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WRITERS - SPIRITUAL SCRIVENERS & APOSTLES - 2

 

PATHWAY OF THE POET AS ENTHUSIASTIC ENCYCLOPAEDIST:
Storyline: The incessant information master continually codifies and expands on his view of all human knowledge, bringing a variety of personalities to his self-imposed tasks, while learning to enjoy himself in the full range of human spheres, from the physical to the cerebral.

H. G. Wells (Herbert George) (1866-1946) - English writer. Outer: Father was a shopkeeper and his mother was a lady’s maid, who had been the daughter of an innkeeper, and was a fervent Anglican. His sire, a happy-go-lucky irresponsible sort, had also been a professional cricketer, before an injury curtailed his career, and like his wife, he had been a domestic servant. Youngest child of four with two older brothers and an older sister. Their youngest became a product of the contradictions of both his parents. Broke his leg at 7, and spent his time recuperating by reading, which inspired him to be a writer. Left school at 14 to become a draper’s assistant, which he despised, and then apprenticed a chemist before becoming a pupil teacher in a small country school. After being fired, he became an assistant teacher elsewhere. Resumed his education after winning a scholarship to the Normal School of Science of London Univ. to study biology. Despite being an excellent student, he lost his scholarship because of failing grades in geology, but in the process, he developed his lifelong love for science, which he was able to couple with his innate storyteller skills. Tubercular, he weighed less than 90 lbs, but compensated for his frail, small presence with a cocky good humor, and the belief he was destined for literary greatness. Had small hands and feet, with short, misplaced arms. Taught school at Henley House, and married his cousin Mary Henley in 1891, although the union was dull and uninspiring to him, while he fantasized about an ideal, sexual and intellectual partnership. Suffered a hemorrhage, and began to fear for his mortality, as well as being in a dead-end job and an equally unpromising marriage. Began his long and prolific publishing career in 1893 with 2 scientific works, and the following year, left his wife and eloped with Amy Robbins, one of his students at the Univ. Tutorial College. Set up 2 homes, and immediately found success as a journalist and short story writer. Divorced and made his second household official, while he continued his philandering ways throughout their union. 2 sons from the marriage. Published his first science fiction novel, The Time Machine in 1895, which was a resounding success, and after his most famous work in that genre, The War of the Worlds, where Martians invade the Earth, he was able to devote full-time to his fiction. Retired to the country, and a combination of the invigorating environment and freedom from financial constraints, brought new vigor and health. Began looking for his ideal mate, while joining the Fabian Society in London, a crew of well-off socialists, and tried to wrest power from them, while becoming involved with a young Fabian, novelist Amber Reeves, with whom he had an illegitimate daughter. Known as the satyr-cupid of socialism. Finally found his ideal in his mid-40s, in writer Rebecca West, and the two became ‘Panther’ and ‘Jaguar’ to one another, while another illegitimate child sprang from the union, the writer Anthony West, who went on to poisonously pen a biography of his mother, while deeply resenting his out-of-wedlock birth. The 2 strong personalities eventually went their own ways after a decade, when he refused to leave his wife for her. Following WW I, and his disappointment at the failure of the League of Nations, he undertook an overall view of his/story, in The Outline of History, penning its 1 million words in a year’s time. Later sued for plagiarism by Florence Deeks, who claimed he lifted both phrases and errors from a work she wrote called “The Web,” and although her claims were valid, they were thrown out of court. Continually proposed radical social ideas, including free love and world government. It was followed by several more compendiums covering the science of life and his proposals for the happiness of humankind, which were both done with collaborators. Became president of the international writer’s group, PEN in 1921, although when he expelled its German branch the following decade because it refused to include non-Aryan writers, he made the Nazi death wish list. His wife died in 1927, and in 1934, he wrote the first of a two volume auto-biography, Experiment in Autobiography. Spent his later years as a gadabout, determined to deter humanity from its drift towards self-destruction, while enjoying eminent recognition. Appalled by WW II, which he had predicted, he died in his sleep of either cancer or a liver tumor a year after its conclusion, and was cremated afterwards. Inner: Intellectual sensualist, with a passion for saving the world. Highly irascible with a strong taste for controversy. Gifted storyteller, fluid writer, with an ongoing facility for gathering information and spewing it out in entertaining fashion. His own assessment was, “he was clever, but not clever enough.” Wanted his epitaph to read, “Goddam you all, I told you so!” Moved and spoke rapidly, with a small, piping voice. Resurrected lifetime of reclaiming his physicality, as well as his good humor, and spending a long and productive go-round thoroughly enjoying both, while adding to his ongoing self-appointed task of regurgitating information for the edification of his ongoing times. Auguste Comte (1798-1857) French writer and philosopher. Outer: Father was a receiver-general of taxes for his district. Both parents were royalists and pious Roman Catholics, traits their son would reject early on. Strongly bonded to his mother. Delicate and ungainly, but made up for his weakness of body with an extraordinary memory, as well as an intellectual precocity, and a distrust of authority. A prize-winning pupil, he also evinced an ill-tempered rebelliousness that briefly shut down his school, L’Ecole Polytechnique in Paris. Returned home under police supervision, then came back to Paris in 1816. Enjoyed the intellectual life of the starving student, and read widely in his garret. Married Caroline Massin, a young prostitute in 1821, although his family rejected her in horror. Established a friendship with social thinker Claude Saint-Simon, who exerted a profound influence on him, showing him a scientific approach could be taken to politics and society. The duo later had a falling out, which would become part of his modus operandi, thanks to a difficult temperament and an inability to maintain cordial social relations, despite his ultimate role as a social philosopher. Published his first work in his mid-20s, viewing the evolution of humankind’s intellectual development as a tri-stated affair, theological, metaphysical and scientific, which drew humanity into the modern age of skeptical rational analysis. Founded Positivism, the belief that all observable phenomena reflected the mysteries of this world. His theories were well-received and he became a sought after lecturer, although he suffered a mental breakdown, made a suicide attempt by jumping into the Seine, was rescued by a passing soldier, and suffered a deep, depressive melancholia, from which he fully recovered in 1828. Lived simply but poorly with his wife, and in his early 30s, he attempted to codify all of science in a hierarchical manner, in Course de Philosophie which brought him disciples on the continent and in England. Despite being a prolific lecturer on a variety of subjects, he had to depend on monies from teaching and a bureaucratic role at his alma mater to support himself. Imprisoned briefly for refusing to serve in the National Guard, and in 1842, separated from his wife, sued his publisher for editing his copy and lost his bureaucratic position and half his income. Forced to depend on the generosity of friends and disciples afterwards, although he managed to alienate many of his supporters. In 1845, he fell in love with a sickly writer and began corresponding with her, although she insisted on keeping their relationship platonic. When she died a year later of tuberculosis, he spent the rest of his life mourning her, turning her into his ideal muse, in his final work, Politique Positive, in which he envisioned a utopia led by philosophers who would become the priests of his idealized society. Gradually separated from all his friends, and spent his last years in abject loneliness, eventually succumbing to cancer of the stomach, a symbol of loss of power. Inner: Introverted and reclusive. Vain, egocentric and curmudgeonly, despite promulgating altruism and high ideals. Anti-religion, albeit made a religion out of his own beliefs. Encyclopedia mind, with excellent powers of analysis, an irrational rationalist. Dualistic lifetime of exploring the darker, less socialized elements of his character, in, ironically, a go-round dedicated to just the opposite in theory. Denis Diderot (1713-1784) - French encyclopedist. Outer: One of 7 children of a successful cutler. Intended for the priesthood, he was sent to a Jesuit school, where he proved himself a superior student, although he did not enjoy the atmosphere. Dropped out to pursue his father’s trade, then returned and was tonsured in 1726. His maternal uncle, a Langres Cathedral cure, died and designated him as his successor, but the Cathedral refused to honor it, and he went to Paris. Probably continued his education there in theology, although after receiving a degree, he only wished to read and study, but his father insisted he take a clerkship in a lawyer’s office. Read the literary classics and natural sciences there instead and was soon fired, after which his father cut off his allowance, and he found himself impoverished, but in the bohemian literary milieu he craved. Worked as a bookseller’s hack and translator to support himself. Became a friend of writer Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Leonard Cohen), and began laying the foundation for his future work as an encyclopaediast. In 1743, he married Anne Toinette Champion, the daughter of a widowed bookkeeper, who was 4 years his senior, although it was a poor match, opposed by both sets of parents, one daughter from union. His wife was pious and ill-tempered, while he was a free-thinker, and he was soon in the beds of others, taking as much pride in his seductions as his scholarship. Published the first of his iconoclastic books in 1746 on Easter weekend, questioning supernatural revelation. His next work, predating later biological theory, landed him in prison for 3 months. On his release, he began work on his life’s task, the Encyclopedie, an attempt to codify all human knowledge up to that time, which would enlist many of France’s leading thinkers, as the ultimate written emblem of the Age of Enlightenment. Through a combination of indefatigable industry and enthusiasm, he put out the first volume in 1751, although it soon ran into Church opposition because of its heterodoxy, and by 1759, the work was formally suppressed. In addition to the writing, he also set the type himself, publishing 17 volumes from 1751 to 1765 with an additional 11 volumes of plates that followed. Introduced illustrations and cross-references, although only realized the equivalent of $600 a year for his monumental labors. Also wrote prolifically during this period, penning reviews and plays, which were not his metier, and later satirical fiction which was published posthumously. Never made much money from any of his efforts, and was forced late in life to sell his library to provide a dowry for his daughter. Peddled it to Catherine II of Russia (Indira Gandhi), who allowed him to keep his books until she had need of them, and then hired him as her librarian, allowing him the leisure of scholarly pursuits during the nearly 2 years he spent at her court. Returned to Paris in 1774, and spent the last decade of his life in quiet scholarship and writing, before dying of emphysema. Inner: Mercurial temper, and extremely fluid writer, penning ideas as they poured out of him, with little desire to give them order or editing. Because of his lack of discipline and temperament, unable to produce a single great work, preferring quantity to quality in his regurgitation of his learning. Ardent moralist, deterministic in his view of fate, and very scientific in his approach to philosophic problems. Saw nature and science as the end-all of existence, with little need for a God sitting above them, since they were both inherently dynamic on their own. Once opined, "Men will never be free until the last king is strangled with the entrails of the last priest." Scholar-libertine lifetime of pursuing and dispensing knowledge in a dual celebration of the mind and body, in his ongoing desire to continually codify and present the collective intellectual accomplishments of both his times and all times. Claude Perrault (1613-1688) - French physician and architect. Outer: Father was a lawyer who sat in Parliament. Had 3 brothers, all of whom became well-known, including Charles (M. Knight Shyalaman), who translated the Mother Goose Tales, and Pierre and Nicholas, who were a hydrologist and a theologian respectively. Initially trained in both math and medicine at the Univ. of Paris, he became a practicing physician. In 1666, he was elected as one of the initial members of the newly founded Academy of Sciences. Best remembered for his annotated French translation of Vitruvius’s On Architecture, as he unconsciously harkened back to a previous existence of his, in order to bring it up to present time. Thanks to his brother Charles’s influence, he was appointed to a three man commission responsible for rebuilding the Louvre, despite being a strict amateur in the way of architecture. Claimed credit for the final design of the Colonnade, which dominates the building’s east facade, although it was probably a collaboratory effort with his two partners. Designed the Paris Observatory, a monument for the ages, as well as several other edifices, and a triumphal arch, which was later discovered to be made of interlocking stone, with no mortar involved. Directed a team of anatomists that performed dissections on various animals, and is said to have died after catching something from dissecting a camel. Inner: Great scientific curiosity, Fraternal lifetime of enjoying a stimulating brotherhood with his family, which enabled him to integrate his ancient past with his present, while giving vent to his ongoing accruing of knowledge in a host of fields, and applying it directly to a host of disciplines. Vincent of Beauvais (c1190-1264) - French scholar and encyclopaedist. Outer: Entered the Dominican order around his mid-20s, and became a priest and theologian, serving first in Paris, then at Royaumont outside the city, and also in a newly formed monastery in Picardy. Through the support of Louis IX (Woodrow Wilson), and the royal family, who procured the texts he needed, he compiled a systematized encyclopedia of human knowledge up to that point. Worked on the project for over 20 years, dividing his Speculum Majus into 3 parts, his/storical, natural and doctrinal. A 4th part was added a century after his death. The his/story covered the span from creation to the time of Louis IX, summarizing both science and natural his/story, as well as literature, law, politics and economics. Had a deep respect for the classics, as well as a thorough knowledge of Greco-Roman cultural. Drew on earlier writers, and also accomplished the herculean task of synthesizing his efforts in 80 books. The work proved invaluable to later scholars of the Renaissance, as well as both English and French writers. Made lector and chaplain to the French court around 1250, ending his career in that position, while also writing an influential educational treatise on teaching royal progeny. Inner: Heroic information-dispensing lifetime of building on the base he established in his earlier Cassiodorus go-round, with the added impetus of a half-millennium. Cassiodorus (Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator) (c490-c585) - Roman monk, his/storian and encyclopaedist. Outer: From a Syrian family who had emigrated to southern Italy. Father was the governor of Sicily, under whom he served as an adviser, showing himself to be quite learned in the law. Pursued a public career under the Ostrogoth kings, becoming a quaestor in 507, a consul in 514, then a magister under Theodoric (Charles de Gaulle) and at the latter’s death in 526, he became chief of the civil service, keeping excellent records of all public affairs. Ended his active career as a praetorian prefect in 533, a prime ministerial post, and retired less than a decade later, from a court confounded by dynastic intrigue, to found a monastery named Vivarium, with the intent of collating the culture of Rome. Employing his monks as scribes, he set about to create an encyclopedia based on both pagan and Christian sources. Although no scholar himself, nor a particularly adept writer, he served as an information organizer, employing his own officially composed letters and documents for the kings he served as well as his edicts in his official posts. Also supervised a his/story, the Chronicon, which took civilization from Adam to the year 519. The most important section dealt with Biblical study and its pagan counterpart as a means of better understanding the west’s primary Holy Book within a larger context. Also compiled the works of 8 grammarians, a work on musical theory and projections on the nature of the soul and life after death. Around 537, he went to Constantinople for almost two decades, in his ongoing attempt at bridging the East and West by codifying the knowledge of each, before finally going home to spend the rest of his long life in southern Italy. Inner: A lover of learning, and of power as well, combining the 2 in his ongoing desire to codify human knowledge in accord with the tenets of each of his times. Long lifetime of gathering and collating information so as to aggrandize himself, as well as to celebrate the ongoing human capacity for turning nature to its own advantage. Vitruvius (Marcus Vitruvius Pollio) (fl. 1st cent. BZ) - Roman architect. Outer: Little is known of his life, save his writings. Became a prominent architect and engineer and was probably an old man by the time the emperor Augustus (Franklin D. Roosevelt) ascended the throne. Is best remembered for a 10 volume tome he wrote, On Architecture, which was based on Hellenistic principles, and was highly influential, covering as it did the full breadth of the topic, from town-planning to materials to water-supplies. Inner: Great desire to have his name be immortalized. Quite negative about the architecture of his own time, much preferred classical models. Information-dispensing lifetime of looking to the past for his inspiration, while looking to the future for his own long-lasting fame in doing so. Hosea (fl. 8th cent BZ) - Hebrew prophet. Outer: Virtually nothing known of his early life, other than his father’s name. Contemporary of the prophets Isaiah and Amos. According to his prophetical book in the Bible, he was deeply disturbed that the Israelites were worshiping other gods, and that their inner sense of the divine had been completely compromised. Per YHWH’s wishes, he married a sacred prostitute (Gomer), as symbol of the polluted relationship between Israel and its many gods. The duo had 3 children, who were given doom’n’gloom names, Jezreel, after a battlefield, and a son and daughter who translated into ‘Unloved” and ‘Not-my-people,’ as further indication of God’s rejection of His faithless flock. His wife was taken by another master, and through the loss, he came to see he truly loved her. Immediately began working on winning her back, just as he saw YHWH would do with Israel, and did so, allowing a certain optimism to come into his negative assessment of his times. Inner: Had a fascination with fertility rites, and also harbored great loathing for idolatry in all forms. Strong identification with his sense of the divine, to the point of acting out the larger relationship twixt God and Israel. Listen-up lifetime of thorough identification with the divine while giving play to his ongoing struggles with the physical, the spiritual and the emotional sense of the rational he brings to both.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS TROUBLED TROUBADOUR:
Storyline: The plaintive praiser of famous men finally finds his way past early death, despite a propensity for heroin, the drug of the dead, in his ongoing search for the God within, through whatever channels are available to him.
Steve Earle (Stephen Fain Earle) (1955) - American singer, songwriter, activist, actor and writer. Outer: Mother, who was subject to clinical depression, was also a staunch opponent of the death penalty, a cause he would later take up. Father was an air traffic controller. Oldest of 5, including sister Stacey Earle, who also became a singer/songwriter. Moved often as a child, before being raised mostly in a suburb of San Antonio, Texas. At 11, he got his first guitar, and quickly established an indelible rapport with the instrument. Began shooting drugs at 13, while his long hair and antiwar antics alienated potential fans, and brought him to the attention of local law enforcement. Dropped out of school at 14, and went to live with a 19 year old drug-addicted uncle, who encouraged his musical interests. Soon found a mentor in his idol Townes Van Zandt, who proved an excellent teacher and an equally disastrous role model in his constant pursuit of altered states, which he would emulate. Hitchhiked from Texas to Nashville at 19 and made it his home for the next three decades. Also felt a an extremely strong connection to Knoxville native, James Agee, his previous incarnation in this series, going so far as to trace some of his early footsteps. Never read any of his works, initially just felt a mutual intertwining with his kindred spirit, ultimately writing an introduction to a rerelease of “Death in the Family,” after finally familiarizing himself with Agee’s oeuvre. Supported himself with odd jobs, never working at any for more than three months, while pursuing a free-spirited lifestyle, that ultimately saw him on oil rigs, framing houses and shrimping, among other brief forays into the workplace. Married Sandra Jean Henderson in 1974, divorced two years later, while playing in various Nashville bands. On the eve of their wedding, her father offered him $5k to leave town. Made his recording debut in 1975 on Guy Clark’s album, another one of his idols, while also having his songs recorded by others, and becoming a staff writer with Sunbury Dunbar. Married Cynthia Dunn in 1977, in a mutually destructive and violent relationship, which ended in divorce three years later. Married Carol-Ann Hunter in 1981, their son, Justin Townes Earle, became a musician, as well. During this time he did a series of rockabilly songs for Epic Records, with two of them reaching the charts as modest hits. His release of “Guitar Town,” for MCA Records in 1986 finally brought him his due as an important link between rock and hillbilly, and the title track proved to be the most popular song of his career, which would see him become a dominant figure in alternate country. Divorced in 1987, and the same year he married Lou-Anne Gill, one son from the union which ended less than a year later, thanks to their mutual codependency on drugs. At the same time, he released his second album “Exit O,” and found himself a critic’s darlin’, as he expanded his musical reach into rock, and began gaining a British following, as well as an American one on both sides of the rock/country divide. His fifth marriage was to Maria Teresa Ensenat in 1988, which ended in divorce in 1992, as he became more and more involved with heroin and crack use, which made him increasingly unpredictable and ended his association with MCA, while he was living largely homeless in Nashville. Largely disappeared from performing and recording over the next two years, during which time he was arrested in 1994 for possession and sent to prison to serve a brief sentence, before being paroled after completing a rehab program. Able to stay clean and sober ever since, after ultimately racking up some 50 arrests for his various activities. In 1993, he remarried Lou-Anne Gill, only to divorce her four years later. During this period, some of his previous cuts were released, and after cleaning up, he formed his own label, E-Squared Records, which would feature his amalgam sound of rock, country and rockabilly, and his straightforward and often highly political sensibilities, geared towards incensing those adhering to America’s war and war on mentality. In addition to his considerable musical output, he has also published poetry, and a book of stories, “Doghouse Roses,” which explored personal themes that mirrored in his own life. His seventh marriage, and the only ceremony he was sober for, was to Allison Moorer, a singer/songwriter and actress some 17 years his junior, in 2005, with whom he would collaborate, and produce a son, John Henry, who is autistic and non-verbal. His wife would eventually leave him in 2012 for someone “younger, skinnier and less talented.” The same year he won a Grammy for best folk album, and added another one to his shelf in 2008, and a third in 2009 in a tribute to Townes Van Zandt. Moved to NYC at 50, where, coincidence would have it, he wound up within a couple of blocks of three different buildings where Agee lived as well. In 2011, he published his first novel, about a doctor who supports his heroin habit through doing abortions, “I’ll Never Get Out of This World Alive,” which was Hank Williams’ (Ryan Adams) last song before his premature death in 1953. Also released his 14th album of the same name at the same time. Appeared as a drug addict on several episodes of the cable series, “The Wire,” and also has been the subject of both a documentary and a biography. Has continued his acting career, and was also a broadcaster on the liberal, defunct Air America from 2004 to 2007, before becoming a DJ on Sirius Satellite radio’s Outlaw Country channel. Sees caring for his autistic son the most important thing in his life in his 60s. Has a net worth of $10 million. Inner: Strongly political and deeply opinionated as a social critic, with a socialist sensibility. Views his songs as three minute stories and literature that can be consumed while driving a car. Able to maintain his creative anger into deep middle-age, Hardcore troubadour lifetime of switching his primary mode of expression from the written to the sung word, while doing battle with longtime self-destructive tendencies, and for once, emerging integrated and whole from them. mJames Agee (1909-1955) - American writer and critic. Outer: Father was from a mountain farmer family and worked for the post office, mother was from a middle-class home and was a devout and emotional Anglo-Catholic who graduated the Univ. of Tennessee. One younger sister. Nicknamed Rufus, he was bright, verbal, precocious and solitary as child, in a loving but strict home. While his sire was warm and vital and probably a drinker, his mother was cool and pious. Idealized the former, while struggling with the latter’s far more conventional values of cleanliness, chastity and sobriety, which he spend a lifetime rebelling against. His progenitor died in an auto accident when he was 6, and the tragedy would take central place in his imagination, ultimately causing him to novelize it in A Death in the Family. His mother enrolled him at an Episcopal school, where he formed a lifelong friendship with Father James Flye. The former eventually married an Episcopal priest, which he felt was a betrayal and abandonment. Traveled to Europe with Flye, returned and entered Exeter Academy, and decided to be a writer on graduation. Blue-eyed and handsome, and already addicted to both alcohol and nicotine. Educated at Harvard, where he was subject to attacks of melancholy and depression. Became president and editor of the Harvard literary magazine, The Advocate, while also being arrested for public drunkenness, beaten and jailed. Did a parody of Time that so impressed publisher Henry Luce, he offered him a job on Fortune magazine, which he accepted. His melancholy remained unabated, and he felt the misfortune of being imprisoned at Fortune, where he continued his drinking. In his mid-20s, he married Olivia Saunders, the daughter of WASP academics whom he knew from Harvard, but she couldn’t rouse him from his sadness, despite her affectionate nature, and she ultimately left and divorced him, five years later. Made a suicide attempt, then at 30, he married Alma Mailman, a Jewish concert musician he had met at his ex-wife’s parents’ house. Published some poems, and grew more and more frustrated in his job, finally quitting in 1939, because they stopped printing his articles. Became a book, then film, critic for Time and later The Nation, setting new standards in that genre. With Walker Evans’s photographs, he portrayed poor Alabama sharecroppers in 1936 in Let Us Now Praise Famous Men, which began as a magazine piece. The book, which sold only 600 copies, came about after a 5 year struggle with the material and editors, and the magazine piece never appeared. Evans eventually slept with two of his wives, both times with his encouragement, and once while he was watching. Moved with his wife to a New Jersey farm, left it, then moved to another. Won a devoted following because of his insightful reviews, although he hated to have his stuff edited. Thanks to his continuing dolorous disposition, his wife, taking their son, left him. Since his sire had died at 36, he expected to do the same. Divorced again in 1941, and in his mid-30s, he married Mia Fritsch, an Austrian Catholic émigré he had worked with at Fortune. His 2nd son died before his 3rd marriage, having been born prematurely. 2 daughters from the 3rd union. Wrote novels, and went to Hollywood in the late 1940s to pen the screenplay for The African Queen for director John Huston. Hung out with humorist Dorothy Parker, and continued his heavy drinking, using benzedrine to sober up, before resuming his imbibing. Earned the dubious distinction of getting kicked out of the 20th Century Fox studio commissary because of his continuous malodorous state from never taking a bath. Suffered a serious heart attack in his early 40s, but refused to slow his pace, working on the life of Abraham Lincoln for TV. Had a further series of heart attacks, and finally died of one in a taxi cab, while en route to a doctor’s office, leaving his family with no will and $450 in the bank. Two years later, A Death in the Family was published, posthumously winning him a Pulitzer in 1958, although it would take 50 years, before a more completely structured version of it would be published, based on his notes. Inner: Strong sense of justice, difficult personality, with a profound melancholy, and the feeling he was an abject failure. Insatiable appetite for alcohol, cigarettes, benzedrine and sex, with the self-admitted attitude, “a little bit too much is just enough for me.” Always looking for the missing essence of self, which he called God, and constantly talking. Highly perceptive, and completely undisciplined, but with a great need to totally control his creative life. Sad-eyed lifetime of dealing with the loss of his beloved father, his symbolic all-loving God, and, as a result, feeling an inexorable draw towards compensatory self-destruction. mStephen Crane (1871-1900) - American writer and critic. Outer: 14th and last child of a Methodist minister, who died when son was 9. Raised by his devout mother. His parents may have been the same as in his Agee life. Attended a military prep school, and then studied engineering at Lafayette College, immediately failing the course before going on to Syracuse Univ., where he excelled in English and baseball. Lived for 2 years with a brother, then moved to NY and stayed in a medical students’ boardinghouse, while pursuing a literary career in between several newspaper jobs, where he focused on sketches of city life. Alternately bohemian and a social observer, he was befriended by established writers, and published a naturalistic novel, which did not find an audience. Went to Mexico and the West as a reporter, then achieved fame in his mid-20s, through The Red Badge of Courage, about the effects of a battle on a raw volunteer in the Civil War. Developed a unique style which explored the impersonal larger world against the unsettled emotions of his characters. Employed a strong use of color in many of his narratives, as well as an acute sense of impressionistic imagery. Enjoyed success with his next spate of books, but also embarrassed himself with his adventures in the demimonde of flesh for sale. Desired to experience war, but the ship he was on en route to Cuba, which was gun-running for the Cuban rebels, sank, and he was rowed to shore, after falsely having been reported drowned. Disappeared into the Cuban underworld for a while, in his own longheld fascination with the underside of society. Reported on the Greco-Turkish War, accompanied by Cora Taylor, the proprietress of the Hotel de Dream, a brothel, who abandoned her husband for him, and with whom he later lived in England. Returned to report on the Spanish-American War in Cuba, winning accolades for his red badge of courage as a volunteer signalman, after having earlier been rejected by the Navy because of his tubercular condition, and then went back to London in 1899. Rented a derelict 14th century manor house, but ruined himself financially with his mate by extravagant entertainments of the literati of England, while trying to write himself out of debt. Died of tuberculosis compounded by malaria, which he had picked up in Cuba, after a lifetime of ignoring his health to get at the journalistic and writerly truth. Inner: Strong sense of justice, fascination with death. Unconventional, great desire for chaotic experience. Particularly attuned to the emotions of pretension and fear. Foreshortened, albeit adventurous, lifetime of producing exquisite prose played off a sense of doom and self-destruction. mWilliam Hazlitt (1778-1830) - English writer and critic. Outer: From a family of Ulster dissenters on his paternal side. Father was a Unitarian minister, mother was the daughter of an ironmonger. Fourth of seven children, with two sons and two daughters dying in infancy and his oldest brother John, becoming a portrait painter. The family moved often, thanks to his sire’s rebellious republican ways. coming to America when he was 6 and returning to England 3 years later. Entered a Unitarian school in preparation to follow his father’s calling, but showed a far greater preference for art than theology, before finally settling on literature, as his means of discourse and spirituality, after meeting poet Samuel Coledridge (Ezra Pound). Studied art with a brother, and then became a painter, but never rose above mediocrity. Short and stocky and careless in dress. Joined the Lake District poets in 1804, where he manifested an egregious sexuality, and was asked politely to leave. Never felt comfortable with women of his own class, much preferring the looser company of those whom he could exploit erotically. Spent some time in the wilderness as penance, then returned to London, and became a reporter, while enjoying the friendship of writer Charles Lamb (Mark Twain). At 30, he married Sarah Stoddart, the sister of the literary editor of the London Times, 3 sons from the union, but only one lived to maturity. Had an unhappy connubiality, since his wife was an eccentric and undomestic woman, and had married him because she felt she was getting old. Separated after 14 years, while he was unfaithful all during that time, and his wife ultimately went to Scotland for a divorce. Gained attention through his critical essays on art and literature, seeing the poet’s life as important as the literature he or she produced. Arrested once for debt, heavy drinker for a while, then only black tea after he quit. After an unhappy affair with the daughter of a tailor, which left him shocked and outraged, in 1824, he married Isabella Shaw, a widow with an income of her own, who had fallen in love with him because of his writings only to leave him after a year. Wrote a worshipful biography of Napoleon, and died penniless from dysentery or stomach cancer after suffering stomach cramps, declaring to his son at the end that he had had a happy life. His landlady supposedly hid his body under some furniture so that she could his rooms to a prospective tenant, in a final worldly insult. One of the great essayists of the English language, whose life was frowned upon by his fellow Victorians but whose works were universally lauded. Inner: Great intelligence, uncompromising honesty. Thin-skinned, supersensitive, lonely, isolated, hard to like, alienated virtually everyone he knew, and was particularly oppressive to women. Extreme individualist, brilliant conversationalist, with a passionate feeling for liberty. Misogynistic lifetime of failing to integrate his difficult personality, while honing his critical facilities in the arts, and finding his spirituality in the written word, a pathway he would continue to pursue. mJan Hus (1371-1415) - Bohemian theologian. Outer: Son of poor peasants, who were, nevertheless, able to educate him. Enrolled at the Univ. of Prague, where he proved to be a brilliant student, and was noted for both piety and religious enthusiasm. Gained a master’s degree, and began lecturing at the university. After being ordained, he became dean of the philosophical faculty in his late 20s. The following year he became rector of the Univ. of Prague, and also began preaching at Bethlehem Chapel, attracting the wealthiest and most influential citizens of Prague. In 1408, after years of gradually moving away from Rome, he made a formal break with the Church. Enjoyed both the support of the populace and the Bohemian rulers, and turned his reforming zeal on the Bohemian clergy, while also earning the enmity of the power-hungry King of Hungry, Sigismund I (Oskar La Fontaine). Banned from preaching, he was excommunicated, and forced into exile from Prague by the Church, but was protected by the king of Bohemia and could move safely. Summoned out of Bohemia to answer charges against him at a church council. Promised safe passage by Sigismund, but was arrested and imprisoned and then tried for heresy, with his reformist writings held against him. Although he swore his loyalty to the Christian faith, he refused to recant his writings. Sick and emaciated, he spent his last weeks in prison writing his friends before being burnt at the stake. Before he died he predicted within 100 years a swan would arise that they would not be able to burn. That swan, Martin Luther (Martin Luther King) later took great delight in the role assigned him. His influence greatly increased after his martyred death. National hero in Bohemia, and his followers, the Hussites, subsequently fought a series of wars against a papal crusade, although they were ultimately defeated and the Roman Church was re-established in Bohemia. Inner: Highly moral, zealous reformer with an exemplary character. Saw religion as a matter of personal responsibility. Martyred lifetime of following the dictates of his spiritual heart, and though he suffered mightily for it, he influenced European religiosity for generations to come. mFriedrich von Spee (1591-1635) - German poet and priest. Outer: From a noble family, he was educated in a Jesuit school and was received into that order in his late teens. Studied theology at Cologne, where he later taught, as well as a host of other schools, before being ordained as a priest in 1624. Continued to teach at various German institutions in various cities, and was also a preacher as well. Served as a father confessor to over 200 condemned witches who were burned at the stake, believing none of them were guilty, although sadly discharged his duties. Best known for “Cautio Criminalis,” which was printed in 1631, and limned the horrible abuses of the witchcraft trials, which led to their abolition in a number of places. Transferred the following year to another town as a missionary for the Counter Reformation and his extraordinary success brought an assassination attack by gun which left him close to death for 11 weeks. During a long and difficult recuperation, he wrote the poetry upon which his reputation rests. After his convalescence, he returned to Cologne 4 years later to lecture on moral theology, while continuing to write his lyrical religious verse. In the war-torn environment of the city, a great plague struck, and although he established a hospital and tended to the sick, he, too, succumbed to it, and died in his early 40s. Inner: Deeply pious and thoroughly imbued with a poetic sense of faith, hope and charity. Harbored a great lyrical love of Jesus Christ. Saintly lifetime of doing both distasteful and necessary service to humankind through a deeply felt Catholic religiosity that he celebrated through both word and deed. mSt. James (?-44B.Z.) - Judaean apostle and martyr. Outer: Father was Zebedee, a prosperous fisherman of Galilee, mother’s name was Salome. Older brother of the apostle, St. John (John Stott), and one of the 12 apostles, who became the intimate followers of the prophet Jesus. Originally a fisherman, and then a fisher of men. Became a follower of John the Baptist (Martin Heidigger), before being asked by the prophet Jesus to join his inner circle. As one of the first to be called, he and his brother were known as the ‘sons of thunder,’ for their passionate beliefs, their high temper and their willingness to suffer for their faith. Called ‘the Great,’ to distinguish him from the other James, the lesser (John Coltrane), who became an apostle after him. Before committing himself to Jesus, he and his brother went back to their original trade, and then became full-time apostles. Supposedly preached in Spain, although no proof exists of his having gone there. One of the three who witnessed the Transfiguration and the agony in the Garden of Gethsemane. The first of the apostles to die, when he was beheaded by order of Herod Antipas (Menachem Begin), although he also may have been stoned to death. Considered the patron saint of arthritis and rheumatism, as well as apothecaries, druggists and pilgrims among many other trades and places. Usually shown as a dark-bearded man holding either a book, scroll or sword as emblematic of his many sides. His Feast day is July 25th, and some believe that his remains are buried in Santiago de Compostela in Spain. Inner: Passionate and fervent, with an all-abiding belief in what he was doing. There at the creation lifetime of setting a pattern of early exits, initially inspired by faith and later by physical circumstances, in his circuitous dance down through time as an increasingly secular personality, with the acute sensibilities of a sharp-eyed critic, and his spirituality residing more and more in his divine sense of language.

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PATHWAY OF THE PRELATE/POLITICIAN AS TRADITIONALIST & ARCH WIT:
Storyline: The conservative cleric turns to the secular sphere to expand both his influence and his epicurean sensibilities, while adhering to the postures of the prerogative-laden upper-class in an all-around enjoyable go-round of privilege and position.

mWilliam F. Buckley, Jr. (1925-2008) - American writer and public personality. Outer: Son of a wealthy lawyer and oil man, and sixth of 10 children. Mother was deeply religious. Raised a Roman Catholic and in patrician privilege in France, England and the U.S. Attended English boys’ schools, had private tutors, went to the Univ. of Mexico for a half year, then served for 3 years in the army during WW II, as a second lieutenant, before entering Yale Univ., where he studied political science, economics and his/story. Proved a gifted debater, taught Spanish and was chairman of the Yale Daily News, as well as a member of Skull & Bones. Came to prominence afterwards, with God and Man at Yale: The Superstitions of Academic Freedom, an affirmation of orthodox spirituality, which accused the university of fostering atheism. In 1950, he married Patricia Taylor, a Vancouver heiress and former model who had been his sister’s roommate at Vassar, one son from the union, Christopher, who also became a well-known writer. Worked briefly for the CIA in Mexico in the early 1950s, wrote a second bestseller in praise of the controversial red-baiter, Sen. Joseph McCarthy (Ann Coulter), then, at 30, became the founding editor of the National Review, a journal which would help shape conservative politics for a generation, with his anti-communism, anti-egalitarianism, and free-market libertarian sentiments. The magazine would also give voice to many a lively mind of his time in its pages, and serve as a lonely beacon against America’s predominant post-war liberalism, taking such outrageous stances as suggesting both uneducated whites and blacks should be denied the vote. 5 of his 6 sisters wound up working for NR, with his older sibling, Priscilla, becoming its lifelong editor. A little over a decade later, he became host of Firing Line, a TV show dedicated to politics and public affairs, which furthered his enormous influence as the godfather of revivified American conservatism. Held several governmental posts, including U.S. representative to the United Nations for a year, and was a tireless public lecturer. Ran for mayor of NYC in 1965 with great wit and style, as a means of challenging liberal Republicanism for the core of the party’s belief. Although he contributed to John Lindsay’s victory, it also proved the death knell for that wing of the party, and many of his stances would later be adopted as carved-in-stone conservative Republicanism. Proved to be a prolific writer as a journalist, novelist and commentator, as well as an eventual public icon, thanks to a charming consistency to his thinking and powers of articulation, making him everybody’s favorite conservative, despite some egregious stances that showed little tolerance for society’s misfits. In 1976, he introduced CIA operative Blackford Oakes in “Saving the Queen,” and went on to pen a dozen of his adventures over the next three decades, allowing himself a deft forum for both fantasy and personalized political commentary on the Cold War period.An avid, albeit reckless yachtsman, he was known as ‘Captain Crunch,’ to his frightened crews. Highly social, and an enthusiastic smoker and drinker, with little thought to consequences of health, he was a throwback to the thoughtful upper classes of centuries and continents past. Ended his TV show in 1999 after 33 years, and in 2004 retired from The National Review, although he remained a public voice, most noticeably as a vocal critic of George Bush’s Iraq War. Lost his wife in 2007. Suffered from diabetes and emphysema, and was discovered dead of a heart attack at his desk in the process of writing by his cook, in a fitting farewell of active communicatory engagement. Ultimately wrote more than 50 books, as well as 5600 twice weekly columns comprising some 4.5 million words, summing up some of it in his memoir, “Miles Gone By: A Literary Autobiography,” published at career’s end. His collected papers, which he donated to his alma mater, weighed seven tons. Inner: Witty, well-socialized, articulate and aristocratic. Impatient, impulsive, arrogant and supremely self-involved, remaining a teenager, on some levels, his entire life. Quick thinker, droll tongue, epicurean, with strongly held traditional Roman Catholic spiritual beliefs. Living embodiment of power and privilege and letters. Seatbelts unbuckled lifetime of living out his fantasies as a well-rewarded articulator of tradition, after previously being restrained by his public positions as an emblem of Church’n’State. mJohn Henry Newman (1801-1890) - English cardinal and man of letters. Outer: Son of a banker, both parents were Anglicans. Educated in an evangelical home and then at Trinity College, Oxford, becoming a fellow there, then vice principal and finally vicar of St. Mary’s, Oxford’s church, as well as select preacher to the university. A firm believer in the early church fathers as the foundation of his faith. In his early 30s, he became an organizer and the prime intellectual force behind the Oxford Movement, which stressed the Catholic elements in the Church of England. In his many tracts, sermons and other writings, he articulately limned out his stance for the country-at-large, and in so doing, became a national figure. Finally resigned his position in his early 40s, and was received into the Roman Catholic Church in 1845, rationalizing his conversion by viewing his previous Protestantism as an askew path from the original true church. Struggled, however, with his own interpretation of Catholicism against the more orthodox clergy, after being ordained in Rome. Founded an English oratory, and was rector of Catholic Univ. in Dublin for 4 years during his mid-50s, although he found the task onerous. Distrusted initially for his relative liberalism, he also won the enmity of the Anglicans. Challenged on moral grounds by writer Charles Kingsley (Cecil Day-Lewis), and responded with his best-known work, Apologia pro Vita Sua, a religious autobiography. Continually involved in intellectual, religious and educational controversies, contending a moral upbringing far outweighed a practical, instructional one. Offended the papacy through a misunderstanding about his thoughts on its infallibility, and had to wait to be made a cardinal until his late 70s. Given an honorary fellowship by his alma mater, and spent his later years amidst admiring neighbors. Inner. His subtle mind, poetic sensibilities, powerful intellect, had a strong effect on the English religious sentiments of his time. Highly sensitive to criticism, had difficulty in blunting it, and little interest in social or political reform. Immersed lifetime of being in his true element, the intellectuality of spiritualism and riding it for its full thoughtful and emotional worth. mEdmund Burke (1729-1797) - English statesman and writer. Outer: 2nd son of an Irish Protestant solicitor who probably adopted the religion because of the English penal laws against Catholics practicing law. Mother was devoutly Roman Catholic. Raised a Protestant and ultimately fought all systems of obedience based on force. Attended rural Irish schools and graduated Trinity College in Dublin before going to London to study law at the Middle Temple. Because of weak health, he traveled in England and France, and then had his allowance cut off when he gave up the law in order to write. Tall and dignified, with a commanding air. Established himself with several critical works, and joined the intellectual circle around writer Samuel Johnson (Winston Churchill). Founded a political periodical the Annual Register, to which he contributed for nearly 3 decades. Married Jane Nugent, his doctor’s daughter, in his mid-20s, 2 sons, one dying in childhood, in what would be a happy union, with his wife converting from Catholicism. Served as secretary to the Chief Secretary of Ireland for 3 years, then began his political career in earnest 1765 as secretary to the Marquis of Rockingham (Nelson Rockefeller) when he was prime minister, and had a lifelong friendship with him. Entered Parliament in his mid-30s, where he advocated a more judicious approach to the mounting problems of the American colonies, urging conciliation with them, although upholding England’s right to tax them. His halting speech patterns made him an ineffective speaker, despite his natural eloquence. In 1768, he purchased an estate in Beaconsfield for a considerable sum, which raised questions about speculations with East India stock, an issue never resolved in his lifetime. Showed himself to be a strong advocate of political parties in lieu of patronage and family connections. Visited France in 1773, where he met the encyclopaedists. Became postmaster general during Rockingham’s 2nd ministry, affecting some reforms and bringing the abuses of England towards its colonies to light. Championed many liberal and reform causes, but from the perspective of conservative rather than radical change, with a great respect for the institutions of the past, albeit with a continual eye for improving them. Lost his seat in 1780 for his stances on free trade with Ireland and Catholic Emancipation, although won another seat the following year from a different borough. During the long Tory administration of William Pitt the Younger (J. William Fulbright), he became a member of the opposition, and remained so for the rest of his political life. Took an active part in the investigations against the East India Company, and also advocated abolition of the slave trade. Although an early enthusiast for the French Revolution, he soon was revulsed by its violence and became a leading English spokesman for European conservatism in the face of its excesses. His Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he laments that reform rather than destruction should have been the fate of the French monarchy, would remain his best-known work, despite a host of inaccuracies. Eventually broke with his party over resistance to further reform for fear of revolutionary results. Retired in 1794 with a pension, for which he was criticized. Dedicated his life to 5 causes: the emancipation of the House of Commons from the control of the monarchy, the emancipation of the American colonies, the emancipation of Ireland, the emancipation of India from the control of the East India Company, and profound opposition to the atheism of the French Revolutionary Jacobins. Earned undying enmity for the last stance, as an enemy of political liberty. Through his writings, which were published in multi-volumes after his death, he exerted enormous influence on subsequent political thought in England and America, as well as France, developing his overview from direct involvement in government rather than as a sideline critic. Inner: Believed in continuity of political experience. Able to identify with colonial suffering, through his own direct experience of growing up in oppressed Ireland. Also identified, however, with the aristocracy, viewing it as a natural repository for leadership. Activist lifetime of integrating politics, philosophic outlook and exposition in an exemplary life of fusing intellect with action and astute analysis. mReginald Pole (1500-1558) - English prelate. Outer: From a noble family related to the English crown on both sides. Through the royal beneficence of his cousin Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook), he was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford and in Padua, Italy, then given minor church offices, before finishing his education in Paris in 1529-1530. Unable to support his cousin when he sought a divorce from his first queen, choosing church over state in his loyalties. Allowed to return to Padua and wrote a long treatise on the subject defending the pope’s spiritual authority. Made a cardinal by the Pope in 1536, and was sent on diplomatic missions against Henry VIII, but the king executed his brother and then his mother in vengeance for his treason. Given several papal offices, and just missed being elected himself, when the French and Italians failed to endorse him. When Mary I (Rose Kennedy) ascended the throne, he became legate to England, and eagerly absolved the country, after being allowed to return following her marriage to Felipe II of Spain (Adolf Hitler). Refounded monasteries, convoked a reforming synod, and held extraordinary power, virtually running the government. Made archbishop of Canterbury in 1556, as well as chancellor of Cambridge Univ., but within a year, for political reasons, he had his legatine status canceled, and was denounced as a heretic by the pope. Thoroughly defeated, he died within twelve hours of the last Catholic queen of England. Inner: Honorable but opportunistic, with a single purpose, to restore the ecclesiastical system that the English Reformation had crushed. Focused lifetime of dealing with the vagaries of Church’n’State, and power both won and lost on the highest political and social levels. mWilliam Laud (1573-1645) - English archbishop. Outer: Son of a prominent master clothier, who employed a host of workers, and held every office in his prosperous town, save for mayor. Only child, although his mother had been married to another clothier beforehand, and had had a family with him. Almost died as a youngster, then was designed for the church from boyhood onwards. Educated locally, then sent to St. John’s, Oxford, at 15 on a scholarship. Garnered a considerable academic reputation, and was chosen as a scholar in 1590, and admitted as a fellow to the school in 1593. Lost his father the following annum, and was quite sick twice in the late 1590s, before being ordained a deacon in 1601, and made a priest the following year. Became a proctor in 1603, but a lecture in which he propounded the perpetual visibility of the Church via the apostolic succession, brought him into conflict with the dominant Calvinist party there, and won him the pariah label of papist. Nevertheless, he was able to combine a successful career of teacher and churchman thanks to his organizational abilities and keen intelligence, and wound up rising to the presidency of his alma mater a decade later. Made decisions along the way based on his own advancement, including performing a marriage ceremony for his patron, the Earl of Devon (Baz Luhrmann) with a divorcee, Penelope Rich (Uma Thurman), which he would penitentially regret, although his career always seemed to come first to him, despite having a genuine sense of religiosity. Nevertheless, he was vehemently attacked at the time. Continued his rise, with a series of bishoprics in the 1620s, and was ultimately made royal chaplain. An anti-Puritan, he upheld orthodox tradition in the Anglican Church. Confidant and chaplain to the Duke of Buckingham (Warren Beatty), he exercised his power of appointment, as well as policy, through royal connections. Unmarried, save to power. Made chancellor of Oxford in 1629, and proved a generous benefactor there, as well as to his native town. Replenished the past at Oxford, making it an institution in celebration of his values, while taking much more of an active role in the university, than most of those who held the post before him. Also served as chancellor of Trinity College in Dublin for the last dozen years of his life. Appointed archbishop of Canterbury in 1633, he exercised enormous power in pursuing Puritans and blocking their pathways to influence. Had the ears of pamphleteer William Prynne (H. L. Mencken) shorn off twice for seditious libel, and won his undying enmity, which would later feed into his own downfall. Saw Church’n’State as one, and continued to push his religious views on a nation which held his beliefs in high suspicion. Threatened Scottish independence by enforcing new prayer-books and canons, and had his minions report on any and all deviations from his dictates throughout the countryside. Fed into the rebellious Covenanter movement in Scotland, via his anti-Presbyterian stance, while using the confidence of Charles I (George VI), to implement his policy of suppression, becoming a hated figure throughout the realm. With the possibility of a Civil War brewing, he was taken to the Tower of London, on orders of the reformed Long Parliament in 1641. All his goods, as well as his books, were seized in 1643, and none other than William Prynne, under warrant from the House of Commons, searched his rooms and his person, in an act of sweet revenge on the part of the earless, branded latter figure. After being tried 2 years later, he was beheaded for treason under a bill of attainder, despite receiving a royal pardon, by a king doomed to follow him to the headsman several years later. Inner: Humorless, dwarfish, with an overweening sense of order and tradition. Narrow-minded, but consistent, with the ability to show flashes of wit. Always sensitive about his relatively common origins, as well as his short stature. Later seen as a model for the Oxford Movement, which was brought about by a more enlightened version of himself. Limited vision lifetime of playing off the powers of Church’n’State without the true humanity to separate his wishes from his sense of personal power, in order to see opposing viewpoints, and thereby truly see himself. Adrian IV (Nicholas Breakspear) (c1100-1159) - English pope. Outer: Father was a clerk in the royal service before becoming a monk. Went to Thomas a Becket’s (Martin Luther King) old school, before going to France to continue his education, and winding up at Avignon. Became a canon regular at an Arles monastery, before rising to prior, and then abbot there sometime between his late 30s and mid-40s. Proved to be a bit too enthusiastic in his reforms for the monks beneath him, leading to numerous complaints lodged against him with Rome, although they only managed to bring him to the attention of the papacy, who made him a cardinal bishop in 1149. Served as a papal legate in Scandinavia, where he was so successful in reorganizing the church there, he was dubbed “the Apostle of the North” on his return. Elected pope in 1154, the only pontiff ever born in England, and immediately had to deal with a host of problems. Put Rome under interdict in an unprecedented move meant to curtail the revolutionary activities of rabble-rouser republican Arnold of Brescia (Karl Marx), after a mob attacked a cardinal. Formed an alliance with the Byzantine empire and its emperor Manuel Comnenus (Antonio Banderas) when they invaded southern Italy, in order to do battle with the Normans in Sicily, whose king he refused to recognize. The latter, however, ultimately prevailed, and the Byzantine army was forced out of Italy, while any hope of healing the schism between the eastern and western churches was dashed as well, particular in light of the pope’s declaration of the primacy of Rome. Issued a controversial Bull that gave Ireland to the English king, although its authenticity would later be permanently in dispute. Had a confrontation with HRE Friedrich I (Michael Milken) over proper procedures when the former came to be officially crowned in 1155. Although the emperor backed down, the two would remain at loggerheads with a variety of back-and-forths between them, with several centering around the latter’s investiture of his favorites in the archbishoprics of Cologne and Ravenna. The German bishops and nobility all supported the emperor, while he further insulted Friedrich by sending beggars as letter-bearers to him. In return, the emperor encouraged Rome to revolt, and he was forced to retreat to Agnani, since the Eternal City offered him no protection. Just at the point when he was ready to excommunicate Friedrich, he suddenly passed away. Probably died of some form of tonsillitis, although rumor would have it that he choked on a fly in his wine, a symbolic reference to the highly mobile HRE’s challenge to his sacramental authority. Inner: Forceful, direct, and a highly effective preacher, with an excellent voice. Scholarly, with a deep belief in the primacy of the papacy. Firing line lifetime of extreme activism for his beloved beliefs, in preparation for an equally notable millennium of mixing politics with religiosity as an exemplar of God and man at large. St. Thomas (?-72) - Galilean apostle. Outer: Also called Didymus the Twin in Greece. Little is known of his early life. Probably from a Jewish family in Galilee, but there is little record of how he came to be a follower of Jesus and one of his original twelve apostles. All were chosen because of their innate communication skills, since they would be the original spreaders of the Good Word. Showed himself to be both courageous and loyal in his willingness to die when Jesus came to Jerusalem for his fated ending, while his questioning nature came to the fore in early accounts, including stating during the Last Supper, how could his fellow apostles know the way when they did not know where Jesus was going. Refused to accept the resurrection on Pentecost Sunday unless he received concrete proof of it, and was the only apostle missing when their righteous shepherd revealed himself following his crucifixion and entombment. Finally showed faith that his spiritual master had indeed returned from the dead, drawing a rebuke from the latter around those who did not see but believed anyway, as he fell at his feet and cried, “My Lord and my God.” Supposedly headed east to spread the gospel, and may have reached India, after first showing a reluctance to travel so far. Allegedly built seven churches there, and was ultimately stabbed with a spear while praying. Initially buried in Mylapore on India’s east coast, before his relics found their lasting resting place in Ortona, Italy. His feast day is July 3rd, and he is considered the patron saint of architects. Inner: Filled with questions around faith and tangible proof of it, earning the sobriquet, ‘Doubting’ Thomas. Courageous and steadfast, while far more attuned to the material world than his fellow apostles, needing to have his faith affirmed by concrete manifestation. Questioning lifetime of making belief a matter of far more than faith, but actual proof, the singular acolyte of Jesus to do so, in preparation for his long run through Western religious annals as a political conservative who would see Church’n’State as one thanks to an all-abiding sense of the material righteousness of his own religiosity.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET/PHILOSOPHER AS ICONIC INDIVIDUALIST:
Storyline: The commonsensical contrarian always makes his presence felt through his idiosyncratic writings and beliefs, as a constant champion of individual liberty against the unfeeling and, to his view, oppressive state.

Edward Abbey (1927-1989) - American writer and naturalist. Outer: Father was a highly opinionated hardscrabble farmer, magazine salesman and school bus driver, as well as a Marxist who believed in the Whitmanesque dictum, “resist much, obey little,” which he would pass down to his son. Mother was a schoolteacher, who passed on a great love of music to his children. Became disgusted with the big lumber companies’ wanton destruction of the pristine woodlands near him, while his whole family had an instinctive distrust of Washington, and a great love for the outdoors. Hitchhiked across the West between his junior and senior years in high school, and saw his future there. Drafted into the army, he served as an MP in Italy, before using the G.I. Bill to go to the Univ. of New Mexico. Studied English and philosophy there, and edited the student literary magazine, until he posited on the cover of it, “Man will never be free until the last king is strangled with the entrails of the last priest,” a quote from Denis Diderot (H.G. Wells). Married Jean Shmeckel in 1965, and separated, thanks to his compulsive chasing after double-X chromosomers. Ultimately abandoned his wife and two young sons to pursue his desired career as a writer. His first spouse died in 1970, and he wound up marrying five times all told and siring three sons and two daughters, despite continually decrying overpopulation, and showing little interest in fatherhood beyond begetting. His second wife was Rita Deanin, whom he divorced in 1965. Wife number three was Judy Pepper, who died at decade’s end. His fourth wife was Renee Downing, who he wed in 1973 and divorced in 1982, and his fifth and final official mate was Clarke Cartwright, who outlived him. Got a B.A. in philosophy in 1951, then wrote an 80 page treatise on anarchism as his master’s thesis, which got him a Fulbright for postgraduate work at the Univ. of Edinburgh. In between, he published his first novel in 1954. Afterwards, he went to work on-and-off for the next fifteen years or so, for the Forest Service as a fire lookout and ranger, using his time to pen his observational takes on the Western landscape, which produced the first of his two seminal books, “Desert Solitaire,” in 1968, after a further string of novels. Became a cult figure for environmentalists, who saw him as a redeemer and hero against the soulless hand of development in his rants against ranchers, and his rages against the machines of modernity. Cemented his reputation after watching the construction of Glen Canyon Dam, with “The Monkey Wrench Gang,” in 1975, a tale of a misfit band of eco-terrorists, which would be transliterated into real life by the Earth First movement, who actualized many of his fantasies by doing damage to mindless exploitative growth. Wrote the tome as a companion piece to Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense,” an earlier go-round of his. Idolized his previous Thoreau lifetime, in a far more earthy beer-drenched version of it. Died of esophageal varices, an internal bleeding disorder usually brought on by alcoholism. His final words were a written, “No Comment.” Secretly buried afterwards in the desert, per agreement with one of his close drinking buddies. Inner: Prickly as his nickname, “Cactus Ed,” cranky and deeply committed to preserving the American wilderness. Very aware of his own image, and not above bending facts to fit the myths around him. Divided character, part reclusive book-lover and part bibulous bearded bard of the badlands. Deliberately provocative, with a dislike of exploiters of all stripes, and a paranoid distaste for East Coast critics, whom he felt were out to get him. Politically radical, yet social conservative, with very conventional view of the sexes. Contradictory contrarian lifetime of acting out his longtime sense of alienation with a highly masculine bravado and brio, while appearing just in time to see his beloved wilderness eaten alive by mismanagement and complete disregard for its vitality, a state of affairs he would subsequently and unconsciously visit on himself, in reflection of what he saw around him. Henry Thoreau (1817-1862) - American writer and naturalist. Outer: Of English, Scottish and French descent. Mother was of Puritan stock and the daughter of a clergyman. Father was a pencilmaker. Delighted in both nature and solitude as a lad, and the two would come to define his later life. Youngest of three with his two older siblings, a brother and sister, both schoolteachers. Especially close to his older brother John, who taught school, so that he could have a higher education. Never a scholar, although he showed himself to be proficient at his studies, while much preferring the great outdoors as his classroom, and his own observational skills as his best teacher. Went to Harvard Univ., where he was introduced to the writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson (Reinhold Niebuhr), and the two later would become friends, and key members of the New England Transcendental Movement. After graduating, he worked for a while in his father’s pencil shop, and taught at a local grammar school, before being invited into the Emerson home in 1841, where he lived for two years as a gardener and handyman, taking full advantage of his huge library, with a break towards the end to explore the literary market in NYC. Dabbled in verse, but showed no particular skill as a poet. In 1842, his brother cut himself while shaving, developed lockjaw, and died in his arms, which traumatized him, and probably made him leery of intimate relationships forever afterwards. Never married. In 1845, he built a small cabin on a pine slope near Walden Pond, which Emerson owned, and lived there for two years, free of material constraints, selling the vegetables, beans and potatoes he grew on his few acres and doing surveying work to support himself, while clearing underbrush and planting trees, although the greater core of his time was reserved for himself. Spent his days reading, observing nature, and interacting with the various creatures of the woods, while writing in a journal, and also penning a remembrance of a canoe trip he took with his brother in 1839, which would be his first published full length work. Remained quite social in his isolation, since the pond, a lake actually, was often frequented by visitors, and he was very much interested in the current of current events. In 1846, he spent a night in jail for refusing to pay a poll tax, which he felt supported the extension of slavery through the Mexican War. Released the next day when his aunt paid his debt, although his stay would lead to one of his most influential essays, “On Civil Disobedience,” published in 1849, which would affect a worldwide variety of movements in the 20th century. Spent his time lecturing, surveying and making pencils, while working on what would prove his masterwork, “Walden, or Life in the Woods,” which was published in 1854, after nine drafts. Got the reputation as a cranky hermit from the work, although he was a delightful companion, and a fount of observations and opinions. In 1859, he became the first person to speak out in favor of abolitionist John Brown, in his raid of a federal arsenal. Traveled throughout New England, and was particularly interested in Indigene life and the frontier. Eventually succumbed to tuberculosis at the relatively early age of 44, with his last words supposedly, “Moose” and “Indian.” His huge journal would later be published in 20 volumes, and he would remain an emblem in American mythos of cantankerous New England Yankee contrarianism, as well as an environmentalism of the first order, preaching what he practiced. Inner: Dreamer and idealist. Reclusive, thoughtful, and strongly humanistic, as well as anarchistic at heart, with a belief in ultimate goodness that would allow people to govern their own lives in moral and righteous manner, without the imposition of restrictive rules on them. Thought the less labor one did, the better, positing the anti-Biblical 6 days of rest for one day of work as his ideal. Very much interested in provoking his readership to rethink their own lives. Far more attuned to nature’s creatures than those of his own species. A man apart lifetime of looking to nature for the larger meaning of his life, and winding up an icon of nature-worshiping individuality, a champion of civil liberties, and a moral beacon for many of the progressive movements of century number twenty. Thomas Paine (1737-1809) - English/American writer and political theorist. Outer: Father was a poor Quaker corset-maker and tenant farmer. Mother was an Anglican and an attorney’s daughter who felt she married beneath herself, making for an unhappy union, which was compounded by a sister who died when she was less than a year of age. Went to grammar school until he was 13, at which point poverty made him earn his own keep, and he apprenticed himself to his progenitor, although had no feeling for his progenitor’s profession. Spent several years at sea, both literally and figuratively, before eventually taking up his sire’s trade again, setting up shop in Kent. Married in 1759 to Mary Lambert, and saw his life fall apart soon afterwards, when his business collapsed, and his wife died in childbirth along with their issue. In 1762, he got an appointment as an excise officer, but was discharged three years later for fudging on his duties. Asked to be reinstated, and while waiting reappointment, he did lowly work, while also applying to become an ordained minister of the Church of England. May or may not have preached as such, before finally being reinstated after a stint as a schoolteacher in London. In 1768, he received another appointment in Sussex, and began to become involved in civic affairs through a local Whig club. Married his landlord’s daughter, Elizabeth Olive in 1771 in a largely disconnected union. Despite having no literary background, he wrote easily and well, from the time he began putting quill to paper, with his first pamphlet in 1772, a grievance. Two years later, he was dismissed once again from service for being absent without leave. A subsequent meeting with Benjamin Franklin (R. Buckminster Fuller) in London, would be the turning point of his life. Franklin gave him letters of introduction to his son-in-law in America, and he sailed for the New World in 1774, deliberately and eagerly separating from his wife and his past to do so. Two years later, he would publish a pamphlet called “Common Sense,” which called for a separation of the colonies from the mother country and the creation of a republic, arguing that the longer the inevitability of independence was delayed, the more difficult it would be to achieve. The small tract was universally read, selling a half million copies in both American and Europe, and it became an enormously influential rallying point for many who committed themselves to revolution over it. During the subsequent war, he served as a voluntary aide-de-camp to Gen. Nathanael Greene (Omar Bradley), during which time he wrote more influential tracts, one of which began with the immortal line, “These are the times that try men’s souls.” As a reward he was given several posts by order of Congress, only to indiscreetly publish allusions to secret negotiations with France, and was forced to resign. Made clerk of the Pennsylvania legislature afterwards, and as such went along on a diplomatic mission to France. Given an estate in New Rochelle, New York as reward for his services, while also being enriched by Congress. Despite the esteem he was held in, by some, he also had a fondness for brandy, which gave him the reputation of being a drunkard, while his disregard for his personal appearance did nothing to dissuade that opinion. Returned to Europe in 1787 with the model of an iron bridge he had designed, and became involved in English politics, which resulted in “The Rights of Man,” his other seminal work, and was immediately suppressed by the English government, as an incendiary call of upheaval of the first order. Indicted for treason, he escaped into France, where he was elected to the French convention, while being declared an outlaw in England. Subsequently received with great acclaim by the revolutionary French, despite having little knowledge of the language. When he posited that a regicide would permanently alienate American support, he was tossed into jail in 1793 by the Jacobins, and just barely escaped the guillotine by sheer chance, when the chalked death- mark on his door was not seen by his executioner. While in France, he penned, “The Age of Reason,” a Quaker’s eyeview of religion as benign, save in the service of politics, and totally inconsistent with his own distant Deism, which posited an uninvolved God in human affairs. Following the fall of the Jacobins, he was restored to his seat in the convention, but a deep bitterness remained, and he gave voice to it by unfairly attacking George Washington (George Marshall) via a letter, which would bode ill for his ultimate return to America in 1802, after he wore out his welcome in France by criticizing Napoleon’s power grab. His last seven years would be spent in poverty, ostracism and ill health. During this period, one of his workers fired a missed shot at him over resentments while he was reading, but he refused to press charges. Continued putting pen to paper, although eventually lost the use of his legs, and needed constant care at the end. Following his death and burial, he was dug up and brought back to England by William Cobbett (H.L. Mencken), only to have his bones ultimately lost after a furniture dealer bought them in 1844, in one final bizarre touch to a life driven by anything put commonsensical reason. Inner: Opinionated and temperamental, with a tremendous sense of self-surety, coupled with a chronic inability to manage his own affairs, as well as a galling facility for alienating both friend and foe alike. Thought the masses, by and large, were fools, although was extraordinarily influential over them through his fluid expression of ideas. Felt all governments were inherently evil, and was extremely suspicious of everyone who wielded power. Self-acclaimed missionary of world revolution, with a incredibly self-destructive propensity for insulting the leadership of all his host countries. Paine-ful lifetime of showing himself a master of well-expressed thought, and an absolute disaster in his larger political relationships, visiting endlessly unreasonable condemnations on himself, that were entirely self-inflicted. Desiderius Erasmus (Gerrit Gerritszoon) (1466-1536) - Dutch humanist. and writer. Outer: Illegitimate product of the daughter of a physician and an eventual priest. Raised along with his older brother by his mother, and later Latinized his name to its familiar form. At 9, he was sent to a school run by a celebrated humanist of the time, and displayed both an extraordinary memory and quick powers of comprehension as a student. Serially lost both his parents in his early teens, and wound up, to his great displeasure, at a monastery school courtesy of his guardians for two years. Wandered afterwards, until the latter forced him to enter a monastery near his birthplace, despite his totally lack of any sense of religious vocation. To stay his boredom, he delved into the ancient classics, which deeply inspired him, and underlined his indifference to his surroundings. In 1491, he was chosen as secretary to the Bishop of Cambrai because of his linguistic abilities, and ordained as a priest. Sent to Paris in 1496 to finish his studies, although was totally repelled by the scholasticism of the time, and spent his time traveling in France and the Netherlands, writing and continuing his own humanistic self-education. Earned money as a tutor, which allowed him to travel to England, where he met John Colet (Reinhold Niebuhr), among others, who gave him the key to resolving his humanistic impulses, by studying Scriptures in Greek. Returned to France to do so, and at century’s turn began publishing, beginning with a collection of Greek and Latin proverbs. Added an antagonistic screed against the Church, while advocating the idea of the need for a new/old translation of Scriptures. With a little help from his friends, he was able to actualize his greatest desire, a trip to Italy in 1506. Bequeathed honors in a variety of cities, where he hung with the chief humanists of the time, although demurred around a Church promotion, preferring not to commit himself to office or locale. Wished, instead, for an appointment in England, which had recently seen the elevation of Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook) to the throne, but before he set out, he wrote “The Praise of Folly,” a deadly satire on social and ecclesiastical excesses and abuses. Although meant for private eyes, it was soon making mass rounds, and elevated him in the minds of many as a preeminent voice of his rapidly evolving times. Not adverse to basking in the praise of others, he was also a shameless flatterer to gain his own ends of patronage. Spent five years in England, holding a brief professorship in Greek at Cambridge, although no other official positions, while continuing to pen works that would aid and abet both the Reformation-to-come, and the humanistic movement that would break scholasticism’s hold on learning. Saw to his regret, that Henry was far more interested in martial affairs than rewarding scholarship, and he returned to the low countries and Brabant, where he became one of the future Charles V’s (Napoleon Bonaparte) royal councilors. With a fixed salary, he wrote a humanistic portrait of what constituted an ideal prince. Freed from any and all obligations to his monastery, as well as the censures he had incurred by not wearing the dress of his order, he spent the rest of his life as a free scholar, wandering where he wished and writing saidsame. Continually turned down offers from state heads, and instead used Basle as a centerpoint, with a printer there issuing his various works, which would make him a seminal figure in the subsequent evolution of German humanism, as well as a precursor to the subsequent thinking of the Enlightenment, several centuries hence. Far more interested in a refined and scholarly audience for his works, than the great mass, making him much more of a voice of the head than the heart. His own sense of reform of the Church was not revolutionary, but rather, reorganizational, and, as such, he saw the far more radical Martin Luther (Martin Luther King), as running counter to his own ideas and ideals, after initially supporting him. Disliked both violence and confrontation, and tried to take a neutral public stand around Luther’s growing movement, while steadily distancing himself from its prime author. The latter, in turn, disliked his emphasis on the human over the Divine, and he wound up a hated figure in Germany, and was forced to move back to both basics and Basle, where he continued to maintain a dualistic attitude towards Luther, supporting him to some in his correspondence, and denying him to others. Found himself completely at odds with almost all the major reformers in Luther’s camp, and at the behest of the pope and others, began attacking him, feeling his denial of free will caused chaos, particularly in the field of nonscholastic scholarship. The two would go back-and-forth with their written disputes of one another, although his stances helped rehabilitate himself somewhat in the eyes of traditional Catholics. Spent the latter part of his life in pursuit of his humanistic studies, transliterating the works of the Fathers of the Church, in order to make their historicity accessible to his times, while refraining from any and all religious controversies, as the fallout from the Reformation turned white-hot. Forced to move from Basle, when things took a violent turn there, to more congenial Catholic surroundings nearby, while hoping for some sort of reconciliation of the two movements, which would not be forthcoming. Despite being found in ill favor by many, he was still supported by the papacy, which offered him a cardinalate towards the end of his life, although he was too ill to accept it. Never robust, he decided to accept an offer to live in Brabant, when he suddenly succumbed to dysentery. Died peacefully, although without receiving the final sacraments, and was buried with great ceremony in the cathedral at Basle. Inner: Vain, monumentally egotistical, and self-worshiping, with a bitterly sarcastic wit, and nothing but contempt for the scholastic traditions of his earlier education, which he felt perverted the true simple spirit of Christianity. Coldly opportunistic, and a supreme rationalist who viewed Scriptures in allegorical, rather than literal terms, and the various practices of the Church as distortions of the true teachings of the Christ, which, to him, were encompassed by human wisdom, not empty rituals and exercises. Double-tongued lifetime of mixing his very human flaws with his gifts for self-expression to create a humanistic sage for the ages, as a perfect exemplar of both the good and bad of our often self-centered, and occasionally soaring species. Gregory I (c540-604) - Roman pope. Known as “the Great.” Outer: Son of a Roman senator, he had a privileged upbringing, and was related to 2 earlier popes. Inherited a large fortune, and entered the service of the state as a young man. In his early 30s, he became urban prefect of Rome, holding the position for 2 years, before being forced to vacate that high post. Sold his enormous properties and set up 6 monasteries in Sicily, and one more in Rome, while giving generously to the poor. Entered his own St. Andrew’s Monastery in Rome, and pursued the ascetic life of the monk, damaging his health through his austere practices, although afterwards he looked back at that period with extreme nostalgia. Suffered much of his life from gout and gastritis, although they never affected his judgment. Nevertheless, he saw God as difficult and painful to access, thanks to his own ongoing physical discomfort. After being assigned by the papacy as one of the seven deacons of Rome, he became a papal nuncio in Constantinople in 579, serving for 6 years, although with little overt success on his own, until he heavily compromised himself to insure Italy would be safe from Lombard attack. Came to see that the migrations westward were key to the law and theocratic order of the future, and curried favor with converted royalty to keep them Christian. Returned to Rome to become abbot of St. Andrew’s. Despite initially demurring, he was elected pontiff in 590 during the outbreak of a plague, and reluctantly accepted the position, stating he would prefer remaining a contemplative monk. Led a penitential procession through the streets, petitioning heaven for relief, and received the vision of the archangel Michael, sheathing his sword from above, after which, the scourge receded. Went on to deal with floods, famine and invasion, and took all in successive stride while proceeding to act as the preeminent architect for the medieval papacy, bringing his administrative, theological and reforming spirit to bear on the office to extremely far-ranging effect. Not above advocating war to remind heathens that the cross was wedded to the sword. Responsible for the defamation that Mary Magdalene was a prostitute, thanks to an ill-informed sermon on the subject, when he tried to make her into a model of penance. In 596, he sent missionaries to Britain to convert those Anglo-Saxon isles before the rival Eastern church could, bringing them in close accord with Rome. His guidance, planning and direction in the undertaking, made him one of the primary apostles of the future British Isles. Liked to be known as “the servant of the servants of God,” a title that would carry down through the millennia. A prolific writer, albeit more pragmatic than cerebral, with a special interest in familiarizing converted barbarians with the rich theological literature of the Greco-Roman world. His “Pastoral Care” and “Dialogues” would be on the must-read list of future medievalia. Also contributed to the development of the Roman Liturgy, and is best remembered for his reform of the Mass, which would eventually add the Gregorian chant to its litany in honor of him. In declining health in his latter years, and ridden with arthritis, although he maintained his office as best he could, with the hope that his death would come quickly. Canonized soon after his death, and seen as the patron saint of singers and musicians, as well as teachers and students, with his feast day ultimately celebrated September 3rd, after initially commemorating his death day, March the 12th. Inner: Generous, genuinely spiritual, with a reformer’s and administrator’s zeal. Thanks to a great desire to make the church more accessible for ordinary people, he geared his writings and reforms towards that end. Had an idealistic view of the secular subservient to the ecclesiastic, which wasn’t supported by reality. Tolerant towards the Jews, but also engaged in the slave trade for his own domestic needs, occasionally freeing one. Admixture of power-seeking and prayerful retreat, an otherworldly man-of-the-world, which he would still be working on over the next millennium and a half. Saw the search for God as one of great strain, a stance that would strongly affect the Church for the next half millennium. Monk-at-heart lifetime of living up to the accolade of ‘the Great’, in his energy, vision and ability to make manifest some of his theocratical will at a pivotal point of development of the medieval church. Antisthenes (c445-c365BZ) - Greek Cynic philosopher. Outer: Mother was Thracian, while his father of the same name was Athenian. His parents may not have been married, and his mother’s status has never been defined, so that she may have been a slave, prostitute or merely a foreigner. Fought as a youth in the Peloponnesian Wars, and after studying with Gorgias, a rhetorician, he ultimately became a student of the philosopher Socrates (Tim Leary), remaining loyal to him til his life’s enforced suicidal end by the state in 399 BZ. Never forgave his persecutors, and may have played a part in their own persecution. Strongly affected by both the Socratic method and thought, he has been called the founder of the Cynic school, which saw virtue as an ultimate ideal, and the ascetic rejection of wealth, power and fame, as its just manifestation. The Cynics, unlike their modern sarcastic namesakes, were egalitarians, who saw suffering as a manifestation of false judgments, and stoical purity as an ultimate ideal. As the son of a foreign mother, he was a lecturer in the Cynosarges, a public gymnasium just outside the walls of Athens. Proved himself a fairly prolific writer, while playing with the various philosophical conundrums of his times, although examples of his work have only survived in small fragments. Wrote in the dialogue form favored at the time, and used his wit, sarcasm and learning to attack his perceived enemies, both political and philosophical. Employed an elegant, fluid style, and often engaged in both puns and wordplay, with one of his most memorable epigrams being that he would rather fall among crows (korakes) than flatterers (kolakes) since the first merely devoured the dead, while the second ate the living alive. Lived a largely ascetic life of the mind, using his cloak as a sleeping bag, and deliberately existed in poverty, in keeping with his virtuous virtuosity with language, and denial of everything else. Some question would remain in subsequent ages at the true role he played in the development of the Cynics’ credo. Inner: Good sense of humor, and very much the mocker of all levels of life he saw around him. Decried pleasure, seeing its pursuit as extremely dangerous, and absolutely catastrophic in the realm of self-sufficiency. Virtuous lifetime of living totally by his precepts, which would be viewed more in stoical than cynical terms by the modern age, while exhibiting many of the same traits of mind - wit, sarcasm, and astute observation - that he would bring intact into the Christian era, as a social scold of the first order, with similar mixed-bag results.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS ICONIC MYTHOLOGIST:
Storyline: The popular popularizer recasts himself as a scholarly hero, and fashions his life accordingly, sacrificing profundity, originality and depth for a winsome intellectuality that accords him the veneration he desires as a collator of the heroic.

Joseph Campbell (1904-1987) - American mythologist. Outer: From a privileged background, raised a Roman Catholic. Father was a hosiery importer and wholesaler. Fascinated by Amerindian mythology as a child, which set him on his life’s path. A good athlete with a fitness obsession, he was a star half-miler at Columbia Univ., where he had transferred from Dartmouth, and also played the saxophone. Extremely attractive to women, although often rejected them, probably ambivalent about his own sexuality, since he was more into women as archetypes than sexual creatures. Dropped out of graduate school when he found it too confining, and studied in Paris and Munich, mastering both French and German after a few rigorous months of study. Returned to the U.S. during the Depression, and passed the next 5 years living in a cabin, in Woodstock, NY, reading 10 to 12 hours a day, absorbing as much mythological literature as he could. Also went out to California for a year, where he became good friends with incipient writer John Steinbeck. Spent his career teaching at Sarah Lawrence, and met his wife Jean Erdman, there. She had been one of his students as well as a dancer and choreographer. Married in 1938, no children from union. Strongly biased against Judaism and Roman Catholicism as blocked belief systems, he eventually embraced Buddhism at life’s end. Repeated himself in later life, sacrificing profundity for clarity. Eventually retired from teaching in 1972, and became a public face of mythological anthropology, proving himself an adept teacher to the unwashed mass, through his own charismatic presence, and facile presentations. His writings on the myths of the worlds, particularly the role of the hero, made him a cult hero. Best known for The Hero with a Thousand Faces and The Masks of God, a 4 volume set on world mythology, although he was more the popularizer than the profound thinker. His career was capped by a series of TV interviews and lectures, and he died shortly afterwards from complications of cancer. Inner: Handsome, self-assured, enthusiastic teacher. Extremely social, with the ability to reduce vast sources of information into his own brand of exposition. Deeply spiritual, but with little use for organized religion, recognizing the mystery as far more important than the structure. Driven by a great love of beauty, including the eternal feminine. Saw God as the essence of life. Avoided any difficult contacts within his personal reach, limiting his scope as a thinker and writer. Physically vigorous. Centerstage lifetime of playing the star teacher and intellectual socialite, in an extremely supportive environment throughout, allowing him a relatively conflict-free existence to pursue his own softly earned truths. Andrew Lang (1844-1912) - Scottish mythologist and poet. Outer: Eldest son of a sheriff-clerk, grandfather knew poet Walter Scott (Jack Kerouac). His whole life was influenced by ballads and tales he had heard as a child. A good athlete, he played cricket and golf. Educated at St. Andrew’s Univ. and Balliol College, Oxford, and became a fellow of Merton College. Settled in London, and established his reputation as a poet, writing in both old French forms and sonnets. Became an amateur folklorist as well as a Greek scholar, focusing on myth. Leonora Alleyn in his early 30s, in a childless union. His first book was on totemism and was published in his early 40s. Became embroiled in controversies over his stance that folklore lies at the base of mythology, while he devoted himself to the works of the Greek poet Homer, publishing translations and 3 works on the Homeric world. With his wife, he also translated traditional stories for children. In addition, he wrote literary and art criticism, and a his/story of Scotland as well as a number of his/storical monographs. Less successful as a novelist, and was averse to doing his autobiography. Died of angina pectoris. Extremely prolific, he wrote some 120 books and contributed to another 150. Inner: Merciless wit, loved dogs. Brilliant talker and improviser. Great curiosity, loved the mysteries of literature. Excellent scholar, with an encyclopedic memory, and a detailed view of all the subject that fascinated him. Prolific lifetime of dedicating himself to the scholarship of mythology with a specific focus on western traditions, before returning in overlapping form to widen his pursuits, and narrow the problems around following them. Spencer Perceval (1762-1812) - English Prime Minister. Outer: Second son of an earl by his second marriage, and 5th of 9 children. Also had several half brothers and sisters from his sire’s first union. The latter had been a cabinet minister and died when his son was 10. Went to Harrow and then Trinity College, Cambridge, where he evinced a growing commitment to evangelical Anglicanism, and was noted for being studious. Thin, pale and short, with a tendency to dress in black, he was known as “Little P.” Entered Lincoln’s Inn in 1783, and three years later became a barrister, showing himself to be an intensely conservative traditionalist. Had difficulty in establishing his career, until he got a position through his mother’s family as a deputy recorder, and then as a Commissioner of Bankrupts. Somewhat impoverished at the time of his marriage in 1790 to Jane Spencer-Wilson, the sister of an older brother’s wife and the daughter of a Sussex landowner, who opposed the union. 6 sons and 6 daughters from the close marriage, while his wife, who shared his piety and belief in daily prayer, outlived him by three decades. In 1794, he worked as a prosecutor for the Crown against John Horne Tooke (William Safire), although failed to convict him on charges of treason, as the latter successfully defended himself against him. A brother served in the government of William Pitt the Younger (J. William Fulbright), although he was initially ambivalent about following him into a political career, before accepting a nomination as an MP in 1796, and winning the post. Made his maiden speech in 1797 on mutinies in sea and land forces. His Tory stances, particularly against the liberal ideology of Charles James Fox (Bob Geldof), brought him to notice. An enthusiastic Anglican, and a strong believer in law’n’order, he had a fascination with Biblical prophecy, and became somewhat of an expert in that field, penning pamphlets about projected discoveries he had made. Good debater with a subtle wit. Once opined during a debate, "I have nothing to say to the nothing that has been said.” Joined Henry Addington’s conservative government after the turn of the century, first as Solicitor General, and then Attorney General, although he disagreed with the prime minister’s foreign policy, and kept his focus on legal issues. When Pitt returned to office in 1804, he was retained as a Cabinet bulldog, showing a vituperative contumely to those who disagreed with him. At the former’s death, he went into opposition, evincing a particularly fierce resistance to Catholic emancipation. Joined the succeeding Duke of Portland’s government, as Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons. Served as the aged and ill PM’s chief minister, and even resided at 10 Downing Street, prior to his own official residency there. The most important piece of legislation passed under him was William Wilburforce’s anti-slavery bill, abolishing the slave trade in British territories. Following a stroke that sidelined Portland, he outmaneuvered George Canning (Chris Patten) and in 1809, became Prime Minister, during a difficult time. Had to serve as his own Chancellor, after 6 men turned the position down. Found himself stymied during his run of office, thanks to a complete recalcitrance around reform and rigid attitudes towards most of the major issues of the day, while sitting over a divided Parliament, and working with a monarch, George III (Jeffrey Archer) who had already descended into madness. His aggressive policies spurred the War of 1812 with the U.S., and he remained largely a contentious figure, despite being personally liked. As he was about to attend an inquiry into the recent Luddite riots, he was shot by John Bellingham in the lobby of Commons with a concealed pistol, and his last words were, “Oh, I have been murdered.” Bellingham had been imprisoned for debts while trading in Russia, and wanted compensation for his travails from the government, which subsequently refused to give him his expected due. Looking to take out his vengeance on any symbolic representative, the unbalanced merchant arbitrarily chose the prime minister, and was hanged within a week for his dastardly act. His widow remarried several years later, and one of his sons wrote a full-scale biography of him. Had the odd honor of being the first and only British Prime Minister ever to be assassinated. Inner: Amiable, generous, incorruptible, hardworking and upright, although extremely rigid, tenacious and prejudicial in his views. Strong traditionalist, opposed anything that smacked of radicalism, as well as all vices, including slavery. The possessor of great charm, he delighted everyone who knew him personally. Tory to the bone lifetime of bearing the violent brunt of a mad assassin, after showing himself to be an unbending ideologue whose penchant for prophecy never saw his own abrupt end coming.

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PATHWAY OF THE SPIRITUALIST AS SELF-HEALER:
Storyline: The original religionist rises from humble and humbling circumstances as a reflection of her own ongoing abilities at transcendental personal elevation, to carve out serial careers on the power of both thought and prayer in healing mind and body.

mLouise Hay ((Louise Lynn Hay) (1926-2017) - American author and publisher. Outer: Father disappeared from her life immediately. Mother then married a brutal man, who created a violent, impoverished home atmosphere for all concerned. At 5, she was raped by a neighbor, and a decade later, she dropped out of high school, became pregnant and gave the baby up for adoption on her 16th birthday. Undaunted by her difficult beginnings, she ran away from home and moved to Chicago to begin her life anew, only to find herself at the bottom of the labor pool with limited skills. Thin and blonde, with an ebullient personality. Decided to start completely over, afterwards, and moved to New York, where she took on a new name, and became a highly successful fashion model for several of the top designers. In 1954, she married Andrew Hay, a prosperous English businessman, from whom she would take her last name, and enjoyed an upscale lifestyle of travel and glitzy friendships with the world’s elite. In 1968, however, the idyll ended when her spouse left her for another woman. Devastated by the rejection, she sought solace with a spiritual group, the First Church of Religious Science, which taught her that thought-change leads to life change. Began training in their ministerial program, and soon discovered she was a gifted speaker and counselor, using spoken affirmations to deal with personal dis-ease. Studied Transcendental Meditation with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi at his TM school in Iowa, and in the late 1970s, suddenly discovered she had cervical cancer, which she saw as an internalized unwillingness to let go of the effects of her brutalized childhood. Rid herself of it organically, with self-forgiveness, diet, psychotherapy, and New Age healing techniques. Wrote a small pamphlet about her triumph in 1976, which would come to be called “Heal Your Body,” and be known within healing circles as “the little blue book.” In it she posited the internalized causes of various dis-eases, as reflections of unhappy life situations and mental states. Quickly built a reputation as a self-help guru, traveling the country and leading workshops, then moved back to Southern California in 1980, and began putting all the precepts she had learned into bookform. Began with the best-selling “You Can Heal Your Life,” which ultimately would find over 35 million readers around the world. In 1985, she established the “Hayride,” an AIDS support group, which soon blossomed into another large healing network. It also inspired another bestseller, and got her national TV talkshow exposure, as well as a huge following that made her a phenomenon unto herself. Started her own publishing company, Hay House, in her own home in 1987, to directly market her books. It, too, would benefit from her Midas touch, turning into a highly successful self-help corporation, with many of the biggest names in the Mind/Body/Spirit publishing pantheon as her authors, after a somewhat rocky launch. A skilled accountant, Reid Tracy, would ultimately put the company in the black, and become the only other shareholder besides its founder, with a 35% stake in the company. Despite her successes, she would live modestly, and although she had numerous relationships since her divorce, none were particularly serious. From her triumphs, she was able to create several nonprofit organizations, a Web-only radio station, and ultimately an autobiographical movie, touching on all the themes of her books, while remaining a living exemplar of the power of the mind and heart in making body and soul whole and healthy. Died in her sleep at home of natural causes. Had an estimated net worth of $50 million. Inner: Innate channeler, and strong believer in the power of thought as both a positive and negative force, particularly when wrapped around guilt, which creates dis-ease. Hands on lifetime of taking her earlier go-round up to the next level, in far healthier manner, as a secular healing belief system couched in the same principles of inner processes creating outer manifestations. mMary Baker Eddy (Mary Ann Morse Baker) (1821-1910) - American Christian Science founder. Outer: Of Scotch/English descent. Youngest of 6 of a poor farm family of Congregationalists. Mother believed in a kind and loving God, while her fundamentalist father’s view of the heavens was far more severe. Totally embraced the Bible as the voice of God, and humanity as God’s servants. Had a delicate and nervous temperament, abd through empathy, was able to heal farm animals as a child, while her health precluded her initially from going to school. Instead she was taught at home by an older brother, before attending local academies. Lean and large-eyed. Began publishing poetry and prose as a teen, and in 1843, she married George Washington Glover, a successful builder, only to see her husband die of yellow fever within 6 months, while she was pregnant with a son. Turned to writing and teaching preschool, although her health problems would persist and she would spend most of the next decade living with relatives, due to a spinal malady, and having others help care for her son, while she continued to struggle with her frailties. In 1853, she married Daniel Patterson, a traveling dentist, hoping he would adopt her son, which he never did, despite promising otherwise. Eventually her son would take off on his own, adding to her own sense of inadequacies, while she grew more and more despondent over both her physical and mental states. Her continual quest to relieve herself of her physical disabilities led her in 1862, to Phineas Quimby, a mesmerist and healer who believed in the power of the mind as a reflection of the spirit. Found that his hypnotic methods helped her, and she became a student of his, although his negative feelings towards religion made her eventually question his approach, and she ultimately rejected hypnotism in itself as a cure-all. Despite the rejection, she was continually forced to deal with the accusation she had stolen his ideas. In the meantime, her spouse’s frequent trips, coupled with her invalidism, and his eventual adultery, led to a separation in 1866, and a divorce in 1873. The separation year, however, would lead to the birth of Christian Science, a belief in the power of both prayer and the mind in healing. After a fall on an icy street injured her head, neck and spine, two weeks after Quimby’s death, she turned to the Bible for solace, and three days later resurrected herself whole again. Went through an intense three year period of studying Scriptures, which would lead to her founding Christian Science, a religion based on elevated divine awareness as a panacea, in which awakened thought of the higher spheres was the key to healing all that ailed humanity on a personal level. Tested out her theories on both herself and those around her, and taught them her precepts, so that they, too, would become health restorers. In 1875, she self-published the basic bible of Christian Science, “Science and Health,” which was filled with a host of typographical errors and spelling mistakes, bad punctuation and atrocious grammar, making it an extremely difficult read. It would later be proofread and both mended and amended to “Science and Health with Key to Scriptures,” and would reach its final form in 1910, the year of her death. In 1877, she married Asa Gilbert Eddy, who was an active, engaged Christian Scientist, and two years later she launched her new religion, the Church of Christ, Scientist, with its subsequent Mother Church in Boston, and satellite chapels around the country. Her husband died in 1882, and a year later, she founded the “Journal of Christian Science,” and put her subsequent energy into her creations, as teacher, healer, author and lecturer, attracting thousands to her. In 1888, she adopted one of her advisers, Ebenezer Foster, who was 41 at the time, to insure her succession. Much like a missionary, she taught a trove of students at her Massachusetts Metaphysical College in Boston, and they subsequently crisscrossed the country to spread her curative gospel. Had to deal with rebellions and ongoing defections, ultimately forcing her to dissolve her college. Spent her last years, in a lonely, frail, paranoid and pain-wracked state surrounded by worshiping students and her ever-faithful servant, Calvin Frye. Felt that her house was haunted by “malicious animal magnetism,” a force she thought had killed her third husband. Saw enemies everywhere, and took morphine to relieve her suffering. In 1908, in her late 80s, she founded the most enduring testament to her long life, The Christian Science Monitor, a daily newspaper, which was an interpretative voice of the news, although it would eschew commenting on death and medicine, so as not to appear as a propaganda vehicle. Despite featuring a daily article on religion, its focus would be towards a secular readership tired of tabloid sensationalism, and though it would struggle over the years to remain afloat, it would last a good century, and beyond. Died at home of pneumonia. In addition to her other works, she penned her autobiography, “Retrospection and Introspection.” Inner: Saw the human mind as infinite, while the material world was finite and filled with false presumptions. Had great difficulty with close friendships, which often became bitter over imagined slights, and was a chronic fabricator, claiming she could control the weather. Deeply religious, with a tendency to attract either short-lived or inconstant men to herself, perhaps, as a way of underlining her own ongoing independence. Spoke in biblical phraseology as a channeling oracle, and had a host of fears, from sex to death to Catholics to Jews. Possessed an organizational genius, and demanded fierce loyalty of those around her, inspiring great devotion, as well as great enmity. God-imbued lifetime of finding her strengths in her weaknesses, and her ability to ultimately transcend them through belief and prayer, a philosophy she would carry over into her next go-round, in far more internally integrated fashion. mMargaret Fell Fox (Margaret Askew) (1614-1712) - English Quaker and religious cofounder. Outer: Born into the landed gentry class, with one sister. Little is recorded of her childhood. On her father’s death, she was left with £6000. At 18 she married a wealthy barrister, Thomas Fell, some 16 years her senior, who would later become an MP and judge. 8 children from the union, including 7 daughters. Settled into a comfortable life with him, as mistress of a considerable property, with its central manor named Swarthmoor Hall, during the upheaval of the English Civil War, in which her husband took no part. Deeply religious, she spent the first two decades of her marriage housing traveling ministers, while looking for different ways to serve God, as did her husband, who disapproved of the mingling of civil and religious authority in the aftermath of the fall of the king, and the rise of the Puritan Commonwealth. In 1652, she heard George Fox, a Quaker minister, speak, and was moved to the point of tears at his contention that it was the inner light that counted. Became a follower of his, in reaction to the violence of the time, and a feeling that she had not truly been living by the word of God. Her husband was more skeptical, although proved to be a friend of the subsequent Society of Friends that formed from Fox’s preachments. Over the next six years, Swarthmoor Hall became a central meeting place for the burgeoning sect which would come to be known as Quakerism. Served as the movement’s unofficial amanuensis and prime networker, keeping in contact by post with missionaries, and helping fund their trips, while spreading its gospel primarily through letter-writing. Following the death of her husband in 1658, she inherited Swarthmoor Hall, and it continued to be a Quaker center, protected in part by her position, despite being the occasional subject of governmental raids, following the end of the Commonwealth. Her son, who also became an attorney, inherited the rest of the estate and gradually drifted away from her religiosity. Fox was imprisoned on charges of treason almost immediately after the Restoration, although she was able to importune the new king, Charles II (Peter O’Toole) to release him. Her elevated social status allowed her to subsequently intercede when other members of the sect were arrested, and she petitioned the new government and Parliament on their behalf , painting them in the sublime light of friendly persuaders, rather than violent revolutionaries, who wished to see the world changed via peaceful means. The government, however, viewed Quakerdom as potentially dangerous, particularly after Puritanism had earlier totally upended the monarchy, and she was arrested in 1664 for failing to take an oath of allegiance to the restored king, and for allowing Quakers to meet in her home. Wound up spending 6 months in a local jail, before being sentenced to life imprisonment and the forfeiture of all her property, a harsh mandate meant to crush any movement that did not bow first and foremost to crown and country. Spent four years in prison, and used the time to pen both pamphlets and letters, propounding equal gender rights in “Women’s Speaking,” a Bible-based appeal for the second sex to serve as ministers. By this time, all her daughters had married Quakers. After her release in 1668, by order of the king and his council, she married George Fox, only to be imprisoned again for a year. Fox went on to a missionary trip to America, and wound up in prison on his return in 1673, before being released two years later, after she had interceded for him. Continued her work for the Society of Friends from her Swarthmoor base, while her husband was often away involved in missionary work, so that they wound up spending only a few years together of their 11 year marriage. After Fox’s death in 1691, she maintained her status as grande dame of the movement, showing a certain rigidity, despite a somewhat more general sense of tolerance to her movement by the authorities. Died at home, with her last words, “I am in Peace.” Penned her abbreviated autobiography, “A Revelation of Margaret Fell: Her Birth, Life, Testimony, and Suffering For the lord’s Everlasting Truth in Her Generation,” and came to be known as the “nursing mother of Quakerism.” Inner: Imperious, and extremely strong-willed, as well as very conscious of her social position as a means of helping, and/or hindering those less well-born than she. Great believer in the power of the Almighty, and a continual inspiration to those around her. Always emphasized the inward nature of Quakerism, and was interested in converting Jews in order to hasten the Second Coming. Support lifetime of learning how to start a religious movement from a secondary position, as prelude to being a founder of one on her own, through the absolute necessity of healing herself of lifelong afflictions.

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PATHWAY OF THE SPIRITUALIST AS MEDIUMISTIC MEGAPERSONALITY:
Storyline: The psychic superstar has a sure instinct for both garnering attention and controversy to herself, through her bold, unbending personality, and a facility for giving order and organization to a variety of belief systems, with herself as their main adulated proponent.

Sylvia Browne (Sylvia Shoemaker) (1936) - American medium. Outer: Older of two daughters of a former mailman turned jewelry salesman turned vice-president of major freight line. While her sire was Jewish, her mother was Episcopalian, and the two decided to turn to a third way, Roman Catholicism, to resolve the difference. The entire family was baptized together, although she would retain her Jewish identity into adulthood, thanks to a close, loving relationship with her father, and a strained one with her mother. Has one younger sister, whose birth she claimed to have accurately predicted, as she did her grandfather’s death. A strong sense of religiosity would pervade her larger family, as well as mediumship, with a great-uncle claiming to be a channel as well. When she was three, she began receiving visions, and through her grandmother, learned to channel them to her benefit. Married a salesman, Bill Shoemaker, in 1959, later divorced in 1972, two sons from the union, with one, Christopher, inheriting his mother’s abilities, and ultimately turning pro himself, while her ex-husband would later contend she admitted that gullible people were there for taking advantage of. Used her gifts initially to help friends and family, before moving to California in 1964. Continued assisting people privately, while marrying a second time in 1972, in a union that would also end in divorce. Two years later, she decided to create a legally sanctioned organization to further her interest in the paranormal, and incorporated the Nirvana Foundation for Psychic Research, a nonprofit group which would come to be known as the Society of Novus Spiritus, and employ gnostic Christianity as its spiritual basis. Her third marriage would give her her professional last name, to which she added an ‘e’ after being indicted along with her husband on security fraud and grand theft charges in 1992, for selling securities in a goldmining venture. Pleaded no contest and served 200 hours of community service, presumably because she saw the whole thing coming. Her fourth union would end in divorce in 2002. While her abilities would be doubted by some, she has built up a worldwide reputation through her belief that the hidden past, in lives already lived, reveals the basis for problems in the present. Translated her skills to television, via afternoon talk shows, most notable the Montel Williams Show, where she was a regular guest, while also hosting an hour-long weekly show on Hay House radio, which helped her build an extended network of churches and ministries, which teach her written doctrines along with gnostic texts. As with most prognosticators, her false predictions have gotten a lot more publicity than her true ones. In her various books, over 30 in number, she has made numerous supra-normal claims, including having an intimate knowledge of heaven, which she claims to be insect-free, perhaps because they have their own celestial resting place. Has a spirit guide named Francine, who has tuned her into a host of her pastlives, which may or may be as valid as the ones she conjures for her eager and accepting audiences. Inner: Good sense of humor, with a curious lack of vision about her own life and serial mates. Has attracted more than her share of debunkers who have been a lot more successful disproving her claims, than she has in substantiating them. Can you see me now? lifetime of riding her abilities for yet another long moment in the sun, in her ongoing balancing act between a genuine gift for second sight, and an equal facility for outrageous flimflammery. Helena Blavatsky (Helena Petrovna von Hahn) (1831-1891) - Russian/American mystic and theosophist. Outer: From a family with a rich multigenerational spiritual tradition. Mother was a writer who died at 28, when her daughter was 11, while her father was a colonel and descended from the German nobility. One of three children. Her sister Vera Zhelikhovsky became a writer of occult fiction, while her cousin Sergei Witte (Edward Sheverdnadze), was a future prime minister, after century’s turn. Raised in a household that was a fertile fount of Russian myth and learning, she was largely ignored by her parents and left in the care of servants, which made her neurotic and prone to fits of temper. The servants filled her febrile imagination with peasant superstitions, and opened her up to the powers of the supernatural. Walked and talked in her sleep, while showing a hypnotic power over other children through the sheer weight of her innate charisma. Sent to live with her maternal grandmother at her mother’s death, and married just before she turned 17 to to Nikifor Blavatsky, a 40 year old general and vice-governor. Later claimed that the union was never consummated, and that she was a lifelong virgin, one of many specious contentions she would make about herself despite much evidence to the contrary. After several unhappy months with her husband, she stole a horse, and fled to her grandfather’s home, and he, in turn, sent her back to her sire in St. Petersburg, via Odessa, although she missed the connecting boat, and wound up in Constantinople. Over the next decade, from 1848 to 1858, she traveled the world, and had a host of fantastical adventures, including spending two years in Tibet studying with an ascended master or two who initiated her into their secret teachings. Converted to Buddhism while in Sri Lanka, and finally returned to Russia, visiting her widowed sister, before taking to the road again with an Italian opera singer. Had a hunchbacked son, Yuri, whom she claimed was the progeny of friends, and when he died at the age of 5, so did her belief in God. Wound up in NYC in 1873, where she passed herself off as a psychic medium, taking advantage of the current American fascination with Spiritualism, a seance-based belief system of the time that claimed direct converse with the other side. With her theatrical personality, and exotic lineage, she proved a natural in this realm, contending she had numerous paranormal powers, including clairvoyance, telepathy, and the ability to materialize matter out of the ethers. In 1874, she met Henry Steel Olcott, a lawyer and journalist much fascinated with the Spiritualist movement. The pair began collaborating, and she penned the first of her many channeled tomes, “Isis Unveiled,” in 1877. The following year, she married again, to Michael Betanelly, in an unconsummated union, only to leave her husband after several months, and divorce him in 1878, the same year she became a citizen of the United States. Three years prior, along with Olcott and others, she founded the Theosophical Society, a melding of science and religion that touched back on ancient Egyptian mysteries and propounded the superiority of the Aryan race, whose roots lay in the lost continent of Atlantis. Traveled to India, and it would become her spiritual home afterwards, as well as the earthly headquarters for a while for the Theosophical Society, after it became an international organization in the early 1880s. Wrote her magnum opus, “The Secrete Doctrine,” in 1888, and finally settled in England, after a disciple gave her a home there. Founded a magazine, Lucifer, an influential periodical of the time, celebrating the light bringing aspect of its titled character. The end would see her suffering from a host of afflictions, including heart dis-ease, rheumatism and Bright’s dis-ease, making her vulnerable to influenza, which eventually carried her off to the spirit world. Her last words were, “Keep the link unbroken. Do not let my last incarnation be a failure.” After cremation, her ashes were divided into thirds, and scattered in Europe, India and the U.S. The subject of much contentious criticism both during her life and afterwards, as a fraud and an uncredited rip-off of past masters, she, nevertheless, would exert a strong influence on some major figures of the coming century. Inner: Per usual, part flimflam and part real, with a hypnotic, highly convincing presence, and the ability to sway people to her way of thinking. Drama queen lifetime of combining an innate sense of theatrics, a wild imagination, and a genuine love of the mysterious and arcane, to fashion a most memorable go-round that was part sham and part sincere and wholly entertaining for all concerned with it. Julia de Krudener, Baroness de Krudener (Barbara Julianne von Vietinghoff) (1764-1824) - Livonian mystic and prophetess. Outer: From a large noble family of great wealth. Father was a count and a state Livonian councilor, as well as a patron of the arts, mother was a strict Lutheran. Had an elder sister who was a deaf mute, and ultimately wound up institutionalized. At 18, she married a widower baron, who was 16 years older than she, and her complete opposite. A distant and reserved diplomat, he was ill-suited for her fun-loving, frivolous, extravagant nature, making for an extremely strained union. The couple were stationed in Venice, Munich and Copenhagen during their first years of wedlock, which produced a son and then a daughter, in addition to a daughter he had from his first marriage. After the birth of the latter, her nervous disposition came to the fore, and she went south for her health. Wound up in Paris in 1789, and a year later, she became passionately entwined with a young French cavalry captain. The duo returned to Copenhagen, although her husband refused to give her a divorce for appearance sake. While her inamorata subsequently went off to war, she traveled and visited her sire at his various posts, before finally rejoining her husband in Berlin in 1800, where he had been made ambassador. The reunion was brief, before she took off again, and was finally relieved of the sham of her marriage by his death in 1802. Harbored a desire for fame, and through her French connections, published “Valerie,” which replayed an unrequited love a young swain had for her, some 15 years prior. In 1804, she returned to Riga, and while there, a male acquaintance of hers suddenly keeled over after she had greeted him through a window. Never of robust mind, let alone body, this incident was enough to shake her to her core, and she turned to the Moravian Brethren sect for some sense of inner balance. Fell under the spell of a prophetic peasant, who saw Napoleon as the Antichrist, and end times approaching. This pietistic belief had been growing in direct counter-reaction to the Napoleonic Wars, and she got completely swept up to it, ultimately finding her way to the high priest of the movement, Meinrich Jung-Stilling. Received instruction in what was known as the Chiliastic faith, as well as the mysteries of the metaphysical world, and dedicated the rest of her life to the pursuit of occult knowledge, along with her daughter and stepdaughter. Followed her bliss to various teachers, while feeling it was her mission to be the prophetess and announcer of the new millennium following end times. Because of her social status, her monies, and her cheerful charisma, she was a natural spokeswoman for the various characters and charlatans involved in this movement, and was able to convince a horde of peasants of her sacred mission. In 1809, she and her partner, Jean-Frederic Fontaines, along with a host of rustics, established a settlement in Wurttemberg to wait for the end times, only to have the apostate Prussian government tell them to take it elsewhere, but not before she had been accused o being a swindler and mountebank. Managed to escape punishment and continued wandering with Fontaines as his spiritual wife, a state his official spouse accepted as long as she continued to pay the way for both. Eventually fell under the spell of a pious German linen-draper, who taught her how to completely surrender her will and embrace mystic death. Her preaching and her liberal use of her monies in service of her self-proclaimed mission, was more than enough to attract huge crowds wherever she went. A comet in 1811, was a heavenly affirmation of her apocalyptic predictions, and she stepped up her activities and her travels. Married one of her cohorts, and by 1815, and the coming fall of Napoleon, she was back in the Wurttemberg area, stirring up the rustics again, before finally gaining access to tsar Alexander I (Mikhail Gorbachev). Catching him in a vulnerable moment, she won him over, and now had access to the creme de la creme of European political and social circles. Her subsequent chiliastic gatherings in Paris attracted a who’s who of French society, and later that year, inspired a Holy Alliance between Russia, Austria and Prussia, dedicated to the Christian desire for peace on Earth and good will towards all humans. Claimed credit for the idea, although the tsar eventually left Paris feeling hustled, and blocked her from ever seeing him again. Went to Switzerland afterwards, and fell under the sway of another hustler, who would become her traveling companion, as she continued her preaching, and miracle-working, while telling all who listened to her to drop their lives and possessions and follow her into the new millennium. Wound up being expelled by every Swiss canton she entered because of the beggar army she attracted and supported. In 1818, she decided to return to her Livonian estate, with her final companion, as well as the remnant of selected elect. After the tsar opened the Crimea to chiliasts as their land promised, she proclaimed a holy war there in the wake of an uprising of Greek independence in the area. Unable to interest the tsar in this, her final mission, she suffered the death of her last companion in 1823, and with her health at low ebb, because of her ascetic practices, she went to the Crimea, and a Swiss colony of chiliasts there, where she died. Inner: Extremely vain, and very open to being spiritually seduced by others, as reflection of her own powers in that realm. Also possessed an easily overstressed emotionality. Highly adventurous, and equally zealous, with an overriding sense of being on a world-changing mission. Evangelical lifetime of feeling herself the designated prophetess of end times, and riding her self-appointed calling for all it was worth, as an extension of her initial credo of “girls just want to have fun.”

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PATHWAY OF THE SPIRITUALIST AS SPECTACULAR SENSUALIST:
Storyline: The wicked warlock reworks his act to make himself more publicly palatable, while pursuing his usual profanely sacred phallic practices in order to plumb his senses and touch on the Dionysian deity within.
Robert Plant (Robert Anthony Plant) (1948) - British singer and songwriter. Outer: Of British descent with a small amount of Irish. Father was a civil engineer, who wished his son to become an accountant. Grew up, along with a sister, close to the Welsh border, and was fascinated with the American blues.Dropped out of school and left home at 16 to immerse himself in the English music scene, playing with several groups, while also working a variety of jobs, including laying tarmac on roads. 6’1”, blond, with long curly hair and an Adonis grace to him, earning him the sobriquet of “the Golden God.” While playing with Band of Joy, which merged blues with psychedelia, he gained a reputation for his powerful voice, although his initial efforts didn’t find a proper audience for them. In 1968, session guitarist Jimmy Page, a member of the Yardbirds, wanted to form a new band around its elements, but was forced to settle for another quartet entirely, including Band of Joy drummer John “Bonzo” Bonham (Ed Sheeran) and bassist John Paul Jones. The band, originally called the New Yardbirds, soon became Led Zeppelin, and borrowed much of their early material to the point of outright plagiarism, including what would subsequently be some of their biggest hits. Served as its lead singer and lyricist, despite having no previous experience with the pen. Proved to be a mystical, spiritual spinner of songs, with J.R.R. Tolkien an influence, as well as Welsh and Norse mythology, while his flamboyant, bare-chested, Bacchic performing persona was rock god-dom at its most archetypal. Led Zeppelin’s first self-titled album in 1969 was a hit, allowing them to embark upon the life of rock’n’roll satyrs, with the band’s heyday lasting from the late 1960s to the mid-1970s, and with “Stairway to Heaven” their biggest hit. Married Maureen Wilson, who was of east Indian descent, in 1969, one daughter and two sons from the union, which ended in divorce in 1983, thanks to his constant inconstancy. Page was a great admirer of occultist Aleister Crowley, an earlier incarnation of his, so that he was allowed to reconnect with himself through a secondary source. The two would openly manipulate the band’s image around the hermetic, as a testament to the symbols and rituals which defined his earlier life. Counterpointed and played off of Page’s more feminine projection with his overt masculinity, with groupies galore throwing themselves at them, while consuming the requisite amount of pharmacopeia to keep their minds continually enflamed. Got involved in a bad car accident with his wife in Rhodes, Greece in 1975, which would signal the end of the band’s truly productive period. In 1977, he lost his five year old son to a stomach infection while he was touring the U.S., which caused a retreat from the public eye, and a complete breakdown on his part. Bonham was a wrecker of hotel rooms, as well as himself, ultimately drinking himself to death in 1980 by consuming 40 shots of alcohol in a day, while Page got lost in heroin addiction following the band’s breakup, although they would later get together for a couple of reunion albums and a highly successful tour in 1995. Pursued a profitable solo career afterwards, allowing him a multi-decade run as a rock deity. Inducted along with his fellow band members into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. Open to a variety of musical influences, including African, he was able to continue his career after century’s turn by joining bluegress singer Alison Krauss, opening up new avenues of expression for him, instead of remaining in the thrall of Led Zeppelin, per the desire of Page. His 2007 album “Raising Sand,” won him the 2009 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, to complement his Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award four years early. Added a CBE in 2009 to his mantle of accolades, so that his mature years would remain full, unlike his unkind old age in his previous go-round in this series. Continued his output, experimenting with a hhost of different sounds, including 2017’s “Carry Fire” which blended blues with Middle Eastern, North African and Celtic influences. Has an estimated net worth of $170 million. Inner: Mystical sensualist, and a seminal influence on numerous singers for his strutting stylistics. Completely comfortable performing, engaging his audiences with banter, he called “plantations.” Publick mage lifetime of once again trying to ascend the stairway to heaven through altered and aroused states, while extending his pleasure pursuits to a mass audience, allowing him to open himself up to a far greater potential than the mere sating of his senses, as he had done in lives past. Aleister Crowley (Edward Alexander Crowley) (1875-1947) - British occultist, poet and mountaineer. Outer: Father was a trained engineer, although owned shares in a family brewery, which permitted him to pursue his own religious agenda without having to worry about finances. Mother’s maiden name was Bishop, and both parents belonged to a radical subsect of the Plymouth Brethren. Had an isolated childhood, through the auspices of his fanatical father, who took it up himself to preach his warped pronouncements around the country, and his equally obsessive mother, who viewed all pleasure in terms of sin. One younger sister, who died soon after birth. 5’10”, with an ultimate shaved head. His mother labeled him “the Beast,” after the creature of Revelation, because of his rebelliousness, and he would later proudly refer to himself as such, while spending his life largely in act-out reaction to his straitjacketed upbringing. When he was 12, his sire passed on of tongue cancer, in an ironic self-judgment, which released his son from the imprisonment of his early life. Inherited the family fortune, and went on to King’s College in London in the mid-1890s, and also Trinity College, Cambridge, where he studied English literature, although didn’t receive a degree from either. Showed an adept facility for chess while at college, although eventually gave up the game in his early 20s, finding far more interesting challenges in other arenas. Also became fascinated with the occult at school, while vigorously pursuing paid congress with prostitutes, and same-sex involvements with men. In his obsessive pursuit of priapic pleasure, he invented the archetype of the “Scarlet Woman” as his torturer, while dreaming of being degraded by the likes of her. At this time, he changed his name to the more poetic Aleister, a Gaelic version of his middle name, while seriously indulging in his love of mountain-climbing, which he used to combat his chronic asthma. Began locally, before moving up to the Alps, and then some of the highest peaks in the Himalayas, while showing the same competitive nature he brought to all his enterprises, as well as his usual contradictory claims around his ultimate feats, which included an attempt at the world’s third highest mountain in 1905, during which several of his party was killed. Published his first book of poems, in which he stated God and Satan had wrestled for his soul, and the former won, although he wasn’t quite sure who ultimately was who. In 1898, he joined the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, and became a practicing warlock with a facility for alienating many who were pursuing the same pathway, through his debased view of women, his innate perversity and powermongering, and his animosity towards any kind of restrictive rules and regulations. Advanced quickly through the Dawn’s ranks because of his innate feel for magic, although his rise was met with strong resistance, causing him to go to Paris and prevail on its absolutist leader, S. L. MacGregor Mathers to intervene for him, which he did, although the two would soon be casting spells at one another, and both would be summarily booted in most unbrotherly fashion from the Brotherhood for their excesses. Traveled to the east to study occult systems, as well as Buddhism and tantric yoga, then, in 1903, he married Rose Edith Kelly (Alison Krauss), the sister of a well-known artist. Two daughters, including one who died at 2, from the union, which ended in divorce in 1909. Claimed on a trip to Egypt the following year with his wife, to have been a channel for several ancient Egyptian deities, who dubbed him the prophet of the new coming Aeon. His spouse also acted as a channel, which resulted in the first three chapters of his best-known tome, “The Book of Law,” in which he stated his basic dictum, “Do what thou wilt, shall be the whole of the law.” Towards the end of the decade, he claimed to have crossed the astral Abyss, and united with universal consciousness. Published the secret rituals of the Golden Dawn in his magazine, The Equinox, which gained him much-desired publicity, as a Black mage of the first order, with 666, the number of the Beast of Revelation, as his identifying digits. Practiced sex magick with a number of “Scarlet Women,” including his favorite, Leah Hirsig, whom he affectionately dubbed, ‘the Ape of Thoth,’ after she initiaited him into various esoteric practices. Wanted a Magick Child, although was unable to conceive one with his plenitude of acolytes. Became involved with various occult orders, while living in America during the WW I era, before moving in 1920 to Sicily, where he established the Abbey of Thelema, in celebration of a mystical cosmology he had earlier discovered in Egypt, where love and sex, or the union of opposites, was the key to enlightenment. Satanic goings-on there led to his being labeled by the press as “the Wickedest Man in the World,” and led to his expulsion from Sicily, although most of the charges against him were the product of his own penchant for sensationalism. Wandered afterwards, and along with his longtime affinity for drugs of all sorts, he picked up a heroin habit from a doctor’s prescription for his asthma, and would struggle with that infamous drug of the dead, for the rest of his life. Married a second time to Maria Ferrari de Miramar in 1929. Met 9 year old Sybil Leek in 1932, and was an influential teacher for her, in her subsequent career as one of England’s most celebrated wiccans. Around this time met German chancellor Adolf Hitler, and saw him as pure evil, and began looking for a counter-symbol to the swastika. Found it in the V- sign, which was used for victory by the forces against the Nazis, as well as a manifestation of the power of the feminine.Lost a libel suit he filed against a sculptress, and the case bankrupted him. Ultimately wound up an enfeebled alcoholic old man living in a hotel room in Hastings, with nothing left save his drugs, drink and lingering reputation. Unrepentant and unbowed til his ignominious end, which resulted from a respiratory infection. Died of a respiratory infection within a day of his last doctor, giving him one final hurrah in the press, of having done in the latter via a curse. His legacy would be his writings, rather than his life, which was far more theater than substance. Supposedly, his last words were, “Sometimes I hate myself.” Cremated with the location of his ashes deliberately unknown. Inner: Sensualist supreme, with a great need for public attention as a sinful postulant of every excess imaginable. Revisited many of the arenas of his previous go-rounds, in an unconscious attempt at integrating his past and present selves. Harbored numerous prejudices against any and all who were not WASPs, despite revering the mystical and magical teachings of a host of cultures. Thought little of women, as well, save for those individuals who served as his sexual release. As always, part-charlatan and part genuine mage, with a good feel for ritual and publicity, and no desire whatsoever to uplift and elevate anyone, most especially himself, through his ongoing search for occult knowledge. Deliberately cut himself every time he used the pronoun, “I.” Do what thou Wilt lifetime of making magick a servant of his lower senses, rather than his higher being, and ultimately paying the piper for his lack of larger sight and insight about himself and his pursuits. Eliphas Levi (Alphonse Louis Constant) (1810-1875) - French occultist. Outer: Only son of a shoemaker. Despite his quick mind and obvious intelligence, his father did not have the money to educate him, so he was packed off to a pair of seminary schools in order to be trained as a priest. His studies, however, sent him in the opposite direction, as he began exploring magic and the occult, in a fascination with supernatural power that would remain with him throughout his life. In his early 20s, he connected up with an odd old couple who were practitioners of witchcraft and claimed to be the reincarnation of Louis XVII (Cheryl Crane) and Marie Antoinette (Lana Turner). Joined them as a student of the craft, while continuing his surface association with the Church. Ordained a deacon in 1835, but stopped short of becoming a priest. In 1846, he married Noemie Cadiot, who was nearly two decades his junior. One short-lived child from the union, which soon fell apart, leading to a separation in 1853, and an eventual annulment in 1865. Made a meager living as a journalist and also as a teacher of the occult, operating under the nom de prestidigitation of Magus Eliphas Levi, which was a rough translation of his name into Hebrew. Wrote a number of religious and political works, with the latter eventually causing his excommunication for his left-wing views in 1848, during a period of continent-wide upheaval. After being thrown into jail for three short terms, he decided to take advantage of his growing reputation in occult circles and travel to England in 1854, where he met and gained the support of writer Edward Bulwer-Lytton (David Foster Wallace), who was considered, at the time, one of the country’s leading authorities on magic and associated fields. The latter encouraged him to begin writing on the subject, which he did. Because of his limitations in English, he was unable to establish himself as a teacher, and, instead, was asked to be a necromancer and conjure up the spirit of an ancient magician. Fasted over a period of three weeks, then after a period of incanting for 12 hours, a ghostly presence appeared to him and touched his ceremonial sword, at which point he fainted dead away, although by now, was convinced of his own power through the incident. Returned to Paris penniless and homeless soon afterwards, although found that his English adventures had enhanced his reputation while he was gone, and he was soon in demand as a teacher again. Returned to England in 1861, with one of his titled students in tow, to far better affect, which resulted in his augmenting his reputation as a master of the Tarot, a subject that he would repeatedly refer to in his writings, despite never doing a complete treatise on it. Continued his outpouring on the printed page, operating under the belief that a secret doctrine of magic had been around since time’s dawning. Able to make a fairly comfortable living for himself through his scrivening and teaching, particularly in light of a growing fascination with spiritualism, and the rise of a variety of esoteric groups very much attuned to the materials he put forth. Had a particularly srong effect on the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, with which he would be associated his next go-round in this series as Aleister Crowley, who believed strongly he was his next continuation. Died of a heart ailment. Inner: As always, part flimflam, and part real deal, and able to convince far more potential patrons of the latter state than the former. Initiatory lifetime of laying the intellectual and emotional foundation for his further explorations into the occult, to eventually complete a trinity of sorts when he added the sensual to his curriculum vitae, as an intrepid explorer of the mysteries of earthly existence. Alessandro Cagliostro (Giuseppe Balsamo) (1743-1795) - Italian adventurer, freemason and impostor. Outer: From a poor family from the former old Jewish quarter of Palermo, although he would later glorify his beginnings, claiming the spurious title of count. His parents and grandparents made sure he received a solid education from a tutor, despite their meager finances, and in his teens, he became a novice in a Catholic order, only to be summarily expelled from it, but not before he gained a knowledge of both chemistry and religious rites. Also an accomplished artist as a youth. Convinced a greedy goldsmith of a great treasure buried for several hundred years in a nearby mountain, as well as his own knowledge of occult magic as a talisman to ward off the demonic creatures guarding it. Elicited 70 pieces of silver beforehand, and then while they were digging, had a group of rowdies dressed as demons attack his host, leaving him dazed and believing he had been accosted by the diabolic guardians there. By the time the man recovered and realized he had been had, he had fled the city for further adventures, before winding up on the island of Malta in his early 20s, where he became a skilled pharmacist. Continually prey to itchy feet, he went to Rome in 1768, where he talked his way into a position as a secretary to an eminent cardinal. Despite the prestigious position, he soon grew bored with his upright status, and began selling magical amulets and forged documents, while hanging out with a variety of disreputable characters. During this period, he married a beautiful, seductive 14 year old, Lorenza Feliciani (Leah Hirsig), and promptly moved in with her parents, a deeply religious duo, who were outraged at his language and demeanor as well as his blatant disregard for propriety when it came to their daughter. The couple were given the boot, and he soon fell in with a forger and swindler who taught him the trade of his tricks in exchange for congress with his young wife. With his ability to create everything from official documents to diplomas, he and his bewitching spouse crisscrossed the continent, going as far east as Russia, and west as France, forging, swindling, and preying on those who wished to know their own future through counterfeit fortunetelling. His wife proved to be every bit his equal as a mischief-maker and seducer, creating a further sense of chaos to their mutually inconstant relationship. In 1777, he and she became freemasons, which would prove a turning point in his life. Through his own exaggerated sense of personal prerogative, he immediately assumed the role of grandmaster, and was accepted as such, via dint of his considerable persuasive powers. Freemasonry, an arcane system of symbols and rites, provided him a grounding his previous adventures lacked, and he threw himself into his self-appointed role with a passion, dedicating the rest of his life to establishing its Egyptian rite, based on an old manuscript he claimed to have found in London. Became one of the movement’s chief proselytizers, while contending he was thousands of years old. Started exhibiting advanced healing powers and clairvoyance, through his ongoing gift for persuasion, and became quite rich through them. In addition to his gift for creating illusions, he always had a charitable side to his unusual nature, and with his added wealth, he established maternity hospitals and orphanages in the various countries he visited, and also served as a healer for those who ordinarily could not afford a doctor. Wound up being accused of being part of a complex diamond necklace con perpetrated on the French queen, Marie Antoinette (Lana Turner), despite having nothing to do with it, and spent 9 months in the Bastille, along with his wife. While on trial, he claimed to have been of noble birth, and abandoned on the island of Malta. Embellishing further, he said he returned there after much journeying and had been initiated into the order of the Knights of Malta as prelude to his magical studies. Despite his fabrications, he was acquitted, and asked impolitely to vacate the country, which he did, although his powers of prophecy were put to question, when asked why he not seen all this coming. Went to England, where he was forced to deny an accusation that revealed his true identity. Cleverly did so and extracted a public retraction from his accuser, while also writing a letter to the French people in which he loosely predicted the coming of Napoleon Bonaparte. His luck finally ran out in Rome, when he was allegedly betrayed by his wife to elements of the Catholic Inquisition. Finally admitted to who he really was under the aggressive and unsubtle questioning techniques of the Inquisition, and was imprisoned once again, as well as condemned to death on charges of heresy and sorcery. His sentence, however, was subsequently commuted by the pope to life imprisonment. Made one futile escape attempt from his confinement, before being permanently ensconced in a better fortified fortress, and expired soon afterwards in its dungeons. Inner: High energy and extremely ambitious for himself, with little moral compunction about the truth and honor of any of his activities. Despised the aristocracy, despite falsely claiming to be a member of it. Mountebank lifetime of riding his gifts and his notoriety as high as they could take him, before summarily being cast down as deep as civilization could toss him, in his ongoing profound desire to explore the heights and depths of human existence, regardless of the consequences or the moral components of his acts. Gilles de Rais (1404-1440) - French general and mass murderer. Outer: From the French nobility and an extremely wealthy family. His parents had married in order to legitimize his father’s claim to a considerable inheritance, and there probably was little love twixt the two, since it was a union based entirely on practicalities. Born in one of his family’s castles, and had one younger brother. Rarely saw his parents, and was given an excellent education, in the classics and courtly ways, as well as the martial arts, showing a particular proclivity for the latter. His mother died when he was 11, and his father was gored by a boar soon after on a hunting expedition, although in his slow painful death, he had time to give instruction on how his sons should be raised. His grandfather, Jeanne de Craon, challenged the will, since it cut him out of the inheritance, but ultimately prevailed in his reinstatement, making him one of the richest men in France. Instead of having the orderly upbringing their father desired for them, they were allowed to run wild under the auspices of de Craon, who was a scheming worshiper of wealth and power, which he passed on to his wards. At 13, a marriage was negotiated for him with the daughter of a wealthy Normandy lord, although it was rejected by the Parlement of Paris, because the combined riches of the two families would have made their house easily the most powerful in France. Eventually kidnapped his cousin, Catherine de Thouars, and married her in 1420. One daughter from the union, which saw his wife disappear from his life soon afterwards. Became a prime supporter of the dauphin of France, the future Charles VII (Leon Blum), and was with him, when Jeanne d’Arc (Petra Kelly) promised to deliver the besieged city of Orleans to the crown during the One Hundred Years War. Accompanied Jeanne, and was witness to some of the miraculous events around her extraordinary, albeit brief military career. Made marshal of France for his bravery on the battlefield, although was out of his depth in the political arena, making many enemies among the rich and powerful. Along with the king, he abandoned Jeanne after her capture by the English, and for all practical purposes his larger public career was over within a year of her being burned at the stake in 1431. His uncle died the following annum, and repented on his deathbed for the monster he felt he had created in his grandson, who turned almost immediately afterwards into the debauched fiend of legend by which he would be remembered. With his martial career over, he was forced to retire to his estate, after a heady lifetime of the blood and violence of battle. To compensate for his boredom, he began preying on local peasant children, sodomizing and killing them in obscenely large numbers, usually by decapitation or cutting their throats. Devised endless means to sate his pleasures, including congress with dying or already dead children, before disposing of the bodies through cremation. Employed willing accomplices to his depravities, and gradually increased his coconspirators, beginning with a pair of cousins who served as procurers, and ultimately involving a goodly number of both men and women. The disappeared children caused the village to suspect supernatural forces at work, as well as their depraved lord, although fear of him and repercussions he might visit on them precluded their complaining to any other authorities. Nevertheless, the village gained a sinister reputation in the larger area as a place where children were eaten. Despite his depredations, he was also a generous and pious supporter of the Church, erecting several chapels and a cathedral, and endowing them with the funds to secure their own clergy. Even with his large fortune, his spendthrift ways eventually thinned his great wealth, and made him prey to alchemists and their false promises, for which he was repeatedly taken. Far more interested in power than wealth, he wound up employing a young necromancer towards that end, in a series of ceremonies geared to summoning up Satan, which never happened. Ultimately became undone when his brother moved in to prevent his further spendthrift ways. Although he cleaned up evidence of his depravities, in his desperation over his diminishing monies and power, he did himself in by hiring a band of brigands to break into a church during High Mass and kidnap a priest who was brother of a man occupying a chateau he was forced to sell. The kidnapping proved perfect fodder for those who coveted his lands, and his depredations were privately brought forth to the bishop of Nantes, in tale after tale of his abominations, including his book of spells written in children’s blood, and his debased acts with their bodies. While several of his fellow predators disappeared, he and his close coterie remained defiantly confident he would suffer no punishment for his acts, because of his lofty status as marshal of France. Sometime after the bishop went public with his findings, he issued an arrest warrant for him and his remaining gang. Subsequently indicted on 34 charges of murder, sodomy and heresy, while numbering 140 children as victims of his depredations over a 14 year period. Verbally attacked his accusers and was promptly excommunicated, before appearing in far more contrite manner before the court, asking tearfully for forgiveness for his sins. After being briefly tortured, he confessed in great detail to his crimes, which were held in lower regard, than that of heresy, which, at the time, was viewed as the ultimate of heinous acts. Eventually sentenced to be hanged, but not before giving a lengthy sermon to the crowds that had gathered to witness his final curtain, showing Christian humility and repentance at the end. After his hanging, his body was tossed on a pyre, but before it could burn, it was retrieved and given burial with Catholic rites. Aleister Crowley would later contest the accounts of many elements of his life, seeing him as a martyr of the power struggles of his times. Inner: Depraved and debauched when he had nothing else to hold his attention, despite being a genuine adept on the battlefield. Do what thou wilt lifetime of displaying his deepest, darkest and most demonic side, along with hints of his other ongoing fascinations - magic, power, the occult and spellbinding congress with the higher and lower worlds through pure sensual experience, in his ongoing self-appointed role as one of his/stories more fascinatingly repulsive characters. John XII (Octavianus) (c937-964) - Italian pope. Outer: Father was a Roman patrician, who became an absolute ruler of the Eternal City. Descended from the emperor Charlemagne (Napoleon Bonaparte) on his mother’s side. Prior to his sire’s death, the former elicited a promise from the Roman nobles that his son would rise to the Chair of St. Peter following its next vacancy. Succeeded his progenitor at Patrician of Rome at the tender age of 17. the following year, he was chosen for papacy, purely through family connections, and took on the name of John XII. Immature, immoral and anything but immaculate, he proved to be one of the most depraved and obverse figures ever to hold the papacy, evincing no interest in spiritual affairs whatsoever. Used his office to satiate his endless appetite for concupiscence, while selling bishoprics to whoever could pay for them. His eyebrow-raising actions included accusations of killing and castrating a cardinal subdeacon, blinding his confessor, and firebugging throughout Rome. Used the ancient gods and demons in his oath-taking, while freely toasting Old Nick in his wine consumption. Oversaw a papacy that was extremely weak in the field, while the papal states were occupied by Berengar II (Adolf Hitler) and his son Adalbert (Rudolph Hess), causing him to swear his allegiance to the HRE Otto I (Mohandas Gandhi), after crowning him emperor in 962, in return for the latter serving as stalwart defender of the independence of the papal states. Berengar retreated without a fight, and he created two German archbishoprics at the emperor’s behest, after the latter issued a decree confirming the Roman church and its possessions, while demanding popes be elected in canonical form after pledging to the emperor or his ambassadors. As soon as Otto left Rome with his army, he became paranoid about his power and tried to form a league with the Byzantines and Magyars against him. Received Adalbert, only to see the pro-imperial faction of the city revolt against him, forcing him to flee to Tivola. On his return to Rome in 963, Otto deposed him and elected Leo VIII in his stead, while a synod of Italian and German bishops accused him of sacrilege, simony, perjury, murder, adultery and incest. The citizens of Rome revolted against this development declaring it invalid, while the young pope returned from his hideout in the mountains, with a force of supporters, and extracted bloody vengeance against those who had opposed him. Held a synod in 964, which repealed the earlier decrees against him. As Otto was preparing to reenter Rome for a third time, the young pope, only 27 at the time, reportedly died of paralysis, brought upon by an act of adultery, in what would be seen as divine retribution for his sins. Inner: Corrupt, licentious, venal, unbalanced, and completely unworthy of the high spiritual office he held. Unilluminated lifetime of giving the darkness its due in his ongoing desire to explore the full extent of his sensuality as a public figure running totally counter to Judeo-Christian tradition. Gesmas (20BZ-33AZ) - Impenitent thief. Outer: One of two thieves crucified with the prophet Jesus, and representative of the sheer impenetrability of darkness. According to the Gospel of Luke, while his fellow purloiner Dismas (Syd Barrett) showed contrition on the cross, he evinced none, while hanging to the left of the martyred messiah. Arabic legend would have him and Dismas earlier attempting to rob Joseph, Mary and the infant Jesus on their flight to Egypt, although his partner in crime relented and bought him off for 40 drachmas, at which point Jesus predicted both would die with him on the cross, but only Dismas would rise to Paradise with him. Nothing is mentioned of the ultimate disposal of his body. Inner: One/half of the duality of penitence and impenitence, representing the dark side of lack of forgiveness. Legendary lifetime of serving as a figure of unholy darkness in early Christian annals, as someone without the capacity for love, compassion, charity or redemption.
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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS OCCULT CULTIST:
Storyline: The messianic controversialist mixes a fiery imagination with a watery persona, and winds up continually reinventing himself to such extent that his debatable legacy becomes grist for his legions of detractors and mill for his equally fervent followers, with no middle ground twixt the two.

mL. Ron Hubbard (Lafayette Ron Hubbard) (1911-1986) - American science fiction writer and scientologist. Outer: American science fiction writer and scientologist. Outer: Father was an orphan who enlisted as a sailor in the U.S. Navy, and then worked in the advertising department of an Omaha newspaper at the time of his only child’s birth. Mother was a housewife who had trained as a teacher. Grew up in a series of apartments in Helena, Montana, where his sire worked as a manager and book/keeper before re-enlisting in the Navy for WW I, and becoming an officer, ultimately reaching the rank of lieutenant-commander. The family moved often, both with and without him, and he spent brief periods in the Far East and Guam. Green-eyed with orange hair. Attended George Washington, but left after 2 years with a low average. Somehow managed a questionable Ph.D. from a California university, and later claimed to be a nuclear physicist, although had failed that subject in college. Pretended to have taken part in various expeditions around the world, and retold his tales of adventure with such conviction that he became a member of the Explorer’s Club of NYC. Began writing science fiction in his mid-20s, with an emphasis on the fiction, rather than the science. Contributed to various pulp magazines under a variety of names, Rene Lafayette, Frederick Engelhardt, Winchester Remington Colt and Kurt von Rachen among others, using the format of a two-dimensional hero who uses mental powers to defeat enemies. Married Polly Grubb in 1933, son and daughter from the union. Divorced in 1947, although he married again in 1946, to Sara Elizabeth Northrup, which also ended in divorce in 1951, while producing one more daughter. His eldest son of the same name later severed all relations, and brought forth a host of abusive charges against him. His early works would prove to be his best, afterwards his writing became more turgid. Served as an ensign in the Navy during WW II, and was discharged at the end with an ulcer. While convalescing at Oak Knoll Military Hospital in California, he began an investigation into the limitations of the human mind, and then moved to Los Angeles to pursue a Hollywood writing career, investigating hypnotism and the occult there. Studied with a student of the notorious occultist Aleister Crowley (Robert Plant), then bilked him out of a large sum of money and ran off with his girlfriend, whom he later married. Thought he was under threat from Russian agents for his research of the human mind and suffered from paranoidal delusions. Published Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health in 1950, and founded the religion of Scientology around it. Despite the dismissal of his ideas as pure quackery, he gained a wide following, and a huge cult built up around him. Felt everyone had to return to pre-birth to clear themselves of “engrams” by reliving them, in order to become a “thetan,” or clear spiritual being. Maintained that the Thetan race was imprisoned on Earth 75 million years ago by an evil alien dictator named Xenu, and all subsequent terran problems stem from that catastrophe. Contracted a third and final marriage in 1952 to Mary Sue Whipp, two sons and two daughters from the union. Incorporated 3 churches of Scientology within a few years of the publication of his book, by charging huge fees, several hundred dollars an hour, to audit clients and “clear” them. Recognized the value of converting celebrities, and had his followers aggressively pursue them, seeing them possessing communication lines that ordinary people did not have. Became ever more paranoid with the growth of his church, convinced there was a global conspiracy to destroy him. In the late 1960s, he moved his headquarters offshore to a yacht, while having his Church members infiltrate governments in 30 countries. As a measure of self-protection, he instituted the Fair Game law in order to empower his followers to go after anyone who threatened the religion. Found guilty of swindling in France in 1978 and sentenced in absentia to 4 years in prison. Set up a fleet of yachts in the Mediterranean Sea, and called himself commodore of his mini-navy. Lived an increasingly secluded life, and was not seen in public for his last 6 years. Ultimately got lost in the power he had generated and eventually disappeared into his own vast imagination, announcing before his departure that he would return in 13 years. Investigated for tax evasion at the time of his death from a stroke. Cremated with his ashes scattered over the Pacific Inner: Extremely controversial figure, sacred to some, anathema to others. Pathological liar, egotistic, greedy, and vindictive to his detractors, a Godhead to his followers, who would look on the above chronicle as a gross distortion of his life, despite its being part of the public record, which could also be rationalized as a deliberate misrepresentation. Strong believer in reincarnation. Incorporated 3 churches of Scientology within a few years of the publication of his book, by charging huge fees, several hundred dollars an hour, to audit clients and “clear” them. Became evermore paranoid with the growth of his church, convinced there was a global conspiracy to destroy him. In the late 1960s, he moved his headquarters offshore to a yacht. Had his own Church members infiltrate governments in 30 countries. Found guilty of swindling in France in 1978 and sentenced in absentia to 4 years in prison. Set up a fleet of yachts in the Mediterranean Sea, and called himself commodore of his mini-navy. Lived an increasingly secluded life, and was not seen in public for his last 6 years. Ultimately got lost in the power he had generated and eventually disappeared into his own vast imagination, announcing before his departure that he would return in 13 years. Investigated for tax evasion at the time of his death from a stroke. Inner: Extremely controversial figure, sacred to some, anathema to others. Pathological liar, egotistic, greedy, and vindictive to his detractors, a Godhead to his followers, who would look on the above chronicle as a gross distortion of his life, despite its being part of the public record, which could also be rationalized as a deliberate misrepresentation. Messianic lifetime of achieving a sense of his own divinity through his abilities at manipulating information, only to fall prey to his distorted sense of self-worth and inability to clear himself of his own delusions. mBarthelemey Enfantin (Barthelemey-Prosper Enfantin) (1796-1864) - French social theorist. Outer: Father was a banker. Studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, and after the school was closed for its militant patriotism, he traveled widely in the employ of a country wine merchant, spending two years in Russia at a banking-house, before returning to Paris in 1823, where was a member of several secret societies. Became an ardent follower of Claude St. Simon, a social theorist, and organized a magazine forum. After St. Simon’s death in 1825, he became one of 2 supreme fathers of a religious movement that had arisen around the teachings of the latter, calling himself “Pere” or father. Broke with the 2nd supreme father around their direction, seeing himself as leader of a moral and social, rather than a political movement, emphasizing free love as a substitute for the stultified institution of marriage. Set himself up as a messianic figure, although failed in his search for a comparable and faithful female companion to give birth to a new Savior. Formed a model community around St. Simon’s teachings, but was imprisoned for questionable morality and secret society involvement. Upon his release, he went to Egypt with his followers to try to find the supreme mother. Also wished to dig a channel between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, but failed in both regards. Returned to Paris in 1837, and was appointed to the Scientific Commission on Algeria. Wrote prolifically on religion and politics, as well as his own spiritual testament. Invited in 1845 to form the Lyon Railroad Company, where his expertise on technical and fiscal planning were well used. Continued to be a voice of the spiritual technocrat for the rest of his life. Inner: Charismatic, highly energetic, great believer in himself. Rehearsal lifetime of learning about social/spiritual movements and how to exploit them to the fullest, before falling back on his more practical skills. Baron Paul d’Holbach (Paul-Henri Thiry) - German/French writer, philosopher and encyclopedist. Outer: Mother was the daughter of the Prince-Bishop’s tax collector, while his father was a winegrower. Raised in Paris by an uncle, who had grown rich from speculating on the Paris stock market. Attended the Univ. of Leyden from 1744 to 1749, and while there, he thoroughly enjoyed the absorbing dinners he had at school, where ideas were the main course. In 1749, he married his second cousin, Basile-Genevieve d’Aine, and several years later both his uncle and father-in-law died, making him a very rich young man. Wound up owning a house in Paris, as well as a chateau at Grandval, where he continually played gracious host to friends, relatives and many of the leading minds of the time. Set up a salon in the City of Light that would replicate the atmosphere of the earlier dinner parties, and would become an extremely important gathering places for the contributors to the Encyclopedie, a compendium of knowledge put together under the editorship of Denis Diderot (H.G. Wells). Used his money generously to create a convivial atmosphere replete with gourmet food and fine wine to attract both local and international figures, including nobles, ambassadors, academics, statesmen and writers and thinkers of note, in what would be a thirty year venture of combining gustatory delight with the ambrosia of highly stimulating conversation. Contributed numerous articles to the Encyclopedie on a wide variety of subjects from the scientific to the religious to the political. Also did translations from the German. His philosophic works, for which he would become best known were not released until after his death, since he had to write them anonymously or under pen names, for fear of persecution. An atheist and an Epicurean moralist, he felt society should be governed by the enlightened and educated who were not beholden to the political and religious dogmas of their past and present. His best known work was “The System of Nature,” published in 1770, which posited the universe as a mechanistic sphere composed of matter in constant motion with no overriding deity pulling the various strings. The only way it could be known was from the twin principles of cause and effect. Saw morality instead in terms of human happiness. As one of Europe’s first public proponents of atheism, he brought down the wrath of the Roman Catholic Church as well as that segment of the intelligentsia which still identified with traditional religiosity. Had his “System of Nature” condemned by the Parlement, and publicly burned, although he was never viewed as a radical, because of his careful disassociation from his works. Following the death of his first wife, he married her younger sister, Charlotte Suzanne d’Aine, and together the two produced four children. Wrote prolifically throughout his life, authoring over fifty books, and over four hundred articles. Highly critical of the abuses of power of France’s upper tier, he saw reform as the only true antidote to what ailed French society, otherwise violence and mob rule awaited, a prescient view that would come to pass. Exited right on the eve of the French Revolution. Inner: Extremely generous, and noted for his temperate, moderate, virtuous character. Felt religion, and Christianity in particular, ran counter to humanity’s potential for moral advancement, and was deliberately inflammatory in his critiques of it. Able to balance both the radical and the mainstream in his salon through his social skills, and was well-regarded by almost everyone who knew him. Had a tendency to oversimplify things, while viewing enlightened self-interest as his moral basis for life, and ignorance as its antithesis. Incubating lifetime of playing with ideas that he would further hone in future go-rounds, as an ongoing controversialist and metaphysical stimulator of his times. John XXIII (Baldassare Cossa) (c1370-1419) - Italian antipope. Outer: From a noble but impoverished Neapolitan family. Took up arms initially, then decided on a Church career. Studied law at Bologna, and received a doctorate, before entering the service of the papal curia. Bright, talented and highly ambitious, he quickly rose through the ecclesiastical hierarchy, and in 1402, he was made a cardinal-deacon by the pope. The following year he was appointed a legate, and for the next five years was a financial administrator of the papal territory around Bologna. Gained a reputation as an adept with money, as well as a crafty and worldly manipulator of events to the benefits of his benefice, and far more of a politician and commander than ascetic churchman. Became one of seven cardinals to desert the duly elected pope, Gregory VII, in 1408, and played an important role in the subsequent Council of Pisa, which he convened. Helped elected puppet pope, Alexander V, who was entirely under his control. In 1410, his choice died, and he was elected in his stead, with the support of the city of Florence, and the French liberator of Rome, Louis II d’Anjou. Officially ordained a priest so that he could assume office, he was consecrated and crowned pope the following day, taking on the name John XXIII. Championed Sigismund I (Oskar Lafontaine) as king of the German states, and along with Louis marched on Rome, where they routed a rival Neapolitan leader, Ladislas of Naples, although gained no advantage from the victory. After Louis returned to France, Ladislas recognized him as official pope, at which point Gregory lifted an earlier excommunication of the latter, and politically empowered him, gaining his loyalty again. Undeterred, he began enacting reforms, and appointing several new cardinals of high repute. Forced to deal with Ladislas again, who invaded the Roman province in 1413 and routed both him and his cardinals. Escaped to Florence where he sought the protection of Sigismund, then tried to convene another council to heal the divisive schism. In 1413, the latter invited Gregory and the higher-ups of Christendom to attend a convocation at Constance to resolve the difficult situation. Ladislas’s death beforehand, possibly by poison, suddenly changed the dynamic, and the beleaguered antipope could now return to Rome. His cardinals, however, told him his presence was demanded at Constance, and so he hied himself there, replete with a large entourage, although his heart was not in it. Displaying a rare caution, and deep suspicion over the whole proceedings, his fears were soon realized, when he saw that Sigismund no longer needed him, and that his possible abdication might be one of the unwanted results of the convocation. Initially dominated the council, trying to win favor by gifts, and through spies in opposing camps, but the tenor of the meeting turned more and more against him, and a statement of abdication was growing inevitable. Eventually fled to the territory of a rival German duke, only to lose the last of his support. In 1415, he was formally deposed, while being accused of a variety of depravities. After he submitted to the will of the council, he became known by his birth name once again, and was given over to one of his former enemies, who kept him in confinement in a variety of places in Germany. Finally released in 1417 at the death of Gregory and the election of a new pope, although he was not given his freedom until the following annum. Did homage to the new pope, and was made cardinal bishop of Tusculum, but the fight had long gone out of him, and he died a few months later, a defeated man. Inner: Extremely energetic, ambitious and power-hungry. Left a dualistic legacy, with his enemies accusing him of the worst crimes imaginable, and his supporters singing his praises to the skies, not unlike his 20th century incarnation. Roller-coaster lifetime of tasting both the sweet fruit of his ambitions realized, and the bitter aftertaste of losing all he had fought for, through the military and political maneuverings of others, with far more firepower at their disposal.

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PATHWAY OF THE RULER AS ECCLESIASTIC AND CONTROVERSIALIST:
Storyline: The popular professor transcends his earlier sense of martyrdom and otherworldliness by becoming far more of a creature of this world, while still retaining his deep-seated spirituality and great desire to both preach and teach by example.

Malcolm Boyd (1923-2015) - American preacher, teacher and author. Outer: Only child of an investment banker. His parents separated when he was a child, and he was sent to Colorado Springs to live with his mother, where she worked as a teacher and her turned to books as solace. Became a correspondent for the Denver Post while still in high school. Graduated the Univ. of Arizona, where he majored in journalism and girls, but always had a yearning for boys, while learning to hide his feelings. Worked as a staff radio announcer at a Tucson station, while bronchial problems kept him out of WW II. 5’8”, 150.lbs.Began his career working in a Hollywood ad agency, then produced a home/maker’s hour on TV. Negotiated contracts for Republic Pictures, before founding an agency in 1949 with movie couple Mary Pickford and Buddy Rogers that packaged shows for radio and TV. Served as v-p and general manager, and was elected first president of the the TV Producer’s Assoc. In 1951, he abandoned his career to become an Episcopal priest, after finding his work dissatisfying, much to the surprise of the Hollywood community. Went to the Church Divinity School of the Pacific in Berkeley, receiving his degree in 1954, and was ordained in 1955, before going to England for a year to study at Oxford, followed by further courses in Geneva, and then a stint under Reinhold Neibuhr at the Union Theological Seminary. Worked for a summer in France, and became involved in the worker-priest movement, where he realized that social protest and the religious life went hand-in-hand. Took on an all-white congregation in Indianapolis, where he saw the racial fears of the country first hand, then served s Protestant chaplain for Colorado State Univ. Began going into coffee-houses to extend his ministry, feeling that the pulpit should go to where the people are, rather than the traditional opposite way around, and was condemned for his informality, causing him to resign in 1961, while picking up the sobriquet, ‘the espresso priest.’ Took a position at Wayne State Univ. and became involved in the civil rights’ movement, while penning short plays, which were actually dialogues. Condemned for ‘profanity’ by the local bishop. Began writing books, the best known of which would be, Are You Running With Me, Jesus?, as he became more and more of a public figure. Performed at the hungry ‘i’ in San Francisco, then became a resident fellow at Yale in 1968, and an associate fellow in 1971. Held several more postings, and then in 1978, he came out as a homophile, while publishing, Take off the Masks. Suffered a backlash, but also got a tremendous amount of support. At the time, he had wanted to abandon his ministry and return to TV, but decided to change things from within. Served as pastor of St. Augustine By The Sea in Santa Monica, CA, in 1982 for 15 years, where he met his life partner, Mark Thompson, a writer for “The Advocate,” a national alternative sexual orientation publication. Served as president of PEN a freedom of speech advocacy group, a during this time, while living with Thompson. The duo were legally wed in 2013, and received the blessings of the bishop of Los Angeles. Spent his latter years as writer-in-residence at the Cathedral Center of St. Paul. He also worked as a chaplain for AIDS patients and helped to establish a homophile history archive at USC, while continuing to write. Died under hospice care from complications of pneumonia. Inner: Intense, nervous and voluble. Heavy coffee drinker, and former smoker. Simultaneously detached and a full-bore activist, with an over/riding sense of being an alien. Running-with-Jesus lifetime of learning to truly walk his talk, and be at one with himself, no matter the consequences. Benjamin Jowett (1817-1893) - English scholar, author and professor. Outer: Family held evangelical views. 2nd child. Pale, delicate and unusually precocious. Close with his older sister, the duo would often study for hours together by themselves. Educated at St. Paul’s School, London, then became a scholar of Balliol College, Oxford, winning a fellowship there in 1838. In 1842, he was ordained an Anglican deacon, and 3 years later, he was ordained a priest. Never married. Became a Regius professor of Greek at Balliol in 1855. As a Broad Churchman, he outraged the more traditional-minded Tractarians in 1855 with his common sense approach to the Epistles of St. Paul, then came under the suspicion of heresy for his liberal religious opinions, and was deprived for a decade of the emoluments of his office. After contributing an essay on the “Interpretation of Scripture,” in 1860, his heretic views once more came under official suspicion, although charges were later dropped. Successfully worked to abolish religious tests for university degrees, and was a great favorite among the public for his Greek translations, which, however, did not charm his fellow scholars. An extremely gifted teacher, he used his lectern to churn out statesmen, and on one level, was one of the guiding force behind Edwardian England, thanks to his apt pupils. In 1870, he was elected master of Balliol, and rebuilt a considerable portion of the college, while establishing a hall for non-collegiate students. Finished his career with a stint as a vice-chancellor of Oxford in 1882, holding the post for 4 years. Inner: Known for his ‘cherubic chirp,’ as well as long silences and occasionally devastating rudeness. Nevertheless, had a genius for friendship. Did not identify with any particular party or religious thought, but enjoyed stirring up things. Transition lifetime of moving more into the secular sphere, after many a go-round in the purely religious realm, in order to give greater expression to the deep-seated anger beneath his professorial veneer, while also continuing to pursue his scholarly interests and gift for exposition. Jeremy Taylor (1613-1667) - English cleric and writer. Outer: Father was a barber. Educated at Caius College, Cambridge, where he became a Fellow and took holy orders before the age of 21. Attracted the attention of Archbishop William Laud (William F. Buckley) through his preaching, and was sent to Oxford where he became a Fellow of All Souls. Married Phoebe Langsdale in 1639, 5 children from the union, which ended with his wife’s death in 1651. In 1642, he was made a Doctor of Divinity by royal mandate, having assumed the position of chaplain to the beleaguered Charles I (George VI), as well as to Laud. Proved himself a liberal churchman, with a predilection for extended similes in his writings. In 1645, during the English Civil War, he was captured and imprisoned by the Parliamentary army. On his release, he was given protection by a royalist peer and spent the next decade living in his seat, where he did the majority of his writing, which was noted for its combination of simplicity and splendor. Remarried Joanna Richards, the natural daughter of Charles I, 2 children from the union. Never mentioned either of his wives in any of his letters. Best remembered for The Rule and Exercise of Holy Living and The Rule and Exercise of Holy Dying. Also wrote a manual of prayer. After the Restoration in 1660, he was appointed Bishop of Down and Connor and Vice-Chancellor of Dublin Univ. Finished his career as Bishop of Dromore. Died from a fever caught from a patient he was ministering. Inner: Liberal views, love of language, all in the service of his royalist and clerical sympathies. Good-humored and pious. Partially cloistered lifetime of playing with incarceration as a means of expression, rather than conclusion, and finding his ultimate release in the glory of language in service to his higher calling. Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556) - English archbishop and royal adviser. Outer: Father was a member of the low-ranking gentry. 2nd son, and destined for a church career because of his family’s lack of money. Evinced a residue of uncertainty and pliability through a strict schoolmaster. Educated at Cambridge, and became a fellow at Jesus College, but was forced to abandon the post, through his marriage in 1515 to a landlady’s niece named Joan. Taught at Buckingham College, until his wife died in childbirth, which allowed him to regain his fellowship. Plunged back into his theological studies and became an eminent churchman, known for his scholarship, which was far-ranging but unoriginal. Intrigued by the German reformation, and through unwanted circumstances, he was drawn in as a theological counsellor to Henry VIII (Maxwell Beaverbrook), concerning his desire to divorce his first wife. Became one of the king’s chaplains, traveled to Rome, then made contact with the Lutheran German princes. Despite his celibacy vows, he married Margaret Osiander, the niece of a German theologian in 1532, although he did not officially recognize her for another 16 years. After his return to England, he was made the first Protestant archbishop of Canterbury. Declared the king’s marriage void, and validated his union with Anne Boleyn (Katherine Hepburn), thus confirming the English Reformation and its break with Rome. Gave further benediction to the king’s subsequent marriages, doing as he was bid by royal authority. In conjunction with Thomas Cromwell (Chris Patten), he published the first English Bible, and was an instrumental figure in giving shape to the Church of England. A leading innovator in creating English Protestantism, he was able to maintain the king’s favor, despite his enemies’ attempts to have him declared a heretic. After Henry’s death, he revised canon law and wrote extensively, including The Book of Common Prayer, and dominated the ecclesiastical reform of the time, showing a poetic sensibility in his reformation of its liturgy. On the rise of the Catholic Mary I (Rose Kennedy) in 1553, however, he was condemned by the new government for treason and heresy. Tried, found guilty and imprisoned, he was asked to publicly recant to break the back of the Reformation. Made his recantation, but before he was to be burned at the stake, both his sense and dignity returned and he disavowed his earlier statement, holding his right hand, with which he had signed the false documents, into the flames until it was eaten by them, before going to his death at peace with himself. Inner: Selfless, honest, modest, scholarly and humble. Held a strong Christian sense of forgiveness, and never blamed his enemies, while acting with as much integrity as his precarious position permitted. Served the state as a matter of principle, not ambition. Martyred lifetime of being given great power, despite his reluctance, and using it wisely, before turning the other cheek on his enemies, and going to his death with a clear conscience.

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PATHWAY OF THE SPIRITUALIST AS HALLELUJAH HUSTLER:
Storyline: The evanescent evangelist plays to people’s gullibility in both male and female form, before revealing the verity behind his chicanery in order to salve his conscience and save the one soul he usually ignores, his own.

Marjoe Gortner (Hugh Marjoe Ross Gortner) (1944) - American evangelist and actor. Outer: Named after the Biblical matriarch and patriarch of Christianity, Mary and Joseph. Father was a second generation evangelical minister, who saw his son had a gift for mimicry at a tender age, and decided to exploit it. At 3, he was ordained a minister in the Church of the Old Time Faith, and within a year and a half, he was performing as “the world’s youngest Ordained Minister.” Made his debut by conducting a marriage ceremony for movie studio cameras, while faithfully imitating all the gestures and intonations his parents had carefully taught him. Sometimes they would hold his head underwater in a twisted baptism, when he couldn’t remember his lines. Along with his parents, he traveled the revival circuit, holding services and doing faith healing, while spouting gospel from memory to adoring evangelical crowds in America’s Bible belt. Studied music as well, and learned how to play a number of instruments. Through his parents’ auspices, he sold cure-alls and milked his audiences for everything he could, amassing an estimated $3 million in his 12 year career. Shortly after his 16th birthday, however, his father fled with the money. Completely disillusioned with the gullibility of his audience, as well his sire’s dishonesty, he abruptly terminated his spiritual scam, and moved to Santa Cruz, California, where he was bedded and boarded by an older woman. Went to high school, and worked as a boardwalk hawker in the beach town, as well as a rock musician. Afterwards, he attended San Jose State College, where he was caught up with the youth revolution of the time, while marrying in 1960 and siring a daughter, before later divorcing. Towards the end of the decade, he decided to return to preaching, with a newfound sense of the God within, only to see his completely unresponsive audiences scratch their heads over his genuine sermons of inner spirit. Decided what they really wanted was good old timey revivalism, and he gave it to them, with a 60s twist, aping the movements of Mick Jagger, which the crowds, many of whom thought that r’n’r was the product of the Devil, lapped up. Only had to work half the year, in his highly lucrative comeback, but he began feeling that his hellfire damnations were actually directed at himself, and decided to expose his own fraud via film, as a means of spiritual cleansing. Allowed a film crew to follow him for a documentary, and the result was Marjoe in 1972, in which he gave his usual front-stage ecclesiastical exhibition, and then revealed in backstage interviews exactly how he bilked his audience out of their money as payment for the emptiness of his performances. The film won an Oscar for Best Documentary in 1972, and he used it to pursue an acting career in which he played both lead and character roles in largely highly forgettable fare. Also released a solo album to take advantage of the publicity surrounding the documentary, entitled “Bad, Not Evil,” which did poorly in both box-office and critical reviews. In 1978, he married actress Candy Clark, although the duo were divorced the following year. Never able to capture in his subsequent film career the dynamism of his ministry, and it gradually petered out, with his very last role in 1995 in Wild Bill, in which he had a brief bit as a hellfire preacher. Disappeared largely from the public radar afterwards, as a peripheral promoter, with, hopefully, some sense of inner peace. Inner: Extremely charismatic, but equally conflicted, with a gift to uplift and entertain, and an equal reluctance to keep on exploiting it. Hell to pay lifetime of creating his own comeuppances, in a sincere desire, ultimately, to save his own soul, at whatever cost to a public career. Aimee Semple McPherson (Aimee Elizabeth Kennedy) (1890-1944) - Canadian/American evangelist. Outer: Her iron-willed mother, Minnie ‘Ma’ Kennedy was over three and a half decades younger than her widowed spouse, and had been the nurse for her predecessor wife. Father was a farmer and a devout Methodist. Raised in a pious atmosphere, since her orphaned mother was a tambourine thumper, and had been brought up by active members of the Salvation Army. Originally dreamed of being an actress, and became an agnostic while a teen, panicked by Charles Darwin’s (Jared Diamond) theory of evolution, which did not compute with the tenets of her upbringing. At her progenitor’s urging, she began attending sermons by handsome 6’6” Irish-born Pentecostal preacher Robert Semple (Ben Carson) in 1907. The duo soon fell in love, and married the following year, before leaving as missionaries, first to Belfast, and then China, per a desire both had after first meeting to bring ‘faith’ to that heathen land. A month before their daughter was born, her husband died of malaria and typhoid fever in Hong Kong. Returned to NYC, afterwards and joined her mother in her Salvation Army work, while vowing to keep her husband’s memory alive. In 1912 , she married an accountant, and settled down to a quiet domestic life. One son from the second union, who would ultimately take over her Church. Took sick afterwards, and had a couple of operations, at which point she decided to rededicate herself to Christ and become a traveling evangelist, the first woman to pursue that path. Her husband wanted no part of that life and took off, although she barely noticed. Along with her mother, she began plumbing the Atlantic coast during the mid-decade, setting up a tent, playing the piano, and forging her own unique style, replete with a 1912 Packard which said “Jesus is Coming Soon - Get Ready,” on one side, and the question on everybody’s mind on the other, “Where Will You Spend Eternity?” With her encyclopedic knowledge of the Bible, she decided to name her ongoing enterprise the Four-Square Gospel, after the four cherubim in Ezekiel, representing the Savior, the Second Coming, baptism and healing. Rather than the fire and brimstone revivalist mode of the time, she emphasized the positive, preaching joy and exultation as the way to glorify God. At the same time, in 1918, she traveled West with her mother and children, becoming the first women to have traversed the country solo via automobile. Her reputation continued to grow, and on New Year’s day in 1923, she opened the Angelus Temple in Los Angeles, a spectacular domed edifice which had twin broadcasting towers on its roof, seated 5300, and cost in the neighborhood of $1.5 million to build. Its rotating illuminated cross could be seen for fifty miles, while its huge choir, brass band and 30 foot golden pipe organ bespoke a show business appeal that was soon broadcast around the country, after she became the first woman granted a broadcast license by the Federal Radio Commission. Known as Sister Aimee, she sat on a red-velvet cushioned chair, and exhorted her huge congregations to fill her collecton plates to overflowing, which they always did. Created several periodicals to push her various crusades, as well as 411 branch churches, half of which were run by women ministers. Called them lighthouses in her Salvation Navy, and they, in turn, sponsored missions around the world. Integrated her congregations, and was also pivotal in launching Hispanic ministries around Los Angeles. Won the enmity of racists for her policies as well as her share of death threats, but always operated under the assumption that all of God’s children were equal under His loving eyes. By 1925, she had a bible college as well, and seemed poised to become a global phenomenon through her expertise at self-marketing. In 1926, however, her empire began to unravel, when she made headlines by disappearing while swimming in the Pacific. Her mother then received a ransom note asking for a half million dollars for her return. A frantic search ensued, and a little over a month later, she reappeared in a small town in Arizona claiming she had been kidnapped by two men and woman and held in the Mexican desert. Her story, however, seemed spurious, since her shoes showed no sign of her having walked across the burning sands to escape, while her engineer for her radio station, Kenneth Ormiston, had been a no-show during this period, as well, leading to speculation among the unfaithful, that the two had used the pretext for a dissolute holiday together. Circumstantial evidence in the form of motel receipts and motel workers in Carmel, California, attested to the duplicity of her claims, but ultimately conspiracy and perjury charges against her were dropped, and the matter entered American mythos, as an unresolved mystery. Lost her press support over the incident, however, as the media turned against her, although she still remained popular with her congregants, while blaming the Devil for the entire fiasco during a subsequent “Vindication Tour.” Had a nervous breakdown in 1930, and during the next decade, there would be a power struggle between her mother and her daughter and herself for control over the still highly remunerative Church, which resulted in their being ousted, and all three permanently estranged from one another. Went on to weather over 50 lawsuits, as well as rumors that she had her face lifted and her legs slimmed down. In 1931, she married an actor and musician, who went on to exploit their relationship in his own cabaret act, causing a rift between them, before the two separated in 1933, and divorced the following year. Through it all, her congregations remained loyal to her, supporting her broadcasts and attending services of her Church around the world. During the Depression, she ran soup kitchens and free clinics, and remained a beloved figure to many. After speaking to a crowd in Oakland, she was found unconscious in her hotel room, and subsequently died of an overdose of Seconal sleeping pills, which was ruled accidental by the coroner, but may have been an unconscious suicide, brought about by her deteriorating kidneys. Her church would continue under the auspices of her son for the next 44 years, and would still be going strong after the turn of the century with roughly 25,000 churches and meeting sites in over 20 countries, and the vast majority of its congregants, some 1.7 million strong, living in foreign lands. In addition to her periodicals, she penned several volumes, and her memoirs, “The Story of My Life,” were published posthumously. Inner: Extremely charismatic, and a born show woman, with her power in her popularizing presentation, rather than any original ideas. Sunny and upbeat, with a gospel of sheer joy, and a strong belief in the healing powers of old time religion. Believed in a literal Devil, and a literal hell, but focused her sermons on upliftment and heavenly grace, rather than fear of the spiritual abyss, as many of her contemporary male evangelicals did Shaman/show woman lifetime of finding her unique niche as a voice of salvation, and, as in all the other go-rounds in this series, she ultimately proved to be both a charlatan and the real deal wrapped in one extraordinary package. mGeorge Psalmanazar (1679?-1763) - French literary imposter. Outer: Probably from the south of France. His real name is unknown, since he adopted his pseudonym from the Biblical character and conquering Assyrian king, Shalmaneser. Much of his early life is conjectural, although he claimed to be of French Catholic heritage, and cited boredom as his initial means of motivation to completely reinvent himself. Educated in either a Dominican or Franciscan convent, and became a beggar, representing himself as a native Japanese Christian and then a pagan, with an elaborate alphabet, grammar and ceremony of his own. Enlisted in a German ducal regiment and in 1702, went to Holland, where he enjoined the aid of a chaplain to a Scottish regiment to make some mischief on his behalf. Later blamed the latter for his out-of-control mendacity. Blonde-haired and fluent in Latin, with a hint of a Dutch accent. The chaplain baptized him as a Protestant convert, and had him claim to be from Formosa, so as to further cloud his origins, while giving him his name. Claimed to have been the victim of Jesuit intrigue, which further endeared him to his subsequent Anglican hosts, playing off of the extreme prejudices of the time. Went to London in his mid-20s, and sparked much public interest, presenting his catechism in “Formosan,” to a bishop. Adopted by British high society, as an amiable exotic, he even gained an appointment at Oxford College to translate religious literature into Formosan. Published a “description” of Formosa, and rode his brief notoriety until his mentor, the chaplain, was given a coveted overseas post. His tall tales of Formosa began to invite more and more skepticism, and in 1706, he finally fessed up to being an imposter, after a supposed religious experience made him come clean. Quickly drifted from ridicule to obscurity, although was always able to find patrons. Spent the rest of his life as both an editor and a writer. Following a serious illness in his late 40s, he thoroughly renounced his past, and became an accomplished Hebraist, as well as a well-respected scholar, contributing to the weighty tomes of the day. His autobiography appeared posthumously and dealt with both the reality and frauds of his life. Inner: Theological mischiefmaker, with a capacity for reflection and change, as well as an extraordinary facility for sheer invention. Chameleonic lifetime of dealing with his powers of self-invention only to finally bear the repercussions for them, a continual theme of her/his. Magdalena de la Cruz (1487-1560) - Franciscan nun and religious imposter. Outer: Became a Franciscan nun, and at some point, displayed evidence of the stigmata. Took no food afterwards, save for the Holy Eucharist, and began garnering a reputation for miracles. Supposedly was able to make the sacrament fly from her mouth to the hand of the priest giving her holy communion, and was capable of acts of levitation, filled as she was with holy light. Convinced many in the Spanish Church’s hierarchy of her genuine blessedness, and enjoyed a deep sense of veneration by her contemporaries. Viewed as a miracle-making saint by high and low alike, so that even the Holy Roman Empress Isabella had her bless the garments of her forthcoming child, Felipe II (Adolf Hitler). In 1533, she was made abbess of her convent, while issuing prophecies, and continuing to make miracles galore. Although some viewed her claims with suspicion, the superstitutious nature of Spain prevailed, until 1543, when she fell ill, and was suddenly faced with her own mortality. Decided to confess her sins around her illusion-making, although she blamed her false acts on the demons that possessed her, rather than her own manipulations. In an auto-da-fé, she was sentenced by the Inquisition to perpetual imprisonment in a Franciscan convent, where she spent her final years in a state of perpetual penitence and piety. Inner: Manipulative lifetime of following what seems to be a long-ingrained pattern of mischief-making, following by soul-claiming penitence for her apostasies, only to do it all over again, in an unresolved need to continually reclaim her fallen soul after first playing with her peers’ desperate need to to touch on divinity through her.

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PATHWAY OF THE MISSIONARY TURNED MAN ON A MISSION:
Storyline: The soft-spoken surgeon continues with his evangelical work as a seemingly secular figure hell-bent on carving a unique political niche for himself and his agenda.

Ben Carson (Benjamin Solomon Carson) (1951) - American pediatric neurosurgeon, presidential candidate, cabinet member and writer.. Outer: Of African-American descent, with 80% African and 20% European DNA. Both parents were from rural Georgia, with his mother 13 at the time of their marriage. Father was a Seventh-Day Adventist minister,.who, it turned out, had a second family, which ended his primary union. Raised by his mother in poverty along with an older brother, as she labored two and three jobs at a time cleaning houses and other low wage work, relying only occasionally on food stamps, because she felt welfare created dependency. Stayed with neighbors, whenever she secretly checked into a mental hospital because of depression. In her overseeing of her children, she made him and his brother read two books a week and write reports on them, while filling both with confidence in their abilities. Had a terrible temper as a teen, with several incidents culminating in stabbing a friend with a camping knife over a minor argument. Fortunately it broke at his belt buckle, but it seemed to have given him the impetus to gain control of himself, thanks to prayer and the Bible. A poor student initially, he overcame his overwhelmingly disadvantaged childhood and, after getting a scholarship and working part-time, graduated from Yale Univ. where he majored in psychology before going to the Univ. of Michigan Medical School. 6’, bespectacled and dignified, with a extremely soft-spoken speaking style. Served his residency in neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, then taught. In 1975, he wed Candy Rustin, an accomplished violinist whom he had met at Yale. Three sons from the close union. Spent a year in Australia honing his surgical skills, and, on returning, at the age of 33, became the director of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Univ., the youngest doctor in the nation at the time to hold that position. In 1987, he led a team that successfully separated twins who were joined at the head, a first. Developed prostate cancer in 2002, and took an active role in his own case, which caused him to slow down, although he still continued to perform nearly 300 surgeries a year. Penned his autobiography, “Gifted Hands,” in 1996 as well as other works. The book was made into a film in 2009, with Cuba Gooding, Jr. playing him. Given the Presidential Medal of Freedom the year before. Made his national debut as a keynote speaker at the 2013 National Prayer Breakfast, trashing Obamacare while standing several feet from the president. Subsequently compared it to slavery, while viewing same-sex marriage as comparable to bestiality and pedophilia. Announced his candidacy for presidency on the Republican ticket in 2015, in a TV interview, declaring he was not a politician, and, despite having only a handful of national staffers, has done extremely well in the early going, trailing only Donald Trump as a disaffected electorate looks to figures outside the political spectrum to turn things around. His views are all well in keeping with conservative religio-cornerstones, including anti-abortion, anti-marriage equality, pro-creationism, pro-flat tax, anti-affordable health care, and anything that smacks of government control or interference. Also departed from the conservative line on other issues, including gun control and catastrophic health care, which he feels is a governmental responsibility. Showed himself to be not particularly debate-ready for the first two Republican debates, where he propounded a biblical tithe system in lieu of progressive taxation, which he deemed socialism. Later drew all sorts of flak by stating a Muslim should never be president, since he felt the religion’s tenets ran against the Constitution. Further presented himself as fearless if a gun were ever waved at him, while blaming victims for not rushing and overwhelming shooters, in his continued tone-deaf view of gun violence. His higher profile would also produce a spate of malpractice suits, which he dismissed as the product of some 16,000 operations. Put his public campaign on hold afterwards to focus on fundraising events and stops to promote his new book, A More Perfect Union. Paranoid about being the target of progressive fanatics, he has asked for secret service protection while also enriching himself considerably with speaking fees, raking in millions, since becoming a highly public figure, while his veracity has continually been questioned around claims he has made about himself, since he is basically running on his life story. The questioning ultimately led to his fall in the polls, to complement his continued gaffes as well as the mismanagement of his aides and their public bickering, signaling perhaps some other agenda entirely in his presidential run, such as enhancing his net worth and giving him a national ministry. At the end of 2015, his campaign manager and other aides quit over the direction his campaign was foundering taking, although he continued raking in money. Virtually disappeared in the early primaries, while promoting his book rather than campaigning and vowing to soldier on until the end, no matter how little overt support he had, only to officially drop out in March, but not without promising to keep America on the straight and narrow, according to his moral vision. Surprisingly endorsed Donald Trump after dropping out. Later amended it by stating, “We’re only looking at four years,” while admitting he would have preferred another candidate. Subsequently appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in Trump’s cabinet despite having little experience or expertisein either arena. Expressed a desire to make people less dependent and more self-sufficient in the role, although its budget would be drastically cut by the administration. Endeared himself to no one by claiming public housing should not be too comfortable, while also claiming slaves were immigrants and came to America with dreams of prosperity and happiness, before hastily backtracking on his absurd statement. Feels the private sector is the answer to his agency’s many problems. Has a net worth of $10 million. Inner: Deeply religious, with a strong sense of Christian compassion for those on society’s lower rung. Elder in the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, which believes in the imminent return of the prophet Jesus Christ. Extremely vituperative towards Pres. Barack Obama, with a tendency towards verbal exaggeration in many of his statements, which he later has had to qualify and apologize for. Gifted hands lifetime of rising from extreme poverty, while learning to temper a deep-seated temper in a desire to be an inspirational figure in both the secular political world as well as the religious sphere. Robert Semple (1881-1910) - Irish Pentecostal preacher. Outer: Parents were Scotch-Irish and ran a general store. One of five children, with two brothers and two sisters. Raised a Presbyterian, he immigrated to the U.S. as a 17 year old, and labored at menial job in NYC, before moving to Chicago. where he worked as a clothing salesman and came into contact with the Pentecostals at a storefront Church in Chicago. 6’6” handsome and a galvanizing speaker. Became an evangelist in Ontario, where he met Aimee Kennedy (Marjoe Gortner) in 1907, after her father, a devout Methodist, urged her to attend his sermons. The duo were married the following year in a simple Salvation Army ceremony. After they were ordained in 1909, they preached in both the northern U.S. and Canada, before returning to Ireland, holding a crusade in Belfast, where the mayor gave him the key to the city. The pair had early on decided to continue their missionary work in China. While in Hong Kong, however, he fell ill with malaria and died in an English sanitarium there. Their daughter was born posthumously, while his wife would continue preaching in his memory, becoming both a famous and infamous figure with her Foursquare Church and drama queen antics. Inner: Charismatic and filled with a sense of the Holy Spirit as well as a desire to bring faith and belief to an exotic land. Holy Rolling lifetime of falling prematurely prey to a vulnerable body, which probably inspired him to pursue medicine in conjunction with his deeply-held beliefs, to allow him to further his desire to be an all-round inspiration to as many people as possible in his next go-round in this series,


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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS FACILE PROPHETIC PERSONALITY:
Storyline: The eccentric seeker gradually finds his own extraordinarily commercial spiritual voice, after switching his milieus from wealth, patronage and power to far more humbling circumstances geared towards underlining his tortured presence on the planet, and his rare gifts for simplistic upliftment.

Paulo Coelho (1947) - Brazilian novelist, lyricist and spiritualist. Outer: Father was an engineer and mother was a homemaker. Grew up in a comfortable middle-class environment, although his dreams of becoming an artist or writer were completely repressed by his parents. Attended a Jesuit School, but, at 17, his progenitor had him committed to an institution and given electroshock therapy to shake him loose of his rebellious ambitions and delusions, which he would later novelize. Escaped confinement, and then went on to law school, but found it equally oppressive, and instead, tried his hand at journalism and acting, only to be reinstitutionalized and subjected to the same humiliation at his sire’s behest. Escaped again and traveled in Latin America, Europe and North Africa as a hippie seeker in the 1960s, with the works of Carlos Castaneda as his guide, towards his own private epiphanies. Continued to meet various teachers on his travels, who steadily opened him up to his greater potential. Joined the country’s counterculture as a comic strip artist trumpeting antiauthoritarian views, and then tried to start an anarchic community based on English occultist Aleister Crowley’s dictum of “Do what thou wilt,” only to be kidnapped off the streets, and tortured by Brazilian paramilitaries in 1973. Dissuaded from further rebellious expression by the experience, he became an executive in the country’s music industry, and as such, served as one of Brazils’ most popular lyricists, writing for the country’s top tier of performers. His first book, “Hell Archives,” published in 1982, stirred little interest, but a prophetic dream calling him to explore magic by walking the pilgrim’s road to Saint James of Compostella in Santiago, led to his first spiritual tome, “The Pilgrimage.” After slow initial sales, his next in that vein, “The Alchemist,” prove ultimately to be a worldwide publishing phenomenon, and made him an international figure in the lucrative realm of spiritual upliftment. Its story would be of a young seeker, whose adventures around the world, and teachers, both decorous and malevolent, eventually send him circling back to where he started from, to discover the true treasure he sought, was really inside him all along. Most of his subsequent work would be fictive semi-autobiography, retranslating his various experiences around the world into simple lessons. In his own circular journey, he began life as a Roman Catholic, then atheistically rejected all religion, before becoming a Buddhist, and finally returning to the religion of his youth, while also believing all roads lead to the same God. Married and divorced twice, he founded an eponymous institute in 1996, along with his second wife, Christina, to help the underprivileged in Brazil. Given numerous honors, including being made a member of the French Legion of Honor in 2000, although his election to the Brazilian academy of letters did not sit well with more serious members of the literary establishment, due to the sloppiness of his writing in his native Portuguese, his own liberal self-helping of the works of others, and the simplistic nature of his messages. By century’s turn, he had sold over 100,000,000 copies of his works, and turned himself into a worldvoice on matters spiritual, with a weekly column in 45 countries, a blog in a host of languages, and continued opprobrium from those who value sharp writing and nuanced thought, no matter the subject. Also has his work on-line for free in countries where it isn’t available, and also maintains contact with his readers over works-in-progress, through Twitter, writing messages in English and Portuguese to his 2.4 million followers, as one of the world’s favorite digital mystics, taking full advantage of all media sources available to him. Inner: Self-proclaimed warrior of the light, and worldwide peace messenger. Among his favorite works are “The Prophet,” by Khalil Gibran, his previous go-round in this series. Sees all religions as basically “correct,” and himself as a compositor of their best elements. Resurrected lifetime of toughening himself up and finding a ready audience for his unique brand of upliftment, after suffering some of the degradations of this world in self-martyred fashion in order to become a genuine voice of spiritual renascence. Khalil Gibran (Gibran Khalil Gibran) (1883-1931) - Lebanese/American writer. Outer: Born in a small Christian Maronite village in Lebanese Syria. Mother was very protective of her strange son, whose only education was by local priests in the Bible, while his father, who owned a walnut grove, preferred drinking and gambling to work. After getting a job as a tax collector, the latter was arrested for embezzlement, leaving his family destitute. In 1895, his mother swept up her young brood of 4 and sailed to Boston, settling in its immigrant south end, and becoming a door-to-door back peddler. Set up her oldest son in a dry-cleaning business, while her daughters were sent out as seamstresses and never learned to read or write. Her beloved favorite was the only one sent to school. Through an art class, he met F. Holland Day (Robert Mapplethorpe), who immediately began using the handsome young exotic as a model. Introduced him to the Symbolist poets, and their religious sense of suffering and love, which would deeply affect his later work. Fawned over in his mentor’s same-sex milieu, he enjoyed his sense of specialness and his first taste of the world of luxury, although it was interrupted when he was sent to a Maronite college in Beirut, where he spent three years. Only 5’3”, he lamented his diminutive stature his entire life. Returned in 1902, to find one sister had just died of TB. His brother soon fell victim to the same dis-ease, while his mother succumbed to cancer, although he did not seem to mourn the loss of any of them. His one surviving, and adoring sibling, Marianna, supported the two on her meager dressmaking wages, while acting as his servant. Began exhibiting his drawings at the behest of Day, and also publishing his stories and poems, which were written in Arabic, and found great favor in the Arab-American community. Found a patroness in Mary Haskell, headmistress of a progressive girls’ school in Boston, who paid his rent, and sent him to Paris for a year to study painting. The duo became engaged on his return, although they both agreed they would not marry until he became established, which never happened, nor were they ever physically intimate, although she believed he had affairs with other women. Her main interest in him, however, was an emotional one. In 1911, he moved to NYC into a downtown artist’s studio, with Haskell dutifully paying the rent. Published two books in Arabic over the next several years, before deciding to write in English. Needed Haskell’s direct help in editing, which she freely gave, always feeling herself subservient to his genius. Eventually she married a rich relative in 1926, although she continued working on his manuscripts at night after her husband slept, and until her death, remained his chief editor. In 1923, he found literary immortality with his third work in his adopted tongue, “The Prophet,” which, in essence would be an inspirational advice book, that played with the vagueness of opposites in its definitions - freedom is slavery, joy is pain, death is life - allowing all of existence to embrace its own polarities. Sounding vaguely religious, without any strict denomination behind it, “The Prophet” was a collection of 26 paradoxical prose-poems put forth as the sermons of a wise man, and would sell out within a month, thanks to its brevity, under 100 pages, and its repetitive message of hope and self-affirmation. It was also written as a literary hors d’oeuvre, to be nibbled and snacked upon, making it even more accessible and delectable to the hurried twentieth century. As the decades passed, its sales would escalate, totally through word of mouth. “The Prophet,” would eventually make him the third best-selling poet of all time, behind only William Shakespeare (Vikram Seth), and the Chinese philosopher, Lao-tzu. As soon as he started becoming well-known, he began fabricating his early life, claiming to be of noble birth, with tigers for palatial pets. His next bestseller, written a half-decade later, would be “Jesus, the Son of Man,” a novelistic biography that was told in interviews by those who knew the master, including some he totally invented, while he took it upon himself to rewrite well-known sections of the Bible. Garnered some praise for his effort, although continued to be snubbed by true literateurs, who found his gaseous sentimentality too far beneath them to even comment upon. Despite his sudden fame and wealth, as well as the attention of hordes of female fans, he did not vary his routines, spending a good deal of the year in Boston with his sister, and maintaining his one-room studio apartment in NY, which he dubbed “The Hermitage.” His creative coin largely spent, he produced nothing his last several years, and, instead sank into ill health, feeling his soul had been totally compromised by the hypocrisy of his being. Took to drink while penning “The Prophet,” and soon developed into a full-blown alcoholic, imbibing arak, a Syrian liquor that his sister sent him, with which he drank himself to death. A recluse at the end, he died in a hospital of cirrhosis of the liver, with an incipient case of the family’s favorite dis-ease, TB. Taken to Beirut to be buried, his coffin was opened, and a medal was pinned on his dead chest. Eventually his estate was bitterly contested, and his body disappeared from his casket, a fitting ending to someone who was barely there in the first place. Inner: Identified strongly with the figure of Jesus, to the point of sometimes confusing himself for him. Disconnected lifetime of striking a commercial motherlode with his spiritual ruminations, before ultimately sinking into his own deep unhappiness, without the inner reserve to ever emerge from it again. Henry James, Sr. (1811-1882) - American paterfamilias and writer. Outer: Father was an Irish immigrant and Presbyterian, who made his fortune in the New World, through real estate and money lending. The oldest of 12 children, he was severely burned trying to stamp out a fire in a barn, and had to have his right leg amputated, a debility, he never psychologically recovered from. Bedridden for three years, he spent his time reading, while developing an unconventional religious nature, which did not sit well with his practical progenitor. Went to Union College, and graduated two years later, just in time to come into a handsome fortune at his father’s death in 1832, which allowed him the freedom of pursuing his own interests, without having to worry about supporting himself. Went to Princeton Theological Seminary for two years, with the thought of becoming a minister, although suffered internal conflicts over the decision, and eventually abandoned it. Traveled to England afterwards, and on his return in 1838, worked on an edition of an egalitarian Scotsman’s theological thoughts, which refuted his father’s Presbyterianism, in its call for everyone to be viewed as equal in God’s eyes. In 1840, he married Mary Robertson Walsh, the sister of a former fellow seminarian, and together they had five children, William (Ram Dass) who would attain fame as a seminarian, Henry Jr. (Cormac McCarthy), an eminent novelist, two younger sons who would become experimental farmers, and a daughter Alice (Carson McCullers), an invalid, who was very attached to him, and ultimately gained a posthumous reputation as a diarist. His wife would prove the pragmatic ballast, for his otherwise otherworldly interests, in what would prove a warm union of opposite souls. Soon after he was married he became interested in the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg (David Wilcock), finding his mystic revelations completely in accord with his own inner sense that egohood needed to be destroyed in order to achieve true spiritual elevation. Felt a need to be the dominating force in his children’s lives, and continually switched schools on them, for fear one of their teachers might supplant him. Traveled to Europe several times with them, while pursuing his own dilettantish writing career, which would prove unmemorable, save in conjunction with his far more talented progeny. A utopian at heart, he had little use for American materialism, thanks, in large part, to always having his own material needs sated by his inheritance, while holding the provinces of the mind and the spirit as lofty, idealistic states. Quite social, his house had a salon-like feel to it, with many of the literati and culturati of the northeast welcome there, despite his relatively low regard for many of the eminent men of letters of his times, save for the poet Walt Whitman (Allen Ginsberg). A progressive politically, his utopianism extended to abolition, in his egalitarian view that all evil emanated from selfishness and its various manifestations. Despite never being taken seriously by his contemporaries, who saw him as largely a dilettante. Continued writing throughout his life, while being cared for by his daughter, although his wife’s death in 1882, was strong signal, his run had ended, too, and he passed on within the year of a heart attack or stroke, with his final words, “Oh, I have such good boys - such good boys.” Inner: Eccentric, cerebral and direct. Found conventional society, particularly among his social equals, extremely unstimulating, Felt that the divine was the only reality that really counted, and that much of earthlife was largely illusory. Harbored an indifference to science, and was, in a sense, a creature out of time, still living in his mind, after an enforced recovery period during his childhood, which dictated a lot of his later disconnected thought. Very active in his children’s education, and unafraid to criticize people face-to-face. One leg to stand on lifetime of giving birth to a memorable and familiar brood, while playing with a sense of incompleteness that saw him far more in the ethers than the earthplane in his cerebrations and opinions, and total lack of need to support himself with either. Magdalena Herbert (Magdalen Newport) (?-1627) - English noblewoman. Outer: Father was the largest landowner in the region. Married into a collateral branch of the earls of Pembroke, and had 10 children, 7 sons and 3 daughters, including her eldest, Edward (Ram Dass) a philosopher of some note, George (Cormac McCarthy), a poet, and her youngest Thomas (Carson McCullers) a soldier and miscellaneous writer. While she was pregnant with Thomas in 1596, her husband died. Active in the education of her sons, she also arranged the marriage of her eldest to a cousin, while accompanying him to Oxford. While there, she became a friend and then a patroness of vicar and poet John Donne (James Joyce), who dedicated many of his sacred poems to her. Continued to be active in the cultural life of her times, as a patroness of various literary figures. In 1608, she married John Danvers, who was nearly 20 years her junior. Well-liked and well-respected by one and all, she was ultimately given a funeral oration by Donne. Inner: Witty, intelligent and extremely pious. Support lifetime of continuing her longtime connection with the creative members of her extended crypto-family, before switching over to her male side, to join them in their written cerebrations on the meaning of life, love and the metaphysical mysteries of the universe. Constantine X Ducas (1006-1067) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: Father was a Paphlagonian nobleman who may have been a governor. Became a court official, and, as a bureaucratic party member, a close friend and former pupil of Michael Psellus (Ram Dass), chronicler and court adviser, who helped him immeasurably in attaining the throne. Had strong intellectual interests, particularly in the spheres of theology and philosophy, and loved nothing better than engaging in mental gymnastics with others of his scholarly bent. A superb orator as well, his rise was precipitated by his marriage to Eudokia Marrembolitissa, the niece of the city’’s patriarch. Three sons and three daughters from the union, including his unhappy successor, Michael VII (Cormac McCarthy). Although he was against the reforms of Emperor Isaac I (Sumner Redstone) the latter let himself be convinced by Psellus to name him as his successor, shortly before he abdicated in 1059. Immediately showered his family with nepotistic positions, appointing his brother as caesar, and elevating his sons, while supporting his court faction and the church to the detriment of the armed forces, which would prove his undoing in a largely disastrous reign. Bloated his bureaucracy with fellow intellectuals, and lavished money on his supporters, while filling the higher military ranks with court officials, rather than professional soldiers, so as to weaken considerably the empire’s ability to defend itself. Replaced his peasant-soldiers with unreliable foreign mercenaries, and tried to reduce the army to a state of subordination in order to avoid the overthrows and insurrections of the past. His moves led to an assassination attempt by the military aristocracy in 1061, while his taxation policies made him unpopular with his subjects. The empire saw a steady erosion of its holdings all during the decade, while his attention was diverted towards religious controversies in the buffer state of Armenia, which allowed it to fall to the Seljuk Turks. Just before his death, he demanded of his wife not to remarry, so as to insure the succession of his sons. Succeeded by the general, Romanus IV (Avigdor Lieberman), whom his wife married anyhow, in order to have a martial protector. Inner: Cerebral and scholarly, with little real feel for rule, preferring keeping people around him who wouldn’t challenge or contradict him, while completely failing to see the importance of a reformed army in the empire’s defensive schema. Mind over matter lifetime of taking on the headache of absolute power, thinking that logic and cerebrations were more than enough to solve the problems of state, only to be rudely reminded otherwise.

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PATHWAY OF THE PHILOSOPHER AS INTEGRATOR OF EAST & WEST:
Storyline: The gadabout guru gradually opens himself up to being in the now, after many a go-round of strictly measuring his heart by his head, in his endless pursuit to understand his ever-elusive, self-denying and self-absorbing self.

Ram Dass (Richard Alpert) - American spiritual teacher. Outer: Of Jewish descent. Youngest of three sons of a prominent Boston attorney, who was president of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, as well as one of the founders of Brandeis Univ. and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. Enjoyed a loving and well-supported childhood, and followed a conventional educational arc, getting a B.A. from Tufts Univ., an M.A. from Wesleyan Univ. and Ph.D. in psychology from Stanford Univ. Began his academic career at UCBerkeley, before joining the faculty at Harvard Univ. as an assistant professor of psychology, while also serving as a therapist. Got research contracts with other institutes, but it would be his work with fellow professor Timothy Leary, that would prove life-changing. Tried psychedelic mushrooms with him in 1961, after flying down to Mexico in his own private plane, which taught him how to soar sans machines, and the two subsequently became involved in the Harvard Psilocybin Project, experimenting with the artificially produced drug LSD on a group of undergraduate and graduate volunteers. Their research would lead to an attempt at rewriting “The Tibetan Book of the Dead,” and a dismissal from the university for both for various offences to the school’s hallowed traditions of non-altered state academic inquiries. Continued to experiment with Leary in various utopic and alternative lifestyle schemes on a donated estate in Millbrook, New York, until falling into a deep depression after some 300 acid trips. Decided to go to India with a friend in 1967 to search for an alternative mode of seeking that was less debilitating to his psyche. While there, he met a spiritual teacher there, Hindu guru Mahara-ji, who redubbed him Ram Dass, or “servant of God.” Retranslated himself from hyper-achievement-oriented upper-middle-class academic to similarly constituted spiritual teacher, through his subsequent education in raja yoga, and other Hindu teachings by other master instructors. Returned to the U.S. in 1969 as a man on a mission, dedicated to expanding materialistic American consciousness into the realm of spiritual awareness. Dubbed “Rum Dum,” by an unsympathetic American press, he synthesized his organically altered view in the best-selling, “Be Here Now,” in 1971, a metaphysical biography and guide to the unperplexed on the yogic, well-centered life. In 1974 he created the Hanuman Foundation, named after the Hindu manifestation of Shiva, the dualistic deity of transformation, while becoming involved with Joya, a middle-class matron turned spiritual teacher, before a fall-out twixt the two over his revealing their intimacy. In 1978, he founded the Seva Foundation, an international organization dedicated to relieving suffering in the world. Continued as a superstar among the New Age enlightenment set for most of the next two decades, as a peripatetic teacher and writer. A lifelong bachelor, he initially styled himself bisexual, before admitting to more of a same-sex orientation as he entered his 60s. In 1997, he suffered a stroke which left him paralyzed on the right side, or masculine/Western half of his body, and limited his abilty to speak, although it did not affect his mind. Deeply humbled by the experience, he turned it into both a teaching and self-healing on his part, once again translating it into print via “Still Here: Embracing, Aging, Changing and Dying,” published in 2000. Continues into the new century as a teacher and exemplar of the self-glorifying and self-denying self, trying to find a proper balance between the two. Inner: Gifted teacher. speaker and writer. Ultimately forced himself to work more on his masculine, rational side, to bring it up to par with his better-developed, feminine eastern half, through his stroke. Psychology 101b lifetime of continuing to explore his complex being, by first learning how to deny it, and then forcing himself to deal with it through age-old disciplines, rationalization and finally debility, in his ongoing desire to explore all elements of the self from as many perspectives available to him as possible. William James (1842-1910) - American philosopher and psychologist. Outer: Of Irish Protestant descent. Father Henry Sr. (Paulo Coelho) was one of 13 children of an Irish immigrant, who became independently wealthy from an inheirtance. The former lost his right leg in an accident as a teen, and never quite recovered psychologically from it, turning him eventually towards theology and mysticism. Mother was her husband’s opposite, pragmatic and down-to-earth. The eldest of 5, including Henry (Cormac McCarthy), who would gain great fame as a writer, two other brothers, and a singular sister, Alice (Carson McCullers), an invalid, who would achieve posthumous note in her own write, as a diarist. Despite a stimulating childhood, he was often uprooted in the family’s peripatetic movements during his growing up. His sire, who had a great need to be the prime influence in his children’s lives, had no hesitancy in changing his charge’s schools, or even continents whenever a teacher threatened his primary status with his progeny. Wound up attending schools in the U.S., England, France, Switzerland and Germany, and also had private tutoring. Widely read and fluent in five languages, and well-versed in philosophy, he also had direct converse with many of the eminent thinkers of the day, including the New England transcendentalists, through their connection with his household. Originally had fantasies of being an artist, alhough he came into conflict with his sire over them, since the latter had dreams of a career in the sciences or phliosophy for him, and his will easily prevailed. Suffered from weak vision, digestive disorders and other physical ailments, as well as neuresthenic disorders, which led him to depressively contemplate suicide on several occasions, as a youth. Although two of his younger brothers fought in the Civil War, his constitution precluded him from doing so. Studied chemistry as an undergrad at Harvard, before ambivalently switching over to medical studies in 1864. Went on a scientific expedition with famed naturalist Louis Agassiz up the Amazon, but health problems forced him to terminate the adventure after eight months. Traveled to Europe, primarily Germany, in search of a cure, and after two years, returned to graduate Harvard with an M.D. in 1870, although made no effort at practicing. Instead, he gloomily studied psychology, while still depending on his family for finances. Two years later he accepted a position as a lecturer at his alma mater in psychology and physiology, and for the next 35 years, would remain connected with his alma mater, eventually becoming a professor there of philosophy and psychology. Continued suffering panic attacks and depression, while only confiding to his journal over his condition, before finally breaking the pattern through a belief in free will. Showed himself to be a lively and gifted teacher, and by 1875, he had established the first laboratory in experimentl psychology. Three years later, he married Alice Gibbens, a Boston schoolteacher and accomplished pianist. 5 children from the fruitful union, while his wife served as a strong support, amanuensis and close intellectual companion for him. The marriage quickly cured him of his mental debilities, even after losing both his parents in 1882, and his middle son in 1885 from bronchial pneumonia. Became the leading American authority on psychology with his “Principles of Psychology”, a two volume set first published in 1890, which was part self-help manual, part confessional, and part explication of the central focus of his studies, the ‘self.’ An adept stylist, he was occasionally criticized by members of his own profession as too-good a writer for his discipline. A teacher of teachers, as well as students, he was the first of his ilk to elicit evaluations from his classes, which would become a subsequent common practice in the academic realm. Continued his sojourns to Europe, and also was active in social and political causes, while serving as the first American to call attention to the works of an obscure Viennese physician named Sigmund Freud. From 1899 to 1901, he gave the presitigious Gifford lectures on natural religion at the Univ. Edinburgh, while also convalescing in Europe from an ongoing heart condition. During this period his interest in spirituality and religion deepened, as his health worsened. Spent a term at Stanford Univ. in 1906, just in time to experience the San Francisco earthquake, and, after more publications and visiting professorships, in 1908 and 1909, he finished his career with the Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College, Oxford. Internalized subsequent criticism of the published form of the lectures, to the detriment of his health, and died of an enlarged heart, while cradled in his wife’s arms. Inner: Harbored an endless curiousity, most particularly about himself. Endlessly self-analytical, employing his own processes to generalize and particularize about the burgeoning science of psychology. I, my, me lifetime of exploring himself from the neurotic, the analytic, and the neuresthenic in an attempt to resolve his ongoing fascination with the ego as a dim reflection of the brillliance of divinity. Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury (1583-1648) - English philosopher, soldier and diplomat. Outer: From a collateral branch of the earls of Pembroke. Grandfather had secured the family fortune. Mother Magdalena (Paulo Coelho) was the daughter of the largest land-owner in the region, and was witty, intelligent and very pious, and eventually a friend and patroness of vicar and poet John Donne (James Joyce). Father was a Parliamentarian and sheriff, who ultimately died when his son was 13. The eldest of 10, including poet George Herbert (Cormac McCarthy) and miscellaneous writer Thomas Herbert (Carson McCullers). Grew up with tutors, and then matriculated at University College, Oxford, where he was a gentleman commoner, and played the lute for relaxation. In 1599, he married a cousin, Mary Herbert, who was also an heiress, and afterwards, returned to Oxford with both his mate and mother in tow. Two sons from the union, including his successor. On the accession of James I (Kenneth Tynan) in 1603, he was made a Knight of the Bath. Journeyed to Paris in 1608, where he had access to the French court, and enjoyed a stimulating social life on his return, having direct access to the top tier of English society, as well as its culturati, literati, and scientific and legal minds. Served in a military capacity in the Low Countries under the Dutch Prince of Orange, and distinguished himself in battle against the forces of the Holy Roman Empire to such extent, that he offered to engage in single winner-take-all combat against an opposing combatant to settle the entire war. His offer, however, was not taken. Traveled to Italy, and under the auspices of the Duke of Savoy, led 4000 Huguenots from southern France into northern Italy to help the Savoyards against invasionary Spanish forces, only to wind up imprisoned in Lyons. Released, he returned to the Netherlands, and finally made his way back to England in 1617. Two years later he was made ambassador to Paris, only to be recalled after some very undiplomatic scuffling with French statesman Charles de Luynes (Oswald Mosley). Following the latter’s death in 1621, he returned to France, and proved to be an extremely popular figure at the French court, although he failed to get the French throne’s assistance for the elector palatine, and was dismissed from his post in 1624, for the latter dereliction. Found himself greatly in debt on his return, despite receiving the English barony of Cherbury for his extensive service to the crown, but little else. Turned his attention to writing, which would prove to be his true métier. His tract, “De veritate,” or “On truth,” in which he tried to mathematically systematize the psychology and methodology of perceiving verities. Somewhat clumsy in his locution, he, nevertheless, anticipated several later schools of thought. Also took a deist stance on religion, seeing little in the Church of England that held his interest, and is considered by some as the father of English deism. Found more substance in metaphysics, bringing a considerable originality of thought to his cerebrations on the subject, while courting quite a bit of controversy with his views, particular in light of the Puritan political revival of the time. Far less effective as an his/storian, since he used his writings as a political tool to gain royal favor, while his verse and satires underline his strengths in other fields, through their weaknesses. Also penned his autobiography, which proved to be more braggadocio than substantive, with an inordinate focus on his swordsmanship, both in and out of bed, while curiously ignoring the true essence of his life, his intellectual and philosophic contributions. In 1642, he was imprisoned by Parliament for wanting to add the phrase, “without cause” to a resolution condemning the king for making war on parliament, at the outset of the English Civil War. Subsequently saw that his participation in the violent struggle would serve him no purpose, and he retired to his castle, ignoring a summons by the king to fight for the royalist cause. Forced to surrender his castle in 1644 to the parliamentary forces, he subsequently submitted to them, and won a pension for doing so. In 1647, he visited his close friend, philosopher and scientist Pierre Gassendi (Anandmurti Gurumaa), and the following year, he died, in a state of deep depression and disappointment. Inner: Aggressive, highly social, equally egotistical, and both cerebral and martial, as a Renaissance man of sorts, who would later whittle down his interests and achievements to his true and everlasting strengths, the philosophical and psychological realms. Lusty lifetime of giving play to his full breadth of character, from warrior to philosopher, before focusing in on the latter in his next series, as his far truer reflection. Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) - Italian philosopher, philologist and physican. Outer: Father was a physician to banker Cosmo de’ Medici (David Geffen). Mother had the gift of second sight, and lived an extraordinarily long life, dying only a year before her son. Received his basic education in Florence, where he immediately showed great promise in both literature and science, while also undergoing his medical studies with his sire. Of a relative frail disposition, he eschewed more active pursuits in favor of music and poetry. In his late teens, he was taken into the household of his patron. In 1439, when he was still a child, the Council of Florence brought a goodly number of Greek scholars to the city, including Gemistos Plethon (Anandmurti Gurumaa), who suggested to Cosimo that an academic resuscitation of the works of the Greek philosopher Plato (Anandmurti Gurumaa) was in order, little realizing he was one and the same with the ancient master. Towards that end, the young scholar became the pupil of a lecturer on the Greek language, and seven years later, at the age of 30, felt he was ready to translate the works of the pre-Christian philosopher into Latin. The manuscripts were supplied by Cosimo, and a Platonic Academy was set up, with expert scholars to check his work, which would take several decades to complete, during which time he would be elected its president. Through his studies, he became an ardent neoPlatonist, arguing that the works of the philosopher should be read in Church, and that both Socrates (Timothy Leary), and Plato were forerunners of the Christ, in the martyrdom of the former, and the view of the latter that the highest cause is God, in whom all things exist. Given a house in Florence by his patron, as well as a small farm, he lived an extremely quiet life, surrounded by his books, and playing his lute for relaxation, while corresponding with the illustrious minds of the day. Lived simply, and had little interest in money, while never setting foot outside the Florentine territory. Taught Plato in the Academy of Florence, while also keeping a light burning in his room, in front of a bust of the philosopher, in homage to him. Selected as the primary tutor for Cosimo’s grandson Lorenzo (Abraham Lincoln), and had a similar familial feel for him. Responded to the fiery teachings of Girolama Savonarola (Martin Heidigger), by being brought closer to the spirit of the Church, and in 1477, he was ordained a priest, before becoming a canon of the cathedral of Florence, while viewing Christianity more on philosophic than spiritual grounds. Although a physician by practice, he was given to much superstition in his healing, and used his knowledge primarily on himself, despite nominally being at the call of the House of de’ Medici, for three generations. Gained a wide reputation as a philologist, so that his translation work was usually faithful to the text, although his knowledge of Latin and Greek were imperect at best. At long last in 1482, nearly three decades after his patron’s death, the project was finally finished. Not particularly original as a philosopher, and somewhat sloppy as a scholar, confusing past eras, although in this regard, so did many of his fellow contemporaries. A firm believer in the ancient art of astrology, he was accused in 1489 by the pope of practicing magic, but managed to avoid prosecution through the intervention of powerful connections. Managed to outlive Lorenzo as well, and after his death, the Academy declined, although it would continue for well over a century. Died as he lived, peacefully, in the last year of the century. Inner: Mild-mannered and tranquil, albeit given to melancholy, using music as a balm. Saw the human soul as an image of the God-head, and philosophy as a similar manifestation in its concerns with truth and wisdom. Disciiplined and probably virginal, with his focus far more on his head than heart, which loved abstracts rather than fellow humans. Highly cerebral lifetime of pursuing metaphysical and spiritual ideals via the teachings of a master of the past, while chasing after his every elusive sense of the God within, a never-ending pursuit of his. Michael Psellus (Constantine) (c-1017-1078) - Byzantine chronicler, philosopher and court official. Outer: As the primary source of his own biographical material, questions arise as to its accuracy. Supposedly from a noble family from Nicomedia, with Psellus or ‘the Stammerer’ coming from a speech defect. Received his education in Constantinople, and became secretary to a provincial judge in order to help his sister’s dowry. Following her premature death, he returned to his law and philosophy studies, before becoming a provincial judge himself. In his late 20s, he got a junior position as a secretary in the imperial chancery, and used an excellent instinct for personal power to quickly rise, becoming secretary of state to the emperor Constantine IX (Paolo Coelho). In addition to his court duties, he served as a leading academic light at the newly founded University of Constantinople, where he courted controversy by showing a clear preference for Plato over Aristotle (J. Robert Oppenheimer). Following Constantine’s fall from power, he entered a monastery in 1054, taking on the nom de monastery of Michael. After the former’s death, he was called back to court by the empress Theodora (Kim Kyong-hui), and continued in his role as a political adviser to the emperors who succeeded her, up through Michael VII (Cormac McCarthy), to whom he had earlier been a teacher. Served as his chief minister of state, although the latter had little real interest in rule, and, he probably lost his position when a general usurped the throne, since his writings cease at this juncture. May have also simply died. Best remembered for “Chronographia,” a his/story of the throne in the century preceding and during his time at court, covering the lives of fourteen emperors and empresses, with an emphasis on their characters rather than on events, and a particular focus on his own personal experiences, with a highly complimentary view of the benefactor family, the Ducases, who gave him free rein during their reigns. In addition to his political maneuverings, he also reintroduced Greek philosophy to Byzantine intellectual culture. Inner: Manipulative, vain and power-hungry, easily accommodating himself to whoever held the empire’s sceptre. Also quite learned, and a splendid orator, with a very strong sense of self. Operated in a similar rhetorical mode as his ancient Grecian forbears, and was never adverse to making his opinions known. Autohagiographical lifetime of serving as both chronicler and servant of the state, while accruing to his sense of personal power and neoplatonic philosophical outlook, as an all-around embodiment of the intellectual activist.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS EVER-DARKENING, CONSUMMATE CRAFTSMAN:
Storyline: The meticulous observer serially integrates himself into his various milieus, to become both a part of and direct reflection of them, so as to be able to render them from the inside out in his ongoing well-wrought and well-thought out poetry and prose.

Cormac McCarthy (Charles McCarthy) (1933) - American writer. Outer: Third of six children and the eldest son of a lawyer. Renamed himself after an early Irish king, which also translates from the Gaelic to “son of Charles,” the name of his father. When he was 4, the family moved to Knoxville, where his sire was a lawyer for the Tennessee Valley Authority for over three decades, before ultimately becoming a Washington attorney. Raised a Roman Catholic, he was educated in a parochial school, then went to the Univ. of Tennessee, where he majored in liberal arts, before dropping out to join the U.S. Air Force. Served for four years, spending two in Alaska, where he was host of a radio show. Returned to the Univ. of Tenn. afterwards, and, after publishing two stories in the literary magazine, and winning an award for creative writing, he dropped out for good, and went to Chicago, where he began work on his first novel, while supporting himself as an auto mechanic. Married Lee Holleman, whom he had met at school, one son from the union, before the couple divorced. His wife would later pen several volumes of poetry. Won a traveling fellowship from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and in 1965, the year his first novel was published, he used the money to visit his Irish roots. Met and married Anne DeLisle, an English singer/dancer in 1966. Received another grant the same year, and used it to travel around Europe, before settling on the Spanish isle of Ibiza. Returned to Tennessee in 1967, and continued both publishing and winning fellowships, this time a Guggenheim grant, which allowed him to renovate his living quarters, including using bricks from the boyhood home of writer James Agee. Often one step away from absolute poverty because of his lack of interest in the material realm, save as subject matter for his imagination. Began playing with real events in his further works, and in 1976, he separated from his wife, and divorced her in 1981. In the interim he moved to El Paso, Texas. Spent some 20 years on his fourth novel, and like his others, received lavish praise from some, and scorn from others because of his unique sensibilities. Won yet another grant in 1981, a MacArthur ‘genius’ Fellowship, and began delving into the old and current West for most of the material for his later oeuvre, beginning with “Blood Meridian” in 1985. It wasn’t until the 1990s, and “All the Pretty Horses,” a National Book Award winner, that he began gaining a wide readership, with some of his later work translating onto the screen. Married for a third time to Jennifer Winkley just before century’s turn, one son from his final union, which also saw him uproot to nearby New Mexico. In 2007, he won a Pulitzer Prize for fiction for the bleak post-apocalyptic novel, “The Road.” Didn’t do his first TV interview until his mid-70s, with Oprah Winfrey, after showing a remarkable indifference to publicity, or even readership, his entire four decade plus writing career, while preferring the friendship of non-scriveners. Active in the Santa Fe, New Mexico academic community, particularly the Santa Fe Institute, he remains a literal voice in the wilderness who will probably eventually attain classical status as an American original. As testament to his elevated critical status, his typewriter, which he bought used in 1963 and on which he had written all ten of his novels, was auctioned in 2009 for over $250,000, in order to raise money for charity. Inner: Reclusive and extremely craft-oriented. Has an antipathy to the works of Henry James, in an unconscious rejection of his earlier go-round as a completely removed observer of his effete milieu. Unusual stylist, remaining unbeholden to punctuation marks or ordinary sentence structure, using elliptical wordclusters and an extremely imaginative sense of dialogue to best describe the violent characters and actions which fascinate his considerable literary sensibility. Reoriented lifetime of deliberately coming down from his previous lofty tower, to better understand the nitty gritty of modern American life, in his ongoing journey as esthetic spiritualist, who finds his ultimate religiosity in the well-writ piece. Henry James, Jr. (1842-1916) - American/English writer. Outer: Grandfather was an Irish emigrant who made a fortune in business. Father was an eccentric Swedenborgian philosopher and social reformer, who concentrated on his 5 children’s education, maintaining a highly cultured mobile household, thanks to a large inheritance. Mother was practical and devoted to the family. Younger brother of philosopher William James (Ram Dass). His sister Alice (Carson McCullers), to whom he remained devoted, was continually depressive over her ill health, although managed to make her own contribution to literary posterity with a diary begun in the last years of her life. Small and pale with large, piercingly observant eyes. The family moved to Europe when he was 12, before returning several years later to NYC, where he was given the freedom to roam at will, while having his extended family nearby for added support. Suffered a mysterious back injury, and entered Harvard to read law, although decided he would make his way in the world through his pen, and began his literary career in 1864, with a short story. Over the next decade, he visited Europe twice and wrote stories, reviews and articles for the transatlantic press. After a stay in Paris, he settled in London in 1876, spending most of the rest of his life there. Unmarried, and probably a deeply repressed homophile, although highly social, with several female friendships which served as inspirations for his muse, including a cousin who died of TB at the age of 24. His writing would subsequently fall into three broad periods. The first, from 1876 to 1881, looked at the collision between the sophistication of European culture and the brashness of America and the resultant personal collision twixt the two. The second, from 1881 to 1890, explored how consciousness and identity are formed, and the third, which came about when he realized he would never gain popular acclaim, looked at shaping relationships in his protagonists lives. Always wrote from an impersonal objective viewpoint, without taking moral stances. In 1898, he bought a country estate, while keeping rooms in London at the Reform Club for his frequent visits. After 1905, his health began failing. Shocked at the outbreak of WW I, he became a British citizen in 1915 to show his patriotism. Suffered a stroke, paralyzing his left side, from which he never recovered. His second stroke left him cogent, then wandering. Died of edema. The last of the classical American literateurs. In addition to novels, he wrote travel, literary criticism and three autobiographical works. Inner: Asexual and impenetrably respectable, but also passionless because of his need to hide and deny himself. Insecure, and often depressed over his lack of success. Keenly observant, distant and formal. His singular pleasure of the flesh was dining. Wrote over 40,000 letters, as a lonely long distance runner over roads of paper. At-a-remove lifetime of pursuing art for art’s sake in his writings, while preferring the role of observer to active participant, in the social milieus he so deftly chronicled. Edward Taylor (c1642-1729) - Anglo-American poet and clergyman. Outer: Son of a yeoman farmer. His childhood of farming and weaving provided much of the imagery for his later poetry. Because of his staunchly Puritan beliefs, he was unwilling to subscribe to a required oath of conformity, and left a teaching position in England, to emigrate to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1668. Kept a diary his entire life, which revealed a character very much caught up in the Puritan ethic. While at Harvard, he roomed with Samuel Sewall, the eventual judge who would preside over the Salem witch trials. After graduating in 1671, he became a minister and physician in a frontier village, and settled into the same post for the rest of his life. In his nearly six decades as such, he was also a farmer, and strategist against indigene attacks. Called his parishioners to worship with the beat of a drum, in a nod to the customs of his transplanted environs. Married Elizabeth Fitch in his early 30s, and she bore eight children, with five of them dying in infancy. After becoming a widower in 1689, he wed again to Ruth Wyllys, and she bore six more progeny, most of whom he outlived. As a metaphysical poet, he was concerned with God’s grace, and sin and redemption, although he asked that his manuscripts not be published until after his death. When they finally were, over 2 centuries later, the quality of his work was immediately recognized, and he has since been dubbed America’s premier colonial poet. Inner: Deeply spiritual, Puritanical and principled. His earthy upbringing probably made him more attuned to the physical sphere, which visited more than its share of familial sorrows on him, bringing out his delicate, mournful sensibilities, and exquisite sense of language in service to his all-abiding love for the Divine and its miraculous creations. Contemplative lifetime of building on his previous existence, by extending his spiritual view to the Brave New World of the Americas, while focusing on standard metaphysical states. George Herbert (1593-1633) - English poet and clergyman. Outer: From the most distinguished family on the English-Welsh border. Grandfather was an MP, who made the family fortune. Mother Magdalena (Paulo Coelho) was the daughter of the largest landowner in the region, and was witty, intelligent and very pious, and a friend and patroness of vicar and poet John Donne (James Joyce). 6th of 10 children. Along with three sisters, he had 6 brothers, including scholar Edward Herbert (Ram Dass) and youngest sibling Thomas (Carson McCullers), a soldier and minor writer. Father had been both a sheriff and an MP, and died when he was 3. Proved an ardent scholar, and was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, then was elected orator of the university in 1620, a position usually leading to a prominent political role. Eagerly pursued the possibility of a public career, standing for Parliament in 1624, representing the borough of Montgomery, a traditional move for male members of his family, but after losing his backing through a series of deaths of his most influential patrons, he decided on the church instead, and became an ordained deacon in 1630. Married Jane Danvers, a cousin of Henry Danvers (Sean Penn) in his mid-30s and accepted a rectory, where he spent the last 3 years of his life, zealously devoting himself to his duties. A composer of many metaphysical poems, most notably The Temple, although he asked that they not be published until after his death, which they were, following his demise from consumption. Inner: Devoted, responsible, and highly intellectual, using language as his ultimate organ of prayer, with a precise sense of phrasing and an exquisite expository gift. Never particularly robust, and in poor health most of his adult life. Worldly-turned-spiritual lifetime of turning his aesthetic nature over to the spiritual to see what songs would issue forth from it, before being robbed relatively early of his life, determining his much longer return the next time around to bring his peculiar sensibilities to completion through a far more alien base. Michael VII Ducas (1050-1090) - Byzantine basileus. Outer: Eldest son of Byzantine emperor Constantine X (Paulo Coelho) and his second wife Eudokia. Married the daughter of the Georgian king, Maria of Alania in 1065, in an exception to the rule of Greek wives for future emperors. One son from the union. On the death of his sire in 1067, his mother was made regent, along with his uncle John Ducas while he showed himself to be weak-willed and easily manipulated, as well as having little interest in rule. The following year, his mother married the conspiring general Romanus IV (Avigdor Lieberman) and elevated him to senior co-emperor, although he was defeated and captured at the disastrous Battle of Manzikert in 1071, and then released, but court factions refused to allow him to retake the throne. The latter divided into opposing sides, with some favoring the heir apparent as a co-ruler with his younger brothers, and others backing Ducas, who promptly arrested his mother, and packed her off to a convent, while proclaiming the young royal senior emperor. Far more interested in academia than rule, he fell under the influence of a sinister eunuch, Nicephoritzes, who took over the reins of state, and strengthened the central bureaucracy, while making the corn trade a governmental monopoly. Ducas led a campaign against rebel mercenaries, who captured him and made him stand as a pretender to the throne, further weakening the crown. Failures against the Seljuk Turks, as well as a currency devaluation, which earned him the nickname of Michael Parapinaces or “minus-a-quarter,” doomed his reign, which devolved into riots throughout the city, when a mob grabbed and dismembered his chief minister. Two generals made their move on the throne in 1078, and he was ousted by one of them, Nicephorus III Botaneiates, who claimed royal descent via the Phocas family, and not only usurped his throne, but his wife as well. Retired to a monastery afterwards, and later became metropolitan archbishop of Ephesus, with his endlife largely unrecorded. Inner: Cerebral, with absolutely no gift for rule, allowing others to dictate policy, while he served as an empty crown, and nothing more. Figurehead lifetime of being thrust into a role for which he had neither the interest nor the gift, before mercifully being allowed to merely step down and pursue a pathway that was far more in keeping with his quiet, spiritual nature.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS AN ONGOING HOUSE DIVIDED:
Storyline: The lonely hunter is uncomfortable in the various bodies she occupies, as she continually searches for herself in the isolating worlds of self re-creation.

Carson McCullers (Lula Carson Smith) (1917-1967) - American writer. Outer: Father was a watch repairman and jewelry store owner, who was also an alcoholic. Showed herself to be an introverted, quirky child, who was passionately devoted to music, religion and fantastical stories. As an adolescent, she had severe rheumatic fever, which translated into invalidism and a series of strokes in later life. Wanted to become a concert pianist, but also wrote plays at 16 to be acted by her family. Went to NYC at 17 to study at Columbia Univ. and the Juilliard School of Music, with the trip financed by the sale of her family jewelry. Immediately lost all her money on the subway, and was forced to work odd jobs during the day, while studying at night. Met her future husband, Reeves McCullers, the following year, and married him 2 years later, before moving to Charlotte, North Carolina. Her spouse had been a young serviceman, and was an alcoholic and mentally unstable. Both had homoerotic relationships during their marriage. After the success of her first book in 1940, "The Heart is A Lonely Hunter," about a deaf-mute in a Southern town, she moved back to Greenwich Village and divorced her husband the following year, although remained close with him. Won a Guggenheim fellowship, and began frequenting an artists’ colony in Saratoga, NY. After a lover committed suicide, spiritual isolation became the dominant theme in her works. Remarried her husband in her late 20s, and maintained their rocky relationship another three years, which was punctuated by her declining health and his continuous thirst for the grape to assuage their loneliness. Won a second Guggenheim, and visited Paris with her husband in 1947, but on her return, she suffered a stroke, followed by a long illness and a failed suicide attempt. Her look at Southern childhood, "Member of the Wedding," in both book form and later on stage, cemented her reputation, although her health continued to decline. Her husband tried to talk her into a double suicide pact, then ultimately poisoned himself with drugs in a Paris hotel room. Continued her output, but serially had a mastectomy, and a broken hip, from which she had trouble healing. Eventually confined to either a daybed or a wheelchair, she continued writing children’s verses until suffering a stroke and falling into a coma for 47 days, before dying. Inner: Strong-willed, but highly isolated and alienated, doing constant battle with weakness, both physically and through her unfortunate partnerships. Natural storyteller, with a strong sense of drama both on the printed page and in the larger volume of her life. Lonely hunting lifetime of great difficulty in integrating herself with a failed body, as well as a weak partner, in her ongoing self-imposed isolation as a means to open up the true artist within. Alice James (1848-1892) - American diarist. Outer: Of Irish Presbyterian descent. Youngest of 5 of Henry James, Sr., an eccentric Swedenborgian and dilettante writes, who had hopes his children would become eminent thinkers and writers. Having had his right leg amputated as a youth after a fire, he harbored a sense of incompletion, which gave him a certain restlessness, that resulted in taking his brood on several extended trips to Europe while they were growing up. Mother was a far more practical counterbalance to her husband’s idiosyncrasies. Her four older brothers numbered William James (Ram Dass), who would become an eminent psychologist, and Henry James (Cormac McCarthy), who lead a life of the pen. Extremely attached to her father, and of her quartet of brothers, she was closest to Henry. Haphazardly educated, because of her sire’s belief that wisdom and learning did not become those of her gender. From puberty onward, she was subject to stomach pains, fainting fits, facial neuralgia, and occasional paralysis, rendering her completely bedridden at the age of 19. Saw herself as a victim of Victorian hysteria, a state shared by two of her brothers, including William. Went through periods of recovery, although her health precluded her from every marrying, and she spent her first decades largely with her parents. When she was able to participate, she was part of a women’s sewing bee that made clothing for the poor. In 1878, she suffered a second major breakdown, and contemplated suicide, but recovered, only to see her mother die in 1872, and her father passed on at the end of the year, after her care briefly rallied him. Went to England two years later with close friend Katherine Loring, and lived there for the years remaining to her. In 1889, she began a diary, which would take journal form, showing an ironic detached tone, and the same innate literary skills her two brothers possessed. In 1991, she was diagnosed with breast cancer, and ultimately perished from the dis-ease, although she maintained her diary until the very end, when she ultimately lost consciousness. The diary would be published in 1934, after all the principles described in it had exited the earthplane as well, although, like her, it would be in partial form, and would have to wait until the 1960s before it finally saw print in its entirety, in a fitting coda to her own ongoing sense of incompleteness. Inner: Witty, self-aware and insightful, as well as sharply critical of others, with an astute eye for vulnerabilities, born of her own unhappy weaknesses. Highly vulnerable lifetime of exploring her sense of frailty and literal invalidation, in a family of eccentric and genuine talent, as a means of eventually springboarding her own creativity to a level equaling theirs. Thomas Herbert (1597-1642?) - English soldier and writer. Outer: From a collateral branch of the earls of Pembroke. Mother Magdalena (Paulo Coelho) was the daughter of the largest landowner in the region, while his father was also an inheriter of a handsome estate. Posthumous son of the latter. Youngest of 7 brothers and 3 sisters, including philosopher/soldier Edward (Ram Dass) and poet George (Cormac McCarthy). Served as a page in Germany, and then pursued a military career. Distinguished himself early on in battle, and in 1616, while still a teenager, was given a ship’s command, when the captain was killed. Served on several naval expeditions, before being given his last command in 1625. Received no promotions afterwards, and ultimately retired to a melancholy and depressed life in London. Wrote several trifles, which were printed in periodicals, but his larger reputation would be solely through his family connections, rather than any singular feats of his own. His death would be unrecorded. Inner: Incipient writer, although never put enough effort into it to distinguish himself. Disgruntled lifetime of feeling he was not recognized for his martial skills, and ultimately disappearing into his own unhappiness, a repetitive theme of his/hers.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS MASOCHISTIC MESSIAH:
Storyline: The preternaturally gifted preacher grows increasingly more narcissistic and self-destructive over his power to create religious empires around his highly controlling leadership, leading to his continuing martyrdom as reminder of his own frailties as an increasingly more self-inflated human being.

Jim Jones (James Warren Jones) (1931-1976) - American religious leader. Outer: Of Irish and Welsh descent and Baptist and Quaker stock. Mother was much younger than her husband, and a feisty irreligious woman who was constantly working to support the family. Father was a WW I veteran who lived on disability payments after being gassed, and was both a racist and alcoholic. Neither paid much attention to their son, who felt unloved, and wound up living with his mother after his parents split up, while assuaging his loneliness by reading voraciously. Had little interest in sports, much preferring the theatrics of ecstatic religion, with an emphasis on universal brotherhood. Realized he had a gift for preaching early on, and did so on street corners. A diligent student, he was fascinated by Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin, as exemplars of great power, and originally felt himself a communist, in an era when that stance was aggressively frowned upon. Worked part-time as a hospital orderly where he met met his future wife Marceline Baldwin, a nursing student, and the duo married in 1949, after he had graduated high school with honors. Proved a domineering, insecure husband jealous of any attention his wife gave to others, while she feared the stigma of divorce, and so weathered his emotional explosions. Had a religious crisis over God’s lack of mercy in the poverty and imbalances he saw around him, although re-found his faith through the Methodists and their genuine care for the downtrodden and minorities. Served as a student pastor in a Methodist Church, while gaining a degree in education from Butler Univ., prior to which he founded his own religious repository, People’s Temple Christian Church Full Gospel in 1956. The Temple joined the Disciples of Christ in 1960 and he was ordained 4 years later. Preached equality of the races, as he and his wife adopted a part-indigenous child, two Korean daughters and a son, as well as an African-American boy he named after himself. They also had their own biological son and later adopted another white son from a People’s Temple mother. Actiely participated directly in the civil rights movement, while also running a soup kitchen and homes for the elderly and mentally ill. Won considerable enmity for his actions, and feared being murdered for his views. Went to Hawai’i, then stopped off in Guyana to check it out, before heading for Rio de Janeiro in Brazil for two years, supporting himself by teaching English, while tending to the poor as his assistants maintained his Indiana church. Returned in 1963, filled with fear the world would be destroyed by nuclear war. In 1965, he and some 140 followers migrated to northern California. Taught part-time, while having affairs with other women, using Quaaludes and other drugs to calm himself down, causing great stress in his family, as his natural son attempted suicide. Constantly promoted his Temple, gaining new converts, as well as tax exemptions, as a left-wing socialist. In 1971, he began broadcasting on the radio, so that within two years he had over 2500 members, as he started preaching in both San Francisco and Los Angeles. Stated he was the reincarnation of a host of spiritual figures right up through Jesus and God, while also denouncing the Bible, emphasizing the material rather than the invisible in his religiosity, and claiming his physical presence could be interpreted any way his followers wished Began creating a commune site in Guyana, whose socialistic government initially looked on the development with great favor. Continued his manipulations, while gathering more politically alienated anti-establishment people to him, with the greater majority big city African-Americans. Portrayed himself as a Christ-like benefactor feeding the poor and clothing the naked, while teaching that selfish capitalism was evil and sinful. Banned sex outside of marriage for his followers, while liberally sleeping with both genders, despite an avowed repugnance for homosexuality. Arrested in Los Angeles in 1973 for soliciting sex in a movie theater bathroom, although the charges were dismissed. Instituted corporal punishment among his followers, including paddling and boxing matches, while defections abounded. Politically active in San Francisco, he befriended numerous influential people, while accruing a considerable amount of money that he donated to both charities and causes. Took up residence at his commune in Jonestown, Guyana, which he had named after himself, in the summer of 1977, amidst a swirl of further defections and negative publicity, as its population swelled to 1100. Began using the phrase, “revolutionary suicide,” per radical activist Huey Newton’s book of the same name, although he meant it in terms of his own grandiose exit, and had his followers practice for their eventual mass departure from Earth. The Guyana government issued a bench warrant for him because of his refusal to give up his former lawyer’s son, which caused him to announce mass suicide if anyone came to get him. Began looking for other places to establish his commune, when a fact-finding mission around human rights abuses led by Congressman Leo Ryan went down to investigate him, as Temple members were told he was out to destroy Jonestown. After three days of interviewing them, Ryan left with about 200 members. Several loyalists, in turn, attacked the congressman when he was preparing to board a small plane to leave Guyana and killed him along with a newsmen, two cameramen, and a defector with rifles. Called a meeting of his followers in response, claiming betrayal and imminent attack. Forced the children to drink grape Flavor-Aid laced with cyanide, while he himself was found dead in a deckchair with a gunshot wound to the head as well as the groin, which may or may not have been self-inflicted. Some members escaped into the jungle, while all-in-all 911 people, a most symbolic number, died in the mass suicide. An autopsy revealed he had enough barbiturates in his system to kill an ordinary human being. He was eventually cremated, with his ashes scattered at sea. Inner: Always identified with the downtrodden, and greatly feared people withdrawing from him. An abusive authoritarian, he needed to be in complete control at all times. Emotionally explosive and increasingly more grandiose in this thinking. Self-aggrandizing lifetime of seeing himself larger than life, and ultimately serving as a spectacular servant of death because of it. Joseph Smith (1805-1844) - American religion founder. Outer: From a family of farmers. Fourth of nine surviving children, with two brothers dying as infants. Eight sons and three daughters all told. Worked on the family farm, until his parents moved to western New York, where revivalism was rampant, during a period known as the Second Great Awakening. The family established another farm in an atmosphere redolent with revelations, mystical messages and dreams that were a direct link to a mass sense of the Holy Father. In order to supplement their meager income, they hired out and worked as treasure seekers. Possessed a seer stone, that he claimed could locate lost objects, although he was brought before a court over that flimflammery, with the ultimate results unclear. In 1820, after kneeling in prayer in a grove, he asked for God’s mercy, and saw a pillar of light, which caused him to have visions. The experience prepared him for a second one three years later where an angel named Moroni appeared thrice to him, directing him to a hill where he found a buried book of golden plates. He was not allowed to move this treasured text for four years, at which point, in 1827, Moroni delivered the plates to his charge. They were written in “Reformed Egyptian” and held the history of a lost tribe of Israel, who had fled Jerusalem after the destruction of the First Temple in 586. Their descendants traveled by boat to America, and were ultimately taught by the resurrected Christ, only to be vanquished by pagans, although they managed to hide the story-telling plates until that time when they could be found by another prophet. Gathered several men as sworn written witnesses to the existence of the plates, and they would go on to power trip on their own around the special role he had assigned them. Grew to about 6’, 180 lbs, with a fair complexion and light brown hair. In 1830, he published 3000 copies of “the Book of Mormon,” an English translation of those plates, while organizing the Church of Christ, as it was first called. It was named after a prophet and military figure of an ancient Jewish sect who followed a Christian gospel. Stirred up much contumely against himself, including being tarred and feathered by an angry Ohio mob in 1832, who beat him and a cohort unconscious, leaving both for dead, although they recovered. Two years later, his religion became known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, since it was a latter day restoration of ancient faith. Its male adherents were dubbed Apostles, and given the promise that they could achieve Godhood in the hereafter, while all marriages would be eternal, promising everlasting security to his female followers, following their participation in a sealing ceremony. Demanded generous tithes from LDS members, so that belonging to the Church covered virtually every aspect of its practitioners lives: spiritual, emotional and economic. Produced several more lesser works, with angelic help, before Moroni retrieved the original golden plates. In 1827, he contracted his first marriage with Emma Hale, a tall beauty, although the duo had to elope, since her father refused to agree to the union. Nine children sprang form the union, with five dying young, and all named after his siblings. Along with his zealous followers, he moved westward, in order to establish a New Zion, initially creating an enclave in Ohio and an outpost on the Missouri frontiers, as his missionaries were sent out to actively gain new converts, most especially indigenes, who were viewed as the American upholders of the faith propounded in Mormonism. The New Zion that they promulgated suffered a financial collapse which caused the Ohio community to go under while Missouri forced all Mormons out of the state under threat of violent extermination. The group retreated to Illinois and built a new city called Nauvoo. Over the next four years, Nauvoo grew from a backwater to one of the larger urbs in Illinois, with converts coming from England, as well as the rest of the U.S. The city was neatly laid out and atop it stood a new Temple, built on the order of the ancient Judaic Temple of Solomon. Always thinking in grandiose terms, in 1842, he revealed a plan to establish a millennial Kingdom of God, which would extend its theocratic rule over the entire planet. Began taking plural wives in the mid-1830s per a belief in polygamy as a male route to Godhood, and between 1841 and 1843, added 30 more to his retinue, with some already married to his followers, and a few widowed, although he kept the practice secret from his wife. After she discovered it, she went though much internal struggle before finally accepting it, while later DNA testing showed he sired no progeny from his extensive harem. Began campaigning for the presidency of the U.S. in 1844 as an independent, propounding a strong central government and U.S. expansion into other territories, although his run was cut short, thanks to rumors of his multiple marriages. Mormon dissidents in his own community assembled a press intent on exposing his aberrant teachings, and did just that in the one issue of the Expositor they published. Countered by ordering the press a public nuisance and had it destroyed, which was more than enough for his enemies to call him a theocratic tyrant. Charged with treason, the governor himself demanded he surrender to authority. Did so, in order to avoid mob violence. Allowed himself to be jailed in the nearby village of Carthage, feeling he would never be allowed to leave alive. As he predicted, a mob with blackened faces battered down the jail doors and shot to death both him and his brother Hyrum. May have had a small pistol on him and fired several rounds, wounding a couple of assailants, before he fell out a window, with his last word, “Oh Lord my God!” On landing, he was shot multiple times for good measure and immediately succumbed to his wounds. Five of his executioners were subsequently tried for the crime, but acquitted. Buried in the Smith Family Cemetery on the banks of the Mississippi, in Nauvoo, along with his parents and numerous family members. His followers would eventually wend their way further westward under the leadership of Brigham Young (Kathryn Kuhlman), despite Emma Smith’s opposition to him, and establish their Temple headquarters in Salt Lake City in Utah, as Mormonism ultimately became a world-wide phenomenon with some 15 million adherents. Although it had to abjure polygamy, in order for Utah to gain statehood, polygamist communities would continue to dot the west, under a variety of charismatics, eager to exercise the same control over their minions as the religion’s original prophet. Inner: Extremely charismatic, as always, with a rich imagination and an innate feel for leadership. Called himself a “rough stone” that lacked polish, while adhering to his sense of what an Old Testament prophet must be. As such, he liked to dictate revelations orally to a scribe, mimicking ancient prophetic means of communication. Promoted healthy habits, an abjuration of alcohol and tobacco, and a diet of grains and vegetables, with little meat in it. Ultimately saw God in advanced human terms, rather than purely deific ones, so that all male followers could achieve Godhood as well. Slow speaker in conversation, with a tendency to overuse language. Messianic lifetime of founding a uniquely American religion, based on both biblical and Second Great Awakening screeds, in his continuing exploration of the various aspects a powerful and original religious leader needs to manifest. Jacob Frank (Jacob Liebowitz) (1726-1791) - German religious leader. Outer: Of Jewish descent. Father had been expelled from the community of his birth for being a member of the earlier messianic sect of Sabbatai Zevi (Salman Rushdie), and moved his family to Chernowitz, Wallachia. Grew up completely adverse to Talmudic learning, and instead, referred to himself as an unlettered man. Became a traveling merchant of clothes and stones, which often took him to Turkey, where he was called ‘Frank,’ a generic name given to Europeans. Lived in centers in Poland and Galicia where Sabbatai-ism still flourished among the uncultured and unlettered in answer to the heavy oppression of the times in Poland and the Ukraine, and became intimate with the leaders of the sect, while adopting its ways, which discarded Jewish law and custom and instead pursued pathways that were both ascetic and sensual, including self-flagellation and orgiastic behavior. Married Hannah Kohen in 1752, and three years later began his career as a preacher in Podolia, Poland, claiming to be the recipient of revelations which ran totally counter to orthodox Judaism, as the reincarnation of both Sabbatai Zevi and the biblical patriarch Jacob. One daughter, Rachel, who changed her name to Eva, from the union, along with two sons. Forced to leave Podolia, by its rabbis, while his followers were given over to them, where both men and women confessed to having totally abjured fundamental Talmudic morality and law, through the free-for-all sexuality of the sect under the guise of mystical activity. Excommunications followed along with a call for pious Jews to flush these heretics out, although its adherents, or “Shebs” as they were known, continued to reject the Talmud and recognize the Zohar, the handbook of Kabbalah, instead, as their guiding text. A meeting between the rabbis and the Zoharists was set up by the Catholic authority, who found in favor of the latter group, and demanded all copies of the Talmud, some 10,000, be burned in the bishopric of Podolia, a devastating loss to the Jewish community. When the bishop died, the rabbis went after the Shebs, while the latter petitioned the king of Poland for safety, although it did not protect them from the wrath of their former co-religionists. The followers of Frank, who claimed to be the direct successor of Sabbatai Zevi, began designating themselves as Frankists, a quasi-Jewish, quasi-Christian religion, with strong Catholic leanings, that was considered a bridge to future Messianism. After back-and-forths with various religious authorities of both persuasions, he and his followers went to Lemberg, where they were baptized, adopting the names of their god-parents, who were members of the Polish nobility, which allowed them to join the upper classes, as well. Some 500 were converted to Christianity in Lvov, where he was baptized in 1759 and then went through the same ceremony in Warsaw, with the king, himself, acting as his godfather. His followers intermarried among themselves, and had no restrictions placed on their sexuality including incest, while calling their leader, “the holy master,” as he tried to pass himself off as a Muslim in his travels. Arrested in Warsaw in 1760, and convicted by a Church tribunal on charges of feigned conversion and spreading heretic believe. Imprisoned in a monastery away from his adherents for thirteen long years, which increased the intensity of feeling for him as a martyr by his followers. Insisted his daughter Eva be locked up with him, and demanded she never leave him or marry. Delivered mystical speeches and epistles to those who managed to broach his isolation. His wife, who had ben forced by her husband to play a public role of the divine female, much to her dismay, finally died in a state of great unhappiness in 1770. When Poland was partitioned by Russia, he was finally released from captivity in 1772. Lived in the Moravian town of Brno until 1786, where he kept a force of 600 armed guards and received followers and pilgrims from Poland and Russia, as his daughter Eva played an increasingly central role in his sect. With Eva he repeatedly traveled to Vienna, where he gained the favor of the court there, who saw him as a disseminator of Christianity to the Jews. Finally asked to leave Austria and settled in the small German town of Offenbach, where he assumed the title of “Baron of Offenbach,” and lived the life of a wealthy nobleman, thanks to the largesse of the pilgrims and followers who visited him. On his death, Eva became the holy mistress of the sect, dwelling in luxury, although as the moneys began to dry up, she became heavily involved in debt and lost her following. Frankists would continue on into the next century, with some believing Napoleon Bonaparte was the next messiah. They eventually became full Catholics and members of the gentry and middle-class, and disappeared completely from their Judaic roots, as an odd phenomenon that reflected the ongoing need for deliverance and redemption that has marked all the religionists here since the advent of the One God belief systems. Inner: Charismatic and extremely forceful with a powerful will and the ability to bend people to it. Probably understood his messianic future was not in Judaism and began taking steps to use revamped Christendom as his future means to religious leadership. Bridge lifetime of beginning his assault on messidahdom from his own inventive religiosity, a pathway that he would continue to pursue in further lives in this series. Nathan of Gaza (Nathan Benjamin Ben Elisha Ha-Levi Ghazzati) (c1643-1680) - Hebrew prophet. Outer: Parents had emigrated from eastern Europe, and were Ashkenazi Jews. Father was a noted rabbi and intellectual, as well as an activist, helping impoverished Jews. Settled the family in Ottoman Palestine Studied the Talmud and Kabbala in his native town with Jacob Hagiz, versing himself in both exoteric and esoteric Judaism, before settling in Gaza, and ultimately living in the house of his father-in-law, a wealthy Jew ,after marrying his daughter in 1663. Continued his Kabbalistic studies at a rabbinic college, which opened him up to the visionary he held within and made him feel he was a true prophet. To underscore this self-perception, he felt he was briefly possessed by a maggid or divine spirit, which turned him into a spiritual doctor. After he met the ecstatic ascetic, Sabbatai Zevi (Salman Rushdie), who came to him as a patient, he soon became convinced that he was the Moshiach or Messiah, and gave his imprimatur to him as the Anointed One. Did so in writing, which Zevi’s supporters felt was more than enough for their master to lay claim to that ancient title, which he did in 1665. Felt he, himself to be the reincarnation of the ancient prophet Elijah, and had come into being again in order to serve as the messenger for this latest version of the age-old desire for Jewish deliverance and an end to their exile and return to the Land long Promised them. Made numerous prophetic predictions, including the Messiah’s appearance in his full glory in the fated year of 1666, which would see him take the Ottoman sultan captive, while Israel would become the pre-dominant nation on Earth. Felt the dominion of Turkey would be entrusted to him, as the rabbis of Jerusalem proved extremely hostile to his prophesies. In return, he proclaimed Gaza as the new holy city of Judaism. Sent circulars to the most important Jewish communities in Europe, then visited them, along with several exile communities in Asia Minor and India, before returning to Palestine. When Zevi was imprisoned and converted to Islam, he did not desert his cause, while he was excommunicated by all the leading rabbis of Palestine. Went to Smyrna, Zevi’s home city, and then to Adrianople, where he kept on agitating for his cause. Excommunicated there as well, he continued his travels, winding up in Venice where he was forced to put into writing that his prophecies were all a product of his imagination. Wound up in Rome afterwards, in disguise, but was recognized and banished. Spent the rest of his life in movement. Ultimately saw his own death just before it happened, and expired in a rabbi’s house, before being buried with honor and respect by the latter’s congregation. Penned several anonymous pamphlets on morals and rituals, as well as a host of other writings promoting changes in Judaic custom and law and wound up a figure of great disconnect, while his mystical works had a life of their own, existing for centuries in secret circles. Inner: Prophetic propagandist who never doubted his role as the anointed announcer of the Anointed One. Wise, charismatic, learned and possessed with a sense of the holy spirit. Able to articulate complex thought, both orally and through his prolific pen. Visionary lifetime of serving as the anointer of another, before ultimately assuming the role of Anointed One himself in more modern times.
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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS MASTER OF THE INNER PLANES;
Storyline : The polymathic philosopher tries to stride the entire sphere of human knowledge with a little help from his psychotropic plant friends, as he steadily expands his own awareness over the centuries through his ongoing linkage of science and spirit.

Terence McKenna (1946-2000) - American writer and polymathic spiritualist. Outer: Brother Dennis was a writer and ethnopharmacologist. Spent his youth in Colorado, where he assiduously explored nature, while developing his dual scientific and artistic bent. Moved to central coastal California when he was 16 and lived with friends, because his family, who stayed in Colorado, thought he would get a better education there. Became enamored of psychedelics via morning glory seeds, seeing them as doorways into other dimensions, and from then onward was a lifelong enthusiast of altered states. Finished high school north of the Los Angeles area, and enrolled at U.C. Berkeley in 1965, while adding marijuana and LSD to his expanding list of consciousness expanders. Continued his various experimentations, and in 1969 graduated with a BS degree in Ecology, Resource Conservation and Shamanism. Spent his time afterwards in Asia, teaching English in Japan, and traveling in the eastern and southern part of the continent, collecting butterflies for biological supply companies. After his mother’s death in 1971, he and his brother and three friends traveled to the Amazon, where further study of shamanic tradition along with ayahuasca, a powerful psychedelic jungle vine, would give him his life’s pathway. Further experimentation with altered states led him to believe he had the ability to translate the divine tongue at the root of all visionary experience, which would feed into a host of ideas, including his basic theory that hallucinogens serve as the basic linguistic currency of the galactic highway and allow communication with all life forms throughout the universe. Along with Dennis, he co-authored “The Invisible Landscape - Mind Hallucinogens and The I Ching,” the first of a ton of tomes limning his ideas and experiences, which ranged from seeing psilocybin mushrooms as a gateway to consciousness and language for early savannah hominids, to theories about novelty as an intrinsic element of time. His wide-ranging interests would encompass an impressive array of fields, and he would also project on the year 2012 as a pivotal element in human consciousness, although he did not live long enough to see it come to pass. An enthusiast of excess in all he did, whether it was ingesting vast quantities of stimulants, or coming up with theories galore on an extraordinary swath of disciplines. Married Kathleen Harrison, an ethnobotanist, in 1976, son and daughter from the union, which ended in divorce in 1992, after numerous years of collaboration, including establishing an ethnobotanical preserve in Hawai’i, where the two lived for many years. In the 1980s, he went public as a lecturer, as well as workshop leader, and developed a large following, which would culminate a decade later, in his own stance as a shaman to the educated spiritual masses. Served as a spur to scientists and entertainers alike, and was active to life’s end, when his longtime affliction with migraines revealed themselves to be symptoms of brain cancer, which claimed him, with his family by his bedside, in what would prove to be his final and most transcendental altered state. Almost seven years after his death, a fire consumed his library of rare books and personal notes at Esalen Institute, in one last act of transformation, releasing his personal possessions into the universe. Inner: Saw himself as an anarchist, platonist and skeptic, with a great love of knowledge. Rejected exoteric religion, in favor of the shamanic, while viewing himself in messianic terms, as an expander of awareness to all who chanced upon his teachings. Stoned ape lifetime of taking his spiritual game up to the next level through doorways of perception provided by psychotropic plants, before ultimately burning out his brain, in his ongoing quest to lighten, enlighten and elevate humanity from its traditional dullard sense of self. Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) - Austrian theosophist and writer. Outer: Father had been a huntsman for an Austrian count who had refused to give him permission to marry his love. Left his service, wed and became a telegraph operator on an Austrian railway line. The oldest of three, with a brother and sister. When he was a child, his sire was promoted to stationmaster, and he grew up in different towns in the foothills of the eastern Austrian alps, remarking later it was where the East met the West, giving him a spectacular natural playground to explore, which suited his deeply introverted nature. Saw the ghost of a recently suicided relative as a youth, which opened him up to worlds far beyond this one, and led to a lifetime fascination with afterlife states, reincarnation and the concept of karma. Received some home schooling from his progenitor, and, despite an intermittent education, passed his final exams with distinction, while showing an extremely strong spiritual bent from the viewpoint of an innate scientist looking for bridges from the phenomenological world to the state beyond death. Read widely in a host of fields and also taught himself Greek and Latin. By his mid-teens, he was tutoring others, which allowed him to explore the transference of knowledge and the consciousness involved. Graduated from the Vienna Institute of Technology where he studied science, math and philosophy, with the thought of becoming a teacher, and discovering truth through the latter discipline. Tutored a family of boys, that included a hydrocephalic, who had been given up on as retarded, but through his ministrations, eventually helped him become a medical doctor, which would feed into his later system of therapeutic education. Chosen as the science editor of the works of polymath Johann Goethe (Thomas Mann), and at 21, on a train trip, he met Felix Koguzki, a simple herb gatherer who opened him up to his larger spiritual potential, through a commonality of otherworldly experiences. Also had someone known simply as the “Master” serve as his further esoteric teacher. Received his doctorate in philosophy in 1891 from the Univ. of Rostock in Germany, using the theories of Johann Fichte on the ego as its basis, which he would later expand upon in book form. In the interim he continued his editorial work on Goethe’s works in Weimar, which would provide material for two more books on him, while also involving himself in the works of Arthur Schopenhauer (Martin Heidigger) and penning articles for a host of journals. Began exploring the potential for spiritual freedom in his works during the decade, while also being asked to set the Friedrich Nietzsche (Bob Dylan) archive in order by his sister, which he did, while resonating with many of the by-then blank-brained philosopher’s ideas. Married Anna Eunicke, his landlady and a widow a decade his senior, in 1899, in what would be a platonic relationship, and later separated prior to her death in 1911. At the beginning of century 20, he founded a new spiritual movement, Anthroposophy, which attempted to link science and mysticism, much as the old Rosicrucians had. It grew out of his connection with the Theosophists, an organization he often addressed, although never joined, despite being appointed leader of its German and Austrian branches in 1904. A dispute in doctrine over its naming Krishnamurti as the Second Coming of the Christ would lead to his creation of the Anthroposophical Society just prior to WW I. To house it, he had the Goetheanum constructed in Switzerland, which he designed. Its construction stood in complete counterpoint to the destructive war waging all around it, as an emblem of international cooperation via the students and builders it attracted all during WWI. Employed his intense cerebrality with an equal inner sensibility to unite the mind and the soul, weaving the arts, the sciences and architecture into a seamless web to serve the higher needs of humanity. Used his collaborative associations with a variety of experts in a multeity of fields in order to further each one of them with his own imaginative input, so as to enhance the domains of education, agriculture, medicine and psychology with his own brand of celebration of the individual and its greater potential. In 1914, he married Marie von Sievers, a Baltic Russian actress and former Theosophist with whom he worked on dramatic and dance presentations he called Eurythmy. At war’s end, he founded the first Waldorf school in Germany, using his tenets as its curriculum, although by this time he had won the enmity of a vast array of groups, including other esotericists, which would lead two attempts on his life, and continued vilification in the press. The Goetheanum continued as a European cultural center, while he tirelessly lectured, feeling a great need to spread his ideas in the aftermath of all the destruction upon the continent, and reintegrate society around his various concepts of equality and independence of social disciplines. Nevertheless, the dark hand that had reflected the fighting burned down the wooden Goetheanum on New Year’s Eve of 1922/1923 as symbol of the forces of destruction still trying to overwhelm those of creation. The incipient Nazis, who found his high-minded ideas and ideals repulsive, would be the catalyst for its fiery demolition. Immediately began designing another one, this time of concrete, although it would not be finished until 1928, three years after his death. The loss, however, affected him both physically and spiritually, and he became sick with stomach problems, and had to stop lecturing, after delivering more than 6000 talks. Also had to move from Berlin, seeing the rise of Nazism as far too corrosive a force in the German psyche for him to keep on living there. Continued writing from his sickbed, so as to finish his autobiography, and may have died from the results of poisoning. Left several hundred volumes of his lectures, as well as a variety of books, sculptures and numerous buildings, while more than 1000 schools around the world would incorporate his far-ranging ideas, as would a host of bio-dynamic farms and holistic healthcare centers. Inner: Humble, gentle, self-effacing, dry and pedantic. Tireless, intensely cerebral and equally spiritual, and probably totally celibate. Extreme quester after the freedom of pure being, seeking liberation as the ultimate manifestation of higher love. Made himself available to everyone, inviting a constant stream of visitors, which probably and eventually burned him out. Saw the Christ force as central to all religious experience, although was an esoteric Christian, rather than an exoteric one, at heart, putting his religiosity into the realm of the personal instead of the institutional. Inner life lifetime of looking for ethical and intellectual conduits to the spirit world in order to integrate everyone’s existence, in his ongoing self-appointed role as an elevator of human awareness for those wishing to rise to their next level. St. Malachy (1094-1148) - Irish prelate and prophet. Outer: Of noble birth. Family’s name was O’Morgair. Baptized Maelmhaedhoc, which was Latinized as Malachy. As a lesser son, he was destined for a church career. Trained under the future Abbot of Armagh, he was ordained a priest in his mid-20s. Continued. his studies, before being chosen Abbot of Bangor in 1123. A year later he was consecrated Bishop of Connor, and in 1132, was promoted to the primacy of Armagh, where he became Archbishop, although was somewhat reluctant to assume the post. Intrigues stopped him from taking control of his see for two years. An active prelate, he was able to restore the dignity of his see after a series of lay abbots had relaxed the moral tenor of his holding. Able to effect considerable reforms and introduce the Roman liturgy into Ireland. Having re-established far higher standards with his charge, he resigned his position in 1138, and returned to Connor, where he founded a priory, while remaining unceasing in his labors as a dedicated servant of all he felt the Church stood for. Journeyed to Rome in 1139, via Scotland, England and France, and was appointed legate for Ireland. While there he had a vision of the future of the papacy, seeing all the future popes until the Day of Judgment signaled the end of earthly time. All told, he envisioned 112 more popes, with the last, Petrus Romanus or Peter the Roman, heralding the destruction of Rome and the end of the world. His writings would disappear for some four centuries, before reappearing, so that considerable doubt would be given to their authenticity, despite his specifically giving symbolic nod to several future pontiffs who would sit on the Chair of St. Peter. Introduced the Cistercian order into Ireland, before setting out on a second journey to Rome in 1148, but fell sick on arriving at the abbey of Clairvaux and died in the arms of its founder, St. Bernard, who would become his biographer. Numerous miracles were attributed to him, so that he was canonized in 1199, the first Irish Catholic to be given that honor, and his feast is celebrated on November 3rd. Inner: Humble and obedient, with a reformer’s enthusiastic zeal, seeing himself as a total servant of the divine. Fierce defender of his faith and the standards needed to uphold it by its clergy. Understood that his beloved Ireland would suffer mightily under the hands of England but would retain its fidelity to God. Visionary lifetime of serving an institution he deeply loved by rigorously upholding its standards and reforms while giving its future chairmanship a prophetic look-see that would hold the interest of the coming ages. Samuel (c1050-1005BZ) - Israeli judge and prophet. Outer: From the tribe of Ephraim. Father was Elkenah, a deeply religious man who had two wives. Although the first was fruitful, he favored the second, the childless Hannah. She, in turn, continually prayed for a righteous child who she promised would live a consecrated life, as a Nazarite who never cut his hair. When he finally arrived, she named him Samuel, or “heart of God,” and placed him in the care of Eli, the high priest at the tabernacle at Shiloh. At 12, he felt summoned by his sense of the divine, who told him the sons of his teacher would bring the latter’s dynasty to ruin. When the Philistines defeated the Israelites and took their sacred Ark of the Covenant, and his sons were killed, a shattered Eli died. The Philistines, however, experienced repeated misfortune over their purloined possession, and returned it. Proved a staunch leader over the next two decades in keeping Israel on the deific straight and narrow under the yoke of the Philistines, as a reformer who helped rid his people of their superstitious worship of idols. After they repented of their unholy ways, he led the Israelite army in battle against the Philistines, and proved victorious, recapturing lost territory, while setting up a memorial stone, called Ebenezer or “the stone of help” to mark the occasion. A long period of peace and stability then followed. Wanted his two sons to be his successor, but they were rejected by the Israelites as unworthy of carrying his mantle. The 12 tribes felt a king was needed, and despite initial misgivings, he was assured via deific revelation that this was a needed step. Subsequently chose Saul (Kim Philby), the son of a well-to-do member of the tribe of Benjamin as Israel’s first king. Announced his retirement afterwards, while continuing to claim that prophets and judges were more important than kings. Saul proved to be an unsteady ruler, subject to wild mood swings, while failing to give the old judge his due. Prophesied his dynasty would fail, and secretly anointed a young shepherd boy, David (Sean Parker), and gave him sanctuary when the jealous king tried to kill him. Died shortly afterwards, although his ghost was supposedly conjured up by Saul to give one last prophecy, which upset him greatly, for he felt it interfered with his final meeting and judgment with his sense of the divine. Last of the 14 judges, who reigned approximately 300 years. Greatly mourned at his death. His tomb is located in a traditional burial site atop a steep hill in the Palestinian village of Nabi Samwil in the West Bank. Inner: Idealized by many as a dedicated servant of the divine. Righteous and totally devoted to the role of savior thrust upon him. Strong believer in the rule of judges, rather than kings. Deliverer lifetime of unquestioned faith in his sense of the divine without ever deviating from his love of the on-high.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS BLASPHEMOUS SATIRIST:
Storyline: The catty anti-dogmatist takes a whole variety of forms in his continuous mocking of the One God religions and their precepts, down through the ages.

Salman Rushdie (Ahmed Salman Rushdie) (1947) - Indian novelist. Outer: Of Sunni Muslim descent, and born less than two months before the end of British colonial control of India. Only son of a Cambridge-educated lawyer and businessman, with whom he had a contentious relationship. One of four children, with three sisters. Mother was a teacher and a good storyteller, and both parents were Anglophiles, while only nominally Muslims, living initially in a Hindu state following partition. Never much of a reader as a youth. Educated in both India and England, going to the Rugby school at 13, where he was subject to cruel pranks, and longed to leave the British Isles. His family emigrated to Pakistan, where he returned after Rugby. Totally unenthusiastic about going back to England, but after winning a scholarship to his sire’s alma mater, King’s College, Cambridge, he returned and e read his/story there. Involved in its theater programs and earned his M.A. with honors in 1968. 5’7’, with a rare inherited disease called ptosis, which gives him a droopy-eyed look much in the need of sleep. After completing his education, he returned to Pakistan on a one-way ticket but was bedeviled by censorship in his desire for an acting career. Came back to England and began working in TV and advertising, a job he hated, while coining the phrase, “naughty but nice,” before becoming a full-time novelist. Wed literary agent Clarissa Luard in 1976, divorced 11 years later, one son from the union. Gained note with his second work, “Midnight’s Children,” telling the story of modern India through a pickle-factory worker, who could sense people’s souls through his large nose. The work earned him the prestigious Booker Prize in 1981 and made him a writer of considerable note, as a proponent of magical realism. Later he garnered the accolade of having written the best novel ever to receive that award. Married American writer Marianna Wiggins in 1988. His fourth book, “The Satanic Verses,” which satirized the prophet Muhammad, made him a marked man, as a fatwa was placed on him by Iran’s spiritual leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, demanding his death for blasphemy, as well as any and all who translated or published his book. Forced to go into hiding for the next nine years, with his life imperiled, while numerous Muslims were killed in rioting around the book. Along with his wife, he wound up living in 56 safe houses under the auspices of the British government, until finally his spouse decided to rent an apartment on her own under an assumed name. In 1993, she finally decided she had had enough of an underground existence and divorced her toxic husband. The same year, he made a brief public appearance, during a U2 concert. In 1997, he wed Elizabeth West, an editorial assistant. The next annum, the fatwa was muted by the Iranian president in deference to its relationship with the British government, although it still stood with everyone else. During all that time, he depended on his sons and police protection for support, while using the name Joseph Anton, which would later be the title of his memoirs. Began appearing in public, and gradually resumed a relatively normal life, despite the continued ominous threat hanging over him. Lived part of the time in America, while exploring eastern and western differences in his subsequent works. In 2004, he wed the beautiful former Vogue model and TV chef hostess, Padma Lakshmi, who was nearly a quarter century his junior. The obvious mismatch ended in divorce three years later, although he would remain obsessed with her, with a great desire to make her jealous for dumping him. One son from the union. Vowed never to marry again, although he has continued to make sure he is often seen in public with a beautiful woman, with an especial affinity for Bollywood actresses. Began teaching at Emory Univ. in 2006, over the next five years, for a month a year, while increasing his public appearances. Made a knight of the British empire in 2008, while continuing his prolific output, as an exemplar of celebrityhood, and a master of his craft, as well as a mentor for younger writers. Inner: Highly cerebral, self-righteous, arrogant and politically liberal. Very concerned with image, and a worshiper of beauty, despite his own plain-spun features. Frequently unfaithful husband, with a seductive personality that belies his looks. Loves the limelight, and is able to match his deft writerly skills with a penchant for outrageous publicity, making him a world figure, for both his accomplishments and his ability to tweak religious sensibilities. Nose-thumbing lifetime of realizing his ambitions for fame and fortune, a thousand times over, while dealing with a host of personal issues around love and lust that bespeak volumes about his deep flaws and inconsistencies. Bibi Khanoom Astarabadi (1858-1921) - Iranian writer, feminist and satirist. Outer: Mother was a tutor in the royal household of one of the permanent wives of the Iranian Shah. Father was the chief of the Astarabad brigade, which protected the Golestan province of Iran. Educated at home by her mother, who ultimately became a teacher. In her early 20s, she met an immigrant from Caucasus who was several years her junior, and ultimately became an army officer. Because of opposition from her family, it took several more years before they could get married. Five sons and two daughters from the union, with the latter becoming educators and writers for women’s rights, while one of her sons became a prominent painter and a second was later looked on as the father of modern Iranian music. Her husband eventually took on a temporary second wife. Her sense of powerlessness around her early life led her to become one of Iran’s early advocates of women’s rights. A prolific penwoman, with a sharp satirical mind, she wrote numerous articles advocating women’s rights, particularly in the field of education and family relations. In 1894, she wrote a manuscript, “Vices of Men,” which was passed around, although was not published until 1992. It was written in response to “Disciplining Women,” an extremely controlling and misogynistic male-oriented text meant to keep women permanently subjugated to their husbands. Also wrote poetry and was quite conversant with a host of Iranian written and oral cultural works. Able to reach an audience whose literacy was on the rise, in a well-coordinated go-round of opening up the awareness of her sisters-in-subjugation, and preparing them for a whole new world to come. Founded one of the first schools for girls in her home in 1906, as an outspoken advocate for the universal education for women. Not only did girls attend, but their mothers and grandmothers did as well, as Iran became a constitutional monarchy, while continuing to call for the suppression of its women. Inner: Wrote in a derisive, sarcastic style, underlying her contempt for the overly oppressive male dominance of her country. Witty, cultured and highly active in propounding her championship of the equality of the genders. Mordant pen-in-hand lifetime of finding a far more together side to him/herself as a woman than he ever did as a man, before returning to his/her far less integrated half in this next go-round in this series, to continue his war with his vision of stultifying religious beliefs. Sabbatai Zevi (1616-1676) - Turkish messiah. Outer: From an old Greco-Jewish sect known as Romaniotes. Father was originally a poultry dealer, who became an agent of an English noble house, and attained some wealth. His son’s name meant Saturn, which in Jewish lore was the highest heavenly sphere, and therefore a potential manifestation of messiahdom. Given a thorough Talmudic education, and while still a teenager, he was ordained as a member of the rabbinic elite. Married early but remained a virgin his entire life, so that his wife soon applied for a divorce, to which he readily agreed. As an over-the-top ascetic, he practiced severe mortification of the flesh, fasting for days on end, and bathing in icy river water in the winter. A student of the Kabbalah, he was far more interested in Jewish mysticism than exoteric Judaism, and while still young, he was able to attract a coterie of followers. Suffered from severe manic depression, which he saw in religious terms, looking at his alternating states as being either illuminated or decayed, whenever his vision of the deity was hidden from him. Because of his condition, he alternated between being a semi-recluse, and when elevated he contravened Judaic law by publicly pronouncing the four-letter name of God, YHWH, which only the high priest of the Temple in Jerusalem could do on the Day of Atonement. Also acted out bizarre rituals. In 1648, at the age of 32, he declared himself to be the Messiah, although his community failed to be impressed by the declaration, seeing him as an eccentric and nothing more. Banished by the rabbis of Smyrna, he traveled through Greece, Turkey and Israel over the next decade, winning the enmity of a variety of Jewish communities through his blasphemous acts, while gaining the admiration of others for his piety. Came to Egypt in the 1660s via Israel, and, for a while, suspended his outrageous behavior, settling into a quiet life. Moved to Jerusalem in 1663, where he attracted crowds through his singing and his praying, and while there married an unchaste woman, Sarah, whose adventures had led her to believe she would become the bride of the Messiah. Equal to him in eccentricity, she affirmed his coming role, while the marriage was never physically consummated. Two years later, he met a self-appointed prophet, Nathan of Gaza (Jim Jones), a fellow Kabbalist and eccentric ascetic, who saw in him in a vision, a manifestation of the messiah. After the former made public his claim, the latter went through one of his manic phases, much to the contumely of a host of rabbis, who promptly banished him from Jerusalem. Undeterred, Nathan initiated a movement of fasting and repentance, while claiming his messiah would take the Turkish sultan’s crown and have that political figure as his servant. He would then bring back the lost tribes of Israel and marry the resurrected daughter of the lawgiver Moses, which would usher in a whole new age, beginning in the long-vaunted year of 1666. The new messiah, along with his wife, traveled to Aleppo and Smyrna amidst much religious fervor, with many rabbis and community leaders swept up in the idea of the dawning of a whole new long-awaited age. In a completely ecstatic state, he committed a number of unconventional acts, while messianic fervor spread throughout the various communities of the Jewish Diaspora, as his followers mimicked him in their ecstasy, repentance and fasting. Some Jews began planning their own imminent return to the Land Promised them, after so many years exile, while others thought they would simply be miraculously transported there through prayer. During this period several hundred thousand Jews had been slaughtered by Cossacks, making the entire Judaic world more open to divine redemption. A popular form of Kabbalah had also risen, as a mass belief in the end of their long exile was now quite prevalent throughout the Middle-East, with those opposed to the false messiah in the minority and unwilling to antagonize the true believers. In 1666, he was arrested in Constantinople and imprisoned. Continued to hold court as the messiah, signing his missives, “I am the Lord your God Sabbatai Zevi.” Brought before the Sultan as a seditious apostate, he sank into depression and totally denied his ever having claimed to be a messiah. Offered the choice of conversion or death, he converted to Islam and became Aziz Mehmed Effendi, while serving as the sultan’s doorkeeper. His wife and 300 close followers also converted, while he was ordered to take another wife. Given a royal pension, he lived another decade as a Muslim, suffering two more banishments, while secretly continuing to perform Jewish ritual before dying in complete isolation. His conversion bent the collective mind of some of the Diaspora, although not all, with those still clinging to his messianic identity rationalizing like crazy around his supposed rejection of his true religion. The movement eventually died out in subsequent centuries, while giving birth to Hasidim in Poland, which emphasized internal rather external awareness of divine energy. Inner: Extremely dualistic, giving life to the long-held fantasy that a return to the Land Promised was imminent, and then publicly withdrawing his claims, while secretly continuing them. Blatant and hidden, a true representative of the unintegrated beliefs surrounding a transcendental savior figure setting things right for the Jews. Dualistic lifetime of inadvertently giving birth to modern reformed Judaism, and its far less stringent beliefs through a mockery of the long-held belief that the Jews would ultimately be redeemed via the appearance of a genuine Moshiach or Messiah. Ka’b ibn al-Ashraf (?-624) - Arabian poet and satirist. Outer: Mother was from the Jewish Nadir tribe, father was an Arab from the Tayy tribe. A rich and handsome man, he followed his mother’s religion while living a life of material splendor in his own fort near Medina. When the prophet Muhammad began preaching, he took it upon himself to satirize him, while giving praise to the merchant class, Quraysh, who saw the K’aaba, the sacred stone in Medina, as their idolatrous totem. Took an active part in inciting people against the rising Muslim movement, decrying the prophet as a false messenger, while centering his resistance to it in Mecca. Became incensed with the key Muslim victory at the Battle of Badr, in the spring of 624 where the forces of Islam defeated the Quraysh, and executed some of their leaders afterwards. Actively continued his personal vendetta against Islam, both politically and in obscene verse, in which he made fun of the women who adapted to the new religion. Never raised a sword against them, using words as his weapon of choice. The prophet was incensed at his jibes, and called for his death, along with some of his fellow Jews for their blasphemous disregard for both Allah and himself. Negotiations followed between the prophet’s emissary, and the blasphemer, and the former, with some henchmen, seduced the latter with lies about Muhammad so that they seemed to agree with him. When he proved trusting and came out to meet them, they grabbed him and quickly dispatched him with their swords, despite having no legal basis to do so, since the Jews and the Muslims had several military treaties between them. The prophet was pleased with the news, feeling he had avenged his deity, and never repented of his breaking of custom and law in operating outside legal boundaries. Inner: Passionate, with a dark, mocking sense of those who opposed his views, and little realization that he would ultimately be put to death for them. Nose-thumbing lifetime of setting up a contentious pattern against the One God religions, in which he would use his adroit facility with language in order to further his competitive aims, only to be ultimately hoisted on his own petard on numerous occasions in succeeding go-rounds as a scourge of true believers
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PATHWAY OF THE SEER AS WIDE-AWAKE PROPHET:
Storyline: The paranormal psychic moves from the personal to the universal, while acknowledging his continuation as his own successor in his visionary desire to expand humanity’s ongoing collective view of itself.

David Wilcock (1973) - American filmmaker and channel. Outer: From a family of engineers in the preceding generations with strong Christian sensibilities. Father was a journalist, and mother was a piano and voice teacher and professional musician. His parents separated when he was in the 5th grade, causing a prolonged depression, and eventual drug use. Became aware as a young child of his paranormal abilities, particularly on the dream-plane, which he would eventually record, while his psychic activities made him seem a complete oddball to his contemporaries. His early life would be filled with a profound sense of alienation, steadily directing him to where he was supposed to go. 6’ and slim.. A science geek as a teen, he built small machines to test out hypotheses, in a lifelong desire to integrate science and metaphysica. 6’ and slim. Sober since the age of 19, he graduated from State Univ. of NY at New Paltz, with a BA in Psychology. Started receiving channeled messages at 23, which gave him a greater idea of the universe-at-large, and his peculiar place in it, after his early flailing about for a sense of purpose. Began doing readings in 1996, and the following year moved to Virginia Beach, Virginia, fulfilling a prophecy made by Edgar Cayce that his spirit would return there in a similar time frame. The two would share a strong physical resemblance, particularly around the eyes, and he would be recognized as the continuation of the sleeping prophet, which opened him up to that distinct possibility as well. Began to see that his earlier circle of friends were eerily similar to key people in Cayce’s life, allowing him to posit several postulates around reincarnation surrounding visual keys and continued associations. Came to feel himself an important teacher to prepare his fellow Earthlings for the transformation to come in their ascendant rise to the next collective level of their being. An active lecturer and filmmaker, his subject matter, including UFOs, alien intelligence and stargate travel, would be far too esoteric for the mainstream, but would find a ready audience in those who love to traffic in their own expanded sense of reality. Uses scientific methods to back his hypotheses, as well as his own strong spiritual proclivities. Did personal readings in 2005, only to find that he entered the lives and dreams of his subjects to such extent that he was losing himself in them, and stopped, so as not to burn himself out as he did in his Cayce go-round. His video “The 2012 Enigma,” which he initially presented in 2008, would gain him a following, although like Cayce before him, his projections could very well be about an alternate reality that does not touch our own. Gets his information from Ra, an ascended Egyptian master, and remains an optimist about the Earth’s ultimate future, and the potential of its denizenry for extraordinary achievement. Saw 2012 as a key evolutionary point in the human cycle, as it rises to its next level, a belief shared by other utopic New Worlders, although was initially disappointed that nothing spectacular happened on 12/21/12, the date of our solar system’s exact alignment with the center of the galaxy. Has produced numerous videos as well as co-authored a tome, “The Reincarnation of Edgar Cayce?” positing his connection with the sleeping prophet, although modesty would compel him to feel he was a xerox copy rather than the real thing. His second book, “The Synchronicity Key,” posits a higher intelligence directing our universe, and heading it ultimately in a positive direction. Very much a presence on the web, with both teachings and esoteric autobiographical material. In addition to his other talents, he is a composer, using music as background for his audio lectures. Inner: Strong desire to serve, particularly his deep sense of the divine, along with the Earth and the people upon it. Sees the darkness of power and control in the form of a ruling elite doing battle with enlightened light forces as key to the future, with the latter an eventual winner. Feels the solar system was settled by giant criminal humanoids five million years ago, who have slowly worked their way into Earth, and continue to effect the planet negatively, putting it on the front lines of a battle that has been raging between positive and negative extraterrestrials for hundreds of thousands of years, although he also sees an eventual Golden Age of an entirely new humanity, depending on collective choices we make, which he explored in his third tome, “The Ascension Mysteries,” published in 2016. Continuation lifetime of taking his work as Cayce up to the next level, without the religious conflicts the latter held so as to better integrate both his conscious and subconscious minds. Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) - American medical channel. Outer: From an old conservative and deeply religious farming family. One of 8 children. Had several experiences as a child where he solved problems via a sleep state, without realizing it would be his lifework. Completed the 8th grade, before lack of finances ended his formal education, a common occurrence at the time. Claimed to have been visited by an angel at 13 who told him what his lifework would be, then disappeared. An active member of the Disciples of Christ his entire life, which would make him question his psychic abilities, since they ran counter to traditional Christian doctrine. Later taught Sunday School, and made it a practice of reading the Bible cover-to-cover at least once a year. Did farm labor, worked in a shoestore, then a bookstore before going into partnership with his father in 1900 to sell insurance, only to suffer laryngitis and lose his powers of speech. Spent the next year at home, and began apprenticing himself to a photographer. A traveling hypnotist attempted to cure him as part of his show, and did so while he was in a trance, although the healing vanished when he returned to consciousness. A local hypnotist subsequently had him prescribe his cure when he was in trance, which would set him off on his true life path, as a medical channel. Spoke in the first person plural, and diagnosed his condition as psychological paralysis, while offering himself the cure, an increased blood-flow to the area. Cured himself, although he would occasionally relapse, but with the help of the hypnotist, eventually affected a permanent remedy. Although initially reluctant to be a trance channel for cures, he agreed to do it for free, steadily building up a clientele. Able to diagnose and cure from letters as well as personal contact. Married Gertrude Evans in 1903, in a lifelong relationship, which would see her die two months after him. 3 sons from the union, with the middle dying as an infant. Lived on donations, while his reputation became worldwide, although he refused to give people help in accruing wealth through market tips and horse-racing. Did his readings while lying prone, asleep, with his wife posing the questions, and his longtime secretary Gladys Davis taking everything down in shorthand from 1923 onwards, so that all he said in trance from that point onwards was preserved, while his earlier work was not. Never remembered what he said afterwards, when he awoke. While operating a photography studio in Selma, Alabama, he met Arthur Lammers, a printer, who opened him up to his larger metaphysical possibilities as a trance channel, and he began doing life readings, adding to his repertoire by exploring people’s past lives, while continuing with his present-day medical readings. Became greatly conflicted over this expansion of his arena of exploration, particularly when investigating religions other than his own orthodox Protestantism. Came to see that all religions were the same at heart, and also wound up accepting reincarnation as a viable planetary practice. Felt he tapped into his subject’’s subconscious, as well as the universal memory of the planet, known as the “Akashic Records.” Had no desire to exploit his growing fame, despite leading a largely marginal financial existence for a long time. In 1925, after being instructed by his internal voice, he moved to Virginia Beach, Virginia, which would become his headquarters for the last two decades of his life. Able to employ a small staff, and also establish a hospital, as well as A.R.E., the Association for Research and Enlightenment, in 1931. Later, lost the hospital, which made him feel he was a complete failure. Predicted both world wars, as well as the 1929 stock market crash, and the creation of Israel. His later century predications were far less accurate, perhaps as a result of viewing alternate realities that were not reflected in this one, including mass geographic upheaval, much planetary destruction, the discovery of Atlantis at century’s end, and a shifting of the Earth’s axis by 2001. Also saw China as an ultimate beacon of Christendom and Russia as a model of freedom. Never could refuse a reading, and ultimately became overtaxed and wound up suffering a stroke at 67, from which he never covered.His last reading was for himself, announcing the date he would be buried, which was right on the money, after telling himself that he had worn out his body through doing too much psychic work. Eventually centers reflecting his work would be established in a host of countries, and he remains the most documented psychic of modern times, with over 14,000 readings, most of which concerned health problems. Inner: Humble, quiet, self-effacing, filled with doubts, and subject to depression. Appeared quite learned in trance, with an extraordinary reserve of medical knowledge, while remaining unschooled in his waking life. Largely a nonreader, save for the Bible. Skilled fisherman, as befit his Christian sensibilities. Trance channel lifetime of showing the potential of the human subconscious as an extraordinary reservoir of information, while also doing battle within over fundamentalist beliefs and his otherworldly skills which ran totally counter to them. Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772) - Swedish theologian, scientist, writer and mystic. Outer: Father was a Lutheran army chaplain, who became professor of theology at Uppsala, before being named Bishop of Skara. The latter role made him chaplain to the royal family, which elevated him to the nobility and occasioned a name change from Swedberg to Swedenborg. His view that faith and communion with the divine were more important than religious dogma, was passed onto his son, who was third child and second of his gender, in a large family. Lost his mother at the age of 8. Raised in an extremely intellectual as well as religious environment, while showing a proclivity for learning. From 11 onwards, he was educated at the Univ. of Uppsala, where he majored in philosophy, while studying all the known sciences of the time, as well as numerous languages. Also became a fairly accomplished organ player. Upon completing his school work, he took a European tour, while also continuing his studies on his own in a variety of countries, so that his first three and a half decades were filled with the pursuit of as much knowledge as his considerable intelligence could hold. Embarked on a career of public service during this time, beginning as Extraordinary Assessor in the College of Mines, in 1716, per the king’s appointment, holding a position on the country’s Board of Mines for the next three decades. He inspected and reported on this important Swedish industry until 1747, when he resigned to pursue his more metaphysical interests. Also spent 50 years in the House of Nobles, showing a strong commitment to the continued positive welfare of the state. His desire for an understanding of the profundities of life eventually led him to explore metaphysics, cosmology and the true nature of the soul, while also contributing impressive theories along with incorrect assumptions to the scientific canon of his time. His three volume work, “Philosophical and Mineralogical Works”, published in 1734, would highlight his cosmological musings, in which he saw that all matter is underlined by divine force, and that humanity was the end-all of creation. Ultimately realized in later works that the soul was the link between the divine and the mortal, and focused his attention therein. Began to have dreams and visions afterwards, which disturbed him, as he turned to the Bible for further study, before a spirit appeared to him in London in 1745 and he came to believe that God had appointed him to bring a new revelation to the world, which he spent the last near three decades of his life pursuing, writing voluminous commentary on the books of the Bible, including the Book of Revelation, which he saw referred to internal rather than external processes. as well as deeply spiritual commentaries. Became a public figure in 1759, when he clairvoyantly saw a fire from afar near his home, which threatened his manuscripts. Several other clairvoyant incidents made him famous, although they also made him an extremely controversial figure in strict Lutheran circles. A lifelong bachelor, he often lived alone, but nevertheless he wrote extensively on marriage. Made 11 foreign journeys all told, and on the last, he suffered a stroke, and briefly lost his power of speech, before recovering it. According to the maid who attended him, he predicted the exact date of his death. His final words were “God bless you,” addressed to his caretakers, before gently embracing death in his sleep as a result of his earlier stroke. Inspired an eponymous following after his demise that would continue for centuries. Inner: Gentle and good-humored, with a great love of the divine. Saw the Bible as the word of God, while believing, with the help of angels, that his interpretation of it was correct. Curiously egotistical in his self-view as a prophet especially chosen by God to enlighten humanity. Far more philosophical than empirical, although an extremely perceptive scientist in certain arenas. Saw the world of matter as a laboratory for the soul. Totally rejected atonement and original sin as irrelevant elements of Christianity. Viewed Hell as only a way station for those who wished to elevate themselves out of it. Man on a mission lifetime of evincing a deep love for both divinity and pure knowledge, making him a figure of the ages in both realms. St. Valentine (fl. 3rd cent.) - Roman bishop and martyr. Outer: Not much is known about his life. Became either a Roman priest of bishop of Interamna in central Italy, before being put under house arrest during a period of Christian persecution. After being tested by an idol-worshiping judge to see if he could cure his blind daughter, he used his hands to restored her sight. The judge, in turn, became a baptized Christian. Later arrested for his evangelizing, he was sent to Rome, where he tried to convert the emperor Claudius II (Joseph Goebbals) who became enraged at his audacity and ordered him to be beaten with clubs and beheaded. Buried in Rome, although his remains were exhumed in the 19th century by an Irish priest, who was granted permission, and his final resting place was under a church in Dublin. The date of his death may have fallen on the feast of Lupercalia, a pagan love festival, hence the association of romance with his name. Numerous legends abound about him, including secretly marrying couples so the husbands wouldn’t be sent off to war, per an edict that unmarried soldiers had less to worry about should they die in battle. In 496, Pope Gelasius (Raymond Arons) marked Feb. 14th as Valentine’s Day. His relics can be found world-wide. Patron Saint of affianced couples, bee keepers, epilepsy, fainting, greetings, happy marriages, love, lovers, travelers, and young people. Inner: Kind-hearted and fearless, thanks to an all-abiding trust in his sense of the divine. Martyred lifetime of adhering to his faith, via a belief that love conquers all.

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