher, leading livingroom discussions on race, gender and politics. Got her Ph.D. in political science from Duke Univ., and later received an honoris causa doctorate from Meadville Lombard Theological School in Chicago, a Unitarian-Universalist institution. After teaching at various levels, including the Univ. of Chicago, she became an Associate Professor of Politics and African-American Studies at Princeton Univ. in her early 30s. Encouraged her students to challenge and disagree with her if they wished, in her desire to open them up to their own articularity, rather than merely impress them with her own. A prolific writer and telegenic TV commentator, she has fashioned a high profile career for herself, in both print and electronic media, with a focus on African-American political and religious thought. Her best known work is the award-winning “Barbershops, Bibles and BET: Everyday Talk and Black Political Thought,” which was originally her dissertation. As a media personality, she has appeared in numerous scholarly journals and newspapers, while regularly contributing to NPR, as well as The Nation, and gadflying about the country as a well-honed voice of justice and equality. An intellectual activist, she has used her vaunted academic position to explore the black American experience from the vantagepoint of expanding its understanding of itself and its ability to creatively and expressively deal with the many issues that lie at the heart of being a minority in a country whose fears still outweigh its sense of inclusiveness. Also a reproductive rights spokeswoman. Married Dennis Lacewell in 1999, divorced in 2006, one daughter, Parker, from the union, whom she often brings to lectures and class outings. In 2010, she wed James Perry. Delivered several prestigious lectures at Harvard in 2009, as part of the W.E.B. Dubois and Ware programs, the youngest ever chosen to do so. A Tulane professor, she was added to the MSNBC weekend line-up in 2012, for two hours on both Saturdays and Sundays, after earlier guest hosting and appearing on several of their shows. Fired in 2016, after making public plaint that she was only a token on the network, to boost its illusion of racial diversity, when in reality the editorial content of her program was heavily interfered with. Became editor-in-chief of their website Elle.com soon afterwards, , then joined BET as a special correspondent. Inner: Excellent communicator with a slight lisp. Warm, accessible and driven to open America up to its larger heart. Teacherly lifetime of diving headfirst into an earlier fascination of hers, African culture, to become an authority and an ongoing disseminator and integrator of its volatile and often misunderstood American offshoot. xSylvia Pankhurst (Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst) (1882-1960) - English reformer and socialist. Outer: Mother was activist Emmeline Pankhurst (Camille Paglia). Father, Richard Pankhurst (William Kunstler) was a barrister who died of a perforated ulcer when she was 16. Younger sister of activist Christabel Pankhurst (Rachel Maddow), and older sister of pacifist Adela Pankhurst (Miichelle Malkin). Also had two younger brothers, the elder of whom died in childhood of diphtheria, while the second became paralyzed from polio and exited at 21. Keenly aware of her mother’s favoritism towards her older sister. Educated at a local girl’s high school, but felt embarrassed that she was a product of privilege, because of her own sympathies for the working-class. A talented artist and graphic designer, she studied at the Royal College of Art, although eventually abandoned that calling to concentrate on social activism. After her mother and Christabel formed the Women’s Social and Political Union, (WSPU) in 1903, she threw herself into the fight for women’s right to vote, and wound up being arrested more than any other Suffragette. Unlike the former two, she also retained a strong interest in the labor movement. Always insisted on wearing unstylish clothing and no make-up, since she felt the latter revealed a slave mentality. Broke with her mother and sister in 1914 over their support for Britain’s war effort in WW I, and the family rift was never healed, as both she and Adela became active pacifists. Set up the East London Federation of Suffragettes (ELFS) which eventually became a socialist organization under the name of the Workers’ Socialist Federation. Published the “Workers Dreadnought,” and in direct opposition to her mother and sister, organized against the war, and also hid pacifists who refused to fight. Moved ever leftward in her beliefs, briefly aligning with the British Communist Party, before redefining herself as a less doctrinaire leftist. Imprisoned in 1920 for political articles that were written in her name by an American journalist, and wrote literature on a variety of subjects her entire life. Refused to relinquish her name or identity to marriage when she began cohabiting with Silvio Corio, an Italian socialist. Had a son with him, but her refusal to marry the latter caused a final break with her mother, who would die the following year. By the mid-1920s, her interests turned to antifascism and anti-colonial movements. Also had a lifelong interest in the care of mothers and babies. When Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1936, she became an ardent supporter of its emperor, Hailie Selassie, and began involving herself in Ethiopian affairs. Raised money for the country’s first teaching hospital, and also immersed herself in its arts and culture, writing extensively about the two. When Ethiopia was liberated in the aftermath of WW II, she supported a union between it and the former Italian Somaliland, while serving as an adviser to Selassie. Two years after her partner’s death in 1954, she moved to the country’s capital Addis Ababa, along with her son, who settled there permanently, and founded a monthly journal, “Ethiopia Observer.” Given a full state funeral at her death there, and became the only foreigner buried in a cemetery reserved for Ethiopean war heroes. Inner: Warm and compassionate, despite exhibiting the family tendency towawards autocracy. Arrogant, impatient and unwilling to compromise, which also limited her effectiveness. Extremely involved in social issues her entire life, with a far greater agenda than the other members of her family, with her sympathies extending to not only gender issues, but class and racial ones as well. Suffered from headaches and neuralgia. Highly active activist lifetime of putting her passions into a variety of causes, while refusing to compromise any of her beliefs, even at the price of family harmony and unity.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS SPLIT PERSONALITY:
Storyline: The twin advice-givers disconnect and reconnect in order to separate their desired experiences before uniting to do what they do best: promoting commonsensical self-help, which became their liberating proviso, as well.

nFanny Fern (Sara Payson Willis Parton) (1811-1872) - American journalist. Outer: Father was an anti-Federalist editor. Grew up in a middle-class Calvinist family, as the 5th of 8 children. Attended Catharine Beecher’s Seminary, where she was known as “Sal Volatile,” as one of the school’s best-liked but worst-behaved students. Briefly attended Saugus Female Seminary, before returning home, where she edited and contributed to her sire’s two Christian periodicals. Large and florid. In 1837, she married Charles Eldredge, a banker. Three daughters from the close union, until death’s dark hand serially took her mother, a sister, her oldest daughter, and then her husband. Nearly destitute, she worked as a seamstress and teacher, before remarrying in 1849 to Samuel Farrington, a merchant, and an abusive, controlling mate. Ran away from him two years later, and was shunned by her family for the action, forcing her to turn to writing to survive. Began with short stories, which first appeared in a Boston paper, and with her success, she was able to divorce. After a NY publisher brought out a collection of her work, “Fern’s Leaves,” her reputation was established. In 1855, she joined the staff of the New York Ledger, and for the rest of her life, penned a weekly column in a conversational style. Wrote on family, religion, women’s rights and sexual issues, with a range from the moral to the sentimental to the satirical. Caused a literary scandal with an unusually personal and autobiographical novel, “Ruth Hall,” that sold 50,000 copies in its first 8 months, but shocked everyone who appeared in thinly disguised form in it. Deeply hurt by the criticism she received for being so unwomanly in her desire to avenge past wounds at their hands. In 1856, she wed James Barton, an editor who had long been supportive of her work, and raised the daughter of her own deceased daughter. Continued as columnist for the rest of her life, while supporting the women’s suffrage movement. Co-founded Sorosis, a woman’s club in NYC. Battled cancer the last half dozen years of her life, before succumbing to the dis/ease. In addition to her columns and novels, she also penned three books for children. Inner: Effervescent, argumentative and extremely self-assured. Pugnacious, optimistic and commonsensical. Evinced a breathless writing style with many dots and dashes. Believed in individualism and self-help. A good-humored scold, who did by example rather than offering solutions to longheld problems of women’s subservient role. Unifying lifetime of integrating her two halves, and winning the love and affection of a score of readers through her role as an unusual media personality for her time. nAnn Landers (Esther Pauline Friedman) (1918-2002) - American advice columnist. Outer: Father was a Russian Jewish immigrant who eventually owned several movie theaters. Twin sister and same being as fellow advice columnist Abigail Van Buren. Known as Eppie as a child. The duo dressed alike until they were married on the same day, right before their 21st birthday. Tiny, although usually wore heels and a bouffant hair-do to elevate herself. Left Morningside College, where she and her sister did a gossip column, ‘The Campus Rats,’ after 3 1/2 years to marry Julius Lederer, without completing her degree. Both her and her sister’s husband were best friends of one another. One daughter from the union, who wound up being divorced thrice. Spent 16 years as a homemaker as her husband built up a rent-a-car business. The family moved to Chicago, and she applied for an advice column position on a Chicago newspaper in her late 30s. Became a household name from it with her down-to-earth sentiments, after winning the position from over 30 candidates, thanks to eliciting advice from high-powered friends. The sisters had a competitive falling out for a while, but eventually resumed their close relationship. After over 30 years of marriage, her husband had a 3 year affair, and she announced in her column she was divorcing him. Led a very active life, with a staff to help her cull thousands of letters that she received each week in her 4 decade career. Used to read them in her bathtub in her 11 room Chicago apartment, while always searching for teaching tools through them. Received numerous honorary degrees, and remained highly social into her old age, with a proclivity for older priests as companions. Died of multiple myeloma, a cancer of the bone marrow. Inner: Night owl, rarely rising before noon, then working til 2 A.M. Extremely positive and upbeat, as well as liberal and commonsensical. Great desire to fix the world. Parallel lifetime of dividing in twain with her twin in order to experience divorce as a self-redesigning phenomenon. nAbigail Van Buren (Pauline Esther Friedman) (19182013) - American advice columnist. Outer: Father was a Russian Jewish immigrant who eventually owned several movie theaters. Mother was a homemaker. Both had fled their homeland in 1905 because of persecution. Twin sister and same being as fellow advice columnist Ann Landers. Known as Popo as a child. Initially wanted to be a musician, studying the violin. Like her sister, she was an excellent student, but did not finish Morningside College, although the pair did a gossip column, the Campus Rats. The duo dressed alike until they were married on the same day, 2 days before their 21st birthday. 5’2”, 108 lbs. Her spouse, Morton Phillips, was a liquor heir and businessman, and both husbands were best friends of one another. Son and daughter Jeanne from her marriage. Lived in the midwest, then moved to San Francisco, where she was active in philanthropic causes and the Democratic party, and worked as a hospital volunteer. Helped her sister with the mail on her Ann Landers advice column, and then several months later, began a competing column with the same practical sense of advice in the San Francisco Chronicle in 1956. Took her first name from the biblical character who married king David (Sean Parker), and her second as an unconscious reflection of the last part of her earlier life’s pseudonym. More tart than her sibling in her answers and beliefs in her columns. Held to traditional views in both her use of religion and standard psychology as her moral base, feeling women who can’t make marriage work must have something wrong with them, her sister excepted, although later amended her views on matrimony. The duo were always very close, despite a period of competitive hostility when she first became an advice columnist. Despite her long career, her husband and children always came first. Received about 3000 letters a week, which her daughter helped to categorize. Lived well via her talents at communication, but eventually slipped off into Alzheimer’s, so that her daughter Jeanne had to take over the column after the century’s turn. Eventually died from the dis-ease a decade after her sibling. Penned a number of bestsellers, and also had a radio show from 1963 to 1975. Inner: Extremely positive and upbeat, as well as liberal and commonsensical. Clothes conscious, material and traditional. Parallel lifetime of dividing in twain from her twin in order to experience herself doubly in alternating versions of the same public role.

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PATHWAY OF THE REFORMER AS LONG/LIVED FEMINIST:
Storyline: The combative Quaker pits her unshakeable zeal against any and all forces and proves to be singularly effective in all causes she confrontationally undertakes.

nAlice Paul (1885-1977) - American reformer. Outer: From a well-to-do Quaker family, studied at private schools. Educated at Swarthmore and the NY School of Philanthropy, ultimately getting a Ph.D. from the Univ. of Pennsylvania, before publishing The Legal Position of Women in Pennsylvania. In 1906, she continued her studies in England and then became involved in settlement work and the British women’s movement. Arrested 6 times and imprisoned thrice after suffrage demonstrations, and was also force-fed after refusing to eat while in incarceration. Returned to the U.S. and began organizing suffrage parades in NYC. Made head of the congressional committee of the National American Woman’s Suffrage Alliance in 1912, but later left to form an even more militant group, which became the Woman’s Party. Became a heroinic figure to some and an anathema to others, with a nationwide tour attacking Democratic candidates for not supporting suffrage, and then leading demonstrations against WW I, and America’s involvement in it. When women were finally enfranchised in 1920, she began campaigning for a complementary Equal Rights Amendment, and continued her activism in the service of more power for women throughout her long life. Unable, however, to understand the need for women of color or birth control advocates to seek out their own rights, seeing them as interlopers and diluters of her own movement. Received a law degree from the Washington College of Law in 1922 and a master’s and doctor’s degrees from American Univ. in 1927 and 1928. Contended that if women were allowed to exert their political power, the world would not have to resort to such bellicose measures to solve its problems. Elected chairwoman of the National Woman’s party in 1942, and continued to work for the ERA, which was partially realized in 1970. Suffered a stroke at 89 and died 3 years later. Inner: Charismatic, obsessive, deeply principled. Excellent tactician and propagandist. Extremely tenacious, able to win others to her point of view, although unable to see beyond her own specific agenda. Confrontative lifetime of actively being in the trenches to defend her beliefs, while testing her will against an entrenched public. nLucretia Mott (Lucretia Coffin) (1793-1880) - American reformer. Outer: Mother was a shopkeeper, relying on her daughter for household chores. Father was a whaler and sea captain, who was often away from the family for months and sometimes years. Moved with her family to Boston at 11, and then became a student, then a teacher at the Nine Partners Boarding School, a Quaker academy near Poughkeepsie, New York. In 1811, she began a happy marriage to James Mott, a like-minded reformer, and fellow teacher. Developed an interest in equal rights through the unequal salaries the teacher’s received, despite all students having to pay the same tuition. Began speaking at Quaker meetings in her mid-20s and was designated a minister in the Society of Friends several years later. When the Quakers split, she sided with the liberals and remained a champion of intellectual freedom and practical righteousness. Also quite interested in educational reform, the problems of the working class and poor and the antislavery movement. In 1833, she was the only woman to participate at the national anti-slavery convention in Philadelphia. The same year she helped found the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society and remained a member of its executive board for most of its run. A persuasive public speaker, calm, comely and erect, and also a major leader of several antislavery conventions of American women. In addition, she was one of the three original female members of the executive committee of the American Anti-Slavery Society and was a delegate to the 1840 world antislavery convention in London, where she was refused a seat because of her gender, which enraged her. Famous in reform circles, she joined Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Betty Friedan) in organizing the first women’s rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848, and was probably the most popular and influential feminist of her day. During the 1850s, her home became a sanctuary for runaway slaves and a major center of reform activity of many types. Supported the Union during the Civil War despite a lifelong stand of pacifism. Presided at the initial Equal Rights Convention of 1866. In later years she continued to work for liberal religious causes, temperance, women’s rights and world peace. Died peacefully at home in her late 80s. Inner: Sprightly, impulsive, cheerful and energetic. Dignified, friendly and principled. Also modest and reserved. Saw everyone as divine from within, and equal under the eyes of God. Had little use for theology and open contempt for dogma. Felt life’s theme was “to preach liberty to the captive.” Activist lifetime of embodying the radical humanitarian reforms of the 19th century.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS INCORRUPTIBLE TRUTH-SEEKER:
Storyline: The high-minded harbinger brings integrity and candor to the subjective realm of journalism and helps set the precedents by which all who follow him are measured.

nEdward R. Murrow (Egbert Roscoe Murrow) (1908-1965) - American journalist. Outer: Of English, Scotch, Irish and German descent. Descendant of dissenters, southern Quakers who supported the Union and opposed slavery. One of three brothers. Born on a North Carolina dirt farm, while his father was a logging and locomotive engineer. Worked as a farmhand as a boy, and later in logging camps, developing an early love of language from Bible reading, while he grew up with a background of frontierism, labor strikes and violence. Graduated from Washington State College, where he dropped his hated first name and began calling himself Edward. Became president of the National Student Federation and traveled extensively throughout the U.S. and Europe. 2 years later, he was appointed an assistant director of the Institute of International Education, and later helped resettle many German anti-Nazi intellectuals. A chain-smoker, he inhaled 2 to 3 packs a day of unfiltered Camels for 30 years. In his late 20s, he joined the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) as director of its educational programs. Married Janet Huntington Brewster in his mid-20s, one son, and his wife later became a correspondent for CBS, before giving up journalism after WW II. Sent to London in 1937 to take charge of CBS’s European Bureau and while in Europe, he covered the 1938 occupation of Austria, helping to establish radio as a primary news medium. After WW II began, he reported on the blitz of London, often flying with RAF pilots, while using his extraordinary descriptive abilities to put the listener right where he was. Broadcast from London during the war, where he established his subsequent reputation as the preeminent American electronic journalist of his time, thanks in part to a rich, deep baritone, and an innate sense of the dramatic. Flew 25 missions, and saw his office bombed three times, but always escaped injury. This period would subsequently be the highpoint of his life, thanks in large part to being allowed to report hard facts, which were of less importance to the stewards of his later career in television. Had an affair with enchantress Pamela Harriman, but came back to his wife after the birth of their child. Also involved with actress Marlene Dietrich. Returned to the U.S. after the war and became vice-president in charge of news, education and discussion programs. The following year, he resumed his evening radio news broadcasts. Became a pioneer in early television news with his adopted radio show of “Hear It Now,” which became “See It Now.” Thanks to his charismatic camera presence, he would rewrite the nation’s notion of a newsman, while adding the posture of advocate, which, ironically, would lessen his pure journalistic credentials, and make him far more of a dramatic persona, than an objective newsman. Won 4 Peabody Awards for excellence in broadcasting in the 1940s and early 1950s. Despite his authoritative presence, he suffered from mike fright, which caused him to sweat and his legs to shake. Created “Person-to-Person,” a popular interview program in which the camera went into the homes of celebrities. In 1954, he helped bring about the downfall of Senator Joe McCarthy, by exposing him as a threat to American civil liberties, although always felt uneasy about the attack, which came when the senator was in eclipse, rather than at the height of his power. A subsequent speech in which he lambasted commercial interest over public interest, did not enamor him to the network. Took a leave of absence from CBS at the end of the 1950s for a world trip and finally left them 2 years later to become director of the U.S. Information Agency, at a tenth of his former salary. Insisted on dealing with the full scope of America, including its ills and racial tensions. Made a Knight of the British Empire, towards the end of his life for his war contributions. His left lung was removed in 1963, and because of declining health, he resigned a year before his inevitable death at home from lung cancer. Inner: Honest, principled, honorable. Transformed himself from his own innate shyness to a polished broadcaster. Subject of deep, dark depressions, and extremely uncomfortable with fame. Ethical lifetime of setting the journalistic standard for the electronic broadcast media, while unconsciously paving the way for all the talking, smoke-blowing completely subjective, advocating heads who would follow. nEdwin Godkin (1831-1902) - Irish/American journalist. Outer: Father was a clergyman and newspaper editor, who was involved in Irish causes. Delicate and precocious as a child. Graduated from Queen’s College in Belfast, then briefly studied law in London, before turning to journalism as his life’s calling. At 22, he published a sympathetic account of the Hungarian revolutionary movement. Covered the Crimean War as a correspondent for both the New York Times and London Daily News, then he lectured on the war and worked for a Belfast newspaper. In his late 20s, he married a woman of striking beauty and social gifts, 2 sons and daughter from the union, with the second son dying in infancy. When their daughter died at 8, his wife sank into deep depression and became an invalid, passing on 2 years later.Emigrated to the United States in his mid-30s and settled in NYC. Remarried, studied law and was admitted to the bar 2 years later. During the Civil War, he again served as correspondent for the London Daily News. After the fray, he launched the Nation, based on the English nonpartisan reviews, which became one of the country’s most influential weeklies. Served as its editor for 34 years, exerting enormous influence on the political and academic thinkers of the day. A liberal Republican in both politics and economics, he took strong stands on all the issues of the day, opposing American expansionism, deploring the excesses of urban-industrial society and fighting against the corruption and economic speculation prevalent in the Gilded Age of the latter half of the 19th century. Sold the Nation in the early 1880s to the owner of the New York Post, but remained its editor, and 2 years later also became editor of the Post, holding that position for the next 17 years. Became a Mugwump in the 1884 presidential election, leaving the Republican party to back the Democratic candidate, Grover Cleveland (Jerry Brown-Joseph Biden). Later became disillusioned with the mass democratic process and the future of civilization, and was far more mordant and pessimistic in his condemnations. In his last years, he published a number of works on American society, before succumbing to a stroke. His epitaph read, “Publicist, Economist, Moralist.” Brought a distinctive literary style to his work, as well as a brilliant sense of polemics. Inner: Intelligent, witty, with a strong social conscience and great charm. Independent, highly moral, a pre-eminent spokesman for liberal reform. Integrity-filled lifetime of bringing the English model of high-minded journalism to America, only to outlive his considerable, albeit limited, perceptions of an ever-expanded industrial society.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS CHRONICLER OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA:
Storyline: The unrepentant punster identifies thoroughly with an urban landscape and becomes the bard of the Bay Area, enjoying a long run as a highly identifiable voice of his adopted city, as everybody’s favorite San Franciscaen.

nHerb Caen (1916-1997) - American journalist. Outer: Father was French and Jewish, and a pool hall operator. Mother was German and not. Began his incipient journalistic career with a high school gossip column, “Raisin’ Caen,” while also working as a sports reporter with the Sacramento Union, while still in high school. Gained his nom de newspaper, when an editor slashed Herbert back to Herb, stating the former was a lousy name for a sportswriter. Served as a columnist for 4 years before moving to San Francisco, where he was hired by the SF Chronicle in 1936 to write a radio column. Quickly became a city institution, with a column for 14 years, before switching over to the SF Examiner for 8 more, and then finishing up by spending nearly 4 decades on the Chronicle again. Married a showgirl in 1941, divorced in 1948. His 2nd union was in his mid-30s to Sally Gilbert, and lasted from 1952 to 1959, while his third to Maria Shaw went from 1963 to 1974, and produced his only child, a son, whom he frequently mentioned in his columns. Made a fourth and final marriage towards the end of his life to Ann Moller. Became the voice of San Francisco through his columnar chronicles, with a penchant for puns. At the height of his career, he received more than 45,000 letters and 24,000 phone calls a year, and always tried to acknowledge as many of them as possible. Wrote in the morning, held court in public places in the afternoon, and hung out in the evening as a ubiquitous social presence. As a practitioner of three-dot journalism, he offered the briefest of stories, observations, and later reminiscences, with a particular appreciation of ironies, wordplay and amusing anecdote. Coined the term ‘beatnik,’ as well as the descriptive “Baghdad by the Bay,” for his beloved San Francisco and wound up his life as an institution of that city, growing more nostalgic as he grew older, with a sense of loss as his past slowly disappeared. Played a pivotal role in settling the 1994 Newspaper Guild strike against San Francisco’s papers by leading its star columnists in a public pledge not to return to work until all employees did. Won a special Pulitzer Prize at 80, and also had June 14th proclaimed Herb Caen Day in San Francisco, during which time, 75,000 people showed up to honor him. Died of lung cancer. Inner: Highly gregarious, good-humored, with an amusing feel for language, and a strong identification with his adopted urban environment. Urban legend lifetime of intertwining his career with the city of San Francisco, becoming its longtime Chronicle examiner and Examiner chronicler. nBret Harte (Francis Bret Harte) (1836-1902) - American journalist and writer. Outer: Grandfather was a prosperous NY Jewish merchant. Father was a professor of Greek who was constantly moving about, and never satisfied or successful in any of his undertakings. Frail as a child because of ill health, he used books as an escape from his vulnerable physicality. Eventually reached medium height, with a slight build, and his face pitted by smallpox scars. Following his sire’s death in 1845, he had a common-school education, and at 17, the family moved out west to Oakland, California, where his mother remarried. Became a teacher, clerk and miner, learned the printer’s trade, and had numerous odd jobs, before hooking up with a weekly newspaper. After decrying a drunken massacre by whites of indigenes in 1860 in an editorial, he was run out of town. Made San Francisco his base afterwards, where he worked as a typesetter, while contributing poems, articles and short stories to a local periodical, signing them either ‘Bret’ or ‘The Bohemian.’ In 1862, he married Anna Griswold, 2 sons and 2 daughters from the union. Got a job as a superintendent's secretary of the U.S. Mint, which gave him the wherewithal to freelance, and he began utilizing his experience in the mining camps for popular fodder, as well as branching into other genres, doing book reviews, literary criticism and writing plays. In 1867, he helped establish the Overland Monthly, the first Pacific coast literary magazine, where his verse and short stories began appearing. Best remembered for “The Luck of Roaring Camp,” which brought him wide-spread fame, as well as “The Outcasts of Poker Flat.” Became a friend of writer Mark Twain’s (Kurt Vonnegut), and the town of Twain-Harte, California, was eventually named after them. In 1871, having won wide recognition, he went back east, where his reputation preceded him, first to Boston, then to NYC. Got a whopping $10,000 contract from The Atlantic Monthly for a year’s worth of material, although its editor, William Dean Howells (John Updike), was not impressed with his submissions, since his rough-hewn western ways were not in keeping with polite eastern aesthetics. Wrote a play with Twain, although the two wound up bitterly quarreling over his loose practices, and parted acrimoniously. Under continued financial strain because of his disregard for money, he eventually wangled an appointment as U.S. consul to Prussia in 1878, then Scotland until 1885, before settling in London, where he was ultimately joined by his wife n, although the latter chose not to live with him. Instead he dwelt at the estate of his agent, Madame Hydeline Van de Velde, who maintained him through his later years. Continued churning out volumes of volumes over his last decade, although his audience eventually grew tired of his repetitive tales. Died of cancer of the throat at his agent’s estate, and was buried in England. Inner: Sharp-witted, and master of the well-reported small incident in his work. Put great effort into his creations, but far less discipline into his own life. Belligerent and a spendthrift, he harbored a host of bad habits, from his loose-living gold rush days. Nomadic lifetime of finding a perfect landscape for his talent, and then rejecting it to pursue more worldly endeavors, before returning the next time around in this series to realize its full worth to him.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS TRUSTED TALKING TORSO:
Storyline: The avuncular anchor trades up from the devious realm of politricks to the even more devious arena of electronic communications, and wins universal plaudits for his trustability, likability and all-around ability at projecting objective, at least to himself, truths.

nWalter Cronkite (Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr.) (1916-2009) - American TV journalist. Outer: Descended from Dutch merchants who settled in NYC. Only child of a dentist, who moved the family from Kansas City to Texas, where his son spent his teens, and was instilled with honesty as a prime virtue. Wanted to be a journalist from early on, and ran track in high school, while peddling magazines door-to-door and hawking newspapers. 6’. Attended the Univ. of Texas, but dropped out to work as a reporter on the Houston Post., then joined a radio station in Kansas City the following year as a news and sports editor. Briefly a football announcer, then worked for Braniff Airways before returning to journalism as a United Press correspondent. Covered many of the major battles of WW II, flew on bombing raids, parachuted into the Netherlands and waded ashore during the invasion of Normandy. After the war, he remained in Europe to establish UP bureaus in the low countries. Afterwards, he signed on as a Washington reporter for a group of midwestern radio stations. In his mid-20s, he married Mary Maxwell, a columnist and women’s editor, 2 daughters and a son from the union. Joined CBS news in 1950 and developed a fledgling news department for the station in Washington. Did his/storical reenactments on “You Are There,” as well as the “Morning Show.” Began covering presidential conventions in 1952, and became a fixture at them over the next 3 decades. In April of 1962, he anchored the first broadcast of the evening news on CBS, which was stretched to a half hour the following year. Had a long distinguished career as an avuncular voice of objective authority, becoming the preeminent TV journalist of the 1960s and 1970s, although by giving his own negative on-air opinion on the Vietnam War, convinced Pres. Lyndon Johnson he had lost middle America’s support. Had the courage to speak to Watergate, as well, as the story was beginning to crystalize in the early 1970s, despite extreme pressure from the White House. Won polls as “as most trusted man in America,” during that period, with his sonorous nightly conclusion to his deliveries, “And that’s the way it is.” Decided to retire as anchor at the age of 65, after having worked steadily since he was 16, although continued as a soothing voice of knowledgeability for PBS documentaries and special programs, as well as penning a syndicated newspaper column, in which he gave voice to his unabashed liberalism. An avid boatsman, he wrote his autobiography, A Reporter’s Life in 1997. Also a closet conductor from childhood, when he used to beat the baton to records from his old Victrola. Actualized his fantasy in the 1980s by becoming host for the Vienna Philharmonic’s New Year’s Day concerts, and it became an annual event for the next two decades. Lost his wife a couple of weeks before their 65th anniversary in 2005. Managed one final relationship his last years with Joanna Simon, the older sister of singer Carly Simon, who had also been widowed. Died at home surrounded by his family, of cerebrovascular disease, a weakening of the blood vessels leading to the brain. Inner: Highly active, albeit nonreflective. Always saw himself as an old-fashioned newsman. Disappointed at the end of his career with a lack of interest in him by longtime employer CBS, and felt betrayed by them. Inveterate joiner, member of many clubs and organizations. Gregarious with the ability to transform himself into an institution, through his highly partial impartiality, presence and strength of observation. Swedish anchormen were once known as Cronkiters, as emblem of his universal fame. Basically liberal in his convictions. Well-loved lifetime of setting a journalistic standard in an entirely new medium, and winning the plaudits of virtually one and all for his skills at delivering the news in believable “that’s the way it is” fashion, even when it wasn’t. nThurlow Weed (1797-1882) - American journalist and politician. Outer: Father was a poor, hardworking farmer, who was sometimes thrown into jail for debt. Apprenticed to a printer at 11 and later worked at a succession of printing jobs in central N.Y. state. Tall and dark, later known as “the Jolly Drummer,” for his salesmanship. Briefly served in the army as a private, and afterwards he became foreman of the Albany Register, where he wrote editorials in support of DeWitt Clinton’s (Theodore Roosevelt) plans to build the Erie Canal. Married Catherine Ostander in 1818, despite his wife’s family’s objections to his lack of prospects, 3 daughters, one son plus one adoptee from the union. Tried unsuccessfully to establish newspapers in several towns before moving to Rochester, New York where he worked for the Telegraph. Supported John Quincy Adams (Rob Lowe) for the presidency, then went to Albany to unite the supports of Adams and Henry Clay (Hubert Humphrey). Became an astute lobbyist and political manager through this experience. Elected to the state legislator as an Anti-Mason and purchased the Albany Telegraph, which he relinquished to publish the Anti-Mason Enquirer. For over the next 3 decades he published the Albany Evening Journal. During the 1830s, he brought many Anti-Masons into the newly formed Whig Party. Became one of the country’s most powerful behind-the-scenes politicians through his skillful use of patronage, his genial style and excellent managerial abilities. Helped elect William Seward (Howard Cosell) as governor of NY, and was a key figure in several presidential election campaigns. Joined the Republican party in 1855, after Seward’s election as senator. Later backed him against Abraham Lincoln (Dietrich Bonhoeffer), and when Seward became Secretary of State, he was sent to London to allay international tensions over an intercepted British ship. In 1863, he settled in NYC and became editor of the Commercial Advertiser after the war, while retiring from politics. Failing eyesight eventually curtailed his work, and he spent his latter years desultorily working on his autobiography. Inner: Gregarious, genial, shrewd, with an omnipresent cigar. Highly pragmatic, established the political patterns of 19th century presidential campaigns. Engaged lifetime of using his skills as communicator to further his political aims on a national scale, as a well-loved figure to all but his political enemies.

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PATHWAY OF THE PUBLISHER AS PERENNIAL PACKAGER OF FLESH:
Storyline: The epicurean entrepreneur continues to display his facility for giving the public what it wants, as he seamlessly transposes his industrial expertise from meat to skin, while adjusting his own publicly celebrated private life accordingly, despite deliberate illusions galore about himself.

nHugh Hefner (Hugh Marston Hefner) (1926-2017) - American publisher and entrepreneur. Outer: Of German-Swedish descent. Parents were devout Methodists and transplanted Nebraskans. Mother was the dominant figure in the household, maintaining a strict no-pleasure code, with sex a completely verboten topic. Father was an accountant for an aluminum company who worked late almost every night, and was barely a presence in the home. One younger brother, with both his sibling and his sire ultimately employed by his business empire. Extremely introverted, he used a rich fantasy life to counteract his upbringing, while dreaming of becoming a cartoonist. Known as “Hef'” from adolescence. 5’9”, 175 lbs. with dark brown eyes. Didn’t masturbate until he was 18, and held onto his virginity until 22. After high school, he served in the Army for two years as a company clerk in a succession of replacement centers, then following his discharge, he went to the Univ. of Illinois, where he majored in psychology, and continued his fascination with art and creative writing, garnering some of the ideas he would later put in magazine form. At the time he was a gaunt 150 lbs, with extremely abstemious eating habits, downing only one meal a day. Edited the school's humor magazine “Shaft” while there, and also sold some of his cartoons to periodicals. Doubled down on classes and graduated in two and a half years, while marrying Millie Williams, his one and only high school girlfriend, in 1949, daughter and son from the union, with the former, Christie, eventually inheriting the mantle of his empire. Devastated when his wife told him she wasn't a virgin, and in recompense, she allowed him to work out her guilt by his own promiscuous behavior. The onus-laden marriage would last a decade, before ending in divorce long after it was unofficially over. Did graduate work at Northwestern Univ. in sociology, then worked as a copywriter for Esquire magazine. Decided to stay in Chicago, when the enterprise moved to NYC, and with $8000 from a coterie of 45 investors, launched Playboy magazine at the end of 1953 with actress Marilyn Monroe on the cover and uncovered inside. Subsequently become a feature of its pages, with his silk pajamas, bathrobe and pipe, pontificating on his pleasure-loving masculinist philosophy of the good life, and sexual freedom for the male of the species to leer and ogle at the impossibly large-breasted, waspwaisted creatures alluringly lighted within his magazine's pages. In reality, he was a workaholic and poor mixer, who was given to moodiness, and extreme temperance. Even his picturesque pipe was rarely filled or smoked. His publication, with its combination of bare airbrushed female flesh, timely articles, interviews and libidinous cartoons, would prove a perfect antipuritanical antidote for its times, and be an immediate hit. With its highly materialistic philosophy based on what to own, wear and drive, and its unreal, unblemished women as fantasy objects for its leering readers, it soon had a loyal audience, more than willing to support its subsequent offshoots, including a TV show, “Playboy After Dark.” and a worldwide series of bunny barmaid establishments known as key clubs, which were inaugurated in 1960, and served as the financial ballast for his subsequent empire. In keeping with his playboy image, a Playboy mansion was erected in Chicago, dedicated to the erections of its visitors, although tales of drug-fueled parties would excite, in a nonsexual way, federal narcotics investigators, and he would be subject to periodic harassment over the years, including an arrest in 1963 for selling obscene material. Eventually he moved his entire operation to Los Angeles in the 1970s, there to take full advantage of Lotusland, as one of its more ostentatiously hedonistic citizens. Claiming to be uninterested in any women over 24, he would have an endless coterie of interchangeable “girlfriends” selected from both the fold-out centerfold at the magazine's heart, and various young publicity-hungry misses who wandered into his mansion lair. His key clubs would eventually wear thin, but the magazine literally continued to keep abreast with the times with a Playboy pay-for-view channel, and various other enterprises, so as to remain a highly viable organization into the new century. As its publisher, he remained vitally involved with every aspect of the magazine, with himself and his social life as an ongoing feature. Admitted to dabbling in bisexuality in 1971, and later fessed up to popping Viagra in order to keep himself in play as a steadily aging playboy, while bragging he still had congress several times a week, even into his early 80s, although revelations by ex-girlfriends paint him as someone far more into illusions and control than actual actions. Suffered a stress-related stroke in 1985, which caused him to reassess his life, and, in 1989, he surprised everyone by marrying former Playmate of the Year Kimberley Conrad, two sons from the union, with one of them, Cooper, revamping his empire. The marriage lasted about a decade, although it never officially ended in divorce while revelations by ex-girlfriends painted him as someone far more into illusions and control than actual actions., although never officially end in divorce, until he felt her money demands were too much in 2009. Launched the reality show, “The Girls Next Door,” concerning the inhabitants of his mansion in 2005, and it would become a cable mainstay. Remained an icon of hedonistic materialism, to those who worship at the altar of mammon, and a lightning rod of disgust and disparagement for those who see women as more than mammary sizes, while pursuing the overt lifestyle of an invalid, clad in pajamas all day and virtually never venturing outside his well-appointed home. In 2010, he donated the last $900,000 needed to keep the landmark HOLLYWOOD sign safe from the destructive hands of rabid developers. Announced his engagement to 24 year old Crystal Harris later that year, while trying to buy back his company, and make it private again, after having taken it public in 1971. Less than a week before the January-December wedding it was called off, following a brouhaha over her dating the far more age appropriate son of TV dispenser of advice, Dr. Phil. Nevertheless, the two wed durinng his annual New Year’s Eve party, with an ironclad pre-nup, and a refusal on his part to add her to his will. Badmouthed by former playmate Holly Madison in her 2015 memoir “Down the Rabbit Hole,” as controlling, manipulative and emotionally abusive, playing off all his playmates against one another in his constant need to be absolute master of his curious little universe even into obvious dotage. The same year, the magazine announced it would no longer publish fully nude photos of women because of their ubiquity on the net, beginning in the spring of 2016, although it would still have a Playmate of the Month, and their pictorials would henceforth be considered PG-13 material. The same year his Playboy mansion was purchased for more than $100 million by a neighbor under the proviso he could live there the rest of his life. Bedridden his last two years, while rumor would have it that he weighed only 90 pounds and made visitors sign a confidentiality agreement to keep his condition secret. Had a net worth of $43 million, when he died after suffering cardiac arrest and experiencing respiratory failure, at his mansion surrounded by his family. Buried in a crypt next to Marilyn Monroe’s in his desire to spend eternity with her. Inner: Self-satisfied, extremely charitable, and able eventually to adopt his own philosophy, gradually allowing him to loosen up from his somber, intense, asocial earlier self, although still a workaholic at heart. Saw women totally as sex objects, with little need for their companionship outside the bedroom. Lifelong Democrat, and a libertarian, with a tremendous need to be in absolute control, both of himself and his surroundings. Strong civil rights advocate, and one of the few straight people to call for gay and transgender recognition in the 60s. Sleight-of-hand lifetime of living out his adolescent fantasies into his 80s, while very gradually opening himself up from the starched, repressed soul of his beginnings, to become a work-obsessed playboy of his times, with his need to let illusions trump realities remaining intact even into old age. nGustavus Swift (1839-1903) - American businessman. Outer: Of British descent, with his maternal ancestors having come over on the Mayflower. Parents ran a farm, where they raised and slaughtered cattle, sheep and pigs. 9th of 12 children. Had little interest in academics, and left school at 14, to join an older brother in his butcher shop, although saw little future in it. His progenitor loaned him $25 as an inducement not to move to Boston, and he used $19 of it to buy a heifer, and wound up making a $10 profit selling the meat door-to-door. In 1861, he married Annie Higgens, nine surviving children out of eleven from the union. Began building and buying a chain of butcher shops, in which he displayed his wares on white marble trays to their best effect. Expanded quickly, to become a wholesale cattle dealer, then in 1872, formed a partnership with a Boston meat dealer, which sent him steadily westward, until he arrived in 1875 in Chicago, the nation’s navel of cattle trade via its famed stockyards, which would become his subsequent base. Set up a highly efficient, albeit inadvertently unhealthy, operation, which would later be excoriated in Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle.” Employed assembly-line techniques, as well as a completely integrated work system, that saw each step of the process carefully monitored and threaded through the one above and below it. A difficult boss, he was unsparing in his criticism of those who worked for him. In addition, he rarely gave praise, but recognized merit and was quick to give promotions for it, creating a loyal work force. Almost all his executives were brought up through the ranks, including the sons who came to work for him. Saw the inadequacy of the shipping system, which sent live cattle round the country on trains, and, instead began butchering and dressing them beforehand. Hired an engineer with his partner’s buyout money to create a refrigeration car, which used ice to cool its circulating air, and with another partner, began manufacturing refrigerated cars, while contracting and organizing all the elements involved in making them. Had a host of obstacles to overcome, including prejudices against innovative processes, but met each one doggedly. Ran into the railroad cartel, which made far more money from live beef, since they charged by the tonnage, and made far less with dressed beef. Used advertising to win over the public on his product’s freshness, and partnered with local butchers and an obscure rail line, so that by 1885, he was able to incorporate as a start-to-finish operation. Created a nationwide distribution and marketing system, while using everything but the “squeal” in his breakdown of animals into all sorts of other consumer products. Extremely charitable, he gave large sums of money to educational institutions, including Northwestern Univ.’s “School of Oratory,” in memory of his daughter, Annie, who had died there while attending the university. A workaholic, he was totally into his business until his last decade, when he finally gave himself time to relax. One of the founders and a prime supporter of the St. James Methodist Episcopal Church in Chicago. A millionaire many times over by the time of his death from an internal hemorrhage following an operation, he would manage to exit directly prior to the muckraking era, and its subsequent public shock over the methods of the modern meat industry, which he did so much to create. Inner: Highly innovative, thrifty, rigidly honest and industrious, and a great believer in his own abilities as a problem-solver. Gilded Age lifetime of serving as an ingeniously inventive captain of industry in the realm of edible flesh, before redesigning that sense of consumer-oriented packaging to more prurient appetites, and creating not only a viable empire out of it, but a reflective lifestyle, as well, in order to open up his own tightly-packaged interior.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS FRONT-LINE FEMINIST:
Storyline: The divided journalist is forced to work through the lies her mother told her in reconsidering herself as a unique and independent artist, while building on her longtime battles on the sexual front through schizoid self-empowerment in the hopes of finally finding herself through deliberate disintegration.

nJill Johnston (Jill Crowe) (1929-2010) - English/American writer and critic. Outer: Mother was an American nurse continually given to deception, weaving stories around her husband, a bell founder, who she said was an aristocrat and died when her daughter was young. Later found out, he had merely deserted the family, and the duo had never officially married. Came to America, grew up on Long Island, and was educated at Tufts Univ., before receiving her MFA at the Univ. of North Carolina, where she studied dance. Briefly danced, before deciding to write about the terpsichorean art. Married Richard Lanham in 1958, but discovered she was a lesbian at heart, divorced in 1964, son and daughter from the union. In 1959 she began documenting the avant-garde art and dance scene in NYC in a column for the Village Voice, called “Dance Journal,” which became a collage of impressions, personalities and her growing political awareness, in which she viewed herself as an artist with her impressionistic pieces as verbal paintings. Came to explore herself through her reviews, and pursued autobiographical self-discovery in her ongoing career. Tamed down her style somewhat in the 1970s, while coming out in 1971 with a column entitled "Lois Lane is a Lesbian." As such, she was one of the first vocal same-sex feminists who felt women should separate themselves from men in order to fully experience their power, seeing sexuality as a political force rather than an intimate one. Her 1973 tome, Lesbian Nation established her as a radical feminist theorist, proclaiming that lesbianism was not just a personal lifestyle but a political stance necessary for the overturn of the patriarchy. The book became a manifesto for a lesbian separatist movement, spurring the creation through the 1970s of lesbian communities. Continually investigated her life afterwards in a series of autobiographical works, while also publishing critical essays on art and literature. In 1993, she wed ingrid Nyeboe, and the couple repeated the ceremony in Connecticut in 1909. Hospitalized several times with schizophrenia, and an inability to reconcile the lies her mother told her, with her desire for self-truth. In her later career, she was far less of a visible figure, preferring to try to heal herself without a public platform. Died after suffering a stroke nine days before. Inner: Conflicted, strongly political, and deeply self-involved.Lies my mother told me lifetime of making a complete break with men as a final act of independence, and using her divided sense of childhood as a means of re-integrating herself around her own powers and beliefs. nTennessee Claflin (1845-1923) - American reformer. Outer: Father was an itinerant con man, who was forced to leave his hometown under suspicion of being a firebug. Mother was illegitimate, illiterate and a spiritualism fanatic. 9th of 10 children, including sister Victoria (Gloria Steinem). The family traveled as a medicine and fortune-telling show in an eccentric, abusive and oppressive upbringing. Secretly married a gambler in 1866, who drifted away. Broke from the family and gave spiritualism exhibitions with her sibling, then worked as a clairvoyant with her, as their lives totally intertwined. Seductive and quite attractive, she had the ability to gull men out of whatever she wanted, thanks to the ability of creating all sorts of illusions around herself. In 1868, the duo went to NYC and won the support of Cornelius Vanderbilt (J. Paul Getty) through their mediumistic reading of the stock market. Opened a stock brokerage office with her sister, Woodhull, Claflin & Co., making money through Vanderbilt’s advice. Became interested in a socialist cult and with her sibling, she launched a weekly, Woodhull & Claflin’s Weekly, which advocated free love and equal rights and rites for women. Her sibling’s husband, along with a linguist, wrote most of the material, although the two sisters agreed with the content. Unsuccessfully ran for Congress in NY, and was made an honorary colonel of a black National Guard regiment. After being hounded by the sisters of clergyman Henry Ward Beecher (Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.), they published an accusation of adultery against him, in 1872, which led to a sensational court trial for him. Arrested for passing obscene material through the mail, both sisters spent a brief period in jail, before being ultimately acquitted. After divorcing, she and her sister sailed for Europe when Vanderbilt died in 1877 and his children contested his will. Probably got the money for the trip, in a payoff not to testify in court over the Commodore’s end days competence. Married Francis Cook, a future baronet with a large Portuguese estate, in 1885, and was made a baronet. Both sisters did charitable work and were eventually accepted into English society. The duo made several trips to America, to much publicity, thanks to the reputations they had already established. Like her sibling, she settled in England as Lady Tennessee Cook, Viscountess of Montserrat, and died there. Inner: Highly unconventional, taking great delight in continual dynamiting the public mind, with down-to-Earth messages of women having the power, both financial and moral, to be far more in control of their lives. Eccentric lifetime of uninhibitedly following her own will with her sister’s close support, and thoroughly enjoying the liberating freedom of doing whatever she wished.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS DRAMA QUEEN:
Storyline: The tragedy-prone everywoman learns from her previous failures, and manages to cope with love and loss through a stronger sense of family, and the ability to share her processes with an unseen audience, so as to gather strength from them, instead of floundering on her own as she did previously.

nKatie Couric (1957) - American tele-journalist. Outer: Father was a journalist and PR man. Youngest of 4, sister Emily became an author and state senator. Her parents insisted each child bring a new word to the table every night, while she proved to be the central light of the family. Graduated from the Univ. of Virginia. Wanted to be a journalist, but her father convinced her there was more money in broadcasting. 5’4” with blonde hair and green eyes. Began her career as a desk assistant at ABC news in Washington. Went to work for CNN, but was banned by the president of the station for her high-pitched voice, and immediately began to take voice lessons. He also felt she was too young, fresh and innocent to be effective on the air, so she worked as a producer and assignment editor, instead. Married in her early 30s to Jay Monahan, a Washington lawyer who ultimately became a TV legal commentator after his wife was already an early morning star,2 daughters from the union. In 1991, she joined the cast of the early morning "Today" show on NBC, and its ratings immediately began to climb, with her dual ability at asking hard questions and also being equally light when the mood called for it. Despite her association with early morning TV, she hated getting up early. A devoted mother, her husband died of colon cancer in his early 40s, then 4 years later her sister succumbed to the same dis-ease. Although devastated by the losses, she continued as part of the team that made “Today” the top-rated early morning show on TV, and was rewarded for her efforts after the turn of the century with a reported annual contract of some $16 million for her various hosting duties. In 2006, after 15 years on “Today,” she was given the evening anchor job at rival network CBS, making her the first of her gender to solo in a chair usually reserved for very reserved men, in an effort to attract a younger audience. Made her debut amidst much fanfare, before settling deep into 3rd place in the evening newstakes, while acquitting herself adequately in the process, despite much carping over her chirrupy morning presence on a heretofore serious and sacrosanct preserve. To counterbalance her critics, she visibly deadened herself, to make her own discomfort in the role thrust upon her more of a story than any she was reporting off the teleprompter, amidst rumors galore of her inevitable exit, to another venue which would emphasize her strengths rather than her weaknesses. Inadvertently played a pivotal role in the 2008 campaign with her interview of Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin, revealing the bubble head beneath the beehive, and her ratings and job security increased measurably afterwards. Her perennial third place showing, however, would end her anchor run five years after it started, with a desire to continue on network TV in other capacities. Her perennial third place showing, however, would end her anchor run five years after it started, allowing her to switch networks to ABC, where in addition to doing news features, she announced she would launch a syndicated daily talk show in 2012, called “Katie” only to see it cancelled after two seasons. In its waning months, she joined Yahoo as its Global anchor at $6 million per, to host a series of internet interviews, as she continues to maintain her uniquely ubiquitous media presence. In 2014, she wed John Molner, an executive in a Chicago-based investment firm, six years her junior, in a low-key ceremony. Two years later, she produced and narrated a documentary about gun violence in America, Under the Gun, for which she was forced to later apologize for a misleading edit creating the impression gun rights advocates were speechless in response to her questioning.Inner: Intelligent, bubbly, charming, with a great desire to be viewed as an everywoman. Driven, direct, competitive, extremely generous, able to be the same person both on-screen and off. In focus lifetime of transferring her personality from the printed page to the small screen, while retaining the same sense of personal drama, and a better sense of her own abilities in coping with it. nNellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman) (1867-1922) - American journalist. Outer: Father was a successful mill owner and lawyer, after whom her hometown of Cochran’s Mills was named. Only had one year of formal education, and her sire died during her childhood, leaving her family in financial straits. Deceptively demure and diminutive. Went to Pittsburgh to try to become a writer, and won a newspaper job with a stinging rebuke to an editorial. Wrote under the name Nellie Bly, which she appropriated from a Stephen Foster (Ryan Adams) song, while taking controversial subjects and making them both interesting and palatable to her readership, instead of being shunted off to the women’s pages. Began by doing exposes of Pittsburgh’s underlife, then was given a vacation because of pressure from advertisers. Went to Mexico and did the same, and was asked to leave the country. Moved to New York and worked for Joseph Pulitzer’s (Rudolph Giuliani) New York World. Did a series on an insane asylum after spending 10 days there as a pseudo-inmate, then continued in that muckraking vein, to much popular acclaim, culminating her spectacular early career with a stunt journalism bit by traveling around the world in 72 days, to outdo the fictional character in Jules Verne’s (Isaac Asimov) Around the World in 80 Days. Wore one dress throughout the trip. Continued writing in a similar vein, although could not match her early success. Married Robert Seaman, a New York hardware manufacturer when he was in his 70s and she was in her 20s. Lived quietly in N.Y. until her husband’s death in 1904. Her failure in managing her husband’s iron manufacturing company, due to forgeries by her employees and litigations which followed, ate up her fortune and she was forced to leave the country, spending WW I in Austro-Hungary. Returned to the U.S. after the war, and tried to resume her career, but was unable to recapture her early celebrityhood. The end of her life was anticlimactic. Died of bronchial pneumonia in a hospital. Inner: Queen of the Sob Sisters, with a strong penchant for emotionality in all her writings. Sob sister lifetime of acting as a romantic icon for sensationalistic journalism, spending her celebrity coin early on, and then suffering a long empty pocket downslide afterwards.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS WITTY WISEACRE:
Storyline: The needling newsman follows the same trajectory of sports into hardball politics, while softening his earlier radicalism for a more palatable political palette, geared towards a time when personality counts even more than opinion, but astute skewerers are always in demand.

hKeith Olbermann (1959) - American commentator. Outer: Mother was a preschool teacher as well as a huge baseball fan, and a character in her own right. Father was a commercial architect. Born with six lumbar vertebrae, instead of 5, symbol of a strong supportive inner sense of self. Went to Hackley School in Tarrytown, where he was a classmate of ESPN broadcaster Chris Berman, and worked as a play-by-play announcer for the school hockey team. Also published his first book at 14, on “The Major League Coaches.” Started college at 16, and got a B.S. degree in communication arts from Cornell Univ., where he served as sports director for a student-run commercial station in Ithaca. 6’3 1/2”. Worked for both UPI and RKO Radio, before seeing TV as his ticket, and joined the fledgling cable station CNN in 1981, where he spent 3 extremely prickly years. Prior to that stretch he hit his head on the top of a subway door and lost his depth perception, making it difficult for him to drive. Also harbors a fear of flying. Showed himself to be an extremely contentious employee, with a self-surety that continually ruffled those above him, as well as some of his cohorts. Worked as a sports anchor briefly in Boston, before coming to Los Angeles to do sports TV there, winning 11 Golden Mike Awards, as a wry newscaster and commentator on the bigtime athletic scene. Joined ESPN’s Sports Center in 1992, and spent the next 5 years there, co-anchoring what he called “The Big Show,” with Dan Patrick, evincing a scathing wit, and a genuine reportorial flare, while continuing to alienate many of the people with whom he worked through his overbearing nature. Helped launch ESPN2 and ESPN Radio, only to have a failure in communication with his bosses, and leave the cable network in a huff. Later admitted his insecurity and paranoia led to the impasse. Decided to expand into harder news, and joined MSNBC, with another “Big Show,” focusing on both news and entertainment. Also did the weekend NBC Nightly News for the network on occasion, as well as a little sportscasting. After the national obsession with Monica Lewinsky, in 1998, he left newscasting in disgust and returned to sportscasting, a break he later admitted he would have made anyway. Joined Fox Sports Net as an anchor and exec producer for his own eponymous Evening News, a weekly sports show, before being fired in 2001. Returned full blast after 9/11/2001, as a radio reporter, then wrote a weekly column for Salon.com, until he was rehired by MSNBC in 2003, with “Countdown,” a look at the top stories of the day, with a decidedly antiestablishment view, which would be unique on the small screen. Found his perfect foil in the Bush administration’s ongoing blunders, while maintaining a running competitive feud with Fox commentator, Bill O’Reilly, whose time slot opposed him. Continually ridiculed him, which the latter fell for, unconsciously increasing his rival’s viewership. Ran afoul of the Anti-Defamation League for his use of the Nazi salute upon occasion, in his ongoing need for provocative nose-thumbing. The following year, he launched Bloggerman, a weblog to add the net to his view and readership, and has been able to parlay both into a successful run as a cable commentator, steadily increasing both the ears and eyes tuned into him, while maintaining a ubiquitous TV presence, as one of the primary self-styled faces of MSNBC, as well as ongoing football pundit for NBC, delivering dicta galore on the state of the nation, according to his liberal proscripts, and its various fun’n’games diversions, political, cultural and otherwise. His blatant Democratic bipartisanship, however, would eventually lead to an anchor demotion from MSNBC’s political coverage of the 2008 presidential campaign. Nevertheless, he was given a 4 year, $30 million contract afterwards. Taken off Sunday football so as to concentrate fully on his show only to be suspended shortly after the 2010 elections for contributing to Democratic campaigns. Missed only two shows while enjoying an audience uptick for the publicity garnered. Suddenly announced he was ending his show in early 2011, with no further explanation, although had decided well before. Precluded from returning to TV for a period of time, or to make public comment why, with speculation rampant that it was product of the continued consolidation of media into a sextet of corporations which own almost all television news. Shortly afterwards, he declared he would host a nightly primetime show on Al Gore’s Current TV, where he would also serve as chief news officer over the miniscule outlet, with some 23,000 subscribers. When he did return to the air in the summer, he followed the precise format of “Countdown,” while attracting his old audience to him, for solid opening ratings. The relationship soon soured, however, and by March of the following year, he was once again fired, and replaced by Eliot Spitzer, while threatening lawsuits over his breach of contract canning. Returned to TV in late 2013 on ESPN 2, as an all-purpose commentator with a much lower profile, only to severe relations with them 2 years later, when his contract was not renewed. Returned to the airwaves in 2016 with GQ’s digital series, “The Closer,” with his usual colorful panache. Inner: Feisty, highly competitive, neurotic, narcissistic and strong-willed. Rabid baseball fan, with a keen eye for hypocrisy. Bench jockey lifetime of rising to eminence on his sharp verbal skills, and then doing personal battle with his sense of superiority through them. hHeywood Broun (1888-1939) - American newspaperman. Outer: Of Scots and German descent. Father was an English immigrant, who set up a successful printing and stationary business. 3rd of 4 children, and youngest of 3 boys. Went to private school, then was part of Harvard Univ’s celebrated class of 1910, although he never graduated, thanks to being sidetracked by other interests. Began his writing career doing baseball stories for the NY Morning Telegraph, before leaving in 1912 over a pay dispute, and going to China and Japan with a theatrical company. On his return he became a noted sportswriter for the NY Tribune, and ultimately moved on to be a drama critic for them in 1915, thanks to his deft way with words. In 1917, he married writer-editor Ruth Hale, a die-hard feminist, and they went to France, where he was a war correspondent, although he frequently got into trouble with military censors. In 1919, he became literary editor for the tribune, in addition to being drama critic, and launched his “Seems to Me” column for the World, allowing him a wider range of opinion, in which he championed the various progressive causes of the day, while also offering witty takes on the postwar world. Their only child, Heywood Hale Broun, would go on to a career in TV as a wry commentator. A huge, rumpled figure with a shambling gait. In 1921, he switched allegiance to the NY World, toiling for them for 7 years, before resigning when they refused to print his articles on Nicola Sacco (Terry Nichols) and Bartolemeo Vanzetti (Tim McVeigh), two anarchists on trial for murder, and a cause celebre of the time among leftists. Became part of the famed Algonquin Round Table crew throughout the 1920s, a group of writerly NY wits who met for lunch and passed memorable bon mots between them. Close friend of the culturati of the city, and at his height, he enjoyed a daily readership of a million people. In 1928, he moved to the Scripps-Howard chain, continuing his column for them, until shortly before his death, when he switched over to the NY Post. In 1930, he ran unsuccessfully for Congress as a Socialist, under the slogan, “I’d rather be right than Roosevelt.” He was expelled from the party, however, after being publicly seen in the company of Communists at a rally in 1933. The same year, he founded the American Newspaper Guild, and served as its first president until his death. His wife came to resent the married state, and for the last 5 years of their union, they lived apart, although remained amicable. They divorced in 1934, and she died the following year. Married a Latina dancer in 1935, and adopted her daughter. Converted to Roman Catholicism, his wife’s religion in 1939, to the amazement of his friends. Died of pneumonia, and garnered more than 3000 mourners at his funeral, as one of NYC’s favorite penmen. Wrote a dozen books or so, and more and less helped create the signed syndicated column of opinion. Inner: Highly social, progressive politically and unafraid to speak his mind. Relaxed and convivial on the surface, darker underneath. Liberal and proud lifetime of speaking the truth as he saw it, no matter the consequences, as a moral voice in both easy and hard times.

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PATHWAY OF THE COMMENTATOR AS STRAIGHT ARROW OPINION-MAKER:
Storyline: The pro-establishment pundit turns his innately acquisitive sensibilities into garnering the largest audience possible via his take-no-prisoners approach to setting the country straight via his sharply divided sense of good and evil.

hSean Hannity (Sean Patrick Hannity) (1961) - American commentator. Outer: Both sets of grandparents emigrated from Ireland. From a conservative Catholic family, father was a family court probation officer. Youngest of 4. Went to parochial school, then attended NYU, with the idea of a radio career, although was forced to drop out because of finances. 6’, with black eyes and dark hair. Moved out to California and worked as a bartender and in construction in Santa Barbara, and in 1987, began calling in to radio talk shows as a defender of the Reagan administration. Listeners responded more to him than the hosts, which inspired to re-pursue radio as a career. Began at a voluntary college station at UC Santa Barbara, with a weekly show, but was fired for a pronounced bias against gays and lesbians. Although defended by the liberal American Civil Liberties Union, he demurred from returning, and instead, capitalized on the negative publicity to gain a spot on a Huntsville, Alabama network, where he met his future wife, Jill Rhodes, a columnist, whom he married in 1993, son and daughter from the union. Moved up to an Atlanta station, and got national exposure in 1991 during O.J. Simpson’s slow-motion chase. Did other TV guest spots, and was tabbed in 1996 by Roger Ailes as a co-host on the Fox News Channel, with ineffectual liberal Alan Colmes, to form the unbalanced, and largely unfair Hannity & Colmes, on a station that broadcast itself as otherwise. Moved back to NY the same year, and in 1998 rode the Monica Lewinsky-Bill Clinton scandal to national prominence. In 2001, he launched his own eponymous radio talk show, on over 500 stations, and within a few years, he was second only to Rush Limbaugh in radio listenership, with an audience of over 12 million, including Armed Forces Radio. Extremely militant, with a bias towards all things Republican, he would prove one of Pres. George W. Bush’s most relentless cheerleaders, while denigrating anything Democratic, with a particular obsession about former Pres. Clinton’s wayward organ. In his debates, employs hectoring, bullying and demagoguery to make his points, with an overall belief in the absolute wrongheadedness of the left. In 2003, he began sponsoring country music Freedom Concerts for scholarships for children of parents who were killed or severely disabled in America’s wars, and two years later, launched Hannidate on his website with the idea of matching conservative singles with one another, with the thought of breeding a perpetual audience for his viewpoint. In 2007, he began Hannity’s America on Fox News, to add to his ubiquitous media presence, as a self-styled expositor of what’s right and wrong with America. Less controversial than his equally well-known cohorts, thanks to not sharing their facility for constantly putting their feet in their large mouths, and leading a far more straight arrow existence. Ultimately went solo sans Colmes, upping his presence from their former ‘debate’ format from 90% to 100%. Given a four year extension on his contract from Fox immediatey after the election of Barack Obama in 2008, and remained a voice of unrelenting negativity throughout his first administration, which ultimately saw him replaced in his vaunted time slot, and moved up an hour to a lesser position in the Fox hierarchy, thanks to a steady audience desertion. Proved to be a continual support and apologist for Donald Trump all through the 2016 election cycle, no matter how egregious his statements and actions were, and remains one of his staunchest media supporters. After promoting a conspiracy story on the death of DNC staffer Seth Rich, which remains an unexplained mystery and could very well be a cover-up for higher up shenanigans, a number of advertisers withdrew from his show, and he was forced into taking a vacation, roughly paralleling Bill O’Reilly’s exit from the network, while accusing other outlets of trumpeting fake news. Later said he was the sole voice of sanity in the media along with Newt Gingrich, and was returned to his show. Has a net worth of $80 million. Inner: Strongly religious and militaristic, with an all-embracing view of evil around anything that falls outside his traditional moral overview. Voracious reader, with a bedrock belief in faith, family and country, and a complete refusal to listen to anyone who doesn’t share his views. Us and them lifetime of switching from grand acquisitor to America’s grand inquisitor, taking to task all who fall outside his deeply felt traditionalist sense of morals and values. hHarry Chandler (1864-1944) - American media and real estate mogul. Outer: From a farm family. Eldest of 4, with 2 brothers and a sister. Cherubic and pink-cheeked as a child, which made him a popular boy model for advertisers of the time. Went to Dartmouth College, and on a dare, dove into an ice-covered vat of starch, which almost destroyed his lungs. Told by doctors to go to a warm, dry climate, he came to Los Angeles, and lived in a series of flophouses, hacking and coughing his way into penury. 6’2”. Broke horses, and returned home in 1884, only to have his lungs rebel again, sending him back out west. Took a job picking fruit in a doctor’s orchard at the latter’s behest, and the outdoor work gave him his health back. Made $3000 selling what he made, and invested in morning newspaper circulation routes, gobbling them up until he had a virtual monopoly on them with his small delivery company. In 1888, he married, 2 daughters. Hooked up with Los Angeles Times publisher Harrison Gray Otis (Bill O’Reilly), helped force his former partner out of business, and secretly bought his defunct competitor’s printing plant, which gained him the position of Otis’s circulation manager. After his wife died in 1892, he married Otis’s daughter Marian in 1894. 3 sons and 3 daughters from the union, including his oldest, Norman, who would succeed him at the helm of the paper. Moved up to be the Times’ general manager, while sharing in his employer’s strongly conservative views, with a particular hatred for unions. Part of the consortium that gobbled up arid San Fernando Valley land with the secret knowledge that an aqueduct was going to be run through there from the fertile Owens Valley to the north. Of the various people involved, including his father-in-law, he became the primary real estate mogul of the valley, buying up land both personally and via syndicates, which would be the heart of his huge fortune. In 1910, a bomb tied to a gas main under his desk went off, killing his secretary and 19 others, although he agreed with the defense not to pursue the death penalty and make them labor martyrs. After Otis’s death in 1917, he took over the reins of the Los Angeles Times as its publisher, and made it into the leading newspaper in the West, while continuing his predecessor’s policies of union-bashing, as well as the former’s hatred for the newly-formed Mexican republic, which caused both of them loss of access to the considerable land they had there. Indicted, although acquitted of shipping arms to Mexico in favor of the counter-revolutionaries. His reactionary virulence against labor extended worldwide in his coverage of the news, as well as to the idea of shortening the work week, since he felt the idle time would ill serve the average worker and only get him into furthering his own bad habits. A leader of Southern California’s conservative Republicans, he disliked public appearances and speech-making, causing him to demur from running for public office. Eventually became chairman of the board of the Times-Mirror company. As such, he was a booster extraordinaire for the city of Los Angeles, serving as its leading citizen through the 20s and 30s. Among his many achievements, he founded the Los Angeles Coliseum, and was responsible for bringing the 1932 Olympics there, while being responsible for the creation of Cal-tech, the Douglas Aircraft Company, Trans World Airlines, the San Pedro Harbor, Santa Anita Racetrack, and Hollywoodland, whose huge Hollywood sign would become emblematic of the city in the decades to come. His various real estate holdings made him the largest private landholder in the country for a while, with stakes all over the West, and his fingers in a host of industries. A 33rd degree Mason, as well as a Shriner. Died of a coronary thrombosis. Inner: Extremely competitive, and the virtual archetype for the rapacious capitalist, giving absolutely no quarter to anyone who opposed him, while harboring nothing but contempt, for those beneath him on the social scale. Had few enemies, thanks to a sincere and homespun personality. Abstemious and a straight arrow, with an indefatigable work ethic. Rapacious lifetime of sating his endless appetite for accumulation, while also controlling the communication apparatus that would help to mute public opinion on his acquisitiveness, in a double-tiered display of power both used and abused.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS ALPHA THIRD WAVER:
Storyline: The theorist feminist parallels the cerebrations of the women’s movement in her own evolution from interactive helpmate to independent voice of analysis and explication.

nNaomi Wolf (1962) - American journalist. Outer: Of Jewish descent. Grandmother was a professor, feminist and a pioneer in family services, and wound up exerting a strong influence on her granddaughter. Mother was an anthropologist specializing in women’s studies. Father was a professor of English literature at San Francisco State, and a writer. One brother. At 7, she claimed to have written a novel. While growing up, her mother served as an example of someone who starved herself to look good, and in response, she became an anorexic at the age of 13, dropping 21 pounds, so as to be 5’4” and 84 lbs. Eventually recovered from it, although the anger remained over her socially-inspired self-abuse remained with her. An active debater in high school, she went on to receive a BA from Yale Univ. in English literature in 1984, before becoming a Rhodes Scholar at New College, Oxford Univ. Much later she would accuse Harold Bloom, a professorial institution unto himself at Yale of sexual harassment, only to receive much criticism for the allegation. In 1993, she married David Shipley, a speechwriter for Pres. Bill Clinton, and was involved in the strategy sessions in the 1996 Clinton reelection campaign. Daughter and son from the union. Came to public prominence in the early 1990s with “The Beauty Myth,” an international bestseller that posited the contention that impossible physical standards set up by men continually kept women sore oppressed, and stopped them from being who they really were. The more power they accrued collectively, the more they gave away individually through eating disorders, needless cosmetic surgery and weight obsession. Her theses would divide the intellectual feminist community, with many criticizing everything from her methodology to her analytic abilities. In unintended irony, she would prove to be quite attractive herself, as living proof that calling attention to a women’s looks is the easiest way to trivialize their larger message. Her book, which grew out of her graduate thesis, established her as an interesting mainstream public voice and she followed it up by continuing to opine in tome form on a variety of political and gender subjects, before serving as an adviser to Al Gore in 2000, on how to be an alpha male for his presidential run, although she later claimed her advice as such was distorted by the media. Suffered a mid-life crisis when her marriage unraveled to the point of divorce in 2005, and dealt with it in book form with “The Tree House,” in which she reassessed her father’s role in her life, in order to reclaim her own sense of poetics and vision. Her comeback work afterwards was “The End of America,” which compared the step-by-step rise of fascism in the 1920s and 1930s and contemporary post-9/11 Bush America. Claimed to have taken on the spirit of a 13 year old boy in a 2006 British magazine interview, as an added fillip to her self-acclaimed status as a gender mythologist for her times. Added “The Vagina,” to her lightning-rod oeuvre in 2012, in a scattershot attempt at showing that orgasmic reactions are products of neurology, including brain wiring, in a desire on her part to redefine female consciousness as just as much a product of between-the-legs stimulus as it is head and heart inspiration. Inner: Feels herself to be a liberal feminist and progressive in tune with mainstream values. The object of much contumely from more radical thinkers, who have found virtually everything about her questionable, from her ideas to her ideals. Lightning rod lifetime of taking her previous go-round’s activities up to the next level as part of her own personal evolution from helpmate to public individualist who is very much her own woman, no matter the flack thrown at her for being so. nBelle LaFollette (Belle Case) (1859-1931) - American writer, suffragette and political helpmate. Outer: Of English and Scottish descent. Born in a log cabin, to a Unitarian family. Moved at 3 to a neighboring county, where she went to public school before going to the Univ. of Wisconsin, where she won a prize her senior year for the best senior oration, while meeting fellow orator Robert LaFollette (Gary Hart). After graduating in 1879, she taught high school and junior high in her adopted home town, before marrying LaFollette, who by then was county district attorney. The ceremony deliberately omitted the word ‘obey’ from the marriage vow. Four children from the union, including daughter Fola, the eldest, an actress and activist, and two sons who would pursue political careers. Helped her husband with his legal research and writing, and was a key figure in his controversial career as a lynchpin for American progressives, sharing his views and stances. In 1883, she entered the University of Wisconsin Law School, and became its first woman graduate, although she never practiced as an attorney. Instead she put her skills to use at her husband’s behest, serving as his administrative assistant for his three terms in the House of Representatives. Following his defeat, they returned to Wisconsin, where she taught adult classes in physical education, and also lectured on women’s suffrage, while beginning her activist career in earnest, pushing protective legislation for women, children and consumers. Became close friends with other feminist leaders, and after her husband’s return to Washington as a virtual Senator-for-Life, she helped him launch LaFollette’s Weekly Magazine in 1909, editing its Women and Education Dept., and penning most of the articles herself, which led to a nationally syndicated column in 1911 and 1912 called “A Thought For Today.” Her spouse’s critical view of America’s involvement in WW I, made her family roundly despised as traitorous non-supporters of America’s war effort, although she remained undeterred, and in response helped found the Women’s Peace Party in 1918. After the war, she became active in the Women’s Committee for World Disarmament, and was very much involved in various concurrent peace and disarmament movements. After her husband’s death in 1925, she was offered his senatorial seat, although turned it down in favor of her son, Robert, Jr., who would go on to forge his own progressive career in that august body, winning election on his own three more times. Had she taken it, she would have been the first of her gender to serve in the Senate, but felt it would have obtruded on her private life, which she cherished. Spent her remaining time as associate editor of LaFollette’s Magazine, and working on a biography of her spouse, although never completed it. Died as the result of peritonitis and a punctured intestine during a routine medical examination. Inner: Effective speaker and orator, and unafraid to be a voice of equality in a time when women were viewed as secondary citizens, to be seen but not heard. Felt a balance between a public and private life was of vital importance, and strived her whole existence for it, eschewing a career on her own. Public lifetime of deliberately serving as a helpmate in preparation for taking her activism and analytic abilities up to a whole other level the next time around in this series.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS POPULIST PUBLISHER:
Storyline: The manipulative media maven continually uses elements of pop culture to catapult himself into odd prominence, while evincing little interest in playing by the same rules as everyone else, in his ongoing fascination with public power via both wired and wireless means.

Matt Drudge (1966) - American publisher and blogger. Outer: Of Jewish descent. Only child of a pair of liberal Democrats who worked for the government. Mother was a staff attorney for Sen. Ted Kennedy, while his father had been a social worker. Following the divorce of the two, he was raised by his mother in a lonely childhood, where the media, particularly talk radio, was his only real companion, giving him a right-wing outlook, and a lifelong fascination with the power of information. Worked as a newspaper delivery boy for the Washington Star, which he would pour over, as well. Despite being extremely well-informed on current affairs, he was a poor student, graduating near the bottom of his class. Arrested in 1981 for making harassing phone calls to a young woman, which sent him to live on his father’s farm, only to be returned to his unemployed mother, as incorrigible. Underwent psychiatric treatment at Jewish Social Services, which recommended either boarding school or a foster home for him, although neither came to pass. After high school, he worked at a whole series of low-paying jobs, including 7-11 nighttime manager and telemarketer for Time-Life books, before becoming a runner at CBS Studios in Hollywood. After being promoted to manager of their gift shop, he discovered it was a fount of overheard gossip. When his sire gave him a computer in 1994, he began posting the gossip to friends and then online news groups as the Drudge Report, while culling added snippets from police scanners and talk radio. Foraged in dumpsters for advance copies of TV ratings, and began a blog, one of the first, which proved immediately successful. In 1998, he had his biggest scoop, Pres. Bill Clinton’s affair with intern Monica Lewinsky, which no one else initially wanted to touch, particularly Newsweek, which had deliberately sat on the story. As soon as he ran it, his site became an internet institution, and he has been able to maintain its influence ever since, using a wide network of informants, although many of his stories would prove to be product of the imaginations of his contributors and little more. Never names his sources, while wealthy conservatives have made sure no one has the wherewithal to engage in a lengthy lawsuit with him. Employs no staff, nor does he do any research, so that his minimalist approach to newsgathering is pure profit on his part, while its five to ten million daily viewers have made him a conservative powerhouse. Did a weekly show for Fox in 1998 and another for ABC, while charging the former network with censorship, when it wouldn’t allow him to show photos of surgery on a fetus. Also hosted a syndicated radio show on weekends for a decade, and then did fill-in spots, while penning a bestseller, “Drudge Manifesto,” revealing himself to be a writer of no discernible talent. Moved to Florida because it has no state income tax, and lives in a condo in Miami, which serves as his office, with TVs blaring most of the time, and computers clacking away, while his entire focus is on his site, which he updates several times daily, replete with links to a variety of websites. Sports a hat in virtually all his photographs, as a bygone relic of newsmen of old, while his sexual orientation is reputed to be towards his own gender, although he has never given anyone the real scoop on his private life, since it runs counter to his crafted public image. Has a net worth of $90 million. Inner: Standard issue conservative, and self-styled different drummer as well as independent populist, free of corporate, advertising and editorial interference. Loves news drama and tabloid exaggerations, while evincing an overt hostility to any blog remotely like his. Makes over $1 million a year via advertising on his site, but doesn’t trust the future, at all. Outsider lifetime of taking full advantage of the technology of the times, as he did his previous go-round, to elevate himself to faux insider status, as a purveyor of information, both real and imagined, geared towards his decidedly prejudicial viewpoint. Moses Annenberg (1877-1942) - German/American publisher. Known as Moe. Outer: Of German/Jewish descent. Immigrated to the U.S. when young, and grew up in poverty in the slums of south side Chicago. In 1899, he married Sarah “Sadie” Cecilia Friedman, the daughter of a retail shoe salesman. Nine children from the union, eight daughters and a son, with the eldest dying at the age of five. The son, Walter, would become a publishing powerhouse, as well, following his sire’s death. Began his career as a newspaper salesman in the circulation department of the Chicago Tribune, for the Hearst organization, before becoming circulation manager of two of Hearst’s newest Chicago broadsheerts. With a host of strong-arms at his behest, he overturned the competition’s delivery trucks, burned their papers and smacked around newspaper vendors, making him one of the highest paid circulation managers in the country. In 1907, the family moved to Milwaukee, where he established his own news distribution agency, by pawning his wife’s jewelry. Relocated to NY in 1917, and continued his work for Hearst, while also gambling on the side. In the early 1920s, he started a small wire service company that gave horse race results to bookies around the country, then bought the profitable “Daily Racing Form.” By 1926, his various enterprises allowed him to quit Hearst, and form his own Cecilia Publication company, named after his wife. Added the Morning Telegraph, a theatrical and horse racing news publication, to his literal stable, while also publishing “Radio Guide” and “Screen Guide,” and forming the Nation-Wide News Service, in partnership with the biggest gambler on the east coast, Frank Erickson. In 1929, he formed yet another partnership with mob kingpin Al Capone (Pablo Escobar) around a syndicated racing wire, which made him the fifth largest customer of A,T&T, through hookups between 29 racetracks, and poolrooms and bookie joints in 223 cities and 30 states. In 1936, he bought the country’s oldest newspaper, the Philadelphia Inquirer, which gave him respectability as a powerhouse in Republican Party politics. By decade’s end however, he, along with his son, was charged with tax evasion, failing to pay some $9.5 million. Blamed his problems on the Democrats, saying he was being persecuted for his politics, not his dishonesty, and in exchange for having the charges dropped against Walter, he pleaded guilty in 1940, and paid the back taxes. Spent three years in prison and died of brain cancer shortly after his release. Walter took over his holdings, renamed them Triangle Publications, Inc. and became a well-known publisher and philanthropist in his own right, as did his mother, who outlived her husband by nearly a quarter of a century. Inner: Well-tuned to popular currents, allowing him to parlay betting statistics into his own small publishing empire, while feeling no moral compunctions around involving himself with the underworld in order to further his own aims. Freewheeling lifetime of realizing the exploitable power of pure information and using it to make himself an important player in Republican politics, before being undone by his complete lack of regard for the conventional responsibilities of normal citizenship.

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PATHWAY OF THE JOURNALIST AS PURVEYOR OF MYSTERIOUS DEATHS:
Storyline: The provocative pundit loves the limelight, but seems to portend his or her untimely end each time he or she announces they have something really revelatory to let loose about the U.S. head of state.

Andrew Breitbart (1969-2012) - American journalist, publisher, blogger and media personality. Outer: Of Irish descent, with his putative biological father a folk singer. Adopted by a secular Jewish couple, with his progenitor the owner of Fox and Hounds, a landmark L.A. eatery, and his mother, a Jewish convert, a bank executive. One Hispanic adopted sister. Raised in affluence, in a liberal atmosphere, although worked as a teenager as a pizza delivery boy, while also attending a pair of exclusive private schools. 5’9”, and overweight, with a rumpled look. Got a B.A. in American studies from Tulane Univ., where he was largely a layabout, leaving him completely directionless afterwards, while he worked for a cable channel and also in film production. Went through a $23,000 inheritance in a couple of months in NYC’s Hell’s Kitchen, then began finding his conscience pricked in the early 1990s, particularly over the grilling of Supreme Court justice nominee Clarence Thomas. Married Susan Bean, the daughter of actor Orson Bean, three sons and a daughter from the union. Took perverse delight in dwelling in the liberal bastions of Los Angeles, as a potential agent provocateur, getting his first taste of on-line journalism in 1995 with the Drudge Report, which led him to helping Arianna Huffington launch her “Huffington Post,” when she still considered herself a Republican. Eventually became a web phenomenon of his own, with numerous sites under his banner, including videoblogs Breitbart.com, Breitbart.tv, and the quartet of Big Hollywood, Big Journalism, Big Government and Big Peace, with each focusing on different arenas, from conservative issues in the entertainment industry to mainstream media distortions, to national and international news. While his initial web intent was to serve as a news link for various wire stories, his sites quickly evolved into blogs of the right-wing persuasion, as his profile steadily rose as a voice that demanded to be heard. Had a weekly column with the Washington Times, in addition to contributions to a variety of conservative publications, while also involving himself in numerous controversies, thanks to a penchant for carefully editing items to give a totally opposite impression of their content, as in his helping portray ACORN as a criminal organization and Shirley Sherrod, an African-American USDA official, as an anti-white racist, costing her her job. While constantly tweaking liberal sensibilities, he was an equal opportunity provoker, joining the Advisory Council of GOProud, a conservative gay rights group in 2011.A popular speaker at Tea Party events, he served as the keynote addresser of its very first convention. While out walking his dog after midnight in his neighborhood, following an evening in a local bar, he suddenly collapsed on the street and was rushed to the hospital where he died. Had announced beforehand that he had some incendiary material on Barack Obama palling with terrorists that he was about to release that would affect the 2012 election, so that his death immediately entered the conspiracy realm, with assassination as a distinct possibility to silence him, much as his exit his previous go-round also elicited similar projections. The video, however, had already aired on PBS, and was simply Obama endorsing a protest led by the school’s first tenured black professor against a lack of diversity in the faculty, so as to make his final stunt a posthumous indictment of his rabble-rousing rather than the president’s radical sentiments. Toxicology reports later confirmed he had died from heart failure because of an ongoing coronary condition, although the mysterious death of an L.A. coroner forensic technician from arsenic poisoning the same day as the initial report was released would keep the conspiracy theorists in “told you so” mode. Co-wrote “Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon,” criticizing celebrity culture, as well as “Righteous Indignation, Excuse Me While I Save the World.” Inner: Colorful, magnetic, confrontational and highly opinionated. Never adverse to bending information when it served his viewpoint. Self-styled atheist on a mission to save the world from itself. Gender-switching lifetime of combative journalism, covering the full range of pop culture from the political to the inconsequential, only to wind up, once again, the victim of either forces totally beyond his control, or a body unable to house his ongoing telltale heart. Dorothy Kilgallen (1913-1965) - American journalist and media personality. Outer: Of Irish Catholic descent. Father was well-known reporter James Kilgallen. Younger sister Eleanor became a powerful casting agent and talent scout. 5’5”, brunette and slim. Spent a year at the College of New Rochelle, before joining her sire at Chicago’s Evening-Journal, where she became a crime reporter, which was a novel position for women at the time. Covered several important cases, including the Lindbergh kidnap trial of Bruno Hauptmann. In 1936, she came in second in an around-the-world race against a pair of newsmen, and the publicity insured her career, in an early blog on her part via laptop typewriter over the 24 days she spent traveling. Her sojourn was subsequently made into a book, “Girl Around the World,” which loosely inspired a 1937 film, Fly Away Baby. Afterwards, she transferred to the NY Journal-American, where she penned an influential gossip column, “Voice of Broadway,” which gained her as many enemies as friends, since she only printed agented items if they brought her three negative stories about other stars. Her best known feud was with singer Frank Sinatra, who called her a “chinless wonder.” Wed actor Richard Kollmar in 1940, in the celebrity marriage of the year, two sons and a daughter from the union, with both having numerous affairs during it, including her fling with singer Johnny Ray. Along with her husband, in 1945, she launched a popular morning radio show, “Breakfast with Dorothy and Dick,” which was broadcast from their own apartment, and covered Broadway gossip, family life and the daily news. In 1950, she began her long association as a panelist on TV’s “What’s My Line?”, appearing virtually every week until her death fifteen years later, as the show’s guests tried to stump the panel with their unusual occupations. Seen initially as far too humorless and tactless for the show, although she was quickly counterbalanced by the charming and witty Arlene Francis. In addition to her show business coverage, she also worked from time-to-time as a reporter, covering the Sam Sheppard murder case, which enabled him to get a new trial and an acquittal, that ultimately inspired the TV series, “The Fugitive.” Served as a conduit for the CIA, who saw her as an important media asset, until she wrote that they and the Mafia were working together to assassinate Cuban dictator Fidel Castro, which earned her her own file with the FBI. Continued her reporting on controversial subjects, while losing her radio show in 1963, after being hospitalized for anemia. Became quite involved with the Kennedy assassination, pointing out inconsistencies in the official Warren Report, while securing an exclusive interview with Jack Ruby, the murderer of alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, although she never revealed what he told her in the 8 minutes they spent alone together. Claimed to have important new revelatory information about the case, although died immediately afterwards, under extremely mysterious circumstances. Found by her hairdresser in the morning sitting upright in bed in a master bedroom she rarely used, fully clothed, in what was officially called a self-induced drug overdose of barbiturates and alcohol. Her discovery, however, was an obviously posed scenario, replete with a book in her lap that she had read weeks before. The files she claimed to have compiled were nowhere in evidence, while her close friend, Florence Smith, a journalist who had been involved with JFK, and may have had the notes on the Ruby interview, died two days later. Her husband would commit suicide five years later, following a shoulder injury. Conspiracy theorists would aha! the series of incidents, since none of the information she had threatened to publish ever came to light, nor was her demise further investigated. Inner: Highly competitive, tactless and extremely aggressive, understanding completely that her pathway to power was through deliberately upsetting applecarts. Seen as the most powerful woman in America during her career. Powerful penned ifetime of setting up an odd rhythm of her own conspiracy-fueled deaths, surrounding releasing inflaming information about presidents, as a means of making her/himself very much a player in the very power arena that continues to fascinate this individual so.

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PATHWAY OF THE REFORMER AS DISTURBER OF THE PEACE:
Storyline: The ethical anarchist reduces her voluminous public speaking to a single brief outburst from one go-round to the next, and is forced to suffer mightily for it in her ongoing desire to free the world from its oppressive, imprisoning bonds.

Lori Berenson (1969) - American blogger and revolutionary activist. Outer: Of Jewish descent. Mother taught physics at a community college, father taught statistics at Baruch College. Younger of two sisters, with her older sibling becoming a research psychologist. Neither parent was political or religious. Had a busy middle-class upbringing, starring in several junior high school musical productions, before going to the La Guardia School of the Performing Arts. Slight with wavy brown hair and wire-rimmed glasses. Always very organized and diligent, as well as quite private. Felt a need to help others while growing up, volunteering her services for the needy. Went to MIT, where her sense of social justice was awakened. Seeing that oppression, suffering and exploitation were all a product of politics, she became involved with CISPES, an organization connected with Marxist movements in El Salvador. In lieu of continuing her schooling, she began working full-time for CISPES in New York and Washington, before going to Nicaragua in 1990 and becoming secretary and translator for one of the leaders of the country’s National Liberation Front (FMLN), taking part in the successful 1992 peace negotiations. The FMLN was an umbrella coalition of five Marxist guerrilla groups, dedicated to the overthrow of the violent dictatorship that had ruled the country since 1979, plunging El Salvador into a twelve year civil war. Moved to San Salvador, but when the FMLN became a recognized political party, she lost the sense of urgency she felt beforehand. Married a Salvadoran economics student, although the union quickly fell apart. In 1994, she moved on to Peru, where she became involved with the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA), despite denying knowledge of their violent activities. Arrested on a bus in Lima hours before the police raided a house she had rented, which was stocked with ammunition and explosives. At her subsequent trial, while awaiting her verdict, she was paraded before the press, and unleashed a brief tirade where she shouted with fists clenched, “There are no criminal terrorists in the MRTA. It’s a revolutionary movement.” The forty second explosion was more than enough to insure her guilt over a plot that never took place, while her enraged image would be seared into the collective mind of Peru, making her a universally hated figure there. Given a life sentence for treason by a military tribunal with a hooded judge, she was sent to a prison in the high Andes, where she shared a 6x9’ cell in the frigid cold. Moved to several prisons over the next couple of years, while her sentence was reduced in 2001, following a civilian trial, to twenty years. In 2003, she married Anibal Apari, a fellow militant on parole, whom she met while both were in prison, and during one of their last conjugal visits, produced a son with him in 2009. The son was allowed to remain with her as she an her husband gradually disengaged, while she used her time to blog on the internet, as a leftist critic of a host of establishment institutions, decrying their negative influence on the world. In 2010, she was given parole, allowing her to briefly come to the U.S., although not to stay. Remained in a state of limbo in Peru, as a much hated figure, until the full length of her prison term came up at the end of 2015, at which point she was allowed to return to her parents’ home in NYC with her son. Inner: Extremely candid about her political views, while closed and private about her emotional life. Polite and mild-mannered, belying the passionate being beneath her quiet surface. Highly empathetic, with a genuine caring for the world’s downtrodden and an equal contempt for the exploiters and power-mongers who keep them in constant penury and poverty. Paying the piper lifetime of being given a maximum sentence for the briefest of outbursts, in her need to be self-sentenced to truly feel oppression on every level, with only the love of a child and her family to help her weather her self-created ordeal. Emma Goldman (1869-1940) - Russian/American anarchist, writer and activist. Known as “Red Emma.” Outer: From an orthodox Jewish family. Mother had two daughters from a previous marriage, which ended tragically with her husband’s death from TB, killing her emotionally as well. Father was the result of an arranged marriage, that was a disconnected disaster from the beginning. Parents were innkeepers, and later shopkeepers. Oldest of three of the second union, with two younger brothers, one of whom died at the age of 6. Her sire was physically abusive with the children, using a whip on them, creating a lifelong distrust of authority. As a teen, the family moved to Prussia, where she experienced more abuse at the hands of teachers, save for one mentor, who fed into her love of learning. After a return to Russia, her father proved inept with one failed store after another, while refusing to support her desire to continue her education, seeing women as domestic slaves and little else. Plain-featured and bespectacled, her political awareness gradually expanded with the country’s ongoing social upheavals, including the assassination of its tsar. Constantly fought with her sire around the issue of marriage, while she was aggressively pursued by Russian officers, to the point of being raped in a hotel room by one of them. After threatening suicide, she was allowed to join an older sister on her move to upstate NY at the end of 1885. The rest of the family joined them soon after because of the increasingly anti-Semitic atmosphere in Russia. Labored as a seamstress for long hours and little pay, and met and married a fellow worker, Jacob Kershner, who proved not only impotent, but also highly jealous and possessive. The duo divorced less than a year later, as she became more and more interested in anarchism, as an antidote to the constant oppression of her existence. Her ex-husband threatened to kill himself, forcing them to reunite, only to see her finally leave home for good, as she headed for NYC with $5 and her sewing machine. Immediately met Alexander Berkman at a cafe catering to radicals, and he became her political mentor, teaching her public oratory, which literally allowed her to find her voice, as an impassioned speaker capable of galvanizing huge crowds. Became lovers with Berkman, moving into a communal apartment with him and others in Woodstock, Illinois. Despite being nonviolent, she aided Berkman’s desire to assassinate anti-unionist Henry Clay Frick in response to his killing nine who struck against his steel factory in 1892. Berkman only wounded him, and was sentenced to twenty-two years in prison for the deed. Had a hard time without him, and was subsequently brought to trail for inciting to riot in 1893, receiving a one year jail sentence, where she used her time reading and learning midwifery. Released after 10 months, she was greeted by an enthusiastic crowd, and found herself a popular public figure among the working classes. Sailed to Europe, and continued her public lecturing and hectoring in England and Scotland, then returned and toured the country, only to eventually fall victim to anti-anarchist sentiment following the assassination of William McKinley (Richard Nixon) by anarchist Leon Czolgosz (Lee Harvey Oswald), who had earlier tried to make contact with her and her group, only to be rejected as a potential spy. Briefly held as an accomplice to the act, then afterwards, she refused to condemn it, which brought much vilification down on her. Retreated from public life afterwards under the name of E.G. Smith, while becoming a nurse, before returning to the movement in 1906, as the publisher of “Mother Earth,” a catch-all anarchist publication to which she liberally contributed, advocating women’s equality, free speech, an eight hour work day and union organization. After Berkman’s release the same year, their relationship faltered, and she put her energy into nonstop lecturing and agitating. In 1908, she connected up with Ben Reitman, a drifter turned doctor, although his propensity for a score of lovers, and her innate monogamy caused numerous jealous tensions. Published her first book, a collection of essays, in 1910, then took up birth control as one of her primary issues, before adding non-conscription to her list of protests as America prepared to enter WW I in 1917. Found guilty of interfering with the war effort both she and Berkman were heavily fined, and imprisoned for two years, where she agitated for better conditions for her fellow prisoners. On her release, she stepped into a far more conservative America, and was deported, along with a large group of fellow undesirables, including Berkman, and wound up back in Russia, which was right in the middle of a civil war. Despite initial positive feelings for the Bolshevik revolution, its oppressive reality was quickly brought home to her, and in 1921, they left for Latvia, and then Stockholm and Berlin, where she worked as a correspondent for the New York World. Found herself the subject of communist and leftist scorn there and moved to London in 1924, where her criticisms of the Soviet government shocked starry-eyed liberals and leftists alike. Married James Colton, a Scottish anarchist and trade unionist, in order to give herself British citizenship, before finally emigrating to Canada. Began working on her autobiography in 1928, which was eventually published in two volumes against her will, since she wanted it affordable to the working-class. Given permission to lecture in the U.S. in 1933, if she stayed away from political topics, and, although, she was well-received, a second visa was denied her. Berkman, in ill health, shot himself in France, in 1936, just as the Spanish Civil War was unfolding, which allowed her to dispel her grief through an active tour of rebel held areas, and to edit a weekly bulletin, only to be deeply disappointed by the outcome. As war loomed over Europe, she reiterated her opposition to it, despite her personal loathing for the dictators spread over the continent’s political landscape. In 1940, she suffered a stroke, which paralyzed her right side and left her unable to speak. A second stroke several months later did her in, and her body was allowed back in the U.S. where she was buried, per her wishes, in an Illinois cemetery, among other labor and social activists of similar stripe. Her marker reads “Liberty will not descend to a people, a people must raise themselves to liberty.” Inner: Passionate and uncompromising in her beliefs, with a continual desire to uplift and inspire. Extremely effective and rousing public speaker. Heroine to some, complete anathema to others as a voice who constantly questioned conventional authority. Nonviolent, pro-feminist, anti-capitalist, antigovernment and atheistic. Wild at heart lifetime of living out her beliefs no matter the consequences, as a voice of both contradiction and reason dedicated to freeing the world of its oppressive institutions.

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