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MUSICIANS - THE JAZZ & HIP/HOP CONNECTION

 

PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS ANGRY ARTISTE:
Storyline: The dualistic Dionysian cannot reconcile his pursuit of beauty, love and truth with his equal draw towards madness and unnerving debasement, ultimately forcing him into an uncompromising spiral of self-sacrifice to his unintegrated ability at searching for higher ideals via the expunging of lower emotions.

Charley Mingus (Charles Mingus, Jr.) (1922-1979) - American bassist, bandleader and composer. Outer: Of West African and Swedish descent. Father was a mulatto staff sergeant in the U.S. army, mother, who was of Chinese, African and European descent, died soon after his birth. 3rd child, 2 older sisters. His family moved when he was a year old to the Watts section of Los Angeles. Overindulged by them, he was called ‘Baby’ til he was a teen. Given a trombone lessons when he was 6, although his initial teacher was a poor one. 4 years later, a trombonist, who later played for Duke Ellington, talked his parents into giving him a cello, but again he received poor instruction, and, as a result, he could not hold down a chair for his high school orchestra with that instrument. Felt wrongly that the problem was his own, and practiced obsessively. Strongly influenced by the music of Ellington, and the Holiness Church. Joined a jazz band in high school, where he took up the bass instead of the cello at the suggestion of another band member, and found his true instrument. Studied with a New York Philharmonic bassist for 5 years, which helped him mold himself to his instrument, instead of just going for speed and technique as he had been. Began playing with Louis Armstrong in his late teens and early 20s, then with other top jazz artists in the 1940s, including Kid Ory (50 Cent) and Lionel Hampton, recording one of his own compositions with the latter at the time. Married Canilla Jeanne Gross in 1944, two sons from the union. After divorcing, he wed a genteel white woman, Celia Nielson, in 1950, which produced one son. Toured with a trio in the early 1950s, then settled in New York in 1951 and unhappily supported himself by working for the post office. Encouraged by Charlie Parker, who admired his writing, he returned to music with another trio, and began experimenting. Started his own record company, Debut, with his ex-wife as business head, and drummer Max Roach as his partner, although, after much squabbling, the company went out of business. Gave Jazz workshops and played with various groups, before dropping out from the music scene, living down-and-out, and ultimately committing himself briefly to a psychiatric ward, before returning with a much looser style of composition, based on emotion and impression, rather than a written score. His third marriage would be to Judy Starkey, daughter and son from the union, while his last marriage would be to Susan Graham Ungaro, an actress. Difficult to work with, often correcting his fellow players in mid-concert, he had many personnel changes, as well as several fights, winning him the reputation of “Jazz’s Angry Man.” Involved in numerous confrontations and controversies, and had a breakdown in 1967. Continued to experiment with his music, displaying an anarchic sense of humor, particularly in his titles, although he always wrote hot, accessible pieces, with the blues at the base of many. Penned over 300 compositions, many of them unrecorded and unperformed. Afflicted with a terminal nerve disease in 1977, which made it impossible for him to play, and for his last 2 years he was confined to a wheelchair, although he continued to write until the end. Legend has it that 56 whales beached themselves in Cuernavaca the day he died from a heart attack there, in tribute to each year of his extraordinary musical life as a performer, composer and leader. His autobiography, Beneath the Underdog was published in 1971, and in 1997, he was awarded a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.Cremated and his ashes were scattered per his wishes into the Ganges River in India. Inner: Impulsive, gluttonous, satyric, bitter, resentful, unruly, ribald and an insatiably curious perfectionist. Selfish, mean, paranoid and violent. Abused his wives and ignored his children. Madman lifetime of putting his monumental displeasures into his music while taking creative risks in all he did, and trying to channel his great anger into the improvisational harmonies that were his special legacy to the world of jazz. Hugo Wolf (1860-1903) - German composer. Outer: Father was a leather dealer, mother was of Slovene yeoman stock and 4 years older than her husband. The latter was strong-willed and energetic, while the former was a gifted self-taught musician, although a moody, thwarted artist. 4th of 6 children, 2 others died in infancy. Learned from his progenitor the rudiments of violin and piano playing, but was willful as a youngster, and resistant to his teachers. Finally persuaded his father at 15 to study at the Vienna Conservatory, but left after a year and a half following a student prank, where someone signed his name to a threatening letter to the director. Afterwards, he was his own teacher, studying the great masters, with a fanatic affinity for Richard Wagner (Werner Herzog), whom he met as a teen and tried to show some of his work. Composed from his mid-teens onwards in every genre but opera, with a particular skill at songs, devouring the texts of virtually every German Romantic poet for his material. Contracted syphilis in a brothel in 1878, which eventually undid him. Managed to support himself by teaching, becoming a second Kappelmeister at Salzburg in 1881, but lasted only 3 months. Constantly moving, as well as suffering from chronic poverty. Worked as a music critic for a minor Vienna journal for 3 years, which made him many enemies in influential musical circles, through his virulent attacks, particularly against Johannes Brahms (Van Morrison). As a writer of lieds or songs, he considered his real starting point when he met the poet Edward Morike (Herman Hesse), setting 53 of his poems to music in his late 20s. Wrote some 300 songs in all, ranging from brooding to charming, but always integrating voice and music, as well as experimenting in other forms, including orchestral work and symphonic poems. The most supportive love of his life was Melanie Hochert, the wife of a court jeweler. The duo had a stealth romance initially, although she stuck by him through his inevitable draw towards self-destruction, and ultimately threw herself out a window in 1906. Since 1891, he suffered from throat inflammation, via the second stage of syphilis. Towards the end of his active composing life, he began working on operatic texts, but because of the tertiary stage of syphilis, he showed signs of derangement and had to be put in an institution in his late 30s in 1897, when his composing life ended. Discharged several months later in 1898 as seemingly cured, but after an unsuccessful suicide attempt when he leapt into the Traunsee, he was placed in another asylum in Vienna, where he eventually died. Inner: Outspoken, independent. Passionate hero-worshipper, with a profound sense of isolation around his own disturbed genius. Mad-eyed lifetime of dipping ever deeper into his own darkness to bring forth the light of his gift of song. Robert Schumann (1810-1956) - German composer. Outer: Father was a book-seller and editor, who died when the youngest of his five children was still small. His childhood was influenced by literature, and he imitated his favorite romantic authors, while also playing the piano. Later went to the universities of Leipzig and Heidelberg to study law at his mother’s behest, although had no interest in it. Dreamed of being a virtuoso pianist, but made his hand lame for life with a device that held his 4th finger immobile. Student of Friedrich Wieck, who was the father of his future wife Clara (Jacqueline De Pre). His mother’s opposition to music as a career waned, as he ardently threw himself into becoming a composer, and, in a burst of creativity, began producing opuses for the piano. His early exuberance turned into a sense of mission around music to uplift and edify, rather than merely entertain. Edited a musical paper for a decade, Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik, in which he proved himself an incisive critic, championing younger composers, particularly Frederic Chopin (Karlheinz Stockhausen) and Johannes Brahms (Ludwig von Beethoven). After his mother’s death, he became engaged to Clara, despite her father’s bitter opposition. Gave his dual personality of passion & impetuosity and dreaminess & contemplation 2 different names, Florestan and Eusebius, signing his alternate pieces with one or the other of those pseudonyms, while producing a steady stream of outstanding piano works. After a long period of doubt and uncertainty, he married Clara when he was in his early 30s, which produced a torrent of songs and the start of his orchestral compositions. Four sons and four daughters from the union. Infusing his sense of classicism with his intense emotionality, he wrote song cycles and chamber works, but suffered his first nervous breakdown from overwork and supporting his growing family. Afterwards he periodically fell into periods of deep morbidity, exhaustion and depression, a condition that had been hinted at from his early 20s. Had overwhelming support from his wife, who could not understand his weaknesses and pushed him beyond his diminished capacities. Taught briefly, but found he did not have the talent for it, then toured Russia with Clara before suffering another breakdown. Moved to Dresden in 1844 for its quieter environment. Continued composing, showing signs of his earlier genius, but had difficulty sustaining his concentration because of his weakening condition. His only opera was a failure, as were his attempts at conducting. In his mid-40s, in misery and despair over his worsening conditioning, he threw himself into the Rhine, although he was rescued and spent the last 2 years of his life in an asylum, where he died in a delerium, his nervous system ravaged by syphilis. Inner: Dualistic unintegrated personality, with anger, uncertainty and creative brilliance all vying with one another for dominance. Uncompromising devotion to beautiful music as its critical champion and its exemplary composer. Shiva lifetime dedicated to beauty and love from the vantagepoint of a disassembled interior that could not manage the abundance of both in his life. St. Bartholomew (Nathanael) (fl. 1st cent A.Z.) - Galilean apostle. Outer: Called Bartholomew in three of the gospels and Nathanael in the 4th. Father’s name was Talmal. Little is known about him, other than he was of Jewish descent, and was probably from the town of Cana in Galilee. Brought to Jesus by his friend, and fellow apostle, Philip (Rem Koolhaas), and was accepted as one of his dozen original acolyte/apostles, because, like the others, it was recognized that he had good innate communication skills. No record exists of his reaction to the crucifixion and resurrection, although he was one of the first to have visions of the risen Christ afterwards. Probably preached over a wide area to the east, including Asia Minor, Ethiopia, India and Armenia, and met his death according to some sources at Albanopolis in Armenia, where he was either beheaded or flayed alive and then crucified with his head downward on orders of the king of Armenia. His emblem is a flaying knife. His relics are supposedly preserved in a church named after him in Rome and his feast in the Latin Church is celebrated on the 24th of August. Patron saint of a variety of people and phenomena including neurological and nervous disorders, as well as bookbinders, butchers, cobblers, tanners and trappers. Inner: Called incapable of deceit by his Good Shepherd. Supposedly the creator of miracles surrounding the weight of objects. May also have written a gospel, which was mentioned in other sources, although the original was lost. Skinned alive lifetime of giving voice to his deep-seated spirituality, before suffering for his communication skills, a pathway he would continue to pursue in his ongoing metaphysical trek through madness, rage and sublime music-making.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS DEEP-SEATED SPIRITUALIST:
Storyline: The improvisational expressionist does battle with his own demons in his self-defined sacred universe of dark versus light, and ultimately triumphs in his ability to re-render musical patterns into a far higher standard of self-expression for all those who would follow him.

John Coltrane (John William Coltrane) (1926-1967) - American jazz musician and composer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was a tailor and amateur musician, who died when his son was 12. Played clarinet in high school, then later switched to tenor and soprano saxophone. Began his career in Philadelphia with a cocktail trio at 19. Drafted into the Navy and played in the U.S. Navy band in Hawai’i for the next 2 years, then performed with several big jazz names before finally being fired as a heroin addict. Initially influenced by legendary alto-saxophonist Charlie Parker (L'il Wayne), including his preference for altered states. Able to quit drugs and alcohol 3 years later through the support of his family, and settled into a rhythm of self-discipline, musical study and practice. Played with all of the top people, learning from each one, to become the most influential sax player of the 1960s. First began asserting his own sound with the Miles Davis quintet. A relatively brief recording career of a dozen years followed. Close friend of Sonny Rollins. Formed his own group and established the soprano saxophone as a standard jazz instrument, moving jazz out of its bebop 8th note phase and into the new self-exploratory realms of 16th and 32nd notes, thereby uniting Eastern modes with complex western harmonies. Married twice, the frirst time to Juanita Grubbs in 1955, and the second time, a decade later, to Alice Macleod, who became a pianist and harpist in his band, and ultimately the official custodian of his legacy. 3 sons from the union, all of whom became musicians, including John, Jr. a drummer who died in a car crash in 1982, and Oran and Ravi, both saxophonists, while Alice Coltrane ultimately formed a Vedantic meditation center, while continuing to make music. Grouped notes in uneven clusters, had a 3 octave range, mastered modal scales, and set the standard for free expression, so that he could improvise for an hour or more on a single theme. Liked to produce a trancelike effect on his audiences, in his integration of eastern and western sounds. Had incredible control on his upper register notes, and was a seminal influence on all those who followed him. Had a great desire to universalize his music, in the form of a nondenominational art form which embraced both ancient his/story and foreign scales. Bought a harp at life’s near end, although it wasn’t delivered until after his death. Died from liver cancer. In 1992, he was awarded a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Inner: Expressed his religious passion in his music, seeing it as ceremonial ritual and performance as holy rite. Gentle, honest, highly intelligent, loved by everyone. Read philosophy voraciously, and had a mystic view of life, wanting to do good in a world of good and evil. Integrative lifetime of switching his metier to an improvisational jazz that linked both Eastern and western sounds, while embracing an alternate lifestyle and culture that would ultimately open himself up in order to pursue music as a venue for pure personal expression. Anton Bruckner (1824-1896) - Austrian composer. Outer: Son of a schoolmaster. The oldest of eleven children. Received a modest education and expected to follow in his father’s career. Extremely precocious musically as a child, although he received no formal instruction until he was 11. Because of his sire’s untimely death, he spent 3 years as a choir boy at a neighboring monastery. Unwilling to become a village school teacher, he focused on the organ, attaining virtuoso status. Appointed to St. Florian, where he won the post of organist at that famous monastery. Self-taught up to this point, he studied theory under a well-known musician and the following year, he won an open competition as organist at the cathedral of Linz, staying for 12 years. Introduced to the work of Richard Wagner (Werner Herzog), then met him and was drawn into his intimate circle. Didn’t really seriously begin composing until his late 30s, at which point he suffered a nervous breakdown that brought him to the edge of his own sanity. Recovered, and after composing his masterwork, concert Mass in F Minor, he was offered a professorship at the Vienna Conservatory in 1868, where he was lecturer in harmony and counterpoint. Lived in that city the rest of his life. Because he had championed Wagner, he was accorded the same scorn as that master, and had difficulties in having his symphonies played. Chose Gustav Mahler (Sonny Rollins) to arrange his Third Symphony for the piano, and his fame spread throughout Europe and the Americas. Had numerous infatuations, particularly as he got older, looking for love in much younger women, and being made to feel ridiculous in rejection. By the end of his life, he had achieved universal recognition and after his retirement had hoped to spend all his time in composition. His health failed, however, and he died several years later of natural causes. Inner: Celibate, deeply spiritual, psychic. Believed in God, Wagner and his own music, not necessarily in that order. Saw himself as a successor to Beethoven (Van Morrison). Despite his deep spirituality, he had a strong ego and was bombastic. Mystic rhapsodist with an impersonal sense of music and divinity. Slow-healing lifetime of crossing the bridge over his own troubled interior waters through his ability to tap into the celestial sphere of music, while remaining true to his spiritual convictions. Johann Schobert (c1720-1767) - Silesian harpsichord virtuoso and composer. Outer: Early life and where he was actually from, totally obscured. Franz Schubert (Stevie Wonder) later claimed him as a relative. Probably a pupil of Johann Stamitz (Sonny Rollins), and an outstanding proponent of the Mannheim school. Taught in Strassburg, then moved to Paris, becoming chamber cembalist to the Prince of Conti around the age of 40, while marrying a Frenchwoman. Dismissed for negligence from his post as organist at Versailles. Became the first composer to introduce orchestral effects into keyboard writing. Composed for the clavier, as well as the violin. Died with his entire family, as well as a servant and a friend, from eating poisoned mushrooms. One child survived the inadvertent familial mass suicide. Inner: Agreeable, innovative and likable. Noted for the great clarity of his playing. Secular lifetime of mushrooming innovation as well as a spectacularly inadvertent death, perhaps indicative of his own capacity for self-poisoning in order to bring out the purer artist within, in the singular life in this series in which he searched for his inspiration in the real world, rather than the kingdom of God. St. James the Lesser (?-62A.Z.) - Galilean apostle. Outer: Some confusion exists around his identity, since there was also a James who was brother of Jesus among the original 12 disciples. Probably, the son of Alphaeus, and he may have been one of at least four brothers, including Jude Thaddeus (Leon Trotsky) and the future Bishop of Jerusalem, St. Simeon. Like his brothers, he may have originally been a farmer, while also receiving rigorous training at home in Scriptures and the Law so that he was quite conversant with both. Called along with Jude Thaddeus to join the inner circle of apostle/acolytes around Jesus, although no further mention is made of him until after the crucifixion and the resurrection. Called the Lesser to distinguish himself from James the Greater (Steve Earle), since he came into the fold afterwards. A teetotaler as well as a vegetarian, he was known as “the Just.” Preached in Judaea, and around Jerusalem, trying to convert his fellow Jews. May have ultimately been put to death by order of the high Jewish priest, after he was asked to stand on the Temple wall and preach against Jesus. instead he called him the true Christ, and was thrown down from the wall for his apostasy, before being stoned. Still he did not die, until he was trounced by a fuller club, which was used to beat out clothing, and bludgeoned to death with it. Represented by the object of his martyrdom, a club and is considered the patron saint of dying people, hatmakers, pharmacists and fullers. Inner: Never bathed or anointed himself, in order to keep himself as pure and natural as possible. Shares the same Feast Day as Philip (Rem Koolhaas) May the 3rd. Extremely prayerful, even to the point of engaging in it while being mercilessly killed. Spent much time on his knees, so that they were thick and callused. Supplicating lifetime of giving both voice and action to his profound sense of both spirituality and religiosity as a supplicant to the transcendental ways of his sense of the divine.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS DEEP-SEATED SPIRITUALIST:
Storyline: The imperfect perfectionist continually tries to integrate his roiling, and often child-like emotions with his soaring sense of musicality, both as a composer and instrumentalist, in an unconscious nod to the great god Shiva, and the alternating creation/destruction cycles that lie at the heart of genius.

Sonny Rollins (Walter Theodore Rollins) (1929) - American jazz musician and composer. Outer: Of African/American descent. From a musical family. Father was a chief petty officer in the Navy, as well as an amateur clarinetist, mother was a native of the Virgin Islands, who worked as a domestic. Lived in the most exclusive section of NYC’s Harlem, while his family, particularly his grandmother was overtly political, taking him to rallies. Took piano lessons at 9, but didn’t feel it was his instrument. Found what he was looking for in the alto saxophone, and dedicated himself to become a jazz artist. Pianist Thelonius Monk was his first real inspiration, giving him a chance to play. Became addicted to heroin at 19 because of its prevalence on the jazz scene, and committed himself to the U.S. Public Service Hospital at 24 to withdraw. Tall, alternately fierce looking and gentle. Arrested twice for drugs in the early 1950s, and spent a little over a year in jail all told. Married Dawn Finney in 1956, and after divorcing, wed Lucille Pearson in 1959, who gave him a solid grounding. Made a number of innovative recordings in the late 1950s, then at the end of the decade retreated for 2 years to experiment and improve his style. Also took lessons in classical piano to have a more formal base for his music during this period. Close friends with John Coltrane, the two had a competitive relationship as the pre-eminent players of the same instrument. Returned with even more authority, but by the end of the next decade, he had grown tired of playing saloons, and wished only to perform in concert halls. Gained weight, started using amphetamines, and became very paranoid. Spent a year in India, exploring yoga, zen, and did not pick up his saxophone for almost 2 years. Finally able to give up drinking and smoking, and rightfully claim his full talent as one of the most influential players of his generation. Had a sinewy style, with a passionate drive to his music. His composing was subsequently subsidized by a Guggenheim grant. Able to carry his talents to full maturity through the learned ability of expanding himself, after many lifetimes of being caught in his own retarded development. Continually practicing in a rural cottage studio he bought in the early 1970ss, while using yoga as a longtime relaxant. Following the death of his wife, who had maaged his business affairs for over three decades, he formed his own label, Doxy Records, as well as a merchandising site on the internet, despite being both anti-technology and business. Despite not owning a computer, also inaugurated his own Web site, while continuing to maintain a largely hermit existence dedicated to making exemplary noise. In 2004, he was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Inner: Highly intelligent, articulate, uncompromising, irritable. Extremely self-critical, often finding it excruciating listening to himself play. Shiva lifetime of alternate creation/destruction cycles while switching cultural and racial milieus in order to pursue his ongoing interest in a search for truth through his music. Gustav Mahler (1860-1911) - Austrian composer and conductor. Outer: Son of a Jewish shopkeeper, who moved to the provinces shortly after his birth. Second of fourteen children, with half dying in infancy, and one at 12. Much taken with soldiers’ marches and drill signals, which he could play on an accordian at 4. Precocious, but inattentive, began his musical studies at 6. Loved reading poetry and weird romantic tales. Wiry, slender, with scorching eyes, for which he wore glasses. Entered the Viennese conservatory at 15, already an accomplished pianist. Became a close friend with the older Anton Bruckner (John Coltrane), who entrusted him with the piano arrangement of his Third Symphony. Difficulties as a composer led him to pursue conducting as a career. Converted to Roman Catholicism to become the director of the Vienna Opera in 1897. Although poorly paid, he achieved fame as an operatic conductor, even though he considered the work demeaning in comparison to his composing, which continued to be ill-received. Proved difficult to work with, because of his perfectionist temperament and tyrannical will, although his reputation soared after a number of serial European posts, despite his view that he was in servitude to them. Totally imbued with the works and theory of Richard Wagner (Werner Herzog), although his initial efforts composing in that mode were ill-received. Spent 10 years as artistic director of the Viennese Imperial Opera, which he led with a tyrranical iron hand. Became world famous, and yet fortune still eluded him, as did the time to do serious composition. In his early 40s, he married Alma Schindler (Mia Farrow), who was 2 decades his junior, two daughters from the union, with the first, Anna, becoming a sculptor, and the second, Maria, dying at the age of 4. Despite her artistic support, they were incompatible sexually, and she went outside the union for sustenance. in 1907, he accepted a lucrative post with the Metropolitan Opera House in NY, after suffering continual anti-Semitic attacks, while his own body was also under assault by a weakening cardiac condition. Reorganized the New York Philharmonic but collapsed during a concert and was rushed to Europe for medical attention, before going home to his beloved Vienna to die. His last word was, “Mozart.” Wrote 10 symphonies, as well as song cycles and songs, with a particular emphasis on individual instrumentation in the former, thanks to his years as a conductor. Inner: Natural channel, often given to trance states as a child. Deeply spiritual and hyperemotional with an extraordinarily strong sense of his own musicianship. Extremely sensitive, irritable, diffuse, bombastic, inflexible and highly critical. Child-like in his expression of emotions. Yet also generous and soft-hearted to those he knew well. Temperamental lifetime of searching for truth as he saw it, while allowing his emotions more of an uninhibited arc of expression by remaining a child in his own heart. Johann Stamitz (1717-1757) - Bohemian/German composer and conductor. Outer: Father was an organist, cantor and teacher, from whom he received his first instruction. Later learned music in a Jesuit school. Became solo violinist in the coronation festivities of HRE Karl VII (Jeffrey Katzenberg) who later brought him to Mannheim in Germany to be a leading violinist as well as conductor of chamber music, a post he held until his death. In 1744, he married Maria Lunenborn, 5 children from the union, with two dying in infancy, and two, Carl and Anton becoming musicians. Established the first modern orchestral system, with rigid discipline and careful rehearsals. The orchestra had a world-class reputation and helped make Mannheim a European musical center. Conducted for 2 seasons in Paris, and had a strong influence on the generation of musicians who would follow him, including Wolfgang Mozart (Stevie Wonder) and Joseph Haydn (G.W. Pabst). Also introduced the classical sonata form, as well as did a considerable amount of composing in a number of genres, including 50 symphonies. Inner: Innovative, charismatic, self-assured. Transition lifetime of revolutionizing and expanding the basic idea of the orchestra, and in the same way, expanding himself into a far more controlling and far less controlled individual. St. Simon the Zealot (fl. 1st cent. A.Z.) - Galilean apostle. Outer: Probably from a good family, and originally a merchant in Capernaum, although much confusion exists around the details of his life from beginning to end. Had a great zeal for Jewish Law rather than being party to the fanatical nationalist Zealots of the time, which is how his nickname came about.Trained by St. Peter (Reinhold Niebuhr), he was invited into the apostolic 12, as one of the last of their number, when he was in his late 20s. Not a whole lot has been recorded about him, so that his reaction to the crucifixion and resurrection are unknown. Probably preached in Egypt, before going to Persia with St. Jude (Leon Trotsky). Conflicting stories exist of his end, with martyrdom one possibility and a peaceful death in Edessa in Armenia another. The former saw him as cut in half with a saw. His place of burial is unknown, while several sites claim to hold his relics, including St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. His usual attribute is the saw, since his body was supposedly sawed to pieces after his death. His feast day in the western church is October 28th and he is considered the patron saint of sawyers, and woodcutters among other professions. Inner: The two icons associated with him are the book and the saw, the one integrative, the other disintegrative, making him a man of many parts, both figuratively and literally. Good debater and an effective preacher. Zealous lifetime of literally being taken apart for his beliefs in his ongoing need to give his percussive personality room to grow and expand.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS EXEMPLAR OF RED-HOT COOL:
Storyline: The megalomaniacal master instrumentalist slowly learns how to redirect his tempestuous, impatient interior into a clear, transcendent sound that belies his own inabilities to rise above his all-out concerns with self and self-worship.

Miles Davis (Miles Dewey Davis III) (1926-1991) - American musician. Outer: Of African/American descent. From a comparatively wealthy middle-class family. Father was an abusive dental surgeon, who owned a 160 acre farm. Mother was elegant and reserved, but his sire beat her in vile temper fits, setting a pattern for his son’s abominable treatment of women. Both mother and sister were capable musicians. Close to his father, who later helped him during his addiction period, estranged from his mother, who never approved of his “downwardly mobile” career choice. Given a trumpet for his 13th birthday, and his extraordinary talent soon emerged. Played in a popular dance band in his teens, and developed a lifelong fascination with lowlife characters. His parents made him turn down early offers to join big bands, so he studied at the Juillard School of Music in New York, but felt the irresistible pull of the jazz clubs, where he began playing trumpet. 5’9”. At 19, he blew with the legendary Charlie Parker (L’il Wayne) on some of his most memorable recordings, although his style was still tentative at the time.Began hanging out with jazz musicians and soon formed his own combo, playing at the Royal Roost Club. His first recording with this crew was Birth of the Cool, which did not initially sell well. Had difficulties until he formed a quintet with John Coltrane, when a new plaintive sound emerged, establishing him as a horn player of remarkable depth of feeling. Nevertheless, he was often contemptuous of his audiences, occasionally turning his back on them, or walking off the stage when he wasn’t soloing. Experimented, along with Coltrane, with scales rather than chords, and together their group created the seminal album, Kind of Blue. Then switched to a big band collaboration, before losing some of his creativity. Became addicted to heroin from 1950-1954, overcame it, and from the mid-1950s onward his groups were among the most important in jazz. Had a throat operation in 1957 to removed nodes from his vocal chords, then two days later, began shouting at someone before he had healed, and wound up with a permanently raspy whisper of a voice. In 1959, he was beaten and arrested by police, but dropped an eventual lawsuit against them. Although contemptuous of white rockers, he fused rock’n’roll with jazz during the 1960s, alienating himself from jazz purists. With Bitches Brew, he thought he could expand his audience into mass r’n’r, but his music was too amorphous for the simplicity of the form. In the mid-1970s, he suffered a car crash, more drug problems, police harassment and arrest, as well as mounting medical problems, including ulcers, throat nodes, hip surgery and bursitis, causing him to retire and become seriously ill, while he lived for 5 years amid squalor and sleaze, growing impotent. Regained his health and returned to recording 6 years later. Married 3 times, the first two, in 1958 to dancer Frances Taylor, then in 1968 to singer Betty Mabry, were dissolved, one daughter and three sons from the unions. His last marriage in his mid-50s, was to actress Cicely Tyson, who rescued him from his squalor, divorced 7 years later. Later claimed she never turned him on sexually. During his last years, he toured and recorded with mixed results. In 1990, he was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, after earlier having won eight Grammys over a three decade period. Died the following year in a hospital of pneumonia, respiratory failure and a stroke. Posthumously inducted into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame in 2006. Great intelligence, integrity and honesty to his work, if not his life. Inner: Highly innovative, equally temperamental. Aloof, angry, artistically restless. Had a great business sense, as well as a need to continually prove his street creds. Also had a great feel for phrasing, once remarking, “I always listen to what I can leave out.” Collaboratory artist, although often claimed credit for the work of his sidemen. Contradictory lifetime of trying to embody the posture of cool despite a raging interior that was anything but. Isaac Albeniz (1860-1909) - Spanish pianist and composer. Outer: Father was a customs official. One of four children, with a trio of sisters. Received his first lessons from a sister, and showed himself to be a prodigy, performing at 4 in Barcelona, and at 7 in Paris, after studying there for 7 months. Applied to the Paris Conservatoire, but threw a ball at a large looking glass and smashed it, which ruined the favorable impression he had made. Entered Madrid Conservatory the following year, but ran away when he was 13, and began playing in various Spanish towns, before taking off for America via Costa Rica, and touring both North and South America. Returned to Europe via England, and enrolled at Leipzig Conservatory when he was 14, then the Brussels Conservatory the following year, before finishing his musical education with Franz Liszt (G. W. Pabst), following him to Brussels and Rome. From the time he was 20, he toured widely as a brilliant virtuoso, playing many of his own piano pieces, writing some 250 during his 20s and early 30s, many of them very quickly. Married his student Rosina Jordana in 1883, four daughters, with two dying in infancy, and a son, who became a diplomat, from the union. Much of his work during the decade would wind up as part of the classical guitar repertoire even though they were originally composed fro the piano. Went to London in 1892, and received a pension from a banker to compose operas to the latter’s libretti, which he successfully did, including his most realized stagework, Pepita Jiminez. Settled in Paris in 1893 with his family, where he devoted himself entirely to composing and wrote his most renowned music, under the influence of several renowned French composers. Developed Bright’s disease, thanks to his nomadic early life, and for most of his final decade lived in Spain. Leader of the Spanish nationalist school, where his impressionistic technique evoked the colors and rhythms of his native land, despite having spent most of his life elsewhere. Inner: Temperamental and headstrong. Sketches of Spain lifetime of using the world as musical oyster to get at the essence of the music of his homeland, before finally succumbing to the aftereffects of his earlier wanderlust. Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835) - Italian composer. Outer: From a musical family, with both his grandfather and father composers of some note, with the latter also an organist. Oldest of 7 children. Grandfather gave him his first piano piano lessons at 3, and within two years, he was playing publicly. Quite precocious, he could sing at eighteen months, and also began composing at 5, so that while he was still a child, his sacred pieces were already being played in his local churches. Given a scholarship from the municipal government of his home town to be a student at the Conservatory of Naples, where he studied under both a composer and vocal teacher. Received a commission for the Royal Court for his graduation opera, and soon began producing works for La Scala, with librettist Felice Romani, who gave his flowing musical lines, tightly sculpted words. Highly prolific, the pair created 6 bel canto operas in the short space of six years, producing a piece almost every year of his short life. They were all geared for the stirring voices of the time, giving melodic ballast to the trilling vocal chords of many a singer. His opera “Norma,” a tragedy taking place in ancient Gaul and written in 1831, would take bel canto to a hallmark level, and wind up his best known work. From 1827 to 1833, he used Milan as his base, before visiting London in 1833, where four of his operas were performed. During that time, he became involved with the wife of a landowner and silk manufacturer, which would later be romanticized and exaggerated. Moved to Paris, where he befriended a number of high profile fellow composers and began producing works for the Theatre Italien there. Made a Chevalier de la Legion d’honneur, and decided that Paris should be his base. Died at the height of his creativity of acute inflammation of the intestine at the age of 35 at his French villa, and was buried in Paris, although his remains were ultimately removed to his home town. Never wed, preferring married women for his sexual companions so as not to become too overly involved with any of them. Ultimately produced only 9 operas, along with sacred pieces and songs. Inner: Much of his oeuvre was melancholic in temperament, while elegant and languorous in form, earning him the sobriquet of “the Swan of Catania.” Highly social and seen as a dandy. Prodigy lifetime of adding immeasurably to the bel canto canon of his time, while living relatively fast and dying young, so as to remain forever fresh in his compositions as a totem of musical charm and purity.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS PATERFAMILIAS BANDLEADER:
Storyline: The neptunian tunesmith has an unerring ear for pop hits as he switches milieus from highly commercialized jazz to equally listenable hip-hop, as a master of sellable sound, no matter the genre he chooses to make his unique own.
Pharrell Williams (1973) - American rapper, record producer, entrepreneur and fashion designer. Outer: Of Filipino and African-American descent. Mother was a full-blooded Filipina and former beauty queen turned teacher, father was a handyman. The oldest of three sons, with much younger brothers, concluding Cato, a professional skateboarder. Grew up in a loving supportive household, where he felt he could do no wrong. Good athlete and skateboarder, earning the nickname Skateboard P., while playing in his high school band. 5’9” and slim, with dark brown eyes and black hair. Hooked up with childhood friend Chad Hugo, along with two others, to form an R&B group which they dubbed the Neptunes. On graduating high school, the Neptunes morphed into a production duo, bringing out soul, hip-hop and R&B releases, showing a highly attuned ear for what the public wanted, and a distinctive stripped down electro-funk sound of synthesizer riffs, with intimations of Middle Eastern and Asian percussion and woodwinds. Formed the hip-hop group, N.E.R.D. (No one Ever Really Dies), along with Hugo and two friends, for which he is the lead vocalist and drummer, and the quartet released their first album in 2001. The Neptunes won their first grammy for Producer of the Year in 2004, and since then he has racked up a whole variety of awards. Went solo in 2006 with “In My Mind,” while continuing to issue a host of releases of his own and others. Formed a media venture called I am OTHER, that runs the gamut from music and fashion to art, while he is also the co-founder of the clothing brands Billionaire Boys Club and Ice Cream. Married his longtime designer/model girlfriend Helen Lasichanh in 2013, after producing a son with her in 2008. Continues as a high profile producer, dominating the BET awards in 2014, as a man for all musical seasons with his fingers in many a tuneful and lucrative pie. The same year, he was chosen as a judge on ‘The Voice,” for its 7th season. Picked up a trio of Grammys in 2015 for a variety of categories: best song, performance and music video. Lost a $7.4 million judgement on his 2013 hit “Blurred Lines,” the biggest song of the year, which was ruled a rip-off of a Marvin Gaye tune, in a decision that could have a devastating effect on the pop music industry in general, in its constant cannibalizing of its own sources. At the same time he was honored with the Council of Fashion Designers of America Fashion Icon award for his unique sense of style, joining a host of other previous celebrity winners. In 2017, he and his wife added incrementally to their family with triples. Has a net worth of $80 million. Inner: Sweet-natured, intuitive, private and polite with a natural, geniality and innocence. Unabashed musical fan, seeing sound as a transportive element in everyone’s life. Stylish, with a strong sense of fashion. disporting clothes from his own labels. while feeling you are what you wear. Many-hatted lifetime of expanding on his longtime ability to tune into popular tastes as a maestro of the many genres that constitute public preferences. Paul Whiteman (1890-1967) - American orchestra leader. Known as “Pops.” Outer: Born into an artistic and affluent family. Father was a supervisor of music in the Denver public schools. Mother and sister were both vocalists. Although trained in classical music, he smashed his first violin because he hated to practice. Began his career as a violinist in the Denver Symphony Orchestra. Served in the Navy during WW I. First heard jazz in San Francisco, then organized an orchestra, calling it symphonic jazz. Worked closely with Ferde Grofe as his arranger, and was soon a very popular pop maestro. Introduced many jazz greats who went on to careers of their own, including the Dorsey brothers and the tragic Bix Beiderbecke (Brian Wilson). Started making recordings and in 1920, played at NY’s Palais Royale, inaugurating the “Jazz Age,” with his spiced-up dance music. Introduced George Gershwin’s (Michael Tilson Thomas) “Rhapsody in Blue,” in 1924, and its middle section became his theme. Ballooned up over 300 pounds, although pared off some of that weight for his 3rd marriage. Organized 52 orchestras over the next several years, and commissioned various popular composers to write for his bands. Traveled in Europe and America as a jazz emissary, and also appeared in films and on stage, as well as did radio work in the 1930s. Continually experimenting with music, he saw jazz as the folk music of America, although his version was a highly commercialized reinterpretation of classical New Orleans jazz, meant to reach the less musically sophisticated masses. Married 4 times, the 1st to Jimmy Smith, a showgirl, for a few months, the 2nd to Nellie Stack, a dancer, the third to Mildred Vanderhoff, during the 1920s, and the last to Margaret Livingston, an actress, in 1931. 2 children along with 4 adopted progeny from his unions. Although he was eclipsed by the big bands, his influence extended into the 1950s, even though his style came to be seen as old-fashioned. More abusive and given to drink as he got older, evincing an anger that had largely been kept hidden. Died of a heart attack. Inner: Genial, fat and fatherly, until later in life, although always had a temper. Audience-pleasing lifetime of being a man on a mission to create a great popular base for American jazz, before both the times and the music he spawned passed him by, as did his own seemingly equitable nature. Johann Strauss, Sr. (1804-1849) - Austrian conductor and composer. Outer: His parents kept a beer and dance hall. Father committed suicide by dipping in the Danube. Mother remarried an innkeeper, and his stepfather gave him a fiddle, from which he was inseparable. Despite his obvious love for his instrument, he was apprenticed to a bookbinder, but hated the smell of glue and threw tantrums, until he was finally allowed to be a musician. Studied violin and appeared in both an orchestra and a quartet as a teenager. Began to write his own waltzes for which both he and his family would become famous. Assembled a large orchestra in his late 20s and toured all over Europe with it over the next couple of years. Made Kapellmeister of a Burgeregiment, and in his early 30s, took charge of the music at court balls, while charging more than $50,000 an appearance at the height of his fame. In 1825, he married Anna Streim, the daughter of an innkeeper, the duo had 6 children including 3 sons, Johann, Jr. (Billy Corgan), Josef (Brian Wilson) and Edouard (Peter Duchin), all of whom were noted musicians, although in each case, he wished them to pursue other careers, and actively obstructed their bandmaster desires, since he did not feel his good luck would extend to them. Separated from his wife after 18 years of marriage and lived with another woman. Died of inflammation of the brain from scarlet fever. Left a legacy of over 150 waltzes. Inner: Controlling, conventional, forceful, excitable, reserved. Only really happy when performing. Audience-pleasing lifetime, per usual, of spreading his great love for a musical idiom onto his own nation’s stage, where it would become part of the cultural language, while doing his reverse-psychology darnedest, to make sure his progeny would follow in his sound footsteps. Johann Hasse (1699-1783) - German dramatic composer and singer. Outer: Son of an organist and schoolmaster. Went to Hamburg at 18, and was engaged as a tenor at the Hamburg Opera. Tall and strongly built. 4 years later, he came to Brunswick as a singer, and composed his first opera there. Went to Naples and studied under Alessandro Scarlatti (Richard Strauss), among others. His next opera made him famous throughout Italy, and he was appointed professor at a school in Venice. 3 years later, he married the singer Faustina Bordoni (Deanna Durbin), and the following year he and and his wife went to Dresden, where he was appointed Court Kapellmeister and director of the opera. Wrote for his wife and had continued successes, staying at the court for the next 3 decades, with intermittent trips elsewhere. During the seige of that capital he lost his property and manuscripts in 1760 and 3 years later he was released because of economic considerations. Recognized the genius of Mozart upon first hearing him, saying, “The boy will throw all of us into the shade.” Spent the rest of his life in Venice, dying the same year as his wife. Although his works were extremely successful during his lifetime, they were, by and large, mediocre with little lasting value to them, other than a pleasant melodic sense. Inner: Charming, talkative and personable, with a facility for pleasing conventional tastes. Sounding-board lifetime of enormous success due more to personality than his musical abilities, despite his continued associations with musicians of far greater ability than his own, an ongoing theme of his.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS MELANCHOLIC MELODY-MASTER:
Storyline: The beached boy genius finally comes out of his self-imposed darkness, after many a go-round of being overwhelmed by his oceanic interior, in order to face the music of his resistance to full maturity as an ordinary human being.

Brian Wilson (1942) - American singer/songwriter and producer. Outer: Of British, Swedish, Dutch, German and Irish ancestry. Father imported and sold heavy machinery and was a songwriter in his spare time. Very musical household, mother played piano, but his sire was overbearing and abusive, causing him to lose the hearing in his right ear because he had cuffed him as a child. Sang and spoke out of the side of his mouth as a result. The oldest of three brothers, including Dennis and Carl, both of whom would cofound the Beach Boys with him. Fell in love with George Gershwin’s (Michael Tilson Thomas) “Rhapsody in Blue” at 2. Had a depressive upbringing and went to El Camino Jr. College, where he began composing, then dropped out to pursue music full-time. 6’2”., with blue eyes. Along with a cousin and his brothers, he formed the Beach Boys, and the group went on to celebrate Southern California culture in songs written to 4 part harmony. Had an unbroken string of hits for 5 years, expanding from song-writing to producing and working with other groups as well, but pressure to perform took its toll and he had his first nervous breakdown in 1964. Married Marilyn Rovell the same year, 2 daughters, Carnie and Wendy, who became singers, but largely ignored them while they were growing up. Divorced in 1979. In the mid-1960s, drug abuse and nervous breakdowns caused him to stop touring and concentrate on his music, adding harp arpeggios and intricate harmonies as well as orchestral experimentation, while reaching his peak in the album, Pet Sounds. In the 1970s, he completely retreated from the Beach Boys and the rest of the world, confining himself to his bed for 4 years, just listening to his inner music, right when he was at the peak of his powers. Became grossly obese, addicted to cocaine, and lost in his own world. After 10 years of complete isolation, the group hired a psychiatrist, Eugene Landy, to monitor him 24 hours a day, and he started exercising and eating right, but his doctor worked himself into his patient’s will as his chief beneficiary, and was subsequently embroiled in a legal battle over conservancy, and barred from seeing him. Descended again into isolation, cocaine, alcohol, food and cigarettes. His brother Dennis, who was a member of the group and its original surfer inspiration, drowned in early 1983. Ballooned back up to over 300 pounds in the mid-1980s and then got back into shape, as Landy was rehired, and took advantage of the situation to form a creative partnership called Brains and Genius, although he eventually lost his medical license. Spent a decade slowly re-emerging, marrying Melinda Ledbetter, a longtime girlfriend after that period in 1995, 3 children from the union. Wrote a memoir in 1991 called, “Wouldn’t It Be Nice,” in which he chronicled his disintegration. A documentary made on his life “I Just Wasn’t Made for These Times,” in the mid-1990s, heralded his ultimate return. Began touring again in the late 1990s, facing his profound sense of stage fright, while looking very much like someone who had suffered enormously in just making it through life. After three and a half decades, he finally finished his long-awaited Smile, begun in 1966, and which he had suddenly stopped working on. Its release, would bring a smile to all faces, save its composer’s, which would probably be the ultimate testament to his creative life. For the band’s 50th anniversary in 2012, he co-wrote almost all the tracks on the album, “That’s Why God Made the Radio,” while reuniting with its surviving members for a major tour, his first in 20 years, to critical and popular acclaim, and has continued with releases since then. Has an estimated net worth of $75 million. Inner: Unintegrated and disintegrative. Extremely nervous on stage and in public. Tremendous desire to bring joy through his music, with his singular sense of stability coming through his art. Great gift for complex harmonies, despite an insipid sense of lyrics. Completely without guile, and unable to tell a lie. Near wipe-out lifetime of trying to funnel his disharmonious emotions into his music without totally self-destructing, a simple and elementary feat he has yet to learn to totally master. Leon ‘Bix’ Beiderbecke (1903-1931) - American jazz musician. Outer: Had a prosperous and repr(William Patrick Corgan, Jr.) (1967) - American musician, author, and wrestling promoter. Outer: Of Irish, Scottish and British descent on his paternal side, and Flemish and Italian on his maternal side. Father, Billy Corgan, Sr., was a professional guitarist. One younger brother. Parents divorced when he was 4, and he was shuttled around twixt relatives, while using music as a balm against the anger and alienation he felt round growing up disconnected. 6’3”, and lanky with blue eyes and shaved head. Began his musical career as a duo, with a friend, using a drum machine, before gathering the group that would be the Smashing Pumpkins in 1988, adding a bassist and drummer Jimmy Chamberlain. Inspired by the gothic rock and alternate Chicago rock scene, the band soon found its own self-conscious, cerebral voice, and rose during the 1990s to become one of the pre-eminent alternate bands in the country. Married Chris Fabian, a museum artist, in 1993. The duo separated two years later, no children from the union. Shaved his head, and the quartet rose to prominence with their first album in 1993, “Siamese Dream,” and quickly became a noted force on the rock scene, with their well-received work, which he primarily created. Lost his keyboardist to a drug overdose in 1996. His mother died in 1997, which he found cataclysmic. Got a divorce afterwards and seven people died during one of his concerts the same year in Dublin, while Chamberlain suffered an accident that threatened the end of his career. Found the Pumpkins to be less effective without the latter, much to his chagrin, and finally ended the band’s performing career in 2000, after discovering that when they stopped fighting among themselves they lost most of its edge, as well as their audience. Founded Zwan, whose initial album, “Mary Star of the Sea,” was extremely well-received in 2003, for its sunnier, more upbeat material, although the group quickly disappeared. Disbanded it later that year, turning to doggerel poetry recital, and continued to search for a means of transforming his angry creative energy into satisfying sound for himself. The following annum, he published a book of his verse, “Blinking with Fists,” before eventually reviving another version of the Pumpkins, to less than smashing effect. In 2011, he cofounded Resistance Pro Wrestling, which put on matches in the Chicago area, while also initiating a concussion awareness program. Became increasingly more right-wing in the 19teens, lambasting liberals, rattling the various cages of complacency, advocating conspiracy theories galore, while professing a great love for America, which he sees headed for ruin. Has an estimated new worth of some $50 million. Inner: Bellicose, volatile, self-analytical and self-conscious with a great need to be in control. Smashing shibboleths lifetime of recreating his sense of family around his rock group, with a similar contentious need to control and be totally in charge, while becoming ever more strident in his public pronouncements. Josef Strauss (1827-1870) - Austrian conductor. Outer: Son of Johann Strauss, Sr. (Paul Whiteman). Brother of Johann, Jr. (Billy Corgan) and Edouard (Peter Duchin). Father wanted him to be a military officer, although he showed talents as both a poet and painter. Had very melancholy eyes. Became an architect when his father would not support a musical career, but secretly studied music, just as his older brother had done. Held a number of patents, as well as completed several engineering projects, but once he committed himself to music, it literally poured out of him. After his father’s death in 1849, he conducted the family orchestra for his brother. Wrote several hundred opuses, which he included in the orchestra’s repertoire. Married at 30, one daughter from union. Far more subtle and a deeper musician than his better-known brother, although not nearly as recognized as he was. During a concert in Russia, he became overwhelmed because of personnel substitions, fainted at the podium, and died of a brain concussion. An untrue rumor circulated that he had been brutally mistreated by some Russian soldiers in Poland and died from the effects. Inner: Delicate health, nervous disposition, had a horror of death. Morbid, melancholy introvert. Hyperneurotic lifetime of having his artistic dreams thwarted by being a member of a family with a powerful commercial tradition, to which he was forced to conform. Joseph Myslivecek (1737-1781) - Bohemian violinist and composer. Outer: Father was a prosperous miller. One of a set of identical twins. Enrolled at Charles-Ferdinand Univ., but withdrew before graduating, after showing little academic inclination. Along with his twin, he became an apprentice in the family trade, and a master miller by the time he reached his early 20s. Showed himself highly proficient on the violin, and soon gave up his grain mastery to pursue music fulltime. In 1763, with financial support from his brother, as well as a local noble, he went to Vienna to learn operatic composing. His debut opus was performed three years later, and his first successful piece, Il Bellerofonte followed it in 1768. Remained in Italy for the remainder of his life, save for a couple of trips to Northern Europe, composing operas for the houses of various cities, some 26 in all. Also worked in a variety of other forms, including chamber music and symphonies, as well as pioneered in wind octets and string quintets with two violas. Never attached himself to a princely house or patron, preferring his own freedom. Struck up a friendship with 14 year old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Stevie Wonder) and his father Leopold (Leopold Stokowski) in 1770, when the latter two were passing through Bologna, although the relationship eventually became strained between him and Leopold, because of his failure to secure a commission he promised him in Naples. Mozart, however, remained on affectionate terms with him, borrowing ideas, as an admirer of his sprightly, melodic sound. Suffered from syphilis, and in its tertiary stage, his nose was severely damaged, when a doctor botched removing some disfiguring growths from it. After his last two operas failed, he never recovered creatively, thanks to an inability to move beyond the formulaic form of somber opera seria that had brought him earlier success. Fell into financial disarray, as his health declined precipitously and he was forced to borrow from a bank for the poor just to survive, before dying alone in the Eternal City. His funeral had to be paid for, by a former pupil. Fell into obscurity afterwards, with his music rarely performed. Inner: Opera seria lifetime of parlaying his usual penchant for creativity and self-destruction into both success and failure in his ongoing dualistic Shiva run through the musical annals of his times.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS FAMILY WUNDERKIND:
Storyline: The temperamental taskmaster never really grows up but is able to turn around his stunted emotionality into a superior sense of musicianship and leave his indelible popular mark in each of the eras in which he chooses to be active, as the most aggressive member of his various musical families.
Billy Corgan
(William Patrick Corgan, Jr.) (1967) - American musician, author, and wrestling promoter. Outer: Of Irish, Scottish and British descent on his paternal side, and Flemish and Italian on his maternal side. Father, Billy Corgan, Sr., was a professional guitarist. One younger brother. Parents divorced when he was 4, and he was shuttled around twixt relatives, while using music as a balm against the anger and alienation he felt round growing up disconnected. 6’3”, and lanky with blue eyes and shaved head. Began his musical career as a duo, with a friend, using a drum machine, before gathering the group that would be the Smashing Pumpkins in 1988, adding a bassist and drummer Jimmy Chamberlain. Inspired by the gothic rock and alternate Chicago rock scene, the band soon found its own self-conscious, cerebral voice, and rose during the 1990s to become one of the pre-eminent alternate bands in the country. Married Chris Fabian, a museum artist, in 1993. The duo separated two years later, no children from the union. Shaved his head, and the quartet rose to prominence with their first album in 1993, “Siamese Dream,” and quickly became a noted force on the rock scene, with their well-received work, which he primarily created. Lost his keyboardist to a drug overdose in 1996. His mother died in 1997, which he found cataclysmic. Got a divorce afterwards and seven people died during one of his concerts the same year in Dublin, while Chamberlain suffered an accident that threatened the end of his career. Found the Pumpkins to be less effective without the latter, much to his chagrin, and finally ended the band’s performing career in 2000, after discovering that when they stopped fighting among themselves they lost most of its edge, as well as their audience. Founded Zwan, whose initial album, “Mary Star of the Sea,” was extremely well-received in 2003, for its sunnier, more upbeat material, although the group quickly disappeared. Disbanded it later that year, turning to doggerel poetry recital, and continued to search for a means of transforming his angry creative energy into satisfying sound for himself. The following annum, he published a book of his verse, “Blinking with Fists,” before eventually reviving another version of the Pumpkins, to less than smashing effect. In 2011, he cofounded Resistance Pro Wrestling, which put on matches in the Chicago area, while also initiating a concussion awareness program. Became increasingly more right-wing in the 19teens, lambasting liberals, rattling the various cages of complacency, advocating conspiracy theories galore, while professing a great love for America, which he sees headed for ruin. Wound up suing his own wresting company, despite being its president with a restraining order filed against owner Dixie Carter. Has an estimated new worth of some $50 million. Inner: Bellicose, volatile, self-analytical and self-conscious with a great need to be in control. Smashing shibboleths lifetime of recreating his sense of family around his rock group, with a similar contentious need to control and be totally in charge, while becoming ever more strident in his public pronouncements. Tommy Dorsey (1905-1956) - American bandleader. Outer: Son of a music teacher who led a brass band. Older brother Jimmy Dorsey (Branford Marsalis) was also a musician. Father didn’t want his sons working in the mines, and he taught both brothers discipline and the importance of practice, as well as how to play most of the brass instruments. Eventually settled on slide trombone as his primary mode of expression, although an excellent trumpeter as well. Formed the Wild Canaries with his brother when he was in his mid-teens, then both he and his brother worked for Paul Whiteman (Pharrell Williams), as well as every name band of the era. Made hundreds of recordings before forming their own band in the late 1920s. Bespectacled, thin and wiry. Had legendary breath control, as well as an excellent sense of phrasing. Married Mildred Kraft in 1922, two children from the union, which ended in divorce in 1943. Wed actress Pat Dane afterwards, and that match concluded in divorce as well in 1947. His last wife, Jane New, whom he wed in 1948, was a dancer, and the union produced two children. Extremely volatile, had stand-up fights with his sibling, as well as other musicians, walking off-stage during one of their engagements. The brothers had parallel careers but eventually split in the mid-1930s after 7 years together because of different musical approaches, each forming his own band. Recorded extensively and his albums sold better than his brother’s. Active in films as well as on radio, with his own music publishing companies, a music magazine, and a booking agency, while employing a host of talented singers, songwriters and musicians. Ferociously competitive as a businessman, he had the most popular band in the country in the 1940s, while always looking for ways to best his perceived rivals. Eventually reunited in the early 1950s with Jimmy after appearing in the movie, The Fabulous Dorseys, but both brothers drifted away from their jazz roots and got much more into popular music. Disliked bebop and TV, and could not change with the times, although he was forced into continue working just to maintain himself, hosting his own TV show with his brother, thanks to the support of popular comedian Jackie Gleason. His troubled last marriage led him to depend on sleeping pills, and he was deeply disturbed by his wife’s divorce proceedings. Died of an accidental combination of sleeping pills and alcohol after a big meal, choking on his own vomit two days before he was supposed to appear in court to answer his spouse’s divorce suit. Left no will and no money, having spent everything he ever made to support a grandiose lifestyle. Inner: Active, talkative, genial, but also hot-tempered and impassioned, as well as being a taskmaster with his players. Excellent capacity to pick musicians. Talented but temperamental lifetime of directly continuing his family tradition of bandsmanship, and establishing a unique niche for himself, only to literally expire on his unintegrated bile. Johann Strauss, Jr. (1825-1899) - Austrian/German composer and conductor. Outer: Son of Johann Strauss, Sr. (Pharrell Williams). Brother of Josef Strauss (Brian Wilson) and Edouard Strauss (Peter Duchin). Father was violently opposed to his musical career, and did everything to stop him, but, despite obstacles, he secretly studied violin and composition with one of his sire’s band members, with his mother's complicity. Established his own orchestra, which played both his and his father’s waltzes. When his father died in 1849, he was at the helm of his orchestra within 2 weeks and united both their bands and toured Austria, Poland and Germany. Known as the “King of the Waltz.” Married in his late 30s to Jetty Treffz, a singer 9 years his senior. The union made him rich, although the duo drifted apart, and his wife was later blackmailed by an illegitimate son. Married Angelika Dittrich, a young actress/singer afterwards, but divorced her after 5 years. His last union to Adele Oeutsch, a 26 year old widow, in his late 50s, was quietly happy, and he renounced his Austrian citizenship and converted from Catholicism to Protestantism in order to please his young German wife. Eventually turned over his orchestra to his brothers. Visited the European capitals as well as the United States, conducting concerts in Boston and New York. Rhythms, rich melodies and instrumentation were keymark of his oeuvre, which also included several operettas, of which the best known is Die Fledermaus. Died of double pneumonia. Inner: Fiery, enthusiastic, elegant lady’s man. Remained young at heart, never fully matured. Eternal adolescent lifetime of building on family tradition, while remaining emotionally stunted to become a memorable master over a highly specific realm of musicianship.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS THE SON ALSO RISES:
Storyline: The musical scion picks up where he left off, and fashions a similar career for himself off a familiar family name, albeit without the family back-up and with himself stage front and center all the way.

Peter Duchin (1937) - American bandleader and pianist. Outer: Father was bandleader Eddie Duchin (Harry Connick, Jr.). Mother was the daughter of a wealthy family that had made its money in mining and shipping, and withdrew her name from the social register in reaction to her having married beneath her station. She died six days after his birth, and he was confined to an oxygen tent for the first 18 months of his life, because of a lung ailment. His father couldn’t bear the thought of losing him as well, and abandoned him to protect himself against getting too attached, so that he had a number of initial surrogate mothers, including writer Anita Loos (Greta Gerwig). Went to live with the Averill Harrimans in their palatial estate, along with their own children, where he would ride his bicycle down the halls to dinner. His progenitor gave him his first piano lessons, although he was initially resistant to music, before embracing it. Attended prep schools, where he formed a Dixieland jazz band. His father finally reclaimed him in 1947, although he died 4 years later. Studied classical music for a decade and went to Yale Univ., where he majored in French and in music. Spent his junior year in Paris, where he studied counterpoint and composition. and also helped edit the Paris Review, before finally graduating cum laude from Yale. Served 2 years with the Army in Panama, although lived off-post and had a valet, while continuing to accrue to his musical experience. Afterwards, MCA managed his career, and he signed with Decca Records, on the basis of his name, without them ever hearing anything he had played. Made his NY debut at the Maisonette Room at the St. Regis Hotel in 1962, while also taking lessons in acting to help his stage presence. Had a small role in The World of Henry Orient, to add film to his resume. Linked with many noted beauties because of his easy grace and good looks, and easily segued into the world of society entertainment. In 1964, he married Cheray Zauderer, the divorced daughter of a wealthy real estate developer, 3 children from the union, which ended in divorce in 1982. By 1968, he had a permanent staff of 68 musicians and several bands that operated under his name, as he became a mainstay on the social circuit, and enjoyed a hugely successful, albeit unoriginal career. Did some composing, as well as collaborating with others, and also served as an activist for numerous causes and fundraisers, while enjoying a fruitful life, untrammeled by any hardships other than his uncertain beginnings. Became the third husband of actress Brooke Hayward in 1985. The duo divorced in 2011 after a three year separation, and in 2012, he wed party-arranger Virginia Coleman. Published his memoir, “Ghost of a Chance,” in 1996. Has served on the boards of numerous cultural societies. Inner: Affable, charming, magnetic. Midas touch lifetime of being given a golden musical name, an equally gilded upbringing, and a smooth entree into the world of high society entertainment to fashion a pleasurable life largely untouched by the ordinary problems of struggle and hardship, that most artists undergo, save for the loss of his unknown mother, and a shaky first year and a half. Edouard Strauss (1835-1916) - Austrian bandleader and composer. Outer: Son of Johann Strauss, Sr. (Pharrell Williams), and younger brother of Johann, Jr. (Billy Corgan) and Josef Strauss (Brian Wilson). Had a talent with languages, and was originally intended for the Austrian consular service, but like his brothers, whose musical careers were deliberately thwarted by their father, he eventually entered into the family profession. Induced by his brother Johann, Jr. to turn to music, and in turn had a thorough musical education. Made his debut as a conductor at 24, when each of the three brothers conducted his own band. In 1863, he married Maria Klenkhart, two sons from the union, including Johann Strauss III, who continued the family tradition well into the 20th century. Took over the whole band at Johann’s death in 1899 and toured all of Europe. Known mainly as a conductor. Good craftsman as a composer, but his works were inferior to his brothers. The family speculated on his considerable fortune and lost much of it. The older he got, the more time he spent looking backwards. Inner: Handsome, charming, magnetic. Possessed a famous smile, and seemingly could do no wrong. Superficial, slick and the wealthiest member of his family. Surface appeal lifetime of continuing in his family tradition, and taking an extra decade and a half after his last brother’s death to give him his own sense of public power.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSCIAN AS SMOOTH OPERATOR:
Storyline: The handsome hyphenated talent has long gotten by on his surface appeal, and now wishes to plumb the greater depths of himself in his ongoing desire to bring his gift for self-expression into a more lasting and better remembered mode.

Harry Connick, Jr. (Joseph Henry Fowler Connick, Jr.) 1967) - American singer, actor and pianist. Outer: Of Irish, British and German descent on his paternal side, and Belarussian and Ukrainian Jewish on his maternal. Father was a New Orleans district attorney, mother was a judge in small claims court who died when her son was 13. Very close to his sire, and became a Catholic in his teens. Received a classical training in piano, starting at the age of 6.One older sister who became a lieutenant colonel in the army. His sire used to take him to the French Quarter as a child, where he fell in love with Dixieland music. Also heavily influenced by the music of the 1940’s and 1950’s. Hung out in smokey jazz saloons with his father, occasionally being called up to perform, after appearing on his first jazz album at 11. Moved to NYC at the age 18, attended 2 colleges, but dropped out, and began playing regularly in clubs. His career was officially launched at 21, playing in the Algonquin Hotel’s Oak Room. Later formed a jazz trio. Arrested for carrying a 9-mm handgun at JFK airport, he made a public service TV commercial on handgun dangers as part of his punishment. In 1994, he married a former Victoria’s Secret model, Jill Goodacre, 3 daughters from the union. Well-established by the time he was 30 as a recording star, concert giver and actor, with a faithful following and all the ingredients for a long, successful career in the public eye. Made his film debut in 1990 with Memphis Belle, and had a recurring role on TV’s “Will & Grace,” as Dr. Leo Markus after century’s turn. Wrote his first Broadway musical in 2001, “Thou Shalt Not,” and 5 years later, proved a success in a revival of “The Pajama Game.” In 2014, he joined the judge’s panel for the 13th season of “American Idol.” Has a net worth of $35 million.Inner: Handsome, smooth, charming, well-socialized. Devout Roman Catholic and a great beiiever in fate and destiny. Handsome Harry lifetime of pursuing a similar rhythm as his earlier existence in this series, with a greater desire to extend his career and enjy his life to the fullest. Eddie Duchin (1909-1951) - American bandleader. Outer: Son of Jewish immigrant parents. Trained as a pharmacist, but decided to become a professional musician in his late teens. Got a job playing piano for a band at N.Y.’s Central Park casino, and became extremely popular. Suave and sophisticated, with a flashy piano style. Formed his own band at 21, taking over the residency there. Won a record contract, played swanky places, and did radio and film work. In his late 30s, he married Margerie Oelrichs, an attractive socialite, whose family had a fortune in mining and shipping, and excluded her from the social register in disapproval of her matrimonial choice. She, in turn, died six days after the birth of their only son, pianist Peter Duchin. Also thought his son would die at birth, and separated from him to ease the pain of his loss. Devastated by his wife’s death, and couldn’t handle his infant son, who was taken into the wealthy home of the Averill Harriman’s. Joined the Navy, becoming a lieutenant, although after the war, his popularity lessened. Remarried, and took back his son in 1947, but his health was already declining and he died 4 years later of leukemia in his early 40s. His signature tune was Frederic Chopin’s (Karlheinz Stockhausen) “Nocturne in E-Flat.” A maudlin biopic, The Eddy Duchin Story, was made of his life in 1956, with Tyrone Power (Sean Young), playing him. Inner: Handsome, smooth, well-socialized, great ease with people. Surface-skimming lifetime of looking for public love as a means of affirming himself, rather than looking within, and ultimately eating himself alive for his failure to do so.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS FOUNDING FATHER OF R’N’R:
Storyline: The highly innovative instrumentalist always makes his mark as a unique stylist and potent performer, and yet never quite coordinates his long-term career with his skills, thanks to an inability to match his creative gifts with a similar practical acumen.

Bo Diddley (Otha Ellas Bates) (1928-2008) - American singer, guitarist and songwriter. Outer: Of African-American descent. Father died soon after his birth on a small farm and his 16 year old mother entrusted him with her cousin, who adopted him, to add to her own three children. His second family moved to the south side of Chicago in 1934 after he lost his stepfather, and he dropped his first name, to be called Ellas McDaniel. Actively involved in his local church, where he was taught to play the violin by its music director, and showed enough proficiency to join its orchestra, performing with them until 18. The guitar, however, would prove his instrument of choice, after taking it up at 12. Dropped out of vocational school at 15, and became known as Bo Diddley, a name he picked up in grammar school, which may have come from an African one-string instrument called a diddley bow. Played on the streets with a quartet called the Langley Avenue Jive Cats, while doing menial jobs to support himself, including truck driver and manual laborer. Also boxed as a light heavyweight as an amateur. 5’7”. Married Louise Woolingham in 1946, divorced the following year. Played at amateur concerts, while marrying Ethel Mae Smith in 1949, daughter and son from the union, which ended in divorce in 1956. Continued working at a variety of jobs, including meat packer, carpenter and elevator operator. In 1951, the group got work at Chicago’s leading R&B club, the 708. Used a drummer and maracas player to give him the deep, pounding beat that would become his signature sound, while serving an extremely long apprenticeship. His homemade square guitar, dark glasses and black hat would also be his trademark, along with a bomp ba-bomp bomp, bomp bomp percussion rhythm. Reverb and distortion would give his custom-built instruments their unusual range and velocity, as if he were playing percussion on a stringed instrument. His first single, the eponymous “Bo Diddley,” was released in 1955 by Checker Records, a subsidiary of Chess, after being rejected by local labels, with “I’m A Man,” it’s flip side. Offended TV impresario Ed Sullivan the same year on his show, by not playing what he was supposed to, and wound up off the tube for the next decade. Continued having difficulty with payments from his companies, largely because he borrowed heavily against them, setting up a lifelong sense that he never got his full due for his works. Designed his own guitars, while also using his violin background for eliciting unusual sounds from his instruments. Because his fingers were large, he used a single finger to create chords, after tuning his guitar to E. His subsequent influence would be enormous with rock’s pantheon of stars over the decades, both for his beat and his stage presentation, which included playing guitar over his head, while he jumped about and shook his knees. Also included female guitarists in his band, which was largely unheard of at the time. Married Kay Reynolds, a white teenage door-to-door magazine saleswoman in 1960, breaking Southern taboos against intermarriage between the races. Divorced two decades later, two daughters from the union. Began getting a European following, thanks to his influence on British bands, particularly the Rolling Stones, although his American audience largely dried up. Moved to Las Lunas, New Mexico in 1970, where he worked as a deputy sheriff. Continued making albums for Chess, until his contract ran out in 1974, and his recording career largely came to a standstill. Did some TV and filmwork, and moved to Florida in the early 1980s, on a 76 acre spread, where he also had a recording studio. His live performances, in the meantime, maintained his career, including inaugural balls for both Pres. George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton. His final marriage was to Sylvia Paiz in 1992, divorced in 2005. The following year, he released his last album. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, and received a lifetime Grammy in 1999. Suffered a heart attack, three months after a stroke while on tour in Iowa, which hospitalized him. Died of heart failure at home the following year. Inner: Abstained from both drink and drug, which allowed him his longevity. Felt he only received a small portion of the money he made, often being stiffed on performances, as well as royalties from others doing his songs. Untrusting, although quite playful in performance, exhibiting his bravado and earthiness, as well as his extraordinary stage presence. I’m a Man lifetime of serving as seminal figure in the development of rock’n’roll, while suffering the same ups and downs of all his careers in this series, despite a unique talent, that has never been complemented by his ability to garner full rewards for it. Tony Jackson (Antonio Jackson) (1876-1920) - American pianist, singer and composer. Outer: Of African-American descent. Born into poverty, he was raised by an older sister. As a youngster, he fashioned a crude harpsichord out of backyard junk, tuned it, and taught himself to play hymns that he had heard in church. The feat gained him access to neighbor’s instruments, and by 13, he was playing piano professionally. Soon garnered a reputation for his extraordinary musical skills, and he became a heralded pianist in the Storyville section of New Orleans, playing in bawdy houses as well as bars. Able to play any tune as soon as he heard it, and was a born showman as well. Played ragtime and cakewalks, imitating the exaggerated foot movement of the latter while tinkling the keys. Also had a singing voice that was capable of capturing opera, in several ranges, from baritone to soprano. Viewed as a superlative musician by all who heard him, thanks to his originality. Created the basic fashion stylistics for all the barrelhouse and ragtime pianists who followed him, with a derby, checkered vest, ascot tie and diamond stickpin, as well as sleeve garters to hold up his cuffs. Left on his first tour in 1904, with a traveling theatrical group, as their featured vocalist. When they got to Louisville, he left the troupe, and played in the bars there, before moving on to Chicago, in 1905, where he spent the rest of his career. Composed numerous tunes, but refused to “give them away for $5 a piece,” as was the custom of the time, so that many were stolen from him, and published under different people’s name. His best known song was “Pretty Baby,” which may or may not have been written in collaboration. Bisexual, he became a victim of syphilis, which impaired both his voice and playing in later years. Never recorded anything, so that his reputation rests wholly with those who had heard and saw him live. Died after an eight week attack of hiccups, in an odd obsessive display of syncopation for his final number. Inner: High energy, multitalented, and a born showman. Legendary lifetime of making his presence felt as an entertainment phenomenon in prerecorded times, as a creative and self-destructive force, exhibiting his continuing dual nature of constantly dueling with his outrageous talents. Franz Clement (1780-1842) - Austrian composer, conductor and violinist. Outer: Father was a butler in a nobleman’s house with some musical ability. Became his son’s first teacher when he picked up the violin at the age of 4. Also had instruction from the leader of another nobleman’s band. Made his public debut at 9 at a concert at the Imperial Opera House, then toured England as child prodigy before engaging in a famous contest with Giovanni Viotti (Gerard Mortier) on his return to Vienna. Able to look at a score briefly and play it from memory, while alternating his virtuoso performances with pure showmanship, playing intermission pieces with his instrument upside down and using only one string. Won over the music critics of his time with his elegant, clean style and lightness of tone, while showing an extraordinary ease with everything he played. Served as the orchestral director at the newly established Theater an der Wien between 1803 and 1811, and then as an adjunct Kappellmeister at the Wiener Hofoper. Traveled to Russia afterwards, conducting concerts for Italian soprano Angelica Catalani, and then concluded his touring in Germany. Close to Ludwig van Beethoven (Van Morrison), and became the first performer of his Violin Concerto in D Major, which he had commissioned. The latter part of his career was spent in eclipse, totally out of keeping with his immense talents, and he died in poverty. Wrote for the violin, as well as an opera and a mass, although all his works have long since been forgotten. Inner: Virtuoso on his instrument, less adept at composition. Probably had a similar personality to his playing, sweet and elegant. Second fiddle lifetime of setting a pattern for instrumental innovation and technique that was not matched by an ability to garner wealth and position for his unique gifts.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS HEALED MUSICAL HEALER:
Storyline: The good doctor employs a perfectionist’s ear to help invent several musical forms, while learning from the dictum, physician heal thyself, to take total control of his life and career, after previously allowing himself to become victim of his own neglect.

Dr. Dre (Andre Young) (1965) - American musician and producer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Mother was only 16 when he was born, but instilled within him a sense of maturity and partnership, raising him on her own, after his parents divorced before he was even born. Grew up along with her, and served as music man for her parties, beginning at the age of 3. 2 other siblings as well. His mother eventually remarried, and his stepbrother became rapper Warren G. Adopted his stage name as a reflection of his basketball idol, Julius ‘Dr. J’ Erving. Had a son with a girlfriend in 1982, who became the rapper Hood Surgeon, and another with another girlfriend in 1988, Andre, Jr., who became the subject of a paternity suit. One of the originators of gangsta rap, he began his professional career at 16, with his first group, World Class Wrecking Cru, which enjoyed a huge success, then helped form N.W.A. (Niggaz With Attitude) along with Ice Cube in the mid-1980s, which recorded the seminal rap album, “Straight Outta Compton,” in 1988, an effort that did not endear them to the authorities, with their “Fuck tha Police.” 6’2”, solidly built. Along with Marion ‘Suge’ Knight, started the highly successful Death Row Records, serving as both producer and rapper for the label, scoring with “The Chronic,” which many have seen as the rap album of the decade, and paved the way for that genre to go mainstream. Had a son with singer Michel’le Toussaint, although the relationship ended when he left Death Row Records. Slammed a female talk show host into a wall in 1991, and hit a New Orleans policeman in a hotel lobby brawl in 1992, and also broke another rap producer’s jaw the same year. Received probation on assault charges in 1993, then served 6 months in a halfway house for violating it in 1995. Arrested in 1994 after a car chase, but since then has steered clear of the law. The same year he won a Grammy for Best Rap Solo Performance. Departed from Death Row in 1996 because of differences with Knight, and the earlier violence of both his actions and lyrics gave way to a much softer offering in 1996, which proved far less popular, and the subsequent word on him was that he had lost his touch. Married Nicole Threatt in 1996, son and daughter from the union, which mellowed him out, as he distanced himself from his Compton beginnings with a luxurious French provincial home. Returned to those roots in 1999 with “The Chronic 2001,” in his ongoing desire to mirror and reflect the realities that created him, and once again got his groove back. While working on, “Detox” what he called his “final” studio album, he lost his 20 year old son, Andre, Jr. Concentrated on production following century’s turn, with his various business interests claiming most of his time. Along with Jimmy Iovine, gave $70 mil to USC to create the USC Jimmy Iovine and Andre Young Academy for Arts, Technology and the Business of Innovation. In 2014, he sold his Beats Electronics which makes his wildly popular eponymous earphones to Apple for $3 billion. After three failed nominations, NWA was finally elected into the R’n’R Hall of Fame for the 2016 class. Inner: Good-humored, extremely ambitious and well-tuned to his audience’s wants and needs, despite an unhealthy violent streak at times. Better producer than rapper, although always working on his skills. Perfectionist, with an exacting ear, and a desire to be an all-around entertainment producer, although his heart remains in his desire to create popular music that is true to his specific audience. Healing lifetime of taking control of his creative and personal life, as well as his temper, after earlier having been consigned to the symbolic scrap-heap because of his inability to look at anything beyond his outsized royal musical talent. Joe “King” Oliver (1885-1938) - American musician and composer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Born on a plantation, where his mother was a cook. Raised in New Orleans by a half-sister after his mother died at century’s turn. Began playing the trombone, then switched to the cornet, proving himself a master of that instrument. During adolescence, he lost one eye because of an accident. A prodigious eater, he often polished off a half dozen hamburgers at a sitting. Played professionally by his teens in bands, doing parade work, gigs, and tours. Also worked as a butler, as well as led his own band. After WW I, he moved to Chicago, played with various bands, leading one, and later taking it to San Francisco. Returned to Chicago, led his own Creole Jazz Band, and toured and recorded with it, making his recording debut in 1923. Made a solo visit to New York, returned to his Chicago base, formed a new band, ‘Dixie Syncopators,’ and toured the mid-west and New York with it before disbanding in the late 1920s. Concentrated afterwards on recording with studio bands, as well as forming groups for specific engagements, before reforming a regular band for touring, and continuing in that mode until 1937, despite misfortunes and changes of personnel. Invented the plunger mute with a soda bottle and bathroom plunger. Suffered from pyorrhea and lost his teeth, causing his gums to bleed when he played, and was unable to get medical treatment because of bureaucratic red tape, ending his performing career. Ultimately ran a fruit stall in Savannah, Georgia before working as a poolroom attendant. Died in Savannah, although buried in New York. Known for his bursting, exuberant power and great range. Inner: Loved sugar, often ate sugar sandwiches. Great subconscious desire to sweeten things, only to undo his interior in the process. Used to play with a handkerchief over his hands so that no one could copy his unique fingering technique. Sweet’n’low lifetime of serving as a seminal figure in early Dixieland Jazz, only to be consigned to anonymity because of his race, times and lack of knowledge about his body, causing him to return as a symbolic doctor, with a far more integrated attitude towards maintaining a long and prolific career. Johann Albrechtsberger (1736-1809) - Austrian theorist, composer organist and teacher. Outer: Served as a choirboy from the age of 7 for the Augustinians at Klosterneuberg. Studied organ and thorough bass, and then held various posts as an organist for 11 years, beginning in his late teens. Married in 1768. In 1772, he became deputy court organist in Vienna, and 20 years later he was made Kappelmeister at St. Stephen’s Cathedral. Wrote masses, string quartets and religious and chamber music, while penning, in 1790, “Fundamentals of Composition,” an influential text, which was translated into other languages, and would be his greatest legacy to music. Had a host of students, many of whom became well known, including Johann Hummel (Ice Cube) and Ludwig van Beethoven (Van Morrison). Recognized by life’s end as the premier organ player in the world. Inner: Teacherly lifetime of showing himself to be adept at not only composing, theorizing and playing, but also as an inspiration to a younger generation, who would far outshine his own skills.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS REFORMED FAT MAN:
Storyline: The irrepressible fat man tempers his earlier ebullience and joie de vivre with a seriousness of purpose and a dedication to his own future, to offset his earlier eating and drinking as if there were no tomorrow.

Ice Cube (O’Shea Jackson) (1968) - American musician, producer, director and actor. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was a groundskeeper at UCLA, and imbued his son with a strong work ethic. Enjoyed creating things from scratch as a child, and took that sensibility into his various enterprises. Grew up in Compton, although was later bussed to the San Fernando Valley, where he began to write rap lyrics in typing class. Saw early on, that he wanted to take total control of his life, and be far more than just an entertainer, with a dual interest in both film and music. At 16, he began rapping with a group called CIA. Formed NWA (Niggaz With Attitude) with Andre “Dr. Dre” Young and Eric “Eazy-E” Wright, and became an angry emblem of young black youth, with his anti-police, thug lyric stance, writing the songs for the group. 5’10”, thick-framed and intense. Took a year off to study architectural drafting in a trade school in Phoenix, in case his projected career didn’t pan out. Left the group in 1990 over a dispute about finances, and began a successful solo career, beginning with “AmeriKKKa’s Most Wanted.” Also began his film career with a role in the incendiary Boyz N The Hood, which had taken its name from one his lyrics. In 1992, he wed Kimberly Woodruff, became a suburban father, with 4 children, moved to an upscale home in Baldwin Hills, and began putting his same sense of focus into film, writing, producing and starring in Friday, in 1995, a low-budget independent feature that proved a surprise hit, and warranted a more successful sequel. Ultimately cornered a niche on feel-good black comedy, taking a hands-on approach to every aspect of his filmmaking. Expanded his acting abilities to other films, most notably Three Kings, although prefers playing projections of himself, rather than who he is not. Continues with his recording career, with the group Westside Connection, as well as his production company, Cubevision, and record label Lynch Mob, in a desire to be in control over his life, rather than having his appetites control him as in virtuoso lives in the past. Scored a controversial success with Barbershop in 2002, with the wish to be a star who can open films internationally. Maintains his edge in the music business, as a critic of rap’s material and sexual obsessions, instead of addressing larger social issues, as he continues to do with his own biting releases. After three failed nominations, NWA was finally elected into the R’n’R Hall of Fame for the 2016 class. The same year he produced and starred in the third of the Barbershop series, Barbershop: The Next Cut, a paean to mid-country Chicago and how community and communication deal with the city’s many problems. In 2017, he founded 3-on-3 basketball, a league of former NBA players, which proved a nostalgic hit. Has a net worth of $120 million. Inner: Extremely ambitious, precise, controlled and ferociously focused. Strongly opinionated, and unafraid of controversy, with a great belief in himself and his abilities. Often projects a scowling exterior, in direct contrast to his ever-smiling affability in his previous go-round in this series. Redirected lifetime of channeling his considerable anger into far more productive venues, so that he can grow and expand through his talents, rather than his waistline, as in go-rounds past in their series. Thomas ‘Fats’ Waller (1904-1943) - American pianist, composer and bandleader. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was the pastor at the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, and both parents were devout baptists. 4th of 5 surviving children out of 11. He was supposed to follow his sire to the pulpit, but a keen interest in music from an early age onward showed him where his true proclivities lay. Learned the Harlem ‘stride’ style, with his own innovations. Idolized stride pianist James P. Johnson, and at 15, won an amateur competition performing one of the latter’s numbers. His mother died at the same time, which affected him deeply, rendering him inconsolate. 6’. Married Edith Hatchett, a childhood friend, in reaction, in what would be a brief union, which would produce a son. Welcomed into the fraternity of Harlem pianists, and he learned directly from Johnson himself, as well as several German masters. Began playing professionally in Harlem clubs, as well as performing with small bands, before forming his own. Remarried Ann Rutherford in 1926, producing 2 more sons. Toured the U.S. and Europe in the 1930s, and had his own radio show on a Cincinnatti station, “Fats Waller’s Rhythm Club.” Perforated piano rolls in his late teens, and did some of his finest recording work in the mid-1930s. An extremely facile composer, as well as highly inventive, with an oversized personality to match. Wrote songs for 3 Broadway shows and appeared in one film his last year, Stormy Weather. In addition to working with lyricists, he also wrote numerous instrumental works. Best known for “Ain’t Misbehavin’.” Had a prodigious appetite for everything, which probably hastened his demise from pneumonia, while sitting on a train pulling into Kansas City, during a nationwide tour of army camps. In 1993, he was given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Inner: Ebullient, good-humored and extremely sunny. Virtuoso improviser, with a high-humored inventiveness to all his endeavors. Breezy lifetime of celebrating the pleasures of the palate and the ear, without worrying about the consequences. Johann Hummel (1778-1837) - German-Bohemian composer and pianist. Outer: Father was a violinist and conductor, who became the director of the Imperial School of Military music at Pressburg. Initially taught the violin, but didn’t care for it, and took up the piano, which was much more his instrument. His sire became theater conductor at Vienna when he was 7, and there his playing attracted the attention of Wolfgang Mozart (Stevie Wonder), with whom he lived and studied under for 2 years. Made his public debut in a concert given by Mozart at 9, and then toured Europe, before continuing his studies with Muzio Clementi (Richard Strauss) for a year. Returned to Vienna, and finished his apprenticeship under several well-known teachers, including Johann Albrechtsberger (Dr. Dre). Achieved the reputation as a wunderkind piano virtuoso, and was extremely well-regarded by musicians of his time, becoming one of the most famous pianists in Europe. Went to St. Petersburg with Clementi and on returning, held the post of Kapellmeister from his mid-20s to his early 30s at the court of Prince Esterhazy. Later was Kapellmeister at Stuttgart, then Weimar, while continuing to tour and enhance his reputation. Puffed, perspired and blew when he played, and was a much sought after teacher. Conducted the German opera in London for a season towards the end of his career. Published a method of piano fingering and composed over a hundred works for the piano, as well as some chamber music, ballets, 9 operas, and other works, always working in the accepted classical tradition. His playing showed elegance, rather than depth, which made him such an audience favorite. In later life he grew so hugely obese that a place had to be cut for him in the dining-room table. Inner: Coarse and face pitted by smallpox. Charming, warm, great sense of humor. Extremely careless of his dress and manners, and later his appearance as well. Well-fed lifetime of learning from masters, but staying on the surface with his own talent, preferring to amuse rather than stimulate, a stance he would continue to embrace as an audience-pleaser rather than a provoker, before the latter half of century 20.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS DARK-SPIRITED DOGG:
Storyline: The unrepentant underworlder dips deep into the criminal realm for his inspiration and then retranslates it in striking fashion to an eager overworld audience willing to forgive him his trespass for the artistry he makes with his ongoing fascination for the dark side of life.

Snoop Dogg (Calvin Broadus) (1972) - American musician, actor and entrepreneur. Outer: Of African/American descent. Raised by his mother who gave him his nickname. Father and stepfather were only intermittent figures in his life. Played piano and sang in the choir of the Golgotha Trinity Baptist Church. 6’4”, slim. Class clown at school, as well as a star basketball player. Shifted from church to a local gang, the Long Beach Insane Crips, and was arrested one month after high school for selling cocaine to an undercover agent. Served a year in jail and then several more months for violating probation after 2 more arrests for gun possession. Made rap tapes in the back of a friend’s store as Snoop Doggy Dogg. Ultimately producer/rapper Dr. Dre took over his career. Appeared on the cover of 3 major music magazines before he had even released an album, and his first album became a number 1 seller. Indicted for murder when a bodyguard shot another gang member, while he was driving with him. Acquitted of the charge in 1996, although he had to face a civil trial. A multiple award winner, pleasing both critics and fans alike for his undisputed talent, despite his unsavory reputation. Had 3 children with a fiancee, Shantay Taylor, and ultimately married her in 1997, although the duo divorced seven years later. Switched from Death Row Records to No Limits, while his songs got stuck in the darkness of his own anger, losing their original edge. Dropped the Doggy from his name, changed labels again and became the “Doggfather,” while expanding as an artist, as well as appearing in films as an actor in an attempt to soften his image, because he no longer identifies with his earlier street existence. Garnered praise for his portrayal of an ex-con in Baby Boy in 2000. A longtime advocate for legalizing marijuana, age 30 saw him less exhibitionistic about weed, while heading a successful porn-film company, as well as his own label, Doggystyle Records, as he has gradually expanded his business interests into a clothing line and other accouterments of ghettofab in his ongoing desire to integrate himself into all levels of America’s pop cultural life. Still manages, however, to excite the authorities with his ongoing outre behavior. Got his own “Doggy TV” series on MTV in 2002, then followed it up with “Doggy Fizzle Televizzle,” the following year. Despite his successes, he periodically continues to play the bad boy, notably with airport incidents in both America and England, garnering a felony charge for marijuana and gun possession in the former, and then repeating the ploy by being arrested outside NBC studios on similar charges, before adding Sweden and Australia to his list of countries taking umbrage at his casual and ubiquitous drug use, despite putting a down payment on a house in the latter. Ultimately got suspension, community service and probation for his various troubles, while continuing as a role model from Hell for middle-class America via records, concerts and TV. Elevated himself in the animal kingdom in 2013 to Snoop Lion in a comeback attempt wth a reggae abum, as well as a documentary, Reincarnated, and a conversion to rastafarianism. In 2015, he launched Merry Jane, a cannabis company based in Colorado, with Leafs by Snoop, featuring a range of edibles and concentrates to take advantage of the incremental legalization of the altered state of marijuana in a variety of the concrete states of the U.S. Inner: Ghetto realist, who underwent the entire underclass underworld experience to forge his peculiar alien aesthetic. Slangist, as well, popularizing ‘izzle,’ and ‘izz,’ as word addendums. Plutonian lifetime, once again, of playing his adept musicianship off of an undeveloped, highly antisocial personality, although this time around, with a far surer instinct for exploiting his considerable skills, and a continual sense of forgiveness from his large audience. Ferdinand Jelly Roll Morton (Ferdinand Joseph Lamothe) (1885-1941) - American composer, pianist and arranger. Outer: From a creole family of Haitian descent. Began his musical self-education by playing guitar and trombone, then switched to piano as a child, which he played in the brothels in the Storyville section of New Orleans around the turn of the century as a teenager, although his godmother disowned him for doing so. At the same time, he was also exposed to formal orchestral and opera music. Pimp, pool hustler and piano player in Louisiana and Mississippi until his mid-20s, when he joined a touring show in Memphis for 2 years, then became a pianist-comedian with a group of minstrel troubadours. Moved to Chicago and led his own band, while becoming the first serious jazz composer, working on multi-themed pieces with a distinctive style. Appeared at the San Francisco Exposition, then, after more touring, moved to Los Angeles, where he eventually ran his own club-hotel, then organized his own band and took it to Vancouver. Played elsewhere as well, and organized another band that toured California. Briefly became a boxing promoter in Los Angeles, then moved back to Chicago in 1923, which would be his base for the next 5 years. Recorded using the first of his ‘Red Hot Peppers’ bands, and worked as staff arranger for a publishing house. Although rarely playing in Chicago, he toured frequently, fronting other bands, making his money off of performing rather than recording. Moved to NYC, where he did extensive recording and touring with different versions of the Red Hot Peppers. Refused membership in ASCAP. In the early 1930s, he lost most of his money in an ill-fated cosmetics business. His popularity then declined because of his contentious personality. Continued playing regularly and touring, settling in Washington D.C. in the middle of the decade, where he played at the Jungle Club and did regular recording sessions at the Library of Congress in 1938. Returned to New York, although his health began to fail, after being stabbed while working as a bouncer in a disreputable club. Moved to California in late 1940, and formed a new music company, but the following year his health rapidly deteriorated and he entered a private sanitarium. After his release, he was admitted to the Los Angeles County General Hospital, where he died of heart failure. Given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2005. Inner: Egocentric, quarrelsome and moody. Braggart and vulgar, repelled people with his thoroughly self-involved perspective, despite being a seminal figure in jazz. Reptilian lifetime of trying to integrate an unintegrated personality with his superior musicianship. Carl Tausig (1841-1871) - German pianist. Outer: Father was a composer of virtuoso pieces for the piano. Brought to Franz Liszt (G. W. Pabst), when he was 13, who was taken aback at his virtuoso talent, and made him his favorite pupil. Made his debut in Berlin at 16 and toured for the next 2 years, with Dresden as his base. Overwhelmed virtually everyone who heard him. An extremely talented interpreter who played other people’s music, as well as his own. Short, with burning eyes, he coupled discipline, intelligence and excellent mechanics in his playing. Gave orchestral concerts of new music in Vienna. All-around excellent musician, who also was conversant with philosophy and the natural sciences, and was famous for his recitals. Briefly married to a pianist. Proved to be an impatient teacher, however, despite starting his own school. Eventually he overstrained himself and lived the last part of his life in retirement, afraid of performing in public, his nervous system completely shot. Died of typhus at 30. Only a fair composer, but an extraordinary talent at the piano. Inner: Despotic, short-tempered, complete misanthrope. Totally unintegrated interior, despite the capability of making astonishing music. Thwarted lifetime of failing to contain or rechannel his interior anger and fading out early to try it again from a different culture and perspective.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS BELOVED BANDLEADER:
Storyline: The super showman brings a large heart, an ingratiating manner and a willingness to compromise his deft abilities onto the larger commercial American stage in a desire to be loved by one and all through crowd-pleasing antics that ultimately undercut his fine musicianship.

Louis Armstrong (1901-1971) - American bandleader and trumpeter. Outer: Of African/American descent. Mother was a domestic and part time prostitute who used the name of Mayann, father was a laborer who left the family soon after son’s birth. One sister. Long thought to have been born on July 4th at century’s turning, although his baptismal certificate said otherwise. Grew up in poverty in the storied section of Storyville in New Orleans, earning his first money by playing in the streets. Borrowed his stepfather’s gun and shot it off to celebrate New Year’s when he was 13, and was placed in the Colored Waif’s Home for Boys, where he received his first formal musical training, and became lead cornetist in the Waif’s brass band. After his release, he worked at odd jobs, played for various bands as a teen, and came to the attention of the reigning New Orleans bandleader, King Oliver (Dr. Dre), who eventually asked him to join him in Chicago in his early 20s. 5’6”. Married 4 times, beginning in 1918 to Daisy Parker. After divorcing her, he wed Lil Hardin, a musician in 1924, and divorced in 1931.HIs third wife was Alpha Smiith, whom he wed the ear end of the decade, and his fourth wife was Lucille Wilson, whom he married in 1942, and she ultimately outlived him. Established himself as an extremely inventive artist with an improvisational gift, as well as a natural showman. Left Oliver to play with other bands, and finally formed his own big band in his late 20s. Won the nickname of “Satchmo,” or satchel-mouth from fellow musicians. Recorded from his mid-20s to the end of his life, spreading his sound and reputation around the world, while introducing scat singing. His penchant for crowd-pleasing and clowning probably undercut some of his potential as a musician, and he was more popular initially in Europe than the United States. A lifelong use of marijuana probably didn’t affect his play. Carried a portable typewriter with him everywhere, ultimately producing 2 books, a score of magazine articles, and thousands of letters, writing the same way he spoke, while giving voice to a moral sensibility and social outrage that ran counter to his continual smiling presence. Remained consistently celebrated through all the changes in jazz from the 1920s through the 1960s, with a perfectly controlled sense of improvisation, innovation and inventiveness. Gradually embraced a larger and larger audience by blandifying his talents. Appeared in films, on Broadway, in dance halls, and as a goodwill musical ambassador around the world. His early recordings are among his purest and best. Added a gravelly singing voice to his repertoire, and wrote numerous songs himself. A national treasure by the time of his death from kidney failure due to heart failure, dying at home in his sleep. The following year he was honored with a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Inner: Lovable, gregarious, frugal, warm and good-humored. Extraordinary musical energy, probably had more endurance than any trumpeter who ever lived. Strong need of a musical father figure in his early life. Aim-to-please lifetime of sacrificing his pure musical ability in order to bridge cultures through music. Patrick S. Gilmore (1829-1892) - Irish/American bandleader. Outer: Born in Ireland, and was meant for the priesthood, but showed no interest in it. Instead, a fascination with his town’s regimental band led to instruction in harmony and counterpoint. Accompanied the regiment as a band member, playing the cornet, when it was transferred to Canada, then came to the U.S. alone at 19. Began conducting a band the same year and organized “Gilmore’s Band,” 11 years later, after playing at the inauguration of Pres. James Buchanan (John H. Davis). Married, one daughter. During the Civil War, his band was attached to an infantry regiment, after he had first enlisted. Following the occupation of New Orleans, he was made Bandmaster of the Union Forces in the Gulf Dept. While there, he composed, “When Johnny Comes Marching Home,” under the name Louis Lambert. The following year he staged a huge concert honoring the inauguration of the federal governor of Louisiana, assembling a chorus of more than 5000 and a band of about 500. One of the first arrangers to offset brass with reeds, creating the basic big band sound. Also introduced America to many of the European classics. After the war, he returned to Boston and continued giving monster concerts in a series of Peace Jubilees, all with a musical casts of thousands. In 1872, he became Bandmaster of the 22nd Regiment of the NY National Guard, a position he held the rest of his life. Established himself as a pre-eminent figure of 19th century American music, as the country’s musical director in all but title. In 1888, he began the tradition of welcoming in the new year in NYC’s Times Square, and 3 years later made one of Thomas Edison’s first commercial records. In 1891 Toured extensively, and died on the road, while appearing at the St. Louis Exposition. Save for his one noted song, his other works have not endured, although his big band innovations have. Inner: Warm personality, natural showman. Flare for sensational statement, and excess. Grandiose lifetime of touring and learning the logistics of keeping a longtime orchestra together, as well as pleasing the largest audiences possible through the pyrotechnics of huge ensembles. Johann Hiller (Johann Huller) (1728-1804) - German composer. Outer: Son of a schoolmaster and parish clerk, who died when he was 6. Had to struggle to obtain his education, which made him susceptible to his own fears of death. Had an excellent treble voice and a fine facility with instruments. Studied the harpsichord and bass at the Kreuzschule in Dresden at the age of 19, then studied law at the Univ. of Leipzig, but devoted much of his time to music, playing the flute and singing in concerts. Became tutor, at 26, to the household of a count in Dresden, before returning to Leipzig 4 years later, where he spent the rest of his life, taking an important role in reviving that city as a music center after the destruction of the 7 Years’ War. A conductor for 15 years of Liebhaber-Concerte. In his early 40s, he founded a singing-school, and gave performances of oratorios, as well as established the Concerts Spirituels, which took the place of the old Grosses Concert. Became a conductor at the newly-built hall of the Gewandhaus, and then was cantor of the Thomasschule. Helped establish the German Singspiel as a distinct form of art. Also developed the German Lied or song as an art-form. Extremely active as a composer, conductor, teacher, writer and editor, and had an influence on Johann Hasse (Pharrell Williams), as well as George Handel (Alban Berg). An indefatigable and prolific composer. Resigned his last position because of ill health, and was well-loved by his pupils. Inner: Given to fits of hypochondria, although extremely prolific in all he attempted, and well-liked by everyone who knew him. Fecund lifetime of establishing the musical patterns that would eventually ennoble him as the duke of elegance.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS UNIQUE TEACHER/PERFORMER:
Storyline: The uncompromising odd duck dances to his own beat, rises phoenix-like from his own ashes, and shows by example the endless possibilities of taking an original stance and refusing to concede to any realities other than his own.

Thelonius Monk (1918-1982) - American jazz pianist and composer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Born in South Carolina, middle of 3 children. His mother and siblings moved to NYC when he was 4, but his father returned home because of health problemsbut his father returned home because of health problems, and ultimately wound in a state hospital for the insane in his early 50s. Raised by his mother on a civil service salary, and inherited his sire’s bipolarity. Closely attached to her, while she provided discipline and focus for him. Spent much of his life in the same building in the San Juan Hill section of NYC. Began playing the piano by ear around 6, studied the classics for two years, but was largely self-taught. Played church music, joined a band at 13, and at 17, toured with a traveling female evangelist. Despite being large, broad-chested and regal-looking, he had unusually small hands for a pianist, forcing him to play flat-fingered, as well as to use his whole body as digital ballast. Returned to NYC, where he struggled to establish himself, playing with several bands in the 1940s and recording with them, but gaining more of a reputation with jazz artists than the public-at-large, because of his asymmetrical sound that still respected melodies. Known as the “High Priest of Be-Bop” for his seminal influence on that genre, although he refused to be categorized with them. Got his first taste of fame with “Round Midnight,” recorded in 1944. His eccentric raps and his propensity for doing a little dance for his musicians when the pulse of the music was not right did not endear him to club owners. At 30, he married Nellie Smith, and produced a daughter and son, Thelonius, Jr., who became a drummer. Close to his progeny. For 6 years during the 1950s, he lost his cabaret card and was deprived of working in NYC because he had been in a car where narcotics were found, although he was never personally involved with drugs. Refused to compromise by living elsewhere or working in some other line. Became known as an oddball and difficult to work with, although his unusual compositions eventually found their audience in the 1960s. Always worked from harmonies he heard in his head. His apartment was twice ravaged by fires, and he ultimately began collaborating after his reputation was assured. Formed a quartet, and continued composing, while maintaining his position as a unique figure on the piano, as well as a teacher of many of the jazz greats. Often would dance around the piano while playing, or leave the stage entirely while his group assayed their solos. Technically brilliant, all his compositions were extremely well-thought out. Rarely spoke his last few years. Died in his wife’s arms of a cerebral aneurysm after suffering a stroke. In 1993, he was given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Inner: Uncompromising, individualistic, untrusting, intensely private, eccentric. Sardonic, strongly opinionated, and a sharp dresser, with a penchant for unconventional headgear. Never lived by the clock, sometimes going 2 or 3 days without sleep. Stoic, often communicated monosyllabically or not at all. Different drummer lifetime of refashioning himself as a bop-hatted, spare-talking original, unwilling to compromise his visionary sense of his own special place in the pantheon of mid-20th century jazz. Dudley Buck (1839-1909) - American organist and composer. Outer: Born into a Puritan family, father was a prominent shipping merchant and owner of a line of steamships. Mother had a great love of poetry. Privileged upbringing. Overcame his father’s objections for a career in music through his sheer devotion to it. At 16, he began his studies in his native Hartford, then his sire sent him to Europe at 19, where he studied for 4 years in Germany before returning home to take an organist position. A year later, he moved to Chicago, and spent ten years as an organist for the St. James Church. Married Mary van Wagener in his mid-20s. Fire destroyed his home and musical library. Eventually become an assistant conductor in NYC and the organist for several churches in Brooklyn. Very active as a composer, becoming a pivotal late 19th century figure in American Episcopal Church music. Also composed for symphony orchestras, and did one comic opera which had a short run. Had numerous talented students as well. Retired 6 years before his death, and exerted a wide influence as both a teacher and performer. Inner: Genial, warm-hearted. Tactful and practical in his dealings with the public. Upbeat lifetime of focusing on his more positive nature, through a privileged upbringing, before giving vent to his deeper, darker downbeat self, via a far less secure foundation and a far more demanding musical idiom. Frantisek X. Dusek (Frantesek Xavier Dusek) (1731-1799) - Bohemian pianist, composer and teacher. Outer: Son of a peasant, but was patronized by a noble Bohemian family who secured his musical education in Prague and Vienna. Settled in Prague in his 30s, and became both a music teacher and pianist. As one of the most prominent teachers of the city, his house became an important music center. Married one of his pupils, Josepha Hambacher, who was over 2 decades his junior, and she went on to a long and successful career on her own. Close friend of Wolfgang Mozart (Stevie Wonder), giving him space in which to compose, as well as support. Did most of his composing the last 3 and 1/2 decades of his life, all of it secular music, writing for keyboards and vocals, as well as chamber music. Inner: Seemingly has a longtime affinity for the sound of the letter ‘k’ to conclude his name. Professorial lifetime of directly associating with genius in order to absorb its inspiration, while serving, as he always does, as a prominent and highly influential teacher of his time.

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PATHWAY Of THE MUSICIAN AS DISCORDANT COMPOSER/PERFORMER:
The self-imprisoning performer cannot separate his inner and outer life from his failures and his triumphs, and continually descends back into his lower incarcerated self despite his great desire to transcend himself through love and universal acceptance.

B.G. (Christopher Dorsey) (1980) - American hip-hop artist, actor and producer. Outer: Grew up in a poverty-stricken New Orleans neighborhood. Father was killed in an unsolved murder, which inspired him to deal with it through rap and rhyme, beginning at the age of 8. Struggled to stay out of trouble and in school. Built a modest reputation as a young teen rapping at block parties and was signed at 11 by a pair of enterprising producers to their Cash Money label. Recorded his first album, “True Story,” in 1993, an angry, foul-language laced diatribe filled with violent fantasy, and followed it with “Chopper City,” all the while showing a proficiency with rhymes, that led to more albums with local southern release. After being partnered with L’il Wayne as the B.G.’z, he became part of a quartet, called the Hot Boys, and in 1997, they released their first album, while his rap sobriquet became B.G. or Baby Gangsta. Despite no commercial airplay, their output became popular in the Mid-West and South, leading to a deal with Universal Records as distributors and marketers in 1998. The following annum, he made Billboard’s top ten with the big hit, “Bling Bling,” adding that flashy phrase to the English lexicon. Starred in Baller Blockin’ in 2000, an action comedy set in the projects in New Orleans with the Cash Money stable. Despite continued hits, he parted ways with Cash Money after century’s turn over a dispute around money, and continued churning out hit albums. Formed his own label, Chopper City Records in 2003, and used his next release to vent anger at L’il Wayne, among others, although the two later reconciled. Continued with his successful output, touring extensively, although in 2009, he was stopped by police and pulled over along with two others with extensive criminal records. In a search three guns were found, two of which had been reported stolen, along with drugs and loaded magazines, while the vehicle was also stolen from a rental car parking lot. Pleaded not guilty to the charges, only to be sentenced to 14 years in federal prison in 2012 for gun possession and witness tampering. Originally slim, eventually grew quite hefty. Sat in a wheelchair during his trial, and has been publicly silent ever since, after announcing he was ready for prison, and would continue with his releases and still be a young man when his term is served. Inner: Strong sense of self and great confidence in his talent. Espoused a no-snitch philosophy in his songs, although tried to pawn off his weapon charge on an associate. Constantly posturing and playing the tough guy, while also accepting the consequences of his actions. Same ole, same ole lifetime of ultimately imprisoning himself as always, through a constant need to prove his hardass cred as a bona fide member of the hip-hop community and all its posturing and snarling sense of attitude. Bud Powell (Bud Earl Powell)(Earl Rudolph Powell) (1924-1966) - American composer and pianist. Outer: Of African/American descent. Both his grandfather and father were musicians, and 2 brothers also pursued the same artistic trade, William, who played trumpet and violin and Richie, a pianist who died in the same car accident as trumpeter Clifford Brown. Dropped out of school at 15 and worked around Coney Island. In the early 1940s he became part of the be-bop scene at Minton’s, along with Charlie Parker (L’il Wayne), whom he paralleled, while developing a piano style suited to be-bop’s innovations. Abandoned the left hand striding style prevalent up that point, and played irregular chords instead, while his right hand laid down fast single-note lines, so that, in essence, he transmuted Parker’s horn to the piano. Married and divorced Frances Barnes. Played in the Cootie band in 1943 and 1944, but after a gig in Philadelphia, he was beaten so badly about the head by the police, that he had to go to Bellevue. From that point onward, he showed increasing signs of paranoia, as well as debilitating headaches, which was not helped by a liberal use of both drugs and alcohol. In the mid-1940s, after showing signs of nervous collapse, he was in and out of sanitariums from 1947 to 1959, while suffering through electro-schock therapy in 1951 which further weakened him, and subsequently made his sound somewhat inconsistent, later in the decade. In 1953, he wed Audrey Hill, one daughter from the union. Could hear the sounds of instruments even when there was no music. On his periodic releases, he played with small bop groups in NYC, where he particularly shone, either as a solo, or a member of a trio. Finally recovered his health somewhat in 1959 and spent much of the next 5 years in Paris, although was in a hospital for part of 1962 and 1963, because of tuberculosis. In his later recording sessions, he was often heavily tranquilized. Also a jazz composer, and, in his moments of clarity, was the foremost jazz pianist in the bop style. Spent his last two years in NYC and died of pneumonia, after continuing to suffer from TB.Inner: Probably felt music was his singular expression of beauty and that all else about himself wasn’t worth contemplating. Disharmonious lifetime, once again, of losing his sense of inner balance in all but his musical output, while steadily self-destructing in order to express himself. Scott Joplin (1868-1917) - American composer and pianist. Outer: Son of an ex-slave, who was a railroad worker. His mother, who had been born free, took in washing. Had one older brother, two younger ones, and two sisters, all of whom were musical, thanks to his sire’s plantation fiddling and his mother’s folk-singing and banjo playing. His father bought an old piano from a neighbor for the family, then he took lessons from a local German teacher, and became grounded in the classics, after earlier playing both guitar and bugle. Left home at 14, thanks to his father’s objections to his spending so much time playing music and not learning a trade. Spent the next 14 years as an itinerant musician playing piano in red-light districts throughout the South, the Ozarks, Oklahoma and the Amerindian territories and St. Louis, before forming his own band, and listening to the music in the peripheral worlds of saloons, bordellos and gambling dens of the cities. Began composing in a sentimental, conventional mode, and formed his own short-lived ragtime opera company. Eventually settled in Sedalia, Missouri in 1894, where he turned himself into the “King of Ragtime.” The frontier town had a large African-American population, which gave him a ready outlet, and he also studied music at the George R. Smith College for Negroes. Met music publisher John Stark, and the 2 brought out his most famous piece The Maple Leaf Rag in 1899. Became the most influential composer of ragtime, heretofore frowned upon as “whorehouse music.” Able to read and write music in order to capture its full resonance. Both Stark and he moved to St. Louis. Highly ambitious, he wrote an opera, but a failed marriage to Belle Hayden, a widow, who had no interest in his musical career, affected him deeply, particularly after their only child, a daughter, died within a few months of birth, and his wife followed two years later. When Stark moved to New York, he followed 2 years later, after going back to his wandering mode. Although the former only stayed for a few years, he remained. Remarried to a highly supportive woman who managed a theatrical boardinghouse he acquired. Began writing a black folk fable in opera form, Treemonisha, which Stark turned down, causing a breech in their friendship. Struggled for several years to get it produced, then was crushed by its failure, after an obsessive identification with it. Gave one private concert performance of the score in a Harlem rehearsal hall. Discovered he had syphilis from his days as a wandering musician. Institutionalized in 1916 in Manhattan State Hospital and though his mind failed him, he continued to write bits and pieces in moments of coherence. Died the following year when the ragtime era also ended. Inner: Obsessive and self-obsessed with a tremendous desire to transcend his innate unhappiness through fame and fortune. Ragged edge lifetime of turning his dreams into nightmares, while being unable to countenance his failures because of his thorough identification with his work, rather than his life. Wenzel Krumpholz (1750-1817) - Austrian violinist and mandolin player. Outer: From an impoverished family, although they eventually attached themselves to a household of Bohemian counts. Father became a bandmaster connected to a French regiment. Mother was a harpist. Younger brother of Johann Krumpholz (L'il Wayne). A friend of the parents of Carl Czerny (Wynton Marsalis), and he later introduced Czerny to Ludwig von Beethoven (Van Morrison), after being one of that musician’s first champions. Beethoven was very fond of him, calling him, “my fool.” Violinist of the Court Opera in Vienna, also played the mandolin, while composing a few pieces for the former instrument. Taught Beethoven some lessons on the violin, and was the recipient of some compositions in return, as well as a memorium piece the day after his death. Inner: Secondary lifetime of selective teaching and recognizing the genius of his primary pupil, while playing second fiddle to his more accomplished brother.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS BEDEVILED BIRD:
Storyline: The wingless high-flyer turns in his thrilling, trilling trumpet to give direct voice to his voice, while still setting the tone of his times through his ongoing ineffable sense of musicianship.
L’il Wayne (Dwayne Carter) (1982) - American hip-hop artist and producer. Outer: Mother was 19 and a cook when he was born, father abandoned the family shortly after his birth. Raised in the hardcore neighborhood of Hollygrove, until she remarried, and his stepfather was able to move them to East New Orleans, although the latter was murdered before his stepson’s rise to fame. Proved himself a straight-A student, but never found academics conducive to his innate creativity. Took on the name Gangsta B, and began writing rhymes at a young age, while rapping at block parties. At 11, he convinced the newly formed Cash Money label to take him on, and a year later, he was partnered with 14 year old B.G., as the B.G.’z. Their debut album, “True Story,” however, only had the latter’s name on it. Fathered a daughter at 15, with Toya Carter, whom he eventually married in 2004, only to divorce two years later. Accidentally shot himself in the chest with a .44 in 1997, and the same year took on the rap sobriquet of L’il Wayne. 5’6”, and eventually dreadlocked and covered in tattoos, while also going by the name of Weezy. Dropped the D from his name, to separate himself from his sire, after whom he was named. The rapper Birdman became his ongoing father figure, as he took on the nickname of Birdman, Jr. in an unconscious nod to his last life in this series. Along with B.G. and two others, he became part of the Hot Boys, which got mainstream distribution, so that their album “Guerrilla Warfare” hit number one on Billboard’s R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart. Launched his solo career in 1999, and steadily built on his audience, so that by 2005, he was a cross-over star, with “Tha Carter II,” while still maintaining his street cred with mixed tapes. Formed his own label that year, Young Money Entertainment, which would release his subsequent output. Got his G.E.D. and enrolled at the Univ. of Houston, although soon dropped out. Began piling up Grammys, while also evincing a pattern of delayed releases, thanks to unauthorized leaks. In 2008, he had a son, and the following year had another son with actress Lauren London. Had a fourth child, a son, the following year with singer Nivea. After several tour bus drug busts, in 2010, he was sentenced to nine months on Riker's Island for criminal possession of a weapon, along with another three years probation. Began suffering seizures, thanks to an addiction to purple drank, a mixture of codeine-laced cough syrup and soft drink, although denied their seriousness despite hospital stays. Following the release of his fifth Carter album, he announced his retirement in 2014, to focus on his children while suing his label co-owner for $51 million, to get out from under his control. Suffered two seizures while on a flight from Wisconsin to California in mid-2016, because he didn’t take his med, and wound up in a hospital, in his ongoing battle with his body. The same year he published a memoir, “Gone Til November”, covering his prison time, his past, his future and all that lay between the two. Found unconscious in a hotel room in August of 2017 after a seizure, after announcing he had skin cancer and only one month to live, sparking rumors galore about his imminent demise.. Has a net worth of $150 million. Inner: Highly articulate, as well as a loving person, despite the macho posturing and attitudinizing world of hip-hop. The possessor of an awkward, tired voice, with the ability to sell it anyway. Deeply spiritual, reads the Bible daily, as a Roman Catholic. Non-introspective, seeing life as too fleeting to spend time thinking about himself. Reclamation lifetime of dealing with his ongoing propensity for addiction, while once again adding memorably to the contemporary canon of his chosen musical milieu. Charlie Parker (Charles Parker, Jr.) (1920-1955) - American jazz saxophonist. Known as “Bird.” Outer: Of African/American descent. Only child of an itinerant vaudeville entertainer, and later a Pullman cook, who died of a stabbing when his son was 20. After his alcoholic sire deserted the family when he was 11, his mother became a charwoman, giving him an impoverished upbringing, while spoiling him. Had few friends as a child. Learned music in public schools, and began working as a musician at the age of 13, after his mother bought him his first saxophone. Left school at 15, then struggled to find his technique and voice, via the pulsing beat of Kansas City blues-laced jazz, while seeking solace in drugs, which would plague him his entire life. Married Rebecca Ruffing at 16, later divorced, and began drinking heavily, while employing Benzedrine inhaler-laced black coffee to keep him up night after night. Soon started using heroin as a counterbalance, and became a confirmed junkie while still in his teens. Joined a jazz band at 17, and began experimenting on his own with new forms, developing his unique sound of frantic tempos, dissonance, and melodic restructuring of familiar tunes. Came to NYC in 1939, where he worked as a dishwasher, and while improvising, began formulating the notes for bop. Returned back to Kansas City and played in the Jay McShann Orchestra, before moving to NYC in 1942, when the band made its debut at the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem. Later that year, he was dismissed for erratic behavior, but had found his new urban home. Discovered a kindred spirit in Dizzy Gillespie, playing with him and others in the Earl Hines’ band at Minton’s in Harlem, where they laid the foundation for be-bop, a term he despised. Developed a blistering, yet effortless, style running up and down the scales with a trill-like sound that gave him the nickname “Bird,” which was foreshortened from ‘Yardbird,’ because of his fondness for chicken. Married a 2nd time in 1943 to Geraldine Scott, later divorced. Played with a number of bands, including Gillespie’s, and impressed both audiences and critics alike with his ability to musically glide. Returned briefly to Kansas City, then back to NYC, where his unreliability competed with his transcendental playing. In 1946, he suffered a breakdown after being arrested and was committed to a state hospital in California. Briefly kicked heroin, only to overcompensate by drinking heavily. Towards the end of that decade, he made some of the most legendary recordings ever in jazz with his own small combo. At the same time, Birdland, which was named after him, opened and quickly became the best-known nightclub in NYC. Played with enormous soaring passion, constantly experimenting with new ideas, harmonic textures and nuances of phrasing. Despite his obvious musical genius, he spent much of his time in panic, strung out on drink and drugs, with no money. Married Doris Syndnor, a white woman in 1948, and soon divorced. Had several periods of recovery, and toured in Europe with groups in 1949 and 1950, with bouts of poor health in between. His fourth and final union, which was unofficial, was to Chan Richardson in 1950. 4 children from his unions, with one daughter from the last dying at 2, in 1954, which totally undid him. Had his NYC cabaret license revoked in 1951, barring him from working in the state, and sending him on the road. Attempted suicide in 1954, and was confined at Bellevue. A legendary figure in his own lifetime for his extraordinary ability at improvisation. Everything else that he did, however, was tainted with his own sense of desperation at merely being alive. Died of a variety of causes, stomach ulcers, pneumonia, cirrhosis of the liver and a possible heart attack. The attending physician estimated he was between 50 and 60 at the time of his death. His actual age was 34. Given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1984. Inner: Probably only sensed the purity and beauty of his being when he was wrapped in music, at all other times, felt dirty and degraded. Never satisfied with his own work, and was appalled at his own addictions. Charismatic, generous, and deeply inspirational, despite his obvious downbeat draw. Funeral march lifetime of being too good for his own good, with an inordinate pull towards an early end, as a high-flying bird who could never bear landing. Buddy Bolden (Charles Bolden) (1877-1931) - American musician. Outer: Of African/American descent. From a workingclass background, although his early life is largely unknown,. Broke musical forms through his improvisational style, which became the root of jazz. Probably had his own band before the turn of the century in New Orleans, and was a legendary cornet player who was known as “King,” with a following of younger musicians. Played louder than other groups, which made him noticeable. There are many conflicting stories about him, which may also have been the result of one of more players with the same name. During his heyday, he had 6 bands which he alternately fronted, although he was later deposed because of his erratic behavior. Permanently committed to the East Louisiana State Hospital in June of 1907 from an acute alcoholic psychosis, after going berserk while marching and playing in a Labor Day parade. Possibly released from the mental institution on brief occasions, but by the last decade of his life, he was totally lost in his own mind. Served as a primary link between ragtime and early Dixieland jazz. Inner: Poor businessman, unstable, with a total inability to integrate his life with his music. Unbent lifetime of completely internalizing his own anger and swallowing himself alive, only to regurgitate himself in similar untogether manner for his next go-round in this series. Johann Krumpholz (Johann Baptiste Krumpholz) (1742-1790) - Austrian harpist and composer. Outer: From an impoverished family who linked themselves to a noble household of Bohemian counts. Father ultimately became a bandmaster attached to a French regiment, mother was a harpist. Younger brother Wenzel (B.G.) was also a musician. Lived in Paris from childhood on, learning music from his father. Took up his mother’s instrument, which brought him into conflict with his patron, who wanted him to be a horn player. Moved to Vienna, then became a member of Prince Esterhazy’s chapel, while taking music lessons from Joseph Haydn (G. W. Pabst). Toured Europe, while living in Vienna, Flanders and France. In 1778, he was briefly married to Marguerite Gilbert, the daughter of a harp maker, who died in childbirth. Highly esteemed as a virtuoso harpist and teacher, and always looking for ways to improve his instrument. Looked on as the most gifted harp virtuoso of the 18th century. Returned to Paris and married his protegee, Anne-Marie Steckler, the daughter of an instrument-maker and a harpist who may have been a superior musician to him. 3 daughters from the union, one ultimately taking up his instrument. His wife eventually eloped with a young musician and ran off to London. The duo had often given performances together. Despondent over her infidelity, he committed suicide by jumping into the Seine at the age of 45. Inner: Perfectionist, competitive, with strong sense of anger and betrayal, despite winning great acclaim for himself. Unstrung lifetime of refusing to deal with his cramped emotionality, while setting a repeat pattern of leaping into a river to try to drown his overwhelming feelings.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS ROYAL CHARMER:
Storyline: The elegant duke is equally capable of captivation through his personal magnetism as he is with his rich legacy of well-orchestrated sound, as a notable noble leader who inspired a loyal court of equally accomplished followers.

Duke Ellington (Edward Kennedy Ellington) (1899-1974) - American bandleader and composer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was a butler and later a Navy blueprint maker, mother was a pianist. His family was modestly well-to-do, and he began studying piano at the age of 7. Nickname given him by a young neighbor. Talented artist, studied music at school, but learned from listening to ragtime pianists in Washington. Turned down a scholarship to Pratt Institute to focus on music, since he was already earning a living with his band. 6’1”. Married Edna Thompson at 19, and later separated, their son became a trumpeter, composer and band leader. Painted commercial signs and played gigs, while his first sojourn in NYC was the only poverty-stricken period of life. Induced by pianist Fats Waller (Ice Cube) to return to Manhattan, after going back home to D.C. Became band leader with the Washingtonians, and later began to record as Ellington’s Kentucky Club Orchestra, attracting first-class musicians to play under him, and then harnessing their improvisations in his arrangements. Wrote his first revue score then moved to the Cotton Club, in Harlem, in 1927, playing for 5 years, while his band got national exposure through frequent radio broadcasts. Became synonymous with high quality orchestral and improvisational jazz. His initial big hit was “Mood Indigo.” Made his first trip to Europe in 1933 and enjoyed an unprecedented reception in England and on the continent. Able to keep his personnel with him all during the 1930s, in a business notorious for its changes, and his group was considered the outstanding jazz orchestra in the world, reaching its peak during the WW II years. Gave a concert at Carnegie Hall in 1943. Later decades saw more personnel changes occurring more frequently. The 1950s heralded a drop in his popularity through the loss of interest in big bands, but he rebounded after the Newport Jazz Festival with concerts and recordings, while continuing to compose. Kept up a steady pace of traveling and composing his entire life. In 1966, he was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Always went everywhere with an electric piano. Enjoyed a modest reputation as a piano player, and celebrated his 70th birthday at the White House. Continued performing even when he had to use an oxygen tent in his dressing-room. Wrote his autobiography, Music Is My Mistress. Developed cancer in both his lungs and died of pneumonia. Recorded extensively, and remains part of the acknowledged royalty of the American musical scene, with his compositions and memory very much alive. Inner: Debonair, urbane, witty. Charming, disarming, with his success due to his personality as well as his adroit leadership. Genuinely religious, despite his sybaritic lifestyle, read the Bible daily, and his spiritual compositions came from the heart. Crowned lifetime of enjoying special gifts and being made to feel like royalty for them. Frank Johnson (Francis Johnson) (1792-1844) - American bandleader and composer. Outer: Of African/Carib descent. Born in Martinique, he came to America in his mid-teens. Grew up in Philadelphia, and began developing a reputation as a fiddler, bugler and trumpet player. Also played the violin. His early career is obscure. Formed his own band in his mid-20s, which was made up principally of woodwind instruments, with strings added for society events. Became widely known after 1818, and the publication of some of his cotillions, which led to “Frank Johnson’s Colored Band,” Went on to make successful tours all over the country, after playing for many of Philadelphia’s premier social events, despite strong racial prejudices at the time. Also performed at African-American churches in the the northeast, as well as for Philadelphia military regiments, thanks to a dramatic style of presentation. Achieved numerous firsts, among them the first to offer racially integrated concerts in the U.S., the first person of African descent to give public concerts, as well as the first to have his work published as sheet music. Took on wealthy white students In his mid-40s, he played for Queen Victoria on a successful European tour, as the first American ensemble group to do so. On returning he introduced the promenade concert style, which he had picked up in England, Produced a number of piano arrangements, and music for special occasions, as well as composed over 200 compositions in a variety of forms, including marches, operatic airs, minstrelsy, and a host of different dances. Inner: Precedent-setting lifetime of acting as America’s first African-American celebrity, serving as a well-loved bridge between two disparate cultures through the commonality of music.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS KING OF SWING:
Storyline: The taskmaster bandmaster focuses entirely on his music as a means of self-definition and demands the same dedication of everyone who falls under the syncopated spell of his rigid baton, bringing great pleasure to his audiences, but far less to those who dealt with him on a personal level.

Benny Goodman (Benjamin David Goodman) (1909-1986) - American bandleader and clarinet player. Outer: Father was a Russian Jewish immigrant who labored as a tailor in sweatshops, so that the family lived in poverty. 8th of 11 children. At 10, a local synagogue gave him and his 2 older brothers his first music lessons for 25 cents a week. Loaned a clarinet because he was smallest and immediately took to it. Made his first public appearance at 12 in a vaudeville show. A year later, he was playing in dance bands, causing him to drop out of school to become a professional musician at 13. Had more formal lessons from a stern old German member of the Chicago Symphony, who instilled within him a solid musical background and a compulsion for complete preparation. Listened to jazz greats at speakeasies and dance halls on the South Side, and was an established Chicago musician by 16, when he joined the Pollack orchestra, which included Glenn Miller (Wynton Marsalis) who did many of the arrangements. Played at gangster hangouts and college student spots, and began to organize jazz groups to make recordings. 6’5”, with black hair and bespectacled. At 20, he left the orchestra and played for pit bands in New York, and in the early 1930s put together a band for his own recordings, although had little initial success. Helped enormously by John Hammond, a socially prominent jazz fan, critic and promoter. Later married Hammond’s sister, Alice. 2 daughters from the union, with one, Benjie becominga concert pianist. Got a contract for a series of Saturday night “Let’s Dance,” radio broadcasts by NBC. Did a cross-country tour that failed, and almost had his last venue canceled. Instead, the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles became his launching pad, and the beginning of the Swing Era in American jazz. After telling his band to “swing it,” he caused a sensation and broke attendance records at the club for 2 months. Afterwards, he had a triumphant tour back to NYC. When he played the Paramount Theater in NYC, fans built bonfires in Times Square. His legendary concert at Carnegie Hall in 1938 cemented his reputation, as well as the eclat of the individual members of his group. Became the first leader of a white band to integrate his group, since jazz was heavily segregated until the mid-30s. Subsequently refused to play anywhere, even the deep South without his pianist Teddy Wilson and vibraphonist extraordinaire Lionel Hampton. At the same time, he began building a career as a classical clarinetist, eventually recording with the Budapest String Quartet. Reached his peak of popularity between 1936 and 1940, although he continued to lead highly regarded bands afterwards. Commissioned several well-known composers to write concertos for him, and was equally conversant with the classical composers as he was with swing. Continued to make jazz appearances and to assemble swing bands for major tours, including one through the Far East and one memorable tour through Russia. In semi-retirement afterwards. His wife died in 1978. Died at home in his Manhattan apartment eight years later of a heart attack, after receiving a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Inner: Extremely disciplined, constantly practicing, very demanding of his musicians, many of whom did not remember him fondly. Genial and accommodating with the press, however, always realizing the worth of good publicity. Perfectionist, totally dedicated to his art. Taskmaster lifetime of continuing to explore popular music with the same dedication and perfectionism he brought to his previous musical lives. Franz von Suppe (1819-1895) - Austrian composer, singer and conductor. Outer: Of Belgian descent, although his family was Italianized, having lived in Cremona for 2 generations. Learned the flute at 11, and harmony at 13. His father discouraged his musical inclinations and sent him to the Univ. of Padua, although he continued with his studies on the side. After his sire’s death, he joined his mother in Vienna, where he taught Italian and medicine, while completing his musical studies at the Vienna Conservatory. Became a conductor at the Leopoldstadt Theater in Vienna, and also held that post in several German cities before returning to Vienna. Composed in a number of different genres, although is best remembered for his operettas, which numbered over 30 and made him famous. A vocalist as well, he sang bass notes in some of his early operattas. Also did other works for the stage. Able to unite German and Italian traditions in his work. Inner: Disciplined, prolific and totally dedicated to his music. Throughly focused lifetime, as usual, of putting his life into his music and achieving great renown for it.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS RIVAL SIBLING:
Storyline: The continual competitor tries to turn his arch need to compare himself to his intimates into motivation to be the best at what he does, regardless of the consequences, in his slowly learned lessons about accepting himself for who and what he really is.

Branford Marsalis (1960) - American saxophonist. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was jazz pianist and teacher, Ellis Marsalis, mother had been a jazz singer. Eldest of 6 sons and brother of Wynton Marsalis. 2 younger brothers, Delfeayo and Jason, also became musicians. As a youth, he had a strong affinity for rock’n’roll, although he followed the family jazz tradition. Began playing the piano at 4, then took up the clarinet at 7. Chose the alto saxophone at 15 because of the challenge it presented. Formed a rock back with his brother Wynton called the Creators, then followed his brother into Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers at the age of 21. Later worked with Miles Davis, and then actor/rocker Sting, who assembled a first rate jazz band, although he won his brother’s enmity for the move, as well as the criticism of other musicians. Left Sting to put together his own quartet, and expanded his repertoire. Married Teresa Reese, an actress, in his mid-20s, later divorced, one son from the union. Appeared in movies, as well as a documentary on himself, The Music Tells You, in addition to playing a leading role in Spike Lee’s School Daze. Augmented his highly public career by releasing a host of albums and hosting a pop-music show on TV, as well as a jazz series on the same medium, and another series on National Public Radio. Came into wide recognition as the house bandleader for Jay Leno’s ‘The Tonight Show,’ although left after a year because the experience was very unsatisfactory. Despite public disagreements with his brother over their diverse directions, continues to work with him, as well as keep his own name highly public. Married a second time, two daughters from the union. Made creative consultant of Columbia Jazz, and also has taught at a number of colleges. Inner: Confident, ambitious, competitive and vain, with a great desire to expand his talents in all directions, underlined by the comment, “I want to do one thing well, everything.” Effusive and outgoing, the opposite of his younger brother. Eclectic lifetime of being the product of a gifted family and pursuing a pathway of making an unusual name for his aptly unusually named self. Jimmy Dorsey (1904-1956) - American bandleader, clarinetist and alto/saxophonist. Outer: Father was a music teacher who led a brass band. Older brother of Tommy Dorsey (Billy Corgan), also a musician. The family fortunes fluctuated with the economics of the coal mining region in which he grew up. His father taught both brothers discipline and the importance of practice, as well as how to play most of the brass instruments, wishing to give them a firm grounding in their musical education, so that they would not have to spend their lives in the mines. Began on the cornet, became a proficient saxophonist, but eventually settled on the clarinet. Formed a band, the Wild Canaries, with his brother in his teens, although he also labored briefly in the coal mines. Both he and his brother worked for Paul Whiteman (Pharrell Williams), as well as every name band of the era. Married Jane Porter, a former Miss Detriot and a dancer, in his early 20s, one daughter from the union, which ended in divorce in 1949. Small and wiry. Made hundreds of recordings before the brothers formed their own band in the late 1920s, the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra, which eventually included Glenn Miller (Wynton Marsalis). In the mid-1930s, the two competitive and often argumentative brothers broke up and decided to go their separate ways, each forming his own band. Became one of the most popular groups of the big band orchestras, recording numerous hits, although never quite achieved the reputation of his more talented younger brother. Appeared with his band in several movies of the 1940s, and eventually ended years of estrangement, when the 2 appeared together in the film, The Fabulous Dorseys, when both were in their early 40s. At the time, he was drinking heavily and had money problems, although thanks to Jackie Gleason, the duo were given their own TV show to host. When his brother died, he took over his band, although passed on from cancer the following year. Inner: Friendly, well-liked, outgoing and easy-going, albeit highly competitive with his own kin. Family feud lifetime of being in his brother’s shadow, despite his own successes, and able, ultimately to reintegrate himself with his more talented sibling through an acceptance of their similarities rather than their differences.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS HIGHLY PUBLIC PLAYER AND TEACHER:
Storyline: The thoughtful teacher employs the music of the spheres to try to pry open his carefully gated heart, while sharing his great enthusiasm for the tools, if not the process, of his ongoing unblocking and unlocking himself.

Wynton Marsalis (1961) - American jazz musician. Outer Of African/American descent. From a gifted musical family. Father was jazz pianist and teacher Ellis Marsalis. Mother had been a jazz singer. Named after jazz pianist Wynton Kelly. Younger brother of Branford Marsalis, 2nd of 6 children, 4 of whom became musicians, including Delfeayo and Jason. Not that interested in music as a child, despite being given a trumpet at 6 by Al Hirt, but at 12, suddenly realized it would be his career. Studied at the New Orleans Center for the Creative Arts. At 14, he became featured soloist with the New Orleans Philharmonic Orchestra. Formed a rock’n’roll group with his brother at 16 called The Creators. Excellent student in high school, although turned down several college scholarships, feeling he didn’t want to be in a mostly white environment. At 17, he studied at the Berkshire Music Center in Mass. and then got a full scholarship to the prestigious Juilliard School of Music in NYC. Joined Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers at 18. Struck out on in his own in the early 1980s, along with brother Branford, and established a warm, effortless style that focused on traditional jazz, rather than the more popular fusion. Slim, dapper, with trademark eyeglasses. Had two sons from his 1st marriage to Candace Stanley, while his 2nd union with actress Victoria Rowell produced one more son. Continually expanding, looking to the various classical traditions outside of jazz as both teacher and player. Acted as both teacher and jazz enthusiast for the general public through concerts and Public Television, as well as serving as the artistic director of Jazz at Lincoln Center from its founding in 1991, garnering praise, award and reward for his efforts, including induction into the Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame in 1996 and the Pulitzer Prize for Music the following year. 3 sons by 2 former girlfriends. At the end of the millennium, he unleashed a prodigious amount of CDs under the banner of “Swinging into the 21st,” in a further attempt at making himself the public face of American Jazz as a cultural idiom for African/American expression. Continues touring with his 15 member jazz orchestra, performing with his quartet, teaching and composing, in a non-stop celebration of the power of his own celebrity and his personal mission to imbue his standards on the ears of the world-at-large. Deeply disturbed by the destruction of his beloved New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, he put his considerable energy afterwards in its resuscitation. Inner: Sedate and reserved. Holds extremely high standards for himself and his players, with a preference for playing in the round, rather than on elevated stages, for better audience connection. Passion for his/story, as well as a preference for the big band era over contemporary music. On the road some 10 months a year. Compulsive teacher, often delivering lectures in the middle of his nightclub sets. His easy charm and wit belie an underlying drive to bring high standards of music to the masses, although his prolific output has come at the cost of his creativity. Alternately revered and vilified by critics for his high profile. Teaching by example lifetime of educating the American public to the nuances and majesty of music, as exemplified by the traditions of jazz, while loosening up his own interior to be a more integrated esthetic figure so as to achieve a sense of musical greatness, that, as yet, eludes him. Glenn Miller (1904-1944) - American composer and bandleader. Outer: Father was a building contractor, although the family was never prosperous. Mother played the pump organ. Second of three sons, with a younger sister as well. Lived in several different states as a boy, Began playing the trombone in high school, then went to the Univ. of Colorado for 2 years, where he met his wife, Helen Burger, and married her later in his mid-20s. 5’9” and bespectacled with dark brown hair and eyes. No children from the union.. Started his career with the Dorsey Brothers band, as well as Ozzie Nelson, who later became a TV star. Never an inspired soloist, he was far better served as an arranger. Formed his own band, although his first group was a failure. Finally found the right combo in his mid-30s. Adopted the styles of others for his unique sound. Achieved acclaim at Glen Island Casino in New Rochelle, N.Y., thanks to radio broadcasts. By the late 1930s, his ensemble became the most popular troupe of the big band era. Also a highly successful composer, best noted for “In The Mood.” Enlisted in the military in 1942 as a captain at the very apex of his career, and then formed an all-star army band that performed for the troops and broadcast shows over the Armed Forces Network. Stationed in England, and was on his way to a show in France, just before the Germans launched their Battle of the Bulge offensive, when his plane, flying in winter weather with a defective carburetor, and a pilot unauthorized to navigate by instrument alone, nose-dived into the English Channel, never to be recovered. An excellent choice of material was the key to his success, as well as the ability to correctly asses the effects of popular music. Given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2003. Inner: Extremely innovative, with a sure sense of public taste. Sober, sedate appearance, with steel-rimmed glasses, looked like a school teacher. Had difficulty in expressing his emotions, so that his musicians never knew whether he liked them or not. Thorough musician and able administrator. Blocked lifetime of establishing a musical plateau, keeping his emotions largely in check, and then disappearing onto another plane, so as to return in somewhat more open fashion. Carl Czerny (1791-1857) - Austrian composer and composer. Outer: Father was a Bohemian pianist and teacher who served as his first instructor, teaching him on the pianoforte from the moment he could first really move his fingers. Taken to Ludwig Van Beethoven (Van Morrison) as a boy, and that eminent musical genius was so struck with his talent that he taught him irregularly for 3 years, and later had him instruct his own nephew, while taking a fatherly interest in his career. A popular teacher by his mid-teens, he held pupils’ recitals at his parent’s home with Beethoven as a frequent visitor. Only taught those he felt were gifted musically, and among his students was Franz Liszt (G. W. Pabst), as well as several others, who would rise to a position of eminence. Soon became the most popular piano teacher in a city absolutely teeming with talent. Small, frail, and bespectacled, and was probably a homophile. Because of his innate modesty, he forsook a career as a concert pianist, despite having the potential to be a virtuoso, and instead concentrated on teaching and composing. Save for a few vacations to Leipzig, Paris and London, he spent his entire life in Vienna. Proved amazingly prolific with over 1000 works to his credit, although none were particularly memorable, and all lacked both imagination and originality. Also wrote a comedy, two dramas and some verse. Far more effective as a teacher, with his various books of exercise, proving to have long-lasting value. Taught for ten or twelve hours a day, until about 12 years before his death, then dedicated his time to composing and arranging the works of others. Seven years prior to his demise, he was forced to give up all activities because of his overtaxed nervous system. Probably spent his last years in unhappy introspection, unconsciously redesigning himself for a far more aggressive go at his problems. By 1854, his health had failed him, and he rarely left his rooms. A gouty swelling attacked his arm, and then spread. Made a considerable amount of money, and left most of it to the Vienna conservatorium. Inner: Shy and withdrawn. Modest, simple and courteous. Unassuming and amiable, with a preference for his own solitary company. Felt music was his only joy. His emotional energy was all on the inside and never shown, which is why he internalized it to the point of dysfunction. Extremely repressed lifetime of an inability to release true feelings, despite his extraordinary gifts, save through his teaching, so as to inspire others, since he was incapable of doing the same to himself.

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