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MUSICIANS - SINGERS, SONGWRITERS & COMPOSERS - 1

PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS WHOLESOME RETIRING ICON:
Storyline: The trill-voiced thrush steps out of the limelight at the height of her fame to avoid the exploitation of lives previous, and concentrates, instead, on her private affairs away from the heavy-breathing public, in order to gain some sense of balance between her gift for entertaining, and her need to be loved for herself.
Deanna Durbin (Edna Mae Durbin) (1921-2013) - Canadian/American/French actress and singer. Outer: Of British descent. Born in Canada but her family moved to Southern California when she was one because of her mother’s health. Her parents were British immigrants. Father worked as a machinist for the Canadian Pacific Railroad, until health problems caused him to move to a more salubrious climate, where he labored at menial jobs. One older sister who became a teacher, and saw immediately the potential in her younger sibling, paying for voice lessons for her. Recommended to MGM by a talent agent at 14. Placed in a short with Judy Garland, a longtime rival of hers for many lives, and then when the studio had to choose between the pair, they chose Garland. 5'1" with red hair and blue eyes. Signed by Universal and subsequently saved that studio from bankruptcy with the success of her first feature film in 1936, Three Smart Girls, and soon became the most highly paid female star in the world, making a quarter of a million a year by the time she was 18. Given a special juvenile Oscar in 1938. Married director Vaughn Paul in 1941, divorced 2 years later. Appeared in a succession of movies tailor-made for her, and became an international star through her singing and wholesomeness during her late teens and early twenties, ultimately earning $400,000 a film. Married writer/producer Felix Jackson in 1945, divorced 4 years later, one daughter from the union. Although she was one of Hollywood’s highest paid stars, she was never comfortable with all the attention and retired suddenly from the screen at the height of her fame in her late 20s, making her final film in 1948, while giving no more interviews after 1949. Made her third husband, French producer/director Charles Henri-David, whom she married in 1950, promise her, she could live in seclusion as a nobody, which she did, just outside Paris in a French village, while resisting every cajoling attempt to seduce her into a comeback. Her spouse died in 1999, one stepson from the union. Released one photo of herself in the 1980s to prove she was not overweight, while also granting only one interview, to a film his/storian. Her death was not announced until several days afterwards, in perfect keeping with the quietude of her latter life. Inner: Wholesome and sparkling on the surface, with an upbeat personality, although an aversion to the usual probing of celebrity. Hide’n’seek lifetime of experiencing early fame only to reject it in order to pursue a more hidden life of well-earned privilege and prestige away from the prying eye of the public. Anna Held (1873-1918) - Polish/French/American musical comedy actress and singer. Outer: Daughter of a Jewish glove-maker, the last of 11 children, many of whom died young. Continually reinvented herself after achieving fame, claiming her mother was an ardent Catholic, but evidence says otherwise. Her family moved to Paris when she was around 6, and her father’s business subsequently failed when she was 12, and he fell ill, eventually dying a pauper. Used to entertain his wealthy customers with singing and dancing. After her sire’s illness, she went to work for a hat-maker and then made buttonholes for a couturier’s showroom. At 20, she emigrated to London with her mother, who died shortly afterwards. Penniless, she got a job with Jacob Adler’s (James Woods) Yiddish Theater, and spent 5 years with them in London, as well as touring the continent. After the company disbanded, she found her true metier as a music hall comedienne. Had a tiny figure, with a corseted 18” waist, and created a saucy gamin character which made her very popular. In 1894, she secretly married Maximo Carrera, a 50 year old South American playboy who was a fancier of both women and horses. One child from the union, who was sent outside Paris with a nurse. Became a leading music hall figure. While performing, she met impresario Florenz Ziegfeld (Bob Evans) in her dressing-room, who immediately signed her to a contract the same day to come to America. Separated and divorced her philandering husband and had a common-law ceremony with Ziegfeld, living together as man and wife with him for the next eleven or twelve years, while viewing him as the love of her life. Made her American debut, and then starred in many Ziegfeld productions, although was far more successful in comedy than drama. The latter fed the public endless stories about her, making her a huge star, as well as the purveyor of a line of products tied in with her stage appearances. Eventually separated from him, announcing all he ever thought about was business and commercially exploiting her. After a try at reconciliation, she finally divorced him. Continued her stage appearances and popularity. While on tour she was stricken with pernicious anemia from years of too-tight corsets. Died from bronchial pneumonia afterwards. Inner: Buoyant, extravagant and naughty on stage, but quite the opposite off of it, frugal, domestic and maternal. Held-in-check lifetime of recreating herself from a humble background, only to fall victim to the corseted debilitation of constantly being on view, which probably inspired her early retirement the next time around. Henriette Sontag (1806-1854) - German dramatic soprano. Outer: Father was an alcoholic actor, who became crippled from breaking a leg during a performance. He then abandoned his family and died. Mother was a promiscuous actress who had 12 children, 3 of them legitimate. On stage from the age of 6, she studied singing at the Prague Conservatory from the age of 9 and made her operatic debut in that city at 15. Possessed a sure, clear voice, that totally enthralled listeners from the very beginning of her career. Sang in Vienna, then triumphed in Berlin, which was smitten with ‘Sontag-fever,’ and captivated by both her youth and her voice, which lacked dramatic force but made up for it in purity. Repeated her triumphs in Paris and London. In 1828, she secretly wed Carlo Rossi a Sardinian count, but was forced to retire from the stage at the age of 24 in order for her husband to maintain his diplomatic career. Sang privately and for charity, and once almost caused an international incident by singing for the czar of Russia, Nicholas I (Master P). Able to make the transition to diplomat’s wife, but the revolutions of 1848 forced her husband to retire, putting the duo in financial difficulty. His fortune had been wiped out by gambling, inflation and a diplomatic lifestyle. Offered a contract by a London impresario to replace Jenny Lind (Judy Garland), who had deserted his theater for religious reasons. Reappeared on stage after a 20 year absence, and triumphed, then continued her comeback in Paris and Germany. Went to America because of the money offered, and while touring Mexico, she died of cholera in Mexico City. Inner: Good-natured, charming, friendly, outgoing. Self-abnegating lifetime of sacrificing her career for love, then sacrificing her life by resuming that career 2 decades later. Faustina Bordoni (1700-1781) - Italian operatic mezzo-soprano. Outer: From one of the governing families of the Venetian Republic. Enjoyed an upbringing of wealth, power and privilege. Made her debut at 16, establishing herself immediately as a great chanteuse. Became known as the “New Siren.” Had a beautiful and highly flexible voice with a florid singing style. Sang in Italy and Vienna, where she was heard by Georg Handel (Ang Lee) who brought her to London where she stayed for 2 seasons. Quarreled with rival Francesca Cuzzoni (Judy Garland), culminating in a hair-pulling dual appearance, and left for Venice, where she met and married the operatic composer Johann Hasse (Paul Whiteman). For the next 30 years, she was chiefly in Dresden, where her husband, as director of the opera there, wrote several operas for her. Retired from the stage in 1751. During the seige of that capital the couple lost most of their property and were dismissed from the Saxon capital for economic reasons 3 years later. Went to Vienna for the next dozen years, and then retired to Venice, living to the ripe old age of 90, and dying the same year as her spouse. Inner: Gracious, but competitive. Well-rewarded lifetime of being gifted with wealth, beauty and talent and taking full advantage of all three, for as long as she could stretch out her existence. Anna Guarini, Contessa Trotti (1563-1598) - Italian singer. Outer: Father was Giovanni Battista Guarini (Jeff Buckley), the Ferrara court poet and secretary. Mother was the sister of Lucrezia Bendidio, a noted singer, and isabella Bendidio, who often accompanied her, so that there was musical talent in her extended family. One of 8 children. Her early life was ill-recorded. Taken into the service of the Duchess of Ferrara by the time she was 17, and was noted for both her beauty and control of her voice, winning great renown for her musical abilities. A talented lute player as well, she performed in the Duchess’s frequent vocal concerts Served as one of a trio of constant companions to her patroness, until her arranged marriage at the age of 22 to the much older Conte Ercole Trotti, a widower. As was the custom, her relatively advanced matrimonial age for the time was to make sure she did not get pregnant, which would have taken her out of service to the Duchess. The childless and loveless union was an unhappy one. Her husband was probably displeased with her high visibility as a singer, as he, too, was a pawn of the Duke of Ferrara’s wishes. In 1596, the captain of the Duke’s cavalry was accused to having an affair with her, and though it was never proven, it was a permanent dishonor to her name. The captain was banished from the court, and the Duke warned her husband not to harm her, although he died in 1597, and she was no longer protected. While she lay ill from a fever, her husband and an accomplice, aided by one of her brothers, entered her bedroom. Her spouse ordered her to stand, although she begged him she was too ill to do so. Ignoring her plea, he told her to commend herself to God, then threw her to the floor and butchered her with a hatchet and razor. Her father wrote an epitaph for her and placed it over her tomb, although he was forced to remove it, since it threatened to create more scandal, because of a promised visit by the pope. Her husband was pardoned and went on to win even more status and honor at the Ferrara court afterwards. Inner: Martyred lifetime of being a victim of circumstances far beyond her control, setting up patterns she would continue to inhabit as an highly talented singer who nevertheless amends her extraordinary gifts with an equal facility for self-destruction.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS POWERFUL PERSONALITY:
Storyline: The primetime prima donna exercises extraordinary control over all facets of her existence, from artistic to financial to romantic, allowing her to maintain a multi-decade career in the public eye without ever tumbling very far from her venerated pedestal.

Barbra Streisand (Barbara Joan Streisand) (1942) - American singer, song/writer, actress and director Outer: Of Ashkenazi Jewish descent. Father had been a child of immigrants, and ultimately taught English and psychology, before dying at the age of 35 of epilepsy, when his daughter was 15 months old. Younger of two with an older brother who became an adman. Raised by her mother, the daughter of a cantor who had an exceptional voice of his own. Always extremely critical of her daughter, she had great difficulty in expressing love to her until the two found a measure of peace with one another later in life. Her mother married an automobile dealer afterwards, who had a strained relationship with his stepdaughter. One more stepsister, Roslyn Kind, a singer, from the second union. Initially painfully thin, and slightly cross-eyed. Called ugly by both her stepfather and fellow schoolmates, which caused her to adopt a haughty, defensive air. Had show business aspirations from early childhood on, often practicing in the mirror. Toiled as a switchboard operator and usherette as a teenager, before winning a Greenwich Village nightclub contest. 5’5”, full-figured with dyed blonde hair and grey eyes. Dropped the second ‘a’ from her name around 1960. Worked the nightclub circuit, and appeared in a revue prior to getting her big Broadway break in 1962 in “I Can Get It For You Wholesale,” stealing the show with a relatively small role. Despite her odd looks and a distinctly New York persona, she catapulted to stardom on the power of her voice. In 1963, she married actor Elliot Gould, whom she met on the show, one son from union, Jason, who became an actor. The duo were divorced in 1971, thanks in large part to his being completely overshadowed by her. Starred in “Funny Girl” on Broadway, signed a multiyear multi-million dollar contract with TV’s CBS and enjoyed unusual success with her recordings and TV specials. Made her film debut in her mid-20s, in a reprise of “Funny Girl,” and went on to become a Hollywood power, both as star and producer, remaining a top box office attraction for several decades, while becoming both rich and famous. Began directing in her early 40s and formed her own production company, Barwood Films. Active in liberal political causes, to the point of being a bete noir to conservatives, and one of the few females to be part of the power structure of Hollywood. Had numerous romances with well-known figures, including hairdresser turned producer Jon Peters, actor Warren Beatty, politician Pierre Trudeau, and tennis star Andre Agassi. After more than 2 decades of stage fright, she triumphantly returned to live performances in her 50s, including an inaugural concert for President Bill Clinton. Hooked up with actor James Brolin in her mid-50s and married him in 1998. 3 years later, she was given the American Film Institute’s Lifetime Achievement Award to add to her Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, which she received in 1995. The recipient of a mantle full of awards, including 4 Emmys, 9 Grammys, 2 Oscars and a Tony. A force to be reckoned with and always very much in the public eye, although the more powerful she became, the greater her need for recognition and control. In 2006, she embarked on her first tour in 12 years, in order to raise money for her foundation, and maintain her status as a highly public liberal scold, and ongoing bete noir of conservatives. The following year she was inducted into the French Legion of Honor. With “Partners” debuting at the top of the charts in 2014, she achieved what no one else ever had, having a number one album in each of 6 decades. Inner: Totally self-absorbed and extremely materialistic. Excellent business sense, extraordinary voice and a sure sense of her own power. In control lifetime of reaching the very top echelons of cultural power through a combination of drive, talent and ambition, and a need to assert her considerable will in whatever she undertakes. Bertha Kalich (Beylke Kalakh) (1874-1939) - Polish/American actress and singer. Outer: Mother was a dress/maker who made costumes for local theaters, and shared her love of opera with her daughter. Father was a Polish/Jewish brush manufacturer and amateur violinist. Their only child, she went to private schools and studied voice at Lemberg Conservatory, and made her professional stage debut at 13, as a chorus member. Within 2 years, she was a leading singer in Yiddish theater in Lemberg, at which point she adopted her stage name. For the next seven years, she toured eastern Europe and also played at home, doing Yiddish theater. Tall, svelte, with burning eyes and a powerful melodious voice, as well as majestic figure. In 1890, she married Leopold Spachner, a former fellow music student, one son and a daughter from the union, with the former dying young. After an outbreak of anti-Semitism in Bucharest, and the possibility that she would be assassinated by jealous rivals, she accepted an offer in the mid-1890s from a theater manager who had seen her perform to come to NYC. Became a leading lady of the Thalia, a lower east side Yiddish theater. Began acting straight parts, playing in realistic dramas, and enjoying tremendous popularity over the next decade, serving as a muse for playwright Jacob Gordin, in particular. A serious illness at 30 prevented her crossover to the English language stage, despite signing a contract with producer David Belasco (Steven Bochco). Later able to do so, and she overcame her Polish accent with a voice coach. Noted for the delicacy, distinction and simplicity of her acting style. An emotional and tragic actress, she was not suited for comedy. Acted for several different producers and also did some movie work. During her career, she played 125 roles in 7 different languages. Caught a cold, which affected her eyesight in her mid-50s, and she grew increasingly blind. Retired afterwards, appearing only in benefit performances at the end of her career. Died of a stomach ailment. Inner: Serious, disciplined, seemingly born for the stage. Her blindness was probably a result of an inability to truly look at herself, while stomach ailments usually reflect difficulty with integrating a sense of internal power. Émigré lifetime of acting out, on one level, a Yiddish drama of triumph and tragedy, stopping herself through physical ailments from being a full-throated star in her adopted country, and necessitating another go-round in the same culture to do so. Brigida Banti (c1756-1806) - Italian dramatic soprano. Outer: Said to be the daughter of a Venetian gondolier, although she was born far from that city. Started as a street singer, then went to Paris at the age of 19 to begin her career there, singing in cafes and inns along the way. She was heard in a cafe, and was given the opportunity to appear in an opera. Although she had a beautiful voice, she was technically a bad singer because of a lack of discipline and an absolute refusal to take instruction. Despite her shortcomings, she was a notable success wherever she sang, including London and Italy, where she trilled at several different courts. Had a voice of great range and beautiful quality. Continually worked on improving her skills, even after establishing herself, learning through experience rather than via the formal instruction of others. Also proved to be an excellent actress with good stage presence. Married Zacharia Bandi (Elliot Gould), a dancer, who was devoted to her and had 2 children with him. At her death, he bequeathed her larynx, which was of extraordinary size, to the city of Bologna. Inner: Headstrong and self-assured. Brazen, with a strong prima donna temper, uninhibited in both self-expression and pursuit of her own pleasures. Self-creating lifetime of doing it her way and memorably succeeding at it, despite personality failings, and an inability to learn from others, save when she wanted to. Barbara Strozzi (1519-1664?) - Italian singer and composer. Outer: Daughter of a servant in the house of the poet Giulio Strozzi, a leading figure in the Venetian intellectual community, in whose home she continued to live for many years. Probably was an illegitimate offspring of the poet, while her childhood was spent in a highly cultured milieu. Began singing informally in his home, then he later created the Accademia degli Unisoni, for the express purpose of developing and exposing her talents. Served as hostess to the intelligentsia that belonged to it, as well as entertained them with songs. May have also functioned as a courtesan there, having been the subject of many satires and innuendoes. Composed madrigals, duets, and cantatas in a set of 8 volumes. Disappeared from recorded herstory about a decade after her patron’s death. Inner: Illegitimate lifetime of being given unusual support for the time in her ambitions, which she was able to actualize through a private like-minded community, while also carrying a name rhythm that she would use again in an era when women would finally be given full power in the arts.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS UNINTEGRATED SUPERSTAR:
Storyline: The eccentric but pre-eminent entertainer of his various times cannot deal with existence outside the footlighted stage, nor is he ever happy with who he is, preferring to be who he isn’t while staying in a frozen little boy state, who can only really come alive with all eyes upon him.

Michael Jackson (1958-2009) - American entertainer. Outer: Of African/American descent. 7th child in a family of 9, including sisters Rebbie, La Toya, and Janet and older brother Jermaine. Son of a crane operator, who once played with a rock’n’roll band. Mother had polio as a child, and was a devout Jehovah’s Witness. Father was a strong disciplinarian with high ambitions for his family, and according to his son, beat him and humiliated him, leaving the latter with a lifelong hatred of him. Literally went from the crib to the stage, totally missing out on childhood, which would leave him with an erotic fixation on it. Began his career at the age of 5 with his brothers in a bubble-gum group called the Jackson 5. Signed with Motown, and adhered for the next 3 years to their formula, becoming the largest-selling phenomenon in that company’s storied his/story. Remained in a cocoon during his years of early fame, surrounded by bodyguards, tutors and family members. The experience left him feeling safe only on stage, while totally alienated from ordinary experience andd trusting no one. His original soprano voice plunged an octave and the group left Motown for Epic Records. Small and slight, but with a curious martial artist look to his dance moves. Eventually became 5’10”, 120 lbs. Recorded his first solo album in the early 1970s, and his career as a single entertainer took off, mixing dancing and showmanship in extraordinarily slick stage and video productions. His subsequent albums all topped one another, with “Thriller,” his biggest hit, as he became more and more of a public eccentric, lying in a suspended state in a machine to extend his life, and constantly under the knife of a plastic surgeon to give him an eternal youthful look. Continually dying his skin lighter, claiming he suffered from a pigment deficiency, although in actuality he had a repugnance for his racial make-up. A practicing Jehovah’s Witness until his undead dance in the video of “Thriller,” forced him to part ways with the group, he was also initially a teetotaler and non-drug user until fame completely corrupted him. His videos often showed him transmorphing into other shapes and disappearing entirely, which was probably one of his secret wishes. In 1988, he bought a 4 and 1/2 square mile estate which he dubbed Neverland, turning it into an amusement park and zoo, while hosting scores of children there. As his reputation grew, he became a magical world figure, drawing huge crowds whenever and wherever he toured, becoming the predominant entertainer of the 1980s. Had a brief affair with doomed diva Whitney Houston in 1991, who had also been involved with his brother Jermaine, and had wanted to marry her, only to see her break it off, to his never-ending sorrow. His passion for youngsters eventually led to accusations of molestation, helped in good part by his habit of having children sleep over in his bed. Avoided a court suit by paying off one accuser $15 million in 1993, while vehemently denying the charge. In the midst of the furor, he married the daughter of Elvis Presley, Lisa Marie, who mirrored him as isolated pop royalty, although saw him as a little boy. The twosome later divorced, and in 1997, he hastily wed Deborah Rowe, the nurse of his dermatologist, and the duo supposedly had a boy, who was whisked off to Europe, amidst much innuendo, including the fact that neither was genetically connected to him, because he feared he might look like his father. Desperate to be a father to blot out his own loveless childhood, he had a daughter as well, then divorced and paid off his “wife” 2 years later, while making sure she played no role in their lives. Although his American popularity waned with the sensational sexual revelations surrounding him, he remained a world-draw. Inducted into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame in 2001. In reverse Pinocchio fashion, his nose kept getting smaller, until he looked like a character in a Japanese Noh drama. Called his label racist, and his producer ‘the devil,’ when his album, “Invincible,” proved to be anything but. Announced the birth of a 3rd child, a son, in 2002, although refused to divulge the identity of the mother, while intimates testified to his being totally impotent his last decade because of his massive drug-taking. All three children would literally be kept under wraps in public with wigs and masks, while denied conventional schooling, and contact with other kids. Instead, they had the constant company of their gemrophobic father, who underwent a second childhood with them, as well as their prime nanny, Grace Rwaramba, a Rwandan who eventually developed lupus, which caused her dismissal because of his germ phobia, despite the closeness of their relationship. In 2003, after giving an interview where he admitted he slept with boys, he was accused of molesting one who was dying of leukemia, after he went into remission, as his net worth was cut in half and he was forced to fend off creditors, thanks to his plummeting popularity. Hooked up with the Nation of Islam while reaching out to the African-American community for help. A sensational trial in 2005 brought out the details of his erotic fascination with little boys, as well as his own ongoing love of theatrical gesture, and ended in an acquittal for him, proving once again that power, fame and money often trump justice. Ironically, he was later called for jury duty, which revealed he had moved to Bahrain, as a guest of the royal family there, only to be sued by former employees at Neverland for back pay, before it was bought by an investment group. Ultimately, albeit most reluctantly, he was forced to sell off part of his Beatle catalogue to satisfy his huge debts, while his trials continued, and he moved back to the U.S. to Las Vegas to try to relaunch himself, before appearing on the cover of Ebony magazine, ironically looking completely white, in a cover-up of a face ravaged by plastic surgery. Reduced to a wheelchair by his 50th birthday, as an arthritic shadow of his former self, never having recovered emotionally from his trial. Finally lost ownership of Neverland in 2008, although he would retain a share in the company that bought it. Moved to Los Angeles, settled out of court with the son of the king of Bahrain over some $7 million loaned him for an album and autobiography which he never produced, and converted to Islam, under the name of Mikaeel. Rail-thin, he had trouble breathing through his reduced nose after four rhinoplasty surgeries, where he used cartilage from his ear as replacement tissue, while his health continually deteriorated in what could be labeled a slow-motion suicide, thanks in large part to an addiction to a cornucopia of pharmacopeia. Announced a final series of concerts in London in 2009, to recoup his financial losses, depsite being in no shape to do them, while court records would later show that he spent £9,158,726 to settle 14 different lawsuits in 2008. Took his final bow the same day as actress Farrah Fawcett, dying of cardiac arrest after being rushed to the hospital. Had no nose at the end, while his final words were “Don’t worry about me. I’m going to sleep.” His passing would elicit world-wide tributes, befitting a true King of Pop, including endless TV commentary, and a spectacular televised memorial send-off with a complete gloss-over of his sexual predations, and later the coroner would call it a homicide and his doctor would be indicted. As in previous lives, the preeminent entertainer of his time, for a time, and a figure of great titillating interest, thanks to his nonstop bizarre behavior. Ultimately won 13 Grammys and had 13 #1 singles, while selling over 750 albums. May have been $400 million in debt when he exited, despite the huge amount of money he generated. Nevertheless, he continued to be a posthumous headline grabber and moneymaker, garnering some $250 million from his final concert film, This Is It, thanks to merchandise tie-ins, while his last label, Sony, set a music industry record by making a deal for the same amount with his estate, to serially release 10 albums filled with unreleased items and remakes of some of his classics, in a final display that “This is Never It,” as far as the King of Pop is concerned. As in previous lives, the preeminent entertainer of his time, for a time, and a figure of great titillating interest, thanks to his nonstop bizarre behavior. Ultimately won 13 Grammys and had 13 #1 singles, while selling over 750 albums. May have been $400 million in debt when he exited, despite the huge amount of money he had generated. His doctor, Conrad Murray, would later be convicted of involuntary manslaughter in his controversial death, and given the maximum sentence of four years. in the 6 years following his demise, he still managed to earn an estimated $6 billion, as a primary necro-phenomenon of his time. Buried in the Holly Terrace section of Forest Lawn’s Great Mausoleum in Los Angeles, which is off-limited to the public. Inner: Unique sense of style, along with an extraordinary gift to entertain. Harbored a great desire to extend his own adolescence out into middle age. Extremely disciplined, with a tunnel vision view of the world, and little cognizance of ordinary reality. Had deep feelings of shame around his race, always trying to pass himself off as someone other than who he was. Also felt he would never reach 40, although did so, perhaps spurred on by having to cleanse his name of a dark onus. Great desire to be seen as a saint because of his work with the world’s children, while exhibiting the classic profile of the molester: loner, abuse as a child, no real adult friends to wind up the most beloved pedophile of all time. Compulsive shopper with no sense of money, leading to his massive debts, despite his earlier ability to earn millions. Obsessed to the point of derangement over his physical appearance. Peter pan and pained peter lifetime of only feeling safe and sane on stage, while trying to integrate his ongoing feeling of superspecialness with the ordinary experience of living. Al Jolson (Asa Yoelson) (1886-1950) - Lithuanian/American singer. Outer: Father was a Russian cantor who left the family and emigrated to America when his son was 4. Youngest of 4, including older brother Hirsch (Jermaine Jackson), and encouraged by his mother as her clear favorite, to pursue his musical interests. When he was 8, his father, who was now a rabbi and cantor, with a congregation, brought his family to Washington, D.C. Later that year, his mother died, and her death throes traumatized him for the rest of his life. Remained in continual conflict with his highly traditional progenitor, who disapproved of his show business ambitions. At 11, he was singing in the streets for nickels and dimes, with Hirsch, now Harry, using the name Al. Also sang at his father’s synagogue, before running away from home to NYC. Worked at a circus in his teens, then joined his brother and became a black-face vaudeville singer and entertainer in 1904. 5’7”. The two had a falling-out and by 20, he was a single act, and his black-face routine was a hit, as were his bird trills, quasi-operatic voice, and high energy gestures, in contrast to the staid, immobile presentations of the time by other singers. Became famous through stage performances in New York, as well as recordings, ultimate earning the accolade as the most popular entertainer of his time. Found equal success in California, while briefly entering the fledgling film industry in 1916. In addition to his cork make-up, he affected white gloves, performing in the old minstrel tradition, while saving all his affection for his audiences and little for those around him. Married Henrietta Keller, a chorus girl, in 1907, divorced 13 years later. Began his Broadway career in 1911, and was a Great White Way standby for the next three decades. Became America’s first major openly Jewish star, while deliberately playing to his live audiences, sometimes stopping productions to give impromptu concerts for them. His famous catchline was, “You ain’t heard nothin’ yet!” In 1922, he married Ethel Delmar, a second dancer, divorced 4 years later. Starred in the first “talkie” in 1927, The Jazz Singer, which was based loosely on his life, and in which he spoke several lines. Did several more movies, as well as numerous guest radio appearances. Had 85 hit records between 1912 and 1930, selling some 10 million all told, a record-selling record of the time. Immodestly billed himself as “The World’s Greatest Entertainer,” but by the late 1920s, his popularity began to decline because of changing public tastes. In 1928, he married actress Ruby Keeler. Adopted a son with her, divorced 11 years later. Although the son was originally Al Jolson, Jr., he changed his name to Peter Lowe to reflect his mother’s 2nd husband, and also obliterate his identity as his father’s same-named son. His 4th marriage was in his late 50s, to to Erle Galbraith, an aspiring actress 36 years his junior, who was an X-ray technician from a wealthy Southern family, adopted son and daughter from the union. Had a ranch in Encino, Ca., and, as an inveterate gambler, maintained a stable of thoroughbreds. Kept up his public profile during WW II with overseas troop entertainments then was able to resuscitate his career in the mid-1940s with the film biography, The Jolson Story, in which he sang, including one distant number, including one distant number, while Larry Parks played him. Had a reconciliation with his brother in 1948, following the death of the latter’s wife. Died of a heart attack while playing cards, after returning to the U.S. from entertaining troops in Korea and Japan. His last words were, “Boys, I’m going.” Buried under a spectacular stone canopy, the largest of its kind in a Culver City, California Memorial Park. The inner dome of this canopy contains a large mosaic of Moses holding the Ten Commandments, and beneath that is the marble sarcophagus of Jolson. Inner: White man who affected an African lilt to his voice, in an odd contrast to his next life where he would be a black man trying to be anything but. Great difficulty in relating to any environment that wasn’t a stage. Respected, but not particularly well-liked by associates. High energy, restless, inveterate gambler. Extremely conservative, remained an Orthodox Jew his entire life. Spotlit lifetime of hiding his humanity behind the facade of an all-out entertainer, finding little else, other than basking in audience-love, that interested him. Thomas Rice (1808-1860) - American singer and dancer. Outer: From a poor family, trained as a wood carver, but became an itinerant player on the road. In the Ohio Valley frontier, he worked as a property man and stage carpenter, taking small parts in stock. Did African-American imitations in between acts. Became famous for singing and dancing ‘Jim Crow,’ an act he perfected after watching an old black stable hand singing and doing a shuffle step. Thought it was an improvement on the usual Irish imitations then prevalent. Did black stereotypes, both shiftless workers and dandies, and through them, inadvertently bought elements of African-American culture to white audiences. Toured America with the act, at one point using 4 year old Joseph Jefferson (James Stewart) as part of his show. Played London in 1836 and was a sensation. The following year he married Charlotte Gladstone, an Englishwoman, but both their children died in infancy. Wrote African-American extravaganzas which were known as “Ethiopian Operas.” Through the use of burnt cork, he made minstrelsy popular, although he did not originate that practice. Played in a few minstrel companies, but preferred acting alone, although his career was largely a one-note one. Made a lot of money, but engaged in so many extravagances and eccentricities that he was deeply in debt when he died of paralysis. Inner: Eccentric but highly entertaining. Manipulative lifetime of delving into the black world as a white man and exploiting what he found there, a process he would repeat to similar effect in his next life as well. Carlo Farinelli (Carlo Broschi) (1705-1782) - Italian castrato. Outer: Father was a governor of several Italian towns, as well as a musician, who probably fell from grace. Farinello means ‘rogue’ in Italian and was applied to the whole family. One of 2 sons. Castrated as a youngster to preserve his high voice as was the custom of the time, although it was rare in families such as his. His musical education began with his sire and brother when he was a child. Sang all over Italy, then defeated a fellow singer in a legendary public exhibition, after which he was unsurpassed in the brilliancy and execution of his vocalizing. Became less showy and superficial in his style, concentrating more on expression, emotion and pathos. Visited London, where he was enthusiastically received, and then Spain, before passing through France where he sang for Louis XV (Mikhail Gorbachev), who gave him his portrait set in diamonds. The Spanish king, Felipe V (Desi Arnaz) was given to deep depressions, but his mood was uplifted when he heard the young castrato sing in 1737. The queen, Elizabeth Farnese (Lucille Ball), persuaded him to remain in Madrid, offering him a huge salary, and for the next 25 years, he occupied a place of importance at the Spanish court. For 10 of those years, he sang the same 4 songs every night to the melancholy king, never varying the selection. Under his successor Ferdinand VI (Garth Brooks), he enjoyed considerable political power as first favorite, serving the court in a diplomatic capacity as well. Induced the king to establish Italian opera in Madrid, and received the Cross of Calatrava, a high honor. Obliged to leave Spain on the ascension of the following monarch, but retained his salary on condition that he live at Bologna instead of Naples. Spent the rest of his life living quietly in a splendid palace, forming an interesting collection of keyed instruments. His career was quite unique in his rise to fame and power, and his voice was unlike any others, with its penetrating clarity, pure intonation and extraordinary lung capacity. Inner: Humble and self-effacing although into wealth and power, and willing to compromise some of his artistry for it. Freakish lifetime of sacrificing his sexuality for his art to become one of the unique entertainment figures of his time, and giving him a foundation, which he would channel into the late 20th century, as another self-sacrificed quasi-castrato on the altar of fame. Ziryab (Abu I-Hasan ‘Ali ibn Nafi) (c789-857) - Iraqi/Andalusian singer, musician and stylesetter. Outer: As a freedman, he was trained from an early age as a singer, he came to notice at the Baghdad court of the Abbasid caliph, Harun al-Rashid, while earning the nickname Ziryab or ‘Blackbird,’ because of his dark complexion and incandescent voice. Became a favorite of the caliph, which caused his teacher, Ishaq al-Mawsili, to jealously undermine him, and he was forced to flee under threat of death, first to Syria, then north Africa, where he became court singer, only to once again lose favor. Around 822, he wound up in the al-Andalus Umayyad court in Cordoba, Spain, which housed him in splendid style for the last three and a half decades of his life, with an extremely generous salary and much in the way of privileges. Allegedly had eight sons and two daughters, and all of them rose to prominence as musicians. Established the first music conservatory anywhere, where harmony and composition were taught, while introducing the flute to Europe, and redirecting arabic singing traditions. As a court favorite of Abd-al-Rahman II, he became the city’s cultural arbiter, dictating fashion as well as etiquette, in an unusual display of power, that brought the refinements of the east to the westerly shores of Islam. Dictated grooming, to the point of founding a beauty institute and opening beauty parlors, as well as diet, the application of deodorant and the use of toothpaste. Also promoted perfume, shaving, depilatories and shorter hair. Introduced the color white for summer clothing, while dividing habiliment into seasonal wear, as well different outfits for different times of day. A fashion industry emerged from his pronouncements, and as in other disciplines, he was responsible for bridging east and west in outerwear. Reshaped local cuisine by the institution of the three course meal, from soup to nuts, as well as fruits and vegetables from other shores. Bestowed goblets of crystal on the court, rather than the crude gold containers of yore, as well as leather furniture, and made dining an elegant experience, although his greatest contribution would be in the field of his natural expertise - music. Memorized some 10,000 songs, and through them, deeply influenced the development of Andalusian music, particularly the flamenco themes of love and loss. Also contributed to classical arabic music and performance of the time. Introduced many innovations, effectively acting as a musical bridge between east and west in everything from dance to choral work to new instruments. In addition to his refinements, he was also a student of astronomy, his/story and geography, although his polycultural achievements may have been the result of the contributions of others under his name. His prolific progeny would continue his schools and also spread his music throughout the European continent. Later honored in the Muslim world by having innumerable streets, hotels, clubs and cafes named after him. Inner: Refined, elegant, highly innovative and extremely influential in all that he did. Stranger in a welcoming land lifetime of bringing all his considerable powers to bear in integrating east and west through his remarkable abilities at innovation and style-setting, in a host of disciplines, not the least of which was his ongoing genius for all things musical.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS IRREPRESSIBLE SPIRIT:
Storyline: The cozmic blues belter goes at existence full tilt, trying to get past her draw towards self-willed suicide, in her ongoing celebration of the joys and tragedies of life lived as if there’s no tomorrow, before returning in pinker, healthier form to try to abate her excesses.

Pink (Alecia Moore) (1979) - American singer. Outer: Of German and Lithuanian-Jewish descent on her maternal side and Irish American on her paternal. Mother was a nurse, father was an insurance salesman. Had a middle-class upbringing, but her parents separated when she was in grade school. Went to live with her mother, who kicked her out at 15, because she was out of control. Extremely defensive, trying to hide an innate sensitivity by acting tough, while writing poetry. Lived with friends and relatives, before moving in with her father. 5'4". Desperately wanted a music career to make amends for her unhappiness, while looking to Janis Joplin as one of her idols, with the desire to play her in a movie. Formed a punk band in her early teens, then a Rhythm & Blues trio called Choice, which attracted the attention of a producer, although they could not come up with an album after nearly 2 years of studio work, and a number of other producers. Finally convinced to go solo, she renamed herself Mr. Pink, from a character in the Tarantino cult film, Reservoir Dogs. Dropped the Mr., although retained the hair dye. Made an inauspicious R & B debut album at 17 with a highly manufactured sound, “Can’t Take Me Home,” which was assailed by the critics, although it sold some 3 million copies. Felt embarrassed by the puppet effort and rebelled, causing a stir by doing so, while getting a new manager, Linda Perry, and infusing her real rocking self into her new effort, “Missundazstood.” Despite initial resistance by her record company at her changing her course from a successful format, it not only sold 10 million copies, but established her as a critical success and popular player on the music scene. Her further efforts have underscored her innate talent, and, having been down this road before, fate now awaits her, to see where she will take her huge talent and equally best-selling acclaim. As a means of integrating her previous existence in this series into her present life, she starred in The Gospel According to Janis, a biopic of Janis Joplin’s life, shot in 2004. 2 years later, she married motorcycle daredevil Carey Hart, while admitting to a more female conventionality at heart, than her tattooed and tomboyish demeanor has suggested. Her open union, however, would subsequently cause her regrets, and put the marriage on extremely rocky grounds, causing an eventual separation in 2008, although the following year, they would try it again, ultimately producing a daughter. Decided to expand her repertoire by ditching her usual acrobatics and going country as part of a duo called You+Me with Dallas Green, in reflection of her longtime enjoyment of acoustic music, with “Rose Ave” their first release in 2014. Named a UNICEF ambassador in 2015 to help promote physical activity in young children in the United States and also raise money for nutritional, vitamin-rich peanut paste to be delivered to hungry children all over the world. Gave a stirring identity speech at the 2017 MTV Awards, in keeping with her strong social conscience. Has a net worth of $130 million. Inner: High-energy, self-involved, great desire to integrate herself around long-held abilities. Likes singing of her own travails, and feels she’ll never get respect as a songwriter, thanks in no small part to her acrobatic sense of performing. Rebel with a cause lifetime of plugging directly into her previous incarnation in this series, and enjoying tremendous success at the outset of her career to see where it will ultimately take her: a fully realized creative life, or a death dance with the Cozmic Blues again. Janis Joplin (1943-1970) - American singer. Outer: Father was an assistant superintendent of a canning company, mother was the registrar of a local college. Oldest of 3, with a younger brother and sister. Grew up totally alienated in the coastal Texas town of Port Arthur in a family that emphasized religion, music and formality, including having her parents insist she call them, ‘Mother,’ and ‘Father,’ rather than ‘Mom’ and ‘Dad.’ A teenage rebel, she was stifled by the conservative racism and cultural poverty around her and affected black beatnik dress to purposefully challenge her hometown standards. Listened to blues and zydeco in Louisiana, while feeling needy and lonely, with a profound sense of her own unattractiveness. 5'5". Ran away to Houston for a month at the age of 17, but returned home. Started singing and realized, to her surprise, she had a huge voice and a marvelous blues potential. Very conscious of her connection to Bessie Smith, collected her records. Completed a business course at local college, then, with her parents’ blessing, took off to Los Angeles. Eventually made San Francisco her home base, beginning in 1963, where she survived as a key punch operator and on unemployment insurance. Got strung out on methamphetamines and came close to death, disappearing down to 87 pounds, before returning home. Attempted to please her mother by bringing home a betrothed beau, but he left her. Lived with her folks for a year, studied at a nearby college and tried to clean out and conform. A Texas friend had formed a band called Big Brother & the Holding Company and invited her back to San Francisco, although she feared she would get strung out again. Went anyway, and made her debut at 23 at the Avalon Ballroom, and was electrified by her own electric performances, considering them a sexual experience. Became a regular performer, with a citywide core of fans. Gained national attention at the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival the following year, where she stopped the show with her blues shouting. Began doing the rock circuit and cut her first album, Cheap Thrills. Started using heroin, while friction developed between the group and lead singer and she decided to go out on her own. Formed her own back-up band, Kozmic Blues, but its reliance on horns was not really her sound, then created the Fulltilt Boogie Band, before touring America and Europe, although the new group took some time to jell. Discovered her own bisexuality, and continued using heroin and drinking, with a particular penchant for Southern Comfort. Always disappointed in her relationships with men. Often touched base back in Port Arthur, enjoying later family acceptance. Continually sought affirmation, while her flamboyant public persona as ‘Pearl,’ belied her insecurities, which weren’t helped by her mother declaring she wished she was never born, after showing up for her 10th high school reunion. Pursued a high energy lifestyle, which saw her go at everything full speed ahead, with little thought to the consequences. Despite her continuous popularity as the pre-eminent white blues shouter of her time, she had a distinct draw towards self-destruction, and eventually died of acute heroin-morphine intoxication at the age of 27, alone in a hotel room. In 2005, she was posthumously inducted into the R’n’R Hall of Fame and was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, the first person to be given the latter honor two go-rounds in a row. Inner: Irrepressible spirit with highly emotional take on life, which came through in her singing. Introspective and insecure in private. Always looking for love. Had no other place to really put her amped up personal wattage save in her performing. Full tilt boogie lifetime of literally living the blues through an unintegrated upbringing, unbridled emotions and uninhibited lifestyle. Bessie Smith (1892-1937) - American blues singer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Listed as having been born 4/15/1894 for decades, but later research showed July of 1892 as the correct date. Daughter of a part-time Baptist minister and laborer who died shortly after her birth. Mother did laundry to support the family and died when her daughter was 9. One brother passed on before she was born, while a second did the same before she was 10. Had 5 siblings all told, and grew up in a ramshackle cabin. Supported by an older sister and performed on the streets of Chatanooga for pennies as a child accompanied by an older brother, beginning at the age of 9. At 14, at the behest of another brother, who was a dancer and a comedian, she joined a traveling troupe as a chorus dancer, and later became a singer and comedian with them. Met Ma Rainey and the 2 worked together several times, remaining good friends afterwards, and serving as a mother figure to her. Very self-confident performer, 5’9’ and a good 200 pounds, creating an imposing presence. Quickly broke into the black vaudeville circuit, the TOBA (Theater Owners’ Booking Assoc.) and traveled with various shows, using Atlanta as her home base. In 1920 she briefly married Earl Love, before divorcing him soon after. By her mid-20s, she was producing her own shows and taking them on the road, although was quite cheap with her company, despite being generous otherwise. Adamant about her own musical vision, refusing to compromise on any of her ideas. Bought a house in Philadelphia and brought her surviving family up with her, then bought a farmhouse in New Jersey, indulging in her childhood wish of having a garden. Wanted to record but was rejected because she sounded too rough. Finally signed a contract, and her first record, “Down Hearted Blues,” recorded in 1923 in the burgeoning industry, was a monster success, selling over 2 million copies. Married a poor night watchman, Jack Gee, in 1923, in a mismatched union, and the duo fought for 5 years, living together on and off during that time, while he served as her manager. Continually had affairs with young men, then made it up to her husband by buying him an expensive present, in a never-ending cycle, until she found out about an affair he had with a singer, which violently ended the union after a huge bloody fight. A binge drinker, as well, she would stay sober for weeks, before going off again, with a preference for homemade corn liquor. Became a star through her recordings, 160 of them, using her voice as an instrument, with a honey contralto that was virtually operatic. Arguably the first real jazz singer. Bought an 80-foot Pullman car to ease traveling with her troupe and adopted a child, with a housekeeper to attend to him. Had several female lovers, including members of her own troupe. Starred in one 17 minute movie, in 1929, St. Louis Blues, the singular visual record of her singing style, although it was banned from general circulation because of its realism. Took up with Richard Morgan, a rich sophisticated bootlegger who was an uncle of vibraphonist Lionel Hampton, in a far more satisfying relationship for her, as he became both her manager. Continued to work throughout the Depression, although her peak earning years were now over. Despite being dropped by her label, she still pulled in big crowds in the South, and continued to record, while expanding into swing and pop in order to reflect the temper of the times. Fatally injured in a car accident in Mississippi with RM driving, and died from loss of blood. An apocryphal story later arose that she was refused entry at a nearby white hospital and, as a result, died from shock, loss of blood and internal injuries, but it was later revealed it was the product of producer John Hammond’s imagination, so that the facts around both her birth and death would be subject to the manipulations of others. Posthumously inducted into the R’n’R Hall of Fame, as well as given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1989. Inner: Hugely self-confident with a surety about all she did. Liked to be called Miss Bessie, and had a terrible temper, going off with anyone who was around at the slightest provocation. Disliked black people who tried to look white, and rarely went to the shows of other singers, feeling her product was the best on the product, and she had little to learn from her peers. Cosmic blues lifetime of transferring her earlier operatic experience into popular idiom, showing the same majestic stage presence and commanding lifestyle as her predecessor prima donnas, only to be undone by racial fears and prejudice. Maria Malibran (Maria Garcia) (1808-1836) - Italian operatic contralto. Outer: Father a celebrated Spanish tenor, who taught her singing. Mother was a singer and actress. Second of three children, with her older brother a singing teacher, and her younger sister Pauline Viadot, a celebrated prima donna. Had a peripatetic childhood studying in Naples, where she made her first stage appearance at 5. Went to Paris 3 years later, and then London the following annum, where she made her operatic debut at the age of 17. Dark-haired and slight. Her father took her to New York, where she was a success, but she left the opera company to wed Francois Malibran, a Franco-American merchant nearly 30 years her senior, at 18, although the marriage proved to be an unhappy one. The following year her husband went bankrupt and she returned to singing, first in New York and then Paris, before returning to London. An intense actress, as well singer, often thoroughly identifying with her roles. On coming back to the Theatre Italien in Paris she fell in love with a Belgian violinist named Charles de Beriot and made every effort to have her marriage annulled so that she could wed him, a process which ultimately took 6 years. In the interim, she toured frequently with de Beriot, and built a villa near Brussels, where their son was born out of wedlock. Everywhere she sang, she was greeted with tremendous enthusiasm. An ardent rider, she fell off a horse 6 months after formally marrying de Beriot, badly injuring her head. In spite of her ill health, she insisted on singing at the Manchester festival and 9 days later she died at the age of 28 in her hotel room. Ultimately buried in her husbands’ native Belgium. Inner: Headstrong, intense, with a great will to excel in all she did. Willful, reckless, restless, generous, greedy and egotistical, with an aura of melancholy about her. Often saw her voice as separate from herself. Prima donna lifetime of following her heart, while setting a pattern in this series of brief lives, and tremendous popularity, as well as sudden deaths, 2 coming from being in motion and out of control.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS PERENNIAL BIG SISTER:
Storyline: The ongoing oldest sibling opts for lesser roles in comparison with the rest of her high profile families, while maintaining a continuous blood connection with her sisters, and their far greater desire to be in the limelight.

Rebbie Jackson (Maureen Reillette Jackson) (1950) - American singer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Mother, Katherine, was a devout Jehovah’s Witness, who overcame polio as a child, and became the second wife to Joseph Jackson, the son of a high school teacher, while still a teenager. A pianist and singer, she nurtured her children’s talents, while providing strict discipline and faith for them. Father was a crane operator turned music promoter, after earlier being in a r,n,r band called the Falcons, along with his brother. Eldest of 9 surviving children, including sisters La Toya and Janet, and brothers Jermaine and Michael. Took instrument and dance lessons as a child, although had little desire for a career. Had a working-class upbringing until her father realized his progeny had musical talent, and then formed the Jackson 5 around them. Unlike the others, she opted for domestic life, and in 1968, against her father’s will, married Nathaniel Brown, a family friend and fellow Jehovah Witness, a faith she, too, would maintain, following her mother’s conversion in 1965. The union produced two daughters, Yashi and Stacee, as well as a son, Austin, who all pursued musical careers. Began performing with her brothers in Las Vegas in her early 20s, after they had been established, then joined their subsequent TV series, “The Jacksons,” for its dozen episodes, although continued to make her own family life more important than a public career. It wasn’t until her mid-30s that she released her debut album, “Centipede,” which had an all-star cast of contributors. Served as a back-up singer for other artists, and also did some cabaret work. Released two more albums that decade, which were also extended family affairs, and then took a ten year break after moving to Virginia, before her next album, which included contributions from her daughters, and was released on Michael’s label, MJJ Music. In 2001, she performed in Las Vegas, with her son serving as her guitarist. Remained quiescent throughout the rest of the decade, until the death of brother Michael brought the whole family once again to the fore. Inner: Independent, and religious with a strong will and sense of herself. Domestic goddess lifetime of putting her own matrimonial family, rather than her birth brood, first and maintaining her own sense of integrity around all her endeavors, both public and private. Reine Davies (Irene Douras) (1892-1938) - American singer and actress. Outer: Father was a lawyer and a city magistrate of NY. Eldest of 5, with three sisters, including Marion Davies (Janet Jackson), and a brother who drowned at 15. Noticed a sign for a real estate concern that said “Davies,” and chose it for her own stage name, with her other sisters doing the same. Went on the vaudeville circuit as a singer and actress, and enjoyed success, with her ultimate home base in Chicago. Became known as “the New American Beauty,” from one of her songs, and also her appearance on the cover sheet of many songs. Married director and musical producer George Lederer in 1907, divorced in 1912. One daughter from the union, Pepi Lederer (La Toya Jackson), who committed suicide at 25, and one son, Charles Lederer, who became a director and screen writer. Her second union was to Greek/American actor George Regas. Made her film debut in 1915 in Sunday as Sunday, although only appeared in two silents. After her retirement, she edited the gossip column for many years for the Los Angeles Examiner. Died from a heart attack in her own swimming pool. Inner: Oldest sibling lifetime of marking her own modest pathway in the entertainment world, and then opting for domesticity and motherhood rather than stardom for herself, in contrast to her far more famous younger sister.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS SECOND FIDDLE TO A LEGEND:
Storyline: The serial secondary sibling is continually eclipsed by his far more accomplished younger brother, occasioning jealous piques that underlie the love between them, and his ultimate acceptance of his role as the lesser of his family’s stable of talent.

Jermaine Jackson (Jermaine La Jaune Jackson) (1954) - American singer and songwriter. Outer: Of African/American descent. 4th child in a family of 6 brothers and 3 sisters, and older brother of Michael and Janet Jackson. Father was a former boxer turned crane operator, who once played with a rock’n’roll band. Mother had polio as a child, and became a devout Jehovah’s Witness. When his sire formed the Jackson 5, he was the original lead singer, until 1968, when Michael began sharing those duties, and eventually superseded him. The quintet signed with Motown in 1968, and became an entertainment phenomenon, allowing the family to move to an upscale mansion in Encino, California dubbed Havenhurst. Graduated high school, and in 1975, finally left the group in order to pursue his own solo career at Motown, after marrying Hazel Gordy, daughter of the label’s founder, Berry, in 1973. Son and two daughters from the union, which ended in divorce, thanks to an extracurricular relationship with Margaret Maldonado, with whom he had two sons. Also had a yearlong affair with singer Whitney Houston during this period, although eventually went back to his family, before straying again. Enjoyed a modest career on his own, with several top 30s hits, including a duet with his brother, “Tell Me I’m Not Dreamin’” that hit number one in 1984, and a number one single at decade’s end, “Don’t Take it.” Converted to Islam, after a trip to Bahrain in 1989, and became very involved in the plight of the long-suffering peoples of the world, through the organization he founded, Earthcare International. Created controversy badmouthing his brother with “Word to the Badd!” in a jealous pique in 1991, but such was the power of the latter that the single was never released, and he wound up dropped from his label and placed in a permanent entertainment limbo. The two siblings settled their differences and the following year he co-produced along with Margaret Maldonado, “The Jacksons: An American Dream,” an award-winning TV series in which he played his father as a teen. Subsequently separated from Maldonado, and in 1995, married Alejandra Oaziaza, an ex-girlfriend of his brother Randy, and the duo added two more sons to his extended brood, before officially divorcing in 2004, after it came out it was a bigamous match on her part. Afterwards, he wed Halima Rashid, an Afghani, in 2004. Has 8 children all told, with the final daughter’s mother unacknowledged. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997 as a member of the Jackson 5. Strongly supported Michael during his child abuse trial in 2005, and played a pivotal role in converting him to Islam. Appeared on several TV reality shows, with more of a presence on British than American telly, including the Islam Channel. Proved to be his family’s focal figure on the death of Michael in 2009, announcing it to the world, and then singing the latter’s favorite song, “Smile by Charles Chaplin,” during the memorial service. Along with his adult siblings, he was cut out of his brother’s will, resulting in a court battle which granted custory of the latter’s three childern to his brother Tito’s son, rather than his mother, in the continuing family feud, that has spilled over into the tabloid arena. Later rescinded his challenge to the will, while pubicly stating he will pursue his differences privately, as his mother was given co-guardianship rights again. Inner: Strong humanitarian instincts, with a genuine desire to use his fame and fortune to uplift those far less fortunate. Far more serene and balanced as he has gotten older, thanks to his added spiritual sensibilities. Once said he sees people from the 1800s, if he sleeps with the lights out. Sibling rivalry lifetime of working to resolve his ongoing competitive sense of self with a far superior entertainer within the context of even a larger and more prominent family of highly public figures. Harry Jolson (Hirsch Yoelson) (1882-1953) - Lithuanian/American vaudevillian, actor and agent. Outer: Father was a Russian cantor who left the family and emigrated to America when his son was 8. One of 4 children, including three sisters, one of whom died in infancy, and older brother of entertainment legend Al Jolson (Michael Jackson). When he was 12, his father, who was now a rabbi and cantor with a congregation, brought his family to Washington, D.C. At the same time his mother died. Began singing on street corners with his sibling, which led to performing in vaudeville. The duo teamed with a third partner, Joe Palmer, and went on tour, while he Americanized his name to Harry Yoelson. The duo split up in 1905, as Al’s star was on the rise, and his own was on the descent. Showed jealous pique at his brother’s success, and was rejected in his desire to become his agent, causing a huge disconnection between the two. Married a vaudevillian and musical stage actress, and the two siblings did not become close again until after her death in 1948. Outlived him by three years. Inner: Sibling rivalry lifetime of being the far lesser light to his legendary brother, and unsuccessfully trying to find a place for himself in the entertainment sphere, without the requisite skills to do so.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS WAYWARD SISTER:
Storyline: The vexatious victim suffers mightily in a crypto-rehab go-round following a life of uncontrolled excess, by allowing herself to be excessively restrained and abused, before finally freeing herself from her own self-imposed shackles to rejoin both family and self.

La Toya Jackson (La Toya Yvonne Jackson) (1956) - American singer, songwriter, and actress. Outer: Of African/American descent. 5th child in the Jackson household of 9 surviving siblings. Younger sister of Rebbie and Jermaine, older sister of Michael and Janet. Born on the same day as her sister Rebbie, six years later, in a crypto-nod to their former mother-daughter relationship. Like her sisters, she was extremely introverted initially in their male-dominated home and when her mother converted to the Jevhovah’s Witness sect in 1965, she adopted the religion, as well, and became an active door-to-door witness. After the Jackson 5 was an established and highly popular act, she joined them in her mid-teens as a tap dancer, while fantasizing about becoming a business lawyer, and making a great deal of money. 5’’4”, and voluptuous. After a brief time in college, she bowed to her father’s will and re-entered show business. Remained closely involved with her family, participating in their TV variety show, “The Jacksons,” and did not move out on her own until she was in her early 30s. Had a short-lived trio with her sisters, then in 1980 released her first album, once again bowing to paternal pressure in using her full family name, rather than just La Toya, on it. By 1984, she was gaining acclaim for her work, which would also include songwriting. Recorded with others, and in 1988, finally made her break from her family, after Jack Gordon, who was 15 years her senior, with an unsavory past, became her manager the previous year. Under his ministrations, she shed her earlier inhibitions, and became a sex symbol, which got her expelled from the Witnesses, and also alienated her from her family. Subsequently stormed out of their mansion in Encino, after a fight with her controlling father, and moved to NYC. In 1989, she posed topless for “Playboy” magazine as a further statement of independence while making that issue the hottest seller of all time. Her manager, Gordon, who was white, was as controlling as her progenitor, and even more abusive, forcing her to marry him in 1989, despite her protests and complete lack of love for him. Wound up racing out of the chapel thrice, only to be corraled each time by a bodyguard. The union would remain in name only, having never been consummated. Beaten by Gordon when she asked for an annulment, which resulted in a pair of black eyes caught by paparazzi. Her misadventures disconnected her even further from her family, as did her subsequent autobiography, “La Toya: Growing Up in the Jackson Family,” which painted her father in a continual dark light. Continued her connection with “Playboy,” with a second spread, as well as a later video, one of the first celebs to do so, while Gordon used violence and threats to keep her under tight control and away from her family. In 1992, she signed the largest contract in Paris’s famous Moulin Rouge’s his’n’hersotry, some $5 million, for a revue dubbed “Formidable,” although opted out half-way through the year-long contract, and wound up owing them a considerable amount of money in damages. Gordon would continue his physical abuse, to the point of thinking he had killed her after one particularly violent bout. Although he was arrested, he was soon released, claiming self-defense. Forced against her will in 1993 to claim the pedophile charges against her brother were true, adding to the negative view in which she was now publicly held. Had to file for bankruptcy by mid-decade, while her image was permanently damaged in the mass media mind. After her husband tried to get her to dance at a strip club, and then threatened her with a porn film role, she made a run for it, with the help of her brother Randy. Immediately filed for divorce and sued Gordon for years of abuse, while returning home to the family’s Encino mansion for forgiveness all around. Spent the next 6 years out of the public eye, while struggling with her inner sense of self, after all the abuse and opprobrium she had received. After century’s turn, she began writing songs again, and as a prelude to her next album, returned to the spotlight with a cable TV interview on Larry King’s show in 2003. Her career took off again, and after Gordon’s death in 2005, she spoke out about their excessively oppressive relationship. Supported her brother through his second wave of molestation accusations, while recanting her previous charges against him the decade before. In 2007, she appeared on a reality TV show, “Armed and Dangerous,” centered around her training as a reserve police officer for the Muncie Police Dept., although it failed to find an audience. Later followed her brother Jermaine’s example by appearing on the British TV series, “Celebrity Big Brother.” On her little brother Michael’s death in 2009, she claimed he had been murdered per paranoid indictment he had earlier given her. Married her longtime business partner Jeffre Philips in 2013. Inner: Troubled and masochistic, with a curious need to be debased and controlled. Great fear of cats, perhaps because of their independence. Sore oppressed lifetime of using outside control by others to suppress her earlier excesses, only to suffer even more for it, before finally righting herself through self-forgiveness. Pepi Lederer (Josephine Rose Lederer) (1910-1935) - American actress and author. Outer: Mother was actress and singer Reine Lederer (Rebbie Jackson), who was also sister of actress Marion Davies (Janet Jackson). Father was stage producer and director George Lederer. Older brother of screenwriter Charles Lederer. Her parents divorced two years after she was born. Despite a desire to be taken seriously as both a writer and actress, she had an extremely secondary career to her predilection for being a party girl. Hooked into her aunt’s highly social life with publishing tycoon William Randolph Hearst. Appeared in a few movies he produced and also worked for his magazine, “The Connoisseur.” Had a decided preference for own sex, and her affair with actress Louise Brooks led to the latter writing about her. Dissipated herself with alcohol and cocaine, and moved to London to try to separate herself from her overwhelming relatives. After being raped while drunk, she became pregnant, and had an abortion, which affected her health adversely. Became more and more entwined with drugs, and Davies and Hearst finally had her committed to a mental institution. In a final gesture of self-annihilation, she leapt out of one of its windows to her death, at the age of 25. Inner: Willful and extremely self-destructive. Goodtime girl lifetime of living fast and purposefully dying young before returning in a far more controlling milieu to allow her to ultimately refind her center, via a pathway of abuse and self-denying suffering.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS MONEY MAGNET:
Storyline: The chart-topping chanteuse breaks loose from controlling men in her lives in order to be her own self, and does quite handsomely by it on all levels, both artistically and financially, thanks to an innate instinct to play to her strengths and minimize her weaknesses.

Janet Jackson (Janet Damita Jo Jackson) (1966) - American singer and actress. Outer: Of African/American descent. Youngest in a family of 9, including singer Michael Jackson, to whom she would be extremely close. Father was a crane operator, who once played with a rock’n’roll band, and through his fierce discipline and ambition, turned his progeny into a bubble-gum music-making machine as the Jackson 5. Mother had polio as a child, and became a devout Jehovah’s Witness. Raised in the sect, although discontinued her connection with it. By the time she was a toddler, her brothers had signed a huge record deal, allowing the family to move to a gated mansion in Encino. Originally wanted to be a jockey, although her father’s desire she be a singer prevailed, and at 7 she made her stage debut in Las Vegas along with her brothers. Since he was her manager, he insisted she call him by his first name, rather than ‘Dad.’ Began acting in a family concern, before appearing in “Good Times,” on TV, as well as several other sitcoms through the early 1980s. Did recording sessions with her family, before releasing her eponymous debut album in 1982, which showed her limitations, rather than her strengths. Two years later, she eloped with R&B singer James DeBarge, only to divorce shortly after and ultimately have the marriage annulled. Following her second album, she separated from her family, most especially her father, and her next album, “Control,” celebrating the control she now had over her life and career, hit #1 and established her as a star on her own. A mezzo-soprano, whose voice would be helped by topflight productions, her career would also been nicely augmented by her strong personal esthetic, so that video would be an extremely important component of her success. 5’4”, and voluptuous. Her producers, Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis played to her strengths in a variety of styles, while also featuring lyrics that showed a strong sense of social consciousness. In 1991, she signed a record-breaking contract with Virgin Records that made her one of the industry’s highest-paid performers, and the label promoted her as a sex symbol, with ample display of her ample cleavage. In 1993, she starred in Poetic Justice, and launched a film career, which would remain secondary to her public life as a singer, although would be equally well-received. Became the first female recording artist to have five # ones in a row on Billboard over the next decade, while selling over 100 million records worldwide during her career. In 1991, she secretly married Mexican director’producer Rene Elizondo, although the union was not publicly divulged until their divorce eight years later. Stood by her brother Michael during his trials and tribulations, and was extremely close to his children. In 1995, she collaborated with him an odd and extremely angry and expensive video called “Scream,” which was a rebuttal to all the charges against him and won a Grammy. After mid-decade she fell into a two year depressive funk, which she turned into an album, “The Velvet Rope,” whose subsequent tour ultimately became an extremely well-watched HBO special. Continued unabated in her successes, until the half-time show during Super Bowl 38 in 2004, when Justin Timberlake accidentally exposed her right breast in a clumsy gesture illustrating the line, “gonna have you naked by the end of this song.” The furor in Puritanical America over her “wardrobe malfunction,” exposed the country more than it did she, despite apologies and fines all around, while her flash proved the most searched for item in internet his/story. Subsequently refused o apologize during the next Grammy Awards, which caused her longtime boyfriend producer Jermaine Dupri to resign, and cost her a juicy role in a TV biopic of singer Lena Horne. Continued piling up awards, with her popularity undiminished and in 2007, she switched labels to Island Records for a short spell, and at the same time was ranked the 7th richest woman in the entertainment business. Lost her brother Michael in 2009 in a media-saturated frenzy, and used work to allay her grief, while also ending her 7 year relationship with Jermaine Dupri. Later blamed MJ’s death on his doctor and his free-wheeling dispensing of drugs. Became embroiled afterwards with her family over the contested estate of her brother, garnering tabloid headlines with reciprocated slaps with her niece Paris, in the ongoing Jackson family brouhaha over guardianship and inheritance rights, and the validity of the will Michael left. Secretly married Qatari billionaire Wissam al Mana in 2012, and converted to Islam, muting her public self with far more modest apparel, per her newfound beliefs, one son from the union. In 2015, she released her first studio album in 7 years, “Unbreakable,” showing she still had pop power, after several so-so earlier offerings and remained as unbreakable as ever. After feeling her spouse was far too controlling and he totally disrespected her aged mother, she announced her wish to divorce him in 2017, claiming she was tired of being an obedient Muslim wife, in a potential billion dollar splitting. Has a net worth of $175 million. Inner: Felt left out and alone in childhood, and then far too controlled afterwards, while initially doing battle with an innate shyness. Independent, with a good instinct for what suits her best both privately and professionally. Open, sensitive, patient and a peacemaker. Iconic lifetime of getting out from under the control of powerful men, and fashioning a life of her own, according to her own dictates, after earlier compromising herself for both love and fame in her previous high-profile go-round in this series. Marion Davies (Marion Cecilia Douras) (1897-1961) - American actress, producer, businesswoman and philanthropist. Outer: Father was a lawyer and a city magistrate of NY. Youngest of 5, with three sisters, including Reine Davies (Rebbie Jackson), a minor actress and singer, and a brother who drowned at 15. 5’5”., with blonde hair and blue eyes. Went to parochial school. Along with her sisters, she changed her last name early on, and the trio all pursued showgirl careers, after first acting in school productions. Joined the chorus of the 1916 Ziegfeld Follies as a dancer, which soon translated into a fashion newsreel, and then her silent screen debut in 1917 in Runaway, Romany, which she wrote and was directed by her ex-brother-in-law, George Lederer. Became a star of light comedy afterwards, while helping support family and friends with the substantial money she made, as head of her own eponymous film company. Became involved with media tycoon William Randolph Hearst (Mark Zukerberg), who created Cosmopolitan Pictures for her and lavishly backed her productions with massive advertising campaigns, while overshadowing and stultifying her career in the process, thanks to their well-publicized social life and the extravagant parties they threw. The two never married, since his wife refused to give him a divorce, although they had a daughter together, who revealed the fact on her own deathbed in 1993. Despite a slight stutter that she had since childhood whenever she became excited, she made the transition to sound with light comedies and musicals, while also involving herself in the business end of her productions, showing herself to be an astute businesswoman. Hearst loved costume dramas, while her forte was comedy, but she acquiesced to his tastes, while also becoming a secret alcoholic through her own personal career frustrations. By 1937, her film career was over, as Cosmopolitan folded, and, despite her desire to continue on the screen, she was forced to retire, and devote herself to their high profile social life, while contracting polio in the 1940s. Financial reverses on his part, caused her to help bail him out to the tune of $1 million, and he gradually became more and more of a recluse, finally dying in 1951, leaving her a little over half his fortune, although she was banned from attending his funeral by his family. Ten weeks after his death, she married a minor actor, Horace Brown, who looked quite like Hearst, in what would prove an unsatisfying union that would further her alcohol dependence. Although she filed for divorce twice, neither officially ended the marriage. Taped an oral his/story, “The Times We Had,” detailing her life with Hearst, and spent her last decade doing charity work and creating health clinics, while handing out thousands of free gifts to poor children in orphanages. Had a minor stroke in 1956, and then was diagnosed with cancer of the jaw, the disease which eventually felled her. Left an estate worth some $30 million. Portrayed numerous times in films, usually as an opportunist, which had little to do with who she truly was, a genuinely talented and caring person. Inner: Exuberant, outgoing, highly social and extremely ambitious, with an excellent business sense. Frustrating lifetime of being overwhelmed by a highly controlling mate, and allowing herself to be so, before realizing how she had compromised herself, leaving her with little recourse but surreptitiously self-destruct. Anna Canalis di Cumiana (1680-1769) - Italian noblewoman. Outer: Father was an Italian count. Educated as a nun in a Turin convent, before becoming lady-in-waiting to the duchess of Savoy, Marie Jeanne (Marian Wright Edelman), the mother of duke Victor Amadeus II (Mark Zuckerberg). The duke, in turn, became quite entranced with her, despite being married at the time. Because of her son’s fascination with her, Marie Jeanne arranged her marriage to Ignazio Francesco Novarina, an Italian count, in 1703. Eight children from the union, including five sons and three daughters. Their first daughter may have been sired by the duke, while she maintained cordial relations with his wife, Anne Marie d’Orleans. Left the court in 1723, only to see her husband die within the year. Following the death of his mother the next annum, Victor Amadeus called her back to court, where she was made lady-in-waiting to the wife of the duke’s heir apparent, the future Charles Emmanuel III. When the duke’s wife died in 1728, the duo became an overt couple, and in 1730, they married, and he made her a marchioness. The court was extremely unhappy with the union, and he subsequently abdicated his throne in favor of his son, allowing them to live outside the capital. The following year, after he suffered a stroke, she pressured him into resuming his ducal throne, which enraged his son. While the duke was transported to a provincial castle, she was taken to a house of reformed prostitutes. The two were reunited soon afterwards, but he became extremely abusive to her in his weakened state, blaming her for their misfortunes. The duke died in 1732, while imprisoned, and she wound up spending the rest of her life in a convent. Died in anonymity and was buried without a headstone. Inner: Pawn lifetime of finding her larger will thwarted by royal manipulation and rage from all sides, including, eventually, her husband, as a powerless victim of the manners and mores of her times.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS ROCK’N’ROLL ROYALTY:
Storyline: The pop culture princess takes a long time to find herself because of the extraordinary bloodline behind her, as well as her own need to establish herself on her own merits, and find real love and self-love for who she is, rather than from whom she descended.

Lisa Marie Presley (1968) - American singer and songwriter. Outer: Of German, Norwegian, English, Scottish, Irish, along with some French, remote Dutch and Danish descent. Father was r’n’r king, Elvis Presley (Kesha). Mother was Priscilla Beausoleil, who later pursued an acting career. Born exactly nine months after her parents’ marriage, and grew up in Graceland, her sire’s Memphis estate, with a tremendous amount of media attention, as the daughter of a legendary figure, who totally spoiled her, inadvertently making every other man in her life secondary to him. Following her parents’ separation and then divorce in 1973, she divided time between them in Memphis and Beverly Hills, until her progenitor’s premature death in 1977. Inherited Graceland afterwards as the sole heir of Elvis’s estate, following the death of his father and grandmother in 1979 and 1980, while her relations with her mother were extremely strained, thanks to a live-in boyfriend who had less than fatherly feelings towards her. Went to several boarding schools, where she had one same sex affair, leading to the supposition that she continued exploring her bisexuality, albeit discreetly. 5’3”, slim, with dark brown hair and blue eyes. Dropped out of school and began using drugs, before being sent to the Church of Scientology rehab center, at the behest of her mother, a member, which would lead to her her first marriage with musician Danny Keogh in 1988, a union that would produce a daughter and a son, Benjamin, who would later launch his own musical career as a teen. The marriage amicably ended in divorce in 1994, because of the glare of the spotlight on her, although the two would collaborate on material afterwards and remain close. During that time, she began her musical career, with a member of her father’s Memphis Mafia as her manager, although initially was reluctant to trade on her magical family name, and rejected the first contract offered her. Her second marriage would come 20 days after her official divorce and would be to musical superstar Michael Jackson in 1994, in a bid on his part to defray homoerotic and child molestation rumors about him, while also uniting two legendary houses of r’n’r, the King of Pop’s and the King of Rock-and-Roll. The marriage, which elicited much curiosity, would last two years and end amicably, once she had served his larger role as a beard. Always believed in his innocence, while seeing he was on an extremely self-destructive path with drugs and a strong death wish. The duo had known one another for several years beforehand, and she had a strong desire to save him, projecting, perhaps, her own wishes for her departed father. In 1997, she recorded “Don’t Cry Daddy,” a duet with her sire via a mix of his voice and hers, although it was never released. At the age of 25, she formed the Elvis Presley Trust around her inheritance, and at 30, became actively involved it, eventually selling most of it, except for Graceland. In 2002, she made another high profile, albeit brief union, with actor Nicolas Cage that lasted just a little over three months, with the divorce proceedings lasting far longer than the marriage itself. Finally released her debut album in 2003, after signing a contract with Capitol Records five years earlier. Labored over the lyrics for the entire time, and when it was issued under the name “To Whom It May Concern,” it was a hit, reaching certified gold status. Gave a concert tour in London to promote it, and then followed it up with another hit album, “Now What.” All the profits of her works would be donated to Scientology-related charities. Her fourth marriage, in 2006, would be to her guitarist/producer Michael Lockwood, which produced a pair of twins girls. Devastated by Jackson’s death in 2009, once again reliving her sire’s demise through it, with a considerable amount of guilt and confusion. Moved to Kent in England in 2010 to a mansion near the former home of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard, in an unconscious tapping into her previous go-round in this series, and continues her career with singer Richard Hawley as a partner writing the music to her lyrics. Eventually made a public disavowal of Scientology in her 2012 album “Storm and Grace.” As part of her total adaptation to English country life, sold fish’n’chips out of a van owned by friends, as a means of further cementing herself into her new life. Ended her fourth marriage in 2016 to Michael Lockwood, stating he had mismanaged her money and took advantage of her financially. Her progeny went into protective custody after it was learned he had hundreds of inappropriate photos of children. Also filed claim he be denied spousal support for sexual abuse and neglect. Has a net worth of $300 million. Inner: Good sense of humor, as well as considerable integrity, while carrying much of her father in her, right down to her performing style. Subject to bouts of depression and self-doubt because of all the attention given her, while slowly claiming her true self from the welter of projection given her as a bona fide r’n’r princess. Never tried to exploit her father and never ran from his reputation either. Royal lifetime of slowly forging her own identity out of a crucible of fame and early loss, while dealing with a constant spotlight on her as the daughter of a certified entertainment legend. Daisy Wood (Daisy Violet Rose Wood) (1877-1961) - English singer. Outer: Mother Matilda Wood (Katy Perry) was a dressmaker, father was a waiter, who also sold flowers. 5th of 9 children and younger sister of Music Hall star Marie Lloyd (Ke$sha). Along with her other female siblings, she pursued a stage career, touring local churches and mission halls in a group they called the Fairy Bell Minstrels. Made her debut at the age of 13 in a play called “My Willie.” Seen as the prettiest of the crew, she was small and innocent-looking, with a talent for both song and dance. The only one among her sisters who kept her birth name, with the others following Marie’s choice of performing under the name of Lloyd. Forged a successful career on her own, and in 1899, she married Donald Alexander Munro, an insurance broker and chairman of the company that owned the theater where she performed. Immediately retired to focus on motherhood afterwards. A son and a daughter would follow, as she settled into a life of relative privilege. Her husband, however, fell seriously ill, throwing a huge damper on her domestic bliss, and she realized she would have to return to the stage, since he could no longer work. Despite nearly a decade’s retirement, her sister Marie’s success allowed her to become a top-of-the-bill star again. Did her song-and-dance act on the London music hall circuit, then, through booking agent William Morris (Barry Diller), she and her sisters Marie, Alice and Rosie, all headed for the vaudeville circuit in New York. Made her NY debut in 1908, and proved to be an instant hit, playing in a variety of Morris theaters, while beguiling her American audiences. On her return to England, she continued her triumphs unabated, as one of the country’s most popular performers. Lost her husband in 1911 at the tender age of 39, and continued to support her young children through touring. Monitored her money wisely so as to give her progeny the advantage of a good education, and in 1928, she officially retired from the stage. Occasionally performed in benefits with her surviving sisters Alice and Rosie in the 1930s and during the WW II period. Died at home. Inner: Bloodline lifetime of dealing with loss, great public acclaim, self-sufficiency and familial association with an entertainment legend, all themes she would repeat under a far more glaring spotlight her next time around in this series.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS ONGOING CULTURAL PHEENOM:
Storyline: The rock’n’roll royal returns to female form to see if she can balance out her hidden need to consume herself as part of her transcendental talent to entertain, or if she can finally handle the huge amount of love her audiences always bestow upon her without obliterating herself in the process.

Kesha (Kesha Rose Sebert) (1987) - American singer and songwriter. Outer: Of German and Hungarian descent on her maternal side Mother was a singer and songwriter, who raised her family, including an older and younger brother, by herself. The quartet moved to Nashville in 1991, when her mother secured a publishing contract. Often accompanied the latter to recording studios as a child, and received a lot of encouragement around singing, leading to her attending a musical school, while familiarizing herself with country music. Learned how to write songs by collaborating with her mother, and, although a good student, dropped out of high school at 17 to pursue a career full-time in Los Angeles. 5;10”, and naturally brunette. Got her G.E.D. and officially launched her career in 2005, by appearing with her family on Paris Hilton’s “The Simple Life,” and singing background vocals on a single by the latter, while adopting the mononym Ke$ha as her stage name. Tried to get Prince to produce her by sneaking into his home, which failed, as she subsisted on waitressing and telemarketing, before catching the attention of publisher Dr. Luke, who gave her sufficient exposure to appear on other people’s videos, do background vocals, and have a few singles released from 2006 to 2009. Fell out with her first mentor and signed with DAS, which gave her the opportunity to work with several established writers. Close friend of singer Katy Perry, sharing several collaborators with her. Added a dollar sign to her name as an ironic countercomment to her early career poverty. Had her breakthrough in 2009, singing with Flo Rida on “Right Round”, then had her own first big hit with “Tik Tok,” which set a record for the most digital downloads in the U.S. while also reaching number one in eleven countries. Began touring in both the U.S. and U.K., as her profile steadily rose, while her debut album “Animal” hit number one in 2010. An uninhibited performer, who has been dismissed as crude by some, she seems poised to continue as a musical phenomenon, no matter the gender or culture or era she appears in, thanks to an all-abiding ability to tap into the tastes of her various times and give her audiences exactly what they need to send them into paroxysms of appreciative delight. Constantly playing with her image throughout her early career, from the outré to the relatively normal, in her desire to project strength and independence. Hired a glitter man to follow her around sprinklling her with glitter, wth her budget for the stuff at several thoo\usand a month. Her brother shot an MTV docudrama of her, “My Crazy Beautiful Life,” showing her in all her uninhibited glory, in her need to be as real as possible to her fans. After getting treatment for an eating disorder, she decided to drop the $ from her name. In 2014, she filed a lawsuit against her former producer, Dr. Luke, claiming he had abused her on all levels over the period of a decade, while forcing her to use drugs to lower her defenses against his constant sexual advances. He, in turn, filed a defamation suit against her and while their legal struggles continue, she’ll be unable to record anything new because she remains under contract to him. Her claims were denied in court in early 2016, continuing to bind her to him, which elicited the support both heartfelt and financial of many of her fellow singers. Released her first single, “Praying” in four years in 2017, with her album “Rainbow” to follow, showing a far more spiritual side to herself as she matures. Has a net worth of a half million, which spiraled down from $40 million because of her legal problems. Inner: Deliberately provocative and sassy, although a certain sadness always lurks behind her songs. Party girl who favors garbage chic and a ruffled look, with Keith Richards as her visual model. Likes to emphasize her right eye via clockwork orange make-up. Uses her own experiences for her songs, and has been influenced by a host of genres from country to punk to rap to electroprop, with a definitive dance beat to all of it. Places being real as of the utmost importance to her. One more time lifetime of becoming a pop phenom with the added fillip of songwriting to see if she can withstand her ongoing draw towards eating herself alive as part of the process of serving as the premier entertainer of her time. Elvis Presley (Elvis Aron Presley) (1935-1977) - American singer. Outer: Of Scotch-Irish stock, along with some French Norman, a touch of Cherokee, and perhaps even a dab of Jewish blood. Mother Gladys (Katy Perry) was a sewing-machine operator and the dominant figure of the family, father was a journeyman truck driver, who drifted from job-to-job. His twin brother, Jesse Garon (Bow Wow), died at birth. Born in a two-room shack shared with 7 relatives, he slept in his mother’s bed until puberty. The latter worked in the cotton fields and smothered him with love, while his sire served 8 months for a forged check when his son was 3, and then only labored erratically afterwards. Not particularly close to the latter, with all his devotion going to his mother, who returned it tenfold. At 9, he won 2nd prize at a dairy show for his singing, and the following year he got his first guitar. His family struggled just above poverty level, and moved to Memphis when he was 13. A moody loner, he had few friends in school, and instead, spent a lot of his time hanging out in the black section of town, on Beale Street, listening to the blues masters. Worked as an usher and truck driver, pomading his hair and letting his sideburns grow longer, in the trucker style of the time, before stepping into a recording studio in 1954 just to hear what he sounded like. After an uncertain beginning, he showed legendary producer Sam Phillips, that here was a white boy who sang black. Quickly made his debut with, “That’s All Right,” and became a regular on the radio show, “The Louisiana Hayride.” His first advance after hitting a number one C&W tune was to buy his mother a pink Cadillac. Recorded a number of singles, and then national exposure on TV made him a countrywide sensation in his early 20s. 6’ 1/2”. Because of his hip-grinding movements, he was initially known as “Elvis the Pelvis,” and limned on TV only from the waist up. His career was managed by Col. Tom Parker, an illegal Dutch alien whose real name was Andreas van Kuijik. The latter acted as a surrogate father for him, closely managing his entire unparalleled rise to fortune and fame. Not only bridged white and black culture through his music, he also shocked straight-laced America, which made him the perfect rebellious pop emblem for the conformist 1950 for many, and gave him his initial adoring teenage’n’twenties audience. Began his film career at 21 with vehicles suited for his particular talents, and made over 30 all told, all of which were financially successful, following the same formula, of his simple honesty ultimately prevailing, punctuated by numerous numbers along the way showcasing his extraordinary musical showmanship. Built Graceland in Memphis, a 21 room Colonial Revivalist mansion, which would become a shrine to him after his death, and ultimately a National Historic Landmark in 2006. Inducted into the army at the height of his early fame, he lost his mother in 1958 to his endless sorrow, and also met his future wife, Priscilla Beausoleil, then only 13 years old and the daughter of an Air Force lieutenant colonel. The two began a sexual union soon afterwards, and he would subsequently show a preference for pubescent minors, which came from a fear he could never match up to his reputation as a sex symbol in private, leading to his fascination with young virgins, who had no one to compare him with. Fourteen was his favorite age, with a preference for petting rather than penetration. Because of pressure from his manager, he married Priscilla Beausoleil, after insisting during their 8 year connection she remain a virgin, while slowly turning her into a doll-like women per his fantasies. The duo were wed in 1967, and produced a daughter, Lisa Marie Presley, whom he smothered with affection, creating an impossible standard to meet for any of the subsequent men in her life. Completely lost interest in his wife sexually when she became pregnant shortly after their honeymoon, since she no longer fit his virginal fantasies. Because of all the adulation he received, he felt extremely wary offstage and gradually became more and more of a recluse, with only his trusted coterie having access to him. Hysterical crowds greeted all his early performances, as he redefined rock’n’roll, and became known as its King, with an incredibly loyal coterie of fans, thanks also to his popular TV specials, which periodically reinforced his extraordinary ability to entertain, thanks to his outlandish jumpsuits, his shyboy smile and his seductive baritone. His popularity waned somewhat in the 1960s with the arrival of the Beatles and psychedelic music, but he rebounded in the early 1970s, with Las Vegas and concert work, as well as his ongoing recording career, so that his fandom spanned all ages, allowing him ultimately to sell some 600 million singles, more than any entertainer in his/story. Given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1971, and the following year, Priscilla separated from him, so as not to be so overwhelmed by his needs, and the two divorced a year later. A case study in gluttony, he would wake up, down 5 hot fudge sundaes and pass out, while appearing heavier and heavier in many of his succeeding concerts. Towards the end of his life, he would lie in bed with angled mirrors so he could watch TV and eat, while he ballooned to enormous proportions, and descended into paranoia, with a great fear of the future. Rarely left home at the end, and eventually his lifestyle of stimulants, depressants and junk food did him in, as his lower half shut down and he died of a heart attack on the toilet at the age of 42, thumbing through a book called "The Scientific Search for the Face of Jesus." The following day he was supposed to give a concert. Denial by fans kept rumors alive for years that he had engineered a fake death, and was still showing up at Burger Kings all over the country. Eventually, he became the subject of academic symposiums, and loving pilgrimages to Graceland, which was opened to the public in 1982, as well as a host of biographies, many of which focused on his more outrageous traits. Inducted into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, as one of its original members. Much later, it would be revealed, at the time of his death, he was going blind from glaucoma, while suffering a host of maladies, including a fatty liver, an enlarged heart and a colon swollen to twice its normal size, any one of which could have killed him. Originally buried in Forest Hill Cemetery in Memphis but after someone attempted to steal his remains, his body was moved to the Meditation Garden at Graceland.Inner: Simple and charming with an innate instinct for entertainment, and the ability to easily attract mass love and adoration. Afraid of the dark, he slept during the day. Loved guns, and when he didn’t like a show he’d shoot out the TV. Harbored a strong sense of religiosity through the Assembly of God church he grew up in. Eternal adolescent with women, turning them into mother figures who took care of him, or little girls who idolized him. Haunted by his mother, paying regular visits to her grave. Royally undisciplined lifetime of giving himself over to the pure pleasures of the senses, without any restraints whatsoever on his prodigious appetites, after many lifetimes of acting otherwise, in an attempt to remain a little boy forever, and keep his mother alive through his never having to grow up or old. Marie Lloyd (Matilda Alice Victoria Wood) (1870-1922) - English singer. Outer: Daughter of a waiter and eldest of 9 siblings, with five sisters opting for singing careers. Mother (Katy Perry) was a dressmaker, while her father made artificial flowers. Two sisters, including Daisy (Lisa Marie Presley) also formed a singing act, the Lloyd Sisters. Hyperactive as a child, and resentful of authority. As a youngster, she organized her siblings and friends into a minstrel group called the Fairy Bells Minstrels, who toured local missions with a program on the evils of drink. Made her first music hall appearance at 15 as Bella Delmere, although soon took the name by which she would become famous, since she felt it was classier. Short with tiny hands and feet. Married Percy Courtenay at 17, divorced 5 years later, one daughter from the union. Became the dominant figure on the English music hall stage, with her songs specifically written and composed for her. Despite her successes, she had a hard life, but was always cheerful, looking at things as brightly as she could. Never coarse or vulgar in her early career, as was the style of the time, although her double entendres had some bluenoses red-faced, while she would use suggestive winks to color her material. Until her mid-30s, she played the innocent coquette who sang about love. Critics often railed against her, but she was extremely well-loved by her audiences. Appeared in all the leading music halls in England and toured America, South Africa and Australia. Her 1st NY appearance, however, failed to stir people, and the 2nd time she came, officials wouldn’t let her in, because her male traveling companion, Alexander Hurley, a boxer turned singer, wasn’t her husband. The duo later married in 1906. Traded bawdy jokes with her audience, strutted and sang, exercising her personal power on the stage, if not in her life. Left her husband in 1910 for an Irish jockey, Bernard Dillon, some 18 years her junior, and he became her third and final spouse in 1914. Ill-treated by her alcoholic husband, she also began imbibing in self-protection. Her husband was charged with assaulting her father in 1920, while her marriage continued to deteriorate, as did her health. Towards the end she had difficulty getting to the theater on time, while her voice weakened, and her act grew shorter and shorter. During her last performance, she collapsed on stage, while the audience laughed, thinking it was part of the act. Three days later, she died of exhaustion. 10,000 people attended her funeral. Inner: A possessor of boundless energy, she always gave her all in her performances. Simple, charming, with an innate instinct to entertain others. Puritanical and restrained in her habits off-stage in contrast to the uninhibited figure she presented to her audiences. Self-consuming lifetime of self-creation from extremely humble roots, to be the most beloved English entertainer of her time, only to flame out through an inability to match her private life to her public one. Loreto Vittori (1604-1670) - Italian castrato soprano and composer. Outer: Studied in Rome and was attached to the Court of Cosimo II de’ Medici in Florence for some time, before becoming a member of the Papal Chapel in Rome. When he sang, the public went delirious, throwing open their garments and assuming a trancelike state of hysteria. At the palace of the Jesuits, a mob broke in to hear him sing and chased out the cardinals and the nobles, giving his singing such force that it empowered the powerless to overpower the powerful. Also wrote operas, cantatas and arias and sang under the anagrammatic pseudonym of Olerto Rovitti. Inner: Seemingly touched by the angels in his vocal abilities. Sirenlike lifetime of experiencing the orgiastic arousal of his audiences, despite his de-sexed state, which gave him the magical foundation of being able to elicit extraordinary devotion from his fans through the sheer dint of his talent, an ongoing gift of his, with which he has struggled ever since.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS BOY SOPRANO AND BASS:
Storyline: The pop prodigy tries to find some balance between being a teenager in love with fame and equally drawn to its darker shadows, after several go-rounds in death’s early dark embrace.

fBow Wow (Shad Gregory Moss) (1987) - American singer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Parents separated when he was a few months old. Raised by his mother, Teresa Caldwell, who had been a purchasing-department manager for a computer-resale company. Turned onto gangsta rap as a toddler by one of her boyfriends. Began rapping at 5 at local talent shows under the sobriquet Kid Gangsta. Discovered by Snoop Doggy Dogg in 1993, when he took the stage at one of the former’s shows, and was invited to continue along with the tour, after being reChristened by his mentor as Li’l Bow Wow. Relocated to Los Angeles with his mother, but Death Row Records, his mentor’s label, did not take kindly to including his innocence with their hard-core lineup. Forced to move back to Ohio, and was devastated by the rejection. Finally rescued by Snoop, when he left Death Row, and was steered towards Epic Records. His mother quickly learned the music business and became his manager, giving him a strong sense of support. At 13, he became the youngest rap artist ever to have a number one single, with “Bounce with Me,” singing with a faux rasp, after hooking up with producer Jermaine Dupri for his hit debut album “Beware of Dog.” Emerged as a bona fide star in his own right at an extremely tender age, while his mother retains firm control over his career and tries to keep him levelheaded. Added film to his resumé with Like Mike, in which he played a diminutive basketball star, and after his mid-teens, dropped the Li’l from his name, as his voice deepened, and he continued to show his genuine musical gift. 5’5”. Built a solid following before the age of 20, with a mixture of the clean-cut, and the slickly produced, and then split with Dupri to explore his own instinct for both writing and producing hits, while also exhibiting more diva traits as he has gotten older. Announced in 2011 he had a daughter with former girl friend and music video strar Joie Chavis. In 2016, he announced he was retiring from rap, having made his fortune from it, and wishing to move on to other musical genres. Inner: Disliked the nickname ‘Lil,’ because of an acute sensitivity around his short stature. Materialistic, great need for acclaim, and still very much a teenager in love with fame. Side B lifetime of trying to take early success and sing up enough of a storm with it to take himself past the wailing sirens of self-destruction of his hidden past. fFrankie Lymon (1942-1968) - American singer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was a truckdriver and church singer who sang with a group called The Harlemaires. One of 4 sons, 3 of whom formed the Harlemaires, Jr. His brother Louis Lymon, eventually became a member of the Teenchords. Working in a corner grocery store when he met the other members of his ultimate quartet, the Teenagers, who initially went by a variety of names, including the Coupe de Villes, Ermines and Premieres. The group was continually singing on street corners and in hallways, and eventually came to the attention of a big-name producer in 1955. Originally sang background harmony and occasional lead, but after their first audition, he became permanent leadsinger, while a session man gave them their name, the Teenagers. Scored their first big hit, “Why Do Falls Fall in Love?” at the age of 13, although some confusion remains as to who really wrote the song. Short, and very much a bird spirit, with a boy’s soprano and an infectious energy. After their second hit, his voice was overdubbed over backing tracks, and he never recorded simultaneously with them again. After a hugely successful first album, and appearing as himself in 2 rock’n’roll movies, as well as on numerous TV shows, and an English recording session with a full orchestra behind him, he left the group in 1957 to try to start a solo career, and both he and his companions faltered separately. Less than half of his subsequent recordings were released, and his last song to hit the charts was in 1960. In 1959, he married a singer, Zola Taylor, then without getting divorced, married again in 1964 to Elizabeth Waters and 1967 to Emira Eagle, remaining wed to all three woman up until his death. Arrested for drug possession in 1964, and admitted later to smoking pot in grade-school and skin-popping heroin in 1959, although gave various accounts of his drug beginnings. Arrested for stealing drums in the mid-60s to support his habit, before going into the U.S. Army to try to straighten himself out, which he seemingly did. While on leave, however, he was found dead from a heroin overdose on the floor of his grandmother’s apartment. Posthumously inducted into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame in 1963, along with the Teenagers. The polygamous legal battle between his three wives for his money was portrayed in the 1998 film, Why Do Falls Fall in Love? Inner: Effervescent and incandescent performer, but with an ineluctable draw towards death. Suffering soprano lifetime of playing with popularity at an absurdly early age, only to descend into his own darkness when he could not maintain it. Jesse Garon Presley (1935-1935) - American stillborn. Outer: Stillborn identical twin brother of the King of Rock’n’Roll, Elvis Presley (Ke$ha), delivered thirty-five minutes ahead of him. Both parents were heartbroken, and he was buried in a shoebox that same evening in an unmarked grave, while his parents did not have the $10 to pay the doctor bill. Probably would have been totally overwhelmed by his brother, opting out before he even began perhaps to view him from other than the earthplane, and then use him in his next go-round as a template for both idolatry and self-destructive excess. Inner: Born dead lifetime of serving as an odd missing piece to a seminal show business life, for whatever personal reason he chose to immediately disappear upon appearing in the flesh. Belle Elmore (Kunigunde Mackamotzi) (1873-1910) - American performer and murder victim. Outer: Of Baltic descent. Parents were immigrants. Left home at 16, and Americanized her name to Cora Turner, while taking acting and vocal lessons. Possessed of an aggressive sexuality, which she liberally employed to help her in her dreams of becoming a professional singer under the stage name of Belle Elmore, which by eerie coincidence reflected Bella Delmere, the original performing appellation of English music hall superstar Marie Lloyd (Ke$ha), whom she would eventually meet. Met Dr. Hawley Crippen, a seemingly mild-mannered M.D. homeopath, when she was 19, and the two saw in one another the hidden fantasies of each. She represented glamour and eros to him, while he was an emblem of potential wealth and respectability for her. The two promptly married, only to see his business and practice dry up, while America’s financial panic of 1893 shuttered many theaters, turning both their dreams to temporary dust. Her husband rebounded as a consultant for a homeopathic mail order company, and by 1897, he was put in charge of opening its first overseas office in London. Stayed behind in Philadelphia, having affairs and taking acting lessons, while enjoying her husband’s resuscitated wealth, before joining him in London. Despite an extremely modest talent, and a sporadic performing career, in which she was dubbed, “the Brooklyn Matzo ball” for her generous figure, she continued to pursue her goals, while distracting her husband from his work, causing him to be fired in 1899. His subsequent business pursuits were all failures, forcing them to live in reduced circumstances, much to her detriment, since she could no longer support her pseudo-star lifestyle. In 1901, Crippen met Ethel Le Neve, a secretary who worked at the same homeopathic clinic he did, and the demure opposite of his loud wife. The duo would keep it a romantic, rather than physical level for several years, while his return to good fortune allowed her to once again resume her previous social ways. Became involved with the Music Hall Ladies’ Guild as a fundraiser, proving to be far better suited as such than as an entertainer, while continuing to pursue extra-martial affairs. Her marriage, at this juncture was in name only, although her husband had yet to consummate his desire for Ethel Le Neve. In 1906, he discovered her in bed with one of their student lodgers, forcing him to finally confront the sad truth of their union, and he finally sought physical solace with his paramour. Crippen went on to become a dentist with Ethel as his secretary, and soon impregnated her, although she miscarried, saving the marriage for the moment. Tried to act the deceived virtuous wife in order to save face with her fellow Guild members, although the pair began constantly arguing, while she threatened him with ruination by revealing his dastardly conduct towards her. Last seen alive on 1/31/1910, and within days Crippen was pawning her jewelry while forging letters by her explaining she would be away for some time, after poisoning her. Part of her remains were found by Scotland Yard, while Crippen and Ethel fled by boat to Canada, only to be arrested on shore. The former was subsequently tried in London and hanged later that year, while Ethel Le Neve was later tried separately and acquitted. Inner: Brash, extroverted, highly social and extremely libidinous. Ironic lifetime of searching for both fame and fortune, only to find it as an infamous victim, rather than the belle of the ball she always dreamed of being.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS MATRIARCH TURNED MUSIC-MAKER:
Storyline: The buoyant and flamboyant phenom finally steps up to centerstage after earlier shepherding her famous children into well-noted careers, and shows herself to be every much the outrageous on-and-offstage presence they were.

Katy Perry (Katheryn Hudson) (1984) - American singer and songwriter. Outer: Of British, German, Irish and Portuguese descent. Uncle and aunt were director and screenwriter Frank and Eleanor Perry. Both parents were Pentecostal evangelicals, with her mother having married earlier as a missionary in Zimbabwe, and her father sporting a quartet of Jesus tattoos. The middle of three children, with an older sister, Angela, who became a designer and a younger brother. Grew up listening to gospel music, while singing in her parents’ church from the age of 9, as part of their ministry. Popular music was forbidden in her household, which encouraged speaking in tongues, and hewing to a very strict fundamentalist line, although her father, to whom she would remain very close, encouraged her singing, while she secretly dreamed of appearing on the Grammys. A rebellious teenager, she began drinking as a teen and lost her virginity at 16, while praying for god-given breasts rather than future implants, although her sympathetic sire was able to reach her and straighten her out, since he had gone through a similar phase.. Despite not sharing her parents’ beliefs, she would remain respectful of them. Inspired by Queen’s musical theatricality as a teen, which made her decide on a similar free-wheeling musical career. 5’6 1/2”, with large eyes, and naturally blonde. Her first album, which was Christian-inspired, was an eponymous affair under her birth name of Katy Hudson, and was released in 2001, before using her mother’s maiden name professionally so as not to be confused with actress Kate Hudson. Moved to Los Angeles in 2003 right after graduating high school, and also spent time in Nashville with some songwriters in order to hone her own skills in that domain. At the same time, she got a Jesus tattoo on her left wrist. Worked with producer Glen Ballard, and although her initial effort was never released, she began attracting attention on other people’s videos and albums, while also appearing in ads for Too-Faced Cosmetics. Able to augment her singing with an unusual sense of fashion and style. Despite many initial ups and downs, she signed a contract with Capital Records, and a single from her “One of The Boys” album, “I Kissed a Girl,” proved to be a worldwide hit, while sparking controversy from the precise quarter in which she was raised. Became an opening act afterwards, along with numerous TV appearances, which helped make her records go gold in both the U.S. and Germany. Like many of her peers, she has used the internet to her advantage, and by 2009, was headlining her own tour, while also becoming a commercial spokeswoman for Proactiv solution, an anti-acne creme. Close friend of Ke$ha, serving as her mentor. Had dated several musicians, before becoming engaged to British comedian Russell Brand, whom she wed in 2010 in India in grand Bollywood fashion, while becoming a dual citizen of both England the U.S. Afterwards, she announced she would be taking on her husband’s name professionaly to become Katy Perry Brand. The union, however, would only last 14 months, as the two divorced, while her parents used the publicity over the occasion to welcome more members into their church. Released a confessional documentary, Katy Perry: Part of Me 3D, while launching her own record label, where performers have a greater share in the profits. Like many of her best-selling confreres, her videos are viewed in some circles as emblems of mind-control by the nefarious elements in the music industry interested in totally subjugating the youth of the world to their dark domination. Turned down an offer of $20M to be a judge on “American Idol,” while remaining a tabloid favorite with speculations over her romantic life. Headed a high-octane 2015 Superbowl half-time show, short on subtlety but long on kitsch-laden special effects. Won a court battle to buy a vacant Calif. convent on 6 acres for $15m, over a restauranteur, in her desire to keep the property as a private residence for her mother and grandmother, while agreeing to provide $4.5 million for an alternate property for a house of prayer. IStrong Hillary supporter during the 2016 presidential campaign, and a Trump despiser afterwards, as a self-proclaimed social activist, trying to distance herself from her frivolous past. Made a judge on the revamped “Amerian Idol” with a stratospheric salary of $22 million an annum, while her latest album, “Witness” was seen as witless by the critics.Roundly roasted for her hosting duties for 2017’s MTV Video Awards. Nevertheless she has a record 100 million + Twitter followers to go along with her net worth of $125 million. Inner: Free-spirited, uninhibited, feisty, brash, impulsive and unpredictable, with a natural penchant for publicity. Totally understands the need for constant reinvention in order to stay relevant in the pop stratosphere. Stage center lifetime of finally getting to be a public performer, after many a go-round of nurturing the talent of her children, while thoroughly enjoying her own moment in the sun, as an uninhibited songstress of far more than passing interest. Gladys Presley (Gladys Love Smith) (1912-1958) - American musical matriarch. Outer: Mother, who was nicknamed “Doll,” was bedridden most of her life, but still managed to give birth to 9 children before dying of TB. Father was a cotton farmer who did odd jobs and died suddenly of pneumonia when she was 19. Worked as a seamstress to help support the family, then eloped with Vernon Presley, who was four years younger, in 1933, while both lied about their ages, since Vernon was not yet legal at 17. Her sister married her husband’s older brother, Vester, whom she had earlier dated. Lived in a two room house without electricity or running water that her husband and his brother built. Two years later she gave birth to twins, Jesse (Bow Wow) and Elvis (Ke$ha), with the former stillborn and buried in a shoe box, while the family didn’t have the $10 to pay the doctor bill. Hovered near death herself and had to be taken to a hospital afterwards. Extremely overprotective of her surviving son, who proved to be the focus of her life. The family just managed to scrape by, with the help of their extended kin, although in 1938, Vernon, along with two others was sentenced to three years for forging a check. Wound up, however, only serving less than a year. Had a miscarriage in 1943 while her husband was away building a prisoner-of-war camp for the WPA during WW II, then after moving several times, the family came to live in public housing in Memphis in 1948. Loved to sing and dance, and reputedly had a good voice, while often serving as the center of attention at get-togethers. As her son began rising in both fame and fortune, he bought his parents far more posh accommodations, Graceland, while she fretted he was being taken away from her by his adoring public. After Elvis was inducted into the army, her health began to rapidly fail. Died of a heart attack brought on by acute hepatitis. Both her husband and son were inconsolable at her demise, with Elvis throwing himself on top of her coffin as it was lowered into the ground. Inner: Impetuous, open and impulsive. Kindly, well-loved, formidable, and strong enough to weather the many vicissitudes that life dealt her. Felt a curious need to continually lie about her age, and make herself seem younger, perhaps as a reaction to feeling she had been robbed of part of her earlier life through endless struggle. Support lifetime of giving nurturance to a talent for the American ages, and then fading out relatively early because of the physical stresses of her earlier poverty. Matilda Wood (Matilda Archer) (1849-1931) - English musical matriarch. Outer: From working-class origins. A talented dressmaker, she married an amiable maker of artificial flowers and part-time waiter, and together they had nine children, with seven of them taking to the music hall stage. The eldest Marie (Ke$ha) would be become a huge star, and one of the middle daughters, Daisy (Lisa Marie Presley), would also enjoy fame, as the only one who used the family name professionally. The others, Alice, Grace, Rosie, Maude and Sydney, would all have minor music hall careers, as well. Costumed all of them, and provided the early ballast for their careers. Inner: Shrewd and highly capable. Support lifetime of giving nurturance to a large brood of female entertainers, including one who would prove the preeminent musical hall entertainer of her time.

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PATHWAY OF THE ENTERTAINER AS TESTY LEGEND:
Storyline: The consummate craftsman sings with an unsurpassed seductive magic, but cannot countenance anyone crossing his equally supreme will, making for an eternal adolescent who was largely forgiven for his defects because of his overwhelming tempestuous talent.

Frank Sinatra (1915-1998) - American singer/actor. Outer: Of Sicilian descent. Mother, Dolly, was a strong, dominating character, a former barmaid and rumored abortionist who was involved in local Democratic politics. Father was an Italian immigrant fireman, who had been a prizefighter. Eventually the two ran a tavern, while his sire supplied it as a bootlegger. Had a difficult birth, replete with a punctured eardrum, and bore the scars of the doctor’s forceps on his neck for the rest of his life. Seemingly stillborn, his grandmother held him under cold water, until he began to cry. An only child, he was spoiled by his mother, who had originally wanted a girl, and had a pampered, lonely childhood, although his parents often beat him for not living up to their high standards. Had no formal singing training, and dropped out of high school at 15 in order to sing at weddings. Worked briefly as a copyboy at a local newspaper, then organized a local singing group. Won a contract to tour on the Major Bowes (Simon Cowell) Amateur Hour, which led him to radio, and then as a vocalist with the big bands of Harry James and Tommy Dorsey (Billy Corgan), after his mother had initially pulled strings to get him a gig at a local nightclub. Understood the microphone was the key to his intimate style, and mastered its use. Also first learned to sing by listening to horn players and how they breathed. Desperate to get out of his Dorsey contract, he signed 1/3 of his future earnings away, until a trio of hoods negated the deal. Went solo in his mid-20s, and despite his scrawny size, 5’7”, and 130 lbs, with brown hair and blue eyes, he was a sensational favorite of female bobby-soxers all over America during the WW II era. Exempted from the military because of a punctured eardrum, as well as claims he was averse to crowds, and was one of the most hated men in America for not serving and getting rich off of the women left behind, despite his huge female following. Developed a casual baritone style, with an excellent sense of phrasing and enunciation. Married in 1939 to Nancy Barbato, a plasterer’s daughter, divorced in 1951, 3 children, two of whom, Nancy and Frank, Jr., also became vocalists. Began appearing in films in the early 1940s, while his recordings were snatched up by an adoring public. Involved with many of the screen’s most beautiful women. Continually denied relationships with underworld characters, despite much evidence to the contrary, as his career faded by the end of the decade. In the early 1950s, his vocal chords began hemorrhaging, causing his record company to drop him. Suffered his ultimate humiliation when he hit some wrong notes at a hometown Fireman’s Ball and was booed, which permanently turned him off Hoboken. In 1951, he married actress Ava Gardner (Ashley Judd), the love of his life, in a tempestuous, alcohol-fueled union of frequent separations and passionate get-togethers. Lost the full richness of his voice in the process, but the passion instilled turned him into a far more mature singer. The duo divorced 6 years later, although the union only lasted 2 years. Begged for the role of Maggio in From Here to Eternity, and won an Academy Reward for Best Supporting Actor for it in 1953, as his career went back on track. Continued his recording, TV specials, club dates and Las Vegas appearances, where a group of high-living entertainers gathered round him to from the Rat Pack, a name coined by Lauren Bacall. Also continued with his film career, and was known for doing scenes in one take, while making 57 movies all told. Founded his own record company, Reprise, in 1961. Began suffering from bouts of impotency in his 40s from all the alcohol he drank, although was briefly cured by a sporadic relationship with actress Marilyn Monroe. Grew both rich and famous, while evincing a volatile temper, occasionally attacking news-hounds sniffing round his affairs. Also capable of great generosity, both to individuals and organizations. Involved with Lauren Bacall, after her husband Humphrey Bogart (Matthew Broderick) died, although snubbed her once they broke up. Despite being a lifelong Democrat, he was shunned by the Kennedy White House for his mob connections, and became a Republican. Married actress Mia Farrow in his early 50s, despite being 3 decades her senior. The duo clashed over her desire to continue her career and they divorced 2 years later. Won a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1965. Married his 4th and final wife in 1976, Barbara Blakely Marx, the ex-mate of Zeppo Marx, one of the Marx Brothers. His last marriage brought him some sense of tranquility, as did the plane crash death of his mother the following year, making him more reflective and less impetuous. Announced his retirement after receiving a special Academy Reward in 1971, but continued to unretire, giving performances into his late 70s, despite forgetting lyrics, before ill health finally curtailed his remarkable career. Disappeared from public view 3 years before his death. Tell-all biography by Kitty Kelly, insinuated he was romantically connected to Nancy Reagan while her husband was in White House, although both parties denied the allegation. Suffered from increasing deafness, as well as blindness at life’s nearend, and finally died of heart failure, with his last words, “I’m losing (it).” Inner: Passionate, with a child/like temperament and extreme volatility. Unable to bear criticism, often hostile and antisocial, save with his own tight crew of friends. Apotheosis of both swagger and attitude, with a consummate sense of craftsmanship. Remarkable musical memory, never read music. Embodiment of America’s 1940’s sense of conquest and domination. Extremely dualistic, capable of acts of great charity, as well as vengeance, including urinating on perceived enemies’ graves. Obsessed with cleanliness, taking showers a dozen times a day, later in life. Technophile, totally tuned into the latest recording techniques and how they best served him. Doing it his way lifetime of being Chairman of the Board from an early age, while having a far harder time integrating his temperamental personality with his unique musical gifts. Francesco Senesino (1686-1758) - Italian castrato. Outer: Father was a barber. Named after his native city of Siena. Studied in Bologna, then became one of Europe’s premier mezzo-soprano, mezzo-sopranos, after being castrated as a youth to retain the purity of his voice, which was clear and penetrating with faultless intonations. Sang in opera companies throughout Europe, and was heard by Georg Handel (Ang Lee) who engaged him to sing in London in his late 30s, where he enjoyed sensational success, despite a stiff acting style. Had a foul temper, and was dismissed for subordination at 40, after he tore up musical scripts. Sang in many of Handel’s operas over a 13 year period, then quarreled with the composer, and left to sing under a rival company. Amassed a fortune and returned to Italy in his mid-50s. His musical style eventually became old-fashioned by the end of his career. Wound up fat and shrill. Possessed a remarkable technique, and had excellent dramatic recitative skills, with a voice of great beauty. Inner: Touchy, insecure, arrogant, vain. Castrato phenomenon usually reflects someone of unusual sexual temperament, willing to experience extremes of excess on both ends of the erotic scale. Missing parts lifetime of not quite doing it his way. Tony Pastor (1837-1908) - American singer, clown and club owner. Outer: Father was a Spanish immigrant who became a violinist in an opera house, after first working as a barber. Third child and first son, while his younger brothers became acrobats and fancy riders in small circuses. Began singing comedy duets at the age of 6 in Dey Street Church in NY where he performed for 2 years. Made his first stage appearance at 9, appearing in blackface. Joined a traveling circus the following year as a clown, singer, comedian and general performer. At 15, he was ringmaster of other circuses, and established himself as a singing clown. Opened his own music hall in NYC in his late 20s, singing comic and topical songs, and at the end of the Civil War, opened Tony Pastor’s Opera House in the Bowery with a partner. Moved his establishment twice more, with equal success. Shrewd theater manager, excellent actor and singer and successful producer. Promoted good clean entertainment for the entire family. Wrote over 2000 songs, but also shared the stage so that many comedians and singers got their start at his places, including Lillian Russell (Lauren Bacall). In 1877, he married Josephine Foley, in a childless union. Never able to transfer his acts and talents to the legitimate theater, and eventually found himself a relic, to newer times and newer tastes, with larger national circuits that no longer honored local entertainers. Inner: Kind and generous, simple-hearted. Learning lifetime of mastering the art of entertainment from all levels, as showman, entrepreneur and all-around talent, while evincing a much more integrated personality, thanks to an absence of the inherent passion he would inherit his next go-round in this series, as well as a much smoother ride through the vicissitudes of his chosen career, before spinning back in time to explore his hidden volcanic temper, and his far greater vocalizing talent.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS UNWHOLESOME WELL-LOVED ICON:
Storyline: The eternally adolescent addict never makes it over the rainbow in any of her nightingale go-rounds, and winds up suffering mightily for her extraordinary talent to entertain, and her inability to claim herself in the process.

Judy Garland (Frances Ethel Gumm) (1922-1969) - American singer and actress. Outer: Of British, Irish and Scottish descent Daughter of vaudeville performers, who married to perform, rather than out of any sense of love. Father was an amiable, weak bisexual, who was constantly chasing after boys in the back seats of theaters and made an early exit from spinal meningitis in 1935. Her mother was an unaffectionate stage mom, who had initially wanted to abort her, and introduced her to uppers and downers before she was 10. Youngest of 3 sisters. Made her debut at 3, and was a seasoned professional by 5, billed as “the little girl with the great big voice.” Originally went by the name of the Gumm Sisters, but the family changed their name to Garland when she was 9. A year later she changed her first name to Judy. The unsuccessful act broke up when one of the sisters got married, but her mother’s ambitions for her pushed her into a solo career. Auditioned personally for Louis B. Mayer (Master P) of MGM, who signed her to a contract without a screen test, and also later groped her, while profiting enormously from her talents. Appeared in a short with Deanna Durbin, then eventually was cast with Mickey Rooney, with whom she would appear 9 times. Scored a huge success in 1939 with The Wizard of Oz, which gave her her signature song, “Over the Rainbow.” The role had been originally intended for child star Shirley Temple. Because of a weight problem, the studio put her on diet pills, which created lifelong problems with addictions. Soon was taking pills to sleep, to wake up and to suppress her appetite. 5’. Saw a psychiatrist regularly by the time she was 21. Married the first of her 5 husbands at 19, musical arranger David Rose, divorced at 23. Had a daughter, singer Liza Minnelli by 2nd husband, director Vincent Minnelli, who was basically a homophile. Began showing up late for work, drinking heavily and was suspended several times, and finally fired at 29 from MGM, after the first of several suicide attempts. In between her unions, she had a host of unsatisfactory affairs, with, among others, the ubiquitous Frank Sinatra, Tyrone Power (Sean Young), James Mason, Artie Shaw, Orson Welles and Yul Brynner. Married a 3rd time to producer Sid Luft in 1952, who became her personal manager, and had a triumphant comeback at the Palace Theater in New York, followed by her finest film performance in a remake of A Star is Born in 1954, which he produced. Spent the rest of the 1950s in lawsuits, nervous breakdowns, suicide attempts and separations from her husband, by whom she had 2 more children, including singer Lorna Luft. Despite being the most solid male presence in her life, she characterized him as abusive during their divorce hearings in 1965. Married and divorced a 4th time to Mark Herron, a minor actor in the mid-1960s. In the late 1960s, she went to London and married Mickey Devinko, a young discotheque manager. Had a 3 week engagement in London which was horrendous. Forgot her lines, her voice cracked and she received the strong vocal displeasure of her audience. Recovered and was planning yet another comeback when she was found dead on the floor of her London apartment, apparently the victim of an overdose of sleeping pills on the night of the homophile Stonewall riots in NYC. Became a cult heroine after her death, with a large gay following, who identified with her suffering. Ultimately produced 100 singles and a dozen albums, including “Judy Garland at Carnegie Hall,” a career highlight which won 5 Grammys. Posthumously given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997. Inner: High strung, highly talented, highly sensitive, but unable to deal with the problems created by others trying to control her early in her career. Remained an adolescent her entire life, since she was never given space to mature or develop beyond her stage persona. An audience addict, who could really only view herself through a veil of applause. Disliked her looks and herself. Often would raid medicine cabinets at parties in a conscious attempt at obliterating herself. Struggled constantly with depression. Publicly garlanded and privately gummed-up lifetime of trying to please everyone but herself. Jenny Lind (1820-1887) (1820-1887) - Swedish soprano. Known as “the Swedish Nightingale.” Outer: Unwanted, illegitimate child of an ill-tempered, bigoted schoolteacher mother and a ne’er-do-well bookkeeper father, who eventually wed when their daughter was 14. Farmed out to foster homes as an infant, until her voice revealed her as someone special to a ballerina’s maid. Plain and snub-nosed. At the age of 9 she was admitted to the school of singing attached to the Court Theater in Stockholm. The theater subsequently became her home, and she made her stage debut at 10. Made her formal debut at 18 with the Stockholm Opera in “Der Freischutz,” and became a leading soprano there. At 20 she became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music, but also showed such voice strain, that she had to undergo 3 months of enforced silence. Unsatisfied with her progress as a singer, she went to Paris and studied there for nearly a year with a voice teacher. Made her debut at the Berlin Opera, after Giacomo Meyerbeer (Richard Rodgers) heard her singing, and specifically wrote a role for her. Enjoyed a similar success in several Germanic and Scandinavian cities, changing from a dramatic soprano to singing lyrical and coloratura parts, although she received mixed reviews in London. Nevertheless, she thoroughly related to the Victorian propriety of the latter country, and tried to project a homely respectability and purity, in counterbalance to the wanton image of singers of the time. Despised France and never sang there, or Italy. Sang her last opera at the age of 29 in London, but continued to give concerts until she was 50. Her public image of being a saintly character belied her true nature. Visited Ireland and had a triumphant tour of the United States courtesy of that legendary impresario of popular culture, P.T. Barnum (Bill Veeck), writing her own contracts, maintaining control over her repertoire and handling her own publicity. Spent 2 years in the United States, earning $130,000 of which she gave $100,000 to Swedish charities. During the tour, she married Otto Goldschmidt, a 2nd rate Jewish composer and conductor in Boston, who totally adored her, two sons and a daughter from the union. To please his wife, he converted and became an Episcopelian. Returned to Europe, lived in Dresden, then London, where she was appointed teacher of singing at the Royal College of Music in 1883. Gave her last performance at the same time and died four years later of cancer. Bequeathed a considerable amount of money to poor Protestant students in Sweden towards their education.Always extremely generous with her money to charities, and a well-loved figure all her life by the public, although people who dealt personally with her had a completely different view. Inner: On the surface, a saintly, highly esteemed character with an extremely giving nature, but in reality, cold, calculating, withdrawn, competitive, irritable and unpredictable. Nightmare nightingale lifetime of enormous success despite a duality of character and a great need to present herself as she was not. Francesca Cuzzoni (1696-1778) - Italian operatic contralto. Outer: Of humble, obscure origins. Father was a violinist. Short and squat, with a doughy face and clear complexion, and not particularly attractive. Made her debut in Venice at 18 and then sang throughout Italy before going to England in 1723, where she had a triumphant debut. Had a clear and very sweet voice, with an innocent and affecting style. Became one of Georg Handel’s (Ang Lee) most admired interpreters, often singing in his operas opposite the castrato Francesco Senesino (Frank Sinatra). In her mid-20s, she married Pietro Sandoni, a pianist, singing teacher and composer, who had brought her to England. Went on to sing throughout Europe, including operas written by her husband, although she never performed professionally under his name. May have had two children with them, although they probably died in in infancy. Had a tremendous rivalry with singer Faustina Bordoni (Deanna Durbin), which reached its climax in a dual performance where both singers wound up pulling each other’s hair, although the story may be apocryphal. Eventually lost her voice, as well as her husband in 1748. Imprisoned for debt in Holland, but finally paid it off through occasional performances, although her abilities had long fled her. Wound up making buttons in a workhouse and dying in poverty at the end of her career. Inner: Arrogant, highly competitive and demanding. Unhappy lifetime of continually overextending herself financially, despite her artistic successes, establishing a pattern of unintegrated artistic triumph with a personal draw towards either dualism or self-destruction that she would continue to explore in later lives in this series.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS DO-IT-ALL ENTERTAINER:
Storyline: The hyper-energetic and hyphenated showman says, yes I can, to whatever is thrown his way, while making his life into enough of a soapsuds drama to keep him well-entertained, if not quite well-integrated, all along the way.

Sammy Davis, Jr. (1925-1990) - American entertainer. Outer: Son of vaudeville dancers, father was an African-American, mother was a Cuban-American chorus girl, whom the former had met during a touring revue. Claimed for much of his life to be of partial Puerto Rican extraction to avoid the controversy of his maternal ethnicity. Never bonded with his mother, and show business would be his entire life. Already a performer by the time he was 4, joining his adopted uncle Will Mastin’s all-black family act a year later, which consisted of a dozen members. His mother, however, left the troupe to dance elsewhere, and the act later became a trio with himself, his uncle and his father. Through early exposure, he developed into an all-around entertainer as singer, dancer, mimic and musician, playing 6 instruments, with the ability to imitate virtually anyone he heard. Starred in his first film at 8, a demeaning short called, Rufus Jones for President. Had no formal education, and was largely bred to perform, in the backwaters of the black theater circuit. 5’4”, and slightly built. Spent 2 years in the army during WW II, where he was subjected to racism, and fought back, both literally and figuratively, as a member of a special services entertainment troupe, specifically targeting members of his audiences to try to win them over. Secretly wanted to be white, and felt his stage presence made people forget his color for the moment. Rejoined the family act, which now billed him by name, and began playing much larger venues. Became a recording artist and TV personality with a large following when he was involved in an auto accident in 1954 in which he lost his left eye, and suffered other injuries which almost ended his career. Through determination and an extremely strong will, he returned to make both his Broadway and Hollywood debuts in 1956, and became noted as a member of the ‘Rat Pack’ of entertainers that formed around Frank Sinatra, although continually suffered their racial taunts as price of their company. Converted to Judaism at 31, carrying his identification with otherness into the spiritual sphere, as well. Married thrice, the first and last to African-American dancers, Loray White from 1958 to 1959 and Altovise Gore in 1970. His 2nd union with Swedish actress May Britt from 1960 to 1968, caused a lot of resentment, and made him a Hollywood pariah. One daughter from the middle union, as well as two adopted sons, including Mark, who later learned he was his sire’s natural son, while his true mother, who wasn’t May Britt remains a mystery. Married Altovise after being pressured to do so but the relationship soon devolved into dark experimentation, along with a live-in white girlfriend at their domicile. Able to assert his black identity as the civil rights movement grew in importance, but was always obsessed with performance as his ultimate statement of who he was. A skilled photographer, he was constantly recording people and places. A Las Vegas regular, as well as a continuing talk show personality, he further shocked people by literally embracing Richard Nixon in 1972 during his run for the renomination for the presidency, when he had heretofore been an espouser of liberal causes. Always frenetically busy in his multi-dimensional career, with TV, nightclubs and recordings as his mainstays. Never had a set act. Instead, he would gauge his audiences, and deliver what he thought would entertain them. Had 2 autobiographies ghostwritten for him “Yes I Can,” in 1965 and “Why Me?” in 1989, and had hip replacement surgery at 60, which enabled him to resume his career as a dancer. Struggled with both an alcohol and cocaine dependency, which he eventually overcame, but died soon after of throat cancer. His grave marker bears the epithet, “The Entertainer. He did it all.” In 2001, he was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Broke at the end and owing the IRS some $7 million, he left his heirs nothing but debt, while his employees looted his mansion of everything in his last months. Inner: Ebullient, self-involved, sycophantic, insecure, superficial and highly talented with a host of skills at his disposal, and a deep determination to overcome his various liabilities. Hard drinker, heavy smoker, indulger in drugs, who continually lived beyond his means no matter how much he made. Came into black consciousness later in life after spending most of his adult career entertaining white audiences, and will probably repeat the racial experience to better integrate himself. Obstacle course lifetime of setting up challenges for himself to overcome after a far easier go-round, before finally succumbing to the excesses that marked much of his existence. William J. Florence (Bernard Conlin) (1831-1991) - American comic and entertainer. Outer: Oldest of 8 children. Grew up in NYC, and did impersonations as a boy, showing a remarkable memory. Had a fascination with the stage as a youth, and became a call boy at the Old Bowery Theater. His father died when he was 15, and he had to help his mother with his younger siblings. Worked as a cub reporter and in a foundry, then made his debut at 18. Able to play Shakespearean roles, but his real gift was for dialect impersonation. By 20, he was a well-liked stage personality with a long career ahead of him. At 22, he married Malvina Pray (Martha Raye) a dancer whose sister had married comic Barney Williams (Red Skelton), then starred with her in a play he had written. The duo played off the popular archetypes of Yankee Girl and Irish Boy, and were a mainstay of the NY theater circuit. Went to England in 1856, where he triumphed in both London and the provinces, and returned there in 1862, for a second tour, which was equally laden with accolades. For 35 years, he was a double-billed star with his wife. Did mostly Irish-American comedy and melodrama, as well as burlesque. Played with Joseph Jefferson III (Jimmy Stewart) towards the end of his life, in a well-matched pairing of opposites. Never experienced a failure throughout his career, and achieved a beloved rank held by only a handful of stage comedians. Retired in 1889, and died two years later. Inner: Jaunty, well-respected, highly social, well-traveled. Skyrocket lifetime of experiencing nothing but success after a shaky beginning, by focusing his entire being on his career, even making his marriage was a requisite of it, in order to give him the strength of self-assurance to tackle a far more difficult role with the same skills the next time around. Giovanni Carestini (1705-c1760) - Italian castrato. Outer: Castrated as a boy to preserve his high alto. Trained in Milan under the protection of the Cusani family from the age of 12. Tall, quite handsome and majestic. Made his debut in 1721 in Rome, and then became one of the most well-traveled of the castrati. Extremely popular in both Italy and Bohemia, while also evincing fine skills as a highly animated actor. Went to London in 1734, and was engaged by Georg Handel (Alban Berg), who used him to rival his exact contemporary Carlo Farinelli (Michael Jackson). Returned to the continent the following year, and continued his career unabated. Ill-health finally slowed him down. Moved to St. Petersburg in 1754, and finally retired to his native Ancona. Noted for his exceptional technique as well as his impressive stage presence. Inner: Empty codpiece lifetime of sacrificing his sexuality for an extremely well-received several decade run on the European stage, in yet another go-round where career was put ahead of all other considerations.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS WELL-LOVED WILD MAN:
Storyline: The happy hedonist alternately announces and denounces his sinful ways as his own best congregation, while continually seeking both fun and self-redemption in his ongoing theater of self, where performance and pleasure continually vie with his great desire for purification.

gLittle Richard (Richard Penniman) (1932) - American singer and preacher. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was a brick mason who later became a bootlegger, although 2 uncles and a grandfather were preachers. 3rd of 12 children in a devout Seventh Day Adventist family. His sire was killed outside his establishment, when his mother was pregnant with their last child. Mischievous, loud and boisterous when he was young. Although he sang gospel and played piano at a local church, his parents refused to encourage his musical interests, and at 13, he was kicked out of the house because of his further sexual apostasy, a decided preference for his own gender. 5'10". Subsequently moved in with a white family who ran Macon’s Tick Tock Club, where he inaugurated his performing career. Won a contract with RCA in 1951, after an Atlanta radio audition, and initially produced conventional fare, before moving to Houston the following year. After failing to capture an audience, he became a frontman for the Johnny Otis orchestra in 1955, touring small black clubs, and mostly singing the blues, internally and externally. Found the right producer that year in LA, and had his first hit with “Tutti Frutti,” establishing himself as an uninhibited performer, with a whooping singing style, and a piano-banging enthusiasm that produced 7 gold records over the next 3 years. At his popularity’s height, he quit rock after a tour of Australia, when he was visited by a vision of the Apocalypse in a dream of personal damnation. A subsequent airplane flight where one of the engines caught fire, cemented his desire to give up his evil ways, and he enrolled in Oakwood College in Huntsville, Alabama, where he got a BA and was ordained a minister in the Seventh Day Adventist Church of his parents. His label, Speciality, managed to squeeze one more hit, “Keep A Knockin’,” out of his unfinished sessions, but he did not return to performing again until 1964, after he failed to find a major audience for his gospel recordings. Spent the next decade trying to resurrect himself on a variety of labels, to little real avail, while involving himself in $1000 a day cocaine habit, as well as alcohol, before denouncing his past again by decade’s end and stressing his connection to the Church and his disassociation from the devils that continually plague him. Despite his dissipation, he managed to stay remarkably young looking. In 1985, after recording in England, he came back to the US and got into a serious auto accident, which once again forced him to reassess himself, and he ultimately found some sort of balance between his religiosity and flamboyance. One of the first inductees into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, and a recipient of a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993, he remains a resurrected token of the past, with all his exuberance largely intact. Inner: Extroverted, excessively flamboyant, and prone to both the pleasures and wages of sin, as he sees it. Keep A Knockin’ lifetime of playing with both the highs and lows of rococo exhibitionism and religious restraint, and trying to find his highwire and highly wired balance twixt the two. gGeorge Walker (1873-1911) - American entertainer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was a policeman. Attracted to show business at an early age, he left school to become a minstrel player with an all-black troupe, but the mugging and grinning act he performed was distasteful to him. Moved from minstrel shows to circuses and musical shows, as an expert dancer and charismatic singing comedian, before meeting Bert Williams (Sidney Poitier) on a San Francisco street at 20, and forming a comedy and song team with him. The duo were ignored in the honky-tonks of San Francisco, and booed in the South, although within 2 years, they had solidified their act, with himself as the flamboyant straight man and Williams as the sly country boy comic, taking it around the country under the billing of “Two Real Coons.” Underlying their act was the theme of survival, to which audiences could readily relate. Discovered in Indiana by a Broadway producer, they were taken to NYC, where they became a successful hit on stage, following an initial failure, after introducing the cakewalk, a high-stepping plantation dance. Always played the wise guy and did the planning, staging and promoting for their joint ventures. Expert dancer and charismatic singer. Starred in the first successful African-American play with Williams, “In Dahomey” which ultimately received a command performance at Buckingham Palace in front of the King of England. In his mid-20s, he married singer Aida Walker (Whitney Houston). With Williams, he introduced African settings, characters and songs to the white public, and proved an effective pioneer in bringing African sensibilities to the European mainstream. Suffered a lingering death from syphilis, and died relatively young. Inner: Razzle-dazzle extrovert with an infectious personality. Clothes horse, very active social life, definitely not a homebody. Freewheeling lifetime of trying to transcend the socially-imposed limitations placed on him and his gifts, in order to help the world understand and integrate itself better through an appreciation of those born with exotic skin coloring, before returning in even more outrageous fashion to explore his delightful eccentricities. Giovanni Velluti (1780-1861) - Italian tenor. Known as “Giambattista.” Outer: Castrated at the age of 8 to relieve a cough and high fever. His mutilation, however, did not prevent him from having an active sex life afterward. Originally destined for a military career, his unmanning would send him to music school instead. Made his debut in 1800 in Forli, and had a career that only ran three decades. Had a large and powerful voice, and loved to astonish audiences with his coloratura technique, as well as his predilection for outrageous and ornate costumes. Largely unrivaled in Europe during his run, which covered a limited repertoire, although his prickly personality would cause other performers to refuse to appear with him. The recipient of much press for his excesses, including a voice that would occasionally take on the tenor of a peacock’s shriek, despite his sublime singing skills. Performed the last opera ever written for a castrato, and with his retirement, that element of grand opera largely retired with him. Known as a cocksman, despite his debility, because unsuspecting husbands would allow their groupie wives easy access to him. Eventually, his voice lost its beauty and he retired in 1829, to spend the remainder of his long life in agricultural pursuits. Inner: Flamboyant and voluble. Difficult to work with, thanks to a desire to always be stage center, without the slightest concern around the needs of those with whom he worked. Unmanned lifetime of exhibiting his longtime proclivity for being a stage center prima donna, before adding a sense of spirituality in the modern world to temper his exuberance and preternatural ability to entertain.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS ARCHETYPAL ICON:
Storyline: The transcendental tenor displays a heart and appetite as big as his voice, allowing him to become the male opera singer of the 20th century via his enduring reputation.

qLuciano Pavarotti (1935-2007) - Italian operatic tenor. Outer: Son of a baker who was a nonprofessional tenor, and continually goaded his progeny to do better. His mother worked in a cigar factory. Alternated his original singing lessons with training to become a school teacher, while harboring the desire to become another Mario Lanza (Adam Lambert), whom he would imitate in front of a mirror. An excellent athlete, underneath his subsequent girth. 5'10 1/2" with black hair and dark brown eyes. Studied for 2 years, 7 days a week, with a hometown singer without charge. Won the Concorso Internationale, and decided to focus entirely on singing. Made his debut the same year at age 25 in the Reggio Emilia Opera House in Giacomo Puccini’s (Francis Coppola) La Boheme. Enjoyed immediate success, appearing throughout Europe within the next 2 years. An association with soprano Joan Sutherland helped him immensely in developing his technique, as he toured with her Australian company. Married Adua Veroni in his mid-20s, 3 daughters from the union. Appeared at La Scala in his early 30s, and the same year, made his American debut at the San Francisco Opera House, and the following annum at the Metropolitan Opera House. By the early 1970s, he had established himself as one of the leading lyric tenors in the world, as “King of the High C’s.” Although 6’ and very heavy-set, over 300 pounds, he was extremely graceful on stage. Subsequently struggled with weight and comebacks, although maintained his position as one of the pre-eminent tenors of his time, through good technique and conserving his powers by limiting his appearances to 50 or 60 a year, as well as using both television and videos to reach an even greater audience, in order to become a popularizer of opera as well. Established a voice competition in Philadelphia in 1981, and finally became the teacher he always was, although the focus was usually on him, rather than his lessons, as he expanded into public television for his classes. Joined with Placido Domingo and Jose Carreras for the Three Tenors series, which broadened his audience even more. By the 1980s, however, he had difficulty learning new opera roles, while he sang, instead, with pop figures in the 1990s and failed hitting the high notes in some of his operatic performances. Once booed off the stage at La Scala in 1992, because of his diminished powers. Public frolics with a secretary half his age ended his 35 year marriage, while health problems slowed down his public performing, along with back taxes of $12 million to the Italian government, and his ex-wife’s desire for her lion’s share of his $200 million estate. Had a daughter from the 2nd union, some months before it was made official in 2003, although a twin brother was stillborn. Failed to appear for his NY Metropolitan Opera farewell performance, while denying his gifts had been largely spent. Released his first album of Italian pop songs at 68, after hearing the song “Caruso,” about his later life’s last days. Finally gave his farewell staged opera in “Tosca” at the Met in 2004, with a promise to continue performing until his 70th birthday, although he later announced an international tour for 2005 that would take him past it. Sold over 100 million albums, earning the title of the most successful classical artist in the his/story of the recording industry. In 2006, he underwent surgery for pancreatic cancer, and wound up wheelchair bound from it, while continuing to battle the disease into the next year, before finally succumbing to it. Inner: Good-hearted and gregarious, with a lusty appetite for fame and food, bordering on gluttony. Became the first tenor to exploit television, in the same way, he would be the first in his Caruso life to exploit the newfangled phonograph. Oversized lifetime of allowing his appetite free reign in all arenas, in his ongoing stance as a tenor for the ages for each generation in which he appears. qEnrico Caruso (1873-1921) - Italian operatic tenor. Outer: Father was a mechanic in a machine shop who ultimately became superintendent there. First 17 children all died in infancy, although his parents continued to try to create a child. After their son’s birth, another son died, and then two more children lived. Very close to his mother, who saw him as an angelic gift. Sang as a child and joined his parish choir at 9, but did not receive formal training until the age of 18. After studying for 3 years, he quietly made his debut in Naples at the age of 21, and then never sang there again. Did not begin to be recognized until appearing in Milan in his mid-20s, although the bulk of his career was spent outside of Italy. Toured Russia and sang in Buenos Aires, before making his debut at La Scala at the turn of the century. Lived with Ada Giachetti, a married opera singer, for a decade, and had 4 children, with two sons surviving. Eventually she abandoned him for a chauffeur, despite efforts to reconcile on his part. Became a world figure after appearing in Monte Carlo and London in 1902. The following year, he began his long and fruitful association at the Metropolitan Opera in NYC. The range and power of his voice were extraordinary, with a particular strength in its lower registers. Developed into a decent actor, with an uncanny skill in make-up. Married Married Dorothy Benjamin, a young American, two daughters from the union. Remained a reigning favorite at the Met until a short time before his death, acting 36 different roles over the next 17 years. Became the best-loved and highest-paid tenor in the world. Had a throat operation in his mid-30s, after temporarily losing his voice. Most closely associated with the lead role in I Pagliacci. Died of abscesses of the lung. His lasting fame came about through his gramophone disks, which were the first to be recorded for posterity. Given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1987. Inner: Good innate sense of comedy, and ability to develop as an actor, although never a romantic lead. Never competitive or jealous, and always willing to help younger singers. Generous, warm-hearted, simple, uncomplicated, well-loved by one and all. His greatness of voice in part came from his goodness of character, although he was addicted to both food and alcohol. Big-hearted lifetime of allowing both his voice and persona to come directly from the heart, allowing him to become an immortal of the stage, forever emblazoned on the public imagination as the tenor of all time. qGasparo Pacchiarotti (1744-1821) - Italian operatic soprano. Outer: Castrated, as was custom of time for young singers with beautiful voices. Studied in Forli and began singing minor roles at the age of 16. An affecting actor as well as a great singer, he trilled in leading opera houses all over Italy. Made several visits to London, spent one season there, and sang in Paris as well. Often brought his listeners to tears, with a voice that was considered one of the greatest of all time. Tall, thin and awkward. Although unprepossessing in appearance, the sheer beauty of his singing more than compensated for his physicality. Despite desexing and homeliness, he was attractive to women. Jailed briefly twice for incidents beyond his control, perhaps as symbol of being housed in an incomplete body. Spent his retirement in Padua, where he devoted himself to charitable works. Inner: Good-hearted without the vanity, envy or jealousy common to singers of the time. Sweet-tempered lifetime of existing as a sheer voice, without the physicality and appetites to compliment it.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS PROTESTER AND PROSELYTIZER:
Storyline: The clear-voiced contrarian exercises extreme power around her own gifts for melodic beauty, as well as promulgating the genius of intimates, while working out the dynamics of her humorless need to be at the center of both controversy and self-righteous self-expression.

Joan Baez (Joan Chandos Baez) (1940) - American folksinger, songwriter and activist. Outer: Father was a Mexican-American physicist, teacher and researcher, mother was the Scottish-American daughter of an Episcopal minister. Middle daughter. Had a nomadic childhood because of her father’s varied employment, including a year in Baghdad when she was 10. Ostracized while growing up because of her skin color in California, she became withdrawn and isolated. Plagued by nausea, chills and terror since childhood, she spent decades in psychiatric self-examination over their still obscure causes. Her isolation inspired her to develop her voice and by her early teens she was performing at local affairs. Her family moved to the Boston suburbs when she was 17, and she started singing at a local club in Harvard Square. 5'5", and slim with dark brown hair and brown eyes. Invited to perform at the first Newport Folk Festival, she became a well-known figure in folk circles, with her high clear voice, serious commitment to causes and idealistic purity. Had a brief homophile affair, then connected with a still-unknown Bob Dylan as both lovers and fellow performers. The self-involvement of both ended the relationship, as each went onto become icons of the 1960s in their own fashion. Turned down a lucrative recording contract to sign with a lesser known label, gave away her money through guilt, and declined to kowtow to commercialism. Refused to appear in nightclubs, and limited her concerts, while dressing in homespun fashion, projecting a continual image of purity and pacifism. From her late teens until her forties, she needed therapy in order to deal with her stage fright. Her sister Mim married writer Richard Farina (Chance the Rapper), who was killed in a motorcycle accident in 1966, after which she became one of the most vocal protesters of the Vietnam War. In 1968, she married a political activist and briefly retired from the stage to mother hen a host of hippies and resisters on Struggle Mountain in California. After the arrest of her husband for refusing Army induction, she returned to touring the country to protest the war, appearing at the legendary Woodstock festival, very much pregnant, in what was probably the height of her public career. During the early 1970s, she sang Christmas carols from the balcony of a hotel in Hanoi and lent her presence to countless demonstrations, but by the middle of the decade, she had second thoughts about her noncommercial approach, if she wanted to retain her fame, and compromised her career by signing with a commercial label and living the life of a star. A decade of Quaaludes, lovers half her age and voice trouble followed, as she continued her social commitments, but with a more sophisticated eye and ear towards the news media. Lost her sister Mimi to cancer in 2001. Penned 2 autobiographies, 1970’s “Daybreak” and 2009’s “And A Voice to Sing With” while settling into her role as elder stateswoman of protest, with a far less public life the latter part of her career, while remaining a compelling figure to many, and an equally reviled one to others. In 2007, she was awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Elected into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame with the 2017 class. Has a net worth of $11 million. Inner: Serious and extremely self-involved, with a dual pull towards public power and purity of purpose. Analytical and basically solitudinous, with a great need to explore things on her own Crystal-voiced lifetime of dealing with idealism and all its consequences, while wrapped in the cocoon of fame and self-importance, as a residue of earlier go-rounds as part of the musical establishment. Cosima Wagner (Cosima Liszt) (1837-1930) - German impresario. Outer: Daughter of Franz Liszt (G.W. Pabst). Mother, Marie d’Agoult (Marguerite Duras) was the daughter of a French vicomte and German banking family who eloped with Liszt, while estranged from her husband. Her daughter would later repeat her pattern. Parents separated when she was 7, and she lived with her mother. Slim and sharp-featured. When she was 20, she married pianist and conductor Hans von Bulow (Pierre Boulez), who was chosen to conduct the works of Richard Wagner (Werner Herzog) 7 years later. After a congenial friendship, she and Wagner both fell in love and 2 years later, she left her husband for him. The duo settled in Switzerland, where she devoted herself to him, taking dictation for his autobiography. For the sake of appearances she rejoined her husband briefly, before permanently going back to Wagner, and dedicating her life to his genius. The pair had 3 children together, and the year following the birth of the last, 1870, her divorce from von Bulow allowed her to marry Wagner. After the composer’s death, she wished to join him, although fate decreed she still had many years ahead of her. Fell under the influence of Houston Stewart Chamberlain (Ernst Zundel), a virulent anti-Semite and pre-Nazi theoretician, and wound up sharing both his sentiments and her daughter Eva with him, while dedicating herself to maintaining her mate’s legacy. Managed Wagner's Bayreuth festival in his memory, ultimately turning it over to her son Siegfried. Blind for the last decade of her life, as symbol of a lack of desire to see herself. Inner: Controlling, anti-Semitic, and very serious. Very into her own power as both the progeny and mate of two towering musical figures of the 19th century, with a thorough identification of her unique place as custodian of her husband’s legacy. Learning lifetime of support and exercising cultural power at the highest levels of the musical world as primary caretaker of the reputation of a transcendental musical figure. Julianne Benda (1752-1783) - German lied singer, pianist and composer. Outer: Daughter of a Czech-German violinist, whose family produced several fine musicians. Probably learned from her father and siblings. Became a singer and keyboard player, as well as the composer of German Lied. The first wife of composer Johann Reichardt (Pierre Boulez), dying prematurely some 6 years after their marriage. Inner: Foundation lifetime of coming into a musical family, and marrying the same mate, while establishing patterns she would repeat to less creative effect in her next musical life, where she would opt for the pure expression of power rather than her own not inconsiderable self-expressive abilities.

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PATHWAY OF THE ARTIST AS YANKEE DOODLE DANDY:
Storyline: The hot-footed hoofer dances up a self-absorbed storm while looking to match his own high opinion of himself with that of a many-decade adoring audience, a lifelong goal of his that has thus far eluded him.

Michael J. Flatley (1958) - American dancer and choreographer. Outer: Parents were Irish-born immigrants. 2nd of 5 children. Grew up on Chicago’s South Side. Father had a family-owned construction firm, and he labored long hours as a child there, giving him strong work ethic. His grandmother was a champion Irish dancer. Began taking step-dance lessons at the relatively late age of 11, then practiced endlessly. Won dance contests all over Ireland, and opened up the tradition of merely dancing with the feet to extend to the entire body. Able to tap dance at 28 beats a second. At 17, he became the first American All-World Irish Dancing Champion. 5'9". After high school, he pranced with several companies, before joining the Irish Chieftains in 1980. Met Beata Dziaba, a Polish make-up artist and married her in his mid-20s, but because he was constantly on the road, the duo separated 7 years later and ultimately divorced. In his mid-30s, he did a dance for a televised song contest and his 7 minutes so electrified the audience, it helped create "Riverdance," his own take on traditional Irish dance. Eventually scored an international success with it, which was built around himself and a female partner, as well as a huge chorus-line, although contractual pursuits caused him to leave the company and pursue own pathway towards glory, with his Lord of the Dance, a far more contrived piece. Had his feet insured for $40 million, and bought a 19th century Irish castle/estate in County Cork. International success came at a relatively late age, causing him to reassess his career and open up the possibility of becoming a film performer. Sued by a woman for sexual assault in 2003, he promptly countersued her saying it was consensual. Returned to his trademark dance reviews in 2005 with “Celtic Tiger,” which includes a ‘Yankee Doodle Dandy,’ finish in an unconscious self-referential nod to his previous go-round in this series. The following year, he came down with a potential life-threatening immune virus, which landed him in the hospital, although he was eventually cured of it by a New Age body-clinic, and back on the boards by 2008. Inner: Enormous ego, difficult personality, super-confident, filled with the grandeur of his own self. Ego-stroking lifetime of using the pure vehicle of dance in his ongoing quest for public love, while battling his own excessive self-love. George M. Cohan (1878-1942) - American dancer, actor and composer. Outer: The family name was an Americanization of Keohane. Father was a harness-maker turned vaudevillian, mother and older sister, Josie, also took to the stage. Proved himself to be a prodigy, playing the violin at 7, writing songs at 13, and in his teens becoming the prime force of his father’s vaudeville company, the Four Cohans, with a trademark sign-off, “my mother thanks you, my father thanks you, my sister thanks you, and I thank you.” Attended public school until he was 8, before touring the east and midwest with his family act. Wrote songs and sketches for it by his mid-teens. Blond-haired and dapper. Expanded one of his works into a full-length musical play by his early 20s. In 1899, he married Ethel Levey, a singer and comedian, one daughter from the union. Joined with producer Sam Harris in the early 1900s to form a production partnership which was highly successfully. Also continued to act, becoming a star of the Broadway theater, while writing songs and producing numerous musicals. Divorced in 1907, he married again to Agnes Nolan, the love of his life, 2 children from the 2nd union. Wrote “Over There” when the U.S. entered WW I, which became the most popular song of the war. After the conflict, he led a losing battle against a strike called by the Actor’s Equity Association, and withdrew from the NYC theatrical world in retaliation, losing many friendships in the process. Never really had much of a family life, nor did he wish to bring them into his act, as his own family had done, preferring to spend his free time at the Friar’s and Lamb’s clubs, NYC’s primary theatrical fraternities. During the next decade, he made a number of trips to Europe, and went briefly into seclusion in Atlantic City during the middle of the 1930s, when he wrote his autobiography. During that period, he returned to prominence as an actor, but had lost touch with the theater, which had passed him by, and was filled with bitterness his last 20 years. As one final hurrah, he wanted Hollywood to do a biopic on him, and though his script was deemed turgid, he agreed to revisions, and was subsequently immortalized by James Cagney, in Yankee Doodle Dandy, for which the latter won an Oscar the year he died of complications from an intestinal operation, after suffering cancer of the lower intestine. Accomplished in every venue of show business, as songwriter, dancer, actor, playwright, play doctor, stage director, manager and producer, and had an unsurpassed career as an all-around showman with an uncanny ability to reflect the common denominator of taste of his time. Wrote 40 plays and more than 400 songs. Best known theater persona in America during his up years. Inner: Small, exuberant, stubborn and highly egotistical and energetic. Passionately wanted to be known as a playwright. Frustrated lifetime of being the early century’s exemplary showman, only to suffer the humiliation of an ill-advised stand that darkened his last 2 decades. George Handel Hill (1809-1849) - American actor and comedian. Outer: Father was a musician, brother was a violinist and composer. Ran off in his mid-teens and worked for a jeweler, then became a superintendent in a theater. After seeing an actor in a Yankee role, he made his debut the following year as a “down-East” interpreter in Brooklyn, then was a low comedian in a strolling company. Married and vowed to forsake the stage, but his failure as a country shopkeeper made him break the vow. Returned to the footlights in Albany, then toured the South and NY State, before becoming a star at the Arch Street Theater in Philadelphia, playing a Yankee character. Came into huge demand after a successful New York run, and played all over the U.S. as well as 2 years on Drury Lane in London. Leased a theater in NYC and renamed it after himself, but failed, as did another of his programs of Yankee roles and lectures. Retired and took up the practice of dentistry, but his health was ruined by dissipation, and he gave one more performance and died. Inner: Few real gifts and limited mentality, but expert at Yankee comedy, a phenomenon of the time. One-trick pony lifetime of narrow focus on his skills, with similar failure at life’s end, which probably gave him the impetus to expand his abilities the next time around.

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PATHWAY OF THE POET AS MULTI/TALENTED LIGHTWEIGHT:
Storyline: The restroom performance artist outs himself and in so doing, throws light on a life-long shadow over who he really is, allowing him to reclaim himself, as well as his own ultimate potential for deeper and more satisfying self-expression.

George Michael (Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou) (1963-2016) - English singer and songwriter. Outer: Youngest son of a Greek Cypriot restaurant owner who emigrated to London. Originally wanted to be a pilot, but nearsightedness and partial color blindness put an end to that fantasy. Introverted, awkward and overweight as a young teen. Met future partner Andrew Ridgeley, who helped turn his ugly duckling into the handsome, fashionable swan he would become. Despite parental objections to the friendship and the musical direction towards which it was leading him, he quit school, worked at various odd jobs, and, after signing a contract, changed his name to George Michael, while calling himself and Ridgeley, Wham! Had legal battles to get out of his first contract, which cost them all the money they had made on their initial recording effort. Started as rebels, then transformed themselves into photogenic prototypes of stylish fashion plates. 5’11”, he affected a neat unshaven look, as a blond pin-up who wrote lightweight, easily digestible music. The duo became international stars, and were the first major western group to play in China. Toured the United States as well, then the duo broke up, when Ridgeley decided to become a race car driver. Continued a successful solo career, although began drinking heavily and using the drug Ecstasy to uplift his continual depressed state. Despite a highly lucrative $15 million contract, he sued Sony to be released from it for more artistic freedom, but failed to do so. Began a homophile affair with a Brazilian dress designer, Anselmo Feleppa in 1991, but refused to admit his true sexuality to himself, despite being opened up by the latter, who died of AIDS two years later. Returned to performing after a lengthy absence as a more brooding, reflective and moody singer, reconstructing himself as an adult artist. Endured a nasty legal battle with Sony Music, and saw his mother die of cancer of 1997, which devastated him. Severely depressed, he entered therapy, and was able to reconstitute himself. Caught masturbating in a public restroom in Los Angeles, after propositioning an undercover policeman, and outed himself as a homophile on TV in 1998, finally admitting to have long given up on women. Subsequently received a $450 fine and 80 hours community service for his indiscretion. Produced his final album in 2004, announcing he would issue free songs henceforth over the internet. In 2006, he formalized his longtime relationship with Dallas gallery owner, Kenny Goss, then was discovered slumped over the wheel of his car, with a cocktail of drugs in his system. Ultimately received 100 hours of community service for the offense. At year’s end, he performed for an hour at a private party in Russia, earning $3 million, making him the highest paid performer there ever. Much to his shame-faced disgrace, he was nabbed once more in a public loo for crack cocaine possession in 2008 in his ongoing need for continual punishment and redemption. Later admitted his cruising and cannabis use, which he cut back from 25 joints a day to ‘only’ 7 or 8, is just who is. As further proof of who he is, he crashed his car into a London photo shop, while under the influence of marijuana, after a gay pride march in 2010, and wound up with 8 weeks jailtime for the episode along with a fine. Two years later, he became the first internationa pop-star to perform with Paris' Opera Garnier, a venue known as a stage for classical music and opera, in a singular honor accorded him, despite his many falls from grace. Reportedly was still doing battle with heroin, the drug of the dead, when he died peacefully at home of heart failure on Christmas Day, 2016. Had a net worth of $200 million, with offspring of his celebrity friends his heirs Inner: Analytic and introspective, with an excellent business sense. Extremely compulsive with a curious periodic desire for exposure and atonement. Also kind, generous and well-loved by all who knew him. Flasher lifetime of focusing his diverse creative talents on music, while playing the public role of foole, in order to offset his handsome sense of self with the flawed character who resided just beneath the surface. Ivor Novello (David Ivor Novello Davies) (1893-1951) - English actor, playwright, composer and manager. Outer: Mother was a celebrated Welsh singing teacher, brought up in musical atmosphere. Father was a rate collector. Sang and played the piano at the age of 3, and won a scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford at 10, where he was a prominent soloist of the choir until his voice broke. Had his first song published when he was 15. Did not have a mature singing voice. Taught piano in Cardiff, then joined his mother in London, where he became obsessed with the theater. Joined the Royal Naval Air Service, but after two crashes became a clerk. 5’11”. At 20, he wrote the most popular song of WW I, “Keep the Home Fires Burning,” which made him wealthy and world-famous. In 1919, he starred in Call of the Blood, and was England’s biggest film star until the advent of talkies, appearing in romantic costume dramas. Had a highly successful career afterwards in whatever mode he worked, appealing to the sentiment of his times. Went to NY where he composed his first musical play, then wrote and composed successful light musical shows for the London stage where he appeared as a performer, although was extremely limited in the latter role. In addition, he penned nonmusical plays, sometimes in collaboration. Dark and handsome, he was ill-suited for talking pictures because of his woodenness, and retired from the screen in 1934. Never married, although he had a 35 year relationship with Bobbie Angdrews, an actor, as well as an affiar with poet Siegfried Sassoon, and was often seen with the great beauties of the time. Held court in his legendary apartment, and drove around London in a chauffeured maroon Rolls-Royce, with his initials on the door. Arrested during WW II for purchasing black market petrol and served a brief prison term. Died suddenly of a coronary thrombosis, after a performance of one of his hits. 5 years later, the British Academy of Composer & Songwriters created the Ivors to honor outstanding contributions to British music. Inner: Happy, uncomplicated, unconceited, with a taste for fame and fortune. Lightweight but with a sure ear for sentiment and popular musical expression. Multi-media lifetime of combining his various communication skills for an unchallengingly successful career upon the stage, before returning with far more conflicts the next time around in this series, to deepen his sense of personal expression. Samuel Lover (1797-1868) - Irish poet, playwright, artist and composer. Outer: From a Protestant family, eldest son of a stockbroker. Mother had musical abilities, although she died when he was 12. Delicate as a child with a facility for all the arts. His sire tried to destroy his creative sense, bashing in his miniature theater with a poker. Sent at 12 to the country for his health. While there, he became very attached to the Irish peasantry, whom he would use as his literary and musical inspiration. At 15, he reluctantly began training to be a stockbroker. Broke with his father two years later, and began a career as a painter without formal instruction. Lifelong friend of poet Thomas Moore (Donovan), who exerted a strong influence on his career. Wrote and published many songs, as well as ballads and stories, while focusing on painting. Married Lucy Berrel, the Catholic daughter of a Dublin architect in 1827, two daughters from the union Elected Secretary of the Royal Hibernian Society, and exerted himself on behalf of downtrodden peasantry. Moved to London after a portrait was exhibited at the Royal Academy, and enjoyed a prominent place in literary and artistic circles. Associated with writer Charles Dickens (Richard Burton) in the founding of Bentley magazine. Did stage pieces with music and an opera. His musical entertainment, Irish Evenings, was so popular, he was able to tour the British Isles and United States with it. Weakened eyesight made him focus on his writings. Much to his grief, his wife died and the eldest of his two daughters also exited via consumption, while he was touring America. In 1852, he married Mary Wandby, the daughter of a squire, 5 more children, only one of whom survived to become the mother of composer Victor Herbert (Paul McCartney). Suffered a hemorrhage of the lungs and died 4 years later. Did much to change the English conception of the Irish peasantry. Inner: Frail, but strong-willed and ambitious, with a definite sense of purpose. Expanding lifetime of giving himself more challenges, via an unsupportive father, in order to more deeply explore a variety of means of expression.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS SEXUAL SELF-DESTRUCTOR:
Storyline: The predatory purveyor of spiritual songs can’t seem to integrate his lusty earthiness with his finely phrased sense of the divine, making for a conflicted character, who still manages to entrance a large following, despite his obvious vices.

fR. Kelly (Robert Sylvester Kelly) (1969) - American singer, producer and songwriter. Outer: Of African/American descent. One of 4 children. Mother was single and a schoolteacher, with a strong sense of religious spirit. She was also a passionate fan of Chicago soul singers, and encouraged her son’s talents, to the point of helping him songwriter in his mid-teens. Also strongly influenced by his music teacher in high school, Lena McLin, whose uncle was the gospel legend, Thomas A. Dorsey. Grew up in poverty on the Southside of Chicago, but always remained a homey, even after enjoying more Top 40 hits than any other male singer in the 1990s. 6’2”, 180 lbs. As a youngster, he often took his keyboard into subway tunnels and played for spare change. Subsequently, he forged a highly successful career for himself singing uplifting ballads and soft songs of seduction, beginning with his 1990 release, “Born into the 90s.” Twice settled lawsuits with women who claimed to have been minors when he had congress with them. Married in 1994 for a short time to the doomed singer Aaliyah, who was 15 at the time and later died in a plane crash. After that union was annulled, he married a former dancer from his troupe in 1996, 3 children from union. Won a Grammy the same year for “I Believe I Can Fly,” which he wrote for his friend, hoopster superstar Michael Jordan. Including his own hits, everything he touched as producer for other artists also translated in gold. In 1997, he felt a sense of spiritual awakening during a concert in Chicago, where he claimed to have rediscovered the Lord after being awash in sin. Began attending church again after a video emerged purportedly showing him having sex with an underage girl and then urinating on her. Indicted on 21 counts for the charge in 2002, while many radio stations began boycotting his works, although a bootleg DVD became a bestseller on street corners and porn sites. Continued his concert-giving and music-making, while his albums flew off the shelves, despite the bad publicity, as he remained as popular as ever with most of his fans, who seemed to be more than willing to forgive him his trespasses. The single album of his career which produced no hits, was the gospel album, “U Saved Me,” in 2004, showing him that his audience preferred the sinner to the empty repentant. Sued at least four times by women for his sexual excesses, and settled each case for unspecified amounts. Able to forestall going to trial for five years, thanks to legal maneuvering by his lawyers, as his career continued unabated, including guest appearances on fellow hip-hopper albums. Also the author, beginning in 2005, of a cult video hip-hopera called “Trapped in the Closet,” starring himself in a byzantine storyline laid to an unchanging beat, that has been added to over the ensuing years, to the delight of a huge fan base. Finally acquitted of all charges in 2008, six and a half years after they were brought up, by a jury quite amenable to his innocence, despite graphic evidence otherwise. Accused in 2017 of keeping at least six young women captive in a cult environment, in his Chicago and Atlanta homes, and brainwashing them into subservience to him by one of their parents. Later cancelled his tour dates in the wake of the controversy around the accusations. Has a net worth of $150 million. Inner: Shy and reserved, but confident and unflappable. Continually split between the sacred and the profane in his works, which are capable of soaring heights, as well as blatantly crass imagery. Obsession with underage girls, probably signals a retarded sexuality on his part as well. Finger-pointing lifetime of failing once again to reconcile his predatory nature with his sense of divine, and suffering personally but not judiciously or economically for it. fSam Cooke (Samuel Cook) (1935-1964) - American singer, producer and songwriter. Outer: One of 8 sons of a Baptist minister. Father lost his position as a houseboy for a wealthy cotton farmer and his family migrated north, where his sire became an assistant pastor and day laborer in the stockyards. Began singing in church, and by his mid-teens, was a top gospel artist, singing and recording with the Soul Stirrers, as their lead vocalist. In 1948, he spent 90 days in jail on a morals charge, for possessing pornography. Evinced a pure, clear style, which would be heavily imitated. Handsome and gifted. Added an ‘e’ to his name, and married in 1953, wife had a daughter from a previous union. Also had a child with Barbara Campbell the same year, but was completely absent from all his children’s lives, including a third he had before the age of 21. His spouse made a suicide attempt from loneliness and the duo later divorced, after which she died in an auto accident. Married BC at the end of the decade, although it was a union of convenience, as he continued his philandering ways. Made his pop debut in 1956, but his gospel label dropped him for deserting his group. The following year, he had his first number one hit, the self-penned “You Send Me,” which launched him on his pop career of light ballads, with a trademark “ooh,” appended to all his sung lines. Began integrating his base musicality with R&B in 1960, and pioneered in creating his own independent label, Sar/Derby, as well as a music publishing house, Kags Music and a management firm. Had many friends among the important cultural figures of his time, including Malcolm X and Muhammed Ali. At the height of his success, he was shot in the chest at 3 A.M. in a seedy Los Angeles motel by a woman who had claimed he attacked her after a second woman had fled his predatory advances. Found naked save for an overcoat, with his head bloodied and various bruises on his body from a fight, after a prostitute had stolen his clothes. His funeral was attended by more than 200,000 fans. One of the original inductees into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, and was given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1999. Inner: Spiritual and sensual with a gift for uplifting song. Sexually compulsive, with a deep, dark side. Conflicted lifetime of failing to come to terms with his earthiness, despite the ability to ground his soaring talent within the framework and demands of the larger capitalist pop culture. fGaetano Guadagni (Cosimo Gaetano Guadagni) (1728-1792) - Italian castrato. Outer: From a close-knit family with three sisters and a brother, all of whom became professional singers, with the latter a fellow castrato. Whenever they could, the siblings would perform together. Did not have the usual rigorous training associated with castrati, who were young castrated male singers, purposefully unmanned to preserve the purity of their pre-adolescent high voices. Probably trained with his father, and joined the cappella of the church of San Antonio in Padua in 1746. A mezzo-soprano, he made his opera debut in Venice the same year, although lost his position two years later because of his lack of discipline. Joined a buffo or comic opera company and came to London in 1748, staying in the British Isles for the next 5 years, while garnering a reputation for dissolute behavior, despite his enforced incapacitation. Proved a favorite with composer Georg Handel (Alban Berg), who rewrote several arias for him, to accomodate his unusual range. A skilled actor, as well, although he refused to kowtow to conventional tastes, remaining independent of audience demands on him, such as repeating arias or bowing to applause, which did not endear him to impresarios. Returned to Italy, and continental opera, and in 1762, sang his most famous role, Orpheus, in Christophe Gluck’s (Werner Herzog) Orfeo ed Euridice, which was especially written for him. By 1767, his relative simple style was eclipsed by more florid singers, and he found himself far less an audience-favorite. Made his last appearance in London from 1769 to 1771, and almost wound up in prison after a to-do with his impresario. Continued singing on the continent, and finally retired to Padua, where his generosity towards the city became legendary. Used his fortune to build a splendid house, and finished his career as he began it, with the capella of the church of San Antonio. Made his last operatic appearance in 1784, still full-voiced, but the following year, he suffered a stroke, and was ill for the last 7 years of his life. Lost his speech during this period, as well as his ability to sing, although gave a brief emotional return performance, and then retired permanently. Inner: Touchy and arrogant, a true diva, albeit quite generous and equally independent. Missing organ lifetime of strong familial support, willful behavior and great appreciation for his gifts, as a member of a memberless fraternity that would continue to play with their resurrected sexuality in memorable manner in centuries to come.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS WEARER OF MANY HATS:
Storyline: The former French sparrow turned Amerykahn songstress, takes her talents up to the next level, as she reclaims herself through solid love and support, in contrast to her previous waif go-rounds, where she had to struggle through issues of self-love and precarious health to keep her ongoing extraordinary talent afloat.
Erykah Badu (Erica Abi Wright) (1971) - American singer, songwriter, actress, producer and video director. Outer: Of African/American descent. Mother was actress Kolleen Wright, while her father abandoned the family early. One younger brother and sister. Grew up on the rough south side of Dallas, in a female dominated environment, while enjoying a lot of support for her various talents. Performed on stage for the first time at 4, and by seven was writing songs on a piano her grandmother gave her. Made her own clothes while in grade school, and also drew and wrote, in addition to her obvious musical gifts. Listened closely to R&B music, and attended an arts-oriented magnet school, while rapping on a local hip-hop radio show, under the tag of “Apples.” 5’ and slim. While in high school, she renamed herself Erykah, with the ‘kah’ as a sign of her inner self, and a rejection of any slave connotations her non-African birth name connoted. Later appended Badu to it, which means “giver of truth and light,” in Arabic. Performed in community theater and went to Grambling State Univ. in Louisiana as a theater arts major, before dropping out and returning to her native Dallas to actively pursue a career in music by performing as a duo with a male cousin, Robert Bradford. Worked as a waitress, as well as a dance and drama teacher, before meeting a manager while appearing in a local film. Launched herself in the early 1990s with her cousin by working as an opening act for established hip-hoppers, and in 1994 impressed rapper D’Angelo’s manager, Kedar Massenburg, the future president of Motown, who found her stage presence galvanizing enough to give her a record deal as a solo. Following her initial single, “On and On,” her 1997 debut album “Baduizm,” she revealed a fully formed talent that would immediately find its audience, ultimately selling some 3 million copies, thanks to an admixture of bass-heavy beats and her singing, which melded R&B and hip-hop in a way unheard before. Her highly personal thematics of relationships, spirituality and social awareness also resonated with her growing fan base. Had a son with OutKast rapper Andre “Dre” Benjamin, on the same day her second album was released. A synthesizer of soul, hip-hop and jazz, with a truly unique voice, she also has presented herself in singular manner with a stylistic collection of African headwraps, which sparked a vogue for African colors and clothing in the late 1990s. Won a pair of Grammys in 1998, as well as four Soul Train awards, while turning to directing on her subsequent set of videos. Took time off to focus on motherhood, before resuming her recording and performing, and continuing to explore genres. Added a daughter to her brood via rapper The D.O.C. in 2004, then settled in with rapper Jay Electronica, with whom she had another daughter. Caused considerable controversy in 2010 with a video entitled “Window Seat” showing her prone and nude in Dealey Plaza in Dallas where JFK had been assassinated, earning her a disorderly conduct citation, and much internet publicity. In addition to her ongoing singing career, she has also appeared in a number of films in support roles, while also becoming the face of the fragrance, White Patchouli. Also runs a charity organization, Beautiful Love Incorporated Non Profit Development, which focuses on bringing cultural awareness to inner city youth through music, dance, theater and the visual arts. Inner: Highly independent, very health conscious and extremely self-aware with a desire to both uplift and educate, with herself as a role model for young women who wish control over their own lives. Never learned to read music, preferring to operate purely by ear. Harbors a powerful identification with African American spirituality, and is very much aware of the various heritages that have fed into her. Reclamation lifetime of turning strong childhood support into an equally powerful sense of womanhood, after having had to struggle through unstable urchin upbringings in her previous go-rounds in this series, in order to redefine herself as someone in clear control of her existence. Edith Piaf (Edith Giovanna Gassion) (1915-1963) - French singer. Outer: Father was a Norman street acrobat and contortionist who was rarely at home, mother was an Italian cafe singer and alcoholic, who paid little attention to her daughter, as she tried pursuing a career under the name of Loine Marsa. Abandoned by the latter and given to her maternal grandmother. 2 years later, she was taken by her paternal grandparents. Became psychosomatically blind at 3, which lasted for 4 years until she was taken to the shrine of St. Theresa of Lisieux and regained her sight. Began traveling with her father and singing in the streets, circus, market places and cafes, while he did backflips and she passed the hat. Developed an early sense of independence, and was on her own by 15, heading for Paris. Waif-like, 4'8", 90 pounds, with black hair and eyes. Had a daughter, who died of meningitis before she was two, which devastated her. Returned to the streets, and was discovered by a cabaret owner, who suggested she change her name to Piaf, which means sparrow in French. Her sponsor was murdered 6 months later. Although cleared, she became notorious from the incident. Eventually found a songwriter who tailored his work to her and she made her adult debut at 20 at a vaudeville theater. Soon became famous all over Europe for her simple, throaty, undramatic style, while embarking on a series of liaisons with actors and musicians. in 1940, she starred in a play, Le bel indifferent, which her friend Jean Cocteau (Bryan Singer) wrote for her. Served as a godmother to French soldiers captured by Germans during WW II, visiting them several times and helping a number escape. Also supported Jewish friends during that time. Became involved with singer Yves Montand, helping him launch his career, and penned her signature song, “La vie en rose,” as well as another 80 or so during her career. Made her American debut in 1947, the first of 10 visits to that country. Had a celebrated and blissful love affair with middleweight boxing champion Marcel Cerdan (Jean-Claude Van Damme), who died in a plane crash in 1949. Completely distraught afterwards, she spiraled into a dark depression, from which she never recovered, and began visiting mediums and spiritualists, while using her tours and stagework to give expression to the profound sense of loss she felt. Continued her serial affairs, with singer/actor Charles Aznavour, and then transplanted American singer/actor Eddie Constantine. Survived two car accidents in 1951, and became addicted to morphine after the second one, which combined with her drinking, would lead to her ongoing deterioration. In 1952, she married a French singer, while trying to wean herself from her addictions via a health clinic. Later divorced. Despite her physical fragility, her voice remained strong and true, and she continued to tour, and finally in 1956, broke her alcohol habit, although by then she had done irrevocable damage to herself. Began yet another affair with French singer/songwriter Georges Moustaki, which resulted in yet another car crash in 1958, causing her to collapse mid-way through a concert in NYC a few months later, a phenomenon she would repeat, as she ignored doctor’s orders to curtail her career. Triumphed in 1961 in her own show at the prestigious L’Olympia, in which she introduced her sum-up song, “Non je ne regrette rien,” (No, I regret nothing) after which she had a total physical and nervous collapse. Married a young Greek singer in 1962, with whom she would perform, and after an extended honeymoon, she fell into a coma, and spent the next several months slipping in and out of consciousness, before dying of liver cancer the same day as Cocteau. When she was near death, she hired an ambulance to take her to Paris, where she wished to die, although she passed en route. Tens of thousands of fans followed her coffin to its final resting place in the famous Pere Lachaise cemetery, where it would become a continuous shrine for her fans. Wrote 2 volumes of memoirs. Inner: Unadorned stylist who sang straight from the heart. Always gave completely of herself to her adoring public. Love junkie, who was extremely nurturing in helping the careers of her intimates. Hyper-dramatic lifetime of playing it full tilt emotionally from the very beginning, with a sparrow’s body and a lioness’s heart, and little interest in looking for a safe pathway twixt the two. gMlle Rachel (Elisa Felix) (1820-1858) - Swiss/French actress and singer. Outer: Born into poverty, the daughter of an itinerant Jewish peddler from Alsace who was passing through Switrzerland hoping to become a teacher of German in Lyons. Mother was a dressmaker, and the family spoke only Yiddish at home. One of three children, with an older sister, Sarah, and a brother, who later served as her business manager. Had an urchin upbringing, and sang with her sister on the streets of Lyons until she was discovered by a visiting schoolmaster from Paris and taken there for singing and then theatrical training. Barely able to read, she memorized her parts by slowly pronouncing them aloud, while having no idea of the rich traditions that fostered them, giving her a complete innocence of French culture, which would prove the basis of her complete originality as a performer. Made her stage debut at 15 at the Comedie-Francaise in Pierre Corneille’s (Saul Bellow) “Horace,” using the stage name of Rachel. Slight and fragile, with dark piercing eyes, and a contralto voice rife with cannonading emotion. By season’s end she was a considered a tragedienne of the first rank, and became a full member of her troupe at 20. All her roles were great triumphs and she made an enormous amount of money on tours that she arranged to London, Rome, Moscow, the United States and even Havana, although America would prove a problem, since the country spoke little French and had even less taste for tragedy. Everywhere else, she was the toast of her tiaraed and crowned audiences, with high society at her dainty feet. During the height of the Revolution of 1848, she sang the “Marseillaise,” then dropped to her knees to embrace the tricolors of France, at which point the audience went wild. Every detail of her life was reported on, but she was also savagely attacked for her “Jewish” love of money and jewels. Had a legion of lovers, including one of the illegitimate sons of Napoleon, and later his grandson and fellow emperor, Napoleon III (Darryl Zanuck), as well as his son, Prince Napoleon (Jean-Pierre Aumont), known as Plon-Plon. Totally ignored the fact that she had consumption for over 20 years, the disease that ultimately killed her at 38. A crowd of 40,000 mourners as well as 600 carriages marked her funeral. Inner: Hardworking and highly trained, using her life to enrich her art, and the extraordinary power of her heart to capture her audiences. Innate grace, charm and modesty, although also motivated by greed. Well-loved lifetime of reinventing herself as the artistic soul of France, a theme of self-identity she would continue to explore.

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PATHWAY OF THE SINGER AS MUSICAL MARTYR:
Storyline: The latino/latina cross-over star switches genders but cannot escape a dual ineluctable draw towards death at a tender age.

bSelena (Selena Quintanilla Perez) (1971-1995) - American Tejano singer. Outer: From a family of musicians. Father was Mexican/American and a shipping clerk and Jehovah’s Witness. Mother was Mexican/Cherokee/American. Began singing at the age of 6, and 3 years later her sire quit his job to open a restaurant, but quickly went bankrupt behind it. He then decided that the family should become musicians, and began playing as Selena y Los Dinos (Selena and The Boys). They traveled in an old van and lived off of fast foods, but the group was able to slowly gather a following. At 16, she won a Tejano award for best female vocalist, singing exclusively in Spanish, even though she could barely speak it. Her brother had to sound out lyrics for her, then she took lessons to improve her accent. 5’5”, with black hair and dark brown eyes. Her provocative outfits upset her progenitor, although she insisted on wearing them, since she designed them. Totally controlled by her progenitor, despite being the breadwinner of the family. Released her first album in 1990, and soon proved a force in Latino music, while still remaining totally unknown to the rest of America. Married the band guitarist, Chris Perez, in her early 20s, and lived next door to her parents. Made her movie debut in Don Juan De Marco, playing a singer, and in 1994 won a Grammy for her album “Live,” in a double introduction to a larger English-speaking audience, and, in celebration of the potential cross-over, she began preparing an English-language pop album. A loyal fan club formed around her, which was run by Yvonne Saldivar, who later managed several businesses that grew out of her act, including a chain of beauty salons and a pair of Texas boutiques. Met her in room 158 at the Days Inn Motel, where she was planning on firing her because of embezzlements. Instead she was shot in the back, and died from loss of blood in a hospital, clutching a ring gifted to her by Saldivar, who was given a life sentence for the act. A biopic, Selena, was later made of her life starring Jennifer Lopez. Inner: Wholesome, naive, conservative, family oriented. Breve lifetime, once again, of acting as a bridge between Mexican and American culture, while being more of the latter than the former, and once more, suffering an untimely end at the cruel hands of fate. bRitchie Valens (Richard Valenzuela) (1941-1959) - American singer. Outer: Of Mexican/American descent. Oldest son, although his mother had had a son from a previous marriage, 3 other siblings. Father was alternately a pipe-setter, janitor and horse trainer, and suffered from diabetes. His parents separated when he was 3, and he lived with his progenitor, until the latter’s death in 1951, then moved in with his mother. His family encouraged his musicianship, and he grew up in East Los Angeles. Started playing guitar as a child, building his first instrument himself. A cousin gave him lessons at 11, and he was inseparable from his guitar afterwards. Initially into country-western music, then good old rock’n’roll, but also absorbed Mexican canciones. 5'7" with dark brown hair and eyes. Formed his own rock’n’roll band, the Silhouettes. Had a fear of planes, ever since one crashed over his high school, killing three students and injuring several others, on the day of his grandfather’s funeral. Convinced afterwards, he would have been one of the victims on the ground, had he not been at the funeral. Signed a record contract at 1, changed his name to a more Americanized version and became a regional star, then a national star with a two-sided hit, Donna and La Bamba. Became the first Mexican-American crossover star, although didn’t speak Spanish well and had trouble with his accent. Went on a fatal bus tour, the Winter Dance Tour, with Buddy Holly (Jimmy Lee Lindsey) and the Big Bopper (Darren Robinson), among others. Had never been on a small plane before, and flipped a coin for the last seat. The plane crashed in a storm almost immediately after take off, and like the others, he elevated into a new plane of himself. A biopic, La Bamba, starring Lou Diamond Phillips, was later made of his life, and in 2001, he was inducted into the Rock’n’Roll Hall of Fame. Inner: Quiet, shy, likable. Often had nightmares about being up in s plane. Fear of flying lifetime of briefly tasting power and fame as a cross-over minority, before martyring himself to the vagaries of fame, and trying it again to similar result from the other side of the sexual coin. Carlos Gardel (Charles Romuald Gardes) (1890-1935) - French/Argentine singer and songwriter. Outer: Considerable speculation existed around his origins, although a birth certificate later proved he was born in France to an unknown father. His mother brought him to Argentina when he was 27 months old, and he grew up poor in a barrio in Buenos Aries, spending his youth on the streets and attending an industrial high school, before dropping out at 15. 5’7”. Began his singing career in bars and at parties, before forming a duet in 1913 and then a trio with Jose Razzo, a Uruguayan folk singer, which would last the next dozen years, until the latter came down with throat problems. Both focused on Argentine folk songs, while touring clubs and theaters in Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil, before he began specializing in the tango-cancion. Shot in the left lung while playing a club in Brazil, and the bullet lodged within him for the rest of his life. After fully recovering, he enjoyed his first hit in 1917, “Mi Noche Triste,” about a pimp longing for his favorite prostitute, which was popular all over Latin America, and he became known as El Zorzal Criollo, the Creole Thrush. Acquired Argentine citizenship in 1923, and began touring South America, as well playing New York, Barcelona and Paris, selling some 70,000 records in the latter city alone in 1928. Wrote several classic tangos, while his three minute meditations on love and loss were classics of their own kind. Collaborated with lyricist Alfredo Le Pera, while his baritone was a perfect emotional instrument for his offerings Recorded a total of 770 songs, including 514 tangos. Accepted not only by ordinary fans, but by the Argentine elite, as well, particularly after winning acclaim in Europe. Extended his career through both radio and film performances, appearing on the silver screen for the last five years of his life, in a series of Paramount releases. Died in a plane crash at the height of his fame, when his plane hit another one on the runway, while taking off. Two of his guitarists, as well as several associates connected with the group perished as well. His body passed through Colombia, New York, Rio de Janeiro and Montevideo, before being buried in Buenos Aires. Argentines still say “Gardel sings better every day,” while his following continues to place a lighted cigarette in the hand of the life-sized statue by his tomb to celebrate his immortality. Inner: Charismatic, charming and the very embodiment of the deeply emotional songs he sang. Claimed to be Uruguayan, with a Uruguayan passport, but it was probably only a ploy to escape the mandatory French draft. Tango rey lifetime of coming in to take full electric advantage of the media available to him to become a worldwide phenomenon at the height of his powers, only to begin a tragic cycle of early exits as a latino and latina victim of the larger hand of fate.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS EXQUISITE EAR BUT EXCESSIVE MOUTH:
Storyline: The deft arranger demands his due after earlier getting eclipsed by lesser lights, and proves you don’t need street cred to bop to the top of hip-hop.

hKanye West (Kanye Omari West) (1977) - American musician, producer and fashion designer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Mother was an English professor, father was former Black Panther who became a marriage counselor. His name means “the Only One,” in Swahili. Raised by the former after the two divorced when he was 3. An only child, he had a middle-class upbringing, and was close to his parents. Went to good schools, where he was given art and music lessons, and spent a year in Nanjing, China when he was 10, where his mother was a visiting professor, and he was imbued with the idea of being super-special, thanks to the amazement his skin tone drew from everyone around him. Grew up rhyming, with the idea of becoming a musician, although his parents wanted him to get a solid education first. Attended classes for the gifted and by 7th grade was designing his own video-games. Won a full scholarship at the American Academy of Arts in Chicago, and took one course at Chicago State, before asking his parents to allow him to try being a producer for a year. 5'8". Worked as a telemarketer during the day to pay his mother rent, and within a few months, he had orchestrated his first sale. Began selling songs to underground rappers and producing beats for other artists, gaining a solid reputation with some of hip hop’s biggest names, until a serious auto accident in 2002 sidelined him, although he was able to turn it into a song, recording “Through a Wire,” several weeks later with his jaws still wired shut. Despite a prep rather than a perp image, he released his debut album in 2004, “The College Dropout,” and immediately moved to the forefront of the rap world, thanks to a combination of deft lyrics and expert musicianship, as well as the ability to work with numerous artists, while still maintaining the integrity of his own unique ear. Formed his own company, GOOD (Getting Out Our Dreams) Music, which was given to him by Columbia Records because of the success of his first album. Also earned the reputation as a big-headed sore winner the same year for a tantrum thrown at the American Music Awards for not winning the best new artist designation. Constantly tinkering with his own material, before finally deeming it worth listening to. Directs some of his own videos, while remaining a potential force in the world of hip-hop for years to come. In 2005, he asked that gay-bashing stop in hip-hopdom, the first major artist to do so, and later condemned Pres. Bush on TV for his lack of caring for black people. His second album, ”Late Registration,” underscored his ability to mix a beat with socially relevant lyrics, and his public proved equally receptive to it. Nevertheless, showed his pique at the European MTV Awards, when he failed to win best video in a profanity-laced tirade, despite garnering the nod as best hip-hop artist. Devastated in 2007 by the loss of his beloved mother through a cosmetic surgery mishap. The following annum he won 4 Grammys, and gave her a glowing, emotional musical tribute at the ceremonies. Despite rumors he had secretly wed designer Alexis Phifer soon after, the couple remained engaged for a year and a half before going their separate ways. In 2008, he went on a camera-smashing spree at LAX International Airport, and was arrested for vandalism. The following year, he interjected himself into the VMA awards, by protesting one of the winners, in yet another embarrassing display of his intense competitiveness, which reached all the way up to the president in condemnation of him as a jackass. Wthdrew from the spotlight for a year, while interning at Fendi and living in Japan. His fifth album, “My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy” released in 2010, would rehabilitate him as a brilliant musician, who is best served by sticking to what he does best, expressing himself creatively, rather than destructively. Hooked up with reality star Kim Kardashian in 2012 in a high profile romance, indicating his ongoing desire to remain stage center in all he does.One daughter from the well-reported union, which saw him propose shortly after her birth. Later the duo added a son to their mix. His sixth studio album “Yeezus” received mix reviews for its angry eclectic content, underlying his status as a dominant and highly controversial voice of contemporary music. In the spring of 2014, he wed KK in an over-the-top ceremony in a castle in Florence, Italy. The following year at the Grammys, he mock rushed the stage as he did in 2009, although quickly turned away and jumped down, but later made plaint that Beyoncé should have gotten Album of the Year rather than Beck, and criticized the awards show for disrespecting true craft. At the 2015 VM awards, announced he would run for the presidency in 2020, having already shown himself to be anti-war, anti-gun amidst a host of other liberal stances. Debuted his 7th studio album “The Life of Pablo,” in early 2016, along with his fashion line, Yeezy Three, in a frenzied Madison Square Garden show to coincide with American Fashion Week. The album, named after artist Pablo Picasso, with whom he identifies, takes numerous swipes at fellow stars, while further embellishing his huge pop star ego as a self-proclaimed mega-artist of his times. At the same time, he claimed to be $53 million in debt. Revealed in the post-election period he hadn’t voted but if he had, he would have voted for Donald Trump, eliciting loud boos from his audience. Later in a hyper-temperamental, fit he blasted a host of people, before storming out of a Sacramento concert ten minutes into it. Afterwards cancelled his tour and had to be taken to the hospital for exhaustion. Following his recovery, he met with Trump, found common ground with him and hinted once again about his own White House ambitions in 2020. Broke ties with JAY-Z’s streaming service Tidal, claiming it owed him money, although the company refused to acknowledge the break and has threatened a lawsuit if he releases music on his own. Hired a surrogate mother for $45,000 to carry his and his wife’s third child, since another pregnancy could put her life at risk. Has an estimated net worth of $145 million, while his wife’s net worth at $150 million. Inner: Perfectionist in all he assays, with a diva sense of entitlement about himself. Supremely self-confident, with a strong sense of spirituality, and an equal earthiness. Solipsistic, with the desire the world treat him fairly, so that many are divided about him, appreciating his genuine musical talent, but totally turned off by his grandiose ego. Second act lifetime of dealing with a hidden his/story of not having been fully recognized for his contributions to early jazz, and hoping to correct that egregious omission by establishing himself as a mainstay of its cultural descendant. hFletcher Henderson (James Fletcher Henderson) (1897-1952) - American arranger, bandleader and composer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Father was an educator, who did not approve of jazz or popular music. Both parents were pianists. Began studying the same instrument at 6, with the classics as his learning tool. Went to Morehouse College in Atlanta, where he majored in mathematics and chemistry, with the latter pursuit as his intended life-path. Light-skinned, tall and handsome. In 1920, he came to NYC, and got a job as a laboratory assistant, but also began working as a song demonstrator. Became the official piano accompanist at Black Swan Records, and wound up accompanying Ethel Waters on tour, which ended his career as a chemist. Instead, he quickly became both accompanist and bandleader for several of the top female blues singers of the day, and by 1924, he had formed his own band. The same year, he married Leora Meoux, a trumpet player, no children from union. Had a veritable future all-star line-up with the various musicians who played for him, thanks to his skill at arrangements, along with co-writers, as well as the sheer musicianship he demanded of his players. Although he would commit his arrangements to paper, he did not stifle improvisation, and wound up providing the template for the jazz and dance orchestras of the 1930s. Despite being an extremely influential ensemble, the band followed a roller-coaster trajectory, particularly after he was seriously injured in an auto accident in 1928. Loved to drive his big open Packard at high speeds, and the accident seemed to suck the life-force out of him. Became lackadaisical afterwards, losing much of his drive. The Depression would curtail further recordings and play-dates, but by the mid-decade, radio would offer him a very popular venue, but by the end of the 1930s, he was forced to turn his talents more towards arranging than playing. He was particularly beneficial to Benny Goodman, the subsequent King of Swing, thanks to his arrangements. Never attained his earlier heights, despite more bands in the 1940s. In 1950, he tried putting together another band, when he suffered a stroke. The following year he had a second, which left him partially paralyzed, and the third one, a year later, finally muted him permanently. Inner: Never much of a soloist. Easygoing, with his life cleft in twain by a near-death experience, killing off his larger potential. Pioneering lifetime of using his musical imagination to high degree, while also being denied his true place in the pantheon of jazz, thanks to both bad luck, and a willingness to further the dreams of others, occasionally over his own. Edwin Christy (1815-1862) - American minstrel showman and performer. Outer: Little known of his early life, save for his working as a banjo and tambourine player in barrooms. Also spent some time as an office boy in a law firm, before becoming a traveling shoe salesman. At some point, he supervised slaves on a ropewalk in New Orleans, which got him interested in African-American song and dance. Eventually settled in Buffalo, NY in the 1830s. Helped a widow, Harriet Harrington, to run her tavern, then married her in the 1840s, while adopting her sons, Byron and William, who both became performers and predeceased him. Also exploited the singing and dancing abilities of her eldest son George (Usher), who would become the linchpin of his subsequent blackface entertainments. Became one of the earliest organizers and promoters of minstrels shows, beginning with the Virginia Serenaders, while working as a manager, singer and banjo player. Helped establish its three-part format, and, in 1842, he created Christy’s Minstrels, which had a decade long run in NYC, and then achieved equal popularity in England, helping him make a handsome fortune through his shrewd management. Served as the straight-man interlocutor for the two endmen comedians, Mr. Tambo and Mr. Bones, and was credited with a number of songs, but also liberally exploited tunesmith Stephen Collins Foster (Ryan Adams), occasionally taking credit for his work as well as others. Retired as a performer in his early 40s, although continued as a manager, and handed over his show to his adopted sons. Suffered from delusions he had inadequate financial support, and, in a fit of depression, he jumped out of his residence window in NYC and killed himself. Inner: Exploitative, but extremely attuned to the musical tastes of his time. Manic-depressive lifetime of making a strong mark on contemporary popular culture and then doing himself in, as a dualistic martyr to the vagaries of his own continuing unintegrated emotions.

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PATHWAY OF THE MUSICIAN AS VELVET VOCALIST:
Storyline: The crowned crooner finds it far easier going the second time around as a highly ambitious minority, after earlier being forced to play Jackie Robinson in order to bring his sweet sound to a color-besotted nation unwilling to look beyond skin tone even in the realm of beautifully tinted music.

hUsher (Usher Raymond IV) (1978) - American singer. Outer: Of African/American descent. Raised by a single mother, Jonnetta Patton, along with a younger brother, after his father abandoned the family. Had an extended family of grandmothers and aunts, and grew up in a very supportive female environment. Extremely close to his mother, who led a church choir in Chattanooga, Tennessee, where he began singing at the age of 6. The family moved to Atlanta when he was 12, and he began appearing in local talent shows. 2 years later, he was discovered in one by a record exec, who eventually signed him to a LaFace Records contract while he was still in high school. Released his first R&B album at 16, the eponymous “Usher,” which was co-produced by Sean Combs. Had a hit single with “You Make Me Wanna,” which produced a ready-made audience ever since. 5’9 1/2”. Moved away from Combs in order to shepherd his own career and image, and hooked up with producer Jermaine Dupris, at which point he began writing some of his own material. In 1995, he was chosen for the Coca Cola holiday ad. Became a recurring character in the TV series, “Moesha,” in 1996, and made his cinematic debut two years later in The Faculty, while also composing songs for filmdom. Far less effective as an actor, although he has remained determined to conquer that medium as well. His mother quit her office job to become his fulltime manager, and his career has steadily expanded. Selected as Billboard’s Artist of the Year in 1998, he has been a ubiquitous performer on TV award shows, winning Grammys in 2001 and 2002, as well as a host of other awards, as he continues to perfect his easy-listening technique. In 2004, he released his 5th album, “Confessions,” with a slightly edgier sound and it sold over 1.1 million copies its first week, the most ever for an R&B album. Beginning in 2005, he augmented his expanded resume with executive producer, in a non-stop assault on securing his position as part of pop royalty. Launched the first ever celebrity debit card, giving users discounts on his merchandise. Also a part owner of the NBA Cleveland Cavaliers. In 2006, he added the final fillip to his resume, appearing on Broadway in a revival of “Chicago.” His longtime involvement with stylist Tameka Foster, some 7 years his senior, led to the firing of his mother as manager, as well as the release of his press agents, causing his fans to question the relationship, although he married her in 2007, after earlier canceling the wedding. Several months later, the duo had a baby boy, then added a second boy the following year, to go along with her three sons from a previous relationship. Launched a line of fragrances, then saw his wife go into cardiac arrest prior to simple liposuction surgery, although she recovered. Later filed for divorce in 2009, and at year’s end was robbed of $1 million worth of equipment from his parked auto. Continually playing with the sounds he produces, while also retaining his status as a pop king with all his best-selling releases. While involved in a custody battle with his ex, one of her sons was killed in a jet ski accident in 2012, which devastated him, although he was later awarded primary care of the two sons they had together. Added to the jjudges panel of “The Voice” for its 4th season in 2013, to universal acclaim. A restauranteur, he is also part own of the Cleveland Cavaliers pro basketball team. Under fire in 2017 by several women who claimed he exposed them to herpes. Has a net worth of $180 million. Inner: Highly ambitious, with nothing to stop him from realizing all the goals of his previous go-round, including making a ton of money. Gym rat, punctual, focused and socially aware, as well as extremely charitable with a desire to uplift and expand his audience’s taste in music. Platinum-plated lifetime of collecting on his early dues-paying go-round, in what looks to be a long career of unadultered success, and a place in entertainment his/story, as one of its ongoing crowned royalty. In 2015, he secretly wed his longtime girlfriend and former music manager Grace Miguel before honeymooning in Havana. Inner: Highly ambitious, with nothing to stop him from realizing all the goals of his previous go-round, including making a ton of money. Gym rat, punctual, highly focused. Platinum-plated lifetime of collecting on his early dues-paying go-round, in what looks to be a long career of unadulterated success, and a place in entertainment his/story, as one of its crowned royalty. hNat ‘King’ Cole (Nathaniel Adams Coles) (1919?-1965) - American singer and pianist. Outer: Of African/American descent. Some question as to his actual birth year, since no birth certificate exists for him. He had always thought it was 1917, but later research showed it might have been two years later. Father was a grocer and butcher, who wanted to be a Baptist minister, and when his son was 4, the family moved to Chicago, where his sire actualized his dream. Mother taught him piano, and at 12, he began playing organ for his father’s church, although he had been playing with amateur bands from the age of 9, despite his sire’s reservations about pop music. Initially had a stammer and a slight lisp. His older brother Eddie became a bass player, and his other 2 male siblings, including Freddy, also were singers, while his sister became a beautician. Dropped the ‘s’ from his name, when he entered show business. Good athlete, playing both sandlot baseball and football. Dropped out of high school to pursue music full-time, after leading a band called the Royal Dukes while still a young teen. 6’1”. Organized a sextet, Eddie Cole’s Swingsters with his sibling, and recorded a couple of singles before appearing in a revival of an all-black Broadway musical review. Married one of the show’s dancers, Nadine Robinson, in 1937. Remained in Los Angeles at the end of the show’s tour, while he played solo jazz piano in clubs, after briefly leading a big band. Put together the King Cole Trio, where he added signing to his repertoire. The group expanded into radio and also made occasional recordings, scoring their first black hit with “That Ain’t Right,” in 1943. Another crossover hit followed, as he abandoned jazz for the pop arena, much to the regret of some of his fans. Made numerous guest appearances on radio, as well as in film, while his records continued to sell, as did his theater and club dates, playing mostly up-tempo novelties. The possessor of a velvety smooth and seductive baritone, he proved his capabilities with strings and sentiment, and in 1946, got his own permanent 15 minute radio program, which ran for 3 years, during which time, he recorded one of his seminal songs, “Nature Boy.” His successes did not prevent him from being attacked by 6 white men during a concert in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1946, where he received minor back injuries. Despite group changes, he remained the essence of his trio, and his work ultimately became simply that of Nat “King” Cole. Divorced his wife in 1948, and married singer Marie Ellington, despite her parents, who were an elite black Boston family, objecting on the grounds he was too dark-skinned for her. 5 children from union, including a pair of twins, one adopted daughter and singer Natalie Cole. Always had a roving eye, particularly after his wife stopped traveling with him. Also got into tax trouble during this period. When his family moved to the upscale Hancock Park neighborhood, they were met with resistance by some of their white neighbors, although he weathered it with sly humor, and was eventually accepted. Also sued hotels that refused to admit him. Enjoyed his third number one hit with “Mona Lisa,” in 1950. Made his first international tour that year, and from then on gave continual concerts in the U.S. and around the world. His trio disbanded, and though he maintained two sideman, and often had an orchestra behind him, he was billed as himself from then on. Continued enjoying hits as a Top Ten artist, as well as composing songs for films, while expanded into acting, taking on small cinematic roles, after earlier having appeared as himself. Broke the color barrier in Las Vegas, and in 1956, he became the first African-American host of an eponymous TV variety show, although he was never able to attract a national sponsor, despite its high ratings, so that it only ran a season and a half, thanks in large part to the racial fears of advertisers, causing him to remark, “I guess Madison Avenue is afraid of the dark.” Returned to acting, and in 1958, he had his most substantial role, as W.C. Handy (Nelly) in St. Louis Blues. Continued producing hits, until he finally came down with lung cancer, thanks to obsessive smoking. Fell in love with a Swedish dancer at the end, and was thinking of divorcing his wife, but died soon after. Ultimately had 28 gold records, and was 2nd only to Frank Sinatra, as the pop singer of his generation. Given a posthumous Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1990. Inner: Reserved and wary, with a sly, willful wit. Highly inventive musician, with excellent instincts in all he musically assayed. Inveterate baseball fan. Never embraced the civil rights movement, per se, preferring to remain apolitical, bringing down criticism of him from activists, although he always fought for his own individual rights. Royal lifetime of proving his mastery over a host of musical genres, while suffering the slings and arrows of a racist era, which never dimmed his drive to be in a class all by himself as an entertainer. George Christy (George Harrington) (1827-1868) - American minstrel performer. Outer: After being widowed, his mother set up a saloon and concert hall in Buffalo, NY, to take advantage of Erie Canal traffic, and wound up marrying a musician and showman named Edwin P. Christy (Kanye West), whose last name her son would also take. Had two younger brothers, as well, who both became performers. As a boy, he’d dance for sailors for coins, in blackface, and at 12 he made his formal debut as a jig dancer under the direction of his stepfather. Traveled with him over the next three years, as the sweet-singing cross-dressing star of his saloon shows, and became the star of the Christy Minstrels, when they formed in 1842. Credited with numerous bits that would become subsequent standards of minstrelsy, such as female impersonation. Most of the performers would be northern white men performing in blackface with absolutely no experience whatsoever of black or plantation life, leading to very broad strokes on their parts to approximate the music and banter that comprised the shows. In 1854, he left to perform with his own band, and became quite wealthy, ultimately settling in NYC. Died from cerebral edema. Inner: All-around performer with a natural star quality. Like many of his top-tiered cohorts who sang and danced in blackface, he would return as an African-American to suffer the slings and arrows of ongoing fear and prejudice in American life. Prelude lifetime of exploring and exploiting a people not his own, before becoming one of them later on as an important integrator of American cultural life.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS PRINCE OF EXCESS:
Storyline: The temperamental tenor always stands out for his extraordinary gifts, as an idol of his times, at least for a time, before his diva behavior threatens to undo him, through his unwillingness to see himself in anything less than extraordinary terms.

Adam Lambert (Adam Mitchel Lambert) (1982) - American singer, songwriter and actor. Outer: Of British and some Scandinavian descent on his paternal side. Of Ashkenazi Jewish descent. on his maternal side. Father was an electrical engineer with writing ambitions and an overactive imagination. One brother. Grew up in a liberal-minded household in Southern California, and was active in high school theater, choir and the school’s jazz band. Also sang in Hebrew at local Jewish events. Made his stage debut at 10 in a local production of “You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown,” and continued to appear in musicals throughout his teens. After graduation, he toured with Anita Mann Productions in Europe for nearly a year, before returning to do light opera in Orange County. 6’1”, with blue eyes and dyed black hair. Worked in both Europe and the U.S. doing more musicals, and also played with the Citizen Vein, a four man rock band. Served as an understudy for the Broadway tour company and Los Angeles casts of “Wicked,” and worked steadily throughout the decade. Came to mass public attention via season number 8 of the hit show “American Idol,” winning standing ovations for his efforts, and breathless plaudits from no less than its chief judge, Simon Cowell. During the competition, photos surfaced of him kissing another man, and he stated he was openly attracted to his own gender. Finished as runner-up, in what many felt was a prejudicial reaction to his sexual orientation, including the winner, who said he deserved it. Released his debut album, “For Your Entertainment,” and performed at the American Music Awards, where his uninhibited and deliberately provocative routine celebrating his sense of public eros, sparked outraged complaints from some of the viewing audience, and a cancellation of a subsequent scheduled performance on “Good Morning America,” for fear of further gays gone wild antics. Promises to be an envelope-pusher, with an undeniable talent, as well as a deep hidden anger from how his career topped out and fizzled his previous go-round in this series as an angel-voiced icon with a lot of hidden personal issues surrounding oral excess. Joined Queen during the summer of 2012, as its ersatz Freddie Mercury frontman, for their European tour, or their European tour, then became part of the “Glee” ensemble, in a return to TV. Inner: Nicknamed Glambert, with a natural flamboyance, and probably a hidden revenge agenda against a fickle public and press. Lambent lifetime of resurrecting in far more provocative form to once again test public love surrounding his own love/hate relationship with himself. Mario Lanza (Alfredo Arnold Cocozza) (1921-1959) - American tenor and actor. Outer: Of Italian and Spanish descent. Only child of a pair of immigrants to the U.S. Mother was a seamstress from Madrid, Spain, father was from Naples, and was severely wounded in the US infantry during WW I, which prevented him from working. Given exposure to opera early on, via his father’s Enrico Caruso (Luciano Pavarotti) records. His mother worked two jobs in order to give him singing lessons, which led to an audition with conductor Serge Koussevitzky, who invited him to his music school at Tanglewood in the Berkshires, where he debuted in 1942, in a student production of “The Merry Wives of Windsor.” Greatly impressed those who heard him, although he was soon drafted. 5’7” with a 50” chest, and handsome face. A bad eye kept him in the States as a member of Special Services, and he wound up touring and singing with a troupe that gave concerts on army bases around the country. On his release, he married the sister of an army buddy, Betty Hicks, in 1945, two sons and two daughters from the extremely close union. His wife would eventually commit suicide less than a year after his death, while two children would die prematurely, his son Marc from a heart attack at 37, and his daughter, Colleen, a screenwriter, in an automobile accident. Continued his studies in NYC, thrilling all his teachers with his extraordinary voice, before beginning his career touring with other singers. In 1948, he officially took a variation of his mother’s name for his professional name. After singing at the Hollywood Bowl, he was signed to an MGM contract and made his film debut in 1949 in That Midnight Kiss , and film, rather than the opera would become his subsequent venue. Wound up performing only two operatic roles on stage, despite receiving rave reviews for them, and gave about 150 concerts during the months he wasn’t involved in filmwork. Highly competitive, he would make life miserable for his female costars, in order to display his primacy. Continually stunned the critics with the romantic tenor of his tenor. Made 7 movies all told, including his favorite, the 1951 biopic, The Great Caruso, which was the number one film in the world that year. Given accolades by the maestros of his time as ‘the voice of the century.’ Had his own radio show, and his albums, despite their classic content, were bestsellers, while his concerts were attended by shrieking fans, who idolized him. In 1952, during the filming of The Student Prince, he was dismissed by a temperamental German director for his excessive passion in one of the songs, which shocked and depressed him deeply, and he retreated into heavy drinking, and binging and purging with food, while flirting with bankruptcy, in what would prove a downfall from which he would never fully recover. Returned to the screen in 1955, but his binging with both food and drink affected his performances, and he became a favorite of the tabloids for his excess behavior. Totally fed up with Hollywood, and the rapacious American press, he moved his family to Rome in 1957, and continued to record, while his health deteriorated even further, thanks to alternate spates of overeating and crash dieting, along with his drinking. Suffered from high blood pressure, and in 1959, had a minor heart attack, then double pneumonia, before succumbing to a pulmonary embolism. At the time of his death he was scheduled to sing in “Pagliacci” in Rome, the opera most identified with Caruso. Said to have heavily influenced the whole generation of tenors who followed him. Inner: Temperamental and extremely excessive in all his oral habits, to the point of self-destruction. Given such extravagant praise his early career, that he couldn’t handle criticism. Golden-throated lifetime of turning what should have been a triumphant go-round into a tragic one, in his inability to accept anything less than absolute adulation for his astonishing vocal gifts. Luigi Marchesi (1754-1829) - Italian castrato. Known as “il Marchesini.” Outer: Father was a musician who taught him the horn. Castrated as a youth to preserve his voice against the wishes of his family. Joined the Milan Cathedral Choir in 1765, and made his operatic debut playing a female role in “La Serva Pardona” in 1774, under the name Marchesini. Uncommonly handsome and graceful, with an expressive voice, and a resonant passion to his singing, although his over-theatricality would lessen the purity of his performances. Had a string of successes afterwards throughout Italy and Germany, which led him to St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1785, although jealousy from female sopranos there forced him to return to Vienna, and then London in 1788, where he triumphed, winning encomia galore as one of the great voices of his time. Had a huge female following, and was a diva to the core, demanding grand entrances on horseback singing his favorite aria regardless of what role he was performing. Also engaged in intense competitions with his fellow contemporary stars. Almost poisoned in 1791 by rival supporters of another. Refused to sing for Napoleon in 1796 when the general entered Milan, and won great public acclaim for his nationalist stance for doing so. Finally retired in 1806 to his villa, although occasionally gave private concerts, with some for charity for children in orphanages. Dabbled in composing, and gave his last concert at 66, dying a decade later. Inner: Temperamental, demanding, competitive and flamboyant, but with the voice of an angel. Stage center lifetime of playing the diva to the hilt, and usually getting what he demanded as an unmanned and golden-throated icon of his time.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS EXEMPLAR OF EXCESS:
Storyline: The codependent and self-medicating songbird cannot coordinate her outsized talent with an inner sense of inadequacy, causing her to continually turn to stimulants to bridge the gap between the two, and then literally fight for her life around her inability to control her drama queen urges toward total self-obliteration.

mAmy Winehouse (Amy Jade Winehouse) (1983-2011) - English singer and songwriter. Outer: From a Jewish family with jazz players on its ancestral tree. Father was a taxi driver, while her mother was a pharmacist. Extremely close with her sire. One older brother, in a musical household where she was always singing. Raised in a London suburb, she formed her first group at 10, a rap crew called Sweet ‘n’ Sour. Went to a theater school, but was expelled at 14 for being less than a dedicated student, although by then she had her mascaraed eye on a music career. Continued at the BRIT School, a performing arts and technology institute, and by the time she was 16, she was singing professionally, after a friend, Tyler James, with whom she would later be involved, showed a demo to an A & R rep. 5'3" with black hair and dark brown eyes. Insecurities around her appearance would lead to eating disorders, as well as self-cutting, tattoos, alcoholism and a deliberately oddball look, replete with heavy eyeliner and endlessly bee-hived hair. Shepherded early in her career, before fame, by Russel Brand, who recognized in her a fellow addict. Released her platinum-selling debut album, “Frank” in 2003, and the following year, won the Ivor Novello (George Michael) Award for her first single, “Stronger than Me.” Unable to write for the next 18 months, she finally released her second best-selling album “Back to Black,” in 2006, which was also extremely well-received. Won plaudits galore from her singing peers, who all stated they would love to work with her, including no less than George Michael, himself. Dropped her management company when it insisted she enter rehab for her burgeoning drinking problem, and then wrote a song about it, winning another Ivor in the process. Despite an arresting talent, she would become far better known as tabloid fare, thanks to a bulimic disposition and a taste for both alcohol and drugs that would go far beyond the ordinary. After an on-and-off relationship, she married fellow addict Blake Fielder-Civil in Florida in 2007, in what would prove to be an abusive relationship that would soon see the two of them in both the headlines and briefly in rehab, after she displayed bruises from a fight with him. Arrested with him on marijuana charges in Norway, for which she had to pay a fine, then was forced to cancel appearances due to exhaustion, while continually serving as tabloid fodder for her eccentric antics. Both their families would recognize the unhealthy connection between the two, worrying that each fed into the self-destructive tendencies of the other. At the end of 2007, her husband was charged with witness tampering, after assaulting a barman, and hauled off to jail, and right afterwards she made an audience-baiting return, in which she was loudly booed. Wound up canceling the rest of her year’s appearances afterwards, while avoiding a much needed return to rehab, only to be brought in for questioning around her husband’s antics, and having to be bailed out of jail. Greeted 2008 by cropping her trademark bob and going blonde in a surface desire for change, while continuing to go head-to-head with Britney Spears for tabloid queen honors, after being forced into rehab when photos emerged of her smoking some foul substance. Got her revenge soon afterwards, by winning 5 Grammys, including ‘Record of the Year,’ as an acknowledgment of her transcendental talent, despite all her personal flaws. Subsequently arrested for assault in a street brawl, and then pulled in over a video showing her smoking crack cocaine, while looking more and more unhealthy with each new tabloid revelation. Once again managed to reclaim herself towards year’s end, shearing off her trademark beehive in exchange for glossy curls, in order to prepare for the release of her perp husband from jail, only to announce the end of their marriage over his infidelity. At the same time, she admitted it was kinky three-way sex that held them together, and little else, while continually appearing in most unflattering manner in the British tabloids, with tales of excess, redemption and relapse galore to further her unsavory legend. Finally officially divorced in 2009, although she resumed relations with him several months later, and then permanently split again, as he fathered a child with another and was ultimately hauled off to jail for 32 months on burglary charges in 2011. At the same time she was forced to cancel her European summer tour, after embarrassing herself in Belgrade, stumbling around the stage and forgetting lyrics, in a throwback to her earlier inconsistencies, after having seemingly recovered from them. Suffered from emphysema, despite a heavy smoking habit, and had secretly gotten engaged to Reg Traviss, a film director, who had a positive influence on her life, although a break-up with him may have inspired her final bender. Went out in search of that ultimate high, death, collecting a pharmacopia of drugs. Discovered dead in bed by a security guard, hours after she had expired, and was subsequently mourned deeply by her fans, as a terrible loss of a terrific talent who could never hold her demons at bay for very long. Eventual toxicology reports would show that she died from acute alcohol poisoning, with an enormous intake of vodka after a three week dry period. Inner: Extremely self-critical perfectionist with an outsized talent, but an equal draw towards obliteration, and a very strong codependency problem. Also completely unrepentant for her actions, and a virtual catalogue for batty around-the-bend behavior. Anger mismanagement lifetime of acting out the leftover rage of her previous go-round, from the vantage of being recognized for her unique talents, rather than bypassed for them, only to ultimately self-destruct around her inability to allow her creativity precedence over her equal moth-draw to the flames of self-immolation. mFlo Ballard (Florence Ballard) (1943-1976) - American singer. Outer: 8th of 15 children. Her family moved to Detroit from Mississippi either right before she was born, so that her father could find work in the auto industry. Grew up in the housing projects there. Her sire, an amateur musician, proved to be her first teacher, accompanying her singing on his box-string guitar. Sang in her church choir and also took music classes in high school. In 1959, while still in high school, she helped form a quartet called the Primettes, a female version of the Primes, whose core was a group of neighbors who would later go on to become the Temptations. Occasionally sang solo with them, and inherited their manager, who organized their sister crew. Along with Diana Ross, Mary Wilson, and Betty McGlown, who would later leave, they played dances and other available venues, honing their skills. Raped at knifepoint in 1960, which turned her from a trusting, optimistic person, into a cynical pessimist, who would eventually have many of her worst fears realized. In 1961, the Primettes were signed by Motown Records and redubbed the Supremes. Although she was the acknowledged leader and featured vocalist on their early singles, the head of Motown, Berry Gordy, made Ross the lead singer in 1963. The group proved a sensation of the 60s, stringing together 10 No. 1 hits, lighting up the small-screen with their own specials, and headlining the show wherever they appeared. Unhappy that her role became more and more limited with Ross as the group’s limelighted mainstay, she was ousted from the group in 1967, with the public excuse offered that she was worn out from constant touring. The following year she wed Tommy Chapman, a former Motown chauffeur, and together they had three daughters. After her contract with Motown was annulled, she signed with ABC, although was legally stopped from publicizing her former connection to the Supremes. Her solo career proved a failure, and such was the reach of Berry Gordy, that other labels were afraid of offending him and refused to sign her. Sank into extreme poverty, and wound up back in a Detroit housing project, by the early 70s, making a sad spiraling circle back to her early roots. An alcoholic, as well as addicted to diet pills, in hope of making a comeback, she suffered a cardiac arrest at 32. Her true contributions to the Supremes would only come to light following her tragic, premature death, and would be a telling indictment of Motown’s handling of its artists. Played on film by Jennifer Hudson in Dreamgirls, a biopic based on the Supremes, which had also been a Broadway musical, with Jennifer Holiday assaying her in the character of Effie White, while several biographies have also been written about her . Inner: Extremely gifted, yet a victim of circumstances not of her creation. Nightmaregirl lifetime of experiencing both the heights of fame and the depths of rejection, carrying that anger, as well as that profound desire for self-destruction into her next go-round, as an extremely talented, but equally troubled singer and icon of the blues. Hannah Chaplin (Hannah Hill) (1865-1928) - English singer. Outer: Father was a shoemaker of gypsy stock. Ran away from home at the age of 16 for a stage career, calling herself Lily Harley, after actress Lillie Langtry (Jacqueline Bisset). Violet-eyed, with exceedingly long hair. Became a minor music hall star, and met fellow performer Charles Chaplin, Sr. (Russell Brand) while both were playing in a comic opera, but abandoned him after three years, and ran off to South Africa with Sydney Hawkes, a Cockney conman, who convinced her he was wealthy and an estate holder. Once they were there, he took her to a goldrush boomtown and acted as her pimp for the miners there, where she probably became infected with syphilis. While pregnant with the future Sydney Chaplin (Eddie Murphy), she left him and returned to the senior Chaplin. The pair married in 1886, and their progeny became the illustrious comedian Charlie Chaplin. Her third son was future actor Wheeler Dryden, who was the result of an affair with another music hall entertainer, Leo Dryden, making for three sons with three different fathers. The third would end her marriage, while he went off to live with his father, who soon left her, forcing her to take lesser and lesser work to support her remaining children. When her son Charlie was 5, her voice failed just before a performance, and he made his debut in place of her. Soon afterwards, she began showing the effects of syphilis, and could no longer care for the two sons, and they were sent to a home for orphans. Following further breakdowns, including migraines and wild hallucinations, her boys lived both on the streets and with their father, while she was consigned to a padded room in a lunatic asylum, where she fell prey to a demented religiosity developed earlier when she used to act scenes from the Bible for her sons. Her husband died of acute alcoholism in 1901, and by this time, she was a victim of the tertiary phase of syphilis, and beyond any connection with any worlds other than her private own. By the teens, the fortunes of her sons, particularly Charlie, had turned, and in 1921, they brought her to California, where she spent the rest of her life, under expert care, completely lost in her own mind. Later played by her granddaughter, Geraldine Chaplin in the 1992 biopic, Chaplin, while Charlie refused to acknowledge her true condition, ascribing it to the result of malnutrition in her self-sacrifice for her progeny. Inner: Prone to fantasy, even before her breakdown, and always looking for something better for herself. Afflicted lifetime of falling prey to an anger and madness that seems innate within her, breeding an ultimate utter abandonment to any and all sense of outer reality in her ongoing struggles between excess emotion and a genuine talent to entertain.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS UNCHAINED CHANTEUSE:
Storyline: The blogosphere warbler uses 21st technology to create an intimate back-and-forth link with her fans, while trying to put her yesteryear’s tears behind her, in her ongoing penchant for excess and self-analysis in everything she does.

Lily Allen (1985) - English singer, songwriter and actress. Outer: Mother was film producer Alison Owen, and father was Welsh-born comedian and actor Keith Allen, who split when she was 4 years old. The second of 4 children, with an older and younger sister and a brother, as well as other half-siblings, through her parents’ other marriages. Had an upbringing threaded with various entertainers and made her debut at 3 in a TV piece her father had co-written. Despite claiming to have grown up in modest working-class straits, she attended posh public schools, from which she was expelled for both drinking and smoking. Pursued music as a palliative, both as an instrumentalist and singer, and made her acting debut in a small part in Elizabeth in 1998, which was co-produced by her mother. Dropped out of school two years later, and worked at a record store on Ibiza, while dealing the drug ecstasy and continuing her struggles with alcohol. 5'2" with dark brown hair and eyes. Her father’s reputation would prove a bane, although she eventually wangled a contract with London Records in 2002, through his connections, only to see her initial efforts unreleased. After a brief stab at being a florist, she returned to recording, and began posting demos on her MySpace page, which drew an audience, as she proved an effective promoter of her own work, through the alternative sources available to her. Received some magazine coverage in 2006, and that, coupled with the release of her debut album, “Alright, Still,” made her a teenage talent of note, with a number one single in Britain, “Smile,” although she would later disclaim the effort. A highly visible partyer on the London social scene, and an antic muse for the paparazzi, she has been able to back up her penchant for publicity, both good and bad, with a solid showing as a songstress. Had a miscarriage in 2008, while her albums have sold well, largely through her direct interaction with her fans via MySpace, and her penchant for posting clips and commentary on her various changes of musical direction. Her songs would be downloaded some 19 million times by 2009, making her the queen of the musical blogosphere, although she eventually stopped using her site to address the various brouhahas her freewheeling personality has caused. In addition to her concerts, she has also been a presence on British TV, as a host, and has her own fashion line called Lily Loves. Suffered a miscarriage, her second, in 2010, with boyfriend painter and decorator Sam Cooper, before marrying him the following year, and producing a daughter. Inner: Self-analytical, and very much in tune with her audience. Outspoken, and strongly opinionated, with a proclivity for drink and self-dissipation. Also an activist, with an interest in a host of social and environmental issues. Hard-partyer, with the same talent and draw towards self-obliteration as go-rounds in the part, but with the added fillip of being directly in touch with her fans via the technology of the 21st century. Social networking lifetime of establishing a unique accord with her audience, while pursuing her usual pathways of wine, winsome talent and song in her usual straight-ahead, I’ll cry tomorrow style. fLillian Roth (Lillian Rutstein) (1910-1980) - American singer and actress. Outer: Of Jewish descent. Named after singer Lillian Russell (Lauren Bacall). Her parents had wished for show business careers for themselves, and when that didn’t panned out, they projected their desires onto their two daughters. The family moved to NYC in 1916 to pursue that goal, and she, along with her younger sister, Anne, began their careers as film extras. Appeared in Educational Pictures as a trademark moppet-statue holding a lamp symbolic of knowledge. At 6, she made her precocious Broadway debut in “The Inner Man.” Went to the Professional Children’s School, while touring with her sister in vaudeville as “The Roth Kids,” which made them so famous, they got a call to the White House, and rode in Pres. Woodrow Wilson’s (Michael Eric Dyson) open touring car. Did dramatic impersonations of famous stars, while her sister did satires of her sibling’s performances. Her innate shyness, however, caused a tremendous amount of nervous inner conflict, although she continued to perform to please her parents’ desire for fame’n’fortune. 5'3" with dark brown hair and eyes. Her career continued to blossom, and she was called to Hollywood in 1929, and became a musical star there, signing a seven year contract with Paramount, which she would soon break. Established her own signature song, “Sing you Sinners,” but the death of a fiancée in 1930, turned her towards drink as a solace, and within a short time, she was a full-blown alcoholic, thanks to a very strong sense of codependency. Throughout her life, she allowed her parents, and then her husbands, to make her decisions for her, in her ongoing struggles with a sense of self-worth and great need to please others. Began to pile up marriages, ultimately 8 all told, including one to a municipal court judge, Benjamin Shellack, which lasted from 1933 to 1939. By decade’s end, her career was largely over, while she evinced a suicidal mentality, that would see her in and out of mental institutions over the next near decade. Eventually saved by Alcoholics Anonymous, and in 1947, she met and married her 8th husband, Thomas Burt McGuire, an ex-alcoholic and the scion of the Funk & Wagnalls publishing family, which would be the longest union of her life, although it, too, would end in divorce in 1963, when he left her penniless, after taking all their funds from their joint bank account. Returned to performing in clubs and on TV to wide acclaim as a singer, and appeared on “This is Your Life,” in 1953, which elicited the most mail ever in the show’s his/story, some 40,000 letters. Wrote her autobiography, “I’ll Cry Tomorrow,” which was published in 1954, allowing her to give celebrity status to both her disease and to AA as a cure, although she would continue to do battle with her taste for obliteration. The book was later made into a powerful film starring Susan Hayward. A second biography, “Beyond My Worth,” was less well-received. Returned to films herself in 1977, after over 40 years, albeit in only small roles, and came back to Broadway as well, as a final performing coda. Died of a stroke, and her cemetery marker would read, in summation of her life, “As bad as it was, it was good.” Inner: Highly addictive personality, without the ability to know when to say when, until she hit absolute bottom. I’ll Cry Tomorrow lifetime of finally facing up to her demons and confronting them, before returning soon after departing for another dance with the devil to see if she’s still singing his song, and finally knows when to stop doing so. fSophia Baddeley (Sophia Snow) (1745?-1786) - English singer and actress. Outer: Some question as to her actual date of birth and parentage. Her presumed father was Valentine Snow, London’s leading trumpeter, for whom Georg Handel (Alban Berg) wrote virtuoso parts in his oratorios. Taught music by her sire, but found his methods grueling, and eloped with actor Robert Baddeley in 1764, with the former acting as witness at their wedding. Made her debut the same year at Drury Lane as Ophelia in Shakespeare’s “Hamlet,” although failed to impress the critics with her acting. A noted beauty, she received singing lessons from Thomas Arne (Benjamin Britten) and his brother, and expert coaching in her acting, so that she quickly developed into a popular player, assaying comedic and musical roles, while her singing far outweighed her acting skills. Quickly grew bored with her husband, and with his permission, she became the mistress of a rich merchant, and then her acting tutor, Charles Holland, who died suddenly of smallpox in 1769. Legally separated from her spouse, and though they continued performing together on occasion, they only spoke when in front of the footlights. Became a difficult diva, whose demands caused her to lose her Drury Lane position, while she lived in high style under the beneficence of several aristocratic lovers. Her extravagance eventually brought her back to Drury Lane in 1774, while also performing in Ireland and Liverpool during summers. Made her final appearance at Drury Lane in 1780 in one of Arne’s operas, “Artaxerses,” while taking on lesser and lesser lovers, as both her health and career took a downward spiral. Had several children from her unions, and was forced to beg for work to support them. In 1782, she fled her London creditors and went to Dublin, and finally Edinburgh, but by the end she was so ravaged by laudanum that she could barely complete her performances. Saved from starvation at the very end, only through the generosity of fellow performers, she died at her lodgings, completely worn down despite being barely forty. Inner: Generous and affectionate with a genuine talent to entertain, and an equal draw towards self-obliteration. Piper-paying lifetime of exaggerating her own sense of personal power, only to be ultimately reminded of her limitations, without the ability to rebound from them, an ongoing struggle of hers.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS VOICE OF THE AGES & REFLECTION OF HER OWN TIMES:
Storyline: The celestial singer is equally at home in the sacred, classical and pop spheres as a phenomenal voice, while evincing a far earthier, and often contentious, persona in all other realms, in recompense for having had to hide her true self in go-rounds past.
fCharlotte Church (Charlotte Maria Cooper) (1986) - Welsh singer and actress. Outer: Parents separated when she was young, and her mother remarried. Raised a Roman Catholic, she took on the name of her stepfather. At 11, she came to prominence singing “Pie Jesu” on the telly, and after several more high profile appearances, won a vocal scholarship to a prestigious girls’ school in Cardiff in 1998. Continued her public career, while receiving tutoring on the road, in order to give her the semblance of a normal girlhood. 5'5" with blonde hair and blue eyes. Her first album, “Voice of An Angel,” which included arias and sacred songs, was a worldwide phenomenon, raising her to a youthful iconic level. Continued reflecting her name with sacred songs as well as operatic selections in her next album, then gradually expanded her repertoire into the pop field, with medleys of selections from the swing era, as well as Broadway. Added to her audience by performing on the soundtrack of A Beautiful Mind in 2001, and, by the tender age of 16, found she had enough material to release a “Best of” album, a regurgative phenomenon usually reserved for far older and more established singers. 5’5”. Straightforward in all her public comments, she drew considerable heat at the time by opining that New Yorkers were being overly dramatic over the destruction of the World Trade Center towers. At the same time, she moved out of her family home, and in with a boyfriend, beginning a series of serial relationships, which proved good grist for tabloid fodder for the British press, replete with her admitting to a voice-destroying addiction to cigarettes, which she eventually overcame. In addition to her albums, she has also sung before a pope and U.S. president, as well as pursued a dramatic career on both TV and film, making her silver screen debut in 2003 in I’ll Be There, a straight-to-video affair. Made a career switch into pop music in 2003, as well, to equally rousing commercial effect, particularly in her live concerts, before taking a break from her hectic singing career, which hit somewhat of a standstill in record sales, once she had firmly committed to the pop arena. Eventually hooked up with Gavin Henson, a rugby player, and though unmarried, the union produced a daughter in 2007, and a son the following year. At the time of her first pregnancy, she focused her professional energy on an eponymous British TV entertainment show, which was eventually superseded by early motherhood for her. In 2010, the couple went their separate ways after 5 years, just weeks after announcing their official engagement, because of his inability to deal with her being in the limelight again with her return to her career. In 2012, she was awarded £600,000 in compensation for the News of the World voicemail-hacking scandal that nearly drove her mother to suicide, while revealing her father’s affair and cocaine abuse. Announced in 2014, she had gone through a lot of her early fortune and would have to work the rest of her life to maintain the lifestyle to which she had become accustomed. Inner: Highly opinionated, and equally uninhibited about delivering her various dicta. Voice of an angel, mind of a terran lifetime of allowing herself the freedom to finally be herself, warts, prejudices and all, after earlier having had to curtail her nonconformity to conform to dictates of her times. fJeanette Macdonald (1903-1965) - American singer and actress. Outer: Father died young, and was unsuccessful in business, causing his children to support themselves at an early age. Youngest and unplanned of a trinity of daughters. Grew up in a music-loving household, and began taking both singing and dancing lessons at a young age. Hated school, and only wished to perform, which she did locally and as part of a kiddie tour. After her middle sister, Blossom, moved to NYC, she dropped out and joined her at 16, to work as a chorine. 5’4”, with red hair and blue eyes. Became a leading lady in a series of mediocre shows, where her resonant soprano always transcended her material, which led to her first film, The Love Parade, right at the start of the sound era. Both new medium and new messenger proved resounding hits, launching her into the Hollywood stratosphere as a major star of the 1930s, in the frothy musicals then prevalent as an antidote to America’s soul-shattering Depression. Starred in a half-dozen musicals over the next two years for Paramount Pictures, before switching over to United Artists, with the desire to produce her own films, which failed to happen. Gave her first European concert tour in 1931, then returned to filmdom, with equal success, while also pursuing both radio and recordings to equally excellent effect. After another European tour, she signed up with MGM, who eventually teamed her with opera singer Nelson Eddy, beginning with Naughty Marietta in 1935, and the duo went on to become America’s favorite singing pair over the next seven years. His fierce temper and dualistic character prevented her from marrying him, and, instead, she wed actor and songwriter Gene Raymond, who bore more than a passing resemblance to Eddy, in 1937. Appeared solo in her next set of films, although the public demanded she and Eddy be reunited, which they were in 1938. Despite her marriage, she and Eddy carried on a surreptitious affair, which resulted in a miscarriage, and the latter’s official union with another. The affair, which was never made public, lasted the length of her life, and remains the subject of much conjecture, since it was denied by some of her intimates, and affirmed by others. In addition, her husband engaged in several same-sex liaisons, which further undermined their union. At the height of her success, in the early 1940s, she began studying opera, and made her debut in Canada in 1943, in Charles Gounod’s (Francois Poulenc) “Romeo et Juliette,” repeating the role in Chicago the following annum. Later, she added the role of Marguerite in Gounod’s Faust to her repertoire, and received surprised encomia for her efforts from the critics. Continued to give concert tours, and being teamed with Eddy, while also doing less successful fare. Teamed up on the radio, with the hope of making another film together, although it never happened, with plans up through the 1950s, continually thwarted. Made 29 films all told, and reigned as a box office queen in both England and America all during the pre and WW II years. Founded the Army Emergency Relief Fund during that fray, and did innumerable concerts to raise money for the war effort. Appeared several times at the White House for a number of presidents, and was an extensive radio performer, while also doing some early TV. Teamed with Eddy in 1956 on a couple of TV specials, but failed to find a spot for a pilot she shot, that was written by her husband. Worked sporadically together with the latter, although she and Eddy were so deeply ingrained in the public mind, that the married pair failed to elicit much enthusiasm. Health problems curtailed her later career, causing her to collapse once mid-performance in 1956. In addition to a weak heart, she also had an inoperable brain tumor, symbol of deep-seated anger, and her last several years were fraught with operations galore before she finally succumbed to heart disease, murmuring, as her last words, “I love you,” to her husband, who was with her when she died. At the time of her death, she was working on her autobiography, which was never completed. Inner: Wholesome on the outside, somewhat more surreptitious internally, with a lack of integration probably feeding strongly into her health problems. Fiercely protective of her money, good businesswoman. Deeply regretted never having children. Voice of an angel lifetime of giving the public what it wanted, at the cost of her own considerable sense of independence, calling for a much more straightforward return, where that element of her character could be given considerable play. Kitty Stephens (Catherine Stephens Cael-Coningsby, countess of Essex) (1794-1882) - English singer and actress. Outer: Father was a carver and gilder. Had an older sister Elizabeth who was a singer, before retiring from the stage in 1806. The following year she was articled by her father to an Italian singing-master for 5 years, and by 1812, she was giving London recitals, as well as appearing with an Italian opera company. Of medium height, with dark hair and eyes, and an interesting, rather than handsome face, while projecting a far older look than her years warranted. Switched teachers at her father’s behest, and made her Covent Garden debut in “Artaxerses” by Thomas Arne (Benjamin Britten) to resounding applause. Demurred from joining Lodon’s Italian Opera Company because of a lack of fluency in Italian, and instead continued at Covent Garden, to uninterrupted success until 1824, when disagreements with management sent over to Drury Lane and the English Opera House, although she returned to Covent Garden in 1828. When the opera was not in season, she toured the British Isles, and also trilled in Ireland several times, as well as at the Paris Opera. From 1817, her brother served as her manager, controlling the various aspects of her professional life. Although she had a full, rich voice, she did not have a truly expressive one, making her more suited to the English style of opera, than its far more dramatic Italian counterpart. Her thesping skills were also thin, so that she was far better suited to concerts than giving bravura performances as part of an opera company. Had a particular affinity for Mozart’s (Stevie Wonder) works, which she would present in concert. Although amorously pursued as a trophy by a number of aristocrats, she maintained a chaste reputation, while also profiting from her skills. By the time her voice began to thin in her early 40s, she was able to retire from the stage a relatively wealthy woman, and in 1838, she married George Capel-Coningsby, fifth earl of Essex. Her husband was an octogenarian, and a theatrical patron and enthusiast who had lost his estranged wife some three months prior to their wedding. Became a countess with the match, and her doddering husband died a year later. Outlived him by another forty-three years, maintaining the same residence the entire time, although her long retirement proved extremely unstimulating to her, eliciting the plaint that she had always been happiest performing. Died of bronchitis at the advanced age of 88, and left her considerable estate, valued at some £70,000, to an unmarried niece, with whom she often sang duets. Inner: Largely the dutiful servant of those around her, with much of her fire submerged, in an eagerness to please others, both family and audience alike. Burned out lifetime of outliving her one great love, performing, and finding little in the other realms of her life to match it. Arabella Hunt (1662-1705) - English singer and instrumentalist. Outer: Only surviving child of a landowner, with a brother and sister never reaching adulthood. Sang in court masques from adolescence onward, in a clear, melodious soprano. Lost her father in her teens, and inherited his country home. In 1680, she married James Howard, and lived at her mother’s house, before she left her husband and sued for an annulment, claiming her spouse was actually a cross-dressing hermaphroditic widow named Amy Poulter, who was already married a the time of their union. Her ‘husband’ was examined and seen to be a woman by a jury of five midwives, at which point, the marriage was annulled, and the former died soon afterwards. Never remarried, despite being a noted large-eyed dark-haired beauty, and, instead, put all her energy into her career as a singer, as well as a lutenist and musical teacher at the English court, while appending a Mrs. to her maiden name. Instructed the future Queen Anne (Princess Anne) in singing, and was a great favorite of the queen, Mary (Ladybird Johnson), who gave her an annual pension of £100. Also sang several Henry Purcell (Leonard Bernstein) operas, with difficult pieces written especially for her. Won the affection of the general public, although never appeared on the bawdy stage, preferring to sing in the private homes of her wealthy supporters, while poets further plied her with encomia, so as to make her a memorable figure of her time, as both a peerless singer and talented instrumentalist. Died in her early 40s at home, and left all she had to her mother, who was the executor of her will. Inner: Modest and virtuous, with a chaste reputation, despite her odd marriage. Wondrous warbler lifetime of focusing almost entirely on her craft, as an ethereal figure very much in tune with the classical currents of her times, despite a curiously disharmonious domestic duet as centerpiece of her private life.


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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS GENDER BLENDER & MENDER:
Storyline: The ongoing icon manages to reintegrate herself around the hermaphroditic feminine after earlier exploring it as a transgendered man, in her continued desire to serve as a delicious dish of show business brass to ongoing alternative tastes of her times.

hLady Gaga (Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta) (1986) - American singer/songwriter and actress. Outer: Of Italian-American descent. Raised in an upper middle-class milieu. Mother was a telecommunications assistant, who was very into style and fashion and extremely conscious of her looks. Father was an internet entrepreneur. Older of two sisters. Born with a small penis, and hermaphroditic, with an overt femininity. Began playing the piano by ear at the age of 4, and was always an exhibitionist, performing for everyone at the drop of a top hat. At 13, she was penning music, and by the following year she was performing publicly. After attending a private Catholic School, she was accepted by NYU’s prestigious Tisch School of the Arts, where she got a basic music education, before dropping out. Subsequently signed a record contract with Def Jam, although never recorded for them. Became a go-go dancer, and turned her attention to pop rather than rock’n’roll, while taking her stage name from a Queen song, “Radio Gaga,” since her singing style was similar to its lead singer, Freddy Mercury. 5’1”, slim, brunette and brown-eyed. Her offbeat venues included burlesque shows, and her lifestyle featured a pursuit of altered states, including a deadly addiction to cocaine, which her father helped her get past. Changed her brunette looks to bottled blonde and her outfits to futuristic concoctions, putting great stock in appearanced, while deliberately trying to serve as an icon for those who sat outside the mainstream. Worked as a songwriter for Konvict Records, then collaborated with performance artist Lady Starlight to help develop her unique look, before switching to Interscope Records and forming her own collective, House of Gaga in 2008. Moved to Los Angeles and released her debut album that year, “The Fame,” which became a multi-country chart topper, and made her a headline act, after earlier serving as an opener. A glam rocker as well as a tarted-up pop star, she enjoys playing with sexual imagery while admitting to be attracted to both genders, as her star steadily ascends as a unique performer with an equal ability to attract ink and loyal audiences through a combination of outrageous costume and genuine singing talent. More and more willing to flash her dual sexuality, as well, as an emblem of an age less hung up on who is hung and who is not. Won two Grammys in 2010 for best dancing record and best electronics dance album. Shortly afterwards, she was sued by an ex-boyfriend, songwriter and producer Rob Fusari, for $30+ million in a claim he was not compensated for the material he gave her in helping launch her career, while she promptly countersued him for duping her to sign an illegal contract. Became the first person to break the 10 million friend mark on Facebook, while continuing her extraordinary assault on ordinary sensibilities with every public appearance she makes. Racked up two more major Grammys in 2011, and remains pop music’s favorite outlandisher. Admitted afterwards, she lost her virginity at 17, and found it an unpleasant experience, and, because of her sense of vulnerability, never really enjoyed sex until her early 20s, viewing it in traditional monogamous terms, despire her outré public persona. Provocative in the extreme, with claims of being a satanist and a tool of the Illuminati, a brainwashing sect intent on total mind control over the world’s youth, she is, on some levels, the rebellious Catholic school girl she has always been, playing with the forbidden as a means of illuminating and underlining her alienation from the ordinary realities and mores of conventional society. Hip surgery caused the cancelation of a 2013 world tour, because of the chronic pain suffered there. In 2014, she had a number one album, “Cheek to Cheek” doing duets with 88 year old Tony Bennett, helping him become the oldest artist ever to top the Billboard charts. Launched her acting career with cable’s multi-season series, “American Horror Story: Hotel” in late 2015, playing The Countess, an over-the-top blood-drinking child snatcher, for which she won a Golden Globe. Gave a full-throated version of the national anthem at the 2016 50th anniversary Superbowl, in a curious nod to America’s underlying weirdness during its traditional annual display of its pseudo martial competitive might. Then gave a perfect tribute of David Bowie at the subsequent Grammys, channeling his Ziggy Stardust character in all its gleeful eccentricity. At the subsequent Oscars, her rendition of “Til It Happens to You,” a call to arms about sexual violence against women, was equally poignant and effective. Ended her five year relationship with actor Taylor Kinney in 2016. At the same time, she released her fifth studio album, “Joanne” named after an aunt, as a means of rescuing herself from the self-parody she felt she had become, and her desire to let her singing voice speak for itself without arty gimmicks. Put on a spectacular high-flying athletic half-time show at the 2017 Superbowl, emphasizing inclusive equality for all, no matter their sexual orientation. Had an explosion of sales of her latest album the following day. Has a net worth of $275 million. Inner: The possessor of a powerful voice, and an exhibitionist need to be center-stageInner: Extremely conscious of fashion and presentation, seeing herself as a throwback to a time when appearance counted far more than it does today. Sees designer Donatella Versace as her muse, while the homophile community has always been one of her staunchest supports. Headliner lifetime of embracing her reconstituted sexual identity with a passion, while evincing the same glam exhibitionism she had earlier displayed as a transsexual, but without the concomitant boredom and ennui that went with taking her previous go-round in the spotlight as far as she possibly could. hCandy Darling (James Slattery) (1944-1974) - American actor/actress. Outer: Mother was a bookkeeper at Manhattan’s Jockey Club, father, after whom he was named, was a violent alcoholic, with the racetrack as his parent’s mutual connection. His older half-brother from his mother’s first marriage, would later deny any connection to him. Following his parents’ divorce, he grew up in a small bungalow on Long Island, while his mother worked for the phone company. Fascinated with Hollywood’s glamorous female stars from an early age via the television, he would imitate them, while cross-dressing, which his mother came to accept. Claimed to have lost his virginity to a children’s shoe salesman. Hung out in gay bars in Greenwich Village and tried on the identity of Hope Slattery, while getting hormone injections, and referring to his penis as “my flaw.” Worked as a file clerk for an investment firm, and, after several more transmutations, he adopted Candy Darling as his final nom de fantasy, with his first name a reflection of his love of sweets, while turning himself into a peroxide blonde. Began his/her film career in artist Andy Warhol’s Flesh in 1968 in a small role, and became a mainstay of the circus of exhibitionists surrounding the latter. Was featured in more of his largely static vehicles, including Women in Revolt, while allowing himself to be manipulated since Warhol, the ultimate voyeur, loved emotional explosions all around him. Appeared in a number of other indies, including two films shot in Vienna, as well as several of the plays of Jackie Curtis, another transsexual whose rebellious nature and tart tongue got her banned from Warhol’s inner circle. Reached a peak by appearing in one of Tennessee Williams’s lesser plays, after impressing him at one of his birthday parties. Suffering from cancer, he died of leukemia before his 30th birthday, after leaving a goodbye note saying he had literally bored him/herself to death. Enjoyed a huge funeral as tribute to his/her unusual persona, and received that ultimate of journalistic accolades, an obituary article on the front page of "The New York Times." Although her family destroyed most of his/her writings, two books, including a diary, were published posthumously. Inner: Highly social, with a gift for friendship and a modicum of talent based more on imitation and style than any great thespian abilities. Strongly alienated, yet able to transmute his/her sense of self into an entertaining vehicle for all those whose lives he/she touched. Transgendered lifetime of tasting faux superstardom on his/her terms, before returning in tiny, but far more developed female form to realize himself as a greater product of his gender rather than his/her fantasies surrounding iconized femaledom. Blind Tom Wiggins (1849-1908) - American musician. Outer: Of African-American descent. Born sightless into a slave family. His original master wanted to kill him outright, feeling he had no worth, although his mother refused to abandon him, and instead, she, his father and his two older siblings were put up for auction when he was nine months, to be sold off separately. His mother begged a neighbor, James Bethune, a lawyer and newspaper editor, to buy them, and he did so, albeit reluctantly. Showed himself capable of imitating all sorts of sounds, even as a toddler, while also evincing a slow-witted sensibility which would never develop and mature. The seven Bethune children all sang and played the piano, which he was able to imitate, and suddenly he had a potential exploitable worth for his new owner. By four, he could repeat long conversations verbatim, although he had to be constantly watched because of a desire to search out sounds outside his confined quarters. His new master, again somewhat reluctantly, eventually installed him in a cabin room with a piano, which he would play, repeating any composition he heard without any musical tutoring. By six, he was an exploited phenomenon, playing to packed houses all over Georgia, while Bethune and a partner made a considerable fortune off him. At 8, he was licensed out to a traveling showman, who promoted him as an animalistic primitive with an angelic aptitude for sound. The counterpoint of his seemingly atavistic nature and his capabilities made him an extremely popular freak. Showed himself to be completely uninhibited on stage, adopting strange freakish poses, while always referring to himself in the third person. His condition would later be viewed in modern times as autistic, with the ability to transcend his limitations and reintegrate around pure performance. Brought to Washington in 1859, he wound up giving an exact imitation of Democratic candidate Stephen Douglas’s (Barack Obama) stump speech. Became the first African-American to perform at the White House, for Pres. James Buchanan (Patrick Fitzgerald). After Civil War broke out, his manager had him giving concerts for the Confederate cause, although he had no idea of the fractured state of the Union, and no political leanings whatsoever. In addition to pop pieces, he also played classical compositions, showing the same facility for accurately rendering them after a minimal amount of listening. Able to transliterate the sounds of warfare into his most famous composition, “The Battle of Manassas,” Enjoyed a huge following, thanks to his own performing pyrotechnics, including hopping about the stage and playing different tunes with either hand, while imitating a score of sounds, making him an act that dazzled not only America, but Europe as well. His personal life, however, suffered, because of the profound isolation he was made to feel in his never-ending travels and lonely set-apart existence in hotel rooms. Became morose and suspicious, despite the projections placed on him of a happy, simple soul. In 1872, he was adjudged insane and his wealth was squandered by his manager, since he had no idea of money. After his manager died, the latter’s wife managed to track both him and his mother down, and offered them lodging, before he was finally set free, as “the last American slave,” in 1887. His mother subsequently was sent back to Georgia, never to see her son again. Made a brief comeback as a vaudevillian in 1903, before suffering a series of strokes, and dying of the last one on an estate purchased with his money. Buried in an unmarked grave afterwards, although he was later disinterred and reburied, even though his exact resting place remains in question, thanks to Jim Crow laws. Composed well over 100 compositions. Inner: Able to spontaneously indulge in dialogue with the natural world as a direct reflector of its varied sounds and syncopations. Seen as a true medium by many, while largely unimpressed with his own considerable gifts, ultimately leaving him feeling alienated and totally disconnected. Idiot savant lifetime of celebrating the sounds of existence without the means to integrate himself into any larger realities than his limited own, in his ongoing hyper-freakish jaunt through the various epochs of American show business as a truly unique individual.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS BIG-VOICED BIG MAMA:
Storyline: The confident contralto returns in somewhat svelter form to pursue her desire to be in absolute control of all aspects of her life, in order to give her heart the full support of her being, so that it does not attack her again, through her sometime problematic relationship with her body.

Adele (Adele Laurie Adkins) (1988) - British singer and songwriter. Outer: Of British and Welsh descent: Mother was a single teenager, who worked as a furniture-maker and adult learning organizer. Her alcoholic father abandoned the family when she was three years old, leaving a huge hole in her life. Grew up in an entirely female environment. Began singing at 4, and showing a fascination with voices, using girl groups of the time as her inspiration, particularly the Spice Girls, whom she would imitate at parties. Moved several times, before winding up in South London, which opened her up to R&B. Graduated from the BRIT School for Performing Arts & Technology, and initially thought she’d be an A&R rep, managing other people’s careers. 5’9”, full-figured and green-eyed with an aversion to exercise and a great love of food, with no desire to be wraithlike. A Myspace posting led to a manager, and a signing to XL in 2006, and the following year, she had her first hit with “Hometown Glory.” Released her first album, “19” in 2008 to critical and commercial kudos in England, then won her first Grammy the following annum for Best New Artist, as well as Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. Her second album, “21” did even better, holding the number one ranking in the U.S. for longer than any other record since 1993. Underwent throat surgery for a hemorrhaged vocal cord in 2011, and, at the same time was named “Artist of the Year” by Billboard, after becoming the first female singer to top the artist, album and singles list in the same year. Added 6 more Grammys to her collection in 2012, while setting all sorts of precedents for her second release, including becoming the first recipient of the BRIT Awards Critics’ Choice. Clearly a fan and critic favorite, as both a soul and jazz singer, with a powerful voice and a genuine claim on the rabid attention of all pop music aficionados. Thanks to her sudden success, able to move with her mum from a dingy flat into a ten bedroom mansion, as a newly minted aristocrat of the pseudo-egalitarian world of pop music, only to fee afterwards it was haunted, perhaps by a subconscious reminder of her previous life’s sudden cessation. Comments about her weight have also made her more diet conscience, as her past and present interminge within her. Had a boy with boyfriend, Simon Konecki, whom she may or may not have married, and, in 2013 won an Oscar for Best Song with the theme from Skyfall. After four years released her first new album ’25’, with the single “Hello” a huge hit, while also showcasing a noticeable weight loss due to exercise and diet. The album would stick with what worked for her, particularly heartbreak, which guaranteed that her third offering would have the same monster sales as her earlier works without her having to challenge her own creative sensibilities. Named Billboard’s top female artist of 2016, while signing a $130 million contract with Sony. Announced she would quit touring for a decade in order to raise her 3 year old son, while mulling a Las Vegas residency, so as to perform close to hom Won 5 Grammys in 2017 in all five categories in which she was entered, while blasting her estranged father, claiming she didn’t love him because of his abandonment of the family. Also stated Beyoncé should have won album of the year for “Lemonade”, before breaking the trophy in two and calling the latter, “our light.” Later revealed she had married Simon Konecki, making their son legitimate. Inner: Candid, confident, enthusiastic and addictive by nature, with cigarettes as her drug of choice, rather than the opiates ordinarily associated with the music business. Exercises compete control over her career, which remains paramount to her. Often writes of heartache, although her relationships seem more like song fodder, than any need on her part to be complete with someone else. Puts happiness and personal freedom at the forefront of her values. Also frightened of fame, seeing it as toxic, despite her extraordinary talent.hoenix lifetime of resurrecting in far healthier form to complete what she began her previous go-round, to be a bigger-than-life star, without imperiling her very existence by her vast appetite for the fortunes of fame. Cass Elliot (Ellen Cohen) - American singer and actress. Outer: Of Russian Jewish descent. Family was in the restaurant business. Father was an opera buff, while her mother played the piano, so that her house was always filled with music. Dubbed “Cass” by her sire, after the Greek prophetess of doom, Cassandra. One of three children, with a brother and younger sister, Leah Kunkel, who also became a singer. Grew up in Alexandria, Virginia, and adopted the name ‘Cass’ in high school, adding Elliot later on in honor of a friend who had died. Did some acting in high school, and left before graduation to move to NYC, in hopes of launching a theater and film career. Competed with Barbra Streisand for the Miss Marmelstein role which launched the latter’s career in “I Can Get It for You Wholesale.” Toured in a production of “The Music Man,” and produced a play at Cafe La Mama, before returning to school at American Univ. in Washington, and tuning into the upsurge in interest in folk music. Formed a trio with two two other singers, as the Triumvirate, and then the Big Three, garnering several TV appearances as such, with herself as lead singer. Married fellow triumvirate James Hendrick in 1963, one daughter from the union, Owen Vannessa, who also became a singer, while her parents wound up divorcing in 1968. 5’5”, large-bodied in the 300 pound range, with a big voice, and a weight problem most of her adult life. Teamed with her husband and Canadians Zal Yanovsky and Denny Doherty to form the Mugwumps, before going solo for a while. While in the Virgin Islands, she was hit on the head by some copper tubing, which expanded her vocal range by three notes. Joined the New Journeymen while there, which transformed itself into the Mama and Papas, with Doherty and John and Michelle Phillips completing the quartet, which became known for its lush harmonies. From 1965 to 1968, they proved to be a supergroup, with a host of hits, including “Monday, Monday,” which won a 1966 Grammy, and “California Dreamin.’” Always wanted a solo career, and embarked on one as soon as the group broke up with “Dream A Little Dream of Me,” serving as her theme song. Continually had the dominating voice in each group she was part of, so that the transition to solo was an easy one, allowing her to headline in Las Vegas, and guest host “The Tonight Show” a dozen times. Lived large in a highly social existence, centered around fellow musicians, with herself playing the role of hippie earth mother. Had several hits on her own, and also appeared in the film Pufnstuf in 1970, as well as hosting two prime-time specials, and making a score of TV appearances on a variety of variety shows. Married Baron Donald von Wiedenman, a journalist, in 1971, but divorced soon afterwards. Continued recording, doing a total of nine solo albums, while crash dieting, losing eighty pounds the last several months of her life by only eating three days a week. The regimen probably undid her, and while on a two week engagement at the London Palladium, she died of heart failure in her hotel bedroom, although later rumors would have her choking on a ham sandwich, since a half-eaten one was found by her bedside. Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998, along with her fellow Mamas and Papas. Inner: Upbeat, highly social, and a great lover of life. Repeatedly tried to lose weight, despite presenting herself as happy with how she was. Earth mother lifetime of finding her uninhibited appetite too much for her body to contain, despite a talent very much in keeping with her outsized personality. Giovanna Sestini (1748?-1812) - Italian/English opera diva. Outer: Nothing is known of her parents or upbringing. One of three children, with an older brother, Vincenzo, who ultimately became a noted costume designer, and a younger sister, Anna, who was also a singer. Along with her sister, she sang in Opera buffa or comic opera all over Italy, before moving to Lisbon, to revive that city’s opera traditions, following the devastating earthquake of 1755. Performed there from 1768 to 1764. Secretly married Jose Stocqueler, a member of the Portuguese court circle, against his family’s wishes. and they had two sons while they dwelt in Portugal. Continued to perform under her maiden name, and moved with her husband to London, which would become their home base. Her sister did not follow her, presumably to marry and raise a family in Italy, although her brother did, where his career took off, as well. Had a third son in London, and then five more children, all of whom were baptized as Roman Catholics. Popular not only with the public, but the royal family, as well, with the King’s Theatre and Covent Garden as two of her main venues, in the forty some odd roles she ultimately performed. Made her English opera debut in 1780, in “The Castle of Andalucia,” which was especially geared towards her heavily-accented English. Added serious opera to her repertoire as well as private concerts, enjoying widespread acclaim for her performances, before finally retiring in 1792, thanks to her husband becoming a successful agent for a wine company, so that her income was no longer needed to support the family. Two of her sons may also have become child performers. Became known afterwards by her married name, Joanna Stocqueler. Lost her husband in 1812, and she followed him in death two years later, after a long and painful illness, dying at home. No mention in her obituary was made of her singing career. Inner: Well-loved performer, with a propensity for self-nullification, thanks to a far stronger focus on family than career. Prima buffa lifetime of enjoying immense popularity as a singer, only to be ultimately negated by contemporary chroniclers as an appendage of her husband and little more.

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PATHWAY OF THE PERFORMER AS GENDER-SWITCHING POP PHEENOM:
Storyline: The syncopated self-destroyer continues to deal with issues of self-love, self-worth, and self-control over his/her life in various sexual identities and increasingly more high profile go-rounds in an ongoing desire for self-healing in highly public manner.

Justin Bieber (1994) - Canadian/American singer. Outer: Of French-Canadian descent, with remote English, Swiss-French, and Scottish on his maternal side. Of German, Irish, British and Scottish on his paternal side. Teenage mother raised him alone in a strongly Christian household, through low-paying office work. His father, whom he would later contact, split when he was 2 and later remarried, producing a half-sister and half-brother, although his upbringing was largely solo and impoverished, despite a loving atmosphere provided by both his mother and his maternal grandparents. Taught himself to play a variety of instruments, including drums before kindergarten through his constant syncopation with anything handy, and later guitar, piano and trumpet. A natural performer from the beginning, he sang in Church and also did some busking on the street, while showing himself to be a straight A student. His mother posted a performance he gave at a local singing competition when he was twelve on YouTube, and then continued the practice, largely for friends and family. All were covers of R&B hits, and the exposure gave him a fan base, as well as a manager, Scooter Braun, who discovered him quite by accident. At 13, he was flown to Atlanta to make demos, and was soon signed to RBMG, a joint management venture between singer-songwriter Usher, who became his mentor, and Braun. By 2008, he had landed a deal with Island Records, and moved along with his mother to Atlanta, living near Usher. His first single, “One Time,” released in 2009, with Usher singing back-up vocals, proved an international hit and he was soon a teenage pheenom, with a feminine look to his 5’5” frame. Released his first album, “My World” later that year, using iTunes as launch for several of its singles, while performing on various TV shows, immediately creating a huge, and often hysterical following for himself, among tweens and teens. His first full studio release, “My World 2.0,” enjoyed similar popularity, and the phenomenon surrounding his popularity continued all through the year, with audiences occasionally so overwrought as to present both a danger to him and themselves. By the summer, he was the most searched-for celebrity on the internet, while his voice deepened over the year, in a natural vocal progression, while “Baby” became one of the biggest hits of the annum. Added acting to his c.v., with an appearance on TV’s CSI, in preparation for being a running character on the show. Because of such a huge moneymaking potential, his public image has been carefully crafted for maximum fantasy affect on his largely female fandom, making him both a ripe target for parody, as well as jealousy, while forcing him to continue to try to maintain an equilibrium amidst so much perfervid laudation. Launched his own glittery nail polish line, in 2010, as well, in an odd genderbender marketing ploy, reflective of his own crypto-transition from female to male pop marvel, while also putting out his first autobiography, “Justin Bieber: First Step 2 Forever: My Story,” at the tender age of 16. Ran the table at the 2010 American Music Awards, taking home awards for Artist of the Year, Favorite Pop/Rock Male Artist, Favorite Pop/Rock Album and Breakthrough Artist of the Year. True Beliebers made his 3-D Documentary, Justin Bieber: Never Say Never, a hit as well, in their riotous embrace of his very real talents for crowd-pleasing performance. 5' 9" with light brown hair and eyes. Sheared his locks, while also picking up his first significant other in fellow squeaky clean performer, Selena Gomez. In 2011, he was forced to deal with allegations that he fathered a son with a predatory groupie in a brief backstage bathroom tryst, which quickly proved totally false. Amidst difficulties with Selena, the following annum. he continued piling up awards, while also dealing with his mother’s autobiography, “Nowhere But Up,” in which she said she was sexually abused, took drugs and attempted suicide before becoming pregnant with him. The pressures of early fame would see far more incendiary acting out on his part, giving him more and more of an unstable I-don’t-care reputation, including an arrest for drag racing DUI, while bulking up with steroids to further distort his sense of common sense. Fined heavily in 2014 and given two years probation for an egging incident with a neighbor, then got nailed for assault for reckless driving. The following annum, full frontal paparazzi photos of him went viral, showing him to be generously endowed, and not shy about exhibiting himself. Dominated the MTV European Music Awards afterwards, with five wins, then acted like a total prima donna in a subsequent interview and performance. Maintains that fame almost destroyed him, while he still has trust issues, as well as feeling constantly judged, as his relations with his mother have completely deteriorated. Went on an "I'm sorry" tear to end the year, in a need to soften his public image. Added to his trophy case in 2016 by being named Billboard’s top male artist. In 2017, he cancelled the end of his “Purpose” world tour to rededicate his life to Jesus, finding far more purpose in the latter than the former, in his desire to be the husband and father he wishes to be. Has a net worth of $225 million. Inner: Given a strong Christian foundation, which he would sorely test. Compulsive striver, to the point of suffering migraines from the pressures he puts on himself to excel. Hyper and high-energy, with a natural stage presence, and great challenges ahead of him to maintain his career in an industry notorious for eating its young alive. Shooting star lifetime of seeing what overwhelming adulation is like in a feminized male body, after earlier failing to accept him/herself in female form. Karen Carpenter (Karen Anne Carpenter) (1950-1983) - American singer and drummer. Outer:Of British, German and Irish descent. Father was a printing pressman, with a British sire and American mother, and had been raised in both China and England. Mother worked in the stockroom of an aviation company. Younger sister of Richard Carpenter by 3 years, and absolutely idolized him, doing everything he did. Tomboyish and athletic as a youth, she loved to play baseball, and also was a skilled drummer. Far less interested in music initially than her sibling, she, nevertheless joined the school band, after the family moved to Southern California in 1963. 5’4”, with large brown eyes. Her brother formed an instrumental trio with him on piano, her on drums and a third member on bass and tuba, which they called the Richard Carpenter Trio. Their performance at the Hollywood Bowl in 1966 earned them a contract with RCA, although their two albums were never released. Began dieting obsessively at this time, eating virtually nothing. Following Richard’s further attempts at creating a group, the duo teamed up again and in 1969, they got a contract with A & M Records, enjoying a hit with a Beatles remake, “Ticket to Ride.” Played drums and served as lead vocalist for the Carpenters, to her brother’s piano and back-up vocals, and the pair proved one of the more endearing acts of the early 1970s, as she finally came out from behind her drums and sang stage center, while someone else did the drumming. The pair won three Grammys for their efforts, while also going on a world tour, before getting their own variety series, “Make Your Own Kind of Music,” in 1971. Proved particularly popular in Japan, ultimately garnering 11 gold records there, with “We’ve Only Just Begun,” one of their biggest hits. The pressures of front-and-center stardom, however, further brought out her own bodily discomforts, and she began exhibiting strong signs of bulimia and anorexia nervosa, a little known mental disorder of the time, which reflected its sufferer’s obsession with diet to the point of starvation going all the way down to below 80 pounds at this point. Eventuallybecame too weak to perform, and the duo were forced to cancel a 1975 European tour. Also felt she had little control over her own life, since her brother made virtually all the group’s decisions. The following year she finally moved out of her parent’s house, despite her mother’s objections, and bought her own condominium, although continued to abuse her body as her obsession never lessened, despite her lesser public profile. Had surgery on her ear for impaired hearing later in the decade. In 1980, she unhappily married a divorced real-estate developer, Thomas James Burris, with an 18 year old son, while at the same time she made her only solo album, which was never released during her life. The marriage was over for her in less than a year a half, and she moved to NYC to try to deal with her health problems. Wound up in a hospital with an intravenous drip, gaining 30 pounds over a two month period, while her brother insisted she was still very sick. He had earlier become addicted to Quaaludes and also experienced significant weight loss, although he sought help and was able to regain his sense of self. Suffered heart failure at her parents’ home, and was found by them, lying on the floor of the wardrobe closet in her brother’s old room. Died of heart disease, which was brought on by her eating disorders, while, ironically, she was planning to sign divorce papers on the very day she exited. In 1989, “The Karen Carpenter Story” appeared on TV with Cynthia Gibb playing her. Her death would make bulimia and anorexia nervosa far more of a public concern, with her family creating a foundation to address eating disorders as well as fund the arts. Inner: Perfectionist, with a sense of having little control over her life, making her extremely obsessive about her body, the singular element she did feel she governed. Never measured up to her own standards, and always felt she was unattractive. Casebook lifetime of serving as a highly public victim of a little understood but all-too-common disorder, in her ongoing struggles with both self-identity and self-love while front-and-center in the public arena. Dave Tough (David Jarvis Tough) (1907-1948) - American drummer. Outer: Continually drumming from an early age, after being given a drumset as a child. In a nearby high school, he became a member of the Austin High School Gang, a group of white musicians fascinated with their black brethren in the clubs and speakeasies of Chicago. The Gang’s style proved extremely influential on Chicago jazz during the 1920s, while he showed himself to be an excellent ensemble player, creating rhythms others could play off of, rather than controlling the tempo of the various groups to whom he gave syncopated lines. Got his start playing at holiday resorts during summer vacations, before becoming a fulltime musician in 1925. Preferred playing with small groups, and being an intricate part of them. During the 1920s, he traveled throughout Europe for two years, basing himself in Paris, and also played in NYC, while recording with name members of the Chicago school, such as Eddie Condon and Red Nichols. Painfully thin, small and frail, he exacerbated his weak physicality by excessive drinking and smoking, forcing him to take a break from performing in 1932, before returning in 1935. On his return, he began performing with the big name white bands of the swing era, such as Benny Goodman’s and Tommy Dorsey’s (Billy Corrigan). A perfectionist at heart, he preferred playing with the best of the best of his time, and did so, while feeling commercial considerations were demeaning to his musical ideals. Married a black dancer, during a time when interracial unions were considered taboo. In 1942, he enlisted in the Navy although was discharged two years later on medical grounds, after playing with the Navy band under the direction of Artie Shaw. Joined Woody Herman’s Thundering Herd afterwards, where he enjoyed his greatest reputation, although found bebop and its improvisation not particularly to his musical liking. Decided instead to try his hand at songwriting, while disintegrating ever more through drink, thanks in large part to a profound sense of disconnection from many of his former associates, despite their desire to help him. Subject to fits, even while performing, he felt increasingly alienated from the postwar jazz scene, and while walking home one afternoon in an inebriated state, he fell and fractured his skull, dying the next morning. Wound up in a Newark morgue for three days before anyone claimed his body, in a final humiliation to a life spent drumming to his own beat. Inner: Perfectionist with a strong drive towards self-obliteration. Technically masterful, with a subtle approach to his art, so that he blended, rather than dominated, although his draws towards destruction ultimately far outweighed his creativity. Dislike playing solos, since he saw himself as part of a larger whole, not its defining link. Different drummer lifetime of setting the bass line of syncopated self-obliteration that would continue to dominate his struggles around self-worth and self-love in all the high profile musical lives in this series. Caffarelli (Gaaetano Majorano) (1710-1783) — Italian castrato. Outer: Early life uncertain, although he was recognized as a potentially outstanding talent as a child. Took his professional name either from a teacher, Caffaro, or a patron who had an early professional interest in him. Given the income of a pair of vineyards by his grandmother, so that he could pursue an education without having to worry about supporting himself. Opted for castration to insure a singing career, and studied with Nicolas Porpora (Arturo Toscanini) who made him sing a single page of exercises on which were written all the feats that could be performed by the human voice. Despite complaining after two years that he had made no progress, his demanding teaching made him continue for six years, before announcing he was a “finished singer,” and he had no more to teach him, while privately being rankled by his arrogance. Made his debut in Rome at the age of 15, and quickly garnered a reputation, which allowed him to sing all over Italy. Had a volatile, prima donna temperament, which caused him to fight a duel with a poet whom he badly wounded, causing him to leave France in disgrace. Given a post at the royal chapel of Naples in 1734, which would become his base of sorts over the next two decades. Made his debut in London in his mid-30s, although comparisons with Carlo Farinelli (Michael Jackson) diminished his acceptance, despite his being close to the latter in sheer singing ability. Paid enormous amounts of money for his services, per his demands, and accumulated a large fortune. Always a favorite of royalty, with noble aspirations that allowed him to buy a dukedom, as well as a pair of impressive estates. His contentious character resulted in several duels, and periods of house arrest. Also mimicked other performers while they sang and chatted with the audience during their arias and solos in deliberate displays of disrespect, in order to aggrandize himself at the expense of others. Gradually retired after his mid-40s, attending to his properties and fortune. More charitable as he grew older, as well as far less high-strung, once he stopped performing. Inner: Huge ego, arrogant and temperamental, always going his own way on stage, irrespective of whoever he sang with. Highly materialistic, with a craving for wealth, honors and power. Voice of an angel, soul of a devil lifetime of deliberately being unmanned in order to achieve as much wealth and power as he possibly could.

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